1864 November 30th

November 30 1864 Wednesday

Battle of Honey Hill, SC (CWSAC Formative Battle – Confederate Victory)

Battle of Franklin, TN (CWSAC Decisive Battle Union Victory)

Thompson’s Station, TN

Siege of Petersburg

Hood’s Invasion of Tennessee

Sherman’s March to the Sea

USA. Titian J Coffey took interim office as US Attorney-General.

CSA: Confederate Brigadier-General and former Judge Advocate-General Edwin Gray Lee, who had been suffering from ill health, departed for Canada. He was given a clandestine mission but after running the blockade he did not arrive at his destination until April 1865 and was unable to carry out the plan. In the meantime, in February 1865, his commission as Brigadier-General was revoked.

Arkansas. Expedition from Little Rock to Benton ended.

Arkansas. Operation in central Arkansas ended.

Florida. A Union boat expedition under the command of Acting Master Charles H Cadieu from USS Midnight landed at St Andrew’s Bay, destroyed a salt works, and took prisoners.

Georgia. Skirmish near Dalton.

Georgia. Skirmish at Louisville.

Georgia. After two days of rest, Union Major-General Hugh Judson Kilpatrick was given the opportunity to strike a blow against the opposing cavalry of Major-General Joseph Wheeler with his own cavalry division and the accompanying infantry division (3/XIV) of Brigadier-General Absalom Baird. He marched from Louisville towards Waynesboro, seeking to engage the enemy cavalry at every opportunity.

Louisiana. Expedition from Baton Rouge to the Mobile & Ohio Railroad ended.

Nebraska Territory. Operations against Indians ended.

North Carolina. News reached Union Lieutenant-General Ulysses Simpson Grant that Confederate troops were being withdrawn from the garrison at Wilmington, in order to oppose the advance of Major-General William Tecumseh Sherman towards Augusta, Georgia. Sherman was actually heading for Savannah, but the information offered encouragement for the prosepcts of Union Major-General Benjamin Franklin Butler’s plans to attack Fort Fisher, near Wilmington. Butler continued to prevaricate and experiment with his proposed “floating bomb” and did not set a departure date for his expedition to attack Fort Fisher.

South Carolina. Acting on faulty intelligence that Union prisoners of war were attempting to reach the blockading fleet after escaping from a prisoner train en route to Savannah, Acting Master Isaac Pennell set out with five boats and nearly 100 men from USS Ethan Allen and USS Dai Ching to meet them. They scoured the South Altamaha River for six days but failed to find the escapees. After encountering and engaging a considerable Confederate force, Pennell was compelled to withdraw to the ships.

Honey Hill, South Carolina, also known as Grahamville. Union Major-General John Porter Hatch was directed by Major-General John Gray Foster to move from Hilton Head and to occupy Boyd’s Neck with an expeditionary force of 5,500 men of the Coast Division (South) and three batteries with 10 guns. Hatch’s force included a Naval Brigade of 350 sailors and 150 Marines from ships of the South Atlantic Blockading Squadron, commanded by Commander George Henry Preble. The expedition was ordered to ascend the Broad River to cut the Charleston & Savannah Railway, ready to establish contact with Major-General William Tecumseh Sherman’s forces marching across Georgia towards Savannah. Hatch was ordered also to cut off Confederate reinforcements heading for Savannah. The expedition left Hilton Head on 28 November and steamed up the Broad River. Heavy fog delayed the disembarkation from the transports until late in the afternoon of 29 November. They disembarked at Boyd’s Landing on Broad River, about three miles south of Grahamville Station, and immediately headed for the railroad. The available maps and guides proved worthless and Hatch was unable to proceed on the right road until the morning of 30 November.

At Honey Hill, Hatch encountered a Confederate force of 1,400 to 1,500 regular soldiers and militia, supported by seven guns, under Colonel Charles J Colcock, and directed by Major-General Gustavus Woodson Smith. The Confederate militia had only arrived that day after their long retreat from Macon through Albany and Thomasville. These 1,400 men were the last available remnant of 5,000 militiamen who had served at Atlanta during the summer. The Confederates took up a position facing a swamp-bound causeway and repelled both frontal and flanking attacks. The determined assaults by the 2nd USCT Brigade of the Coast Division under Colonel Alfred S Hartwell (including the 54th Massachusetts Infantry and the 55th Massachusetts Infantry) failed to capture the Confederate entrenchments or to cut the railroad.  The 1st Brigade of the Coast Division of Brigadier-General Edward Elmer Potter and Preble’s Naval Brigade also attacked, but to no avail. Only two Union guns could be brought to bear and at nightfall Hatch conceded that he could neither assault nor outflank the enemy position. Hatch retired after dark to his transports at Boyd’s Neck.

Foster then decided that his next thrust should pass up the Tulifinny River toward Pocataligo. Union casualties were reported as 755 men (88 or 89 killed, 623 or 629 wounded, and 28 or 44 missing). Confederate casualties amounted to 50 men (8 killed and 39 or 42 wounded). (CWSAC Formative Battle – Confederate Victory)

Tennessee. The first two divisions of Union Major-General George Henry Thomas’ Army of the Cumberland began to arrive in the fortifications of Nashville. These were Major-General Andrew Jackson Smith’s Detachment, Army of the Tennessee, completing their long journey from Louisiana via Mississippi and Missouri. Smith also brought with him the Provisional Division of XVII Corps which had been operating independently in Mississippi since the Red River campaign early in 1864. Thomas continued to gather troops and awaited the arrival of the Army of the Ohio (IV Corps and XXIII Corps) from Franklin. Thomas decided not to launch an immediate counter-offensive against the Confederate invaders, preferring to hold and improve the powerful fortifications of Nashville until a more opportune moment arose. He also wanted to buy time to remount thousands of cavalrymen in Brigadier-General James Harrison Wilson’s command, so that he could conduct an effective pursuit after any battle.

Thompson’s Station, Tennessee. During the night, Confederate Brigadier-General Lawrence Sullivan Ross’ cavalry brigade attempted to block the passage of the Union supply trains two miles north of Spring Hill at Thompson’s Station, capturing some wagons from the supply train, until the accompanying Union infantry drove them off. The Union cavalry under Brigadier-General James Harrison Wilson was not present to guard the trains as they had already withdrawn along the Lewisburg road towards Franklin.

Franklin, Tennessee. Union Major-General John McAllister Schofield’s Army of the Ohio numbered about 27,000 men. It consisted of IV Corps (Cumberland) commanded by Major-General David Sloane Stanley (divisions of Brigadier-General Nathan Kimball, Brigadier-General George Day Wagner, and Brigadier-General Thomas Joseph Wood), and XXIII Corps, commanded temporarily by Brigadier-General Jacob Dolson Cox (divisions of Brigadier-General Thomas Hewson Ruger and Brigadier-General James William Reilly). The Cavalry Corps was commanded by Major-General James Harrison Wilson (divisions of Brigadier-General Edward Moody McCook, Brigadier-General Edward Hatch, Brigadier-General Richard William Johnson, and Brigadier-General Joseph Farmer Knipe).

Schofield’s advance guard arrived in Franklin at about 4:30 am after a forced march all through the night from Columbia through the crossroads at Spring Hill. By 6 am, all of Schofield’s army had escaped the trap at Spring Hill behind and all five divisions were approaching Franklin. Schofield decided to defend Franklin with his back to the river because he had been forced to destroy his pontoon trains in his hasty retreat from Columbia. The pontoon train requested from Nashville two days earlier had not yet arrived. Schofield needed time for this to arrive. He also began to repair and strengthen the permanent bridges spanning the river, a burned wagon bridge that had been demolished by rising waters, and an intact railroad bridge. He ordered his engineers to rebuild the wagon bridge and to lay planking over the undamaged railroad bridge to enable it to carry wagons and troops.

Cox’s division (3/XXIII) arrived first and immediately began preparing strong defensive positions around the deteriorated entrenchments originally constructed in 1863. Cox’s division, under Reilly, began to entrench left of the turnpike. The next division to arrive, Ruger’s, dug in to the right of the turnpike half a mile south of the town. When Wood’s and Kimball’s divisions of IV Corps arrived at mid-morning they extended the line and began digging their own defences. By noon, the Union works were well advanced, with cleared ground in front of them, and the engineers were finishing the improvised railroad bridge. The army’s supply train had been parked in the side streets of Franklin to keep the main pike open. The wagons began to cross the river by noon, first via a ford next to the burned-out pike bridge, and later in the afternoon by two makeshift bridges.

The Union line counted about 34,000 men and 64 guns and held an approximate semicircle around the town, running from northwest to southeast. The other half of the circle was formed by the Harpeth River. Counter-clockwise from the northwest were the divisions of Kimball (IV Corps), Ruger (XXIII Corps), and Reilly (XXIII Corps). A gap in the line existed where the Columbia Pike entered the outskirts of the town, which was left open to allow passage of the wagons. The Carter House and a cotton gin were either side of the gap, and both were substantial and defensible buildings. The Carter House was appropriated as Cox’s headquarters. The Carter house and cotton gin building formed a minor salient in the Union earthworks so, about 200 feet behind this gap, a 150-yard “retrenchment” line was constructed of dirt and rails. This was to act as a barrier to traffic and was not a full-fledged defensive earthwork. The vital gap was defended by Battery A 1st Kentucky Artillery. The men of the 44th Missouri Infantry extended the retrenchment further to the west with hastily dug rifle pits.

The earthworks on the southern portion of the line were formidable, having been built over the remains of old fortifications. Attacking infantry would be confronted by a ditch about four feet wide and two to three feet deep, then a wall of earth and wooden fence rails four feet above the normal ground level, and finally a trench three to four feet deep in which the defenders stood, aiming their weapons through narrow “head gaps” formed by logs. In the southeastern portion of the line, dense shrubs formed almost an impenetrable abattis.

Schofield established his headquarters in the Alpheus Truett house, a half-mile north of the Harpeth on the Nashville Pike, although he would spend most of his time during the battle in Fort Granger, an artillery position northeast of the town. From here he could see the entire field, although he was across the river from the action. Wood’s division of IV Corps and all of Wilson’s cavalry also crossed north of the Harpeth, ready to respond to any outflanking attempt or to repel a river crossing.

Wagner’s division was the last to arrive from Spring Hill, and after briefly stopping at Winstead Hill, he ordered two of his brigades under Colonel John Q Lane, and Colonel Joseph Conrad (who had replaced Colonel Luther Prentiss Bradley, wounded at Spring Hill) to stop and dig in as best they could on the flat ground about a half-mile forward of the main line. Stanley had earlier ordered Wagner to hold Winstead Hill to observe the Confederate approach unless he was pressed hard, in which case the division would retire and become a general reserve behind the main line. Wagner posted Colonel Emerson Opdycke’s brigade on Winstead Hill. As soon as the Confederates approached, Opdycke followeed orders and pulled his brigade back along the Columbia Pike, and through the Union line into a reserve position behind the Carter House gap. He formed up a hundred yards behind the line around the Carter House.

When the Confederates approached at about noon, Schofield initially assumed that they were only demonstrating, just as they had at Columbia. He expected the enemy to cross the Harpeth upstream or downstream in order to turn the Union position once again. He did not expect that the Confederates would attack his strong defensive line frontally. By 3 pm, most of the Union supply trains were across the Harpeth and moving along the road to Nashville, so Schofield issued orders for a general withdrawal over the river at 6 pm, if the army had not been engaged.

When Confederate General John Bell Hood Confederate John Bell Hood discovered the escape of the Union army from Spring Hill, he held an angry conference with his subordinate commanders. He blamed them for the failure to trap the retreating enemy. Major-General Benjamin Franklin Cheatham, in particular, was singled out for blame. Hood believed that Cheatham had mishandled the engagement at Spring Hill, but further investigation revealed a catalogue of errors, of which Cheatham’s were only a small part. Hood later rescinded his request to relieve Cheatham of his Corps command in the Army of Tennessee. Hood’s men marched in pursuit from Spring Hill, but the march was not pressed vigorously as the Union column was now too distant to be caught. Hood’s Army of Tennessee numbered about 39,000 men and consisted of Cheatham’s Corps (divisions of Major-General Patrick Ronayne Cleburne, Major-General John Calvin Brown, and Major-General William Brimage Bate), Lieutenant-General Stephen Dill Lee’s Corps (divisions of Major-General Edward Johnson, Major-General Carter Littlepage Stevenson, and Major-General Henry Delamar Clayton) and Lieutenant-General Alexander Peter Stewart’s Corps (divisions of Major-General William Wing Loring, Major-General Samuel Gibb French, and Major-General Edward Cary Walthall). Hood’s cavalry forces were led by Major-General Nathan Bedford Forrest (divisions of Brigadier-General James Ronald Chalmers, Brigadier-General Abraham Buford, and Brigadier-General William Hicks Jackson).

