1864 June 13th

June 13 1864 Monday

Atlanta Campaign – Kennesaw

Virginia Overland Campaign – Cold Harbor

Sturgis’ Operation against Forrest

Hunter’s Shenandoah Valley Campaign

Morgan’s East Kentucky Raid

Sheridan’s Trevilian Raid

Great Britain. USS Kearsarge, Captain John Ancrum Winslow, sailed from Dover to blockade the commerce raider CSS Alabama in the port of Cherbourg, France.

Georgia. Incidents at Old Church, Lost Mountain, and Pine Hill.

Georgia. Pine Mountain was occupied by a single brigade from Confederate Major-General William Brimage Bate’s division, guarding an excellent observation post. Pine Mountain was known locally as Pine Top and was little more than a large hill, bristling with pine tops and standing apart from the main line of hills. It offered a view of the entire Union line and was guarded by two batteries. This advantage was gained only by presenting a salient ahead of the re-adjusted main Confederate line at Pine Top. Confederate Major-General William Joseph Hardee felt that this position was too exposed and vulnerable to a surprise attack, and he asked General Joseph Eggleston Johnston to inspect the lines with him in the morning.

Kansas. Reconnaissance from Fort Leavenworth to Weston, Missouri, began.

Kentucky. Confederate Brigadier-General John Hunt Morgan headed from Augusta towards southwestern Virginia, abandoning his raid in Kentucky.

Missouri. Reconnaissance from Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, to Weston began.

North Carolina. Union raid from Morristown, Tennessee, to Camp Vance began.

Tennessee. Sturgis’ Expedition from Memphis ended.

Tennessee. Union raid from Morristown to Camp Vance, North Carolina began.

Tennessee. Skirmish near Collierville.

Virginia. Reconnaissance from Lexington to Lynchburg began.

Virginia Skirmish at Riddell’s Shop,.

Virginia Skirmish at White Oak Swamp.

Virginia Incident at Charles City Cross Roads.

Virginia. The Union XVIII Corps under Major-General William Farrar Smith left the Cold Harbor lines for White House Landing, where it would board transports to rejoin the Army of the James in the Bermuda Hundred lines.

Buchanan, Virginia. After being joined by the cavalry division of Brigadier-General Alfred Napoleon Alexander Duffié, Union Major-General David Hunter sent his other cavalry division under Brigadier-General William Woods Averell to drive Confederate Brigadier-General John McCausland out of Buchanan. Their objective was to capture the bridge across the James River. McCausland burned the bridge and fled the town before being attacked.

Virginia. The Confederate II Corps under Lieutenant-General Jubal Anderson Early departed from Richmond early in the morning, heading for Lynchburg to commence offensive operations in the Shenandoah Valley. Early’s first objective was Rockfish Gap, where Early would incorporate Major-General John Cabell Breckinridge’s division of two brigades into his command.

Virginia. The last elements of the Union Army of the Potomac evacuated the lines around Cold Harbor and north of the Chickahominy River and marched southwards, aiming to cross the James River. The II Corps of Major-General Winfield Scott Hancock and VI Corps of Major-General Horatio Gouverneur Wright had held the rear-guard second line long enough to be sure that their departure was undetected and unopposed, then they headed southwards to cross the Chickahominy at Long Bridge and Jones Bridge respectively, beginning to cross overnight on 12 June. Four of the five corps of the Army of the Potomac were now south of the Chickahominy and the fifth corps (XVIII Corps attached from the Army of the James) was withdrawing east along the York River to White House. The XVIII Corps was soon boarding ships at White House Landing on the York River.

Union Major-General Gouverneur Kemble Warren’s V Corps had the task of protecting the next stage of the march to the James River by taking a position near Riddell’s Shop, supporting the cavalry division of Brigadier-General James Harrison Wilson. Wilson patrolled the region between White Oak Swamp and Malvern Hill to prevent any interference with the manoeuvre. Behind this screen, the II Corps, VI Corps, and IX Corps marched through Charles City to the site of the proposed new pontoon bridge over the James River. Once the main body was crossing the bridge, Warren would withdraw through Charles City to protect the northern end.

