1864 June 27th

June 27 1864 Monday

Battle of Kennesaw Mountain, GA (CWSAC Major Battle – Confederate Victory)

Atlanta Campaign – Kennesaw
Siege of Petersburg
Early’s Shenandoah Campaign
Sheridan’s Trevilian Raid
Kautz’s and Wilson’s Southern Virginia Raid

Go to June 28 1864

Bahamas. USS Proteus, Commander Robert W Shufeldt, seized the British blockade-running steamer Jupiter northwest of Man-of-War Cay. The ship’s cargo was thrown overboard before capture.

Alabama. Union troops pursued Confederates from Big Cove Valley, six miles northeast of Huntsville, into the hills near Blevingston Gap

Arkansas. Union reconnaissance from Brownsville to St Charles began.

Arkansas. Incident at Clarendon.

Georgia. Skirmishes at Olley’s Creek, Noonday Creek, and Cheney’s Farm.

Georgia. USS Nipsic, Lieutenant-Commander Alexander F Crosman, captured the sloop Julia off Sapelo Sound, with a cargo of salt.

Kennesaw Mountain, Georgia. Union Major-General William Tecumseh Sherman was sure that Confederate General Joseph Eggleston Johnston had overstretched his lines on Kennesaw Mountain and decided to make a frontal attack in the supposedly-weakened Confederate centre, assisted by diversions on both flanks. The main objective was to take the Confederate fortifications on and southwest of Kennesaw Mountain.
The Union Army of the Tennessee (Major-General James Birdseye McPherson) made a diversion on the right flank, and also made an actual attack on the southern part of Kennesaw Mountain. The Army of the Cumberland (Major-General George Henry Thomas) attacked south of the Dallas Road. Meanwhile, the Army of the Ohio (Major-General John McAllister Schofield) was directed to make a feint south of Kolb’s farm. Strict secrecy was maintained as Sherman’s men prepared the attack. The advance was to be preceded by a bombardment from every available gun, focused on two key points. The lesser objective was the lower southwest slope of Little Kennesaw Mountain and the main target was the higher Big Kennesaw Mountain, which stood taller to the east, overlooking the curve of the Western & Atlantic Railroad. The sector on either side of the Burnt Hickory Road was assigned to two of McPherson’s divisions. The main effort would be made by two of Thomas’ divisions a mile further south. Thomas’ assault would proceed along and to the right of the Dallas Road. More divisions were held in reserve to exploit the success of the four attacking divisions by driving over and around the mountain to Marietta. On Thomas’ right, Schofield, reinforced by Major-General Joseph Hooker’s XX Corps, would demonstrate and feint between Powder Springs and Smyrna. The far right flank was guarded by the cavalry division of Major-General George Stoneman. The left flank was screened by Brigadier-General Kenner Garrard’s cavalry division around Brush Mountain and north-westwards. The cavalry division of Brigadier-General Edward Moody McCook protected the railroad towards Big Shanty in the rear.
At 8 am, the Union artillery opened a furious and intense bombardment for two hours with over 200 guns firing primarily on the Confederate works on the two peaks of Kennesaw Mountain and also at points along the entire Confederate line. The intention was to disguise the proposed point of attack. The Confederate artillery responded sparingly to conserve ammunition. At 8.30 am, the general advance on the Confederate centre on Kennesaw Mountain began. As the Union infantry began moving soon afterward, the Confederates quickly determined that most of the eight-mile wide advance consisted of demonstrations and that the most determined assault was aimed at the central sector. The first of the Union assaults began at around 8.30 am with the three brigades of Union Brigadier-General Morgan Lewis Smith’s 2nd Division of Major-General John Alexander Logan’s XV Corps. They attacked Major-General Samuel Gibb French’s division from Major-General William Wing Loring’s Corps at the lower southern end of Little Kennesaw Mountain, and at the spur known as Pigeon Hill near the Burnt Hickory Road. If Smith’s attack succeeded, the occupation of Pigeon Hill would isolate the bulk of Loring’s Corps on Kennesaw Mountain. The three Union brigades were disrupted by their approach through dense thickets up steep and rocky slopes, and by their ignorance of the terrain. About 5,500 Union troops in two dense columns of regiments on a narrow frontage of 200 yards moved against about 5,000 well-entrenched Confederate soldiers. On the right wing of Smith’s attack, the brigade of Brigadier-General Joseph Andrew Jackson Lightburn was forced to advance knee-deep through a swamp and was stopped by enfilading fire, well short of the Confederate breastworks on the southern end of Pigeon Hill. They were able to overrun the rifle pits in front of the works south of the Burnt Hickory Road but could not pierce the main Confederate line. To their left, the brigades of Colonel Charles Carroll Walcutt and Brigadier-General Giles Alexander Smith crossed difficult terrain interrupted by steep cliffs and scattered with huge rocks to approach the Confederate brigade of Brigadier-General Francis Cockrell. Some troops were able to reach as far as the abattis, but most were forced to halt no nearer than thirty yards short of the enemy line, and began firing from behind trees and rocks. When Logan rode forward to judge their progress, he determined that the effort was futile and ordered Walcutt and Smith to withdraw and entrench behind the gorge that separated the lines.
