1864 June 11th

June 11 1864 Saturday

Battle of Trevilian Station, VA

Battle of Cynthiana, KY

Atlanta Campaign – Kennesaw

Virginia Overland Campaign – Cold Harbor

Sturgis’ Operation against Forrest

Hunter’s Shenandoah Valley Campaign

Sheridan’s Trevilian Raid

Morgan’s East Kentucky Raid

France. After five successful commerce raiding missions in the Atlantic Ocean, CSS Alabama turned into Cherbourg harbour. The sloop-of-war was commanded by Captain Raphael Semmes, former commander of CSS Sumter. Semmes needed to dry dock his ship to undertake repairs at the French port. The Confederate Commissioner in France, John Slidell, sought permission for CSS Alabama to use the dock facilities. Meanwhile, William L Dayton, US Minister to France, protested the use of the French port by a vessel with such a notorious reputation. Intelligence of the condition of CSS Alabama was relayed to Captain John Ancrum Winslow aboard USS Kearsarge at Flushing (Vlissingen) in the Netherlands.

Georgia. Incidents at McAfee’s Cross Roads, Lost Mountain, and Pine Hill.

Georgia. The Union railroad construction corps completed the repair of the Western & Atlantic Railroad as far as Big Shanty, restoring full supplies to the armies of Major-General William Tecumseh Sherman. The railroad line extended a precarious 473 miles back to Nashville in Tennessee, and then to Bowling Green and Louisville in Kentucky. It was indispensable to Sherman’s continued advance towards Atlanta.

Sherman was relieved to have bypassed the strong Confederates positions at Allatoona Pass, but he remained fifteen miles short of the Chattahoochee River, facing another mountainous fastness at Kennesaw Mountain. Having failed in his most recent flanking march across Pumpkin Vine Creek, which had resulted in costly fighting against entrenched positions, Sherman suspected that his troops were becoming wary of attacks against fortified positions. He felt that all three of his army commanders were also becoming reluctant to engage vigorously and more cautious in pressing their advances. Their prudence was reaching a point where every halt resulted in energetic entrenchment and lethargy to resume the march.

Kentucky. Confederate demonstration at Frankfort.

Kentucky. Incident at Keller’s Bridge.

Cynthiana, Kentucky. At dawn, Confederate Brigadier-General John Hunt Morgan approached Cynthiana from the direction of Georgetown with 1,200 to 1,400 men. Union Colonel Conrad Garis with the 168th Ohio Infantry and some Home Guard troops, about 300 men altogether, held Cynthiana. Morgan divided his men into three columns, surrounded the town and launched an attack at the covered bridge, driving the Union forces back north towards the depot and along the railroad. The Confederates set fire to the town, destroying many buildings and injuring some of the Union troops. The garrison surrendered to avoid destruction.

As the fighting faded in Cynthiana, another Union force of about 750 men of the 171st Ohio National Guards under the command of Brigadier-General Edward Henry Hobson arrived by train about a mile north of Cynthiana at Kellar’s Bridge. Morgan blocked their approach with two brigades while his third brigade circled behind and trapped this new Union force in a meander of the Licking River. After some fighting, Morgan forced Hobson to surrender. Morgan held about 1,300 Union prisoners of war overnight, almost the same number of me n as his own force. When Morgan’s was defeated the following day, it raised legal questions about the parole status of the prisoners. Morgan learned from his scouts that Union Brigadier-General Stephen Gano Burbridge was approaching from Mount Sterling with about 5,000 men, but Morgan decided to engage them in the morning, despite being outnumbered and having a severe shortage of ammunition.

Louisiana. The Union XIII Corps (Gulf) was discontinued and most its forces involved in the Red River campaign were re-assigned to form a new Reserve Corps (Gulf) under Brigadier-General William Plummer Benton.

Maryland. Union expedition from Point Lookout began, aboard the steam transports Charleston, Georgia, Favorite, and Long Branch to Pope’s Creek, Virginia.

Mississippi. Skirmish at Ripley.

Mississippi. Skirmish at Salem.

Mississippi. After the victory at Brice’s Cross Roads, Confederate Major-General Nathan Bedford Forrest resumed his pursuit of Union Brigadier-General Samuel Davis Sturgis’ column at 1 am. His troopers cleared the wreckage from the bridge over Tishomingo Creek and gathered prisoners and stragglers along the road to Stubbs’ Farm. By 3 am, they reached the Hatchie River where they captured 176 wagons, 184 horses and fourteen abandoned guns. The Union supply train had become mired in the mud and had to be left behind by the fleeing Union troops. Apart from four small mountain howitzers that had not even gone into action, Sturgis had lost most of the twenty-two guns that accompanied his expedition.

Sturgis was unable to restore order to his command until he reached Stubbs’ plantation, ten miles north of Brice’s Cross Roads. The Union troops established a rear-guard four miles from Ripley, but they were quickly driven back to and through the town. Forrest left Brigadier-General Abraham Buford to continue the pursuit along the main road west of Ripley, while he attempted to cut off the retreat at Salem with Colonel Tyree Harris Bell’s brigade by taking a side road. Bell’s flank march was too late to cut off the Union flight before it had cleared the hamlet. Forrest called off the chase at sundown and halted to rest at Salem. There was no rest for Sturgis’ demoralised fugitives as their flight continued for seventy miles and across six counties before the exhausted raiders reached safety at Memphis, Tennessee.

