1864 March 1st

March 1 1864 Tuesday

Meridian Campaign

Kilpatrick-Dahlgren Raid to Richmond

Madeira. Union Commander George Henry Preble, commanding USS St Louis, reported that the enemy commerce raider CSS Florida had succeeded in putting to sea from Funchal in Madeira, where she had sailed after leaving Brest, France. As a sailing vessel, USS St Louis had been unable to match the steamer’s speed despite an energetic chase.

Arkansas. Incident at Buffalo City.

Arkansas. Skirmish at Cedar Glade.

California. Skirmish with Redwood Indians near Arcata in the Redwood Mountains.

Florida. Skirmishes at Cedar Creek and at McGirt’s Creek as Union troops advanced to ascertain the Confederate positions at Ten-Mile Station.

Florida. USS Roebuck, Acting Master Sherrill, seized the blockade running British steamer Lauretta off Indian River Inlet with a cargo of salt.

Georgia. Incident at Dalton.

Louisiana. Operation on Ouachita River.

Louisiana. Incidents at Harrisonburg and Trinity.

Louisiana. Union Lieutenant Commander Ramsay’s force of USS Osage, USS Ouachita, USS Lexington, USS Fort Hindman, USS Conestoga, and USS Cricket was moving up the Black River when Confederate sharpshooters took the ships under fire below Trinity late in the afternoon. The gunboats countered with their guns and steamed above the city before anchoring for the night.

Missouri. Reconnaissance to Rolla ended.

North Carolina. Union Lieutenant Commander Charles W Flusser USN took USS Southfield and the tinclad USS Whitehead up the Chowan River to aid the Army steamer Bombshell which had been cut off by Confederates above Petty Shore. Flusser had received reports of torpedoes in the river at that point and concluded that he dared not attempt to run by them. The gunboats were engaged by shore artillery as night fell and, unable to fire effectively or navigate safely in the darkness, they dropped downstream about a mile to wait for morning before continuing operations.

North Carolina. USS Connecticut, Commander John J Almy, took the blockade running British steamer Scotia with a cargo of cotton at sea off Cape Fear.

Virginia. Expedition to Yorktown began.

Virginia. Skirmishes at the Fortifications of Richmond, Ashland, Atlee’s, Brook Turnpike, Ballahock, Burton’s Ford, Stannardsville, Deep Creek, and Bear Quarter Road.

Virginia. Union Brigadier-General George Armstrong Custer’s one hundred mile raid in Albemarle County ended when his cavalry crossed to the north bank of the Rapidan River. Custer reported taking 50 prisoners, 500 captured horses, and 100 liberated slaves, for the loss of only a few men wounded. He had also managed to distract a large part of the Confederate cavalry away from the Kilpatrick-Dahlgren raid to Richmond.

Virginia. During the night, the Confederate authorities in Richmond learned of the objective of the Kilpatrick-Dahlgren raid and put emergency defensive measures into operation. Brigadier-General George Washington Custis Lee moved his Local Defence Brigade (five battalions including workers in the Richmond City Battalion from the Armoury, the Arsenal, the Tredegar Iron Works, the Navy, the offices of the War Department, and the Quartermaster’s Department) to block the approaches from the west. Confederate Major-General Wade Hampton had taken up the pursuit after his cavalry outposts were evaded at Ely’s Ford and followed the enemy’s trail. Confederate Major-General Jubal Anderson Early detached some artillery from the Army of Northern Virginia and the North Anna Home Guards were also activated to take part in the defence.

Virginia. Union Brigadier-General Hugh Judson Kilpatrick left the South Anna River at 1 am and, by daylight, his cavalry was across the Chickahominy River at Ashland. At 10 am, they reached the outskirts of Richmond on the Brook Turnpike, at the edge of its outer fortifications and five miles from the city centre. The Confederate defenders opened fire with artillery from several positions and Kilpatrick deployed a six-gun battery to exchange shots. He skirmished before the city’s defences and waited for the sounds of Colonel Ulric Dahlgren and his advance guard launching their surprise attack from the southwest of the city. However, Dahlgren had been delayed and could not provide this valuable diversion. Kilpatrick was persuaded by the efficiency of the Confederate fire that the Home Guards and local troops were accompanied by regular troops. They were, in fact, only local militia and city defence forces.

