1864 July 31st

July 31 1864 Sunday

Fort Smith, AR

Hillsboro, GA

Siege of Atlanta

Siege of Petersburg

Stoneman’s Georgia Raid

McCook’s Georgia Road

Alabama. Skirmish at Watkin’s Plantation in northern Alabama.

Alabama. A third new ironclad warship joined the Union fleet of Rear Admiral David Glasgow Farragut off Mobile Bay. This was the sister ship of the USS Chickasaw which had arrived the day before. It was named the USS Winnebago, and it mounted four 11-inch guns in its two turrets. With three of his four ironclads now on hand, Farragut briefed his ships’ captains on his plan to break into Mobile Bay. Farragut planned that the four ironclads would lead the charge through the narrow gap between Fort Morgan on Mobile Point and the rows of pilings and torpedoes to the west. They would steam in line ahead, screening the fleet of vulnerable wooden ships on their western side. The ironclads would then engage the ironclad CSS Tennessee, which was at anchor by Fort Morgan. Fort Gaines, three miles to the west was not a great threat at that range and Farragut assigned the task of distracting the gunners to a force of soldiers. These he had been promised from Louisiana but the failure of the campaign on the Red River had delayed their departure from New Orleans. A force of 2,000 men was improvised by Major-General Edward Richard Sprigg Canby, to be commanded by Major-General Gordon Granger. This inadequate force would sail on transports from New Orleans to land at the western end of Dauphin Island. From there, they would attack Fort Gaines from the landward side. Once the army was ready and his ironclads were all in place, Farragut proposed to launch his well-rehearsed attack. Boat crews continued to locate and defuse as many underwater torpedoes as possible west of the red buoy marking the end of their position in the entrance to the bay.

Fort Smith, Arkansas. In the wake of the failed Union expedition to Camden, wide areas of Arkansas were exposed to Confederate raids against Union outposts. Confederate raiders had struck the Union camp at Massard Prairie on 27 July 1864 and Confederate Colonel Richard Montgomery Gano’s success there encouraged further operations. Several days later Gano’s superior, Brigadier-General Douglas Hancock Cooper, led a Confederate division several miles north to Fort Smith. Cooper’s force consisted of Gano’s brigade and Brigadier-General Stand Watie’s brigade. Gano took position along the Indian Territory side of the Poteau River while Watie moved up from the south on the Arkansas side. Union Brigadier-General John Milton Thayer defended the town with three brigades (under Colonel John Edwards, Colonel James M Williams and Colonel William Russell Judson). Watie’s men first contacted the 6th Kansas Cavalry of Judson’s brigade. Judson’s men fell back from Fort No 2 along the Texas Road, alerting the rest of the Union garrison of the Confederate approach. Cooper’s men began to shell the fort. Thayer responded by sending forward units from Williams’ brigade, including the 6th Kansas Colored Infantry and two howitzers from the 2nd Kansas Battery. The Union artillery proved superior and soon drove off the Confederate artillery and the supporting cavalry. Cooper ordered a withdrawal, leaving sharpshooters behind to cover the retreat. Cooper reported the capture of $130,000 worth of Union arms and supplies but Thayer retained control of Fort Smith for the duration of the war.

District of Columbia.

ORDER OF BATTLE: UNION DEPARTMENT OF WASHINGTON

Union Department of Washington: Major-General Christopher Columbus Augur
District of Alexandria: Brigadier-General John Potts Slough
District of St Mary’s: Brigadier-General James Barnes
District of Washington: Colonel Moses N Wisewell
XXII Corps (Washington): Major-General Christopher Columbus Augur
Hardin’s Division, XXIII Corps (Washington): Brigadier-General Martin Davis Hardin
1st Brigade, Hardin’s Division, XXIII Corps (Washington): Colonel J M C Marble
2nd Brigade, Hardin’s Division, XXIII Corps (Washington): Colonel W Hayward
3rd Brigade, Hardin’s Division, XXIII Corps (Washington): Lieutenant-Colonel J H Oberteuffer
Casey’s Provisional Division, XXIII Corps (Washington): Major-General Silas Casey
De Russy’s Division, XXIII Corps (Washington): Brigadier-General Gustavus Adolphus De Russy
1st Brigade, De Russy’s Division, XXIII Corps (Washington): Colonel Joseph Nelson Garland Whistler
2nd Brigade, De Russy’s Division, XXIII Corps (Washington): Colonel T Wilhelm
3rd Brigade, De Russy’s Division, XXIII Corps (Washington): Colonel W S Irwin
4th Brigade, De Russy’s Division, XXIII Corps (Washington): Major C C Meservey
Cavalry, De Russy’s Division, XXIII Corps (Washington): Colonel H M Lazelle
Cavalry Division, XXIII Corps (Washington): Colonel William Gamble

Georgia. Raids to the West Point & Atlanta Railroad, the Macon & Western Railroad, and South River ended.

Georgia. Repairs to the Macon & Western Railroad caused by Union cavalry raiders around Lovejoy Station were completed by the Confederates and the9r supply lines to Atlanta were reinstated.