Missouri. Skirmish at Ridgeley.

Missouri. Incident at Booneville.

Maryland. Union expedition from Point Lookout, Maryland, began, aboard the steam transports Charleston, Georgia, Favorite, and Long Branch to Pope’s Creek.

Virginia. Skirmish near Midway.

Virginia. Incidents at Wilson’s Landing and Bethesda Church.

Virginia. Skirmish at Newark (Mallory’s) Cross Roads.

Lexington, Virginia. Union Major-General David Hunter skirmished with Confederate cavalry under Brigadier-General John McCausland at Lexington. McCausland was forced to withdraw towards Buchanan. Hunter summoned Brigadier-General Alfred Napoleon Alexander Duffié to join him in Lexington with his cavalry division. While waiting, Hunter burned the Virginia Military Institute, and the home of John Letcher, former Governor of Virginia.

Trevilian Station, Virginia, also known as Trevilian’s Station. Union Major-General Philip Henry Sheridan had mounted a large-scale cavalry raid on the Virginia Central Railroad with the cavalry divisions of Brigadier-General David McMurtrie Gregg and Brigadier-General Alfred Thomas Archimedes Torbert. Sheridan’s two cavalry divisions camped about three miles north of Trevilian Station on the Virginia Central Railroad. Sheridan had met little resistance so far during his march from the North Anna River but when he encountered cavalry skirmishers, he realised that he had been beaten in the race to Trevilian.

Confederate Major-General Wade Hampton tracked Sheridan’s route and placed his own division just west of Trevilian Station, and Major-General Fitzhugh Lee’s cavalry division four miles to the east at Louisa. Hampton saw that there were two roads that he could take, each passing through thick woods; one road led directly to Trevilian Station and the other via Louisa Court House. Hampton split his divisions in order to converge on the enemy at Clayton’s Store, a crossroad four miles north of Louisa, and a likely place for an encounter. His route allowed for one division to find the enemy and the other to approach on the enemy’s flank. Hampton took two of his brigades with him from Trevilian with his third brigade screening far to his left to prevent a flanking movement. Fitzhugh Lee’s division would advance from Louisa Court House, on his right flank.

Hampton’s leading brigades under Brigadier-General Matthew Calbraith Butler and Brigadier-General Pierce Manning Butler Young soon met two Union cavalry brigades from Torbert’s division on the road to Trevilian’s Station. When Butler’s Brigade clashed with Torbert’s skirmish line, they dismounted and held fast, and then managed to drive the enemy back. Hampton awaited Fitzhugh Lee’s arrival on his right as soon as the firing was audible. Hampton was severely outnumbered and soon his men were forced back. Eventually, Young’s brigade joined Butler in the close-quarter fighting in the thick brush, but they also were pushed back until they were within sight of Trevilian Station.

Union Brigadier-General George Armstrong Custer advanced with his own brigade from Torbert’s division and one of Gregg’s brigades on the other road almost as far as Louisa Court House. Custer struck the head of Lee’s column and checked his efforts to join Hampton. Lee was outnumbered and chose to alter his route and headed straight for Trevilian Station. By doing so, Lee unknowingly allowed Custer and his brigade to take a small trail on his right flank, that led straight to the station. Custer was now not only behind Hampton, but also in between the two Confederate divisions. Custer arrived to find Trevilian Station totally unguarded, full of Confederate supply wagons and caissons with ammunition, food, and hundreds of horses. He immediately attempted to capture the booty.

Hampton learned of Custer’s threat and recalled the brigade screening his far left and sent them back to the station. Lee also arrived from Louisa Court House. Custer was suddenly pressured from both left and right flanks and at risk of being cut off from Sheridan’s main force. He left the station and headed along the Gordonsville Road, taking his spoils with him. He failed to note a Confederate horse artillery battery on a hill north of the station, which opened fire as soon as his men were in range, smashing the front of his column. At this point, his right flank was overwhelmed by two of Hampton’s three brigades. Hampton recovered his horses and took several hundred prisoners, as well as Custer’s headquarters wagon.

By now, Sheridan had heard the firing and rightly concluded that Custer needed urgent help. His two brigades charged along the Trevilian Road at Hampton’s remaining brigade, pushing them back all the way to the station. The rearmost brigade on the road to Louisa Court House advanced against Lee’s exposed right flank, pushing him back. Hampton fell back west towards Gordonsville, while Lee retreated to the east. Lee’s cavalry retreated to Louisa, from where they were unable to support Hampton for the remainder of the day. Lee only rejoined Hampton at noon the following day. The battle was confused on both sides and reports fail to explain with consistency the sequence of moves and attacks. Nevertheless, the battle clearly ended with the Union forces in clear possession of Trevilian Station.

West Virginia. Union raid to Arlington’s Depot.

Union Organisation

USA: Reserve Corps (Gulf) was established in the Department of the Gulf.

USA: Major-General Gordon Granger assumed command of Reserve Corps (Gulf).

