1864 May 1st

May 1 1864 Sunday

Davide’s Ferry, LA

Red River Campaign

Arkansas Campaign

Hoke’s North Carolina Operations

Arkansas. Union Major-General Frederick Steele’s column pressed on by day and night, through mud and rain, from the Saline River towards Little Rock.

Arkansas. Skirmish at Lee’s Creek.

Arkansas. Skirmish at Pine Bluff.

California. Fifteen Indian men and twenty-five women and children surrendered to Union soldiers after a skirmish at Booth’s Run.

Florida. USS Fox, Acting Master Charles T Chase, captured the sloop Oscar outbound from St Marks with a cargo of cotton.

Georgia. Skirmish at Stone Church.

Georgia. Union Major-General William Tecumseh Sherman completed his preparations for the impending Campaign in northern Georgia, with the ultimate objective of Atlanta. His combined forces comprised about 100,000 men organised into seven army corps and one cavalry corps.

The Army of the Cumberland (Major-General George Henry Thomas) included the IV Corps under Major-General Oliver Otis Howard, the XIV Corps under Major-General John McAuley Palmer and the XX Corps under Major-General Joseph Hooker, plus the Cavalry Corps under Brigadier-General Washington Lafayette Elliott.

Major-General James Birdseye McPherson’s Army of the Tennessee comprised the XV Corps, part of the XVI Corps, and the XVII Corps. The XV Corps was under Major-General John Alexander Logan. The Union XVI Corps was divided into two wings prior to the impending Georgia Campaign. Two divisions under Brigadier-General Thomas William Sweeny (2nd/XVI) and Brigadier-General James Clifford Veatch (4th/XVI)  were known as the Right Wing XVI Corps under the command of Major-General Grenville Mellen Dodge. The other two divisions were permanently transferred out of XVI Corps to other corps and left to guard the Mississippi River valley; these were led by Brigadier-General Nathan Kimball, Brigadier-General Jacob Gartner Lauman and Brigadier-General William Sooy Smith. Brigadier-General James Madison Tuttle’s division (later under Brigadier-General Joseph Anthony Mower became the new 1st Division and Brigadier-General Andrew Jackson Smith’s division became the new 3rd Division when they transferred into the XVI Corps. The XVII Corps under Major-General Francis Preston Blair completed the Army of the Tennessee. Blair’s Corps was incomplete as only the 3rd Division and 4th Division were present (respectively under Brigadier-General Mortimer Dormer Leggett and Brigadier-General Walter Quintus Gresham. Gresham was later succeeded Brigadier-General Marcellus Monroe Crocker. These two divisions were at Huntsville, Alabama, and only joined Sherman’s Army on 8 June at Ackworth.

Major-General John McAllister Schofield’s Army of the Ohio consisted of his XXIII Corps and Major-General George Stoneman’s cavalry division. For convenience, XXIII Corps was frequently referred to as the Army of the Ohio as that army now had only one corps. A further three cavalry brigades guarded lines of communications.

Sherman paid special attention to the engineer and work gangs that would follow the advancing army to repair the Western & Atlantic Railroad to Atlanta. They practised the repair and rebuilding of railroad infrastructure, not just to repair the line as the Union troops acquired it, but also to put right any depredations of the relentless Confederate cavalry raiders. Behind Sherman’s armies, from Chattanooga, Tennessee, to his main base of Louisville, Kentucky, on the Ohio River, there were over three hundred miles of vulnerable railroads. Assuming that the Confederate cavalry, whether riding en masse from Georgia or operating as small bands of guerrillas and raiders, would be sure to cut the line repeatedly, Sherman established an enormous store of railroad equipment at Nashville, Tennessee.

The army would travel light with minimal supply trains, moving quickly so that it could live as much as possible off the land it was passing through. Sherman was determined to make sure the civilian population of Georgia sustained his own army rather than that of the Confederates.

Georgia. The Confederate forces opposing the Union invasion of Georgia were organised in the Army of Tennessee under General Joseph Eggleston Johnston. Johnston had about 62,000 men, including 2,000 cavalrymen under Major-General Joseph Wheeler.

The two Confederate Corps commanders were Lieutenant-General William Joseph Hardee and Lieutenant-General John Bell Hood. On 9 May, Lieutenant-General Leonidas Polk arrived from Mississippi and Alabama with a third corps, known unofficially as the Army of Mississippi.

Hardee’s I Corps had four divisions under Major-General Benjamin Franklin Cheatham, Major-General Patrick Ronayne Cleburne, Major-General William Henry Talbot Walker, and Major-General William Brimage Bate. Hood’s II Corps had three divisions under Major-General Thomas Carmichael Hindman, Major-General Carter Littlepage Stevenson, and Major-General Alexander Peter Stewart.

