1864 May 8th

May 8 1864 Sunday

Battle of Spotsylvania, VA

Battle of Rocky Face Ridge, GA (CWSAC Formative Battle Union Victory)

Red River Campaign

Atlanta Campaign – Dalton

James River Campaign

Virginia Overland Campaign – Spotsylvania

Hoke’s North Carolina Operations

Crook’s West Virginia Raid

Averell’s Second West Virginia Raid

Kautz’s Weldon Railroad Raid

Alabama. After a skirmish at Decatur, Union Brigadier-General John Dunlap Stevenson was forced to withdraw toward Lawrenceburg.

Arkansas. Incidents at Cherokee Bay and Jenkins’ Ferry.

Arkansas. Skirmish ten miles northeast of Maysville.

Georgia. The blockade running British schooner Sophia was lost at sea after being damaged in a heavy gale. The prize crew from USS Dan Smith under Acting Ensign Paul Armandt was forced to abandon the stricken ship.

Georgia. Union demonstration at Resaca.

Georgia. Skirmish at Buzzard’s Roost Gap.

Georgia. Skirmish at Sugar Valley.

Rocky Face Ridge, Georgia, also known as Mill Creek, Buzzard Roost Gap, Mill Creek Gap, or Dug Gap. Confederate General Joseph Eggleston Johnston had entrenched his Army of Tennessee along the long, high, sheer mountain of Rocky Face Ridge, which ran eastwards and across Crow Creek Valley. The position was named the “Gibraltar of Georgia” by Union troops. Lieutenant-General William Joseph Hardee’s Corps was positioned west of Dalton on top of the ridge. Lieutenant-General John Bell’s Hood’s troops occupied the ridgeline and then across Crow Valley to Pickett Top, with a refused flank across Hamilton Mountain towards Dalton. A detached division held Dalton and a smaller detachment guarded Dug Cap. There were three gaps passable for a large force, but each was easy to block with infantry and artillery. However, if the position could be turned, it could become a trap for its occupants.

As Union Major-General William Tecumseh Sherman approached, he decided to demonstrate against the position with two columns while he sent a third one through Snake Creek Gap. Major-General George Henry Thomas brought the Army of the Cumberland along the railroad from Ringgold and went into position west of Mill Creek Gap. Major-General John McAllister Schofield’s Army of the Ohio moved southwards and faced Crow Valley. on Thomas’ left They skirmished with the Confederate cavalry guarding Varnell’s Station, north of Dalton. These two diversionary columns were clearly visible to the Confederates.

The Union armies advanced to engage the enemy at Buzzard Roost (Mill Creek Gap) and at Dug Gap. Brigadier-General Charles Garrison Harker’s brigade (3/2/IV) advanced along Rocky Face Ridge while the divisions of Brigadier-General Thomas John Wood (3/IV), Brigadier-General Jefferson Columbus Davis (2/XIV), and Major-General Daniel Butterfield (3/XX) advanced frontally to develop the strength and location of the Confederate defences at Buzzard Gap.

Union Brigadier-General John White Geary’s division (2/XX) made a strong feint towards Dug Cap where the Lafayette to Dalton road crosses Rocky Face Ridge. Their advance was preceded by the 119th New York Infantry, deployed as skirmishers, and they ascended a steep ridge towards the rocky palisades at the crest held by Hardee’s men. Colonel Buschbeck’s 2nd Brigade and Colonel Charles Candy’s 3rd Brigade made up the battle line but their attack was repulsed after reaching the top of the slope. On the third attempt, a few men from the 33rd New Jersey Infantry, supported by McGill’s battery of rifled guns, gained a foothold on the crest about half a mile to the right of the gap. The Confederates were quickly reinforced, and the attackers retreated after darkness fell. Union casualties were 357 men in total. Confederate losses were not reported. (CWSAC Formative Battle Union Victory)

Snake Creek Gap, Georgia. While the main Union force distracted the Confederates at Dug Gap and Mill Creek Gap, Major-General James Birdseye McPherson’s Army of the Tennessee passed onto their right flank through Snake Creek Gap and advanced against little opposition. They aimed to hit the Western & Atlantic Railroad at Resaca in order to cut off the Confederate Army of Tennessee on Rocky Face Ridge.

Louisiana. Incidents at Middle Bayou, Alexandria, and Bayou Teche.

Louisiana. Skirmish at Bayou Robert.

Louisiana. The Union ironclads USS Osage and USS Neosho and the wooden steamer USS Fort Hindman passed the upper falls at Alexandria and prepared to make a run through the rapids, using the temporary rise in water levels afforded by the improvised wing dams. The dams were almost complete, and the river rose by one foot between sunset and midnight. It was now six feet deep and only one more foot of water was needed to save the first ships. The dams began to give way under the increased pressure of the water and orders were given for an attempt to pass the dams to be made in the morning.

Missouri. Incident at Randolph County.

North Carolina. Confederate Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard telegraphed Richmond from his headquarters at Weldon that his health had improved sufficiently for him to travel north to take over the defence of Richmond and Petersburg.

North Carolina. Three brigades from Cnfederate Major-General Robert Frederick Hoke’s division (two of his brigades were already serving there with Major-General George Edward Pickett) was recalled from its operations in North Carolina to reinforce the defence of Petersburg. They proceeded to Goldsboro to take the trains north, but their progress was delayed by the destruction of the Nottoway and Stony Creek brigades on the Petersburg & Weldon Railroad by the cavalry of Union Brigadier-General August Valentine Kautz. Hoke’s transfer left Confederate Major-General William Henry Chase Whiting to hold Wilmington and most of North Carolina with only small local garrisons.

Virginia. Skirmish at Corbin’s Bridge.

Virginia. Skirmish at Tood’s Tavern.

Virginia. Skirmish at Alsop’s Farm.

Virginia. Skirmish at Laurel Hill.

Virginia. Union operation on the Petersburg & Weldon Railroad began.

Virginia Skirmish at Piney Branch Ford.

Virginia Skirmish at Port Walthall Junction.

Virginia. The Union cavalry division of Brigadier-General August Valentine Kautz captured and burned the 210-foot long Nottoway Bridge on the Petersburg & Weldon Railroad, five miles south of Stony Creek. This action seriously hindered the transport of Confederate supplies and reinforcements to Virginia. Kautz then headed north to join the Union garrison at City Point.

Virginia. Skirmish at Jarratt’s Station involving Union Brigadier-General August Valentine Kautz.

Virginia. Skirmish at White’s Bridge involving Union Brigadier-General August Valentine Kautz.

Virginia. Union cavalry from the division of Brigadier-General David McMurtrie Gregg reported 250 casualties as his troops skirmished relentlessly with Confederate cavalry around Todd’s Tavern, about a mile south of the Wilderness. They attempted to push southwards but were blocked.

Spotsylvania, Virginia, or Spotsylvania Court House. At dawn, Confederate Major-General Richard Heron Anderson’s I Corps halted its overnight march three miles from Spotsylvania and half a mile short of the Po River. Major-General Fitzhugh Lee’s cavalry was blocking the Brock Road between Todd’s Tavern at Alsop’s Farm, screening Anderson’s line of march by skirmishing and delaying the approaching Union columns.

