1861 August 6th

August 6 1861 Tuesday

Confederate Invasion of New Mexico

Wilson’s Creek Campaign

USA. The US Congress approved all of the executive war measures President Abraham Lincoln had issued since the initial firing on Fort Sumter in April 1861.

USA. The US Congress passed the Confiscation Act, providing for the seizure of property, including slaves, used against the Union for insurrection purposes. At this point, the concept of former slaves being seen as “contraband” disappeared but the term continued in unofficial use.

California. Incident at Fort Gaston.

Kentucky. Camp Dick Robinson was established near Lexington. Lieutenant William Nelson USN had begun to arm Kentuckians loyal to the Union. State leaders obtained 700 muskets from Nelson in May and distributed them to loyal Home Guard troops, emboldening the Unionist cause.  On this date, the first recruits marched into Camp Dick Robinson, making it the first Federal base established south of the Ohio River. By training a substantial military force in neutral Kentucky the Federal authorities went a long way towards securing its adherence to the Union. Its location and facilities made it an indispensable starting point and base of operations for future Union activity in Kentucky and Tennessee. After Kentuckians elected nine of ten candidates loyal to the Union on 20 June, Nelson decided that the charade of neutrality was void, and permission was sought to organise official regiments. Nelson met Tennessee senator Andrew Johnson, Secretary of the Treasury Salmon Portland Chase, and others to formulate a plan of support for loyal Unionists in eastern Tennessee. Nelson was detached from the US Navy on 1 July with orders to organise a force of 10,000 troops . His first headquarters was Bryant Springs but seven miles north of Lancaster and twelve miles from the rail depot at Nicholasville, Nelson found a better site for a camp of instruction at Hoskins Crossroads. It was well supplied for water and forage and had extensive open ground for training. The road network was good Nicholasville, the terminus for the Covington & Lexington (Kentucky Central) Railroad was only four miles away.

On 5 August 1861, Kentucky elected 76 Unionists to the state House of Representatives and only 24 Secessionists. Likewise, 27 Unionists were elected to the Senate and only 11 secessionists. With this confirmation of Union authority, Colonel Speed Smith Fry led a detachment of infantry towards Camp Dick Robinson to join a small cavalry force already there.

The presence of Union recruits in large numbers provoked persistent protests from secessionist Kentuckians but the Union authorities held firm, maintaining a veneer of neutrality and justifying the camp as a place of instruction and not of invasion.

By the end of August, Nelson was training 3,200 men and six guns. The first organised commands were Colonel Robert K Byrd’s 1st Tennessee Infantry, Colonel James P T Carter’s 2nd Tennessee Infantry. Colonel Thomas E Bramlette’s 3rd Kentucky Infantry, Colonel Speed Smith Fry’s 4th Kentucky Infantry, and Colonel Theophilus Toulmin Garrard’s 7th Kentucky Infantry, Colonel Frank Wolford’s 1st Kentucky Cavalry, and Captain John M Hewitt’s, Battery B, 1st Kentucky Artillery. Subsequent commanders were Brigadier-General Robert Anderson and Brigadier-General George Henry Thomas.

Missouri. Confederate Brigadier-General Benjamin McCulloch was encamped at Wilson’s Creek, ten miles southwest of Springfield. He had a reasonably equipped force of Confederate troops but the command also included the inadequately armed state militia of Missouri State Guard Major-General Sterling Price. Union Brigadier-General Nathaniel Lyon had withdrawn in haste from the Arkansas border because he was outnumbered but had halted at Springfield. Lyon planned to withdraw further northeastwards to Rolla to reinforce and re-supply his over-extended force. However, he decided not to begin the retreat until after he had launched a surprise attack on the Confederate camp in order to deter pursuit.

Missouri. Union Major-General John Charles Frémont sent 1,000 men and a battery to reinforce the garrison at Cape Girardeau after reports were received of Confederate forces closing in on the riverside port.