Major-General Joseph Wheeler’s Cavalry Corps had three divisions. Major-General William Thompson Martin’s division had the two brigades of Brigadier-General John Tyler Morgan, later Colonel William Wirt Allen; and Alfred Holt Colquitt. Brigadier-General John Herbert Kelly;s division had the three brigades of Colonel William Wirt Allen (later Colonel R H Anderson and Colonel E Bird), Brigadier-General George Gibbs Dibrell, and Colonel M W Hannon). Brigadier-General William Young Conn Humes; division had the two brigades of Colonel J T Wheeler and Colonel H M Ashby. The independent cavalry brigades of Colonel Thomas A Harrison and Colonel J W Grigsby, later Colonel John S William, were also available. The Confederate army occupied positions thirty miles southeast of Chattanooga around Dalton, and in the valley of the Oostenaula River.

Louisiana. Skirmish at Governor Moore’s Plantation.

Louisiana. Skirmish at Ashwood Landing.

Louisiana. Skirmish at Ashton.

Louisiana. Skirmish with Confederate cavalry at Berwick.

Louisiana. Skirmish at Clinton.

Louisiana. Union Brigadier-General William Hemsley Emory succeeded to command of XIX Corps (Gulf) after the departure of Major-General William Buel Franklin to recover from his wound.

Louisiana. Confederate Major-General Richard Taylor managed to keep the Red River blocked, isolating Union Major-General Nathaniel Prentiss Banks’s Red River expedition in Alexandria. The 64th USCT Infantry lost seven men in skirmishes at Ashwood Landing and other sites over four days. Confederate Brigadier-General William Steele drove the retreating Union forces back along the Rapides Road to within three miles of Alexandria. Banks calculated that his force had enough supplies to last three weeks on half-rations before he would have to consider a choice between flight, starvation, or surrender. Forage was in very short supply and Banks feared that his transportation would soon be left without the animals to haul it.

Louisiana. Union Lieutenant-Colonel Joseph Bailey and 3,000 soldiers began the construction of the lumbermen’s wing dams that were intended to save the fleet trapped in the shallows of the Red River. The river was 758 feet wide and the dams needed to extend three hundred feet into the river from each shore. High-sided barges filled with stone were then to be sunk in the central gap. The north bank dam was built with felled trees, interlocked and cross-tied. On the south bank there were few trees, so cribs were built and filled with rocks. A Maine regiment with many lumberjacks oversaw the felling and construction, while three New York regiments did the unskilled labour. The men worked by day and night, spending much of the time in the water. Meanwhile, spectators aboard the ships and on shore first jeered and finally cheered as the construction began to take shape. Confederates under Brigadier-General St John Richardson Liddell also observed, but they were too weak in number to attack, and lacked the artillery to cause serious disruption.

Davide’s Ferry, Louisiana. Confederate Brigadier-General James Patrick Major attacked Union river vessels at Davide’s (or David’s) Ferry three miles above Fort De Russy, and thirty miles below Alexandria. They captured the steamer Emma.

Mississippi. Demonstration at Haines’ Bluff and Drumgould’s Bluff ended.

Virginia. Reconnaissance from Vienna to Upperville ended.

Virginia. Confederate Lieutenant-Colonel John Singleton Mosby’s raiders captured a Union wagon train near Bunker Hill in the Shenandoah Valley.

Virginia. USS Morse, Lieutenant-Commander Babcock, and USS General Putnam, Acting Master Hugh H Savage, convoyed 2,500 Union troops up the York River to West Point, where the soldiers were landed and occupied the town. Another side-wheel steamer, USS Shawsheen, Acting Master Henry A Phelon, joined them later in the day and subsequently operated with USS General Putnam in the Pamunkey River. USS Morse patrolled the Mattapony River.

Union Organisation

USA: Brigadier-General John Porter Hatch assumed temporary command of the Department of the South, succeeding Major-General Quincy Adams Gillmore.

Hatch, John Porter / New York / Born 9 January 1822 Oswego, New York / Died New York, New York 12 April 1901
USMA 1 July 1845 17/41 Mounted Rifles-Infantry / Cadet USMA 1 July 1840 / 3rd US Infantry 1 July 1845 / US Mounted Rifles 17 July 1846 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 18 April 1847 / Regt Adjutant 21 November 1847-1 May 1850 / 1st Lieutenant USA 30 June 1851 / Captain USA 30 October 1860 / 3rd US Cavalry 3 August 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 28 September 1861 / Major USA 4th US Cavalry 27 October 1863 / Mustered Out USV 15 January 1866 / Lieutenant-Colonel USA 5th US Cavalry 15 January 1873 / 4th US Cavalry 10 April 1873 / Colonel USA 2nd US Cavalry 26 June 1881 / Retired USA 9 January 1886 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1845 Brevet 1st Lieutenant USA 20 August 1847 Brevet Captain US 13 September 1847 Brevet Major USA 30 August 1862 Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel USA 14 September 1862 Brevet Colonel USA 13 March 1865 Brevet Brigadier-General USA 13 March 1865 Medal of Honor 14 September 1862 / WIA Second Bull Run 30 August 1862 WIA Turner’s Gap 14 September 1862
Hatch’s Brigade Cavalry Army of the Potomac 16 December 1861-16 March 1862 / Cavalry I Corps Army of the Potomac 16 March 1862-28 March 1862 / Cavalry V Corps Army of the Potomac 28 March 1862-4 April 1862 / Cavalry Brigade Department of the Shenandoah 4 April 1862-26 June 1862 / Cavalry Brigade II Corps Army of Virginia 26 June 1862-27 July 1862 / 1st Brigade 1st Division III Corps Army of Virginia27 July 1862-28 August 1862 / 1st Division III Corps Army of Virginia 28 August 1862-30 August 1862 / 1st Brigade 1st Division I Corps Army of the Potomac 12 September 1862-14 September 1862 / 1st Division I Corps Army of the Potomac 14 September 1862 / District of Florida 28 March 1864-20 April 1864 / Department of the South 1 May 1864-26 May 1864 / District of Hilton Head 2 June 1864-1 August 1864 / District of Florida 4 August 1864-14 November 1864 / 4th Brigade Morris and Folly Islands Department of the South 26 October 1864-14 November 1864 / Northern District of the South 14 November 1864-28 November 1864 / Coast Division District of Florida 23 January 1865-26 February 1865 / Northern District of the South 6 February 1865-27 June 1865 / District of Charleston 23 June 1865-27 June 1865 / District of Charleston 30 June 1865-15 January 1866

