Confederate Organisations – Corps and Equivalents

Confederate Organisations – Corps and Equivalents, and Reserve Forces

Army Corps were not authorised officially in the Confederate army until 18 September 1862. However, the term was in unofficial use prior to this date, along with terms such as “Wing”, “Command”, or other terms to denote a group of Divisions. Sometimes a Corps was little larger than a division; at other times, a Corps might contain several divisions.

The Corps was the largest formation within the major armies, but they were never officially numbered in the Confederate army. The terms I Corps, II Corps, III Corps etc., are modern conventional descriptors. By convention, Confederate Corps designations (for example, I Corps), were numbered only within its parent army. Therefore, there are many duplications of name (e.g., I Corps Northern Virginia, I Corps Mississippi, I Corps Tennessee, all existing simultaneously.

At the time of the Civil War, a Confederate Corps was usually named after its commander, e.g., Longstreet’s Corps. The use of the commander’s name by general practice meant that there was rarely confusion at the time. If a number was ever used it was written in words, e.g. First Corps. Some Armies had only one named Corps and others had none. Use of the convention Roman numeral makes it easier for historians to trace the continuity of commands when their commanders’ names changed.

Some Corps only ever served within one field Army or Department while a few e. g. I Corps Northern Virginia, were transferred from Department to Department. Corps usually remained with their parent army but were occasionally detached to operate independently e. g. Longstreet’s Corps operated in Southern Virginia in 1863, Early‘s Corps operated in the Shenandoah Valley in 1864, Breckinridge’s Reserve Corps operated at Baton Rouge in 1862. A Corps operated temporarily with another field army on only one occasion when Longstreet’s I Corps of the Army of Northern Virginia was transferred temporarily to the Army of Tennessee in the autumn of 1863. It returned the following spring but always retained its designation as part of the Army of Northern Virginia on attachment.

There were never more than nine or ten active Confederate Corps and usually no more than five or six at any one time. These were broken up or reorganised occasionally. The transfer in and out of brigades or divisions from Corps to Corps was not seen as good practice, but happened more frequently in the West than in the East.

As manpower resources dwindled, each State was required to create Reserve Forces comprising men too old or too young to join the main armies. They were not expected to undertake active operations, although some did, but were more of a Home Guard or local militia force intended to assist in maintaining order and control.

Alphabetical Index

First Grand Division (I Corps) Mississippi 5 March 1862-29 March 1862

Second Grand Division Mississippi 5 March 1862-29 March 1862

Centre Wing Northern Virginia 13 March 1862-4 May 1862

Left Wing Tennessee 19 September 1863-21 September 1863

Right Wing Tennessee 19 September 1863-21 September 1863

Reserve Northern Virginia 4 May 1862-25 June 1862

I Corps Mississippi #1 29 March 1862-15 August 1862

Right Wing (I Corps) Mississippi 15 August 1862-7 November 1862

I Corps Mississippi #2 7 November 1862-20 November 1862

I Corps Mississippi #3 7 December 1862-20 May 1863

I Corps (Right Wing) Northern Virginia 13 March 1862-25 June 1862

I Corps (Longstreet’s Command) Northern Virginia 25 June 1862-16 July 1862

I Corps (Longstreet’s Right Wing) Northern Virginia 16 July 1862-4 September 1862

I Corps (Longstreet’s Command) Northern Virginia 4 September 1862-6 November 1862

