1861 April 24th

April 24 1861 Wednesday

Kentucky. Kentucky Governor Beriah Magoffin called an extra session of the Kentucky state legislature to consider matters related to secession.

Maryland. A special election of ten delegates to the Maryland state legislature took place in Baltimore.

Maryland. The historic USS Constitution (Lieutenant G W Rodgers) departed with a crew of midshipmen for New York and then Newport, Rhode Island. The aim was to transfer the venerable warship, nicknamed “Old Ironsides”, to the US Naval Academy for training and ceremonial purposes. It was taken under tow by USS Curler and escorted by USS Harriet Lane

Virginia. Virginia State Brigadier-General Philip St George Cocke reported from his headquarters at Alexandria that he had only 300 men to defend against an estimated force of 10,000 Union troops rumoured as facing him across the Potomac River in Washington, DC. By this time a further 1,300 Virginia State volunteers had gathered at Harper’s Ferry further inland up the Potomac.

Virginia. USS Cumberland (Captain Garrett J Pendergrast) captured the Confederate tug Young America and schooner George M Smith with their cargo of arms and ammunition in Hampton Roads.

Union Organisation

Commander in Chief: President Abraham Lincoln

Vice-President: Hannibal Hamlin

Secretary of War: Simon Cameron

Secretary of the Navy: Gideon Welles

  • Pacific Squadron USN: Captain John B Montgomery USN

General–in-Chief: Winfield Scott

  • Department of the East: John Ellis Wool
  • Department of Florida: Harvey Brown
  • Department of New Mexico: William Wing Loring
  • Department of the Pacific: Albert Sidney Johnston interim Edwin Vose Sumner awaited
    • District of Oregon: George Wright
  • Department of Texas: Vacant
  • Department of Utah: Philip St George Cooke
  • Department of Washington: Robert Patterson
  • Department of the West: Nathaniel Lyon

Confederate Organisation

CSA: The Department of Alexandria was established, comprising the environs of Alexandria, Virginia. Its field forces were referred to as the “Alexandria Line”.

CSA: Virginia State Brigadier-General Philip St George Cocke assumed command of the Department of Alexandria.

CSA: The “Alexandria Line” or “Forces in Alexandria” was established, comprising field forces gathering in the environs of Alexandria, Virginia.

CSA: Virginia State Brigadier-General Philip St George Cocke assumed command of the “Alexandria Line”.

Cocke, Philip St George / Virginia / Born 17 April 1809 Fluvanna, Virginia / Died Powhatan, Virginia 26 December 1861
USMA 1 July 1832 6/45 Artillery / Cadet USMA 1 July 1828 / 2nd US Artillery 1 July 1832 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1832 / Resigned USA 1 April 1834 / Brigadier-General Virginia Militia 21 April 1861 / Colonel PACS 19th Virginia Infantry 27 April 1861 / Brigadier-General Provisional Army of Virginia 27 April 1861-8 June 1861 / Colonel Provisional Army of Virginia 1 May 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 21 October 1861 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1832
Department of Alexandria 24 April 1861-21 May 1861 / Forces in Alexandria 24 April 1861-20 May 1861 / 5th Brigade Army of the Potomac 20 July 1861 / 3rd Brigade 3rd Division Army of the Potomac 22 October 1861-26 December 1861

Commander in Chief: President Jefferson Finis Davis

Vice-President: Alexander Hamilton Stephens

Secretary of War: Leroy Pope Walker

Secretary of the Navy: Stephen Russell Mallory

  • Department of Alexandria established: Philip St George Cocke assumed
    • Alexandria Line established: Philip St George Cocke assumed
  • Department of North Carolina: Theophilus Hunter Holmes
    • Defences of North Carolina: Theophilus Hunter Holmes
  • Department of South Carolina: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
    • “Forces in Charleston”: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
  • Department of Texas: Earl Van Dorn
  • Department of West Florida: Braxton Bragg
    • “Forces in Pensacola”: Braxton Bragg
  • District of Louisiana: David Emanuel Twiggs
    • “Forces in New Orleans” “Army of Louisiana”: Braxton Bragg
  • Defences of Savannah: Alexander Robert Lawton
  • Potomac Line: Daniel Ruggles
  • Forces in Harper’s Ferry”: Kenton Harper
  • “Forces in Norfolk”: William Booth Taliaferro

Union Generals

Major-General USA

Winfield Scott

Brigadier-General USA

John Ellis Wool
William Selby Harney
Edwin Vose Sumner

Confederate Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

Major-General PACS

David Emanuel Twiggs

Brigadier-General ACSA

Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
Braxton Bragg

Brigadier-General PACS

Alexander Robert Lawton
Milledge Lake Bonham

 

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