1864 July 7th

July 7 1864 Thursday

Atlanta Campaign – Chattahoochee River

Siege of Petersburg

Early’s Washington Raid

A J Smith’s Tupelo Expedition

Jackson Expedition

Arkansas. Incident at Aberdeen.

Arkansas. Skirmish at Van Buren.

Dakota Territory. Union Brigadier-General Alfred Sully established Fort Rice at the mouth of Cannonball River as a base of operations against the Sioux nation. The Sioux band who had been operating north of Fort Rice moved across the Missouri River and took a strong position on the Little Missouri River, about 200 miles from the fort.

Florida. The small Union schooners USS Ariel, Acting Master Russell, USS Sea Bird, Acting Ensign Ezra L Robbins, and USS Stonewall, Acting Master Henry B Carter, and the sloop Rosalie, Acting Master Coffin, transported Union troops for a raid on Brookville. After disembarking the soldiers, USS Ariel and USS Sea Bird continued to Bayport, where a landing party captured a quantity of cotton and burned the customs house. The Union force rejoined the schooners at Bayport on 11 July and returned to Anclote Keys on 12 July.

Georgia. Incidents at Summerville, Vining Station, Dark Corners, Sandtown, and Nickajack Creek.

Georgia. Union cavalry reconnoitred the Chattahoochee River to the left (northwards) and right (southwards) of the Confederate defences at Vining Station in order to find a crossing point for an outflanking movement. Union Major-General George Stoneman’s cavalry division headed downriver but found every bridge destroyed and every potential bridge site and ford guarded by artillery on the south bank. Stoneman manoeuvred energetically towards Sandtown, attracting Confederate attention towards the prospect of a downstream crossing there. Meanwhile, Union Brigadier-General Kenner Garrard’s cavalry rode upstream but they also found every bridge wrecked and guarded. Garrard reached Roswell, about fifteen miles to the north, and spent a day destroying its manufacturing facilities. All the bridges over the Chattahoochee were destroyed but several passable fords were identified. Timber from a ruined cotton mill was available to rebuild a bridge over the Chattahoochee near Roswell. It was expected to take three days to complete the bridge, by which time the cavalry vanguard would be joined by the infantry of the Army of the Ohio.

Louisiana. Expedition to Morganza, Simsport, and Ponchatoula ended.

Louisiana. The 1st Division and 2nd Division of XIX Corps had been sent by sea to Virginia. Union Major-General Joseph Jones Reynolds assumed command of the remainder of XIX Corps left behind in Louisiana. Although this part of the Corps in Louisiana comprised only the 3rd Division, while the 1st Division and 2nd Division served in Virginia, this element was still usually referred to as XIX Corps. The XIX Corps had been originally established in the Department of the Gulf and was associated with all the campaigns in that region.

Maryland. Skirmish at Hager’s Mountain (Catoctin Mountain).

Maryland. Skirmish at Frederick.

Maryland. Skirmish at Brownsville.

Maryland. Skirmish at Solomon’s Gap.

Maryland. Incidents at Middletown and Maryland Heights.

Maryland. The Confederate army of Lieutenant-General Jubal Anderson Early crossed South Mountain. Union Major-General Lewis Wallace had identified either Fredrick Junction or Monocacy Junction, three miles southeast of Frederick, as the most logical point to defend routes to both Baltimore and Washington. Both the Georgetown Pike to Washington and the National Road to Baltimore crossed the Monocacy River there, as also did the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad. If Wallace could stretch his hastily gathered force of 2,300 local troops over six miles of the stream to guard both turnpike bridges, the railroad bridge, and several fords, he could force Early to disclose his strength and reveal his objective. Wallace needed to delay Early as long as possible while reinforcements arrived by sea from Virginia. At first, Wallace’s forces along the Monocacy consisted only of Brigadier General Erastus Barnard Tyler’s 1st Separate Brigade (which included detachments from other brigades) and a small cavalry force commanded by Lieutenant-Colonel David Clendenin.

Maryland. Union Brigadier-General James Brewerton Ricketts’ division (3/VI) and 3,000 dismounted cavalrymen began to disembark in Baltimore to assist in the protection of the capital. Although his originally orders specified that he should move towards Harper’s Ferry, Ricketts agreed with Major-General Lewis Wallace that they should unite to hold the line at the Monocacy River. Ricketts’ men would travel by rail as far as practicable to shorten the time required for them to reach the Monocacy.

Mississippi. Incident at Port Gibson.

Mississippi. During their return march to Vicksburg from the Pearl River, Union Major-General Henry Warner Slocum and the Red River division (1/XVII) fought through a Confederate position three miles west of Jackson. Union casualties were about 220 out of 2,800 men engaged.

Mississippi. Union Major-General Andrew Jackson Smith’s raiders from Memphis burned much of the town of Ripley.

Missouri. Confederate guerrillas attacked Parkville.

South Carolina. Skirmishes at James Island and John’s Island.

Tennessee. Reconnaissance from Kingston to English (England) Cove began.

Texas. Operation at Aransas Bay began.

Virginia. Operation at Harper’s Ferry ended.

Virginia. Incident at Ream’s Station.

