1864 June 22nd

June 22 1864 Wednesday

Battle of Kolb’s Farm, GA (CWSAC Formative Battle Union Victory)

Battle of Jerusalem Plank Road, VA

Atlanta Campaign – Kennesaw

Siege of Petersburg – Weldon Railroad

Early’s Shenandoah Campaign

Sheridan’s Trevilian Raid

Kautz’s and Wilson’s Southern Virginia Raid

Arizona Territory. Expedition to Fort Mojave ended.

Arkansas. USS Lexington, Acting Ensign Henry Booby, withstood a surprise attack by Confederate raiders at White River Station and forced the attacking troops to withdraw.

Georgia. Incident at Cheney’s Farm.

Kolb’s Farm, Georgia, also known as Kulp’s House, or Culp’s House. Union Major-General William Tecumseh Sherman had fixed the Confederate Army of Tennessee in place at Kennesaw Mountain with his centre, while he extended his right wing to envelop their flank. He aimed to turn the flank and to menace the Western & Atlantic Railroad beyond. The outflanking advance was made by Union Major-General John McAllister Schofield with the Army of the Ohio, reinforced by Major-General Joseph Hooker’s XX Corps. They approached Kolb’s Farm, four miles west of Marietta on the Powder Springs Road, and Schofield took the precaution of digging in while patrols looked for the best route along the valley of Olley’s Creek to hit the railroad near Smyrna Station.

Confederate General Joseph Eggleston Johnston had countered this threat by moving Lieutenant-General John Bell Hood’s Corps overnight from his right flank to the left. The newly prepared Confederate entrenchments were held by the dismounted cavalry of Major-General Joseph Wheeler until Hood’s arrival. Arriving in his new position, south of Kennesaw Mountain at Mount Zion Church, Hood unexpectedly encountered enemy troops approaching on the Powder Springs Road and decided to attack them on his own initiative. During the early afternoon, Confederate Major-General Carter Littlepage Stevenson, commanding one of Hood’s divisions, advanced his division from its campsite near Mount Zion Church towards Kolb’s Farm, which lay on the south side of the Powder Springs Road. Stevenson reported heavy skirmish fire from two Union regiments, the 14th Kentucky Infantry and 123rd New York Infantry. Shortly afterwards, Hood ordered his entire Corps, the three divisions of Stevenson, Major-General Alexander Peter Stewart, and Major-General Thomas Carmichael Hindman, to advance west along the Powder Springs Road, driving the Union forces before them. Hood believed that he had either passed beyond the Union far right flank and was in an excellent position to make a flanking attack by attacking west and then north; or, that the Union troops in the area were still in marching columns and vulnerable to attack. Confederate cavalry forces in the area reported the presence of considerable numbers of Union infantry in the area, and not just the two outpost regiments encountered by Stevenson, but this information did not reach Hood in time to change his intentions.

Hood’s Corps, with a total force of around 11,000 men, deployed with Stevenson’s division south of the Powder Springs Road and Hindman’s north of it. Stewart’s division remained behind in support. Meanwhile, Hooker had received prior warning of Hood’s approach and had already begun to entrench his XX Corps to oppose it. His three divisions were led by Major-General John White Geary, Brigadier-General Alpheus Starkey Williams, and Major-General Daniel Butterfield. Williams’ division was placed astride the Powder Springs Road and would face the brunt of the coming attack. Geary’s division was positioned on Williams’ left, and Butterfield’s division was behind Geary’s left, in reserve. Hooker’s total force numbered around 15,000 men, significantly outnumbering their attackers.

Hood launched his attack sometime after 3 pm. The 14th Kentucky Infantry and 123rd New York Infantry were still on picket duty and fell back from the initial onslaught, although they managed to inflict heavy losses on the left flank of Stevenson’s division. Two brigades on the left of Stevenson’s division were forced to pause after driving away these Union skirmishers and took no further part in the coming attack. The other half of Stevenson’s division emerged from the woods to the north of the road where it had begun its advance, and appeared in a more open area around Kolb’s Farm. As they came into sight, forty Union guns opened a heavy fire on them. Faced by strongly entrenched infantry and overwhelming artillery, Stevenson’s force lost its formation, and many casualties, and was forced to withdraw. Falling back to a position near a ravine and along a shallow creek bed, they were caught again in an enfilade fire from the Union artillery and suffered further losses. Stevenson held on until nightfall and then withdrew to the east.

Meanwhile, Hindman’s attack north of the Dallas Road fared equally badly. A patch of marshy ground disrupted his advance and he was forced to withdraw shortly after Union artillery found the range of his division, even before it came within range of Williams’ infantry. The Confederates entrenched where they had halted in their advance rather than reaching their intended destination.

Total Confederate casualties in the battle were between 1,200 and 1,500 men (at least 800of them in Stevenson’s division). The Union suffered between 300 and 500 casualties. Despite the victory, Sherman’s turning movement had been blocked by Hood’s arrival. Sherman could not turn the Confederate left without abandoning his supply line and he was forced to consider other options to defeat the powerful Confederate position at Kennesaw Mountain. (CWSAC Formative Battle Union Victory)

New Mexico Territory. Expedition to Gila ended.

