1864 July 10th

July 10 1864 Sunday

Magnolia Station Raid, MD

Atlanta Campaign – Chattahoochee River

Siege of Petersburg

Early’s Washington Raid

A J Smith’s Tupelo Expedition

Rousseau’s Alabama Raid

Alabama. USS Monongahela, Commander James Hooker Strong, USS Lackawanna, Captain Marchand, USS Galena, Lieutenant-Commander Clark H Wells, USS Sebago, Lieutenant-Commander William E Fitzhugh, opened fire on the steamer Virgin, a very large blockade runner, which they found aground near Fort Morgan at Mobile Bay. Under cover of Fort Morgan’s guns, a Confederate river steamer attempted to tow away the Virgin, but it was forced to withdraw by the accurate shelling from the blockaders. The Confederates successfully towed the Virgin into Mobile Bay the following day.

Alabama. Union Major-General Lovell Harrison Rousseau’s raid set out from Decatur towards the West Point and Montgomery Railroad in Georgia.

Arkansas. Incidents at the Arkansas River and Scatterville.

Arkansas. Skirmish near Petit Jean.

Arkansas. Skirmish with Confederate guerrillas twenty miles north of Little Rock.

Florida. USS Roebuck, Acting Master William L Martine, captured the blockade running British schooner Terrapin, at Jupiter Inlet, with a cargo of cotton and turpentine.

Georgia. Incidents at Nickajack Creek, Vining Station, Adairsville, Monocacy, Campbellton, and Alpharetta.

Georgia. The Confederate Army of Tennessee moved from its defences south of the Chattahoochee and occupied defences along Peachtree Creek a few miles to the east. They faced north-eastwards towards the Union Army of the Ohio and Army of the Tennessee which had crossed to the south bank of the Chattahoochee beyond their right flank. This new Confederate position was within five miles of the vital city of Atlanta to the south.

The Union Army of the Cumberland remained north of the river, astride the Western & Atlantic Railroad to defend the army’s line of supply. Union Major-General William Tecumseh Sherman allowed a week for resupply and rest while he prepared his next operation to cross Peachtree Creek.

The Confederate retreat across the Chattahoochee prompted anxiety in Atlanta and the population increasingly evacuated the city for safer locations. Amid the rising panic, Confederate Major-General Mansfield Lovell managed the removal of valuable military equipment, mills, factories, and manufacturing facilities, and commandeered railroad stock for the purpose.