Union Organisation

USA: Andrew Porter confirmed Brigadier-General USV 6 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861.

Porter, Andrew / Pennsylvania / Born 10 July 1820 Lancaster, Pennsylvania / Died Paris, France 3 January 1872
USMA 1836-1837 / Cadet USMA 1 July 1836 / Resigned USMA 4 January 1837 / 1st Lieutenant USA US Mounted Rifles 27 May 1846 / Captain USA 15 May 1847 / Colonel USA 16th US Infantry 14 May 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 6 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861 / Provost Marshal 3 October 1861 / Mustered Out USV 4 April 1864 / Resigned USA 20 April 1864 / Brevet Major USA 20 August 1847 Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel USA 13 September 1847
1st Brigade 2nd Division Army of Northeastern Virginia 1 July 1861-21 July 1861 / 2nd Division Army of Northeastern Virginia 21 July 1861-30 July 1861 / Provost Marshal Army of the Potomac 3 October 1861-6 August 1862

USA: William Buel Franklin confirmed Brigadier-General USV 6 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861.

Franklin, William Buel / Pennsylvania / Born 27 February 1823 York, Pennsylvania / Died Hartford, Connecticut 8 March 1903
USMA 1 July 1843 1/39 Topographical Engineers / Cadet USMA 1 July 1839 / Topographical Engineers 1 July 1843 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 21 September 1846 / 1st Lieutenant USA 3 March 1853 / Captain USA 1 July 1857 / Colonel USA 12th US Infantry 14 May 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 6 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861 / Major-General USV 4 July 1862 / Resigned USV 10 November 1865 / Resigned USA 15 March 1866 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant 1 July 1843 Brevet 2nd Lieutenant 21 February 1847 Brevet Brigadier-General USA 30 June 1862 Brevet Major-General USA 13 March 1865 / WIA Mansfield 8 April 1864 CIA Washington DC 11 July 1864 Escaped 12 July 1864
1st Brigade 3rd Division Department of Northeastern Virginia June 1861-July 1861 / 3rd Division Department of Northeastern Virginia 21 July 1861-4 August 1861 / Franklin’s Brigade Army of the Potomac 4th Brigade Army of the Potomac 4 August 1861-3 October 1861 / Franklin’s Division Army of the Potomac 3 October 1861-13 March 1862 / 1st Division I Corps Army of the Potomac 13 March 1862-4 April 1862 / 1st Division Department of the Rappahannock 4 April 1862-18 May 1862 / VI Corps Potomac 18 May 1862-16 November 1862 / Left Grand Division Potomac 16 November 1862-25 January 1863 /1st Division XIX Corps Department of the Gulf 28 July 1863-20 August 1863 / XIX Corps Gulf 20 August 1863-2 May 1864

USA: Charles Pomeroy Stone confirmed Brigadier-General USV 6 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861.

Stone, Charles Pomeroy / Massachusetts / Born 30 September 1824 Greenfield, Massachusetts / Died New York, New York 24 January 1887
USMA 1 July 1845 7/41 Ordnance-Infantry / Cadet USMA 1 July 1841 / Ordnance 1 July 1845 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 3 March 1847 / 1st Lieutenant USA 26 February 1853 / Resigned USA 17 November 1856 / Colonel Inspector-General District of Columbia Militia 1 January 1861-16 April 1861 / Colonel USV District of Columbia Infantry 16 April 1861-23 July 1861 / Colonel USA 14th US Infantry 14 May 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 6 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861 / Mustered Out USV 4 April 1864 / Resigned USA 13 September 1864 / Lieutenant-General and Chief of Staff Egyptian Army 1870-1883 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1845 Brevet 1st Lieutenant USA 8 September 1847 Brevet Captain USA 13 September 1847
Stone’s Brigade Department of Washington 28 May 1861-8 July 1861 / 7th Brigade 3rd Division Department of Pennsylvania 8 July 1861-25 July 1861/ 3rd Brigade Department of the Shenandoah 25 July 1861-4 August 1861 / Stone’s Brigade Military Division of the Potomac 4 August 1861-20 August 1861 / Stone’s Brigade Army of the Potomac 20 August 1861-3 October 1861 / Stone’s Division Army of the Potomac 3 October 1861-9 February 1862 / Chief of Staff Department of the Gulf 23 May 1863-16 April 1864 / 1st Brigade 2nd Division V Corps Army of the Potomac 22 August 1864-10 September 1864

