1864 June 15th

June 15 1864 Wednesday

Second Battle of Petersburg, VA

Atlanta Campaign – Kennesaw

Virginia Overland Campaign – Crossing the James River

Petersburg Campaign

Hunter’s Shenandoah Valley Campaign

Sheridan’s Trevilian Raid

Georgia. Action occurred at Gilgal Church. Incidents at Allatoona, Golgotha Church, Noonday Creek, Brush Mountain, and Lost Mountain.

Georgia. At Kennesaw Mountain, Confederate General Joseph Eggleston Johnston withdrew his advanced division from Pine Mountain. It was in a salient that had been partially enveloped by the advances of the Union XXIII Corps and IV Corps. Union troops of the Army of the Cumberland closed the gap and the troops on either side moved closer to the Confederates defences around Kennesaw Mountain. The Union advance was no longer so easily visible from the Pine Mountain observation post.

Indian Territory. Skirmish at San Bois Creek with Confederal Brigadier-General Stand Watie.

Indian Territory. The Confederate transport J R Williams, carrying supplies up the Arkansas River, from Fort Smith to Fort Gibson, was hit by Union artillery. The steamer was run aground and abandoned. Colonel Stand Watie and his Confederate Indian forces acquired $100,000 worth of supplies before the stranded steamer could be destroyed by Union troops.

Louisiana. Skirmish at Magnolia Landing.

Louisiana. Skirmish at Ratliff’s Landing.

Louisiana. Confederate artillery opened fire in the early morning hours on a wooden side-wheeler USS General Bragg, Acting Lieutenant Dominy, lying off Como Landing. The return fire from USS General Bragg forced the Confederates to move away to Ratliff’s Landing, where they fired on USS Naiad, Acting Master Henry T Keene. USS Winnebago, a double-turreted river monitor, was alerted by the sound of gunfire and the combined firepower of the three ships temporarily silenced the field battery.

Mississippi. USS Lexington, Lieutenant Bache, and a boat crew from USS Tyler captured three Confederate steamers off Beulah Landing. The steamers Mattie, M Walt and Hill were supporting and supplying Confederate raiders.

Missouri. Reconnaissance to Renick’s Farm and Sedalia ended.

Missouri. Union troops found the guerrillas responsible for the burning of Melville at White Hare and routed them.

Tennessee. Raid to Morristown ended.

Tennessee. Skirmish at Moscow.

Texas. Pass Cavallo was evacuated by Union troops.

Virginia. Reconnaissance from Lexington to Lynchburg ended.

Virginia. Incident at St Peter’s Church.

Virginia. Skirmish near Smith’s Store.

Virginia. Skirmish at Malvern Hill.

Virginia. Construction of the longest continuous pontoon bridge of the war started at 11am. It was placed between Windmill Point and Fort Powhatan. The river at this point was 2,100 feet wide, up to 15 fathoms deep in mid-channel, and had a strong tidal current with a tidal range of four feet. The work was accomplished by 450 engineers under Captain G H Mendell, directed initially by Major J C Duane and then by Brigadier-General Henry Washington Benham. Planning had taken two months and construction of the bridge was started from both ends. It took eight hours to build, in addition to the time spent preparing the approaches. Three schooners and 101 pontoons were used to carry the bridge flooring.

Union Lieutenant-General Ulysses Simpson Grant arrived on the north bank of the James during the morning and observed the arrival of II Corps at the bridge. A force of five divisions in II Corps and XVIII Corps were sent immediately across the river to strengthen the advance against Petersburg. Grant boarded a steamer for Bermuda Hundred and chose City Point as his new base of operations for the Virginia campaign. The remainder of the Army of the Potomac headed for the pontoon bridge to follow II Corps to the south side of the James. Union Major-General Benjamin Franklin Butler organised the sinking of five vessels laden with stones in the James River at Trent’s Reach. This was near his right flank and was intended to block the passage of Confederate ships that might make a suicidal attempt to disrupt the army’s crossing of the James.

Virginia. Union Major-General David Hunter and the cavalry division of Brigadier-General William Woods Averell advanced from Buchanan via the road between the Peaks of Otter and occupied Liberty that evening.

Second Petersburg, Virginia, also known as Petersburg. At about 4 am, Union Major-General Benjamin Franklin Butler’s leading elements of XVIII Corps crossed the Appomattox River over a new bridge laid at Broadway Point. They marched for six miles from Broadway Landing to attack the Petersburg defences. Butler’s total force numbered 13,700 infantry in the divisions of Brigadier-General William Thomas Harbaugh Brooks, Brigadier-General John Henry Martindale, and Brigadier-General Edward Ward Hinks. These troops of the XVIII Corps were commanded by Major-General William Farrar Smith. Brigadier-General Augustus Valentine Kautz’s cavalry division provided support with 2,400 horsemen. Hinks had previously been stationed at City Point while the rest of XVIII was transferred temporarily for the operations at Cold Harbor. Kautz’s cavalry was ordered to cover the left flank along the City Point Railroad and to clear the line of advance for Brooks and Martindale to march down the City Point Railroad, and for Hinks to approach on the Jordan Point Road.