Over twelve miles of defences and breastworks had been laid out by Union engineers and erected to guard the approaches to the new pontoon bridge over the James River. The entire movement was well planned and was executed in a secure, rapid, and orderly fashion. Its purpose was kept secret from the Union troops just as much as from the Confederates in order to retain the element of surprise. The army’s supply train reached the Chickahominy to cross at Coles Landing much further to the east.

Virginia. At sunrise, Confederate scouts reported to the headquarters of Confederate General Robert Edward Lee at Gaines’ Mill that the Union works around Cold Harbor were abandoned. They probed forward and discovered a newer secondary line, but this also had been recently evacuated. There were no Union troops for a mile and more beyond the second line. The location of the Union Army of the Potomac was temporarily a mystery. Lee assumed that it must be heading either for the northern bank of the James River to make a new advance from that direction or, less probably, was aiming to cross south of the James.

Lee put the Army of Northern Virginia on the road to prepared positions below White Oak Swamp, nearer to the vital stronghold of Drewry’s Bluff on the James River. The two Confederate cavalry brigades of Major-General William Henry Fitzhugh Lee attempted to evade the Union cavalry pickets on the Long Bridge Road and around Riddell’s Shop, but without success. Behind them, Lee posted Lieutenant-General Ambrose Powell Hill’s III Corps at Glendale and Lieutenant-General Richard Heron Anderson’s I Corps ona line from Glendale to Malvern Hill. The Confederate II Corps was already on its way to the Shenandoah Valley, and Lee’s other two cavalry divisions were distant, defending the Virginia Central Railroad near Trevilian Station. Confederate cavalry scouts on Malvern Hill reported considerable activity among the Union ships at Deep Bottom on the James River but their purpose was unclear. Lee was forced to wait until he received more definite information before he could leave the approaches to Richmond.

Virginia. Confederate Major-General Wade Hampton’s cavalry attempted to cut off Major-General Philip Henry Sheridan’s two cavalry divisions as they retraced their steps from Trevilian Station towards the Pamunkey River. Hampton’s force consisted of Brigadier-General Matthew Calbraith Butler’s and Brigadier-General Thomas Lafayette Rosser’s brigades from his own division, Brigadier-General Williams Carter Wickham’s brigade from Major-General Fitzhugh Lee’s division, and Brigadier-General John Randolph Chambliss’ brigade from Major-General William Henry Fitzhugh Lee’s division. Hampton added a newly-formed cavalry brigade under Brigadier-General Martin Witherspoon Gary. Sheridan passed through Spotsylvania and Bowling Green in a nine-day ride to White House Landing and spent a further five days riding to reach the James River.

Union Organisation

USA: Brigadier-General William Plummer Benton assumed command of the District of Baton Rouge, succeeding Brigadier-General Fitz-Henry Warren.

Benton, William Plummer / Maryland / Born 25 December 1828 New Market, Maryland / Died New Orleans, Louisiana 14 March 1867
Private US Mounted Rifles 1846-1849 / Mustered Out USV 1849 / Captain USV 8th Indiana Militia 27 April 1861 / Colonel USV 8th Indiana 27 April 1861 / Mustered Out USV 6 August 1861 / Colonel USA 8th Indiana Infantry 5 September 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 30 April 1862 to rank from 28 April 1862 / Mustered Out USV 24 July 1865 / Brevet Major-General USV 26 March 1865
Benton’s Brigade Army of the Ohio July 1861 / 1st Division Army of Southwest Missouri October 1862-3 December 1862 / 1st Division Army of Southeast Missouri 3 December 1862-26 March 1863 / 1st Brigade 14th Division XIII Corps Army of the Tennessee 28 March 1863-31 March 1863 / 1st Brigade 1st Division XIII Corps Army of the Tennessee 28 July 1863-8 August 1863 / 1st Division XIII Corps Department of the Gulf 7 August 1863-15 September 1863 / 1st Division XIII Corps Department of the Gulf 25 November 1863-8 February 1864 / XIII Corps Gulf 9 May 1864-11 June 1864 / District of Baton Rouge 15 May 1864-31 May 1864 / District of Baton Rouge 13 June 1864-5 August 1864 / Sub-District of Baton Rouge 6 August 1864-3 October 1864 / District of Baton Rouge and Port Hudson 30 October 1864-26 December 1864 / 3rd Division Reserve Corps Department of the Gulf 3 February 1865-18 February 1865 / 3rd Division XIII Corps Department of the Gulf 18 February 1865-28 May 1865 / 3rd Division XIII Corps Department of the Gulf 3 June 1865-20 July 1865

