1864 February 3rd

February 3 1864 Tuesday

Meridian Campaign

CSA. Confederate President Jefferson Finis Davis proposed to Congress the suspension of the privilege of habeas corpus in the Confederate states, as a military necessity. This proposal provoked twelve days of acrimonious debate, resulting in a reluctant and grudging suspension for six months.

CSA. Confederate Brigadier-General John Creed Moore resigned after refusing to serve under Lieutenant-General William Joseph Hardee. He reverted to the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel and was put in command of the Arsenal in Savannah, Georgia. Later in 1864, he was reassigned to the Selma arsenal where he stayed until the end of the war.

Alabama. As part of the diversions for his advance to Meridian, Union Major-General William Tecumseh Sherman asked Major-General Nathaniel Prentiss Banks to have vessels manoeuvring in Mobile Bay as if they were preparing to attack. The arrival of Rear Admiral David Glasgow Farragut to command the Union fleet reinforced the suggestion of serious offensive movements at Mobile and the feint forced the Confederates to keep troops at the key port instead of sending them to aid in the defence of Meridian.

Georgia. USS Midnight, Acting Master Walter H Garfield, captured the blockade running schooner Defy off Doboy Light with a cargo of salt.

Louisiana. Expedition to Franklinton and Madisonville ended.

Louisiana. Union expedition to Brashear City began. Union troops travelled aboard the steamers J M Brown and Red Chief from Brashear City, up Grand Lake into Lac Fausse Pointe, and then into Grand River. Union landing parties confiscated Confederate supplies and food.

Mississippi. Incident at Haines’ Bluff.

Liverpool Heights, Mississippi. USS Petrel, USS Marmora, USS Exchange, and USS Romeo, under Lieutenant Commander Elias K Owen, silenced Confederate batteries at Liverpool Heights on the Yazoo River. The naval forces were launching an expedition to distract attention from Major-General William Tecumseh Sherman’s inland operations towards Meridian. Owen’s light-draft gunboats pushed up the Yazoo River for another two weeks and reached as far as Greenwood, harassing Confederate troops en route. The Confederates destroyed the steamer Sharp to prevent her capture. The advance also drew Confederate guerrillas away from the Mississippi River, for fear of being cut off.

Mississippi. Prevented by low water in the rivers from complying with President Abraham Lincoln’s wish to recover control of Arkansas and Louisiana, Union Major-General William Tecumseh Sherman began instead an advance towards Meridian. Sherman’s intention was to strengthen the hold on Vicksburg and the Mississippi River by wrecking the railroads and military resources of central Mississippi and to break up the railroad junction and facilities at Meridian. Meridian also housed a Confederate arsenal, a military hospital, and prisoner-of-war stockades. It also acted as a primary centre for the collection and distribution of food supplies from the fertile Black Prairie region to the north. It was also on the way to the important Confederate manufacturing centre at Selma, Alabama, and was a sensitive strategic location. Sherman planned to take Meridian and, if the situation was favourable afterwards, to push on to Selma, and possibly even to threaten Mobile.

Sherman left Vicksburg for Meridian with four divisions supported by 67 guns, while other forces made feints toward various locations. The 150-mile expedition was meant to be rapid so that Sherman could return in time for any future operations beginning on 1 March in Louisiana. Although a minimal number of supply wagons was taken with the army to help it move quickly, the train still amounted to 1,000 wagons. The expeditionary force comprised Brigadier-General James Clifford Veatch’s 4th Division and Brigadier-General Andrew Jackson Smith’s 3rd Division of XVI Corps (Tennessee) sent from Memphis by Major-General Stephen Augustus Hurlbut, and Brigadier-General Mortimer Dormer Leggett’s and Brigadier-General Marcellus Monroe Crocker’s divisions from Major-General James Birdseye McPherson’s XVII Corps, sent from Chattanooga. Cavalry support was provided by the 5th Illinois Cavalry, 11th Illinois Cavalry, 4th Iowa Cavalry, 10th Missouri Cavalry, and Foster’s Ohio Cavalry Battalion. For the Union Meridian expedition, the 1st Division of XVI Corps had 5,558 men, the 3rd Division 6,854 men, and the 4th Division 3,735 men. The 1st Division of XVII Corps had 2,329 men, the 3rd Division 8,640 men, and the 4th Division 7,641 men. The attached cavalry amounted to 4,215 men. The total number present and absent on the Meridian expedition was 38,071 men, or an effective force of 20,000 to 25,000 men.