After riding sixty miles behind enemy lines, Kilpatrick was within sight of the capital city and he had only to dash the remaining half a mile past the opposing guns to reach his objective. Kilpatrick waited for seven hours for Dahlgren’s troopers to make themselves heard, all the while allowing more Confederate artillery and makeshift infantry to gather in front of him. Finally, deciding that Dahlgren had been intercepted and deterred, he withdrew north-eastwards across the Chickahominy River at Meadow Bridge and camped around Mechanicsville. He remounted his command at 10 pm with the intention of approaching Richmond again along the Mechanicsville road, avoiding the stronger defences he had encountered earlier. Before his force could set out, they were assailed in the rear by Confederate cavalry from the direction of Yellow Tavern. The unexpected attack was repelled but Kilpatrick was now sure he no longer faced just militia and Home Guards but veteran troops. His mission now changed from the rescue of prisoners of war in Richmond to the prevention of his own command joining them, and he decided to withdraw northwards overnight.

Virginia. Union Colonel Ulric Dahlgren’s 500 raiders arrived at Goochland on the James River about 30 miles upstream from Richmond early in the day. He sent 100 men from the 2nd New York Cavalry under Captain J F Mitchell along the north bank of the James, to destroy property and enter Richmond. Dahlgren intended to ford the James River in order to enter Richmond from the south. There were no bridges over the river, but a local slave called Martin Robinson showed the way to a ford called Jude’s Ford. Unfortunately, the intended crossing point was found to be impassable because the river was swollen by heavy rains. The slave who had guided Dahlgren to this point was summarily hanged for treachery despite his protests of innocence. Dahlgren’s force retraced its steps, searching for a passable crossing. Pausing only to damage lock gates and other facilities on the James canal alongside the river, Mitchell and Dahlgren rejoined forces at about 3.30 pm, at Short Pump, eight miles from Richmond. At dusk, a brief foray approached to within two and a half miles of the city but it was deterred by Colonel George Washington Cutis Lee’s Local Defence Brigade. Unable to cross the James to attack Richmond from the southwest in concert with Brigadier-General Hugh Judson Kilpatrick as planned, Dahlgren was forced to reconsider his options. In these circumstances, the plan indicated that he should abandon the raid and try to escape north-eastwards, heading for Fredericksburg or the Pamunkey River. He was to rejoin Kilpatrick’s main body along the way, if possible. In the dark, rainy night Dahlgren’s own command became disorientated and split into two parts. The larger group of 300 men eventually made their way northwards and, although forty of them were shot or captured the following day, 260 men eventually managed to join Kilpatrick near the Pamunkey River.

Virginia. Union Lieutenant Henry A D Merritt and a small force attacked a Confederate post at Ely’s Ford. They captured two sentries and learned that the outpost reserve was located in a nearby house. They attacked the house and captured the remainder of the Confederates.

Union Organisation

Commander in Chief: President Abraham Lincoln

Vice-President: Hannibal Hamlin

Secretary of War: Edwin McMasters Stanton

Secretary of the Navy: Gideon Welles

North Atlantic Blockading Squadron: Samuel Phillips Lee
South Atlantic Blockading Squadron: John Adolphus Bernard Dahlgren
West Gulf Blockading Squadron: David Glasgow Farragut
East Gulf Blockading Squadron: Theodorus Bailey
Pacific Squadron: John Berrien Montgomery
Mississippi River Squadron: David Dixon Porter
Potomac Flotilla: Andrew Allen Harwood

General–in-Chief: Henry Wager Halleck

Military Division of the Mississippi: Ulysses Simpson Grant

  • Department of the Cumberland: George Henry Thomas
    • District of Nashville: Lovell Harrison Rousseau
    • Army of the Cumberland: George Henry Thomas
      • IV Corps Cumberland: Gordon Granger
      • XIV Corps Cumberland: John McAuley Palmer
      • Cavalry Corps Cumberland: Washington Lafayette Elliott
      • Hooker’s Command Cumberland: Joseph Hooker
        • XI Corps Cumberland: Oliver Otis Howard
        • XII Corps Cumberland: Henry Warner Slocum
  • Department of the Ohio: John McAllister Schofield
    • District of Kentucky: Stephen Gano Burbridge
    • District of Western Kentucky: vacant
    • District of the Clinch: Theophilus Toulmin Garrard
    • Army of the Ohio: John McAllister Schofield
      • IX Corps Ohio: John Grubb Parke
      • XXIII Corps Ohio: George Stoneman
      • Cavalry Corps Ohio: Samuel Davis Sturgis
  • Department of the Tennessee: William Tecumseh Sherman
    • District of West Tennessee: Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
      • Sub-District of Memphis: Ralph Pomeroy Buckland
    • District of Cairo: Hugh Thompson Reid
    • Army of the Tennessee: William Tecumseh Sherman
      • XV Corps Tennessee: John Alexander Logan
      • XVI Corps Tennessee: Napoleon Jackson Tecumseh Dana
        • Left Wing XVI Corps Tennessee: Grenville Mellen Dodge
      • XVII Corps Tennessee: James Birdseye McPherson