USA: The District of Carrollton was established in the Department of the Gulf, comprising the area around Carrollton, Camp Parapet, De Sair, Fort Banks, Kennerville, Jeffersonville, and Pass Manchac, Louisiana.

USA: Colonel Nelson B Bartram (20th USCT Infantry) assumed command of the District of Carrollton.

Bartram, Nelson B / New York / Born 7 January 1832 Westport, New York / Died 25 December 1886
Captain USV 17th New York 22 May 1861 / Major USV 17th New York December 1861 / Lieutenant-Colonel USV 17th New York May 1862 / Mustered Out USV June 1863 / Lieutenant-Colonel USV 15th New York Cavalry June 1863 / Colonel USV 20th US Colored Infantry 9 February 1864 / Mustered Out USV 7 October 1865
District of Carrollton 1 May 1864-30 September 1864

USA: The District of Cairo was discontinued.

USA: The Sub-District of the Pamlico was discontinued.

USA: Rear Admiral John Adolphus Bernard Dahlgren assumed command of the South Atlantic Blockading Squadron of the US Navy.

Dahlgren, John Adolphus Bernard / Born 13 November 1809 Philadelphia, Pennsylvania / Died Washington, District of Columbia 12 July 1870
Merchant Seaman 28 March 1825 / Midshipman USN 1 February 1826 / Passed Midshipman USN 28 April 1832 / Lieutenant USN 8 March 1837 / Commander USN 14 September 1855 / Captain USN 16 July 1862 / Rear Admiral USN 7 February 1863
Washington Navy Yard 22 April 1861-22 July 1862 / Chief of Bureau of Ordnance 22 July 1862-24 June 1863 / USS Wabash July 1863 / USS Catskill July 1863 / USS Augusta Dinsmore July 1863 / South Atlantic Blockading Squadron 6 July 1863-February 1864 / USS Montauk August 1863 / USS Philadelphia August 1863 / USS Weehawken August 1863 / USS Harvest Moon February 1864 / USS Philadelphia January 1865 / USS Pawnee June 1865 / South Atlantic Blockading Squadron May 1864-12 June 1865 / USS Powhatan December 1866 / South Pacific Squadron 12 December 1867-14 July 1868 / Chief of Bureau of Ordnance 22 July 1868-23 July 1869

USA: Commodore William David Porter died.

Porter, William David / Born 10 March 1809 New Orleans, Louisiana / Died New York, New York 1 May 1864
Midshipman USN 1 January 1823 / Passed Midshipman USN 23 March 1829 / Lieutenant USN 31 December 1833 / Commander USN 14 September 1855 / Commodore USN 16 July 1862 / WIA Fort Henry 6 February 1862
USS St Mary’s December 1860-1861 / USS New Era October 1861 / USS Essex 1861

Commander in Chief: President Abraham Lincoln

Vice-President: Hannibal Hamlin

Secretary of War: Edwin McMasters Stanton

Secretary of the Navy: Gideon Welles

  • North Atlantic Blockading Squadron USN: Acting Rear Admiral Samuel Phillips Lee USN
  • South Atlantic Blockading Squadron USN: Rear Admiral John Adolphus Dahlgren USN
  • West Gulf Blockading Squadron USN: Rear Admiral David Glasgow Farragut USN
  • East Gulf Blockading Squadron USN: Acting Rear Admiral Theodorus Bailey USN
  • Pacific Squadron USN: Captain John B Montgomery USN
  • Mississippi River Squadron USN: Rear Admiral David Dixon Porter USN
  • Potomac Flotilla USN: Commodore Andrew Allen Harwood USN