The 5,400 defenders of Petersburg were commanded by General Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard, but these had to cover both the Bermuda Hundred line and the Petersburg trenches. Only about 2,200 men (mainly local militia and Reserves under Brigadier-General Henry Alexander Wise) were available to defend he city of Petersburg itself, while the 3,200 men of Major-General Bushrod Rust Johnson’s divisions were pinned holding the Howlett Line as the cork in the bottle of Bermuda Hundred. Beauregard had 9,000 more men on alert north of the James River (Major-General Robert Frederick Hoke’s division, Brigadier-General Archibald Gracie’s brigade, and Brigadier-General Mathew Whitaker Ransom’s brigade).

The transport vessels delivered Brooks’ and Martindale’s division almost at random to their landing sites, wasting time as they reassembled. Delays in the Union advance continued to multiply after the landing. The cavalry encountered an unexpected enemy stronghold at Baylor’s farm about four miles northeast of Petersburg. Hinks’ men launched two attacks on Confederate Brigadier-General James Dearing’s small dismounted cavalry brigade holding a small outlying hill. They captured one gun with its crew and finally drove the defenders away, but the overall advance was delayed until the early afternoon. Butler spent a long time scouting the extensive fortifications coming into sight ahead of his army. These were the defences of the Dimmock Line, which had been first laid out in 1862 and undergone occasional improvements for two years. The final line was ten miles long and featured 55 redans, connected by continuous breastworks six-feet high and fronted by a ditch six feet deep and fifteen feet wide. The ground in front of the defences had been cleared to provide a half-mile of open ground without cover.

Kautz reached the Railroad near Redan No 20 on the right flank of the Confederate line around noon. Dearing bombarded Kautz with his artillery and the Union cavalrymen got no closer than 500 yards from the enemy line. Kautz listened for signs that Smith’s infantry was attacking to his right but heard none and eventually withdrew. When Smith arrived, he performed a reconnaissance and, despite his nervousness about the strength of the enemy position, planned to carry the defensive works with a series of strong skirmish lines at 4 pm. He was delayed further when his artillery commander advised that he had sent his horses away to be watered, making it impossible to bring up his guns. The attack was postponed until 5 pm but was then postponed again to 7 pm as Smith wanted every available man and gun to be deployed to be available. Smith deployed his 18,000 men and they were ready to rush across the half-mile of dangerous open ground before night fell.

Wise’s Confederate defenders held a dangerously thin line, with only 2,200 men in position. At 7 pm Hinks’ division of black troops, led a successful attack. They filtered through the dense abattis and obstructions and penetrated a weak point between Redan 7 and Redan 8, forcing the surrender of the Jordan salient. Smith’s skirmishers swept over the earthworks on a three-and-a-half-mile front, capturing Batteries 3 and 5 to 11, and seven bastions containing sixteen guns, along with 300 prisoners. Hinks’ troops celebrated the capture of twelve of the guns. The Confederates abandoned the first line of entrenchments and retreated to Harrison’s Creek.

Despite this initial success and the prospect of a virtually undefended city immediately to his front, Smith was anxious that Confederate reinforcements must be rushing from Richmond to oppose him. He decided to wait until dawn to resume his attack when his lone corps would be reinforced to at least double its present strength. Smith ordered Hinks to reverse the captured defences and to brace himself for a counter-attack. After dark Major-General Winfield Scott Hancock’s II Corps finally arrived from Prince George Court House, after marching sixteen miles from the James River. Hancock was delayed by defective maps, an unnecessary halt to collect rations, and a lack of urgency and clarity in his orders. It was not until Hancock received a message that Smith sent at 4 pm that he understood that his corps was meant to participate in an attack along the Norfolk & Petersburg Railroad. No such instructions had been passed to him through the army headquarters and he had marched and counter-marched in frustration but without urgency. Hancock rode ahead and met Smith at about 10.30 pm. He offered two of his divisions to Smith to press the attack by moonlight in order to achieve the immediate capture of Petersburg, but Smith declined to advance in darkness. He asked Hancock to occupy the captured trenches and to relieve Hinks’ division and the rest of XVIII Corps. The relief was completed by 11 pm and when Hancock’s third division arrived at about midnight, Smith withdrew his entire corps out of action.

Union Lieutenant-General Ulysses Simpson Grant arrived at about midnight and ordered Hancock to take authority over both II Corps and XVIII Corps. He told Hancock that unless Petersburg could be taken by a night attack, he should adopt a defensive posture until reinforced. The normally decisive and pugnacious Hancock was uncertain of the scope of his orders and the disposition of both enemy and friendly forces, so he deferred to Smith’s judgment and waited. The Union troops had seized the key to Petersburg with 40,000 men on the field and almost as many on their way, but they failed to turn the key in the lock.