I Corps Northern Virginia #1 6 November 1862-26 February 1863

I Corps Northern Virginia #2 6-May 1863-9 September 1863

I Corps Northern Virginia #3 7 April 1864-9 April 1865

I Corps Northern Virginia attached Tennessee 9 September 1863-7 April 1864

I Corps Potomac 25 September 1861-13 March 1862

I Corps Southern Virginia 26 February 1863-6 May 1863

I Corps Tennessee 20 November 1862-26 April 1865

I Corps Trans-Mississippi #1 28 September 1862-30 January 1863

I Corps Trans-Mississippi #2 4 August 1864-31 March 1865

I Corps Valley 27 June 1864-27 September 1864

II Corps Mississippi #1 29 March 1862-15 August 1862

Left Wing (II Corps) Mississippi 15 August 1862-7 November 1862

II Corps Mississippi #2 7 November 1862-20 November 1862

II Corps Mississippi #3 7 December 1862-20 May 1863

II Corps Tennessee 20 November 1862-26 April 1865

III Corps Mississippi #1 29 March 1862-15 August 1862

III Corps Mississippi #2 (Army of Kentucky) 13 October 1862-20 November 1862

II Corps (Left Wing) Northern Virginia 13 March 1862-25 June 1862

II Corps (Jackson’s Command) Northern Virginia 25 June 1862-16 July 1862

II Corps (Jackson’s Left Wing) Northern Virginia 16 July 1862-4 September 1862

II Corps (Jackson’s Command) Northern Virginia 4 September 1862-6 November 1862

II Corps Northern Virginia #1 6 November 1862-12 June 1864

II Corps Northern Virginia #2 27 September 1864-9 April 1865

II Corps Potomac 25 September 1861-13 March 1862

II Corps Trans-Mississippi 4 August 1864-31 March 1865

II Corps Valley 27 June 1864-27 September 1864

III Corps Northern Virginia 30 May 1863-2 April 1865

Smith’s III Corps Tennessee (Army of Kentucky) 20 November 1862-23 December 1862

III Corps Tennessee #1 23 July 1863-31 October 1863

III Corps Tennessee #2 4 May 1864-26 April 1865

III Corps Trans-Mississippi 4 August 1864-31 March 1865

IV Corps Northern Virginia 19 October 1864-8 April 1865

Cavalry Corps Northern Virginia 30 May 1863-12 May 1864

Cavalry Corps Tennessee 16 March 1863-22 February 1865

Cavalry Corps Trans-Mississippi #1 4 August 1864-8 September 1864

Cavalry Corps Trans-Mississippi #2 3 December 1864-12 March 1865

Reserve Corps Mississippi 6 March 1862-4 November 1862

Reserve Corps Trans-Mississippi 10 September 1864-26 May 1865

Magruder’s Command Northern Virginia 25 June 1862-16 July 1862

Reserve Corps Tennessee 23 August 1863-4 November 1863

Reserve Forces of Alabama 30 April 1864-4 May 1865

Reserve Forces of Florida 30 April 1864-10 May 1865

Reserve Forces of Georgia 30 March 1864-26 April 1865

Reserve Forces of Mississippi 23 July 1864-4 May 1865

Reserve Forces of North Carolina 18 April 1864-26 April 1865

Reserve Forces of South Carolina 30 April 1864-10 May 1865

Reserve Forces of Tennessee 1 September 1864-4 May 1865

Reserve Forces of Texas 24 June 1864-10 September 1864

Reserve Forces of Virginia 30 April 1864-5 April 1865

First Grand Division (I Corps) Mississippi

5 March 1862-29 March 1862

Leonidas Polk 5 March 1862-29 March 1862

5 March 1862: The First Grand Division was established in the Army of Mississippi.

5 March 1862: Major-General Leonidas Polk assumed command of First Grand Division Mississippi.

29 March 1862: First Grand Division Mississippi was discontinued, and renamed I Corps Mississippi.

Second Grand Division Mississippi

5 March 1862-29 March 1862

Braxton Bragg 5 March 1862-29 March 1862

5 March 1862: The Second Grand Division was established in the Army of Mississippi.

5 March 1862: Major-General Braxton Bragg assumed command of Second Grand Division Mississippi.

29 March 1862: Second Grand Division Mississippi was discontinued, and renamed II Corps Mississippi.

Centre Wing Northern Virginia

13 March 1862-4 May 1862

Daniel Harvey Hill 13 March 1862-4 May 1862

13 March 1862: Centre Wing Northern Virginia was established in the Army of Northern Virginia.

13 March 1862: Brigadier-General Daniel Harvey Hill assumed command of Centre Wing Northern Virginia.

4 May 1862: Centre Wing Northern Virginia was discontinued, and its forces assigned to Reserve Northern Virginia.

Left Wing Tennessee

19 September 1863-21 September 1863

Leonidas Polk 19 September 1863-21 September 1863

19 September 1863: Left Wing Tennessee was established in the Army of Tennessee,

19 September 1863: Lieutenant-General Leonidas Polk assumed command of Left Wing Tennessee.

19 September 1863: I Corps Tennessee transferred from the Army of Tennessee to Left Wing Tennessee.

19 September 1863: II Corps Tennessee transferred from the Army of Tennessee to Left Wing Tennessee.

19 September 1863: Reserve Corps Tennessee transferred from the Army of Tennessee to Left Wing Tennessee.

21 September 1863: I Corps Tennessee transferred from Left Wing Tennessee to the Army of Tennessee.
21 September 1863: II Corps Tennessee transferred from Left Wing Tennessee to the Army of Tennessee.

21 September 1863: Reserve Corps Tennessee transferred from Left Wing Tennessee to the Army of Tennessee.

21 September 1863: Left Wing Tennessee was discontinued.

Right Wing Tennessee

19 September 1863-21 September 1863

James Longstreet 19 September 1863-21 September 1863

19 September 1863: Right Wing Tennessee was established in the Army of Tennessee, comprising comprised I Corps Northern Virginia reinforced by Major-General Bushrod Tyler Johnson’s division, III Corps Tennessee and Major-General Thomas Carmichael Hindman’s division from I Corps Tennessee.

19 September 1863: Lieutenant-General James Longstreet assumed command of Right Wing Tennessee.

19 September 1863: I Corps Northern Virginia transferred from the Army of Tennessee to Right Wing Tennessee.

19 September 1863: III Corps Tennessee transferred from the Army of Tennessee to Right Wing Tennessee.

21 September 1863: III Corps Tennessee transferred from Right Wing Tennessee to the Army of Tennessee.

21 September 1863: I Corps Northern Virginia transferred from Right Wing Tennessee to the Army of Tennessee.

21 September 1863: Right Wing Tennessee was discontinued.

Reserve Northern Virginia

4 May 1862-25 June 1862

John Bankhead Magruder 4 May 1862-25 June 1862

4 May 1862: Reserve Northern Virginia was established in the Army of Northern Virginia from Centre Wing Northern Virginia.

4 May 1862: Major-General John Bankhead Magruder assumed command of Reserve Northern Virginia.

25 June 1862: Reserve Northern Virginia was renamed Magruder’s Command Northern Virginia.

I Corps Mississippi #1

29 March 1862-15 August 1862

Leonidas Polk 29 March 1862-15 August 1862

29 March 1862: I Corps Mississippi was established from First Grand Division Mississippi in the Army of Mississippi.

29 March 1862: Major-General Leonidas Polk assumed command of I Corps Mississippi.

15 August 1862: I Corps Mississippi was discontinued, and renamed Right Wing Mississippi.

Right Wing (I Corps) Mississippi

15 August 1862-7 November 1862

Leonidas Polk 5 March 1862-24 October 1862

Benjamin Franklin Cheatham 24 October 1862-7 November 1862

15 August 1862: Right Wing Mississippi was established in the Army of Mississippi, comprising forces from I Corps Mississippi.

15 August 1862: Major-General Leonidas Polk assumed command of Right Wing Mississippi.

24 October 1862: Major-General Benjamin Franklin Cheatham assumed temporary command of Right Wing Mississippi.

7 November 1862: Right Wing Mississippi was discontinued, and renamed I Corps Mississippi.

I Corps Mississippi #2

7 November 1862-20 November 1862

Leonidas Polk 7 November 1862-20 November 1862

7 November 1862: I Corps Mississippi was established in the Army of Mississippi, from Right Wing Mississippi.

7 November 1862: Lieutenant-General Leonidas Polk assumed command of I Corps Mississippi, succeeding Major-General Benjamin Franklin Cheatham.

20 November 1862: I Corps Mississippi was discontinued, and renamed as I Corps Tennessee.

I Corps Mississippi #3

7 December 1862-20 May 1863

Earl Van Dorn 7 December 1862-15 December 1862

William Wing Loring temporary 15 December 1862-20 May 1863

7 December 1862: I Corps Mississippi was established in the Army of Mississippi, comprising the former Army of West Tennessee.

15 December 1862: Major-General William Wing Loring assumed temporary command of I Corps Mississippi, succeeding Major-General Earl Van Dorn.

20 May 1863: I Corps Mississippi was discontinued.

I Corps (Right Wing) Northern Virginia

13 March 1862-25 June 1862

James Longstreet 13 March 1862-25 June 1862

13 March 1862: Right Wing Northern Virginia was established in the Army of Northern Virginia.

13 March 1862: Major-General James Longstreet assumed command of Right Wing Northern Virginia.

25 June 1862: Right Wing Northern Virginia was renamed Longstreet’s Command Northern Virginia.

I Corps (Longstreet’s Command) Northern Virginia

25 June 1862-16 July 1862

James Longstreet 25 June 1862-16 July 1862

25 June 1862: Longstreet’s Command Northern Virginia was established in the Army of Northern Virginia, comprising the former Right Wing Northern Virginia.

25 June 1862: Major-General James Longstreet assumed command of Longstreet’s Command Northern Virginia.

16 July 1862: Longstreet’s Command Northern Virginia was renamed Longstreet’s Right Wing Northern Virginia.

I Corps (Longstreet’s Right Wing) Northern Virginia

16 July 1862-4 September 1862

James Longstreet 16 July 1862-4 September 1862

16 July 1862: Longstreet’s Right Wing Northern Virginia was established, comprising the former Longstreet’s Command and parts of Magruder’s Command.

16 July 1862: Major-General James Longstreet assumed command of Longstreet’s Right Wing Northern Virginia.

4 September 1862: Longstreet’s Right Wing Northern Virginia was renamed Longstreet’s Command Northern Virginia.

I Corps (Longstreet’s Command) Northern Virginia

4 September 1862-6 November 1862

James Longstreet 4 September 1862-6 November 1862

4 September 1862: Longstreet’s Command Northern Virginia was established in the Army of Northern Virginia from Longstreet’s Right Wing Northern Virginia.