The main effort was carried out between one and two miles to the south astride the Dallas Road by Major-General John Newton’s division of Major-General Oliver Otis Howard’s IV Corps, and Brigadier-General Jefferson Columbus Davis’ division of Major-General John McAuley Palmer’s XIV Corps. They were behind schedule when their main attack began at 9 am against Lieutenant-General William Joseph Hardee’s Corps. This allowed the Confederate artillery on Kennesaw Mountain to switch its fire from Smith’s attack to that of Newton and Davis. To achieve concentration, the two divisions advanced with about 9,000 men in a column formation protected by dense skirmish lines rather than in the conventional line of battle. They were opposed by the Confederate division of Major-General Benjamin Franklin Cheatham entrenched on an elevation later renamed “Cheatham Hill.” On Newton’s left, one of his brigades under Brigadier-General George Day Wagner struggled through dense undergrowth and was unable to break through the abattis under fierce rifle fire. On Wagner’s right, Brigadier-General Charles Garrison Harker’s brigade charged the enemy brigade of Brigadier-General Alfred Jefferson Vaughn and was repulsed. During a second charge, Harker was mortally wounded. Newton held onto the captured outpost lines until he could be relieved by Major-General David Sloan Stanley’s division (1/IV).
On Davis’ front to the right of Newton, the attack was led by the brigades of Colonel Daniel McCook (3/2/XIV) and Colonel John Grant Mitchell (2/2/XIV). While an assault in column offered the opportunity for a quick breakthrough by concentrating the troops, it also offered a denser target to the enemy guns. Davis’ orders were ordered to advance silently, capture the works by surprise, and then cheer to give a signal to the reserve divisions to move forward. The reserve troops would push through the breakthrough to secure the railroad, severing the Confederate army in two. McCook’s brigade advanced down a slope to a creek and then crossed a wheat field to ascend the slope of Cheatham Hill. When they arrived within a few yards of the Confederate works, the line halted, crouched, and opened fire. The Confederate counterfire was too strong to suppress, and McCook’s brigade lost heavy casualties. Among the casualties were two successive brigade commanders (McCook and then Colonel Oscar F Harmon). Nearly all of the brigade’s field officers and a third of its men fell. McCook was killed on the Confederate parapet. Colonel Caleb James Dilworth assumed command next and led a gallant but unsuccessful continuation of the advance. Colonel John Grant Mitchell’s brigade failed to break through on McCook’s right because of the heat, difficult terrain, and strong defensive positions. Confederate resistance was determined and broke up every attack on this sector and they suffered similarly heavy losses. After ferocious hand-to-hand fighting, the Union troops dug in facing the Confederates, with their advance petering out to sharpshooting around 10:45 am. This place was renamed the “Dead Angle.” The fighting ended entirely by noon, but the Union attackers were at risk of heavy losses if they retreated in daylight. Davis dug in within yards of the enemy lines and held out for two more days. Union Major-General John White Geary’s division of Hooker’s XX Corps advanced unsuccessfully on the right of Davis’ division but did not coordinate with Davis’ attack.
The Confederate defence was conducted primarily by Cheatham’s division (195 casualties) and French’s division (186 casualties) supported by a part of Major-General Patrick Ronayne Cleburne’s division. Loring’s own division was temporarily under Brigadier-General Winfield Scott Featherston and Major-General Edward Cary Walthall’s division also participated (with 171 casualties between them).
Considerably farther to the right, the only Union success of the day was gained by Schofield’s Army of the Ohio. Schofield’s diversion resumed at Olley’s Creek, as Colonel Daniel Cameron’s Union brigade (2/3/XXIII) crossed the bridge built by Colonel Byrd’s brigade (3/3/XXIII) and secured a lodgement on the Confederate left flank. The two brigades gained a lodgement across Olley’s Creek without resistance. Their movement, along with an advance by Stoneman’s cavalry division on Schofield’s right, placed Union troops within five miles of the Chattahoochee River, the last of the rivers protecting the approach to Atlanta.
Sherman was not deterred by the heavy losses and he twice asked Thomas to renew the assault. Thomas warned that more futile attacks would exhaust his army’s offensive capacity. He recommended an approach by siege works but Sherman would not accept the delays that would arise. The costly assault at Kennesaw Mountain was a significant setback for the Union but Schofield’s advance gained an unexpected positional advantage which Sherman quickly decided to exploit. Sherman asked Thomas during the evening whether he could disengage and abandon his supply line in order to move around the right flank to Fulton. Fulton was two miles south of Smyrna Station on the Western & Atlantic Railroad and within three miles of the Chattahoochee River. Thomas considered the movement a risky one but he preferred iit over launching another futile assault against the Confederate breastworks.
Union casualties were estimated by Sherman as 2,500 men, but estimates have ranged from as low as 1,999 to as high as 5,000 or even 7,500 men out of 16,225 engaged; at least 2,041 men were lost in the main attacks by Thomas’ army and the total was probably around 3,000 men. The Confederate loss was estimated at between 552 and 1,733 men but it was probably under 1,000 in all. (CWSAC Major Battle – Confederate Victory)

Kentucky. Confederate guerrillas, while assembling to capture a Union wagon train, raided the town of Crittenden.

