1864 May 5th

May 5 1864 Thursday 

Battle of the Wilderness, VA

Battle of Albemarle Sound, NC (CWSAC Formative Battle – Inconclusive)

Dunn’s Bayou, LA

Red River Campaign

James River Campaign

Virginia Overland Campaign – Wilderness

Hoke’s North Carolina Operations

Crook’s West Virginia Raid

Averell’s Second West Virginia Raid

Kautz’s Weldon Railroad Raid

Alabama. Confederate Lieutenant-General Leonidas Polk left Selma with two more of his three divisions, following his first division, to reinforce the Army of Tennessee at Dalton. His unofficial “Army of Mississippi” was returning to serve as a Corps within the Army of Tennessee. He took a route by rail from Demopolis through Selma and Talladega to Blue Mountain. The rest of the journey of seventy miles to Rome, Georgia, would be completed on foot.

Arkansas. Reconnaissance to Craighead County and Lawrence County began. Incident at Richland Creek.

Georgia. Incident at Tunnel Hill.

Georgia. A brigade of 2,000 men under Brigadier-General James Cantey reached Rome after being ordered to travel from the garrison of Mobile by rail to rendezvous with Lieutenant-General Leonidas Polk at Rome. Once they were concentrated, Cantey’s brigade and Polk’s three divisions would effectively add an entire Corps to the Army of Tennessee.

Georgia. The three Union armies of Major-General William Tecumseh Sherman continued their approach marches towards the Confederate defences of Rocky Face Ridge and Dalton.

Kentucky. Reconnaissance to Breckenridge County. Incident at Meade County.

Louisiana. Incidents at Natchitoches, David’s Ferry, Graham’s Plantation, Muddy Bayou, Red River Road, and Alexandria.

Dunn’s Bayou, Louisiana. While Union Rear Admiral David Dixon Porter’s river fleet awaited an opportunity to pass to safety over the Red River rapids, the ships below Alexandria were attacked incessantly by Confederate forces. Confederate Brigadier-General John Patrick Major used two field guns and riflemen to engage the Union tin-clad gunboats USS Signal and USS Covington, which were attempting to convoy the transport Warner with the 56th Ohio aboard. USS Warner in the lead was hit several times, lost control, and came ashore blocking the river at a bend near Pierce’s Landing. The two warships attempted to recover the transport and opened fire with their seventeen guns. They were also hit repeatedly, and the Warner was abandoned with 125 dead and wounded men left aboard. USS Signal also became disabled and although USS Covington attempted to tow her upstream, she went adrift out of control and came to anchor. The commander of USS Signal couldn’t save his wounded and refused to blow up the ship with them aboard. He surrendered 54 survivors. The crew burned and abandoned USS Covington after all its ammunition was exhausted and many of the crew had been killed. Only 32 of the 74 crewmen got away. The USS Covington was blown up to avoid capture and the other vessels surrendered 250 men. The Confederates sank the USS Signal to block the channel and cut Alexandria off from the Mississippi. In all, 600 Union men, three transports and two gunboats had been lost in three days of harassing attacks, demonstrating the vulnerability of the fleet trapped upriver at Alexandria and confirming that the army expedition was cut off from support by river.

Missouri. Incident at Perche Hills.

North Carolina. Incidents at Trent River, Croatan and Roanoke River.

Albemarle Sound, North Carolina. Confederate Commander John W Cooke steamed south from Plymouth towards New Bern with his “mosquito fleet” of the ironclad CSS Albemarle, CSS Cotton Plant (which towed several launches carrying soldiers) and CSS Bombshell, which carried coal and supplies. CSS Bombshell had been raised and repaired by the Confederates after it was sunk by the CSS Albemarle at Plymouth in April.

Cooke ran into a Union flotilla stationed by Sandy Point, at the mouth of the Roanoke River where it flowed into Albemarle Sound. The Union flotilla was commanded by Captain Melanchthon Smith. Smith had the advantage in the number of vessels (USS Syracuse, USS Commander Hull, USS Ceres, USS Miami, USS Wyalusing, USS Sassacus, the flagship USS Mattabessett, and USS Whitehead). The Union had more ships and their combined sixty guns vastly outweighed the firepower of the two Confederate guns. However, none of the Union vessels was iron-armoured, balancing the contest significantly.

The battle began at 5 pm when CSS Albemarle opened fire, hitting the USS Mattabessett and wounding six men with its first two shots. CSS Bombshell was captured early in the action after coming under severe fire from USS Sassacus, and the small, unarmed CSS Cotton Plant withdrew up the Roanoke. However, the Union naval guns caused little damage to the ironclad CSS Albemarle as their shots glanced off its armoured sides.

CSS Albemarle attempted to ram the USS Sassacus, but it was too slow and its steering too unwieldy. The USS Sassacus got up to top speed and rammed CSS Albemarle, causing some damage. CSS Albemarle began taking on water, but USS Sassacus had also sustained damage from the impact and a point-blank shot burst one of its boilers, scalding to death several members of the crew. USS Sassacus drifted downriver without power. None of the other Union vessels attempted to engage as aggressively as the USS Sassacus. The side-wheelers USS Mattabessett and USS Wyalusing continued to engage the Confederate ram until darkness halted the action after nearly three hours of fighting, at about 7.30pm. The small Union side-wheelers USS Commodore Hull and USS Ceres steamed down to the river’s mouth to warn about her imminent entry into the sound.

CSS Albemarle was also unable to continue the fight and made its way back to Plymouth. The steering gear was damaged, and its stern Brooke rifle had been broken off. Damage to the smokestack severely limited its engine power.

While CSS Albemarle had held its own against greater numbers the damage it sustained forced the ship into port for several months and prevented it from taking part in Major-General Robert Frederick Hoke’s planned assault on New Bern. Hoke went ahead with his campaign without the CSS Albemarle but achieved little before being recalled eventually to Virginia to help defend Petersburg and Richmond. For the next five months, all Union attention in the area was focused on the CSS Albemarle’s destruction. (CWSAC Formative Battle – Inconclusive)

Virginia. Kautz’s Raid to the Petersburg & Weldon Railroad began. Averell’s Expedition to Virginia & Tennessee Railroad began. Capture of Fort Powhatan. Incidents at Parker’s Store, Todd’s Tavern, and Craig’s Meeting House.

Virginia. In conjunction with the opening of the Virginia Overland Campaign, Union Major-General Benjamin Franklin Butler’s Army of the James disembarked over 30,000 men on the banks of the James River to threaten the Richmond & Petersburg Railroad. Brigadier-General Edward Ward Hinks’ division of US Colored Troops (3/XVIII) was dropped off en route to occupy Wilson’s Wharf (with Brigadier-General Edward Augustus Wild’s brigade) and City Point (with Colonel Samuel Duncan’s brigade). Duncan’s troops captured a Confederate signal station and signalled the fleet that it could proceed onwards up the river.

The other five divisions of XVIII and X Corps continued upriver and disembarked at Bermuda Hundred, eighteen miles from the Confederate capital. A line of entrenchments was started across the neck of the peninsula where the Appomattox and James River closed to within four miles of each other. The line was five miles west of the wharf at Bermuda Hundred; the northern end faced Farrar’s Island and the southern end of the works was just short of Port Walthall. Butler was now in a position to advance against either Richmond or Petersburg and to cut the vital railroad between them only two-and-half miles to the west.

Confederate Major-General George Edward Pickett, commanding the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia from Petersburg, had only 750 men (no larger than one infantry regiment), the Washington Artillery battalion, the City Battalion of Petersburg, and various militia units to oppose the invaders. Confederate General Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard, nominally in command as the successor to Pickett, telegraphed that he was sick and could not leave his headquarters at Weldon to join Pickett. Beauregard promised to hurry along by rail the three brigades he had demanded from his former command in South Carolina. Pickett was not even meant to be in Richmond as he had already received orders the day before to travel to Hanover Junction where his division was to reassemble to reinforce General Robert Edward Lee. Two of his brigades were currently in North Carolina where Brigadier-General Robert Frederick Hoke was leading an operation at New Bern and the other two were under Major-General Robert Ransom, defending Richmond north of the James. In view of the emergency, Pickett postponed his departure to Hanover in order to fill the command vacuum between the James and Appomattox.

ORDER OF BATTLE: UNION DEPARTMENT OF VIRGINIA AND NORTH CAROLINA

Union Department of Virginia and North Carolina: Major-General Benjamin Franklin Butler
Army of the James: Benjamin Franklin ButlerX Corps (James): Major-General Quincy Adams Gillmore
1st Division, X Corps (James): Brigadier-General Alfred Howe Terry
1st Brigade, 1st Division, X Corps (James): Colonel Joshua B Howell
2nd Brigade, 1st Division, X Corps (James): Colonel Joseph Roswell Hawley
3rd Brigade, 1st Division, X Corps (James): Colonel Harris Merrill Plaisted
2nd Division, X Corps (James): Brigadier-General John Wesley Turner
1st Brigade, 2nd Division, X Corps (James): Colonel S M Alford
2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, X Corps (James): Colonel William Brainerd Barton
3rd Division, X Corps (James): Brigadier-General Adelbert Ames
1st Brigade, 3rd Division, X Corps (James): Colonel R White
2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, X Corps (James): Colonel J C Drake
XVIII Corps (Virginia and North Carolina): Major-General William Farrar Smith
1st Division, XVIII Corps (Virginia and North Carolina): Brigadier-General William Thomas Harbaugh Brooks
1st Brigade, 1st Division, XVIII Corps (Virginia and North Carolina): Brigadier-General Gilman Marston
2nd Brigade, 1st Division, XVIII Corps (Virginia and North Carolina): Brigadier-General Hiram Burnham Woods
3rd Brigade, 1st Division, XVIII Corps (Virginia and North Carolina): Colonel Horace T Sanders
2nd Division, XVIII Corps (Virginia and North Carolina): Brigadier-General Godfrey Weitzel
1st Brigade, 2nd Division, XVIII Corps (Virginia and North Carolina): Brigadier-General Charles Adam Heckman
2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, XVIII Corps (Virginia and North Carolina): Colonel G A Stedman
3rd USCT Division, XVIII Corps (Virginia and North Carolina): Brigadier-General Edward Winslow Hinks
1st USCT Brigade, 3rd Division, XVIII Corps (Virginia and North Carolina): Brigadier-General Edward Augustus Wild
2nd USCT Brigade, 3rd Division, XVIII Corps (Virginia and North Carolina): Colonel S A Duncan
Cavalry Division (James): Brigadier-General August Valentin Kautz
1st Brigade, Cavalry Division (James): Colonel S H Mix
2nd Brigade, Cavalry Division (James): Colonel Samuel Perkins Spear
Siege Artillery (James): Colonel Henry Livermore Abbot

ORDER OF BATTLE: CONFEDERATE DEPARTMENT OF NORTH CAROLINA AND SOUTHERN VIRGINIA

Confederate Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia: General Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
Whiting’s Division (North Carolina): Major-General William Henry Chase Whiting
Wise’s Brigade, Whiting’s Division (North Carolina): Brigadier-General Henry Alexander Wise
Martin’s Brigade, Whiting’s Division (North Carolina): Brigadier-General James Green Martin
Cavalry Brigade (North Carolina): Brigadier-General James Dearing
Pickett’s Division (Southern Virginia): Major-General George Edward Pickett
Elliott’s Brigade, Pickett’s Division (Southern Virginia): Colonel Stephen Elliott
Hunton’s Brigade, Pickett’s Division (Southern Virginia): Brigadier-General Eppa Hunton
Maryland Line, Pickett’s Division (Southern Virginia): Colonel Bradley Tyler Johnson
Department of Richmond: Major-General Robert Ransom
Ransom’s Division (Richmond): Major-General Robert Ransom
Gracie’s Brigade, Ransom’s Division (Richmond): Brigadier-General Archibald Gracie
Barton’s Brigade, Ransom’s Division (Richmond): Brigadier General Seth Maxwell Barton
Kemper’s Brigade, Ransom’s Division (Richmond): Colonel William Richard Terry
Hoke’s Brigade, Ransom’s Division (Richmond): Lieutenant-Colonel William Gaston Lewis
Hoke’s Division (Richmond): Major-General Robert Frederick Hoke
Corse’s Brigade, Hoke’s Division (Richmond): Brigadier-General Montgomery Dent Corse
Johnson’s Brigade, Hoke’s Division (Richmond): Brigadier-General Bushrod Rust Johnson
Clingman’s Brigade, Hoke’s Division (Richmond): Brigadier-General Thomas Lanier Clingman
Hagood’s Brigade, Hoke’s Division (Richmond): Brigadier-General Johnson Hagood
Colquitt’s Division (Richmond): Brigadier-General Alfred Holt Colquitt
Colquitt’s Brigade, Colquitt’s Division (Richmond): Brigadier-General Alfred Holt Colquitt
Ransom’s Brigade, Colquitt’s Division (Richmond): Brigadier-General Matthew Whitaker Ransom

Virginia. The Union cavalry division of Brigadier-General August Valentine Kautz left Suffolk to strike the railroad between Petersburg and Weldon, in order to delay Confederate reinforcements being sent to Virginia from North Carolina and South Carolina. His raid was an integral part of the campaign of the Army of the James towards Richmond.

The Wilderness, Virginia. Early settlers in the area south of the Rappahannock River had cut down the native forests to fuel blast furnaces that processed the iron ore found there, leaving only a secondary growth of dense shrubs. This rough and overgrown terrain, which was now virtually unsettled, was nearly impenetrable to military manoeuvre. Union Major-General Ulysses Simpson Grant had no desire to fight in the impenetrable Wilderness region, preferring to move to the open ground to the south and east of the Wilderness where he could exploit his advantage of superior numbers and stronger artillery. Grant’s plan called for Major-General Gouverneur Kemble Warren’s V Corps and Major-General John Sedgwick’s VI Corps to cross the Rapidan at Germanna Ford, followed later by the IX Corps after the supply trains had crossed at various fords, and to camp near Wilderness Tavern. This stage of this operation was accomplished without interruption. Major-General Winfield Scott Hancock’s II Corps had crossed earlier further to the east at Ely’s Ford and advanced as far as Chancellorsville, marching in the direction of Spotsylvania Court House by way of Todd’s Tavern.

Speed was of the essence to Grant’s plan because the army was vulnerable on the march. Although Grant insisted that the army must travel light with minimal artillery and supplies, its supply train extended for the equivalent of almost 70 road miles. The army’s supply trains included at least 4,300 wagons, 56,000 mules and horses, 835 ambulances, and a herd of cattle for slaughter.

After crossing the Rappahannock River at three points, the head of the Army of the Potomac converged and halted in the wilderness to allow the long supply trains to complete their two-day passage of the river. Hancock’s II Corps left its bivouac at Chancellorsville during the afternoon with the objective of passing through Todd’s Tavern to Shady Grove Church on the Catharpin Road. Hancock was then to extend his right flank to Parker’s Store on the Orange Plank Road. Warren’s V Corps was at Wilderness Tavern and Old Wilderness Church and he was ordered to march to Parker’s Store, from where he would extend his right in turn towards Wilderness Tavern. Sedgwick’s VI Corps was marching southwards from the crossings of the Rappahannock behind Warren, ready to extend Warren’s lines across the Orange Turnpike at Wilderness Tavern. This would complete a single strong line facing west to protect the line of march and the trains from Confederate attack. Sedgwick would leave one division on guard at Germanna Ford until Major-General Ambrose Everett Burnside’s IX Corps arrived to begin its crossing. All the Union forces were ordered to move at sunrise around 5 am, with Hancock having to cover nine miles and Warren and Sedgwick having only to traverse four or five miles.