North Carolina. Union reconnaissance from Piney Green to Snead’s Ferry and Swanboro began. Union cavalry were ambushed on the road through a swamp but managed to burn a Confederate schooner laden with salt.

North Carolina. Skirmish at Southwest Creek.

Utah Territory. Expedition from Fort Crittenden ended.

Virginia. Raid to Danville Railroad began.

Virginia. Skirmishes at Balto Cross Roads, Germantown, Liberty, Ream’s Station, Salem, and Dinwiddie Court House.

Virginia. Confederate Lieutenant-Colonel John Singleton Mosby’s raiders captured Duffield’s Depot on the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, taking fifty prisoners, and then captured nineteen more prisoners near Harper’s Ferry.

Virginia. US President Abraham Lincoln travelled to City Point, after a meeting with Major-General Benjamin Franklin Butler, and boarded a steamer bound for Washington, DC.

Virginia. Expedition to the Southside Railroad began. The Union cavalry divisions of Brigadier-General James Harrison Wilson and Brigadier-General August Valentine Kautz set out at dawn from the Petersburg lines to disrupt Confederate rail communications. Riding via Dinwiddie Court House, the raiders cut the Southside Railroad near Ford’s Station that evening, destroying the tracks, the railroad buildings, and two supply trains.

Virginia. Union Major-General Philip Henry Sheridan’s two cavalry divisions left White House and began to cross the Chickahominy River. Their aim was to divert the attention of the Confederate cavalry east of Richmond.

Virginia. Confederate Lieutenant-General Jubal Anderson Early abandoned his pursuit of Major-General David Hunter’s force into West Virginia and changed course for Staunton, launching the last great Confederate offensive in the Shenandoah Valley.

Jerusalem Plank Road, Virginia, also known as First Battle of Weldon or Weldon Railroad. Union Lieutenant-General Ulysses Simpson Grant launched his operation to extend his lines at Petersburg further west in order to cut one of the Confederate supply lines. Union Major-General David Bell Birney’s II Corps and Major-General Horatio Gouverneur Wright’s VI Corps aimed to advance to their left to cut the Weldon Railroad. In the difficult wooded terrain, each corps was obliged to operate independently and to protect its own flanks. While Confederate Major-General Cadmus Marcellus Wilcox’s division demonstrated against VI Corps and made it give ground, Lieutenant-General Ambrose Powell Hill sent Major-General William Mahone’ s division and Major-General Bushrod Rust Johnson’s division against II Corps.

At 3 pm, Mahone’s division followed a concealed route along a ravine into the rear of the Union II Corps division of Brigadier-General Francis Channing Barlow. When they emerged. they achieved complete surprise. Barlow’s division collapsed quickly and the neighbouring division of Brigadier-General John Gibbon, which was erecting earthworks, was also surprised by this unexpected attack from the rear. Many regiments panicked and fled the threat. Six Union guns were captured in the flight. Mahone sent an urgent message to Wilcox, asking him to join in the attack, but Wilcox was concerned about the presence of VI Corps to his own front and the two regiments he could spare arrived too late to make a difference. The II Corps troops rallied around the earthworks that they had constructed the previous night and reformed their lines. Darkness ended the fighting. Gibbon explained the collapse of his division by saying that in the seven weeks of campaigning since crossing the Rapidan, the division originally numbering 6,799 men had lost 7,970 casualties, indicating both heavy losses in veteran soldiers and their almost complete replacement by inexperienced and less hardy conscripts.

West Virginia. Incident at Greenbrier Gap.

Union Organisation

USA: Joseph Holt was promoted Brigadier-General USA 22 June 1864, Judge Advocate General and Chief of the Bureau of Military Justice

Holt, Joseph / Kentucky / Born 6 January 1807 Breckinridge, Kentucky / Died Washington, District of Columbia 1 August 1894
Colonel USA Judge Advocate-General 3 September 1862 / Brigadier-General USA Judge Advocate-General 22 June 1864 / Chief of Bureau of Military Justice 22 June 1864 / Judge Advocate-General 1 December 1865 / Retired USA 1 December 1875
Judge Advocate-General 3 September 1862-20 June 1864 / Chief of Bureau of Military Justice 22 June 1864-1 December 1865 / Judge Advocate-General 1 December 1865-1 December 1875

USA: Elliott Warren Rice confirmed Brigadier-General USV 22 June 22 1864 to rank from 20 June 1864.