Sherman employed a series of feints to keep Confederate Lieutenant-General Leonidas Polk uncertain of his objective. Sherman played especially on Polk’s anxiety for the safety of Mobile. Sherman asked Major-General Nathaniel Prentiss Banks, commanding the Department of the Gulf at New Orleans, to keep warships active along the Gulf Coast and especially near Mobile to prevent the enemy drawing reinforcements out of Mobile to strengthen Meridian. Sherman also sent a small force of gunboats and infantry up the Yazoo River to divert Confederate attention (Colonel J H Coates with 11th Illinois, 8th Louisiana (African Descent), 1st Mississippi (African Descent). A diversionary raid was ordered for Brigadier-General William Sooy Smith, who was to ride to Meridian with 7,000 cavalrymen from Memphis, distracting or defeating Confederate Major-General Nathan Bedford Forrest’s cavalry on the way. Following the route of the Mobile & Ohio Railroad Smith was ordered to rendezvous with Sherman in Meridian.

The first objective of Sherman’s four divisions was the Big Black River east of Vicksburg. The army marched quickly in two columns, each with a corps of two divisions, to maximise foraging range and to avoid delays on the roads. By nightfall, they were crossing the river. Some considered that Sherman was exposing his army to a potential Confederate concentration from three directions and the undertaking caused anxiety in Washington, DC. Sherman’s senior commander, Major-General Ulysses Grant was less concerned. Grant knew that Sherman had grasped the initiative and could choose his line of retreat with, as a last resort, an escape route to the coast at Pascagoula Bay where they would find protection from the US Navy.

ORDER OF BATTLE: UNION MERIDIAN EXPEDITION

Union Military Division of the Mississippi: Major-General Ulysses Simpson Grant
Department of the Tennessee: Major-General William Tecumseh Sherman
Army of the Tennessee: Major-General William Tecumseh Sherman
XVI Corps (Tennessee): Major-General Napoleon Jackson Tecumseh Dana
1st Division, XVI Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General James Madison Tuttle
1st Brigade, 1st Division, XVI Corps (Tennessee): Colonel W L McMillen
2nd Brigade, 1st Division, XVI Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Joseph Antony Mower
3rd Brigade, 1st Division, XVI Corps (Tennessee): Colonel J L Geddes
Left Wing XVI Corps (Tennessee): Major-General Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
3rd Division, Left Wing XVI Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Andrew Jackson Smith
1st Brigade, 3rd Division, Left Wing XVI Corps (Tennessee): Colonel David Moore
2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, Left Wing XVI Corps (Tennessee): Colonel William T Shaw
3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, Left Wing XVI Corps (Tennessee): Colonel Edward H Wolfe
4th Division, Left Wing XVI Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General James Clifford Veatch
1st Brigade, 4th Division, Left Wing XVI Corps (Tennessee): Colonel M Montgomery
2nd Brigade, 4th Division, Left Wing XVI Corps (Tennessee): Colonel J H Howe
XVII Corps (Tennessee): Major-General James Birdseye McPherson
1st Division, XVII Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Alexander Chambers
3rd Brigade, 1st Division, XVII Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Alexander Chambers
3rd Division, XVII Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Mortimer Dormer Leggett
1st Brigade, 3rd Division, XVII Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Manning Ferguson Force
2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, XVII Corps (Tennessee): Colonel B F Potts
3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, XVII Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Jasper Adalmorn Maltby
4th Division, XVII Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Marcellus Monroe Crocker
1st Brigade, 4th Division, XVII Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Thomas Kilby Smith
2nd Brigade, 4th Division, XVII Corps (Tennessee): Colonel Cyrus Hall
3rd Brigade, 4th Division, XVII Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Walter Quintin Gresham
Cavalry (Meridian Expedition): Colonel Edward F Winslow
Cavalry (Tennessee): Brigadier-General William Sooy Smith
1st Cavalry Division, Cavalry (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Benjamin Henry Grierson
1st Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division, Cavalry (Tennessee): Colonel George E Waring
2nd Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division, Cavalry (Tennessee): Lieutenant-Colonel William P Hepburn
3rd Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division, Cavalry (Tennessee): Colonel Lafayette McCrillis

Mississippi. To counter the threat to Meridian, Confederate President Jefferson Finis Davis ordered troops into the area from other localities. Confederate Lieutenant-General Leonidas Polk moved one division under Major-General William Wing Loring from Jackson twelve miles northwards to Canton, and his second under Major-General Samuel Gibb French from Meridian to Brandon, eight miles east of Jackson. His cavalry forces were commanded by Major-General Stephen Dill Lee. Each of these units had about 5,000 men and they were supported by a total of 28 guns, Major-General Nathan Bedford Forrest had a similar number of cavalrymen operating in northern Mississippi.