4 September 1862: Major-General James Longstreet assumed command of Longstreet’s Command Northern Virginia.

6 November 1862: Longstreet’s Command Northern Virginia was renamed I Corps Northern Virginia.

I Corps Northern Virginia #1

6 November 1862-26 February 1863

James Longstreet 6 November 1862-26 February 1863

6 November 1862: I Corps Northern Virginia was established in the Army of Northern Virginia from Longstreet’s Command Northern Virginia.

6 November 1862: Major-General James Longstreet assumed command of I Corps Northern Virginia.

26 February 1863: I Corps Northern Virginia transferred from the Army of Northern Virginia to the Department of Southern Virginia.

I Corps Northern Virginia #2

6-May 1863-9 September 1863

James Longstreet 16 May 1863-9 September 1863

6 May 1863: I Corps Southern Virginia transferred from the Department of Southern Virginia to the Army of Northern Virginia.

6 May 1863: Major-General James Longstreet retained command of I Corps Northern Virginia.

9 September 1863: I Corps Northern Virginia transferred from the Army of Northern Virginia to the Army of Tennessee.

I Corps Northern Virginia #3

7 April 1864-9 April 1865

James Longstreet 7 April 1864-6 May 1864

Charles William Field 6 May 1864-7 May 1864

Richard Heron Anderson 7 May 1864-17 October 1864

James Longstreet 17 October 1864-9 April 1865

7 April 1864: I Corps Northern Virginia transferred from the District of Tennessee to the Army of Northern Virginia.

7 April 1864: Lieutenant-General James Longstreet resumed command of I Corps Northern Virginia, succeeding Major-General Lafayette McLaws.

6 May 1864: Major-General Charles William Field assumed temporary command of I Corps Northern Virginia, succeeding Lieutenant-General James Longstreet.

8 May 1864: Major-General Richard Heron Anderson assumed temporary command of I Corps Northern Virginia, succeeding Major-General Charles William Field.

17 October 1864: Lieutenant-General James Longstreet resumed command of I Corps Northern Virginia, succeeding Lieutenant-General Richard Heron Anderson.

2 April 1865: III Corps Northern Virginia was discontinued, and incorporated into I Corps Northern Virginia.

9 April 1865: I Corps Northern Virginia surrendered.

I Corps Northern Virginia attached Tennessee

9 September 1863-7 April 1864

James Longstreet 9 September 1863-18 September 1863

John Bell Hood temporary 18 September 1863-20 September 1863

Lafayette McLaws temporary 20 September 1863-7 April 1864

9 September 1863: I Corps Northern Virginia transferred from the Army of Northern Virginia to the Army of Tennessee.

9 September 1863: Lieutenant-General James Longstreet retained command of I Corps Northern Virginia.

18 September 1863: Major-General John Bell Hood assumed temporary command of I Corps Northern Virginia, succeeding Lieutenant-General James Longstreet.

19 September 1863: I Corps Northern Virginia transferred from Army of Tennessee to Right Wing Tennessee.

19 September 1863: Major-General John Bell Hood retained temporary command of I Corps Northern Virginia.

20 September 1863: Major-General Lafayette McLaws assumed temporary command of I Corps Northern Virginia, succeeding Major-General John Bell Hood.

21 September 1863: I Corps Northern Virginia transferred from Right Wing Tennessee to Army of Tennessee.

21 September 1863: Major-General Lafayette McLaws retained temporary command of I Corps Northern Virginia.

29 September 1863: Reserve Corps Tennessee was attached to I Corps Northern Virginia for operations in Eastern Tennessee.

3 December 1863: I Corps Northern Virginia transferred from the Army of Tennessee to the District of East Tennessee.

3 December 1863: Major-General Lafayette McLaws retained temporary command of I Corps Northern Virginia.

7 April 1864: I Corps Northern Virginia transferred from the District of Tennessee to the Army of Northern Virginia.

I Corps Potomac

25 September 1861-13 March 1862

Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard 25 September 1861-4 October 1861

Earl Van Dorn 4 October 1861-22 October 1861

Earl Van Dorn 22 October 1861-10 January 1862

James Longstreet 10 January 1862-13 March 1862

26 September 1862: “I Corps” was established unofficially in the Army of the Potomac.

26 September 1862: General Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard assumed command of I Corps Potomac.

4 October 1861: Major-General Earl Van Dorn appointed to command I Corps Potomac, succeeding General Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard.

10 January 1862: Major-General James Longstreet assumed command of I Corps Potomac, succeeding Major-General Earl Van Dorn.

13 March 1862: I Corps Potomac was renamed Right Wing Northern Virginia.

I Corps Southern Virginia

26-February 1863-6 May 1863

James Longstreet 26 February 1863-6 May 1863

26 February 1863: I Corps Northern Virginia transferred from the Army of Northern Virginia to the Department of Southern Virginia.

6 November 1862: Major-General James Longstreet retained command of I Corps Southern Virginia.

6 May 1863: I Corps Southern Virginia transferred from the Department of Southern Virginia to the Army of Northern Virginia.

I Corps Tennessee

20 November 1862-26 April 1865

Benjamin Franklin Cheatham interim 20 November 1862-26 November 1862

Leonidas Polk 20 November 1862-29 September 1863

Benjamin Franklin Cheatham temporary 29 September 1863-23 October 1863

William Joseph Hardee 23 October 1863-2 December 1863

Benjamin Franklin Cheatham 2 December 1863-27 December 1863

William Joseph Hardee 27 December 1863-31 August 1864

Benjamin Franklin Cheatham temporary 31 August 1864-1 September 1864

William Joseph Hardee 1 September 1864-2 September 1864

Patrick Ronayne Cleburne 2 September 1864-28 September 1864

Benjamin Franklin Cheatham 28 September 1864-23 February 1865

William Joseph Hardee 23 February 1865-16 March 1865

Daniel Harvey Hill temporary 16 March 1865-9 April 1865

William Joseph Hardee 9 April 1865-26 April 1865

20 November 1862: I Corps Tennessee was established in the Army of Tennessee from I Corps Mississippi.

20 November 1862: Lieutenant-General Leonidas Polk was appointed to command I Corps Tennessee, arriving on 26 November 1862.

20 November 1862: Major-General Benjamin Franklin Cheatham retained interim command of I Corps Tennessee.

26 November 1862: Lieutenant-General Leonidas Polk arrived to command I Corps Tennessee, succeeding Major-General Benjamin Franklin Cheatham.

19 September 1863: I Corps Tennessee transferred to Right Wing Tennessee.

19 September 1863: Lieutenant-General Leonidas Polk retained command of I Corps Tennessee.

21 September 1863: I Corps Tennessee transferred from Right Wing Tennessee to Army of Tennessee.

Tennessee.