Stewart’s Corps led the Confederate pursuit from Spring Hill to Franklin. They arrived and began to move into position south of Winstead Hill, two miles south of Franklin on the turnpike, between 1 pm and 2 pm. Cheatham’s Corps followed behind, with Johnson’s attached division. Lee’s Corps was about another three hours behind, as it had to cross the Duck River at Columbia before joining the main body of the army. Hood’s objective was to try to crush Schofield against the Harpeth River before the Union troops could reach Nashville, where the defensive fortifications were considerably stronger and where there were substantial Union reinforcements and ample supplies. Hood was concerned that if he attempted to turn Schofield by crossing the Harpeth elsewhere to get between him and Nashville, the manoeuvre would be too time-consuming. and the open terrain of the area would prematurely reveal his movements, prompting Schofield to escape.

Hood did not want to waste time engaging the Union brigade and battery on Winstead Hill, astride the turnpike, and he directed the three divisions of Stewart’s Corps to advance on the right along Henpeck Road. The Union outpost soon evacuated its advanced position on Winstead Hill and the four divisions of Cheatham’s Corps carried on up the turnpike as the Union troops left Winstead Hill and fell back along the turnpike. Reaching the crest of Winstead Hill, they saw the wide valley of the Harpeth ahead of them and the earthworks occupied by the Union army. Sunset was early at 4:34 pm and Hood ordered an immediate frontal assault in the dwindling afternoon light. His decision to make a frontal attack caused dismay among his generals. Cheatham protested briefly that such an assault was futile, but he was silenced by Hood’s reproach that an attack would have to take place here and now against hastily prepared defences or later against the much stronger ones at Nashville. Forrest added his own objections and added that if he were given a division of infantry to accompany his cavalry, he could outflank Schofield from his position within an hour. Hood said that a flank attack was unfeasible and would take too long to develop. He divided Forrest’s cavalry, placing Brigadier-General James Ronald Chalmers’ division on the far left beyond Bates division. Brigadier-General Abraham Buford’s and Brigadier-General William Hicks Jackson’s divisions remained with Forrest, covering Stewart’s Corps and facing the fords on the Harpeth. Lee’s Confederate Corps and almost all of the army’s artillery had not yet arrived from Columbia twelve miles to the south. Without Lee, Hood’s available attacking force was about 19,000 to 20,000 men They would have to traverse two miles of open ground with only two batteries of artillery to support them before assaulting well-prepared fortifications held by superior numbers and 60 guns.

Cheatham’s Corps was on the left of the assault and was directed to advance due north on either side of the Columbia Turnpike. His divisions were deployed with French on the left, Walthall in the middle on the railroad, and Loring on the right. Stewart’s Corps would attack on the right along the railroad and the Lewisburg Pike which ran northwest along the near bank of the Harpeth. His divisions were deployed with Bate on the left, extending as far as Carter’s Creek Pike which ran north-eastwards, then Brown in the centre, and then Cleburne adjoining French. Johnson’s division of Lee’s Corps formed the reserve. The three turnpikes converged on Franklin, funnelling the Confederates towards the town.

Between 3.30 and 4 pm, with one hour remaining until sunset at 4.34 pm, the Confederates launched a frontal advance with six divisions and minimal artillery support, impressing the watching Union defenders with the grandeur and style of their mile-wide formation. Bate’s division on the left had marched around the Union outpost on Winstead Hill to reach its starting point, delaying the start of the entire army. The two Union brigades of Wagner’s division on the Columbia Pike were meant to withdraw at the first sign of an attack but the Confederate approach was invisible at the location where Wagner, the divisional commander, was stationed. The rest of the Union army saw the attack by Cleburne’s and Brown’s divisions, which quickly enveloped the 3,000 men in Wagner’s two brigades of Lane and Conrad. They attempted to stand their ground briefly behind their inadequate fieldworks and without anchored flanks, but quickly collapsed under the pressure. As Wagner exhorted his men to stand fast, they let loose a single strong volley of rifle fire. Many of the veteran soldiers stampeded back along the Columbia Pike for safety in the main breastworks, while the untried replacements were reluctant to move under fire and many of them were captured. A two-gun section of Battery G 1st Ohio Light Artillery fought back at close range but was soon put out of action and overrun. Nearly 700 of Wagner’s men became prisoners. Wagner’s fleeing troops were closely pressed by the Confederates; both the pursued and the pursuers became so intermingled that the defenders in the breastworks had to hold their fire to avoid hitting their comrades.

The momentary inability to defend the opening in the works created a weak spot in the Union line at the Columbia Pike between the Carter House and the cotton gin. Cleburne’s, Brown’s, and French’s Confederate divisions converged determinedly towards this vulnerable sector and a number of their troops broke through the Union defences on either side. The 100th Ohio Infantry of Reilly’s brigade was driven back from its position to the east of the pike and Colonel Silas Strickland’s brigade (Ruger’s division) was forced to withdraw back to the Carter House. The left wing of the 72nd Illinois Infantry was swept away and rallied on the 183rd Ohio Infantry, which was in reserve at the retrenchment. This prompted the remainder of the 72nd Illinois Infantry to withdraw back to that line. In a matter of minutes, the Confederates had penetrated deeply into the centre of the Union line and overrun four guns. As the Confederates poured men through the breach, Opdycke’s brigade found itself perfectly placed, positioned in reserve in dense columns of regiments in a meadow about 200 yards north of the Carter House. Opdycke quickly formed his men into a line of battle, straddling the road. Confronting the crowds of fleeing Union soldiers, pursued by the Confederates, Opdycke ordered his brigade forward back to the earthworks. Opdycke’s counterattack was joined by reserve elements of Reilly’s division (the 12th Kentucky Infantry and 16th Kentucky Infantry ) as well as survivors of Strickland’s brigade and Wagner’s divisions. Together, they sealed the dangerous breach.

The hand-to-hand fighting around the Carter House and the pike was furious and desperate, employing such weapons as bayonets, rifle butts, entrenching tools, axes, and picks. Firing continued around the Carter house and gardens for hours into the night. Many men from Brown’s division were driven back to the Union earthworks, where they were pinned down for the remainder of the evening, unable to either advance or flee. Each side fired through embrasures or over the top of the parapets at close range in an attempt to dislodge the other. Some Union troops were armed with Spencer repeating rifles and this added to the advantages of the defenders. Near the Carter House, 350 men of the 12th Kentucky Infantry and 65th Illinois Infantry fired their 16-shot Henry rifles to great effect. Brown’s division suffered significant losses. Brown was incapacitated by a shell-burst and all four of his brigade commanders also went down: Gordon was captured, Brigadier-General States Rights Gist, and Brigadier-General Otho French Strahl were killed, and Brigadier-General John Carpenter Carter was mortally wounded. Gordon’s brigade had angled to the right during the advance, joining Cleburne’s division to the east of the pike. Their attack near the cotton gin was driven back from the breastworks and was then subjected to devastating crossfire from Reilly’s brigade to their front and the brigade of Colonel John S Casement, on Reilly’s right. The inspirational Cleburne was killed in the attack and fourteen of his brigade and regimental commanders became casualties.

While desperate fighting raged at the centre of the Union line, Stewart’s Corps advanced a little later against the Union left. The Harpeth River in that area from flowed southeast to northwest, so the advance proceeded through a progressively narrower space, compressing the brigades together, delaying their movements and weakening their cohesion. Walthall’s division was pressured so much from the right that it moved temporarily across the front of Cleburne’s advance. They were all subjected to fierce artillery fire not only from the main Union line, but also from the batteries across the river at Fort Granger. They encountered significant difficulty pushing through the bristling Osage-orange abattis built by the defenders. Loring’s division launched two attacks against the Union brigade of Colonel Israel N Stiles and both were repulsed with heavy losses. Artillery firing canister rounds directly down the railroad cut prevented any attempt to outflank the Union position. After crossing two miles of open ground against prepared positions they nevertheless some achieved some success and a few footholds were gained in the Union works. Confederate Brigadier-General John Adams attempted to rally his brigade by galloping his horse directly onto the earthworks but he was killed while astride the palisade. The Confederate brigade of Brigadier-General Winfield Scott Featherston began falling back under heavy fire when Loring attempted to encourage his men by sitting on his horse in full view of the Union lines for over a minute but, despite his example, the brigade made no further progress. Walthall’s division, intermixed partially with Loring’s division, because of the confusion that resulted from the narrow space, struck Casement’s and Reilly’s brigades in multiple waves of brigade assaults, making as many as six distinct attacks. All of these assaults were turned back with heavy losses. The Confederate brigade of Brigadier-General William Andrew Quarles was able to push through the abattis and reached the Union earthworks, where it was pinned down by murderous crossfire. Not one officer above the rank of captain survived in his brigade. French lost two of his three of his brigade commanders, including Colonel William Witherspoon killed, and Brigadier-General Francis Marion Cockrell severely wounded.

Bate’s division had the longest distance to march to reach its assigned objective on the Union right, and when he gave the final order to attack it was almost dark. Only one brigade hit the Union line and the two left-hand brigades overlapped the end. The first contact with the enemy came around the Everbright Mansion and the Confederates pushed aside Union sharpshooters and swept past the house. Chalmers’ Confederate cavalry division was active on the western flank, but their attack was repulsed by the brigades of Colonel Isaac M Kirby and Brigadier-General Walter Chiles Whitaker of Kimball’s division. Bate was unaware of Chalmers’ efforts because the cavalry was rendered invisible by rolling ground and orchards. Bate believed his left flank was not being protected as expected by Chalmers’ cavalry division. In order to protect the flank, Bate ordered the brigade temporarily commanded by Colonel Robert Bullock to move from its reserve position onto his left flank. This not only delayed the advance, but also weakened the attack on the Union fortifications, and left Bate with no reserve. Neither Bate nor Chalmers made any progress and they withdrew.

Hood, who remained at his headquarters on Winstead Hill, was still convinced that he could pierce the Union line. At about 7 pm, he deployed the single division of Lee’s corps on hand, that of Major-General Edward Johnson, to assist Cheatham’s effort. They moved north on the west side of the Columbia Turnpike and passed around Privet Knob, which was Cheatham’s headquarters. They were hampered because they were unfamiliar with the terrain in the darkness and Cheatham told Lee he had no staff officer left who could guide them. Both Bate and Cheatham warned Lee not to fire indiscriminately against the Union works because Confederates were pinned down there on the outside. Johnson’s men lost their alignment in the dark and struggled to attack the works just to the west of the Carter House. They were repulsed after a single assault with heavy losses, including a brigade commander and nine regimental commanders. Johnson’s forlorn attack had no hope of success. Following the failure of Johnson’s assault, Hood decided to end offensive actions at 9 pm but sporadic fighting continued until 11 pm.

Forrest attempted to stop the enfilade fire coming from Union batteries north of the river into the eastern end of the attacking line. Two Confederate cavalry divisions under Buford and Jackson crossed the Harpeth River east of Franklin and attempted to turn the Union left. Jackson engaged some Union cavalry pickets and pushed them back and crossed the Harpeth at Hughes Ford, about three miles upstream from Franklin at about 3.30 pm. When Wilson, the Union cavalry commander, learned at 3 pm that Forrest was crossing the river, he ordered Hatch’s division to move south from his position on the Brentwood Turnpike and attack Forrest from the front. He ordered Brigadier-General John Thomas Croxton’s brigade to move against Forrest’s flank and held Colonel Thomas J Harrison’s brigade in reserve. The dismounted cavalrymen of Hatch’s division charged the Confederate cavalrymen, also dismounted, and drove them back to the river. Some of Croxton’s men were armed with seven-shot Spencer carbines, which ripped into the Confederate lines mercilessly. The Confederates were forced to retreat across the river after dark.

Hood began to plan a resumed series of attacks in the morning and gave orders for the two divisions of Lee’s Corps that had just arrived to be ready to attack at dawn after an artillery bombardment. On the Union side, Schofield ordered his infantry to cross the river, starting at 11 pm, despite objections from Cox that withdrawal was no longer necessary, and that Hood was fatally weakened and should be counter-attacked. Schofield had received orders from Thomas to evacuate earlier that day, before Hood’s attack began, and he was determined not to disobey those instructions. The opportunity to strike back at Hood’s depleted force was lost. Hood did not attempt to attack the retreating army during the night. The Union army began entering the breastworks at Nashville at noon the following day with Hood’s damaged army far behind in slow pursuit.