ORDER OF BATTLE: CONFEDERATE ARMY OF TENNESSEE

Confederate Department of Tennessee: General Joseph Eggleston Johnston
Army of Tennessee: General Joseph Eggleston Johnston
I Corps (Tennessee): Lieutenant-General William Joseph Hardee
Cheatham’s Division, I Corps (Tennessee): Major-General Benjamin Franklin Cheatham
Maney’s Brigade, Cheatham’s Division, I Corps (Tennessee): Colonel Francis M Walker
Strahl’s Brigade, Cheatham’s Division, I Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Otho French Strahl
Wright’s Brigade, Cheatham’s Division, I Corps (Tennessee): Colonel John Calvin Carter
Vaughan’s Brigade, Cheatham’s Division, I Corps (Tennessee): Colonel Michael Magevney
Cleburne’s Division, I Corps (Tennessee): Major-General Patrick Ronayne Cleburne
Polk’s Brigade, Cleburne’s Division, I Corps (Tennessee):
Smith’s Brigade, Cleburne’s Division, I Corps (Tennessee):
Lowrey’s Brigade, Cleburne’s Division, I Corps (Tennessee):
Govan’s Brigade, Cleburne’s Division, I Corps (Tennessee):
Walker’s Division, I Corps (Tennessee): Major-General William Henry Talbot Walker
Mercer’s Brigade, Walker’s Division, I Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Hugh Weedon Mercer
Gist’s Brigade, Walker’s Division, I Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General States Rights Gist
Stevens’ Brigade, Walker’s Division, I Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Clement Hoffman Stevens
Bate’s Division, I Corps (Tennessee): Major-General William Brimage Bate
Smith’s Brigade, Bate’s Division, I Corps (Tennessee):
Lewis’ Brigade, Bate’s Division, I Corps (Tennessee):
Tyler’s Brigade, Bate’s Division, I Corps (Tennessee):
Finley’s Brigade, Bate’s Division, I Corps (Tennessee):
II Corps (Tennessee): Lieutenant-General John Bell Hood
Hindman’s Division, II Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General John Calvin Brown
Deas’ Brigade, Hindman’s Division, II Corps (Tennessee): Colonel John G Coltart
Tucker’s Brigade, Hindman’s Division, II Corps (Tennessee): Colonel Jacob H Sharp
Manigault’s Brigade, Hindman’s Division, II Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Arthur Middleton Manigault
Walthall’s Brigade, Hindman’s Division, II Corps (Tennessee): Colonel Samuel Benton
Stevenson’s Division, II Corps (Tennessee): Major-General Carter Littlepage Stevenson
Brown’s Brigade, Stevenson’s Division, II Corps (Tennessee): Colonel Joseph B Palmer
Reynolds’ Brigade, Stevenson’s Division, II Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Alexander Welsh Reynolds
Cumming’s Brigade, Stevenson’s Division, II Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Alfred Cumming
Pettus’ Brigade, Stevenson’s Division, II Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Edmund Winston Pettus
Clayton’s Division, II Corps (Tennessee): Major-General Henry De Lamar Clayton
Stovall’s Brigade, Clayton’s Division, II Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Marcellus Augustus Stovall
Baker’s Brigade, Clayton’s Division, II Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Alpheus Baker
Gibson’s Brigade, Clayton’s Division, II Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Randall Lee Gibson
Holtzclaw’s Brigade, Clayton’s Division, II Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General James Thadeus Holtzclaw
III Corps (Tennessee): Lieutenant-General Alexander Peter Stewart
Loring’s Division, III Corps (Tennessee): Major-General William Wing Loring
Featherston’s Brigade, Loring’s Division, III Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Winfield Scott Featherston
Adams’ Brigade, Loring’s Division, III Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General John Adams
Scott’s Brigade, Loring’s Division, III Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Thomas Moore Scott
French’s Division, III Corps (Tennessee): Major-General Samuel Gibb French
Ector’s Brigade, French’s Division, III Corps (Tennessee): Colonel William H Young
Cockrell’s Brigade, French’s Division, III Corps (Tennessee): Colonel Elijah Gates
Sears’ Brigade, French’s Division, III Corps (Tennessee): Colonel William S Barry
Walthall’s Division, III Corps (Tennessee): Major-General Edward Cary Walthall
Quarles’ Brigade, Walthall’s Division, III Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General William Andrew Quarles
Reynolds’ Brigade, Walthall’s Division, III Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Daniel Harris Reynolds
Cantey’s Brigade, Walthall’s Division, III Corps (Tennessee): Colonel Edward A O’Neal
Jackson’s Cavalry Division, III Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General William Hicks Jackson
Armstrong’s Cavalry Brigade, Jackson’s Cavalry Division, III Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Frank Crawford Armstrong
Ross’ Cavalry Brigade, Jackson’s Cavalry Division, III Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Lawrence Sullivan Ross
Ferguson’s Cavalry Brigade, Jackson’s Cavalry Division, III Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Samuel Wragg Ferguson
Cavalry Corps (Tennessee): Major-General Joseph Wheeler
Martin’s Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps (Tennessee): Major-General William Thompson Martin
Allen’s Cavalry Brigade, Martin’s Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps (Tennessee):
Iverson’s Cavalry Brigade, Martin’s Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Alfred Iverson
Humes’ Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps (Tennessee):
Ashby’s Brigade, Humes’ Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps (Tennessee):
Harrison’s Cavalry Brigade, Humes’ Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps (Tennessee):
Kelly’s Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps (Tennessee):
Dibrell’s Cavalry Brigade, Kelly’s Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps (Tennessee):
Williams’ Cavalry Brigade, Kelly’s Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps (Tennessee):
Anderson’s Cavalry Brigade, Kelly’s Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps (Tennessee):
Hannon’s Cavalry Brigade, Kelly’s Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps (Tennessee):
Artillery Reserve (Tennessee): Lieutenant-Colonel James H Hallonquist

Kentucky. Skirmish with Confederate guerrillas at Clinton.

Maryland. Skirmish at Rockville.

Maryland. Skirmish at Monocacy.

Maryland. Confederate Lieutenant-General Jubal Anderson Early followed up his victory at Monocacy by sending a cavalry brigade under Brigadier-General John Tyler Morgan to threaten Baltimore and more cavalry under Brigadier-General John McCausland to guard his line of communications back to the Potomac. He then marched on towards Washington, DC. His army straggled badly in very hot and dusty weather, having already conducted a series of long and arduous marches. The head of his column covered twenty miles in one day and camped near Rockville, within ten miles of the District of Columbia. The rear of the column did not arrive until after midnight, but the army resumed its march by 3 am.

Magnolia Station Train Raid, Maryland.  Confederate Major Harry W Gilmor led 135 men from the 1st Maryland Cavalry and 2nd Maryland Cavalry from Timonium southeastwards through Baltimore County and into Harford County. They were detached from the cavalry brigade of Brigadier-General Bradley Tyler Johnson’s, brigade, which was aiming to liberate Confederate prisoners of war from the Point Lookout camp. After stopping at the General Store in Jerusalem Mill to seize supplies and horses, Gilmor’s Marylanders arrived in the morning at the Gunpowder River railroad bridge, near Magnolia Station, close to Joppa on the Philadelphia, Wilmington & Baltimore Railroad. Defending the railroad bridge at both ends were seventy troops from the 159th Ohio Infantry. Gilmor’s troops captured two trains, one northbound and one southbound, evacuated the passengers, captured supplies on the train, and set fire to one of the trains before backing it over and partially destroying the railroad trestle bridge. The telegraph communications lines were also cut along the bridge. Among the passengers captured on the northbound train was Union Major-General William Buel Franklin, who was sent as a prisoner of war back to Virginia. Gilmor’s men left Magnolia Station and headed west to Towson to rest . Shortly afterward a large Union cavalry patrol arrived from Baltimore. Gilmor attacked and defeated the Union cavalry patrol, despite being outnumbered, and pursued them as far as Govanstown. Gilmor later claimed that if his men had not been so tired, he would have gone into Baltimore and captured the city. Gilmor’s detachment then proceeded back through Green Spring Valley, to recover Franklin, who had escaped. After resting for a few hours, Gilmor’s detachment rejoined Lieutenant-General Jubal Anderson Early’s main forces as they crossed the Potomac River back into Virginia. Only one man was lost in Gilmor’s detachment during the raid.