Polk consolidated his forces in and around Morton and moved his headquarters forward from Demopolis, Alabama, to Meridian, while his cavalry skirmished periodically with the advance guard of Union Major-General William Tecumseh Sherman’s force between the Big Black River and the Pearl River. Polk was anxious for his outnumbered command and retreated rapidly from any potential engagement. Loring and French gradually withdrew into Alabama while Lee went further north, in response to the numerous feints and diversions made by Sherman.

North Carolina. Incidents at New Bern, Beech Grove, and Batchelder’s Creek.

West Virginia. The steamer Levi was captured at Red House Landing on the Kanawha River by Confederate partisan rangers from the 16th Virginia Cavalry. Among the prisoners taken in the dawn raid was Union Brigadier-General Eliakim Parker Scammon. This was the first of two occasions during the war when Scammon would be taken prisoner. After his exchange, he was transferred to serve on the Atlantic Coast after spending the war so far in the western parts of Virginia.

Union Organisation

USA: Brigadier-General Eliakim Parker Scammon was captured at Red House Landing, West Virginia.

Scammon, Eliakim Parker / Maine / Born 27 December 1816 Whitefield, Maine / Died New York, New York 7 December 1894
USMA 1 July 1837 9/50 Artillery-Engineers / Cadet USMA 1 July 1833 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 4th US Artillery 1 July 1837 / Topographical Engineers 7 July 1838 / 1st Lieutenant USA 21 September 1846 / Captain USA 3 March 1853 / Dismissed USA 4 June 1856 / Colonel USV 23rd Ohio Infantry 27 June 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 15 October 1862 / Mustered Out USV 24 August 1865 / CIA Red House Shoals, West Virginia 3 February 1864 Exchanged 3 August 1864 CIA Charleston, South Carolina 26 October 1864 Exchanged 1 November 1864
3rd Brigade Army of Occupation September 1861-11 October 1861 / 3rd Brigade District of the Kanawha 11 October 1861-11 March 1862 / 1st Brigade District of the Kanawha 11 March 1862-26 June 1862 / 1st Brigade Kanawha Division Army of the Potomac 26 June 1862-13 September 1862 / 1st Brigade Kanawha Division IX Corps Army of the Potomac 13 September 1862-17 September 1862 / Kanawha Division IX Corps Army of the Potomac 17 September 1862-October 1862 / Sub-District of the Kanawha 15 October 1862-16 March 1863 / 1st Brigade Kanawha Division Army of the Ohio October 1862-16 March 1863 / 3rd Division VIII Corps Middle Department 27 March 1863-26 June 1863 / 3rd Division Department of West Virginia 28 June 1863-3 February 1864 / Northern District of the South 3 October 1864-26 October 1864 / 3rd Brigade District of Florida 1 November 1864-14 November 1864 / District of Florida 14 November 1864-7 April 1865

USA: Brigadier-General (unconfirmed) James Lawlor Kiernan resigned because of poor health arising from wounds.

Kiernan, James Lawlor / New York / Born 26 October 1837 Mount Bellew, Ireland / Died New York, New York 26 November 1869
Assistant Surgeon USV 69th New York Militia 20 April 1861 / Resigned USV 22 May 1861 / Major USV Surgeon 6th Missouri Cavalry 1 March 1862 / Resigned USV 24 May 1863 / Brigadier-General USV 1 August 1863 Unconfirmed / Resigned USV 3 February 1864 / WIA Pea Ridge 7 March 1862 WIA & CIA Port Gibson 6 May 1863 Escaped

Commander in Chief: President Abraham Lincoln

Vice-President: Hannibal Hamlin

Secretary of War: Edwin McMasters Stanton

Secretary of the Navy: Gideon Welles

North Atlantic Blockading Squadron: Samuel Phillips Lee
South Atlantic Blockading Squadron: John Adolphus Bernard Dahlgren
West Gulf Blockading Squadron: David Glasgow Farragut
East Gulf Blockading Squadron: Theodorus Bailey
Pacific Squadron: John Berrien Montgomery
Mississippi River Squadron: David Dixon Porter
Potomac Flotilla: Andrew Allen Harwood

