1865 March 29th

March 29 1865 Wednesday

Battle of Lewis’ Farm, VA

Fall of Petersburg

Sherman’s Carolinas Campaign – North Carolina

Mobile Campaign – Siege of Spanish Fort

Appomattox Campaign

Wilson’s Raid to Selma

Stoneman’s Raid in Virginia and North Carolina

Alabama. Union Brigadier-General James Harrison Wilson and his cavalry raiders approached Montevallo. They destroyed two ironworks while a Confederate force felled trees ahead of them to block their progress. After completing their work of destruction in Montevallo, the Union cavalry encountered Confederates at a ford in the Cahaba River and drove them away. Union engineers built a crude trestle bridge using cross ties. Once the cavalry had crossed over the bridge, they destroyed a rolling mill and railroad supplies, and finally entered Montevallo before dark.

Alabama. USS Osage, Lieutenant-Commander William M Gamble, got underway inside the bar at the Blakely River near Mobile. The ship was trying to avoid colliding with USS Winnebago, which was drifting alongside in a strong breeze, when a torpedo exploded under the monitor’s bow and the ship began to sink. USS Osage lost four men killed and eight more wounded in the explosion. It was the third ship to be sunk in the Blakely River during March 1865 and the second in two days.

Alabama. Union Major-General Frederick Steele’s column reached Weatherford on its way towards Mobile.

Kentucky. Skirmish at the Blackwater River.

Louisiana. Reconnaissance to Amite River and Bonnet Carré ended.

Missouri. Reconnaissance from Waynesville to Rolla, via Jackson’s Mills, and Coppage’s Mill on Spring Creek, and then to the Big Piney River, began.

North Carolina. Skirmish near Moseley Hall.

North Carolina. Skirmish at Wilkesboro.

North Carolina. Union Brigadier-General George Stoneman and his Union raiders entered the town of Patterson by surprise and captured it. They burned a cotton mill and obtained food for their horses and troops before leaving town.

North Carolina. Following the strategic conference aboard the River Queen, Rear Admiral David Dixon Porter ordered the naval forces in the North Carolina Sounds to support new operations in the area. All available shallow-draft tugs, tow-vessels, and canal boats were ordered to carry supplies to Major-General William Tecumseh Sherman’s armies through Kinston. Union gunboats were required to navigate the Chowan River to obtain forage and food around Winton. The obstructions at New Bern were to be cleared and provisions provided for the impending campaign. Gunboats were immediately sent to hold Winton. USS Shokokon and USS Commodore Hull left New Bern to join the operations on the Chowan.

Virginia. Reconnaissance from Winchester to Woodstock ended.

Virginia. Reconnaissance from Stephenson’s Depot through the Shenandoah Valley to Smithfield, West Virginia.

Virginia. Skirmish on the Vaughan Road near Hatcher’s Run.

Virginia. Skirmish at the junction of the Quaker Road and Boydton Road.

Virginia. Union Lieutenant-General Ulysses Simpson Grant requested naval support to protect his line of supply and communications on the James River. As the army began to adopt mobile operations and moved away from City Point and Bermuda Hundred, he asked for one or two gunboats to patrol continually the Appomattox River near the pontoon bridge, and two more to patrol in the James River, near the mouth of Bailey’s Creek below City Point. Several warships were moved to protect these vital points.

Lewis’ Farm, Virginia, also known as Gravelly Run, Quaker Road, Military Road, Gravelly Road or Boydton Plank Road. In the opening moves of his spring offensive, Union Lieutenant-General Ulysses Simpson Grant had a significant numerical advantage over the defenders of Richmond and Petersburg. The Army of the Potomac (Major-General George Gordon Meade), the Army of the James (Major-General Edward Otho Cresap Ord), and Major-General Philp Henry Sheridan’s Cavalry Command, amounted to about 76,000 men. Grant moved his headquarters from City Point twenty miles down the Vaughan Road, in order to be closer to the impending action. The defending Confederate Army of Northern Virginia had no more than 57,800 men under General Robert Edward Lee, including the forces of the Department of Richmond, and the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia.

As an opening move, Grant ordered Sheridan’s Cavalry Command to break through to the Southside Railroad and the Danville Railroad while the six divisions from II Corps (Major-General Andrew Atkinson Humphreys) and V Corps (Major-General Gouverneur Kemble Warren) advanced beyond Hatcher’s Run and past the western limit of the Confederate defences. The aim was to turn the right flank of the Confederates and to force the evacuation of Petersburg and Richmond. The places of II Corps and V Corps in the siege lines were to be occupied by three divisions of XXIV Corps (James) under Major-General John Gibbon, which were brought from north of the James River. The cavalry division of the Army of the James was now under Sheridan’s overall control, leaving Major-General Godfrey Weitzel with only the three divisions of XXV Corps to hold the lines north of the James and to garrison the lines at Bermuda Hundred. The IX Corps (Major-General John Grubb Parke) and VI Corps (Major-General Horatio Gouverneur Wright) were to hold their lines outside Petersburg, awaiting an opportunity to strike if the Confederates began to abandon their defences.