Granger, Gordon / New York / Born 6 November 1822 Joy, New York / Died Santa Fe, New Mexico Territory 10 January 1876
USMA 1 July 1845 35/41 Infantry-Mounted Rifles / Cadet USMA 1 July 1841 / 2nd US Infantry 1 July 1845 / US Mounted Rifles 17 July 1846 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 19 May 1847 / 1st Lieutenant USA 24 May 1852 / Assistant Adjutant-General (G B McClellan) 23 April 1861 / Captain USA 5 May 1861 / 3rd US Cavalry 3 August 1861 / Colonel USV 2nd Michigan Cavalry 2 September 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 26 March 1862 / Major-General USV 17 September 1862 / Mustered Out USV 15 January 1866 / Colonel USA 25th US Infantry 28 July 1866 / 14th US Infantry 15 December 1870 / Brevet 2 Lt USA 1 July 1845 Brevet 1st Lieutenant USA 20 August 1847 Brevet Captain USA 13 September 1847 Brevet Major USA 10 August 1861 Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel USA 20 September 1863 Brevet Colonel USA 24 November 1863 Brevet Brigadier-General USA 13 March 1865 Brevet Major-General USA 13 March 1865
Cavalry District of Western Virginia February 1862 / Cavalry Army of the Mississippi 28 February 1862-30 July 1862 / 5th Division Army of the Mississippi 30 July 1862-4 September 1862 / Army of Kentucky 7 October 1862-8 June 1863 / III Corps Ohio 10 October 1862-23 October 1862 District of Central Kentucky 17 November 1862-20 January 1863 / Reserve Corps Cumberland 8 June 1863-9 October 1863 / IV Corps Cumberland 10 October 1863-10 April 1864 / District of West Florida and South Alabama 12 September 1864-17 March 1865 / Reserve Corps Gulf 3 February 1865-18 February 1865 / XIII Corps Gulf 18 February 1865-20 July 1865

USA: XIII Corps (Gulf) was discontinued and most of its forces assigned to form Reserve Corps (Gulf).

USA: Selden Connor promoted Brigadier-General USV 11 June 1864.

Connor, Selden / Maine / Born 25 January 1839 Fairfield, Maine / Died Augusta, Maine 9 July 1917
Private USV 1st Vermont Infantry 2 May 1861 / Mustered Out USV 15 August 1861 / Lieutenant-Colonel USV 7th Maine Infantry 22 August 1861 / Colonel USV 19th Maine Infantry 11 January 1864 / Brigadier-General USV 11 June 1864 / Mustered Out USV 7 April 1866 / WIA Antietam 17 September 1862 WIA Fredericksburg 13 December 1862 WIA Wilderness 6 May 1864
1st Brigade 2nd Division II Corps Army of the Potomac 27 February 1864-25 March 1864

USA: Brigadier-General Edward Henry Hobson was captured at Cynthiana, Kentucky.

Hobson, Edward Henry / Kentucky / Born 11 July 1825 Greensburg, Kentucky / Died Cleveland, Ohio 14 September 1901
2nd Lieutenant USV 2nd Kentucky Infantry 9 June 1846 / 1st Lieutenant USV 2 October 1846 / Mustered Out USV 9 June 1847 / Colonel USV 13th Kentucky Infantry 1 January 1862 / Brigadier-General USV 15 April 1863 to rank from 29 November 1862 / Mustered Out USV 24 August 1865 / Brevet Major-General USA 13 March 1865 / WIA & CIA Cynthiana 11 June 1864 Exchanged
2nd Brigade 2nd Division XXIII Corps Army of the Ohio 24 June 1863-6 August 1863 / 2nd Brigade 4th Division XXIII Corps Army of the Ohio 6 August 1863-21 August 1863 / Sub-District of Southern Central Kentucky 6 November 1863-30 November 1863 / District of Kentucky 1 April 1864-10 April 1864 / 1st Division XXIII Corps Army of the Ohio 10 April 1864-11 June 1864 / 1st Brigade 1st Division XXIII Corps Army of the Ohio 6 July 1864-15 October 1864 / 1st Division XXIII Corps Army of the Ohio 24 December 1864-17 January 1865 / 1st Division Department of Kentucky February 1865-21 June 1865 / Department of Kentucky 21 June 1865-27 June 1865 / 1st Division Department of Kentucky 27 June 1865-24 August 1865

Commander in Chief: President Abraham Lincoln
Vice-President: Hannibal Hamlin
Secretary of War: Edwin McMasters Stanton
Secretary of the Navy: Gideon Welles

North Atlantic Blockading Squadron: Samuel Phillips Lee
South Atlantic Blockading Squadron: John Adolphus Bernard Dahlgren
West Gulf Blockading Squadron: David Glasgow Farragut
East Gulf Blockading Squadron: Theodorus Bailey
Pacific Squadron: John Berrien Montgomery
Mississippi River Squadron: David Dixon Porter
Potomac Flotilla: Andrew Allen Harwood