Fitzhugh Lee deployed his few guns at the southern edge of the Wilderness around Alsop’s Farm and prepared for a last-ditch defence. When he came under sustained attack around dawn, he sent couriers requesting urgent artillery and infantry support from Anderson. Lee’s couriers met Anderson just as his column resumed its march and was passing the Block House, within two miles of Spotsylvania. Anderson responded immediately and marched to the sound of the firing. The two leading brigades of Colonel John W Henagan and Brigadier-General Benjamin Grubb Humphreys ran the last mile and joined Fitzhugh Lee’s troopers behind their improvised rail-fence defences, just in time to repel the first Union attack. This was delivered by Brigadier-General John Cleveland Robinson’s division of Major-General Gouverneur Kemble Warren’s V Corps, which had led a ten-mile overnight march. Robinson saw that the Confederates occupied thick woods at the top of a low ridge, on the far side of a shallow valley filled with lighter timber. He asked Warren for time to deploy his three brigades, but Warren insisted on speed and the first brigade went ahead unsupported. They were struck at sixty yards not by carbine fire from dismounted cavalrymen but by intense rifle fire from infantry, and they fell back immediately. A second and heavier Union advance became entangled with the first and failed to have any impact. Robinson was wounded as he tried to maintain the momentum. More Confederates arrived near Alsop’s just in time to drive back a strong attack by the third of Robinson’s Union brigades, which was hit in the flank by a counter-attack and gave way. In less than an hour of fighting, Robinson had been permanently disabled and 1,200 of his men were lost for no gain of ground. Robinson’s division was so badly mangled that it was broken up the next day and its survivors dispersed among the other three divisions of the Corps.

As the Union troops recovered from finding infantry unexpectedly emplaced in their front, Warren prepared for a more considered attack with his second and third divisions as they arrived. Anderson reinforced the left of his two brigades with the division of Confederate Major-General Charles William Field when they arrived.

At this time Spotsylvania Court House, southeast of Alsop’s, was being defended by Brigadier-General Thomas Lafayette Rosser’s lone cavalry brigade against superior Union cavalry. Rosser also requested reinforcements. Fitzhugh Lee sent some cavalrymen and Anderson sent on his last two available brigades under Brigadier-General William Tatum Wofford and Brigadier-General Goode Bryan. Relentless Union pressure enabled Union Brigadier-General James Harrison Wilson’s cavalry to take Spotsylvania from the Confederates but, after realising that this placed the Confederates between his cavalrymen and the rest of the Union army, they were hastily withdrawn. This prudent retreat freed Wofford and Bryan to rejoin the rest of their division (Major-General Joseph Brevard Kershaw) and Field’s division across the road near Alsop’s, while Fitzhugh Lee pulled out and concentrated his cavalry at Spotsylvania.

At Alsop’s, the Union infantry began to entrench in a semi-circular line facing the two Confederate divisions. The Confederates followed suit, strengthening a position that extended one mile west of and half a mile east of the Brock Road, roughly a mile and a half from Spotsylvania. The Union army slowly accumulated men as they arrived along the Brock Road. Eventually, Warren’s four divisions had been strengthened by Major=General John Sedgwick’s three divisions of VI Corps. The seven Union divisions faced two vigorously entrenching Confederate divisions. Warren and Sedgwick and began to plan slowly and laboriously for a fourth attack.

Confederate General Robert Edward Lee arrived at 2.30 pm and immediately recognised the danger to Anderson’s exposed divisions. He sent for Lieutenant-General Richard Stoddert Ewell to hurry his march, but Ewell’s nearest men were still two hours distant at Shady Grove Church. Ewell’s first division arrived on Anderson’s right at around 5 pm, just in time to halt the long-delayed fourth attack of the Union army. Repelled once again, the attackers abandoned their fruitless efforts and returned to their works. The fighting subsided for the day.

Confederate Lieutenant-General Ambrose Powell Hill’s III Corps arrived during the night and morning to complete the concentration of Lee’s army. Major-General Jubal Anderson Early was transferred from II Corps to assume temporary command of III Corps because of a recurrence of Hill’s chronic illness. Early’s division passed to the pugnacious Brigadier-General John Brown Gordon.

Union Lieutenant-General Ulysses Simpson Grant’s lightning march to Spotsylvania had been frustrated and had degenerated into a costly reconnaissance in force. Anderson’s unplanned early departure had secured the crossroads, and the recapture of Spotsylvania Court House prevented a serious tactical reverse for the Confederates. Union Major-General George Gordon Meade blamed Major-General Philip Henry Sheridan for delaying the infantry’s march, but Sheridan responded vehemently that the cavalry was not being employed in its proper role. Sheridan complained that Meade’s interference had dispersed his cavalry and exposed it to the danger of destruction in isolated groups. Sheridan appealed to Lieutenant-General Ulysses Simpson Grant to allow the cavalry to operate more autonomously rather than as mere adjuncts to the infantry. Grant persuaded Meade that Sheridan might divert and defeat the Confederate cavalry more effectively by focusing its actions against it rather than acting as escorts and screens for the infantry. Sheridan was given a free rein to set off in the morning but not before warning his three division commanders that he expected nothing but complete success to compensate for his angry dispute with Meade.

ORDER OF BATTLE: SPOTSYLVANIA, VA

Union General in Chief: Lieutenant-General Ulysses Simpson Grant
IX Corps (Potomac): Major-General Ambrose Everett Burnside
1st Division, XI Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Thomas Greeley Stevenson
1st Brigade, 1st Division, XI Corps (Potomac): Lieutenant-Colonel Stephen M Weld
2nd Brigade, 1st Division, XI Corps (Potomac): Colonel Daniel Leasure
2nd Division, XI Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Robert Brown Potter
1st Brigade, 2nd Division, XI Corps (Potomac): Colonel Zenas Bliss Colonel John I Curtin
2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, XI Corps (Potomac): Colonel Simon Goodell Griffin
3rd Division, XI Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Orlando Bolivar Wilcox
1st Brigade, 3rd Division, XI Corps (Potomac): Colonel John F Hartranft
2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, XI Corps (Potomac): Colonel Benjamin C Christ
4th Division, XI Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Edward Ferrero
1st Brigade, 4th Division, XI Corps (Potomac): Colonel Joshua K Sigfried
2nd Brigade, 4th Division, XI Corps (Potomac): Colonel Henry G Thomas
Provisional Brigade, XI Corps (Potomac): Colonel Elisha G Marshall
Department of the Potomac: Major-General George Gordon Meade
Army of the Potomac: Major-General George Gordon Meade
Provost Guard (Potomac): Brigadier-General Marsena Rudolph Patrick
Chief of Artillery: Brigadier-General Henry Jackson Hunt
Reserve Artillery (Potomac): Colonel Henry S Burton
II Corps (Potomac): Major-General Winfield Scott Hancock
1st Division, II Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Francis Channing Barlow
1st Brigade, 1st Division, II Corps (Potomac): Colonel Nelson Appleton Miles
2nd Brigade, 1st Division, II Corps (Potomac): Colonel Thomas Alfred Smyth
3rd Brigade, 1st Division, II Corps (Potomac): Colonel Paul
4th Brigade, 1st Division, II Corps (Potomac): Colonel John R Brooke
2nd Division, II Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General John Gibbon
1st Brigade, 2nd Division, II Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Alexander Stewart Webb
2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, II Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Joshua Thomas Owen
3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, II Corps (Potomac): Colonel Samuel Sprigg Carroll
3rd Division, II Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General David Bell Birney
1st Brigade, 3rd Division, II Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General John Henry Hobart Ward
2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, II Corps (Potomac): Colonel John S Crocker
4th Division, II Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Gershom Mott
1st Brigade, 4th Division, II Corps (Potomac): Colonel Robert McAllister
2nd Brigade, 4th Division, II Corps (Potomac): Colonel William R Brewster

