1864 September 2nd

September 2 1864 Friday

Occupation of Atlanta, GA

Lovejoy’s Station, GA

Siege of Atlanta

Siege of Petersburg

Sheridan’s Shenandoah Valley Campaign

Wheeler’s Second Tennessee Raid

Arkansas. Skirmish at the Tannery (Tanner’s) near Little Rock).

Arkansas. Skirmish eight miles from Quitman.

Arkansas USS Fawn, Acting Master Grace, and the transport Kate Hart left Devall’s Bluff during the afternoon on a second foray up the White River in pursuit of Confederate cavalry raiders. They embarked an accompanying army force in the transports Nevada, Commercial, and Celeste.

Arkansas. Confederate Major-General Sterling Price’s raiding force crossed the Arkansas River at Dardanelle, midway between Fort Smith and Little Rock, on their way towards Missouri. The Union garrisons did not venture out of their defences to oppose the northward progress of the Confederate column.

Georgia. Reconnaissance from Whiteside, Tennessee, to Sulphur Springs began.

Georgia. Incident at Big Shanty.

Atlanta, Georgia. Union Major-General Henry Wager Slocum and his XX Corps pushed forward to the edge of the Confederate fortifications surrounding Atlanta during the early morning, in order to investigate the cause of the loud explosions that had been heard overnight. The noise turned out to be caused by the destruction of 81 railroad cars full of ammunition, and five locomotives, along with other military stores. Between 4,000 and 5,000 buildings had been destroyed during the siege by artillery bombardment and the resulting fires. A committee of Mayor James Calhoun and Union-leaning citizens met a captain on Slocum’s staff and surrendered the city of Atlanta to Union Major-General William Tecumseh Sherman’s forces, in the form of Slocum’s XX Corps. Slocum’s troops moved in and occupied the city. Slocum also sent a telegraph to Washington, DC, to announce the victory. The news was electrifying, and it was later claimed that the timely fall of Atlanta, providing tangible evidence that the end of the war was in sight, secured the re-election of US President Abraham Lincoln.

Slocum immediately sent word to Sherman that Confederate General John Bell Hood had begun his retreat from the city at 5 pm the previous evening. He added that they were heading south in poor order along the McDonough Road, which ran east of the Macon & Western Railroad where Sherman’s main force was concentrated.

The entire Union campaign from Dalton to Atlanta had resulted in the deaths of 4,432 Union and 3,044 Confederate soldiers. A further 22,822 Union and 18,952 Confederate soldiers were wounded. A total of 17,335 men on both sides were captured or missing.

Georgia. Distressed by the command of Confederate General John Bell Hood, Lieutenant-General William Joseph Hardee requested and was granted a new assignment. Hood blamed Hardee for numerous delays and failures during his counter-attacks at Atlanta and was pleased that Hardee was relieved of command as his suborindate. Hardee would be sent in October to command the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida, from Savannah.

The Confederate Army of Tennessee was reorganised to reflect Hardee’s departure. Hardee’s former I Corps now had three divisions under Major-General Patrick Ronayne Cleburne, Major-General John Calvin Brown, and Major-General William Brimage Bate. Cleburne ascended temporarily to corps command. Lieutenant-General Stephen Dill Lee’s II Corps also had three divisions under Major-General Edward Johnson, Major-General Carter Littlepage Stevenson, and Major-General Henry De Lamar Clayton. Lieutenant-General Alexander Peter Stewart’s III Corps had three divisions under Major-General William Wing Loring, Major-General Samuel Gibb French, and Major-General Edward Cary Walthall. Brigadier-General William Hicks Jackson commanded the cavalry division operating with the army while Major-General Joseph Wheeler commanded the bulk of the cavalry currently raiding in Tennessee.

Lovejoy’s Station, Georgia. Union Major-General William Tecumseh Sherman awaited daybreak to conclude his destruction of the Confederate force at Jonesboro. The sound of explosions could be heard on the wind from Atlanta to the north, but it died down at about 4 am. Sherman did not know whether this was the sound of Major-General Henry Warner Slocum’s XX Corps making a demonstration, or attacking, or being attacked, on the outskirts of the city.

When dawn broke, the six corps of the Army of the Cumberland, the Army of the Ohio, and the Army of the Tennessee, advanced en masse towards Jonesboro and found the Confederate defences abandoned. By 8.30 am, Sherman received reports that the overnight explosions were the sound of the Confederates destroying their supplies and munitions as they evacuated Atlanta. By 10.25 am, further reports arrived to say that the Confederates were abandoning the city in panic and confusion.

Sherman resumed his pursuit of Confederate Lieutenant-General William Joseph Hardee’s Corps, which he found in a new position six miles south of Jonesboro at Lovejoy’s Station. Still unsure of the fate of Atlanta, or of Major-General Henry Warner Slocum’s lone XX Corps outside the city, Sherman was reluctant to attack Hardee in force and awaited further news. The Union IV Corps and XXIII Corps advanced about noon. They pushed back the enemy outposts and closed in on the partially completed Confederate earthworks. A probe of the Confederate lines at 4 pm was thrown back, proving that the Confederates had improvised entrenchments along a new defensive line. Part of Union Major-General David Sloan Stanley’s IV Corps gained a lodgement against Hardee’s front but was forced to withdraw. Sporadic but indecisive skirmishing persisted between the two forces. In due course, the Union troops were forced to withdraw from their advanced position.

