Confederate Organisations: Eastern and Appalachian Theatres

Confederate Organisations: Eastern and Appalachian Theatres

Index

Department of Alexandria, Virginia 24 April 1861-31 May 1861

Department of Fredericksburg, Virginia 5 June 1861-22 October 1861

Department of Henrico, Virginia 21 October 1861-5 March 1864

Department of Norfolk, Virginia 23 May 1861-12 April 1862

Department of the Peninsula 26 May 1861-12 April 1862

Department of the Potomac 31 May 1861-22 October 1861

Department of Richmond, Virginia 30 August 1862-6 April 1865

Department of East Tennessee and West Virginia 28 September 1864-19 April 1865

Trans-Allegheny Department 25 November 1862-27 September 1864

Department of Northern Virginia 22 October 1861-9 April 1865

Department of Southern Virginia 26 February 1863-28 May 1863

Department of Southwestern Virginia 8 May 1861-16 December 1864

District of Abingdon, Virginia 2 May 1862–7 January 1864

District of Aquia, Virginia 18 July 1861-6 September 1862

District of Harper’s Ferry, Virginia 3 July 1861-20 July 1861

District of Lewisburg, Virginia 28 January 1862-8 May 1862

District of the Potomac 22 October 1861-29 January 1862

Valley District, Virginia 22 October 1861-9 April 1865

Defences of Petersburg, Virginia 27 September 1864-1 October 1864

Army of the Kanawha 6 June 1861-25 September 1861

Army of Northern Virginia 13 March 1862-9 April 1865

Army of the Northwest 8 June 1861-10 February 1862

Army of the Peninsula 26 May 1861-12 April 1862

Army of the Potomac 24 May 1861-13 March 1862

Army of the Shenandoah 4 July 1861-20 July 1861

Army of the Valley #1 22 August 1861-25 June 1862

Army of the Valley #2 12 June 1864-27 September 1864

Forces in Alexandria, Virginia (Alexandria Line) 24 April 1861-24 May 1861

Hampton Line, Virginia 21 May 1861-26 May 1861

Forces in Harper’s Ferry, Virginia 2 April 1861-4 July 1861

Forces in the Kanawha Valley, Virginia 3 May 1861-6 June 1861

Forces in Norfolk, Virginia 18 April 1861-23 May 1861

Potomac Line, Virginia 22 April 1861-5 June 1861

Forces in Richmond, Virginia 25 April 1861-30 August 1861

I Corps (Right Wing) Northern Virginia 13 March 1862-25 June 1862

I Corps (Longstreet’s Command) Northern Virginia 25 June 1862-16 July 1862

I Corps (Longstreet’s Right Wing) Northern Virginia 16 July 1862-4 September 1862

I Corps (Longstreet’s Command) Northern Virginia 4 September 1862-6 November 1862

I Corps Northern Virginia #1 6 November 1862-26 February 1863

I Corps Northern Virginia #2 6-May 1863-9 September 1863

I Corps Northern Virginia attached Tennessee 9 September 1863-7 April 1864

I Corps Northern Virginia #3 7 April 1864-9 April 1865

I Corps Potomac 25 September 1861-13 March 1862

I Corps Southern Virginia 26-February 1863-6 May 1863

I Corps Valley 27 June 1864-27 September 1864

II Corps (Left Wing) Northern Virginia 13 March 1862-25 June 1862

II Corps (Jackson’s Command) Northern Virginia 25 June 1862-16 July 1862

II Corps (Jackson’s Left Wing) Northern Virginia 16 July 1862-4 September 1862

II Corps (Jackson’s Command) Northern Virginia 4 September 1862-6 November 1862

II Corps Northern Virginia #1 6 November 1862-12 June 1864

II Corps Northern Virginia #2 27 September 1864-9 April 1865

II Corps Potomac 25 September 1861-13 March 1862

II Corps Valley 27 June 1864-27 September 1864

III Corps Northern Virginia 30 May 1863-2 April 1865

IV Corps Northern Virginia 19 October 1864-8 April 1865

Cavalry Corps Northern Virginia 30 May 1863-12 May 1864

Centre Wing Northern Virginia 13 March 1862-4 May 1862

Reserve Northern Virginia 4 May 1862-25 June 1862

Magruder’s Command Northern Virginia 25 June 1862-16 July 1862

Reserve Forces of Virginia 30 April 1864-5 April 1865

Department of Alexandria, Virginia

24 April 1861-31 May 1861

Philip St George Cocke 24 April 1861-21 May 1861

24 April 1861: The Department of Alexandria was established, comprising the environs of Alexandria, Virginia.

24 April 1861: State Brigadier-General Philip St George Cocke assumed command of the Department of Alexandria. 24 April 1861: Forces in Alexandria was established in the Department of Alexandria.

21 May 1861: Brigadier-General Milledge Luke Bonham assumed command of the Department of Alexandria, succeeding Colonel Philip St George Cocke.

24 May 1861: The Alexandria Line was discontinued.

24 May 1861: The Army of the Potomac was established in the Department of Alexandria from troops of the Forces in Alexandria.

31 May 1861: The Army of the Potomac transferred from the Department of Alexandria to the Department of the Potomac.

31 May 1861: The Department of Alexandria was discontinued, and incorporated into the Department of the Potomac.

Department of Fredericksburg, Virginia

5 June 1861-22 October 1861

Vacant 5 June 1861

Theophilus Hunter Holmes 6 June 1861-17 July 1861

Daniel Harvey Hill 17 July 1861-22 October 1861

5 June 1861: The Department of Fredericksburg was established, comprising the field forces of the Potomac Line.

5 June 1861: Command of the Department of Fredericksburg remained vacant.

6 June 1861: Brigadier-General Theophilus Hunter Holmes assumed command of the Department of Fredericksburg.

17 July 1861: Brigadier-General Daniel Harvey Hill assumed command of the Department of Fredericksburg, succeeding Brigadier-General Theophilus Hunter Holmes.

18 July 1861: The District of Aquia was established in the Department of Fredericksburg.

22 October 1861: The District of Aquia transferred from the Department of Fredericksburg to the Department of Northern Virginia.

22 October 1861: The Department of Fredericksburg was discontinued, and incorporated into the Department of Northern Virginia.

Department of Henrico, Virginia

21 October 1861-5 March 1864

John Henry Winder 21 October 1861-5 March 1864

21 October 1861: The Department of Henrico was established, comprising Richmond and Henrico County, Virginia. It assumed jurisdiction over garrison troops, city guard, militia, police, hospitals, prisons, warehouses, training camps and government administration buildings.

21 October 1861: Brigadier-General John Henry Winder assumed command of the Department of Henrico.

25 March 1862: The Department of Henrico was extended to include Petersburg and its vicinity.

30 August 1862: The field forces of the Department of Henrico were transferred to the Department of Richmond. The Department of Henrico retained responsibility for administrative, garrison and guard duties around Richmond, Virginia.

5 March 1864: The Department of Henrico was discontinued, and incorporated into the Department of Richmond.

Department of Norfolk, Virginia

23 May 1861-12 April 1862

Jones Mitchell Withers temporary 23 May 1861-26 May 1861

Benjamin Huger 23 May 1861-12 April 1862

23 May 1861: The Department of Norfolk was established, comprising the former Forces in Norfolk.

23 May1861: State Brigadier-General Benjamin Huger appointed to command the Department of Norfolk, arriving on 26 May 1861.

23 May 1861: Colonel Jones Mitchell Withers assumed temporary command of the Department of Norfolk.

26 May 1861: Colonel Benjamin Huger arrived to command the Department of Norfolk.

21 December 1861: The District of Albemarle was established in the Department of Norfolk.

5 February 1862: The Department of Norfolk was extended to include Martin, Bertie, Halifax, Hertford, and Northampton counties of Virginia.

23 February 1862: The District of Albemarle was discontinued.

12 April 1862: The Department of Norfolk was discontinued. Most of its territory was incorporated into the Department of Northern Virginia and the other part incorporated into the Department of North Carolina.

Department of the Peninsula

26 May 1861-12 April 1862

John Bankhead Magruder 26 May 1861-31 May 1861

Daniel Harvey Hill temporary 31 May 1861-17 June 1861

John Bankhead Magruder 17 June 1861-12 April 1862

26 May 1861: The Department of the Peninsula was established with headquarters at Yorktown, comprising the territory occupied by the field forces of the former Hampton Line.