General–in-Chief: Ulysses Simpson Grant

Military Division of the Mississippi: William Tecumseh Sherman

  • Department of the Cumberland: George Henry Thomas
    • District of Tennessee: Lovell Harrison Rousseau
    • District of Western Kentucky: Eleazer Arthur Paine
    • District of Northern Alabama: Robert Seaman Granger
    • Army of the Cumberland: George Henry Thomas
      • IV Corps Cumberland: Oliver Otis Howard
      • XIV Corps Cumberland: John McAuley Palmer
      • XX Corps Cumberland: Joseph Hooker
      • Cavalry Corps Cumberland: Washington Lafayette Elliott
  • Department of the Ohio: John McAllister Schofield
    • District of East Tennessee: Jacob Ammen
    • District of Kentucky: Stephen Gano Burbridge
    • Army of the Ohio: John McAllister Schofield
      • XXIII Corps Ohio: John McAllister Schofield
  • Department of the Tennessee: James Birdseye McPherson
    • District of West Tennessee: Benjamin Henry Grierson
      • Sub-District of Memphis: Ralph Pomeroy Buckland
    • District of Vicksburg: Henry Warner Slocum
    • Army of the Tennessee: James Birdseye McPherson
      • XV Corps Tennessee: John Alexander Logan
      • XVI Corps Tennessee: vacant
        • Right Wing XVI Corps Tennessee: Andrew Jackson Smith
        • Left Wing XVI Corps Tennessee: Grenville Mellen Dodge
      • XVII Corps Tennessee: Francis Preston Blair

Military Division of West Mississippi: Edward Richard Sprigg Canby

  • Department of Arkansas: Frederick Steele
    • District of Eastern Arkansas: Napoleon Bonaparte Buford
    • District of Little Rock: Eugene Asa Carr
    • District of the Frontier: John Milton Thayer
    • Army of Arkansas: Frederick Steele
      • VII Corps Arkansas: Frederick Steele
  • Department of the Gulf: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
    • District of Baton Rouge: Fitz-Henry Warren
    • District of Port Hudson: Daniel Ullmann
    • District of La Fourche: Robert Alexander Cameron
    • District of Morganza: William Hemsley Emory
    • District of Carrollton: Nelson B Bartram
    • District of West Florida: Alexander Asboth
    • District of Key West and Tortugas: Daniel Phineas Woodbury
    • Defences of New Orleans: Joseph Jones Reynolds
    • Army of the Gulf: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
      • XIX Corps Gulf: William Hemsley Emory
      • Reserve Corps Gulf: Gordon Granger
  • Department of the Missouri: William Starke Rosecrans
    • District of St Louis: vacant
    • District of Southwest Missouri: John Benjamin Sanborn
    • District of North Missouri: Clinton Bowen Fisk
    • District of Central Missouri: Egbert Benson Brown
    • District of Rolla: Odon Guitar

Department of the East: John Adams Dix

Department of Kansas: George Sykes

  • District of Nebraska Territory: Robert Byington Mitchell
  • District of North Kansas: Thomas Alfred Davies
  • District of South Kansas: Thomas Jefferson McKean
  • District of the Border: William Russell Judson
  • District of Colorado Territory: John Milton Chivington

Middle Department: Lewis Wallace

  • District of Delaware: John Reese Kenly
  • District of the Eastern Shore of Maryland: Henry Hayes Lockwood
  • VIII Corps Middle: Lewis Wallace

Department of New Mexico: James Henry Carleton

  • District of Arizona: George Washington Bowie

Northern Department: Samuel Peter Heintzelman

  • District of Indiana: Henry Beebe Carrington

Department of the Northwest: John Pope

  • District of Minnesota: Henry Hastings Sibley
  • District of Wisconsin: Thomas Church Haskell Smith
  • District of Iowa: Alfred Sully

Department of the Pacific: Irvin McDowell

  • District of the Humboldt: Henry M Black
  • District of Oregon: Benjamin Alvord
  • District of Southern California: James Freeman Curtis
  • District of Utah: Patrick Edward Connor

Department of the Potomac: George Gordon Meade

  • Army of the Potomac: George Gordon Meade
    • II Corps Potomac: Winfield Scott Hancock
    • V Corps Potomac: Gouverneur Kemble Warren
    • VI Corps Potomac: Horatio Gouverneur Wright
    • IX Corps Potomac: Ambrose Everett Burnside
    • Cavalry Corps Potomac: Philip Henry Sheridan

Department of the South: John Gray Foster

  • Northern District (South): Alexander Schimmelfennig
  • District of Beaufort (SC): Rufus Saxton
  • District of Hilton Head: John Porter Hatch
  • District of Florida: William Birney

Department of the Susquehanna: Darius Nash Couch

  • Lehigh District: Franz Sigel

Department of Virginia and North Carolina: Benjamin Franklin Butler

  • District of St Mary’s: Alonzo Granville Draper
  • District of Eastern Virginia: George Foster Shepley
  • District of Currituck: Samuel Henry Roberts
  • District of North Carolina: Innis Newton Palmer
    • Sub-District of Beaufort NC: James Jourdan
    • Sub-District of New Bern: Edward Harland
  • Army of the James: Benjamin Franklin Butler
    • X Corps James: Quincy Adams Gillmore
    • XVIII Corps James: William Farrar Smith

Department of Washington: Christopher Columbus Augur

  • District of Alexandria: John Potts Slough
  • District of Washington: Moses N Wisewell
  • XXII Corps Washington: Christopher Columbus Augur

Department of Western Virginia: David Hunter

  • District of Harper’s Ferry: Franz Sigel
  • Army of the Kanawha: George Crook
  • Army of the Shenandoah: David Hunter

Confederate Organisation

CSA: Camille Armand Jules Marie de Polignac confirmed Major-General PACS 11 June 1864 to rank from 8 April 1864.