On the Confederate side, Beauregard had despatched all his available troops as soon as Dearing reported that he was under pressure. He was forced to decide between the defence of Petersburg and the protection of the Richmond & Petersburg Railroad, which was protected by the Howlett Line across the neck at Bermuda Hundred. He could not defend both and sought help from General Braxton Bragg in Richmond. He received no clear guidance from Bragg other than permission to redeploy Hoke’s division. At about noon Hoke’s division was ordered to join the few defenders at Petersburg. They arrived during the night and increased the Confederate garrison to about 8,000 men. Beauregard arrived in person soon after the Union assault was halted, and he finally decided to abandon the Howlett Line. He ordered Major-General Bushrod Rust Johnson’s division to join Hoke at Petersburg. This decision exposed the southern approaches to Drewry’s Bluff and Beauregard warned General Robert Edward Lee that a large Union force, perhaps even the whole of the Union army, was massing in his front.

Union Organisation

USA: The District of Etowah was established in the Department of the Cumberland, comprising the vicinity of Bridgeport in Alabama, Cleveland and Chattanooga in Tennessee and Rome, and Allatoona in Georgia.

USA: Major-General James Blair Steedman assumed command of the District of Etowah.

Steedman, James Blair / Pennsylvania / Born 29 July 1817 Northumberland, Pennsylvania / Died Toledo, Ohio 18 October 1883
Army of the Republic of Texas / Major-General Ohio Militia 1857-1861 / Colonel USV 14th Ohio Infantry 27 April 1861 / Mustered Out USV 13 August 1861 / Colonel USV 14th Ohio Infantry 1 September 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 19 July 1862 to rank from 17 July 1862 / Major-General USV 28 November 1864 to rank from 20 April 1864 / Resigned USV 18 August 1866 / WIA Chickamauga 20 September 1863
3rd Brigade 1st Division III Corps Army of the Ohio 29 September 1862-24 October 1862 / 3rd Brigade 1st Division III Corps Army of the Cumberland 24 October 1862-5 November 1862 / 3rd Brigade 3rd Division Centre XIV Corps Army of the Cumberland 5 November 1862-9 January 1863 / 3rd Brigade 3rd Division XIV Corps Army of the Cumberland 9 January 1863-28 January 1863 / 3rd Division XIV Corps Army of the Cumberland 9 January 1863-17 April 1863 / 2nd Brigade 3rd Division XIV Corps Army of the Cumberland 27 April 1863-15 August 1863 / 1st Division Reserve Corps Army of the Cumberland 15 August 1863-9 October 1863 / 1st Brigade 2nd Division IV Corps Army of the Cumberland 10 October 1863-18 October 1863 / District of Etowah 15 June 1864-29 November 1864 / District of Etowah 5 January 1865-22 June 1865 / Department of Georgia 27 June 1865-10 December 1865

Commander in Chief: President Abraham Lincoln

Vice-President: Hannibal Hamlin

Secretary of War: Edwin McMasters Stanton

Secretary of the Navy: Gideon Welles

  • North Atlantic Blockading Squadron USN: Acting Rear Admiral Samuel Phillips Lee USN
  • South Atlantic Blockading Squadron USN: Rear Admiral John Adolphus Dahlgren USN
  • West Gulf Blockading Squadron USN: Rear Admiral David Glasgow Farragut USN
  • East Gulf Blockading Squadron USN: Acting Rear Admiral Theodorus Bailey USN
  • Pacific Squadron USN: Captain John B Montgomery USN
  • Mississippi River Squadron USN: Rear Admiral David Dixon Porter USN
  • Potomac Flotilla USN: Commodore Andrew Allen Harwood USN