26 May 1861: Colonel John Bankhead Magruder assumed command of the Department of the Peninsula.

26 May 1861: The Army of the Peninsula was established in the Department of the Peninsula.

31 May 1861: Colonel Daniel Harvey Hill assumed temporary command of the Department of the Peninsula, succeeding Colonel John Bankhead Magruder.

14 June 1861: The Department of the Peninsula was extended to include Gloucester Point, Virginia.

17 June 1861: Brigadier-General John Bankhead Magruder assumed command of the Department of the Peninsula.

28 June 1861: The Department of the Peninsula was extended to include James Island and West Point, Virginia.

26 August 1861: The Department of the Peninsula was extended to include Gloucester, Matthews, and Middlesex counties of Virginia.

12 April 1862: The Army of the Peninsula was discontinued, and incorporated into the Army of Northern Virginia.

12 April 1862: The Department of the Peninsula was discontinued, and incorporated into the Department of Northern Virginia.

Department of the Potomac

31 May 1861-22 October 1861

Milledge Luke Bonham 21 May 1861-31 May 1861, interim 31 May 1861-2 June 1861

Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard 31 May 1861-20 July 1861

Joseph Eggleston Johnston 20 July 1861-22 October 1861

31 May 1861: The Department of the Potomac was established, comprising the territory of the former Department of Alexandria.

31 May 1861: Brigadier-General Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard appointed to command the Department of the Potomac, arriving on 2 June 1861.

31 May 1861: Brigadier-General Milledge Luke Bonham assumed interim command of the Department of the Potomac. 31 May 1861: The Army of the Potomac transferred from the Department of Alexandria to the Department of the Potomac.

2 June 1861: Brigadier-General Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard arrived to command the Department of the Potomac, succeeding Brigadier-General Milledge Luke Bonham.

10 June 1861: The Department of the Potomac was extended to include Prince William, Fairfax, and Loudoun counties of Virginia.

20 July 1861: General Joseph Eggleston Johnston assumed command of the Department of the Potomac, succeeding General Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard.

20 July 1861: The District of Harper’s Ferry was discontinued, and its territory incorporated into the Department of the Potomac.

20 July 1861: The Army of the Kanawha was subordinated to the Department of the Potomac.

22 August 1861: The Army of the Valley was established in the Department of the Potomac.

25 September 1861: The Army of the Kanawha was discontinued.

22 October 1861: The Army of the Valley transferred from the Department of the Potomac to the Valley District.

22 October 1861: The Department of the Potomac was discontinued, and incorporated into the Department of Northern Virginia.

Department of Richmond, Virginia

30 August 1862-6 April 1865

Charles Dimmock 30 August 1861-2 July 1862

Gustavus Woodson Smith 2 July 1862-12 December 1862

Arnold Elzey 12 December 1862-1 July 1863

Daniel Harvey Hill temporary 1 July 1863-13 July 1863

Robert Ransom temporary 13 July 1863-23 September 1863

Arnold Elzey 23 September 1863-26 February 1864,

James Longstreet temporary 26 February 1864-24 April 1864

Robert Ransom 24 April 1864-13 June 1864

Richard Stoddert Ewell 13 June 1864-5 April 1865

30 August 1862: The Department of Richmond was established to include all field forces and prisons in and around Richmond, Virginia, and incorporating the Forces in Richmond and the field forces of the Department of Henrico. Forces in Richmond was discontinued, and incorporated into the Department of Richmond.

30 August 1862: Major-General Gustavus Woodson Smith assumed command of the Department of Richmond.

12 December 1862: Major-General Arnold Elzey assumed command of the Department of Richmond, succeeding Major-General Gustavus Woodson Smith.

23 April 1863: The Department of Richmond was extended to include Manchester and Drewry’s Bluff.

1 July 1863: Major-General Daniel Harvey Hill assumed temporary command of the Department of Richmond, succeeding Major-General Arnold Elzey.

13 July 1863: Brigadier-General Robert Ransom assumed temporary command of the Department of Richmond, succeeding Major-General Daniel Harvey Hill.

23 September 1863: Major-General Arnold Elzey assumed command of the Department of Richmond, succeeding Major-General Robert Ransom.

26 February 1864: Lieutenant-General James Longstreet assumed temporary command of the Department of Richmond, succeeding Major-General Arnold Elzey.

5 March 1864: The Department of Henrico was discontinued, and incorporated into the Department of Richmond.

24 April 1864: Major-General Robert Ransom assumed command of the Department of Richmond, succeeding Lieutenant-General James Longstreet.

13 June 1864: Lieutenant-General Richard Stoddert Ewell assumed command of the Department of Richmond, succeeding Major-General Robert Ransom.

6 April 1865: The Department of Richmond surrendered, and its field forces incorporated into II Corps Northern Virginia.

Department of East Tennessee and West Virginia

28 September 1864-19 April 1865

John Cabell Breckinridge 28 September 1864-20 February 1865

Jubal Anderson Early 20 February 1865-27 March 1865

Vacant 28 March 1865

John Echols 29 March 1865-19 April 1865

28 September 1864: The Department of East Tennessee and West Virginia was established from the former Trans-Allegheny Department.

28 September 1864: Major-General John Cabell Breckinridge assumed command of the Department of East Tennessee and West Virginia.

20 February 1865: Lieutenant-General Jubal Anderson Early assumed command of the Department of East Tennessee and West Virginia, succeeding Major-General John Cabell Breckinridge.

28 March 1865: Command of the Department of East Tennessee and West Virginia became vacant.

29 March 1865: Brigadier-General John Echols assumed command of the Department of East Tennessee and West Virginia, succeeding Lieutenant-General Jubal Anderson Early.

9 April 1865: The Valley District was discontinued, and its field forces transferred to the Department of East Tennessee and West Virginia.

19 April 1865: The Department of East Tennessee and West Virginia was discontinued, and its territory transferred to the Department of Tennessee and Georgia.

Trans-Allegheny Department

25 November 1862-27 September 1864

John Stuart Williams interim 25 November 1862-10 December 1862

Samuel Jones 25 November 1862-26 February 1864

John Hunt Morgan interim 26 February 1864-March 1864, de facto 5 March 1864

John Cabell Breckinridge 26 February 1864-23 May 1864 interim 25 May 1864

William Edmondson Jones 23 May 1864-31 May 1864

George Bibb Crittenden temporary 31 May 1864-22 June 1864

John Hunt Morgan temporary 22 June 1864-22 August 1864

John Echols temporary 22 August 1864-17 September 1864 interim 22 September 1864

John Cabell Breckinridge 17 September 1864-27 September 1864

25 November 1862: The Trans-Allegheny Department was established, comprising the former Department of Southwestern Virginia, and extended to the eastern boundary of Kentucky.

25 November 1862: Major-General Samuel Jones was appointed to command the Trans-Allegheny Department, arriving on 10 December 1862.

25 November 1862: Brigadier-General John Stuart Williams retained temporary command of the Trans-Allegheny Department.

25 November 1862: The District of Abingdon transferred from the Department of Southwestern Virginia to the Trans-Allegheny Department.

10 December 1862: Major-General Samuel Jones arrived to command the Trans-Allegheny Department, succeeding Brigadier-General John Stuart Williams.

17 January 1863: The District of Abingdon transferred from the Trans-Allegheny Department to the Department of East Tennessee.

2 April 1863: The Department of Northern Virginia was extended to include western Virginia.

5 September 1863: The Trans-Allegheny Department was extended to include the portion of southwestern Virginia formerly belonging to the Department of East Tennessee and the forces east of Knoxville.

26 February 1864: Major-General John Cabell Breckinridge was appointed to command the Trans-Allegheny Department, arriving on 5 March 1864.

26 February 1864: Brigadier-General John Hunt Morgan assumed de facto local command of the Trans-Allegheny Department interim and subsequently.

19 March 1864: The Trans-Allegheny Department was extended to include Saltville, Virginia.

23 April 1864: The Trans-Allegheny Department took control of the territory of the District of East Tennessee.

2 May 1864: The District of East Tennessee was discontinued, and its territory transferred to the Trans-Allegheny Department.