Mississippi. Incident at Guntown.

Missouri. Skirmish with Confederate guerrillas at Dunksburg.

Virginia. Incidents at Deep Bottom, Milford Station, and Columbia Grove.

Virginia. Confederate Lieutenant-General Jubal Anderson Early reorganised his forces in the Shenandoah Valley during a rest day at Staunton. He formed his four divisions of 10,000 infantrymen into two unofficial corps, each comprising two divisions. One corps was assigned to Major-General Robert Emmett Rodes with the divisions of Major-General Stephen Dodson Ramseur and Brigadier-General Cullen Andrews Battle (formerly Rodes’ own). The other corps was assigned to Major-General John Cabell Breckinridge with the divisions of Major-General John Brown Gordon and Brigadier-General John Echols (formerly Breckinridge’s own). Four independent cavalry brigades were consolidated into three new brigades and as one division of 4,000 men. The cavalry was assigned to Major-General Robert Ransom, who had been sent from Richmond to bring discipline and a more conventional fighting style to the former raiders and partisan rangers drawn from western Virginia. Early consolidated his artillery so that forty guns accompanied the infantry and ten light guns supported the cavalry.

Union Organisation

USA: The District of the Monongahela was established in the Department of the Susquehanna, comprising the state of Pennsylvania west of Laurel Hill and Columbiana, Belmont, and Jefferson counties in Ohio.
USA: Brigadier-General Thomas Algeo Rowley assumed command of the District of the Monongahela.

USA: Colonel Thomas Jonathan Coffin Amory (17th Massachusetts Infantry) assumed command of the Sub-District of Beaufort (North Carolina), succeeding Colonel James Jourdan.

USA: Major-General Winfield Scott Hancock assumed command of II Corps (Potomac), succeeding Major-General David Bell Birney.

USA: Brigadier-General Charles Garrison Harker was killed at Kennesaw Mountain, Georgia.

USA: Brigadier-General Henry Lawrence Eustis resigned due to ill health, suspected to have arisen from misuse of opium.

USA: Colonel Daniel McCook (Brigadier-General USV posthumously 16 July 1864) was mortally wounded at Kennesaw Mountain, Georgia.

Commander in Chief: President Abraham Lincoln
Vice-President: Hannibal Hamlin
Secretary of War: Edwin McMasters Stanton
Secretary of the Navy: Gideon Welles

North Atlantic Blockading Squadron: Samuel Phillips Lee
South Atlantic Blockading Squadron: John Adolphus Bernard Dahlgren
West Gulf Blockading Squadron: David Glasgow Farragut
East Gulf Blockading Squadron: Theodorus Bailey
Pacific Squadron: John Berrien Montgomery
Mississippi River Squadron: David Dixon Porter
Potomac Flotilla: Andrew Allen Harwood

General–in-Chief: Ulysses Simpson Grant

Military Division of the Mississippi: William Tecumseh Sherman

  • Department of the Cumberland: George Henry Thomas
    • District of Tennessee: Lovell Harrison Rousseau
    • District of Western Kentucky: Eleazer Arthur Paine
    • District of Northern Alabama: Robert Seaman Granger
    • District of Etowah: James Blair Steedman
    • Army of the Cumberland: George Henry Thomas
      • IV Corps Cumberland: Oliver Otis Howard
      • XIV Corps Cumberland: John McAuley Palmer
      • XX Corps Cumberland: Joseph Hooker
      • Cavalry Corps Cumberland: Washington Lafayette Elliott
  • Department of the Ohio: John McAllister Schofield
    • District of East Tennessee: Jacob Ammen
    • District of Kentucky: Stephen Gano Burbridge
    • Army of the Ohio: John McAllister Schofield
      • XXIII Corps Ohio: John McAllister Schofield
  • Department of the Tennessee: James Birdseye McPherson
    • District of West Tennessee: Benjamin Henry Grierson
      • Sub-District of Memphis: Ralph Pomeroy Buckland
    • District of Vicksburg: Henry Warner Slocum
    • Army of the Tennessee: James Birdseye McPherson
      • XV Corps Tennessee: John Alexander Logan
      • XVI Corps Tennessee: vacant
        • Right Wing XVI Corps Tennessee: Andrew Jackson Smith
        • Left Wing XVI Corps Tennessee: Grenville Mellen Dodge
      • XVII Corps Tennessee: Francis Preston Blair