A steady downpour of rain turned the roads to mud and slowed the advance, but Sheridan rode on ahead with 13,000 men in three cavalry divisions from Brigadier-General Wesley Merritt’s Cavalry Corps. They moved from their assembly area near Globe Tavern, across Rowanty Creek at Malone Bridge, and towards Dinwiddie Courthouse. They were followed by the V Corps, which crossed Rowanty Creek over Monk’s Neck Bridge, below the confluence of Gravelly Run and Hatcher’s Run. Their objective was also Dinwiddie Court House, about six miles further on. This would bring them within striking distance of the vital crossroads at Five Forks on the White Oak Road, six miles west of Burgess’ Mill. At about 5 am, Union Brigadier-General Charles Griffin’s division (1/V) under Warren’s direction drove enemy skirmishers from the crossings of Rowanty Creek. Griffin fought his way across and by noon he had reached the crossing of Quaker Road over Gravelly Run. He pushed onward towards the Boydton Plank Road intersection, where he encountered Confederate Major-General Bushrod Rust Johnson’s Confederate division. Union Brigadier-General Samuel Wylie Crawford’s division (3/V) arrived and took up position on Griffin’s left. Griffin’s and Crawford’s divisions advanced together against gradually stiffening resistance. They were halted again at Arnold’s sawmill after an advance by Brigadier-General Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain’s brigade (1/1/V) was driven back by Brigadier-General Henry Alexander Wise’s and Brigadier-General William Henry Wallace’s brigades from Lieutenant-General Richard Heron Anderson’s Confederate IV Corps. A Union battery arrived (Battery B 4th US Light Artillery) and then parts of Colonel Edgar M Gregory’s (2/1/V) and Brigadier-General Joseph Jackson Bartlett’s (3/1/V) brigades reinforced Chamberlain. Chamberlain’s reinforced brigade was conspicuous in leading the counterattack. A sharp fire fight forced the Confederates back to their entrenchments on the White Oak Road while the Union troops entrenched on the Boydton Plank Road.

In response to the threat, Confederate General Robert Edward Lee ordered Major-General George Edward Pickett to move his reinforced division of 6,400 men to secure Five Forks, four miles beyond the furthest entrenched positions at Hatcher’s Run. Cavalry divisions under Major-General Fitzhugh Lee and Major-General William Henry Fitzhugh Lee were also sent towards the crossroads at Five Forks along with the remnants of the cavalry brought from the Shenandoah Valley by Brigadier-General Thomas Lafayette Rosser. This concentrated the great majority of the available Confederate cavalry, about 5,400 men, around Five Forks. It was imperative to retain possession of Five Forks in order to protect the Southside Railroad just three miles away, and to keep alive any hope of marching to join the Confederate forces under General Joseph Eggleston Johnston in North Carolina. Total casualties in the action were estimated as 1,000; with at least 370 to 381 lost by the Union and over 200 Confederate prisoners among their 600 or more casualties. (CWSAC Formative Battle Union Victory)

West Virginia. Reconnaissance from Stephenson’s Depot, Virginia, through the Shenandoah Valley to Smithfield.

Union Organisation

USA: Thomas Maley Harris promoted Brigadier-General USV 29 March 1865.

Harris, Thomas Maley / Virginia / Born 17 June 1817 Wood, Ohio / Died 30 September 1906
Lieutenant-Colonel USV 10th West Virginia Infantry 17 March 1862 / Colonel USV 20 May 1862 / Brigadier-General USV 29 March 1865 / Mustered Out USV 30 April 1866 / Adjutant-General West Virginia Militia 1869-1870 / Brevet Major-General USV 2 April 1865
Cheat Mountain District 12 April 1862-26 June 1862 / 1st Brigade 3rd Division Department of West Virginia August 1864-19 October 1864 / 1st Division Department of West Virginia 19 October 1864-24 December 1864 / Harris’ Division XXIV Corps Army of the James 24 December 1864-25 March 1865 / 3rd Brigade X Division XXIV Corps Army of the James 25 March 1865-27 April 1865 / Harris’ Division XXIV Corps Army of the James 27 April 1865-10 July 1865 / Harris’ Brigade XXIV Corps District of Northeastern Virginia 10 July 1865-1 August 1865

Commander in Chief: President Abraham Lincoln
Vice-President: Andrew Johnson
Secretary of War: Edwin McMasters Stanton
Secretary of the Navy: Gideon Welles

North Atlantic Blockading Squadron: David Dixon Porter
South Atlantic Blockading Squadron: John Adolphus Bernard Dahlgren
West Gulf Blockading Squadron: Henry Knox Thatcher
East Gulf Blockading Squadron: Cornelius Kinchiloe Stribling
Pacific Squadron: George Frederick Pearson
Mississippi River Squadron: Samuel Phillips Lee
Potomac Flotilla: Foxhall Alexander Parker