Provisional Brigade, II Corps (Potomac): Colonel John Ramsey
V Corps (Potomac): Major-General Gouverneur Kemble Warren
1st Division, V Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Charles Griffin
1st Brigade, 1st Division, V Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Romeyn Beck Ayres
2nd Brigade, 1st Division, V Corps (Potomac): Colonel Jacob B Sweitzer
3rd Brigade, 1st Division, V Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Joseph Jackson Bartlett
2nd Division, V Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General John Cleveland Robinson
1st Brigade, 2nd Division, V Corps (Potomac): Colonel Peter Lyle
2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, V Corps (Potomac): Colonel Richard Coulter
3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, V Corps (Potomac): Colonel Andrew W Denison
3rd Division, V Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Samuel Wylie Crawford
1st Brigade, 3rd Division, V Corps (Potomac): Colonel William McCandless
3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, V Corps (Potomac): Colonel Joseph W Fisher
4th Division, V Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Lysander Cutler
1st Brigade, 4th Division, V Corps (Potomac): Colonel William W Robinson
2nd Brigade, 4th Division, V Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General James Clay Rice
3rd Brigade, 4th Division, V Corps (Potomac): Colonel Edward S Bragg
VI Corps (Potomac): Major-General John Sedgwick
1st Division, VI Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Horatio Gouverneur Wright
1st Brigade, 1st Division, VI Corps (Potomac): Colonel Henry W Brown
2nd Brigade, 1st Division, VI Corps (Potomac): Colonel Emory Upton
3rd Brigade, 1st Division, VI Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General David Allen Russell
4th Brigade, 1st Division, VI Corps (Potomac): Colonel Nelson Cross
2nd Division, VI Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Thomas Hewson Neill
1st Brigade, 2nd Division, VI Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Frank Wheaton
2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, VI Corps (Potomac): Colonel Lewis A Grant
3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, VI Corps (Potomac): Colonel Daniel D Bidwell
4th Brigade, 2nd Division, VI Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Henry Lawrence Eustis
3rd Division, VI Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General James Brewerton Ricketts
1st Brigade, 3rd Division, VI Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General William Henry Morris
2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, VI Corps (Potomac): Colonel Benjamin F Smith
Cavalry Corps (Potomac): Major-General Philip Henry Sheridan
1st Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Wesley Merritt
1st Cavalry Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General George Armstrong Custer
2nd Cavalry Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps (Potomac): Colonel Thomas C
Devin
Reserve Cavalry Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps (Potomac): Colonel Alfred Gibbs
2nd Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General David McMurtrie Gregg
1st Cavalry Brigade, 2nd Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Henry Eugene Davies
2nd Cavalry Brigade, 2nd Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps (Potomac): Colonel John Irvin Gregg
3rd Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General James Harrison Wilson
1st Cavalry Brigade, 3rd Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps (Potomac): Colonel John B McIntosh
2nd Cavalry Brigade, 3rd Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps (Potomac): Colonel George Henry Chapman

Confederate Department of Northern Virginia: General Robert Edward Lee
Army of Northern Virginia: General Robert Edward Lee
Chief Engineer: Major-General Martin Luther Smith, Chief of Artillery Brigadier-General William Nelson Pendleton
I Corps, (Northern Virginia): Major-General Richard Heron Anderson
McLaws’ Division, I Corps, (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General Joseph Brevard Kershaw
Kershaw’s Brigade, McLaws’ Division, I Corps, (Northern Virginia): Colonel John W Henagan
Humphreys’ Brigade, McLaws’ Division, I Corps, (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General Benjamin Grubb Humphreys
Wofford’s Brigade, McLaws’ Division, I Corps, (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General William Tatum Wofford
Bryan’s Brigade, McLaws’ Division, I Corps, (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General Goode Bryan
Field’s Division, I Corps, (Northern Virginia): Major-General Charles William Field
Jenkins’ Brigade, Field’s Division, I Corps, (Northern Virginia): Colonel John Bratton
Gregg’s Brigade, Field’s Division, I Corps, (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General John Gregg
Law’s Brigade, Field’s Division, I Corps, (Northern Virginia): Colonel William Flake Perry
Anderson’s Brigade, Field’s Division, I Corps, (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General George Thomas Anderson
Benning’s Brigade, Field’s Division, I Corps: Colonel Dudley M Dubose
I Corps Artillery, (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General Edward Porter Alexander
II Corps, (Northern Virginia): Major-General Richard Stoddert Ewell
Early’s Division, II Corps: Major-General Jubal Anderson Early
Pegram’s Brigade, Early’s Division, II Corps, (Northern Virginia): Colonel John S Hoffman
Johnston’s Brigade, Early’s Division, II Corps, (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General Robert Daniel Johnston
Gordon’s Brigade, Early’s Division, II Corps, (Northern Virginia) Brigadier-General John Brown Gordon
Johnson’s Division, II Corps, (Northern Virginia): Major-General Edward Johnson
Stonewall Brigade, Johnson’s Division, II Corps, (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General James Alexander Walker
Jones’ Brigade, Johnson’s Division, II Corps, (Northern Virginia): Colonel William Witcher
Steuart’s Brigade, Johnson’s Division, II Corps, (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General George Hume Steuart
Hays’ Brigade, Johnson’s Division, II Corps, (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General Harry Thompson Hays
Rodes’ Division, II Corps, (Northern Virginia): Major-General Robert Emmet Rodes
Daniel’s Brigade, Rodes’ Division, II Corps, (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General Junius Daniel
Ramseur’s Brigade, Rodes’ Division, II Corps, (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General Stephen Dodson Ramseur
Battle’s Brigade, Rodes’ Division, II Corps, (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General Cullen Andrews Battle
Doles’ Brigade, Rodes’ Division, II Corps, (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General George Pierce Doles
II Corps Artillery, (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General Armistead Lindsay Long
III Corps, (Northern Virginia): Lieutenant-General Ambrose Powell Hill, Major-General Jubal Anderson Early
Anderson’s Division, III Corps, (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General William Mahone
Perrin’s Brigade, Anderson’s Division, III Corps, (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General Abner Munroe Perrin
Mahone’s Brigade, Anderson’s Division, III Corps, (Northern Virginia): Colonel David A Weisiger
Harris’ Brigade, Anderson’s Division, III Corps, (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General Nathaniel Harrison Harris
Perry’s Brigade, Anderson’s Division, III Corps, (Northern Virginia): Colonel David Lang
Wright’s Brigade, Anderson’s Division, III Corps: Brigadier-General Ambrose Ransom Wright
Heth’s Division, III Corps, (Northern Virginia): Major-General Henry Heth
Davis’ Brigade, Heth’s Division, III Corps, (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General Joseph Robert Davis
Cooke’s Brigade, Heth’s Division, III Corps, (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General John Rogers Cooke
Walker’s Brigade, Heth’s Division, III Corps, (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General Henry Harrison Walker
Kirkland’s Brigade, Heth’s Division, III Corps, (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General William Whedbee Kirkland
Wilcox’s Division, III Corps, (Northern Virginia): Major-General Cadmus Marcellus Wilcox
Lane’s Brigade, Wilcox’s Division, III Corps, (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General James Henry Lane
McGowan’s Brigade, Wilcox’s Division, III Corp, (Northern Virginia)s: Brigadier-General Samuel McGowan
Scales’ Brigade, Wilcox’s Division, III Corps, (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General Alfred Moore Scales
Thomas’ Brigade, Wilcox’s Division, III Corps, (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General Edward Lloyd Thomas
III Corps Artillery, (Northern Virginia): Colonel Reuben Lindsay Walker
Cavalry Corps: Major-General James Ewell Brown Stuart
Hampton’s Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps, (Northern Virginia): Major-General Wade Hampton
Young’s Cavalry Brigade, Hampton’s Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps, (Northern Virginia): Colonel Gilbert J Wright
Rosser’s Cavalry Brigade, Hampton’s Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps, (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General Thomas Lafayette Rosser
Fitzhugh Lee’s Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps, (Northern Virginia): Major-General Fitzhugh Lee
Lomax’ Cavalry Brigade, Fitzhugh Lee’s Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps, (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General Lunsford Lindsay Lomax
Wickham’s Cavalry Brigade, Fitzhugh Lee’s Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps, (Northern Virginia): Colonel Thomas T Munford
W H F Lee’s Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps, (Northern Virginia): Major-General William Henry Fitzhugh Lee
Chambliss’ Cavalry Brigade, W H F Lee’s Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps, (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General John Randolph Chambliss
Gordon’s Cavalry Brigade, W H F Lee’s Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps, (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General James Byron Gordon 