Department of Arkansas: Frederick Steele

  • District of Eastern Arkansas: Napoleon Bonaparte Buford
  • District of Northern Arkansas: Robert Ramsey Livingston
  • District of the Frontier: James Gilpatrick Blunt
  • Army of Arkansas: Frederick Steele
    • VII Corps Arkansas: Frederick Steele

Department of the East: John Adams Dix

Department of the Gulf: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks

  • District of Baton Rouge: Philip St George Cooke
  • District of Port Hudson: Daniel Ullmann
  • District of La Fourche: Nicholas Wyckoff Day
  • District of Key West and Tortugas: Daniel Phineas Woodbury
  • Defences of New Orleans: Joseph Jones Reynolds
  • Army of the Gulf: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
    • XIII Corps Gulf: John Alexander McClernand
    • XIX Corps Gulf: William Buel Franklin

Department of Kansas: Samuel Ryan Curtis

  • District of Nebraska Territory: Robert Byington Mitchell
  • District of North Kansas: Thomas Alfred Davies
  • District of South Kansas: Thomas Jefferson McKean
  • District of the Border: William Russell Judson
  • District of Colorado Territory: John Milton Chivington

Middle Department: Henry Hayes Lockwood

  • District of Delaware: Henry Bethel Judd
  • District of the Eastern Shore of Maryland: Henry Hayes Lockwood
  • VIII Corps Middle: Henry Hayes Lockwood

Department of the Missouri: William Starke Rosecrans

  • District of St Louis: vacant
  • District of Southwest Missouri: John Benjamin Sanborn
  • District of North Missouri: Odon Guitar
  • District of Central Missouri: Egbert Benson Brown
  • District of Rolla: Thomas Alfred Davies

Department of the Monongahela: William Thomas Harbaugh Brooks

Department of New Mexico: James Henry Carleton

  • District of Arizona: George Washington Bowie

Northern Department: Samuel Peter Heintzelman

  • District of Indiana: John Smith Simonson

Department of the Northwest: John Pope

  • District of Minnesota: Henry Hastings Sibley
  • District of Wisconsin: Thomas Church Haskell Smith
  • District of Iowa: Alfred Sully

Department of the Pacific: George Wright

  • District of the Humboldt: Henry M Black
  • District of Oregon: Benjamin Alvord
  • District of Southern California: James Freeman Curtis
  • District of Utah: Patrick Edward Connor

Department of the Potomac: George Gordon Meade

  • Army of the Potomac: George Gordon Meade
    • I Corps Potomac: John Newton
    • II Corps Potomac: Gouverneur Kemble Warren
    • III Corps Potomac: William Henry French
    • V Corps Potomac: George Sykes
    • VI Corps Potomac: John Sedgwick
    • Cavalry Corps Potomac: Alfred Pleasonton

Department of the South: Quincy Adams Gillmore

  • Northern District (South): Alfred Howe Terry
  • District of Hilton Head: Joshua Blackwood Howell
  • District of Florida: Truman Seymour
  • District of West Florida: Alexander Asboth
  • X Corps South: Quincy Adams Gillmore

Department of the Susquehanna: Darius Nash Couch

  • Lehigh District: Franz Sigel

Department of Virginia and North Carolina: Benjamin Franklin Butler

  • District of St Mary’s: Gilman Marston
  • District of Currituck: Samuel Henry Roberts
  • District of North Carolina: John James Peck
    • Sub-District of Albemarle: Henry Walton Wessells
    • Sub-District of the Pamlico: Joseph Miller McChesney temporary
    • Sub-District of Beaufort NC: James Jourdan
    • Defences of New Bern: Innis Newton Palmer
  • District of Yorktown: Robert Mayhew West temporary
  • Army of North Carolina: John James Peck
    • XVIII Corps North Carolina: Benjamin Franklin Butler

Department of Washington: Christopher Columbus Augur

  • District of Alexandria: John Potts Slough
  • District of Washington: John Henry Martindale
  • XXII Corps Washington: Christopher Columbus Augur

Department of Western Virginia: Benjamin Franklin Kelley interim Franz Sigel awaited

  • Army of the Kanawha: George Crook

Confederate Organisation

CSA: Edward Porter Alexander confirmed Brigadier-General PACS 1 March 1864 to rank from 26 February 1864.