The Confederate assault at Franklin by eighteen brigades of almost 20,000 men resulted in devastating and irreplaceable casualties among the men and leaders of the Army of Tennessee. Confederate losses greatly exceeded the casualties they inflicted. The Confederates suffered 6,252 casualties (alternatively 6,261), including 1,750 men killed and 3,800 wounded. Confederate casualties included fourteen generals (six killed or mortally wounded, seven wounded, and one captured), and 55 regimental commanders. On the Union side, the only General lost was Stanley, who was wounded. Union losses were recorded as 2,326 out of 27,939 men engaged (189 killed, 1,033 wounded, and 1,104 missing and captured) but more than half of these and nearly all of the prisoners were from Wagner’s broken division. Schofield woukld later be promoted Brigadier-General in the US Regular Army, to date from the crushing victory at Franklin. (CWSAC Decisive Battle Union Victory)

ORDER OF BATTLE: FRANKLIN, TN

Union Military Division of the Mississippi: Major-General William Tecumseh Sherman
Department of the Cumberland: Major-General George Henry Thomas
Army of the Cumberland: Major-General George Henry Thomas
IV Corps (Cumberland): Major-General David Sloan Stanley
1st Division, IV Corps (Cumberland): Brigadier-General Nathan Kimball
1st Brigade, 1st Division, IV Corps (Cumberland): Colonel Isaac M Kirby
2nd Brigade, 1st Division, IV Corps (Cumberland): Brigadier-General Walter Chiles Whitaker
3rd Brigade, 1st Division, IV Corps (Cumberland): Brigadier-General William Grose
2nd Division, IV Corps (Cumberland): Brigadier-General George Day Wagner
1st Brigade, 2nd Division, IV Corps (Cumberland): Colonel Emerson Opdycke
2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, IV Corps (Cumberland): Colonel John Q Lane
3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, IV Corps (Cumberland): Colonel Joseph Conrad
3rd Division, IV Corps (Cumberland): Brigadier-General Thomas John Wood
1st Brigade, 3rd Division, IV Corps (Cumberland): Colonel Abel D Streight
2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, IV Corps (Cumberland): Colonel P Sidney Post
3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, IV Corps (Cumberland): Brigadier-General Samuel Beatty
Detachment Army of the Tennessee “XVI Corps” (Tennessee): Major-General Andrew Jackson Smith attached
1st Division, Detachment Army of the Tennessee “XVI Corps” (Tennessee): Brigadier-General John McArthur

1st Brigade, 1st Division, Detachment Army of the Tennessee “XVI Corps” (Tennessee): Colonel William Linn McMillen
2nd Brigade, 1st Division, Detachment Army of the Tennessee “XVI Corps” (Tennessee): Colonel Lucius Frederick Hubbard
3rd Brigade, 1st Division, Detachment Army of the Tennessee “XVI Corps” (Tennessee): Colonel Sylvester G Hill
3rd Division, Detachment Army of the Tennessee “XVI Corps” (Tennessee): Colonel David Moore
1st Brigade, 3rd Division, Detachment Army of the Tennessee “XVI Corps” (Tennessee): Colonel Thomas Jefferson Kinney
2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, Detachment Army of the Tennessee “XVI Corps” (Tennessee): Colonel James Isham Gilbert
3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, Detachment Army of the Tennessee “XVI Corps” (Tennessee): Colonel Edward H Wolfe
1st Brigade, 3rd Division, XVII Corps (Tennessee): Colonel Jonathan Baker Moore attached
District of Northern Alabama: Brigadier-General Robert Seaman Granger

District of Tennessee: Major-General Lovell Harrison Rousseau
4th Division, XX Corps (Cumberland):
1st Brigade, 4th Division, XX Corps (Cumberland): Colonel William P Lyon
2nd Brigade, 4th Division, XX Corps (Cumberland): Colonel Edwin Cooley Mason
Nashville Defences (Tennessee): Brigadier-General John Franklin Miller
Defences of the Nashville and Chattanooga Railroad: Brigadier-General Robert Huston Milroy
1st Brigade (Nashville & Chattanooga Railroad): Brigadier-General Horatio Phillips Van Cleve
3rd Brigade, (Nashville & Chattanooga Railroad): Colonel Waldimir Bonaventura Krzyzanowski
District of Etowah: Brigadier-General Thomas Francis Meagher
1st Brigade (Etowah): Brigadier-General John Horace King
2nd Brigade (Etowah): Colonel C H Carlton
Reserve Brigade (Etowah): Colonel Heber Le Favour
Department of the Ohio: Major-General George Stoneman
Army of the Ohio: John McAllister Schofield
Army of the Ohio: Major-General John McAllister Schofield
XIII Corps (Ohio): Brigadier-General Jacob Dolson Cox
2nd Division, XXIII Corps (Ohio): Brigadier-General Thomas Hewson Ruger
1st Brigade, 2nd Division, XXIII Corps (Ohio): Brigadier-General Joseph Alexander Cooper
2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, XXIII Corps (Ohio): Colonel Orlando H Moore
3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, XXIII Corps (Ohio): Colonel Silas Strickland
3rd Division, XXIII Corps (Ohio): Brigadier-General James William Reilly
1st Brigade, 3rd Division, XXIII Corps (Ohio): Brigadier-General James William Reilly
2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, XXIII Corps (Ohio): Colonel John S Casement
3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, XXIII Corps (Ohio): Colonel Israel N Stiles
Cavalry Corps (Military Division of the Mississippi): Major-General James Harrison Wilson
1st Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps (Mississippi): Brigadier-General Edward Moody McCook
1st Brigade, 1st Division, Cavalry Corps (Mississippi): Brigadier-General John Thomas Croxton
2nd Brigade, 1st Division, Cavalry Corps (Mississippi): Colonel Oscar Hugh La Grange
3rd Brigade, Brigade, 1st Division, Cavalry Corps (Mississippi): Brigadier-General Louis Douglas Watkins
2nd Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps (Mississippi): Brigadier-General Eli Long
1st Brigade, 2nd Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps (Mississippi): Colonel Abram O Miller
2nd Brigade, 2nd Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps (Mississippi): Colonel Robert Horatio George Minty
5th Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps (Mississippi): Brigadier-General Edward Hatch
1st Brigade, 5th Cavalry Division, 1st Division, Cavalry Corps (Mississippi): Colonel Robert R Stewart
2nd Brigade, 5th Cavalry Division, 1st Division, Cavalry Corps (Mississippi): Colonel Datus Ensign Coon
6th Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps (Mississippi): Brigadier-General Richard William Johnson
1st Brigade, 6th Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps (Mississippi): Colonel Horace Capron
2nd Brigade, 6th Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps (Mississippi): Colonel William Warren Lowe
7th Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps (Mississippi): Brigadier-General Joseph Farmer Knipe
1st Brigade, 7th Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps (Mississippi): Colonel John H Hammond
2nd Brigade, 7th Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps (Mississippi): Colonel Gilbert M L Johnson

Confederate Military Division of the West: General Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
Department of Tennessee and Georgia: General John Bell Hood
Army of Tennessee: General John Bell Hood
I Corps (Tennessee): Lieutenant-General Stephen Dill Lee
Johnson’s Division, I Corps (Tennessee): Major-General Edward Johnson
Deas’ Brigade, Johnson’s Division, I Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Zachariah Cantey Deas
Manigault’s Brigade, Johnson’s Division, I Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Arthur Middleton Manigault
Sharp’s Brigade, Johnson’s Division, I Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Jacob Hunter Sharp
Brantley’s Brigade, Johnson’s Division, I Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General William Felix Brantley
Stevenson’s Division, I Corps (Tennessee): Major-General Carter Littlepage Stevenson
Cumming’s Brigade, Stevenson’s Division, I Corps (Tennessee): Colonel Elihu P Watkins
Pettus’ Brigade, Stevenson’s Division, I Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Edmund Winston Pettus
Clayton’s Division, I Corps (Tennessee): Major-General Henry De Lamar Clayton
Stovall’s Brigade, Clayton’s Division, I Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Marcellus Augustus Stovall
Gibson’s Brigade, Clayton’s Division, I Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Randall Lee Gibson
Holtzclaw’s Brigade, Clayton’s Division, I Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General James Thadeus Holtzclaw
II Corps (Tennessee): Lieutenant-General Alexander Peter Stewart
Loring’s Division, II Corps (Tennessee): Major-General William Wing Loring
Featherston’s Brigade, Loring’s Division, II Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Winfield Scott Featherston
Adams’ Brigade, Loring’s Division, II Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General John Adams
Scott’s Brigade, Loring’s Division, II Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Thomas Moore Scott
French’s Division, II Corps (Tennessee): Major-General Samuel Gibb French
Ector’s Brigade, French’s Division, II Corps (Tennessee): Colonel David Coleman
Cockrell’s Brigade, French’s Division, II Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Francis Marion Cockrell
Sears’ Brigade, French’s Division, II Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Claudius Wistar Sears
Walthall’s Division, II Corps (Tennessee): Major-General Edward Cary Walthall
Quarles’ Brigade, Walthall’s Division, II Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General William Andrew Quarles
Shelley’s Brigade, Walthall’s Division, II Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Charles Miller Shelley
Reynolds’ Brigade, Walthall’s Division, II Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Daniel Harris Reynolds
III Corps (Tennessee): Major-General Benjamin Franklin Cheatham
Cleburne’s Division, III Corps (Tennessee): Major-General Patrick Ronayne Cleburne
Lowrey’s Brigade, Cleburne’s Division, III Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Mark Perrin Lowrey
Govan’s Brigade, Cleburne’s Division, III Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Daniel Chevilette Govan
Granbury’s Brigade, Cleburne’s Division, III Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Hiram Bronson Granbury
Smith’s Brigade, Cleburne’s Division, III Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General James Argyle Smith
Brown’s Division, III Corps (Tennessee): Major-General John Calvin Brown
Gist’s Brigade, Brown’s Division, III Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General States Rights Gist

Carter’s Brigade, Brown’s Division, III Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General John Carpenter Carter
Strahl’s Brigade, Brown’s Division, III Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Otho French Strahl
Vaughan’s Brigade, Brown’s Division, III Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General George Washington Gordon
Bate’s Division, III Corps (Tennessee): Major-General William Brimage Bate
Smith’s Brigade, Bate’s Division, III Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Thomas Benton Smith
Finley’s Brigade, Bate’s Division, III Corps (Tennessee): Colonel Robert Bullock
Jackson’s Brigade, Bate’s Division, III Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Henry Rootes Jackson
Cavalry Corps (Tennessee): Major-General Nathan Bedford Forrest
Chalmers’ Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General James Ronald Chalmers
Rucker’s Cavalry Brigade, Chalmers’ Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps (Tennessee): Colonel Edmund W Rucker
Biffle’s Cavalry Brigade, Chalmers’ Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps (Tennessee): Colonel Jacob B Biffle
Buford’s Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Abraham Buford
Bell’s Cavalry Brigade, Buford’s Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps (Tennessee): Colonel Tyree H Bell
Crossland’s Cavalry Brigade, Buford’s Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps (Tennessee): Colonel Edward Crossland
Jackson’s Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General William Hicks Jackson
Armstrong’s Cavalry Brigade, Jackson’s Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Frank Crawford Armstrong
Ross’ Cavalry Brigade, Jackson’s Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Lawrence Sullivan Ross

Texas. USS Itasca, Lieutenant-Commander George Brown, seized the blockade running British schooner Carrie Mair off Pass Cavallo.

Virginia. Incident at Bermuda Hundred.

Virginia. Skirmish at Snicker’s Gap.

