1864 October 27th

October 27 1864 Thursday

Roanoke River, NC

Plymouth, NC

Battle of Fair Oaks and Darbytown Road, VA (CWSAC Formative Battle – Confederate Victory)

Battle of Boydton Plank Road, VA (CWSAC Major Battle – Inconclusive)

Siege of Petersburg – Boydton Plank Road

Sheridan’s Shenandoah Valley Campaign

Hood’s Operations in Northern Alabama – Siege of Decatur

Price’s Missouri Raid

Alabama. Incidents at Cedar Bluff and Little River.

Alabama. Confederate General John Bell Hood was frustrated in his plan to cross the Tennessee River at Decatur. He encircled the town with his army and began to reconnoitre the Union defences. The Union picket line was broken but it was reinstated by a counter-attack. During the night, three Confederate brigades moved into a ravine near the Union positions and dug a line of rifle pits in preparation for an attack.

Arkansas. Reconnaissance from Pine Bluff to Mount Elba ended.

Georgia. Incidents at Lawrenceville.

Georgia. Skirmishes at Trickum’s Ferry and Trickum’s Cross Roads.

Louisiana. Reconnaissance from Vidalia to York Plantation ended.

Missouri. Confederate Major-General Sterling Price’s retreating expedition reached Carthage during the morning and was allowed a full day of rest.

Roanoke River, North Carolina. A boat expedition commanded by Lieutenant William Barker Cushing USN made an audacious attempt to destroy the ironclad CSS Albemarle, Lieutenant Alexander P Warley,  at Plymouth on the Roanoke River. Cushing had prepared two screw-driven steam picket launches, each fitted with a fourteen-foot spar torpedo and a 12-pounder howitzer in the bow. Seven men volunteered for the special mission, which had been kept a secret until this point, and a further seven men volunteered from the blockading fleet. One of the picket boats had been lost in a storm on the Chesapeake Bay on 8 October but the other arrived in the sounds of North Carolina on 24 October. Cushing’s boat set off during the night of 26 October but grounded at the mouth of the Roanoke River, and the hours of darkness were spent freeing the craft. The attack was postponed until 27 October.

On a dark and foul night, Cushing and his crew made their second audacious attempt. They approached the Southfield, a steamer that had been captured by the Confederates and sunk as an obstacle in the Roanoke below the ironclad’s berth. The picket boat towed a cutter from USS Shamrock ready to board the Southfield in order to prevent the alarm being sounded by its sentries. The expedition passed silently within twenty feet of Southfield without being detected and quickly covered the eight miles between Albemarle Sound and Plymouth.

The raiders originally hoped to board CSS Albemarle to capture the ram but they were spotted by a sentry and so they headed straight for the ship to destroy it with the torpedo. Cushing’s boat approached under heavy fire from the ship and from the shore but discovered a large boom of protective logs surrounding the Confederate ship. This was far enough away from the ship to prevent the use of the extended spar torpedo. The boat was turned around and made a second run at the obstructions at full speed. The howitzer was fired at the iron ship and unexpectedly the boat lurched over the log barrier from the recoil.

The torpedo boom was lowered manually and exploded against the ship just as the CSS Albemarle opened fire with its main gun. The torpedo blew a gaping hole in the port quarter of CSS Albemarle and the ship began to sink rapidly. The Union launch was wrecked by grapeshot from the Confederate gun, but Cushing refused to surrender and ordered his men to save themselves by swimming ashore. Only Cushing and one other man escaped death or capture. Escaping its pursuers, Cushing found himself near a Confederate picket station the following night. He stole their skiff and rowed eight miles downstream back to Albemarle Sound, where he was picked up by USS Valley City on 29 October.

The destruction of the ironclad CSS Albemarle opened the way for the capture of Plymouth and restored control of the entire Roanoke River area to the Union fleet. It also released some of the ships that had been guarding against the ram to resume work on blockade duties.

Tennessee. Incident at Clinch Mountain,

Tennessee. Skirmish at Panther Springs.

Tennessee. Skirmish at Mossy Creek.

Tennessee. Confederate guerrillas launched an unsuccessful attack on the steamer Belle Saint Louis at Fort Randolph.

Virginia. Skirmishes at Fort Morton and Fort Sedgwick.

Boydton Plank Road, Virginia, also known as Hatcher’s Run, or Boydton Road, or Burgess’ Farm, or Burgess’ Mill, or Vaughan Road, or First Hatcher’s Run. Union Lieutenant-General Ulysses Simpson Grant ordered an operation to cut the Boydton Plank Road and the Southside Railroad southwest of Petersburg. These were the primary lines of supply for the Confederate army at Richmond and Petersburg. Having failed previously in a similar attempt with two corps Grant now decided to use three corps. He pulled 43,000 of the 57,000 men available men out of the Petersburg trenches to carry out his offensive plans. He directed Union Major-General Winfield Scott Hancock to cross Hatcher’s Run on the Vaughan Road with two divisions from II Corps. He was next to head north at the first cross road to the Boydton Plank Road. Union Major-General John Grubb Parke was to attack the enemy entrenchments with 11,000 men from IX Corps north of Hatcher’s Run. Union Major-General Gouverneur Kemble Warren, in the centre, was to support IX Corps with 11,000 men from his V Corps. If Parke’s attack penetrated the Confederate line, Warren was to support him and carry forward the attack through the gap. If Parke failed, Warren was to attack the Confederate lines south of Hatcher’s Run instead.

The march out of the trenches and towards the Boydton Plank Road began at 7.30 am with Brigadier-General David McMurtrie Gregg’s cavalry division screening the right flank. Hancock marched across Hatcher’s Run, brushed aside the Confederate pickets, and moved around the Confederate flank towards Burgess Mill. Brigadier-General Gershom Mott’s division of II Corps crossed the Boydton Plank Road and attacked Major-General Wade Hampton’s Confederate cavalry, threatening to cut it off from the main Confederate lines.

Confederate Lieutenant-General Ambrose Powell Hill, who commanded the Confederate defence in the area, reacted quickly to Hancock’s threat. However, once his units had been set in motion, Hill found his poor health unequal to the task of field command and he turned over the direction of his corps to Major-General Henry Heth. Heth put two divisions in Hancock’s path, but the Union commander drove relentlessly up the Boydton Plank Road and pushed aside these opposing Confederates. Meanwhile, the attacks by IX Corps and V Corps north of Hatcher’s Run failed to penetrate Confederate lines held by Major-General Cadmus Marcellus Wilcox’s division.

At this time both Grant and Major-General George Gordon Meade rode out to the battlefield, where Meade immediately noticed a gap between Hancock’s II Corps and Warren’s V Corps. With the Southside Railroad still six miles away, Meade realised that continuing the advance would only further isolate the II Corps, and so he ordered Hancock to halt. Warren ordered Brigadier-General Samuel Wylie Crawford’s division (3/V) to cross to the southern bank of Hatcher’s Run and to attack along it in order to restore the link with the II Corps. However, Crawford’s troops became caught up in the dense woods and difficulties in maintaining direction or forward progress caused them to fail in their attempt. Grant made a personal reconnaissance of the Confederate works and, after coming under fire, determined that the Confederates were too strong and called off the offensive.