21 September 1863: Lieutenant-General Leonidas Polk retained command of I Corps Tennessee.

29 September 1863: Major-General Benjamin Franklin Cheatham assumed temporary command of I Corps Tennessee, succeeding Major-General Leonidas Polk.

23 October 1863: Lieutenant-General William Joseph Hardee assumed command of I Corps Tennessee, succeeding Major-General Benjamin Franklin Cheatham.

31 October 1863: III Corps Tennessee was discontinued, and its forces were incorporated into I Corps Tennessee and II Corps Tennessee.

4 November 1863: Reserve Corps Tennessee was discontinued, and its forces incorporated into I Corps Tennessee.

2 December 1863: Major-General Benjamin Franklin Cheatham assumed command of I Corps Tennessee, succeeding Lieutenant-General William Joseph Hardee.

27 December 1863: Lieutenant-General William Joseph Hardee assumed command of I Corps Tennessee, succeeding Major-General Benjamin Franklin Cheatham.

31 August 1864: Major-General Benjamin Franklin Cheatham assumed temporary command of I Corps Tennessee, succeeding Lieutenant-General William Joseph Hardee.

1 September 1864: Lieutenant-General William Joseph Hardee assumed command of I Corps Tennessee, succeeding Major-General Benjamin Franklin Cheatham.

2 September 1864: Major-General Patrick Ronayne Cleburne assumed temporary command of I Corps Tennessee, succeeding Lieutenant-General William Joseph Hardee.

28 September 1864: Major-General Benjamin Franklin Cheatham assumed command of I Corps Tennessee, succeeding Major-General Patrick Ronayne Cleburne.

23 February 1865: Lieutenant-General William Joseph Hardee assumed command of I Corps Tennessee, succeeding Major-General Benjamin Franklin Cheatham.

16 March 1865: Major-General Daniel Harvey Hill assumed temporary command of I Corps Tennessee, succeeding Lieutenant-General William Joseph Hardee.

9 April 1865: Lieutenant-General William Joseph Hardee assumed command of I Corps Tennessee, succeeding Major-General Daniel Harvey Hill.

26 April 1865: I Corps Tennessee surrendered.

I Corps Trans-Mississippi #1

28 September 1862-30 January 1863

Vacant 28 September 1862-30 January 1863

28 September 1862: I Corps Trans-Mississippi was established to operate in north-western Arkansas, south-western Missouri, and the Indian Territory.

28 September 1862: Command of I Corps Trans-Mississippi remained vacant.

30 January 1863: I Corps Trans-Mississippi was discontinued, and forces assigned to the Southwest Army or to the Defences of Vicksburg.

I Corps Trans-Mississippi #2

4 August 1864-31 March 1865

Simon Bolivar Buckner 4 August 1864-31 March 1865

4 August 1864: I Corps Trans-Mississippi was re-established in the Trans-Mississippi Army.

4 August 1864: Major-General Simon Bolivar Buckner assumed command of I Corps Trans-Mississippi.

31 March 1865: I Corps Trans-Mississippi was discontinued.

I Corps Valley

27 June 1864-27 September 1864

Robert Emmett Rodes 27 June 1864-19 September 1864

Stephen Dodson Ramseur temporary 19 September 1864-27 September 1864

27 June 1864: “I Corps Valley” was established unofficially in the “Army of the Valley” from II Corps Northern Virginia.

27 June 1864: Major-General Robert Emmett Rodes assumed command of “I Corps Valley”.

19 September 1864: Major-General Stephen Dodson Ramseur assumed temporary command of I Corps Valley, succeeding Major-General Robert Emmett Rodes.

27 September 1864: “I Corps Valley” was discontinued.

II Corps Mississippi #1

29 March 1862-15 August 1862

Braxton Bragg 29 March 1862-6 May 1862

Thomas Carmichael Hindman temporary 6 May 1862-2 June 1862

Samuel Jones 2 June 1862-15 August 1862

29 March 1862: II Corps Mississippi was established from Second Grand Division Mississippi.

29 March 1862: Major-General Braxton Bragg assumed command of II Corps Mississippi.

6 May 1862: Major-General Thomas Carmichael Hindman assumed temporary command of II Corps Mississippi, succeeding General Braxton Bragg.

2 June 1862: Major-General Samuel Jones assumed command of II Corps Mississippi, succeeding Major-General Thomas Carmichael Hindman.

27 June 1862: The Army of Mobile was discontinued, and its field forces incorporated into II Corps Mississippi.

15 August 1862: II Corps Mississippi was discontinued, and its forces merged with III Corps Mississippi to become Left Wing Mississippi.

Left Wing (II Corps) Mississippi

15 August 1862-7 November 1862

William Joseph Hardee 15 August 1862-7 November 1862

15 August 1862: Left Wing Mississippi was established in the Army of Mississippi, comprising forces from II Corps Mississippi and III Corps Mississippi.

15 August 1862: Major-General William Joseph Hardee assumed command of Left Wing Mississippi.

7 November 1862: Left Wing Mississippi was discontinued, and renamed II Corps Mississippi.

II Corps Mississippi #2

7 November 1862-20 November 1862

William Joseph Hardee 7 November 1862-20 November 1862

7 November 1862: II Corps Mississippi was established in the Army of Mississippi, from Left Wing Mississippi.

7 November 1862: Lieutenant-General William Joseph Hardee retained command of II Corps Mississippi.

20 November 1862: II Corps Mississippi was discontinued, and renamed II Corps Tennessee.

II Corps Mississippi #3

7 December 1862-20 May 1863

Sterling Price 7 December 1862-28 February 1863

7 December 1862: II Corps Mississippi was established in the Army of Mississippi.

7 December 1862: Major-General Sterling Price assumed command of II Corps Mississippi.

28 February 1863: II Corps Mississippi was discontinued.

II Corps (Left Wing) Northern Virginia

13 March 1862-25 June 1862

Gustavus Woodson Smith 13 March -25 June 1862

13 March 1862: Left Wing Northern Virginia was established in the Army of Northern Virginia.

13 March 1862: Major-General Gustavus Woodson Smith assumed command of Left Wing Northern Virginia.

25 June 1862: The Army of the Valley was discontinued, and incorporated into the Army of Northern Virginia as [art of Jackson’s Command Northern Virginia.

25 June 1862: Left Wing Northern Virginia was renamed Jackson’s Command Northern Virginia.

II Corps (Jackson’s Command) Northern Virginia

25 June 1862-16 July 1862

Thomas Jonathan Jackson 25 June 1862-16 July 1862

25 June 1862: Jackson’s Command Northern Virginia was established in the Army of Northern Virginia, comprising the former Left Wing Northern Virginia.

25 June 1862: Major-General Thomas Jonathan Jackson assumed command of Jackson’s Command Northern Virginia.

16 July 1862: Jackson’s Command Northern Virginia was renamed Jackson’s Left Wing Northern Virginia.

II Corps (Jackson’s Left Wing) Northern Virginia

16 July 1862-4 September 1862

Thomas Jonathan Jackson 16 July 1862-4 September 1862

16 July 1862: Jackson’s Left Wing Northern Virginia was established, comprising the former Jackson’s Command and parts of Magruder’s Command.