General–in-Chief: Ulysses Simpson Grant

Military Division of the Mississippi: William Tecumseh Sherman

  • Department of the Cumberland: George Henry Thomas
    • District of Middle Tennessee: Lovell Harrison Rousseau
    • District of West Tennessee: Cadwallader Colder Washburn
    • District of Etowah: James Blair Steedman
    • District of Northern Alabama: Robert Seaman Granger
    • Army of the Cumberland: George Henry Thomas
      • IV Corps Cumberland: David Sloane Stanley
  • Department of the Mississippi: Napoleon Jackson Tecumseh Dana
    • District of Vicksburg: Morgan Lewis Smith
    • District of Natchez: John Wynn Davidson
  • Department of Kentucky: John McAuley Palmer
    • District of Western Kentucky: Solomon Meredith
  • Department of North Carolina: John McAllister Schofield
    • District of Beaufort (NC): Innis Newton Palmer
    • District of Wilmington: Joseph Roswell Hawley
    • X Corps North Carolina: Alfred Howe Terry
    • XXIII Corps Ohio: John McAllister Schofield
  • Army of the Tennessee: Oliver Otis Howard
    • XV Corps Tennessee: John Alexander Logan
    • XVII Corps Tennessee: Francis Preston Blair
  • Army of Georgia: Henry Warner Slocum
    • XIV Corps Georgia: Jefferson Columbus Davis
    • XX Corps Georgia: Alpheus Starkey Williams
  • Cavalry Corps Mississippi: James Harrison Wilson

Military Division of West Mississippi: Edward Richard Sprigg Canby

  • Department of the Gulf: Stephen Augustus Hurlbut interim Nathaniel Prentiss Banks awaited
    • North District of Louisiana: Francis Jay Herron
      • District of Morganza: Thomas Jefferson McKean
      • District of Baton Rouge: Michael Kelly Lawler
      • District of Port Hudson: Cyrus Hamlin
    • Southern District of Louisiana: Thomas West Sherman
      • District of Carrollton: Nelson Viall
      • District of La Fourche: Robert Alexander Cameron
    • District of Bonnet Carré: Charles Everett
    • District of Key West and Tortugas: John Newton
    • District of South Alabama: Thomas Kilby Smith
    • District of West Florida: Alexander Asboth
  • Army of West Mississippi: Edward Richard Sprigg Canby
    • Army of the Gulf: Stephen Augustus Hurlbut temporary
      • XIII Corps Gulf: Gordon Granger
      • XVI Corps Gulf: Andrew Jackson Smith

Military Division of the Missouri: John Pope

  • Department of Arkansas: Joseph Jones Reynolds
    • District of Eastern Arkansas: Alexander McDowell McCook
    • Army of Arkansas: Joseph Jones Reynolds
      • VII Corps Arkansas: Joseph Jones Reynolds
  • Department of the Missouri: Grenville Mellen Dodge
    • District of St Louis: George Day Wagner
    • District of Southwest Missouri: John Benjamin Sanborn
    • District of North Missouri: Clinton Bowen Fisk
    • District of Central Missouri: John McNeil
    • District of Rolla: John Morrill
    • District of the Upper Arkansas: James Hobart Ford
    • District of North Kansas: Robert Byington Mitchell
    • District of South Kansas: James Gilpatrick Blunt
    • District of the Plains: Patrick Edward Connor
  • Department of the Northwest: Samuel Ryan Curtis
    • District of Minnesota: Henry Hastings Sibley
    • District of Wisconsin: Thomas Church Haskell Smith

Middle Military Division: Winfield Scott Hancock

  • Middle Department: William Walton Morris
    • District of Delaware and the Eastern Shore: John Reese Kenly
      • VIII Corps Middle: William Walton Morris
  • Department of Pennsylvania: George Cadwalader
    • District of Philadelphia: Orris Sanford Ferry
    • District of the Monongahela: Greenlief P Davis
    • Juniata District: Charles Hale Morgan
  • Department of Washington: Christopher Columbus Augur
    • District of St Mary’s: James Barnes
    • District of Alexandria: John Potts Slough
    • District of Washington: Moses N Wisewell
    • XXII Corps Washington: Christopher Columbus Augur
  • Department of Western Virginia: Winfield Scott Hancock
  • Army of the Shenandoah: Winfield Scott Hancock

Department of the East: John Adams Dix

  • District of Northern New York: John Cleveland Robinson

Department of New Mexico: James Henry Carleton

Northern Department: Joseph Hooker

  • District of Illinois: John Cook
  • District of Indiana: Alvin Peterson Hovey
  • District of Michigan: Bennett Hoskin Hill

Department of the Pacific: Irvin McDowell

  • District of Arizona: John Sanford Mason
  •  District of California: George Wright
  • District of the Humboldt: Stephen Girard Whipple
  • District of Oregon: Reuben F Maury temporary
  • District of Southern California: James Freeman Curtis

Department of the Potomac: George Gordon Meade

  • Army of the Potomac: George Gordon Meade
    • II Corps Potomac: Andrew Atkinson Humphreys
    • V Corps Potomac: Gouverneur Kemble Warren
    • VI Corps Potomac: Horatio Gouverneur Wright
    • IX Corps Potomac: John Grubb Parke
  • Sheridan’s Cavalry Command Potomac: Philip Henry Sheridan
    • Cavalry Corps Potomac: Wesley Merritt