USA: Thomas West Sherman confirmed Brigadier-General USV 6 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861.

Sherman, Thomas West / Rhode Island / Born 26 March 1813 Newport, Rhode Island / Died Newport, Rhode Island 16 March 1879
USMA 1 July 1836 18/49 Artillery / Cadet USMA 1 July 1832 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 3rd US Artillery 1 July 1836 / 1st Lieutenant USA 14 March 1838 / Captain USA 28 May 1846 / Major USA 27 April 1861 / Lieutenant-Colonel USA 5th US Artillery 14 May 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 6 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861 / Colonel USA 3rd US Artillery 1 June 1863 / Mustered Out USV 30 April 1866 / Major-General USA Retired 31 December 1870 / Retired USA 31 December 1870 / Brevet Major USA 23 February 1847 Brevet Major-General USV 13 March 1865 Brevet Brigadier-General USA 13 March 1865 Brevet Major-General USA 13 March 1865 / WIA Port Hudson 27 May 1863
Port Royal Expedition 12 September 1861-15 March 1862 / Department of the South 15 March 1862-31 March 1862 / 6th Division Army of the Tennessee 30 April 1862-3 May 1862 / 1st Division Right Wing Army of the Ohio 3 May 1862-3 August 1862 / Sherman’s Division XIX Corps Sept of the Gulf 18 September 1862-9 January 1863 / Defences of New Orleans 9 January 1863-21 May 1863 / 2nd Division XIX Corps Department of the Gulf 13 January 1863-27 May 1863 / Defences of New Orleans 16 June 1864-9 February 1865 / Southern District of Louisiana 11 February 1865-27 June 1865 / Eastern District of Louisiana 27 June 1865-20 July 1865 / Department of the East 2 January 1868-16 July 1868

USA: Joseph Hooker confirmed Brigadier-General USV 6 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861.

Hooker, Joseph / Massachusetts / Born 13 November 1814 Hadley, Massachusetts / Died Garden City, New York 31 October 1879
USMA 1 July 1837 29/50 Artillery / Cadet USMA 1 July 1833 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 1st US Artillery 1 July 1837 / 1st Lieutenant USA 1 November 1838 / Regt Adjutant 1 September 1841-11 June 1846 / Captain USA Assistant Adjutant-General 3 March 1847 / Captain USA 1st US Artillery 29 October 1848 / Vacated 29 October 1848 / Resigned USA 21 February 1853 / Colonel California Militia 1859-1861 / Brigadier-General USV 6 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861 / Major-General USV 5 May 1862 / Brigadier-General USA 20 September 1862 / Mustered Out USV 1 September 1866 / Major-General Retired USA 15 October 1868 / Retired USA 15 October 1868 / Brevet Captain USA 23 September 1846 Brevet Captain USA AAG 3 March 1847 Brevet Major USA 11 June 1847 Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel USA 13 September 1847 Brevet Major-General USA 13 March 1865 / WIA Antietam 17 September 1862 WIA Chancellorsville 3 May 1863
Hooker’s Brigade Army of the Potomac 4 August 1861-3 October 1861 / Hooker’s Division Army of the Potomac 3 October 1861-13 March 1862 / 2nd Division III Corps Army of the Potomac 13 March 1862-15 September 1862 / III Corps Virginia 6 September 1862-12 September 1862 / I Corps Potomac 12 September 1862-17 September 1862 / V Corps Potomac 10 November 1862-16 November 1862 / Centre Grand Division Potomac 16 November 1862-24 January 1863 / Department of the Potomac 26 January 1863-27 June 1863 / Army of the Potomac 26 January 1863-28 June 1863 / Hooker’s Command Department of the Cumberland 25 September 1863-13 April 1864 / XX Corps Cumberland 14 April 1864-28 July 1864 / Northern Department 1 October 1864-27 June 1865 / Department of the East 15 July 1865-13 August 1866 / Department of the Lakes 23 August 1865-1 June 1867