Once in this temporary holding position, the Union army was ordered to prepare for a rapid march southward and out of the wilderness on the morning. Grant was confident that his plan was on schedule and working efficiently and reports from signallers on Stony Mountain informed him at 3 pm that Confederate columns were on the move towards Verdiersville, a direction more suggestive of a withdrawal than an advance. While Grant had taken care to station a strong force on each of the three roads along which the Confederates might advance from the west, he had no information to warn him that the enemy was in fact coming in his direction along all three available roads.

Confederate General Robert Edward Lee continued with his plans to engage and pin the Union army before it could escape the constricting terrain of the Wilderness. He received news that a small brigade of reinforcements was on its way from Hanover Junction, and he sent Lieutenant-General Richard Stoddert Ewell’s II Corps eastwards along the Orange Turnpike to commence the operation. With the addition of the new brigade, Lee would have available 65,000 men in three cavalry divisions and eight of his nine divisions of infantry (that of Major-General George Edward Pickett was absent protecting Richmond, and Brigadier-General Robert Frederick Hoke’s division was in North Carolina). Lee’s estimate that the Army of the Potomac had only about 75,000 men was wildly optimistic and justified his audacious plan; he actually faced well over 120,000 men.

At about 7.15 am, Warren’s Corps was marching by farm lanes towards the Orange Plank Road when his scouts detected considerable Confederate forces along the turnpike two miles to the west of Wilderness Tavern. Grant was notified of the encounter and, thinking the opposition could be no more than one division, he instructed Warren to fight if an opportunity presented itself.

Before noon Grant and Major-General George Gordon Meade exchanged their ideas and intentions at their new headquarters near the Lacy House to the southwest of the intersection of the Orange Plank Road and Orange Turnpike, concluding that aggression was needed to drive off the harassing Confederate forces to the west. Meade halted his army and also directed Warren to back-track and to attack with all three of his divisions down the Orange Turnpike, agreeing with the assumption that the Confederate opposition was a small and isolated part of the enemy army, perhaps a rear-guard covering a withdrawal.

Ewell’s men were erecting earthworks on the western end of a clearing known as Saunders Field, with Major-General Edward Johnson’s division in front and Major-General Robert Emmett Rodes’ division in reserve. The first part of Warren’s command to approach them was the division of Brigadier-General Samuel Wylie Crawford (3/V). Crawford was ordered to hold his position at Chewning farm but to prepare one of his brigades to support Brigadier-General Charles Griffin’s division (1/V) as it advanced along the turnpike. Warren approached on the eastern end with Griffin’s division on the right and the division of Brigadier-General James Samuel Wadsworth (4/V) on the left, but he hesitated to attack because the Confederate position extended beyond Griffin’s right, subjecting it to the risk of enfilade fire. He requested a delay from Meade so that Major-General John Sedgwick’s VI Corps could be brought up on his right to extend his line. By 1 pm Meade was frustrated by the delay and he ordered Warren to attack before Sedgwick could arrive.

Warren was correct to be concerned about his right flank. As the Union men advanced, Brigadier-General Romeyn Beck Ayres’ brigade had to take cover in a gully to avoid enfilading fire. The brigade of Brigadier-General Joseph Jackson Bartlett made better progress to Ayres’ left and overran the position of Confederate Brigadier-General John Marshall Jones’ brigade. Jones was killed in one of the first volleys. Bartlett pressed on against the troops of Rodes’ division, who sent the brigades of Brigadier-General Cullen Andrews Battle and Brigadier-General George Pierce Doles to the front. To the left of Bartlett, the Union Iron Brigade, led by Brigadier-General Lysander Cutler, advanced through woods south of the field and struck Battle’s brigade. Further to the left, near the Higgerson farm, the Union brigades of Colonel Roy Stone and Brigadier-General James Clay Rice attacked the brigades of Doles and Brigadier-General Junius Daniel. Both attacks failed under heavy fire and Crawford ordered his men to pull back.

Although initially pushed back, Ewell sent for his third division of Major-General Jubal Anderson Early. The Confederates counterattacked with Early’s leading brigade of Brigadier-General John Brown Gordon. One regiment drove up the road and the others pushed to the right, while two of Johnson’s intact brigades pushed through thick undergrowth to join in. They forced Cutler’s Iron Brigade to retreat and the arrival of four of Rodes’ brigades turned the tide in favour of the Confederates. Ayres’ men found themselves unable to advance and Bartlett’s right flank was now exposed to attack. Bartlett was hit on his exposed right flank by the brigades of Daniel and Gordon. Ayres’ brigade (1/1/V) was pushed back and Griffin was forced to withdraw his entire division to conform. Wadsworth’s division (4/V) was meant to cover Griffin’s left flank but it got tangled in the woods. Before it could secure its own right flank with Griffin it was attacked. Gordon’s and Daniel’s Confederate brigades extended their advance against Griffin’s broken division and forced Wadsworth’s men back in disorder in turn. The Confederates pressed on through the gap and overran Colonel Andrew Woods Denison’s brigade (3/2/V). Gordon’s Confederates carried on through the remnants of Denison’s brigade and then hit Colonel William McCandless’ brigade (1/3/V). McCandless was meant to be on the left of Wadsworth, but Wadsworth had already moved forward before they made contact. Gordon and McCandless were heavily engaged and then McCandless also fell back. Warren ordered an artillery section into Saunders Field to support his attack, but it was captured by Confederate soldiers, who were then pinned down by rifle fire and prevented from removing the guns until nightfall.

Having gained ground on his entire front Ewell ordered his Corps to entrench across the Orange Turnpike. Ewell had reached the limit he thought Lee intended to pin the enemy and he declined to lose more casualties in a further advance.

The Union V Corps now lay south of the turnpike and Union Brigadier-General Horatio Gouverneur Wright’s division of VI Corps (1/VI) was supposed to form on Griffin’s right to protect it but was delayed by the close terrain and was too late to prevent the repulse of Warren’s men. The leading elements of VI Corps reached Saunders Field at 3 pm, by which time Warren’s men had ceased fighting. After Wright took up his position, he was attacked by two brigades from Johnson’s division. VI Corps was to the north of Warren’s V Corps, except for Brigadier-General George Washington Getty’s 2nd division which was diverted to oppose a new threat from the south.

At about 5 pm the Union launched a counterattack on the Turnpike with Brigadier-General Truman Seymour’s brigade (2/3/VI), Brigadier-General Thomas Hewson Neill’s brigade (3/2/VI), and Colonel William Henry Penrose’s brigade (1/1/VI). Neill and Penrose met the recently-entrenched brigades of Brigadier-General Harry Thompson Hays and Brigadier-General John Pegram (of Early’s Division) south of Flat Run and lost heavily to artillery that Pegram had emplaced to enfilade his front. Seymour persisted in attacking until darkness fell but without success. Confederate Brigadier-General Leroy Augustus Stafford was severely wounded.

Further south, Brigadier-General James Harrison Wilson’s cavalry division moved towards Craig’s meeting House, leaving Parker’s Store in the hands of the detached 5th New York Cavalry and 3rd Pennsylvania Cavalry. Wilson’s cavalry moved along the Orange Plank Road and was met by Confederate Brigadier-General William Whedbee Kirkland’s brigade from Major-General Henry Heth’s division (III Corps). They retreated towards Wilderness Tavern but brought a warning of the presence of Confederate infantry in that direction. Unable to duplicate the surprise that was achieved by Ewell on the Turnpike, the approach of Confederate Lieutenant-General Ambrose Powell Hill’s III Corps was now known to Crawford’s men in their position at the Chewning farm. Meade ordered Getty’s division (2/VI) to defend the important intersection of the Orange Plank Road and the Brock Road. Getty’s division was already marching across the crossroads at Wilderness Tavern, so it was conveniently diverted along the Plank Road to block this advance. Wilson’s Union cavalry used their repeating carbines to delay Hill’s approach briefly until Getty had deployed. Getty encountered Heth’s advancing Confederates at the junction of the Plank Road and the Brock Road, and a brief skirmish resulted in Heth’s men withdrawing a few hundred yards west of the intersection.

Lee established his army headquarters at the Widow Tapp’s farm A mile to the rear of Heth’s line, and ordered Major-General Cadmus Marcellus Wilcox to move his division on to Heth’s left to close the gap with Ewell’s Corps. Lee, Hill and Major-General James Ewell Brown Stuart were conferring when they were surprised by a party of Union soldiers entering the clearing. The three generals ran for safety and the Union men, who were equally surprised by the encounter, returned to the woods, oblivious of their opportunity of capturing the Confederacy’s greatest commander and two of most pugnacious subordinates.

Before Lee could organise his troops to advance towards the Brock Road, growing Union strength took away the option. Meade sent new orders to Hancock, directing him to halt the II Corps on the Catharpin Road and to counter-march north to come to Getty’s assistance. Hancock had already passed Todd’s Tavern and was two miles beyond at Shady Grove Church. Grant told Hancock to follow the Brock Road once he had returned to Todd’s Tavern. Hancock complied, although he was delayed by the artillery reserve of V Corps in his path. At about 2 pm the first of his divisions under Major-General David Bell Birney (3/II) arrived and formed on the right of Getty’s division south of the Plank Road. The line was extended southwards in turn by the other divisions of II Corps. Brigadier-General Gershom Mott’s 4th division formed to the left of Getty, and Brigadier-General John Gibbon’s 2nd division and Brigadier-General Francis Channing Barlow’s 1st division were in reserve behind. Hancock ordered the line to be entrenched immediately. Brigadier-General Henry Baxter’s brigade (2/2/V) arrived later in the afternoon to provide more strength.

As Hancock extended his Union line south of the Plank Road, Hill’s Confederate III Corps was concentrating on the Plank Road and extending northwards to connect with Ewell’s II Corps on the Turnpike. Hancock finally received peremptory orders for his II Corps to advance at about 3.15 pm and their entrenching work was suspended. The start of the attack was delayed for an hour longer until 4.15 pm while Getty’s division made space for Hancock’s men to deploy. Birney’s division (3/II) reinforced Getty on the road and Mott’s division (4/II) reinforced the right flank and then Colonel Samuel Sprigg Carroll’s brigade (3/2/II) was added to the right of the Plank Road behind Brigadier-General Henry Lawrence Eustis’ brigade (4/2/VI), both drawn from Brigadier-General John Gibbon’s division. The Union advance by these 25,000 men against Heth’s 7,500 Confederates made early progress, but the terrain blinded both sides, slowed manoeuvre and prevented each side from seeing in any direction but gropingly forwards. Mott’s 4th division got bogged down in swampland on the left and fell back, unable to gain momentum under heavy fire. Union Colonel Lewis Addison Grant’s brigade (2/2/VI) lost half of its men in its attack.

Desperate fighting ensued, and Hill was forced at 5.30 pm to commit Wilcox’s division to reinforce Heth. Wilcox’s arrival allowed the Confederates to regain just 50 yards of ground, but Hill’s right was driven back by two brigades from Barlow’s division (1/II). A second and then a third and a fourth Union advance were made to no avail. Conscious that the Brock Road intersection was vital, Meade sent Wadsworth’s division (4/V), which had already got lost once in its attempt to strengthen V Corps on the Turnpike, to help Hancock by attacking the Confederate flank north of the Plank Road. The plan was sound and should have been effective, but the underbrush was too dense for Wadsworth’s men to make any effective progress and again they failed to join the fight. After three hours of chasing the sound of gunfire, Wadsworth found the Confederate left flank, but a single Confederate battalion of 125 Alabamians skirmished and fought so fiercely that they deterred his further progress into the dangerous unknown.

The fighting did not cease until 8 pm after darkness had fallen. By nightfall, five Union divisions with 38,000 men had damaged but failed to dislodge Hill’s two divisions with their 14,000 men on the Plank Road front. Hill waited anxiously for the arrival of Lieutenant-General James Longstreet’s Confederate I Corps which was not expected until after dark. Longstreet awaited permission to move along the Catharpin Road rather than behind Hill on the Plank Road. Expecting an earlier arrival Hill, advised Heth to rest his men rather than tire them out by entrenching as he expected Longstreet to arrive in time relieve his division before dawn. Heth urged the construction of earthworks but Hill denied permission. Then Heth and Wilcox together requested permission to withdraw to a better line and to dig in, but Hill once again insisted that the tired men should not be disturbed. Heth persisted for a third time but the exasperated Hill reassured him that Longstreet would arrive by dawn. Nevertheless, Wilcox and Heth sent for a battalion of engineers to work belatedly on building entrenchments while the infantry slept.

Longstreet’s original orders to approach on the Catharpin Road had been changed at 7 pm. The desperate fighting on Hill’s front led Lee to bring Longstreet forward on the Plank Road instead of the Catharpin Road, so that he could arrive directly behind Hill’s positions. Longstreet could then relieve Hill who could sidle northwards to link once and for all with Ewell’s right and fill the void. Lee also sent for Major-General Richard Heron Anderson to bring his third division of III Corps, which had moved from Orange to Verdiersville the day before, to follow the Plank Road overnight through Parker’s Store to rejoin Hill. With the arrival of Longstreet’s two divisions and Anderson’s division, Lee hoped to marshal enough force to make another attack in the late morning. Longstreet calculated that he had sufficient time to allow his men, tired from marching all day, to rest for a while and I Corps did not resume its march until after midnight.

At 10 pm an officer from Lee’s staff arrived at Parker’s Store to convey the new line of march. He spoke to Major-General Charles William Field, commanding the lead division, and urged him to hurry as he was still twelve miles from their destination. Field dismissed the garbled account and impetuosity of the junior officer and rested his men until 1 am. Finally setting out at about 1 am they moved partially cross-country in the dark, making slow progress on poor roads and losing their way at times. By sunrise they were still far from their designated position behind Hill’s Corps.

Late in the day the third division of Sedgwick’s VI Corps (Brigadier-General James Brewerton Ricketts’) arrived from guarding Germanna Ford and formed on the army’s right north of the Plank Road. During the night the four divisions of Burnside’s IX Corps completed their long march to join the army and were located as a reserve on the Germanna Plank Road. One division was left to guard the fords and one was then moved further southwards to strengthen Hancock’s II Corps. The two remaining divisions provided a strong reserve for the morning’s attack. Their line of attack was obvious: to split Hill and Ewell by advancing west from the junction of the Orange Turnpike and then south into the defenders facing Hancock.

Grant had not identified any enemy troops from Longstreet’s Corps or Anderson’s division. Assuming that they were not yet present, he wanted to attack at dawn before they could arrive to strengthen the Confederate defenders. Grant’s improvised change of plan for the following day assumed that Hill’s Corps was essentially spent and was a prime target for attack. He ordered an early morning assault down the Orange Plank Road by the II Corps and Getty’s division of VI Corps. At the same time, the V and VI Corps were to resume diversionary attacks against Ewell’s position on the Turnpike, preventing him from coming to Hill’s aid. The newly arriving IX Corps of Major-General Ambrose Everett Burnside was to move through the area between the Turnpike and the Plank Road and to break into Hill’s rear. If this plan were successfully achieved, Hill’s Corps would be destroyed and then the full weight of the Union army could follow up to deal with Ewell’s Corps. The attack was scheduled for 4 am but Meade and Grant then decided to allow an extra hour of daylight to allow the troops to deploy and it was deferred to 5 am.