Commander in Chief: President Abraham Lincoln

Vice-President: Hannibal Hamlin

Secretary of War: Edwin McMasters Stanton

Secretary of the Navy: Gideon Welles

  • North Atlantic Blockading Squadron USN: Acting Rear Admiral Samuel Phillips Lee USN
  • South Atlantic Blockading Squadron USN: Rear Admiral John Adolphus Dahlgren USN
  • West Gulf Blockading Squadron USN: Rear Admiral David Glasgow Farragut USN
  • East Gulf Blockading Squadron USN: Acting Rear Admiral Theodorus Bailey USN
  • Pacific Squadron USN: Captain John B Montgomery USN
  • Mississippi River Squadron USN: Rear Admiral David Dixon Porter USN
  • Potomac Flotilla USN: Commodore Andrew Allen Harwood USN

General–in-Chief: Ulysses Simpson Grant

  • Military Division of the Mississippi: William Tecumseh Sherman
    • Department of the Cumberland: George Henry Thomas
      • District of Tennessee: Lovell Harrison Rousseau
      • District of Western Kentucky: Eleazer Arthur Paine
      • District of Northern Alabama: Robert Seaman Granger
      • Army of the Cumberland: George Henry Thomas
        • IV Corps Cumberland: Oliver Otis Howard
        • XIV Corps Cumberland: John McAuley Palmer
        • XX Corps Cumberland: Joseph Hooker
        • Cavalry Corps Cumberland: Washington Lafayette Elliott
    • Department of the Ohio: John McAllister Schofield
      • District of East Tennessee: Jacob Ammen
      • District of Kentucky: Stephen Gano Burbridge
      • Army of the Ohio: John McAllister Schofield
        • XXIII Corps Ohio: John McAllister Schofield
    • Department of the Tennessee: James Birdseye McPherson
      • District of West Tennessee: Benjamin Henry Grierson
        • Sub-District of Memphis: Ralph Pomeroy Buckland
      • District of Vicksburg: Henry Warner Slocum
      • Army of the Tennessee: James Birdseye McPherson
        • XV Corps Tennessee: John Alexander Logan
        • XVI Corps Tennessee: vacant
          • Right Wing XVI Corps Tennessee: Andrew Jackson Smith
          • Left Wing XVI Corps Tennessee: Grenville Mellen Dodge
        • XVII Corps Tennessee: Francis Preston Blair
  • Military Division of West Mississippi: Edward Richard Sprigg Canby
    • Department of Arkansas: Frederick Steele
      • District of Eastern Arkansas: Napoleon Bonaparte Buford
      • District of Little Rock: Eugene Asa Carr
      • District of the Frontier: John Milton Thayer
      • Army of Arkansas: Frederick Steele
        • VII Corps Arkansas: Frederick Steele
    • Department of the Gulf: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
      • District of Baton Rouge: William Plummer Benton
      • District of Port Hudson: Daniel Ullmann
      • District of La Fourche: Robert Alexander Cameron
      • District of Morganza: William Hemsley Emory
      • District of Carrollton: Nelson B Bartram
      • District of West Florida: Alexander Asboth
      • District of Key West and Tortugas: Daniel Phineas Woodbury
      • Defences of New Orleans: Joseph Jones Reynolds
      • Army of the Gulf: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
        • XIX Corps Gulf: William Hemsley Emory
        • Reserve Corps Gulf: Gordon Granger
    • Department of the Missouri: William Starke Rosecrans
      • District of St Louis: vacant
      • District of Southwest Missouri: John Benjamin Sanborn
      • District of North Missouri: Clinton Bowen Fisk
      • District of Central Missouri: Egbert Benson Brown
      • District of Rolla: Odon Guitar
  • Department of the East: John Adams Dix
  • Department of Kansas: George Sykes
    • District of Nebraska Territory: Robert Byington Mitchell
    • District of North Kansas: Thomas Alfred Davies
    • District of South Kansas: Thomas Jefferson McKean
    • District of the Border: William Russell Judson
    • District of Colorado Territory: John Milton Chivington
  • Middle Department: Lewis Wallace
    • District of Delaware: John Reese Kenly
    • District of the Eastern Shore of Maryland: Henry Hayes Lockwood
    • VIII Corps Middle: Lewis Wallace
  • Department of New Mexico: James Henry Carleton
    • District of Arizona: George Washington Bowie
  • Northern Department: Samuel Peter Heintzelman
    • District of Indiana: Henry Beebe Carrington
  • Department of the Northwest: John Pope
    • District of Minnesota: Henry Hastings Sibley
    • District of Wisconsin: Thomas Church Haskell Smith
    • District of Iowa: Alfred Sully
  • Department of the Pacific: Irvin McDowell
    • District of the Humboldt: Henry M Black
    • District of Oregon: Benjamin Alvord
    • District of Southern California: James Freeman Curtis
    • District of Utah: Patrick Edward Connor
  • Department of the Potomac: George Gordon Meade
    • Army of the Potomac: George Gordon Meade
      • II Corps Potomac: Winfield Scott Hancock
      • V Corps Potomac: Gouverneur Kemble Warren
      • VI Corps Potomac: Horatio Gouverneur Wright
      • IX Corps Potomac: Ambrose Everett Burnside
      • Cavalry Corps Potomac: Philip Henry Sheridan
  • Department of the South: John Gray Foster
    • Northern District (South): Alexander Schimmelfennig
    • District of Beaufort (SC): Rufus Saxton
    • District of Hilton Head: John Porter Hatch
    • District of Florida: William Birney
  • Department of the Susquehanna: Darius Nash Couch
    • Lehigh District: Franz Sigel
  • Department of Virginia and North Carolina: Benjamin Franklin Butler
    • District of St Mary’s: Alonzo Granville Draper
    • District of Eastern Virginia: George Foster Shepley
    • District of Currituck: Samuel Henry Roberts
    • District of North Carolina: Innis Newton Palmer
      • Sub-District of Beaufort NC: James Jourdan
      • Sub-District of New Bern: Edward Harland
    • Army of the James: Benjamin Franklin Butler
      • X Corps James: Quincy Adams Gillmore
      • XVIII Corps James: William Farrar Smith
  • Department of Washington: Christopher Columbus Augur
    • District of Alexandria: John Potts Slough
    • District of Washington: Moses N Wisewell
    • XXII Corps Washington: Christopher Columbus Augur
  • Department of Western Virginia: David Hunter
    • District of Harper’s Ferry: Franz Sigel
    • Army of the Kanawha: George Crook
    • Army of the Shenandoah: David Hunter