Polignac, Camille Armand Jules Marie de (Prince) / France-Louisiana / Born 16 February 1832 Millemont, France / Died Paris, France 15 November 1913
Lieutenant 3rd Chasseurs French Army May 1853 / 4th Hussars French Army 1854 / Lieutenant 4th Chasseurs French Army July 1855 / Discharged French Army February 1859 / Lieutenant-Colonel ACSA Infantry 16 July 1861 / Assistant Inspector-General 2 May 1862 / Brigadier-General PACS 10 January 1863 / Major-General PACS 11 June 1864 to rank from 8 April 1864 / Resigned PACS 16 March 1865 / No Record of Parole / Major French Army July 1870 / Lieutenant-Colonel French Army September 1870 / General of Brigade French Army October 1870 General of Division French Army 1 November 1870
Assistant Inspector-General Army of Mississippi 2 May 1862-June 1862 / Chief of Staff Army of Mississippi 2 May 1862 / Assistant -Inspector-General Western Department 17 July 1862-July 1863 / Polignac’s Brigade District of West Louisiana July 1863-November 1863 / Polignac’s Brigade 2nd Division District of West Louisiana November 1863-8 April 1864 / 2nd Division I Corps Trans-Mississippi Army 8 April 1864-17 March 1865

Commander in Chief: President Jefferson Finis Davis
Vice-President: Alexander Hamilton Stephens
Secretary of War: James Alexander Seddon
Secretary of the Navy: Stephen Russell Mallory

Military Adviser to the President: Braxton Bragg

Department of Alabama and East Mississippi: Stephen Dill Lee

  • District of Mississippi and East Louisiana: John S Scott
  • Gulf District: Dabney Herndon Maury
  • District of Northern Alabama: Jones Mitchell Withers
  • District of West Tennessee: Nathan Bedford Forrest

Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard

  • First District of North Carolina and Southern Virginia: Henry Alexander Wise
  • Second District of North Carolina and Southern Virginia: Laurence Simmons Baker
  • Third District of North Carolina and Southern Virginia: William Henry Chase Whiting

Department of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee

  • Army of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee
    • I Corps Northern Virginia: Richard Heron Anderson temporary
    • II Corps Northern Virginia: Jubal Anderson Early
    • III Corps Northern Virginia: Ambrose Powell Hill
    • Cavalry Northern Virginia: Wade Hampton
  • Valley District: Jubal Anderson Early

Department of Richmond: Robert Ransom

Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida: Samuel Jones

  • District of Georgia: Hugh Weedon Mercer interim Henry Rootes Jackson awaited
  • District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
    • 1st Sub-District of South Carolina: Nathan George Evans
    • 2nd Sub-District of South Carolina: Beverley Holcombe Robertson
    • 3rd Sub-District of South Carolina: Thomas Jordan
    • 4th Sub-District of South Carolina: James Heyward Trapier
    • 6th Sub-District of South Carolina: Henry Alexander Wise
    • 7th Sub-District of South Carolina: William Booth Taliaferro
  • District of Florida: James Patton Anderson
  • Defences of Savannah: Lafayette McLaws

Department of Tennessee: Joseph Eggleston Johnston

  • District of Western North Carolina: James Green Martin
  • Army of Tennessee: Joseph Eggleston Johnston
    • I Corps Tennessee: William Joseph Hardee
    • II Corps Tennessee: John Bell Hood
    • III Corps Tennessee: Leonidas Polk
    • Cavalry Corps Tennessee: Joseph Wheeler

Trans-Allegheny Department: George Bibb Crittenden temporary

Trans-Mississippi Department: Edmund Kirby Smith

  • District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: John Bankhead Magruder
    • Western Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: Hamilton Prioleau Bee
      • Sub-District of the Rio Grande: Hamilton Prioleau Bee
    • Eastern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: William Steele
    • Sub-District of Houston: Xavier Blanchard Debray
    • Northern Sub-District Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: Henry Eustace McCullough
  • District of Arkansas: Sterling Price
  • District of West Louisiana: John George Walker
  • District of Indian Territory: Samuel Bell Maxey
  • Trans-Mississippi Army: Edmund Kirby Smith