Department of the South: Quincy Adams Gillmore

  • North District (South): John Porter Hatch
  • District of Savannah: Henry Warner Birge
  • District of Beaufort (SC): Edward Elmer Potter
  • District of Hilton Head: Milton Smith Littlefield
  • District of Florida: Eliakim Parker Scammon

Department of Virginia: Edward Otho Cresap Ord

  • District of Eastern Virginia: George Henry Gordon
  • District of Virginia: Edward Otho Cresap Ord
  • District of Lynchburg: John Irvin Gregg
  • Army of the James: Edward Otho Cresap Ord
    • XXIV Corps James: John Gibbon
    • XXV Corps James: Godfrey Weitzel

Confederate Organisation

CSA: Brigadier-General John Echols assumed command of the Department of East Tennessee and West Virginia, succeeding Lieutenant-General Jubal Anderson Early.

Echols, John / Virginia / Born 20 March 1823 Lynchburg, Virginia / Died Staunton, Virginia 24 May 1896
Lieutenant-Colonel PACS 27th Virginia Infantry 30 May 1861 / Colonel PACS 14 October 1861 / Colonel Provisional Army of Virginia 6 December 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 16 April 1862 / Paroled Greensboro, North Carolina 1 May 1865 / WIA Winchester 23 March 1862 CIA Augusta, Georgia April 1865
1st Brigade Department of Southwestern Virginia September 1862-16 October 1862 / Department of Southwestern Virginia 16 October 1862-18 November 1862 / Department of Southwestern Virginia 10 November 1862-April 1863 / 1st Brigade Trans-Allegheny Department April 1863-17 May 1864 / Echols’ Brigade Breckinridge’s Division II Corps Army of Northern Virginia 17 May 1864-7 July 1864 / 1st Division II Corps Army of Northern Virginia 7 July 1864-22 August 1864 / Trans-Allegheny Department 22 August 1864-19 September 1864 / Echols’ Brigade Wharton’s Division Valley District 17 September 1864-January 1865 / Wharton’s Division Valley District January 1865-29 March 1865 / Department of East Tennessee and West Virginia 29 March 1865-2 April 1865 / Echols’ Brigade Lomax’s Division Hampton’s Cavalry Corps Army of Tennessee 2 April 1865-April 1865

CSA: Major-General Lunsford Lindsay Lomax assumed command of the Valley District, succeeding Lieutenant-General Jubal Anderson Early.

Lomax, Lunsford Lindsay / Rhode Island / Born 4 November 1835 Newport, Rhode Island / Died Washington, District of Columbia 29 May 1913
USMA 1 July 1856 21/49 Cavalry / Cadet USMA 1 July 1852 / 2nd US Cavalry 1 July 1856 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 1st US Cavalry 30 September 1856 / 1st Lieutenant USA 21 March 1861 / Resigned USA 25 April 1861 / 1st Lieutenant ACSA Cavalry 16 March 1861 / Captain PACS Assistant Adjutant-General 28 April 1861 / Captain Cavalry Provisional Army of Virginia 9 May 1861 / Assistant Adjutant-General and Assistant Inspector-General 19 January 1862 / Lieutenant-Colonel PACS Assistant Adjutant-General July 1862 / Colonel PACS 11th Virginia Cavalry 8 February 1863 / Brigadier-General PACS 30 July 1863 to rank from 23 July 1863 / Major-General PACS (Temporary) 10 August 1864 / Paroled Greensboro, North Carolina 1 May 1865 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1856 / CIA Woodstock 9 October 1864 Escaped 9 October 1864
Assistant Adjutant-General Army of the Potomac 29 April 1861 / Assistant Adjutant-General Western Army 4 August 1861-19 January 1862 / Assistant Adjutant-General and Assistant Inspector-General Army of the West 19 January 1862-20 July 1862 / Assistant Inspector-General Army of East Tennessee July 1862-October 1862 / Lomax’s Brigade F Lee’s Division Cavalry Army of Northern Virginia 9 September 1863-10 August 1864 / Ransom’s Cavalry Division Valley District 10 August 1864-29 March 1865 / Valley District 29 March 1865-9 April 1865 / Lomax’s Division Hampton’s Cavalry Corps Army of Tennessee 9 April 1865-26 April 1865

Commander in Chief: President Jefferson Finis Davis
Vice-President: Alexander Hamilton Stephens
Secretary of War: John Cabell Breckinridge
Secretary of the Navy: Stephen Russell Mallory

General-in-Chief: Robert Edward Lee

Department of Alabama, Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana: Richard Taylor

  • Department of Kentucky: Hylan Benton Lyon
  • District of North Mississippi and West Tennessee: Marcus Joseph Wright
  • District of Southern Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana: George Baird Hodge
    • Sub-District of Southwest Mississippi: Benjamin Grubb Humphreys
  • Gulf District: Dabney Herndon Maury
  • District of Alabama: Daniel Weisiger Adams

Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia: Joseph Eggleston Johnston

  • First District of North Carolina and Southern Virginia: Henry Alexander Wise
  • Second District of North Carolina and Southern Virginia: Laurence Simmons Baker