USA: Frederick West Lander confirmed Brigadier-General USV 6 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861.

Lander, Frederick West / Massachusetts / Born 17 December 1821 Salem, Massachusetts / Died Paw Paw, Virginia 2 March 1862
ADC (G B McClellan) May 1861-June 1861 / ADC (T A Morris) May 1861-July 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 6 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861 / WIA Edward’s Ferry 22 October 1861
2nd Brigade Stone’s Division Army of the Potomac 9 September 1862-20 October 1862 / District of Harper’s Ferry and Cumberland 20 October 1861-22 October 1861 / District of Harper’s Ferry and Cumberland 1 December 1861-2 March 1862 / Lander’s Division Army of the Potomac 5 January 1862-2 March 1862

USA: Benjamin Franklin Kelley confirmed Brigadier-General USV 6 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861.

Kelley, Benjamin Franklin / New Hampshire / Born 10 April 1807 New Hampton, New Hampshire / Died Oakland, Maryland 16 June 1891
Colonel USV 1st (West) Virginia Infantry (4th Virginia Militia) 22 May 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 6 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861 / Resigned USV 1 June 1865 / Brevet Major-General USV 5 August 1864 / WIA Philippi 3 June 1861 CIA Cumberland 21 February 1865 Exchanged 20 March 1865
Kelley’s Brigade Army of Occupation 17 May 1861-3 June 1861 / District of Grafton 3 August 1861-20 December 1861 / District of Harper’s Ferry and Cumberland 22 October 1861-20 December 1861 / Railroad District 20 December 1861-26 June 1862 / Railroad Division VIII Corps Middle Department 27 June 1862-20 September 1862 / Railroad Division District of West Virginia 20 December 1862-16 March 1863 / 3rd Division VIII Corps Middle Department 16 March 1863-27 March 1863 / 1st Division VIII Corps Middle Department 27 March 1863-26 June 1863 / Department of West Virginia 28 June 1863-10 March 1864 / Forces West of Sleepy Creek Department of West Virginia April 1864-21 February 1865

USA: John Alexander McClernand confirmed Brigadier-General USV 6 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861.

McClernand, John Alexander / Kentucky-Illinois / Born 30 May 1812 Breckinridge, Kentucky / Died Springfield, Illinois 20 September 1890
Private USV Illinois Infantry June 1832 / Mustered Out USV August 1832 / Brigadier-General USV 6 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861 / Major-General USV 22 March 1862 to rank from 21 March 1862 / Resigned USV 30 November 1864 / WIA Belmont 7 November 1861
1st Brigade District of Southeast Missouri 14 October 1861-23 December 1861 / 1st Brigade District of Cairo 23 December 1861-1 February 1862 / 1st Division District of Cairo 1 February 1862-17 February 1862 / 1st Division District of West Tennessee 17 February 1862-11 March 1862 / 1st Division Army of the Tennessee 11 March 1862-2 May 1862 / Reserve Department of the Mississippi 2 May 1862-24 June 1862 / Sub-District of Jackson 24 June 1862-25 August 1862 / 1st Division District of Jackson 24 June 1862-12 September 1862 / XIII Corps Tennessee 21 December 1862-4 January 1863 / Army of the Mississippi 4 January 1863-12 January 1862 / XIII Corps Tennessee 31 January 1863-19 June 1863 / XIII Corps Gulf 20 February 1864-15 March 1864 / Detachment XIII Corps Department of the Gulf 27 April 1864-1 May 1864

USA: Ambrose Everett Burnside promoted Brigadier-General USV 9 August 1861 to rank from 6 August 1861.