23 May 1864: Brigadier-General William Edmondson Jones was appointed to command the Trans-Allegheny Department, arriving on 25 May 1864.

25 May 1864: Brigadier-General William Edmondson Jones arrived to command the Trans-Allegheny Department, succeeding Major-General John Cabell Breckinridge.

31 May 1864: Colonel George Bibb Crittenden assumed temporary command of the Trans-Allegheny Department, succeeding Brigadier-General William Edmondson Jones.

22 June 1864: Brigadier-General John Hunt Morgan assumed temporary command of the Trans-Allegheny Department, succeeding Colonel George Gibb Crittenden.

22 August 1864: Brigadier-General John Echols assumed temporary command of the Trans-Allegheny Department, succeeding Brigadier-General John Hunt Morgan.

17 September 1864: Major-General John Cabell Breckinridge was appointed to command the Trans-Allegheny Department, arriving on 22 September 1864, to succeed Brigadier-General John Echols.

22 September 1864: Major-General John Cabell Breckinridge arrived to assume command of the Trans-Allegheny Department, succeeding Brigadier-General John Echols.

27 September 1864: The Trans-Allegheny Department was discontinued and incorporated into the Department of East Tennessee and West Virginia.

Department of Northern Virginia

22 October 1861-9 April 1865

Joseph Eggleston Johnston 22 October 1861-31 May 1862

Gustavus Woodson Smith temporary 31 May 1862-1 June 1862

Robert Edward Lee June 11 862-9 April 1865

22 October 1861: The Department of Northern Virginia was established, comprising the areas formerly in the Department of Fredericksburg and the Department of the Potomac.

22 October 1861: The District of Aquia transferred from the Department of Fredericksburg to the Department of Northern Virginia.

22 October 1861: The District of the Potomac was established in the Department of Northern Virginia.

22 October 1861: The Valley District was established in the Department of Northern Virginia.

22 October 1861: The Department of Fredericksburg was discontinued, and incorporated into the Department of Northern Virginia.

22 October 1861: General Joseph Eggleston Johnston assumed command of the Department of Northern Virginia.

22 October 1861: The Army of the Potomac transferred from the Department of the Potomac to the Department of Northern Virginia.

22 October 1861: The Army of the Valley transferred from the Department of the Potomac to the Valley District in the Department of Northern Virginia.

4 November 1861: The Army of the Northwest transferred to the Valley District in the Department of Northern Virginia.

29 January 1862: The District of the Potomac was discontinued.

10 February 1862: The Army of the Northwest was discontinued.

13 March 1862: The Army of the Potomac was renamed the Army of Northern Virginia.

13 March 1862: The Army of Northern Virginia was established in the Department of Northern Virginia, comprising the former Army of the Potomac.

24 March 1862: The District of Aquia was extended to include all territory in Virginia and North Carolina south of the operational territory of the Army of Northern Virginia.

12 April 1862: The Department of Norfolk was discontinued, and most of its territory was incorporated into the Department of Northern Virginia.

12 April 1862: The Department of the Peninsula was discontinued, and its territory incorporated into the Department of Northern Virginia.

31 May 1862: Major-General Gustavus Woodson Smith assumed temporary command of the Department of Northern Virginia, succeeding General Joseph Eggleston Johnston.

1 June 1862: General Robert Edward Lee assumed command of the Department of Northern Virginia, succeeding Major-General Gustavus Woodson Smith.

21 June 1862: The south bank of the James River in Virginia, including Drewry’s Bluff, transferred from the Department of Northern Virginia to the Department of North Carolina.

6 September 1862: The District of Aquia was discontinued.

2 April 1863: The Department of Northern Virginia was extended to include western Virginia.

9 April 1865: The Valley District was discontinued, and its field forces transferred to the Department of East Tennessee and West Virginia.

9 April 1865: The Army of Northern Virginia surrendered.

9 April 1865: The Department of Northern Virginia surrendered.

Department of Southern Virginia

26 February 1863-28 May 1863

James Longstreet 26 February 1863-1 April 1863

Samuel Gibbs French 1 April 1863-28 May 1863

26 February 1863: The Department of Southern Virginia was established.

26 February 1863: Lieutenant-General James Longstreet assumed command of the Department of Southern Virginia.

1 April 1863: Major-General Samuel Gibbs French assumed command of the Department of Southern Virginia, succeeding Lieutenant-General James Longstreet.

23 April 1863: The Department of Richmond was extended to include Manchester and Drewry’s Bluff.

27 April 1863: The Department of East Tennessee was extended in Tennessee and the south-western tip of Virginia was also added.

28 May 1863: The Department of Southern Virginia was discontinued, and its territory transferred to the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia.

Department of Southwestern Virginia

8 May 1861-16 December 1864

William Wing Loring 8 May 1861-16 October 1862

John Echols 16 October 1862-10 November 1862 interim 19 November 1862

John Stuart Williams temporary 10 November 1862-25 November 1862

8 May 1861: The Department of Southwestern Virginia was established, comprising the mountainous regions of southwest Virginia.

8 May 1861: Colonel William Wing Loring assumed command of the Department of Southwestern Virginia.

28 January 1862: The District of Lewisburg was established in the Department of Southwestern Virginia.

2 May 1862: The District of Abingdon was established in the Department of Southwestern Virginia.

8 May 1862: The District of Lewisburg was discontinued.

16 October 1862: Brigadier-General John Echols assumed command of the Department of Southwestern Virginia, succeeding Major-General William Wing Loring.

10 November 1862: Brigadier-General John Stuart Williams assumed temporary command of the Department of Southwestern Virginia, arriving on 19 November 1862.

19 November 1862: Brigadier-General John Stuart Williams arrived to temporary command of the Department of Southwestern Virginia, succeeding Brigadier-General John Echols.

25 November 1862: The District of Abingdon transferred from the Department of Southwestern Virginia to the Trans-Allegheny Department, comprising the counties of Lee, Buchanan, Wise, Scott, Russell, and Washington in Virginia.

25 November 1862: The Department of Southwestern Virginia was discontinued, and renamed as the Trans-Allegheny Department.

District of Abingdon, Virginia

2 May 1862–7 January 1864

Humphrey Marshall 2 May 1862-9 May 1863

William Preston 9 May 1863-25 July 1863

2 May 1862: The District of Abingdon was established in the Department of Southwestern Virginia, comprising the counties of Lee, Buchanan, Wise, McDowell and Wyoming in Virginia.

2 May 1862: Brigadier-General Humphrey Marshall assumed command of the District of Abingdon.

25 November 1862: The District of Abingdon transferred from the Department of Southwestern Virginia to the Trans-Allegheny Department, comprising the counties of Lee, Buchanan, Wise, Scott, Russell, and Washington in Virginia.

25 November 1862: Brigadier-General Humphrey Marshall retained command of the District of Abingdon.

17 January 1863: The District of Abingdon transferred from the Trans-Allegheny Department to the Department of East Tennessee.

17 January 1863: Brigadier-General Humphrey Marshall retained command of the District of Abingdon.

9 May 1863: Brigadier-General William Preston assumed command of the District of Abingdon, succeeding Brigadier-General Humphrey Marshall.

25 July 1863: The District of Abingdon transferred from the Department of East Tennessee to the District of East Tennessee.

25 July 1863: Brigadier-General William Preston retained command of the District of Abingdon.

7 January 1864: The District of Abingdon was discontinued.

District of Aquia, Virginia

18 July 1861-6 September 1862

Richard M Cary 18 July 1861-19 July 1861

Daniel Ruggles 19 July 1861-20 August 1861

Vacant 21 August 1861-22 October 1861

Robert August Toombs 22 October 1861-22 March 1862 interim 23 March 1862

Gustavus Woodson Smith temporary 23 March 1862-6 September 1862

18 July 1861: The District of Aquia was established in the Department of Fredericksburg, comprising the territory between Powell’s River and the mouth of the Potomac River including North Neck and the counties on either side of the Rappahannock River from its mouth to Fredericksburg.