Alexander, Edward Porter / Georgia / Born 26 May 1835 Washington, Georgia / Died Savannah, Georgia 28 April 1910
USMA 1 July 1857 3/8 Engineers / Engineers 1 July 1857 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 10 October 1858 / Resigned USA 1 May 1861 / Captain PACS Engineers 3 June 1861 / Major PACS 1 July 1861 / Lieutenant-Colonel PACS Artillery 31 December 1861 / Colonel PACS 5 December 1862 / Brigadier-General PACS 1 March 1864 to rank from 26 February 1864 / Paroled Appomattox, Virginia 9 April 1865 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1857 / WIA Gettysburg 2 July 1863 / WIA Petersburg 30 June 1864
Chief Engineer Army of the Potomac 3 June 1861 / Chief of Ordnance Army of the Potomac 22 July 1861 / Chief of Ordnance Army of Northern Virginia June 1862-November 1862 / Chief of Artillery Department of East Tennessee 5 November 1863-7 April 1864

CSA: Claudius Wistar Sears promoted Brigadier-General PACS 7 March 1864 to rank from 1 March 1864.

Sears, Claudius Wistar / Massachusetts-Mississippi / Born 8 November 1817 Peru, Massachusetts / Died Oxford, Mississippi 15 February 1891
USMA 1 July 1841 41/52 Infantry / Cadet USMA 1 July 1837 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 8th US Infantry 1 July 1841 / Resigned USA 10 October 1842 / Private PSCS 17th Mississippi Infantry May 1861 / Captain PACS July 1861 / Colonel PACS 46th Mississippi Infantry 11 December 1862 / Brigadier-General PACS 7 March 1864 to rank from 1 March 1864 / Paroled Nashville, Tennessee 23 June 1865 / CIA Vicksburg 4 July 1863 Exchanged October 1863 WIA Cassville 19 May 1864 WIA Nashville 15 December 1864 CIA Pulaski 21 December 1864
Sears’ Brigade French’s Division III Corps Army of Tennessee 1 April 1864-15 December 1864

CSA: William Feimster Tucker promoted Brigadier-General PACS 7 March 1864 to rank from 1 March 1864.

Tucker, William Feimster / North Carolina-Mississippi / Born 9 May 1827 Iredell, North Carolina / Died Okolona, Mississippi 14 September 1881
Captain Mississippi Militia January 1861 / Captain PACS 11th Mississippi Infantry 13 May 1861 / Colonel PACS 41st Mississippi Infantry 8 May 1862 / Brigadier-General PACS 7 March 1864 to rank from 1 March 1864 / Paroled Jackson, Mississippi 15 May 1865 / WIA Perryville 8 October 1862 WIA Resaca 14 May 1864
J P Anderson’s Brigade Hindman’s Division I Corps Army of Tennessee November 1863-December 1863 / Tucker’s Brigade Hindman’s Division II Corps Army of Northern Virginia March 1864-14 May 1864 / Tucker’s Brigade E Johnson’s Division II Corps Army of Tennessee September 1864 / District of Southern Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana 1 April 1865-4 May 1865

CSA: Richard Lucian Page promoted Brigadier-General PACS (Special) 7 March 1864 to rank from 1 March 1864.

Page, Richard Lucian / Virginia / Born 20 December 1807 Clarke, Virginia / Died Blue Ridge Summit, Pennsylvania 9 August 1901
Midshipman USN 1 March 1824 / Passed Midshipman USN 20 February 1830 / Lieutenant USN 26 March 1834 / Commander USN 14 September 1855 / USS Germantown 1860-1861 / Dismissed USN 18 April 1861 / ADC (J Letcher) 1861 / Captain Virginia Navy 1861 / Commander CSN 23 October 1861 to rank from 26 March 1861 / Captain CSN May 1862 / Colonel PACS Artillery 12 June 1862 / Brigadier-General PACS (Special) 7 March 1864 to rank from 1 March 1864 / Paroled Fort Delaware, Delaware 24 July 1865 / CIA Fort Morgan 23 August 1864
Savannah Squadron 1861-5 March 1862 / Norfolk Navy Yard 7 March 1862 / Savannah Squadron 31 March 1863-13 May 1863 / Charlotte Navy Yard October 1862-1864 / Page’s Brigade District of the Gulf 1 March 1864-23 August 1864

Commander in Chief: President Jefferson Finis Davis

Vice-President: Alexander Hamilton Stephens

Secretary of War: James Alexander Seddon

Secretary of the Navy: Stephen Russell Mallory

Military Adviser to the President: Braxton Bragg

Department of Alabama and East Mississippi: Leonidas Polk

  • Gulf District: Dabney Herndon Maury
  • District of Northern Alabama: Jones Mitchell Withers
  • District of West Tennessee: Nathan Bedford Forrest
  • Army of Mississippi: Leonidas Polk

Department of Henrico: John Henry Winder

Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia: George Edward Pickett

  • District of the Cape Fear River and the Defences of Wilmington: William Henry Chase Whiting