Union Organisation

USA: The District of St Mary’s was transferred from the Department of Virginia and North Carolina to the Department of Washington. It comprised the county of St Mary’s in Maryland and the Point Lookout prison camp.

USA: Brigadier-General James Barnes assumed command of the District of St Mary’s, succeeding Colonel Alonzo Granville Draper.

Barnes, James / Massachusetts / Born 28 December 1801 Boston, Massachusetts / Died 12 February 1869
USMA 1829 5/46 Artillery / Cadet USMA 1 July 1825 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 4th US Artillery 1 July 1829 / 1st Lieutenant 30 June 1836 / Resigned USA 31 July 1836 / Colonel USV 18th Massachusetts 26 July 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 4 April 1863 to rank from 29 November 1862 / Mustered Out USV 15 January 1866 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1829 Brevet Major-General USV 13 March 1865 / WIA Gettysburg 2 July 1863
1st Brigade 1st Division V Corps Army of the Potomac 10 July 1862-26 December 1862 / 1st Division V Corps Army of the Potomac 26 December 1862-1 February 1863 / 1st Brigade 1st Division V Corps Army of the Potomac 1 February 1863-5 May 1863 / 1st Division V Corps Army of the Potomac 5 May 1863-21 July 1863 / 1st Brigade 1st Division V Corps Army of the Potomac 18 August 1863-21 September 1863 / District of St Mary’s 7 July 1864-26 April 1865

USA: Brigadier-General Albion Parris Howe assumed command of the District of Harper’s Ferry, succeeding Major-General Franz Sigel.

Howe, Albion Parris / Maine / Born 13 March 1818 Standish, Maine / Died Cambridge, Massachusetts 25 January 1897
USMA 1 July 1841 8/52 Artillery / Cadet USMA 1 July 1837 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 4th US Artillery 1 July 1841 / 1st Lieutenant USA 18 June 1846 / Regt Adjutant 1 October 1846-2 March 1855 / Captain USA 2 March 1855 / Brigadier-General USV 22 June 1862 to rank from 11 June 1862 / Major USA 4th US Artillery 11 August 1863 / Mustered Out USV 15 July 1866 / Lieutenant-Colonel USA 2nd US Artillery 10 April 1879 / Colonel USA 4th US Artillery 19 April 1882 / Retired USA 30 June 1882 / Brevet Captain USA 20 August 1847 Brevet Major USA 1 July 1862 Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel USA 3 May 1863 Brevet Colonel USA 7 November 1863 Brevet Brigadier-General USA 13 March 1865
1st Brigade 1st Division IV Corps Army of the Potomac 23 June 1862-5 July 1862 / 2nd Brigade 1st Division IV Corps Army of the Potomac 5 July 1862-26 September 1862 / 2nd Brigade 3rd Brigade VI Corps Army of the Potomac 26 September 1862-October 1862 / 3rd Brigade 3rd Division VI Corps Army of the Potomac October 1862-16 November 1862 / 2nd Division VI Corps Army of the Potomac 16 November 1862-29 February 1864 / District of Harper’s Ferry 7 July 1864-8 August 1864

USA: Major-General Joseph Jones Reynolds assumed command of XIX Corps (Gulf), succeeding Brigadier-General Michael Kelly Lawler.

Reynolds, Joseph Jones / Kentucky / Born 4 January 1822 Flemingsburg, Kentucky / Died Washington, District of Columbia 25 February 1899
USMA 1 July 1843 10/39 Artillery / Cadet USMA 1 July 1839 / 4th US Artillery 1 July 1843 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 3rd US Artillery 11 May 1846 / Resigned USA 28 February 1857 / Colonel Indiana Militia 23 April 1861 / Colonel 10th Indiana Militia 27 April 1861 / Brigadier-General Indiana Militia 10 May 1861 / Brigadier-General Indiana Militia 17 May 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 14 June 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861 / Resigned USV 23 January 1862 / Reappointed Brigadier-General USV 17 September 1862 / Major-General USV 29 November 1862 / Colonel USA 26th US Infantry 28 July 1866 / Mustered Out USV 1 September 1866 / 25th US Infantry 8 January 1870 / 3rd US Cavalry 15 December 1870 / Retired USA 25 June 1877 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1843 Brevet Brigadier-General USA 2 March 1867 Brevet Major-General USA 2 March 1867 / WIA Western Virginia 1861
1st Brigade Army of Occupation July 1861-September 1861 / Cheat Mountain District 24 July 1861-19 September 1861 / 5th Division Centre XIV Corps Army of the Cumberland 11 December 1862-9 January 1863 / 5th Division XIV Corps Army of the Cumberland 9 January 1863-8 June 1863 / 4th Division XIV Corps Army of the Cumberland 8 June 1863-9 October 1863 / Chief of Staff Army of the Cumberland 10 October 1863-3 December 1863 / Defences of New Orleans 6 January 1864-16 June 1864 / 4th Division XIX Corps Department of the Gulf 25 January 1864-18 February 1864 / District of Morganza 16 June 1864-5 July 1864 / XIX Corps Gulf 7 July 1864-7 November 1864 / Military Division of West Mississippi 4 November 1864-25 November 1864 / Reserve Corps Department of the Gulf 5 December 1864-12 January 1865 / Department of Arkansas 22 December 1864-29 August 1865 / Army of Arkansas 22 December 1864-1 August 1865 / VII Corps Arkansas 22 December 1864-1 August 1865 / Fifth Military District 16 March 1868-23 March 1868 / Fifth Military District 28 July 1868-4 November 1868