General–in-Chief: Ulysses Simpson Grant

  • Military Division of the Mississippi: William Tecumseh Sherman
    • Department of the Cumberland: George Henry Thomas
      • District of Nashville: Lovell Harrison Rousseau
      • District of Western Kentucky: Eleazer Arthur Paine
      • Army of the Cumberland: George Henry Thomas
        • IV Corps Cumberland: Oliver Otis Howard
        • XIV Corps Cumberland: John McAuley Palmer
        • XX Corps Cumberland: Joseph Hooker
        • Cavalry Corps Cumberland: Washington Lafayette Elliott
    • Department of the Ohio: John McAllister Schofield
      • District of East Tennessee: Jacob Ammen
      • District of East Tennessee: Jacob Ammen
      • District of Kentucky: Stephen Gano Burbridge
      • Army of the Ohio: John McAllister Schofield
        • XXIII Corps Ohio: John McAllister Schofield
    • Department of the Tennessee: James Birdseye McPherson
      • District of West Tennessee: Cadwallader Colden Washburn
        • Sub-District of Memphis: Ralph Pomeroy Buckland
      • District of Vicksburg: Henry Warner Slocum
      • Army of the Tennessee: James Birdseye McPherson
        • XV Corps Tennessee: John Alexander Logan
        • XVI Corps Tennessee: vacant
          • Right Wing XVI Corps Tennessee: Andrew Jackson Smith
          • Left Wing XVI Corps Tennessee: Grenville Mellen Dodge
        • XVII Corps Tennessee: Francis Preston Blair
  • Department of Arkansas: Nathan Kimball temporary
    • District of Eastern Arkansas: Napoleon Bonaparte Buford
    • District of Northern Arkansas: Robert Ramsey Livingston
    • District of the Frontier: James Gilpatrick Blunt
    • Army of Arkansas: Frederick Steele
      • VII Corps Arkansas: Nathan Kimball temporary
  • Department of the East: John Adams Dix
  • Department of the Gulf: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
    • District of Baton Rouge: Philip St George Cooke
    • District of Port Hudson: Daniel Ullmann
    • District of La Fourche: Nicholas Wyckoff Day
    • District of Carrollton: Nelson B Bartram
    • District of Key West and Tortugas: Daniel Phineas Woodbury
    • Defences of New Orleans: Joseph Jones Reynolds
    • Army of the Gulf: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
      • XIII Corps Gulf: Michael Kelly Lawler
      • XIX Corps Gulf: William Buel Franklin
  • Department of Kansas: George Sykes
    • District of Nebraska Territory: Robert Byington Mitchell
    • District of North Kansas: Thomas Alfred Davies
    • District of South Kansas: Thomas Jefferson McKean
    • District of the Border: William Russell Judson
    • District of Colorado Territory: John Milton Chivington
  • Middle Department: Lewis Wallace
    • District of Delaware: John Reese Kenly
    • District of the Eastern Shore of Maryland: Henry Hayes Lockwood
    • VIII Corps Middle: Lewis Wallace
  • Department of the Missouri: William Starke Rosecrans
    • District of St Louis: vacant
    • District of Southwest Missouri: John Benjamin Sanborn
    • District of North Missouri: Clinton Bowen Fisk
    • District of Central Missouri: Egbert Benson Brown
    • District of Rolla: Odon Guitar
  • Department of New Mexico: James Henry Carleton
    • District of Arizona: George Washington Bowie
  • Northern Department: Samuel Peter Heintzelman
    • District of Indiana: John Smith Simonson
  • Department of the Northwest: John Pope
    • District of Minnesota: Henry Hastings Sibley
    • District of Wisconsin: Thomas Church Haskell Smith
    • District of Iowa: Alfred Sully
  • Department of the Pacific: George Wright
    • District of the Humboldt: Henry M Black
    • District of Oregon: Benjamin Alvord
    • District of Southern California: James Freeman Curtis
    • District of Utah: Patrick Edward Connor
  • Department of the Potomac: George Gordon Meade
    • IX Corps Potomac: Ambrose Everett Burnside
    • Army of the Potomac: George Gordon Meade
      • II Corps Potomac: Winfield Scott Hancock
      • V Corps Potomac: Gouverneur Kemble Warren
      • VI Corps Potomac: John Sedgwick
      • Cavalry Corps Potomac: Philip Henry Sheridan
  • Department of the South: John Porter Hatch temporary
    • Northern District (South): Alexander Schimmelfennig
    • District of Beaufort (SC): Rufus Saxton
    • District of Hilton Head: William Watts Hart Davis
    • District of Florida: William Birney
    • District of West Florida: Alexander Asboth
  • Department of the Susquehanna: Darius Nash Couch
    • Lehigh District: Franz Sigel
  • Department of Virginia and North Carolina: Benjamin Franklin Butler
    • District of St Mary’s: Alonzo Granville Draper
    • District of Currituck: Samuel Henry Roberts
    • District of North Carolina: Innis Newton Palmer
      • Sub-District of Beaufort NC: James Jourdan
      • Sub-District of New Bern: Thomas Jonathan Coffin Amory
    • District of Yorktown: William Farrar Smith
    • Army of the James: Benjamin Franklin Butler
      • X Corps James: Alfred Howe Terry
    • XVIII Corps Virginia and North Carolina: Benjamin Franklin Butler
  • Department of Washington: Christopher Columbus Augur
    • District of Alexandria: John Potts Slough
    • District of Washington: John Henry Martindale
    • XXII Corps Washington: Christopher Columbus Augur
  • Department of Western Virginia: Franz Sigel
    • Army of the Kanawha: George Crook

Confederate Organisation

CSA: The Department of Tennessee was extended to include eastern Alabama and a portion of western Florida, while part of northeastern Georgia was excluded.