Confederate Organisation

CSA: Lieutenant-General Richard Stoddert Ewell assumed command of the Department of Richmond, succeeding Major-General Robert Ransom.

Ewell, Richard Stoddert / District of Columbia / Born 8 January 1817 Georgetown, District of Columbia / Died Spring Hill, Tennessee 25 January 1872
USMA 1 July 1840 13 /42 Dragoons / Cadet USMA 1 July 1836 / 1st US Dragoons 1 July 1840 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 November 1840 / 1st Lieutenant USA 18 September 1845 / Captain USA 4 August 1849 / Resigned USA 7 May 1861 / Lieutenant-Colonel ACSA Cavalry 16 March 1861 / Colonel Cavalry Virginia Provisional Army 9 May 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 17 June 1861 / Major-General PACS 17 January 1862 to rank from 24 January 1862 / Lieutenant-General PACS 23 May 1863 / Paroled Fort Warren, Massachusetts 19 July 1865 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1840 Brevet Captain USA 20 August 1847 / WIA Frontier 4 August 1859 WIA Fairfax 31 May 1861 WIA Gaines’ Mill 27 June 1862 WIA Groveton 28 August 1862 WIA Shenandoah Valley 14 June 1863 WIA Kelly’s Ford 7 November 1863 CIA Sayler’s Creek 6 April 1865
2nd Brigade Army of the Potomac 20 July 1861-22 October 1861 / 1st Brigade 3rd Division Army of the Potomac 22 October 1861-5 February 1862 / 1st Brigade 2nd Division Army of the Potomac 5 February 1862-21 February 1862 / 3rd Division Army of the Potomac 21 February 1862-14 March 1862 / 3rd Division Left Wing Army of the Potomac 14 March 1862-17 May 1862 / 3rd Division Valley District 17 May 1862-26 June 1862 / 3rd Division II Corps Army of Northern Virginia 26 June 1862-28 August 1862 / II Corps Northern Virginia 7 May 1863-27 May 1864 / Department of Richmond 13 June 1864-4 April 1865 / Left Wing Army of Northern Virginia 4 April 1865-6 April 1865