Commander in Chief: President Abraham Lincoln

Vice-President: Hannibal Hamlin

Secretary of War: Edwin McMasters Stanton

Secretary of the Navy: Gideon Welles

North Atlantic Blockading Squadron: Samuel Phillips Lee
South Atlantic Blockading Squadron: John Adolphus Bernard Dahlgren
West Gulf Blockading Squadron: David Glasgow Farragut
East Gulf Blockading Squadron: Theodorus Bailey
Pacific Squadron: John Berrien Montgomery
Mississippi River Squadron: David Dixon Porter
Potomac Flotilla: Andrew Allen Harwood

General–in-Chief: Ulysses Simpson Grant

Military Division of the Mississippi: William Tecumseh Sherman

  • Department of the Cumberland: George Henry Thomas
    • District of Tennessee: Lovell Harrison Rousseau
    • District of Western Kentucky: Eleazer Arthur Paine
    • District of Northern Alabama: Robert Seaman Granger
    • District of Etowah: James Blair Steedman
    • Army of the Cumberland: George Henry Thomas
      • IV Corps Cumberland: Oliver Otis Howard
      • XIV Corps Cumberland: John McAuley Palmer
      • XX Corps Cumberland: Joseph Hooker
      • Cavalry Corps Cumberland: Washington Lafayette Elliott
  • Department of the Ohio: John McAllister Schofield
    • District of East Tennessee: Jacob Ammen
    • District of Kentucky: Stephen Gano Burbridge
    • Army of the Ohio: John McAllister Schofield
      • XXIII Corps Ohio: John McAllister Schofield
  • Department of the Tennessee: James Birdseye McPherson
    • District of West Tennessee: Benjamin Henry Grierson
      • Sub-District of Memphis: Ralph Pomeroy Buckland
    • District of Vicksburg: Henry Warner Slocum
    • Army of the Tennessee: James Birdseye McPherson
      • XV Corps Tennessee: John Alexander Logan
      • XVI Corps Tennessee: vacant
        • Right Wing XVI Corps Tennessee: Andrew Jackson Smith
        • Left Wing XVI Corps Tennessee: Grenville Mellen Dodge
      • XVII Corps Tennessee: Francis Preston Blair

Military Division of West Mississippi: Edward Richard Sprigg Canby

  • Department of Arkansas: Frederick Steele
    • District of Eastern Arkansas: Napoleon Bonaparte Buford
    • District of Little Rock: Eugene Asa Carr
    • District of the Frontier: John Milton Thayer
    • Army of Arkansas: Frederick Steele
      • VII Corps Arkansas: Frederick Steele
  • Department of the Gulf: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
    • District of Baton Rouge: William Plummer Benton
    • District of Port Hudson: John McNeil
    • District of La Fourche: Robert Alexander Cameron
    • District of Morganza: Michael Kelly Lawler
    • District of Carrollton: Nelson B Bartram
    • District of West Florida: Alexander Asboth
    • District of Key West and Tortugas: Daniel Phineas Woodbury
    • Defences of New Orleans: Thomas West Sherman
    • Army of the Gulf: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
      • XIX Corps Gulf: Joseph Jones Reynolds
      • Reserve Corps Gulf: Gordon Granger
  • Department of the Missouri: William Starke Rosecrans
    • District of St Louis: vacant
    • District of Southwest Missouri: John Benjamin Sanborn
    • District of North Missouri: Clinton Bowen Fisk
    • District of Central Missouri: Egbert Benson Brown
    • District of Rolla: Odon Guitar

Department of the East: John Adams Dix

Department of Kansas: George Sykes

  • District of Nebraska Territory: Robert Byington Mitchell
  • District of North Kansas: Thomas Alfred Davies
  • District of South Kansas: Thomas Jefferson McKean
  • District of the Border: William Russell Judson
  • District of Colorado Territory: John Milton Chivington

Middle Department: Lewis Wallace

  • District of Delaware: John Reese Kenly
  • District of the Eastern Shore of Maryland: Henry Hayes Lockwood
  • VIII Corps Middle: Lewis Wallace

Department of New Mexico: James Henry Carleton

  • District of Arizona: George Washington Bowie

Northern Department: Samuel Peter Heintzelman

  • District of Indiana: Henry Beebe Carrington

Department of the Northwest: John Pope

  • District of Minnesota: Henry Hastings Sibley
  • District of Wisconsin: Thomas Church Haskell Smith
  • District of Iowa: Alfred Sully

Department of the Pacific: Irvin McDowell

  • District of California: George Wright
  • District of the Humboldt: Stephen Girard Whipple
  • District of Oregon: Benjamin Alvord
  • District of Southern California: James Freeman Curtis
  • District of Utah: Patrick Edward Connor