Commander in Chief: President Jefferson Finis Davis

Vice-President: Alexander Hamilton Stephens

Secretary of War: James Alexander Seddon

Secretary of the Navy: Stephen Russell Mallory

Military Adviser to the President: Braxton Bragg

  • Department of Alabama and East Mississippi: Leonidas Polk
    • District of Mississippi and East Louisiana: John S Scott
    • Gulf District: Dabney Herndon Maury
    • District of Northern Alabama: Jones Mitchell Withers
    • District of West Tennessee: Nathan Bedford Forrest
    • Army of Mississippi: Leonidas Polk
  • Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia: George Edward Pickett interim Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard awaited
  • Department of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee
    • Army of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee
      • I Corps Northern Virginia: James Longstreet
      • II Corps Northern Virginia: Richard Stoddert Ewell
      • III Corps Northern Virginia: Ambrose Powell Hill
      • Cavalry Corps Northern Virginia: James Ewell Brown Stuart
    • Valley District: Jubal Anderson Early
  • Department of Richmond: Robert Ransom
  • Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida: Samuel Jones
    • District of Georgia: Hugh Weedon Mercer interim Henry Rootes Jackson awaited
    • District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
      • 1st Sub-District of South Carolina: Nathan George Evans
      • 2nd Sub-District of South Carolina: Johnson Hagood
      • 3rd Sub-District of South Carolina: William Stephen Walker
      • 4th Sub-District of South Carolina: James Heyward Trapier
      • 5th Sub-District of South Carolina: Alfred Moore Rhett
      • 6th Sub-District of South Carolina: Henry Alexander Wise
      • 7th Sub-District of South Carolina: Johnson Hagood
    • District of Florida: James Patton Anderson
    • Defences of Savannah: Samuel Jones
  • Department of Tennessee: Joseph Eggleston Johnston
    • District of East Tennessee: vacant
    • District of Western North Carolina: James Green Martin
    • Army of Tennessee: Joseph Eggleston Johnston
      • I Corps Tennessee: William Joseph Hardee
      • II Corps Tennessee: John Bell Hood
      • Cavalry Corps Tennessee: Joseph Wheeler
  • Trans-Allegheny Department: John Cabell Breckinridge
  • Trans-Mississippi Department: Edmund Kirby Smith
    • District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: John Bankhead Magruder
      • Western Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: Hamilton Prioleau Bee
        • Sub-District of the Rio Grande: Hamilton Prioleau Bee
      • Eastern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: William Steele
      • Sub-District of Houston: Xavier Blanchard Debray
      • Northern Sub-District Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: Henry Eustace McCullough
    • District of Arkansas: Sterling Price
    • District of West Louisiana: Richard Taylor
    • District of Indian Territory: Douglas Hancock Cooper temporary
    • Trans-Mississippi Army: Edmund Kirby Smith
  • Reserve Forces of Alabama: Jones Mitchell Withers
  • Reserve Forces of Florida: John King Jackson
  • Reserve Forces of Georgia: Thomas Howell Cobb
  • Reserve Forces of North Carolina: Theophilus Hunter Holmes awaited
  • Reserve Forces of South Carolina: James Chesnut
  • Reserve Forces of Virginia: James Lawson Kemper

Union Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

Lieutenant-General USA

Ulysses Simpson Grant

Major-General USA

George Brinton McClellan
John Charles Frémont
Henry Wager Halleck

Major-General USV

Asterisk indicates concurrently Brigadier-General USA

John Adams Dix
Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
Benjamin Franklin Butler
David Hunter
Ethan Allen Hitchcock
Irvin McDowell*
Ambrose Everett Burnside
William Starke Rosecrans*
Don Carlos Buell
John Pope*
Samuel Ryan Curtis
Franz Sigel
John Alexander McClernand
Lewis Wallace
George Henry Thomas*
George Cadwalader
William Tecumseh Sherman*
Edward Otho Cresap Ord
Samuel Peter Heintzelman
Erasmus Darwin Keyes
Joseph Hooker*
Silas Casey
William Buel Franklin
Darius Nash Couch
Henry Warner Slocum
John James Peck
John Sedgwick
Alexander McDowell McCook
Thomas Leonidas Crittenden
John Gray Foster
John Grubb Parke
Christopher Columbus Augur
Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
Gordon Granger
Lovell Harrison Rousseau
James Birdseye McPherson*
George Stoneman
George Gordon Meade*
Oliver Otis Howard
Daniel Edgar Sickles
Robert Huston Milroy
Daniel Butterfield
Winfield Scott Hancock
George Sykes
William Henry French
David Sloane Stanley
James Scott Negley
John McAllister Schofield
John McAuley Palmer
Frederick Steele
Abner Doubleday
Napoleon Jackson Tecumseh Dana
Richard James Oglesby
John Alexander Logan
James Gilpatrick Blunt
George Lucas Hartsuff
Cadwallader Colden Washburn
Francis Jay Herron
Francis Preston Blair
Joseph Jones Reynolds
Philip Henry Sheridan
Julius Stahel
Carl Schurz
Gouverneur Kemble Warren
David Bell Birney
Alfred Pleasonton
Andrew Atkinson Humphreys
Quincy Adams Gillmore
William Farrar Smith
James Blair Steedman