Department of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee

  • Army of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee
    • II Corps Northern Virginia: Richard Stoddert Ewell
    • III Corps Northern Virginia: Ambrose Powell Hill
    • Cavalry Corps Northern Virginia: James Ewell Brown Stuart
  • Valley District: Jubal Anderson Early

Department of Richmond: James Longstreet

Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard

  • District of Georgia: Hugh Weedon Mercer interim Henry Rootes Jackson awaited
  • District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
    • 1st Sub-District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
    • 2nd Sub-District of South Carolina: Johnson Hagood
    • 3rd Sub-District of South Carolina: William Stephen Walker
    • 4th Sub-District of South Carolina: James Heyward Trapier
    • 5th Sub-District of South Carolina: Alfred Moore Rhett
    • 6th Sub-District of South Carolina: Henry Alexander Wise
    • 7th Sub-District of South Carolina: Johnson Hagood
  • District of Florida: James Patton Anderson awaited
  • Defences of Savannah: Jeremy Francis Gilmer

Department of Tennessee: Joseph Eggleston Johnston

  • District of East Tennessee: James Longstreet
    • I Corps Northern Virginia: Lafayette McLaws temporary
  • District of Western North Carolina: James Green Martin
  • Army of Tennessee: Joseph Eggleston Johnston
    • I Corps Tennessee: William Joseph Hardee
    • II Corps Tennessee: John Bell Hood
    • Cavalry Corps Tennessee: Joseph Wheeler

Trans-Allegheny Department: John Cabell Breckinridge

Trans-Mississippi Department: Edmund Kirby Smith

  • District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: John Bankhead Magruder
    • Western Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: Hamilton Prioleau Bee
      • Sub-District of the Rio Grande: Hamilton Prioleau Bee
    • Eastern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: James Edwin Slaughter
    • Sub-District of Houston: Xavier Blanchard Debray
    • Northern Sub-District Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: Henry Eustace McCullough
  • District of Arkansas: Theophilus Hunter Holmes
  • District of West Louisiana: Richard Taylor
  • District of Indian Territory: Douglas Hancock Cooper temporary
  • Trans-Mississippi Army: Edmund Kirby Smith

Union Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

Major-General USA

George Brinton McClellan
John Charles Frémont
Henry Wager Halleck
Ulysses Simpson Grant

Major-General USV

Asterisk indicates concurrently Brigadier-General USA

John Adams Dix
Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
Benjamin Franklin Butler
David Hunter
Ethan Allen Hitchcock
Irvin McDowell*
Ambrose Everett Burnside
William Starke Rosecrans*
Don Carlos Buell
John Pope*
Samuel Ryan Curtis
Franz Sigel
John Alexander McClernand
Lewis Wallace
George Henry Thomas*
George Cadwalader
William Tecumseh Sherman*
Edward Otho Cresap Ord
Samuel Peter Heintzelman
Erasmus Darwin Keyes
Joseph Hooker*
Silas Casey
William Buel Franklin
Darius Nash Couch
Henry Warner Slocum
John James Peck
John Sedgwick
Alexander McDowell McCook
Thomas Leonidas Crittenden
John Gray Foster
John Grubb Parke
Christopher Columbus Augur
Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
Gordon Granger
Lovell Harrison Rousseau
James Birdseye McPherson*
George Stoneman
George Gordon Meade*
Oliver Otis Howard
Daniel Edgar Sickles
Robert Huston Milroy
Daniel Butterfield
Winfield Scott Hancock
George Sykes
William Henry French
David Sloane Stanley
James Scott Negley
John McAllister Schofield
John McAuley Palmer
Frederick Steele
Abner Doubleday
Napoleon Jackson Tecumseh Dana
Richard James Oglesby
John Alexander Logan
James Gilpatrick Blunt
George Lucas Hartsuff
Cadwallader Colden Washburn
Francis Jay Herron
Francis Preston Blair
Joseph Jones Reynolds
Philip Henry Sheridan
Julius Stahel
Carl Schurz
John Newton
Gouverneur Kemble Warren
David Bell Birney
William Thomas Harbaugh Brooks
Alfred Pleasonton
Andrew Atkinson Humphreys
Quincy Adams Gillmore

Brigadier-General USA

Brackets indicates concurrently Major-General USV

(Irvin McDowell)
(William Starke Rosecrans)
Philip St George Cooke
(John Pope)
(Joseph Hooker)
(George Gordon Meade)
(William Tecumseh Sherman)
(James Birdseye McPherson)
(George Henry Thomas)