Department of the Potomac: George Gordon Meade

  • Army of the Potomac: George Gordon Meade
    • II Corps Potomac: Winfield Scott Hancock
    • V Corps Potomac: Gouverneur Kemble Warren
    • VI Corps Potomac: Horatio Gouverneur Wright
    • IX Corps Potomac: Ambrose Everett Burnside
    • Cavalry Corps Potomac: Philip Henry Sheridan

Department of the South: John Gray Foster

  • Northern District (South): Alexander Schimmelfennig
  • District of Beaufort (SC): Rufus Saxton
  • District of Hilton Head: John Porter Hatch
  • District of Florida: William Birney

Department of the Susquehanna: Darius Nash Couch

  • Lehigh District: Franz Sigel
  • District of the Monongahela: Thomas Algeo Rowley

Department of Virginia and North Carolina: Benjamin Franklin Butler

  • District of Eastern Virginia: George Foster Shepley
  • District of Currituck: Samuel Henry Roberts
  • District of North Carolina: Innis Newton Palmer
    • Sub-District of Beaufort NC: Thomas Jonathan Coffin Amory
    • Sub-District of New Bern: Edward Harland
  • Army of the James: Benjamin Franklin Butler
    • X Corps James: William Thomas Harbaugh Brooks temporary
    • XVIII Corps James: William Farrar Smith

Department of Washington: Christopher Columbus Augur

  • District of St Mary’s: James Barnes
  • District of Alexandria: John Potts Slough
  • District of Washington: Moses N Wisewell
  • XXII Corps Washington: Christopher Columbus Augur

Department of Western Virginia: David Hunter

  • District of Harper’s Ferry: Albion Parris Howe
  • Army of the Kanawha: George Crook

Confederate Organisation

CSA: Henry Delamar Clayton promoted Major-General PACS (Special) 7 July 1864.

Clayton, Henry Delamar / Georgia-Alabama / Born 7 March 1827 Pulaski, Georgia / Died Tuscaloosa, Alabama 13 October 1889
Private Alabama Militia February 1861 / Colonel PACS 1st Alabama Infantry 28 March 1861 / Colonel PACS 39th Alabama 15 May 1862 / Resigned PACS January 1862 / Colonel PSCS 39th Alabama Infantry 15 May 1862 / Brigadier-General PACS 22 April 1863 / Major-General PACS (Temporary) 7 July 1864 / Paroled Greensboro, North Carolina 1 May 1865 / WIA Stones River 31 December 1862 WIA Chickamauga 20 September 1863
2nd Division Army of Pensacola April 1861 / Clayton’s Brigade 1st Division II Corps Army of Tennessee April 1863-1 September 1863 / Clayton’s Brigade Stewart’s Division III Corps Army of Tennessee 1 September 1863-20 September 1863 / Clayton’s Brigade 1st Division II Corps Army of Tennessee September 1863-7 July 1864 / Stewart’s Division Hood’s Corps Army of Tennessee 7 July 1864-9 April 1865

CSA: James Thadeus Holtzclaw promoted Brigadier-General PACS (Special) 8 July 1864 to rank from 7 July 1864.

Holtzclaw, James Thadeus / Georgia / Born 17 December 1833 McDonough, Georgia / Died Montgomery, Alabama 19 July 1893
Lieutenant Alabama Militia April 1861 / 1st Lieutenant PACS 18th Alabama Infantry May 1861 / Major PACS August 1861 / Lieutenant-C0lonel PACS 23 December 1861 / Colonel PACS 10 May 1862 / Brigadier-General PACS (Temporary) 8 July 1864 to rank from 7 July 1864 / Paroled Meridian, Mississippi 10 May 1865 / WIA Shiloh 6 April 1862 WIA Franklin 17 December 1864
Holtzclaw’s Brigade Stewart’s Division II Corps Army of Tennessee November 1863 / Holtzclaw’s Brigade Clayton’s Division II Corps Army of Tennessee 7 July 1864-September 1864 / Holtzclaw’s Brigade Clayton’s Division II Corps Army of Tennessee October 1864-26 January 1865 /Holtzclaw’s Brigade District of the Gulf 27 January 1865-4 May 1865

CSA: John Carpenter Carter promoted Brigadier-General PACS (Special) 8 July 1864 to rank from 7 July 1864.

Carter, John Carpenter / Tennessee / Born 19 December 1837 Waynesboro, Georgia / DOW Franklin, Tennessee 10 December 1864
Private Tennessee Militia 13 January 1861 / 1st Lieutenant PACS 22nd Tennessee Infantry 18 August 1861 / 38th Tennessee Infantry 23 September 1861 / Captain PACS 7 October 1861 / Major PACS 1861 / Lieutenant-Colonel PACS 1862 / Colonel PACS 25 April 1862 / Brigadier-General PACS (Temporary) 8 July 1864 to rank from 7 July 1864  / WIA Perryville 8 October 1862 MWIA Franklin 30 November 1864
Carter’s Brigade Cheatham’s Division I Corps Army of Tennessee February 1864-September 1864 / Cheatham’s Division I Corps Army of Tennessee 31 August 1864-20 September 1864 / Carter’s Brigade Brown’s Division I Corps Army of Tennessee 20 September 1864-30 November 1864