ORDER OF BATTLE: THE WILDERNESS, VA

Union Army of the Potomac

General-in-Chief Lieutenant-General Ulysses Simpson Grant
IX Corps: Major-General Ambrose Everett Burnside
1st Division, IX Corps: Brigadier-General Thomas Greeley Stevenson
1st Brigade, 1st Division, IX Corps: Colonel Sumner Carruth
2nd Brigade, 1st Division, IX Corps: Colonel Daniel Leasure
2nd Division: Brigadier-General Robert Brown Potter
1st Brigade, 2nd Division, IX Corps: Colonel Zenas Bliss
2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, IX Corps: Colonel Simon Goodell Griffin
3rd Division, IX Corps: Brigadier-General Orlando Bolivar Willcox
1st Brigade, 3rd Division, IX Corps: Colonel John F Hartranft
2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, IX Corps: Colonel Benjamin C Christ
4th Division, IX Corps: Brigadier-General Edward Ferrero
1st Brigade, 4th Division, IX Corps: Colonel Joshua K Sigfried
2nd Brigade, 4th Division, IX Corps: Colonel Henry G Thomas
Provisional Brigade, IX Corps: Colonel Elisha G Marshall
Department of the Potomac: Major-General George Gordon Meade
Army of the Potomac: Major-General George Meade
Provost Guard (Potomac): Brigadier-General Marsena Rudolph Patrick
Volunteer Engineer Brigade (Potomac): Brigadier-General Henry Washington Benham
Artillery Reserve (Potomac): Chief of Artillery: Brigadier-General Henry Jackson Hunt Colonel Henry S Burton
II Corps (Potomac): Major-General Winfield Scott Hancock
1st Division, II Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Francis Channing Barlow
1st Brigade, 1st Division, II Corps (Potomac): Colonel Nelson Appleton Miles
2nd Brigade, 1st Division, II Corps (Potomac): Colonel Thomas Alfred Smyth
3rd Brigade, 1st Division, II Corps (Potomac): Colonel Paul Frank
4th Brigade, 1st Division, II Corps (Potomac): Colonel John Rutter Brooke
2nd Division, II Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General John Gibbon
1st Brigade, 2nd Division, II Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Alexander Stewart Webb
2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, II Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Joshua Thomas Owen
3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, II Corps (Potomac): Colonel Samuel Sprigg Carroll
3rd Division, II Corps (Potomac): Major-General David Bell Birney
1st Brigade, 3rd Division, II Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General John Henry Hobart Ward
2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, II Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Alexander Hays
4th Division, II Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Gershom Mott
1st Brigade, 4th Division, II Corps (Potomac): Colonel Robert McAllister
2nd Brigade, 4th Division, II Corps (Potomac): Colonel William R Brewster
V Corps (Potomac): Major-General Gouverneur Kemble Warren
1st Division, V Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Charles Griffin
1st Brigade, 1st Division, V Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Romeyn Beck Ayres
2nd Brigade, 1st Division, V Corps (Potomac): Colonel Jacob Bowman Sweitzer
3rd Brigade, 1st Division, V Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Joseph Jackson Bartlett
2nd Division, V Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General John Cleveland Robinson
1st Brigade, 2nd Division, V Corps (Potomac): Colonel Samuel H Leonard
2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, V Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Henry Baxter
3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, V Corps (Potomac): Colonel Andrew W Denison
3rd Division, V Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Samuel Wylie Crawford
1st Brigade, 3rd Division, V Corps (Potomac): Colonel William McCandless
3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, V Corps (Potomac): Colonel Joseph Washington Fisher
4th Division, V Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General James Samuel Wadsworth
1st Brigade, 4th Division, V Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Lysander Cutler
2nd Brigade, 4th Division, V Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General James Clay Rice
3rd Brigade, 4th Division, V Corps (Potomac): Colonel Roy Stone
VI Corps (Potomac): Major-General John Sedgwick
1st Division, VI Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Horatio Gouverneur Wright
1st Brigade, 1st Division, VI Corps (Potomac): Colonel Henry W Brown
2nd Brigade, 1st Division, VI Corps (Potomac): Colonel Emory Upton
3rd Brigade, 1st Division, VI Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General David Allen Russell
4th Brigade, Division, VI Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Alexander Shaler
2nd Division, VI Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General George Washington Getty
1st Brigade, 2nd Division, VI Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Frank Wheaton
2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, VI Corps (Potomac): Colonel Lewis Addison Grant
3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, VI Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Thomas Hewson Neill
4th Brigade, 2nd Division, VI Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Henry Lawrence Eustis
3rd Division, VI Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General James Brewerton Ricketts
1st Brigade, 3rd Division, VI Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General William Hopkins Morris
2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, VI Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Truman Seymour
Cavalry Corps (Potomac): Major-General Philip Henry Sheridan
1st Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Alfred Thomas Archimedes Torbert
1st Cavalry Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General George Armstrong Custer
2nd Cavalry Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps (Potomac): Colonel Thomas Casimer Devin
Reserve Cavalry Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Wesley Merritt
2nd Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps: Brigadier-General David McMurtrie Gregg
1st Cavalry Brigade, 2nd Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Henry Eugene Davies
2nd Cavalry Brigade, 2nd Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps (Potomac): Colonel John Irvin Gregg
3rd Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General James Harrison Wilson
1st Cavalry Brigade, 3rd Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps (Potomac): Colonel Timothy M Bryan Colonel John Baillie McIntosh
2nd Cavalry Brigade, 3rd Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps (Potomac): Colonel George Henry Chapman

Confederate Army of Northern Virginia: General Robert Edward Lee

Army of Northern Virginia: General Robert Edward Lee
I Corps (Northern Virginia): Lieutenant-General James Longstreet
Kershaw’s Division, I Corps (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General Joseph Brevard Kershaw
Kershaw’s Brigade, Kershaw’s Division, I Corps (Northern Virginia): Colonel John Williford Henagan
Humphreys’ Brigade, Kershaw’s Division, I Corps (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General Benjamin Grubb Humphreys
Wofford’s Brigade, Kershaw’s Division, I Corps (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General William Tatum Wofford
Bryan’s Brigade, Kershaw’s Division, I Corps (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General Goode Bryan
Field’s Division, I Corps (Northern Virginia): Major-General Charles William Field
Jenkins’ Brigade, Field’s Division, I Corps (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General Micah Jenkins
Anderson’s Brigade, Field’s Division, I Corps (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General George Thomas Anderson
Law’s Brigade, Field’s Division, I Corps (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General Evander McIver Law
Gregg’s Brigade, Field’s Division, I Corps (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General John Gregg
Benning’s Brigade, Field’s Division, I Corps (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General Henry Lewis Benning
Artillery, I Corps (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General Edward Porter Alexander
II Corps (Northern Virginia): Lieutenant-General Richard Stoddert Ewell
Early’s Division, II Corps (Northern Virginia): Major-General Jubal Anderson Early
Hays’ Brigade, Early’s Division, II Corps (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General Harry Thompson Hays
Pegram’s Brigade, Early’s Division, II Corps (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General John Pegram
Gordon’s Brigade, Early’s Division, II Corps (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General John Brown Gordon
Johnson’s Division, II Corps (Northern Virginia): Major-General Edward Johnson
Stonewall Brigade, Johnson’s Division, II Corps (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General James Alexander Walker
Steuart’s Brigade, Johnson’s Division, II Corps (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General George Hume Steuart
Jones’ Brigade, Johnson’s Division, II Corps (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General John Marshall Jones
Stafford’s Brigade, Johnson’s Division, II Corps (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General Leroy Augustus Stafford
Rodes’ Division, II Corps (Northern Virginia): Major-General Robert Emmett Rodes
Daniel’s Brigade, Rodes’ Division, II Corps (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General Junius Daniel
Ramseur’s Brigade, Rodes’ Division, II Corps (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General Stephen Dodson Ramseur
Doles’ Brigade, Rodes’ Division, II Corps (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General George Pierce Doles
Battle’s Brigade, Rodes’ Division, II Corps (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General Cullen Andrews Battle
Johnston’s Brigade, Rodes’ Division, II Corps (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General Robert Daniel Johnston
Artillery, II Corps (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General Armistead Lindsay Long
III Corps (Northern Virginia): Lieutenant-General Ambrose Powell Hill
Anderson’s Division, III Corps (Northern Virginia): Major-General Richard Heron Anderson
Perrin’s Brigade, Anderson’s Division, III Corps (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General Abner Monroe Perrin
Mahone’s Brigade, Anderson’s Division, III Corps (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General William Mahone

Harris’ Brigade, Anderson’s Division, III Corps (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General Nathaniel Harrison Harris
Wright’s Brigade, Anderson’s Division, III Corps (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General Ambrose Ransom Wright
Perry’s Brigade, Anderson’s Division, III Corps (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General Edward Aylesworth Perry
Heth’s Division, III Corps (Northern Virginia): Major-General Henry Heth
Davis’ Brigade, Heth’s Division, III Corps (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General Joseph Robert Davis
Cooke’s Brigade, Heth’s Division, III Corps (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General John Rogers Cooke
Kirkland’s Brigade, Heth’s Division, III Corps (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General William Whedbee Kirkland
Walker’s Brigade, Heth’s Division, III Corps (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General William Henry Walker
Archer’s Brigade, Heth’s Division, III Corps (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General James Jay Archer
Wilcox’s Division, III Corps (Northern Virginia): Major-General Cadmus Marcellus Wilcox
Lane’s Brigade, Wilcox’s Division, III Corps (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General James Henry Lane
Scales’ Brigade, Wilcox’s Division, III Corps (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General Alfred Moore Scales
McGowan’s Brigade, Wilcox’s Division, III Corps (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General Samuel McGowan
Thomas’ Brigade, Wilcox’s Division, III Corps (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General Edward Lloyd Thomas
Artillery, III Corps (Northern Virginia): Colonel Reuben Lindsay Walker
Cavalry Corps (Northern Virginia): Major-General James Ewell Brown Stuart
Hampton’s Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps (Northern Virginia): Major-General Wade Hampton
Young’s Cavalry Brigade, Hampton’s Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General Pierce Manning Butler Young
Rosser’s Cavalry Brigade, Hampton’s Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps (Northern Virginia): Colonel Thomas Lafayette Rosser
Butler’s Cavalry Brigade, Hampton’s Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General Matthew Calbraith Butler
F H Lee’s Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps (Northern Virginia): Major-General Fitzhugh Lee
Lomax’s Cavalry Brigade, F H Lee’s Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General Lunsford Lindsay Lomax
Wickham’s Cavalry Brigade, F H Lee’s Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General Williams Carter Wickham
W H F Lee’s Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps (Northern Virginia): Major-General William Henry Fitzhugh Lee
Chambliss’ Cavalry Brigade, W H F Lee’s Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General John Randolph Chambliss
Gordon’s Cavalry Brigade, W H F Lee’s Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General James Byron Gordon

Virginia. Union Major-General Philip Henry Sheridan had ordered two divisions of the Cavalry Corps to operate beyond the wilderness to the east, as Confederate cavalry was believed to be concentrated near Fredericksburg. One division under Brigadier-General James Harrison Wilson concentrated at Piney Branch Church on that flank at while Brigadier-General David McMurtrie Gregg’s division rendezvoused at Todd’s Tavern, about a mile from the southern edge of the Wilderness.

Confederate Brigadier-General Thomas Lafayette Rosser’s cavalry encountered the Union cavalry south of the wilderness and was reinforced by more Confederate cavalry arriving from Fredericksburg. Fighting was fierce but inconclusive as both sides attempted to manoeuvre in the dense woods. Darkness halted the fighting, and both sides rushed forward their remaining reinforcements.

West Virginia. Raid to Piedmont, Bloomington, and the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad.

West Virginia. Union Brigadier-General William Woods Averell left Logan’s Court House with 2,000 cavalrymen with the intended objective of Saltville.

Union Organisation

USA: Major-General John Gray Foster was appointed to command the Department of the South, arriving on 26th May 1864.

Foster, John Gray | New Hampshire | Born 27 May 1823 Whitefield, New Hampshire | USMA 1846 4/59 Engineers | 2nd Lieutenant USA Engineers 24 May 1848 1st Lieutenant USA Engineers 1 April 1854 Captain USA Engineers 1 July 1860 Brigadier-General USV October 23 1861 Major-General USV July 18 1862 Major USA Engineers 3 March 1863 Mustered out USV 1 September 1866 Lieutenant-Colonel USA Engineers 7 March 1867 | WIA Molino del Rey 1847 | Died 2 September 1874 | 6 July 1862 – 28 March 1863 Department of North Carolina, 24 December 1862 – 14 July 1863 XVIII Corps North Carolina, 16 April 1863 – 15 July 1863 Department of North Carolina, 15 July 1863 – 27 August 1863 Department of Virginia and North Carolina, 15 July 1863 – 17 July 1863 XVIII Corps Virginia and North Carolina, 16 August 1863 – 10 November 1863 XVIII Corps Virginia and North Carolina, 9 December 1863 – 8 February 1864 Department of the Ohio, 9 December 1863 – 8 February 1864 Army of the Ohio, 5 May 1864 – 8 February 1865 Department of the South, 27 June 1865 Department of Florida

USA: Brigadier-General Alexander Hays was killed at the Wilderness.

Hays, Alexander | Pennsylvania | Born 8 July 1819 Franklin, Pennsylvania | USMA 1844 20/25 Infantry | 2nd Lieutenant USA 8th US Infantry 18 June 1846 Resigned USA 12 April 1848 Major USV 12th Pennsylvania 25 April 1861 Captain USA 16th US Infantry 14 May 1861 Mustered out USV 5 August 1861 Colonel USV 63rd Pennsylvania 25 August 1861 Brigadier-General USV 29 September 1862 | WIA Second Bull Run 1862 | KIA Wilderness 5 May 1864

Commander in Chief: President Abraham Lincoln

Vice-President: Hannibal Hamlin

Secretary of War: Edwin McMasters Stanton

Secretary of the Navy: Gideon Welles

  • North Atlantic Blockading Squadron USN: Acting Rear Admiral Samuel Phillips Lee USN
  • South Atlantic Blockading Squadron USN: Rear Admiral John Adolphus Dahlgren USN
  • West Gulf Blockading Squadron USN: Rear Admiral David Glasgow Farragut USN
  • East Gulf Blockading Squadron USN: Acting Rear Admiral Theodorus Bailey USN
  • Pacific Squadron USN: Captain John B Montgomery USN
  • Mississippi River Squadron USN: Rear Admiral David Dixon Porter USN
  • Potomac Flotilla USN: Commodore Andrew Allen Harwood USN