Rice, Elliott Warren / Pennsylvania / Born 16 November 1835 Allegheny City, Pennsylvania / Died Sioux City, Iowa 22 June 1887
Private 7th Iowa Infantry 24 July 1861 / Corporal USV / Sergeant USV / Major USV 30 August 1861 / Colonel USV 77 April 1862 / Brigadier-General USV 22 June 1864 to rank from 20 June 1864 / Mustered Out USV 24 August 1865 / Brevet Major-General USV 13 March 1865 / WIA Belmont 7 November 1861
1st Brigade 2nd Division XVI Corps Army of the Tennessee 20 July 1863-17 August 1863 / 1st Brigade 2nd Division XVI Corps Army of the Tennessee 7 September 1863-15 December 1863 / 1st Brigade 2nd Division XVI Corps Army of the Tennessee 4 March 1864-25 July 1864 / 2nd Division XVI Corps Army of the Tennessee 25 July 1864-26 July 1864 / 1st Brigade 2nd Division XVI Corps Army of the Tennessee 26 July 1864-23 September 1864 / 1st Brigade 4th Division XV Corps Army of the Tennessee 14 October 1864-1 August 1865

USA: William Francis Bartlett confirmed Brigadier-General USV 22 June 1864 to rank from 20 June 1864.

Bartlett, William Francis / Massachusetts / Born 6 June 1840 Haverhill, Massachusetts / Died Pittsfield, Massachusetts 17 December 1876
Private USV 20th Massachusetts Infantry 14 April 1861 / Captain USV 8 August 1861 / Mustered Out USV 12 November 1862 / Colonel USV 49th Massachusetts 19 November 1862 / Mustered Out 1 September 1863 / Colonel USV 57th Massachusetts Infantry 9 April 1864 / Brigadier-General USV 22 June 1864 to rank from 20 June 1864 / Mustered Out USV 18 July 1866 / Brevet Major-General 13 March 1865 / WIA Yorktown 24 April 1862 WIA Port Hudson 27 May 1863 WIA Wilderness 6 May 1864 WIA & CIA The Crater 30 July 1864 Exchanged 24 September 1864
1st Brigade 1st Division IX Corps Army of the Potomac 23 July 1864-30 July 1864 / 1st Division IX Corps Department of Washington 17 June 1865-15th July 1865

Commander in Chief: President Abraham Lincoln

Vice-President: Hannibal Hamlin

Secretary of War: Edwin McMasters Stanton

Secretary of the Navy: Gideon Welles

  • North Atlantic Blockading Squadron USN: Acting Rear Admiral Samuel Phillips Lee USN
  • South Atlantic Blockading Squadron USN: Rear Admiral John Adolphus Dahlgren USN
  • West Gulf Blockading Squadron USN: Rear Admiral David Glasgow Farragut USN
  • East Gulf Blockading Squadron USN: Acting Rear Admiral Theodorus Bailey USN
  • Pacific Squadron USN: Captain John B Montgomery USN
  • Mississippi River Squadron USN: Rear Admiral David Dixon Porter USN
  • Potomac Flotilla USN: Commodore Andrew Allen Harwood USN