ORDER OF BATTLE: CONFEDERATE DEPARTMENT OF TENNESSEE

Confederate Department of Tennessee: General John Bell Hood
Army of Tennessee: General John Bell Hood
I Corps (Tennessee): Lieutenant-General William Joseph Hardee
Cheatham’s Division I Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General George Earl Maney
Maney’s Brigade, Cheatham’s Division I Corps (Tennessee): Colonel George C Porter
Strahl’s Brigade, Cheatham’s Division I Corps (Tennessee):
Carter’s Brigade, Cheatham’s Division I Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General John
Carpenter Carter
Vaughan’s Brigade, Cheatham’s Division I Corps (Tennessee): Colonel Michael Magevney
Gist’s Brigade, Cheatham’s Division I Corps (Tennessee):
Cleburne’s Division, I Corps (Tennessee): Major-General Patrick Ronayne Cleburne
Smith’s Brigade, Cleburne’s Division, I Corps (Tennessee):
Govan’s Brigade, Cleburne’s Division, I Corps (Tennessee):
Lowrey’s Brigade, Cleburne’s Division, I Corps (Tennessee):
Mercer’s Brigade, Cleburne’s Division, I Corps (Tennessee):
Bate’s Division, I Corps (Tennessee): Major-General William Brimage Bate
Lewis’ Brigade, Bate’s Division, I Corps (Tennessee):
Tyler’s Brigade, Bate’s Division, I Corps (Tennessee):
Finley’s Brigade, Bate’s Division, I Corps (Tennessee):
Jackson’s Brigade, Bate’s Division, I Corps (Tennessee):
II Corps (Tennessee): Lieutenant-General Stephen Dill Lee
Anderson’s Division, II Corps (Tennessee): Major-General James Patton Anderson
Johnston’s Brigade, Anderson’s Division, II Corps (Tennessee):
Sharp’s Brigade, Anderson’s Division, II Corps (Tennessee):
Manigault’s Brigade, Anderson’s Division, II Corps (Tennessee):
Brantley’s Brigade, Anderson’s Division, II Corps (Tennessee):
Stevenson’s Division, II Corps (Tennessee): Major-General Carter Littlepage Stevenson
Brown’s Brigade, Stevenson’s Division, II Corps (Tennessee):
Reynolds’ Brigade, Stevenson’s Division, II Corps (Tennessee):
Cumming’s Brigade, Stevenson’s Division, II Corps (Tennessee):
Pettus’ Brigade, Stevenson’s Division, II Corps (Tennessee):
Clayton’s Division, II Corps (Tennessee): Major-General Henry Delamar Clayton
Stovall’s Brigade, Clayton’s Division, II Corps (Tennessee):
Baker’s Brigade, Clayton’s Division, II Corps (Tennessee):
Gibson’s Brigade, Clayton’s Division, II Corps (Tennessee):
Holtzclaw’s Brigade, Clayton’s Division, II Corps (Tennessee):
III Corps (Tennessee): Major-General Benjamin Franklin Cheatham
Loring’s Division, III Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Winfield Scott Featherston
Featherston’s Brigade, Loring’s Division, III Corps (Tennessee): Colonel Robert Lowry
Adams’ Brigade, Loring’s Division, III Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General John Adams
Scott’s Brigade, Loring’s Division, III Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Thomas Moore
Scott
French’s Division, III Corps (Tennessee): Major-General Samuel Gibb French
Ector’s Brigade, French’s Division, III Corps (Tennessee): Colonel William H Young
Cockrell’s Brigade, French’s Division, III Corps (Tennessee): Colonel Elijah Gates
Sears’ Brigade, French’s Division, III Corps (Tennessee): Colonel William S Barry
Walthall’s Division, III Corps (Tennessee): Major-General Edward Cary Walthall
Quarles’ Brigade, Walthall’s Division, III Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General William Andrew Quarles
Reynolds’ Brigade, Walthall’s Division, III Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Daniel Harris Reynolds
Cantey’s Brigade, Walthall’s Division, III Corps (Tennessee): Colonel Edward A O’Neal
Cavalry Corps (Tennessee): Major-General Joseph Wheeler
Martin’s Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps (Tennessee):
Allen’s Cavalry Brigade, Martin’s Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps (Tennessee):
Iverson’s Cavalry Brigade, Martin’s Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps (Tennessee):
Kelly’s Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps (Tennessee):
Anderson’s Cavalry Brigade, Kelly’s Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps (Tennessee):
Dibrell’s Cavalry Brigade, Kelly’s Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps (Tennessee):
Hannon’s Cavalry Brigade, Kelly’s Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps (Tennessee):
Humes’ Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps (Tennessee):
Ashby’s Cavalry Brigade, Humes’ Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps (Tennessee):
Harrison’s Cavalry Brigade, Humes’ Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps (Tennessee):
Williams’ Cavalry Brigade, Humes’ Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps (Tennessee):
Ferguson’s Cavalry Brigade, Humes’ Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Samuel Wragg Ferguson
Jackson’s Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General William Hicks Jackson
Armstrong’s Brigade, Jackson’s Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Frank Crawford Armstrong
Ross’ Cavalry Brigade, Jackson’s Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Lawrence Sullivan Ross

Hillsboro, Georgia, also known as Sunshine Creek, or Sunshine Church. Union Major-General George Stoneman’s cavalry raiders were riding towards Hillsboro, twenty-five miles north of Macon, with the aim of crossing the Ocmulgee River. They encountered growing Confederate resistance and shortly after dawn Stoneman met the main body of the pursuing Confederates at Sunshine Church. The Confederate force comprised three cavalry brigades under Brigadier-General Alfred Iverson. His force was all but surrounded and heavy skirmishing ensued. Stoneman dismounted one brigade as a rear guard and ordered the other two to attempt a breakout. Stoneman stayed with his rear guard to allow the remainder of his force to escape. One brigade escaped and headed for Decatur but the other was unable to break through the swarming Confederate cavalry. When the rear-guard was overrun, Stoneman was captured with 700 of his men. Not only had Stoneman failed to liberate the Union prisoners of war at Andersonville, but he had been captured himself and was incarcerated at Camp Oglethorpe in Macon. The Confederates collected enough captured horses to remount an entire brigade.

With the dismemberment of Union Major-General George Stoneman’s cavalry division and the defeat and dispersal of Brigadier-General Edward Moody McCook’s cavalry division, the Union armies in Georgia were left with inadequate cavalry forces for reconnaissance and screening. Only Brigadier-General Kenner Garrard’s cavalry division, and one newly-arrived cavalry brigade serving with Major-General John McAllister Schofield’s forces, remained active in the region.

Louisiana. Skirmish at Orange Grove near Donaldsonville.

Maryland. Skirmish at Hancock after Union Brigadier-General William Woods Averell’s cavalry was ordered to stop the Confederate cavalry raiders of Brigadier-General John McCausland.

Maryland. After burning Chambersburg, Pennsylvania, Brigadier-General Bradley Tyler Johnson’s and Brigadier-General John McCausland’s Confederate cavalry brigades rode towards Cumberland to disrupt the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad.

ORDER OF BATTLE: UNION MIDDLE DEPARTMENT

Union Middle Department: Major-General Lewis Wallace
District of Delaware: Brigadier-General Henry Hayes Lockwood
District of the Eastern Shore of Maryland: Brigadier-General Henry Hayes Lockwood
VIII Corps: Major-General Lewis Wallace
1st Separate Brigade, VIII Corps (Middle): Brigadier-General Erastus Barnard Tyler
2nd Separate Brigade, VIII Corps (Middle): Colonel William Walton Morris
3rd Separate Brigade, VIII Corps (Middle): Brigadier-General Henry Hayes Lockwood

Missouri. Reconnaissance to Johnson County ended.

Missouri. Expedition in western Missouri ended.

Missouri. Skirmish at Hillsboro.

North Carolina. Expedition to Manning’s Neck ended.

Tennessee. The arrival of Union pump steamer Little Champion allowed the USS Undine to be raised after it ran aground near Clifton on 25. July. The gunboat returned to action under Acting Master John L Bryant.

Virginia. Operation at Richmond ended.

Virginia. The Dictator, a 13-inch seacoast mortar mounted on a reinforced railroad car, was emplaced permanently near Battery 4 of the Union siege lines.

Virginia. Union Lieutenant-General Ulysses Simpson Grant finally decided to appoint a commander he could rely upon to take control of the Shenandoah Valley once and for all. He had considered going himself to command in the region, but this would leave Major-General Benjamin Butler, who commanded the Army of the James and outranked Major-General George Gordon Meade, in command at Petersburg. Meade, commanding the Army of the Potomac. was competent and reliable. Competence and reliability were two attributes that Grant did not find evident in Butler and he was reluctant to give him much control in the Shenandoah Valley beyond his own direct influence. Butler was too well-placed politically to be transferred or removed. Grant considered moving the unimaginative Meade to operate in the Shenandoah Valley, elevating Major-General Winfield Scott Hancock to command the Army of the Potomac in his place. However, Hancock was still not fully recovered from his wounds and seemed unlikely to regain his full capacity for active service. Grant was compelled to remain personally at Petersburg to supervise both Butler and Meade.