Indian Territory. Incident at Verdegris Camp.

Kentucky. A Confederate raid to Owensboro resulted in the murder of a civilian and three Union soldiers after their surrender .

Kentucky. Incident at Union City.

Louisiana. Expedition to Bayou Natchez began.

Louisiana. USS Naiad, Acting Master Keene, engaged a Confederate battery near Rowe’s Landing and silenced it.

Missouri. Reconnaissance to Jackson County and Little Blue River began.

Missouri. Reconnaissance from Sedalia to Scott’s Ford on the Blackwater River (Blackwater Creek) began.

Missouri. Skirmish involving Union cavalry near Mount Vernon.

Tennessee. Reconnaissance from Whiteside to Sulphur Springs, Georgia, began.

Tennessee. Skirmishes at and near Union City.

Virginia. Union reconnaissance beyond Yellow Tavern on the Weldon Railroad.

Virginia. Incidents at Dutch Gap and Yellow Tavern.

West Virginia. Skirmish at Bunker Hill.

West Virginia. Skirmish at Darkesville.

Union Organisation

USA: Brigadier-General Rufus Saxton assumed command of the Northern District of the Department of the South, succeeding Brigadier-General Alexander Schimmelfennig.

Saxton, Rufus / Massachusetts / Born 19 October 1824 Greenfield, Massachusetts / Died Washington, District of Columbia 23 February 1908
USMA 1 July 1849 18/43 Artillery / Cadet USMA 1 July 1845 / 3rd US Artillery 1 July 1849 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 4th US Artillery 12 September 1850 / 1st Lieutenant USA 2 March 1855 / Captain USA Assistant Quartermaster 13 May 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 16 April 1862 to rank from 15 April 1862 / Assistant Inspector-General 23 January 1865 / Mustered Out USV 15 January 1866 / Major USA Quartermaster 29 July 1866 / Lieutenant-Colonel USA Deputy Quartermaster-General 6 June 1872 / Colonel USA Assistant Quartermaster-General 10 March 1882 / Retired USA 19 October 1888 / Brigadier-General USA Retired 23 April 1904 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1849 Brevet Major-General USV 12 January 1865 Brevet Major USA 13 March 1865 Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel USA 13 March 1865 Brevet Colonel USA 13 March 1865 Brevet Brigadier-General USA 13 March 1865 Medal of Honor 30 May 1862
Assistant Quartermaster Army of Southwest Missouri 1861 / Assistant Quartermaster Army of Occupation 1861 / Assistant Quartermaster Port Royal Expedition 9 September 1861-15 March 1862 / 2nd Division Department of the Shenandoah April 1862 / District of Beaufort South Carolina 25 April 1864-23 July 1865 / Northern District of the South 2 September 1864-3 October 1864 / Assistant Inspector-General Department of the South 23 January 1865-10 June 1865

Commander in Chief: President Abraham Lincoln

Vice-President: Hannibal Hamlin

Secretary of War: Edwin McMasters Stanton

Secretary of the Navy: Gideon Welles

North Atlantic Blockading Squadron: Samuel Phillips Lee
South Atlantic Blockading Squadron: John Adolphus Bernard Dahlgren
West Gulf Blockading Squadron: David Glasgow Farragut
East Gulf Blockading Squadron: Theodore Phinney Green
Pacific Squadron: John Berrien Montgomery
Mississippi River Squadron: Alexander Moseley Pennock
Potomac Flotilla: Andrew Allen Harwood

General–in-Chief: Ulysses Simpson Grant

Military Division of the Mississippi: William Tecumseh Sherman

  • Department of the Cumberland: George Henry Thomas
    • District of Tennessee: Lovell Harrison Rousseau
    • District of Western Kentucky: Eleazer Arthur Paine
    • District of Northern Alabama: Robert Seaman Granger
    • District of Etowah: James Blair Steedman
    • Army of the Cumberland: George Henry Thomas
      • IV Corps Cumberland: David Sloane Stanley
      • XIV Corps Cumberland: Jefferson Columbus Davis
      • XX Corps Cumberland: Henry Warner Slocum
      • Cavalry Corps Cumberland: Richard William Johnson temporary
  • Department of the Ohio: John McAllister Schofield
    • District of East Tennessee: Jacob Ammen
    • District of Kentucky: Stephen Gano Burbridge
    • Army of the Ohio: John McAllister Schofield
      • XXIII Corps Ohio: John McAllister Schofield
  • Department of the Tennessee: Oliver Otis Howard
    • District of West Tennessee: Benjamin Henry Grierson
      • Sub-District of Memphis: Ralph Pomeroy Buckland
    • District of Vicksburg: Napoleon Jackson Tecumseh Dana
    • Army of the Tennessee: Oliver Otis Howard
      • XV Corps Tennessee: John Alexander Logan
      • XVI Corps Tennessee: vacant
        • Right Wing XVI Corps Tennessee: Andrew Jackson Smith
        • Left Wing XVI Corps Tennessee: Thomas Edward Greenfield Ransom
      • XVII Corps Tennessee: Francis Preston Blair