ORDER OF BATTLE: CONFEDERATE FORCES IN VIRGINIA

Confederate Department of Northern Virginia: General Robert Edward Lee
District of the Valley: Lieutenant-General Jubal Anderson Early
Army of Northern Virginia: General Robert Edward Lee
I Corps (Northern Virginia): Lieutenant-General James Longstreet
Pickett’s Division, I Corps (Northern Virginia): Major-General George Edward Pickett
Steuart’s Brigade, Pickett’s Division, I Corps (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General George Hume Steuart
Hunton’s Brigade, Pickett’s Division, I Corps (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General Eppa Hunton
Corse’s Brigade, Pickett’s Division, I Corps (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General Montgomery Dent Corse
Terry’s Brigade, Pickett’s Division, I Corps (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General William Richard Terry
Field’s Division, I Corps (Northern Virginia): Major-General Charles William Field
Anderson’s Brigade, Field’s Division, I Corps (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General George Thomas Anderson
Gregg’s Brigade, Field’s Division, I Corps (Northern Virginia): Colonel F S Bass
Law’s Brigade, Field’s Division, I Corps (Northern Virginia): Colonel W F Perry
Benning’s Brigade, Field’s Division, I Corps (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General Henry Lewis Benning
Bratton’s Brigade, Field’s Division, I Corps (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General John Bratton
Kershaw’s Division, I Corps (Northern Virginia): Major-General Joseph Brevard Kershaw
Conner’s Brigade, Kershaw’s Division, I Corps (Northern Virginia): Colonel John Doby Kennedy
Wofford’s Brigade, Kershaw’s Division, I Corps (Northern Virginia):
Humphreys’ Brigade, Kershaw’s Division, I Corps (Northern Virginia): Major G B Gerald
Bryan’s Brigade, Kershaw’s Division, I Corps (Northern Virginia): Colonel James Philip Simms
II Corps (Northern Virginia): Lieutenant-General Jubal Anderson Early
Early’s Division, II Corps (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General John Pegram
Lewis’ Brigade, Early’s Division, II Corps (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General William Gaston Lewis
Johnston’s Brigade, Early’s Division, II Corps (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General Robert Daniel Johnston
Pegram’s Brigade, Early’s Division, II Corps (Northern Virginia): Colonel J S Hoffman
Rodes’ Division, II Corps (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General Bryan Grimes
Battle’s Brigade, Rodes’ Division, II Corps (Northern Virginia): Lieutenant-Colonel E L Hobson
Cook’s Brigade, Rodes’ Division, II Corps (Northern Virginia): Colonel W H Peebles
Cox’s Brigade, Rodes’ Division, II Corps (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General William Ruffin Cox
Grimes’ Brigade, Rodes’ Division, II Corps (Northern Virginia): Colonel D G Cowand
Gordon’s Division, II Corps (Northern Virginia): Major-General John Brown Gordon
Evans’ Brigade, Gordon’s Division, II Corps (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General Clement Anselm Evans
York’s Brigade, Gordon’s Division, II Corps (Northern Virginia): Colonel W R Peck
Terry’s Brigade, Gordon’s Division, II Corps (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General William Terry
Breckinridge’s Division, II Corps (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General Gabriel Colvin Wharton
Echols’ Brigade, Breckinridge’s Division, II Corps (Northern Virginia): Lieutenant-Colonel J C McDonald
Wharton’s Brigade, Breckinridge’s Division, II Corps (Northern Virginia): Major P Otey
Smith’s Brigade, Breckinridge’s Division, II Corps (Northern Virginia): Colonel T Smith
III Corps (Northern Virginia): Lieutenant-General Ambrose Powell Hill
Mahone’s Division, III Corps (Northern Virginia): Major-General William Mahone
Sanders’ Brigade, Mahone’s Division, III Corps (Northern Virginia): Colonel J H King
Harris’ Brigade, Mahone’s Division, III Corps (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General Nathaniel Harrison Harris
Weisiger’s Brigade, Mahone’s Division, III Corps (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General Davis Addison Weisiger
Sorrel’s Brigade, Mahone’s Division, III Corps (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General Gilbert Moxley Sorrel
Finegan’s Brigade, Mahone’s Division, III Corps (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General Joseph Finegan
Heth’s Division, III Corps (Northern Virginia): Major-General Henry Heth
Davis’ Brigade, Heth’s Division, III Corps (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General Joseph Robert Davis
MacRae Brigade, Heth’s Division, III Corps (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General William MacRae
Cooke’s Brigade, Heth’s Division, III Corps (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General John Rogers Cooke
Walker’s Brigade, Heth’s Division, III Corps (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General Henry Harrison Walker
Archer’s Brigade, Heth’s Division, III Corps (Northern Virginia): Colonel R M Mayo
Wilcox’s Division, III Corps (Northern Virginia): Major-General Cadmus Marcellus Wilcox
Thomas’ Brigade, Wilcox’s Division, III Corps (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General Edward Lloyd Thomas
McGowan’s Brigade, Wilcox’s Division, III Corps (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General Samuel McGowan
Lane’s Brigade, Wilcox’s Division, III Corps (Northern Virginia): Colonel R V Cowan
Scales’ Brigade, Wilcox’s Division, III Corps (Northern Virginia): Colonel W L J Lowrance
IV Corps (Northern Virginia): Lieutenant-General Richard Heron Anderson
Hoke’s Division, IV Corps (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General Robert Frederick Hoke
Colquitt’s Brigade, Hoke’s Division, IV Corps (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General Alfred Holt Colquitt
Clingman’s Brigade, Hoke’s Division, IV Corps (Northern Virginia): Colonel H McKethan
Kirkland’s Brigade, Hoke’s Division, IV Corps (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General William Whedbee Kirkland
Hagood’s Brigade, Hoke’s Division, IV Corps (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General Johnson Hagood
Johnson’s Division, IV Corps (Northern Virginia): Major-General Bushrod Rust Johnson
Wallace’s Brigade Johnson’s Division, IV Corps (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General William Henry Wallace
Wise’s Brigade, Johnson’s Division, IV Corps (Northern Virginia): Colonel J T Goode
Ransom’s Brigade, Johnson’s Division, IV Corps (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General Matthew Whitaker Ransom
Gracie’s Brigade, Johnson’s Division, IV Corps (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General Archibald Gracie
Cavalry (Northern Virginia): Major-General Wade Hampton
Hampton’s Cavalry Division, Cavalry (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General Matthew Calbraith Butler
Butler’s Brigade, Hampton’s Cavalry Division, Cavalry (Northern Virginia): Colonel H K Aiken
Young’s Brigade, Hampton’s Cavalry Division, Cavalry (Northern Virginia): Colonel J F Waring
W H F Lee’s Cavalry Division, Cavalry (Northern Virginia): Major-General William Henry Fitzhugh Lee
Chambliss’ Brigade, W H F Lee’s Cavalry Division, Cavalry (Northern Virginia): Colonel Richard Lee Turberville Beale
Barringer’s Brigade, W H F Lee’s Cavalry Division, Cavalry (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General Rufus Clay Barringer
Dearing’s Cavalry Brigade, Cavalry (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General James Dearing
Lomax’s Cavalry Division, Cavalry (Northern Virginia): Major-General Lunsford Lindsay Lomax detached in Shenandoah Valley
McCausland’s Brigade, Lomax’s Cavalry Division, Cavalry (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General John McCausland

Imboden’s Brigade, Lomax’s Cavalry Division, Cavalry (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General John Daniel Imboden
Jackson’s Brigade, Lomax’s Cavalry Division, Cavalry (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General Henry Brevard Davidson
Rosser’s Cavalry Division, Cavalry (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General Thomas Lafayette Rosser detached in Shenandoah Valley
Wickham’s Brigade, Rosser’s Cavalry Division, Cavalry (Northern Virginia):

Rosser’s Brigade, Rosser’s Cavalry Division, Cavalry (Northern Virginia):
Payne’s Brigade, Rosser’s Cavalry Division, Cavalry (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General William Henry Fitzhugh Payne
Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia: General Braxton Bragg
First District: Brigadier-General Henry Alexander Wise
Walker’s Brigade (North Carolina and Southern Virginia): Brigadier-General James Alexander Walker
Garnett’s Brigade (North Carolina and Southern Virginia): Lieutenant-Colonel J J Garnett Battalion
Second District: Brigadier-General Laurence Simmons Baker
Third District: Major-General William Henry Chase Whiting
Department of Richmond: Lieutenant-General Richard Stoddert Ewell
Hughs’ Brigade (Richmond): Colonel J M Hughs
Barton’s Brigade (Richmond): Brigadier-General Seth Maxwell Barton
Lee’s Brigade (Richmond): Brigadier-General George Washington Custis Lee
Gary’s Brigade (Richmond): Brigadier-General Martin Witherspoon Gary

West Virginia. Skirmish at Kabletown.

Union Organisation

USA: Commodore James Shedden Palmer assumed command of the West Gulf Blockading Squadron of the US Navy, succeeding Rear Admiral David Glasgow Farragut.

Palmer, James Shedden / Born 13 October 1810 Elizabethtown, New Jersey / Died St Thomas, Virgin Islands 7 December 1867
Midshipman USN 1 January 1825 / Passed Midshipman USN 4 June 1831 / Lieutenant USN 17 December 1836 Reserved 13 September 1855 / Commander USN 14 September 1855 / Captain USN 16 July 1862 / Commodore USN 7 February 1863 / Rear Admiral USN 26 July 1866
USS Iroquois January 1861-December 1861 / USS Montgomery October 1862 / USS Hartford January 1863 / West Indies Squadron 3 October 1864-1 November 1865 / West Gulf Blockading Squadron 30 November 1864-23 February 1865 / USS Richmond 1865 / North Atlantic Squadron 1 November 1865-7 December 1867 / USS Rhode Island 1866 / USS Susquehanna 1867

USA: Brigadier-General Joseph Rodman West assumed command of the District of Arizona, succeeding Colonel George Washington Bowie.

West, Joseph Rodman / Louisiana / Born 19 September 1822 New Orleans, Louisiana / Died Washington, District of Columbia 31 October 1898
Private USV Mounted Infantry 17 July 1847 / Captain USV 1st Maryland and District of Columbia Infantry 25 July 1847 / Mustered Out USV 10 August 1848 / Colonel USV 1st California 1 July 1861 / Lieutenant-Colonel USV 5 August 1861 / Colonel USV 1 June 1862 / Brigadier-General USV 25 October 1862 / Mustered Out USV 4 January 1866 / Brevet Major-General USV 4 January 1866
District of Southern California 12 January 1862-5 February 1862 / District of Arizona 5 September 1862-29 January 1864 / 2nd Division VII Corps Department of Arkansas 25 April 1864-16 June 1864 / Cavalry Division District of Little Rock 15 September 1863-18 March 1865 / 1st Brigade 1st Division Cavalry Corps Military Division of West Mississippi 14 April 1865-15 May 1865 / 2nd Division Cavalry Corps Military Division of West Mississippi 15 May 1865-12 June 1865

USA: John McAllister Schofield promoted Brigadier-General USA 11 May 1865 to rank from 30 November 1864.

Schofield, John McAllister / New York-Illinois / Born 29 September 1831 Gerry, New York / Died St Augustine, Florida 4 March 1906
USMA 1 July 1853 7/52 Artillery / Cadet USMA 1 July 1849 / 2nd US Artillery 1 July 1843 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 1st US Artillery 31 August 1853 / 1st Lieutenant 3 March 1855 / ADC ( N Lyon) 1861 / Major USV 1st Missouri Infantry 26 April 1861 / Captain USA 14 May 1861 / Major USV 1st Missouri Artillery 26 June 1861 / Assistant Adjutant-General 26 June 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 21 November 1861 / Brigadier-General Missouri Militia 26 November 1861 / Major-General Missouri Militia 8 October 1862 / Major-General USV 29 November 1862 Expired 4 March 1863 / Reappointed Major-General USV 12 May 1863 to rank from 29 November 1862 / Brigadier-General USA 11 May 1865 to rank from 30 November 1864 / Mustered Out USV 1 September 1866 / Major-General USA 4 March 1869 / Superintendent of USMA 1 September 1876-21 June 1881 / General-in-Chief of the US Army 14 August 1888 / Lieutenant-General USA 5 February 1895 / Retired USA 29 September 1895 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1843 Brevet Major-General USA 13 March 1865 Medal of Honor 10 August 1861
Chief of Staff and Assistant Adjutant-General Army of the West 2 July 1861-10 August 1861 / District of St Louis 21 November 1861-10 April 1862 / District of Northern Missouri 26 December 1861-11 March 1862 / District of Missouri 1 June 1862-26 September 1862 / District of Southwest Missouri 24 September 1862-10 November 1862 / Army of Southwestern Missouri 1 October 1862-12 October 1862 / Army of the Frontier 12 October 1862-20 November 1862 / Army of the Frontier 29 December 1862-30 March 1863 / Department of the Missouri 13 May 1863-22 January 1864 / 3rd Division XIV Corps Army of the Cumberland 17 April 1863-10 May 1863 / District of Southwest Missouri 30 March 1863-24 May 1863 / Department of the Ohio 28 January 1864-8 November 1864 / Army of the Ohio 9 February 1864-25 May 1864 / XXIII Corps Ohio 9 April 1864-26 May 1864 / Army of the Ohio 28 May 1864-1 August 1865 / XXIII Corps Ohio 27 May 1864-14 September 1864 / XXIII Corps Ohio 22 October 1864-2 February 1865 / Department of North Carolina 30 January 1865-20 June 1865 / XXIII Corps North Carolina 9 February 1865-31 March 1865 / Department of the Potomac 6 August 1866-25 September 1866 / Department of the Potomac 26 October 1866-11 March 1867 / First Military District 11 March 1867-1 June 1868 / General-in-Chief USA 14 August 1888-29 September 1895

USA: Alfred Gibbs confirmed Brigadier-General USV 30 November 1864 to rank from 19 October 1864.

Gibbs, Alfred / New York / Born 22 April 1823 Astoria, New York / Died Fort Leavenworth, Kansas 26 December 1868
USMA 1 July 1846 42/59 Mounted Rifles-Cavalry / Cadet USMA 1 July 1842 / US Mounted Rifles 1 July 1846 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 21 December 1846 / 1st Lieutenant USA 31 May 1853 / Regt Adjutant 24 March 1858-15 September 1858 / Captain USA 13 May 1861 / 3rd US Cavalry 3 August 1861 / Colonel USV 130th New York Infantry 6 September 1862 / 19th New York Cavalry (1st New York Dragoons) 11 August 1863 / Brigadier-General USV 30 November 1864 to rank from 19 October 1864 / Mustered Out USV 1 February 1866 / Major USA 7th US Cavalry 28 July 1866 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1846 Brevet 1st Lieutenant USA 18 April 1847 Brevet Captain USA 13 September 1847 Brevet Major USA 11 June 1864 Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel USA 19 September 1864 Brevet Colonel USA 13 March 1865 Brevet Major-General USV 13 March 1865 / WIA Cerro Gordo 18 April 1847 WIA Cook’s Spring, New Mexico Territory 9 March 1857 CIA San Augustine Springs, New Mexico Territory 27 July 1861 Exchanged 7 August 1862
2nd Brigade VII Corps Department of Virginia 5 December 1862-21 January 1863 / Reserve Brigade 1st Division Cavalry Corps Army of the Potomac 12 August 1863-12 September 1863 / Reserve Brigade 1st Division Cavalry Corps Army of the Potomac 21 November 1863-10 April 1864 / Reserve Brigade 1st Division Cavalry Corps Army of the Potomac 7 May 1864-25 May 1864 / Reserve Brigade 1st Division Cavalry Corps Army of the Shenandoah 6 August 1864-8 September 1864 / 2nd Brigade 1st Division Cavalry Corps Army of the Shenandoah 13 November 1864-18 November 1864 / Reserve Brigade 1st Division Cavalry Corps Army of the Shenandoah 13 December 1864-31 December 1864 / Reserve Brigade 1st Division Cavalry Corps Army of the Shenandoah 15 January 1865-18 January 1865 / 2nd Brigade 1st Division Cavalry Corps Army of the Shenandoah 3 February 1865-10 February 1865 / 1st Division Cavalry Corps Army of the Shenandoah 3rd February 1865-10 February 1865 / Reserve Brigade 1st Division Cavalry Corps Army of the Shenandoah 10 February 1865-25 March 1865 / Reserve Brigade 1st Division Cavalry Corps Army of the Potomac 25 March 1865-25 May 1865

USA: Ranald Slidell Mackenzie promoted Brigadier-General USV 30 November 1864 to rank from 19 October 1864.