Having never linked up with Crawford’s division, Hancock’s corps returned to Hatcher’s Run crossing but found it blocked by Confederate cavalry. This left the Union II Corps isolated on the north side of Hatcher’s Run without support and Heth and Hampton saw an opportunity to destroy the vulnerable II Corps. They launched a counter-attack against Hancock’s exposed positions near Burgess’ Mill with two divisions, led by Heth himself and Major-General William Mahone, supported by part of Hampton’s cavalry. Hancock’s only line of retreat was the Dabney Mill Road, for which Heth was now aiming. Late in the afternoon, Mahone’s division attacked through the same woods that had delayed Crawford and seized the Dabney Mill Road, while a Confederate cavalry division under Major-General William Henry Fitzhugh Lee moved up behind the Union forces. Mahone moved so far around the Union flank that Brigadier-General Thomas Washington Egan’s division of II Corps was forced to completely change its front. Hancock was now surrounded on three sides with no evident line of retreat. Hancock did not panic but seized back the initiative by ordering an attack against both Confederate flanks. Mahone had almost been too successful and found his division isolated in turn by the counterattack.

Hampton failed to hold off the Union cavalry and Union Brigadier-General David McMurtrie Gregg was able to move up and aid in routing Mahone. The tables were turned and the Confederates, now threatened with encirclement themselves, broke off the fight and retreated up the Boydton Plank Road. Hancock retained his hold on the Boydton Plank Road, but his position was very unstable. Grant left to Hancock the decision whether to remain or withdraw to the initial Union lines. It was almost impossible to reinforce or re-supply Hancock, so he withdrew his troops overnight to their original position. The Confederates regained control of the Boydton Plank Road and the two exhausted armies settled into winter quarters, occupying their present lines north and south of the James River.

Total casualties were estimated as 2,900 men. The Union lost 1,194 men killed and wounded and 564 missing out of 42,823 men engaged. The Confederates committed 20,324 men and their losses were estimated at about 900 to 1,200 men. (CWSAC Major Battle – Inconclusive)

UNION ORDER OF BATTLE: BOYDTON PLANK ROAD, VA

Union General-in-Chief: Lieutenant-General Ulysses Simpson Grant
Department of the Potomac: Major-General George Gordon Meade
Army of the Potomac: Major-General George Gordon Meade
II Corps (Potomac): Major-General Winfield Scott Hancock
2nd Division, II Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Thomas Wilberforce Egan
1st Brigade, 2nd Division, II Corps (Potomac): Lieutenant-Colonel H P Rugg
2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, II Corps (Potomac): Colonel J M Willett
3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, II Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Thomas Alfred Smyth
3rd Division, II Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Gershom Mott
1st Brigade, 3rd Division, II Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Philippe Régis Dénis de Keredern de Trobriand
2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, II Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Byron Root Pierce
3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, II Corps (Potomac): Colonel Robert McAllister
2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, II Corps (Potomac): Major H McFadden
3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, II Corps (Potomac): Major George Pomutz

CONFEDERATE ORDER OF BATTLE: FORCES IN VIRGINIA

Confederate Department of Northern Virginia: General Robert Edward Lee
Army of Northern Virginia: General Robert Edward Lee
I Corps (Northern Virginia): Lieutenant-General James Longstreet
Kershaw’s Division, I Corps (Northern Virginia): Major-General Joseph Brevard Kershaw
Conner’s Brigade, Kershaw’s Division, I Corps (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General James Conner
Wofford’s Brigade, Kershaw’s Division, I Corps (Northern Virginia): Colonel John C C Sanders
Humphreys’ Brigade, Kershaw’s Division, I Corps (Northern Virginia): Colonel D N Moody
Bryan’s Brigade, Kershaw’s Division, I Corps (Northern Virginia): Colonel James P Simms
Field’s Division, I Corps (Northern Virginia): Major-General Charles William Field
Bratton’s Brigade, Field’s Division, I Corps (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General John Bratton
Law’s Brigade, Field’s Division, I Corps (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General Evander McIver Law
Anderson’s Brigade, Field’s Division, I Corps (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General George Thomas Anderson
Gregg’s Brigade, Field’s Division, I Corps (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General John Gregg
Benning’s Brigade, Field’s Division, I Corps (Northern Virginia): Colonel Dudley M Du Bose
Pickett’s Division, I Corps (Northern Virginia): Major-General George Edward Pickett
Terry’s Brigade, Pickett’s Division, I Corps (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General William Richard Terry
Hunton’s Brigade, Pickett’s Division, I Corps (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General Eppa Hunton
Steuart’s Brigade, Pickett’s Division, I Corps (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General George Hume Steuart
Corse’s Brigade, Pickett’s Division, I Corps (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General Montgomery Dent Corse
Provisional Brigade, Pickett’s Division, I Corps (Northern Virginia): Colonel E B Montague
I Corps Artillery Reserve (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General Edward Porter Alexander
II Corps (Northern Virginia): Lieutenant-General Jubal Anderson Early
Ramseur’s Division, II Corps (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General John Pegram
Pegram’s Brigade, Ramseur’s Division, II Corps (Northern Virginia): Colonel John S Hoffman
Johnston’s Brigade, Ramseur’s Division, II Corps (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General Robert Daniel Johnston
Godwin’s Brigade, Ramseur’s Division, II Corps (Northern Virginia): Captain H A Brown
Gordon’s Division, II Corps (Northern Virginia): Major-General John Brown Gordon
Evans’ Brigade, Gordon’s Division, II Corps (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General Clement Anselm Evans
York’s Brigade, Gordon’s Division, II Corps (Northern Virginia): Colonel E Pendleton
Terry’s Brigade, Gordon’s Division, II Corps (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General William Terry
Rodes’ Division, II Corps (Northern Virginia): Major-General Stephen Dodson Ramseur
Grimes’ Brigade, Rodes’ Division, II Corps (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General Bryan Grimes
Cox’s Brigade, Rodes’ Division, II Corps (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General William Ruffin Cox
Cook’s Brigade, Rodes’ Division, II Corps (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General Philip Cook