Maryland. CSS Florida, Lieutenant Charles M Morris, captured and burned the bark General Berry with a cargo of hay and straw, 35 miles from Maryland’s eastern shore. The CSS Florida then chased the bark Zelinda, which was captured in ballast. After putting a prize crew aboard the raider then pursued the schooner Howard, with a cargo of fruit. After taking Zelinda’s provisions, the schooner was burned. Later the same day, CSS Florida captured the mail steamer Electric Spark and transferred its passengers to a passing British ship, Lane. Seeking to create the impression that he had made a tender of Electric Spark, it was scuttled her during the night rather than set on fire. This prize yielded a quantity of cash and other important articles, including mail. Aware that Union ships would soon be in pursuit of him, CSS Florida turned on an easterly course into the Atlantic Ocean.

Responding to the widespread concern caused by the recent captures, Union Rear Admiral Samuel Phillips Lee dispatched the screw steamers USS Mount Vernon, Lieutenant-Commander Henry A Adams, and USS Monticello, Lieutenant William Barker Cushing, to cruise together to and capture CSS Florida. Lee also ordered USS Ino, Acting Lieutenant French, to sea in disguise as a merchantman in an attempt to ambush the CSS Florida.

Mississippi. Expedition from Vicksburg to Grand Gulf began.

Mississippi. Expedition from Vicksburg to the Pearl River ended.

Mississippi. Incident at the Blackwater River.

Mississippi. Skirmish in Issaquena County.

Mississippi. Skirmish at Plenitude (Plenytude).

Mississippi. Skirmish at Cherry Creek.

Missouri. Expedition to Caruthersville and New Madrid ended.

Missouri. Skirmish with Confederate guerrillas at Platte City.

Missouri. Skirmish with Confederate guerrillas at Warder’s Church.

Missouri. Union troops skirmished with guerrillas at Warder’s Church in Wellington County.

South Carolina. Expedition to John’s Island ended.

South Carolina. Expedition to Beaufort ended.

South Carolina. Union troops attacked Fort Johnson and Battery Simkins in Charleston Harbour.

Virginia. Senator Benjamin Hill of Georgia met President Jefferson Finis Davis and conveyed the tenor of his recent meeting with General Joseph Eggleston Johnston, and explained Johnston’s strategy in Georgia. Hill explained Johnston’s call for a powerful cavalry raid against the Union lines of communications in middle Tennessee or Kentucky. The President replied that the raid by Brigadier-General John Hunt Morgan from southwestern Virginia into Kentucky had already been repelled with heavy loss and that Major-General Nathan Bedford Forrest had been drawn away from middle Tennessee and was heavily engaged in defending northern Mississippi against a strong invasion driving southwards with 15,000 men from Memphis. Forrest was so heavily outnumbered that his superior officer, Lieutenant-General Stephen Dill Lee, was begging for reinforcements from Johnston. Hill’s efforts to justify Johnston’s strategy was crushed when the President revealed that Johnston had already abandoned the line of the Chattahoochee River, even though Johnston had assured Hill that Atlanta was secure for up to sixty days.

Davis soon sent a warning to Johnston that his standing with the authorities was insecure and that he needed to act promptly and aggressively if he wanted to retain his command. Johnston had already insisted that aggressive action was impossible without reinforcements or help from raiders in the Union rear. Each successive withdrawal since the evacuation of Dalton had increased the clamour for Johnston’s replacement and the axe was poised to fall. The consummate skill of his withdrawal, which was acknowledged both by his own commanders and even by his opponent Union Major-General William Tecumseh Sherman, did not satisfy the government, which only saw that the retreat was increasing daily the threat to the key city of Atlanta.

Union Organisation

USA: Brigadier-General John Henry Martindale assumed temporary command of XVIII Corps (James), succeeding Major-General William Farrar Smith.

Martindale, John Henry / New York / Born 20 March 1815 Sandy Hill, New York / Died Nice, France 13 December 1881
USMA 1 July 1835 3/56 Dragoons / Cadet USMA 1 July 1831 / 1st US Dragoons 1 July 1835 / Resigned USA 10 March 1836 / Brigadier-General USV 9 August 1861 / Resigned USV 13 September 1864 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1835 Brevet Major-General USV 13 March 1865
2nd Brigade F J Porter’s Division Army of the Potomac 28 August 1861-13 March 1862 / 1st Brigade 1st Division III Corps Army of the Potomac 13 March 1862-18 May 1862 / 1st Brigade 1st Division V Corps Army of the Potomac 18 May 1862-10 July 1862 / District of Washington 2 February 1863-16 September 1863 / District of Washington 1 October 1863-2 May 1864 / 2nd Division XVIII Corps Army of the James 20 May 1864-18 June 1864 / 2nd Brigade VI Corps Army of the Potomac 18 June 1864-10 July 1864 / XVIII Corps James 10 July 1864-21 July 1864

Commander in Chief: President Abraham Lincoln

Vice-President: Hannibal Hamlin

Secretary of War: Edwin McMasters Stanton

Secretary of the Navy: Gideon Welles

  • North Atlantic Blockading Squadron USN: Acting Rear Admiral Samuel Phillips Lee USN
  • South Atlantic Blockading Squadron USN: Rear Admiral John Adolphus Dahlgren USN
  • West Gulf Blockading Squadron USN: Rear Admiral David Glasgow Farragut USN
  • East Gulf Blockading Squadron USN: Acting Rear Admiral Theodorus Bailey USN
  • Pacific Squadron USN: Captain John B Montgomery USN
  • Mississippi River Squadron USN: Rear Admiral David Dixon Porter USN
  • Potomac Flotilla USN: Commodore Andrew Allen Harwood USN