Department of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee

  • Army of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee
    • I Corps Northern Virginia: James Longstreet
    • II Corps Northern Virginia: John Brown Gordon
    • III Corps Northern Virginia: Ambrose Powell Hill
    • IV Corps Northern Virginia: Richard Heron Anderson
  • Valley District: Lunsford Lindsay Lomax

Department of Richmond: Richard Stoddert Ewell

Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida: Joseph Eggleston Johnston

  • District of Georgia: Daniel Harvey Hill
    • Sub-District of Northern Georgia: William Tatum Wofford
  • District of South Carolina: Samuel Jones
    • 1st Sub-District of South Carolina: James Heyward Trapier
    • 2nd Sub-District of South Carolina: Robert Ransom
    • 3rd Sub-District of South Carolina: William Booth Taliaferro
    • 5th Sub-District of South Carolina: vacant
  • District of Florida: Samuel Jones

Department of Tennessee and Georgia: Thomas Howell Cobb

  • District of Western North Carolina: James Green Martin
  • Army of Tennessee: Alexander Peter Stewart temporary
    • I Corps Tennessee: Daniel Harvey Hill temporary
    • II Corps Tennessee: Braxton Bragg
    • III Corps Tennessee: Edward Cary Walthall temporary

Department of East Tennessee and West Virginia: John Echols

Trans-Mississippi Department: Edmund Kirby Smith

  • District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: John George Walker
    • Western Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: James Edwin Slaughter
      • Sub-District of the Rio Grande: Hamilton Prioleau Bee
    • Eastern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: William Steele
    • Sub-District of Houston: Xavier Blanchard Debray
    • Northern Sub-District Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: Henry Eustace McCullough
    • District of Arkansas: Mosby Monroe Parsons
  • District of West Louisiana: Simon Bolivar Buckner
  • District of Indian Territory: Douglas Hancock Cooper
  • Trans-Mississippi Army: Edmund Kirby Smith
    • I Corps Trans-Mississippi: Simon Bolivar Buckner
    • II Corps Trans-Mississippi: John Bankhead Magruder
    • III Corps Trans-Mississippi: John George Walker
    • Reserve Corps Trans-Mississippi: Elkanah Brackin Greer

Reserve Forces of Alabama: Jones Mitchell Withers

Reserve Forces of Florida: William Miller

Reserve Forces of Georgia: Thomas Howell Cobb

Reserve Forces of Mississippi: William Lindsay Brandon

Reserve Forces of North Carolina: Theophilus Hunter Holmes

Reserve Forces of South Carolina: James Chesnut

Reserve Forces of Tennessee: John Cabell Breckinridge

Reserve Forces of Virginia: James Lawson Kemper

Union Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

Lieutenant-General USA

Ulysses Simpson Grant

Major-General USA

Asterisk indicates concurrently Major-General USV

Henry Wager Halleck
William Tecumseh Sherman
George Gordon Meade
Philp Henry Sheridan
George Henry Thomas

Major-General USV

Asterisk indicates concurrently Brigadier-General USA

John Adams Dix
Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
Benjamin Franklin Butler
David Hunter
Ethan Allen Hitchcock
Irvin McDowell*
Ambrose Everett Burnside
William Starke Rosecrans*
John Pope*
Samuel Ryan Curtis
Franz Sigel
Lewis Wallace
George Cadwalader
Edward Otho Cresap Ord
Samuel Peter Heintzelman
Joseph Hooker*
Silas Casey
William Buel Franklin
Darius Nash Couch
Henry Warner Slocum
John James Peck
Alexander McDowell McCook
John Gray Foster
John Grubb Parke
Christopher Columbus Augur
Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
Gordon Granger
Lovell Harrison Rousseau
George Stoneman
Oliver Otis Howard*
Daniel Edgar Sickles
Robert Huston Milroy
Daniel Butterfield
Winfield Scott Hancock*
George Sykes
David Sloane Stanley
John McAllister Schofield*
John McAuley Palmer
Frederick Steele
Abner Doubleday
Napoleon Jackson Tecumseh Dana
John Alexander Logan
James Gilpatrick Blunt
George Lucas Hartsuff
Cadwallader Colden Washburn
Francis Jay Herron
Francis Preston Blair
Joseph Jones Reynolds
Carl Schurz
Gouverneur Kemble Warren
Alfred Pleasonton
Andrew Atkinson Humphreys
Quincy Adams Gillmore
William Farrar Smith
James Blair Steedman
Edward Richard Sprigg Canby
Horatio Gouverneur Wright
Andrew Jackson Smith
Grenville Mellen Dodge
John Gibbon
Peter Joseph Osterhaus
Joseph Antony Mower
George Crook
Godfrey Weitzel
Jacob Dolson Cox
William Babcock Hazen
John White Geary
Alfred Howe Terry*
Thomas John Wood

Brigadier-General USA

Brackets indicates concurrently Major-General USV

(Irvin McDowell)
(William Starke Rosecrans)
Philip St George Cooke
(John Pope)
(Joseph Hooker)
(Winfield Scott Hancock)
(John McAllister Schofield)
(Oliver Otis Howard)
(Alfred Howe Terry)