The next available option, Major-General Ambrose Everett Burnside, was unacceptable after his disastrous command of the Army of the Potomac at Fredericksburg eighteen months earlier, and the more recent fiasco at the Crater. Grant enquired next about the availability of the experienced and competent Major-General William Buel Franklin, but the authorities denied the appointment because of Franklin’s close association with Major-General George Brinton McClellan, the Presidential contender. Even the repeatedly unsuccessful Major-General David Hunter was considered because of his seniority but not only was he unlikely to show the necessary drive and ruthlessness for the task, he had already been humiliated at the battle of Lynchburg. Another high-ranking and competent contender was Major-General Edward Otho Cresap Ord, but he was deemed to hold an essential post as Butler’s Chief of Staff. Major-General John Grubb Parke was supporting Burnside in a similar role. Major-General John James Peck was a candidate absent on long term sickness leave.

Grant finally suggested to Major-General Henry Wager Halleck and President Abraham Lincoln that Major-General Philip Henry Sheridan should be elevated to the position, despite the fact that he was very junior in rank and would have to be promoted over many more senior officers. Sheridan’s elevation in the circumstances, although apparently highly accelerated, was not wholly surprising in view of the dearth of suitable alternatives. The most important factor in the appointment was that Grant had full confidence in Sheridan‘s energy and drive.

ORDER OF BATTLE: UNION DEPARTMENT OF THE POTOMAC AND DEPARTMENT OF THE JAMES

Union General-in-Chief: Lieutenant-General Ulysses Simpson Grant
Department of the Potomac: Major-General George Gordon Meade
Army of the Potomac: Major-General George Gordon Meade

Provost Guard (Potomac): Brigadier-General Marsena Rudolph Patrick
Chief of Artillery: Brigadier-General Henry Jackson Hunt
Engineers: Brigadier-General Henry Washington Benham
II Corps (Potomac): Major-General Winfield Scott Hancock
1st Division, II Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Nelson Appleton Miles
1st Brigade, 1st Division, II Corps (Potomac): Colonel James Canning Lynch
2nd Brigade, 1st Division, II Corps (Potomac): Colonel L Crandell
4th Brigade, 1st Division, II Corps (Potomac): Lieutenant-Colonel K O Broady
2nd Division, II Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General John Gibbon
1st Brigade, 2nd Division, II Corps (Potomac): Lieutenant-Colonel Francis Edwin Pierce
2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, II Corps (Potomac): Colonel M Murphy
3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, II Corps (Potomac): Lieutenant-Colonel S A Moore
3rd Division, II Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Gershom Mott
1st Brigade, 3rd Division, II Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Philippe Régis Dénis de Keredern de Trobriand
2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, II Corps (Potomac): Colonel Henry John Madill
3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, II Corps (Potomac): Colonel R McAllister
V Corps (Potomac): Major-General Gouverneur Kemble Warren
1st Division, V Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Joseph Jackson Bartlett
1st Brigade, 1st Division, V Corps (Potomac): Colonel William Stowell Tilton
2nd Brigade, 1st Division, V Corps (Potomac): Colonel Edgar M Gregory
3rd Brigade, 1st Division, V Corps (Potomac): Colonel N E Welch
2nd Division, V Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Romeyn Beck Ayres
1st Brigade, 2nd Division, V Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Joseph Hayes
2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, V Corps (Potomac): Colonel N T Dushane
3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, V Corps (Potomac): Colonel John Howard Kitching
3rd Division, V Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Samuel Wylie Crawford
2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, V Corps (Potomac): Colonel William Ross Hartshorne
4th Division, V Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Lysander Cutler
1st Brigade, 4th Division, V Corps (Potomac): Colonel Edward Stuyvesant Bragg
2nd Brigade, 4th Division, V Corps (Potomac): Colonel John William Hofmann
IX Corps (Potomac): Major-General Ambrose Everett Burnside
1st Division, IX Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General James Hewitt Ledlie
1st Brigade, 1st Division, IX Corps (Potomac): Colonel J H Barnes
2nd Brigade, 1st Division, IX Corps (Potomac): Lieutenant-Colonel G P Robinson
2nd Division, IX Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Robert Brown Potter
1st Brigade, 2nd Division, IX Corps (Potomac): Colonel Zenas Randall Bliss
2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, IX Corps (Potomac): Colonel Simon Goodell Griffin
3rd Division, IX Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Orlando Bolivar Willcox
1st Brigade, 3rd Division, IX Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General John Frederick
Hartranft
2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, IX Corps (Potomac): Colonel William Humphrey
4th Division, IX Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Edward Ferrero
1st Brigade, 4th Division, IX Corps (Potomac): Colonel J A Siegfried
2nd Brigade, 4th Division, IX Corps (Potomac): Colonel Henry Goddard Thomas
Cavalry Corps (Potomac): Major-General Philip Henry Sheridan
1st Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Alfred Thomas
Archimedes Torbert
1st Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General George Armstrong Custer
2nd Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps (Potomac): Colonel Thomas Casimer Devin
Reserve Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Wesley Merritt
2nd Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General David McMurtrie Gregg
1st Brigade, 2nd Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Henry Eugene Davies
2nd Brigade, 2nd Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps (Potomac): Colonel John Irvin Gregg
3rd Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General James Harrison Wilson
1st Brigade, 3rd Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps (Potomac): Colonel John Baillie McIntosh
2nd Brigade, 3rd Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps (Potomac): Colonel George Henry Chapman
Department of Virginia and North Carolina: Major-General Benjamin Franklin Butler
District of Eastern Virginia: Brigadier-General George Foster Shepley
Post of Portsmouth (Eastern) Virginia: Brigadier-General Israel Vogdes
District of North Carolina: Brigadier-General Innis Newton Palmer
Sub-District of the Albemarle: Colonel D W Wardrop
Sub-District of Beaufort (NC): Colonel James Jourdan
Sub-District of New Bern: Brigadier-General Edward Harland
District of St Mary’s: Colonel Alonzo Granville Draper
District of Currituck: Colonel Samuel Henry Roberts
Army of the James: Major-General Benjamin Franklin Butler
X Corps (James): Major-General Quincy Adams Gillmore
1st Division, X Corps (James): Brigadier-General Alfred Howe Terry
1st Brigade, 1st Division, X Corps (James): Colonel F B Bond
2nd Brigade, 1st Division, X Corps (James): Colonel Joseph Roswell Hawley
3rd Brigade, 1st Division, X Corps (James): Brigadier-General Robert Sanford Foster
2nd Division, X Corps (James): Brigadier-General John Wesley Turner
1st Brigade, 2nd Division, X Corps (James): Colonel Newton Martin Curtis
2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, X Corps (James): Lieutenant-Colonel W B Coan
3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, X Corps (James): Colonel L Bell
3rd Division, X Corps (James): Brigadier-General Orris Sanford Ferry
1st Brigade, 3rd Division, X Corps (James): Brigadier-General Gilman Marston
2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, X Corps (James): Colonel J B Armstrong
XVIII Corps (James): Major-General Edward Otho Cresap Ord
1st Division, XVIII Corps (James): Brigadier-General Hiram Burnham
1st Brigade, 1st Division, XVIII Corps (James): Colonel Aaron Fletcher Stevens
2nd Brigade, 1st Division, XVIII Corps (James): Colonel E M Cullen
3rd Brigade, 1st Division, XVIII Corps (James): Colonel Guy Vernor Henry
2nd Division, XVIII Corps (James): Brigadier-General Adelbert Ames
1st Brigade, 2nd Division, XVIII Corps (James): Colonel James Stewart
2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, XVIII Corps (James): Colonel Griffin Alexander Stedman
3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, XVIII Corps (James): Colonel Harrison Stiles Fairchild
3rd Division, XVIII Corps (James): Brigadier-General Joseph Bradford Carr
1st USCT Brigade, 3rd Division, XVIII Corps (James): Colonel Jephtha Garrard
2nd USCT Brigade, 3rd Division, XVIII Corps (James): Colonel Samuel Augustus Duncan
Cavalry Division (James): Brigadier-General August Valentin Kautz
1st Brigade, Cavalry Division (James): Colonel Robert Mayhew West
2nd Brigade, Cavalry Division (James): Colonel Samuel Perkins Spear
Naval Brigade (James): Brigadier-General Charles Kinnaird Graham
Siege Artillery (James): Colonel Henry Larcom Abbott

West Virginia.