Military Division of West Mississippi: Edward Richard Sprigg Canby

  • Department of Arkansas: Frederick Steele
    • District of Eastern Arkansas: William Crooks temporary
    • District of Little Rock: Eugene Asa Carr
    • District of the Frontier: John Milton Thayer
    • Army of Arkansas: Frederick Steele
      • VII Corps Arkansas: Frederick Steele
  • Department of the Gulf: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
    • District of Baton Rouge and Port Hudson: Francis Jay Herron
      • Sub-District of Baton Rouge: William Plummer Benton
      • Sub-District of Port Hudson: George Leonard Andrews
    • District of La Fourche: Robert Alexander Cameron
    • District of Morganza: Michael Kelly Lawler
    • District of Carrollton: Nelson B Bartram
    • District of West Florida: Alexander Asboth
    • District of Key West and Tortugas: vacant
    • Defences of New Orleans: Thomas West Sherman
    • Army of the Gulf: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
      • XIX Corps Gulf: Joseph Jones Reynolds
      • Reserve Corps Gulf: Gordon Granger
  • Department of the Missouri: William Starke Rosecrans
    • District of St Louis: Alfred Pleasonton
    • District of Southwest Missouri: John Benjamin Sanborn
    • District of North Missouri: Clinton Bowen Fisk
    • District of Central Missouri: Alfred Pleasonton
    • District of Rolla: John McNeil

Middle Military Division: Philip Henry Sheridan temporary

  • Middle Department: Lewis Wallace
    • District of Delaware: Samuel M Bowman
    • District of the Eastern Shore of Maryland: Henry Hayes Lockwood
    • VIII Corps Middle: Lewis Wallace
  • Department of the Susquehanna: Darius Nash Couch
    • Lehigh District: Franz Sigel
    • District of the Monongahela: Thomas Algeo Rowley
  • Department of Washington: Christopher Columbus Augur
    • District of St Mary’s: James Barnes
    • District of Alexandria: John Potts Slough
    • District of Washington: Moses N Wisewell
    • XXII Corps Washington: Christopher Columbus Augur
  • Department of Western Virginia: George Crook
    • District of Harper’s Ferry: John Dunlap Stevenson
    • Army of Western Virginia: George Crook
  • Army of the Shenandoah: Philip Henry Sheridan
    • VI Corps Shenandoah: Horatio Gouverneur Wright
    • Cavalry Corps Shenandoah: Alfred Thomas Archimedes Torbert

Department of the East: John Adams Dix

Department of Kansas: George Sykes

  • District of Nebraska Territory: Robert Byington Mitchell
  • District of North Kansas: Thomas Alfred Davies
  • District of South Kansas: George Sykes
  • District of the Upper Arkansas: James Gilpatrick Blunt
  • District of the Border: William Russell Judson
  • District of Colorado Territory: John Milton Chivington

Department of New Mexico: James Henry Carleton

  • District of Arizona: George Washington Bowie

Northern Department: Samuel Peter Heintzelman

  • District of Illinois: Halbert Eleazer Paine
  • District of Indiana: Alvin Peterson Hovey

Department of the Northwest: John Pope

  • District of Minnesota: Henry Hastings Sibley
  • District of Wisconsin: Thomas Church Haskell Smith
  • District of Iowa: Alfred Sully

Department of the Pacific: Irvin McDowell

  • District of California: George Wright
  • District of the Humboldt: Stephen Girard Whipple
  • District of Oregon: Benjamin Alvord
  • District of Southern California: James Freeman Curtis
  • District of Utah: Patrick Edward Connor

Department of the Potomac: George Gordon Meade

  • Army of the Potomac: John Grubb Parke
    • II Corps Potomac: Winfield Scott Hancock
    • V Corps Potomac: Gouverneur Kemble Warren
    • IX Corps Potomac: Orlando Bolivar Willcox temporary
    • Cavalry Corps Potomac: David McMurtrie Gregg

Department of the South: John Gray Foster

  • Northern District (South): Rufus Saxton
  • District of Beaufort (SC): Rufus Saxton
  • District of Hilton Head: Edward Elmer Potter temporary
  • District of Florida: John Porter Hatch

Department of Virginia and North Carolina: Edward Otho Cresap Ord

  • District of Eastern Virginia: George Foster Shepley
  • District of Currituck: Samuel Henry Roberts
  • District of North Carolina: Innis Newton Palmer
    • Sub-District of Beaufort NC: Thomas Jonathan Coffin Amory
    • Sub-District of New Bern: Edward Harland
  • Army of the James: Benjamin Franklin Butler
    • X Corps James: David Bell Birney
    • XVIII Corps James: Edward Otho Cresap Ord

Confederate Organisation

CSA: Major-General Patrick Ronayne Cleburne assumed temporary command of I Corps (Tennessee), succeeding Lieutenant-General William Joseph Hardee.