Battle’s Brigade, Rodes’ Division, II Corps (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General Cullen Andrews Battle
Breckinridge’s Division, II Corps (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General Gabriel Colvin Wharton
Echols’ Brigade, Breckinridge’s Division, II Corps (Northern Virginia): Lieutenant-Colonel J W McDonald
Wharton’s Brigade, Breckinridge’s Division, II Corps (Northern Virginia): Major P J Otey
Smith’s Brigade, Breckinridge’s Division, II Corps (Northern Virginia): Colonel T Smith
Lomax’s Cavalry Division, II Corps (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General Lunsford Lindsay Lomax
McCausland’s Cavalry Brigade, Lomax’s Cavalry Division, II Corps (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General John McCausland
Imboden’s Cavalry Brigade, Lomax’s Cavalry Division, II Corps (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General John Daniel Imboden
Johnson’s Cavalry Brigade, Lomax’s Cavalry Division, II Corps (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General Bradley Tyler Johnson
Davidson’s Cavalry Brigade, Lomax’s Cavalry Division, II Corps (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General Henry Brevard Davidson
II Corps Artillery Reserve: Colonel Thomas H Carter
III Corps (Northern Virginia): Lieutenant-General Ambrose Powell Hill
Mahone’s Division, III Corps (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General William Mahone
Sanders’ Brigade, Mahone’s Division, III Corps (Northern Virginia): Colonel J H King
Harris’ Brigade, Mahone’s Division, III Corps (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General Nathaniel Harrison Harris
Weisiger’s Brigade, Mahone’s Division, III Corps (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General Davis Addison Weisiger
Sorrel’s Brigade, Mahone’s Division, III Corps (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General Gilbert Moxley Sorrel
Finegan’s Brigade, Mahone’s Division, III Corps (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General Joseph Finegan
Heth’s Division, III Corps (Northern Virginia): Major-General Henry Heth
Davis’ Brigade, Heth’s Division, III Corps (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General Joseph Robert Davis
Cooke’s Brigade, Heth’s Division, III Corps (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General John Rogers Cooke
MacRae’s Brigade, Heth’s Division, III Corps (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General William McRae
Archer’s Brigade, Heth’s Division, III Corps (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General James Jay Archer
Wilcox’s Division, III Corps (Northern Virginia): Major-General Cadmus Marcellus Wilcox
Lane’s Brigade, Wilcox’s Division, III Corps (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General James Henry Lane
Scales’ Brigade, Wilcox’s Division, III Corps (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General Alfred Moore Scales
McGowan’s Brigade, Wilcox’s Division, III Corps (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General Samuel McGowan
Thomas’ Brigade, Wilcox’s Division, III Corps (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General Edward Lloyd Thomas
III Corps Artillery Reserve: Colonel Reuben L Walker
IV Corps (Northern Virginia): Lieutenant-General Richard Heron Anderson
Johnson’s Division, IV Corps (Northern Virginia): Major-General Bushrod Rust Johnson
Wallace’s Brigade, Johnson’s Division, IV Corps (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General William Henry Wallace
Gracie’s Brigade, Johnson’s Division, IV Corps (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General Archibald Gracie
Ransom’s Brigade, Johnson’s Division, IV Corps (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General Matthew Whitaker Ransom
Wise’s Brigade, Johnson’s Division, IV Corps (Northern Virginia): Colonel J T Goode
Hoke’s Division, IV Corps (Northern Virginia): Major-General Robert Frederick Hoke
Kirkland’s Brigade, Hoke’s Division, IV Corps (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General William Whedbee Kirkland
Clingman’s Brigade, Hoke’s Division, IV Corps (Northern Virginia): Colonel C H McKethan
Hagood’s Brigade, Hoke’s Division, IV Corps (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General Johnson Hagood
Colquitt’s Brigade, Hoke’s Division, IV Corps (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General Alfred Holt Colquitt
IV Corps Artillery Reserve: Colonel Hilary P Jones
Cavalry (Northern Virginia): Major-General Wade Hampton
Butler’s Cavalry Division, Cavalry (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General Matthew Calbraith Butler
Young’ Cavalry Brigade, Butler’s Cavalry Division, Cavalry (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General Pierce Manning Butler Young
Dunovant’s Cavalry Brigade, Butler’s Cavalry Division, Cavalry (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General John Dunovant
F H Lee’s Cavalry Division, Cavalry (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General Williams Carter Wickham
Wickham’s Brigade, F H Lee’s Cavalry Division, Cavalry (Northern Virginia): Colonel Thomas C Munford
Rosser’s Brigade, F H Lee’s Cavalry Division, Cavalry (Northern Virginia): Lieutenant-Colonel R H Dulany
Payne’s Cavalry Brigade, F H Lee’s Cavalry Division, Cavalry (Northern Virginia): Colonel William H F Payne
W H F Lee’s Cavalry Division, Cavalry (Northern Virginia): Major-General William Henry Fitzhugh Lee
Barringer’s Brigade, W H F Lee’s Cavalry Division, Cavalry (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General Rufus Barringer
Chambliss’ Cavalry Brigade, W H F Lee’s Cavalry Division, Cavalry (Northern Virginia): Colonel J L Davis
Dearing’s Cavalry Brigade, W H F Lee’s Cavalry Division, Cavalry (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General James Dearing
Department of Richmond: Lieutenant-General Richard Stoddert Ewell
Gary’s Cavalry Brigade (Richmond): Brigadier-General Martin Witherspoon Gary
Johnson’s Brigade, (Richmond): Colonel J M Hughs
Kemper’s Reserve Forces (Richmond): Major-General James Lawson Kemper
Local Defence Brigade, Kemper’s Command (Richmond): Major-General George Washington Custis Lee
Barton’s Command, Kemper’s Command (Richmond): Brigadier-General Seth Maxwell Barton
Garrison Post of Richmond: Brigadier-General William Montgomery Gardner
Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia: General Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
1st Military District (North Carolina and Southern Virginia): Brigadier-General Henry Alexander Wise
Walker’s Brigade, 1st Military District (North Carolina and Southern Virginia): Brigadier-General James Alexander Walker

Fair Oaks and Darbytown Road, Virginia also known as Fair Oaks, Second Fair Oaks, or Darbytown Road. Union Major-General Benjamin Franklin Butler led a diversionary attack on the Richmond defences in order to divert enemy attention from the movements at Hatcher’s Run and against the Boydton Plank Road near Petersburg. Union Major-General Alfred Howe Terry’s X Corps made a demonstration along the Charles City Road and Darbytown Road. At the same time, part of Brigadier-General Godfrey Weitzel’s XVIII Corps, preceded by Colonel Samuel Perkins Spear’s cavalry brigade, marched further north to Fair Oaks. At Fair Oaks, Colonel J H Holman’s brigade of black troops (1/3/XVIII) was detached to probe for the Confederate left flank while the remaining four brigades marched towards Richmond on the Williamsburg Road. Union Colonel John H Holman’s brigade crossed the railroad and successfully pushed Confederate Brigadier-General Martin Witherspoon Gary’s dismounted cavalry brigade back along the New Bridge Road, before being driven back in turn by a counter-attack. Soon detecting that the manoeuvre was a feint, Confederate Lieutenant-General James Longstreet ordered the divisions of Major-General Charles William Field and Major-General Robert Fredrick Hoke to attack Weitzel’s force. Hoke repulsed an attack by the Union brigades of Colonel E M Cullen and Brigadier-General Gilman Marston at about 3.30 pm. Weitzel withdrew after losing about 600 men as prisoners. Terry was also repulsed in his sector and the Richmond defences remained intact. Total casualties were 1,103 men for the Union and 451 men for the Confederates. (CWSAC Formative Battle – Confederate Victory)