Virginia. Parts of the Union XVIII Corps and X Corps left the defences at Bermuda Hundred to probe towards Petersburg. They met the Confederate division of Major-General Bushrod Rust Johnson at Swift Creek and halted.

West Virginia. Skirmish with Union pickets at Halltown.

West Virginia. Skirmish at Jeffersonville.

West Virginia. Union Brigadier-George Crook and his 6,000 infantrymen reached Shannon’s Bridge at sunset, after a hard march from Gauley Bridge. He was only seven miles from his objective of Dublin Station, where he planned to rendezvous with 2,000 cavalrymen under Brigadier-General William Woods Averell, who were riding from Logan Court House. Crook learned that a Confederate force was lying in wait for him two miles ahead on a wooded spur of Cloyd’s Mountain. The Confederates numbered 2,500 to 3,000 men, many of them militiamen and Home Guards, and were led by Brigadier-General Albert Gallatin Jenkins.

West Virginia. Union Brigadier-General William Woods Averell’s cavalry reached Tazewell, where he learned that he was faced by a Confederate force commanded by the irrepressible Brigadier-General John Hunt Morgan, including 750 diehard survivors of his notorious raid to Ohio of July 1863. Morgan had moved from Abingdon to defend the vital salt works at Saltville. Averell over-estimated Morgan’s force at 4,500 men, which was more than double his own strength. The town had been strongly fortified and it was clearly impossible to attack. Averell abandoned his plan to attack Saltville and turned his march towards the lead works at Wytheville instead, hoping to find that point undefended.

Union Organisation

USA: Brigadier-General James Samuel Wadsworth died of wounds received at the Wilderness Virginia.

Wadsworth, James Samuel / New York / Born 30 October 1807 Geneseo, New York / DOW Wilderness, Virginia 8 May 1864
Major-General New York Militia May 1861 / ADC (I McDowell) 8 June 1861-19 August 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 9 August 1861 / Major-General USV 5 May 1864 Withdrawn / Brevet Major-General USV 6 May 1864 posthumously / MWIA & CIA Wilderness 6 May 1864
2nd Brigade McDowell’s Division Army of the Potomac 3 October 1861 / Wadsworth’s Division Army of the Potomac 3 October 1861-12 March 1862 / 2nd Brigade 3rd Division I Corps Army of the Potomac 12 March 1862-17 March 1862 / Military District of Washington 17 March 1862-7 September 1862 / 1st Division I Corps Army of the Potomac 27 December 1862-2 January 1863 / I Corps Potomac 2 January 1863-4 January 1863 / 1st Division I Corps Army of the Potomac 4 January 1863-27 February 1863 / I Corps Potomac 1 March 1863-9 March 1863 / 1st Division I Corps Army of the Potomac 9 March 1863-15 June 1863 / I Corps Potomac 12 March 1864-13 March 1864 / 4th Division V Corps Army of the Potomac 25 March 1864-6 May 1864

Commander in Chief: President Abraham Lincoln

Vice-President: Hannibal Hamlin

Secretary of War: Edwin McMasters Stanton

Secretary of the Navy: Gideon Welles

North Atlantic Blockading Squadron: Samuel Phillips Lee
South Atlantic Blockading Squadron: John Adolphus Bernard Dahlgren
West Gulf Blockading Squadron: David Glasgow Farragut
East Gulf Blockading Squadron: Theodorus Bailey
Pacific Squadron: John Berrien Montgomery
Mississippi River Squadron: David Dixon Porter
Potomac Flotilla: Andrew Allen Harwood

General–in-Chief: Ulysses Simpson Grant

Military Division of the Mississippi: William Tecumseh Sherman

  • Department of the Cumberland: George Henry Thomas
    • District of Nashville: Lovell Harrison Rousseau
    • District of Western Kentucky: Eleazer Arthur Paine
    • Army of the Cumberland: George Henry Thomas
      • IV Corps Cumberland: Oliver Otis Howard
      • XIV Corps Cumberland: John McAuley Palmer
      • XX Corps Cumberland: Joseph Hooker
      • Cavalry Corps Cumberland: Washington Lafayette Elliott
  • Department of the Ohio: John McAllister Schofield
    • District of East Tennessee: Jacob Ammen
    • District of Kentucky: Stephen Gano Burbridge
    • Army of the Ohio: John McAllister Schofield
      • XXIII Corps Ohio: John McAllister Schofield
  • Department of the Tennessee: James Birdseye McPherson
    • District of West Tennessee: Cadwallader Colden Washburn
      • Sub-District of Memphis: Ralph Pomeroy Buckland
    • District of Vicksburg: Henry Warner Slocum
    • Army of the Tennessee: James Birdseye McPherson
      • XV Corps Tennessee: John Alexander Logan
      • XVI Corps Tennessee: vacant
        • Right Wing XVI Corps Tennessee: Andrew Jackson Smith
        • Left Wing XVI Corps Tennessee: Grenville Mellen Dodge
      • XVII Corps Tennessee: Francis Preston Blair

Military Division of West Mississippi: Edward Richard Sprigg Canby awaited

  • Department of Arkansas: Nathan Kimball temporary
    • District of Eastern Arkansas: Napoleon Bonaparte Buford
    • District of Northern Arkansas: Robert Ramsey Livingston
    • District of the Frontier: James Gilpatrick Blunt
    • Army of Arkansas: Frederick Steele
      • VII Corps Arkansas: Nathan Kimball temporary
  • Department of the Gulf: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
    • District of Baton Rouge: Henry Warner Birge
    • District of Port Hudson: Daniel Ullmann
    • District of La Fourche: John McNeil
    • District of Carrollton: Nelson B Bartram
    • District of Key West and Tortugas: Daniel Phineas Woodbury
    • Defences of New Orleans: Joseph Jones Reynolds
    • Army of the Gulf: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
      • XIII Corps Gulf: Michael Kelly Lawler
      • XIX Corps Gulf: William Hemsley Emory