CSA: Martin Witherspoon Gary promoted Brigadier-General PACS 13 June 1864 to rank from 19 May 1864.

Gary, Martin Witherspoon / South Carolina / Born 25 March 1831 Cokesbury, South Carolina / Died Edgefield, South Carolina 9 April 1881
Captain PACS Hampton South Carolina Legion 12 June 1861 / Lieutenant-Colonel PACS 16 June 1862 / Colonel PACS 25 August 1862 / Brigadier-General PACS 13 June 1864 to rank from 19 May 1864 / No Record of Parole
Gary’s Cavalry Brigade Department of Richmond May 1864-31 May 1864 / Gary’s Cavalry Brigade Army of Northern Virginia 13 June 1864-January 1865 / Gary’s Brigade Munford’s Division Cavalry Army of Northern Virginia January 1865 / Gary’s Brigade F H Lee’s Division Cavalry Army of Northern Virginia January 1865-9 April 1865 / Gary’s Brigade Lomax’s Division Hampton’s Cavalry Corps Army of Tennessee April 1865

Commander in Chief: President Jefferson Finis Davis

Vice-President: Alexander Hamilton Stephens

Secretary of War: James Alexander Seddon

Secretary of the Navy: Stephen Russell Mallory

Military Adviser to the President: Braxton Bragg

  • Department of Alabama and East Mississippi: Stephen Dill Lee
    • District of Mississippi and East Louisiana: John S Scott
    • Gulf District: Dabney Herndon Maury
    • District of Northern Alabama: Jones Mitchell Withers
    • District of West Tennessee: Nathan Bedford Forrest
  • Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
    • First District of North Carolina and Southern Virginia: Henry Alexander Wise
    • Second District of North Carolina and Southern Virginia: Laurence Simmons Baker
    • Third District of North Carolina and Southern Virginia: William Henry Chase Whiting
  • Department of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee
    • Army of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee
      • I Corps Northern Virginia: Richard Heron Anderson temporary
      • III Corps Northern Virginia: Ambrose Powell Hill
      • Cavalry Northern Virginia: Wade Hampton
    • Valley District: Jubal Anderson Early
      • Army of the Valley (II Corps Northern Virginia): Jubal Anderson Early
  • Department of Richmond: Richard Stoddert Ewell
  • Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida: Samuel Jones
    • District of Georgia: Hugh Weedon Mercer interim Henry Rootes Jackson awaited
    • District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
      • 1st Sub-District of South Carolina: Nathan George Evans
      • 2nd Sub-District of South Carolina: Beverley Holcombe Robertson
      • 3rd Sub-District of South Carolina: Thomas Jordan
      • 4th Sub-District of South Carolina: James Heyward Trapier
      • 6th Sub-District of South Carolina: Henry Alexander Wise
      • 7th Sub-District of South Carolina: William Booth Taliaferro
    • District of Florida: James Patton Anderson
    • Defences of Savannah: Lafayette McLaws
  • Department of Tennessee: Joseph Eggleston Johnston
    • District of Western North Carolina: James Green Martin
    • Army of Tennessee: Joseph Eggleston Johnston
      • I Corps Tennessee: William Joseph Hardee
      • II Corps Tennessee: John Bell Hood
      • III Corps Tennessee: Leonidas Polk
      • Cavalry Corps Tennessee: Joseph Wheeler
  • Trans-Allegheny Department: George Bibb Crittenden temporary
  • Trans-Mississippi Department: Edmund Kirby Smith
    • District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: John Bankhead Magruder
      • Western Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: Hamilton Prioleau Bee
        • Sub-District of the Rio Grande: Hamilton Prioleau Bee
      • Eastern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: William Steele
      • Sub-District of Houston: Xavier Blanchard Debray
      • Northern Sub-District Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: Henry Eustace McCullough
    • District of Arkansas: Sterling Price
    • District of West Louisiana: John George Walker
    • District of Indian Territory: Samuel Bell Maxey
    • Trans-Mississippi Army: Edmund Kirby Smith
  • Reserve Forces of Alabama: Jones Mitchell Withers
  • Reserve Forces of Florida: John King Jackson
  • Reserve Forces of Georgia: Thomas Howell Cobb
  • Reserve Forces of North Carolina: Theophilus Hunter Holmes
  • Reserve Forces of South Carolina: James Chesnut
  • Reserve Forces of Virginia: James Lawson Kemper