18 July 1861: Colonel Richard M Cary assumed temporary command of the District of Aquia.

19 July 1861: Colonel Daniel Ruggles assumed command of the District of Aquia, succeeding Colonel Richard M Cary.

21 August 1861: Command of the District of Aquia became vacant.

22 October 1861: The District of Aquia transferred from the Department of Fredericksburg to the Department of Northern Virginia.

22 October 1861: Brigadier-General Robert Augustus Toombs assumed command of the District of Aquia.

22 March 1862: Major-General Gustavus Woodson Smith appointed to temporary command of the District of Aquia, arriving on 24 March 1862.

24 March 1862: The District of Aquia was extended to include all territory in Virginia and North Carolina south of the operational territory of the Army of Northern Virginia.

24 March 1862: Major-General Gustavus Woodson Smith arrived to temporary command of the District of Aquia, succeeding Brigadier-General Robert Augustus Toombs.

6 September 1862: The District of Aquia was discontinued.

District of Harper’s Ferry, Virginia

3 July 1861-20 July 1861

Joseph Eggleston Johnston 4 July 1861-20 July 1861

4 July 1861: The District of Harper’s Ferry was established.

4 July 1861: General Joseph Eggleston Johnston assumed command of the District of Harper’s Ferry.

4 July 1861: The Army of the Shenandoah was established in the District of Harper’s Ferry from the Forces in Harper’s Ferry.

20 July 1861: The Army of the Shenandoah was discontinued, and incorporated into the Army of the Potomac.

20 July 1861: The District of Harper’s Ferry was discontinued, and its territory incorporated into the Department of the Potomac.

District of Lewisburg, Virginia

28 January 1862-8 May 1862

Henry Heth 27 January 1862-8 May 1862

28 January 1862: The District of Lewisburg was established in the Department of Southwestern Virginia, comprising the forces around Lewisburg, Virginia.

28 January 1862: Brigadier-General Henry Heth assumed command of the District of Lewisburg.

8 May 1862: The District of Lewisburg was discontinued

District of the Potomac

22 October 1861-29 January 1862

Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard 22 October 1861-29 January 1862

22 October 1861: The District of the Potomac was established in the Department of Northern Virginia, comprising the territory of Virginia between the Blue Ridge Mountains and the left bank of Powell’s River.

22 October 1861: General Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard assumed command of the District of the Potomac.

29 January 1862: The District of the Potomac was discontinued.

Valley District, Virginia

22 October 1861-9 April 1865

Thomas Jonathan Jackson 22 October 1861-6 September 1862

Daniel Harvey Hill 6 September 1862-29 December 1862

William Edmondson Jones 29 December 1862-26 April 1863

Isaac Ridgeway Trimble 26 April 1863-15 June 1863

Jubal Anderson Early 15 June 1863-8 July 1863

Gabriel Colvin Wharton 8 July 1863-21 July 1863 interim 28 July 1863

John Daniel Imboden 21 July 1863-15 December 1863

Jubal Anderson Early 15 December 1863-27 March 1865

Vacant 28 March 1865

Lunsford Lindsay Lomax 29 March 1865-9 April 1865

22 October 1861: The Valley District or, District of the Valley was established in the Department of Northern Virginia. It comprised the Shenandoah Valley and the Allegheny and Blue Ridge Mountain areas.

22 October 1861: Major-General Thomas Jonathan Jackson appointed to command the Valley District, arriving on 7 November 1861.

22 October 1861: The Army of the Valley transferred from the Department of the Potomac to the Valley District in the Department of Northern Virginia.

4 November 1861: The Army of the Northwest was subordinated to the Valley District in the Department of Northern Virginia.

7 November 1861: Major-General Thomas Jonathan Jackson arrived to command the Valley District.

10 February 1862: The Army of the Northwest was discontinued and incorporated into the Army of the Valley.

25 June 1862: The Army of the Valley was discontinued, and incorporated into the Army of Northern Virginia as Jackson’s Command Northern Virginia.

6 September 1862: Major-General Daniel Harvey Hill assumed temporary command of the Valley District, succeeding Major-General Thomas Jonathan Jackson.

29 December 1862: Brigadier-General William Edmondson Jones assumed temporary command of the Valley District, succeeding Major-General Daniel Harvey Hill.

26 April 1863: Major-General Isaac Ridgeway Trimble assumed command of the Valley District, succeeding Brigadier-General William Edmondson Jones.

15 June 1863: Major-General Jubal Anderson Early assumed temporary command of the District of the Valley, succeeding Major-General Isaac Ridgway Trimble.

8 July 1863: Brigadier-General Gabriel Colvin Wharton assumed command of the Valley District, succeeding Major-General Jubal Anderson Early.

21 July 1863: Brigadier-General John Daniel Imboden was appointed to temporary command of the Valley District, arriving on 28 July 1863, succeeding Brigadier-General Gabriel Colvin Wharton.

28 July 1863: Brigadier-General John Daniel Imboden arrived to temporary command of the Valley District, succeeding Brigadier-General Gabriel Colvin Wharton.

15 December 1863: Major-General Jubal Anderson Early assumed command of the Valley District, succeeding Brigadier-General John Daniel Imboden.

12 June 1864: The “Army of the Valley” was established unofficially in the Valley District from II Corps Northern Virginia.

27 September 1864: The “Army of the Valley” was discontinued, and its forces reverted to II Corps Northern Virginia.

28 March 1865: Command of the Valley District became vacant.

29 March 1865: Major-General Lunsford Lindsay Lomax assumed command of the Valley District, succeeding Lieutenant-General Jubal Anderson Early.

9 April 1865: The Valley District was discontinued, and its field forces transferred to the Department of East Tennessee and West Virginia.

Defences of Petersburg, Virginia

27 September 1864-1 October 1864

Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard 27 September 1864-1 October 1864

27 September 1864: The Defences of Petersburg was established in the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia.

27 September 1864: General Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard assumed command of the Defences of Petersburg.

1 October 1864: Defences of Petersburg was discontinued.

Army of the Kanawha

6 June 1861-25 September 1861

Henry Alexander Wise 6 June 1861-11 August 1861

John Buchanan Floyd 11 August 1861-25 September 1861

6 June 1861: The Army of the Kanawha was established, comprising the former Forces in the Kanawha Valley and additional troops, with headquarters initially at Charleston, Virginia.

6 June 1861: Brigadier-General Henry Alexander Wise assumed command of the Army of the Kanawha.

20 July 1861: The Army of the Kanawha transferred to the Department of the Potomac.

20 July 1861: Brigadier-General Henry Alexander Wise retained command of the Army of the Kanawha.

11 August 1861; Brigadier-General John Buchanan Floyd assumed command of the Army of the Kanawha, succeeding Brigadier-General Henry Alexander Wise.

25 September 1861: The Army of the Kanawha was discontinued.

Army of Northern Virginia

13 March 1862-9 April 1865

Joseph Eggleston Johnston 13 March 1862-31 May 1862

Gustavus Woodson Smith temporary 31 May 1862-June 11 862

Robert Edward Lee 1 June 1862-9 April 1865

13 March 1862: The Army of Northern Virginia was established in the Department of Northern Virginia, comprising the former Army of the Potomac.

13 March 1862: General Joseph Eggleston Johnston assumed command of the Army of Northern Virginia.

13 March 1862: Right Wing Northern Virginia was established in the Army of Northern Virginia.

13 March 1862: Left Wing Northern Virginia was established in the Army of Northern Virginia.

13 March 1862: Centre Wing Northern Virginia was established in the Army of Northern Virginia.

12 April 1862: The Army of the Peninsula was discontinued, and incorporated into the Army of Northern Virginia.

4 May 1862: Centre Wing Northern Virginia was discontinued, and its forces assigned to Reserve Northern Virginia.

4 May 1862: Reserve Northern Virginia was established in the Army of Northern Virginia.

31 May 1862: Major-General Gustavus Woodson Smith assumed temporary command of the Army of Northern Virginia, succeeding General Joseph Eggleston Johnston.

1 June 1862: General Robert Edward Lee assumed command of the Army of Northern Virginia, succeeding Major-General Gustavus Woodson Smith.

25 June 1862: Right Wing Northern Virginia was renamed Longstreet’s Command Northern Virginia.

25 June 1862: Longstreet’s Command Northern Virginia was established in the Army of Northern Virginia, comprising the former Right Wing Northern Virginia.