Commander in Chief: President Jefferson Finis Davis

Vice-President: Alexander Hamilton Stephens

Secretary of War: James Alexander Seddon

Secretary of the Navy: Stephen Russell Mallory

Military Adviser to the President: Braxton Bragg

Department of Alabama and East Mississippi: Stephen Dill Lee

  • District of Mississippi and East Louisiana: John S Scott
  • Gulf District: Dabney Herndon Maury
  • District of Northern Alabama: Jones Mitchell Withers
  • District of West Tennessee: Nathan Bedford Forrest

Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard

  • First District of North Carolina and Southern Virginia: Henry Alexander Wise
  • Second District of North Carolina and Southern Virginia: Laurence Simmons Baker
  • Third District of North Carolina and Southern Virginia: William Henry Chase Whiting

Department of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee

  • Army of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee
    • I Corps Northern Virginia: Richard Heron Anderson temporary
    • III Corps Northern Virginia: Ambrose Powell Hill
    • Cavalry Northern Virginia: Wade Hampton
  • Valley District: Jubal Anderson Early
    • Army of the Valley (II Corps Northern Virginia): Jubal Anderson Early
      • I Corps Valley: Robert Emmett Rodes
      • II Corps Valley: John Cabell Breckinridge

Department of Richmond: Richard Stoddert Ewell

Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida: Samuel Jones

  • District of Georgia: Henry Rootes Jackson
  • District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
    • 1st Sub-District of South Carolina: Nathan George Evans
    • 2nd Sub-District of South Carolina: Beverley Holcombe Robertson
    • 3rd Sub-District of South Carolina: Thomas Jordan
    • 4th Sub-District of South Carolina: James Heyward Trapier
    • 6th Sub-District of South Carolina: Henry Alexander Wise
    • 7th Sub-District of South Carolina: William Booth Taliaferro
  • District of Florida: James Patton Anderson
  • Defences of Savannah: Lafayette McLaws

Department of Tennessee: Joseph Eggleston Johnston

  • District of Western North Carolina: James Green Martin
  • Army of Tennessee: Joseph Eggleston Johnston
    • I Corps Tennessee: William Joseph Hardee
    • II Corps Tennessee: John Bell Hood
    • III Corps Tennessee: William Wing Loring temporary
    • Cavalry Corps Tennessee: Joseph Wheeler

Trans-Allegheny Department: John Hunt Morgan

Trans-Mississippi Department: Edmund Kirby Smith

  • District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: John Bankhead Magruder
    • Western Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: Thomas Fenwick Drayton
      • Sub-District of the Rio Grande: Hamilton Prioleau Bee
    • Eastern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: William Steele
    • Sub-District of Houston: Xavier Blanchard Debray
    • Northern Sub-District Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: Henry Eustace McCullough
  • District of Arkansas: Sterling Price
  • District of West Louisiana: John George Walker
  • District of Indian Territory: Samuel Bell Maxey
  • Trans-Mississippi Army: Edmund Kirby Smith

Reserve Forces of Alabama: Jones Mitchell Withers

Reserve Forces of Florida: John King Jackson

Reserve Forces of Georgia: Thomas Howell Cobb

Reserve Forces of North Carolina: Theophilus Hunter Holmes

Reserve Forces of South Carolina: James Chesnut

Reserve Forces of Texas: Jerome Bonaparte Robertson

Reserve Forces of Virginia: James Lawson Kemper

Union Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

Lieutenant-General USA

Ulysses Simpson Grant

Major-General USA

George Brinton McClellan
Henry Wager Halleck

Major-General USV

Asterisk indicates concurrently Brigadier-General USA

John Adams Dix
Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
Benjamin Franklin Butler
David Hunter
Ethan Allen Hitchcock
Irvin McDowell*
Ambrose Everett Burnside
William Starke Rosecrans*
John Pope*
Samuel Ryan Curtis
Franz Sigel
John Alexander McClernand
Lewis Wallace
George Henry Thomas*
George Cadwalader
William Tecumseh Sherman*
Edward Otho Cresap Ord
Samuel Peter Heintzelman
Joseph Hooker*
Silas Casey
William Buel Franklin
Darius Nash Couch
Henry Warner Slocum
John James Peck
Alexander McDowell McCook
Thomas Leonidas Crittenden
John Gray Foster
John Grubb Parke
Christopher Columbus Augur
Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
Gordon Granger
Lovell Harrison Rousseau
James Birdseye McPherson*
George Stoneman
George Gordon Meade*
Oliver Otis Howard
Daniel Edgar Sickles
Robert Huston Milroy
Daniel Butterfield
Winfield Scott Hancock
George Sykes
David Sloane Stanley
James Scott Negley
John McAllister Schofield
John McAuley Palmer
Frederick Steele
Abner Doubleday
Napoleon Jackson Tecumseh Dana
John Alexander Logan
James Gilpatrick Blunt
George Lucas Hartsuff
Cadwallader Colden Washburn
Francis Jay Herron
Francis Preston Blair
Joseph Jones Reynolds
Philip Henry Sheridan
Julius Stahel
Carl Schurz
Gouverneur Kemble Warren
David Bell Birney
Alfred Pleasonton
Andrew Atkinson Humphreys
Quincy Adams Gillmore
William Farrar Smith
James Blair Steedman
Edward Richard Sprigg Canby
Horatio Gouverneur Wright
Andrew Jackson Smith
Grenville Mellen Dodge
John Gibbon