Military Division of West Mississippi: Edward Richard Sprigg Canby

  • Department of Arkansas: Frederick Steele
    • District of Eastern Arkansas: Napoleon Bonaparte Buford
    • District of Little Rock: Eugene Asa Carr
    • District of the Frontier: John Milton Thayer
    • Army of Arkansas: Frederick Steele
      • VII Corps Arkansas: Frederick Steele
  • Department of the Gulf: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
    • District of Baton Rouge: William Plummer Benton
    • District of Port Hudson: John McNeil
    • District of La Fourche: Robert Alexander Cameron
    • District of Morganza: Joseph Jones Reynolds
    • District of Carrollton: Nelson B Bartram
    • District of West Florida: Alexander Asboth
    • District of Key West and Tortugas: Daniel Phineas Woodbury
    • Defences of New Orleans: Thomas West Sherman
    • Army of the Gulf: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
      • XIX Corps Gulf: William Hemsley Emory
      • Reserve Corps Gulf: Gordon Granger
  • Department of the Missouri: William Starke Rosecrans
    • District of St Louis: vacant
    • District of Southwest Missouri: John Benjamin Sanborn
    • District of North Missouri: Clinton Bowen Fisk
    • District of Central Missouri: Egbert Benson Brown
    • District of Rolla: Odon Guitar

Department of the East: John Adams Dix

Department of Kansas: George Sykes

  • District of Nebraska Territory: Robert Byington Mitchell
  • District of North Kansas: Thomas Alfred Davies
  • District of South Kansas: Thomas Jefferson McKean
  • District of the Border: William Russell Judson
  • District of Colorado Territory: John Milton Chivington

Middle Department: Lewis Wallace

  • District of Delaware: John Reese Kenly
  • District of the Eastern Shore of Maryland: Henry Hayes Lockwood
  • VIII Corps Middle: Lewis Wallace

Department of New Mexico: James Henry Carleton

  • District of Arizona: George Washington Bowie

Northern Department: Samuel Peter Heintzelman

  • District of Indiana: Henry Beebe Carrington

Department of the Northwest: John Pope

  • District of Minnesota: Henry Hastings Sibley
  • District of Wisconsin: Thomas Church Haskell Smith
  • District of Iowa: Alfred Sully

Department of the Pacific: Irvin McDowell

  • District of the Humboldt: Henry M Black
  • District of Oregon: Benjamin Alvord
  • District of Southern California: James Freeman Curtis
  • District of Utah: Patrick Edward Connor

Department of the Potomac: George Gordon Meade

  • Army of the Potomac: George Gordon Meade
    • II Corps Potomac: Winfield Scott Hancock
    • V Corps Potomac: Gouverneur Kemble Warren
    • VI Corps Potomac: Horatio Gouverneur Wright
    • IX Corps Potomac: Ambrose Everett Burnside
    • Cavalry Corps Potomac: Philip Henry Sheridan

Department of the South: John Gray Foster

  • Northern District (South): Alexander Schimmelfennig
  • District of Beaufort (SC): Rufus Saxton
  • District of Hilton Head: John Porter Hatch
  • District of Florida: William Birney

Department of the Susquehanna: Darius Nash Couch

  • Lehigh District: Franz Sigel
  • District of the Monongahela: Thomas Algeo Rowley

Department of Virginia and North Carolina: Benjamin Franklin Butler

  • District of St Mary’s: Alonzo Granville Draper
  • District of Eastern Virginia: George Foster Shepley
  • District of Currituck: Samuel Henry Roberts
  • District of North Carolina: Innis Newton Palmer
    • Sub-District of Beaufort NC: Thomas Jonathan Coffin Amory
    • Sub-District of New Bern: Edward Harland
  • Army of the James: Benjamin Franklin Butler
    • X Corps James: William Thomas Harbaugh Brooks temporary
    • XVIII Corps James: William Farrar Smith

Department of Washington: Christopher Columbus Augur

  • District of Alexandria: John Potts Slough
  • District of Washington: Moses N Wisewell
  • XXII Corps Washington: Christopher Columbus Augur

Department of Western Virginia: David Hunter

  • District of Harper’s Ferry: Franz Sigel
  • Army of the Kanawha: George Crook
  • Army of the Shenandoah: David Hunter

Confederate Generals

CSA: “I Corps (Valley)” was established unofficially in the “Army of the Valley” from parts of II Corps (Northern Virginia).
CSA: Major-General Robert Emmett Rodes assumed command of “I Corps (Valley)”.

CSA: “II Corps (Valley)” was established unofficially in the “Army of the Valley” from parts of II Corps (Northern Virginia).
CSA: Major-General John Cabell Breckinridge assumed command of “II Corps (Valley)”.