Brigadier-General USV

Andrew Porter
Charles Pomeroy Stone
Thomas West Sherman
William Reading Montgomery
Benjamin Franklin Kelley
Jacob Dolson Cox
Alpheus Starkey Williams
James Brewerton Ricketts
Orlando Bolivar Willcox
Henry Hayes Lockwood
James Samuel Wadsworth
George Webb Morell
John Henry Martindale
Samuel Davis Sturgis
Henry Washington Benham
William Farrar Smith
William Farquhar Barry
John Joseph Abercrombie
Lawrence Pike Graham
Eleazar Arthur Paine
Willis Arnold Gorman
Horatio Gouverneur Wright
William Thomas Ward
John Gross Barnard
Innis Newton Palmer
Seth Williams
George Wright
John Milton Brannan
John Porter Hatch
Albin Francisco Schoepf
Thomas John Wood
Richard W Johnson
Adolph Wilhelm August Friedrich Von Steinwehr
George Washington Cullum
Thomas Jefferson McKean
Zealous Bates Tower
Jefferson Columbus Davis
James Henry Lane
William Scott Ketchum
John Wynn Davidson
Henry Morris Naglee
Andrew Johnson
James Gallant Spears
Eugene Asa Carr
Thomas Alfred Davies
Daniel Tyler
William Hemsley Emory
Andrew Jackson Smith
Marsena Rudolph Patrick
Orris Sanford Ferry
Daniel Phineas Woodbury
Henry Moses Judah
John Cook
John McArthur
Jacob Gartner Lauman
Horatio Phillips Van Cleve
Speed Smith Fry
Alexander Asboth
James Craig
Mahlon Dickerson Manson
Edward Richard Sprigg Canby
Grenville Mellen Dodge
Robert Byington Mitchell
Cuvier Grover
Rufus Saxton
Benjamin Alvord
Napoleon Bonaparte Buford
William Sooy Smith
Nathan Kimball
Charles Devens
Samuel Wylie Crawford
Henry Walton Wessells
Milo Smith Hascall
John White Geary
Alfred Howe Terry
James Henry Carleton
Absalom Baird
John Cleveland Robinson
Truman Seymour
Henry Prince
Maximilian Weber
Jeremiah Cutler Sullivan
Alvin Peterson Hovey
James Clifford Veatch
William Plummer Benton
John Curtis Caldwell
Neal Dow
George Sears Greene
Samuel Powhatan Carter
John Gibbon
Erastus Barnard Tyler
Charles Griffin
George Henry Gordon
James Madison Tuttle
Julius White
Peter Joseph Osterhaus
Stephen Gano Burbridge
Washington Lafayette Elliott
Albion Parris Howe
Benjamin Stone Roberts
Jacob Ammen
Fitz-Henry Warren
Morgan Lewis Smith
Charles Cruft
Frederick Salomon
John Basil Turchin
Henry Shaw Briggs
James Dada Morgan
Johann August Ernst Willich
Henry Dwight Terry
James Blair Steedman
George Foster Shepley
John Reese Kenly
John Potts Slough
Godfrey Weitzel
George Crook
Gershom Mott
Henry Jackson Hunt
Francis Channing Barlow
Mason Brayman
Nathaniel James Jackson
George Washington Getty
Alfred Sully
William Woods Averell
Alexander Hays
Francis Barretto Spinola
John Henry Hobart Ward
Solomon Meredith
James Bowen
Eliakim Parker Scammon
Robert Seaman Granger
Joseph Rodman West
Alfred Washington Ellet
George Leonard Andrews
Clinton Bowen Fisk
William Hays
Israel Vogdes
David Allen Russell
Lewis Cass Hunt
Frank Wheaton
John Sanford Mason
David McMurtrie Gregg
Robert Ogden Tyler
Alfred Thomas Archimedes Torbert
Gilman Marston
William Dwight
Sullivan Amory Meredith
Nathaniel Collins McLean
William Vandever
Alexander Schimmelfennig
Charles Kinnaird Graham
John Eugene Smith
Joseph Tarr Copeland
Charles Adam Heckman
Edward Elmer Potter
Thomas Algeo Rowley
Henry Beebee Carrington
John Haskell King
Adam Jacoby Slemmer
Thomas Hewson Neill
Thomas Gamble Pitcher
Thomas William Sweeny
William Passmore Carlin
Romeyn Beck Ayres
William Babcock Hazen
Joseph Anthony Mower
Richard Arnold
Edward Winslow Hinks
Michael Kelly Lawler
George Day Wagner
Lysander Cutler
Joseph Farmer Knipe
John Dunlap Stevenson
James Barnes
Theophilus Toulmin Garrard
Edward Harland
Samuel Beatty
Isaac Jones Wistar
Franklin Stillman Nickerson
Edward Henry Hobson
Ralph Pomeroy Buckland
Joseph Dana Webster
William Ward Orme
William Harrow
William Hopkins Morris
Thomas Howard Ruger
Thomas Edward Greenfield Ransom
Elias Smith Dennis
Thomas Church Haskell Smith
Mortimer Dormer Leggett
Davis Tillson
Hector Tyndale
Albert Lindley Lee
Charles Leopold Matthies
Marcellus Monroe Crocker
Egbert Benson Brown
John McNeil
George Francis McGinnis
Hugh Boyle Ewing
James Winning McMillan
Daniel Ullmann
George Jerrison Stannard
Henry Baxter
John Milton Thayer
Charles Thomas Campbell
Halbert Eleazer Paine
Hugh Thompson Reid
Robert Brown Potter
Thomas Ewing
Joseph Andrew Jackson Lightburn
Thomas Greely Stevenson
Henry Hastings Sibley
Joseph Bradford Carr
Joseph Jackson Bartlett
Joshua Thomas Owen
Patrick Edward Connor
John Parker Hawkins
Gabriel René Paul
Edward Augustus Wild
Edward Ferrero
Adelbert Ames
William Birney
Daniel Henry Rucker
Robert Allen
Rufus Ingalls
Gustavus Adolphus De Russy
Alexander Shaler
Benjamin Henry Grierson
Robert Sanford Foster
Hugh Judson Kilpatrick
Alexander Stewart Webb
Alfred Napoleon Alexander Duffié
Walter Chiles Whitaker
Wesley Merritt
George Armstrong Custer
William Denison Whipple
John Converse Starkweather
Kenner Garrard
Charles Robert Woods
John Benjamin Sanborn
Giles Alexander Smith
Samuel Allen Rice
Jasper Adalmorn Maltby
Thomas Kilby Smith
Walter Quintin Gresham
Manning Ferguson Force
Robert Alexander Cameron
John Murray Corse
John Aaron Rawlins
Alexander Chambers
Alvan Cullem Gillem
James Clay Rice
John Wesley Turner
Henry Lawrence Eustis
Henry Eugene Davies
Andrew Jackson Hamilton
Henry Warner Birge
Charles Garrison Harker
James Hewitt Ledlie
James Harrison Wilson
Adin Ballou Underwood
Augustus Louis Chetlain
Thomas Francis Meagher
William Anderson Pile
John Wallace Fuller
John Franklin Miller
Philippe Régis Dénis de Keredern De Trobriand
Cyrus Bussey
Christopher Columbus Andrews