General–in-Chief: Ulysses Simpson Grant

  • Military Division of the Mississippi: William Tecumseh Sherman
    • Department of the Cumberland: George Henry Thomas
      • District of Tennessee: Lovell Harrison Rousseau
      • District of Western Kentucky: Eleazer Arthur Paine
      • District of Northern Alabama: Robert Seaman Granger
      • District of Etowah: James Blair Steedman
      • Army of the Cumberland: George Henry Thomas
        • IV Corps Cumberland: Oliver Otis Howard
        • XIV Corps Cumberland: John McAuley Palmer
        • XX Corps Cumberland: Joseph Hooker
        • Cavalry Corps Cumberland: Washington Lafayette Elliott
    • Department of the Ohio: John McAllister Schofield
      • District of East Tennessee: Jacob Ammen
      • District of Kentucky: Stephen Gano Burbridge
      • Army of the Ohio: John McAllister Schofield
        • XXIII Corps Ohio: John McAllister Schofield
    • Department of the Tennessee: James Birdseye McPherson
      • District of West Tennessee: Benjamin Henry Grierson
        • Sub-District of Memphis: Ralph Pomeroy Buckland
      • District of Vicksburg: Henry Warner Slocum
      • Army of the Tennessee: James Birdseye McPherson
        • XV Corps Tennessee: John Alexander Logan
        • XVI Corps Tennessee: vacant
          • Right Wing XVI Corps Tennessee: Andrew Jackson Smith
          • Left Wing XVI Corps Tennessee: Grenville Mellen Dodge
        • XVII Corps Tennessee: Francis Preston Blair
  • Military Division of West Mississippi: Edward Richard Sprigg Canby
    • Department of Arkansas: Frederick Steele
      • District of Eastern Arkansas: Napoleon Bonaparte Buford
      • District of Little Rock: Eugene Asa Carr
      • District of the Frontier: John Milton Thayer
      • Army of Arkansas: Frederick Steele
        • VII Corps Arkansas: Frederick Steele
    • Department of the Gulf: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
      • District of Baton Rouge: William Plummer Benton
      • District of Port Hudson: John McNeil
      • District of La Fourche: Robert Alexander Cameron
      • District of Morganza: Michael Kelly Lawler
      • District of Carrollton: Nelson B Bartram
      • District of West Florida: Alexander Asboth
      • District of Key West and Tortugas: Daniel Phineas Woodbury
      • Defences of New Orleans: Thomas West Sherman
      • Army of the Gulf: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
        • XIX Corps Gulf: Joseph Jones Reynolds
        • Reserve Corps Gulf: Gordon Granger
    • Department of the Missouri: William Starke Rosecrans
      • District of St Louis: vacant
      • District of Southwest Missouri: John Benjamin Sanborn
      • District of North Missouri: Clinton Bowen Fisk
      • District of Central Missouri: Egbert Benson Brown
      • District of Rolla: Odon Guitar
  • Department of the East: John Adams Dix
  • Department of Kansas: George Sykes
    • District of Nebraska Territory: Robert Byington Mitchell
    • District of North Kansas: Thomas Alfred Davies
    • District of South Kansas: Thomas Jefferson McKean
    • District of the Border: William Russell Judson
    • District of Colorado Territory: John Milton Chivington
  • Middle Department: Lewis Wallace
    • District of Delaware: John Reese Kenly
    • District of the Eastern Shore of Maryland: Henry Hayes Lockwood
    • VIII Corps Middle: Lewis Wallace
  • Department of New Mexico: James Henry Carleton
    • District of Arizona: George Washington Bowie
  • Northern Department: Samuel Peter Heintzelman
    • District of Indiana: Henry Beebe Carrington
  • Department of the Northwest: John Pope
    • District of Minnesota: Henry Hastings Sibley
    • District of Wisconsin: Thomas Church Haskell Smith
    • District of Iowa: Alfred Sully
  • Department of the Pacific: Irvin McDowell
    • District of California: George Wright
    • District of the Humboldt: Stephen Girard Whipple
    • District of Oregon: Benjamin Alvord
    • District of Southern California: James Freeman Curtis
    • District of Utah: Patrick Edward Connor
  • Department of the Potomac: George Gordon Meade
    • Army of the Potomac: George Gordon Meade
      • II Corps Potomac: Winfield Scott Hancock
      • V Corps Potomac: Gouverneur Kemble Warren
      • VI Corps Potomac: Horatio Gouverneur Wright
      • IX Corps Potomac: Ambrose Everett Burnside
      • Cavalry Corps Potomac: Philip Henry Sheridan
  • Department of the South: John Gray Foster
    • Northern District (South): Alexander Schimmelfennig
    • District of Beaufort (SC): Rufus Saxton
    • District of Hilton Head: John Porter Hatch
    • District of Florida: William Birney
  • Department of the Susquehanna: Darius Nash Couch
    • Lehigh District: Franz Sigel
    • District of the Monongahela: Thomas Algeo Rowley
  • Department of Virginia and North Carolina: Benjamin Franklin Butler
    • District of Eastern Virginia: George Foster Shepley
    • District of Currituck: Samuel Henry Roberts
    • District of North Carolina: Innis Newton Palmer
      • Sub-District of Beaufort NC: Thomas Jonathan Coffin Amory
      • Sub-District of New Bern: Edward Harland
    • Army of the James: Benjamin Franklin Butler
      • X Corps James: William Thomas Harbaugh Brooks temporary
      • XVIII Corps James: John Henry Martindale temporary
  • Department of Washington: Christopher Columbus Augur
    • District of St Mary’s: James Barnes
    • District of Alexandria: John Potts Slough
    • District of Washington: Moses N Wisewell
    • XXII Corps Washington: Christopher Columbus Augur
  • Department of Western Virginia: David Hunter
    • District of Harper’s Ferry: Albion Parris Howe
    • Army of the Kanawha: George Crook