UNION ORDER OF BATTLE: FAIR OAKS AND DARBYTOWN ROAD, VA

Union Department of Virginia and North Carolina: Major-General Benjamin Franklin Butler
Army of the James: Major-General Benjamin Franklin Butler
X Corps (James): Major-General Alfred Howe Terry
1st Division, X Corps (James): Brigadier-General Adelbert Ames
1st Brigade, 1st Division, X Corps (James): Colonel Alvin Coe Voris
2nd Brigade, 1st Division, X Corps (James): Colonel Joseph Carter Abbott
3rd Brigade, 1st Division, X Corps (James): Colonel Harris Merrill Plaisted
2nd Division, X Corps (James): Brigadier-General Robert Sanford Foster
1st Brigade, 2nd Division, X Corps (James): Colonel Newton Martin Curtis
2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, X Corps (James): Colonel Galusha Pennypacker
3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, X Corps (James): Colonel L Bell
3rd USCT Division, X Corps (James): Brigadier-General Joseph Roswell Hawley
1st Brigade, 3rd USCT Division, X Corps (James): Colonel James Shaw
2nd Brigade, 3rd USCT Division, X Corps (James): Colonel Ulysses Doubleday
XVIII Corps (James): Brigadier-General Godfrey Weitzel
1st Division, XVIII Corps (James): Brigadier-General Gilman Marston
1st Brigade, 1st Division, XVIII Corps (James): Lieutenant-Colonel J B Raulston
2nd Brigade, 1st Division, XVIII Corps (James): Colonel E M Cullen
3rd Brigade, 1st Division, XVIII Corps (James): Lieutenant-Colonel Joab Nelson Patterson
2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, XVIII Corps (James): Colonel Edward Hastings Ripley
3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, XVIII Corps (James): Colonel Harrison Stiles Fairchild
3rd USCT Division, XVIII Corps (James): Colonel John H Holman
1st Brigade, 3rd USCT Division, XVIII Corps (James): Colonel John H Holman
2nd Brigade, 3rd USCT Division, XVIII Corps (James): Colonel Alonzo Granville Draper
Cavalry Division (James): Colonel Robert Mayhew West
1st Brigade, Cavalry Division (James): Colonel G W Lewis
2nd Brigade, Cavalry Division (James): Colonel Samuel Perkins Spear
3rd Brigade, Cavalry Division (James): Colonel A W Evans

Union Organisation

USA: Brigadier-General Milo Smith Hascall resigned to resume banking business.

Hascall, Milo Smith / New York-Indiana / Born 5 August 1829 Le Roy, New York / Died Oak Park, Illinois 30 August 1904
USMA 1 July 1852 14/43 Artillery / Cadet USMA 1 July 1848 / 3rd US Artillery 1 July 1853 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 2nd US Artillery 31 March 1853 / Resigned USA 30 September 1853 / Captain Indiana Militia ADC (T A Morris) 27 April 1861 / Colonel USV 17th Indiana Infantry 12 June 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 26 April 1862 to rank from 25 April 1862 / Resigned USV 27 October 1864 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1853
15th Brigade Army of the Ohio 30 November 1861-2 December 1861 / 15th Brigade 4th Division Army of the Ohio 2 December 1861-9 March 1862 / 15th Brigade 6th Division Army of the Ohio 9 March 1862-29 September 1862 / 15th Brigade 6th Division II Corps Army of the Ohio 29 September 1862-24 October 1862 / 15th Brigade 6th Division II Corps Army of the Cumberland 24 October 1862-5 November 1862 / 1st Brigade 1st Division Left Wing XIV Corps Army of the Cumberland 5 November 1862-31 December 1862 / 1st Division XXI Corps Army of the Cumberland 9 January 1863-19 February 1863 / District of Indiana 15 April 1863-5 June 1863 / 3rd Division XXIII Corps Army of the Ohio 6 August 1863-12 March 1864 / 1st Brigade 1st Division XXIII Corps Army of the Ohio 12 March 1864-16 April 1864 / 2nd Brigade 1st Division XXIII Corps Army of the Ohio 16 April 1864-16 May 1864 / 2nd Brigade 3rd Division XXIII Corps Army of the Ohio 16 May 1864-18 May 1864 / 2nd Division XXIII Corps Army of the Ohio 18 May 1864-11 October 1864

Commander in Chief: President Abraham Lincoln
Vice-President: Hannibal Hamlin
Secretary of War: Edwin McMasters Stanton
Secretary of the Navy: Gideon Welles

North Atlantic Blockading Squadron: David Dixon Porter
South Atlantic Blockading Squadron: John Adolphus Bernard Dahlgren
West Gulf Blockading Squadron: David Glasgow Farragut
East Gulf Blockading Squadron: Cornelius Kinchiloe Stribling
Pacific Squadron: George Frederick Pearson
Mississippi River Squadron: Alexander Moseley Pennock
Potomac Flotilla: Andrew Allen Harwood

General–in-Chief: Ulysses Simpson Grant

Military Division of the Mississippi: William Tecumseh Sherman

  • Department of the Cumberland: George Henry Thomas
    • District of Tennessee: Lovell Harrison Rousseau
    • District of Northern Alabama: Robert Seaman Granger
    • District of Etowah: James Blair Steedman
    • Army of the Cumberland: George Henry Thomas
      • IV Corps Cumberland: David Sloane Stanley
      • XIV Corps Cumberland: Jefferson Columbus Davis
      • XX Corps Cumberland: Henry Warner Slocum
      • Cavalry Corps Cumberland: Washington Lafayette Elliott
  • Department of the Ohio: John McAllister Schofield
    • District of East Tennessee: Jacob Ammen
    • District of Kentucky: Stephen Gano Burbridge
    • Army of the Ohio: John McAllister Schofield
      • XXIII Corps Ohio: John McAllister Schofield
  • Department of the Tennessee: Oliver Otis Howard
    • District of West Tennessee: Benjamin Henry Grierson
      • Sub-District of Memphis: Ralph Pomeroy Buckland
    • District of Vicksburg: Morgan Lewis Smith
    • Army of the Tennessee: Oliver Otis Howard
      • XV Corps Tennessee: Peter Joseph Osterhaus
      • XVI Corps Tennessee: Napoleon Jackson Tecumseh Dana
        • Right Wing XVI Corps Tennessee: Andrew Jackson Smith
        • Left Wing XVI Corps Tennessee: Grenville Mellen Dodge
      • XVII Corps Tennessee: Joseph Antony Mower