Reserve Forces of Alabama: Jones Mitchell Withers

Reserve Forces of Florida: John King Jackson

Reserve Forces of Georgia: Thomas Howell Cobb

Reserve Forces of North Carolina: Theophilus Hunter Holmes

Reserve Forces of South Carolina: James Chesnut

Reserve Forces of Virginia: James Lawson Kemper

Union Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

Lieutenant-General USA

Ulysses Simpson Grant

Major-General USA

George Brinton McClellan
Henry Wager Halleck

Major-General USV

Asterisk indicates concurrently Brigadier-General USA

John Adams Dix
Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
Benjamin Franklin Butler
David Hunter
Ethan Allen Hitchcock
Irvin McDowell*
Ambrose Everett Burnside
William Starke Rosecrans*
John Pope*
Samuel Ryan Curtis
Franz Sigel
John Alexander McClernand
Lewis Wallace
George Henry Thomas*
George Cadwalader
William Tecumseh Sherman*
Edward Otho Cresap Ord
Samuel Peter Heintzelman
Joseph Hooker*
Silas Casey
William Buel Franklin
Darius Nash Couch
Henry Warner Slocum
John James Peck
Alexander McDowell McCook
Thomas Leonidas Crittenden
John Gray Foster
John Grubb Parke
Christopher Columbus Augur
Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
Gordon Granger
Lovell Harrison Rousseau
James Birdseye McPherson*
George Stoneman
George Gordon Meade*
Oliver Otis Howard
Daniel Edgar Sickles
Robert Huston Milroy
Daniel Butterfield
Winfield Scott Hancock
George Sykes
David Sloane Stanley
James Scott Negley
John McAllister Schofield
John McAuley Palmer
Frederick Steele
Abner Doubleday
Napoleon Jackson Tecumseh Dana
John Alexander Logan
James Gilpatrick Blunt
George Lucas Hartsuff
Cadwallader Colden Washburn
Francis Jay Herron
Francis Preston Blair
Joseph Jones Reynolds
Philip Henry Sheridan
Julius Stahel
Carl Schurz
Gouverneur Kemble Warren
David Bell Birney
Alfred Pleasonton
Andrew Atkinson Humphreys
Quincy Adams Gillmore
William Farrar Smith
James Blair Steedman
Edward Richard Sprigg Canby
Horatio Gouverneur Wright
Andrew Jackson Smith
Grenville Mellen Dodge
John Gibbon

Brigadier-General USA

Brackets indicates concurrently Major-General USV

(Irvin McDowell)
(William Starke Rosecrans)
Philip St George Cooke
(John Pope)
(Joseph Hooker)
(George Gordon Meade)
(William Tecumseh Sherman)
(James Birdseye McPherson)
(George Henry Thomas)

Brigadier-General USV

Thomas West Sherman
Benjamin Franklin Kelley
Jacob Dolson Cox
Alpheus Starkey Williams
James Brewerton Ricketts
Orlando Bolivar Willcox
Henry Hayes Lockwood
George Webb Morell
John Henry Martindale
Samuel Davis Sturgis
Henry Washington Benham
William Farquhar Barry
John Joseph Abercrombie
Lawrence Pike Graham
Eleazar Arthur Paine
William Thomas Ward
John Gross Barnard
Innis Newton Palmer
Seth Williams
John Newton
George Wright
William Thomas Harbaugh Brooks
John Milton Brannan
John Porter Hatch
Albin Francisco Schoepf
Thomas John Wood
Richard W Johnson
Adolph Wilhelm August Friedrich Von Steinwehr
George Washington Cullum
Thomas Jefferson McKean
Zealous Bates Tower
Jefferson Columbus Davis
James Henry Lane
William Scott Ketchum
John Wynn Davidson
James Gallant Spears
Eugene Asa Carr
Thomas Alfred Davies
William Hemsley Emory
Marsena Rudolph Patrick
Orris Sanford Ferry
Daniel Phineas Woodbury
Henry Moses Judah
John Cook
John McArthur
Jacob Gartner Lauman
Horatio Phillips Van Cleve
Speed Smith Fry
Alexander Asboth
James Craig
Mahlon Dickerson Manson
Robert Byington Mitchell
Cuvier Grover
Rufus Saxton
Benjamin Alvord
Napoleon Bonaparte Buford
William Sooy Smith
Nathan Kimball
Charles Devens
Samuel Wylie Crawford
Henry Walton Wessells
Milo Smith Hascall
John White Geary
Alfred Howe Terry
James Henry Carleton
Absalom Baird
John Cleveland Robinson
Truman Seymour
Henry Prince
Maximilian Weber
Jeremiah Cutler Sullivan
Alvin Peterson Hovey
James Clifford Veatch
William Plummer Benton
John Curtis Caldwell
Neal Dow
George Sears Greene
Samuel Powhatan Carter
Erastus Barnard Tyler
Charles Griffin
George Henry Gordon
James Madison Tuttle
Julius White
Peter Joseph Osterhaus
Stephen Gano Burbridge
Washington Lafayette Elliott
Albion Parris Howe
Benjamin Stone Roberts
Jacob Ammen
Fitz-Henry Warren
Morgan Lewis Smith
Charles Cruft
Frederick Salomon
John Basil Turchin
Henry Shaw Briggs
James Dada Morgan
Johann August Ernst Willich
Henry Dwight Terry
George Foster Shepley
John Reese Kenly
John Potts Slough
Godfrey Weitzel
George Crook
Gershom Mott
Henry Jackson Hunt
Francis Channing Barlow
Mason Brayman
Nathaniel James Jackson
George Washington Getty
Alfred Sully
William Woods Averell
Francis Barretto Spinola
John Henry Hobart Ward
Solomon Meredith
James Bowen
Eliakim Parker Scammon
Robert Seaman Granger
Joseph Rodman West
Alfred Washington Ellet
George Leonard Andrews
Clinton Bowen Fisk
William Hays
Israel Vogdes
David Allen Russell
Lewis Cass Hunt
Frank Wheaton
John Sanford Mason
David McMurtrie Gregg
Robert Ogden Tyler
Alfred Thomas Archimedes Torbert
Gilman Marston
William Dwight
Sullivan Amory Meredith
Nathaniel Collins McLean
William Vandever
Alexander Schimmelfennig
Charles Kinnaird Graham
John Eugene Smith
Joseph Tarr Copeland
Charles Adam Heckman
Edward Elmer Potter
Henry Beebee Carrington
John Haskell King
Adam Jacoby Slemmer
Thomas Hewson Neill
Thomas Gamble Pitcher
Thomas William Sweeny
William Passmore Carlin
Romeyn Beck Ayres
William Babcock Hazen
Joseph Anthony Mower
Richard Arnold
Edward Winslow Hinks
Michael Kelly Lawler
George Day Wagner
Lysander Cutler
Joseph Farmer Knipe
James Barnes
Edward Harland
Samuel Beatty
Isaac Jones Wistar
Franklin Stillman Nickerson
Edward Henry Hobson
Ralph Pomeroy Buckland
Joseph Dana Webster
William Harrow
William Hopkins Morris
Thomas Howard Ruger
Thomas Edward Greenfield Ransom
Elias Smith Dennis
Thomas Church Haskell Smith
Mortimer Dormer Leggett
Davis Tillson
Hector Tyndale
Albert Lindley Lee
Marcellus Monroe Crocker
Egbert Benson Brown
John McNeil
George Francis McGinnis
Hugh Boyle Ewing
James Winning McMillan
Daniel Ullmann
George Jerrison Stannard
Henry Baxter
John Milton Thayer
Charles Thomas Campbell
Halbert Eleazer Paine
Robert Brown Potter
Thomas Ewing
Joseph Andrew Jackson Lightburn
Henry Hastings Sibley
Joseph Bradford Carr
Joseph Jackson Bartlett
Joshua Thomas Owen
Patrick Edward Connor
John Parker Hawkins
Gabriel René Paul
Edward Augustus Wild
Edward Ferrero
Adelbert Ames
William Birney
Daniel Henry Rucker
Robert Allen
Rufus Ingalls
Gustavus Adolphus De Russy
Alexander Shaler
Benjamin Henry Grierson
Robert Sanford Foster
Hugh Judson Kilpatrick
Alexander Stewart Webb
Alfred Napoleon Alexander Duffié
Walter Chiles Whitaker
Wesley Merritt
George Armstrong Custer
William Denison Whipple
John Converse Starkweather
Kenner Garrard
Charles Robert Woods
John Benjamin Sanborn
Giles Alexander Smith
Samuel Allen Rice
Jasper Adalmorn Maltby
Thomas Kilby Smith
Walter Quintin Gresham
Manning Ferguson Force
Robert Alexander Cameron
John Murray Corse
John Aaron Rawlins
Alvan Cullem Gillem
John Wesley Turner
Henry Lawrence Eustis
Henry Eugene Davies
Andrew Jackson Hamilton
Henry Warner Birge
Charles Garrison Harker
James Hewitt Ledlie
James Harrison Wilson
Adin Ballou Underwood
Augustus Louis Chetlain
Thomas Francis Meagher
William Anderson Pile
John Wallace Fuller
John Franklin Miller
Philippe Régis Dénis de Keredern De Trobriand
Cyrus Bussey
Christopher Columbus Andrews
Hiram Burnham
Edward Moody McCook
Lewis Addison Grant
Edward Hatch
August Valentine Kautz
Francis Fessenden
John Rutter Brooke
John Frederick Hartranft
Samuel Sprigg Carroll
Simon Goodell Griffin
Emory Upton
Nelson Appleton Miles
Joseph Hayes
Byron Root Pierce
Selden Connor