Confederate Organisation

Commander in Chief: President Jefferson Finis Davis

Vice-President: Alexander Hamilton Stephens

Secretary of War: James Alexander Seddon

Secretary of the Navy: Stephen Russell Mallory

Military Adviser to the President: Braxton Bragg

  • Department of Alabama and East Mississippi: Stephen Dill Lee
    • District of Mississippi and East Louisiana: John S Scott
    • Gulf District: Dabney Herndon Maury
    • District of Northern Alabama: Jones Mitchell Withers
    • District of West Tennessee: Nathan Bedford Forrest
  • Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
    • First District of North Carolina and Southern Virginia: Henry Alexander Wise
    • Second District of North Carolina and Southern Virginia: Laurence Simmons Baker
    • Third District of North Carolina and Southern Virginia: William Henry Chase Whiting
  • Department of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee
    • Army of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee
      • I Corps Northern Virginia: Richard Heron Anderson temporary
      • III Corps Northern Virginia: Ambrose Powell Hill
      • Cavalry Northern Virginia: Wade Hampton
    • Valley District: Jubal Anderson Early
      • Army of the Valley (II Corps Northern Virginia): Jubal Anderson Early
        • I Corps Valley: Robert Emmett Rodes
        • II Corps Valley: John Cabell Breckinridge
  • Department of Richmond: Richard Stoddert Ewell
  • Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida: Samuel Jones
    • District of Georgia: Henry Rootes Jackson
    • District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
      • 1st Sub-District of South Carolina: Nathan George Evans
      • 2nd Sub-District of South Carolina: Beverley Holcombe Robertson
      • 3rd Sub-District of South Carolina: Thomas Jordan
      • 4th Sub-District of South Carolina: James Heyward Trapier
      • 6th Sub-District of South Carolina: Henry Alexander Wise
      • 7th Sub-District of South Carolina: William Booth Taliaferro
    • District of Florida: James Patton Anderson
    • Defences of Savannah: Lafayette McLaws
  • Department of Tennessee: Joseph Eggleston Johnston
    • District of Western North Carolina: James Green Martin
    • Army of Tennessee: Joseph Eggleston Johnston
      • I Corps Tennessee: William Joseph Hardee
      • II Corps Tennessee: John Bell Hood
      • III Corps Tennessee: William Wing Loring temporary
      • Cavalry Corps Tennessee: Joseph Wheeler
  • Trans-Allegheny Department: John Hunt Morgan
  • Trans-Mississippi Department: Edmund Kirby Smith
    • District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: John Bankhead Magruder
      • Western Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: Thomas Fenwick Drayton
        • Sub-District of the Rio Grande: Hamilton Prioleau Bee
      • Eastern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: William Steele
      • Sub-District of Houston: Xavier Blanchard Debray
      • Northern Sub-District Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: Henry Eustace McCullough
    • District of Arkansas: Sterling Price
    • District of West Louisiana: John George Walker
    • District of Indian Territory: Samuel Bell Maxey
    • Trans-Mississippi Army: Edmund Kirby Smith
  • Reserve Forces of Alabama: Jones Mitchell Withers
  • Reserve Forces of Florida: John King Jackson
  • Reserve Forces of Georgia: Thomas Howell Cobb
  • Reserve Forces of North Carolina: Theophilus Hunter Holmes
  • Reserve Forces of South Carolina: James Chesnut
  • Reserve Forces of Texas: Jerome Bonaparte Robertson
  • Reserve Forces of Virginia: James Lawson Kemper