Military Division of West Mississippi: Edward Richard Sprigg Canby

  • Department of Arkansas: Frederick Steele
    • District of Eastern Arkansas: Napoleon Bonaparte Buford
    • District of Little Rock: Eugene Asa Carr
    • District of the Frontier: John Milton Thayer
    • Army of Arkansas: Frederick Steele
      • VII Corps Arkansas: Frederick Steele
  • Department of the Gulf: Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
    • District of Baton Rouge and Port Hudson: Francis Jay Herron
      • Sub-District of Baton Rouge: William Jennings Landram
      • Sub-District of Port Hudson: George Leonard Andrews
    • District of La Fourche: Robert Alexander Cameron
    • District of Morganza: Michael Kelly Lawler
    • District of Carrollton: Nelson Viall
    • District of West Florida and South Alabama: Gordon Granger
      • Sub-District of West Florida: Joseph Bailey
    • District of Key West and Tortugas: John Newton
    • Defences of New Orleans: Thomas West Sherman
    • Army of the Gulf: Stephen Augustus Hurlbut temporary
      • XIX Corps Gulf: Joseph Jones Reynolds
      • Reserve Corps Gulf: Gordon Granger
  • Department of the Missouri: William Starke Rosecrans
    • District of St Louis: Alfred Pleasonton
    • District of Southwest Missouri: John Benjamin Sanborn
    • District of North Missouri: Clinton Bowen Fisk
    • District of Central Missouri: Egbert Benson Brown
    • District of Rolla: Albert Sigel temporary

Middle Military Division: Philip Henry Sheridan

  • Middle Department: Lewis Wallace
    • District of Delaware: Samuel M Bowman
    • District of the Eastern Shore of Maryland: Henry Hayes Lockwood
    • VIII Corps Middle: Lewis Wallace
  • Department of the Susquehanna: Darius Nash Couch
    • Lehigh District: Franz Sigel
    • District of the Monongahela: Thomas Algeo Rowley
    • Juniata District: Orris Sanford Ferry
  • Department of Washington: Christopher Columbus Augur
    • District of St Mary’s: James Barnes
    • District of Alexandria: John Potts Slough
    • District of Washington: Moses N Wisewell
    • XXII Corps Washington: Christopher Columbus Augur
  • Department of Western Virginia: George Crook
    • District of Harper’s Ferry: John Dunlap Stevenson
    • Army of Western Virginia: George Crook
  • Army of the Shenandoah: Philip Henry Sheridan
    • VI Corps Shenandoah: Horatio Gouverneur Wright
    • Cavalry Corps Shenandoah: Alfred Thomas Archimedes Torbert

Department of the East: John Adams Dix

  • District of Northern New York: John Cleveland Robinson

Department of Kansas: George Sykes

  • District of Nebraska Territory: Robert Byington Mitchell
  • District of North Kansas: Thomas Alfred Davies
  • District of South Kansas: James Gilpatrick Blunt
  • District of the Upper Arkansas: Benjamin S Henning temporary
  • District of the Border: William Russell Judson
  • District of Colorado Territory: John Milton Chivington
  • Army of the Border: Samuel Ryan Curtis

Department of New Mexico: James Henry Carleton

  • District of Arizona: George Washington Bowie

Northern Department: Joseph Hooker

  • District of Illinois: John Cook
  • District of Indiana: Alvin Peterson Hovey
  • District of Michigan: Bennett Hoskin Hill

Department of the Northwest: John Pope

  • District of Minnesota: Henry Hastings Sibley
  • District of Wisconsin: Thomas Church Haskell Smith
  • District of Iowa: Alfred Sully

Department of the Pacific: Irvin McDowell

  • District of California: George Wright
  • District of the Humboldt: Stephen Girard Whipple
  • District of Oregon: Benjamin Alvord
  • District of Southern California: James Freeman Curtis
  • District of Utah: Patrick Edward Connor

Department of the Potomac: George Gordon Meade

  • Army of the Potomac: George Gordon Meade
    • II Corps Potomac: Winfield Scott Hancock
    • V Corps Potomac: Gouverneur Kemble Warren
    • IX Corps Potomac: John Grubb Parke
    • Cavalry Corps Potomac: David McMurtrie Gregg

Department of the South: John Gray Foster

  • Northern District (South): Edward Elmer Potter
  • District of Beaufort (SC): Rufus Saxton
  • District of Hilton Head: Philip Perry Brown
  • District of Florida: John Porter Hatch

Department of Virginia and North Carolina: Benjamin Franklin Butler

  • District of Eastern Virginia: George Foster Shepley
  • District of Currituck: Samuel Henry Roberts
  • Sub-District of Beaufort NC: James Stewart
  • Sub-District of New Bern: Edward Harland
  • Army of the James: Benjamin Franklin Butler
    • X Corps James: Alfred Howe Terry
    • XVIII Corps James: Godfrey Weitzel

Confederate Organisation

CSA: Gilbert Moxley Sorrel promoted Brigadier-General PACS (Special) 31 October 1864 to rank from 27 October 1864.

Sorrel, Gilbert Moxley / Georgia / Born 23 February 1838 Savannah, Georgia / Died Roanoke, Virginia 10 August 1901
Private Georgia Militia 1861 / ADC (J Longstreet) July 1861-14 October 1861 / Captain PACS Assistant Adjutant-General 11 September 1861 / Captain PACS Staff 11 September 1861 / Major PACS 24 June 1862 / Lieutenant-Colonel PACS 18 June 1863 / Brigadier-General PACS (Temporary) 31 October 1864 to rank from 27 October 1864 / Paroled Lynchburg, Virginia 20 June 1865 / WIA Antietam 17 September 1862 WIA Gettysburg 2 July 1863 WIA Petersburg January 1865 WIA Hatcher’s Run 7 February 1865
Assistant Adjutant-General Department of Richmond 26 February 1863-5 May 1863 / Sorrel’s Brigade Mahone’s Division III Corps Army of Northern Virginia 31 October 1864-January 1865 / Sorrel’s Brigade Mahone’s Division III Corps Army of Northern Virginia January 1865-7 February 1865

Commander in Chief: President Jefferson Finis Davis
Vice-President: Alexander Hamilton Stephens
Secretary of War: James Alexander Seddon
Secretary of the Navy: Stephen Russell Mallory

Military Adviser to the President: Braxton Bragg

Military Division of the West: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard

  • Department of Tennessee and Georgia: John Bell Hood
    • District of Western North Carolina: James Green Martin
    • Army of Tennessee: John Bell Hood
      • I Corps Tennessee: Benjamin Franklin Cheatham
      • II Corps Tennessee: Stephen Dill Lee
      • III Corps Tennessee: Alexander Peter Stewart temporary
      • Cavalry Corps Tennessee: Joseph Wheeler
  • Department of Alabama, Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana: Richard Taylor
    • District of Mississippi and East Louisiana: Franklin Gardner
      • Sub-District of Southwest Mississippi: George Baird Hodge
    • Gulf District: Dabney Herndon Maury
    • District of Central Alabama: Daniel Weisiger Adams
    • District of Northern Alabama: Philip Dale Roddey
    • District of West Tennessee: Nathan Bedford Forrest
  • Department of East Tennessee and West Virginia: John Cabell Breckinridge
  • Department of Western Kentucky: Hylan Benton Lyon

Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia: William Henry Chase Whiting

  • First District of North Carolina and Southern Virginia: Henry Alexander Wise
  • Second District of North Carolina and Southern Virginia: Laurence Simmons Baker
  • Third District of North Carolina and Southern Virginia: William Henry Chase Whiting

Department of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee

  • Army of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee
    • I Corps Northern Virginia: James Longstreet
    • II Corps Northern Virginia: Jubal Anderson Early
    • III Corps Northern Virginia: Ambrose Powell Hill
    • IV Corps Northern Virginia: Richard Heron Anderson
    • Cavalry Northern Virginia: Wade Hampton
  • Valley District: Jubal Anderson Early

Department of Richmond: Richard Stoddert Ewell

Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida: William Joseph Hardee

  • District of Georgia: Thomas Howell Cobb
  • District of South Carolina: Samuel Jones
    • 1st Sub-District of South Carolina: James Heyward Trapier
    • 2nd Sub-District of South Carolina: Nathan George Evans
    • 3rd Sub-District of South Carolina: William Booth Taliaferro
    • 4th Sub-District of South Carolina: Beverley Holcombe Robertson
    • 5th Sub-District of South Carolina: Lafayette McLaws
  • District of Florida: William Miller
  • Defences of Savannah: Lafayette McLaws

Trans-Mississippi Department: Edmund Kirby Smith

  • District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: John George Walker
    • Western Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: James Edwin Slaughter
      • Sub-District of the Rio Grande: Hamilton Prioleau Bee
    • Eastern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: William Steele
    • Sub-District of Houston: Xavier Blanchard Debray
    • Northern Sub-District Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: Henry Eustace McCullough
  • District of Arkansas: John Bankhead Magruder
  • District of West Louisiana: Simon Bolivar Buckner
  • District of Indian Territory: Douglas Hancock Cooper
  • Army of Missouri: Sterling Price
  • Trans-Mississippi Army: Edmund Kirby Smith
    • I Corps Trans-Mississippi: Simon Bolivar Buckner
    • II Corps Trans-Mississippi: John Bankhead Magruder
    • III Corps Trans-Mississippi: John George Walker
    • Reserve Corps Trans-Mississippi: Thomas Pleasant Dockery

Reserve Forces of Alabama: Jones Mitchell Withers

Reserve Forces of Florida: William Miller

Reserve Forces of Georgia: Thomas Howell Cobb

Reserve Forces of Mississippi: William Lindsay Brandon

Reserve Forces of North Carolina: Theophilus Hunter Holmes

Reserve Forces of South Carolina: James Chesnut

Reserve Forces of Tennessee: John Cabell Breckinridge

Reserve Forces of Virginia: James Lawson Kemper

Union Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

Lieutenant-General USA

Ulysses Simpson Grant

Major-General USA

George Brinton McClellan
Henry Wager Halleck
William Tecumseh Sherman
George Gordon Meade

Major-General USV

Asterisk indicates concurrently Brigadier-General USA

John Adams Dix
Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
Benjamin Franklin Butler
David Hunter
Ethan Allen Hitchcock
Irvin McDowell*
Ambrose Everett Burnside
William Starke Rosecrans*
John Pope*
Samuel Ryan Curtis
Franz Sigel
John Alexander McClernand
Lewis Wallace
George Henry Thomas*
George Cadwalader
Edward Otho Cresap Ord
Samuel Peter Heintzelman
Joseph Hooker*
Silas Casey
William Buel Franklin
Darius Nash Couch
Henry Warner Slocum
John James Peck
Alexander McDowell McCook
Thomas Leonidas Crittenden
John Gray Foster
John Grubb Parke
Christopher Columbus Augur
Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
Gordon Granger
Lovell Harrison Rousseau
George Stoneman
Oliver Otis Howard
Daniel Edgar Sickles
Robert Huston Milroy
Daniel Butterfield
Winfield Scott Hancock*
George Sykes
David Sloane Stanley
James Scott Negley
John McAllister Schofield
John McAuley Palmer
Frederick Steele
Abner Doubleday
Napoleon Jackson Tecumseh Dana
John Alexander Logan
James Gilpatrick Blunt
George Lucas Hartsuff
Cadwallader Colden Washburn
Francis Jay Herron
Francis Preston Blair
Joseph Jones Reynolds
Philip Henry Sheridan*
Julius Stahel
Carl Schurz
Gouverneur Kemble Warren
Alfred Pleasonton
Andrew Atkinson Humphreys
Quincy Adams Gillmore
William Farrar Smith
James Blair Steedman
Edward Richard Sprigg Canby
Horatio Gouverneur Wright
Andrew Jackson Smith
Grenville Mellen Dodge
John Gibbon
Peter Joseph Osterhaus
Joseph Antony Mower
George Crook

Brigadier-General USA

Brackets indicates concurrently Major-General USV

(Irvin McDowell)
(William Starke Rosecrans)
Philip St George Cooke
(John Pope)
(Joseph Hooker)
(George Henry Thomas)
(Winfield Scott Hancock)
(Philp Henry Sheridan)