25 June 1862: The Army of the Valley was discontinued, and incorporated into the Army of Northern Virginia as Jackson’s Command Northern Virginia.

25 June 1862: Left Wing Northern Virginia was renamed Jackson’s Command Northern Virginia.

25 June 1862: Jackson’s Command Northern Virginia was established in the Army of Northern Virginia, comprising the former Left Wing Northern Virginia.

25 June 1862: Reserve Northern Virginia was renamed Magruder’s Command Northern Virginia.

25 June 1862: Magruder’s Command Northern Virginia was established in the Army of Northern Virginia.

14 July 1862: Magruder’s Command Northern Virginia was discontinued.

14 July 1862: Longstreet’s Command Northern Virginia was renamed Longstreet’s Right Wing Northern Virginia.

14 July 1862: Longstreet’s Right Wing Northern Virginia was established, comprising the former Longstreet’s Command and parts of Magruder’s Command.

14 July 1862: Jackson’s Command Northern Virginia was renamed Jackson’s Left Wing Northern Virginia.

14 July 1862: Jackson’s Left Wing Northern Virginia was established, comprising the former Jackson’s Command and parts of Magruder’s Command.

4 September 1862: Longstreet’s Right Wing Northern Virginia was renamed Longstreet’s Command Northern Virginia.

4 September 1862: Longstreet’s Command Northern Virginia was established in the Army of Northern Virginia from Longstreet’s Right Wing Northern Virginia.

4 September 1862: Jackson’s Left Wing Northern Virginia was renamed Jackson’s Command Northern Virginia.

4 September 1862: Jackson’s Command Northern Virginia re-established in the Army of Northern Virginia from Jackson’s Left Wing Northern Virginia.

6 November 1862: Longstreet’s Command Northern Virginia was renamed I Corps Northern Virginia.

6 November 1862: I Corps Northern Virginia was established in the Army of Northern Virginia from Longstreet’s Command Northern Virginia.

6 November 1862: Jackson’s Command Northern Virginia was renamed II Corps Northern Virginia.

6 November 1862: II Corps Northern Virginia was established in the Army of Northern Virginia from Jackson’s Command Northern Virginia.

26 February 1863: I Corps Northern Virginia was assigned from the Army of Northern Virginia to the Department of Southern Virginia as I Corps Southern Virginia.
6 May 1863: I Corps Southern Virginia returned to the Army of Northern Virginia from the Department of Southern Virginia and reverted to I Corps Northern Virginia.

30 May 1863: III Corps Northern Virginia was established in the Army of Northern Virginia.

30 May 1863: Cavalry Corps Northern Virginia was established in the Army of Northern Virginia.

9 September 1863: I Corps Northern Virginia transferred from the Army of Northern Virginia to the Army of Tennessee.

7 April 1864: I Corps Northern Virginia transferred from the District of Tennessee to the Army of Northern Virginia.

12 May 1864: Cavalry Corps Northern Virginia was discontinued.

12 June 1864: II Corps Northern Virginia was transferred from the Army of Northern Virginia to the Valley District and renamed unofficially the “Army of the Valley”.

27 September 1864: The “Army of the Valley” was discontinued, and its forces reverted to II Corps Northern Virginia. 27 September 1864: II Corps Northern Virginia was reinstated in the Army of Northern Virginia from the unofficial “Army of the Valley”.

19 October 1864: IV Corps Northern Virginia was established in the Army of Northern Virginia.

2 April 1865: III Corps Northern Virginia was discontinued, and incorporated into I Corps Northern Virginia.

8 April 1865: IV Corps Northern Virginia was discontinued, and incorporated into II Corps Northern Virginia.

9 April 1865: I Corps Northern Virginia surrendered.

9 April 1865: II Corps Northern Virginia surrendered. Cavalry Northern Virginia surrendered.

9 April 1865: The Army of Northern Virginia surrendered.

Army of the Northwest

8 June 1861-10 February 1862

Robert Selden Garnett 8 June 1861-13 July 1861

Henry Rootes Jackson 13 July 1861-20 July 1861

William Wing Loring 20 July 1861-26 January 1862

Edward Johnson temporary 26 January 1862-10 February 1862

8 June 1861: The Army of the Northwest was established, comprising all forces collected in north-western Virginia.

8 June 1861: Brigadier-General Robert Selden Garnett assumed command of the Army of the Northwest.

13 July 1861: Brigadier-General Henry Rootes Jackson assumed command of the Army of the Northwest succeeding Brigadier-General Robert Selden Garnett.

20 July 1861: Brigadier-General William Wing Loring assumed command of the Army of the Northwest, succeeding Brigadier-General Henry Rootes Jackson.

4 November 1861: The Army of the Northwest was subordinated to the Valley District in the Department of Northern Virginia.

4 November 1861: Brigadier-General William Wing Loring retained command of the Army of the Northwest.

26 January 1862: Brigadier-General Edward Johnson assumed temporary command of the Army of the Northwest.

10 February 1862: The Army of the Northwest was discontinued and incorporated into the Army of the Valley.

Army of the Peninsula

26 May 1861-12 April 1862

John Bankhead Magruder 26 May 1861-31 May 1861

Daniel Harvey Hill temporary 31 May 1861-17 June 1861

John Bankhead Magruder 17 June 1861-12 April 1862

26 May 1861: The Army of the Peninsula was established in the Department of the Peninsula, comprising the field forces of the former Hampton Line, operating on the Yorktown peninsula.

26 May 1861: Colonel John Bankhead Magruder assumed command of the Army of the Peninsula.

31 May 1861: Colonel Daniel Harvey Hill assumed temporary command of the Army of the Peninsula, succeeding Colonel John Bankhead Magruder.

17 June 1861: Brigadier-General John Bankhead Magruder assumed command of the Army of the Peninsula.

12 April 1862: The Army of the Peninsula was discontinued, and incorporated into the Army of Northern Virginia.

Army of the Potomac

24 May 1861-13 March 1862

Milledge Luke Bonham 24 May 1861-31 May 1861, interim 31 May 1861-2 June 1861

Philip St George Cocke 24 April 1861-21 May 1861

Milledge Luke Bonham 21 May 1861-31 May 1861, interim 31 May 1861-2 June 1861

Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard 31 May 1861-20 July 1861 interim 21 July 1861

Joseph Eggleston Johnston 21 July 1861-13 March 1862

24 May 1861: The Army of the Potomac was established in the Department of Alexandria from troops of the Forces in Alexandria.

24 May 1861: Brigadier-General Milledge Luke Bonham assumed command of the Army of the Potomac.

31 May 1861: The Army of the Potomac transferred from the Department of Alexandria to the Department of the Potomac.

31 May 1861: Brigadier-General Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard appointed to command the Army of the Potomac, arriving on 2 June 1861.

31 May 1862: Brigadier-General Milledge Luke Bonham retained interim command of the Army of the Potomac.

June 2 18861: Brigadier-General Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard arrived to command the Army of the Potomac, succeeding Brigadier-General Milledge Luke Bonham.

20 July 1861: The Army of the Shenandoah was discontinued, and incorporated into the Army of the Potomac.

20 July 1861: General Joseph Eggleston Johnston was appointed to command the Army of the Potomac, arriving on 21 July 1861.

21 July 1861: General Joseph Eggleston Johnston arrived to command the Army of the Potomac.

25 September 1861: “I Corps” was established unofficially in the Army of the Potomac.

25 September 1861: “II Corps” was established unofficially in the Army of the Potomac.

22 October 1861: The Army of the Potomac transferred from the Department of the Potomac to the Department of Northern Virginia.

22 October 1861: General Joseph Eggleston Johnston retained command of the Army of the Potomac.

13 March 1862: I Corps Potomac was renamed Right Wing Northern Virginia.

13 March 1862: II Corps Potomac was renamed Left Wing Northern Virginia.

13 March 1862: The Army of the Potomac was renamed the Army of Northern Virginia.

Army of the Shenandoah

4 July 1861-20 July 1861

Joseph Eggleston Johnston 4 July 1861-20 July 1861

4 July 1861: The Army of the Shenandoah was established in the District of Harper’s Ferry from the Forces in Harper’s Ferry.