Burnside, Ambrose Everett / Indiana / Born 23 May 1828 Liberty, Indiana / Died Bristol, Rhode Island 13 September 1881
USMA 1 July 1847 18/38 Artillery / Cadet USMA 1 July 1843 / 2nd US Artillery 1 July 1847 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 3rd US Artillery 8 September 1847 / 1st Lieutenant USA 12 December 1851 / Resigned USA 2 October 1853 / Brigadier-General Rhode Island Militia 1855-1857 / Colonel 1st Rhode Island Militia 1861 / Colonel USV 1st Rhode Island Infantry 2 May 1861 / Mustered Out USV 2 August 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 9 August 1861 to rank from 6 August 1861 / Major-General USV 18 March 1862 / Resigned USV 15 April 1865 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1847 / WIA Las Vegas, New Mexico Territory 23 August 1849
Burnside’s North Carolina Expeditionary Force 12 September 1861-2 April 1862 / 2nd Brigade 2nd Division Department of Northeastern Virginia June 1861-2 July 1861 / Department of North Carolina 13 January 1862-6 July 1862 / IX Corps Potomac 20 July 1862-2 August 1862 / IX Corps Virginia 3 August 1864-3 September 1862 / Right Wing Army of the Potomac 7 September 1862-19 September 1862 / Defences of Harper’s Ferry 13 October 1862-26 October 1862 / Department of the Potomac 5 November 1862-26 January 1863 / Army of the Potomac 7 November 1862-26 January 1863 / IX Corps Ohio 17 March 1863-19 March 1863 / Department of the Ohio 17 March 1863-9 December 1863 / Army of the Ohio 1 April 1863-8 December 1863 / IX Corps Ohio 17 September 1863-16 January 1864 / IX Corps Department of the Potomac 13 April 1864-14 August 1864

Commander in Chief: President Abraham Lincoln

Vice-President: Hannibal Hamlin

Secretary of War: Simon Cameron

Secretary of the Navy: Gideon Welles

  • Coast Blockading Squadron USN: Flag Officer Silas Horton Stringham USN
  • Gulf Blockading Squadron USN: Flag Officer William Mervine USN
  • Pacific Squadron USN: Captain John B Montgomery USN
  • Potomac Flotilla USN: Commander Thomas Tingey Craven USN

General–in-Chief: Winfield Scott

  • Military Division (Department) of the Potomac: George Brinton McClellan
    • Department of Northeastern Virginia: Irvin McDowell
      • Army of the Potomac: Irvin McDowell
    • Department of Washington: Joseph King Fenno Mansfield
  • Department of the East: John Ellis Wool
  • Department of Florida: Harvey Brown
  • Department of Kentucky: Robert Anderson
  • Department of the Ohio: William Starke Rosecrans
    • Cheat Mountain District: Joseph Jones Reynolds
    • Cheat River District: Charles J Biddle
    • District of Grafton: Benjamin Franklin Kelley
    • Army of Occupation: William Starke Rosecrans
  • Department of the Pacific: Edwin Vose Sumner
    • District of Oregon: George Wright
  • Department of Pennsylvania: John Adams Dix
    • Army of the Shenandoah: Vacant
  • Department of the Shenandoah: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
  • Department of Texas: Vacant
  • Department of Virginia: Benjamin Franklin Butler
  • Western Department: John Charles Frémont
    • District of Ironton: Benjamin Gratz Brown
    • District of North Missouri: John Pope
    • Army of the West: Nathaniel Lyon

Confederate Organisation

CSA: Isaac Ridgeway Trimble promoted Brigadier-General PACS 6 August 1861 to rank from 9 August 1861.