Brigadier-General USA (Staff)

Montgomery Cunningham Meigs (Quartermaster-General)
Lorenzo Thomas
William Alexander Hammond (Surgeon-General)
Joseph Pannell Taylor (Commissary-General of Subsistence
Joseph Gilbert Totten (Engineers)
George Douglas Ramsay (Ordnance)

Confederate Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission


Samuel Cooper
Robert Edward Lee
Joseph Eggleston Johnston
Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
Braxton Bragg
Edmund Kirby Smith

Lieutenant-General PACS

James Longstreet
Leonidas Polk
Theophilus Hunter Holmes
William Joseph Hardee
John Clifford Pemberton
Richard Stoddert Ewell
Ambrose Powell Hill
John Bell Hood

Major-General PACS

Benjamin Huger
John Bankhead Magruder
Mansfield Lovell
William Wing Loring
Sterling Price
Benjamin Franklin Cheatham
Samuel Jones
John Porter McCown
Daniel Harvey Hill
Thomas Carmichael Hindman
John Cabell Breckinridge
Lafayette McLaws
Richard Heron Anderson
James Ewell Brown Stuart
Richard Taylor
Simon Bolivar Buckner
Samuel Gibbs French
George Edward Pickett
Carter Littlepage Stevenson
John Horace Forney
Dabney Herndon Maury
Martin Luther Smith
John George Walker
Arnold Elzey
Patrick Ronayne Cleburne
Franklin Gardner
Isaac Ridgeway Trimble
Jubal Anderson Early
Joseph Wheeler
Edward Johnson
William Henry Chase Whiting
Robert Emmett Rodes
William Henry Talbot Walker
Henry Heth
Robert Ransom
Alexander Peter Stewart
Jones Mitchell Withers
Stephen Dill Lee
Cadmus Marcellus Wilcox
Wade Hampton
Fitzhugh Lee
Howell Cobb
John Austin Wharton
William Thompson Martin
Nathan Bedford Forrest
Charles William Field
James Patton Anderson
William Brimage Bate