Commander in Chief: President Jefferson Finis Davis
Vice-President: Alexander Hamilton Stephens
Secretary of War: James Alexander Seddon
Secretary of the Navy: Stephen Russell Mallory

Military Adviser to the President: Braxton Bragg

Department of Alabama and East Mississippi: Stephen Dill Lee

  • District of Mississippi and East Louisiana: John S Scott
  • Gulf District: Dabney Herndon Maury
  • District of Northern Alabama: Jones Mitchell Withers
  • District of West Tennessee: Nathan Bedford Forrest

Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard

  • First District of North Carolina and Southern Virginia: Henry Alexander Wise
  • Second District of North Carolina and Southern Virginia: Laurence Simmons Baker
  • Third District of North Carolina and Southern Virginia: William Henry Chase Whiting

Department of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee

  • Army of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee
    • I Corps Northern Virginia: Richard Heron Anderson temporary
    • III Corps Northern Virginia: Ambrose Powell Hill
    • Cavalry Northern Virginia: Wade Hampton
  • Valley District: Jubal Anderson Early
    • Army of the Valley (II Corps Northern Virginia): Jubal Anderson Early
      • I Corps Valley: Robert Emmett Rodes
      • II Corps Valley: John Cabell Breckinridge

Department of Richmond: Richard Stoddert Ewell

Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida: Samuel Jones

  • District of Georgia: Henry Rootes Jackson
  • District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
    • 1st Sub-District of South Carolina: Nathan George Evans
    • 2nd Sub-District of South Carolina: Beverley Holcombe Robertson
    • 3rd Sub-District of South Carolina: Thomas Jordan
    • 4th Sub-District of South Carolina: James Heyward Trapier
    • 6th Sub-District of South Carolina: Henry Alexander Wise
    • 7th Sub-District of South Carolina: William Booth Taliaferro
  • District of Florida: James Patton Anderson
  • Defences of Savannah: Lafayette McLaws

Department of Tennessee: Joseph Eggleston Johnston

  • District of Western North Carolina: James Green Martin
  • Army of Tennessee: Joseph Eggleston Johnston
    • I Corps Tennessee: William Joseph Hardee
    • II Corps Tennessee: John Bell Hood
    • III Corps Tennessee: William Wing Loring temporary
    • Cavalry Corps Tennessee: Joseph Wheeler

Trans-Allegheny Department: John Hunt Morgan

Trans-Mississippi Department: Edmund Kirby Smith

  • District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: John Bankhead Magruder
    • Western Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: Thomas Fenwick Drayton
      • Sub-District of the Rio Grande: Hamilton Prioleau Bee
    • Eastern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: William Steele
    • Sub-District of Houston: Xavier Blanchard Debray
    • Northern Sub-District Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: Henry Eustace McCullough
  • District of Arkansas: Sterling Price
  • District of West Louisiana: John George Walker
  • District of Indian Territory: Samuel Bell Maxey
  • Trans-Mississippi Army: Edmund Kirby Smith

Reserve Forces of Alabama: Jones Mitchell Withers

Reserve Forces of Florida: John King Jackson

Reserve Forces of Georgia: Thomas Howell Cobb

Reserve Forces of North Carolina: Theophilus Hunter Holmes

Reserve Forces of South Carolina: James Chesnut

Reserve Forces of Texas: Jerome Bonaparte Robertson

Reserve Forces of Virginia: James Lawson Kemper

Union Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

Lieutenant-General USA

Ulysses Simpson Grant

Major-General USA

George Brinton McClellan
Henry Wager Halleck

Major-General USV

Asterisk indicates concurrently Brigadier-General USA

John Adams Dix
Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
Benjamin Franklin Butler
David Hunter
Ethan Allen Hitchcock
Irvin McDowell*
Ambrose Everett Burnside
William Starke Rosecrans*
John Pope*
Samuel Ryan Curtis
Franz Sigel
John Alexander McClernand
Lewis Wallace
George Henry Thomas*
George Cadwalader
William Tecumseh Sherman*
Edward Otho Cresap Ord
Samuel Peter Heintzelman
Joseph Hooker*
Silas Casey
William Buel Franklin
Darius Nash Couch
Henry Warner Slocum
John James Peck
Alexander McDowell McCook
Thomas Leonidas Crittenden
John Gray Foster
John Grubb Parke
Christopher Columbus Augur
Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
Gordon Granger
Lovell Harrison Rousseau
James Birdseye McPherson*
George Stoneman
George Gordon Meade*
Oliver Otis Howard
Daniel Edgar Sickles
Robert Huston Milroy
Daniel Butterfield
Winfield Scott Hancock
George Sykes
David Sloane Stanley
James Scott Negley
John McAllister Schofield
John McAuley Palmer
Frederick Steele
Abner Doubleday
Napoleon Jackson Tecumseh Dana
John Alexander Logan
James Gilpatrick Blunt
George Lucas Hartsuff
Cadwallader Colden Washburn
Francis Jay Herron
Francis Preston Blair
Joseph Jones Reynolds
Philip Henry Sheridan
Julius Stahel
Carl Schurz
Gouverneur Kemble Warren
David Bell Birney
Alfred Pleasonton
Andrew Atkinson Humphreys
Quincy Adams Gillmore
William Farrar Smith
James Blair Steedman
Edward Richard Sprigg Canby
Horatio Gouverneur Wright
Andrew Jackson Smith
Grenville Mellen Dodge
John Gibbon