Union Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

Lieutenant-General USA

Ulysses Simpson Grant

Major-General USA

George Brinton McClellan
Henry Wager Halleck

Major-General USV

Asterisk indicates concurrently Brigadier-General USA

John Adams Dix
Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
Benjamin Franklin Butler
David Hunter
Ethan Allen Hitchcock
Irvin McDowell*
Ambrose Everett Burnside
William Starke Rosecrans*
John Pope*
Samuel Ryan Curtis
Franz Sigel
John Alexander McClernand
Lewis Wallace
George Henry Thomas*
George Cadwalader
William Tecumseh Sherman*
Edward Otho Cresap Ord
Samuel Peter Heintzelman
Joseph Hooker*
Silas Casey
William Buel Franklin
Darius Nash Couch
Henry Warner Slocum
John James Peck
Alexander McDowell McCook
Thomas Leonidas Crittenden
John Gray Foster
John Grubb Parke
Christopher Columbus Augur
Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
Gordon Granger
Lovell Harrison Rousseau
James Birdseye McPherson*
George Stoneman
George Gordon Meade*
Oliver Otis Howard
Daniel Edgar Sickles
Robert Huston Milroy
Daniel Butterfield
Winfield Scott Hancock
George Sykes
David Sloane Stanley
James Scott Negley
John McAllister Schofield
John McAuley Palmer
Frederick Steele
Abner Doubleday
Napoleon Jackson Tecumseh Dana
John Alexander Logan
James Gilpatrick Blunt
George Lucas Hartsuff
Cadwallader Colden Washburn
Francis Jay Herron
Francis Preston Blair
Joseph Jones Reynolds
Philip Henry Sheridan
Julius Stahel
Carl Schurz
Gouverneur Kemble Warren
David Bell Birney
Alfred Pleasonton
Andrew Atkinson Humphreys
Quincy Adams Gillmore
William Farrar Smith
James Blair Steedman
Edward Richard Sprigg Canby
Horatio Gouverneur Wright
Andrew Jackson Smith
Grenville Mellen Dodge
John Gibbon

Brigadier-General USA

Brackets indicates concurrently Major-General USV

(Irvin McDowell)
(William Starke Rosecrans)
Philip St George Cooke
(John Pope)
(Joseph Hooker)
(George Gordon Meade)
(William Tecumseh Sherman)
(James Birdseye McPherson)
(George Henry Thomas)