16 July 1862: Major-General Thomas Jonathan Jackson assumed command of Jackson’s Wing Northern Virginia.

4 September 1862: Jackson’s Left Wing Northern Virginia was renamed Jackson’s Command Northern Virginia.

II Corps (Jackson’s Command) Northern Virginia

4 September 1862-6 November 1862

Thomas Jonathan Jackson 4 September 1862-6 November 1862

4 September 1862: Jackson’s Command Northern Virginia was established from Jackson’s Left Wing Northern Virginia.

4 September 1862: Major-General Thomas Jonathan Jackson retained command of Jackson’s Command Northern Virginia.

6 November 1862: Jackson’s Command Northern Virginia was renamed II Corps Northern Virginia.

II Corps Northern Virginia #1

6 November 1862-12 June 1864

Thomas Jonathan Jackson 6 November 1862-2 May 1863

Ambrose Powell Hill temporary 2 May 1863

Robert Emmett Rodes temporary 2 May 1863

James Ewell Brown Stuart temporary 2 May 1863-6 May 1863

Ambrose Powell Hill temporary 6 May 1863-7 May 1863 interim 10 May 1863

Jubal Anderson Early temporary 10 May 1863-30 May 1863

Richard Stoddert Ewell 7 May 1863-15 November 1863

Jubal Anderson Early temporary 15 November 1863-4 December 1863-

Richard Stoddert Ewell 4 December 1863-29 May 1864

Jubal Anderson Early temporary 29 May 1864-3 June 1864, 4 June 1864-12 June 1864

6 November 1862: II Corps Northern Virginia was established in the Army of Northern Virginia from Jackson’s Command.

6 November 1862: Major-General Thomas Jonathan Jackson retained command of Jackson’s Command Northern Virginia.

2 May 1863: Major-General Ambrose Powell Hill assumed temporary command of II Corps Northern Virginia, succeeding Lieutenant-General Thomas Jonathan Jackson.

2 May 1863: Major-General Robert Emmett Rodes assumed temporary command of II Corps Northern Virginia, succeeding Major-General Ambrose Powell Hill.

2 May 1863: Major-General James Ewell Brown Stuart assumed temporary command of II Corps Northern Virginia, succeeding Brigadier-General Robert Emmett Rodes.

6 May 1863: Major-General Ambrose Powell Hill assumed temporary command of II Corps Northern Virginia, succeeding Major-General James Ewell Brown Stuart.

7 May 1863: Major-General Richard Stoddert Ewell was appointed to command II Corps Northern Virginia, arriving on 30 May 1863.

10 May 1863: Major-General Jubal Anderson Early assumed temporary command of II Corps Northern Virginia, pending the arrival of Major-General Richard Stoddert Ewell.

30 May 1863: Major-General Richard Stoddert Ewell arrived to command II Corps Northern Virginia, succeeding Major-General Jubal Anderson Early.

15 November 1863: Major-General Jubal Anderson Early assumed temporary command of II Corps Northern Virginia, succeeding Lieutenant-General Richard Stoddert Ewell.

4 December 1863: Lieutenant-General Richard Stoddert Ewell resumed command of II Corps Northern Virginia, succeeding Major-General Jubal Anderson Early.

29 May 1864: Major-General Jubal Anderson Early assumed temporary command of II Corps Northern Virginia, succeeding Lieutenant-General Richard Stoddert Ewell.

4 June 1864: Lieutenant-General Jubal Anderson Early assumed full command of II Corps Northern Virginia.

12 June 1864: II Corps Northern Virginia was transferred from the Army of Northern Virginia to the Valley District and renamed unofficially the Army of the Valley.

II Corps Northern Virginia #2

27 September 1864-9 April 1865

Jubal Anderson Early 27 September 1864-9 December 1864

John Brown Gordon 9 December 1864-9 April 1865

27 September 1864: II Corps Northern Virginia was reinstated in the Army of Northern Virginia from the unofficial “Army of the Valley”.

27 September 1864: Lieutenant-General Jubal Anderson Early retained command of II Corps Northern Virginia, comprising the discontinued Army of the Valley.

9 December 1864: Major-General John Brown Gordon assumed command of II Corps Northern Virginia, succeeding Lieutenant-General Jubal Anderson Early.

5 April 1865: The Reserve Forces of Virginia was discontinued, and its field forces consolidated into II Corps Northern Virginia.

6 April 1865: The Department of Richmond surrendered, and its field forces were incorporated into II Corps Northern Virginia.

8 April 1865: IV Corps Northern Virginia was discontinued, and incorporated into II Corps Northern Virginia.

9 April 1865: II Corps Northern Virginia surrendered.

II Corps Potomac

25 September 1861-13 March 1862

Gustavus Woodson Smith 25 September 1861-13 March 1862

25 September 1861: “II Corps” was established unofficially in the Army of the Potomac.

25 September 1861: Major-General Gustavus Woodson Smith appointed to command II Corps Potomac, arriving on 4 October 1861.

4 October 1861: Major-General Gustavus Woodson Smith arrived to command II Corps Potomac.

13 March 1862: II Corps Potomac was renamed Left Wing Northern Virginia.

II Corps Tennessee

20 November 1862-26 April 1865

William Joseph Hardee 20 November 1862-19 July 1863 interim 24 July 1863

Daniel Harvey Hill 19 July 1863-15 October 1863

John Cabell Breckinridge temporary 15 October 1863-7 November 1863, 8 November 1863-15 December 1863

Thomas Carmichael Hindman 15 December 1863-9 February 1864 interim 28 February 1864

John Bell Hood 9 February 1864-18 July 1864

Carter Littlepage Stevenson temporary 18 July 1864-19 July 1864

Benjamin Franklin Cheatham temporary 19 July 1864-27 July 1864

Stephen Dill Lee 27 July 1864-17 December 1864

Carter Littlepage Stevenson temporary 17 December 1864-22 February 1865

Braxton Bragg 22 February 1865-9 April 1865

Stephen Dill Lee 9 April 1865-26 April 1865

20 November 1862: II Corps Tennessee was established in the Army of Tennessee from II Corps Mississippi.

20 November 1862: Lieutenant-General William Joseph Hardee assumed command of II Corps Tennessee.

20 November 1862: Reserve Corps Mississippi was discontinued, and its forces were incorporated into II Corps Tennessee.

20 November 1862: The Army of Middle Tennessee was discontinued, and its forces incorporated into II Corps Tennessee.

19 July 1863: Lieutenant-General Daniel Harvey Hill was appointed to command II Corps Tennessee, arriving on 24 July 1863, succeeding Lieutenant-General William Joseph Hardee.

24 July 1863: Lieutenant-General Daniel Harvey Hill arrived to command II Corps Tennessee, succeeding Lieutenant-General William Joseph Hardee.