General–in-Chief: Ulysses Simpson Grant

  • Military Division of the Mississippi: William Tecumseh Sherman
    • Department of the Cumberland: George Henry Thomas
      • District of Tennessee: Lovell Harrison Rousseau
      • District of Western Kentucky: Eleazer Arthur Paine
      • District of Northern Alabama: Robert Seaman Granger
      • District of Etowah: James Blair Steedman
      • Army of the Cumberland: George Henry Thomas
        • IV Corps Cumberland: Oliver Otis Howard
        • XIV Corps Cumberland: John McAuley Palmer
        • XX Corps Cumberland: Joseph Hooker
        • Cavalry Corps Cumberland: Washington Lafayette Elliott
    • Department of the Ohio: John McAllister Schofield
      • District of East Tennessee: Jacob Ammen
      • District of Kentucky: Stephen Gano Burbridge
      • Army of the Ohio: John McAllister Schofield
        • XXIII Corps Ohio: John McAllister Schofield
    • Department of the Tennessee: James Birdseye McPherson
      • District of West Tennessee: Benjamin Henry Grierson
        • Sub-District of Memphis: Ralph Pomeroy Buckland
      • District of Vicksburg: Henry Warner Slocum
      • Army of the Tennessee: James Birdseye McPherson
        • XV Corps Tennessee: John Alexander Logan
        • XVI Corps Tennessee: vacant
          • Right Wing XVI Corps Tennessee: Andrew Jackson Smith
          • Left Wing XVI Corps Tennessee: Grenville Mellen Dodge
        • XVII Corps Tennessee: Francis Preston Blair
  • Military Division of West Mississippi: Edward Richard Sprigg Canby
    • Department of Arkansas: Frederick Steele
      • District of Eastern Arkansas: Napoleon Bonaparte Buford
      • District of Little Rock: Eugene Asa Carr
      • District of the Frontier: John Milton Thayer
      • Army of Arkansas: Frederick Steele
        • VII Corps Arkansas: Frederick Steele
    • Department of the Gulf: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
      • District of Baton Rouge: William Plummer Benton
      • District of Port Hudson: Daniel Ullmann
      • District of La Fourche: Robert Alexander Cameron
      • District of Morganza: Joseph Jones Reynolds
      • District of Carrollton: Nelson B Bartram
      • District of West Florida: Alexander Asboth
      • District of Key West and Tortugas: Daniel Phineas Woodbury
      • Defences of New Orleans: Thomas West Sherman
      • Army of the Gulf: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
        • XIX Corps Gulf: William Hemsley Emory
        • Reserve Corps Gulf: Gordon Granger
    • Department of the Missouri: William Starke Rosecrans
      • District of St Louis: vacant
      • District of Southwest Missouri: John Benjamin Sanborn
      • District of North Missouri: Clinton Bowen Fisk
      • District of Central Missouri: Egbert Benson Brown
      • District of Rolla: Odon Guitar
  • Department of the East: John Adams Dix
  • Department of Kansas: George Sykes
    • District of Nebraska Territory: Robert Byington Mitchell
    • District of North Kansas: Thomas Alfred Davies
    • District of South Kansas: Thomas Jefferson McKean
    • District of the Border: William Russell Judson
    • District of Colorado Territory: John Milton Chivington
  • Middle Department: Lewis Wallace
    • District of Delaware: John Reese Kenly
    • District of the Eastern Shore of Maryland: Henry Hayes Lockwood
    • VIII Corps Middle: Lewis Wallace
  • Department of New Mexico: James Henry Carleton
    • District of Arizona: George Washington Bowie
  • Northern Department: Samuel Peter Heintzelman
    • District of Indiana: Henry Beebe Carrington
  • Department of the Northwest: John Pope
    • District of Minnesota: Henry Hastings Sibley
    • District of Wisconsin: Thomas Church Haskell Smith
    • District of Iowa: Alfred Sully
  • Department of the Pacific: Irvin McDowell
    • District of the Humboldt: Henry M Black
    • District of Oregon: Benjamin Alvord
    • District of Southern California: James Freeman Curtis
    • District of Utah: Patrick Edward Connor
  • Department of the Potomac: George Gordon Meade
    • Army of the Potomac: George Gordon Meade
      • II Corps Potomac: David Bell Birney temporary
      • V Corps Potomac: Gouverneur Kemble Warren
      • VI Corps Potomac: Horatio Gouverneur Wright
      • IX Corps Potomac: Ambrose Everett Burnside
      • Cavalry Corps Potomac: Philip Henry Sheridan
  • Department of the South: John Gray Foster
    • Northern District (South): Alexander Schimmelfennig
    • District of Beaufort (SC): Rufus Saxton
    • District of Hilton Head: John Porter Hatch
    • District of Florida: William Birney
  • Department of the Susquehanna: Darius Nash Couch
    • Lehigh District: Franz Sigel
  • Department of Virginia and North Carolina: Benjamin Franklin Butler
    • District of St Mary’s: Alonzo Granville Draper
    • District of Eastern Virginia: George Foster Shepley
    • District of Currituck: Samuel Henry Roberts
    • District of North Carolina: Innis Newton Palmer
      • Sub-District of Beaufort NC: James Jourdan
      • Sub-District of New Bern: Edward Harland
    • Army of the James: Benjamin Franklin Butler
      • X Corps James: William Thomas Harbaugh Brooks temporary
      • XVIII Corps James: William Farrar Smith
  • Department of Washington: Christopher Columbus Augur
    • District of Alexandria: John Potts Slough
    • District of Washington: Moses N Wisewell
    • XXII Corps Washington: Christopher Columbus Augur
  • Department of Western Virginia: David Hunter
    • District of Harper’s Ferry: Franz Sigel
    • Army of the Kanawha: George Crook
    • Army of the Shenandoah: David Hunter

Confederate Organisation

CSA: Brigadier-General John Hunt Morgan assumed temporary command of the Trans-Allegheny Department, succeeding Colonel (formerly Major-General) George Gibb Crittenden.

Morgan, John Hunt / Alabama / Born 1 June 1825 Huntsville, Alabama / KIA Greeneville, Tennessee 4 September 1864
Private USV 1st Kentucky Cavalry 1846 / 1st Lieutenant USV 1846 Mustered Out USV 1847 / Captain Kentucky Militia 1852-1854 / Kentucky Militia 1857-1861 / Captain PACS 2nd Kentucky Cavalry September 1861 / Colonel PACS 4 April 1862 / Brigadier-General PACS 11 December 1862 / CIA West Point, Ohio 26 July 1863 Escaped 26 November 1863
Cavalry Brigade 2nd Division Department of East Tennessee May 1862 / 1dt Brigade Cavalry Department of East Tennessee 31 October 1862 / 2nd Brigade Cavalry Department of East Tennessee 20 November 1862-25 February 1863 / 3rd Division Cavalry Corps Army of Tennessee 25 February 1863-15 March 1863 / Morgan’s Division Cavalry Corps Army of Tennessee 16 March 1863-26 July 1863 / Morgan’s Brigade Department of East Tennessee December 1863-2 May 1864 / Morgan’s Brigade Trans-Allegheny Department 2 May 1864-22 June 1864 /Trans-Allegheny Department 25 February 1864-4 March 1864 / Trans-Allegheny Department 22 June 1864-22 August 1864