ORDER OF BATTLE: UNION DEPARTMENT OF WEST VIRGINIA

Union Department of West Virginia: Major-General David Hunter interim Brigadier-General George Crook
District of Harper’s Ferry: Brigadier-General Albion Parris Howe
Army of the Kanawha: Brigadier-General George Crook
1st Division (West Virginia): Colonel James Thoburn
1st Brigade, 1st Division (West Virginia): Colonel George Duncan Wells
2nd Brigade, 1st Division (West Virginia): Colonel William Grosvenor Ely
3rd Brigade, 1st Division (West Virginia): Colonel J B Campbell
2nd Division (West Virginia): Colonel Isaac Hardin Duval
1st Brigade, 2nd Division (West Virginia): Colonel Rutherford Birchard Hayes
2nd Brigade, 2nd Division (West Virginia): Colonel D D Johnson
1st Cavalry Division (West Virginia): Brigadier-General Alfred Napoleon Alexander Duffié
1st Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division (West Virginia): Colonel W B Tibbits
2nd Cavalry Division (West Virginia): Brigadier-General William Woods Averell
1st Brigade, 2nd Cavalry Division (West Virginia):
2nd Brigade, 2nd Cavalry Division (West Virginia): Colonel W H Powell
VI Corps (Potomac) attached: Major-General Horatio Gouverneur Wright
1st Division, VI Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General David Allen Russell
1st Brigade, 1st Division, VI Corps (Potomac): Colonel William Henry Penrose
2nd Brigade, 1st Division, VI Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Emory Upton
3rd Brigade, 1st Division, VI Corps (Potomac): Colonel Oliver Edwards
2nd Division, VI Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General George Washington Getty
1st Brigade, 2nd Division, VI Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Frank Wheaton
2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, VI Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Lewis Addison Grant
3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, VI Corps (Potomac): Colonel Daniel Davidson Bidwell
3rd Division, VI Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General James Brewerton Ricketts
1st Brigade, 3rd Division, VI Corps (Potomac): Colonel W Emerson
2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, VI Corps (Potomac): Colonel J F Staunton
Independent Brigade (West Virginia): Brigadier-General John Reese Kenly
Detachment XIX Corps (West Virginia): Brigadier-General William Hemsley Emory
1st Division, Detachment XIX Corps (West Virginia): Brigadier-General William Dwight
1st Brigade, 1st Division, Detachment XIX Corps (West Virginia): Colonel George Lafayette Beal
2nd Brigade, 1st Division, Detachment XIX Corps (West Virginia): Brigadier-General James Winning McMillan
3rd Brigade, 1st Division, Detachment XIX Corps (West Virginia): Colonel L D H Currie
2nd Division, Detachment XIX Corps (West Virginia):
3rd Brigade, Detachment XIX Corps (West Virginia): Colonel Jacob Sharpe

Union Organisation

USA: Captain Alexander Moseley Pennock USN assumed temporary command of the Mississippi River Squadron of the US Navy, succeeding Rear Admiral David Dixon Porter USN.

Pennock, Alexander Mosely / Born 1 October 1814 Norfolk, Virginia / Died Portsmouth, Virginia 20 September 1876
Midshipman USN 1 April 1828 / Passed Midshipman USN 14 June 1834 / Lieutenant USN 25 February 1841 / Commander USN 15 December 1855 / Captain USN 2 January 1863 / Commodore USN 6 May 1868 / Rear Admiral USN 19 July 1872
USS Benton January 1862 / Mound City Navy Yard July 1862 / Mississippi River Squadron 31 July 1864-1 November 1864 / USS Black Hawk October 1864 / USS Franklin 1865 / European Squadron 10 November 1868-28 February 1869

USA: The District of Brandywine was established in the Department of the Susquehanna, comprising the area between the Blue Ridge Mountains and the Susquehanna River and Dauphine, Lancaster, Chester, Delaware, Bucks, Philadelphia and Montgomery counties, Pennsylvania.

USA: Major-General George Cadwalader assumed command of the District of Brandywine.

Cadwalader, George / Pennsylvania / Born 16 May 1806 Philadelphia, Pennsylvania / Died Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 3 February 1879
Brigadier-General Pennsylvania Militia 1844 / Brigadier-General USA March 3 1847 Discharged USA 20 July 1848 / Major-General Pennsylvania Militia 19 April 1861 / Discharged Pennsylvania Militia 19 July 1861 / Major-General USV 25 April 1862 / Resigned USV 5 July 1865 / Brevet Major-General USA 13 September 1847
1st Division Department of Pennsylvania 11 July 1861-25 July 1861 / Department of Annapolis 15 May 1861-15 May 1861 / District of Brandywine 31 July 1864-18 August 1864 / Department of the Susquehanna 22 November 1864-1 December 1864 / Department of Pennsylvania 1 December 1864-27 June 1865 / District of Philadelphia 1 December 1864-16 December 1864

USA: Major-General George Stoneman was captured at Hillsboro, Georgia.

Stoneman, George / New York / Born 22 August 1822 Busti, New York / Died Buffalo, New York 5 September 1894
USMA 1 July 1846 33/59 Dragoons / Cadet USMA 1 July 1842 /1st US Dragoons 1 July 1846 / 2nd Lieutenant 12 June 1847 / 1st Lieutenant 25 July 1854 / Regt Adjutant 22 October 1854-3 March 1855 / Captain USA 2nd US Cavalry 3 March 1855 / Major USA 1st US Cavalry 9 May 1861 / 4th US Cavalry 3 August 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 13 August 1861 / Major-General USV 16 March 1863 to rank from 29 November 1862 / Lieutenant-Colonel USA 3rd US Cavalry 30 March 1864 / Colonel USA 21st US Infantry 28 July 1866 / Mustered Out USV 1 September 1866 / Retired USA 16 August 1871 / Resigned from USA Retired 15 September 1882 / Colonel USA 9th US Infantry 9 February 1891 / Retired USA 24 February 1891 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1846 Brevet Colonel USA 13 December 1862 Brevet Brigadier-General USA 13 March 1865 Brevet Major-General USA 13 March 1865 / CIA Clinton 31 July 1864 Exchanged 27 October 1864
Cavalry Reserve Army of the Potomac 14 August 1861-October 1861 / Cavalry Division Army of the Potomac October 1861-17 July 1862 / Cavalry Division Army of the Potomac 15 August 1862-13 September 1862 / 1st Division II Corps Army of the Potomac 17 July 1862-15 August 1862 / 1st Division III Corps Army of the Potomac 13 September 1862-30 October 1862 / III Corps Potomac 30 October 1862-5 February 1863 / Cavalry Corps Potomac 12 February 1863-22 May 1863 / Cavalry Army of the Ohio 3 February 1864-10 February 1864 / XXIII Corps Ohio 10 February 1864-4 April 1864 / Cavalry Division XXIII Corps Army of the Ohio 10 April 1864-31 July 1864 / Chief of Staff Army of the Ohio 27 October 1864-8 November 1864 / Department of the Ohio 8 November 1864-17 January 1865 / District of East Tennessee 9 March 1865-17 March 1865 / Department of Tennessee 27 June 1865-5 June 1866 / Department of the Cumberland June 1886-6 August 1866 / First Military District 1 June 1868-2 April 1869