19 September 1863: II Corps Tennessee transferred from the Army of Tennessee to Right Wing Tennessee.

19 September 1863: Lieutenant-General Daniel Harvey Hill retained command of II Corps Tennessee

21 September 1863: II Corps Tennessee transferred from Right Wing Tennessee to Army of Tennessee,

21 September 1863: Lieutenant-General Daniel Harvey Hill retained command of II Corps Tennessee.

15 October 1863: Major-General John Cabell Breckinridge assumed temporary command of II Corps Tennessee, succeeding Major-General Daniel Harvey Hill.

31 October 1863: III Corps Tennessee was discontinued, and its forces incorporated into I Corps Tennessee and II Corps Tennessee.

8 November 1863: Major-General John Cabell Breckinridge assumed full command of II Corps Tennessee.

15 December 1863: Major-General Thomas Carmichael Hindman assumed command of II Corps Tennessee, succeeding Major-General John Cabell Breckinridge.

9 February 1864: Lieutenant-General John Bell Hood was appointed to command II Corps Tennessee, arriving on 28 February 1864.

28 February 1864: Lieutenant-General John Bell Hood arrived to command II Corps Tennessee, succeeding Major-General Thomas Carmichael Hindman.

18 July 1864: Major-General Carter Littlepage Stevenson assumed temporary command of II Corps Tennessee, succeeding Lieutenant-General John Bell Hood.

19 July 1864: Major-General Benjamin Franklin Cheatham assumed temporary command of II Corps Tennessee, succeeding Major-General Carter Littlepage Stevenson.

27 July 1864: Lieutenant-General Stephen Dill Lee assumed command of II Corps Tennessee, succeeding Major-General Benjamin Franklin Cheatham.

17 December 1864: Major-General Carter Littlepage Stevenson assumed temporary command of II Corps Tennessee, succeeding Lieutenant-General Stephen Dill Lee.

22 February 1865: General Braxton Bragg assumed command of II Corps Tennessee, succeeding Major-General Carter Littlepage Stevenson.

9 April 1865: Lieutenant-General Stephen Dill Lee assumed command of II Corps Tennessee, succeeding General Braxton Bragg.

26 April 1865: II Corps Tennessee surrendered.

II Corps Trans-Mississippi

4 August 1864-31 March 1865

John Bankhead Magruder 4 August 1864-31 March 1865

4 August 1864: II Corps Trans-Mississippi was established in the Trans-Mississippi Army.

4 August 1864: Major-General John Bankhead Magruder assumed command of II Corps Trans-Mississippi.

31 March 1865: II Corps Trans-Mississippi was discontinued.

II Corps Valley

27 June 1864-27 September 1864

John Cabell Breckinridge 27 June 1864-27 September 1864

27 June 1864: “II Corps Valley” was established unofficially in the “Army of the Valley” from II Corps Northern Virginia.

27 June 1864: Major-General John Cabell Breckinridge assumed command of “II Corps Valley”.

27 September 1864: “I Corps Valley” was discontinued.

III Corps Mississippi #1

29 March 1862-15 August 1862

William Joseph Hardee 29 March 1862-15 August 1862

29 March 1862: III Corps Mississippi was established in the Army of Mississippi.

29 March 1862: Major-General William Joseph Hardee assumed command of III Corps Mississippi.

15 August 1862: III Corps Mississippi was discontinued, and merged with II Corps Mississippi to join Left Wing Mississippi.


III Corps Mississippi #2 (Army of Kentucky)

13 October 1862-20 November 1862

Edmund Kirby Smith 8 March 1862-20 November 1862

13 October 1862: III Corps Mississippi was re-established in the Army of Mississippi, comprising the forces of the Army of Kentucky, and retained both names concurrently.

13 October 1862: Lieutenant-General Edmund Kirby Smith retained command of III Corps Mississippi Army of Kentucky, while retaining the name of Army of Kentucky concurrently.

20 November 1862: III Corps Mississippi Army of Kentucky was discontinued, and renamed as Smith’s Corps Tennessee.

Smith’s III Corps Tennessee (Army of Kentucky)

20 November 1862-23 December 1862

Edmund Kirby Smith 20 November 1862-23 December 1862

20 November 1862: Smith’s Corps Tennessee was established in the Army of Tennessee from III Corps Mississippi Army of Kentucky. The force continued to be referred to unofficially as the “Army of Kentucky”.

20 November 1862: Lieutenant-General Edmund Kirby Smith retained command of Smith’s Corps Tennessee.

23 December 1862: Smith’s III Corps Tennessee was discontinued.

III Corps Northern Virginia

30 May 1863-2 April 1865

Ambrose Powell Hill 30 May 1863-8 May 1864

 Jubal Anderson Early temporary 8 May 1864-21 May 1864

Ambrose Powell Hill 21 May 1864-2 April 1865

30 May 1863: III Corps Northern Virginia was established in the Army of Northern Virginia.

30 May 1863: Lieutenant-General Ambrose Powell Hill assumed command of III Corps Northern Virginia.

8 May 1864: Major-General Jubal Anderson Early assumed temporary command of III Corps Northern Virginia, succeeding Lieutenant-General Ambrose Powell Hill.

21 May 1864: Lieutenant-General Ambrose Powell Hill assumed command of III Corps Northern Virginia, succeeding Major-General Jubal Anderson Early.

2 April 1865: III Corps Northern Virginia was discontinued, and incorporated into I Corps Northern Virginia.

III Corps Tennessee #1

23 July 1863-31 October 1863

Simon Bolivar Buckner 23 July 1863-25 July 1863, temporary 25 July 1863-2 September 1863, 3 September 1863-19 September 1863

Simon Bolivar Buckner 19 September 1863-31 October 1863

23 July 1863: III Corps Tennessee was established in the Army of Tennessee, comprising the field forces of the Department of East Tennessee and the former Army of East Tennessee.

23 July 1863: Major-General Simon Bolivar Buckner assumed temporary command of III Corps Tennessee.

25 July 1863: III Corps Tennessee transferred with the Army of Tennessee to the Department of Tennessee.

25 July 1863: Major-General Simon Bolivar Buckner retained temporary command of III Corps Tennessee.

3 September 1863: Major-General Simon Bolivar Buckner assumed full command of III Corps Tennessee.

19 September 1863: III Corps Tennessee transferred from the Army of Tennessee to Right Wing Tennessee.

19 September 1863: Major-General Simon Bolivar Buckner retained command of III Corps Tennessee.

21 September 1863: III Corps Tennessee transferred from Right Wing Tennessee to Army of Tennessee.

21 September 1863: Major-General Simon Bolivar Buckner retained command of III Corps Tennessee.

31 October 1863: III Corps Tennessee was discontinued, and its forces incorporated into I Corps Tennessee and II Corps Tennessee.

III Corps Tennessee #2

4 May 1864-26 April 1865

Leonidas Polk 4 May 1864-14 June 1864

Alexander Peter Stewart temporary 14 June 1864

William Wing Loring temporary 14 June 1864-29 July 1864

Benjamin Franklin Cheatham temporary 29 July 1864-15 August 1864

Alexander Peter Stewart temporary 15 August 1864-16 March 1865

Edward Cary Walthall temporary 16 March 1865-9 April 1865

Alexander Peter Stewart 9 April 1865-26 April 1865

4 May 1864: III Corps Tennessee was re-established from the former Army of Mississippi. It continued to be referred to unofficially as the “Army of Mississippi”.