Brigadier-General USV

Thomas West Sherman
Benjamin Franklin Kelley
Jacob Dolson Cox
Alpheus Starkey Williams
James Brewerton Ricketts
Orlando Bolivar Willcox
Henry Hayes Lockwood
George Webb Morell
Samuel Davis Sturgis
Henry Washington Benham
William Farquhar Barry
Lawrence Pike Graham
Eleazar Arthur Paine
William Thomas Ward
John Gross Barnard
Innis Newton Palmer
Seth Williams
John Newton
George Wright
John Milton Brannan
John Porter Hatch
Albin Francisco Schoepf
Thomas John Wood
Richard W Johnson
Adolph Wilhelm August Friedrich Von Steinwehr
George Washington Cullum
Thomas Jefferson McKean
Zealous Bates Tower
Jefferson Columbus Davis
James Henry Lane
William Scott Ketchum
John Wynn Davidson
Eugene Asa Carr
Thomas Alfred Davies
William Hemsley Emory
Marsena Rudolph Patrick
Orris Sanford Ferry
Henry Moses Judah
John Cook
John McArthur
Jacob Gartner Lauman
Horatio Phillips Van Cleve
Speed Smith Fry
Alexander Asboth
James Craig
Mahlon Dickerson Manson
Robert Byington Mitchell
Cuvier Grover
Rufus Saxton
Benjamin Alvord
Napoleon Bonaparte Buford
Nathan Kimball
Charles Devens
Samuel Wylie Crawford
Henry Walton Wessells
Milo Smith Hascall RES
John White Geary
Alfred Howe Terry
James Henry Carleton
Absalom Baird
John Cleveland Robinson
Truman Seymour
Henry Prince
Maximilian Weber
Jeremiah Cutler Sullivan
Alvin Peterson Hovey
James Clifford Veatch
William Plummer Benton
John Curtis Caldwell
Neal Dow
George Sears Greene
Samuel Powhatan Carter
Erastus Barnard Tyler
Charles Griffin
George Henry Gordon
Julius White
Stephen Gano Burbridge
Washington Lafayette Elliott
Albion Parris Howe
Benjamin Stone Roberts
Jacob Ammen
Fitz-Henry Warren
Morgan Lewis Smith
Charles Cruft
Frederick Salomon
Henry Shaw Briggs
James Dada Morgan
Johann August Ernst Willich
Henry Dwight Terry
George Foster Shepley
John Reese Kenly
John Potts Slough
Godfrey Weitzel
Gershom Mott
Henry Jackson Hunt
Francis Channing Barlow
Mason Brayman
Nathaniel James Jackson
George Washington Getty
Alfred Sully
William Woods Averell
Francis Barretto Spinola
Solomon Meredith
Eliakim Parker Scammon
Robert Seaman Granger
Joseph Rodman West
Alfred Washington Ellet
George Leonard Andrews
Clinton Bowen Fisk
William Hays
Israel Vogdes
Lewis Cass Hunt
Frank Wheaton
John Sanford Mason
David McMurtrie Gregg
Robert Ogden Tyler
Alfred Thomas Archimedes Torbert
Gilman Marston
William Dwight
Sullivan Amory Meredith
Nathaniel Collins McLean
William Vandever
Alexander Schimmelfennig
Charles Kinnaird Graham
John Eugene Smith
Joseph Tarr Copeland
Charles Adam Heckman
Edward Elmer Potter
Henry Beebee Carrington
John Haskell King
Adam Jacoby Slemmer
Thomas Hewson Neill
Thomas Gamble Pitcher
Thomas William Sweeny
William Passmore Carlin
Romeyn Beck Ayres
William Babcock Hazen
Richard Arnold
Edward Winslow Hinks
Michael Kelly Lawler
George Day Wagner
Lysander Cutler
Joseph Farmer Knipe
John Dunlap Stevenson
James Barnes
Edward Harland
Samuel Beatty
Franklin Stillman Nickerson
Edward Henry Hobson
Ralph Pomeroy Buckland
Joseph Dana Webster
William Harrow
William Hopkins Morris
Thomas Howard Ruger
Thomas Edward Greenfield Ransom
Elias Smith Dennis
Thomas Church Haskell Smith
Mortimer Dormer Leggett
Davis Tillson
Albert Lindley Lee
Marcellus Monroe Crocker
Egbert Benson Brown
John McNeil
George Francis McGinnis
Hugh Boyle Ewing
James Winning McMillan
Daniel Ullmann
George Jerrison Stannard
Henry Baxter
John Milton Thayer
Charles Thomas Campbell
Halbert Eleazer Paine
Robert Brown Potter
Thomas Ewing
Joseph Andrew Jackson Lightburn
Henry Hastings Sibley
Joseph Bradford Carr
Joseph Jackson Bartlett
Patrick Edward Connor
John Parker Hawkins
Gabriel René Paul
Edward Augustus Wild
Adelbert Ames
William Birney
Daniel Henry Rucker
Robert Allen
Rufus Ingalls
Alexander Shaler
Benjamin Henry Grierson
Robert Sanford Foster
Hugh Judson Kilpatrick
Alexander Stewart Webb
Alfred Napoleon Alexander Duffié
Walter Chiles Whitaker
Wesley Merritt
George Armstrong Custer
William Denison Whipple
John Converse Starkweather
Kenner Garrard
Charles Robert Woods
John Benjamin Sanborn
Giles Alexander Smith
Jasper Adalmorn Maltby
Thomas Kilby Smith
Walter Quintin Gresham
Manning Ferguson Force
Robert Alexander Cameron
John Murray Corse
John Aaron Rawlins
Alvan Cullem Gillem
John Wesley Turner
Henry Eugene Davies
Andrew Jackson Hamilton
Henry Warner Birge
James Hewitt Ledlie
James Harrison Wilson
Adin Ballou Underwood
Augustus Louis Chetlain
Thomas Francis Meagher
William Anderson Pile
John Wallace Fuller
John Franklin Miller
Philippe Régis Dénis de Keredern De Trobriand
Cyrus Bussey
Christopher Columbus Andrews
Edward Moody McCook
Lewis Addison Grant
Edward Hatch
August Valentine Kautz
Francis Fessenden
John Rutter Brooke
John Frederick Hartranft
Samuel Sprigg Carroll
Simon Goodell Griffin
Emory Upton
Nelson Appleton Miles
Joseph Hayes
Byron Root Pierce
Selden Connor
Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain
Elliott Warren Rice
William Francis Bartlett
Thomas Algeo Rowley
Edward Stuyvesant Bragg
Martin Davis Hardin
Charles Jackson Paine
Gustavus Adolphus De Russy
John Baillie McIntosh
George Henry Chapman
William Grose
Joseph Alexander Cooper
John Thomas Croxton
John Wilson Sprague
James William Reilly
Luther Prentice Bradley
Charles Carroll Walcutt
William Worth Belknap
Powell Clayton
Joseph Abel Haskin
James Deering Fessenden
Eli Long
Thomas Wilberforce Egan
Joseph Roswell Hawley
William Henry Seward
Isaac Hardin Duval
John Edwards
Thomas Alfred Smyth
Ferdinand Van Derveer
William Henry Powell
Thomas Casimer Devin
Alfred Gibbs
Ranald Slidell Mackenzie
Rutherford Birchard Hayes

Brigadier-General USA (Staff)

Montgomery Cunningham Meigs (Quartermaster-General)
Lorenzo Thomas
George Douglas Ramsay
James Barnet Fry (Provost Marshal)
Richard Delafield (Engineers)
Joseph Holt (Judge Advocate-General)
Amos Beebe Eaton (Commissary-General of Subsistence)
Joseph K Barnes (Surgeon-General)
Alexander Brydie Dyer (Ordnance)

Confederate Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

General ACSA/PACS

Samuel Cooper
Robert Edward Lee
Joseph Eggleston Johnston
Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
Braxton Bragg
Edmund Kirby Smith
John Bell Hood