Commander in Chief: President Jefferson Finis Davis

Vice-President: Alexander Hamilton Stephens

Secretary of War: James Alexander Seddon

Secretary of the Navy: Stephen Russell Mallory

Military Adviser to the President: Braxton Bragg

  • Department of Alabama and East Mississippi: Stephen Dill Lee
    • District of Mississippi and East Louisiana: John S Scott
    • Gulf District: Dabney Herndon Maury
    • District of Northern Alabama: Jones Mitchell Withers
    • District of West Tennessee: Nathan Bedford Forrest
  • Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
    • First District of North Carolina and Southern Virginia: Henry Alexander Wise
    • Second District of North Carolina and Southern Virginia: Laurence Simmons Baker
    • Third District of North Carolina and Southern Virginia: William Henry Chase Whiting
  • Department of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee
    • Army of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee
      • I Corps Northern Virginia: Richard Heron Anderson temporary
      • III Corps Northern Virginia: Ambrose Powell Hill
      • Cavalry Northern Virginia: Wade Hampton
    • Valley District: Jubal Anderson Early
      • Army of the Valley (II Corps Northern Virginia): Jubal Anderson Early
  • Department of Richmond: Richard Stoddert Ewell
  • Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida: Samuel Jones
    • District of Georgia: Henry Rootes Jackson
    • District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
      • 1st Sub-District of South Carolina: Nathan George Evans
      • 2nd Sub-District of South Carolina: Beverley Holcombe Robertson
      • 3rd Sub-District of South Carolina: Thomas Jordan
      • 4th Sub-District of South Carolina: James Heyward Trapier
      • 6th Sub-District of South Carolina: Henry Alexander Wise
      • 7th Sub-District of South Carolina: William Booth Taliaferro
    • District of Florida: James Patton Anderson
    • Defences of Savannah: Lafayette McLaws
  • Department of Tennessee: Joseph Eggleston Johnston
    • District of Western North Carolina: James Green Martin
    • Army of Tennessee: Joseph Eggleston Johnston
      • I Corps Tennessee: William Joseph Hardee
      • II Corps Tennessee: John Bell Hood
      • III Corps Tennessee: William Wing Loring temporary
      • Cavalry Corps Tennessee: Joseph Wheeler
  • Trans-Allegheny Department: John Hunt Morgan
  • Trans-Mississippi Department: Edmund Kirby Smith
    • District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: John Bankhead Magruder
      • Western Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: Hamilton Prioleau Bee
        • Sub-District of the Rio Grande: Hamilton Prioleau Bee
      • Eastern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: William Steele
      • Sub-District of Houston: Xavier Blanchard Debray
      • Northern Sub-District Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: Henry Eustace McCullough
    • District of Arkansas: Sterling Price
    • District of West Louisiana: John George Walker
    • District of Indian Territory: Samuel Bell Maxey
    • Trans-Mississippi Army: Edmund Kirby Smith
  • Reserve Forces of Alabama: Jones Mitchell Withers
  • Reserve Forces of Florida: John King Jackson
  • Reserve Forces of Georgia: Thomas Howell Cobb
  • Reserve Forces of North Carolina: Theophilus Hunter Holmes
  • Reserve Forces of South Carolina: James Chesnut
  • Reserve Forces of Virginia: James Lawson Kemper

Union Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

Lieutenant-General USA

Ulysses Simpson Grant

Major-General USA

George Brinton McClellan
Henry Wager Halleck

Major-General USV

Asterisk indicates concurrently Brigadier-General USA

John Adams Dix
Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
Benjamin Franklin Butler
David Hunter
Ethan Allen Hitchcock
Irvin McDowell*
Ambrose Everett Burnside
William Starke Rosecrans*
John Pope*
Samuel Ryan Curtis
Franz Sigel
John Alexander McClernand
Lewis Wallace
George Henry Thomas*
George Cadwalader
William Tecumseh Sherman*
Edward Otho Cresap Ord
Samuel Peter Heintzelman
Joseph Hooker*
Silas Casey
William Buel Franklin
Darius Nash Couch
Henry Warner Slocum
John James Peck
Alexander McDowell McCook
Thomas Leonidas Crittenden
John Gray Foster
John Grubb Parke
Christopher Columbus Augur
Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
Gordon Granger
Lovell Harrison Rousseau
James Birdseye McPherson*
George Stoneman
George Gordon Meade*
Oliver Otis Howard
Daniel Edgar Sickles
Robert Huston Milroy
Daniel Butterfield
Winfield Scott Hancock
George Sykes
David Sloane Stanley
James Scott Negley
John McAllister Schofield
John McAuley Palmer
Frederick Steele
Abner Doubleday
Napoleon Jackson Tecumseh Dana
John Alexander Logan
James Gilpatrick Blunt
George Lucas Hartsuff
Cadwallader Colden Washburn
Francis Jay Herron
Francis Preston Blair
Joseph Jones Reynolds
Philip Henry Sheridan
Julius Stahel
Carl Schurz
Gouverneur Kemble Warren
David Bell Birney
Alfred Pleasonton
Andrew Atkinson Humphreys
Quincy Adams Gillmore
William Farrar Smith
James Blair Steedman
Edward Richard Sprigg Canby
Horatio Gouverneur Wright
Andrew Jackson Smith
Grenville Mellen Dodge
John Gibbon