General–in-Chief: Ulysses Simpson Grant

  • Military Division of the Mississippi: William Tecumseh Sherman
    • Department of the Cumberland: George Henry Thomas
      • District of Nashville: Lovell Harrison Rousseau
      • District of Western Kentucky: Eleazer Arthur Paine
      • Army of the Cumberland: George Henry Thomas
        • IV Corps Cumberland: Oliver Otis Howard
        • XIV Corps Cumberland: John McAuley Palmer
        • XX Corps Cumberland: Joseph Hooker
        • Cavalry Corps Cumberland: Washington Lafayette Elliott
    • Department of the Ohio: John McAllister Schofield
      • District of East Tennessee: Jacob Ammen
      • District of Kentucky: Stephen Gano Burbridge
      • Army of the Ohio: John McAllister Schofield
        • XXIII Corps Ohio: John McAllister Schofield
    • Department of the Tennessee: James Birdseye McPherson
      • District of West Tennessee: Cadwallader Colden Washburn
        • Sub-District of Memphis: Ralph Pomeroy Buckland
      • District of Vicksburg: Henry Warner Slocum
      • Army of the Tennessee: James Birdseye McPherson
        • XV Corps Tennessee: John Alexander Logan
        • XVI Corps Tennessee: vacant
          • Right Wing XVI Corps Tennessee: Andrew Jackson Smith
          • Left Wing XVI Corps Tennessee: Grenville Mellen Dodge
        • XVII Corps Tennessee: Francis Preston Blair
  • Department of Arkansas: Nathan Kimball temporary
    • District of Eastern Arkansas: Napoleon Bonaparte Buford
    • District of Northern Arkansas: Robert Ramsey Livingston
    • District of the Frontier: James Gilpatrick Blunt
    • Army of Arkansas: Frederick Steele
      • VII Corps Arkansas: Nathan Kimball temporary
  • Department of the East: John Adams Dix
  • Department of the Gulf: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
    • District of Baton Rouge: Henry Warner Birge
    • District of Port Hudson: Daniel Ullmann
    • District of La Fourche: John McNeil
    • District of Carrollton: Nelson B Bartram
    • District of Key West and Tortugas: Daniel Phineas Woodbury
    • Defences of New Orleans: Joseph Jones Reynolds
    • Army of the Gulf: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
      • XIII Corps Gulf: Michael Kelly Lawler
      • XIX Corps Gulf: William Hemsley Emory
  • Department of Kansas: George Sykes
    • District of Nebraska Territory: Robert Byington Mitchell
    • District of North Kansas: Thomas Alfred Davies
    • District of South Kansas: Thomas Jefferson McKean
    • District of the Border: William Russell Judson
    • District of Colorado Territory: John Milton Chivington
  • Middle Department: Lewis Wallace
    • District of Delaware: John Reese Kenly
    • District of the Eastern Shore of Maryland: Henry Hayes Lockwood
    • VIII Corps Middle: Lewis Wallace
  • Department of the Missouri: William Starke Rosecrans
    • District of St Louis: vacant
    • District of Southwest Missouri: John Benjamin Sanborn
    • District of North Missouri: Clinton Bowen Fisk
    • District of Central Missouri: Egbert Benson Brown
    • District of Rolla: Odon Guitar
  • Department of New Mexico: James Henry Carleton
    • District of Arizona: George Washington Bowie
  • Northern Department: Samuel Peter Heintzelman
    • District of Indiana: John Smith Simonson
  • Department of the Northwest: John Pope
    • District of Minnesota: Henry Hastings Sibley
    • District of Wisconsin: Thomas Church Haskell Smith
    • District of Iowa: Alfred Sully
  • Department of the Pacific: George Wright
    • District of the Humboldt: Henry M Black
    • District of Oregon: Benjamin Alvord
    • District of Southern California: James Freeman Curtis
    • District of Utah: Patrick Edward Connor
  • Department of the Potomac: George Gordon Meade
    • IX Corps Potomac: Ambrose Everett Burnside
    • Army of the Potomac: George Gordon Meade
      • II Corps Potomac: Winfield Scott Hancock
      • V Corps Potomac: Gouverneur Kemble Warren
      • VI Corps Potomac: John Sedgwick
      • Cavalry Corps Potomac: Philip Henry Sheridan
  • Department of the South: John Porter Hatch interim John Gray Foster awaited
    • Northern District (South): Alexander Schimmelfennig
    • District of Beaufort (SC): Rufus Saxton
    • District of Hilton Head: William Watts Hart Davis
    • District of Florida: William Birney
    • District of West Florida: Alexander Asboth
  • Department of the Susquehanna: Darius Nash Couch
    • Lehigh District: Franz Sigel
  • Department of Virginia and North Carolina: Benjamin Franklin Butler
    • District of St Mary’s: Alonzo Granville Draper
    • District of Currituck: Samuel Henry Roberts
    • District of North Carolina: Innis Newton Palmer
      • Sub-District of Beaufort NC: James Jourdan
      • Sub-District of New Bern: Edward Harland
    • District of Yorktown: Joseph Bradford Carr
    • Army of the James: Benjamin Franklin Butler
      • X Corps James: Quincy Adams Gillmore
      • XVIII Corps James: William Farrar Smith
  • Department of Washington: Christopher Columbus Augur
    • District of Alexandria: John Potts Slough
    • District of Washington: Moses N Wisewell
    • XXII Corps Washington: Christopher Columbus Augur
  • Department of Western Virginia: Franz Sigel
    • Army of the Kanawha: George Crook

Confederate Organisation

CSA: Brigadier-General John Marshall Jones was killed at the Wilderness.

Jones, John Marshall | Virginia | Born 26 July 1820 Charlottesville, Virginia | USMA 1841 39/52 Infantry | 2nd Lieutenant USA 7th US Infantry 18 April 1845 1st Lieutenant USA 7th US Infantry 20 August 1847 Captain USA 7th US Infantry 3 March 1855 Resigned USA 27 May 1861 Lieutenant-Colonel PACS Staff June 1862 Brigadier-General PACS 16 May 1863 to rank from 15 May 1863 | WIA Gettysburg 1863 | KIA Wilderness 5 May 1864

CSA: Brigadier-General Leroy Augustus Stafford was mortally wounded at the Wilderness.

Stafford, Leroy Augustus | Louisiana | Born 13 April 1822 Cheneyville, Louisiana | Private USV 3rd Louisiana 1847-1848 Texas Rangers Captain Louisiana Militia 1861 Captain PACS 9th Louisiana 6 July 1861 Lieutenant-Colonel PACS 9th Louisiana October 1861 Colonel PACS 9th Louisiana 24 April 1862 Brigadier-General PACS 8 October 1863 | WIA Antietam 1862 MWIA Wilderness 1864 | DOW 8 May 1864

Commander in Chief: President Jefferson Finis Davis

Vice-President: Alexander Hamilton Stephens

Secretary of War: James Alexander Seddon

Secretary of the Navy: Stephen Russell Mallory

Military Adviser to the President: Braxton Bragg

  • Department of Alabama and East Mississippi: Leonidas Polk interim Stephen Dill Lee awaited
    • District of Mississippi and East Louisiana: John S Scott
    • Gulf District: Dabney Herndon Maury
    • District of Northern Alabama: Jones Mitchell Withers
    • District of West Tennessee: Nathan Bedford Forrest
  • Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia: George Edward Pickett interim Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard awaited
  • Department of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee
    • Army of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee
      • I Corps Northern Virginia: James Longstreet
      • II Corps Northern Virginia: Richard Stoddert Ewell
      • III Corps Northern Virginia: Ambrose Powell Hill
      • Cavalry Corps Northern Virginia: James Ewell Brown Stuart
    • Valley District: Jubal Anderson Early
  • Department of Richmond: Robert Ransom
  • Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida: Samuel Jones
    • District of Georgia: Hugh Weedon Mercer interim Henry Rootes Jackson awaited
    • District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
      • 1st Sub-District of South Carolina: Nathan George Evans
      • 2nd Sub-District of South Carolina: Johnson Hagood
      • 3rd Sub-District of South Carolina: William Stephen Walker
      • 4th Sub-District of South Carolina: James Heyward Trapier
      • 5th Sub-District of South Carolina: Alfred Moore Rhett
      • 6th Sub-District of South Carolina: Henry Alexander Wise
      • 7th Sub-District of South Carolina: Johnson Hagood
    • District of Florida: James Patton Anderson
    • Defences of Savannah: Samuel Jones
  • Department of Tennessee: Joseph Eggleston Johnston
    • District of Western North Carolina: James Green Martin
    • Army of Tennessee: Joseph Eggleston Johnston
      • I Corps Tennessee: William Joseph Hardee
      • II Corps Tennessee: John Bell Hood
      • III Corps Tennessee: Leonidas Polk
      • Cavalry Corps Tennessee: Joseph Wheeler
  • Trans-Allegheny Department: John Cabell Breckinridge
  • Trans-Mississippi Department: Edmund Kirby Smith
    • District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: John Bankhead Magruder
      • Western Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: Hamilton Prioleau Bee
        • Sub-District of the Rio Grande: Hamilton Prioleau Bee
      • Eastern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: William Steele
      • Sub-District of Houston: Xavier Blanchard Debray
      • Northern Sub-District Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: Henry Eustace McCulloch
    • District of Arkansas: Sterling Price
    • District of West Louisiana: Richard Taylor
    • District of Indian Territory: Douglas Hancock Cooper temporary
    • Trans-Mississippi Army: Edmund Kirby Smith
  • Reserve Forces of Alabama: Jones Mitchell Withers
  • Reserve Forces of Florida: John King Jackson
  • Reserve Forces of Georgia: Thomas Howell Cobb
  • Reserve Forces of North Carolina: Theophilus Hunter Holmes awaited
  • Reserve Forces of South Carolina: James Chesnut
  • Reserve Forces of Virginia: James Lawson Kemper