Trimble, Isaac Ridgeway / Pennsylvania-Kentucky / Born 15 May 1802 Culpeper, Virginia / Died Baltimore, Maryland 2 January 1888
USMA 1 July 1822 17/40 Artillery / Cadet USMA 3 November 1818 / 3rd US Artillery 1 July 1822 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 1st US Artillery 1 July 1822 / Resigned USA 31 May 1832 / Colonel Engineers Provisional Army of Virginia May 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 6 August 1861 to rank from 9 August 1861 / Major-General PACS 17 January 1863 / Paroled Lynchburg, Virginia 16 April 1865 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1822 / WIA Second Bull Run 29 August 1862 WIA & CIA Gettysburg 3 July 1863
2nd Brigade 4th Division Army of the Potomac 16 November 1861-5 February 1862 / 2nd Brigade 3rd Division Army of the Potomac 5 February 1862-26 June 1862 / 7th Brigade 3rd Division Left Wing Army of Northern Virginia 26 June 1862-9 August 1862 / Valley District 26 April 1863-15 June 1863 / ADC (R S Ewell) 15 June 1863-3 July 1863 / Pender’s Division III Corps Army of Northern Virginia 3 July 1862-3 July 1863

CSA: Daniel Ruggles promoted Brigadier-General PACS 6 August 1861 to rank from 9 August 1861.

Ruggles, Daniel / Massachusetts / Born 31 January 1810 Barre, Massachusetts / Died 1 June 1897
USMA 1 July 1833 34/43 Infantry / Cadet USMA 1 July 1829 / 5th US Infantry 1 July 1833 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 8 February 1836 / 1st Lieutenant USA 7 July 1838 / Captain USA 18 June 1846 / Resigned USA 7 May 1861 / Brigadier-General Virginia Militia 21 April 1861 / Brigadier-General Provisional Army of Virginia 21 April 1861 / Colonel ACSA Infantry 27 April 1861 / Colonel Infantry Provisional Army of Virginia 9 May 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 6 August 1861 to rank from 9 August 1861 / Commissary-General of Prisoners 24 March 1865 / Chief of Bureau of Prison Camps 24 March 1865-April 1865 / Paroled Augusta, Georgia 9 May 1865 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1833 Brevet Major USA 20 August 1847 Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel USA 13 September 1847
Potomac Line 22 April 1861-5 June 1861 / District of Aquia 19 July 1861-21 August 1861 / 1st Brigade Army of Pensacola 21 August 1861-12 October 1861 / District of North Alabama 22 February 1862-27 June 1862 / 3rd Brigade 1st Division II Corps Army of Mississippi 5 March 1862-29 March 1862 / 1st Division II Corps Army of Mississippi 29 March 1862-10 May 1862 / First Sub-District of Southern Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana 26 June 1862-5 September 1862 / District of the Mississippi 5 September 1862-1 October 1862 / 2nd Division Army of the West July 1862-August 1862 / District One of Mississippi and East Louisiana 21 October 1862-2 September 1863 / Commissary-General of Prisoners 24 March 1865-May 1865