General–in-Chief: Ulysses Simpson Grant

  • Military Division of the Mississippi: William Tecumseh Sherman
    • Department of the Cumberland: George Henry Thomas
      • District of Tennessee: Lovell Harrison Rousseau
      • District of Western Kentucky: Eleazer Arthur Paine
      • District of Northern Alabama: Robert Seaman Granger
      • District of Etowah: James Blair Steedman
      • Army of the Cumberland: George Henry Thomas
        • IV Corps Cumberland: Oliver Otis Howard
        • XIV Corps Cumberland: John McAuley Palmer
        • XX Corps Cumberland: Joseph Hooker
        • Cavalry Corps Cumberland: Washington Lafayette Elliott
    • Department of the Ohio: John McAllister Schofield
      • District of East Tennessee: Jacob Ammen
      • District of Kentucky: Stephen Gano Burbridge
      • Army of the Ohio: John McAllister Schofield
        • XXIII Corps Ohio: John McAllister Schofield
    • Department of the Tennessee: James Birdseye McPherson
      • District of West Tennessee: Benjamin Henry Grierson
        • Sub-District of Memphis: Ralph Pomeroy Buckland
      • District of Vicksburg: Henry Warner Slocum
      • Army of the Tennessee: James Birdseye McPherson
        • XV Corps Tennessee: John Alexander Logan
        • XVI Corps Tennessee: vacant
          • Right Wing XVI Corps Tennessee: Andrew Jackson Smith
          • Left Wing XVI Corps Tennessee: Grenville Mellen Dodge
        • XVII Corps Tennessee: Francis Preston Blair
  • Military Division of West Mississippi: Edward Richard Sprigg Canby
    • Department of Arkansas: Frederick Steele
      • District of Eastern Arkansas: Napoleon Bonaparte Buford
      • District of Little Rock: Eugene Asa Carr
      • District of the Frontier: John Milton Thayer
      • Army of Arkansas: Frederick Steele
        • VII Corps Arkansas: Frederick Steele
    • Department of the Gulf: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
      • District of Baton Rouge: William Plummer Benton
      • District of Port Hudson: Daniel Ullmann
      • District of La Fourche: Robert Alexander Cameron
      • District of Morganza: William Hemsley Emory
      • District of Carrollton: Nelson B Bartram
      • District of West Florida: Alexander Asboth
      • District of Key West and Tortugas: Daniel Phineas Woodbury
      • Defences of New Orleans: Joseph Jones Reynolds
      • Army of the Gulf: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
        • XIX Corps Gulf: William Hemsley Emory
        • Reserve Corps Gulf: Gordon Granger
    • Department of the Missouri: William Starke Rosecrans
      • District of St Louis: vacant
      • District of Southwest Missouri: John Benjamin Sanborn
      • District of North Missouri: Clinton Bowen Fisk
      • District of Central Missouri: Egbert Benson Brown
      • District of Rolla: Odon Guitar
  • Department of the East: John Adams Dix
  • Department of Kansas: George Sykes
    • District of Nebraska Territory: Robert Byington Mitchell
    • District of North Kansas: Thomas Alfred Davies
    • District of South Kansas: Thomas Jefferson McKean
    • District of the Border: William Russell Judson
    • District of Colorado Territory: John Milton Chivington
  • Middle Department: Lewis Wallace
    • District of Delaware: John Reese Kenly
    • District of the Eastern Shore of Maryland: Henry Hayes Lockwood
    • VIII Corps Middle: Lewis Wallace
  • Department of New Mexico: James Henry Carleton
    • District of Arizona: George Washington Bowie
  • Northern Department: Samuel Peter Heintzelman
    • District of Indiana: Henry Beebe Carrington
  • Department of the Northwest: John Pope
    • District of Minnesota: Henry Hastings Sibley
    • District of Wisconsin: Thomas Church Haskell Smith
    • District of Iowa: Alfred Sully
  • Department of the Pacific: Irvin McDowell
    • District of the Humboldt: Henry M Black
    • District of Oregon: Benjamin Alvord
    • District of Southern California: James Freeman Curtis
    • District of Utah: Patrick Edward Connor
  • Department of the Potomac: George Gordon Meade
    • Army of the Potomac: George Gordon Meade
      • II Corps Potomac: Winfield Scott Hancock
      • V Corps Potomac: Gouverneur Kemble Warren
      • VI Corps Potomac: Horatio Gouverneur Wright
      • IX Corps Potomac: Ambrose Everett Burnside
      • Cavalry Corps Potomac: Philip Henry Sheridan
  • Department of the South: John Gray Foster
    • Northern District (South): Alexander Schimmelfennig
    • District of Beaufort (SC): Rufus Saxton
    • District of Hilton Head: John Porter Hatch
    • District of Florida: William Birney
  • Department of the Susquehanna: Darius Nash Couch
    • Lehigh District: Franz Sigel
  • Department of Virginia and North Carolina: Benjamin Franklin Butler
    • District of St Mary’s: Alonzo Granville Draper
    • District of Eastern Virginia: George Foster Shepley
    • District of Currituck: Samuel Henry Roberts
    • District of North Carolina: Innis Newton Palmer
      • Sub-District of Beaufort NC: James Jourdan
      • Sub-District of New Bern: Edward Harland
    • Army of the James: Benjamin Franklin Butler
      • X Corps James: Alfred Howe Terry temporary
      • XVIII Corps James: William Farrar Smith
  • Department of Washington: Christopher Columbus Augur
    • District of Alexandria: John Potts Slough
    • District of Washington: Moses N Wisewell
    • XXII Corps Washington: Christopher Columbus Augur
  • Department of Western Virginia: David Hunter
    • District of Harper’s Ferry: Franz Sigel
    • Army of the Kanawha: George Crook
    • Army of the Shenandoah: David Hunter