Mackenzie, Ranald Slidell / New York-New Jersey / Born 27 July 1840 Westchester, New York / Died New Brighton, Staten Island, New York 19 January 1889
USMA 17 June 1862 1/28 Engineers / Cadet USMA 1 July 1858 / 2nd Lieutenant USA Engineers 17 June 1862 / 1st Lieutenant USA 3 March 1863 / Captain USA 6 November 1863 / Colonel USV 2nd Connecticut Heavy Artillery 10 July 1864 / Brigadier-General USV 30 November 1864 to rank from 19 October 1864 / Mustered Out USV 15 January 1866 / Colonel USA 41st US Infantry 6 March 1867 / 24th US Infantry 15 March 1869 / 4th US Cavalry 15 December 1869 / Brigadier-General USA 26 October 1882 / Retired USA 24 March 1884 / Brevet 1st Lieutenant USA 29 August 1862 Brevet Captain USA 3 May 1863 Brevet Major USV 4 July 1863 Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel USA 18 June 1864 Brevet Colonel USA 19 October 1864 Brevet Brigadier-General USA 13 March 1865 Brevet Major-General USV 31 March 1865 / WIA Second Bull Run 29 August 1862 WIA Gettysburg July 1863 WIA Petersburg 22 June 1864 WIA Winchester 19 September 1864 WIA Cedar Creek 19 October 1864 WIA Blanco Canyon, Texas 15 October 1871
2nd Brigade 1st Division VI Corps Army of the Shenandoah 19 October 1864-19 October 1864 / 2nd Brigade 1st Division VI Corps Army of the Shenandoah 3 November 1864-6 December 1864 / 2nd Brigade 1st Division VI Corps Army of the Potomac 6 December 1864-23 January 1865 / 2nd Brigade 1st Division VI Corps Army of the Potomac 6 February 1865-17 March 1865 / Cavalry Division XVIII Corps Army of the James 21 March 1865-1 April 1865 / Cavalry Division Sheridan’s Cavalry Command 1 April 1865-8 April 1865 / Mackenzie’s Brigade 2nd Division Cavalry Army of the Potomac 8 April 1865-9 May 1865

USA: Rutherford Birchard Hayes confirmed Brigadier-General USV 30 November 1864 to rank from 19 October 1864.

Hayes, Rutherford Birchard / Ohio / Born 4 October 1822 Delaware, Ohio / Died Fremont, Ohio 13 January 1893
Major USV 23rd Ohio Infantry 27 June 1861 / Lieutenant-Colonel USV 24 October 1861 / Judge Advocate General Department of Western Virginia November 1861 / Colonel USV 24 October 1862 / Brigadier-General USV 30 November 1864 to rank from 19 October 1864 / Resigned USV 8 June 1865 / Brevet Major-General USV 13 March 1865 / WIA Giles Court House 10 May 1862 WIA Fox’s Gap 14 September 1862 WIA Winchester 24 July 1864 WIA Cedar Creek 19 October 1864
1st Brigade 1st Division VIII Corps Middle Department 19 March 1863-26 June 1863 / 1st Brigade 3rd Division Department of West Virginia June 1863-April 1864 / 1st Brigade 2nd Division Department of West Virginia April 1864-19 October 1864 / 2nd Division Department of West Virginia 19 October 1864-24 December 1864 / 1st Brigade 2nd Division Department of West Virginia 24 December 1864-January 1865 / 1st Brigade 1st Division Department of West Virginia January 1865-25 February 1865 / 1st Division Department of West Virginia 25 February 1865-April 1865

USA: George Lafayette Beal promoted Brigadier-General USV 30 November 1864.

Beal, George Lafayette / Maine / Born 21 May 1825 Norway, Maine / Died Norway, Maine 11 December 1896
Private and Captain Maine Militia 1855 / Captain USV 1st Maine Infantry 3 May 1861 / Mustered Out USV 5 August 1861 / Colonel USV 10th Maine Infantry 26 October 1861 / Mustered Out USV 8 May 1863 / Colonel USV 29th Maine Infantry 17 December 1863 / Mustered Out USV 8 May 1863 / Brigadier-General USV 30 November 1864 / Mustered Out USV 15 January 1866 / Brevet Brigadier-General USV 22 August 1864 Brevet Major-General USV 13 March 1865 / WIA Antietam 17 September 1862
2nd Brigade 1st Division XIX Corps Department of the Gulf 15 February 1864-24 March 1864 / 1st Brigade 1st Division XIX Corps Department of the Gulf 18 April 1864-5 July 1864 / 1st Brigade 1st Division XIX Corps Department of Washington 11 July 1864-31 July 1864 / 1st Brigade 1st Division XIX Corps Army of the Shenandoah 6 August 1864-13 October 1864 / 1st Brigade 1st Division XIX Corps Army of the Shenandoah 13 December 1864-20 March 1865/ 1st Brigade Provisional Division Army of the Shenandoah 20 March 1865-19 April 1865 / 1st Brigade 1st Division XXII Corps Department of Washington 9 April 1865-21 May 1865 / District of Eastern South Carolina 23 June 1865-27 June 1865

USA: Henry Goddard Thomas promoted Brigadier-General USV 30 November 1864.

Thomas, Henry Goddard / Maine / Born 4 April 1837 Portland, Maine / Died Oklahoma City, Indian Territory 23 January 1897
Private USV 5th Maine Infantry April 1861 / Captain USV 24 June 1861 / Captain USA 11th US Infantry 5 August 1861 / Mustered Out USV 26 August 1861 / Captain USA 11th US Infantry 5 August 1861 / Colonel USV 79th USC Infantry (1st Kansas Colored Infantry) 20 March 1863 / Mustered Out USV 11 July 1863 / Colonel USV 19th US Colored Infantry 16 January 1864 / Brigadier-General USV 30 November 1864 / Mustered Out USV 15 January 1866 / 20th US Infantry 21 September 1866 / Major USA 4th US Infantry 22 October 1876 / Paymaster’s Department 23 May 1878 / Retired USA 2 July 1891 / Brevet Major USA 12 May 1864 Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel USA 30 July 1864 Brevet Colonel USA 13 March USA 13 March 1865 Brevet Brigadier-General USA 13 March 1865 Brevet Major-General USV 13 March 1865 / CIA Petersburg 1 August 1864 Released 2 August 1864
2nd Brigade 4th Division IX Corps Army of the Potomac 4 May 1864-7 September 1864 / 2nd Brigade 3rd Division IX Corps Army of the Potomac October 1864-26 November 1864 / 3rd Brigade 3rd Division XXV Corps Army of the James 15 December 1864-31 December 1864 / 3rd Brigade 1st Division XXV Corps Army of the James 31 December 1864-27 April 1865

USA: Major-General John Alexander McClernand resigned from the US Volunteers to resume his political career.

McClernand, John Alexander / Kentucky-Illinois / Born 30 May 1812 Breckinridge, Kentucky / Died Springfield, Illinois 20 September 1890
Private USV Illinois Infantry June 1832 / Mustered Out USV August 1832 / Brigadier-General USV 6 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861 / Major-General USV 22 March 1862 to rank from 21 March 1862 / Resigned USV 30 November 1864 / WIA Belmont 7 November 1861
1st Brigade District of Southeast Missouri 14 October 1861-23 December 1861 / 1st Brigade District of Cairo 23 December 1861-1 February 1862 / 1st Division District of Cairo 1 February 1862-17 February 1862 / 1st Division District of West Tennessee 17 February 1862-11 March 1862 / 1st Division Army of the Tennessee 11 March 1862-2 May 1862 / Reserve Department of the Mississippi 2 May 1862-24 June 1862 / Sub-District of Jackson 24 June 1862-25 August 1862 / 1st Division District of Jackson 24 June 1862-12 September 1862 / XIII Corps Tennessee 21 December 1862-4 January 1863 / Army of the Mississippi 4 January 1863-12 January 1862 / XIII Corps Tennessee 31 January 1863-19 June 1863 / XIII Corps Gulf 20 February 1864-15 March 1864 / Detachment XIII Corps Department of the Gulf 27 April 1864-1 May 1864

USA: Brigadier-General Neal Dow resigned due to ill health exacerbated during his period as a prisoner of war and returned to activism in the Temperance movement.

Dow, Neal (S) / Maine / Born 20 March 1804 Portland, Maine / Died Portland, Maine 2 October 1897
Colonel USV 13th Maine Infantry 23 November 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 28 April 1862 / Resigned USV 30 November 1864 / WIA Port Hudson 27 May 1863 CIA Port Hudson 15 June 1863 Exchanged 25 February 1864
District of Pensacola 2 October 1862-24 January 1863 / 1st Brigade 2nd Division XIX Corps Department of the Gulf 26 February 1863-27 May 1863

Commander in Chief: President Abraham Lincoln
Vice-President: Hannibal Hamlin
Secretary of War: Edwin McMasters Stanton
Secretary of the Navy: Gideon Welles

  • North Atlantic Blockading Squadron USN: Rear Admiral David Dixon Porter USN
  • South Atlantic Blockading Squadron USN: Rear Admiral John Adolphus Dahlgren USN
  • West Gulf Blockading Squadron USN: Commodore James Shedden Palmer
  • East Gulf Blockading Squadron USN: Acting Rear Admiral Cornelius Kinchilo Stribling USN
  • Pacific Squadron USN: Rear Admiral Charles H Bell USN
  • Mississippi River Squadron USN: Rear Admiral Samuel Phillips Lee USN
  • Potomac Flotilla USN: Commodore Andrew Allen Harwood USN

General–in-Chief: Ulysses Simpson Grant

Military Division of the Mississippi: William Tecumseh Sherman

  • Department of the Cumberland: George Henry Thomas
    • District of Tennessee: Lovell Harrison Rousseau
    • District of Northern Alabama: Robert Seaman Granger
    • District of Etowah: Thomas Francis Meagher
    • Army of the Cumberland: George Henry Thomas
      • IV Corps Cumberland: David Sloane Stanley
  • Department of the Ohio: George Stoneman temporary
    • District of East Tennessee: Jacob Ammen
    • District of Kentucky: Stephen Gano Burbridge
    • Army of the Ohio: John McAllister Schofield
      • XXIII Corps Ohio: John McAllister Schofield
  • Department of the Mississippi: Napoleon Jackson Tecumseh Dana awaited
    • District of West Tennessee: Napoleon Jackson Tecumseh Dana
    • District of Vicksburg: Napoleon Jackson Tecumseh Dana
  • Army of the Tennessee: Oliver Otis Howard
      • XV Corps Tennessee: Peter Joseph Osterhaus
      • Detachment Army of the Tennessee (XVI Corps) Andrew Jackson Smith
      • XVII Corps Tennessee: Francis Preston Blair
  • Army of Georgia: Henry Warner Slocum
      • XIV Corps Georgia: Jefferson Columbus Davis
      • XX Corps Georgia: Alpheus Starkey Williams
  • Cavalry Corps Mississippi: James Harrison Wilson

Military Division of West Mississippi: Edward Richard Sprigg Canby

  • Department of Arkansas: Frederick Steele
    • District of Eastern Arkansas: Napoleon Bonaparte Buford
    • District of Little Rock: Eugene Asa Carr
    • District of the Frontier: John Milton Thayer
    • Army of Arkansas: Frederick Steele
      • VII Corps Arkansas: Frederick Steele
  • Department of the Gulf: Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
    • District of Baton Rouge and Port Hudson: William Plummer Benton
      • Sub-District of Baton Rouge: William Jennings Landram
      • Sub-District of Port Hudson: George Leonard Andrews
    • District of La Fourche: Robert Alexander Cameron
    • District of Morganza: Daniel Ullmann
    • District of Carrollton: Nelson Viall
    • District of West Florida and South Alabama: Gordon Granger
      • Sub-District of West Florida: Thomas Jefferson McKean
    • District of Key West and Tortugas: John Newton
    • Defences of New Orleans: Thomas West Sherman
    • Army of the Gulf: Stephen Augustus Hurlbut temporary
      • Reserve Corps Gulf: Gordon Granger
  • Department of the Missouri: William Starke Rosecrans
    • District of St Louis: Alfred Pleasonton
    • District of Southwest Missouri: John Benjamin Sanborn
    • District of North Missouri: Clinton Bowen Fisk
    • District of Central Missouri: John Finis Philips
    • District of Rolla: Albert Sigel temporary