Brigadier-General USV

Thomas West Sherman
Benjamin Franklin Kelley
Jacob Dolson Cox
Alpheus Starkey Williams
James Brewerton Ricketts
Orlando Bolivar Willcox
Henry Hayes Lockwood
George Webb Morell
John Henry Martindale
Samuel Davis Sturgis
Henry Washington Benham
William Farquhar Barry
John Joseph Abercrombie
Lawrence Pike Graham
Eleazar Arthur Paine
William Thomas Ward
John Gross Barnard
Innis Newton Palmer
Seth Williams
John Newton
George Wright
William Thomas Harbaugh Brooks
John Milton Brannan
John Porter Hatch
Albin Francisco Schoepf
Thomas John Wood
Richard W Johnson
Adolph Wilhelm August Friedrich Von Steinwehr
George Washington Cullum
Thomas Jefferson McKean
Zealous Bates Tower
Jefferson Columbus Davis
James Henry Lane
William Scott Ketchum
John Wynn Davidson
James Gallant Spears
Eugene Asa Carr
Thomas Alfred Davies
William Hemsley Emory
Marsena Rudolph Patrick
Orris Sanford Ferry
Daniel Phineas Woodbury
Henry Moses Judah
John Cook
John McArthur
Jacob Gartner Lauman
Horatio Phillips Van Cleve
Speed Smith Fry
Alexander Asboth
James Craig
Mahlon Dickerson Manson
Robert Byington Mitchell
Cuvier Grover
Rufus Saxton
Benjamin Alvord
Napoleon Bonaparte Buford
William Sooy Smith
Nathan Kimball
Charles Devens
Samuel Wylie Crawford
Henry Walton Wessells
Milo Smith Hascall
John White Geary
Alfred Howe Terry
James Henry Carleton
Absalom Baird
John Cleveland Robinson
Truman Seymour
Henry Prince
Maximilian Weber
Jeremiah Cutler Sullivan
Alvin Peterson Hovey
James Clifford Veatch
William Plummer Benton
John Curtis Caldwell
Neal Dow
George Sears Greene
Samuel Powhatan Carter
Erastus Barnard Tyler
Charles Griffin
George Henry Gordon
James Madison Tuttle
Julius White
Peter Joseph Osterhaus
Stephen Gano Burbridge
Washington Lafayette Elliott
Albion Parris Howe
Benjamin Stone Roberts
Jacob Ammen
Fitz-Henry Warren
Morgan Lewis Smith
Charles Cruft
Frederick Salomon
John Basil Turchin
Henry Shaw Briggs
James Dada Morgan
Johann August Ernst Willich
Henry Dwight Terry
George Foster Shepley
John Reese Kenly
John Potts Slough
Godfrey Weitzel
George Crook
Gershom Mott
Henry Jackson Hunt
Francis Channing Barlow
Mason Brayman
Nathaniel James Jackson
George Washington Getty
Alfred Sully
William Woods Averell
Francis Barretto Spinola
John Henry Hobart Ward
Solomon Meredith
James Bowen
Eliakim Parker Scammon
Robert Seaman Granger
Joseph Rodman West
Alfred Washington Ellet
George Leonard Andrews
Clinton Bowen Fisk
William Hays
Israel Vogdes
David Allen Russell
Lewis Cass Hunt
Frank Wheaton
John Sanford Mason
David McMurtrie Gregg
Robert Ogden Tyler
Alfred Thomas Archimedes Torbert
Gilman Marston
William Dwight
Sullivan Amory Meredith
Nathaniel Collins McLean
William Vandever
Alexander Schimmelfennig
Charles Kinnaird Graham
John Eugene Smith
Joseph Tarr Copeland
Charles Adam Heckman
Edward Elmer Potter
Henry Beebee Carrington
John Haskell King
Adam Jacoby Slemmer
Thomas Hewson Neill
Thomas Gamble Pitcher
Thomas William Sweeny
William Passmore Carlin
Romeyn Beck Ayres
William Babcock Hazen
Joseph Anthony Mower
Richard Arnold
Edward Winslow Hinks
Michael Kelly Lawler
George Day Wagner
Lysander Cutler
Joseph Farmer Knipe
James Barnes
Edward Harland
Samuel Beatty
Isaac Jones Wistar
Franklin Stillman Nickerson
Edward Henry Hobson
Ralph Pomeroy Buckland
Joseph Dana Webster
William Harrow
William Hopkins Morris
Thomas Howard Ruger
Thomas Edward Greenfield Ransom
Elias Smith Dennis
Thomas Church Haskell Smith
Mortimer Dormer Leggett
Davis Tillson
Hector Tyndale
Albert Lindley Lee
Marcellus Monroe Crocker
Egbert Benson Brown
John McNeil
George Francis McGinnis
Hugh Boyle Ewing
James Winning McMillan
John Blair Smith Todd
Daniel Ullmann
George Jerrison Stannard
Henry Baxter
John Milton Thayer
Charles Thomas Campbell
Halbert Eleazer Paine
Robert Brown Potter
Thomas Ewing
Joseph Andrew Jackson Lightburn
Henry Hastings Sibley
Joseph Bradford Carr
Joseph Jackson Bartlett
Joshua Thomas Owen
Patrick Edward Connor
John Parker Hawkins
Gabriel René Paul
Edward Augustus Wild
Edward Ferrero
Adelbert Ames
William Birney
Daniel Henry Rucker
Robert Allen
Rufus Ingalls
Gustavus Adolphus De Russy
Alexander Shaler
Benjamin Henry Grierson
Robert Sanford Foster
Hugh Judson Kilpatrick
Alexander Stewart Webb
Alfred Napoleon Alexander Duffié
Walter Chiles Whitaker
Wesley Merritt
George Armstrong Custer
William Denison Whipple
John Converse Starkweather
Kenner Garrard
Charles Robert Woods
John Benjamin Sanborn
Giles Alexander Smith
Samuel Allen Rice
Jasper Adalmorn Maltby
Thomas Kilby Smith
Walter Quintin Gresham
Manning Ferguson Force
Robert Alexander Cameron
John Murray Corse
John Aaron Rawlins
Alvan Cullem Gillem
John Wesley Turner
Henry Lawrence Eustis
Henry Eugene Davies
Andrew Jackson Hamilton
Henry Warner Birge
Charles Garrison Harker
James Hewitt Ledlie
James Harrison Wilson
Adin Ballou Underwood
Augustus Louis Chetlain
Thomas Francis Meagher
William Anderson Pile
John Wallace Fuller
John Franklin Miller
Philippe Régis Dénis de Keredern De Trobriand
Cyrus Bussey
Christopher Columbus Andrews
Hiram Burnham
Edward Moody McCook
Lewis Addison Grant
Edward Hatch
August Valentine Kautz
Francis Fessenden
John Rutter Brooke
John Frederick Hartranft
Samuel Sprigg Carroll
Simon Goodell Griffin
Emory Upton
Nelson Appleton Miles
Joseph Hayes
Byron Root Pierce
Selden Connor