Brigadier-General USA

Brackets indicates concurrently Major-General USV

(Irvin McDowell)
(William Starke Rosecrans)
Philip St George Cooke
(John Pope)
(Joseph Hooker)
(George Gordon Meade)
(William Tecumseh Sherman)
(James Birdseye McPherson)
(George Henry Thomas)

Brigadier-General USV

Thomas West Sherman
Benjamin Franklin Kelley
Jacob Dolson Cox
Alpheus Starkey Williams
James Brewerton Ricketts
Orlando Bolivar Willcox
Henry Hayes Lockwood
George Webb Morell
John Henry Martindale
Samuel Davis Sturgis
Henry Washington Benham
William Farquhar Barry
Lawrence Pike Graham
Eleazar Arthur Paine
William Thomas Ward
John Gross Barnard
Innis Newton Palmer
Seth Williams
John Newton
George Wright
William Thomas Harbaugh Brooks
John Milton Brannan
John Porter Hatch
Albin Francisco Schoepf
Thomas John Wood
Richard W Johnson
Adolph Wilhelm August Friedrich Von Steinwehr
George Washington Cullum
Thomas Jefferson McKean
Zealous Bates Tower
Jefferson Columbus Davis
James Henry Lane
William Scott Ketchum
John Wynn Davidson
James Gallant Spears
Eugene Asa Carr
Thomas Alfred Davies
William Hemsley Emory
Marsena Rudolph Patrick
Orris Sanford Ferry
Daniel Phineas Woodbury
Henry Moses Judah
John Cook
John McArthur
Jacob Gartner Lauman
Horatio Phillips Van Cleve
Speed Smith Fry
Alexander Asboth
James Craig
Mahlon Dickerson Manson
Robert Byington Mitchell
Cuvier Grover
Rufus Saxton
Benjamin Alvord
Napoleon Bonaparte Buford
William Sooy Smith
Nathan Kimball
Charles Devens
Samuel Wylie Crawford
Henry Walton Wessells
Milo Smith Hascall
John White Geary
Alfred Howe Terry
James Henry Carleton
Absalom Baird
John Cleveland Robinson
Truman Seymour
Henry Prince
Maximilian Weber
Jeremiah Cutler Sullivan
Alvin Peterson Hovey
James Clifford Veatch
William Plummer Benton
John Curtis Caldwell
Neal Dow
George Sears Greene
Samuel Powhatan Carter
Erastus Barnard Tyler
Charles Griffin
George Henry Gordon
Julius White
Peter Joseph Osterhaus
Stephen Gano Burbridge
Washington Lafayette Elliott
Albion Parris Howe
Benjamin Stone Roberts
Jacob Ammen
Fitz-Henry Warren
Morgan Lewis Smith
Charles Cruft
Frederick Salomon
John Basil Turchin
Henry Shaw Briggs
James Dada Morgan
Johann August Ernst Willich
Henry Dwight Terry
George Foster Shepley
John Reese Kenly
John Potts Slough
Godfrey Weitzel
George Crook
Gershom Mott
Henry Jackson Hunt
Francis Channing Barlow
Mason Brayman
Nathaniel James Jackson
George Washington Getty
Alfred Sully
William Woods Averell
Francis Barretto Spinola
John Henry Hobart Ward
Solomon Meredith
James Bowen
Eliakim Parker Scammon
Robert Seaman Granger
Joseph Rodman West
Alfred Washington Ellet
George Leonard Andrews
Clinton Bowen Fisk
William Hays
Israel Vogdes
David Allen Russell
Lewis Cass Hunt
Frank Wheaton
John Sanford Mason
David McMurtrie Gregg
Robert Ogden Tyler
Alfred Thomas Archimedes Torbert
Gilman Marston
William Dwight
Sullivan Amory Meredith
Nathaniel Collins McLean
William Vandever
Alexander Schimmelfennig
Charles Kinnaird Graham
John Eugene Smith
Joseph Tarr Copeland
Charles Adam Heckman
Edward Elmer Potter
Henry Beebee Carrington
John Haskell King
Adam Jacoby Slemmer
Thomas Hewson Neill
Thomas Gamble Pitcher
Thomas William Sweeny
William Passmore Carlin
Romeyn Beck Ayres
William Babcock Hazen
Joseph Anthony Mower
Richard Arnold
Edward Winslow Hinks
Michael Kelly Lawler
George Day Wagner
Lysander Cutler
Joseph Farmer Knipe
James Barnes
Edward Harland
Samuel Beatty
Isaac Jones Wistar
Franklin Stillman Nickerson
Edward Henry Hobson
Ralph Pomeroy Buckland
Joseph Dana Webster
William Harrow
William Hopkins Morris
Thomas Howard Ruger
Thomas Edward Greenfield Ransom
Elias Smith Dennis
Thomas Church Haskell Smith
Mortimer Dormer Leggett
Davis Tillson
Hector Tyndale
Albert Lindley Lee
Marcellus Monroe Crocker
Egbert Benson Brown
John McNeil
George Francis McGinnis
Hugh Boyle Ewing
James Winning McMillan
Daniel Ullmann
George Jerrison Stannard
Henry Baxter
John Milton Thayer
Charles Thomas Campbell
Halbert Eleazer Paine
Robert Brown Potter
Thomas Ewing
Joseph Andrew Jackson Lightburn
Henry Hastings Sibley
Joseph Bradford Carr
Joseph Jackson Bartlett
Joshua Thomas Owen
Patrick Edward Connor
John Parker Hawkins
Gabriel René Paul
Edward Augustus Wild
Edward Ferrero
Adelbert Ames
William Birney
Daniel Henry Rucker
Robert Allen
Rufus Ingalls
Alexander Shaler
Benjamin Henry Grierson
Robert Sanford Foster
Hugh Judson Kilpatrick
Alexander Stewart Webb
Alfred Napoleon Alexander Duffié
Walter Chiles Whitaker
Wesley Merritt
George Armstrong Custer
William Denison Whipple
John Converse Starkweather
Kenner Garrard
Charles Robert Woods
John Benjamin Sanborn
Giles Alexander Smith
Jasper Adalmorn Maltby
Thomas Kilby Smith
Walter Quintin Gresham
Manning Ferguson Force
Robert Alexander Cameron
John Murray Corse
John Aaron Rawlins
Alvan Cullem Gillem
John Wesley Turner
Henry Eugene Davies
Andrew Jackson Hamilton
Henry Warner Birge
James Hewitt Ledlie
James Harrison Wilson
Adin Ballou Underwood
Augustus Louis Chetlain
Thomas Francis Meagher
William Anderson Pile
John Wallace Fuller
John Franklin Miller
Philippe Régis Dénis de Keredern De Trobriand
Cyrus Bussey
Christopher Columbus Andrews
Hiram Burnham
Edward Moody McCook
Lewis Addison Grant
Edward Hatch
August Valentine Kautz
Francis Fessenden
John Rutter Brooke
John Frederick Hartranft
Samuel Sprigg Carroll
Simon Goodell Griffin
Emory Upton
Nelson Appleton Miles
Joseph Hayes
Byron Root Pierce
Selden Connor
Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain
Elliott Warren Rice
William Francis Bartlett
Thomas Algeo Rowley
Edward Stuyvesant Bragg
Martin Davis Hardin
Charles Jackson Paine
Gustavus Adolphus De Russy