Department of the East: John Adams Dix

Department of Kansas: George Sykes

  • District of Nebraska Territory: Robert Byington Mitchell
  • District of North Kansas: Thomas Alfred Davies
  • District of South Kansas: Thomas Jefferson McKean
  • District of the Border: William Russell Judson
  • District of Colorado Territory: John Milton Chivington

Middle Department: Lewis Wallace

  • District of Delaware: John Reese Kenly
  • District of the Eastern Shore of Maryland: Henry Hayes Lockwood
  • VIII Corps Middle: Lewis Wallace

Department of the Missouri: William Starke Rosecrans

  • District of St Louis: vacant
  • District of Southwest Missouri: John Benjamin Sanborn
  • District of North Missouri: Clinton Bowen Fisk
  • District of Central Missouri: Egbert Benson Brown
  • District of Rolla: Odon Guitar

Department of New Mexico: James Henry Carleton

  • District of Arizona: George Washington Bowie

Northern Department: Samuel Peter Heintzelman

  • District of Indiana: John Smith Simonson

Department of the Northwest: John Pope

  • District of Minnesota: Henry Hastings Sibley
  • District of Wisconsin: Thomas Church Haskell Smith
  • District of Iowa: Alfred Sully

Department of the Pacific: George Wright

  • District of the Humboldt: Henry M Black
  • District of Oregon: Benjamin Alvord
  • District of Southern California: James Freeman Curtis
  • District of Utah: Patrick Edward Connor

Department of the Potomac: George Gordon Meade

  • IX Corps Potomac: Ambrose Everett Burnside
  • Army of the Potomac: George Gordon Meade
    • II Corps Potomac: Winfield Scott Hancock
    • V Corps Potomac: Gouverneur Kemble Warren
    • VI Corps Potomac: John Sedgwick
    • Cavalry Corps Potomac: Philip Henry Sheridan

Department of the South: John Porter Hatch interim John Gray Foster awaited

  • Northern District (South): Alexander Schimmelfennig
  • District of Beaufort (SC): Rufus Saxton
  • District of Hilton Head: William Watts Hart Davis
  • District of Florida: William Birney
  • District of West Florida: Alexander Asboth

Department of the Susquehanna: Darius Nash Couch

  • Lehigh District: Franz Sigel

Department of Virginia and North Carolina: Benjamin Franklin Butler

  • District of St Mary’s: Alonzo Granville Draper
  • District of Currituck: Samuel Henry Roberts
  • District of North Carolina: Innis Newton Palmer
    • Sub-District of Beaufort NC: James Jourdan
    • Sub-District of New Bern: Edward Harland
  • District of Yorktown: Joseph Bradford Carr
  • Army of the James: Benjamin Franklin Butler
    • X Corps James: Quincy Adams Gillmore
    • XVIII Corps James: William Farrar Smith

Department of Washington: Christopher Columbus Augur

  • District of Alexandria: John Potts Slough
  • District of Washington: Moses N Wisewell
  • XXII Corps Washington: Christopher Columbus Augur

Department of Western Virginia: Franz Sigel

  • Army of the Kanawha: George Crook

Confederate Organisation

CSA: The Department of Alabama and East Mississippi was redefined to extend from the confluence of the Ohio and Tennessee Rivers, along the Tennessee River to Gunter’s Landing, then in a line to Gadsden on the Coosa River then downstream to the Tallapoosa River. The dividing line than ran in a line to the juncture of Florida with the Choctawhatchee River, and then down the river to the Gulf of Mexico, east to the Mississippi River, north to the Ohio River, and along the Ohio to the Tennessee River.

CSA: The Gulf District was redefined to have a north-eastern limit at the intersection of the 32nd parallel with a line drawn from the junction of the Coosa and Tallapoosa Rivers to the intersection of the northern boundary of Florida and the Choctawhatchee River, then and along the Choctawhatchee to the Gulf.

CSA: Brigadier-General Thomas Jordan was appointed to command the Third Sub-District of the District of South Carolina, arriving on 16 May 1864, to succeed Brigadier-General William Stephen Walker.

Jordan, Thomas / Virginia / Born 30 September 1819 Luray, Virginia / Died New York, New York 27 November 1895
USMA 1 July 1840 41/42 Infantry / Cadet USMA 1 July 1836 / 5th US Infantry 1 July 1840 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 3rd US Infantry 1 December 1840 / 1st# Lieutenant USA 18 June 1846-5 March 1861 / Captain USA Assistant Quartermaster 3 March 1847 / Resigned USA 21 May 1861 / Captain ACSA Infantry 16 March 1861 / Lieutenant-Colonel Provisional Army of Virginia 9 May 1861 / Major PACS Assistant Adjutant-General June 1861 / Lieutenant-Colonel PACS Assistant Adjutant-General 1861 / Colonel PACS Assistant Adjutant-General 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 16 April 1862 to rank from 14 April 1862 / Paroled Greensboro, North Carolina 1 May 1865 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1840
Chief of Staff and Assistant Adjutant-General Army of the Potomac June 1861-February 1862 / Assistant Adjutant-General Army of Central Kentucky 23 February 1862-April 1862 / Assistant Adjutant-General Army of Mississippi April 1862 / Chief of Staff Western Department 17 July 1862 / Chief of Staff Department of South Carolina and Georgia 29 August 1862-7 October 1862 / Chief of Staff Department of South Carolina Georgia and Florida 7 October 1862-20 April 1864 / Third Sub-District of South Carolina 8 May 1864-1 August 1864

CSA: Major-General Jubal Anderson Early assumed temporary command of III Corps (Northern Virginia), succeeding Lieutenant-General Ambrose Powell Hill.

Early, Jubal Anderson / Virginia / Born 3 November 1816 Franklin, Virginia / Died Lynchburg, Virginia 2 March 1894
USMA 1 July 1837 18 /50 Artillery / Cadet USMA 1 July 1833 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 3rd US Artillery 1 July 1837 / 1st Lieutenant USA 7 July 1838 / Resigned USA 31 July 1838 / Major USV 1st Virginia Infantry 7 January 1847 / Mustered Out USV 3 August 1848 / Brigadier-General Virginia Militia 10 April 1861 / Brigadier-General Provisional Army of Virginia 27 April 1861-8 June 1861 / Colonel Provisional Army of Virginia 15 June 1861 / Colonel PACS 24th Virginia Infantry 21 May 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 21 July 1861 / Major-General PACS 23 January 1863 to rank from 17 January 1863 / Lieutenant-General PACS (Temporary) 31 May 1864 / No Record of Parole / WIA Williamsburg 5 May 1862 WIA Cold Harbor 27 June 1862
6th Brigade Army of the Potomac 20 July 1861-21 July 1861 / 6th Brigade I Corps Army of the Potomac 21 July 1862-22 October 1861 / 2nd Brigade 1st Division I Corps Army of the Potomac 22 October 1861-29 January 1862 / 1st Division I Corps Army of of the Potomac 29 January 1862-5 February 1862 / 4th Division I Corps Army of the Potomac 5 February 1862-14 February 1862 / 1st Brigade 4th Division I Corps Army of the Potomac 14 February 1862-5 May 1862 / 4th Division Centre Army of Northern Virginia 31 May 1862-27 June 1862 / 4th Brigade 3rd Division II Corps Army of Northern Virginia 1 July 1862-17 September 1862 / 3rd Division II Corps Army of Northern Virginia 17 September 1862-10 May 1863 / II Corps Northern Virginia 10 May 1863-30 May 1863 / 3rd Division II Corps Army of Northern Virginia 30 May 1863-15 November 1863 / Valley District 15 June 1863-7 July 1863 / II Corps Northern Virginia 15 November 1863-4 December 1863 / 3rd Division II Corps Army of Northern Virginia 4 December 1863-8 May 1864 / Valley District 15 December 1863-29 March 1865 / II Corps Northern Virginia 8 May 1864-20 May 1864 / 3rd Division II Corps Army of Northern Virginia 21 May 1864-29 May 1864 / II Corps Northern Virginia 29 May 1864-9 December 1864 / Department of East Tennessee and West Virginia 20 February 1865-29 March 1865