4 May 1864: Lieutenant-General Leonidas Polk assumed command of III Corps Tennessee.

14 June 1864: III Corps Tennessee ceased to be referred to unofficially as the “Army of Mississippi”.

14 June 1864: Major-General Alexander Peter Stewart assumed temporary command of III Corps Tennessee, succeeding Lieutenant-General Leonidas Polk.

14 June 1864: Major-General William Wing Loring assumed temporary command of III Corps Tennessee succeeding Major-General Alexander Peter Stewart.

29 July 1864: Major-General Benjamin Franklin Cheatham assumed temporary command of III Corps Tennessee, succeeding Major-General William Wing Loring.

15 August 1864: Lieutenant-General Alexander Peter Stewart assumed temporary command of III Corps Tennessee, succeeding Major-General Benjamin Franklin Cheatham.

16 March 1865: Major-General Edward Cary Walthall assumed temporary command of III Corps Tennessee, succeeding Lieutenant-General Alexander Peter Stewart.

9 April 1865: Lieutenant-General Alexander Peter Stewart assumed command of III Corps Tennessee, succeeding Major-General Edward Cary Walthall.

26 April 1865: III Corps Tennessee surrendered.

III Corps Trans-Mississippi

4 August 1864-31 March 1865

John George Walker 4 August 1864-31 March 1865

4 August 1864: III Corps Trans-Mississippi was established in the Trans-Mississippi Army.

4 August 1864: Major-General John George Walker assumed command of III Corps Trans-Mississippi.

31 March 1865: III Corps Trans-Mississippi was discontinued.

IV Corps Northern Virginia

19 October 1864-8 April 1865

Richard Heron Anderson 17 October 1864-8 April 1865

19 October 1864: IV Corps Northern Virginia was established in the Army of Northern Virginia.

19 October 1864: Lieutenant-General Richard Heron Anderson assumed command of IV Corps Northern Virginia.

8 April 1865: IV Corps Northern Virginia was discontinued, and incorporated into II Corps Northern Virginia.

Cavalry Corps Northern Virginia

30 May 1863-12 May 1864

James Ewell Brown Stuart 30 May 1863-12 May 1864

30 May 1863: Cavalry Corps Northern Virginia was established in the Army of Northern Virginia.

30 May 1863: Major-General James Ewell Brown Stuart assumed command of Cavalry Corps Northern Virginia.

12 May 1864: Cavalry Corps Northern Virginia was discontinued

Cavalry Corps Tennessee

16 March 1863-22 February 1865

Earl Van Dorn 16 March 1863-May 7 163

George Blake Cosby 7 May 1863-8 May 1863

William Hicks Jackson 8 May 1863-18 July 1863

Joseph Wheeler 18 July 1863-24 November 1863

William Thompson Martin temporary 24 November 1863-2 December 1863

Joseph Wheeler 2 December 1863-15 November 1864

Nathan Bedford Forrest temporary 15 November 1864-16 December 1864, 16 December 1864-22 February 1865

16 March 1863: “Cavalry Corps” was established unofficially in the Army of Tennessee.

16 March 1863: Major-General Earl Van Dorn assumed command of “Cavalry Corps” Tennessee.

7 May 1863: Brigadier-General George Blake Cosby assumed command of Cavalry Corps Tennessee, succeeding Major-General Earl Van Dorn.

8 May 1863: Brigadier-General William Hicks Jackson assumed command of Cavalry Corps Tennessee, succeeding Brigadier-General George Blake Cosby.

18 July 1863: Major-General Joseph Wheeler assumed command of Cavalry Corps Tennessee, succeeding Brigadier-General William Hicks Jackson.

29 September 1863: Cavalry Corps was established officially in the Army of Tennessee, comprising forces in the hitherto unofficial Cavalry Corps Tennessee.

29 September 1863: Major-General Joseph Wheeler retained command of Cavalry Corps Tennessee.

24 November 1863: Major-General William Thompson Martin assumed temporary command of Cavalry Corps Tennessee, succeeding Major-General Joseph Wheeler.

2 December 1863: Major-General Joseph Wheeler assumed command of Cavalry Corps Tennessee, succeeding Brigadier-General William Thompson Martin.

15 November 1864: Major-General Nathan Bedford Forrest assumed full command of Cavalry Corps Tennessee, succeeding Major-General Joseph Wheeler.

22 February 1865: Cavalry Corps Tennessee was discontinued.

Cavalry Corps Trans-Mississippi #1

4 August 1864-8 September 1864

Sterling Price 4 August 1864-8 September 1864

4 August 1864: Cavalry Corps Trans-Mississippi was established in the Trans-Mississippi Army.

4 August 1864: Major-General Sterling Price was appointed to command Cavalry Corps Trans-Mississippi, arriving on 28 August 1864.

28 August 1864: Major-General Sterling Price arrived to command Cavalry Corps Trans-Mississippi.

8 September 1864: Cavalry Corps Trans-Mississippi was discontinued, and its forces designated the Army of Missouri.

Cavalry Corps Trans-Mississippi #2

3 December 1864-12 March 1865

Sterling Price 3 December 1864-12 March 1865

3 December 1864: Cavalry Corps Trans-Mississippi was re-established in the Trans-Mississippi Army from the former Army of Missouri.

3 December 1864: Major-General Sterling Price resumed command of Cavalry Corps Trans-Mississippi.

12 March 1865: Cavalry Corps Trans-Mississippi was discontinued.

Reserve Corps Mississippi

6 March 1862-4 November 1862

George Bibb Crittenden 6 March 1862-31 March 1862 interim 6 April 1862

John Cabell Breckinridge temporary 31 March 1862-5 April 1862, 6 April 1862-30 June 1862

Jones Mitchell Withers temporary 30 June 1862-3 July 1862

John Cabell Breckinridge 3 July 1862-5 August 1862

Jones Mitchell Withers 5 August 1862-20 November 1862

5 March 1862: Reserve Corps Mississippi was established in the Army of Mississippi.

5 March 1862: Major-General George Bibb Crittenden assumed command of Reserve Corps Mississippi.

31 March 1862: Major-General John Cabell Breckinridge appointed to temporary command of Reserve Corps Mississippi, arriving officially on 6 April 1862.

6 April 1862: Brigadier-General John Cabell Breckinridge assumed full command of Reserve Corps Mississippi.

30 June 1862: Brigadier-General Jones Mitchell Withers assumed temporary command of Reserve Corps Mississippi, succeeding Major-General John Cabell Breckinridge.

3 July 1862: Major-General John Cabell Breckinridge assumed command of Reserve Corps Mississippi, succeeding Major-General Jones Mitchell Withers.

5 August 1862: Major-General Jones Mitchell Withers assumed full command of the Reserve Corps Mississippi, succeeding Major-General John Cabell Breckinridge.