Union Generals

  • Lieutenant-General USA Ulysses Simpson Grant March 4 1864 to rank from March 2 1864 Major-General USV 16 February 1862 General-in-Chief
  • Major-General USA Winfield Scott 5 July 1841 to rank from 25 June 1841 Retired 1 November 1861
  • Major-General USA George Brinton McClellan 14 May 1861
  • Major-General USA John Charles Frémont 3 July 1861 to rank from 14 May 1861
  • Major-General USA Henry Wager Halleck 19 August 1861
  • Major-General USA John Ellis Wool 1 August 1863 to rank from 16 May 1862 Retired 1 August 1863
  • Brigadier-General USA William Selby Harney 14 June 1858 Retired 1 August 1863
  • Brigadier-General USA Edwin Vose Sumner 16 March 1861 Major-General USV 16 July 1862 to rank from 5 May 1862 Died 21 March 1863
  • Brigadier-General USA Irvin McDowell 14 May 1861 Major-General USV 16 March 1862 to rank from 14 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General USA Joseph Fenno King Mansfield 17 May 1861 to rank from May 14 1861 Major-General USV 11 March 1863 to rank from 18 July 1862 DOW 18 September 1862
  • Brigadier-General USA Montgomery Cunningham Meigs 15 May 1861 Quartermaster-General
  • Brigadier-General USA Robert Anderson 17 June 1861 to rank from 15 May 1861 Retired 27 October 1863
  • Brigadier-General USA William Starke Rosecrans 16 June 1861 to rank from 16 May 1861 Major-General USV 21 March 1862 Department of the Missouri
  • Brigadier-General USA Henry Knox Craig August 3 1861 Retired 1 June 1863
  • Brigadier-General USA Lorenzo Thomas 5 August 1861 to rank from 3 August 1861
  • Brigadier-General USA James Wolfe Ripley 10 September 1861 to rank from 3 August 1861 Retired 15 September 1863
  • Brigadier-General USA Philip St George Cooke 21 November 1861 to rank from 12 November 1861
  • Brigadier-General USA William Alexander Hammond 25 April 1862 Surgeon-General
  • Brigadier-General USA John Pope 17 July 1862 to rank from 14 July 1862 Major-General USV 22 March 1862 to rank from 21 March 1862 Department of the Northwest
  • Brigadier-General USA Joseph Hooker 20 September 1862 Major-General USV 5 May 1862 XX Corps Cumberland
  • Brigadier-General USA Joseph Pannell Taylor 21 February 1863 to rank from 9 February 1863 Commissary General of Subsistence
  • Brigadier-General USA Joseph Gilbert Totten 13 April 1863 to rank from 3 March 1863 Died 22 April 1864
  • Brigadier-General USA George Gordon Meade July 7 1863 to rank from July 3 1863 Major-General USV 29 November 1862 Department of the Potomac & Army of the Potomac
  • Brigadier-General USA William Tecumseh Sherman 4 August 1863 to rank from 4 July 1863 Major-General USV 3 May 1862 to rank from 1 May 1862 Military Division of the Mississippi
  • Brigadier-General USA James Birdseye McPherson 4 August 1863 to rank from 1 August 1863 Major-General USV 8 October 1862 Department of the Tennessee & Army of the Tennessee
  • Brigadier-General USA George Douglas Ramsay 26 September 1863 to rank from September 15 1863 Chief of Ordnance
  • Brigadier-General USA George Henry Thomas 27 October 1863 Major-General USV April 26 1862 to rank from April 25 1862 Department of the Cumberland & Army of the Cumberland
  • Brigadier-General USA James Barnet Fry 19 May 1864 to rank from 21 April 1864 Provost Marshal General
  • Brigadier-General USA Richard Delafield 18 May 1864 to rank from 22 April 1864 Chief of Engineers
  • Major-General USV John Adams Dix 16 May 1861 Department of the East
  • Major-General USV Benjamin Franklin Butler 16 May 1861 Department of Virginia and North Carolina & Army of the James
  • Major-General USV Nathaniel Prentiss Banks 3 June 1861 to rank from 16 May 1861 Department of the Gulf & Army of the Gulf
  • Major-General USV David Hunter 13 August 1861
  • Major-General USV Edwin Denison Morgan 28 September 1861 Resigned 1 January 1863
  • Major-General USV Ethan Allen Hitchcock 10 February 1862
  • Major-General USV Ambrose Everett Burnside 18 March 1862 IX Corps Potomac
  • Major-General USV Don Carlos Buell 21 March 1862
  • Major-General USV Samuel Ryan Curtis 21 March 1862
  • Major-General USV Franz Sigel 22 March 1862 to rank from 21 March 1862 Department of Western Virginia & Lehigh District
  • Major-General USV John Alexander McClernand 22 March 1862 to rank from 21 March 1862
  • Major-General USV Charles Ferguson Smith 22 March 1862 from 21 March 1862 Died 25 April 1862
  • Major-General USV Lewis Wallace 22 March 1862 from 21 March 1862 Middle Department & VIII Corps
  • Major-General USV Cassius Marcellus Clay 11 April 1862
  • Major-General USV Ormsby McKnight Mitchel 14 April 1862 to rank from 11 April 1862 Died 30 October 1862     
  • Major-General USV Edward Otho Cresap Ord 3 May 1862 to rank from 2 May 1862
  • Major-General USV Samuel Peter Heintzelman 5 May 1862 Northern Department
  • Major-General USV Erasmus Darwin Keyes 16 July 1862 to rank from 5 May 1862
  • Major-General USV George Cadwalader 25 May 1862
  • Major-General USV Silas Casey 31 May 1862
  • Major-General USV William Buel Franklin 4 July 1862
  • Major-General USV Darius Nash Couch 4 July 1862 Department of the Susquehanna
  • Major-General USV Fitz-John Porter 16 July 1862 to rank from 4 July 1862 Dismissed 21 January 1863
  • Major-General USV Isaac Ingalls Stevens 18 July 1862 to rank from 4 July 1862 KIA 1 September 1862
  • Major-General USV Philip Kearny 25 July 1862 to rank from 4 July 1862 KIA 1 September 1862
  • Major-General USV Israel Bush Richardson USV 25 July 1862 to rank from 4 July 1862 DOW 3 November 1862
  • Major-General USV Henry Warner Slocum 25 July 1862 to rank from 4 July 1862 District of Vicksburg
  • Major-General USV John James Peck 25 July 1862 to rank from 4 July 1862
  • Major-General USV John Sedgwick 25 July 1862 to rank from 4 July 1862 VI Corps Potomac
  • Major-General USV Thomas Leonidas Crittenden 17 July 1862
  • Major-General USV Alexander McDowell McCook 19 July 1862 to rank from 17 July 1862
  • Major-General USV William Nelson 19 July 1862 to rank from 17 July 1862 Died 29 September 1862
  • Major-General USV John Gray Foster 18 July 1862 Department of the South awaited
  • Major-General USV Jesse Lee Reno 20 August 1862 to rank from 18 July 1862 KIA 14 September 1862
  • Major-General USV John Grubb Parke 20 August 1862 to rank from 18 July 1862
  • Major-General USV Christopher Columbus Augur 14 November 1862 to rank from 9 August 1862 Department of Washington & XXII Corps Washington
  • Major-General USV Robert Cumming Schenck 17 September 1862 to rank from 30 August 1862 Resigned 5 December 1863
  • Major-General USV Stephen Augustus Hurlbut 17 September 1862
  • Major-General USV Gordon Granger 17 September 1862
  • Major-General USV Charles Smith Hamilton 19 September 1862 Resigned 13 April 1863
  • Major-General USV Lovell Harrison Rousseau 22 October 1862 to rank from 8 October 1862 District of Nashville
  • Major-General USV John Fulton Reynolds 29 November 1862 KIA 1 July 1863
  • Major-General USV Oliver Otis Howard 29 November 1862 IV Corps Cumberland
  • Major-General USV Daniel Butterfield 29 November 1862
  • Major-General USV Winfield Scott Hancock 29 November 1862 II Corps Potomac
  • Major-General USV George Sykes 29 November 1862 Department of Kansas
  • Major-General USV William Henry French 29 November 1862
  • Major-General USV Abner Doubleday 29 November 1862
  • Major-General USV George Lucas Hartsuff 29 November 1862
  • Major-General USV Francis Jay Herron 29 November 1862
  • Major-General USV Joseph Jones Reynolds 29 November 1862 Defences of New Orleans
  • Major-General USV Napoleon Jackson Tecumseh Dana March 9 1863 to rank from 29 November 1862
  • Major-General USV Robert Huston Milroy March 10 1863 to rank from 29 November 1862
  • Major-General USV Hiram Gregory Berry March 10 1863 to rank from 29 November 1862 KIA 3 May 1863
  • Major-General USV Richard James Oglesby March 10 1863 to rank from 29 November 1862
  • Major-General USV Daniel Edgar Sickles March 11 1863 to rank from 29 November 1862
  • Major-General USV David Sloane Stanley March 11 1863 to rank from 29 November 1862
  • Major-General USV Benjamin Mayberry Prentiss March 13 1863 to rank from 29 November 1862 Resigned 28 October 1863
  • Major-General USV John Alexander Logan March 13 1863 to rank from 29 November 1862 XV Corps Tennessee
  • Major-General USV Cadwallader Colder Washburn March 13 1863 to rank from 29 November 1862 District of West Tennessee
  • Major-General USV Francis Preston Blair March 13 1863 to rank from 29 November 1862 XVII Corps Tennessee
  • Major-General USV George Stoneman March 16 1863 to rank from 29 November 1862
  • Major-General USV James Scott Negley March 16 1863 to rank from 29 November 1862
  • Major-General USV John McAuley Palmer March 16 1863 to rank from 29 November 1862 XIV Corps Cumberland
  • Major-General USV James Gilpatrick Blunt March 16 1863 to rank from 29 November 1862 District of the Frontier
  • Major-General USV Frederick Steele March 17 1863 to rank from 29 November 1862 Army of Arkansas
  • Major-General USV John McAllister Schofield May 12 1863 to rank from November 29 1862 Department of the Ohio & Army of the Ohio & XXIII Corps Ohio
  • Major-General USV Philip Henry Sheridan 10 April 1863 to rank from 31 December 1862 Cavalry Corps Potomac
  • Major-General USV Julius Stahel March 17 1863 to rank from March 14 1863
  • Major-General USV Carl Schurz March 17 1863 to rank from March 14 1863
  • Major-General USV Amiel Weeks Whipple May 6 1863 to rank from May 3 1863 DOW 7 May 1863
  • Major-General USV Gouverneur Kemble Warren August 8 1863 to rank from May 3 1863 V Corps Potomac
  • Major-General USV David Bell Birney May 20 1863
  • Major-General USV Alfred Pleasonton June 22 1863
  • Major-General USV John Buford 16 December 1863 to rank from 1 July 1863 Died 16 December 1863
  • Major-General USV Andrew Atkinson Humphreys 8 July 1863
  • Major-General USV Quincy Adams Gillmore 10 July 1863 X Corps James
  • Major-General USV George Crockett Strong 18 July 1863 DOW 30 July 1863
  • Major-General USV James Abram Garfield 19 September 1863 Resigned 5 December 1863
  • Major-General USV William Farrar Smith 24 March 1864 to rank from 9 March 1864 XVIII Corps James
  • Major-General USV James Blair Steedman 24 April 1864 to rank from 20 April 1864
  • Brigadier-General USV Nathaniel Lyon 17 May 1861 KIA 10 August 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Jacob Dolson Cox 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Andrew Porter 6 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861 Mustered out 4 April 1864
  • Brigadier-General USV Charles Pomeroy Stone 6 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861 Mustered out 4 April 1864
  • Brigadier-General USV Thomas West Sherman 6 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Benjamin Franklin Kelley 6 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Frederick West Lander 6 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861 Died 2 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV George Archibald McCall 7 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861 Resigned 31 March 1863
  • Brigadier-General USV Rufus King 7 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861 Resigned 20 October 1863
  • Brigadier-General USV Alpheus Starkey Williams 9 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV William Reading Montgomery 9 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861 Resigned 4 April 1864
  • Brigadier-General USV James Cooper 12 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861 Died 28 March 1863
  • Brigadier-General USV John Wolcott Phelps 9 August 1861 to rank from 27 May 1861 Resigned 21 August 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV James Brewerton Ricketts April 30 1862 to rank from July 21 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Michael Corcoran August 15 1862 to rank from 21 July 1861 Died 22 December 1863
  • Brigadier-General USV Orlando Bolivar Willcox August 19 1862 to rank from 21 July 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Henry Hayes Lockwood August 8 1861 District of the Eastern Shore of Maryland
  • Brigadier-General USV Louis Blenker 9 August 1861 Honourable Discharge 31 March 1863 Died 31 October 1863
  • Brigadier-General USV George Webb Morell 9 August 1861.
  • Brigadier-General USV James Samuel Wadsworth 9 August 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV John Henry Martindale 9 August 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Samuel Davis Sturgis March 7 1862 to rank from August 10 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Henry Washington Benham 13 August 1861 Revoked 7 August 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV James William Denver 14 August 1861 Resigned 5 March 1863
  • Brigadier-General USV Egbert Ludovicus Viele 17 August 1861 Resigned 23 October 1863
  • Brigadier-General USV James Shields 19 August 1861 Resigned 28 March 1863
  • Brigadier-General USV William Farquhar Barry August 20 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV John Joseph Abercrombie 31 August 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Abram Duryée 31 August 1861 Resigned 5 January 1863
  • Brigadier-General USV Lawrence Pike Graham 31 August 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Justus McKinstry 2 September 1861 Expired 17 July 1862 Dismissed 28 January 1863
  • Brigadier-General USV Charles Davis Jameson 3 September 1861 Died 6 November 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Eleazer Arthur Paine 3 September 1861 District of Western Kentucky
  • Brigadier-General USV Ebenezer Dumont 3 September 1861 Resigned 28 February 1863
  • Brigadier-General USV Willis Arnold Gorman 7 September 1861 Mustered out USV 4 May 1864
  • Brigadier-General USV Charles Mynn Thruston 7 September 1861 Resigned 17 April 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Horatio Gouverneur Wright 24 March 1863 to rank from 14 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV William Thomas Ward 18 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV John Blair Smith Todd 19 September 1861 Resigned USV 16 July 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Stewart Van Vliet 23 September 1861 Expired 17 July 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV John Newton 23 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Innis Newton Palmer 28 September 1861 to rank from 23 September 1861 District of North Carolina
  • Brigadier-General USV Seth Williams 28 September 1861 to rank from 23 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV John Gross Barnard 24 March 1862 to rank from 23 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV George Wright 28 September 1861 Department of the Pacific
  • Brigadier-General USV William Thomas Harbaugh Brooks September 28 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Thomas Williams 28 September 1861 KIA 5 August 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV William Wallace Burns 28 September 1861 Resigned 20 March 1863
  • Brigadier-General USV John Milton Brannan 28 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV John Porter Hatch 28 September 1861 Department of the South interim
  • Brigadier-General USV William Kerley Strong 28 September 1861 Resigned 30 November 1863
  • Brigadier-General USV Albin Francisco Schoepf 30 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Melancthon Smith Wade 1 October 1861 Resigned 18 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Richard William Johnson 11 October 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Thomas John Wood 11 October 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Adolph Wilhelm August Frederick Von Steinwehr 12 June 1862 to rank from 12 October 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Joseph Bennett Plummer 11 March 1862 to rank from 22 October 1861 Died 9 August 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV George Washington Cullum 12 November 1861 to rank from 1 November 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Schuyler Hamilton 12 November 1861 Resigned 27 February 1863
  • Brigadier-General USV George Washington Morgan 21 November 1861 to rank from 12 November 1861 Resigned 8 June 1863
  • Brigadier-General USV Jeremiah Tilford Boyle 30 April 1862 to rank from 19 November 1861 Resigned 26 January 1864
  • Brigadier-General USV Thomas Jefferson McKean 21 November 1861 District of South Kansas
  • Brigadier-General USV Zealous Bates Tower 12 June 1862 to rank from 23 November 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV James Henry Lane 18 December 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Jefferson Columbus Davis 30 April 1862 to rank from 18 December 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV William High Keim 21 December 1861 to rank from 20 December 1861 Died 18 May 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Lewis Golding Arnold 28 January 1862 to rank from 24 January 1862 Retired 8 February 1864
  • Brigadier-General USV William Scott Ketchum 6 February 1862 to rank from 3 February 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV John Wynn Davidson 6 February 1862 to rank from 3 February 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Henry Morris Naglee 12 February 1862 to rank from 4 February 1862 Mustered out 4 April 1864
  • Brigadier-General USV Andrew Johnson 4 March 1862 Resigned 3 March 1864
  • Brigadier-General USV James Gallant Spears 5 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Thomas Alfred Davies 11 March 1862 to rank from 7 March 1862 District of North Kansas
  • Brigadier-General USV Eugene Asa Carr 30 April 1862 to rank from 7 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Daniel Tyler 16 March 1862 to rank from 13 March 1862 Resigned 6 April 1864
  • Brigadier-General USV William Hemsley Emory 17 March 1862 XIX Corps Gulf
  • Brigadier-General USV Orris Sanford Ferry 20 March 1862 to rank from 17 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Andrew Jackson Smith 20 March 1862 to rank from 17 March 1862 Right Wing XVI Corps Tennessee
  • Brigadier-General USV Marsena Rudolph Patrick 20 March 1862 to rank from 17 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Isaac Ferdinand Quinby 20 March 1862 to rank from 17 March 1862 Resigned 31 December 1863
  • Brigadier-General USV Daniel Phineas Woodbury 20 March 1862 to rank from 19 March 1862 District of Key West and Tortugas
  • Brigadier-General USV Robert Latimer McCook 22 March 1862 to rank from 21 March 1862 KIA 6 August 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Jacob Gartner Lauman 22 March 1862 to rank from 21 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Horatio Phillips Van Cleve 22 March 1862 to rank from 21 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV William Harvey Lamb Wallace March 22 182 to rank from March 21 1862 DOW 10 April 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV John McArthur 22 March 1862 to rank from 21 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV John Cook 22 March 1862 to rank from 21 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Henry Moses Judah 22 March 1862 to rank from 21 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Speed Smith Fry 22 March 1862 to rank from 21 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV James Craig 22 March 1862 to rank from 21 March 1862 Resigned 1 June 1863
  • Brigadier-General USV Alexander Asboth 24 March 1862 to rank from 21 March 1862 District of West Florida
  • Brigadier-General USV Grenville Mellen Dodge 11 April 1862 to rank from 21 March 1862 Left Wing XVI Corps Tennessee
  • Brigadier-General USV Mahlon Dickerson Manson 26 March 1862 to rank from 24 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Edward Richard Sprigg Canby 11 April 1862 to rank from 31 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Robert Byington Mitchell April 14 1862 to rank from April 8 1862 District of Nebraska Territory
  • Brigadier-General USV Francis Engle Patterson 15 April 1862 to rank from 11 April 1862 Died 22 November 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Benjamin Alvord 16 April 1862 to rank from 12 April 1862 District of Oregon
  • Brigadier-General USV Cuvier Grover 15 April 1862 to rank from 14 April 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Nathan Kimball 16 April 1862 to rank from 15 April 1862 Department of Arkansas temporary & VII Corps Arkansas temporary
  • Brigadier-General USV William Sooy Smith 16 April 1862 to rank from 15 April 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Charles Devens 16 April 1862 to rank from 15 April 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Napoleon Bonaparte Buford April 16 1862 to rank from April 15 1862 District of Eastern Arkansas
  • Brigadier-General USV James Henry Van Alen 16 April 1862 to rank from 15 April 1862 Resigned 14 July 1863
  • Brigadier-General USV Rufus Saxton 16 April 1862 to rank from 15 April 1862 District of Beaufort (SC)
  • Brigadier-General USV Samuel Wylie Crawford 25 April 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Leonard Fulton Ross 26 April 1862 to rank from 25 April 1862 Resigned 22 July 1863
  • Brigadier-General USV Milo Smith Hascall 26 April 1862 to rank from 25 April 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV John White Geary 26 April 1862 to rank from 25 April 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Alfred Howe Terry 26 April 1862 to rank from 25 April 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Henry Walton Wessells 26 April 1862 to rank from 25 April 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Neal S Dow April 28 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Thomas Turpin Crittenden 30 April 1862 to rank from 28 April 1862 Resigned 5 May 1863
  • Brigadier-General USV Max Weber 30 April 1862 to rank from 28 April 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Pleasant Adam Hackleman 30 April 1862 to rank from 28 April 1862 KIA 3 October 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Jeremiah Cutler Sullivan 30 April 1862 to rank from 28 April 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Alvin Peterson Hovey 30 April 1862 to rank from 28 April 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV James Henry Carleton 30 April 1862 to rank from 28 April 1862 Department of New Mexico
  • Brigadier-General USV James Clifford Veatch 30 April 1862 to rank from 28 April 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV John Cleveland Robinson 30 April 1862 to rank from 28 April 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Abraham Sanders Piatt 30 April 1862 to rank from 28 April 1862 Resigned 17 February 1863