CSA: Brigadier-General Leroy Augustus Stafford died of wounds received at the Wilderness, Virginia.

Stafford, Leroy Augustus / Louisiana / Born 13 April 1822 Cheneyville, Louisiana / DOW Richmond, Virginia 8 May 1864
Private USV 3rd Louisiana Infantry 1847 / Mustered Out USV 1848 / Captain 9th Louisiana Militia January 1861 / Captain PACS 9th Louisiana Infantry 6 July 1861 / Lieutenant-Colonel PACS October 1861 / Colonel PACS 24 April 1862 / Brigadier-General PACS 8 October 1863 / WIA Antietam 17 September 1862 CIA Salem Church, Virginia 4 May 1863 Exchanged June 1863 MWIA Wilderness 5 May 1864
8th Brigade 3rd Division Left Wing Army of Northern Virginia 27 June 1862-July 1862 / Kershaw’s Brigade McLaws’ Division I Corps Army of Northern Virginia 26 July 1862-27 July 1862 / 4th Brigade 1st Division II Corps Army of Northern Virginia 27 July 1862-August 1862 / 4th Brigade 1st Division II Corps Army of Northern Virginia 28 August 1862-7 September 1862 / 4th Brigade 1st Division II Corps Army of Northern Virginia 17 September 1862-17 September 1862 / Stafford’s Brigade E Johnson’s Division II Corps Army of Northern Virginia October 1863-5 May 1864

Commander in Chief: President Jefferson Finis Davis

Vice-President: Alexander Hamilton Stephens

Secretary of War: James Alexander Seddon

Secretary of the Navy: Stephen Russell Mallory

Military Adviser to the President: Braxton Bragg

Department of Alabama and East Mississippi: Leonidas Polk interim Stephen Dill Lee awaited

  • District of Mississippi and East Louisiana: John S Scott
  • Gulf District: Dabney Herndon Maury
  • District of Northern Alabama: Jones Mitchell Withers
  • District of West Tennessee: Nathan Bedford Forrest

Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia: George Edward Pickett interim Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard awaited

Department of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee

  • Army of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee
    • I Corps Northern Virginia: Richard Heron Anderson temporary
    • II Corps Northern Virginia: Richard Stoddert Ewell
    • III Corps Northern Virginia: Jubal Anderson Early temporary
    • Cavalry Corps Northern Virginia: James Ewell Brown Stuart
  • Valley District: Jubal Anderson Early

Department of Richmond: Robert Ransom

Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida: Samuel Jones

  • District of Georgia: Hugh Weedon Mercer interim Henry Rootes Jackson awaited
  • District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
    • 1st Sub-District of South Carolina: Nathan George Evans
    • 2nd Sub-District of South Carolina: Beverley Holcombe Robertson
    • 3rd Sub-District of South Carolina: William Stephen Walker interim Thomas Jordan awaited
    • 4th Sub-District of South Carolina: James Heyward Trapier
    • 5th Sub-District of South Carolina: Alfred Moore Rhett
    • 6th Sub-District of South Carolina: Henry Alexander Wise
    • 7th Sub-District of South Carolina: William Booth Taliaferro
  • District of Florida: James Patton Anderson
  • Defences of Savannah: Samuel Jones

Department of Tennessee: Joseph Eggleston Johnston

  • District of Western North Carolina: James Green Martin
  • Army of Tennessee: Joseph Eggleston Johnston
    • I Corps Tennessee: William Joseph Hardee
    • II Corps Tennessee: John Bell Hood
    • III Corps Tennessee: Leonidas Polk
    • Cavalry Corps Tennessee: Joseph Wheeler

Trans-Allegheny Department: John Cabell Breckinridge

Trans-Mississippi Department: Edmund Kirby Smith

  • District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: John Bankhead Magruder
    • Western Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: Hamilton Prioleau Bee
      • Sub-District of the Rio Grande: Hamilton Prioleau Bee
    • Eastern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: William Steele
    • Sub-District of Houston: Xavier Blanchard Debray
    • Northern Sub-District Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: Henry Eustace McCullough
  • District of Arkansas: Sterling Price
  • District of West Louisiana: Richard Taylor
  • District of Indian Territory: Douglas Hancock Cooper temporary
  • Trans-Mississippi Army: Edmund Kirby Smith

Reserve Forces of Alabama: Jones Mitchell Withers

Reserve Forces of Florida: John King Jackson

Reserve Forces of Georgia: Thomas Howell Cobb

Reserve Forces of North Carolina: Theophilus Hunter Holmes awaited

Reserve Forces of South Carolina: James Chesnut

Reserve Forces of Virginia: James Lawson Kemper

Union Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

Lieutenant-General USA

Ulysses Simpson Grant

Major-General USA

George Brinton McClellan
John Charles Frémont
Henry Wager Halleck

Major-General USV

Asterisk indicates concurrently Brigadier-General USA

John Adams Dix
Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
Benjamin Franklin Butler
David Hunter
Ethan Allen Hitchcock
Irvin McDowell*
Ambrose Everett Burnside
William Starke Rosecrans*
Don Carlos Buell
John Pope*
Samuel Ryan Curtis
Franz Sigel
John Alexander McClernand
Lewis Wallace
George Henry Thomas*
George Cadwalader
William Tecumseh Sherman*
Edward Otho Cresap Ord
Samuel Peter Heintzelman
Joseph Hooker*
Silas Casey
William Buel Franklin
Darius Nash Couch
Henry Warner Slocum
John James Peck
John Sedgwick
Alexander McDowell McCook
Thomas Leonidas Crittenden
John Gray Foster
John Grubb Parke
Christopher Columbus Augur
Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
Gordon Granger
Lovell Harrison Rousseau
James Birdseye McPherson*
George Stoneman
George Gordon Meade*
Oliver Otis Howard
Daniel Edgar Sickles
Robert Huston Milroy
Daniel Butterfield
Winfield Scott Hancock
George Sykes
David Sloane Stanley
James Scott Negley
John McAllister Schofield
John McAuley Palmer
Frederick Steele
Abner Doubleday
Napoleon Jackson Tecumseh Dana
Richard James Oglesby
John Alexander Logan
James Gilpatrick Blunt
George Lucas Hartsuff
Cadwallader Colden Washburn
Francis Jay Herron
Francis Preston Blair
Joseph Jones Reynolds
Philip Henry Sheridan
Julius Stahel
Carl Schurz
Gouverneur Kemble Warren
David Bell Birney
Alfred Pleasonton
Andrew Atkinson Humphreys
Quincy Adams Gillmore
William Farrar Smith
James Blair Steedman
Edward Richard Sprigg Canby