Brigadier-General USA (Staff)

Montgomery Cunningham Meigs (Quartermaster-General)
Lorenzo Thomas
William Alexander Hammond (Surgeon-General)
George Douglas Ramsay (Ordnance)
James Barnet Fry (Provost Marshal)
Richard Delafield (Engineers)
Joseph Holt (Judge Advocate-General)
Amos Beebe Eaton (Commissary-General of Subsistence)

Confederate Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission


Samuel Cooper
Robert Edward Lee
Joseph Eggleston Johnston
Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
Braxton Bragg
Edmund Kirby Smith

Lieutenant-General PACS

James Longstreet
Theophilus Hunter Holmes
William Joseph Hardee
Richard Stoddert Ewell
Ambrose Powell Hill
John Bell Hood
Richard Taylor
Jubal Anderson Early
Richard Heron Anderson
Alexander Peter Stewart
Stephen Dill Lee

Major-General PACS

Benjamin Huger
John Bankhead Magruder
Mansfield Lovell
William Wing Loring
Sterling Price
Benjamin Franklin Cheatham
Samuel Jones
John Porter McCown
Daniel Harvey Hill
Thomas Carmichael Hindman
John Cabell Breckinridge
Lafayette McLaws
Simon Bolivar Buckner
Samuel Gibbs French
George Edward Pickett
Carter Littlepage Stevenson
John Horace Forney
Dabney Herndon Maury
Martin Luther Smith
John George Walker
Arnold Elzey
Patrick Ronayne Cleburne
Franklin Gardner
Isaac Ridgeway Trimble
Joseph Wheeler
Edward Johnson
William Henry Chase Whiting
Robert Emmett Rodes
William Henry Talbot Walker
Henry Heth
Robert Ransom
Jones Mitchell Withers
Cadmus Marcellus Wilcox
Wade Hampton
Fitzhugh Lee
Howell Cobb
John Austin Wharton
William Thompson Martin
Nathan Bedford Forrest
Charles William Field
James Patton Anderson
William Brimage Bate
Camille Armand Jules Marie de Polignac
Robert Frederick Hoke
William Henry Fitzhugh Lee
James Fleming Fagan
John Brown Gordon
Joseph Brevard Kershaw
Bushrod Rust Johnson
Stephen Dodson Ramseur
Edward Cary Walthall
Henry Delamar Clayton

