1861 August 19th

August 19 1861 Monday

Charleston, MO

Confederate Invasion of New Mexico

Rosecrans’ West Virginia Campaign

USA. “Passports” were required by the Department of State for all persons leaving or arriving in the USA.

USA. Henry Wager Halleck was promoted directly to the rank of Major-General in the US Regular Army. Although he had resigned from the US Army in 1854, his reputation as a military scholar and theorist was very high. He immediately became the fourth-ranking general in the army after Major-General Winfield Scott, Major-General George Brinton McClellan, and Major-General John Charles Frémont. Three of these officers – in turn, Scott, McClellan, and Halleck – served as General-in-Chief of the US Army. While Scott served as General-in-Chief, McClellan held the most important command in the eastern theatre, while Frémont controlled the greater part of the western theatre. In due course, Halleck would replace Frémont, who proved to be inadequate to the task.

California. Incident at Kellogg’s Lake.

District of Columbia. US Assistant Secretary of the Navy Gustavus Vasa Fox ordered 200 Marines to report to the Washington Navy Yard for duty aboard ships of the Potomac Flotilla and for the purpose of scouting the Maryland countryside, especially Port Tobacco, for locations suspected of being Confederate depots support an invasion of Maryland.

Massachusetts. The editor of the newspaper at Haverhill was tarred and feathered by an anti-Confederate mob.

Missouri. The Confederate Congress agreed to a military alliance with Missouri.

Missouri. Skirmish at Klapsford.

Charleston, Missouri, also known as Bird’s Point. Union Colonel Henry Dougherty led 250 men of the 22nd Illinois Infantry and 11th Illinois Infantry to Charleston, across the Mississippi from Cairo, Illinois. There had been a number of clashes in the Charleston and Bird’s Point area during the previous week between pro-Union forces and secessionist groups. The Union force destroyed a Confederate camp of Missouri State troops, causing 20 casualties and taking 17 prisoners for the loss of one Union soldier killed and 6 wounded. At the same time, 50 mounted soldiers travelling from Bird’s Point encountered a Confederate force on the way to Charleston, killing two men and capturing 33 men without loss.

Pennsylvania. Newspaper offices in Easton and West Chester were raided by pro-Unionist agitators.

Union Organisation

USA: Henry Wager Halleck promoted Major-General USA 19 August 1861.

Halleck, Henry Wager / New York / Born 16 January 1815 Westernville, New York / Died Louisville, Kentucky 9 January 1872
USMA 1 July 1839 3/31 Engineers /Cadet USMA 1 July 1835 / 2nd Lieutenant USA Engineers 1 July 1839 / 1st #Lieutenant USA 1 January 1845 / Captain USA 1 July 1853 / Resigned USA 1 August 1854 / Major-General USA 19 August 1861 / Major-General Missouri Militia 25 November 1861 / Resigned Missouri Militia 11 July 1862 / General-in-Chief of the US Army 23 July 1862 / Relieved as General-in-Chief 12 March 1864 / Chief of Staff US Army 12 March 1864 / Brevet Captain USA 1 May 1847
Department of the Missouri 9 November 1861-11 March 1862 / Department (Military Division) of the Mississippi 11 March 1862-19 September 1862 (absent 23 July 1862-19 September 1862 / General-in-Chief 25 1 July 1862-9 March 1864 / Chief of Staff US Army 12 March 1864-19 April 1865 / Military Division of the James 19 April 1865-27 June 1865 / Military Division of the Pacific 27 June 1865-1 June 1869 / Department of California 31 March 1868-24 April 1868

USA: James Shields promoted Brigadier-General USV 19 August 1861.