Cleburne, Patrick Ronayne / Ireland-Arkansas / Born 17 March 1828 Desertmore, Co Cork, Ireland / KIA Franklin, Tennessee 30 November 1864
Private 41st Regiment of Foot British Army 27 February 1846 / Corporal British Army 1 July 1849 / Discharged British Army 22 September 1849 / Private Arkansas Militia 1860 / Captain Arkansas Militia January 1861 / Colonel 1st Arkansas Militia 14 May 1861 / Colonel PACS 1st Arkansas Infantry 23 July 1861 / 15th Arkansas Infantry 15 October 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 5 March 1862 to rank from 4 March 1862 / Major-General PACS 20 December 1862 to rank from 13 December 1862 / WIA Richmond 30 August 1862 WIA Perryville 8 October 1862
2nd Brigade 1st Division Army of Central Kentucky 28 October 1861-29 March 1862 / 2nd Brigade III Corps Army of Mississippi 29 March 1862-15 August 1862 / 2nd Brigade 3rd Division Left Wing Army of Mississippi 15 August 1862-August 1862 / 2nd Brigade 3rd Division Left Wing Army of Mississippi September 1862-8 October 1862 / 2nd Brigade 1st Division II Corps Army of Tennessee 20 November 1862-14 December 1862 / 1st Division II Corps Army of Tennessee 14 December 1862-30 December 1862 / 2nd Division II Corps Army of Tennessee 30 December 1862-10 August 1863 / 1st Division II Corps Right Wing Army of Tennessee 10 August 1863-September 1863 / I Corps Tennessee1 October 1863-23 October 1863 / 1st Division I Corps Army of the Tennessee 23 October 1863-2 December 1863 / I Corps Tennessee 2 December 1863-27 December 1863 / 1st Division I Corps Army of the Tennessee 27 December 1863-31 August 1864 / I Corps Tennessee 31 August 1864-2 September 1864 / 1st Division I Corps Army of the Tennessee 2 September 1864-30 November 1864

CSA: Walter Husted Stevens confirmed Brigadier-General PACS (Special), 2 September 1864 to rank from 28 August 1864.

Stevens, Walter Husted / New York / Born 24 August 1827 Penn Yan, New York / Died Vera Cruz, Mexico 12 November 1867
USMA 1 July 1848 4/38 Engineers / Cadet USMA 1 July 1844 / Engineers 1 July 1848 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 28 May 1853 / 1st Lieutenant USA 1 July 1855 / Dismissed USA 2 May 1861 / Captain ACSA Engineers 16 March 1861 / Major ACSA 16 March 1861 / Lieutenant-Colonel PACS 31 January 1862 / Colonel PACS 3 March 1863 / Brigadier-General PACS (Special) 2 September 1864 to rank from 28 August 1864 / Paroled Appomattox, Virginia 9 April 1865 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1848
Chief Engineer Army of Pensacola April 1861 / Chief Engineer Army of the Potomac June 1861-14 March 1862 / Chief Engineer Army of Northern Virginia 14 March 1862-1 June 1862 / Chief Engineer Department of Richmond 1 June 1862-February 1864 / Defences of Richmond February 1864-20 July 1864 / Chief Engineer Army of Northern Virginia 20 July 1864-9 April 1865

CSA: Brigadier-General John Herbert Kelly was mortally wounded at Franklin, Tennessee.

Kelly, John Herbert / Alabama / Born 31 March 1840 Carrollton, Alabama / DOW Franklin, Tennessee 4 September 1864
USMA 1857-1860 / Cadet USMA 1 July 1857 / Resigned USMA 29 December 1860 / 2nd Lieutenant ACSA Artillery 16 March 1861 / Assistant Adjutant-General 1861 / Captain PACS Assistant Adjutant-General 5 October 1861 / Major PACS 14th Arkansas Infantry (9th Battalion) 23 September 1861 / Colonel PACS 8th Arkansas Infantry 5 May 1862 November 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 17 November 1863 to rank from 16 November 1863 / WIA Stones River 31 December 1862 MWIA Franklin 2 September 1864
Kelly’s Brigade Preston’s Division III Corps Army of Tennessee September 1863 / Kelly’s Brigade Buckner’s Division I Corps Army of Tennessee October 1863 / 4th Division Cavalry Corps Army of Tennessee 31 October 1863-2 September 1864

Commander in Chief: President Jefferson Finis Davis

Vice-President: Alexander Hamilton Stephens

Secretary of War: James Alexander Seddon

Secretary of the Navy: Stephen Russell Mallory

Military Adviser to the President: Braxton Bragg

Department of Alabama, Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana: Dabney Herndon Maury interim Richard Taylor awaited

  • District of Mississippi and East Louisiana: George Baird Hodge
  • Gulf District: Dabney Herndon Maury
  • District of Northern Alabama: Daniel Weisiger Adams
  • District of West Tennessee: Nathan Bedford Forrest

Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard

  • First District of North Carolina and Southern Virginia: Henry Alexander Wise
  • Second District of North Carolina and Southern Virginia: Laurence Simmons Baker
  • Third District of North Carolina and Southern Virginia: William Henry Chase Whiting

Department of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee

  • Army of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee
    • I Corps Northern Virginia: Richard Heron Anderson temporary
    • III Corps Northern Virginia: Ambrose Powell Hill
    • Cavalry Northern Virginia: Wade Hampton
  • Valley District: Jubal Anderson Early
    • Army of the Valley (II Corps Northern Virginia): Jubal Anderson Early
      • I Corps Valley: Robert Emmett Rodes
      • II Corps Valley: John Cabell Breckinridge

Department of Richmond: Richard Stoddert Ewell

Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida: Samuel Jones

  • District of Georgia: Henry Rootes Jackson
  • District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
    • 1st Sub-District of South Carolina: Nathan George Evans
    • 2nd Sub-District of South Carolina: Beverley Holcombe Robertson
    • 3rd Sub-District of South Carolina: Lafayette McLaws
    • 4th Sub-District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
    • 6th Sub-District of South Carolina: Henry Alexander Wise
    • 7th Sub-District of South Carolina: William Booth Taliaferro
  • District of Florida: John King Jackson
  • Defences of Savannah: Lafayette McLaws

Department of Tennessee and Georgia: John Bell Hood

  • District of Western North Carolina: James Green Martin
  • Army of Tennessee: John Bell Hood
    • I Corps Tennessee: Patrick Ronayne Cleburne temporary
    • II Corps Tennessee: Stephen Dill Lee
    • III Corps Tennessee: Alexander Peter Stewart temporary
    • Cavalry Corps Tennessee: Joseph Wheeler

Trans-Allegheny Department: John Echols temporary

Trans-Mississippi Department: Edmund Kirby Smith

  • District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: John George Walker
    • Western Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: Thomas Fenwick Drayton
      • Sub-District of the Rio Grande: Hamilton Prioleau Bee
    • Eastern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: William Steele
    • Sub-District of Houston: Xavier Blanchard Debray
    • Northern Sub-District Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: Henry Eustace McCullough
  • District of Arkansas: John Bankhead Magruder
  • District of West Louisiana: Simon Bolivar Buckner
  • District of Indian Territory: Douglas Hancock Cooper
  • Trans-Mississippi Army: Edmund Kirby Smith
    • I Corps Trans-Mississippi: Simon Bolivar Buckner
    • II Corps Trans-Mississippi: John Bankhead Magruder
    • III Corps Trans-Mississippi: John George Walker
    • Cavalry Corps Trans-Mississippi: Sterling Price

Reserve Forces of Alabama: Jones Mitchell Withers

Reserve Forces of Florida: John King Jackson

Reserve Forces of Georgia: Thomas Howell Cobb

Reserve Forces of Mississippi: William Lindsay Brandon

Reserve Forces of North Carolina: Theophilus Hunter Holmes

Reserve Forces of South Carolina: James Chesnut

Reserve Forces of Tennessee: John Cabell Breckinridge

Reserve Forces of Texas: Jerome Bonaparte Robertson

Reserve Forces of Virginia: James Lawson Kemper

Union Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

Lieutenant-General USA

Ulysses Simpson Grant

Major-General USA

George Brinton McClellan
Henry Wager Halleck
William Tecumseh Sherman
George Gordon Meade

Major-General USV

Asterisk indicates concurrently Brigadier-General USA

John Adams Dix
Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
Benjamin Franklin Butler
David Hunter
Ethan Allen Hitchcock
Irvin McDowell*
Ambrose Everett Burnside
William Starke Rosecrans*
John Pope*
Samuel Ryan Curtis
Franz Sigel
John Alexander McClernand
Lewis Wallace
George Henry Thomas*
George Cadwalader
Edward Otho Cresap Ord
Samuel Peter Heintzelman
Joseph Hooker*
Silas Casey
William Buel Franklin
Darius Nash Couch
Henry Warner Slocum
John James Peck
Alexander McDowell McCook
Thomas Leonidas Crittenden
John Gray Foster
John Grubb Parke
Christopher Columbus Augur
Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
Gordon Granger
Lovell Harrison Rousseau
George Stoneman
Oliver Otis Howard
Daniel Edgar Sickles
Robert Huston Milroy
Daniel Butterfield
Winfield Scott Hancock*
George Sykes
David Sloane Stanley
James Scott Negley
John McAllister Schofield
John McAuley Palmer
Frederick Steele
Abner Doubleday
Napoleon Jackson Tecumseh Dana
John Alexander Logan
James Gilpatrick Blunt
George Lucas Hartsuff
Cadwallader Colden Washburn
Francis Jay Herron
Francis Preston Blair
Joseph Jones Reynolds
Philip Henry Sheridan
Julius Stahel
Carl Schurz
Gouverneur Kemble Warren
David Bell Birney
Alfred Pleasonton
Andrew Atkinson Humphreys
Quincy Adams Gillmore
William Farrar Smith
James Blair Steedman
Edward Richard Sprigg Canby
Horatio Gouverneur Wright
Andrew Jackson Smith
Grenville Mellen Dodge
John Gibbon
Peter Joseph Osterhaus
Joseph Antony Mower