Brigadier-General USA

Brackets indicates concurrently Major-General USV

(Irvin McDowell)
(William Starke Rosecrans)
Philip St George Cooke
(John Pope)
(Joseph Hooker)
(George Gordon Meade)
(William Tecumseh Sherman)
(James Birdseye McPherson)
(George Henry Thomas)

Brigadier-General USV

Thomas West Sherman
Benjamin Franklin Kelley
Jacob Dolson Cox
Alpheus Starkey Williams
James Brewerton Ricketts
Orlando Bolivar Willcox
Henry Hayes Lockwood
James Samuel Wadsworth
George Webb Morell
John Henry Martindale
Samuel Davis Sturgis
Henry Washington Benham
William Farquhar Barry
John Joseph Abercrombie
Lawrence Pike Graham
Eleazar Arthur Paine
Willis Arnold Gorman
Horatio Gouverneur Wright
William Thomas Ward
John Gross Barnard
Innis Newton Palmer
Seth Williams
John Newton
George Wright
William Thomas Harbaugh Brooks
John Milton Brannan
John Porter Hatch
Albin Francisco Schoepf
Thomas John Wood
Richard W Johnson
Adolph Wilhelm August Friedrich Von Steinwehr
George Washington Cullum
Thomas Jefferson McKean
Zealous Bates Tower
Jefferson Columbus Davis
James Henry Lane
William Scott Ketchum
John Wynn Davidson
James Gallant Spears
Eugene Asa Carr
Thomas Alfred Davies
William Hemsley Emory
Andrew Jackson Smith
Marsena Rudolph Patrick
Orris Sanford Ferry
Daniel Phineas Woodbury
Henry Moses Judah
John Cook
John McArthur
Jacob Gartner Lauman
Horatio Phillips Van Cleve
Speed Smith Fry
Alexander Asboth
James Craig
Mahlon Dickerson Manson
Edward Richard Sprigg Canby
Grenville Mellen Dodge
Robert Byington Mitchell
Cuvier Grover
Rufus Saxton
Benjamin Alvord
Napoleon Bonaparte Buford
William Sooy Smith
Nathan Kimball
Charles Devens
Samuel Wylie Crawford
Henry Walton Wessells
Milo Smith Hascall
John White Geary
Alfred Howe Terry
James Henry Carleton
Absalom Baird
John Cleveland Robinson
Truman Seymour
Henry Prince
Maximilian Weber
Jeremiah Cutler Sullivan
Alvin Peterson Hovey
James Clifford Veatch
William Plummer Benton
John Curtis Caldwell
Neal Dow
George Sears Greene
Samuel Powhatan Carter
John Gibbon
Erastus Barnard Tyler
Charles Griffin
George Henry Gordon
James Madison Tuttle
Julius White
Peter Joseph Osterhaus
Stephen Gano Burbridge
Washington Lafayette Elliott
Albion Parris Howe
Benjamin Stone Roberts
Jacob Ammen
Fitz-Henry Warren
Morgan Lewis Smith
Charles Cruft
Frederick Salomon
John Basil Turchin
Henry Shaw Briggs
James Dada Morgan
Johann August Ernst Willich
Henry Dwight Terry
George Foster Shepley
John Reese Kenly
John Potts Slough
Godfrey Weitzel
George Crook
Gershom Mott
Henry Jackson Hunt
Francis Channing Barlow
Mason Brayman
Nathaniel James Jackson
George Washington Getty
Alfred Sully
William Woods Averell
Alexander Hays
Francis Barretto Spinola
John Henry Hobart Ward
Solomon Meredith
James Bowen
Eliakim Parker Scammon
Robert Seaman Granger
Joseph Rodman West
Alfred Washington Ellet
George Leonard Andrews
Clinton Bowen Fisk
William Hays
Israel Vogdes
David Allen Russell
Lewis Cass Hunt
Frank Wheaton
John Sanford Mason
David McMurtrie Gregg
Robert Ogden Tyler
Alfred Thomas Archimedes Torbert
Gilman Marston
William Dwight
Sullivan Amory Meredith
Nathaniel Collins McLean
William Vandever
Alexander Schimmelfennig
Charles Kinnaird Graham
John Eugene Smith
Joseph Tarr Copeland
Charles Adam Heckman
Edward Elmer Potter
Henry Beebee Carrington
John Haskell King
Adam Jacoby Slemmer
Thomas Hewson Neill
Thomas Gamble Pitcher
Thomas William Sweeny
William Passmore Carlin
Romeyn Beck Ayres
William Babcock Hazen
Joseph Anthony Mower
Richard Arnold
Edward Winslow Hinks
Michael Kelly Lawler
George Day Wagner
Lysander Cutler
Joseph Farmer Knipe
James Barnes
Edward Harland
Samuel Beatty
Isaac Jones Wistar
Franklin Stillman Nickerson
Edward Henry Hobson
Ralph Pomeroy Buckland
Joseph Dana Webster
William Harrow
William Hopkins Morris
Thomas Howard Ruger
Thomas Edward Greenfield Ransom
Elias Smith Dennis
Thomas Church Haskell Smith
Mortimer Dormer Leggett
Davis Tillson
Hector Tyndale
Albert Lindley Lee
Charles Leopold Matthies
Marcellus Monroe Crocker
Egbert Benson Brown
John McNeil
George Francis McGinnis
Hugh Boyle Ewing
James Winning McMillan
John Blair Smith Todd
Daniel Ullmann
George Jerrison Stannard
Henry Baxter
John Milton Thayer
Charles Thomas Campbell
Halbert Eleazer Paine
Robert Brown Potter
Thomas Ewing
Joseph Andrew Jackson Lightburn
Thomas Greely Stevenson
Henry Hastings Sibley
Joseph Bradford Carr
Joseph Jackson Bartlett
Joshua Thomas Owen
Patrick Edward Connor
John Parker Hawkins
Gabriel René Paul
Edward Augustus Wild
Edward Ferrero
Adelbert Ames
William Birney
Daniel Henry Rucker
Robert Allen
Rufus Ingalls
Gustavus Adolphus De Russy
Alexander Shaler
Benjamin Henry Grierson
Robert Sanford Foster
Hugh Judson Kilpatrick
Alexander Stewart Webb
Alfred Napoleon Alexander Duffié
Walter Chiles Whitaker
Wesley Merritt
George Armstrong Custer
William Denison Whipple
John Converse Starkweather
Kenner Garrard
Charles Robert Woods
John Benjamin Sanborn
Giles Alexander Smith
Samuel Allen Rice
Jasper Adalmorn Maltby
Thomas Kilby Smith
Walter Quintin Gresham
Manning Ferguson Force
Robert Alexander Cameron
John Murray Corse
John Aaron Rawlins
Alvan Cullem Gillem
James Clay Rice
John Wesley Turner
Henry Lawrence Eustis
Henry Eugene Davies
Andrew Jackson Hamilton
Henry Warner Birge
Charles Garrison Harker
James Hewitt Ledlie
James Harrison Wilson
Adin Ballou Underwood
Augustus Louis Chetlain
Thomas Francis Meagher
William Anderson Pile
John Wallace Fuller
John Franklin Miller
Philippe Régis Dénis de Keredern De Trobriand
Cyrus Bussey
Christopher Columbus Andrews
Hiram Burnham
Edward Moody McCook
Lewis Addison Grant
Edward Hatch
August Valentine Kautz