Brigadier-General PACS

Alexander Robert Lawton
Henry Alexander Wise
Henry Hopkins Sibley
John Henry Winder
Gideon Johnson Pillow
Daniel Ruggles
Roswell Sabine Ripley
Paul Octave Hébert
Albert Gallatin Blanchard
Gabriel James Rains
Thomas Fenwick Drayton
Nathan George Evans
James Heyward Trapier
Hugh Weedon Mercer
William Montgomery Gardner
William Mahone
Raleigh Edward Colston
John King Jackson
George Wythe Randolph
James Ronald Chalmers
Daniel Leadbetter
William Whann Mackall
Winfield Scott Featherston
Thomas James Churchill
William Booth Taliaferro
Albert Rust
Samuel Bell Maxey
Hamilton Prioleau Bee
James Morrison Hawes
George Hume Steuart
James Edwin Slaughter
Seth Maxwell Barton
Henry Eustace McCullough
John Selden Roane
States Rights Gist
William Nelson Pendleton
Joseph Finegan
William Nelson Rector Beall
Thomas Jordan
William Preston
John Echols
George Earl Maney
John Stuart Williams
James Green Martin
Thomas Lanier Clingman
Daniel Weisiger Adams
Louis Hébert
Ambrose Ransom Wright
James Lawson Kemper
James Jay Archer
Beverley Holcombe Robertson
St John Richardson Liddell
Johnson Hagood
Harry Thompson Hays
Matthew Duncan Ector
Edward Aylesworth Perry
John Gregg
John Calvin Brown
Alfred Holt Colquitt
Abraham Buford
William Steele
Francis Asbury Shoup
Joseph Robert Davis
John Crawford Vaughn
Evander McIvor Law
Elkanah Brackin Greer
Francis Redding Tillou Nicholls
Alfred Cumming
William Stephen Walker
Montgomery Dent Corse
George Thomas Anderson
Alfred Iverson
James Henry Lane
Edward Lloyd Thomas
John Rogers Cooke
Jerome Bonaparte Robertson
Evander McNair
Archibald Gracie
William Robertson Boggs
James Camp Tappan
Dandridge McRae
Mosby Monroe Parsons
John Pegram
John Sappington Marmaduke
John Hunt Morgan
Marcus Joseph Wright
Zachariah Cantey Deas
Lucius Eugene Polk
John Adams
William Hicks Jackson
James Cantey
Henry Lewis Benning
William Tatum Wofford
Samuel McGowan
Marcellus Augustus Stovall
George Blake Cosby
Francis Crawford Armstrong
William Lewis Cabell
John Daniel Imboden
Alfred Eugene Jackson
Robert Brank Vance
Arthur Middleton Manigault
Douglas Hancock Cooper
John Wilkins Whitfield
James Alexander Walker
Matthew Whitaker Ransom
Alfred Moore Scales
George Washington Custis Lee
Henry Harrison Walker
Gabriel Colvin Wharton
Francis Marion Cockrell
James Patrick Major
Samuel Wragg Ferguson
Lunsford Lindsay Lomax
Laurence Simmons Baker
Otho French Strahl
Philip Dale Roddey
Eppa Hunton
Thomas Pleasant Dockery
Benjamin Grubb Humphreys
Henry Brevard Davidson
Cullen Andrews Battle
William Andrew Quarles
William Whedbee Kirkland
Goode Bryan
Matthew Calbraith Butler
Williams Carter Wickham
Robert Daniel Johnston
Alexander Welch Reynolds
Thomas Neville Waul
Edmund Winston Pettus
Armistead Lindsay Long
Henry Rootes Jackson
William Wirt Adams
Thomas Lafayette Rosser
Pierce Manning Butler Young
James Argyle Smith
Joseph Horace Lewis
Mark Perrin Lowrey
Edward Higgins
John Tyler Morgan
John Herbert Kelly
William Young Conn Humes
Jesse Johnson Finley
James Holt Clanton
Alfred Jefferson Vaughan
Joseph Orville Shelby
John Randolph Chambliss
Lawrence Sullivan Ross
Daniel Chevilette Govan
Randall Lee Gibson
Clement Hoffman Stevens
Nathaniel Harrison Harris
Allen Thomas
Alexander Travis Hawthorn
Robert Charles Tyler
Edward Porter Alexander
William Wirt Allen
Hiram Bronson Granbury
Claudius Wistar Sears
William Feimster Tucker
Richard Lucian Page
Alpheus Baker
Daniel Harris Reynolds
James Chesnut
Stand Watie
Samuel Jameson Gholson
John Bratton
Thomas Moore Scott
John McCausland
Clement Anselm Evans
William Terry
Bryan Grimes
Martin Witherspoon Gary
Birkett Davenport Fry
Stephen Elliott
William Ruffin Cox
Thomas Fentress Toon
William Gaston Lewis
Zebulon York
Robert Doak Lilley
John Caldwell Calhoun Sanders
William Richard Terry
James Conner
Rufus Clay Barringer
John Smith Preston
Hylan Benton Lyon
William Lindsay Brandon
Bradley Tyler Johnson
James Thadeus Holtzclaw
John Carpenter Carter
Richard Waterhouse

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