Commander in Chief: President Abraham Lincoln

Vice-President: Hannibal Hamlin

Secretary of War: Edwin McMasters Stanton

Secretary of the Navy: Gideon Welles

North Atlantic Blockading Squadron: Samuel Phillips Lee
South Atlantic Blockading Squadron: John Adolphus Bernard Dahlgren
West Gulf Blockading Squadron: David Glasgow Farragut
East Gulf Blockading Squadron: Theodorus Bailey
Pacific Squadron: John Berrien Montgomery
Mississippi River Squadron: Alexander Moseley Pennock
Potomac Flotilla: Andrew Allen Harwood

General–in-Chief: Ulysses Simpson Grant

Military Division of the Mississippi: William Tecumseh Sherman

  • Department of the Cumberland: George Henry Thomas
    • District of Tennessee: Lovell Harrison Rousseau
    • District of Western Kentucky: Eleazer Arthur Paine
    • District of Northern Alabama: Robert Seaman Granger
    • District of Etowah: James Blair Steedman
    • Army of the Cumberland: George Henry Thomas
      • IV Corps Cumberland: David Sloane Stanley
      • XIV Corps Cumberland: John McAuley Palmer
      • XX Corps Cumberland: Alpheus Starkey Williams interim Henry Warner Slocum awaited
      • Cavalry Corps Cumberland: Washington Lafayette Elliott
  • Department of the Ohio: John McAllister Schofield
    • District of East Tennessee: Jacob Ammen
    • District of Kentucky: Stephen Gano Burbridge
    • Army of the Ohio: John McAllister Schofield
      • XXIII Corps Ohio: John McAllister Schofield
  • Department of the Tennessee: Oliver Otis Howard
    • District of West Tennessee: Benjamin Henry Grierson
      • Sub-District of Memphis: Ralph Pomeroy Buckland
    • District of Vicksburg: Henry Warner Slocum
    • Army of the Tennessee: Oliver Otis Howard
      • XV Corps Tennessee: John Alexander Logan
      • XVI Corps Tennessee: vacant
        • Right Wing XVI Corps Tennessee: Andrew Jackson Smith
        • Left Wing XVI Corps Tennessee: Grenville Mellen Dodge
      • XVII Corps Tennessee: Francis Preston Blair

Military Division of West Mississippi: Edward Richard Sprigg Canby

  • Department of Arkansas: Frederick Steele
    • District of Eastern Arkansas: Napoleon Bonaparte Buford
    • District of Little Rock: Eugene Asa Carr
    • District of the Frontier: John Milton Thayer
    • Army of Arkansas: Frederick Steele
      • VII Corps Arkansas: Frederick Steele
  • Department of the Gulf: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
    • District of Baton Rouge: William Plummer Benton
    • District of Port Hudson: John McNeil
    • District of La Fourche: Robert Alexander Cameron
    • District of Morganza: Michael Kelly Lawler
    • District of Carrollton: Nelson B Bartram
    • District of West Florida: Alexander Asboth
    • District of Key West and Tortugas: Daniel Phineas Woodbury
    • Defences of New Orleans: Thomas West Sherman
    • Army of the Gulf: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
      • XIX Corps Gulf: Joseph Jones Reynolds
      • Reserve Corps Gulf: Gordon Granger
  • Department of the Missouri: William Starke Rosecrans
    • District of St Louis: Alfred Pleasonton
    • District of Southwest Missouri: John Benjamin Sanborn
    • District of North Missouri: Clinton Bowen Fisk
    • District of Central Missouri: Alfred Pleasonton
    • District of Rolla: Odon Guitar

Department of the East: John Adams Dix

Department of Kansas: George Sykes

  • District of Nebraska Territory: Robert Byington Mitchell
  • District of North Kansas: Thomas Alfred Davies
  • District of South Kansas: Thomas Jefferson McKean
  • District of the Border: William Russell Judson
  • District of Colorado Territory: John Milton Chivington

Middle Department: Lewis Wallace

  • District of Delaware: Henry Hayes Lockwood
  • District of the Eastern Shore of Maryland: Henry Hayes Lockwood
  • VIII Corps Middle: Lewis Wallace

Department of New Mexico: James Henry Carleton

  • District of Arizona: George Washington Bowie

Northern Department: Samuel Peter Heintzelman

  • District of Indiana: Henry Beebe Carrington

Department of the Northwest: John Pope

  • District of Minnesota: Henry Hastings Sibley
  • District of Wisconsin: Thomas Church Haskell Smith
  • District of Iowa: Alfred Sully

Department of the Pacific: Irvin McDowell

  • District of California: George Wright
  • District of the Humboldt: Stephen Girard Whipple
  • District of Oregon: Benjamin Alvord
  • District of Southern California: James Freeman Curtis
  • District of Utah: Patrick Edward Connor

Department of the Potomac: George Gordon Meade

  • Army of the Potomac: George Gordon Meade
    • II Corps Potomac: Winfield Scott Hancock
    • V Corps Potomac: Gouverneur Kemble Warren
    • VI Corps Potomac: Horatio Gouverneur Wright
    • IX Corps Potomac: Ambrose Everett Burnside
    • Cavalry Corps Potomac: Philip Henry Sheridan

Department of the South: John Gray Foster

  • Northern District (South): Alexander Schimmelfennig
  • District of Beaufort (SC): Rufus Saxton
  • District of Hilton Head: John Porter Hatch
  • District of Florida: William Henry Noble

Department of the Susquehanna: Darius Nash Couch

  • Lehigh District: Franz Sigel
  • District of Brandywine: George Cadwalader
  • District of the Monongahela: Thomas Algeo Rowley

Department of Virginia and North Carolina: Edward Otho Cresap Ord temporary

  • District of Eastern Virginia: George Foster Shepley
  • District of Currituck: Samuel Henry Roberts
  • District of North Carolina: Innis Newton Palmer
    • Sub-District of Beaufort NC: Thomas Jonathan Coffin Amory
    • Sub-District of New Bern: Edward Harland
  • Army of the James: Benjamin Franklin Butler
    • X Corps James: David Bell Birney
    • XVIII Corps James: Edward Otho Cresap Ord

Department of Washington: Christopher Columbus Augur

  • District of St Mary’s: James Barnes
  • District of Alexandria: John Potts Slough
  • District of Washington: Moses N Wisewell
  • XXII Corps Washington: Christopher Columbus Augur

Department of Western Virginia: David Hunter interim George Crook awaited

  • District of Harper’s Ferry: Albion Parris Howe
  • Army of the Kanawha: George Crook

Confederate Organisation

CSA: Brigadier-General Lucius Eugene Polk was retired from service due to wounds.