Brigadier-General USA

Brackets indicates concurrently Major-General USV

(Irvin McDowell)
(William Starke Rosecrans)
Philip St George Cooke
(John Pope)
(Joseph Hooker)
(George Gordon Meade)
(William Tecumseh Sherman)
(James Birdseye McPherson)
(George Henry Thomas)

Brigadier-General USV

Thomas West Sherman
Benjamin Franklin Kelley
Jacob Dolson Cox
Alpheus Starkey Williams
James Brewerton Ricketts
Orlando Bolivar Willcox
Henry Hayes Lockwood
George Webb Morell
John Henry Martindale
Samuel Davis Sturgis
Henry Washington Benham
William Farquhar Barry
Lawrence Pike Graham
Eleazar Arthur Paine
William Thomas Ward
John Gross Barnard
Innis Newton Palmer
Seth Williams
John Newton
George Wright
William Thomas Harbaugh Brooks
John Milton Brannan
John Porter Hatch
Albin Francisco Schoepf
Thomas John Wood
Richard W Johnson
Adolph Wilhelm August Friedrich Von Steinwehr
George Washington Cullum
Thomas Jefferson McKean
Zealous Bates Tower
Jefferson Columbus Davis
James Henry Lane
William Scott Ketchum
John Wynn Davidson
James Gallant Spears
Eugene Asa Carr
Thomas Alfred Davies
William Hemsley Emory
Marsena Rudolph Patrick
Orris Sanford Ferry
Daniel Phineas Woodbury
Henry Moses Judah
John Cook
John McArthur
Jacob Gartner Lauman
Horatio Phillips Van Cleve
Speed Smith Fry
Alexander Asboth
James Craig
Mahlon Dickerson Manson
Robert Byington Mitchell
Cuvier Grover
Rufus Saxton
Benjamin Alvord
Napoleon Bonaparte Buford
William Sooy Smith
Nathan Kimball
Charles Devens
Samuel Wylie Crawford
Henry Walton Wessells
Milo Smith Hascall
John White Geary
Alfred Howe Terry
James Henry Carleton
Absalom Baird
John Cleveland Robinson
Truman Seymour
Henry Prince
Maximilian Weber
Jeremiah Cutler Sullivan
Alvin Peterson Hovey
James Clifford Veatch
William Plummer Benton
John Curtis Caldwell
Neal Dow
George Sears Greene
Samuel Powhatan Carter
Erastus Barnard Tyler
Charles Griffin
George Henry Gordon
Julius White
Peter Joseph Osterhaus
Stephen Gano Burbridge
Washington Lafayette Elliott
Albion Parris Howe
Benjamin Stone Roberts
Jacob Ammen
Fitz-Henry Warren
Morgan Lewis Smith
Charles Cruft
Frederick Salomon
John Basil Turchin
Henry Shaw Briggs
James Dada Morgan
Johann August Ernst Willich
Henry Dwight Terry
George Foster Shepley
John Reese Kenly
John Potts Slough
Godfrey Weitzel
George Crook
Gershom Mott
Henry Jackson Hunt
Francis Channing Barlow
Mason Brayman
Nathaniel James Jackson
George Washington Getty
Alfred Sully
William Woods Averell
Francis Barretto Spinola
John Henry Hobart Ward
Solomon Meredith
James Bowen
Eliakim Parker Scammon
Robert Seaman Granger
Joseph Rodman West
Alfred Washington Ellet
George Leonard Andrews
Clinton Bowen Fisk
William Hays
Israel Vogdes
David Allen Russell
Lewis Cass Hunt
Frank Wheaton
John Sanford Mason
David McMurtrie Gregg
Robert Ogden Tyler
Alfred Thomas Archimedes Torbert
Gilman Marston
William Dwight
Sullivan Amory Meredith
Nathaniel Collins McLean
William Vandever
Alexander Schimmelfennig
Charles Kinnaird Graham
John Eugene Smith
Joseph Tarr Copeland
Charles Adam Heckman
Edward Elmer Potter
Henry Beebee Carrington
John Haskell King
Adam Jacoby Slemmer
Thomas Hewson Neill
Thomas Gamble Pitcher
Thomas William Sweeny
William Passmore Carlin
Romeyn Beck Ayres
William Babcock Hazen
Joseph Anthony Mower
Richard Arnold
Edward Winslow Hinks
Michael Kelly Lawler
George Day Wagner
Lysander Cutler
Joseph Farmer Knipe
James Barnes
Edward Harland
Samuel Beatty
Isaac Jones Wistar
Franklin Stillman Nickerson
Edward Henry Hobson
Ralph Pomeroy Buckland
Joseph Dana Webster
William Harrow
William Hopkins Morris
Thomas Howard Ruger
Thomas Edward Greenfield Ransom
Elias Smith Dennis
Thomas Church Haskell Smith
Mortimer Dormer Leggett
Davis Tillson
Hector Tyndale
Albert Lindley Lee
Marcellus Monroe Crocker
Egbert Benson Brown
John McNeil
George Francis McGinnis
Hugh Boyle Ewing
James Winning McMillan
Daniel Ullmann
George Jerrison Stannard
Henry Baxter
John Milton Thayer
Charles Thomas Campbell
Halbert Eleazer Paine
Robert Brown Potter
Thomas Ewing
Joseph Andrew Jackson Lightburn
Henry Hastings Sibley
Joseph Bradford Carr
Joseph Jackson Bartlett
Joshua Thomas Owen
Patrick Edward Connor
John Parker Hawkins
Gabriel René Paul
Edward Augustus Wild
Edward Ferrero
Adelbert Ames
William Birney
Daniel Henry Rucker
Robert Allen
Rufus Ingalls
Gustavus Adolphus De Russy
Alexander Shaler
Benjamin Henry Grierson
Robert Sanford Foster
Hugh Judson Kilpatrick
Alexander Stewart Webb
Alfred Napoleon Alexander Duffié
Walter Chiles Whitaker
Wesley Merritt
George Armstrong Custer
William Denison Whipple
John Converse Starkweather
Kenner Garrard
Charles Robert Woods
John Benjamin Sanborn
Giles Alexander Smith
Samuel Allen Rice
Jasper Adalmorn Maltby
Thomas Kilby Smith
Walter Quintin Gresham
Manning Ferguson Force
Robert Alexander Cameron
John Murray Corse
John Aaron Rawlins
Alvan Cullem Gillem
John Wesley Turner
Henry Lawrence Eustis RES
Henry Eugene Davies
Andrew Jackson Hamilton
Henry Warner Birge
Charles Garrison Harker KIA
James Hewitt Ledlie
James Harrison Wilson
Adin Ballou Underwood
Augustus Louis Chetlain
Thomas Francis Meagher
William Anderson Pile
John Wallace Fuller
John Franklin Miller
Philippe Régis Dénis de Keredern De Trobriand
Cyrus Bussey
Christopher Columbus Andrews
Hiram Burnham
Edward Moody McCook
Lewis Addison Grant
Edward Hatch
August Valentine Kautz
Francis Fessenden
John Rutter Brooke
John Frederick Hartranft
Samuel Sprigg Carroll
Simon Goodell Griffin
Emory Upton
Nelson Appleton Miles
Joseph Hayes
Byron Root Pierce
Selden Connor
Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain
Elliott Warren Rice
William Francis Bartlett
Thomas Algeo Rowley
Edward Stuyvesant Bragg