Middle Military Division: Philip Henry Sheridan

  • Middle Department: Lewis Wallace
    • District of Delaware: Samuel M Bowman
    • District of the Eastern Shore of Maryland: Henry Hayes Lockwood
    • VIII Corps Middle: Lewis Wallace
  • Department of the Susquehanna: Darius Nash Couch
    • Lehigh District: Thomas Scott Mather
    • District of the Monongahela: Thomas Algeo Rowley
    • Juniata District: Orris Sanford Ferry
  • Department of Washington: Christopher Columbus Augur
    • District of St Mary’s: James Barnes
    • District of Alexandria: Henry Horatio Wells temporary
    • District of Washington: Moses N Wisewell
    • XXII Corps Washington: Christopher Columbus Augur
  • Department of Western Virginia: George Crook
    • District of Harper’s Ferry: John Dunlap Stevenson
    • Army of Western Virginia: George Crook
  • Army of the Shenandoah: Philip Henry Sheridan
    • VI Corps Shenandoah: Horatio Gouverneur Wright
    • XIX Corps Shenandoah: Cuvier Grover
    • Cavalry Corps Shenandoah: Alfred Thomas Archimedes Torbert

Department of the East: John Adams Dix

  • District of Northern New York: John Cleveland Robinson

Department of Kansas: George Sykes

  • District of Nebraska Territory: Robert Byington Mitchell
  • District of North Kansas: Thomas Alfred Davies
  • District of South Kansas: James Gilpatrick Blunt
  • District of the Upper Arkansas: Benjamin S Henning temporary
  • District of the Border: William Russell Judson
  • District of Colorado Territory: John Milton Chivington

Department of New Mexico: James Henry Carleton

  • District of Arizona: Joseph Rodman West

Northern Department: Joseph Hooker

  • District of Illinois: John Cook
  • District of Indiana: Alvin Peterson Hovey
  • District of Michigan: Bennett Hoskin Hill

Department of the Northwest: John Pope

  • District of Minnesota: Henry Hastings Sibley
  • District of Wisconsin: Thomas Church Haskell Smith

Department of the Pacific: Irvin McDowell

  • District of California: George Wright
  • District of the Humboldt: Stephen Girard Whipple
  • District of Oregon: Benjamin Alvord
  • District of Southern California: James Freeman Curtis
  • District of Utah: Patrick Edward Connor

Department of the Potomac: George Gordon Meade

  • Army of the Potomac: George Gordon Meade
    • II Corps Potomac: Andrew Atkinson Humphreys
    • V Corps Potomac: Gouverneur Kemble Warren
    • IX Corps Potomac: John Grubb Parke
    • Cavalry Corps Potomac: David McMurtrie Gregg

Department of the South: John Gray Foster

  • Northern District (South): Edward Needles Hallowell
  • District of Beaufort (SC): Rufus Saxton
  • District of Hilton Head: Philip Perry Brown
  • District of Florida: Eliakim Parker Scammon

Department of Virginia and North Carolina: Benjamin Franklin Butler

  • District of Eastern Virginia: George Foster Shepley
  • District of Currituck: Samuel Henry Roberts
  • Sub-District of Beaufort NC: James Stewart
  • Sub-District of New Bern: Edward Harland
  • Army of the James: Benjamin Franklin Butler
    • X Corps James: Alfred Howe Terry
    • XVIII Corps James: Godfrey Weitzel

Confederate Organisation

CSA: Dudley McIver Dubose confirmed Brigadier-General PACS 30 November 1864 to rank from 16 November 1864.

Dubose, Dudley McIver / Tennessee-Georgia / Born 28 October 1834 Shelby, Tennessee / Died Washington, Georgia 2 March 1883
1st Lieutenant ACSA Infantry 19 July 1861 / ADC (R A Toombs) 1861-1862 / Captain PACS Assistant Adjutant-General 29 January 1862 / 15th Georgia 1861 / Colonel PACS 15th Georgia Infantry January 1863 / Brigadier-General PACS (Temporary) 30 November 1864 to rank from 16 November 1864 / Paroled Fort Warren, Massachusetts 24 July 1865 / WIA Chickamauga 19 September 1863 CIA Sayler’s Creek 6 April 1865
Benning’s Brigade Field’s Division I Corps Army of Northern Virginia 5 May 1864-June 1864 / Wofford’s Brigade Kershaw’s Division I Corps Army of Northern Virginia 5 December 1864-6 April 1865

CSA: Benjamin Jefferson Hill promoted Brigadier-General PACS (Special) 30 November 1864.

Hill, Benjamin Jefferson / Tennessee / Born 13 June 1825 McMinnville, Tennessee / Died McMinnville, Tennessee 5 January 1880
Captain PACS 5th Tennessee Infantry June 1861 / Colonel 35th Tennessee Infantry 11 September 1861 / Provost Marshal 3 February 1864 / Brigadier-General PACS (Temporary) 30 November 1864 / Paroled Chattanooga, Tennessee 16 May 1865 / WIA Richmond 30 August 1862
2nd Brigade 4th Division Army of Kentucky 30 August 1862-October 1862 / Provost Marshal 3 February 1864-23 August 1864 / Hill’s Brigade Cleburne’s Division I Corps Army of Tennessee November 1864 / Hill’s Brigade W H Jackson’s Division Forrest’s Cavalry Corps Army of Tennessee November 1864-16 May 1865

CSA: Major-General Patrick Ronayne Cleburne was killed at Franklin, Tennessee.

Cleburne, Patrick Ronayne / Ireland-Arkansas / Born 17 March 1828 Desertmore, Co Cork, Ireland / KIA Franklin, Tennessee 30 November 1864
Private 41st Regiment of Foot British Army 27 February 1846 / Corporal British Army 1 July 1849 / Discharged British Army 22 September 1849 / Private Arkansas Militia 1860 / Captain Arkansas Militia January 1861 / Colonel 1st Arkansas Militia 14 May 1861 / Colonel PACS 1st Arkansas Infantry 23 July 1861 / 15th Arkansas Infantry 15 October 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 5 March 1862 to rank from 4 March 1862 / Major-General PACS 20 December 1862 to rank from 13 December 1862 / WIA Richmond 30 August 1862 WIA Perryville 8 October 1862
2nd Brigade 1st Division Army of Central Kentucky 28 October 1861-29 March 1862 / 2nd Brigade III Corps Army of Mississippi 29 March 1862-15 August 1862 / 2nd Brigade 3rd Division Left Wing Army of Mississippi 15 August 1862-August 1862 / 2nd Brigade 3rd Division Left Wing Army of Mississippi September 1862-8 October 1862 / 2nd Brigade 1st Division II Corps Army of Tennessee 20 November 1862-14 December 1862 / 1st Division II Corps Army of Tennessee 14 December 1862-30 December 1862 / 2nd Division II Corps Army of Tennessee 30 December 1862-10 August 1863 / 1st Division II Corps Right Wing Army of Tennessee 10 August 1863-September 1863 / I Corps Tennessee1 October 1863-23 October 1863 / 1st Division I Corps Army of the Tennessee 23 October 1863-2 December 1863 / I Corps Tennessee 2 December 1863-27 December 1863 / 1st Division I Corps Army of the Tennessee 27 December 1863-31 August 1864 / I Corps Tennessee 31 August 1864-2 September 1864 / 1st Division I Corps Army of the Tennessee 2 September 1864-30 November 1864

CSA: Brigadier-General John Adams was killed at Franklin, Tennessee.

Adams, John / Tennessee / Born 1 July 1825 Nashville, Tennessee / KIA Franklin, Tennessee 30 November 1864
USMA 1 July 1846 25/59 Dragoons / 1st US Dragoons 1 July 1846 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 6 December 1846 / 1st Lieutenant USA 9 October 1851 / Captain USA 30 November 1856 / Resigned USA 31 May 1861 / Captain ACSA Assistant Adjutant-General 16 March 1861 / Captain ACSA Cavalry 27 August 1861 / Colonel PACS May 1862 / Brigadier-General PACS 9 January 1863 to rank from 29 December 1862 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1846 Brevet 1st Lieutenant USA 16 March 1848
Cavalry Brigade Army of Mississippi July 1862 / District One of Mississippi and East Louisiana 5 January 1863-1 April 1863 / District Four of Mississippi and East Louisiana 1 April 1863-2 September 1863 / Adams’ Brigade Loring’s Division Army of Mississippi September 1863-28 January 1864 / Adams’ Brigade Loring’s Division Department of Alabama and East Mississippi January 1864-May 1864 / Adams’ Brigade Loring’s Division Army of Mississippi May 1864-23 June 1864 / Adams’ Brigade Loring’s Division III Corps Army of Tennessee 23 June 1864-30 November 1864

CSA: Brigadier-General Otho French Strahl was killed at Franklin, Tennessee.

Strahl, Otho French / Ohio-Tennessee / Born 3 June 1831 McConnelsville, Ohio / KIA Franklin, Tennessee 30 November 1864
Captain PACS 4th Tennessee Infantry May 1861 / Lieutenant-Colonel PACS 15 May 1861 / Colonel PACS 24 April 1862 / Brigadier-General PACS 28 July 1863 / WIA Atlanta 22 July 1864
Stewart’s Brigade Cheatham’s Division Polk’s Corps Army of Tennessee 6 June 1863-November 1863 / Strahl’s Brigade Stewart’s Division II Corps Army of Tennessee November 1863-20 February 1864 / Strahl’s Brigade Cheatham’s Division I Corps Army of Tennessee 20 February 1864-22 July 1864 / Strahl’s Brigade Brown’s Division I Corps Army of Tennessee September 1864-30 November 1864

CSA: Brigadier-General States Rights Gist was killed at Franklin, Tennessee.

Gist, States Rights / South Carolina / Born 3 September 1831 Union, South Carolina / KIA Franklin, Tennessee 30 November 1864
Captain South Carolina Militia 1853 / Brigadier-General South Carolina Militia April 1856 / Major-General Adjutant-General and Inspector-General South Carolina Militia 8 March 1861 / Colonel PACS ADC (B E Bee) 6 June 1861-21 July 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 19 March 1862 to rank from 20 March 1862 / WIA First Bull Run 21 July 1861 WIA Atlanta 22 July 1864
3rd Brigade Army of the Shenandoah 21 July 1861-21 July 1861 / First Sub-District of South Carolina 4 October 1862-16 October 1862 / Gist’s Brigade Walker’s Division Military Division of the West 21 May 1863-July 1863 / Gist’s Brigade Walker’s Division Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana July 1863-25 August 1863 / Gist’s Brigade Walker’s Division D H Hill’s Corps Army of Tennessee 28 August 1863-September 1863 / Walker’s Division Reserve Corps Army of Tennessee September 1863 / Gist’s Brigade Walker’s Division Polk’s Corps Army of Tennessee September 1863-26 September 1863 / Gist’s Brigade Walker’s Division Longstreet’s Corps Army of Tennessee 26 September 1863-12 November 1863 / Gist’s Brigade Walker’s Division Hardee’s Corps Army of Tennessee 12 November 1863-November 1863 / Gist’s Brigade Walker’s Division Hardee’s Corps Army of Tennessee November 1863-24 July 1864 / Walker’s Division Hardee’s Corps Army of Tennessee November 1863 / Gist’s Brigade Brown’s Division Cheatham’s Corps Army of Tennessee 24 July 1864-30 November 1864

CSA: Brigadier-General Hiram Bronson Granbury was killed at Franklin, Tennessee.

Granbury, Hiram Bronson / Texas / Born 1 Match 1831 Copiah, Mississippi / KIA Franklin, Tennessee 30 November 1864
Captain PACS 7th Texas Infantry May 1861 / Major PACS November 1861 / Lieutenant-Colonel PACS May 1862 / Colonel PACS 29 August 1862 / Brigadier-General PACS (Special) 5 March 1864 to rank from 29 February 1864 / CIA Fort Donelson 16 February 1862 Exchanged 13 August 1862 WIA Chickamauga 19 September 1863
J A Smith’s Brigade Cleburne’s Division II Corps Army of Tennessee 25 November 1863-April 1864 / Granbury’s Brigade Cleburne’s Division I Corps Army of Tennessee April 1864-30 November 1864

CSA: Brigadier-General John Carpenter Carter was mortally wounded at Franklin, Tennessee.