Brigadier-General USA

Brackets indicates concurrently Major-General USV

(Irvin McDowell)
(William Starke Rosecrans)
Philip St George Cooke
(John Pope)
(Joseph Hooker)
(George Gordon Meade)
(William Tecumseh Sherman)
(James Birdseye McPherson)
(George Henry Thomas)

Brigadier-General USV

Thomas West Sherman
Benjamin Franklin Kelley
Jacob Dolson Cox
Alpheus Starkey Williams
James Brewerton Ricketts
Orlando Bolivar Willcox
Henry Hayes Lockwood
James Samuel Wadsworth DOW
George Webb Morell
John Henry Martindale
Samuel Davis Sturgis
Henry Washington Benham
William Farquhar Barry
John Joseph Abercrombie
Lawrence Pike Graham
Eleazar Arthur Paine
Horatio Gouverneur Wright
William Thomas Ward
John Gross Barnard
Innis Newton Palmer
Seth Williams
John Newton
George Wright
William Thomas Harbaugh Brooks
John Milton Brannan
John Porter Hatch
Albin Francisco Schoepf
Thomas John Wood
Richard W Johnson
Adolph Wilhelm August Friedrich Von Steinwehr
George Washington Cullum
Thomas Jefferson McKean
Zealous Bates Tower
Jefferson Columbus Davis
James Henry Lane
William Scott Ketchum
John Wynn Davidson
James Gallant Spears
Eugene Asa Carr
Thomas Alfred Davies
William Hemsley Emory
Andrew Jackson Smith
Marsena Rudolph Patrick
Orris Sanford Ferry
Daniel Phineas Woodbury
Henry Moses Judah
John Cook
John McArthur
Jacob Gartner Lauman
Horatio Phillips Van Cleve
Speed Smith Fry
Alexander Asboth
James Craig
Mahlon Dickerson Manson
Grenville Mellen Dodge
Robert Byington Mitchell
Cuvier Grover
Rufus Saxton
Benjamin Alvord
Napoleon Bonaparte Buford
William Sooy Smith
Nathan Kimball
Charles Devens
Samuel Wylie Crawford
Henry Walton Wessells
Milo Smith Hascall
John White Geary
Alfred Howe Terry
James Henry Carleton
Absalom Baird
John Cleveland Robinson
Truman Seymour
Henry Prince
Maximilian Weber
Jeremiah Cutler Sullivan
Alvin Peterson Hovey
James Clifford Veatch
William Plummer Benton
John Curtis Caldwell
Neal Dow
George Sears Greene
Samuel Powhatan Carter
John Gibbon
Erastus Barnard Tyler
Charles Griffin
George Henry Gordon
James Madison Tuttle
Julius White
Peter Joseph Osterhaus
Stephen Gano Burbridge
Washington Lafayette Elliott
Albion Parris Howe
Benjamin Stone Roberts
Jacob Ammen
Fitz-Henry Warren
Morgan Lewis Smith
Charles Cruft
Frederick Salomon
John Basil Turchin
Henry Shaw Briggs
James Dada Morgan
Johann August Ernst Willich
Henry Dwight Terry
George Foster Shepley
John Reese Kenly
John Potts Slough
Godfrey Weitzel
George Crook
Gershom Mott
Henry Jackson Hunt
Francis Channing Barlow
Mason Brayman
Nathaniel James Jackson
George Washington Getty
Alfred Sully
William Woods Averell
Francis Barretto Spinola
John Henry Hobart Ward
Solomon Meredith
James Bowen
Eliakim Parker Scammon
Robert Seaman Granger
Joseph Rodman West
Alfred Washington Ellet
George Leonard Andrews
Clinton Bowen Fisk
William Hays
Israel Vogdes
David Allen Russell
Lewis Cass Hunt
Frank Wheaton
John Sanford Mason
David McMurtrie Gregg
Robert Ogden Tyler
Alfred Thomas Archimedes Torbert
Gilman Marston
William Dwight
Sullivan Amory Meredith
Nathaniel Collins McLean
William Vandever
Alexander Schimmelfennig
Charles Kinnaird Graham
John Eugene Smith
Joseph Tarr Copeland
Charles Adam Heckman
Edward Elmer Potter
Henry Beebee Carrington
John Haskell King
Adam Jacoby Slemmer
Thomas Hewson Neill
Thomas Gamble Pitcher
Thomas William Sweeny
William Passmore Carlin
Romeyn Beck Ayres
William Babcock Hazen
Joseph Anthony Mower
Richard Arnold
Edward Winslow Hinks
Michael Kelly Lawler
George Day Wagner
Lysander Cutler
Joseph Farmer Knipe
James Barnes
Edward Harland
Samuel Beatty
Isaac Jones Wistar
Franklin Stillman Nickerson
Edward Henry Hobson
Ralph Pomeroy Buckland
Joseph Dana Webster
William Harrow
William Hopkins Morris
Thomas Howard Ruger
Thomas Edward Greenfield Ransom
Elias Smith Dennis
Thomas Church Haskell Smith
Mortimer Dormer Leggett
Davis Tillson
Hector Tyndale
Albert Lindley Lee
Charles Leopold Matthies
Marcellus Monroe Crocker
Egbert Benson Brown
John McNeil
George Francis McGinnis
Hugh Boyle Ewing
James Winning McMillan
Daniel Ullmann
George Jerrison Stannard
Henry Baxter
John Milton Thayer
Charles Thomas Campbell
Halbert Eleazer Paine
Robert Brown Potter
Thomas Ewing
Joseph Andrew Jackson Lightburn
Thomas Greely Stevenson
Henry Hastings Sibley
Joseph Bradford Carr
Joseph Jackson Bartlett
Joshua Thomas Owen
Patrick Edward Connor
John Parker Hawkins
Gabriel René Paul
Edward Augustus Wild
Edward Ferrero
Adelbert Ames
William Birney
Daniel Henry Rucker
Robert Allen
Rufus Ingalls
Gustavus Adolphus De Russy
Alexander Shaler
Benjamin Henry Grierson
Robert Sanford Foster
Hugh Judson Kilpatrick
Alexander Stewart Webb
Alfred Napoleon Alexander Duffié
Walter Chiles Whitaker
Wesley Merritt
George Armstrong Custer
William Denison Whipple
John Converse Starkweather
Kenner Garrard
Charles Robert Woods
John Benjamin Sanborn
Giles Alexander Smith
Samuel Allen Rice
Jasper Adalmorn Maltby
Thomas Kilby Smith
Walter Quintin Gresham
Manning Ferguson Force
Robert Alexander Cameron
John Murray Corse
John Aaron Rawlins
Alvan Cullem Gillem
James Clay Rice
John Wesley Turner
Henry Lawrence Eustis
Henry Eugene Davies
Andrew Jackson Hamilton
Henry Warner Birge
Charles Garrison Harker
James Hewitt Ledlie
James Harrison Wilson
Adin Ballou Underwood
Augustus Louis Chetlain
Thomas Francis Meagher
William Anderson Pile
John Wallace Fuller
John Franklin Miller
Philippe Régis Dénis de Keredern De Trobriand
Cyrus Bussey
Christopher Columbus Andrews
Hiram Burnham
Edward Moody McCook
Lewis Addison Grant
Edward Hatch
August Valentine Kautz