28 October 1862: The Army of Middle Tennessee was established from forces taken from Reserve Corps Mississippi in the District of Middle Tennessee.

20 November 1862: Reserve Corps Mississippi was discontinued, and its forces incorporated into II Corps Tennessee.

Magruder’s Command Northern Virginia

25 June 1862-16 July 1862

John Bankhead Magruder 25 June 1862-16 July 1862

25 June 1862: Magruder’s Command Northern Virginia was established in the Army of Northern Virginia from Reserve Northern Virginia.

25 June 1862: Major-General John Bankhead Magruder assumed command of Magruder’s Command.

16 July 1862: Magruder’s Command Northern Virginia was discontinued.

Reserve Corps Tennessee

23 August 1863-4 November 1863

William Henry Talbot Walker 23 August 1863-4 November 1863

23 August 1863: Reserve Corps Tennessee was established in the Army of Tennessee.

23 August 1863: Major-General William Henry Talbot Walker assumed command of Reserve Corps Tennessee.

19 September 1863: Reserve Corps Tennessee transferred from Army of Tennessee to Right Wing Tennessee.

19 September 1863: Major-General William Henry Talbot Walker retained command of Reserve Corps Tennessee.

21 September 1863: Reserve Corps Tennessee transferred from Right Wing Tennessee to Army of Tennessee,

21 September 1863: Major-General William Henry Talbot Walker retained command of Reserve Corps Tennessee.

29 September 1863: Reserve Corps Tennessee was attached temporarily to I Corps Northern Virginia for operations in Eastern Tennessee.

29 September 1863: Major-General William Henry Talbot Walker retained command of Reserve Corps Tennessee.

4 November 1863: Reserve Corps Tennessee was discontinued, and its forces incorporated into I Corps Tennessee.

Reserve Corps Trans-Mississippi

10 September 1864-26 May 1865

Jerome Bonaparte Robertson 10 September 1864-12 September 1864

Thomas Pleasant Dockery 12 September 1864-27 March 1865

Elkanah Brackin Greer 27 March 1865-26 May 1865

10 September 1864: Reserve Corps Trans-Mississippi was established in the Trans-Mississippi Army from the Reserve Forces of Texas.

10 September 1864: Brigadier-General Jerome Bonaparte Robertson assumed command of Reserve Corps Trans-Mississippi.

12 September 1864: Brigadier-General Thomas Pleasant Dockery assumed command of Reserve Corps Trans-Mississippi, succeeding Brigadier-General Jerome Bonaparte Robertson.

27 March 1865: Brigadier-General Elkanah Brackin Greer assumed command of Reserve Corps Trans-Mississippi, succeeding Brigadier-General Thomas Pleasant Dockery.

26 May 1865: Reserve Corps Trans-Mississippi surrendered.

Reserve Forces of Alabama

30 April 1864-4 May 1865

Jones Mitchell Withers 20 April 1864-4 May 1865

30 April 1864: Reserve Forces of Alabama was established.

30 April 1864: Major-General Jones Mitchell Withers assumed command of the Reserve Forces of Alabama.

27 July 1864: Reserve Forces of Alabama was activated for duty.

27 July 1864: Major-General Jones Mitchell Withers assumed field command of the Reserve Forces of Alabama.

4 May 1865: The Reserve Forces of Alabama surrendered.

Reserve Forces of Florida

30 April 1864-10 May 1865

John King Jackson 30 April 1864-8 September 1864

William Miller 8 September 1864-10 May 1865

30 April 1864: Reserve Forces of Florida was established.

30 April 1864: Brigadier-General John King Jackson was appointed to command the Reserve Forces of Florida, arriving on 13 May 1864.

13 May 1864: Brigadier-General John King Jackson arrived to command the Reserve Forces of Florida.

8 September 1864: Reserve Forces of Florida were activated.

8 September 1864: Brigadier-General William Miller assumed command of the Reserve Forces of Florida.

10 May 1865: The Reserve Forces of Florida surrendered.

Reserve Forces of Georgia

30 March 1864-26 April 1865

Thomas Howell Cobb 30 March 1864-20 April 1865

Vacant 20 April 1865-26 April 1865

30 March 1864: Reserve Forces of Georgia was established comprising all remaining forces of Georgia Militia.

30 March 1864: Major-General Thomas Howell Cobb assumed command of the Reserve Forces of Georgia.

20 April 1865: Command of the Reserve Forces of Georgia became vacant.

26 April 1865: Reserve Forces of Georgia surrendered.

Reserve Forces of Mississippi

23 July 1864-4 May 1865

William Lindsay Brandon 23 July 1864-4 May 1865

23 July 1864: The Reserve Forces of Mississippi was established.

23 July 1864: Brigadier-General William Lindsay Brandon assumed command of the Reserve Forces of Mississippi.

4 May 1865: The Reserve Forces of Mississippi surrendered.

Reserve Forces of North Carolina

18 April 1864-26 April 1865

Theophilus Hunter Holmes 18 April 1864-26 April 1865

18 April 1864: The Reserve Forces of North Carolina was activated.

18 April 1864: Lieutenant-General Theophilus Hunter Holmes was appointed to command the Reserve Forces of North Carolina, arriving on 28 May 1864.

28 May 1864: Lieutenant-General Theophilus Hunter Holmes arrived to command the Reserve Forces of North Carolina.

26 April 1865: Reserve Forces of North Carolina surrendered.

Reserve Forces of South Carolina

30 April 1864-10 May 1865

James Chesnut 30 April 1864-25 April 1865

Vacant 26 April 1865-10 May 1865

30 April 1864: Reserve Forces of South Carolina was established.

30 April 1864: Brigadier-General James Chesnut assumed command of the Reserve Forces of South Carolina.

26 April 1865: Command of the Reserve Forces of South Carolina became vacant.

10 May 1865: The Reserve Forces of South Carolina surrendered.

Reserve Forces of Tennessee

1 September 1864-4 May 1865

John Cabell Breckinridge 1 September 1864-4 May 1865

1 September 1864: Reserve Forces of Tennessee was established.

1 September 1864: Major-General John Cabell Breckinridge assumed command of the Reserve Forces of Tennessee.

4 May 1865: The Reserve Forces of Tennessee surrendered.

Reserve Forces of Texas

24 June 1864-10 September 1864

Jerome Bonaparte Robertson 24 June 1864-10 September 1864

24 June 1864: Reserve Forces of Texas was established.

24 June 1864: Brigadier-General Jerome Bonaparte Robertson assumed command of the Reserve Forces of Texas.

10 September 1864: Reserve Forces of Texas was discontinued, and activated as the Reserve Corps Trans-Mississippi.

Reserve Forces of Virginia

30 April 1864-5 April 1865

James Lawson Kemper 30 April 1864-5 April 1865

30 April 1864: Reserve Forces of Virginia was established.

30 April 186ee4: Brigadier-General James Lawson Kemper assumed command of the Reserve Forces of Virginia.

5 April 1865: The Reserve Forces of Virginia was discontinued, and its field forces consolidated into II Corps Northern Virginia.

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