4 July 1861: General Joseph Eggleston Johnston assumed command of the Army of the Shenandoah.

20 July 1861: The Army of the Shenandoah was discontinued, and incorporated into the Army of the Potomac.

Army of the Valley #1

22 August 1861-25 June 1862

Thomas Jonathan Jackson 22 August 1861-25 June 1862

22 August 1861: The Army of the Valley was established in the Department of the Potomac.

22 August 1861: Brigadier-General Thomas Jonathan Jackson assumed command of the Army of the Valley.

22 October 1861: The Army of the Valley transferred from the Department of the Potomac to the Valley District.

22 October 1861: Major-General Thomas Jonathan Jackson retained command of the Army of the Valley.

25 June 1862: The Army of the Valley was discontinued, and incorporated into the Army of Northern Virginia as Jackson’s Command Northern Virginia.

Army of the Valley #2

12 June 1864-27 September 1864

Jubal Anderson Early 12 June 1864-27 September 1864

12 June 1864: The “Army of the Valley” was established unofficially in the Valley District, comprising II Corps Northern Virginia.

12 June 1864: Lieutenant-General Jubal Anderson Early assumed command of the “Army of the Valley”.

27 June 1864: “I Corps Valley” was established unofficially in the “Army of the Valley” from II Corps Northern Virginia.

27 June 1864: “II Corps Valley” was established unofficially in the “Army of the Valley” from II Corps Northern Virginia.

27 September 1864: I Corps Valley” was discontinued.

27 September 1864: “II Corps Valley” was discontinued.

27 September 1864: The “Army of the Valley” was discontinued, and its forces reverted to II Corps Northern Virginia.

Forces in Alexandria, Virginia (Alexandria Line)

24 April 1861-24 May 1861

Philip St George Cocke 24 April 1861-21 May 1861

Milledge Luke Bonham 21 May 1861-24 May 1861

24 April 1861: The Forces in Alexandria or “Alexandria Line” was established in the Department of Alexandria, comprising field forces gathering in the environs of Alexandria, Virginia.

24 April 1861: State Brigadier-General Philip St George Cocke assumed command of the Forces in Alexandria.

21 May 1861: Brigadier-General Milledge Luke Bonham assumed command of the Forces in Alexandria, succeeding Colonel Philip St George Cocke.

24 May 1861: Forces in Alexandria was discontinued and incorporated into the Army of the Potomac.

Hampton Line, Virginia

21 May 1861-26 May 1861

John Bankhead Magruder 21 May 1861-26 May 1861

21 May 1861: The Hampton Line was established, comprising forces gathering in the Yorktown peninsula of Virginia.

21 May 1861: Colonel John Bankhead Magruder assumed command of the Hampton Line.

26 May 1861: The Hampton Line was discontinued, and incorporated into the Army of the Peninsula.

Forces in Harper’s Ferry, Virginia

2 April 1861-4 July 1861

Kenton Harper 2 April 1861-29 April 1861

Thomas Jonathan Jackson 29 April 1861-15 May 1861 interim 24 May 1861

Joseph Eggleston Johnston 24 May 1861-4 July 1861

2 April 1861: The Forces in Harper’s Ferry was established, comprising the Virginia Militias occupying Harper’s Ferry, Virginia.

2 April 1861: Virginia State Colonel Kenton Harper assumed command of the Forces in Harper’s Ferry.

29 April 1861: Colonel Thomas Jonathan Jackson assumed command of the Forces in Harper’s Ferry, succeeding Colonel Kenton Harper.

15 May 1861: Brigadier-General Joseph Eggleston Johnston appointed to command Forces in Harper’s Ferry, arriving on 24 May 1861.

24 May 1861: Brigadier-General Joseph Eggleston Johnston arrived to command the Forces in Harper’s Ferry, succeeding Colonel Thomas Jonathan Jackson.

4 July 1861: The Forces in Harper’s Ferry was discontinued, and incorporated into the Army of the Shenandoah.

Forces in the Kanawha Valley, Virginia

3 May 1861-6 June 1861

Christopher Quarles Tompkins 3 May 1861-6 June 1861

3 May 1861: The Forces in the Kanawha Valley was established, comprising forces collected in western Virginia prior to the formation of the Army of the Kanawha.

3 May 1861: State Colonel Christopher Quarles Tompkins assumed command of the Forces in the Kanawha Valley.

6 June 1861: The Forces in the Kanawha Valley was discontinued, and its forces transferred to the Army of the Kanawha.

Forces in Norfolk, Virginia

18 April 1861-23 May 1861

William Booth Taliaferro 18 April 1861-26 April 1861

Walter Gwynn 26 April 1861-21 May 1861

Benjamin Huger 21 May 1861-23 May 1861

18 April 1861: The Forces in Norfolk was established, comprising forces sent to occupy Norfolk, Virginia, and the Gosport Navy Yard.

18 April 1861: Colonel William Booth Taliaferro assumed command of the Forces in Norfolk.

26 April 1861: State Major-General Walter Gwynn assumed command of the Forces in Norfolk, succeeding Colonel William Booth Taliaferro.

21 May 1861: State Brigadier-General Benjamin Huger assumed command of the Forces in Norfolk, succeeding Colonel Walter Gwynn.

23 May 1861: The Forces in Norfolk was discontinued, and incorporated into the Department of Norfolk.

Potomac Line, Virginia

22 April 1861-5 June 1861

Daniel Ruggles 22 April 1861-5 June 1861

22 April 1861: The Potomac Line was established, comprising forces collected around Fredericksburg, Virginia, controlling the Potomac River from Mt Vernon to the Rappahannock River.

22 April 1861: State Brigadier-General Daniel Ruggles assumed command of the Potomac Line.

5 June 1861: The Potomac Line was discontinued, and its field forces transferred to the Department of Fredericksburg.

Forces in Richmond, Virginia

25 April 1861-30 August 1861

Joseph Eggleston Johnston 26 April 1861-8 May 1861

John Bankhead Magruder 8 May 1861-21 May 1861

Thomas Turner Fauntleroy 21 May 1861-30 August 1861

26 April 1861: The Forces in Richmond was established, comprising forces gathered for the defence of Richmond, Virginia.

26 April 1861: Colonel Joseph Eggleston Johnston assumed command of the Forces in Richmond.

8 May 1861: Colonel John Bankhead Magruder assumed command of the Forces in Richmond, succeeding Colonel Joseph Eggleston Johnston.

21 May 1861: State Colonel Thomas Turner Fauntleroy assumed command of the Forces in Richmond succeeding Colonel John Bankhead Magruder.

30 August 1861: Colonel Charles Dimmock assumed command of the Forces in Richmond, succeeding Colonel Thomas Turner Fauntleroy.

2 July 1862: Major-General Gustavus Woodson Smith assumed command of the Forces in Richmond, succeeding Colonel Charles Dimmock.

30 August 1862: Forces in Richmond was discontinued, and incorporated into the Department of Richmond.

I Corps (Right Wing) Northern Virginia

13 March 1862-25 June 1862

James Longstreet 13 March 1862-25 June 1862

13 March 1862: Right Wing Northern Virginia was established in the Army of Northern Virginia.

13 March 1862: Major-General James Longstreet assumed command of Right Wing Northern Virginia.

25 June 1862: Right Wing Northern Virginia was renamed Longstreet’s Command Northern Virginia.

I Corps (Longstreet’s Command) Northern Virginia

25 June 1862-16 July 1862

James Longstreet 25 June 1862-16 July 1862

25 June 1862: Longstreet’s Command Northern Virginia was established in the Army of Northern Virginia, comprising the former Right Wing Northern Virginia.

25 June 1862: Major-General James Longstreet assumed command of Longstreet’s Command Northern Virginia.

16 July 1862: Longstreet’s Command Northern Virginia was renamed Longstreet’s Right Wing Northern Virginia.

I Corps (Longstreet’s Right Wing) Northern Virginia

16 July 1862-4 September 1862

James Longstreet 16 July 1862-4 September 1862

16 July 1862: Longstreet’s Right Wing Northern Virginia was established, comprising the former Longstreet’s Command and parts of Magruder’s Command.