Polk, Lucius Eugene / North Carolina / Born 10 July 1833 Salisbury, North Carolina / Died Columbia, Tennessee 1 December 1892
Private PACS 15th Arkansas Infantry May 1861 / 2nd Lieutenant PACS January 1862 / Colonel PACS 11 April 1862 / Brigadier-General PACS 20 December 1862 to rank from 13 December 1862 / Retired PACS 31 July 1864 / WIA Shiloh 6 April 1862 WIA Richmond 30 August 1862 WIA Perryville 8 October 1862 WIA New Hope Church 25 May 1864 WIA Kennesaw Mountain 27 June 1864
2nd Brigade 1st Division II Corps Army of Tennessee 14 December 1862-30 December 1862 1st Brigade 2nd Division II Corps Army of Tennessee 30 December 1862-April 1863 / 4th Brigade 2nd Division II Corps Army of Tennessee April 1863-September 1863 / Polk’s Brigade Cleburne’s Division II Corps Army of Tennessee September 1863-April 1864 / Polk’s Brigade Cleburne’s Division I Corps Army of Tennessee April 1864-27 June 1864

Commander in Chief: President Jefferson Finis Davis

Vice-President: Alexander Hamilton Stephens

Secretary of War: James Alexander Seddon

Secretary of the Navy: Stephen Russell Mallory

Military Adviser to the President: Braxton Bragg

Department of Alabama and East Mississippi: Dabney Herndon Maury

  • District of Mississippi and East Louisiana: John S Scott
  • Gulf District: Franklin Gardner temporary
  • District of Northern Alabama: Daniel Weisiger Adams
  • District of West Tennessee: Nathan Bedford Forrest

Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard

  • First District of North Carolina and Southern Virginia: Henry Alexander Wise
  • Second District of North Carolina and Southern Virginia: Laurence Simmons Baker
  • Third District of North Carolina and Southern Virginia: William Henry Chase Whiting

Department of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee

  • Army of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee
    • I Corps Northern Virginia: Richard Heron Anderson temporary
    • III Corps Northern Virginia: Ambrose Powell Hill
    • Cavalry Northern Virginia: Wade Hampton
  • Valley District: Jubal Anderson Early
    • Army of the Valley (II Corps Northern Virginia): Jubal Anderson Early
      • I Corps Valley: Robert Emmett Rodes
      • II Corps Valley: John Cabell Breckinridge

Department of Richmond: Richard Stoddert Ewell

Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida: Samuel Jones

  • District of Georgia: Henry Rootes Jackson
  • District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
    • 1st Sub-District of South Carolina: Nathan George Evans
    • 2nd Sub-District of South Carolina: Beverley Holcombe Robertson
    • 3rd Sub-District of South Carolina: Thomas Jordan
    • 4th Sub-District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
    • 6th Sub-District of South Carolina: Henry Alexander Wise
    • 7th Sub-District of South Carolina: William Booth Taliaferro
  • District of Florida: James Patton Anderson
  • Defences of Savannah: Lafayette McLaws

Department of Tennessee: John Bell Hood

  • District of Western North Carolina: James Green Martin
  • Army of Tennessee: John Bell Hood
    • I Corps Tennessee: William Joseph Hardee
    • II Corps Tennessee: Stephen Dill Lee
    • III Corps Tennessee: Benjamin Franklin Cheatham temporary
    • Cavalry Corps Tennessee: Joseph Wheeler

Trans-Allegheny Department: John Hunt Morgan

Trans-Mississippi Department: Edmund Kirby Smith

  • District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: John Bankhead Magruder
    • Western Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: Thomas Fenwick Drayton
      • Sub-District of the Rio Grande: Hamilton Prioleau Bee
    • Eastern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: William Steele
    • Sub-District of Houston: Xavier Blanchard Debray
    • Northern Sub-District Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: Henry Eustace McCullough
  • District of Arkansas: Sterling Price
  • District of West Louisiana: John George Walker
  • District of Indian Territory: Douglas Hancock Cooper
  • Trans-Mississippi Army: Edmund Kirby Smith

Reserve Forces of Alabama: Jones Mitchell Withers

Reserve Forces of Florida: John King Jackson

Reserve Forces of Georgia: Thomas Howell Cobb

Reserve Forces of Mississippi: William Lindsay Brandon

Reserve Forces of North Carolina: Theophilus Hunter Holmes

Reserve Forces of South Carolina: James Chesnut

Reserve Forces of Texas: Jerome Bonaparte Robertson

Reserve Forces of Virginia: James Lawson Kemper

Union Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

Lieutenant-General USA

Ulysses Simpson Grant

Major-General USA

George Brinton McClellan
Henry Wager Halleck

Major-General USV

Asterisk indicates concurrently Brigadier-General USA

John Adams Dix
Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
Benjamin Franklin Butler
David Hunter
Ethan Allen Hitchcock
Irvin McDowell*
Ambrose Everett Burnside
William Starke Rosecrans*
John Pope*
Samuel Ryan Curtis
Franz Sigel
John Alexander McClernand
Lewis Wallace
George Henry Thomas*
George Cadwalader
William Tecumseh Sherman*
Edward Otho Cresap Ord
Samuel Peter Heintzelman
Joseph Hooker*
Silas Casey
William Buel Franklin
Darius Nash Couch
Henry Warner Slocum
John James Peck
Alexander McDowell McCook
Thomas Leonidas Crittenden
John Gray Foster
John Grubb Parke
Christopher Columbus Augur
Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
Gordon Granger
Lovell Harrison Rousseau
George Stoneman
George Gordon Meade*
Oliver Otis Howard
Daniel Edgar Sickles
Robert Huston Milroy
Daniel Butterfield
Winfield Scott Hancock
George Sykes
David Sloane Stanley
James Scott Negley
John McAllister Schofield
John McAuley Palmer
Frederick Steele
Abner Doubleday
Napoleon Jackson Tecumseh Dana
John Alexander Logan
James Gilpatrick Blunt
George Lucas Hartsuff
Cadwallader Colden Washburn
Francis Jay Herron
Francis Preston Blair
Joseph Jones Reynolds
Philip Henry Sheridan
Julius Stahel
Carl Schurz
Gouverneur Kemble Warren
David Bell Birney
Alfred Pleasonton
Andrew Atkinson Humphreys
Quincy Adams Gillmore
William Farrar Smith
James Blair Steedman
Edward Richard Sprigg Canby
Horatio Gouverneur Wright
Andrew Jackson Smith
Grenville Mellen Dodge
John Gibbon
Peter Joseph Osterhaus

Brigadier-General USA

Brackets indicates concurrently Major-General USV

(Irvin McDowell)
(William Starke Rosecrans)
Philip St George Cooke
(John Pope)
(Joseph Hooker)
(George Gordon Meade)
(William Tecumseh Sherman)
(George Henry Thomas)