Brigadier-General USA

Brackets indicates concurrently Major-General USV

(Irvin McDowell)
(William Starke Rosecrans)
Philip St George Cooke
(John Pope)
(Joseph Hooker)
(George Henry Thomas)
(Winfield Scott Hancock)

Brigadier-General USV

Thomas West Sherman
Benjamin Franklin Kelley
Jacob Dolson Cox
Alpheus Starkey Williams
James Brewerton Ricketts
Orlando Bolivar Willcox
Henry Hayes Lockwood
George Webb Morell
John Henry Martindale
Samuel Davis Sturgis
Henry Washington Benham
William Farquhar Barry
Lawrence Pike Graham
Eleazar Arthur Paine
William Thomas Ward
John Gross Barnard
Innis Newton Palmer
Seth Williams
John Newton
George Wright
John Milton Brannan
John Porter Hatch
Albin Francisco Schoepf
Thomas John Wood
Richard W Johnson
Adolph Wilhelm August Friedrich Von Steinwehr
George Washington Cullum
Thomas Jefferson McKean
Zealous Bates Tower
Jefferson Columbus Davis
James Henry Lane
William Scott Ketchum
John Wynn Davidson
Eugene Asa Carr
Thomas Alfred Davies
William Hemsley Emory
Marsena Rudolph Patrick
Orris Sanford Ferry
Henry Moses Judah
John Cook
John McArthur
Jacob Gartner Lauman
Horatio Phillips Van Cleve
Speed Smith Fry
Alexander Asboth
James Craig
Mahlon Dickerson Manson
Robert Byington Mitchell
Cuvier Grover
Rufus Saxton
Benjamin Alvord
Napoleon Bonaparte Buford
Nathan Kimball
Charles Devens
Samuel Wylie Crawford
Henry Walton Wessells
Milo Smith Hascall
John White Geary
Alfred Howe Terry
James Henry Carleton
Absalom Baird
John Cleveland Robinson
Truman Seymour
Henry Prince
Maximilian Weber
Jeremiah Cutler Sullivan
Alvin Peterson Hovey
James Clifford Veatch
William Plummer Benton
John Curtis Caldwell
Neal Dow
George Sears Greene
Samuel Powhatan Carter
Erastus Barnard Tyler
Charles Griffin
George Henry Gordon
Julius White
Stephen Gano Burbridge
Washington Lafayette Elliott
Albion Parris Howe
Benjamin Stone Roberts
Jacob Ammen
Fitz-Henry Warren
Morgan Lewis Smith
Charles Cruft
Frederick Salomon
John Basil Turchin
Henry Shaw Briggs
James Dada Morgan
Johann August Ernst Willich
Henry Dwight Terry
George Foster Shepley
John Reese Kenly
John Potts Slough
Godfrey Weitzel
George Crook
Gershom Mott
Henry Jackson Hunt
Francis Channing Barlow
Mason Brayman
Nathaniel James Jackson
George Washington Getty
Alfred Sully
William Woods Averell
Francis Barretto Spinola
Solomon Meredith
Eliakim Parker Scammon
Robert Seaman Granger
Joseph Rodman West
Alfred Washington Ellet
George Leonard Andrews
Clinton Bowen Fisk
William Hays
Israel Vogdes
David Allen Russell
Lewis Cass Hunt
Frank Wheaton
John Sanford Mason
David McMurtrie Gregg
Robert Ogden Tyler
Alfred Thomas Archimedes Torbert
Gilman Marston
William Dwight
Sullivan Amory Meredith
Nathaniel Collins McLean
William Vandever
Alexander Schimmelfennig
Charles Kinnaird Graham
John Eugene Smith
Joseph Tarr Copeland
Charles Adam Heckman
Edward Elmer Potter
Henry Beebee Carrington
John Haskell King
Adam Jacoby Slemmer
Thomas Hewson Neill
Thomas Gamble Pitcher
Thomas William Sweeny
William Passmore Carlin
Romeyn Beck Ayres
William Babcock Hazen
Richard Arnold
Edward Winslow Hinks
Michael Kelly Lawler
George Day Wagner
Lysander Cutler
Joseph Farmer Knipe
John Dunlap Stevenson
James Barnes
Edward Harland
Samuel Beatty
Isaac Jones Wistar
Franklin Stillman Nickerson
Edward Henry Hobson
Ralph Pomeroy Buckland
Joseph Dana Webster
William Harrow
William Hopkins Morris
Thomas Howard Ruger
Thomas Edward Greenfield Ransom
Elias Smith Dennis
Thomas Church Haskell Smith
Mortimer Dormer Leggett
Davis Tillson
Albert Lindley Lee
Marcellus Monroe Crocker
Egbert Benson Brown
John McNeil
George Francis McGinnis
Hugh Boyle Ewing
James Winning McMillan
Daniel Ullmann
George Jerrison Stannard
Henry Baxter
John Milton Thayer
Charles Thomas Campbell
Halbert Eleazer Paine
Robert Brown Potter
Thomas Ewing
Joseph Andrew Jackson Lightburn
Henry Hastings Sibley
Joseph Bradford Carr
Joseph Jackson Bartlett
Patrick Edward Connor
John Parker Hawkins
Gabriel René Paul
Edward Augustus Wild
Adelbert Ames
William Birney
Daniel Henry Rucker
Robert Allen
Rufus Ingalls
Alexander Shaler
Benjamin Henry Grierson
Robert Sanford Foster
Hugh Judson Kilpatrick
Alexander Stewart Webb
Alfred Napoleon Alexander Duffié
Walter Chiles Whitaker
Wesley Merritt
George Armstrong Custer
William Denison Whipple
John Converse Starkweather
Kenner Garrard
Charles Robert Woods
John Benjamin Sanborn
Giles Alexander Smith
Jasper Adalmorn Maltby
Thomas Kilby Smith
Walter Quintin Gresham
Manning Ferguson Force
Robert Alexander Cameron
John Murray Corse
John Aaron Rawlins
Alvan Cullem Gillem
John Wesley Turner
Henry Eugene Davies
Andrew Jackson Hamilton
Henry Warner Birge
James Hewitt Ledlie
James Harrison Wilson
Adin Ballou Underwood
Augustus Louis Chetlain
Thomas Francis Meagher
William Anderson Pile
John Wallace Fuller
John Franklin Miller
Philippe Régis Dénis de Keredern De Trobriand
Cyrus Bussey
Christopher Columbus Andrews
Hiram Burnham
Edward Moody McCook
Lewis Addison Grant
Edward Hatch
August Valentine Kautz
Francis Fessenden
John Rutter Brooke
John Frederick Hartranft
Samuel Sprigg Carroll
Simon Goodell Griffin
Emory Upton
Nelson Appleton Miles
Joseph Hayes
Byron Root Pierce
Selden Connor
Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain
Elliott Warren Rice
William Francis Bartlett
Thomas Algeo Rowley
Edward Stuyvesant Bragg
Martin Davis Hardin
Charles Jackson Paine
Gustavus Adolphus De Russy
John Baillie McIntosh
George Henry Chapman
William Grose
Joseph Alexander Cooper
John Thomas Croxton
John Wilson Sprague
James William Reilly
Luther Prentice Bradley
Charles Carroll Walcutt
William Worth Belknap
Powell Clayton
Joseph Abel Haskin
James Deering Fessenden
Daniel Davidson Bidwell
Eli Long