Lieutenant-General PACS

James Longstreet
Theophilus Hunter Holmes
William Joseph Hardee
Richard Stoddert Ewell
Ambrose Powell Hill
Richard Taylor
Jubal Anderson Early
Richard Heron Anderson
Alexander Peter Stewart
Stephen Dill Lee
Simon Bolivar Buckner

Major-General PACS

Benjamin Huger
John Bankhead Magruder
Mansfield Lovell
William Wing Loring
Sterling Price
Benjamin Franklin Cheatham
Samuel Jones
John Porter McCown
Daniel Harvey Hill
Thomas Carmichael Hindman
John Cabell Breckinridge
Lafayette McLaws
Samuel Gibbs French
George Edward Pickett
Carter Littlepage Stevenson
John Horace Forney
Dabney Herndon Maury
Martin Luther Smith
John George Walker
Arnold Elzey
Patrick Ronayne Cleburne
Franklin Gardner
Isaac Ridgeway Trimble
Joseph Wheeler
Edward Johnson
William Henry Chase Whiting
Henry Heth
Robert Ransom
Jones Mitchell Withers
Cadmus Marcellus Wilcox
Wade Hampton
Fitzhugh Lee
Howell Cobb
John Austin Wharton
William Thompson Martin
Nathan Bedford Forrest
Charles William Field
James Patton Anderson
William Brimage Bate
Camille Armand Jules Marie de Polignac
Robert Frederick Hoke
William Henry Fitzhugh Lee
James Fleming Fagan
John Brown Gordon
Joseph Brevard Kershaw
Bushrod Rust Johnson
Edward Cary Walthall
Henry Delamar Clayton
William Mahone
John Calvin Brown
Lunsford Lindsay Lomax
James Lawson Kemper
Matthew Calbraith Butler
George Washington Custis Lee

Brigadier-General PACS

Alexander Robert Lawton
Henry Alexander Wise
Henry Hopkins Sibley
John Henry Winder
Gideon Johnson Pillow
Daniel Ruggles
Roswell Sabine Ripley
Paul Octave Hébert
Albert Gallatin Blanchard
Gabriel James Rains
Thomas Fenwick Drayton
Nathan George Evans
James Heyward Trapier
Hugh Weedon Mercer
William Montgomery Gardner
Raleigh Edward Colston
John King Jackson
George Wythe Randolph
James Ronald Chalmers
Daniel Leadbetter
William Whann Mackall
Winfield Scott Featherston
Thomas James Churchill
William Booth Taliaferro
Albert Rust
Samuel Bell Maxey
Hamilton Prioleau Bee
James Morrison Hawes
George Hume Steuart
James Edwin Slaughter
Seth Maxwell Barton
Henry Eustace McCullough
John Selden Roane
States Rights Gist
William Nelson Pendleton
Joseph Finegan
William Nelson Rector Beall
Thomas Jordan
William Preston
John Echols
George Earl Maney
John Stuart Williams
James Green Martin
Thomas Lanier Clingman
Daniel Weisiger Adams
Louis Hébert
Ambrose Ransom Wright
Beverley Holcombe Robertson
St John Richardson Liddell
Johnson Hagood
Harry Thompson Hays
Matthew Duncan Ector
Edward Aylesworth Perry
Alfred Holt Colquitt
Abraham Buford
William Steele
Francis Asbury Shoup
Joseph Robert Davis
John Crawford Vaughn
Evander McIvor Law
Elkanah Brackin Greer
Francis Redding Tillou Nicholls
Alfred Cumming
William Stephen Walker
Montgomery Dent Corse
George Thomas Anderson
Alfred Iverson
James Henry Lane
Edward Lloyd Thomas
John Rogers Cooke
Jerome Bonaparte Robertson
Evander McNair
Archibald Gracie
William Robertson Boggs
James Camp Tappan
Dandridge McRae
Mosby Monroe Parsons
John Pegram
John Sappington Marmaduke
Marcus Joseph Wright
Zachariah Cantey Deas
John Adams
William Hicks Jackson
James Cantey
Henry Lewis Benning
William Tatum Wofford
Samuel McGowan
Marcellus Augustus Stovall
George Blake Cosby
Francis Crawford Armstrong
William Lewis Cabell
John Daniel Imboden
Alfred Eugene Jackson
Robert Brank Vance
Arthur Middleton Manigault
Douglas Hancock Cooper
John Wilkins Whitfield
James Alexander Walker
Matthew Whitaker Ransom
Alfred Moore Scales
Henry Harrison Walker
Gabriel Colvin Wharton
Francis Marion Cockrell
James Patrick Major
Samuel Wragg Ferguson
Laurence Simmons Baker
Otho French Strahl
Philip Dale Roddey
Eppa Hunton
Thomas Pleasant Dockery
Benjamin Grubb Humphreys
Henry Brevard Davidson
Cullen Andrews Battle
William Andrew Quarles
William Whedbee Kirkland
Williams Carter Wickham
Robert Daniel Johnston
Alexander Welch Reynolds
Thomas Neville Waul
Edmund Winston Pettus
Armistead Lindsay Long
Henry Rootes Jackson
William Wirt Adams
Thomas Lafayette Rosser
Pierce Manning Butler Young
James Argyle Smith
Joseph Horace Lewis
Mark Perrin Lowrey
Edward Higgins
John Tyler Morgan
William Young Conn Humes
Jesse Johnson Finley
James Holt Clanton
Alfred Jefferson Vaughan
Joseph Orville Shelby
Lawrence Sullivan Ross
Daniel Chevilette Govan
Randall Lee Gibson
Nathaniel Harrison Harris
Allen Thomas
Alexander Travis Hawthorn
Robert Charles Tyler
Edward Porter Alexander
William Wirt Allen
Hiram Bronson Granbury
Claudius Wistar Sears
William Feimster Tucker
Richard Lucian Page
Alpheus Baker
Daniel Harris Reynolds
James Chesnut
Stand Watie
Samuel Jameson Gholson
John Bratton
Thomas Moore Scott
John McCausland
Clement Anselm Evans
William Terry
Bryan Grimes
Martin Witherspoon Gary
Birkett Davenport Fry
Stephen Elliott
William Ruffin Cox
William Gaston Lewis
Zebulon York
Robert Doak Lilley
William Richard Terry
James Conner
Rufus Clay Barringer
John Smith Preston
Hylan Benton Lyon
William Lindsay Brandon
Bradley Tyler Johnson
James Thadeus Holtzclaw
John Carpenter Carter
William Felix Brantley
Robert Houston Anderson
Jacob Hunter Sharp
George Doherty Johnston
George Gibbs Dibrell
Thomas Benton Smith
David Addison Weisiger
William Miller
Philip Cook
William Hugh Young
George Washington Gordon
Lucius Jeremiah Gartrell
Walter Husted Stevens
Basil Wilson Duke
Charles Miller Shelley
Patrick Theodore Moore
Edwin Gray Lee
William Henry Wallace
Gilbert Moxley Sorrel
Richard Waterhouse

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