  • Brigadier-General USV William Plummer Benton 30 April 1862 to rank from 28 April 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV George Dashiell Bayard 30 April 1862 to rank from 28 April 1862 DOW 14 December 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Henry Bohlen 30 April 1862 to rank from 28 April 1862 KIA 22 August 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Isaac Peace Rodman 30 April 1862 to rank from 28 April 1862 DOW 30 September 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV John Curtis Caldwell 30 April 1862 to rank from 28 April 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV George Sears Greene 30 April 1862 to rank from 28 April 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Henry Prince 30 April 1862 to rank from 28 April 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Absalom Baird 30 April 1862 to rank from 28 April 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Truman Seymour 30 April 1862 to rank from 28 April 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Samuel Powhatan Carter 2 May 12862 to rank from 1 May 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV John Gibbon 3 May 1862 to rank from 2 May 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV George William Taylor 12 May 1862 to rank from 9 May 1862 DOW 31 August 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Erastus Barnard Tyler 16 May 1862 to rank from 14 May 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Stephen Gano Burbridge 10 June 1862 to rank from 9 June 1862 District of Kentucky
  • Brigadier-General USV George Henry Gordon 12 June 1862 to rank from 9 June 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV James Madison Tuttle 12 June 1862 to rank from 9 June 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Julius White 12 June 1862 to rank from 9 June 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Peter Joseph Osterhaus 12 June 1862 to rank from 9 June 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Charles Griffin 12 June 1862 to rank from 9 June 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Washington Lafayette Elliott 12 June 1862 to rank from 11 June 1862 Cavalry Corps Cumberland
  • Brigadier-General USV Green Clay Smith 12 June 1862 to rank from 11 June 1862 Resigned 1 December 1863
  • Brigadier-General USV Albion Parris Howe 22 June 1862 to rank from 11 June 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV William Bowen Campbell 4 July 1862 to rank from 30 June 1862 Resigned 23 January 1863
  • Brigadier-General USV Fitz-Henry Warren July 18 1862 to rank from 16 July 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Charles Cruft 18 July 1862 to rank from 16 July 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Friedrich C Saloman 18 July 1862 to rank from 16 July 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Jacob Ammen 19 July 1862 to rank from 16 July 1862 District of East Tennessee
  • Brigadier-General USV Morgan Lewis Smith 19 July 1862 to rank from 16 July 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Joshua Woodrow Sill 19 July 1862 to rank from 16 July 1862 KIA 31 December 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Benjamin Stone Roberts 19 July 1862 to rank from 16 July 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV James Streshly Jackson 19 July 1862 to rank from 16 July 1862 KIA 8 October 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Catharinus Putnam Buckingham 19 July 1862 to rank from 16 July 1862 Resigned 11 February 1863
  • Brigadier-General USV Henry Dwight Terry 19 July 1862 to rank from 17 July 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV John Cochrane 19 July 1862 to rank from 17 July 1862 Resigned 25 February 1863
  • Brigadier-General USV John Basil Turchin 19 July 1862 to rank from 17 July 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Henry Shaw Briggs 19 July 1862 to rank from 17 July 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Conrad Feger Jackson 19 July 1862 to rank from 17 July 1862 KIA 13 December 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV James Dada Morgan 19 July 1862 to rank from 17 July 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Johann August Ernst von Willich 19 July 1862 to rank from 17 July 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV George Foster Shepley 26 July 1862 to rank from 18 July 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV John Smith Phelps 19 July 1862 Expired 4 March 1863
  • Brigadier-General USV John Reese Kenly 22 August 1862 District of Delaware
  • Brigadier-General USV John Potts Slough 25 August 1862 District of Alexandria
  • Brigadier-General USV Godfrey Weitzel 29 August 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Charles Edward Hovey September 5 1862 Expired 4 March 1863
  • Brigadier-General USV Thomas Leiper Kane 7 September 1862 Resigned 7 November 1863
  • Brigadier-General USV Nelson Taylor 7 September 1862 Resigned 19 January 1863
  • Brigadier-General USV George Crook 7 September 1862 Army of the Kanawha
  • Brigadier-General USV Gershom Mott 7 September 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Charles Champion Gilbert 9 September 1862 Expired 4 March 1863
  • Brigadier-General USV William Rufus Terrill 9 September 1862 KIA 8 October 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Calvin Edward Pratt 30 September 1862 to rank from 10 September 1862 Resigned 25 April 1863
  • Brigadier-General USV Randolph Barnes Marcy 13 September 1862 Expired 3 March 1863
  • Brigadier-General USV Henry Jackson Hunt 15 September 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Gustavus Adolphus Smith 19 September 1862 Expired 4 March 1863 Dismissed 22 September 1863
  • Brigadier-General USV Francis Channing Barlow 19 September 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Nathaniel James Jackson 24 September 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Mason Brayman 24 September 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV George Washington Getty 25 September 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Robert Cowdin 26 September 26 1862 Expired 31 March 1863
  • Brigadier-General USV William Woods Averell 26 September 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Alfred Sully 26 September 1862 District of Iowa
  • Brigadier-General USV Alexander Hays 29 September 1862 KIA 5 May 1864
  • Brigadier-General USV Francis Barretto Spinola 2 October 1862 to rank from 1 October 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV John Henry Hobart Ward 4 October 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Solomon Meredith 6 October 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV James Bowen 11 October 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Eliakim Parker Scammon 15 October 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Joseph Warren Revere 25 October 1862 Resigned 10 August 1863
  • Brigadier-General USV Joseph Rodman West 25 October 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Robert Seamen Granger 20 October 1862 to rank from 29 October 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Alfred Washington Ellet 3 November 1862 to rank from 1 November 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Edwin Henry Stoughton 5 November 1862 Expired 4 March 1863 Resigned 31 May 1863
  • Brigadier-General USV George Leonard Andrews 10 November 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Clinton Bowen Fisk 24 November 1862 District of North Missouri
  • Brigadier-General USV Charles Kinnaird Graham 10 November 1862 to rank from 29 November 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Sullivan Amory Meredith 29 November 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV William Haines Lytle 29 November 1862 KIA 20 September 1863
  • Brigadier-General USV Gilman Marston 29 November 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Frank Wheaton 29 November 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV John Eugene Smith 29 November 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV David Henry Williams 29 November 1862 Expired 4 March 1863
  • Brigadier-General USV Thomas Algeo Rowley 29 November 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Robert Ogden Tyler 29 November 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Edward Needles Kirk 29 November 1862 DOW 21 July 1863
  • Brigadier-General USV Orlando Metcalfe Poe 29 November 1862 Expired 11 April 1863
  • Brigadier-General USV Alfred Thomas Archimedes Torbert 29 November 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Nathaniel Collins McLean 29 November 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV John Franklin Farnsworth 29 November 1862 Resigned 4 March 1863
  • Brigadier-General USV William Vandever 29 November 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Alexander Schimmelfennig 29 November 1862 Northern District of the South
  • Brigadier-General USV John Sanford Mason 29 November 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Wladimir Bonawentura (Włodzimierz) Krzyzanowski 29 November 1862 Expired 4 March 1863
  • Brigadier-General USV Frederick Shearer Stumbaugh 29 November 1862 Expired 22 January 1863
  • Brigadier-General USV David Stuart 29 November 1862 Expired 11 March 1863
  • Brigadier-General USV Isham Nicolas Haynie 29 November 1862 Expired 4 March 1863 Resigned 6 March 1863
  • Brigadier-General USV David McMurtrie Gregg 29 November 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV David Allen Russell 29 November 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Charles Adam Heckman 29 November 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Lewis Cass Hunt 29 November 1862 Mustered out 15 January 1863
  • Brigadier-General USV Joseph Tarr Copeland 29 November 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Edward Elmer Potter 29 November 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Stephen Gardner Champlin 29 November 1862 DOW 24 January 1864
  • Brigadier-General USV Robert Christie Buchanan, 29 November 1862 Expired 4 March 1863
  • Brigadier-General USV James Allen Hardie 29 November 1862 Expired 22 January 1863
  • Brigadier-General USV Israel Vogdes 29 November 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV William Hays December 27 1862 to rank from 29 November 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV James Winning McMillan 4 March 1863 to rank from 29 November 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV John Dunlap Stevenson March 13 1863 to rank from 29 November 1862 Resigned 22 April 1864
  • Brigadier-General USV William Ward Orme March 13 1863 to rank from 29 November 1862 Resigned 20 April 1864
  • Brigadier-General USV Isaac Jones Wistar March 16 1863 to rank from 29 November 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Franklin Stillman Nickerson March 16 1863 to rank from 29 November 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Thomas Church Haskell Smith March 16 1863 to rank from 29 November 1862 District of Wisconsin
  • Brigadier-General USV Thomas William Sweeny March 16 1863 to rank from 29 November 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV John Beatty March 16 1863 to rank from 29 November 1862 Resigned 28 January 1864
  • Brigadier-General USV Elias Smith Dennis March 16 1863 to rank from 29 November 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Joseph Anthony Mower March 16 1863 to rank from 29 November 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV William Hopkins Morris March 16 1863 to rank from 29 November 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Henry Beebe Carrington March 20 1863 to rank from 29 November 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Thomas Gamble Pitcher March 20 1863 to rank from 29 November 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Davis Tillson March 21 1863 to rank from 29 November 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV William Dwight March 29 1863 to rank from 29 November 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Edward Winslow Hinks April 4 1863 to rank from 29 November 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV George Washington Deitzler April 4 1863 to rank from 29 November 1862 Resigned 27 August 1863
  • Brigadier-General USV George Day Wagner April 4 1863 to rank from 29 November 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV James Barnes April 4 1863 to rank from 29 November 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Hugh Boyle Ewing April 4 1863 to rank from 29 November 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Thomas Howard Ruger April 4 1863 to rank from 29 November 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV George Francis McGinnis April 4 1863 to rank from 29 November 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Theophilus Toulmin Garrard April 4 1863 to rank from 29 November 1862 Mustered out 4 April 1864
  • Brigadier-General USV Samuel Kosciuszko Zook April 4 1863 to rank from 29 November 1862 DOW 3 July 1863
  • Brigadier-General USV William Babcock Hazen April 4 1863 to rank from 29 November 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Marcellus Monroe Crocker April 4 1863 to rank from 29 November 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Joseph Dana Webster April 4 1863 to rank from 29 November 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Albert Lindley Lee April 4 1863 to rank from 29 November 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Karl Leopold Matthies April 4 1863 to rank from 29 November 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Charles Cleveland Dodge April 4 1863 to rank from 29 November 1862 Resigned 12 June 1863
  • Brigadier-General USV John Haskell King April 4 1863 to rank from 29 November 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Adam Jacoby Slemmer April 4 1863 to rank from 29 November 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Romeyn Beck Ayres April 4 1863 to rank from 29 November 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Richard Arnold April 4 1863 to rank from 29 November 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV James St Clair Morton April 4 1863 to rank from 29 November 1862 Mustered out 7 November 1863
  • Brigadier-General USV Egbert Benson Brown April 4 1863 to rank from 29 November 1862 District of Central Missouri
  • Brigadier-General USV John McNeil April 4 1863 to rank from 29 November 1862 District of La Fourche
  • Brigadier-General USV Edward Harland April 9 1863 to rank from 29 November 1862 Sub-District of New Bern
  • Brigadier-General USV William Harrow April 9 1863 to rank from 29 November 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Hector Tyndale April 9 1863 to rank from 29 November 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Samuel Beatty April 15 1863 to rank from 29 November 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Michael Kelly Lawler April 15 1863 to rank from 29 November 1862 XIII Corps Gulf
  • Brigadier-General USV Lysander Cutler April 15 1863 to rank from 29 November 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Joseph Farmer Knipe April 15 1863 to rank from USV 29 November 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV William Passmore Carlin April 15 1863 to rank from 29 November 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Edward Henry Hobson April 15 1863 to rank from 29 November 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Ralph Pomeroy Buckland April 15 1863 to rank from 29 November 1862 Sub-District of Memphis
  • Brigadier-General USV Mortimer Dormer Leggett April 15 1863 to rank from 29 November 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Thomas Edward Greenfield Ransom April 15 1863 to rank from 29 November 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Thomas Hewson Neill April 15 1863 to rank from November 29 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Daniel Ullmann 13 January 1863 District of Port Hudson
  • Brigadier-General USV James Murrell Shackelford 17 March 1863 to rank from 2 March 1863 Resigned 18 January 1864
  • Brigadier-General USV George Jerrison Stannard 14 March 1863 to rank from March 11 1863
  • Brigadier-General USV Henry Baxter April 9 1863 to rank from March 12 1863
  • Brigadier-General USV Francis Laurens Vinton 13 March 1863 Resigned 5 May 1863
  • Brigadier-General USV James Nagle 23 March 1863 to rank from March 13 1863 Resigned 9 May 1863
  • Brigadier-General USV Charles Thomas Campbell March 16 1863 to rank from March 13 1863
  • Brigadier-General USV Thomas Ewing March 17 1863 to rank from March 13 1863
  • Brigadier-General USV Thomas Welsh March 23 1863 to rank from March 13 1863 Died 18 August 1863
  • Brigadier-General USV Robert Brown Potter March 23 1863 to rank from March 13 1863
  • Brigadier-General USV John Milton Thayer April 9 1863 to rank from March 13 1863
  • Brigadier-General USV Halbert Eleazer Paine April 9 1863 to rank from March 13 1863
  • Brigadier-General USV Hugh Thompson Reid April 9 1863 to rank from March 13 1863 Resigned 4 April 1864
  • Brigadier-General USV Abner Clark Harding April 9 1863 to rank from March 13 1863 Resigned 3 June 1863
  • Brigadier-General USV Joseph Andrew Jackson Lightburn March 16 1863 to rank from March 14 1863
  • Brigadier-General USV Thomas Greely Stevenson April 9 1863 to rank from March 14 1863
  • Brigadier-General USV Henry Hastings Sibley 28 March 1864 to rank from 20 March 1863 District of Minnesota
  • Brigadier-General USV Joseph Jackson Bartlett March 30 1863
  • Brigadier-General USV Patrick Edward Connor March 30 1863 District of Utah
  • Brigadier-General USV Joshua Thomas Owen April 9 1863 to rank from March 30 1863
  • Brigadier-General USV Joseph Bradford Carr 30 June 1864 to rank from 30 March 1863 District of Yorktown
  • Brigadier-General USV John Parker Hawkins April 25 1863 to rank from April 13 1863
  • Brigadier-General USV Gabriel Rene Paul 18 April 1863
  • Brigadier-General USV Edward Augustus Wild April 24 1863
  • Brigadier-General USV Edward Ferrero May 6 1863
  • Brigadier-General USV Adelbert Ames May 20 1863
  • Brigadier-General USV William Birney June 4 1863 to rank from May 22 1863 District of Florida
  • Brigadier-General USV Daniel Henry Rucker May 23 1863
  • Brigadier-General USV Robert Allen May 23 1863
  • Brigadier-General USV Rufus Ingalls May 23 1863
  • Brigadier-General USV Alexander Shaler May 26 1863
  • Brigadier-General USV Edward Payson Chapin 27 May 1863 KIA 27 May 1863
  • Brigadier-General USV Benjamin Henry Grierson June 3 1863
  • Brigadier-General USV Stephen Hinsdale Weed June 6 1863 KIA 2 July 1863
  • Brigadier-General USV Robert Sanford Foster June 12 1863
  • Brigadier-General USV Hugh Judson Kilpatrick June 14 1863 to rank from June 13 1863
  • Brigadier-General USV Alfred Napoleon Alexander Duffié June 23 1863
  • Brigadier-General USV Alexander Stewart Webb July 1 1863 to rank from June 23 1863
  • Brigadier-General USV Walter Chiles Whitaker June 25 1863
  • Brigadier-General USV Wesley Merritt June 29 1863
  • Brigadier-General USV George Armstrong Custer June 29 1863
  • Brigadier-General USV Elon John Farnsworth June 29 1863 KIA 3 July 1863
  • Brigadier-General USV Strong Vincent 3 July 1863 DOW 7 July 1863
  • Brigadier-General USV John Converse Starkweather 17 July 1863
  • Brigadier-General USV William Denison Whipple 17 July 1863
  • Brigadier-General USV Kenner Garrard 23 July 1863
  • Brigadier-General USV James Lawlor Kiernan 1 August 1863 Resigned 3 February 1864
  • Brigadier-General USV Charles Robert Woods 4 August 1863
  • Brigadier-General USV John Benjamin Sanborn November 29 1862 to rank from August 4 1863 District of Southwest Missouri
  • Brigadier-General USV Giles Alexander Smith 4 August 1863
  • Brigadier-General USV Samuel Allen Rice 4 August 1863
  • Brigadier-General USV Jasper Adalmorn Maltby 4 August 1863
  • Brigadier-General USV Thomas Kilby Smith 11 August 1863
  • Brigadier-General USV Walter Quintin Gresham 11 August 1863
  • Brigadier-General USV Alexander Chambers 11 August 1863 Expired 4 April 1864
  • Brigadier-General USV Manning Ferguson Force 11 August 1863
  • Brigadier-General USV Robert Alexander Cameron 11 August 1863
  • Brigadier-General USV John Murray Corse 11 August 1863
  • Brigadier-General USV John Aaron Rawlins 11 August 1863 to rank from 17 August 1863
  • Brigadier-General USV Alvan Cullem Gillem 17 August 1863
  • Brigadier-General USV James Clay Rice 17 August 1863
  • Brigadier-General USV John Wesley Turner 21 September 1863 to rank from 7 September 1863
  • Brigadier-General USV Henry Lawrence Eustis 12 September 1863
  • Brigadier-General USV Henry Eugene Davies 16 September 1863
  • Brigadier-General USV Andrew Jackson Hamilton 18 September 1863 to rank from 16 September 1863
  • Brigadier-General USV Henry Warner Birge 19 September 1863 District of Baton Rouge
  • Brigadier-General USV Charles Garrison Harker 10 April 1864 to rank from 20 September 1863
  • Brigadier-General USV William Price Sanders 18 October 1863
  • Brigadier-General USV Lucius Fairchild 19 October 1863 Resigned 2 November 1863
  • Brigadier-General USV Stephen Miller 26 October 1863 Resigned 18 January 1864
  • Brigadier-General USV James Hewitt Ledlie 7 October 1863 to rank from 27 October 1863
  • Brigadier-General USV Isaac Fitzgerald Shepard 27 October 1863
  • Brigadier-General USV James Harrison Wilson 30 October 1863
  • Brigadier-General USV Adin Ballou Underwood 19 November 1863 to rank from 6 November 1863
  • Brigadier-General USV Augustus Louis Chetlain 18 December 1863
  • Brigadier-General USV Thomas Francis Meagher 23 December 1863
  • Brigadier-General USV William Anderson Pile 31 December 1863 to rank from 26 December 1863
  • Brigadier-General USV Cyrus Bussey 10 April 1864 to rank from 5 January 1864
  • Brigadier-General USV John Wallace Fuller 10 April 1864 to rank from 5 January 1864
  • Brigadier-General USV John Franklin Miller 10 April 1864 to rank from 5 January 1864
  • Brigadier-General USV Christopher Columbus Andrews April 1864 to rank from 5 January 1864
  • Brigadier-General USV Philip Régis Dénis de Keredern De Trobriand 10 April 1864 to rank from 5 January 1864
  • Brigadier-General USV Hiram Burnham 30 April 1864 to rank from 26 April 1864
  • Brigadier-General USV Edward Moody McCook 30 April 1864 to rank from 27 April 1864
  • Brigadier-General USV Edward Hatch 30 April 1864 to rank from 27 April 1864
  • Brigadier-General USV Lewis Addison Grant 21 May 1864 to rank from April 27 1864
  • Colonel USA (retired) John Smith Simonson District of Indiana
  • Colonel USV William Watts Hart Davis 22 August 1861 District of Hilton Head
  • Colonel USV William Russell Judson 10 September 1861 District of the Border
  • Colonel USV George Washington Bowie 8 November 1861 District of Arizona
  • Colonel USV John Milton Chivington April 1862 District of Colorado Territory
  • Colonel USV James Jourdan 5 September 1862 Sub-District of Beaufort (North Carolina)
  • Colonel USV Moses N Wisewell 22 September 1862 District of Washington
  • Colonel USV Robert Ramsey Livingston District of Northern Arkansas
  • Colonel USV Henry M Black 1 February 1863 District of the Humboldt
  • Colonel USV Alonzo Granville Draper 2 August 1863 District of St Mary’s
  • Colonel USV Samuel Henry Roberts 25 August 1863 District of Currituck
  • Colonel USV Nelson B Bartram 9 February 1864 District of Carrollton
  • Colonel USV James Freeman Curtis 11 April 1864 District of Southern California
  • State Brigadier-General Odon Guitar District of Rolla