Brigadier-General USV

Thomas West Sherman
Benjamin Franklin Kelley
Jacob Dolson Cox
Alpheus Starkey Williams
James Brewerton Ricketts
Orlando Bolivar Willcox
Henry Hayes Lockwood
George Webb Morell
John Henry Martindale
Samuel Davis Sturgis
Henry Washington Benham
William Farquhar Barry
Lawrence Pike Graham
Eleazar Arthur Paine
William Thomas Ward
John Gross Barnard
Innis Newton Palmer
Seth Williams
John Newton
George Wright
John Milton Brannan
John Porter Hatch
Albin Francisco Schoepf
Thomas John Wood
Richard W Johnson
Adolph Wilhelm August Friedrich Von Steinwehr
George Washington Cullum
Thomas Jefferson McKean
Zealous Bates Tower
Jefferson Columbus Davis
James Henry Lane
William Scott Ketchum
John Wynn Davidson
James Gallant Spears
Eugene Asa Carr
Thomas Alfred Davies
William Hemsley Emory
Marsena Rudolph Patrick
Orris Sanford Ferry
Daniel Phineas Woodbury
Henry Moses Judah
John Cook
John McArthur
Jacob Gartner Lauman
Horatio Phillips Van Cleve
Speed Smith Fry
Alexander Asboth
James Craig
Mahlon Dickerson Manson
Robert Byington Mitchell
Cuvier Grover
Rufus Saxton
Benjamin Alvord
Napoleon Bonaparte Buford
Nathan Kimball
Charles Devens
Samuel Wylie Crawford
Henry Walton Wessells
Milo Smith Hascall
John White Geary
Alfred Howe Terry
James Henry Carleton
Absalom Baird
John Cleveland Robinson
Truman Seymour
Henry Prince
Maximilian Weber
Jeremiah Cutler Sullivan
Alvin Peterson Hovey
James Clifford Veatch
William Plummer Benton
John Curtis Caldwell
Neal Dow
George Sears Greene
Samuel Powhatan Carter
Erastus Barnard Tyler
Charles Griffin
George Henry Gordon
Julius White
Stephen Gano Burbridge
Washington Lafayette Elliott
Albion Parris Howe
Benjamin Stone Roberts
Jacob Ammen
Fitz-Henry Warren
Morgan Lewis Smith
Charles Cruft
Frederick Salomon
John Basil Turchin
Henry Shaw Briggs
James Dada Morgan
Johann August Ernst Willich
Henry Dwight Terry
George Foster Shepley
John Reese Kenly
John Potts Slough
Godfrey Weitzel
George Crook
Gershom Mott
Henry Jackson Hunt
Francis Channing Barlow
Mason Brayman
Nathaniel James Jackson
George Washington Getty
Alfred Sully
William Woods Averell
Francis Barretto Spinola
Solomon Meredith
Eliakim Parker Scammon
Robert Seaman Granger
Joseph Rodman West
Alfred Washington Ellet
George Leonard Andrews
Clinton Bowen Fisk
William Hays
Israel Vogdes
David Allen Russell
Lewis Cass Hunt
Frank Wheaton
John Sanford Mason
David McMurtrie Gregg
Robert Ogden Tyler
Alfred Thomas Archimedes Torbert
Gilman Marston
William Dwight
Sullivan Amory Meredith
Nathaniel Collins McLean
William Vandever
Alexander Schimmelfennig
Charles Kinnaird Graham
John Eugene Smith
Joseph Tarr Copeland
Charles Adam Heckman
Edward Elmer Potter
Henry Beebee Carrington
John Haskell King
Adam Jacoby Slemmer
Thomas Hewson Neill
Thomas Gamble Pitcher
Thomas William Sweeny
William Passmore Carlin
Romeyn Beck Ayres
William Babcock Hazen
Joseph Anthony Mower
Richard Arnold
Edward Winslow Hinks
Michael Kelly Lawler
George Day Wagner
Lysander Cutler
Joseph Farmer Knipe
James Barnes
Edward Harland
Samuel Beatty
Isaac Jones Wistar
Franklin Stillman Nickerson
Edward Henry Hobson
Ralph Pomeroy Buckland
Joseph Dana Webster
William Harrow
William Hopkins Morris
Thomas Howard Ruger
Thomas Edward Greenfield Ransom
Elias Smith Dennis
Thomas Church Haskell Smith
Mortimer Dormer Leggett
Davis Tillson
Hector Tyndale
Albert Lindley Lee
Marcellus Monroe Crocker
Egbert Benson Brown
John McNeil
George Francis McGinnis
Hugh Boyle Ewing
James Winning McMillan
Daniel Ullmann
George Jerrison Stannard
Henry Baxter
John Milton Thayer
Charles Thomas Campbell
Halbert Eleazer Paine
Robert Brown Potter
Thomas Ewing
Joseph Andrew Jackson Lightburn
Henry Hastings Sibley
Joseph Bradford Carr
Joseph Jackson Bartlett
Patrick Edward Connor
John Parker Hawkins
Gabriel René Paul
Edward Augustus Wild
Adelbert Ames
William Birney
Daniel Henry Rucker
Robert Allen
Rufus Ingalls
Alexander Shaler
Benjamin Henry Grierson
Robert Sanford Foster
Hugh Judson Kilpatrick
Alexander Stewart Webb
Alfred Napoleon Alexander Duffié
Walter Chiles Whitaker
Wesley Merritt
George Armstrong Custer
William Denison Whipple
John Converse Starkweather
Kenner Garrard
Charles Robert Woods
John Benjamin Sanborn
Giles Alexander Smith
Jasper Adalmorn Maltby
Thomas Kilby Smith
Walter Quintin Gresham
Manning Ferguson Force
Robert Alexander Cameron
John Murray Corse
John Aaron Rawlins
Alvan Cullem Gillem
John Wesley Turner
Henry Eugene Davies
Andrew Jackson Hamilton
Henry Warner Birge
James Hewitt Ledlie
James Harrison Wilson
Adin Ballou Underwood
Augustus Louis Chetlain
Thomas Francis Meagher
William Anderson Pile
John Wallace Fuller
John Franklin Miller
Philippe Régis Dénis de Keredern De Trobriand
Cyrus Bussey
Christopher Columbus Andrews
Hiram Burnham
Edward Moody McCook
Lewis Addison Grant
Edward Hatch
August Valentine Kautz
Francis Fessenden
John Rutter Brooke
John Frederick Hartranft
Samuel Sprigg Carroll
Simon Goodell Griffin
Emory Upton
Nelson Appleton Miles
Joseph Hayes
Byron Root Pierce
Selden Connor
Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain
Elliott Warren Rice
William Francis Bartlett
Thomas Algeo Rowley
Edward Stuyvesant Bragg
Martin Davis Hardin
Charles Jackson Paine
Gustavus Adolphus De Russy
John Baillie McIntosh
George Henry Chapman
William Grose
Joseph Alexander Cooper
John Thomas Croxton
John Wilson Sprague
James William Reilly
Luther Prentice Bradley
Charles Carroll Walcutt
William Worth Belknap

Brigadier-General USA (Staff)

Montgomery Cunningham Meigs (Quartermaster-General)
Lorenzo Thomas
William Alexander Hammond (Surgeon-General)
George Douglas Ramsay (Ordnance)
James Barnet Fry (Provost Marshal)
Richard Delafield (Engineers)
Joseph Holt (Judge Advocate-General)
Amos Beebe Eaton (Commissary-General of Subsistence)