Brigadier-General USA

Brackets indicates concurrently Major-General USV

(Irvin McDowell)
(William Starke Rosecrans)
Philip St George Cooke
(John Pope)
(Joseph Hooker)
(George Gordon Meade)
(William Tecumseh Sherman)
(James Birdseye McPherson)
(George Henry Thomas)

Brigadier-General USV

Thomas West Sherman
Benjamin Franklin Kelley
Jacob Dolson Cox
Alpheus Starkey Williams
James Brewerton Ricketts
Orlando Bolivar Willcox
Henry Hayes Lockwood
George Webb Morell
John Henry Martindale
Samuel Davis Sturgis
Henry Washington Benham
William Farquhar Barry
John Joseph Abercrombie
Lawrence Pike Graham
Eleazar Arthur Paine
William Thomas Ward
John Gross Barnard
Innis Newton Palmer
Seth Williams
John Newton
George Wright
William Thomas Harbaugh Brooks
John Milton Brannan
John Porter Hatch
Albin Francisco Schoepf
Thomas John Wood
Richard W Johnson
Adolph Wilhelm August Friedrich Von Steinwehr
George Washington Cullum
Thomas Jefferson McKean
Zealous Bates Tower
Jefferson Columbus Davis
James Henry Lane
William Scott Ketchum
John Wynn Davidson
James Gallant Spears
Eugene Asa Carr
Thomas Alfred Davies
William Hemsley Emory
Marsena Rudolph Patrick
Orris Sanford Ferry
Daniel Phineas Woodbury
Henry Moses Judah
John Cook
John McArthur
Jacob Gartner Lauman
Horatio Phillips Van Cleve
Speed Smith Fry
Alexander Asboth
James Craig
Mahlon Dickerson Manson
Robert Byington Mitchell
Cuvier Grover
Rufus Saxton
Benjamin Alvord
Napoleon Bonaparte Buford
William Sooy Smith
Nathan Kimball
Charles Devens
Samuel Wylie Crawford
Henry Walton Wessells
Milo Smith Hascall
John White Geary
Alfred Howe Terry
James Henry Carleton
Absalom Baird
John Cleveland Robinson
Truman Seymour
Henry Prince
Maximilian Weber
Jeremiah Cutler Sullivan
Alvin Peterson Hovey
James Clifford Veatch
William Plummer Benton
John Curtis Caldwell
Neal Dow
George Sears Greene
Samuel Powhatan Carter
Erastus Barnard Tyler
Charles Griffin
George Henry Gordon
Julius White
Peter Joseph Osterhaus
Stephen Gano Burbridge
Washington Lafayette Elliott
Albion Parris Howe
Benjamin Stone Roberts
Jacob Ammen
Fitz-Henry Warren
Morgan Lewis Smith
Charles Cruft
Frederick Salomon
John Basil Turchin
Henry Shaw Briggs
James Dada Morgan
Johann August Ernst Willich
Henry Dwight Terry
George Foster Shepley
John Reese Kenly
John Potts Slough
Godfrey Weitzel
George Crook
Gershom Mott
Henry Jackson Hunt
Francis Channing Barlow
Mason Brayman
Nathaniel James Jackson
George Washington Getty
Alfred Sully
William Woods Averell
Francis Barretto Spinola
John Henry Hobart Ward
Solomon Meredith
James Bowen
Eliakim Parker Scammon
Robert Seaman Granger
Joseph Rodman West
Alfred Washington Ellet
George Leonard Andrews
Clinton Bowen Fisk
William Hays
Israel Vogdes
David Allen Russell
Lewis Cass Hunt
Frank Wheaton
John Sanford Mason
David McMurtrie Gregg
Robert Ogden Tyler
Alfred Thomas Archimedes Torbert
Gilman Marston
William Dwight
Sullivan Amory Meredith
Nathaniel Collins McLean
William Vandever
Alexander Schimmelfennig
Charles Kinnaird Graham
John Eugene Smith
Joseph Tarr Copeland
Charles Adam Heckman
Edward Elmer Potter
Henry Beebee Carrington
John Haskell King
Adam Jacoby Slemmer
Thomas Hewson Neill
Thomas Gamble Pitcher
Thomas William Sweeny
William Passmore Carlin
Romeyn Beck Ayres
William Babcock Hazen
Joseph Anthony Mower
Richard Arnold
Edward Winslow Hinks
Michael Kelly Lawler
George Day Wagner
Lysander Cutler
Joseph Farmer Knipe
James Barnes
Edward Harland
Samuel Beatty
Isaac Jones Wistar
Franklin Stillman Nickerson
Edward Henry Hobson
Ralph Pomeroy Buckland
Joseph Dana Webster
William Harrow
William Hopkins Morris
Thomas Howard Ruger
Thomas Edward Greenfield Ransom
Elias Smith Dennis
Thomas Church Haskell Smith
Mortimer Dormer Leggett
Davis Tillson
Hector Tyndale
Albert Lindley Lee
Marcellus Monroe Crocker
Egbert Benson Brown
John McNeil
George Francis McGinnis
Hugh Boyle Ewing
James Winning McMillan
John Blair Smith Todd
Daniel Ullmann
George Jerrison Stannard
Henry Baxter
John Milton Thayer
Charles Thomas Campbell
Halbert Eleazer Paine
Robert Brown Potter
Thomas Ewing
Joseph Andrew Jackson Lightburn
Henry Hastings Sibley
Joseph Bradford Carr
Joseph Jackson Bartlett
Joshua Thomas Owen
Patrick Edward Connor
John Parker Hawkins
Gabriel René Paul
Edward Augustus Wild
Edward Ferrero
Adelbert Ames
William Birney
Daniel Henry Rucker
Robert Allen
Rufus Ingalls
Gustavus Adolphus De Russy
Alexander Shaler
Benjamin Henry Grierson
Robert Sanford Foster
Hugh Judson Kilpatrick
Alexander Stewart Webb
Alfred Napoleon Alexander Duffié
Walter Chiles Whitaker
Wesley Merritt
George Armstrong Custer
William Denison Whipple
John Converse Starkweather
Kenner Garrard
Charles Robert Woods
John Benjamin Sanborn
Giles Alexander Smith
Samuel Allen Rice
Jasper Adalmorn Maltby
Thomas Kilby Smith
Walter Quintin Gresham
Manning Ferguson Force
Robert Alexander Cameron
John Murray Corse
John Aaron Rawlins
Alvan Cullem Gillem
John Wesley Turner
Henry Lawrence Eustis
Henry Eugene Davies
Andrew Jackson Hamilton
Henry Warner Birge
Charles Garrison Harker
James Hewitt Ledlie
James Harrison Wilson
Adin Ballou Underwood
Augustus Louis Chetlain
Thomas Francis Meagher
William Anderson Pile
John Wallace Fuller
John Franklin Miller
Philippe Régis Dénis de Keredern De Trobriand
Cyrus Bussey
Christopher Columbus Andrews
Hiram Burnham
Edward Moody McCook
Lewis Addison Grant
Edward Hatch
August Valentine Kautz
Francis Fessenden
John Rutter Brooke
John Frederick Hartranft
Samuel Sprigg Carroll
Simon Goodell Griffin
Emory Upton
Nelson Appleton Miles
Joseph Hayes
Byron Root Pierce
Selden Connor
Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain
Elliott Warren Rice
William Francis Bartlett