Confederate Generals

  • General ACSA Samuel Cooper 31 August 1861 to rank from 16 May 1861Adjutant-General and Inspector General
  • General ACSA Albert Sidney Johnston 31 August 1861 to rank from 30 May 1861 KIA 6 April 1862
  • General ACSA Robert Edward Lee 31 August 1861 to rank from 14 June 1861 Department of Northern Virginia & Army of Northern Virginia
  • General ACSA Joseph Eggleston Johnston 31 August 1861 to rank from 4 July 1861 Department of Tennessee & Army of Tennessee
  • General ACSA Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard 31 August 1861 to rank from 21 July 1861 Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia awaited
  • General PACS Braxton Bragg March 7 1861 Military Adviser to the President
  • General PACS Edmund Kirby Smith 19 February 1864 Trans-Mississippi Department & Trans-Mississippi Army
  • Lieutenant-General PACS James Longstreet 10 October 1862 to rank from 9 October 1862 I Corps Northern Virginia
  • Lieutenant-General PACS Leonidas Polk 10 October 1862 Department of Alabama and East Mississippi interim & III Corps Tennessee
  • Lieutenant-General PACS Theophilus Hunter Holmes 10 October 1862 Reserve Forces of North Carolina awaited
  • Lieutenant-General PACS William Joseph Hardee 10 October 1862 I Corps Tennessee
  • Lieutenant-General PACS Thomas Jonathan Jackson 10 October 1862 DOW 10 May 1863
  • Lieutenant-General PACS John Clifford Pemberton 10 October 1862 to rank from 13 October 1862
  • Lieutenant-General PACS Richard Stoddert Ewell 23 May 1863 II Corps Northern Virginia
  • Lieutenant-General PACS Ambrose Powell Hill 23 May 1863 to rank from May 24 1863 III Corps Northern Virginia
  • Lieutenant-General PACS John Bell Hood 1 February 1864 to rank from 20 September 1863 II Corps Tennessee
  • Lieutenant-General PACS Richard Taylor 14 May 1864 to rank from 8 April 1864 District of West Louisiana
  • Major-General PACS David Emanuel Twiggs March 22 1861 Died 15 July 1862
  • Major-General PACS Earl Van Dorn 19 September 1861 Died 7 May 1863
  • Major-General PACS Gustavus Woodson Smith 19 September 1861 Resigned 17 February 1863
  • Major-General PACS John Bankhead Magruder 7 October 1861 District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona
  • Major-General PACS Benjamin Huger 7 October 1861
  • Major-General PACS Mansfield Lovell 7 October 1861
  • Major-General PACS George Bibb Crittenden 9 November 1861 Resigned 23 October 1862
  • Major-General PACS William Wing Loring 15 February 1862 to rank from 17 February 1862
  • Major-General PACS Sterling Price 6 March 1862 District of Arkansas
  • Major-General PACS Benjamin Franklin Cheatham 11 March 1862 to rank from 10 March 1862
  • Major-General PACS Samuel Jones 11 March 1862 to rank from 10 March 1862 Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida & Defences of Savannah
  • Major-General PACS John Porter McCown 11 March 1862 to rank from 10 March 1862
  • Major-General PACS Daniel Harvey Hill 25 March 1862 to rank from 26 March 1862
  • Major-General PACS Thomas Carmichael Hindman 16 April 1862 to rank from 14 April 1862
  • Major-General PACS John Cabell Breckinridge 16 April 1862 to rank from 14 April 1862 Trans-Allegheny Department
  • Major-General PACS Lafayette McLaws 23 May 1862
  • Major-General PACS Richard Heron Anderson 14 July 1862
  • Major-General PACS James Ewell Brown Stuart 25 July 1862 Cavalry Corps Northern Virginia
  • Major-General PACS Simon Bolivar Buckner 16 August 1862
  • Major-General PACS Samuel Gibbs French 22 October 1862 to rank from 31 August 1862
  • Major-General PACS George Edward Pickett 10 October 1862 Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia interim
  • Major-General PACS David Rumph Jones 26 September 26 1862 to rank from 11 October 1862 Died 15 January 1863
  • Major-General PACS Carter Littlepage Stevenson 10 October 1862 to rank from 13 October 1862
  • Major-General PACS John Horace Forney 27 October 1862
  • Major-General PACS Dabney Herndon Maury 4 November 1862 Gulf District
  • Major-General PACS John George Walker 8 November 1862
  • Major-General PACS Arnold Elzey 4 December 1862
  • Major-General PACS Patrick Ronayne Cleburne 20 December 1862 to rank from 13 December 1862
  • Major-General PACS Franklin Gardner 20 December 1862 to rank from 13 December 1862
  • Major-General PACS Isaac Ridgeway Trimble 17 January 1863
  • Major-General PACS Jubal Anderson Early 23 January 1863 to rank from 17 January 1863 Valley District
  • Major-General PACS Daniel Smith Donelson 5 March 1863 to rank from 17 January 1863 Died 17 April 1863
  • Major-General PACS Joseph Wheeler 23 January 1863 to rank from 20 January 1863 Cavalry Corps Tennessee
  • Major-General PACS William Henry Chase Whiting 5 March 1863 to rank from 28 February 1863
  • Major-General PACS Edward Johnson 5 March 1863 to rank from 28 February 1863
  • Major-General PACS Robert Emmett Rodes 7 May 1863 to rank from May 2 1863
  • Major-General PACS William Henry Talbot Walker 23 May 1863
  • Major-General PACS Henry Heth 23 May 1863 to rank from 24 May 1863
  • Major-General PACS John Stevens Bowen 25 May 1863 Died 13 July 1863
  • Major-General PACS Robert Ransom 27 May 1863 to rank from 26 May 1863 Department of Richmond
  • Major-General PACS William Dorsey Pender 27 May 1863 DOW 18 July 1863
  • Major-General PACS Alexander Peter Stewart 5 June 1863 to rank from 2 June 1863
  • Major-General PACS Jones Mitchell Withers 21 July 1863 District of Northern Alabama & Reserve Forces of Alabama
  • Major-General PACS Stephen Dill Lee 3 August 1863 Department of Alabama and East Mississippi awaited
  • Major-General PACS Cadmus Marcellus Wilcox 13 August 1863 to rank from 3 August 1863
  • Major-General PACS Wade Hampton 3 September 1863 to rank from 3 August 1863
  • Major-General PACS Fitzhugh Lee 3 September 1863 to rank from 3 August 1863
  • Major-General PACS William Smith 13 August 1863 to rank from 12 August 1863
  • Major-General PACS Jeremy Francis Gilmer 25 August 1863
  • Major-General PACS Thomas Howell Cobb 13 September 1863 to rank from 9 September 1863 Reserve Forces Georgia
  • Major-General PACS Martin Luther Smith 4 November 1863
  • Major-General PACS John Austin Wharton 12 November 1863 to rank from 10 November 1863
  • Major-General PACS William Thompson Martin 12 November 1863 to rank from 10 November 1863
  • Major-General PACS Nathan Bedford Forrest 4 December 1863 District of West Tennessee
  • Major-General PACS Charles William Field 6 February 1864 to rank from 12 February 1864
  • Major-General PACS James Patton Anderson 11 February 1864 to rank from 17 February 1864 District of Florida
  • Major-General PACS William Brimage Bate 5 March 1864 to rank from 23 February 1864
  • Major-General PACS Camille Armand Jules Marie de Polignac 11 June 1864 to rank from 8 April 1864
  • Major-General PACS Robert Frederick Hoke 23 April 1864 to rank from 20 April 1864
  • Major-General PACS William Henry Fitzhugh Lee 23 April 1864
  • Major-General PACS James Fleming Fagan 13 May 1864 to rank from 25 April 1864
  • Brigadier-General PACS Alexander Robert Lawton 13 April 1861 Quartermaster-General
  • Brigadier-General PACS Milledge Luke Bonham 23 April 1861 Resigned 29 January 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Benjamin McCulloch 11 May 1861 KIA 7 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Charles Clark 22 May 1861 Resigned 31 October 1863
  • Brigadier-General PACS John Buchanan Floyd 23 May 1861 Died 26 August 1863
  • Brigadier-General PACS Henry Alexander Wise 5 June 1861 6th Sub-District of South Carolina
  • Brigadier-General PACS Robert Selden Garnett 6 June 1861 KIA 13 July 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Henry Hopkins Sibley 17 June 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Barnard Elliott Bee 17 June 1861 DOW 22 July 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS John Henry Winder 21 June 1861 Provost Marshal General
  • Brigadier-General PACS Richard Caswell Gatlin 13 August 1861 to rank from 8 July 1861 Resigned 8 September 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Gideon Johnson Pillow 9 July 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Samuel Read Anderson 9 July 1861 Resigned 10 May 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Felix Kirk Zollicoffer 9 July 1861 KIA 19 January 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Robert Augustus Toombs 19 July 1861 Resigned 4 March 1863
  • Brigadier-General PACS Francis Stebbins Bartow 21 July 1861 DOW 22 July 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Daniel Ruggles August 6 1861 to rank from 9 August 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS John Breckinridge Grayson 13 August 1861 to rank from 15 August 1861 Died 21 October 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Roswell Sabine Ripley 13 August 1861 to rank from 15 August 1861 District of South Carolina
  • Brigadier-General PACS Albert Pike 13 August 1861 to rank from 15 August 1861 Resigned 12 July 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Paul Octave Hébert August 18 1861 to rank from August 17 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Joseph Reid Anderson 3 September 1861 Resigned 19 July 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Leroy Pope Walker 17 September 1861 Resigned 31 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Albert Gallatin Blanchard 21 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Gabriel James Rains 23 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Thomas Fenwick Drayton 25 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Adley Hogan Gladden 30 September 1861 DOW 12 April 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Lloyd Tilghman 18 October 1861 KIA 16 May 1863
  • Brigadier-General PACS Philip St George Cocke 21 October 1861 Died 26 December 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Nathan George Evans 21 October 1861 1st Sub-District of the District of South Carolina
  • Brigadier-General PACS Louis Trezevant Wigfall 21 October 1861 Resigned 20 February 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS James Heyward Trapier 21 October 1861 4th Sub-District of South Carolina
  • Brigadier-General PACS William Henry Carroll 26 October 1861 Resigned 1 February 1863
  • Brigadier-General PACS Hugh Weedon Mercer 29 October 1861 District of Georgia interim
  • Brigadier-General PACS Humphrey Marshall October 30 1861 Resigned 17 June 1863
  • Brigadier-General PACS Richard Griffith 2 November 1861 DOW 30 June 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS William Montgomery Gardner 14 November 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Richard Brooke Garnett 14 November 1861 KIA 3 July 1863
  • Brigadier-General PACS Lawrence O’Bryan Branch 16 November 1861 KIA 17 September 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS William Mahone 16 November 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Maxcy Gregg 14 December 1861 KIA 13 December 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Henry Constantine Wayne 16 December 1861 Resigned 7 January 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Raleigh Edward Colston 23 December 1861 to rank from 24 December 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Johnson Kelly Duncan 9 January 1862 to rank from 7 January 1862 Died 18 December 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Sterling Alexander Martin Wood 9 January 1862 to rank from 7 January 1862 Resigned 17 October 1863
  • Brigadier-General PACS John King Jackson 10 January 1862 to rank from 14 January 1862 Reserve Forces of Florida
  • Brigadier-General PACS James McQueen McIntosh 17 January 1862 to rank from 24 January 1862 KIA 7 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Bushrod Rust Johnson 24 January 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS George Wythe Randolph 12 February 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Joseph Brevard Kershaw 1 February 1862 to rank from 13 February 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS James Ronald Chalmers 10 February 1862 to rank from 13 February 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Joseph Lewis Hogg 12 February 1862 to rank from 14 February 1862 Died 16 May 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS James Johnston Pettigrew 28 February 1862 to rank from 26 February 1862 DOW 17 July 1863
  • Brigadier-General PACS William Whann Mackall 6 March 1862 to rank from 27 February 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Danville Leadbetter 6 March 1862 to rank from 27 February 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Charles Sidney Winder 7 March 1862 to rank from 1 March 1862 KIA 9 August 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Daniel Marsh Frost 10 October 1861 to rank from March 3 1862 Dropped from rolls 9 December 1863
  • Brigadier-General PACS Winfield Scott Featherston 5 March 1862 to rank from 4 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Thomas James Churchill 5 March 1862 to rank from 4 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS William Booth Taliaferro 6 March 1862 to rank from 4 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Albert Rust 6 March 1862 to rank from 4 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Hamilton Prioleau Bee 6 March 1862 to rank from 4 March 1862 Western Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona & Sub-District of the Rio Grande
  • Brigadier-General PACS Samuel Bell Maxey 7 March 1862 to rank from 4 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS James Morrison Hawes 14 March 1862 to rank from 5 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS George Hume Steuart 11 March 1862 to rank from 6 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS William Duncan Smith 11 March 1862 to rank from 7 March 1862 Died 4 October 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS James Edwin Slaughter 11 March 1862 to rank from 8 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Paul Jones Semmes 11 March 1862 DOW 10 July 1863
  • Brigadier-General PACS Lucius Marshall Walker 11 March 1862 Died 7 September 1863
  • Brigadier-General PACS Seth Maxwell Barton 14 March 1862 to rank from 11 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS John Bordenave Villepigue 14 March 1862 to rank from 13 March 1862 Died 9 November 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Henry Eustace McCulloch 14 March 1862 Northern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona
  • Brigadier-General PACS Benjamin Hardin Helm 14 March 1862 DOW 21 September 1863
  • Brigadier-General PACS States Rights Gist 19 March 1862 to rank from 20 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS John Selden Roane 19 March 1862 to rank from 20 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS William Nelson Pendleton 25 March 1862 to rank from 26 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS William Yarnel Slack 17 April 1862 to rank from 12 April 1862 DOW 21 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Lewis Addison Armistead 1 April 1862 DOW 5 July 1863
  • Brigadier-General PACS Joseph Finegan 5 April 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS William Nelson Rector Beall 12 April 1862 to rank from 11 April 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Lewis Henry Little 5 April 1862 to rank from 12 April 1862 KIA 19 September 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS William Preston 16 April 1862 to rank from 14 April 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Thomas Jordan 16 April 1862 to rank from 14 April 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Roger Atkinson Pryor 1 April 1862 to rank from 16 April 1862 Resigned 18 August 1863
  • Brigadier-General PACS George Earl Maney 16 April 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Jean Jacques Alfred Alexandre Mouton 16 April 1862 KIA 8 April 1864