Shields, James / Ireland / Born 10 May 1810 Altmore, Ireland / Died Ottumwa, Iowa 1 June 1879
Brigadier-General USV 1 July 1846 / Mustered Out USV 20 July 1848 / Brigadier-General USV 19 August 1861 / Major-General USV 23 March 1862 Withdrawn 28 April 1862 Rejected 23 June 1862 / Resigned USV 28 May 1863 / Adjutant-General Missouri Militia / Brevet Major-General USV 18 April 1847 / WIA Cerro Gordo 18 April 1847 WIA Chapultepec 18487 WIA Winchester 22 March 1862
District of Harper’s Ferry and Cumberland 2 March 1862-12 March 1862 / Lander’s Division Department of Western Virginia 6 March 1862-13 March 1862 2nd Division V Corps Army of the Potomac 13 March 1862-22 March 1862 / 2nd Division Department of the Shenandoah 4 April 1862-10 May 1862 / Shields’ Division Department of the Rappahannock 10 May 1862-26 June 1862

Commander in Chief: President Abraham Lincoln

Vice-President: Hannibal Hamlin

Secretary of War: Simon Cameron

Secretary of the Navy: Gideon Welles

  • Coast Blockading Squadron USN: Flag Officer Silas Horton Stringham USN
  • Gulf Blockading Squadron USN: Flag Officer William Mervine USN
  • Pacific Squadron USN: Captain John B Montgomery USN
  • Potomac Flotilla USN: Commander Thomas Tingey Craven USN

General–in-Chief: Winfield Scott

  • Department of the Cumberland: Robert Anderson awaited
  • Department of the East: Vacant
  • Department of Florida: Harvey Brown
  • Department of the Ohio: William Starke Rosecrans
    • Cheat Mountain District: Joseph Jones Reynolds
    • Cheat River District: Charles J Biddle
    • District of Grafton: Benjamin Franklin Kelley
    • Army of Occupation: William Starke Rosecrans
  • Department of the Pacific: Edwin Vose Sumner
    • District of Oregon: George Wright
  • Department of the Potomac: George Brinton McClellan awaited
    • Army of the Potomac: Irvin McDowell
  • Department of Texas: Vacant
  • Department of Virginia: John Ellis Wool
  • Western Department: John Charles Frémont
    • District of Ironton: Benjamin Mayberry Prentiss
    • District of North Missouri: John Pope
    • Southern District of New Mexico: Benjamin Stone Roberts

Confederate Organisation

CSA: Brigadier-General Richard Caswell Gatlin was appointed to command the Department of North Carolina, arriving on 20 August 1861 to succeed Brigadier-General Theophilus Hunter Holmes.

Gatlin, Richard Caswell / North Carolina / Born 18 January 1809 Lenoir, North Carolina / Died Mount Nebo, Arkansas 8 September 1896
USMA 1 July 1832 35 /45 Infantry / Cadet USMA 1 July 1828 / 7th US Infantry 1 July 1832 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 31 May 1834 / 1st Lieutenant USA 31 August 1836 / Regt Adjutant 13 December 1838-30 September 1845 / Captain USA 30 September 1845 / Major USA 5th US Infantry 26 February 1861 / Resigned USA 20 May 1861 / Colonel ACSA Infantry 16 March 1861 / Colonel PACS 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 13 August 1861 to rank from 8 July 1861 / Resigned PACS 8 September 1862 / Major-General Adjutant-General North Carolina Militia September 1862-April 1865 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant 1 July 1832 Brevet Major USA 23 September 1846 / WIA Monterey 21 September 1846 CIA Fort Smith 23 April 1861 Paroled
Department of North Carolina 19 August 1861-18 March 1862

Commander in Chief: President Jefferson Finis Davis

Vice-President: Alexander Hamilton Stephens

Secretary of War: Leroy Pope Walker

Secretary of the Navy: Stephen Russell Mallory

Military Adviser to the President: Robert Edward Lee

  • Department No 1: David Emanuel Twiggs
  • Department of Fredericksburg: Daniel Harvey Hill
    • District of Aquia: Daniel Ruggles
  • Department of Norfolk: Benjamin Huger
  • Department of North Carolina: Theophilus Hunter Holmes interim Richard Caswell Gatlin awaited
    • Defences of North Carolina: Theophilus Hunter Holmes
  • Department of the Peninsula: John Bankhead Magruder
    • Army of the Peninsula: John Bankhead Magruder
  • Department of the Potomac: Joseph Eggleston Johnston
    • Army of the Potomac: Joseph Eggleston Johnston
  • Department of South Carolina: Daniel Harvey Hill
  • Department of Southwestern Virginia: William Wing Loring
  • Department of Texas: Earl Van Dorn interim Paul Octave Hébert awaited
    • Defences of Galveston: John Creed Moore
  • Department of West Florida: Braxton Bragg
    • “Forces in Pensacola”: Braxton Bragg
  • Western Department: Leonidas Polk
    • District of Upper Arkansas: William Joseph Hardee
    • Western Army: Benjamin McCulloch
  • District of East Tennessee: Felix Kirk Zollicoffer
  • Defences of Savannah: Alexander Robert Lawton
  • Indian Territory: Benjamin McCulloch
  • Forces in Richmond: Thomas Turner Fauntleroy
  • Army of the Kanawha: John Buchanan Floyd
  • Army of Liberation: Gideon Johnson Pillow
  • Army of the Northwest: William Wing Loring