General–in-Chief: Henry Wager Halleck

Military Division of the Mississippi: Ulysses Simpson Grant

  • Department of the Cumberland: George Henry Thomas
    • District of Nashville: Lovell Harrison Rousseau
    • Army of the Cumberland: George Henry Thomas
      • IV Corps Cumberland: Gordon Granger
      • XIV Corps Cumberland: John McAuley Palmer
      • Cavalry Corps Cumberland: Washington Lafayette Elliott
      • Hooker’s Command Cumberland: Joseph Hooker
        • XI Corps Cumberland: Carl Schurz temporary
        • XII Corps Cumberland: Henry Warner Slocum
  • Department of the Ohio: John Gray Foster interim John McAllister Schofield awaited
    • District of Kentucky: Jacob Ammen
    • District of Middle Tennessee: Jacob Ammen
    • District of Western Kentucky: vacant
    • District of the Clinch: Theophilus Toulmin Garrard
    • Army of the Ohio: John Gray Foster
      • IX Corps Ohio: John Grubb Parke
      • XXIII Corps Ohio: Jacob Dolson Cox
      • Cavalry Corps Ohio: Samuel Davis Sturgis
  • Department of the Tennessee: William Tecumseh Sherman
    • District of West Tennessee: Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
      • Sub-District of Memphis: Ralph Pomeroy Buckland
    • District of Cairo: Hugh Thompson Reid
    • District of Northeast Louisiana: John Parker Hawkins
    • Army of the Tennessee: William Tecumseh Sherman
      • XV Corps Tennessee: John Alexander Logan
      • XVI Corps Tennessee: Napoleon Jackson Tecumseh Dana
        • Left Wing XVI Corps Tennessee: Grenville Mellen Dodge
      • XVII Corps Tennessee: James Birdseye McPherson

Department of Arkansas: Frederick Steele

  • District of Eastern Arkansas: Napoleon Bonaparte Buford
  • District of Northern Arkansas: Robert Ramsey Livingston
  • District of the Frontier (Arkansas): James Gilpatrick Blunt
  • Army of Arkansas: Frederick Steele
    • VII Corps Arkansas: Frederick Steele

Department of the East: John Adams Dix

Department of the Gulf: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks

  • District of Baton Rouge: Philip St George Cooke
  • District of Port Hudson: Daniel Ullmann
  • District of La Fourche: Nicholas Wyckoff Day
  • District of Key West and Tortugas: Daniel Phineas Woodbury
  • Defences of New Orleans: Joseph Jones Reynolds
  • Army of the Gulf: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
    • XIII Corps Gulf: Edward Otho Cresap Ord
    • XIX Corps Gulf: William Buel Franklin

Department of Kansas: Samuel Ryan Curtis

  • District of Nebraska Territory: Thomas Jefferson McKean
  • District of the Frontier (Kansas): John Milton Thayer
  • District of the Border: William Russell Judson

Middle Department: Henry Hayes Lockwood

  • District of Delaware: Henry Bethel Judd
  • District of the Eastern Shore of Maryland: Henry Hayes Lockwood
  • VIII Corps Middle: Henry Hayes Lockwood

Department of the Missouri: William Starke Rosecrans

  • District of St Louis: vacant
  • District of Southwest Missouri: John Benjamin Sanborn
  • District of Northeast Missouri: Thomas Jefferson McKean
  • District of North Missouri: Odon Guitar
  • District of Central Missouri: Egbert Benson Brown
  • District of Rolla: Thomas Alfred Davies

Department of the Monongahela: William Thomas Harbaugh Brooks

Department of New Mexico: James Henry Carleton

  • District of Arizona: George Washington Bowie

Northern Department: Samuel Peter Heintzelman

  • District of Indiana: John Smith Simonson

Department of the Northwest: John Pope

  • District of Minnesota: Henry Hastings Sibley
  • District of Wisconsin: Thomas Church Haskell Smith
  • District of Iowa: Alfred Sully

Department of the Pacific: George Wright

  • District of the Humboldt: Stephen Girard Whipple
  • District of Oregon: Benjamin Alvord
  • District of Southern California: James Freeman Curtis
  • District of Utah: Patrick Edward Connor