Brigadier-General USV

Thomas West Sherman
Benjamin Franklin Kelley
Alpheus Starkey Williams
James Brewerton Ricketts
Orlando Bolivar Willcox
Henry Hayes Lockwood
Samuel Davis Sturgis
Henry Washington Benham
William Farquhar Barry
Lawrence Pike Graham
Eleazar Arthur Paine
William Thomas Ward
John Gross Barnard
Innis Newton Palmer
Seth Williams
John Newton
George Wright
John Milton Brannan
John Porter Hatch
Albin Francisco Schoepf
Richard W Johnson
Adolph Wilhelm August Friedrich Von Steinwehr
George Washington Cullum
Thomas Jefferson McKean
Zealous Bates Tower
Jefferson Columbus Davis
James Henry Lane
William Scott Ketchum
John Wynn Davidson
Eugene Asa Carr
Thomas Alfred Davies
William Hemsley Emory
Marsena Rudolph Patrick
Orris Sanford Ferry
Henry Moses Judah
John Cook
John McArthur
Jacob Gartner Lauman
Horatio Phillips Van Cleve
Speed Smith Fry
Alexander Asboth
Robert Byington Mitchell
Cuvier Grover
Rufus Saxton
Benjamin Alvord
Napoleon Bonaparte Buford
Nathan Kimball
Charles Devens
Samuel Wylie Crawford
Henry Walton Wessells
James Henry Carleton
Absalom Baird
John Cleveland Robinson
Truman Seymour
Henry Prince
Maximilian Weber
Jeremiah Cutler Sullivan
Alvin Peterson Hovey
James Clifford Veatch
William Plummer Benton
John Curtis Caldwell
George Sears Greene
Samuel Powhatan Carter
Erastus Barnard Tyler
Charles Griffin
George Henry Gordon
Stephen Gano Burbridge
Washington Lafayette Elliott
Albion Parris Howe
Benjamin Stone Roberts
Fitz-Henry Warren
Morgan Lewis Smith
Charles Cruft
Frederick Salomon
Henry Shaw Briggs
James Dada Morgan
Johann August Ernst Willich
George Foster Shepley
John Reese Kenly
John Potts Slough
Gershom Mott
Henry Jackson Hunt
Francis Channing Barlow
Mason Brayman
Nathaniel James Jackson
George Washington Getty
Alfred Sully
William Woods Averell
Francis Barretto Spinola
Solomon Meredith
Eliakim Parker Scammon
Robert Seaman Granger
Joseph Rodman West
George Leonard Andrews
Clinton Bowen Fisk
William Hays
Israel Vogdes
Lewis Cass Hunt
Frank Wheaton
John Sanford Mason
Robert Ogden Tyler
Alfred Thomas Archimedes Torbert
Gilman Marston
William Dwight
Sullivan Amory Meredith
Nathaniel Collins McLean
William Vandever
Alexander Schimmelfennig
Charles Kinnaird Graham
John Eugene Smith
Joseph Tarr Copeland
Charles Adam Heckman
Edward Elmer Potter
Henry Beebee Carrington
John Haskell King
Adam Jacoby Slemmer
Thomas Hewson Neill
Thomas Gamble Pitcher
Thomas William Sweeny
William Passmore Carlin
Romeyn Beck Ayres
Richard Arnold
Edward Winslow Hinks
Michael Kelly Lawler
George Day Wagner
Lysander Cutler
Joseph Farmer Knipe
John Dunlap Stevenson
James Barnes
Edward Harland
Samuel Beatty
Franklin Stillman Nickerson
Edward Henry Hobson
Joseph Dana Webster
William Harrow
William Hopkins Morris
Thomas Howard Ruger
Elias Smith Dennis
Thomas Church Haskell Smith
Mortimer Dormer Leggett
Davis Tillson
Albert Lindley Lee
Marcellus Monroe Crocker
Egbert Benson Brown
John McNeil
George Francis McGinnis
Hugh Boyle Ewing
James Winning McMillan
Daniel Ullmann
George Jerrison Stannard
Henry Baxter
John Milton Thayer
Charles Thomas Campbell
Halbert Eleazer Paine
Robert Brown Potter
Joseph Andrew Jackson Lightburn
Henry Hastings Sibley
Joseph Bradford Carr
Joseph Jackson Bartlett
Patrick Edward Connor
John Parker Hawkins
Gabriel René Paul
Edward Augustus Wild
Adelbert Ames
William Birney
Daniel Henry Rucker
Robert Allen
Rufus Ingalls
Alexander Shaler
Benjamin Henry Grierson
Robert Sanford Foster
Hugh Judson Kilpatrick
Alexander Stewart Webb
Alfred Napoleon Alexander Duffié
Walter Chiles Whitaker
Wesley Merritt
George Armstrong Custer
William Denison Whipple
John Converse Starkweather
Kenner Garrard
Charles Robert Woods
John Benjamin Sanborn
Giles Alexander Smith
Jasper Adalmorn Maltby
Thomas Kilby Smith
Walter Quintin Gresham
Manning Ferguson Force
Robert Alexander Cameron
John Murray Corse
John Aaron Rawlins
Alvan Cullem Gillem
John Wesley Turner
Henry Eugene Davies
Andrew Jackson Hamilton
Henry Warner Birge
James Harrison Wilson
Adin Ballou Underwood
Augustus Louis Chetlain
Thomas Francis Meagher
William Anderson Pile
John Wallace Fuller
John Franklin Miller
Philippe Régis Dénis de Keredern De Trobriand
Cyrus Bussey
Christopher Columbus Andrews
Edward Moody McCook
Lewis Addison Grant
Edward Hatch
August Valentine Kautz
Francis Fessenden
John Rutter Brooke
John Frederick Hartranft
Samuel Sprigg Carroll
Simon Goodell Griffin
Emory Upton
Nelson Appleton Miles
Joseph Hayes
Byron Root Pierce
Selden Connor
Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain
Elliott Warren Rice
William Francis Bartlett
Edward Stuyvesant Bragg
Martin Davis Hardin
Charles Jackson Paine
Gustavus Adolphus De Russy
John Baillie McIntosh
George Henry Chapman
William Grose
Joseph Alexander Cooper
John Thomas Croxton
John Wilson Sprague
James William Reilly
Luther Prentice Bradley
Charles Carroll Walcutt
William Worth Belknap
Joseph Abel Haskin
James Deering Fessenden
Eli Long
Thomas Wilberforce Egan
Joseph Roswell Hawley
William Henry Seward
Isaac Hardin Duval
John Edwards
Thomas Alfred Smyth
Ferdinand Van Derveer
Thomas Casimer Devin
Alfred Gibbs
Ranald Slidell Mackenzie
Rutherford Birchard Hayes
James Richard Slack
Thomas John Lucas
Edmund Jackson Davis
Joseph Bailey
George Lafayette Beal
Henry Goddard Thomas
Cyrus Hamlin
Patrick Henry Jones
John Morrison Oliver
Robert Kingston Scott
James Sidney Robinson
Benjamin Franklin Potts
John Grant Mitchell
James Alexander Williamson
Newton Martin Curtis
Charles Camp Doolittle
Stephen Thomas
James Isham Gilbert
Green Berry Raum
Galusha Pennypacker
Charles John Stolbrand
Wager Swayne
Charles Ewing
Stewart Van Vliet
Thomas Maley Harris