Brigadier-General USA (Staff)

Montgomery Cunningham Meigs (Quartermaster-General)
Lorenzo Thomas
William Alexander Hammond (Surgeon-General)
Joseph Pannell Taylor (Commissary-General of Subsistence
George Douglas Ramsay (Ordnance)
James Barnet Fry (Provost Marshal)
Richard Delafield (Engineers)
Joseph Holt (Judge Advocate-General)

Confederate Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission


Samuel Cooper
Robert Edward Lee
Joseph Eggleston Johnston
Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
Braxton Bragg
Edmund Kirby Smith

Lieutenant-General PACS

James Longstreet
Theophilus Hunter Holmes
William Joseph Hardee
Richard Stoddert Ewell
Ambrose Powell Hill
John Bell Hood
Richard Taylor
Jubal Anderson Early
Richard Heron Anderson
Alexander Peter Stewart
Stephen Dill Lee

Major-General PACS

Benjamin Huger
John Bankhead Magruder
Mansfield Lovell
William Wing Loring
Sterling Price
Benjamin Franklin Cheatham
Samuel Jones
John Porter McCown
Daniel Harvey Hill
Thomas Carmichael Hindman
John Cabell Breckinridge
Lafayette McLaws
Simon Bolivar Buckner
Samuel Gibbs French
George Edward Pickett
Carter Littlepage Stevenson
John Horace Forney
Dabney Herndon Maury
Martin Luther Smith
John George Walker
Arnold Elzey
Patrick Ronayne Cleburne
Franklin Gardner
Isaac Ridgeway Trimble
Joseph Wheeler
Edward Johnson
William Henry Chase Whiting
Robert Emmett Rodes
William Henry Talbot Walker
Henry Heth
Robert Ransom
Jones Mitchell Withers
Cadmus Marcellus Wilcox
Wade Hampton
Fitzhugh Lee
Howell Cobb
John Austin Wharton
William Thompson Martin
Nathan Bedford Forrest
Charles William Field
James Patton Anderson
William Brimage Bate
Camille Armand Jules Marie de Polignac
Robert Frederick Hoke
William Henry Fitzhugh Lee
James Fleming Fagan
John Brown Gordon
Joseph Brevard Kershaw
Bushrod Rust Johnson
Stephen Dodson Ramseur
Edward Cary Walthall