Brigadier-General USA (Staff)

Montgomery Cunningham Meigs (Quartermaster-General)
Lorenzo Thomas
William Alexander Hammond (Surgeon-General)
Joseph Pannell Taylor (Commissary-General of Subsistence
George Douglas Ramsay (Ordnance)
James Barnet Fry (Provost Marshal)
Richard Delafield (Engineers)
Joseph Holt (Judge Advocate-General)

Confederate Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

General ACSA/PACS

Samuel Cooper
Robert Edward Lee
Joseph Eggleston Johnston
Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
Braxton Bragg
Edmund Kirby Smith

Lieutenant-General PACS

James Longstreet
Theophilus Hunter Holmes
William Joseph Hardee
Richard Stoddert Ewell
Ambrose Powell Hill
John Bell Hood
Richard Taylor
Jubal Anderson Early
Richard Heron Anderson

Major-General PACS

Benjamin Huger
John Bankhead Magruder
Mansfield Lovell
William Wing Loring
Sterling Price
Benjamin Franklin Cheatham
Samuel Jones
John Porter McCown
Daniel Harvey Hill
Thomas Carmichael Hindman
John Cabell Breckinridge
Lafayette McLaws
Simon Bolivar Buckner
Samuel Gibbs French
George Edward Pickett
Carter Littlepage Stevenson
John Horace Forney
Dabney Herndon Maury
Martin Luther Smith
John George Walker
Arnold Elzey
Patrick Ronayne Cleburne
Franklin Gardner
Isaac Ridgeway Trimble
Joseph Wheeler
Edward Johnson
William Henry Chase Whiting
Robert Emmett Rodes
William Henry Talbot Walker
Henry Heth
Robert Ransom
Alexander Peter Stewart
Jones Mitchell Withers
Stephen Dill Lee
Cadmus Marcellus Wilcox
Wade Hampton
Fitzhugh Lee
Howell Cobb
John Austin Wharton
William Thompson Martin
Nathan Bedford Forrest
Charles William Field
James Patton Anderson
William Brimage Bate
Camille Armand Jules Marie de Polignac
Robert Frederick Hoke
William Henry Fitzhugh Lee
James Fleming Fagan
John Brown Gordon
Joseph Brevard Kershaw
Bushrod Rust Johnson
Stephen Dodson Ramseur
Edward Cary Walthall