Brigadier-General USA (Staff)

Montgomery Cunningham Meigs (Quartermaster-General)
Lorenzo Thomas
George Douglas Ramsay
James Barnet Fry (Provost Marshal)
Richard Delafield (Engineers)
Joseph Holt (Judge Advocate-General)
Amos Beebe Eaton (Commissary-General of Subsistence)
Joseph K Barnes (Surgeon-General)
Alexander Brydie Dyer (Ordnance)

Confederate Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

General ACSA/PACS

Samuel Cooper
Robert Edward Lee
Joseph Eggleston Johnston
Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
Braxton Bragg
Edmund Kirby Smith

Lieutenant-General PACS

James Longstreet
Theophilus Hunter Holmes
William Joseph Hardee
Richard Stoddert Ewell
Ambrose Powell Hill
John Bell Hood
Richard Taylor
Richard Heron Anderson
Alexander Peter Stewart
Stephen Dill Lee
Simon Bolivar Buckner
Wade Hampton
Nathan Bedford Forrest

Major-General PACS

Benjamin Huger
John Bankhead Magruder
Mansfield Lovell
William Wing Loring
Sterling Price
Benjamin Franklin Cheatham
Samuel Jones
John Porter McCown
Daniel Harvey Hill
Thomas Carmichael Hindman
John Cabell Breckinridge
Lafayette McLaws
Samuel Gibbs French
George Edward Pickett
Carter Littlepage Stevenson
John Horace Forney
Dabney Herndon Maury
Martin Luther Smith
John George Walker
Arnold Elzey
Franklin Gardner
Isaac Ridgeway Trimble
Joseph Wheeler
Edward Johnson
Henry Heth
Robert Ransom
Jones Mitchell Withers
Cadmus Marcellus Wilcox
Fitzhugh Lee
Howell Cobb
John Austin Wharton
William Thompson Martin
Charles William Field
James Patton Anderson
William Brimage Bate
Robert Frederick Hoke
William Henry Fitzhugh Lee
James Fleming Fagan
John Brown Gordon
Joseph Brevard Kershaw
Bushrod Rust Johnson
Edward Cary Walthall
Henry Delamar Clayton
William Mahone
John Calvin Brown
Lunsford Lindsay Lomax
James Lawson Kemper
Matthew Calbraith Butler
George Washington Custis Lee
Thomas Lafayette Rosser
Ambrose Ransom Wright
Pierce Manning Butler Young
Bryan Grimes
Thomas James Churchill
John Sappington Marmaduke