Brigadier-General PACS

Alexander Robert Lawton
Henry Alexander Wise
Henry Hopkins Sibley
John Henry Winder
Gideon Johnson Pillow
Daniel Ruggles
Roswell Sabine Ripley
Paul Octave Hébert
Albert Gallatin Blanchard
Gabriel James Rains
Thomas Fenwick Drayton
Nathan George Evans
James Heyward Trapier
Hugh Weedon Mercer
William Montgomery Gardner
William Mahone
Raleigh Edward Colston
John King Jackson
George Wythe Randolph
James Ronald Chalmers
Daniel Leadbetter
William Whann Mackall
Winfield Scott Featherston
Thomas James Churchill
William Booth Taliaferro
Albert Rust
Samuel Bell Maxey
Hamilton Prioleau Bee
James Morrison Hawes
George Hume Steuart
James Edwin Slaughter
Seth Maxwell Barton
Henry Eustace McCullough
John Selden Roane
States Rights Gist
William Nelson Pendleton
Joseph Finegan
William Nelson Rector Beall
Thomas Jordan
William Preston
John Echols
George Earl Maney
John Stuart Williams
James Green Martin
Thomas Lanier Clingman
Daniel Weisiger Adams
Louis Hébert
Ambrose Ransom Wright
James Lawson Kemper
James Jay Archer
Beverley Holcombe Robertson
St John Richardson Liddell
Johnson Hagood
Harry Thompson Hays
Matthew Duncan Ector
Edward Aylesworth Perry
John Gregg
John Calvin Brown
Alfred Holt Colquitt
Abraham Buford
William Steele
Francis Asbury Shoup
Joseph Robert Davis
John Crawford Vaughn
Evander McIvor Law
Elkanah Brackin Greer
Francis Redding Tillou Nicholls
Alfred Cumming
William Stephen Walker
Montgomery Dent Corse
George Thomas Anderson
Alfred Iverson
James Henry Lane
Edward Lloyd Thomas
John Rogers Cooke
Jerome Bonaparte Robertson
Evander McNair
Archibald Gracie
William Robertson Boggs
James Camp Tappan
Dandridge McRae
Mosby Monroe Parsons
John Pegram
John Sappington Marmaduke
John Hunt Morgan
Marcus Joseph Wright
Zachariah Cantey Deas
Lucius Eugene Polk
John Adams
William Hicks Jackson
James Cantey
Henry Lewis Benning
William Tatum Wofford
Samuel McGowan
Marcellus Augustus Stovall
George Blake Cosby
Francis Crawford Armstrong
William Lewis Cabell
John Daniel Imboden
Alfred Eugene Jackson
Robert Brank Vance
Henry Delamar Clayton
Arthur Middleton Manigault
Douglas Hancock Cooper
John Wilkins Whitfield
James Alexander Walker
Matthew Whitaker Ransom
Alfred Moore Scales
George Washington Custis Lee
Henry Harrison Walker
Gabriel Colvin Wharton
Francis Marion Cockrell
James Patrick Major
Samuel Wragg Ferguson
Lunsford Lindsay Lomax
Laurence Simmons Baker
Otho French Strahl
Philip Dale Roddey
Eppa Hunton
Thomas Pleasant Dockery
Benjamin Grubb Humphreys
Henry Brevard Davidson
Cullen Andrews Battle
William Andrew Quarles
William Whedbee Kirkland
Goode Bryan
Matthew Calbraith Butler
Williams Carter Wickham
Robert Daniel Johnston
Alexander Welch Reynolds
Thomas Neville Waul
Edmund Winston Pettus
Armistead Lindsay Long
Henry Rootes Jackson
William Wirt Adams
Thomas Lafayette Rosser
Pierce Manning Butler Young
James Argyle Smith
Joseph Horace Lewis
Mark Perrin Lowrey
Edward Higgins
John Tyler Morgan
John Herbert Kelly
William Young Conn Humes
Jesse Johnson Finley
James Holt Clanton
Alfred Jefferson Vaughan
Joseph Orville Shelby
John Randolph Chambliss
Lawrence Sullivan Ross
Daniel Chevilette Govan
Randall Lee Gibson
Clement Hoffman Stevens
Nathaniel Harrison Harris
Allen Thomas
Alexander Travis Hawthorn
Robert Charles Tyler
Edward Porter Alexander
William Wirt Allen
Hiram Bronson Granbury
Claudius Wistar Sears
William Feimster Tucker
Richard Lucian Page
Alpheus Baker
Daniel Harris Reynolds
James Chesnut
Stand Watie
Samuel Jameson Gholson
John Bratton
Thomas Moore Scott
John McCausland
Clement Anselm Evans
William Terry
Bryan Grimes
Martin Witherspoon Gary
Birkett Davenport Fry
Stephen Elliott
William Ruffin Cox
Thomas Fentress Toon
William Gaston Lewis
Zebulon York
Robert Doak Lilley
John Caldwell Calhoun Sanders
William Richard Terry
James Conner
Rufus Clay Barringer
John Smith Preston
Hylan Benton Lyon
William Lindsay Brandon
Richard Waterhouse

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