Confederate Organisation

Commander in Chief: President Jefferson Finis Davis

Vice-President: Alexander Hamilton Stephens

Secretary of War: James Alexander Seddon

Secretary of the Navy: Stephen Russell Mallory

Military Adviser to the President: Braxton Bragg

  • Department of Alabama and East Mississippi: Stephen Dill Lee
    • District of Mississippi and East Louisiana: John S Scott
    • Gulf District: Dabney Herndon Maury
    • District of Northern Alabama: Jones Mitchell Withers
    • District of West Tennessee: Nathan Bedford Forrest
  • Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
    • First District of North Carolina and Southern Virginia: Henry Alexander Wise
    • Second District of North Carolina and Southern Virginia: Laurence Simmons Baker
    • Third District of North Carolina and Southern Virginia: William Henry Chase Whiting
  • Department of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee
    • Army of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee
      • I Corps Northern Virginia: Richard Heron Anderson temporary
      • III Corps Northern Virginia: Ambrose Powell Hill
      • Cavalry Northern Virginia: Wade Hampton
    • Valley District: Jubal Anderson Early
      • Army of the Valley (II Corps Northern Virginia): Jubal Anderson Early
  • Department of Richmond: Richard Stoddert Ewell
  • Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida: Samuel Jones
    • District of Georgia: Hugh Weedon Mercer interim Henry Rootes Jackson awaited
    • District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
      • 1st Sub-District of South Carolina: Nathan George Evans
      • 2nd Sub-District of South Carolina: Beverley Holcombe Robertson
      • 3rd Sub-District of South Carolina: Thomas Jordan
      • 4th Sub-District of South Carolina: James Heyward Trapier
      • 6th Sub-District of South Carolina: Henry Alexander Wise
      • 7th Sub-District of South Carolina: William Booth Taliaferro
    • District of Florida: James Patton Anderson
    • Defences of Savannah: Lafayette McLaws
  • Department of Tennessee: Joseph Eggleston Johnston
    • District of Western North Carolina: James Green Martin
    • Army of Tennessee: Joseph Eggleston Johnston
      • I Corps Tennessee: William Joseph Hardee
      • II Corps Tennessee: John Bell Hood
      • III Corps Tennessee: William Wing Loring temporary
      • Cavalry Corps Tennessee: Joseph Wheeler
  • Trans-Allegheny Department: George Bibb Crittenden temporary
  • Trans-Mississippi Department: Edmund Kirby Smith
    • District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: John Bankhead Magruder
      • Western Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: Hamilton Prioleau Bee
        • Sub-District of the Rio Grande: Hamilton Prioleau Bee
      • Eastern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: William Steele
      • Sub-District of Houston: Xavier Blanchard Debray
      • Northern Sub-District Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: Henry Eustace McCullough
    • District of Arkansas: Sterling Price
    • District of West Louisiana: John George Walker
    • District of Indian Territory: Samuel Bell Maxey
    • Trans-Mississippi Army: Edmund Kirby Smith
  • Reserve Forces of Alabama: Jones Mitchell Withers
  • Reserve Forces of Florida: John King Jackson
  • Reserve Forces of Georgia: Thomas Howell Cobb
  • Reserve Forces of North Carolina: Theophilus Hunter Holmes
  • Reserve Forces of South Carolina: James Chesnut
  • Reserve Forces of Virginia: James Lawson Kemper

Union Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

Lieutenant-General USA

Ulysses Simpson Grant

Major-General USA

George Brinton McClellan
Henry Wager Halleck

Major-General USV

Asterisk indicates concurrently Brigadier-General USA

John Adams Dix
Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
Benjamin Franklin Butler
David Hunter
Ethan Allen Hitchcock
Irvin McDowell*
Ambrose Everett Burnside
William Starke Rosecrans*
John Pope*
Samuel Ryan Curtis
Franz Sigel
John Alexander McClernand
Lewis Wallace
George Henry Thomas*
George Cadwalader
William Tecumseh Sherman*
Edward Otho Cresap Ord
Samuel Peter Heintzelman
Joseph Hooker*
Silas Casey
William Buel Franklin
Darius Nash Couch
Henry Warner Slocum
John James Peck
Alexander McDowell McCook
Thomas Leonidas Crittenden
John Gray Foster
John Grubb Parke
Christopher Columbus Augur
Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
Gordon Granger
Lovell Harrison Rousseau
James Birdseye McPherson*
George Stoneman
George Gordon Meade*
Oliver Otis Howard
Daniel Edgar Sickles
Robert Huston Milroy
Daniel Butterfield
Winfield Scott Hancock
George Sykes
David Sloane Stanley
James Scott Negley
John McAllister Schofield
John McAuley Palmer
Frederick Steele
Abner Doubleday
Napoleon Jackson Tecumseh Dana
John Alexander Logan
James Gilpatrick Blunt
George Lucas Hartsuff
Cadwallader Colden Washburn
Francis Jay Herron
Francis Preston Blair
Joseph Jones Reynolds
Philip Henry Sheridan
Julius Stahel
Carl Schurz
Gouverneur Kemble Warren
David Bell Birney
Alfred Pleasonton
Andrew Atkinson Humphreys
Quincy Adams Gillmore
William Farrar Smith
James Blair Steedman
Edward Richard Sprigg Canby
Horatio Gouverneur Wright
Andrew Jackson Smith
Grenville Mellen Dodge
John Gibbon

