1861 April 24th

April 24 1861 Wednesday

Kentucky. Kentucky Governor Beriah Magoffin called an extra session of the Kentucky state legislature to consider matters related to secession.

Maryland. A special election of ten delegates to the Maryland state legislature took place in Baltimore.

Maryland. The historic USS Constitution (Lieutenant G W Rodgers) departed with a crew of midshipmen for New York and then Newport, Rhode Island. The aims was to transfer it to the US Naval Academy for training and ceremonial purposes. It was taken under tow by USS Curler and escorted by USS Harriet Lane

Virginia. Confederate Virginia State Brigadier-General Philip St George Cocke reported from his headquarters at Alexandria that he had only 300 men to defend against an estimated force of 10,000 Union troops across the Potomac River in Washington, DC. By this time about 1,300 Virginia State volunteers had gathered at Harper’s Ferry further inland on the Potomac.

Virginia. USS Cumberland (Flag Officer Pendergrast) captured the Confederate tug Young America and schooner George M Smith with a cargo of arms and ammunition in Hampton Roads.

Union Organisation

Commander in Chief: President Abraham Lincoln

Vice-President: Hannibal Hamlin

Secretary of War: Simon Cameron

Secretary of the Navy: Gideon Welles

  • Pacific Squadron USN: Captain John B Montgomery USN

General–in-Chief: Winfield Scott

  • Department of the East: John Ellis Wool
  • Department of Florida: Harvey Brown
  • Department of New Mexico: William Wing Loring
  • Department of the Pacific: Albert Sidney Johnston interim Edwin Vose Sumner awaited
    • District of Oregon: George Wright
  • Department of Texas: Vacant
  • Department of Utah: Philip St George Cooke
  • Department of Washington: Robert Patterson
  • Department of the West: Nathaniel Lyon

Confederate Organisation

CSA: The Department of Alexandria was established, comprising the environs of Alexandria, Virginia. Its field forces were referred to as the “Alexandria Line”.

CSA: State Brigadier-General Philip St George Cocke assumed command of the Department of Alexandria.

CSA: The “Alexandria Line” or “Forces in Alexandria” was established, comprising field forces gathering in the environs of Alexandria, Virginia.

CSA: State Brigadier-General Philip St George Cocke assumed command of the “Alexandria Line”.

Cocke, Philip St George | Virginia | Born 17 April 1809 Fluvanna, Virginia | USMA 1832 6/45 Artillery | 2nd Lieutenant USA 2nd US Artillery 1 July 1832 Resigned USA 1 April 1834 Brigadier-General Virginia Militia 21 April 1861 Colonel PACS May 21 1861 Brigadier-General PACS 21 October 1861 | Died December 26 1861 | 24 April 1861 – 20 May 1861 Department of Alexandria, 24 April 1861 – 20 May 1861 Alexandria Line

Commander in Chief: President Jefferson Finis Davis

Vice-President: Alexander Hamilton Stephens

Secretary of War: Leroy Pope Walker

Secretary of the Navy: Stephen Russell Mallory

  • Department of Alexandria established: Philip St George Cocke assumed
    • Alexandria Line established: Philip St George Cocke assumed
  • Department of North Carolina: Theophilus Hunter Holmes
    • Defences of North Carolina: Theophilus Hunter Holmes
  • Department of South Carolina: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
    • “Forces in Charleston”: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
  • Department of Texas: Earl Van Dorn
  • Department of West Florida: Braxton Bragg
    • “Forces in Pensacola”: Braxton Bragg
  • District of Louisiana: David Emanuel Twiggs
    • “Forces in New Orleans” “Army of Louisiana”: Braxton Bragg
  • Defences of Savannah: Alexander Robert Lawton
  • Potomac Line: Daniel Ruggles
  • Forces in Harper’s Ferry”: Kenton Harper
  • “Forces in Norfolk”: William Booth Taliaferro

Union Generals

  • Major-General USA Winfield Scott 5 July 1841 to rank from 25 June 1841 General-in-Chief
  • Brigadier-General USA John Ellis Wool 25 June 1841 Department of the East
  • Brigadier-General USA William Selby Harney 14 June 1858 Department of the West
  • Brigadier-General USA Edwin Vose Sumner 16 March 1861 Department of the Pacific awaited
  • Colonel George Wright 3 March 1855 District of Oregon
  • Colonel Albert Sidney Johnston 3 March 1855 Department of the Pacific interim
  • Colonel William Wing Loring 30 December 1856 Department of New Mexico
  • Colonel Philip St George Cooke 14 June 1858 Department of Utah
  • Lieutenant-Colonel Charles Ferguson Smith 3 March 1855 Department of Washington
  • Major Harvey Brown 9 January 1851 Department of Florida
  • Captain Nathaniel Lyon 11 June 1851 Department of the West interim temporary

Confederate Generals

  • Major-General PACS David Emanuel Twiggs March 22 1861 District of Louisiana
  • Brigadier-General ACSA Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard March 1 1861 Department of South Carolina & Forces in Charleston
  • Brigadier-General ACSA Braxton Bragg March 7 1861 Forces in Louisiana & Department of West Florida & Forces in Pensacola & Forces in New Orleans
  • Brigadier-General PACS Alexander Robert Lawton 13 April 1861 Defences of Savannah
  • Brigadier-General PACS Milledge Luke Bonham 23 April 1861
  • Colonel Earl Van Dorn 16 March 1861 Department of Texas
  • Colonel Theophilus Hunter Holmes March 1861 Department of North Carolina & Defences of North Carolina
  • State Major-General William Booth Taliaferro 17 April 1861 Forces in Norfolk
  • State Brigadier-General Philip St George Cocke 21 April 1861 Department of Alexandria & Alexandria Line
  • State Brigadier-General Daniel Ruggles May 1861 Potomac Line
  • Colonel Kenton Harper Forces in Harper’s Ferry
  • Colonel William Booth Taliaferro Forces in Norfolk


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