Carter, John Carpenter / Tennessee / Born 19 December 1837 Waynesboro, Georgia / DOW Franklin, Tennessee 10 December 1864
Private Tennessee Militia 13 January 1861 / 1st Lieutenant PACS 22nd Tennessee Infantry 18 August 1861 / 38th Tennessee Infantry 23 September 1861 / Captain PACS 7 October 1861 / Major PACS 1861 / Lieutenant-Colonel PACS 1862 / Colonel PACS 25 April 1862 / Brigadier-General PACS (Temporary) 8 July 1864 to rank from 7 July 1864 posthumously / WIA Perryville 8 October 1862 MWIA Franklin 30 November 1864
Carter’s Brigade Cheatham’s Division I Corps Army of Tennessee February 1864-September 1864 / Cheatham’s Division I Corps Army of Tennessee 31 August 1864-20 September 1864 / Carter’s Brigade Brown’s Division I Corps Army of Tennessee 20 September 1864-30 November 1864

CSA: Brigadier-General William Andrew Quarles was wounded and captured at Franklin, Tennessee .

Quarles, William Andrew / Tennessee / Born 4 July 1825 Jamestown, Virginia / Died Todd, Kentucky 28 December 1893
Major PACS Assistant Adjutant-General 24 October 1861 / Colonel PACS 42nd Tennessee Infantry 28 November 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 5 September 1863 to rank from 25 August 1863 / Paroled Nashville, Tennessee 25 May 1865 / CIA Fort Donelson 16 February 1862 Exchanged 30 September 1862 WIA Atlanta 28 July 1864 WIA Franklin 30 November 1864 CIA Franklin 30 18 December 1864
4th Brigade District of the Gulf September 1863-November 1863 / Quarles’ Brigade Breckinridge’s Division II Corps Army of Tennessee December 1863-6 April 18 / Quarles’ Brigade District of the Gulf 6 April 1864-21 May 1864 / Quarles’ Brigade Walthall’s Division III Corps Army of Tennessee 21 May 1864-18 December 1864

CSA: Brigadier-General George Washington Gordon was wounded and captured at Franklin, Tennessee.

Gordon, George Washington / Tennessee / Born 5 October 1836 Giles, Tennessee / Died Memphis, Tennessee 9 August 1911
1st Lieutenant PACS 11 Tennessee Infantry 22 May 1861 / Captain PACS July 1861 / Lieutenant-Colonel PACS 27 May 1862 / Colonel PACS 4 November 1862 / Brigadier-General PACS (Temporary) 16 August 1864 to rank from 15 August 1864 / Paroled Fort Warren, Massachusetts 24 July 1865 / CIA Tazewell, Tennessee 1862 Exchanged November 1862 WIA Stones River 31 December 1862 Exchanged 1863 WIA & CIA Franklin 30 November 1864
Gordon’s Brigade Cheatham’s Division I Corps Army of Tennessee 4 July 1864-September 1864 / Gordon’s Brigade Brown’s Division I Corps Army of Tennessee September 1864-30 November 1864

CSA: Brigadier-General Dandridge McRae resigned to resume law practice.

McRae, Dandridge / Arkansas / Born 10 October 1829 Baldwin, Alabama / Died Searcy, Arkansas 23 April 1899
Captain Inspector-General Arkansas Militia 1861 / Major PACS 3rd Battalion Arkansas Infantry 15 July 1861 / Lieutenant-Colonel PACS 21st Arkansas Infantry 3 December 1861 / Colonel PACS 28th Arkansas Infantry January 1862 / 36th Arkansas Infantry July 1862 / Brigadier-General PACS 5 November 1862 / Resigned PACS 30 November 1864 / No Record of Parole
2nd Brigade 2nd Division Trans-Mississippi Army December 1862-27 February 1863 / McRae’s Brigade Price’s Division District of Arkansas 27 February 1863-March 1864 / Sub-District of Eastern Arkansas March 1864-April 1864

CSA: Brigadier-General Edwin Gray Lee departed for Canada.

Lee, Edwin Gray / Virginia / Born 27 May 1836 Leeland, Virginia / Died Yellow Sulphur Springs, Virginia 24 August 1870
2nd Lieutenant PACS 2nd Virginia Infantry May 1861 / ADC (T J Jackson) June 1861 / 1st Lieutenant PACS Assistant Adjutant-General July 1861 / Major PACS 33rd Virginia Infantry April 1862 / Lieutenant-Colonel PACS 25 July 1862 / Colonel PACS 28 August 1862 / Resigned December 1862 / Resigned PACS 1 February 1863 / Major PACS Assistant Adjutant-General 1 February 1863 / Colonel PACS Judge Advocate General 19 November 1863-18 May 1864 / Brigadier-General PACS 23 September 1864 to rank from 20 September 1864 Revoked 24 February 1865 / No Record of Parole / CIA Shepherdstown September 1862 Exchanged December 1862
Judge Advocate General CSA 19 November 1863-18 May 1864 / Reserves Valley District 18 May 1864-28 November 1864

Commander in Chief: President Jefferson Finis Davis
Vice-President: Alexander Hamilton Stephens
Secretary of War: James Alexander Seddon
Secretary of the Navy: Stephen Russell Mallory

Military Adviser to the President: Braxton Bragg

  • Military Division of the West: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
    • Department of Tennessee and Georgia: John Bell Hood
      • District of Western North Carolina: James Green Martin
      • Army of Tennessee: John Bell Hood
        • I Corps Tennessee: Benjamin Franklin Cheatham
        • II Corps Tennessee: Stephen Dill Lee
        • III Corps Tennessee: Alexander Peter Stewart temporary
        • Cavalry Corps Tennessee: Nathan Bedford Forrest temporary
    • Department of Alabama, Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana: Richard Taylor
      • District of Mississippi and East Louisiana: Franklin Gardner
        • Sub-District of Southwest Mississippi: George Baird Hodge
        • Sub-District of Northern Mississippi: William Wirt Adams
      • Gulf District: Danville Leadbetter
      • District of Central Alabama: Daniel Weisiger Adams
      • District of Northern Alabama: Philip Dale Roddey
      • District of West Tennessee: Nathan Bedford Forrest
    • Department of East Tennessee and West Virginia: John Cabell Breckinridge
    • Department of Western Kentucky: Hylan Benton Lyon
  • Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia: Braxton Bragg
    • First District of North Carolina and Southern Virginia: Henry Alexander Wise
    • Second District of North Carolina and Southern Virginia: Laurence Simmons Baker
    • Third District of North Carolina and Southern Virginia: William Henry Chase Whiting
  • Department of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee
    • Army of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee
      • I Corps Northern Virginia: James Longstreet
      • II Corps Northern Virginia: Jubal Anderson Early
      • III Corps Northern Virginia: Ambrose Powell Hill
      • IV Corps Northern Virginia: Richard Heron Anderson
      • Cavalry Northern Virginia: Wade Hampton
    • Valley District: Jubal Anderson Early
  • Department of Richmond: Richard Stoddert Ewell
  • Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida: William Joseph Hardee
    • District of Georgia: Thomas Howell Cobb
    • District of South Carolina: Samuel Jones
      • 1st Sub-District of South Carolina: James Heyward Trapier
      • 2nd Sub-District of South Carolina: Robert Ransom
      • 3rd Sub-District of South Carolina: William Booth Taliaferro
      • 5th Sub-District of South Carolina: Lafayette McLaws
    • District of Florida: William Miller
    • Defences of Savannah: Lafayette McLaws
  • Trans-Mississippi Department: Edmund Kirby Smith
    • District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: John George Walker
      • Western Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: James Edwin Slaughter
        • Sub-District of the Rio Grande: Hamilton Prioleau Bee
      • Eastern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: William Steele
      • Sub-District of Houston: Xavier Blanchard Debray
      • Northern Sub-District Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: Henry Eustace McCullough
    • District of Arkansas: John Bankhead Magruder
    • District of West Louisiana: Simon Bolivar Buckner
    • District of Indian Territory: Douglas Hancock Cooper
    • Army of Missouri: Sterling Price
    • Trans-Mississippi Army: Edmund Kirby Smith
      • I Corps Trans-Mississippi: Simon Bolivar Buckner
      • II Corps Trans-Mississippi: John Bankhead Magruder
      • III Corps Trans-Mississippi: John George Walker
      • Reserve Corps Trans-Mississippi: Thomas Pleasant Dockery
  • Reserve Forces of Alabama: Jones Mitchell Withers
  • Reserve Forces of Florida: William Miller
  • Reserve Forces of Georgia: Thomas Howell Cobb
  • Reserve Forces of Mississippi: William Lindsay Brandon
  • Reserve Forces of North Carolina: Theophilus Hunter Holmes
  • Reserve Forces of South Carolina: James Chesnut
  • Reserve Forces of Tennessee: John Cabell Breckinridge
  • Reserve Forces of Virginia: James Lawson Kemper

Union Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

Lieutenant-General USA

Ulysses Simpson Grant

Major-General USA

Henry Wager Halleck
William Tecumseh Sherman
George Gordon Meade
Philp Henry Sheridan

Major-General USV

Asterisk indicates concurrently Brigadier-General USA

John Adams Dix
Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
Benjamin Franklin Butler
David Hunter
Ethan Allen Hitchcock
Irvin McDowell*
Ambrose Everett Burnside
William Starke Rosecrans*
John Pope*
Samuel Ryan Curtis
Franz Sigel
John Alexander McClernand RES
Lewis Wallace
George Henry Thomas*
George Cadwalader
Edward Otho Cresap Ord
Samuel Peter Heintzelman
Joseph Hooker*
Silas Casey
William Buel Franklin
Darius Nash Couch
Henry Warner Slocum
John James Peck
Alexander McDowell McCook
Thomas Leonidas Crittenden
John Gray Foster
John Grubb Parke
Christopher Columbus Augur
Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
Gordon Granger
Lovell Harrison Rousseau
George Stoneman
Oliver Otis Howard
Daniel Edgar Sickles
Robert Huston Milroy
Daniel Butterfield
Winfield Scott Hancock*
George Sykes
David Sloane Stanley
James Scott Negley
John McAllister Schofield*
John McAuley Palmer
Frederick Steele
Abner Doubleday
Napoleon Jackson Tecumseh Dana
John Alexander Logan
James Gilpatrick Blunt
George Lucas Hartsuff
Cadwallader Colden Washburn
Francis Jay Herron
Francis Preston Blair
Joseph Jones Reynolds
Julius Stahel
Carl Schurz
Gouverneur Kemble Warren
Alfred Pleasonton
Andrew Atkinson Humphreys
Quincy Adams Gillmore
William Farrar Smith
James Blair Steedman
Edward Richard Sprigg Canby
Horatio Gouverneur Wright
Andrew Jackson Smith
Grenville Mellen Dodge
John Gibbon
Peter Joseph Osterhaus
Joseph Antony Mower
George Crook
Godfrey Weitzel

Brigadier-General USA

Brackets indicates concurrently Major-General USV

(Irvin McDowell)
(William Starke Rosecrans)
Philip St George Cooke
(John Pope)
(Joseph Hooker)
(George Henry Thomas)
(Winfield Scott Hancock)
(John McAllister Schofield)