Union Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

Lieutenant-General USA

Ulysses Simpson Grant

Major-General USA

George Brinton McClellan
Henry Wager Halleck

Major-General USV

Asterisk indicates concurrently Brigadier-General USA

John Adams Dix
Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
Benjamin Franklin Butler
David Hunter
Ethan Allen Hitchcock
Irvin McDowell*
Ambrose Everett Burnside
William Starke Rosecrans*
John Pope*
Samuel Ryan Curtis
Franz Sigel
John Alexander McClernand
Lewis Wallace
George Henry Thomas*
George Cadwalader
William Tecumseh Sherman*
Edward Otho Cresap Ord
Samuel Peter Heintzelman
Joseph Hooker*
Silas Casey
William Buel Franklin
Darius Nash Couch
Henry Warner Slocum
John James Peck
Alexander McDowell McCook
Thomas Leonidas Crittenden
John Gray Foster
John Grubb Parke
Christopher Columbus Augur
Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
Gordon Granger
Lovell Harrison Rousseau
James Birdseye McPherson*
George Stoneman
George Gordon Meade*
Oliver Otis Howard
Daniel Edgar Sickles
Robert Huston Milroy
Daniel Butterfield
Winfield Scott Hancock
George Sykes
David Sloane Stanley
James Scott Negley
John McAllister Schofield
John McAuley Palmer
Frederick Steele
Abner Doubleday
Napoleon Jackson Tecumseh Dana
John Alexander Logan
James Gilpatrick Blunt
George Lucas Hartsuff
Cadwallader Colden Washburn
Francis Jay Herron
Francis Preston Blair
Joseph Jones Reynolds
Philip Henry Sheridan
Julius Stahel
Carl Schurz
Gouverneur Kemble Warren
David Bell Birney
Alfred Pleasonton
Andrew Atkinson Humphreys
Quincy Adams Gillmore
William Farrar Smith
James Blair Steedman
Edward Richard Sprigg Canby
Horatio Gouverneur Wright
Andrew Jackson Smith
Grenville Mellen Dodge
John Gibbon

Brigadier-General USA

Brackets indicates concurrently Major-General USV

(Irvin McDowell)
(William Starke Rosecrans)
Philip St George Cooke
(John Pope)
(Joseph Hooker)
(George Gordon Meade)
(William Tecumseh Sherman)
(James Birdseye McPherson)
(George Henry Thomas)

Brigadier-General USV

Thomas West Sherman
Benjamin Franklin Kelley
Jacob Dolson Cox
Alpheus Starkey Williams
James Brewerton Ricketts
Orlando Bolivar Willcox
Henry Hayes Lockwood
George Webb Morell
John Henry Martindale
Samuel Davis Sturgis
Henry Washington Benham
William Farquhar Barry
John Joseph Abercrombie
Lawrence Pike Graham
Eleazar Arthur Paine
William Thomas Ward
John Gross Barnard
Innis Newton Palmer
Seth Williams
John Newton
George Wright
William Thomas Harbaugh Brooks
John Milton Brannan
John Porter Hatch
Albin Francisco Schoepf
Thomas John Wood
Richard W Johnson
Adolph Wilhelm August Friedrich Von Steinwehr
George Washington Cullum
Thomas Jefferson McKean
Zealous Bates Tower
Jefferson Columbus Davis
James Henry Lane
William Scott Ketchum
John Wynn Davidson
James Gallant Spears
Eugene Asa Carr
Thomas Alfred Davies
William Hemsley Emory
Marsena Rudolph Patrick
Orris Sanford Ferry
Daniel Phineas Woodbury
Henry Moses Judah
John Cook
John McArthur
Jacob Gartner Lauman
Horatio Phillips Van Cleve
Speed Smith Fry
Alexander Asboth
James Craig
Mahlon Dickerson Manson
Robert Byington Mitchell
Cuvier Grover
Rufus Saxton
Benjamin Alvord
Napoleon Bonaparte Buford
William Sooy Smith
Nathan Kimball
Charles Devens
Samuel Wylie Crawford
Henry Walton Wessells
Milo Smith Hascall
John White Geary
Alfred Howe Terry
James Henry Carleton
Absalom Baird
John Cleveland Robinson
Truman Seymour
Henry Prince
Maximilian Weber
Jeremiah Cutler Sullivan
Alvin Peterson Hovey
James Clifford Veatch
William Plummer Benton
John Curtis Caldwell
Neal Dow
George Sears Greene
Samuel Powhatan Carter
Erastus Barnard Tyler
Charles Griffin
George Henry Gordon
Julius White
Peter Joseph Osterhaus
Stephen Gano Burbridge
Washington Lafayette Elliott
Albion Parris Howe
Benjamin Stone Roberts
Jacob Ammen
Fitz-Henry Warren
Morgan Lewis Smith
Charles Cruft
Frederick Salomon
John Basil Turchin
Henry Shaw Briggs
James Dada Morgan
Johann August Ernst Willich
Henry Dwight Terry
George Foster Shepley
John Reese Kenly
John Potts Slough
Godfrey Weitzel
George Crook
Gershom Mott
Henry Jackson Hunt
Francis Channing Barlow
Mason Brayman
Nathaniel James Jackson
George Washington Getty
Alfred Sully
William Woods Averell
Francis Barretto Spinola
John Henry Hobart Ward
Solomon Meredith
James Bowen
Eliakim Parker Scammon
Robert Seaman Granger
Joseph Rodman West
Alfred Washington Ellet
George Leonard Andrews
Clinton Bowen Fisk
William Hays
Israel Vogdes
David Allen Russell
Lewis Cass Hunt
Frank Wheaton
John Sanford Mason
David McMurtrie Gregg
Robert Ogden Tyler
Alfred Thomas Archimedes Torbert
Gilman Marston
William Dwight
Sullivan Amory Meredith
Nathaniel Collins McLean
William Vandever
Alexander Schimmelfennig
Charles Kinnaird Graham
John Eugene Smith
Joseph Tarr Copeland
Charles Adam Heckman
Edward Elmer Potter
Henry Beebee Carrington
John Haskell King
Adam Jacoby Slemmer
Thomas Hewson Neill
Thomas Gamble Pitcher
Thomas William Sweeny
William Passmore Carlin
Romeyn Beck Ayres
William Babcock Hazen
Joseph Anthony Mower
Richard Arnold
Edward Winslow Hinks
Michael Kelly Lawler
George Day Wagner
Lysander Cutler
Joseph Farmer Knipe
James Barnes
Edward Harland
Samuel Beatty
Isaac Jones Wistar
Franklin Stillman Nickerson
Edward Henry Hobson
Ralph Pomeroy Buckland
Joseph Dana Webster
William Harrow
William Hopkins Morris
Thomas Howard Ruger
Thomas Edward Greenfield Ransom
Elias Smith Dennis
Thomas Church Haskell Smith
Mortimer Dormer Leggett
Davis Tillson
Hector Tyndale
Albert Lindley Lee
Marcellus Monroe Crocker
Egbert Benson Brown
John McNeil
George Francis McGinnis
Hugh Boyle Ewing
James Winning McMillan
John Blair Smith Todd
Daniel Ullmann
George Jerrison Stannard
Henry Baxter
John Milton Thayer
Charles Thomas Campbell
Halbert Eleazer Paine
Robert Brown Potter
Thomas Ewing
Joseph Andrew Jackson Lightburn
Henry Hastings Sibley
Joseph Bradford Carr
Joseph Jackson Bartlett
Joshua Thomas Owen
Patrick Edward Connor
John Parker Hawkins
Gabriel René Paul
Edward Augustus Wild
Edward Ferrero
Adelbert Ames
William Birney
Daniel Henry Rucker
Robert Allen
Rufus Ingalls
Alexander Shaler
Benjamin Henry Grierson
Robert Sanford Foster
Hugh Judson Kilpatrick
Alexander Stewart Webb
Alfred Napoleon Alexander Duffié
Walter Chiles Whitaker
Wesley Merritt
George Armstrong Custer
William Denison Whipple
John Converse Starkweather
Kenner Garrard
Charles Robert Woods
John Benjamin Sanborn
Giles Alexander Smith
Jasper Adalmorn Maltby
Thomas Kilby Smith
Walter Quintin Gresham
Manning Ferguson Force
Robert Alexander Cameron
John Murray Corse
John Aaron Rawlins
Alvan Cullem Gillem
John Wesley Turner
Henry Eugene Davies
Andrew Jackson Hamilton
Henry Warner Birge
James Hewitt Ledlie
James Harrison Wilson
Adin Ballou Underwood
Augustus Louis Chetlain
Thomas Francis Meagher
William Anderson Pile
John Wallace Fuller
John Franklin Miller
Philippe Régis Dénis de Keredern De Trobriand
Cyrus Bussey
Christopher Columbus Andrews
Hiram Burnham
Edward Moody McCook
Lewis Addison Grant
Edward Hatch
August Valentine Kautz
Francis Fessenden
John Rutter Brooke
John Frederick Hartranft
Samuel Sprigg Carroll
Simon Goodell Griffin
Emory Upton
Nelson Appleton Miles
Joseph Hayes
Byron Root Pierce
Selden Connor
Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain
Elliott Warren Rice
William Francis Bartlett
Thomas Algeo Rowley
Edward Stuyvesant Bragg
Martin Davis Hardin
Charles Jackson Paine
Gustavus Adolphus De Russy