Brigadier-General PACS

Alexander Robert Lawton
Henry Alexander Wise
Henry Hopkins Sibley
John Henry Winder
Gideon Johnson Pillow
Daniel Ruggles
Roswell Sabine Ripley
Paul Octave Hébert
Albert Gallatin Blanchard
Gabriel James Rains
Thomas Fenwick Drayton
Nathan George Evans
James Heyward Trapier
Hugh Weedon Mercer
William Montgomery Gardner
William Mahone
Raleigh Edward Colston
John King Jackson
George Wythe Randolph
James Ronald Chalmers
Daniel Leadbetter
William Whann Mackall
Winfield Scott Featherston
Thomas James Churchill
William Booth Taliaferro
Albert Rust
Samuel Bell Maxey
Hamilton Prioleau Bee
James Morrison Hawes
George Hume Steuart
James Edwin Slaughter
Seth Maxwell Barton
Henry Eustace McCullough
John Selden Roane
States Rights Gist
William Nelson Pendleton
Joseph Finegan
William Nelson Rector Beall
Thomas Jordan
William Preston
John Echols
George Earl Maney
John Stuart Williams
James Green Martin
Thomas Lanier Clingman
Daniel Weisiger Adams
Louis Hébert
Ambrose Ransom Wright
James Lawson Kemper
James Jay Archer
Beverley Holcombe Robertson
St John Richardson Liddell
Johnson Hagood
Harry Thompson Hays
Matthew Duncan Ector
Edward Aylesworth Perry
John Gregg
John Calvin Brown
Alfred Holt Colquitt
Abraham Buford
William Steele
Francis Asbury Shoup
Joseph Robert Davis
John Crawford Vaughn
Evander McIvor Law
Elkanah Brackin Greer
Francis Redding Tillou Nicholls
Alfred Cumming
William Stephen Walker
Montgomery Dent Corse
George Thomas Anderson
Alfred Iverson
James Henry Lane
Edward Lloyd Thomas
John Rogers Cooke
Jerome Bonaparte Robertson
Evander McNair
Archibald Gracie
William Robertson Boggs
James Camp Tappan
Dandridge McRae
Mosby Monroe Parsons
John Pegram
John Sappington Marmaduke
John Hunt Morgan
Marcus Joseph Wright
Zachariah Cantey Deas
Lucius Eugene Polk
John Adams
William Hicks Jackson
James Cantey
Henry Lewis Benning
William Tatum Wofford
Samuel McGowan
Marcellus Augustus Stovall
George Blake Cosby
Francis Crawford Armstrong
William Lewis Cabell
John Daniel Imboden
Alfred Eugene Jackson
Robert Brank Vance
Henry Delamar Clayton
Arthur Middleton Manigault
Douglas Hancock Cooper
John Wilkins Whitfield
James Alexander Walker
Matthew Whitaker Ransom
Alfred Moore Scales
George Washington Custis Lee
Henry Harrison Walker
Gabriel Colvin Wharton
Francis Marion Cockrell
James Patrick Major
Samuel Wragg Ferguson
Lunsford Lindsay Lomax
Laurence Simmons Baker
Otho French Strahl
Philip Dale Roddey
Eppa Hunton
Thomas Pleasant Dockery
Benjamin Grubb Humphreys
Henry Brevard Davidson
Cullen Andrews Battle
William Andrew Quarles
William Whedbee Kirkland
Goode Bryan
Matthew Calbraith Butler
Williams Carter Wickham
Robert Daniel Johnston
Alexander Welch Reynolds
Thomas Neville Waul
Edmund Winston Pettus
Armistead Lindsay Long
Henry Rootes Jackson
William Wirt Adams
Thomas Lafayette Rosser
Pierce Manning Butler Young
James Argyle Smith
Joseph Horace Lewis
Mark Perrin Lowrey
Edward Higgins
John Tyler Morgan
John Herbert Kelly
William Young Conn Humes
Jesse Johnson Finley
James Holt Clanton
Alfred Jefferson Vaughan
Joseph Orville Shelby
John Randolph Chambliss
Lawrence Sullivan Ross
Daniel Chevilette Govan
Randall Lee Gibson
Clement Hoffman Stevens
Nathaniel Harrison Harris
Allen Thomas
Alexander Travis Hawthorn
Robert Charles Tyler
Edward Porter Alexander
William Wirt Allen
Hiram Bronson Granbury
Claudius Wistar Sears
William Feimster Tucker
Richard Lucian Page
Alpheus Baker
Daniel Harris Reynolds
James Chesnut
Stand Watie
Samuel Jameson Gholson
John Bratton
Thomas Moore Scott
John McCausland
Clement Anselm Evans
William Terry
Bryan Grimes
Martin Witherspoon Gary
Birkett Davenport Fry
Stephen Elliott
William Ruffin Cox
Thomas Fentress Toon
William Gaston Lewis
Zebulon York
Robert Doak Lilley
John Caldwell Calhoun Sanders
William Richard Terry
James Conner
Rufus Clay Barringer
John Smith Preston
Hylan Benton Lyon
William Lindsay Brandon
Richard Waterhouse

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