Brigadier-General USA (Staff)

Montgomery Cunningham Meigs (Quartermaster-General)
Lorenzo Thomas
George Douglas Ramsay (Ordnance)
James Barnet Fry (Provost Marshal)
Richard Delafield (Engineers)
Joseph Holt (Judge Advocate-General)
Amos Beebe Eaton (Commissary-General of Subsistence)
Joseph K Barnes (Surgeon-General)

Confederate Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission


Samuel Cooper
Robert Edward Lee
Joseph Eggleston Johnston
Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
Braxton Bragg
Edmund Kirby Smith
John Bell Hood

Lieutenant-General PACS

James Longstreet
Theophilus Hunter Holmes
William Joseph Hardee
Richard Stoddert Ewell
Ambrose Powell Hill
Richard Taylor
Jubal Anderson Early
Richard Heron Anderson
Alexander Peter Stewart
Stephen Dill Lee

Major-General PACS

Benjamin Huger
John Bankhead Magruder
Mansfield Lovell
William Wing Loring
Sterling Price
Benjamin Franklin Cheatham
Samuel Jones
John Porter McCown
Daniel Harvey Hill
Thomas Carmichael Hindman
John Cabell Breckinridge
Lafayette McLaws
Simon Bolivar Buckner
Samuel Gibbs French
George Edward Pickett
Carter Littlepage Stevenson
John Horace Forney
Dabney Herndon Maury
Martin Luther Smith
John George Walker
Arnold Elzey
Patrick Ronayne Cleburne
Franklin Gardner
Isaac Ridgeway Trimble
Joseph Wheeler
Edward Johnson
William Henry Chase Whiting
Robert Emmett Rodes
Henry Heth
Robert Ransom
Jones Mitchell Withers
Cadmus Marcellus Wilcox
Wade Hampton
Fitzhugh Lee
Howell Cobb
John Austin Wharton
William Thompson Martin
Nathan Bedford Forrest
Charles William Field
James Patton Anderson
William Brimage Bate
Camille Armand Jules Marie de Polignac
Robert Frederick Hoke
William Henry Fitzhugh Lee
James Fleming Fagan
John Brown Gordon
Joseph Brevard Kershaw
Bushrod Rust Johnson
Stephen Dodson Ramseur
Edward Cary Walthall
Henry Delamar Clayton
William Mahone
John Calvin Brown
Lunsford Lindsay Lomax