Brigadier-General USA

Brackets indicates concurrently Major-General USV

(Irvin McDowell)
(William Starke Rosecrans)
Philip St George Cooke
(John Pope)
(Joseph Hooker)
(George Gordon Meade)
(William Tecumseh Sherman)
(James Birdseye McPherson)
(George Henry Thomas)

Brigadier-General USV

Thomas West Sherman
Benjamin Franklin Kelley
Jacob Dolson Cox
Alpheus Starkey Williams
James Brewerton Ricketts
Orlando Bolivar Willcox
Henry Hayes Lockwood
George Webb Morell
John Henry Martindale
Samuel Davis Sturgis
Henry Washington Benham
William Farquhar Barry
John Joseph Abercrombie
Lawrence Pike Graham
Eleazar Arthur Paine
William Thomas Ward
John Gross Barnard
Innis Newton Palmer
Seth Williams
John Newton
George Wright
William Thomas Harbaugh Brooks
John Milton Brannan
John Porter Hatch
Albin Francisco Schoepf
Thomas John Wood
Richard W Johnson
Adolph Wilhelm August Friedrich Von Steinwehr
George Washington Cullum
Thomas Jefferson McKean
Zealous Bates Tower
Jefferson Columbus Davis
James Henry Lane
William Scott Ketchum
John Wynn Davidson
James Gallant Spears
Eugene Asa Carr
Thomas Alfred Davies
William Hemsley Emory
Marsena Rudolph Patrick
Orris Sanford Ferry
Daniel Phineas Woodbury
Henry Moses Judah
John Cook
John McArthur
Jacob Gartner Lauman
Horatio Phillips Van Cleve
Speed Smith Fry
Alexander Asboth
James Craig
Mahlon Dickerson Manson
Robert Byington Mitchell
Cuvier Grover
Rufus Saxton
Benjamin Alvord
Napoleon Bonaparte Buford
William Sooy Smith
Nathan Kimball
Charles Devens
Samuel Wylie Crawford
Henry Walton Wessells
Milo Smith Hascall
John White Geary
Alfred Howe Terry
James Henry Carleton
Absalom Baird
John Cleveland Robinson
Truman Seymour
Henry Prince
Maximilian Weber
Jeremiah Cutler Sullivan
Alvin Peterson Hovey
James Clifford Veatch
William Plummer Benton
John Curtis Caldwell
Neal Dow
George Sears Greene
Samuel Powhatan Carter
Erastus Barnard Tyler
Charles Griffin
George Henry Gordon
Julius White
Peter Joseph Osterhaus
Stephen Gano Burbridge
Washington Lafayette Elliott
Albion Parris Howe
Benjamin Stone Roberts
Jacob Ammen
Fitz-Henry Warren
Morgan Lewis Smith
Charles Cruft
Frederick Salomon
John Basil Turchin
Henry Shaw Briggs
James Dada Morgan
Johann August Ernst Willich
Henry Dwight Terry
George Foster Shepley
John Reese Kenly
John Potts Slough
Godfrey Weitzel
George Crook
Gershom Mott
Henry Jackson Hunt
Francis Channing Barlow
Mason Brayman
Nathaniel James Jackson
George Washington Getty
Alfred Sully
William Woods Averell
Francis Barretto Spinola
John Henry Hobart Ward
Solomon Meredith
James Bowen
Eliakim Parker Scammon
Robert Seaman Granger
Joseph Rodman West
Alfred Washington Ellet
George Leonard Andrews
Clinton Bowen Fisk
William Hays
Israel Vogdes
David Allen Russell
Lewis Cass Hunt
Frank Wheaton
John Sanford Mason
David McMurtrie Gregg
Robert Ogden Tyler
Alfred Thomas Archimedes Torbert
Gilman Marston
William Dwight
Sullivan Amory Meredith
Nathaniel Collins McLean
William Vandever
Alexander Schimmelfennig
Charles Kinnaird Graham
John Eugene Smith
Joseph Tarr Copeland
Charles Adam Heckman
Edward Elmer Potter
Henry Beebee Carrington
John Haskell King
Adam Jacoby Slemmer
Thomas Hewson Neill
Thomas Gamble Pitcher
Thomas William Sweeny
William Passmore Carlin
Romeyn Beck Ayres
William Babcock Hazen
Joseph Anthony Mower
Richard Arnold
Edward Winslow Hinks
Michael Kelly Lawler
George Day Wagner
Lysander Cutler
Joseph Farmer Knipe
James Barnes
Edward Harland
Samuel Beatty
Isaac Jones Wistar
Franklin Stillman Nickerson
Edward Henry Hobson
Ralph Pomeroy Buckland
Joseph Dana Webster
William Harrow
William Hopkins Morris
Thomas Howard Ruger
Thomas Edward Greenfield Ransom
Elias Smith Dennis
Thomas Church Haskell Smith
Mortimer Dormer Leggett
Davis Tillson
Hector Tyndale
Albert Lindley Lee
Marcellus Monroe Crocker
Egbert Benson Brown
John McNeil
George Francis McGinnis
Hugh Boyle Ewing
James Winning McMillan
John Blair Smith Todd
Daniel Ullmann
George Jerrison Stannard
Henry Baxter
John Milton Thayer
Charles Thomas Campbell
Halbert Eleazer Paine
Robert Brown Potter
Thomas Ewing
Joseph Andrew Jackson Lightburn
Henry Hastings Sibley
Joseph Bradford Carr
Joseph Jackson Bartlett
Joshua Thomas Owen
Patrick Edward Connor
John Parker Hawkins
Gabriel René Paul
Edward Augustus Wild
Edward Ferrero
Adelbert Ames
William Birney
Daniel Henry Rucker
Robert Allen
Rufus Ingalls
Gustavus Adolphus De Russy
Alexander Shaler
Benjamin Henry Grierson
Robert Sanford Foster
Hugh Judson Kilpatrick
Alexander Stewart Webb
Alfred Napoleon Alexander Duffié
Walter Chiles Whitaker
Wesley Merritt
George Armstrong Custer
William Denison Whipple
John Converse Starkweather
Kenner Garrard
Charles Robert Woods
John Benjamin Sanborn
Giles Alexander Smith
Samuel Allen Rice
Jasper Adalmorn Maltby
Thomas Kilby Smith
Walter Quintin Gresham
Manning Ferguson Force
Robert Alexander Cameron
John Murray Corse
John Aaron Rawlins
Alvan Cullem Gillem
John Wesley Turner
Henry Lawrence Eustis
Henry Eugene Davies
Andrew Jackson Hamilton
Henry Warner Birge
Charles Garrison Harker
James Hewitt Ledlie
James Harrison Wilson
Adin Ballou Underwood
Augustus Louis Chetlain
Thomas Francis Meagher
William Anderson Pile
John Wallace Fuller
John Franklin Miller
Philippe Régis Dénis de Keredern De Trobriand
Cyrus Bussey
Christopher Columbus Andrews
Hiram Burnham
Edward Moody McCook
Lewis Addison Grant
Edward Hatch
August Valentine Kautz
Francis Fessenden
John Rutter Brooke
John Frederick Hartranft
Samuel Sprigg Carroll
Simon Goodell Griffin
Emory Upton
Nelson Appleton Miles
Joseph Hayes
Byron Root Pierce
Selden Connor