Brigadier-General USA (Staff)

Montgomery Cunningham Meigs (Quartermaster-General)
Lorenzo Thomas
William Alexander Hammond (Surgeon-General)
Joseph Pannell Taylor (Commissary-General of Subsistence
George Douglas Ramsay (Ordnance)
James Barnet Fry (Provost Marshal)
Richard Delafield (Engineers)

Confederate Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

General ACSA/PACS

Samuel Cooper
Robert Edward Lee
Joseph Eggleston Johnston
Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
Braxton Bragg
Edmund Kirby Smith

Lieutenant-General PACS

James Longstreet
Leonidas Polk
Theophilus Hunter Holmes
William Joseph Hardee
Richard Stoddert Ewell
Ambrose Powell Hill
John Bell Hood
Richard Taylor
Jubal Anderson Early
Richard Heron Anderson

Major-General PACS

Benjamin Huger
John Bankhead Magruder
Mansfield Lovell
William Wing Loring
Sterling Price
Benjamin Franklin Cheatham
Samuel Jones
John Porter McCown
Daniel Harvey Hill
Thomas Carmichael Hindman
John Cabell Breckinridge
Lafayette McLaws
Simon Bolivar Buckner
Samuel Gibbs French
George Edward Pickett
Carter Littlepage Stevenson
John Horace Forney
Dabney Herndon Maury
Martin Luther Smith
John George Walker
Arnold Elzey
Patrick Ronayne Cleburne
Franklin Gardner
Isaac Ridgeway Trimble
Joseph Wheeler
Edward Johnson
William Henry Chase Whiting
Robert Emmett Rodes
William Henry Talbot Walker
Henry Heth
Robert Ransom
Alexander Peter Stewart
Jones Mitchell Withers
Stephen Dill Lee
Cadmus Marcellus Wilcox
Wade Hampton
Fitzhugh Lee
Howell Cobb
John Austin Wharton
William Thompson Martin
Nathan Bedford Forrest
Charles William Field
James Patton Anderson
William Brimage Bate
Camille Armand Jules Marie de Polignac
Robert Frederick Hoke
William Henry Fitzhugh Lee
James Fleming Fagan
John Brown Gordon
Joseph Brevard Kershaw
Bushrod Rust Johnson
Stephen Dodson Ramseur
Edward Cary Walthall

Brigadier-General PACS

Alexander Robert Lawton
Henry Alexander Wise
Henry Hopkins Sibley
John Henry Winder
Gideon Johnson Pillow
Daniel Ruggles
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