1861 April 23rd

April 23 1861 Tuesday

Go to April 24 1861

Arkansas. Fort Smith was occupied by Arkansas state forces.

District of Columbia. USS Pawnee reached Washington where Commodore Paulding reported the loss of the Norfolk Navy Yard to the Navy Department. The arrival of the modern warship strengthened the Capital’s defences at a critical time.

Maryland. Brigadier-General of Massachusetts Militia offered assistance to the Governor of Maryland who had expressed anxiety about the risk of a slave insurrection.

Missouri. US Army Captain Nathaniel Lyon assumed temporary command of the Department of the West in St Louis. He was responding to doubts about the loyalty of Brigadier-General William Selby Harney who had shown indications of favouring the pro-Confederate factions in Missouri.

Texas. A group of US Army officers and a Company of the 8th US Infantry were taken as prisoners of war at San Antonio. Colonel Carlos Adolphus Waite was among those captured by Confederate authorities and the presence of free Federal forces in Texas was ended. Although the Department of Texas remained in nominal existence, it had no commanding officer and no forces to command.

Virginia. State Major-General Robert Edward Lee took command of the Militia and the Provisional Army of Virginia.

Virginia. Major-General of Virginia Militia Walter Gwynn was directed to take command of forces around Norfolk and the Gosport Navy Yard.

Virginia. Major-General of Virginia Militia Joseph Eggleston Johnston was directed to take command of the Virginia state forces in and around Richmond.

Union Organisation

USA: Captain USA Nathaniel Lyon assumed temporary de facto command of the Department of the West to fill the vacancy of Brigadier-General William Selby Harney.

USA: The command of the Department of Texas became vacant when Union Colonel Carlos Adolphus Waite was captured by Confederate authorities.

USA: George Brinton McClellan was appointed Major-General of Ohio Militia.

USA: Colonel James Wolfe Ripley was appointed Chief of Ordnance of the US Army, succeeding Colonel Henry Knox Craig.

Commander in Chief: President Abraham Lincoln
Vice-President: Hannibal Hamlin
Secretary of War: Simon Cameron
Secretary of the Navy: Gideon Welles

Pacific Squadron: John Berrien Montgomery

General–in-Chief: Winfield Scott

Department of the East: John Ellis Wool

Department of Florida: Harvey Brown

Department of New Mexico: William Wing Loring

Department of the Pacific: Albert Sidney Johnston interim Edwin Vose Sumner awaited

  • District of Oregon: George Wright

Department of Texas: Vacant

Department of Utah: Philip St George Cooke

Department of Washington: Robert Patterson

Department of the West: Nathaniel Lyon temporary de facto

Confederate Organisation

CSA: Major-General of Virginia State Forces Robert Edward Lee arrived to assume command of the Provisional Army of Virginia.

CSA: Milledge Luke Bonham was promoted to Brigadier-General PACS.

Commander in Chief: President Jefferson Finis Davis
Vice-President: Alexander Hamilton Stephens
Secretary of War: Leroy Pope Walker
Secretary of the Navy: Stephen Russell Mallory

Department of North Carolina: Theophilus Hunter Holmes

  • Defences of North Carolina: Theophilus Hunter Holmes

Department of South Carolina: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard

  • “Forces in Charleston”: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard

Department of Texas: Earl Van Dorn

Department of West Florida: Braxton Bragg

  • “Forces in Pensacola”: Braxton Bragg

District of Louisiana: David Emanuel Twiggs

  • “Forces in New Orleans” “Army of Louisiana”: Braxton Bragg

Defences of Savannah: Alexander Robert Lawton

Potomac Line: Daniel Ruggles

“Forces in Harper’s Ferry”: Kenton Harper

“Forces in Norfolk”: William Booth Taliaferro

Union Generals

Major-General USA

Winfield Scott

Brigadier-General USA

John Ellis Wool
William Selby Harney
Edwin Vose Sumner

Confederate Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

Major-General PACS

David Emanuel Twiggs

Brigadier-General ACSA

Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
Braxton Bragg

Brigadier-General PACS

Alexander Robert Lawton
Milledge Lake Bonham

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