16 July 1862: Major-General James Longstreet assumed command of Longstreet’s Right Wing Northern Virginia.

4 September 1862: Longstreet’s Right Wing Northern Virginia was renamed Longstreet’s Command Northern Virginia.

I Corps (Longstreet’s Command) Northern Virginia

4 September 1862-6 November 1862

James Longstreet 4 September 1862-6 November 1862

4 September 1862: Longstreet’s Command Northern Virginia was established in the Army of Northern Virginia from Longstreet’s Right Wing Northern Virginia.

4 September 1862: Major-General James Longstreet assumed command of Longstreet’s Command Northern Virginia.

6 November 1862: Longstreet’s Command Northern Virginia was renamed I Corps Northern Virginia.

I Corps Northern Virginia #1

6 November 1862-26 February 1863

James Longstreet 6 November 1862-26 February 1863

6 November 1862: I Corps Northern Virginia was established in the Army of Northern Virginia from Longstreet’s Command Northern Virginia.

6 November 1862: Major-General James Longstreet assumed command of I Corps Northern Virginia.

26 February 1863: I Corps Northern Virginia transferred from the Army of Northern Virginia to the Department of Southern Virginia.

I Corps Northern Virginia #2

6-May 1863-9 September 1863

James Longstreet 16 May 1863-9 September 1863

6 May 1863: I Corps Southern Virginia transferred from the Department of Southern Virginia to the Army of Northern Virginia.

6 May 1863: Major-General James Longstreet retained command of I Corps Northern Virginia.

9 September 1863: I Corps Northern Virginia transferred from the Army of Northern Virginia to the Army of Tennessee.

I Corps Northern Virginia attached Tennessee

9 September 1863-7 April 1864

James Longstreet 9 September 1863-18 September 1863

John Bell Hood temporary 18 September 1863-20 September 1863

Lafayette McLaws temporary 20 September 1863-7 April 1864

9 September 1863: I Corps Northern Virginia transferred from the Army of Northern Virginia to the Army of Tennessee.

9 September 1863: Lieutenant-General James Longstreet retained command of I Corps Northern Virginia.

18 September 1863: Major-General John Bell Hood assumed temporary command of I Corps Northern Virginia, succeeding Lieutenant-General James Longstreet.

19 September 1863: I Corps Northern Virginia transferred from Army of Tennessee to Right Wing Tennessee.

19 September 1863: Major-General John Bell Hood retained temporary command of I Corps Northern Virginia.

20 September 1863: Major-General Lafayette McLaws assumed temporary command of I Corps Northern Virginia, succeeding Major-General John Bell Hood.

21 September 1863: I Corps Northern Virginia transferred from Right Wing Tennessee to Army of Tennessee.

21 September 1863: Major-General Lafayette McLaws retained temporary command of I Corps Northern Virginia.

29 September 1863: Reserve Corps Tennessee was attached to I Corps Northern Virginia for operations in Eastern Tennessee.

3 December 1863: I Corps Northern Virginia transferred from the Army of Tennessee to the District of East Tennessee.

3 December 1863: Major-General Lafayette McLaws retained temporary command of I Corps Northern Virginia.

7 April 1864: I Corps Northern Virginia transferred from the District of Tennessee to the Army of Northern Virginia.

I Corps Northern Virginia #3

7 April 1864-9 April 1865

James Longstreet 7 April 1864-6 May 1864

Charles William Field 6 May 1864-7 May 1864

Richard Heron Anderson 7 May 1864-17 October 1864

James Longstreet 17 October 1864-9 April 1865

7 April 1864: I Corps Northern Virginia transferred from the District of Tennessee to the Army of Northern Virginia.

7 April 1864: Lieutenant-General James Longstreet resumed command of I Corps Northern Virginia, succeeding Major-General Lafayette McLaws.

6 May 1864: Major-General Charles William Field assumed temporary command of I Corps Northern Virginia, succeeding Lieutenant-General James Longstreet.

8 May 1864: Major-General Richard Heron Anderson assumed temporary command of I Corps Northern Virginia, succeeding Major-General Charles William Field.

17 October 1864: Lieutenant-General James Longstreet resumed command of I Corps Northern Virginia, succeeding Lieutenant-General Richard Heron Anderson.

2 April 1865: III Corps Northern Virginia was discontinued, and incorporated into I Corps Northern Virginia.

9 April 1865: I Corps Northern Virginia surrendered.

I Corps Potomac

25 September 1861-13 March 1862

Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard 25 September 1861-4 October 1861

Earl Van Dorn 4 October 1861-22 October 1861

Earl Van Dorn 22 October 1861-10 January 1862

James Longstreet 10 January 1862-13 March 1862

26 September 1862: “I Corps” was established unofficially in the Army of the Potomac.

26 September 1862: General Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard assumed command of I Corps Potomac.

4 October 1861: Major-General Earl Van Dorn appointed to command I Corps Potomac, succeeding General Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard.

10 January 1862: Major-General James Longstreet assumed command of I Corps Potomac, succeeding Major-General Earl Van Dorn.

13 March 1862: I Corps Potomac was renamed Right Wing Northern Virginia.

I Corps Southern Virginia

26-February 1863-6 May 1863

James Longstreet 26 February 1863-6 May 1863

26 February 1863: I Corps Northern Virginia transferred from the Army of Northern Virginia to the Department of Southern Virginia.

6 November 1862: Major-General James Longstreet retained command of I Corps Southern Virginia.

6 May 1863: I Corps Southern Virginia transferred from the Department of Southern Virginia to the Army of Northern Virginia.

I Corps Valley

27 June 1864-27 September 1864

Robert Emmett Rodes 27 June 1864-19 September 1864

Stephen Dodson Ramseur temporary 19 September 1864-27 September 1864

27 June 1864: “I Corps Valley” was established unofficially in the “Army of the Valley” from II Corps Northern Virginia.

27 June 1864: Major-General Robert Emmett Rodes assumed command of “I Corps Valley”.

19 September 1864: Major-General Stephen Dodson Ramseur assumed temporary command of I Corps Valley, succeeding Major-General Robert Emmett Rodes.

27 September 1864: “I Corps Valley” was discontinued.

II Corps (Left Wing) Northern Virginia

13 March 1862-25 June 1862

Gustavus Woodson Smith 13 March -25 June 1862

13 March 1862: Left Wing Northern Virginia was established in the Army of Northern Virginia.

13 March 1862: Major-General Gustavus Woodson Smith assumed command of Left Wing Northern Virginia.

25 June 1862: The Army of the Valley was discontinued, and incorporated into the Army of Northern Virginia as [art of Jackson’s Command Northern Virginia.

25 June 1862: Left Wing Northern Virginia was renamed Jackson’s Command Northern Virginia.

II Corps (Jackson’s Command) Northern Virginia

25 June 1862-16 July 1862

Thomas Jonathan Jackson 25 June 1862-16 July 1862

25 June 1862: Jackson’s Command Northern Virginia was established in the Army of Northern Virginia, comprising the former Left Wing Northern Virginia.

25 June 1862: Major-General Thomas Jonathan Jackson assumed command of Jackson’s Command Northern Virginia.

16 July 1862: Jackson’s Command Northern Virginia was renamed Jackson’s Left Wing Northern Virginia.

II Corps (Jackson’s Left Wing) Northern Virginia

16 July 1862-4 September 1862

Thomas Jonathan Jackson 16 July 1862-4 September 1862

16 July 1862: Jackson’s Left Wing Northern Virginia was established, comprising the former Jackson’s Command and parts of Magruder’s Command.