Commander in Chief: President Jefferson Finis Davis

Vice-President: Alexander Hamilton Stephens

Secretary of War: Leroy Pope Walker

Secretary of the Navy: Stephen Russell Mallory

Military Adviser to the President: Robert Edward Lee

  • Department No 1: David Emanuel Twiggs
    • “Forces in New Orleans” “Army of Louisiana”: Braxton Bragg
  • Department of Fredericksburg: Daniel Harvey Hill
    • District of Aquia: Daniel Ruggles
  • Department of Norfolk: Benjamin Huger
  • Department of North Carolina: Theophilus Hunter Holmes
    • Defences of North Carolina: Theophilus Hunter Holmes
  • Department of the Peninsula: John Bankhead Magruder
    • Army of the Peninsula: John Bankhead Magruder
  • Department of the Potomac: Joseph Eggleston Johnston
    • Army of the Potomac: Joseph Eggleston Johnston
  • Department of South Carolina: Daniel Harvey Hill
  • Department of Southwestern Virginia: William Wing Loring
  • Department of Texas: Earl Van Dorn
    • Defences of Galveston: John Creed Moore
  • Department of West Florida: Braxton Bragg
    • “Forces in Pensacola”: Braxton Bragg
  • Western Department: Leonidas Polk
    • District of Upper Arkansas: William Joseph Hardee
    • Western Army: Benjamin McCulloch
  • District of East Tennessee: Felix Kirk Zollicoffer
  • Defences of Savannah: Alexander Robert Lawton
  • Indian Territory: Benjamin McCulloch
  • Forces in Richmond: Thomas Turner Fauntleroy
  • Army of the Kanawha: Henry Alexander Wise
  • Army of Liberation: Gideon Johnson Pillow
  • Army of the Northwest: William Wing Loring

Union Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

Major-General USA

Winfield Scott
George Brinton McClellan
John Charles Frémont

Major-General USV

John Adams Dix
Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
Benjamin Franklin Butler

Brigadier-General USA

John Ellis Wool
William Selby Harney
Edwin Vose Sumner
Joseph King Fenno Mansfield
Irvin McDowell
Robert Anderson
William Starke Rosecrans

Brigadier-General USV

Samuel Peter Heintzelman
David Hunter
Erasmus Darwin Keyes
Andrew Porter
Fitz-John Porter
William Buel Franklin
William Tecumseh Sherman
Charles Pomeroy Stone
Don Carlos Buell
Thomas West Sherman
Nathaniel Lyon
John Pope
George Archibald McCall
William Reading Montgomery
Philip Kearny
Joseph Hooker
John Wolcott Phelps
Ulysses Simpson Grant
Joseph Jones Reynolds
Samuel Ryan Curtis
Charles Smith Hamilton
Darius Nash Couch
Rufus King
Jacob Dolson Cox
Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
Franz Sigel
Robert Cumming Schenck
Benjamin Mayberry Prentiss
Frederick West Lander
Benjamin Franklin Kelley
John Alexander McClernand
Alpheus Starkey Williams
Israel Bush Richardson
James Cooper
James Brewerton Ricketts
Orlando Bolivar Willcox
Michael Corcoran
George Henry Thomas
Ambrose Everett Burnside

Brigadier-General USA (Staff)

Montgomery Cunningham Meigs (Quartermaster-General)
Henry Knox Craig
Lorenzo Thomas (Adjutant-General)
James Wolfe Ripley (Ordnance)

 Confederate Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

General ACSA

Samuel Cooper
Albert Sidney Johnston
Robert Edward Lee
Joseph Eggleston Johnston
Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard

Major-General PACS

David Emanuel Twiggs
Leonidas Polk

Brigadier-General ACSA

Braxton Bragg

Brigadier-General PACS

Alexander Robert Lawton
Milledge Lake Bonham
Benjamin McCulloch
William Wing Loring
Charles Clark
John Buchanan Floyd
William Henry Talbot Walker
Henry Rootes Jackson
Theophilus Hunter Holmes
Henry Alexander Wise
Earl Van Dorn
William Joseph Hardee
Richard Stoddert Ewell
David Rumph Jones
Benjamin Huger
John Bankhead Magruder
James Longstreet
Edmund Kirby Smith
John Clifford Pemberton
Thomas Jonathan Jackson
Henry Hopkins Sibley
John Henry Winder
Richard Caswell Gatlin
Daniel Smith Donelson
Samuel Read Anderson
Gideon Johnson Pillow
Benjamin Franklin Cheatham
Felix Kirk Zollicoffer
Daniel Harvey Hill
Jones Mitchell Withers
Richard Heron Anderson
Robert Augustus Toombs
Samuel Jones
Arnold Elzey
William Henry Chase Whiting
Jubal Anderson Early
Isaac Ridgway Trimble
Daniel Ruggles

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