Brigadier-General USA (Staff)

Montgomery Cunningham Meigs (Quartermaster-General)
Lorenzo Thomas
William Alexander Hammond (Surgeon-General)
Joseph Pannell Taylor (Commissary-General of Subsistence
George Douglas Ramsay (Ordnance)
James Barnet Fry (Provost Marshal)
Richard Delafield (Engineers)

Confederate Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

General ACSA/PACS

Samuel Cooper
Robert Edward Lee
Joseph Eggleston Johnston
Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
Braxton Bragg
Edmund Kirby Smith

Lieutenant-General PACS

James Longstreet
Leonidas Polk
Theophilus Hunter Holmes
William Joseph Hardee
John Clifford Pemberton
Richard Stoddert Ewell
Ambrose Powell Hill
John Bell Hood
Richard Taylor

Major-General PACS

Benjamin Huger
John Bankhead Magruder
Mansfield Lovell
William Wing Loring
Sterling Price
Benjamin Franklin Cheatham
Samuel Jones
John Porter McCown
Daniel Harvey Hill
Thomas Carmichael Hindman
John Cabell Breckinridge
Lafayette McLaws
Richard Heron Anderson
James Ewell Brown Stuart
Simon Bolivar Buckner
Samuel Gibbs French
George Edward Pickett
Carter Littlepage Stevenson
John Horace Forney
Dabney Herndon Maury
Martin Luther Smith
John George Walker
Arnold Elzey
Patrick Ronayne Cleburne
Franklin Gardner
Isaac Ridgeway Trimble
Jubal Anderson Early
Joseph Wheeler
Edward Johnson
William Henry Chase Whiting
Robert Emmett Rodes
William Henry Talbot Walker
Henry Heth
Robert Ransom
Alexander Peter Stewart
Jones Mitchell Withers
Stephen Dill Lee
Cadmus Marcellus Wilcox
Wade Hampton
Fitzhugh Lee
Howell Cobb
John Austin Wharton
William Thompson Martin
Nathan Bedford Forrest
Charles William Field
James Patton Anderson
William Brimage Bate
Camille Armand Jules Marie de Polignac
Robert Frederick Hoke
William Henry Fitzhugh Lee
James Fleming Fagan

Brigadier-General PACS

Alexander Robert Lawton
Henry Alexander Wise
Henry Hopkins Sibley
John Henry Winder
Gideon Johnson Pillow
Daniel Ruggles
Roswell Sabine Ripley
Paul Octave Hébert
Albert Gallatin Blanchard
Gabriel James Rains
Thomas Fenwick Drayton
Nathan George Evans
James Heyward Trapier
Hugh Weedon Mercer
William Montgomery Gardner
William Mahone
Raleigh Edward Colston
John King Jackson
Bushrod Rust Johnson
George Wythe Randolph
Joseph Brevard Kershaw
James Ronald Chalmers
Daniel Leadbetter
William Whann Mackall
Winfield Scott Featherston
Thomas James Churchill
William Booth Taliaferro
Albert Rust
Samuel Bell Maxey
Hamilton Prioleau Bee
James Morrison Hawes
George Hume Steuart
James Edwin Slaughter
Seth Maxwell Barton
Henry Eustace McCullough
John Selden Roane
States Rights Gist
William Nelson Pendleton
Joseph Finegan
William Nelson Rector Beall
Thomas Jordan
William Preston
John Echols
George Earl Maney
John Stuart Williams
James Green Martin
Thomas Lanier Clingman
Daniel Weisiger Adams
Louis Hébert
Ambrose Ransom Wright
James Lawson Kemper
James Jay Archer
Beverley Holcombe Robertson
St John Richardson Liddell
Johnson Hagood
Harry Thompson Hays
Albert Gallatin Jenkins
Matthew Duncan Ector
Edward Aylesworth Perry
John Gregg
John Calvin Brown
Alfred Holt Colquitt
Junius Daniel
Abraham Buford
William Steele
Francis Asbury Shoup
Joseph Robert Davis
William Edmondson Jones
John Crawford Vaughn
Evander McIvor Law
Elkanah Brackin Greer
Francis Redding Tillou Nicholls
Alfred Cumming
William Stephen Walker
George Pierce Doles
Montgomery Dent Corse
George Thomas Anderson
Alfred Iverson
James Henry Lane
Edward Lloyd Thomas
Stephen Dodson Ramseur
John Rogers Cooke
Jerome Bonaparte Robertson
Evander McNair
Archibald Gracie
William Robertson Boggs
James Camp Tappan
Dandridge McRae
Mosby Monroe Parsons
John Pegram
John Sappington Marmaduke
John Hunt Morgan
Marcus Joseph Wright
Zachariah Cantey Deas
Lucius Eugene Polk
Edward Cary Walthall
John Adams
William Hicks Jackson
James Cantey
Henry Lewis Benning
William Tatum Wofford
Samuel McGowan
Marcellus Augustus Stovall
George Blake Cosby
Francis Crawford Armstrong
William Lewis Cabell
John Daniel Imboden
Alfred Eugene Jackson
Robert Brank Vance
Henry Delamar Clayton
Arthur Middleton Manigault
Douglas Hancock Cooper
John Brown Gordon
John Wilkins Whitfield
James Alexander Walker
Matthew Whitaker Ransom
Alfred Moore Scales
George Washington Custis Lee
Henry Harrison Walker
Gabriel Colvin Wharton
Francis Marion Cockrell
James Patrick Major
Samuel Wragg Ferguson
Lunsford Lindsay Lomax
Laurence Simmons Baker
Otho French Strahl
Philip Dale Roddey
Eppa Hunton
Thomas Pleasant Dockery
Benjamin Grubb Humphreys
Henry Brevard Davidson
Cullen Andrews Battle
William Andrew Quarles
William Whedbee Kirkland
Goode Bryan
Matthew Calbraith Butler
Williams Carter Wickham
Robert Daniel Johnston
Abner Monroe Perrin
Alexander Welch Reynolds
Thomas Neville Waul
Edmund Winston Pettus
Armistead Lindsay Long
Henry Rootes Jackson
William Wirt Adams
Thomas Lafayette Rosser
Pierce Manning Butler Young
James Byron Gordon
James Argyle Smith
Joseph Horace Lewis
Mark Perrin Lowrey
Leroy Augustus Stafford DOW
Edward Higgins
John Tyler Morgan
John Herbert Kelly
William Young Conn Humes
Jesse Johnson Finley
James Holt Clanton
Alfred Jefferson Vaughan
Joseph Orville Shelby
John Randolph Chambliss
Lawrence Sullivan Ross
Daniel Chevilette Govan
Randall Lee Gibson
Clement Hoffman Stevens
Nathaniel Harrison Harris
Allen Thomas
Alexander Travis Hawthorn
Robert Charles Tyler
Edward Porter Alexander
William Wirt Allen
Hiram Bronson Granbury
Claudius Wistar Sears
William Feimster Tucker
Richard Lucian Page
Alpheus Baker
Daniel Harris Reynolds
James Chesnut
Stand Watie
Samuel Jameson Gholson
John Bratton
Richard Waterhouse

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