Department of the Potomac: George Gordon Meade

  • Army of the Potomac: George Gordon Meade
    • I Corps Potomac: John Newton
    • II Corps Potomac: Gouverneur Kemble Warren
    • III Corps Potomac: David Bell Birney temporary
    • V Corps Potomac: George Sykes
    • VI Corps Potomac: John Sedgwick
    • Cavalry Corps Potomac: David McMurtrie Gregg

Department of the South: Quincy Adams Gillmore

  • Northern District (South): Alfred Howe Terry
  • District of Hilton Head: Truman Seymour
  • District of West Florida: Alexander Asboth
  • X Corps South: Quincy Adams Gillmore

Department of the Susquehanna: Darius Nash Couch

  • Lehigh District: Franz Sigel

Department of Virginia and North Carolina: Benjamin Franklin Butler

  • District of St Mary’s: Gilman Marston
  • District of Currituck: James Hewitt Ledlie
  • District of North Carolina: Innis Newton Palmer
    • Sub-District of Albemarle: Henry Walton Wessells
    • Sub-District of the Pamlico: Joseph Miller McChesney temporary
    • Sub-District of Beaufort NC: James Jourdan
    • Defences of New Bern: Innis Newton Palmer
  • District of Yorktown: Isaac Jones Wistar
  • Army of North Carolina: John James Peck
    • XVIII Corps North Carolina: Benjamin Franklin Butler

Department of Washington: Christopher Columbus Augur

  • District of Alexandria: John Potts Slough
  • District of Washington: John Henry Martindale
  • XXII Corps Washington: Christopher Columbus Augur

Department of Western Virginia: Benjamin Franklin Kelley

  • Army of the Kanawha: George Crook

Confederate Organisation

CSA: Brigadier-General John Creed Moore resigned after refusing to serve under Lieutenant-General William Joseph Hardee.

Moore, John Creed / Tennessee / Born 28 February 1824 Hawkins, Tennessee / Died Osage, Texas 31 December 1910
USMA 1 July 1849 17/43 Artillery / Cadet USMA 1 July 1845 / 4th US Artillery 1 July 1849 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 2nd US Artillery 10 October 1850 / 1st Lieutenant USA 18 October 1853 / Resigned USA 28 February 1855 / Captain ACSA Artillery 16 March 1861 / Captain PACS Louisiana Artillery March 1861 / Colonel PACS 2nd Texas Infantry September 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 19 September 1862 to rank from 26 May 1862 / Resigned PACS 3 February 1864 / CIA Vicksburg 4 July 1863 Exchanged 16 October 1863 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1849
Defences of Galveston 25 June 1861-2 October 1861 / District of Galveston 2 October 1861-9 December 1861 / District of Houston 3 January 1862-25 February 1862 / 4th Brigade 1st Division II Corps Army of Mississippi May 1862-3 June 1862 / 2nd Brigade 3rd Division Army of the West 10 June 1862-16 October 1862 / 2nd Brigade 3rd Division Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana 21 October 1862-April 1863 / 2nd Brigade Forney’s Division Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana April 1863-4 July 1863 / Moore’s Brigade Cheatham’s Division Hardee’s Corps Army of Tennessee November 1863-December 1863 / Eastern Division and Western Division District of the Gulf 1-0 December 1863-28 January 1864

Commander in Chief: President Jefferson Finis Davis

Vice-President: Alexander Hamilton Stephens

Secretary of War: James Alexander Seddon

Secretary of the Navy: Stephen Russell Mallory

Military Adviser to the President: Vacant

Department of Alabama and East Mississippi: Leonidas Polk

  • Gulf District: Dabney Herndon Maury
  • District of West Tennessee: Nathan Bedford Forrest
  • Army of Mississippi: Leonidas Polk

Department of Henrico: John Henry Winder

Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia: George Edward Pickett

  • District of the Cape Fear River and the Defences of Wilmington: William Henry Chase Whiting

Department of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee

  • Army of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee
    • II Corps Northern Virginia: Richard Stoddert Ewell
    • III Corps Northern Virginia: Ambrose Powell Hill
    • Cavalry Corps Northern Virginia: James Ewell Brown Stuart
  • Valley District: Jubal Anderson Early