Brigadier-General USA (Staff)

Montgomery Cunningham Meigs (Quartermaster-General)
Lorenzo Thomas
William Alexander Hammond (Surgeon-General)
Joseph Pannell Taylor (Commissary-General of Subsistence
George Douglas Ramsay (Ordnance)
James Barnet Fry (Provost Marshal)
Richard Delafield (Engineers)

Confederate Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

General ACSA/PACS

Samuel Cooper
Robert Edward Lee
Joseph Eggleston Johnston
Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
Braxton Bragg
Edmund Kirby Smith

Lieutenant-General PACS

James Longstreet
Leonidas Polk
Theophilus Hunter Holmes
William Joseph Hardee
John Clifford Pemberton
Richard Stoddert Ewell
Ambrose Powell Hill
John Bell Hood
Richard Taylor

Major-General PACS

Benjamin Huger
John Bankhead Magruder
Mansfield Lovell
William Wing Loring
Sterling Price
Benjamin Franklin Cheatham
Samuel Jones
John Porter McCown
Daniel Harvey Hill
Thomas Carmichael Hindman
John Cabell Breckinridge
Lafayette McLaws
Richard Heron Anderson
James Ewell Brown Stuart
Simon Bolivar Buckner
Samuel Gibbs French
George Edward Pickett
Carter Littlepage Stevenson
John Horace Forney
Dabney Herndon Maury
Martin Luther Smith
John George Walker
Arnold Elzey
Patrick Ronayne Cleburne
Franklin Gardner
Isaac Ridgeway Trimble
Jubal Anderson Early
Joseph Wheeler
Edward Johnson
William Henry Chase Whiting
Robert Emmett Rodes
William Henry Talbot Walker
Henry Heth
Robert Ransom
Alexander Peter Stewart
Jones Mitchell Withers
Stephen Dill Lee
Cadmus Marcellus Wilcox
Wade Hampton
Fitzhugh Lee
Howell Cobb
John Austin Wharton
William Thompson Martin
Nathan Bedford Forrest
Charles William Field
James Patton Anderson
William Brimage Bate
Camille Armand Jules Marie de Polignac
Robert Frederick Hoke
William Henry Fitzhugh Lee
James Fleming Fagan