16 July 1862: Major-General Thomas Jonathan Jackson assumed command of Jackson’s Wing Northern Virginia.

4 September 1862: Jackson’s Left Wing Northern Virginia was renamed Jackson’s Command Northern Virginia.

II Corps (Jackson’s Command) Northern Virginia

4 September 1862-6 November 1862

Thomas Jonathan Jackson 4 September 1862-6 November 1862

4 September 1862: Jackson’s Command Northern Virginia was established from Jackson’s Left Wing Northern Virginia.

4 September 1862: Major-General Thomas Jonathan Jackson retained command of Jackson’s Command Northern Virginia.

6 November 1862: Jackson’s Command Northern Virginia was renamed II Corps Northern Virginia.

II Corps Northern Virginia #1

6 November 1862-12 June 1864

Thomas Jonathan Jackson 6 November 1862-2 May 1863

Ambrose Powell Hill temporary 2 May 1863

Robert Emmett Rodes temporary 2 May 1863

James Ewell Brown Stuart temporary 2 May 1863-6 May 1863

Ambrose Powell Hill temporary 6 May 1863-7 May 1863 interim 10 May 1863

Jubal Anderson Early temporary 10 May 1863-30 May 1863

Richard Stoddert Ewell 7 May 1863-15 November 1863

Jubal Anderson Early temporary 15 November 1863-4 December 1863-

Richard Stoddert Ewell 4 December 1863-29 May 1864

Jubal Anderson Early temporary 29 May 1864-3 June 1864, 4 June 1864-12 June 1864

6 November 1862: II Corps Northern Virginia was established in the Army of Northern Virginia from Jackson’s Command.

6 November 1862: Major-General Thomas Jonathan Jackson retained command of Jackson’s Command Northern Virginia.

2 May 1863: Major-General Ambrose Powell Hill assumed temporary command of II Corps Northern Virginia, succeeding Lieutenant-General Thomas Jonathan Jackson.

2 May 1863: Major-General Robert Emmett Rodes assumed temporary command of II Corps Northern Virginia, succeeding Major-General Ambrose Powell Hill.

2 May 1863: Major-General James Ewell Brown Stuart assumed temporary command of II Corps Northern Virginia, succeeding Brigadier-General Robert Emmett Rodes.

6 May 1863: Major-General Ambrose Powell Hill assumed temporary command of II Corps Northern Virginia, succeeding Major-General James Ewell Brown Stuart.

7 May 1863: Major-General Richard Stoddert Ewell was appointed to command II Corps Northern Virginia, arriving on 30 May 1863.

10 May 1863: Major-General Jubal Anderson Early assumed temporary command of II Corps Northern Virginia, pending the arrival of Major-General Richard Stoddert Ewell.

30 May 1863: Major-General Richard Stoddert Ewell arrived to command II Corps Northern Virginia, succeeding Major-General Jubal Anderson Early.

15 November 1863: Major-General Jubal Anderson Early assumed temporary command of II Corps Northern Virginia, succeeding Lieutenant-General Richard Stoddert Ewell.

4 December 1863: Lieutenant-General Richard Stoddert Ewell resumed command of II Corps Northern Virginia, succeeding Major-General Jubal Anderson Early.

29 May 1864: Major-General Jubal Anderson Early assumed temporary command of II Corps Northern Virginia, succeeding Lieutenant-General Richard Stoddert Ewell.

4 June 1864: Lieutenant-General Jubal Anderson Early assumed full command of II Corps Northern Virginia.

12 June 1864: II Corps Northern Virginia was transferred from the Army of Northern Virginia to the Valley District and renamed unofficially the Army of the Valley.

II Corps Northern Virginia #2

27 September 1864-9 April 1865

Jubal Anderson Early 27 September 1864-9 December 1864

John Brown Gordon 9 December 1864-9 April 1865

27 September 1864: II Corps Northern Virginia was reinstated in the Army of Northern Virginia from the unofficial “Army of the Valley”.

27 September 1864: Lieutenant-General Jubal Anderson Early retained command of II Corps Northern Virginia, comprising the discontinued Army of the Valley.

9 December 1864: Major-General John Brown Gordon assumed command of II Corps Northern Virginia, succeeding Lieutenant-General Jubal Anderson Early.

5 April 1865: The Reserve Forces of Virginia was discontinued, and its field forces consolidated into II Corps Northern Virginia.

6 April 1865: The Department of Richmond surrendered, and its field forces were incorporated into II Corps Northern Virginia.

8 April 1865: IV Corps Northern Virginia was discontinued, and incorporated into II Corps Northern Virginia.

9 April 1865: II Corps Northern Virginia surrendered.

II Corps Potomac

25 September 1861-13 March 1862

Gustavus Woodson Smith 25 September 1861-13 March 1862

25 September 1861: “II Corps” was established unofficially in the Army of the Potomac.

25 September 1861: Major-General Gustavus Woodson Smith appointed to command II Corps Potomac, arriving on 4 October 1861.

4 October 1861: Major-General Gustavus Woodson Smith arrived to command II Corps Potomac.

13 March 1862: II Corps Potomac was renamed Left Wing Northern Virginia.

II Corps Valley

27 June 1864-27 September 1864

John Cabell Breckinridge 27 June 1864-27 September 1864

27 June 1864: “II Corps Valley” was established unofficially in the “Army of the Valley” from II Corps Northern Virginia.

27 June 1864: Major-General John Cabell Breckinridge assumed command of “II Corps Valley”.

27 September 1864: “I Corps Valley” was discontinued.

III Corps Northern Virginia

30 May 1863-2 April 1865

Ambrose Powell Hill 30 May 1863-8 May 1864

Jubal Anderson Early temporary 8 May 1864-21 May 1864

Ambrose Powell Hill 21 May 1864-2 April 1865

30 May 1863: III Corps Northern Virginia was established in the Army of Northern Virginia.

30 May 1863: Lieutenant-General Ambrose Powell Hill assumed command of III Corps Northern Virginia.

8 May 1864: Major-General Jubal Anderson Early assumed temporary command of III Corps Northern Virginia, succeeding Lieutenant-General Ambrose Powell Hill.

21 May 1864: Lieutenant-General Ambrose Powell Hill assumed command of III Corps Northern Virginia, succeeding Major-General Jubal Anderson Early.

2 April 1865: III Corps Northern Virginia was discontinued, and incorporated into I Corps Northern Virginia.

IV Corps Northern Virginia

19 October 1864-8 April 1865

Richard Heron Anderson 17 October 1864-8 April 1865

19 October 1864: IV Corps Northern Virginia was established in the Army of Northern Virginia.

19 October 1864: Lieutenant-General Richard Heron Anderson assumed command of IV Corps Northern Virginia.

8 April 1865: IV Corps Northern Virginia was discontinued, and incorporated into II Corps Northern Virginia.

Cavalry Corps Northern Virginia

30 May 1863-12 May 1864

James Ewell Brown Stuart 30 May 1863-12 May 1864

30 May 1863: Cavalry Corps Northern Virginia was established in the Army of Northern Virginia.

30 May 1863: Major-General James Ewell Brown Stuart assumed command of Cavalry Corps Northern Virginia.

12 May 1864: Cavalry Corps Northern Virginia was discontinued

Centre Wing Northern Virginia

13 March 1862-4 May 1862

Daniel Harvey Hill 13 March 1862-4 May 1862

13 March 1862: Centre Wing Northern Virginia was established in the Army of Northern Virginia.

13 March 1862: Brigadier-General Daniel Harvey Hill assumed command of Centre Wing Northern Virginia.

4 May 1862: Centre Wing Northern Virginia was discontinued, and its forces assigned to Reserve Northern Virginia.

Reserve Northern Virginia

4 May 1862-25 June 1862

John Bankhead Magruder 4 May 1862-25 June 1862

4 May 1862: Reserve Northern Virginia was established in the Army of Northern Virginia from Centre Wing Northern Virginia.

4 May 1862: Major-General John Bankhead Magruder assumed command of Reserve Northern Virginia.

25 June 1862: Reserve Northern Virginia was renamed Magruder’s Command Northern Virginia.

Magruder’s Command Northern Virginia

25 June 1862-16 July 1862

John Bankhead Magruder 25 June 1862-16 July 1862

25 June 1862: Magruder’s Command Northern Virginia was established in the Army of Northern Virginia from Reserve Northern Virginia.

25 June 1862: Major-General John Bankhead Magruder assumed command of Magruder’s Command.

16 July 1862: Magruder’s Command Northern Virginia was discontinued.

Reserve Forces of Virginia

30 April 1864-5 April 1865

James Lawson Kemper 30 April 1864-5 April 1865

30 April 1864: Reserve Forces of Virginia was established.

30 April 186ee4: Brigadier-General James Lawson Kemper assumed command of the Reserve Forces of Virginia.

5 April 1865: The Reserve Forces of Virginia was discontinued, and its field forces consolidated into II Corps Northern Virginia.

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