Brigadier-General USA (Staff)

Montgomery Cunningham Meigs (Quartermaster-General)
Lorenzo Thomas
William Alexander Hammond (Surgeon-General)
Joseph Pannell Taylor (Commissary-General of Subsistence
George Douglas Ramsay (Ordnance)
James Barnet Fry (Provost Marshal)
Richard Delafield (Engineers)

Confederate Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

General ACSA/PACS

Samuel Cooper
Robert Edward Lee
Joseph Eggleston Johnston
Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
Braxton Bragg
Edmund Kirby Smith

Lieutenant-General PACS

James Longstreet
Leonidas Polk
Theophilus Hunter Holmes
William Joseph Hardee
Richard Stoddert Ewell
Ambrose Powell Hill
John Bell Hood
Richard Taylor
Jubal Anderson Early
Richard Heron Anderson

Major-General PACS

Benjamin Huger
John Bankhead Magruder
Mansfield Lovell
William Wing Loring
Sterling Price
Benjamin Franklin Cheatham
Samuel Jones
John Porter McCown
Daniel Harvey Hill
Thomas Carmichael Hindman
John Cabell Breckinridge
Lafayette McLaws
Simon Bolivar Buckner
Samuel Gibbs French
George Edward Pickett
Carter Littlepage Stevenson
John Horace Forney
Dabney Herndon Maury
Martin Luther Smith
John George Walker
Arnold Elzey
Patrick Ronayne Cleburne
Franklin Gardner
Isaac Ridgeway Trimble
Joseph Wheeler
Edward Johnson
William Henry Chase Whiting
Robert Emmett Rodes
William Henry Talbot Walker
Henry Heth
Robert Ransom
Alexander Peter Stewart
Jones Mitchell Withers
Stephen Dill Lee
Cadmus Marcellus Wilcox
Wade Hampton
Fitzhugh Lee
Howell Cobb
John Austin Wharton
William Thompson Martin
Nathan Bedford Forrest
Charles William Field
James Patton Anderson
William Brimage Bate
Camille Armand Jules Marie de Polignac
Robert Frederick Hoke
William Henry Fitzhugh Lee
James Fleming Fagan
John Brown Gordon
Joseph Brevard Kershaw
Bushrod Rust Johnson
Stephen Dodson Ramseur
Edward Cary Walthall