Union Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

Major-General USA

Winfield Scott
George Brinton McClellan
John Charles Frémont
Henry Wager Halleck

Major-General USV

John Adams Dix
Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
Benjamin Franklin Butler
David Hunter

Brigadier-General USA

John Ellis Wool
William Selby Harney
Edwin Vose Sumner
Joseph King Fenno Mansfield
Irvin McDowell
Robert Anderson
William Starke Rosecrans

Brigadier-General USV

Samuel Peter Heintzelman
Erasmus Darwin Keyes
Andrew Porter
Fitz-John Porter
William Buel Franklin
William Tecumseh Sherman
Charles Pomeroy Stone
Don Carlos Buell
Thomas West Sherman
John Pope
George Archibald McCall
William Reading Montgomery
Philip Kearny
Joseph Hooker
John Wolcott Phelps
Ulysses Simpson Grant
Joseph Jones Reynolds
Samuel Ryan Curtis
Charles Smith Hamilton
Darius Nash Couch
Rufus King
Jacob Dolson Cox
Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
Franz Sigel
Robert Cumming Schenck
Benjamin Mayberry Prentiss
Frederick West Lander
Benjamin Franklin Kelley
John Alexander McClernand
Alpheus Starkey Williams
Israel Bush Richardson
James Cooper
James Brewerton Ricketts
Orlando Bolivar Willcox
Michael Corcoran
George Henry Thomas
Ambrose Everett Burnside
Henry Hayes Lockwood
Louis Blenker
Henry Warner Slocum
James Samuel Wadsworth
John James Peck
Ormsby McKnight Mitchel
George Webb Morell
John Henry Martindale
Samuel Davis Sturgis
George Stoneman
Henry Washington Benham
William Farrar Smith
James William Denver
Egbert Ludovicus Vielé
James Shields

Brigadier-General USA (Staff)

Montgomery Cunningham Meigs (Quartermaster-General)
Henry Knox Craig
Lorenzo Thomas (Adjutant-General)
James Wolfe Ripley (Ordnance)

Confederate Seniority

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

General ACSA

Samuel Cooper
Albert Sidney Johnston
Robert Edward Lee
Joseph Eggleston Johnston
Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard

Major-General PACS

David Emanuel Twiggs
Leonidas Polk

Brigadier-General ACSA

Braxton Bragg

Brigadier-General PACS

Alexander Robert Lawton
Milledge Lake Bonham
Benjamin McCulloch
William Wing Loring
Charles Clark
John Buchanan Floyd
William Henry Talbot Walker
Henry Rootes Jackson
Theophilus Hunter Holmes
Henry Alexander Wise
Earl Van Dorn
William Joseph Hardee
Richard Stoddert Ewell
David Rumph Jones
Benjamin Huger
John Bankhead Magruder
James Longstreet
Edmund Kirby Smith
John Clifford Pemberton
Thomas Jonathan Jackson
Henry Hopkins Sibley
John Henry Winder
Richard Caswell Gatlin
Daniel Smith Donelson
Samuel Read Anderson
Gideon Johnson Pillow
Benjamin Franklin Cheatham
Felix Kirk Zollicoffer
Daniel Harvey Hill
Jones Mitchell Withers
Richard Heron Anderson
Robert Augustus Toombs
Samuel Jones
Arnold Elzey
William Henry Chase Whiting
Jubal Anderson Early
Isaac Ridgway Trimble
Daniel Ruggles
George Bibb Crittenden
John Breckinridge Grayson
Roswell Sabine Ripley
Albert Pike
Paul Octave Hébert

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