Brigadier-General PACS

Alexander Robert Lawton
Henry Alexander Wise
Henry Hopkins Sibley
John Henry Winder
Gideon Johnson Pillow
Daniel Ruggles
Roswell Sabine Ripley
Paul Octave Hébert
Albert Gallatin Blanchard
Gabriel James Rains
Thomas Fenwick Drayton
Nathan George Evans
James Heyward Trapier
Hugh Weedon Mercer
William Montgomery Gardner
William Mahone
Raleigh Edward Colston
John King Jackson
Bushrod Rust Johnson
George Wythe Randolph
Joseph Brevard Kershaw
James Ronald Chalmers
Daniel Leadbetter
William Whann Mackall
Winfield Scott Featherston
Thomas James Churchill
William Booth Taliaferro
Albert Rust
Samuel Bell Maxey
Hamilton Prioleau Bee
James Morrison Hawes
George Hume Steuart
James Edwin Slaughter
Seth Maxwell Barton
Henry Eustace McCullough
John Selden Roane
States Rights Gist
William Nelson Pendleton
Joseph Finegan
William Nelson Rector Beall
Thomas Jordan
William Preston
John Echols
George Earl Maney
Jean Jacques Alfred Alexandre Mouton
John Stuart Williams
James Green Martin
Thomas Lanier Clingman
Daniel Weisiger Adams
Louis Hébert
Ambrose Ransom Wright
James Lawson Kemper
James Jay Archer
Beverley Holcombe Robertson
St John Richardson Liddell
Johnson Hagood
Micah Jenkins
Harry Thompson Hays
Albert Gallatin Jenkins
Matthew Duncan Ector
Edward Aylesworth Perry
John Gregg
John Calvin Brown
Alfred Holt Colquitt
Junius Daniel
Abraham Buford
William Steele
James Fleming Fagan
William Read Scurry
Francis Asbury Shoup
Joseph Robert Davis
William Henry Fitzhugh Lee
William Edmondson Jones
John Crawford Vaughn
Evander McIvor Law
Elkanah Brackin Greer
Francis Redding Tillou Nicholls
Alfred Cumming
William Stephen Walker
George Pierce Doles
Montgomery Dent Corse
George Thomas Anderson
Alfred Iverson
James Henry Lane
Edward Lloyd Thomas
Stephen Dodson Ramseur
John Rogers Cooke
Jerome Bonaparte Robertson
Evander McNair
Archibald Gracie
William Robertson Boggs
James Camp Tappan
Dandridge McRae
Mosby Monroe Parsons
John Pegram
John Sappington Marmaduke
John Hunt Morgan
Marcus Joseph Wright
Zachariah Cantey Deas
Lucius Eugene Polk
Edward Cary Walthall
John Adams
William Hicks Jackson
James Cantey
Camille Armand Jules Marie de Polignac
Robert Frederick Hoke
Henry Lewis Benning
William Tatum Wofford
Samuel McGowan
Marcellus Augustus Stovall
George Blake Cosby
Francis Crawford Armstrong
William Lewis Cabell
John Daniel Imboden
Alfred Eugene Jackson
Robert Brank Vance
Henry Delamar Clayton
Arthur Middleton Manigault
Douglas Hancock Cooper
John Brown Gordon
John Wilkins Whitfield
James Alexander Walker
John Marshall Jones
Thomas Green
Matthew Whitaker Ransom
Alfred Moore Scales
George Washington Custis Lee
Henry Harrison Walker
Gabriel Colvin Wharton
Francis Marion Cockrell
James Patrick Major
Samuel Wragg Ferguson
Lunsford Lindsay Lomax
Laurence Simmons Baker
Otho French Strahl
Philip Dale Roddey
Eppa Hunton
Thomas Pleasant Dockery
Benjamin Grubb Humphreys
Henry Brevard Davidson
Cullen Andrews Battle
William Andrew Quarles
William Whedbee Kirkland
Goode Bryan
Matthew Calbraith Butler
Williams Carter Wickham
Robert Daniel Johnston
Abner Monroe Perrin
Alexander Welch Reynolds
Thomas Neville Waul
Edmund Winston Pettus
Armistead Lindsay Long
Henry Rootes Jackson
William Wirt Adams
Thomas Lafayette Rosser
Pierce Manning Butler Young
James Byron Gordon
James Argyle Smith
Joseph Horace Lewis
Mark Perrin Lowrey
Leroy Augustus Stafford
Edward Higgins
John Tyler Morgan
John Herbert Kelly
William Young Conn Humes
Jesse Johnson Finley
James Holt Clanton
Alfred Jefferson Vaughan
Joseph Orville Shelby
John Randolph Chambliss
Robert Hall Chilton
Lawrence Sullivan Ross
Daniel Chevilette Govan
Randall Lee Gibson
Clement Hoffman Stevens
Nathaniel Harrison Harris
Allen Thomas
Alexander Travis Hawthorn
Robert Charles Tyler
Edward Porter Alexander
William Wirt Allen
Hiram Bronson Granbury
Claudius Wistar Sears
William Feimster Tucker
Richard Lucian Page

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