Brigadier-General USA (Staff)

Montgomery Cunningham Meigs (Quartermaster-General)
Lorenzo Thomas
William Alexander Hammond (Surgeon-General)
George Douglas Ramsay (Ordnance)
James Barnet Fry (Provost Marshal)
Richard Delafield (Engineers)
Joseph Holt (Judge Advocate-General)
Amos Beebe Eaton (Commissary-General of Subsistence)

Confederate Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

General ACSA/PACS

Samuel Cooper
Robert Edward Lee
Joseph Eggleston Johnston
Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
Braxton Bragg
Edmund Kirby Smith

Lieutenant-General PACS

James Longstreet
Theophilus Hunter Holmes
William Joseph Hardee
Richard Stoddert Ewell
Ambrose Powell Hill
John Bell Hood
Richard Taylor
Jubal Anderson Early
Richard Heron Anderson
Alexander Peter Stewart
Stephen Dill Lee

Major-General PACS

Benjamin Huger
John Bankhead Magruder
Mansfield Lovell
William Wing Loring
Sterling Price
Benjamin Franklin Cheatham
Samuel Jones
John Porter McCown
Daniel Harvey Hill
Thomas Carmichael Hindman
John Cabell Breckinridge
Lafayette McLaws
Simon Bolivar Buckner
Samuel Gibbs French
George Edward Pickett
Carter Littlepage Stevenson
John Horace Forney
Dabney Herndon Maury
Martin Luther Smith
John George Walker
Arnold Elzey
Patrick Ronayne Cleburne
Franklin Gardner
Isaac Ridgeway Trimble
Joseph Wheeler
Edward Johnson
William Henry Chase Whiting
Robert Emmett Rodes
William Henry Talbot Walker
Henry Heth
Robert Ransom
Jones Mitchell Withers
Cadmus Marcellus Wilcox
Wade Hampton
Fitzhugh Lee
Howell Cobb
John Austin Wharton
William Thompson Martin
Nathan Bedford Forrest
Charles William Field
James Patton Anderson
William Brimage Bate
Camille Armand Jules Marie de Polignac
Robert Frederick Hoke
William Henry Fitzhugh Lee
James Fleming Fagan
John Brown Gordon
Joseph Brevard Kershaw
Bushrod Rust Johnson
Stephen Dodson Ramseur
Edward Cary Walthall
Henry Delamar Clayton