Brigadier-General PACS

Alexander Robert Lawton
Henry Alexander Wise
Henry Hopkins Sibley
John Henry Winder
Gideon Johnson Pillow
Daniel Ruggles
Roswell Sabine Ripley
Paul Octave Hébert
Albert Gallatin Blanchard
Gabriel James Rains
Thomas Fenwick Drayton
Nathan George Evans
James Heyward Trapier
Hugh Weedon Mercer
William Montgomery Gardner
Raleigh Edward Colston
John King Jackson
George Wythe Randolph
James Ronald Chalmers
Daniel Leadbetter
William Whann Mackall
Winfield Scott Featherston
Thomas James Churchill
William Booth Taliaferro
Albert Rust
Samuel Bell Maxey
Hamilton Prioleau Bee
James Morrison Hawes
George Hume Steuart
James Edwin Slaughter
Seth Maxwell Barton
Henry Eustace McCullough
John Selden Roane
States Rights Gist
William Nelson Pendleton
Joseph Finegan
William Nelson Rector Beall
Thomas Jordan
William Preston
John Echols
George Earl Maney
John Stuart Williams
James Green Martin
Thomas Lanier Clingman
Daniel Weisiger Adams
Louis Hébert
Ambrose Ransom Wright
James Lawson Kemper
James Jay Archer
Beverley Holcombe Robertson
St John Richardson Liddell
Johnson Hagood
Harry Thompson Hays
Matthew Duncan Ector
Edward Aylesworth Perry
John Gregg
Alfred Holt Colquitt
Abraham Buford
William Steele
Francis Asbury Shoup
Joseph Robert Davis
John Crawford Vaughn
Evander McIvor Law
Elkanah Brackin Greer
Francis Redding Tillou Nicholls
Alfred Cumming
William Stephen Walker
Montgomery Dent Corse
George Thomas Anderson
Alfred Iverson
James Henry Lane
Edward Lloyd Thomas
John Rogers Cooke
Jerome Bonaparte Robertson
Evander McNair
Archibald Gracie
William Robertson Boggs
James Camp Tappan
Dandridge McRae
Mosby Monroe Parsons
John Pegram
John Sappington Marmaduke
John Hunt Morgan
Marcus Joseph Wright
Zachariah Cantey Deas
John Adams
William Hicks Jackson
James Cantey
Henry Lewis Benning
William Tatum Wofford
Samuel McGowan
Marcellus Augustus Stovall
George Blake Cosby
Francis Crawford Armstrong
William Lewis Cabell
John Daniel Imboden
Alfred Eugene Jackson
Robert Brank Vance
Arthur Middleton Manigault
Douglas Hancock Cooper
John Wilkins Whitfield
James Alexander Walker
Matthew Whitaker Ransom
Alfred Moore Scales
George Washington Custis Lee
Henry Harrison Walker
Gabriel Colvin Wharton
Francis Marion Cockrell
James Patrick Major
Samuel Wragg Ferguson
Laurence Simmons Baker
Otho French Strahl
Philip Dale Roddey
Eppa Hunton
Thomas Pleasant Dockery
Benjamin Grubb Humphreys
Henry Brevard Davidson
Cullen Andrews Battle
William Andrew Quarles
William Whedbee Kirkland
Goode Bryan
Matthew Calbraith Butler
Williams Carter Wickham
Robert Daniel Johnston
Alexander Welch Reynolds
Thomas Neville Waul
Edmund Winston Pettus
Armistead Lindsay Long
Henry Rootes Jackson
William Wirt Adams
Thomas Lafayette Rosser
Pierce Manning Butler Young
James Argyle Smith
Joseph Horace Lewis
Mark Perrin Lowrey
Edward Higgins
John Tyler Morgan
John Herbert Kelly
William Young Conn Humes
Jesse Johnson Finley
James Holt Clanton
Alfred Jefferson Vaughan
Joseph Orville Shelby
Lawrence Sullivan Ross
Daniel Chevilette Govan
Randall Lee Gibson
Nathaniel Harrison Harris
Allen Thomas
Alexander Travis Hawthorn
Robert Charles Tyler
Edward Porter Alexander
William Wirt Allen
Hiram Bronson Granbury
Claudius Wistar Sears
William Feimster Tucker
Richard Lucian Page
Alpheus Baker
Daniel Harris Reynolds
James Chesnut
Stand Watie
Samuel Jameson Gholson
John Bratton
Thomas Moore Scott
John McCausland
Clement Anselm Evans
William Terry
Bryan Grimes
Martin Witherspoon Gary
Birkett Davenport Fry
Stephen Elliott
William Ruffin Cox
William Gaston Lewis
Zebulon York
Robert Doak Lilley
William Richard Terry
James Conner
Rufus Clay Barringer
John Smith Preston
Hylan Benton Lyon
William Lindsay Brandon
Bradley Tyler Johnson
James Thadeus Holtzclaw
John Carpenter Carter
William Felix Brantley
Robert Houston Anderson
Jacob Hunter Sharp
George Doherty Johnston
George Gibbs Dibrell
Thomas Benton Smith
David Addison Weisiger
William Miller
Philip Cook
William Hugh Young
George Washington Gordon
Lucius Jeremiah Gartrell
Walter Husted Stevens
Richard Waterhouse

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