  • Brigadier-General PACS John Echols 16 April 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS John Stuart Williams 16 April 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS James Green Martin 2 June 1862 to rank from 15 May 1862 & District of Western North Carolina
  • Brigadier-General PACS Thomas Lanier Clingman 17 September 1862 to rank from 17 May 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Samuel Garland 23 September 1862 to rank from 23 May 1862 KIA 14 September 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Robert Hopkins Hatton 23 May 1862 KIA 31 May 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Turner Ashby 23 May 1862 KIA 6 June 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Daniel Weisiger Adams 23 May 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Louis Hébert 26 May 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS John Creed Moore 19 September 1862 to rank from 26 May 1862 Resigned 3 February 1864
  • Brigadier-General PACS James Lawson Kemper 3 June 1862 Reserve Forces of Virginia
  • Brigadier-General PACS Ambrose Ransom Wright 3 June 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS James Jay Archer 3 June 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS George Burgwyn Anderson 9 June 1862 DOW 16 October 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Beverly Holcombe Robertson 9 June 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS St John Richardson Liddell 17 July 1862 to rank from 12 July 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Johnson Hagood 21 July 1862 2nd Sub-District of South Carolina & 7th Sub-District of South Carolina
  • Brigadier-General PACS Martin Edwin Green 30 September 1862 to rank from 21 July 1862 KIA 27 June 1863
  • Brigadier-General PACS Micah Jenkins 22 July 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Harry Thompson Hays 25 July 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Albert Gallatin Jenkins 30 September 1862 to rank from 5 August 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS William Edwin Starke 30 September 1862 to rank from 6 August 1862 KIA 17 September 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS William Barksdale 12 August 1862 DOW 3 July 1863
  • Brigadier-General PACS Edward Dorr Tracy 16 August 1862 KIA 1 May 1863
  • Brigadier-General PACS Matthew Duncan Ector 15 September 1862 to rank from 23 August 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Edward Aylesworth Perry 15 September 1862 to rank from 28 August 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS John Gregg 15 September 1862 to rank from 29 August 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS John Calvin Brown 15 September 1862 to rank from 30 August 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Alfred Holt Colquitt 15 September 1862 to rank from 1 September 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Junius Daniel 15 September 1862 to rank from 1 September 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Abraham Buford 29 November 1862 to rank from 2 September 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS William Read Scurry 12 September 1862 DOW 30 April 1864
  • Brigadier-General PACS Allison Nelson 26 September 1862 to rank from September 12 1862 Died 7 October 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS William Steele 26 September 1862 to rank from 12 September 1862 Eastern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona
  • Brigadier-General PACS Francis Asbury Shoup 26 September 1862 to rank from 12 September 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Joseph Robert Davis 26 September 1862 to rank from 15 September 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS William Edmondson Jones 26 September 1862 to rank from 19 September 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS William Edwin Baldwin 26 September 1862 to rank from 19 September 1862 Died 19 February 1864
  • Brigadier-General PACS John Crawford Vaughn 26 September 1862 to rank from 22 September 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Evander McIvor Law 26 September 1862 to rank from 3 October 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Elkanah Brackin Greer 4 October 1862 to rank from October 8 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Francis Redding Tillou Nicholls 14 October 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Preston Smith 27 October 1862 KIA 19 September 1863
  • Brigadier-General PACS Alfred Cumming 29 October 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS William Stephen Walker 30 October 1862 3rd Sub-District of South Carolina
  • Brigadier-General PACS George Pierce Doles 1 November 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Montgomery Dent Corse 1 November 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS George Thomas Anderson 1 November 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Alfred Iverson 1 November 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Thomas Reade Rootes Cobb 1 November 1862 KIA 13 December 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS James Henry Lane 1 November 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Edward Lloyd Thomas 1 November 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Stephen Dodson Ramseur 1 November 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS John Rogers Cooke 1 November 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Jerome Bonaparte Robertson 1 November 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Elisha Franklin Paxton 1 November 1862 KIA 3 May 1863
  • Brigadier-General PACS Carnot Posey March 5 1863 to rank from 1 November 1862 DOW 13 November 1863
  • Brigadier-General PACS James Edward Rains 4 November 1862 KIA 31 December 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Evander McNair 4 November 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS William George Mackey Davis 4 November 1862 Resigned 6 May 19863
  • Brigadier-General PACS Archibald Gracie 4 November 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS William Robertson Boggs 4 November 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS James Camp Tappan 5 November 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Dandridge McRae 5 November 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Mosby Munroe Parsons 5 November 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS John Pegram 10 November 1862 to rank from 7 November 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS John Sappington Marmaduke May 25 1863 to rank from 15 November 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS John Hunt Morgan 11 December 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Roger Weightman Hanson 20 December 1862 to rank from 13 December 1862 DOW 4 January 1863
  • Brigadier-General PACS Zachariah Cantey Deas 20 December 1862 to rank from 13 December 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Lucius Eugene Polk 20 December 1862 to rank from 13 December 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Marcus Joseph Wright 20 December 1862 to rank from 13 December 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Edward Cary Walthall 23 December 1862 to rank from 13 December 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS William Hicks Jackson 9 January 1863 to rank from 29 December 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS John Adams 9 January 1863 to rank from 29 December 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS James Cantey 8 January 1863
  • Brigadier-General PACS William Tatum Wofford 23 January 1862 to rank from 17 January 1863
  • Brigadier-General PACS Henry Lewis Benning 23 January 1863 to rank from 17 January 1863
  • Brigadier-General PACS Samuel McGowan 23 January 1863 to rank from 17 January 1863
  • Brigadier-General PACS Frank Crawford Armstrong 23 January 1863 to rank from 20 January 1863
  • Brigadier-General PACS George Blake Cosby 23 January 1863 to rank from 20 January 1863
  • Brigadier-General PACS Marcellus Augustus Stovall 23 January 1863 to rank from 20 January 1863
  • Brigadier-General PACS William Lewis Cabell 23 January 1863 to rank from 20 January 1863
  • Brigadier-General PACS John Daniel Imboden 11 April 1863 to rank from 28 January 1863
  • Brigadier-General PACS Alfred Eugene Jackson 5 March 1863 to rank from 9 February 1863
  • Brigadier-General PACS Robert Brank Vance 9 March 1863 to rank from 4 March 1863
  • Brigadier-General PACS Henry De Lamar Clayton 23 April 1863 to rank from 22 April 1863
  • Brigadier-General PACS Arthur Middleton Manigault 27 April 1863 to rank from 26 April 1863
  • Brigadier-General PACS Douglas Hancock Cooper 23 June 1863 to rank from 2 May 1863 District of Indian Territory temporary
  • Brigadier-General PACS John Wesley Frazer May 19 1863 to rank from May 3 1863 imprisoned 10 September 1863 Expired 16 February 1864
  • Brigadier-General PACS John Brown Gordon 11 May 1863 to rank from 7 May 1863
  • Brigadier-General PACS John Wilkins Whitfield 9 May 1863
  • Brigadier-General PACS James Alexander Walker 16 May 1863 to rank from 15 May 1863
  • Brigadier-General PACS John Marshall Jones 16 May 1863 to rank from 15 May 1863 KIA 5 May 1864
  • Brigadier-General PACS Thomas Green 23 May 1863 to rank from 20 May 1863 KIA 12 April 1864
  • Brigadier-General PACS Isham Warren Garrott May 28 1863 KIA 17 June 1863
  • Brigadier-General PACS Alfred Moore Scales 15 June 1863 to rank from 13 June 1863
  • Brigadier-General PACS Matthew Whitaker Ransom 15 June 1863 to rank from 13 June 1863
  • Brigadier-General PACS George Washington Custis Lee 25 June 1863
  • Brigadier-General PACS Henry Harrison Walker 1 July 1863
  • Brigadier-General PACS Gabriel Colvin Wharton 25 September 1863 to rank from 8 July 1863
  • Brigadier-General PACS Francis Marion Cockrell 23 July 1863 to rank from 18 July 1863
  • Brigadier-General PACS James Patrick Major 23 July 1863 to rank from 21 July 1863
  • Brigadier-General PACS Laurence Simmons Baker 28 July 1863 to rank from 23 July 1863
  • Brigadier-General PACS James Deshler 28 July 1863 to rank from July 23 1863 KIA 20 September 1863
  • Brigadier-General PACS Samuel Wragg Ferguson 28 July 1863 to rank from 23 July 1863
  • Brigadier-General PACS Lunsford Lindsay Lomax 30 July 1863 to rank from 23 July 1863
  • Brigadier-General PACS Otho French Strahl 28 July 1863
  • Brigadier-General PACS Philip Dale Roddey 3 August 1863
  • Brigadier-General PACS Eppa Hunton 12 August 1863 to rank from 9 August 1863
  • Brigadier-General PACS Thomas Pleasant Dockery 10 August 1863
  • Brigadier-General PACS Benjamin Grubb Humphreys 14 August 1863 to rank from 12 August 1863
  • Brigadier-General PACS Henry Brevard Davidson 18 August 1863
  • Brigadier-General PACS Henry Watkins Allen 19 August 1863 Resigned 10 January 1864
  • Brigadier-General PACS Cullen Andrews Battle 25 August 1863 to rank from 20 August 1863
  • Brigadier-General PACS William Andrews Quarles 5 September 1863 to rank from 25 August 1863
  • Brigadier-General PACS William Whedbee Kirkland 31 August 1863 to rank from 29 August 1863
  • Brigadier-General PACS Goode Bryan 31 August 1863 to rank from 29 August 1863
  • Brigadier-General PACS Matthew Calbraith Butler 2 September 1863 to rank from 1 September 1863
  • Brigadier-General PACS Robert Daniel Johnston 2 September 1863 to rank from 1 September 1863
  • Brigadier-General PACS Williams Carter Wickham September 2 1863 to rank from September 1 1863
  • Brigadier-General PACS Abner Monroe Perrin 17 September 1863 to rank from 10 September 1863
  • Brigadier-General PACS Alexander Welch Reynolds 17 September 1863 to rank from 14 September 1863
  • Brigadier-General PACS Thomas Neville Waul 19 September 1863 to rank from 18 September 1863
  • Brigadier-General PACS Edmund Winston Pettus 19 September 1863 to rank from 18 September 1863
  • Brigadier-General PACS Henry Rootes Jackson 21 September 1863 District of Georgia awaited
  • Brigadier-General PACS Armistead Lindsay Long 21 September 1863
  • Brigadier-General PACS William Wirt Adams 28 September 1863 to rank from 25 September 1863
  • Brigadier-General PACS James Byron Gordon 29 September 1863 to rank from 28 September 1863
  • Brigadier-General PACS Pierce Manning Butler Young 10 October 1863 to rank from 28 September 1863
  • Brigadier-General PACS Thomas Lafayette Rosser 19 October 1863 to rank from 28 September 1863
  • Brigadier-General PACS Joseph Horace Lewis 1 October 1863 to rank from 30 September 1863
  • Brigadier-General PACS James Argyle Smith 1 October 1863 to rank from 30 September 1863
  • Brigadier-General PACS Mark Perrin Lowrey 6 October 1863 to rank from 4 October 1863
  • Brigadier-General PACS Leroy Augustus Stafford 8 October 1863
  • Brigadier-General PACS Edward Higgins 2 November 1863 to rank from 29 October 1863
  • Brigadier-General PACS John Herbert Kelly 17 November 1863 to rank from 16 November 1863
  • Brigadier-General PACS John Tyler Morgan 17 November 1863 to rank from 16 November 1863
  • Brigadier-General PACS William Young Conn Humes 17 November 1863 to rank from 16 November 1863
  • Brigadier-General PACS Claudius Charles Wilson 18 November 1863 to rank from 16 November 1863 Died 27 November 1863
  • Brigadier-General PACS James Holt Clanton 18 November 1863 to rank from 16 November 1863
  • Brigadier-General PACS Jesse Johnson Finley 18 November 1863 to rank from 16 November 1863
  • Brigadier-General PACS Alfred Jefferson Vaughan 21 November 1863 to rank from 18 November 1863
  • Brigadier-General PACS George Baird Hodge 20 November 1863 Expired 17 February 1864
  • Brigadier-General PACS Robert Vinkler Richardson 3 December 1863 to rank from 1 December 1863 Expired 9 February 1864
  • Brigadier-General PACS Joseph Orville Shelby 9 January 1864 to rank from 15 December 1863
  • Brigadier-General PACS John Randolph Chambliss 9 January 1864 to rank from 19 December 1863
  • Brigadier-General PACS Robert Hall Chilton 22 December 1863 to rank from 21 December 1863
  • Brigadier-General PACS Lawrence Sullivan Ross 9 January 1864 to rank from 21 December 1863
  • Brigadier-General PACS Daniel Chevilette Govan 9 January 1864 to rank from 29 December 1863
  • Brigadier-General PACS Randall Lee Gibson 28 January 1864 to rank from 11 January 1864
  • Brigadier-General PACS Clement Hoffman Stevens 28 January 1864 to rank from 20 January 1864
  • Brigadier-General PACS Nathaniel Harrison Harris 8 February 1864 to rank from 20 January 1864
  • Brigadier-General PACS Allen Thomas 11 February 1864 to rank from 4 February 1864
  • Brigadier-General PACS Alexander Travis Hawthorn 23 February 1864 to rank from 18 February 1864
  • Brigadier-General PACS Robert Charles Tyler 5 March 1864 to rank from 23 February 1864
  • Brigadier-General PACS Edward Porter Alexander 1 March 1864 to rank from 26 February 1864
  • Brigadier-General PACS William Wirt Allen 26 June 1864 to rank from 26 February 1864
  • Brigadier-General PACS Hiram Bronson Granbury 5 March 1864 to rank from 29 February 1864
  • Brigadier-General PACS William Feimster Tucker 7 March 1864 to rank from 1 March 1864
  • Brigadier-General PACS Claudius Wistar Sears 7 March 1864 to rank from 1 March 1864
  • Brigadier-General PACS Richard Lucian Page 7 March 1864 to rank from 1 March 1864
  • Brigadier-General PACS Alpheus Baker 7 March 1864 to rank from 5 March 1864
  • Brigadier-General PACS Daniel Harris Reynolds 12 March 1864 to rank from 5 March 1864
  • Brigadier-General PACS John Bullock Clark 12 March 1864 to rank from 8 March 1864
  • Brigadier-General PACS Henry Gray 18 March 1865 to rank from 8 April 1864
  • Brigadier-General PACS Xavier Blanchard Debray 13 April 1864 Sub-District of Houston
  • Brigadier-General PACS James Chesnut 23 April 1864 Reserve Forces of South Carolina
  • Brigadier-General PACS James Dearing 29 April 1864
  • Brigadier-General PACS Richard Waterhouse 17 March 1865 to rank from 30 April 1864
  • Colonel John S Scott 11 September 1861 District of Mississippi and East Louisiana
  • Colonel Alfred Moore Rhett 5th Sub-District of South Carolina
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