Brigadier-General USA (Staff)

Montgomery Cunningham Meigs (Quartermaster-General)
Lorenzo Thomas
William Alexander Hammond (Surgeon-General)
Joseph Pannell Taylor (Commissary-General of Subsistence
George Douglas Ramsay (Ordnance)
James Barnet Fry (Provost Marshal)
Richard Delafield (Engineers)

Confederate Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

General ACSA/PACS

Samuel Cooper
Robert Edward Lee
Joseph Eggleston Johnston
Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
Braxton Bragg
Edmund Kirby Smith

Lieutenant-General PACS

James Longstreet
Theophilus Hunter Holmes
William Joseph Hardee
Richard Stoddert Ewell
Ambrose Powell Hill
John Bell Hood
Richard Taylor
Jubal Anderson Early
Richard Heron Anderson

Major-General PACS

Benjamin Huger
John Bankhead Magruder
Mansfield Lovell
William Wing Loring
Sterling Price
Benjamin Franklin Cheatham
Samuel Jones
John Porter McCown
Daniel Harvey Hill
Thomas Carmichael Hindman
John Cabell Breckinridge
Lafayette McLaws
Simon Bolivar Buckner
Samuel Gibbs French
George Edward Pickett
Carter Littlepage Stevenson
John Horace Forney
Dabney Herndon Maury
Martin Luther Smith
John George Walker
Arnold Elzey
Patrick Ronayne Cleburne
Franklin Gardner
Isaac Ridgeway Trimble
Joseph Wheeler
Edward Johnson
William Henry Chase Whiting
Robert Emmett Rodes
William Henry Talbot Walker
Henry Heth
Robert Ransom
Alexander Peter Stewart
Jones Mitchell Withers
Stephen Dill Lee
Cadmus Marcellus Wilcox
Wade Hampton
Fitzhugh Lee
Howell Cobb
John Austin Wharton
William Thompson Martin
Nathan Bedford Forrest
Charles William Field
James Patton Anderson
William Brimage Bate
Camille Armand Jules Marie de Polignac
Robert Frederick Hoke
William Henry Fitzhugh Lee
James Fleming Fagan
John Brown Gordon
Joseph Brevard Kershaw
Bushrod Rust Johnson
Stephen Dodson Ramseur
Edward Cary Walthall