Brigadier-General USV

Thomas West Sherman
Benjamin Franklin Kelley
Jacob Dolson Cox
Alpheus Starkey Williams
James Brewerton Ricketts
Orlando Bolivar Willcox
Henry Hayes Lockwood
George Webb Morell
Samuel Davis Sturgis
Henry Washington Benham
William Farquhar Barry
John Joseph Abercrombie
Lawrence Pike Graham
Eleazar Arthur Paine
William Thomas Ward
John Gross Barnard
Innis Newton Palmer
Seth Williams
John Newton
George Wright
John Milton Brannan
John Porter Hatch
Albin Francisco Schoepf
Thomas John Wood
Richard W Johnson
Adolph Wilhelm August Friedrich Von Steinwehr
George Washington Cullum
Thomas Jefferson McKean
Zealous Bates Tower
Jefferson Columbus Davis
James Henry Lane
William Scott Ketchum
John Wynn Davidson
Eugene Asa Carr
Thomas Alfred Davies
William Hemsley Emory
Marsena Rudolph Patrick
Orris Sanford Ferry
Henry Moses Judah
John Cook
John McArthur
Jacob Gartner Lauman
Horatio Phillips Van Cleve
Speed Smith Fry
Alexander Asboth
James Craig
Mahlon Dickerson Manson
Robert Byington Mitchell
Cuvier Grover
Rufus Saxton
Benjamin Alvord
Napoleon Bonaparte Buford
Nathan Kimball
Charles Devens
Samuel Wylie Crawford
Henry Walton Wessells
John White Geary
Alfred Howe Terry
James Henry Carleton
Absalom Baird
John Cleveland Robinson
Truman Seymour
Henry Prince
Maximilian Weber
Jeremiah Cutler Sullivan
Alvin Peterson Hovey
James Clifford Veatch
William Plummer Benton
John Curtis Caldwell
Neal Dow RES
George Sears Greene
Samuel Powhatan Carter
Erastus Barnard Tyler
Charles Griffin
George Henry Gordon
Stephen Gano Burbridge
Washington Lafayette Elliott
Albion Parris Howe
Benjamin Stone Roberts
Jacob Ammen
Fitz-Henry Warren
Morgan Lewis Smith
Charles Cruft
Frederick Salomon
Henry Shaw Briggs
James Dada Morgan
Johann August Ernst Willich
Henry Dwight Terry
George Foster Shepley
John Reese Kenly
John Potts Slough
Gershom Mott
Henry Jackson Hunt
Francis Channing Barlow
Mason Brayman
Nathaniel James Jackson
George Washington Getty
Alfred Sully
William Woods Averell
Francis Barretto Spinola
Solomon Meredith
Eliakim Parker Scammon
Robert Seaman Granger
Joseph Rodman West
Alfred Washington Ellet
George Leonard Andrews
Clinton Bowen Fisk
William Hays
Israel Vogdes
Lewis Cass Hunt
Frank Wheaton
John Sanford Mason
David McMurtrie Gregg
Robert Ogden Tyler
Alfred Thomas Archimedes Torbert
Gilman Marston
William Dwight
Sullivan Amory Meredith
Nathaniel Collins McLean
William Vandever
Alexander Schimmelfennig
Charles Kinnaird Graham
John Eugene Smith
Joseph Tarr Copeland
Charles Adam Heckman
Edward Elmer Potter
Henry Beebee Carrington
John Haskell King
Adam Jacoby Slemmer
Thomas Hewson Neill
Thomas Gamble Pitcher
Thomas William Sweeny
William Passmore Carlin
Romeyn Beck Ayres
William Babcock Hazen
Richard Arnold
Edward Winslow Hinks
Michael Kelly Lawler
George Day Wagner
Lysander Cutler
Joseph Farmer Knipe
John Dunlap Stevenson
James Barnes
Edward Harland
Samuel Beatty
Franklin Stillman Nickerson
Edward Henry Hobson
Ralph Pomeroy Buckland
Joseph Dana Webster
William Harrow
William Hopkins Morris
Thomas Howard Ruger
Elias Smith Dennis
Thomas Church Haskell Smith
Mortimer Dormer Leggett
Davis Tillson
Albert Lindley Lee
Marcellus Monroe Crocker
Egbert Benson Brown
John McNeil
George Francis McGinnis
Hugh Boyle Ewing
James Winning McMillan
John Blair Smith Todd
Daniel Ullmann
George Jerrison Stannard
Henry Baxter
John Milton Thayer
Charles Thomas Campbell
Halbert Eleazer Paine
Robert Brown Potter
Thomas Ewing
Joseph Andrew Jackson Lightburn
Henry Hastings Sibley
Joseph Bradford Carr
Joseph Jackson Bartlett
Patrick Edward Connor
John Parker Hawkins
Gabriel René Paul
Edward Augustus Wild
Adelbert Ames
William Birney
Daniel Henry Rucker
Robert Allen
Rufus Ingalls
Alexander Shaler
Benjamin Henry Grierson
Robert Sanford Foster
Hugh Judson Kilpatrick
Alexander Stewart Webb
Alfred Napoleon Alexander Duffié
Walter Chiles Whitaker
Wesley Merritt
George Armstrong Custer
William Denison Whipple
John Converse Starkweather
Kenner Garrard
Charles Robert Woods
John Benjamin Sanborn
Giles Alexander Smith
Jasper Adalmorn Maltby
Thomas Kilby Smith
Walter Quintin Gresham
Manning Ferguson Force
Robert Alexander Cameron
John Murray Corse
John Aaron Rawlins
Alvan Cullem Gillem
John Wesley Turner
Henry Eugene Davies
Andrew Jackson Hamilton
Henry Warner Birge
James Hewitt Ledlie
James Harrison Wilson
Adin Ballou Underwood
Augustus Louis Chetlain
Thomas Francis Meagher
William Anderson Pile
John Wallace Fuller
John Franklin Miller
Philippe Régis Dénis de Keredern De Trobriand
Cyrus Bussey
Christopher Columbus Andrews
Edward Moody McCook
Lewis Addison Grant
Edward Hatch
August Valentine Kautz
Francis Fessenden
John Rutter Brooke
John Frederick Hartranft
Samuel Sprigg Carroll
Simon Goodell Griffin
Emory Upton
Nelson Appleton Miles
Joseph Hayes
Byron Root Pierce
Selden Connor
Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain
Elliott Warren Rice
William Francis Bartlett
Thomas Algeo Rowley
Edward Stuyvesant Bragg
Martin Davis Hardin
Charles Jackson Paine
Gustavus Adolphus De Russy
John Baillie McIntosh
George Henry Chapman
William Grose
Joseph Alexander Cooper
John Thomas Croxton
John Wilson Sprague
James William Reilly
Luther Prentice Bradley
Charles Carroll Walcutt
William Worth Belknap
Powell Clayton
Joseph Abel Haskin
James Deering Fessenden
Eli Long
Thomas Wilberforce Egan
Joseph Roswell Hawley
William Henry Seward
Isaac Hardin Duval
John Edwards
Thomas Alfred Smyth
Ferdinand Van Derveer
William Henry Powell
Thomas Casimer Devin
Alfred Gibbs
Ranald Slidell Mackenzie
Rutherford Birchard Hayes
James Richard Slack
Thomas John Lucas
Edmund Jackson Davis
Joseph Bailey
George Lafayette Beal
Henry Goddard Thomas

Brigadier-General USA (Staff)

Montgomery Cunningham Meigs (Quartermaster-General)
Lorenzo Thomas
George Douglas Ramsay
James Barnet Fry (Provost Marshal)
Richard Delafield (Engineers)
Joseph Holt (Judge Advocate-General)
Amos Beebe Eaton (Commissary-General of Subsistence)
Joseph K Barnes (Surgeon-General)
Alexander Brydie Dyer (Ordnance)

Confederate Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

General ACSA/PACS

Samuel Cooper
Robert Edward Lee
Joseph Eggleston Johnston
Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
Braxton Bragg
Edmund Kirby Smith
John Bell Hood

Lieutenant-General PACS

James Longstreet
Theophilus Hunter Holmes
William Joseph Hardee
Richard Stoddert Ewell
Ambrose Powell Hill
Richard Taylor
Jubal Anderson Early
Richard Heron Anderson
Alexander Peter Stewart
Stephen Dill Lee
Simon Bolivar Buckner

Major-General PACS

Benjamin Huger
John Bankhead Magruder
Mansfield Lovell
William Wing Loring
Sterling Price
Benjamin Franklin Cheatham
Samuel Jones
John Porter McCown
Daniel Harvey Hill
Thomas Carmichael Hindman
John Cabell Breckinridge
Lafayette McLaws
Samuel Gibbs French
George Edward Pickett
Carter Littlepage Stevenson
John Horace Forney
Dabney Herndon Maury
Martin Luther Smith
John George Walker
Arnold Elzey
Patrick Ronayne Cleburne KIA
Franklin Gardner
Isaac Ridgeway Trimble
Joseph Wheeler
Edward Johnson
William Henry Chase Whiting
Henry Heth
Robert Ransom
Jones Mitchell Withers
Cadmus Marcellus Wilcox
Wade Hampton
Fitzhugh Lee
Howell Cobb
John Austin Wharton
William Thompson Martin
Nathan Bedford Forrest
Charles William Field
James Patton Anderson
William Brimage Bate
Camille Armand Jules Marie de Polignac
Robert Frederick Hoke
William Henry Fitzhugh Lee
James Fleming Fagan
John Brown Gordon
Joseph Brevard Kershaw
Bushrod Rust Johnson
Edward Cary Walthall
Henry Delamar Clayton
William Mahone
John Calvin Brown
Lunsford Lindsay Lomax
James Lawson Kemper
Matthew Calbraith Butler
George Washington Custis Lee
Thomas Lafayette Rosser
Ambrose Ransom Wright

Brigadier-General PACS

Alexander Robert Lawton
Henry Alexander Wise
Henry Hopkins Sibley
John Henry Winder
Gideon Johnson Pillow
Daniel Ruggles
Roswell Sabine Ripley
Paul Octave Hébert
Albert Gallatin Blanchard
Gabriel James Rains
Thomas Fenwick Drayton
Nathan George Evans
James Heyward Trapier
Hugh Weedon Mercer
William Montgomery Gardner
Raleigh Edward Colston
John King Jackson
George Wythe Randolph
James Ronald Chalmers
Daniel Leadbetter
William Whann Mackall
Winfield Scott Featherston
Thomas James Churchill
William Booth Taliaferro
Albert Rust
Samuel Bell Maxey
Hamilton Prioleau Bee
James Morrison Hawes
George Hume Steuart
James Edwin Slaughter
Seth Maxwell Barton
Henry Eustace McCullough
John Selden Roane
States Rights Gist KIA
William Nelson Pendleton
Joseph Finegan
William Nelson Rector Beall
Thomas Jordan
William Preston
John Echols
George Earl Maney
John Stuart Williams
James Green Martin
Thomas Lanier Clingman
Daniel Weisiger Adams
Louis Hébert
Beverley Holcombe Robertson
St John Richardson Liddell
Johnson Hagood
Harry Thompson Hays
Matthew Duncan Ector
Edward Aylesworth Perry
Alfred Holt Colquitt
Abraham Buford
William Steele
Francis Asbury Shoup
Joseph Robert Davis
John Crawford Vaughn
Evander McIvor Law
Elkanah Brackin Greer
Francis Redding Tillou Nicholls
Alfred Cumming
William Stephen Walker
Montgomery Dent Corse
George Thomas Anderson
Alfred Iverson
James Henry Lane
Edward Lloyd Thomas
John Rogers Cooke
Jerome Bonaparte Robertson
Evander McNair
Archibald Gracie
William Robertson Boggs
James Camp Tappan
Dandridge McRae RES
Mosby Monroe Parsons
John Pegram
John Sappington Marmaduke
Marcus Joseph Wright
Zachariah Cantey Deas
John Adams KIA
William Hicks Jackson
James Cantey
Henry Lewis Benning
William Tatum Wofford
Samuel McGowan
Marcellus Augustus Stovall
George Blake Cosby
Francis Crawford Armstrong
William Lewis Cabell
John Daniel Imboden
Alfred Eugene Jackson
Robert Brank Vance
Arthur Middleton Manigault
Douglas Hancock Cooper
John Wilkins Whitfield
James Alexander Walker
Matthew Whitaker Ransom
Alfred Moore Scales
Henry Harrison Walker
Gabriel Colvin Wharton
Francis Marion Cockrell
James Patrick Major
Samuel Wragg Ferguson
Laurence Simmons Baker
Otho French Strahl KIA
Philip Dale Roddey
Eppa Hunton
Thomas Pleasant Dockery
Benjamin Grubb Humphreys
Henry Brevard Davidson
Cullen Andrews Battle
William Andrew Quarles
William Whedbee Kirkland
Robert Daniel Johnston
Alexander Welch Reynolds
Thomas Neville Waul
Edmund Winston Pettus
Armistead Lindsay Long
Henry Rootes Jackson
William Wirt Adams
Pierce Manning Butler Young
James Argyle Smith
Joseph Horace Lewis
Mark Perrin Lowrey
Edward Higgins
John Tyler Morgan
William Young Conn Humes
Jesse Johnson Finley
James Holt Clanton
Alfred Jefferson Vaughan
Joseph Orville Shelby
Lawrence Sullivan Ross
Daniel Chevilette Govan
Randall Lee Gibson
Nathaniel Harrison Harris
Allen Thomas
Alexander Travis Hawthorn
Robert Charles Tyler
Edward Porter Alexander
William Wirt Allen
Hiram Bronson Granbury KIA
Claudius Wistar Sears
William Feimster Tucker
Richard Lucian Page
Alpheus Baker
Daniel Harris Reynolds
James Chesnut
Stand Watie
Samuel Jameson Gholson
John Bratton
Thomas Moore Scott
John McCausland
Clement Anselm Evans
William Terry
Bryan Grimes
Martin Witherspoon Gary
Birkett Davenport Fry
Stephen Elliott
William Ruffin Cox
William Gaston Lewis
Zebulon York
Robert Doak Lilley
William Richard Terry
James Conner
Rufus Clay Barringer
John Smith Preston
Hylan Benton Lyon
William Lindsay Brandon
Bradley Tyler Johnson
James Thadeus Holtzclaw
John Carpenter Carter
William Felix Brantley
Robert Houston Anderson
Jacob Hunter Sharp
George Doherty Johnston
George Gibbs Dibrell
Thomas Benton Smith
David Addison Weisiger
William Miller
Philip Cook
William Hugh Young
George Washington Gordon
Lucius Jeremiah Gartrell
Walter Husted Stevens
Basil Wilson Duke
Charles Miller Shelley
Patrick Theodore Moore
Edwin Gray Lee
William Henry Wallace
Gilbert Moxley Sorrel
William Henry Fitzhugh Payne
Peter Burwell Starke
William MacRae
Samuel Read Anderson
Josiah Gorgas
Joseph Benjamin Palmer
Dudley McIver Dubose
Robert Bullock
Benjamin Jefferson Hill
Richard Waterhouse

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