Brigadier-General PACS

Alexander Robert Lawton
Henry Alexander Wise
Henry Hopkins Sibley
John Henry Winder
Gideon Johnson Pillow
Daniel Ruggles
Roswell Sabine Ripley
Paul Octave Hébert
Albert Gallatin Blanchard
Gabriel James Rains
Thomas Fenwick Drayton
Nathan George Evans
James Heyward Trapier
Hugh Weedon Mercer
William Montgomery Gardner
William Mahone
Raleigh Edward Colston
John King Jackson
George Wythe Randolph
James Ronald Chalmers
Daniel Leadbetter
William Whann Mackall
Winfield Scott Featherston
Thomas James Churchill
William Booth Taliaferro
Albert Rust
Samuel Bell Maxey
Hamilton Prioleau Bee
James Morrison Hawes
George Hume Steuart
James Edwin Slaughter
Seth Maxwell Barton
Henry Eustace McCullough
John Selden Roane
States Rights Gist
William Nelson Pendleton
Joseph Finegan
William Nelson Rector Beall
Thomas Jordan
William Preston
John Echols
George Earl Maney
John Stuart Williams
James Green Martin
Thomas Lanier Clingman
Daniel Weisiger Adams
Louis Hébert
Ambrose Ransom Wright
James Lawson Kemper
James Jay Archer
Beverley Holcombe Robertson
St John Richardson Liddell
Johnson Hagood
Harry Thompson Hays
Matthew Duncan Ector
Edward Aylesworth Perry
John Gregg
John Calvin Brown
Alfred Holt Colquitt
Abraham Buford
William Steele
Francis Asbury Shoup
Joseph Robert Davis
John Crawford Vaughn
Evander McIvor Law
Elkanah Brackin Greer
Francis Redding Tillou Nicholls
Alfred Cumming
William Stephen Walker
Montgomery Dent Corse
George Thomas Anderson
Alfred Iverson
James Henry Lane
Edward Lloyd Thomas
John Rogers Cooke
Jerome Bonaparte Robertson
Evander McNair
Archibald Gracie
William Robertson Boggs
James Camp Tappan
Dandridge McRae
Mosby Monroe Parsons
John Pegram
John Sappington Marmaduke
John Hunt Morgan
Marcus Joseph Wright
Zachariah Cantey Deas
Lucius Eugene Polk
John Adams
William Hicks Jackson
James Cantey
Henry Lewis Benning
William Tatum Wofford
Samuel McGowan
Marcellus Augustus Stovall
George Blake Cosby
Francis Crawford Armstrong
William Lewis Cabell
John Daniel Imboden
Alfred Eugene Jackson
Robert Brank Vance
Henry Delamar Clayton
Arthur Middleton Manigault
Douglas Hancock Cooper
John Wilkins Whitfield
James Alexander Walker
Matthew Whitaker Ransom
Alfred Moore Scales
George Washington Custis Lee
Henry Harrison Walker
Gabriel Colvin Wharton
Francis Marion Cockrell
James Patrick Major
Samuel Wragg Ferguson
Lunsford Lindsay Lomax
Laurence Simmons Baker
Otho French Strahl
Philip Dale Roddey
Eppa Hunton
Thomas Pleasant Dockery
Benjamin Grubb Humphreys
Henry Brevard Davidson
Cullen Andrews Battle
William Andrew Quarles
William Whedbee Kirkland
Goode Bryan
Matthew Calbraith Butler
Williams Carter Wickham
Robert Daniel Johnston
Alexander Welch Reynolds
Thomas Neville Waul
Edmund Winston Pettus
Armistead Lindsay Long
Henry Rootes Jackson
William Wirt Adams
Thomas Lafayette Rosser
Pierce Manning Butler Young
James Argyle Smith
Joseph Horace Lewis
Mark Perrin Lowrey
Edward Higgins
John Tyler Morgan
John Herbert Kelly
William Young Conn Humes
Jesse Johnson Finley
James Holt Clanton
Alfred Jefferson Vaughan
Joseph Orville Shelby
John Randolph Chambliss
Lawrence Sullivan Ross
Daniel Chevilette Govan
Randall Lee Gibson
Clement Hoffman Stevens
Nathaniel Harrison Harris
Allen Thomas
Alexander Travis Hawthorn
Robert Charles Tyler
Edward Porter Alexander
William Wirt Allen
Hiram Bronson Granbury
Claudius Wistar Sears
William Feimster Tucker
Richard Lucian Page
Alpheus Baker
Daniel Harris Reynolds
James Chesnut
Stand Watie
Samuel Jameson Gholson
John Bratton
Thomas Moore Scott
John McCausland
Clement Anselm Evans
William Terry
Bryan Grimes
Martin Witherspoon Gary
Birkett Davenport Fry
Stephen Elliott
William Ruffin Cox
Thomas Fentress Toon
William Gaston Lewis
Zebulon York
Robert Doak Lilley
John Caldwell Calhoun Sanders
William Richard Terry
James Conner
Rufus Clay Barringer
John Smith Preston
Richard Waterhouse

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