Confederate Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

General ACSA/PACS

Samuel Cooper
Robert Edward Lee
Joseph Eggleston Johnston
Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
Braxton Bragg
Edmund Kirby Smith
John Bell Hood

Lieutenant-General PACS

James Longstreet
Theophilus Hunter Holmes
William Joseph Hardee
Richard Stoddert Ewell
Ambrose Powell Hill
Richard Taylor
Jubal Anderson Early
Richard Heron Anderson
Alexander Peter Stewart
Stephen Dill Lee

Major-General PACS

Benjamin Huger
John Bankhead Magruder
Mansfield Lovell
William Wing Loring
Sterling Price
Benjamin Franklin Cheatham
Samuel Jones
John Porter McCown
Daniel Harvey Hill
Thomas Carmichael Hindman
John Cabell Breckinridge
Lafayette McLaws
Simon Bolivar Buckner
Samuel Gibbs French
George Edward Pickett
Carter Littlepage Stevenson
John Horace Forney
Dabney Herndon Maury
Martin Luther Smith
John George Walker
Arnold Elzey
Patrick Ronayne Cleburne
Franklin Gardner
Isaac Ridgeway Trimble
Joseph Wheeler
Edward Johnson
William Henry Chase Whiting
Robert Emmett Rodes
Henry Heth
Robert Ransom
Jones Mitchell Withers
Cadmus Marcellus Wilcox
Wade Hampton
Fitzhugh Lee
Howell Cobb
John Austin Wharton
William Thompson Martin
Nathan Bedford Forrest
Charles William Field
James Patton Anderson
William Brimage Bate
Camille Armand Jules Marie de Polignac
Robert Frederick Hoke
William Henry Fitzhugh Lee
James Fleming Fagan
John Brown Gordon
Joseph Brevard Kershaw
Bushrod Rust Johnson
Stephen Dodson Ramseur
Edward Cary Walthall
Henry Delamar Clayton
William Mahone

Brigadier-General PACS

Alexander Robert Lawton
Henry Alexander Wise
Henry Hopkins Sibley
John Henry Winder
Gideon Johnson Pillow
Daniel Ruggles
Roswell Sabine Ripley
Paul Octave Hébert
Albert Gallatin Blanchard
Gabriel James Rains
Thomas Fenwick Drayton
Nathan George Evans
James Heyward Trapier
Hugh Weedon Mercer
William Montgomery Gardner
Raleigh Edward Colston
John King Jackson
George Wythe Randolph
James Ronald Chalmers
Daniel Leadbetter
William Whann Mackall
Winfield Scott Featherston
Thomas James Churchill
William Booth Taliaferro
Albert Rust
Samuel Bell Maxey
Hamilton Prioleau Bee
James Morrison Hawes
George Hume Steuart
James Edwin Slaughter
Seth Maxwell Barton
Henry Eustace McCullough
John Selden Roane
States Rights Gist
William Nelson Pendleton
Joseph Finegan
William Nelson Rector Beall
Thomas Jordan
William Preston
John Echols
George Earl Maney
John Stuart Williams
James Green Martin
Thomas Lanier Clingman
Daniel Weisiger Adams
Louis Hébert
Ambrose Ransom Wright
James Lawson Kemper
James Jay Archer
Beverley Holcombe Robertson
St John Richardson Liddell
Johnson Hagood
Harry Thompson Hays
Matthew Duncan Ector
Edward Aylesworth Perry
John Gregg
John Calvin Brown
Alfred Holt Colquitt
Abraham Buford
William Steele
Francis Asbury Shoup
Joseph Robert Davis
John Crawford Vaughn
Evander McIvor Law
Elkanah Brackin Greer
Francis Redding Tillou Nicholls
Alfred Cumming
William Stephen Walker
Montgomery Dent Corse
George Thomas Anderson
Alfred Iverson
James Henry Lane
Edward Lloyd Thomas
John Rogers Cooke
Jerome Bonaparte Robertson
Evander McNair
Archibald Gracie
William Robertson Boggs
James Camp Tappan
Dandridge McRae
Mosby Monroe Parsons
John Pegram
John Sappington Marmaduke
John Hunt Morgan
Marcus Joseph Wright
Zachariah Cantey Deas
Lucius Eugene Polk RET
John Adams
William Hicks Jackson
James Cantey
Henry Lewis Benning
William Tatum Wofford
Samuel McGowan
Marcellus Augustus Stovall
George Blake Cosby
Francis Crawford Armstrong
William Lewis Cabell
John Daniel Imboden
Alfred Eugene Jackson
Robert Brank Vance
Arthur Middleton Manigault
Douglas Hancock Cooper
John Wilkins Whitfield
James Alexander Walker
Matthew Whitaker Ransom
Alfred Moore Scales
George Washington Custis Lee
Henry Harrison Walker
Gabriel Colvin Wharton
Francis Marion Cockrell
James Patrick Major
Samuel Wragg Ferguson
Lunsford Lindsay Lomax
Laurence Simmons Baker
Otho French Strahl
Philip Dale Roddey
Eppa Hunton
Thomas Pleasant Dockery
Benjamin Grubb Humphreys
Henry Brevard Davidson
Cullen Andrews Battle
William Andrew Quarles
William Whedbee Kirkland
Goode Bryan
Matthew Calbraith Butler
Williams Carter Wickham
Robert Daniel Johnston
Alexander Welch Reynolds
Thomas Neville Waul
Edmund Winston Pettus
Armistead Lindsay Long
Henry Rootes Jackson
William Wirt Adams
Thomas Lafayette Rosser
Pierce Manning Butler Young
James Argyle Smith
Joseph Horace Lewis
Mark Perrin Lowrey
Edward Higgins
John Tyler Morgan
John Herbert Kelly
William Young Conn Humes
Jesse Johnson Finley
James Holt Clanton
Alfred Jefferson Vaughan
Joseph Orville Shelby
John Randolph Chambliss
Lawrence Sullivan Ross
Daniel Chevilette Govan
Randall Lee Gibson
Nathaniel Harrison Harris
Allen Thomas
Alexander Travis Hawthorn
Robert Charles Tyler
Edward Porter Alexander
William Wirt Allen
Hiram Bronson Granbury
Claudius Wistar Sears
William Feimster Tucker
Richard Lucian Page
Alpheus Baker
Daniel Harris Reynolds
James Chesnut
Stand Watie
Samuel Jameson Gholson
John Bratton
Thomas Moore Scott
John McCausland
Clement Anselm Evans
William Terry
Bryan Grimes
Martin Witherspoon Gary
Birkett Davenport Fry
Stephen Elliott
William Ruffin Cox
Thomas Fentress Toon
William Gaston Lewis
Zebulon York
Robert Doak Lilley
John Caldwell Calhoun Sanders
William Richard Terry
James Conner
Rufus Clay Barringer
John Smith Preston
Hylan Benton Lyon
William Lindsay Brandon
Bradley Tyler Johnson
James Thadeus Holtzclaw
John Carpenter Carter
William Felix Brantley
Robert Houston Anderson
Jacob Hunter Sharp
George Doherty Johnston
George Gibbs Dibrell
Thomas Benton Smith
David Addison Weisiger
Richard Waterhouse

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