Brigadier-General PACS

Alexander Robert Lawton
Henry Alexander Wise
Henry Hopkins Sibley
John Henry Winder
Gideon Johnson Pillow
Daniel Ruggles
Roswell Sabine Ripley
Paul Octave Hébert
Albert Gallatin Blanchard
Gabriel James Rains
Thomas Fenwick Drayton
Nathan George Evans
James Heyward Trapier
Hugh Weedon Mercer
William Montgomery Gardner
William Mahone
Raleigh Edward Colston
John King Jackson
George Wythe Randolph
James Ronald Chalmers
Daniel Leadbetter
William Whann Mackall
Winfield Scott Featherston
Thomas James Churchill
William Booth Taliaferro
Albert Rust
Samuel Bell Maxey
Hamilton Prioleau Bee
James Morrison Hawes
George Hume Steuart
James Edwin Slaughter
Seth Maxwell Barton
Henry Eustace McCullough
John Selden Roane
States Rights Gist
William Nelson Pendleton
Joseph Finegan
William Nelson Rector Beall
Thomas Jordan
William Preston
John Echols
George Earl Maney
John Stuart Williams
James Green Martin
Thomas Lanier Clingman
Daniel Weisiger Adams
Louis Hébert
Ambrose Ransom Wright
James Lawson Kemper
James Jay Archer
Beverley Holcombe Robertson
St John Richardson Liddell
Johnson Hagood
Harry Thompson Hays
Matthew Duncan Ector
Edward Aylesworth Perry
John Gregg
John Calvin Brown
Alfred Holt Colquitt
Abraham Buford
William Steele
Francis Asbury Shoup
Joseph Robert Davis
John Crawford Vaughn
Evander McIvor Law
Elkanah Brackin Greer
Francis Redding Tillou Nicholls
Alfred Cumming
William Stephen Walker
Montgomery Dent Corse
George Thomas Anderson
Alfred Iverson
James Henry Lane
Edward Lloyd Thomas
John Rogers Cooke
Jerome Bonaparte Robertson
Evander McNair
Archibald Gracie
William Robertson Boggs
James Camp Tappan
Dandridge McRae
Mosby Monroe Parsons
John Pegram
John Sappington Marmaduke
John Hunt Morgan
Marcus Joseph Wright
Zachariah Cantey Deas
Lucius Eugene Polk
John Adams
William Hicks Jackson
James Cantey
Henry Lewis Benning
William Tatum Wofford
Samuel McGowan
Marcellus Augustus Stovall
George Blake Cosby
Francis Crawford Armstrong
William Lewis Cabell
John Daniel Imboden
Alfred Eugene Jackson
Robert Brank Vance
Henry Delamar Clayton
Arthur Middleton Manigault
Douglas Hancock Cooper
John Wilkins Whitfield
James Alexander Walker
Matthew Whitaker Ransom
Alfred Moore Scales
George Washington Custis Lee
Henry Harrison Walker
Gabriel Colvin Wharton
Francis Marion Cockrell
James Patrick Major
Samuel Wragg Ferguson
Lunsford Lindsay Lomax
Laurence Simmons Baker
Otho French Strahl
Philip Dale Roddey
Eppa Hunton
Thomas Pleasant Dockery
Benjamin Grubb Humphreys
Henry Brevard Davidson
Cullen Andrews Battle
William Andrew Quarles
William Whedbee Kirkland
Goode Bryan
Matthew Calbraith Butler
Williams Carter Wickham
Robert Daniel Johnston
Alexander Welch Reynolds
Thomas Neville Waul
Edmund Winston Pettus
Armistead Lindsay Long
Henry Rootes Jackson
William Wirt Adams
Thomas Lafayette Rosser
Pierce Manning Butler Young
James Argyle Smith
Joseph Horace Lewis
Mark Perrin Lowrey
Edward Higgins
John Tyler Morgan
John Herbert Kelly
William Young Conn Humes
Jesse Johnson Finley
James Holt Clanton
Alfred Jefferson Vaughan
Joseph Orville Shelby
John Randolph Chambliss
Lawrence Sullivan Ross
Daniel Chevilette Govan
Randall Lee Gibson
Clement Hoffman Stevens
Nathaniel Harrison Harris
Allen Thomas
Alexander Travis Hawthorn
Robert Charles Tyler
Edward Porter Alexander
William Wirt Allen
Hiram Bronson Granbury
Claudius Wistar Sears
William Feimster Tucker
Richard Lucian Page
Alpheus Baker
Daniel Harris Reynolds
James Chesnut
Stand Watie
Samuel Jameson Gholson
John Bratton
Thomas Moore Scott
John McCausland
Clement Anselm Evans
William Terry
Bryan Grimes
Martin Witherspoon Gary
Birkett Davenport Fry
Stephen Elliott
William Ruffin Cox
Thomas Fentress Toon
William Gaston Lewis
Zebulon York
Robert Doak Lilley
John Caldwell Calhoun Sanders
William Richard Terry
James Conner
Rufus Clay Barringer
John Smith Preston
Hylan Benton Lyon
Richard Waterhouse

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