Brigadier-General PACS

Alexander Robert Lawton
Henry Alexander Wise
Henry Hopkins Sibley
Gideon Johnson Pillow
Daniel Ruggles
Roswell Sabine Ripley
Paul Octave Hébert
Gabriel James Rains
Thomas Fenwick Drayton
Nathan George Evans
James Heyward Trapier
Hugh Weedon Mercer
William Montgomery Gardner
Raleigh Edward Colston
John King Jackson
James Ronald Chalmers
Daniel Leadbetter
William Whann Mackall
Winfield Scott Featherston
William Booth Taliaferro
Albert Rust
Samuel Bell Maxey
Hamilton Prioleau Bee
James Morrison Hawes
George Hume Steuart
James Edwin Slaughter
Seth Maxwell Barton
Henry Eustace McCullough
John Selden Roane
William Nelson Pendleton
Joseph Finegan
William Nelson Rector Beall
Thomas Jordan
William Preston
John Echols
George Earl Maney
John Stuart Williams
James Green Martin
Thomas Lanier Clingman
Daniel Weisiger Adams
Louis Hébert
Beverley Holcombe Robertson
St John Richardson Liddell
Johnson Hagood
Harry Thompson Hays
Matthew Duncan Ector
Edward Aylesworth Perry
Alfred Holt Colquitt
Abraham Buford
William Steele
Francis Asbury Shoup
Joseph Robert Davis
John Crawford Vaughn
Evander McIvor Law
Elkanah Brackin Greer
Francis Redding Tillou Nicholls
Alfred Cumming
William Stephen Walker
Montgomery Dent Corse
George Thomas Anderson
Alfred Iverson
James Henry Lane
Edward Lloyd Thomas
John Rogers Cooke
Jerome Bonaparte Robertson
Evander McNair
William Robertson Boggs
James Camp Tappan
Mosby Monroe Parsons
Marcus Joseph Wright
Zachariah Cantey Deas
William Hicks Jackson
James Cantey
Henry Lewis Benning
William Tatum Wofford
Samuel McGowan
Marcellus Augustus Stovall
George Blake Cosby
Francis Crawford Armstrong
William Lewis Cabell
John Daniel Imboden
Alfred Eugene Jackson
Arthur Middleton Manigault
Douglas Hancock Cooper
John Wilkins Whitfield
James Alexander Walker
Matthew Whitaker Ransom
Alfred Moore Scales
Henry Harrison Walker
Gabriel Colvin Wharton
Francis Marion Cockrell
James Patrick Major
Samuel Wragg Ferguson
Laurence Simmons Baker
Philip Dale Roddey
Eppa Hunton
Thomas Pleasant Dockery
Benjamin Grubb Humphreys
Henry Brevard Davidson
Cullen Andrews Battle
William Andrew Quarles
William Whedbee Kirkland
Robert Daniel Johnston
Alexander Welch Reynolds
Thomas Neville Waul
Edmund Winston Pettus
Armistead Lindsay Long
Henry Rootes Jackson
William Wirt Adams
James Argyle Smith
Joseph Horace Lewis
Edward Higgins
John Tyler Morgan
William Young Conn Humes
Jesse Johnson Finley
James Holt Clanton
Alfred Jefferson Vaughan
Joseph Orville Shelby
Lawrence Sullivan Ross
Daniel Chevilette Govan
Randall Lee Gibson
Nathaniel Harrison Harris
Allen Thomas
Alexander Travis Hawthorn
Robert Charles Tyler
Edward Porter Alexander
William Wirt Allen
Claudius Wistar Sears
William Feimster Tucker
Richard Lucian Page
Alpheus Baker
Daniel Harris Reynolds
James Chesnut
Stand Watie
Samuel Jameson Gholson
John Bratton
Thomas Moore Scott
John McCausland
Clement Anselm Evans
William Terry
Martin Witherspoon Gary
Birkett Davenport Fry
Stephen Elliott
William Ruffin Cox
William Gaston Lewis
Zebulon York
Robert Doak Lilley
William Richard Terry
James Conner
Rufus Clay Barringer
John Smith Preston
Hylan Benton Lyon
William Lindsay Brandon
Bradley Tyler Johnson
James Thadeus Holtzclaw
William Felix Brantley
Robert Houston Anderson
Jacob Hunter Sharp
George Doherty Johnston
George Gibbs Dibrell
Thomas Benton Smith
David Addison Weisiger
William Miller
Philip Cook
William Hugh Young
George Washington Gordon
Lucius Jeremiah Gartrell
Walter Husted Stevens
Basil Wilson Duke
Charles Miller Shelley
Patrick Theodore Moore
William Henry Wallace
Gilbert Moxley Sorrel
William Henry Fitzhugh Payne
Peter Burwell Starke
William MacRae
Samuel Read Anderson
Josiah Gorgas
Joseph Benjamin Palmer
Dudley McIver Dubose
Robert Bullock
Benjamin Jefferson Hill
James Phillip Simms
William Lowther Jackson
James Edward Harrison
John Doby Kennedy
Richard Lee Turberville Beale
Thomas Harrison
William McComb
Robert Lowry
Milledge Luke Bonham
William Henry Forney
Thomas Muldrup Logan
Isaac Munroe St John
William Raine Peck
Reuben Lindsay Walker
William Paul Roberts
William Flank Perry
Tyree Harris Bell
Ellison Capers
Alexander William Campbell
Young Marshall Moody
Richard Montgomery Gano
Walter Paye Lane
William Polk Hardeman
Henry Gray
Richard Waterhouse

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