Brigadier-General PACS

Alexander Robert Lawton
Henry Alexander Wise
Henry Hopkins Sibley
John Henry Winder
Gideon Johnson Pillow
Daniel Ruggles
Roswell Sabine Ripley
Paul Octave Hébert
Albert Gallatin Blanchard
Gabriel James Rains
Thomas Fenwick Drayton
Nathan George Evans
James Heyward Trapier
Hugh Weedon Mercer
William Montgomery Gardner
William Mahone
Raleigh Edward Colston
John King Jackson
Bushrod Rust Johnson
George Wythe Randolph
Joseph Brevard Kershaw
James Ronald Chalmers
Daniel Leadbetter
William Whann Mackall
Winfield Scott Featherston
Thomas James Churchill
William Booth Taliaferro
Albert Rust
Samuel Bell Maxey
Hamilton Prioleau Bee
James Morrison Hawes
George Hume Steuart
James Edwin Slaughter
Seth Maxwell Barton
Henry Eustace McCullough
John Selden Roane
States Rights Gist
William Nelson Pendleton
Joseph Finegan
William Nelson Rector Beall
Thomas Jordan
William Preston
John Echols
George Earl Maney
John Stuart Williams
James Green Martin
Thomas Lanier Clingman
Daniel Weisiger Adams
Louis Hébert
Ambrose Ransom Wright
James Lawson Kemper
James Jay Archer
Beverley Holcombe Robertson
St John Richardson Liddell
Johnson Hagood
Micah Jenkins
Harry Thompson Hays
Albert Gallatin Jenkins
Matthew Duncan Ector
Edward Aylesworth Perry
John Gregg
John Calvin Brown
Alfred Holt Colquitt
Junius Daniel
Abraham Buford
William Steele
Francis Asbury Shoup
Joseph Robert Davis
William Edmondson Jones
John Crawford Vaughn
Evander McIvor Law
Elkanah Brackin Greer
Francis Redding Tillou Nicholls
Alfred Cumming
William Stephen Walker
George Pierce Doles
Montgomery Dent Corse
George Thomas Anderson
Alfred Iverson
James Henry Lane
Edward Lloyd Thomas
Stephen Dodson Ramseur
John Rogers Cooke
Jerome Bonaparte Robertson
Evander McNair
Archibald Gracie
William Robertson Boggs
James Camp Tappan
Dandridge McRae
Mosby Monroe Parsons
John Pegram
John Sappington Marmaduke
John Hunt Morgan
Marcus Joseph Wright
Zachariah Cantey Deas
Lucius Eugene Polk
Edward Cary Walthall
John Adams
William Hicks Jackson
James Cantey
Henry Lewis Benning
William Tatum Wofford
Samuel McGowan
Marcellus Augustus Stovall
George Blake Cosby
Francis Crawford Armstrong
William Lewis Cabell
John Daniel Imboden
Alfred Eugene Jackson
Robert Brank Vance
Henry Delamar Clayton
Arthur Middleton Manigault
Douglas Hancock Cooper
John Brown Gordon
John Wilkins Whitfield
James Alexander Walker
John Marshall Jones
Matthew Whitaker Ransom
Alfred Moore Scales
George Washington Custis Lee
Henry Harrison Walker
Gabriel Colvin Wharton
Francis Marion Cockrell
James Patrick Major
Samuel Wragg Ferguson
Lunsford Lindsay Lomax
Laurence Simmons Baker
Otho French Strahl
Philip Dale Roddey
Eppa Hunton
Thomas Pleasant Dockery
Benjamin Grubb Humphreys
Henry Brevard Davidson
Cullen Andrews Battle
William Andrew Quarles
William Whedbee Kirkland
Goode Bryan
Matthew Calbraith Butler
Williams Carter Wickham
Robert Daniel Johnston
Abner Monroe Perrin
Alexander Welch Reynolds
Thomas Neville Waul
Edmund Winston Pettus
Armistead Lindsay Long
Henry Rootes Jackson
William Wirt Adams
Thomas Lafayette Rosser
Pierce Manning Butler Young
James Byron Gordon
James Argyle Smith
Joseph Horace Lewis
Mark Perrin Lowrey
Leroy Augustus Stafford
Edward Higgins
John Tyler Morgan
John Herbert Kelly
William Young Conn Humes
Jesse Johnson Finley
James Holt Clanton
Alfred Jefferson Vaughan
Joseph Orville Shelby
John Randolph Chambliss
Lawrence Sullivan Ross
Daniel Chevilette Govan
Randall Lee Gibson
Clement Hoffman Stevens
Nathaniel Harrison Harris
Allen Thomas
Alexander Travis Hawthorn
Robert Charles Tyler
Edward Porter Alexander
William Wirt Allen
Hiram Bronson Granbury
Claudius Wistar Sears
William Feimster Tucker
Richard Lucian Page
Alpheus Baker
Daniel Harris Reynolds
James Chesnut
Richard Waterhouse

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