Brigadier-General PACS

Alexander Robert Lawton
Henry Alexander Wise
Henry Hopkins Sibley
John Henry Winder
Gideon Johnson Pillow
Daniel Ruggles
Roswell Sabine Ripley
Paul Octave Hébert
Albert Gallatin Blanchard
Gabriel James Rains
Thomas Fenwick Drayton
Nathan George Evans
James Heyward Trapier
Hugh Weedon Mercer
William Montgomery Gardner
William Mahone
Raleigh Edward Colston
John King Jackson
George Wythe Randolph
James Ronald Chalmers
Daniel Leadbetter
William Whann Mackall
Winfield Scott Featherston
Thomas James Churchill
William Booth Taliaferro
Albert Rust
Samuel Bell Maxey
Hamilton Prioleau Bee
James Morrison Hawes
George Hume Steuart
James Edwin Slaughter
Seth Maxwell Barton
Henry Eustace McCullough
John Selden Roane
States Rights Gist
William Nelson Pendleton
Joseph Finegan
William Nelson Rector Beall
Thomas Jordan
William Preston
John Echols
George Earl Maney
John Stuart Williams
James Green Martin
Thomas Lanier Clingman
Daniel Weisiger Adams
Louis Hébert
Ambrose Ransom Wright
James Lawson Kemper
James Jay Archer
Beverley Holcombe Robertson
St John Richardson Liddell
Johnson Hagood
Harry Thompson Hays
Matthew Duncan Ector
Edward Aylesworth Perry
John Gregg
John Calvin Brown
Alfred Holt Colquitt
Abraham Buford
William Steele
Francis Asbury Shoup
Joseph Robert Davis
John Crawford Vaughn
Evander McIvor Law
Elkanah Brackin Greer
Francis Redding Tillou Nicholls
Alfred Cumming
William Stephen Walker
Montgomery Dent Corse
George Thomas Anderson
Alfred Iverson
James Henry Lane
Edward Lloyd Thomas
John Rogers Cooke
Jerome Bonaparte Robertson
Evander McNair
Archibald Gracie
William Robertson Boggs
James Camp Tappan
Dandridge McRae
Mosby Monroe Parsons
John Pegram
John Sappington Marmaduke
John Hunt Morgan
Marcus Joseph Wright
Zachariah Cantey Deas
Lucius Eugene Polk
John Adams
William Hicks Jackson
James Cantey
Henry Lewis Benning
William Tatum Wofford
Samuel McGowan
Marcellus Augustus Stovall
George Blake Cosby
Francis Crawford Armstrong
William Lewis Cabell
John Daniel Imboden
Alfred Eugene Jackson
Robert Brank Vance
Arthur Middleton Manigault
Douglas Hancock Cooper
John Wilkins Whitfield
James Alexander Walker
Matthew Whitaker Ransom
Alfred Moore Scales
George Washington Custis Lee
Henry Harrison Walker
Gabriel Colvin Wharton
Francis Marion Cockrell
James Patrick Major
Samuel Wragg Ferguson
Lunsford Lindsay Lomax
Laurence Simmons Baker
Otho French Strahl
Philip Dale Roddey
Eppa Hunton
Thomas Pleasant Dockery
Benjamin Grubb Humphreys
Henry Brevard Davidson
Cullen Andrews Battle
William Andrew Quarles
William Whedbee Kirkland
Goode Bryan
Matthew Calbraith Butler
Williams Carter Wickham
Robert Daniel Johnston
Alexander Welch Reynolds
Thomas Neville Waul
Edmund Winston Pettus
Armistead Lindsay Long
Henry Rootes Jackson
William Wirt Adams
Thomas Lafayette Rosser
Pierce Manning Butler Young
James Argyle Smith
Joseph Horace Lewis
Mark Perrin Lowrey
Edward Higgins
John Tyler Morgan
John Herbert Kelly
William Young Conn Humes
Jesse Johnson Finley
James Holt Clanton
Alfred Jefferson Vaughan
Joseph Orville Shelby
John Randolph Chambliss
Lawrence Sullivan Ross
Daniel Chevilette Govan
Randall Lee Gibson
Clement Hoffman Stevens
Nathaniel Harrison Harris
Allen Thomas
Alexander Travis Hawthorn
Robert Charles Tyler
Edward Porter Alexander
William Wirt Allen
Hiram Bronson Granbury
Claudius Wistar Sears
William Feimster Tucker
Richard Lucian Page
Alpheus Baker
Daniel Harris Reynolds
James Chesnut
Stand Watie
Samuel Jameson Gholson
John Bratton
Thomas Moore Scott
John McCausland
Clement Anselm Evans
William Terry
Bryan Grimes
Martin Witherspoon Gary
Birkett Davenport Fry
Stephen Elliott
William Ruffin Cox
Thomas Fentress Toon
William Gaston Lewis
Zebulon York
Robert Doak Lilley
John Caldwell Calhoun Sanders
William Richard Terry
James Conner
Rufus Clay Barringer
John Smith Preston
Hylan Benton Lyon
William Lindsay Brandon
Bradley Tyler Johnson
James Thadeus Holtzclaw
John Carpenter Carter
Richard Waterhouse

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