Department of Richmond: Arnold Elzey

Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard

  • District of Georgia: Hugh Weedon Mercer interim Henry Rootes Jackson awaited
  • District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
    • 1st Sub-District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
    • 2nd Sub-District of South Carolina: Johnson Hagood
    • 3rd Sub-District of South Carolina: William Stephen Walker
    • 4th Sub-District of South Carolina: James Heyward Trapier
    • 5th Sub-District of South Carolina: Alfred Moore Rhett
    • 6th Sub-District of South Carolina: Henry Alexander Wise
    • 7th Sub-District of South Carolina: William Booth Taliaferro
  • District of East Florida: Joseph Finegan
  • District of Middle Florida: William Montgomery Gardner
  • District of West Florida: John Horace Forney
  • Defences of Savannah: Jeremy Francis Gilmer

Department of Tennessee: Joseph Eggleston Johnston

  • District of East Tennessee: James Longstreet
    • I Corps Northern Virginia: Lafayette McLaws temporary
  • District of Western North Carolina: James Green Martin
  • Army of Tennessee: Joseph Eggleston Johnston
    • I Corps Tennessee: William Joseph Hardee
    • II Corps Tennessee: Thomas Carmichael Hindman
    • Cavalry Corps Tennessee: Joseph Wheeler

Trans-Allegheny Department: Samuel Jones

Trans-Mississippi Department: Edmund Kirby Smith

  • District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: John Bankhead Magruder
    • Western Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: Hamilton Prioleau Bee
      • Sub-District of the Rio Grande: Hamilton Prioleau Bee
    • Eastern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: James Edwin Slaughter
    • Sub-District of Houston: Xavier Blanchard Debray
    • Northern Sub-District Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: Henry Eustace McCullough
  • District of Arkansas: Theophilus Hunter Holmes
  • District of West Louisiana: Richard Taylor
  • District of Indian Territory: Douglas Hancock Cooper temporary
  • Trans-Mississippi Army: Edmund Kirby Smith

Union Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

Major-General USA

George Brinton McClellan
John Charles Frémont
Henry Wager Halleck
Ulysses Simpson Grant

Major-General USV

Asterisk indicates concurrently Brigadier-General USA

John Adams Dix
Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
Benjamin Franklin Butler
David Hunter
Ethan Allen Hitchcock
Irvin McDowell*
Ambrose Everett Burnside
William Starke Rosecrans*
Don Carlos Buell
John Pope*
Samuel Ryan Curtis
Franz Sigel
John Alexander McClernand
Lewis Wallace
George Henry Thomas*
George Cadwalader
William Tecumseh Sherman*
Edward Otho Cresap Ord
Samuel Peter Heintzelman
Erasmus Darwin Keyes
Joseph Hooker*
Silas Casey
William Buel Franklin
Darius Nash Couch
Henry Warner Slocum
John James Peck
John Sedgwick
Alexander McDowell McCook
Thomas Leonidas Crittenden
John Gray Foster
John Grubb Parke
Christopher Columbus Augur
Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
Gordon Granger
Lovell Harrison Rousseau
James Birdseye McPherson*
George Stoneman
George Gordon Meade*
Oliver Otis Howard
Daniel Edgar Sickles
Robert Huston Milroy
Daniel Butterfield
Winfield Scott Hancock
George Sykes
William Henry French
David Sloane Stanley
James Scott Negley
John McAllister Schofield
John McAuley Palmer
Frederick Steele
Abner Doubleday
Napoleon Jackson Tecumseh Dana
Richard James Oglesby
John Alexander Logan
James Gilpatrick Blunt
George Lucas Hartsuff
Cadwallader Colden Washburn
Francis Jay Herron
Francis Preston Blair
Joseph Jones Reynolds
Philip Henry Sheridan
Julius Stahel
Carl Schurz
John Newton
Gouverneur Kemble Warren
David Bell Birney
William Thomas Harbaugh Brooks
Alfred Pleasonton
Andrew Atkinson Humphreys
Quincy Adams Gillmore

Brigadier-General USA

Brackets indicates concurrently Major-General USV

(Irvin McDowell)
(William Starke Rosecrans)
Philip St George Cooke
(John Pope)
(Joseph Hooker)
(George Gordon Meade)
(William Tecumseh Sherman)
(James Birdseye McPherson)
(George Henry Thomas)

Brigadier-General USV

Andrew Porter
Charles Pomeroy Stone
Thomas West Sherman
William Reading Montgomery
Benjamin Franklin Kelley
Jacob Dolson Cox
Alpheus Starkey Williams
James Brewerton Ricketts
Orlando Bolivar Willcox
Henry Hayes Lockwood
James Samuel Wadsworth
George Webb Morell
John Henry Martindale
Samuel Davis Sturgis
Henry Washington Benham
William Farrar Smith
William Farquhar Barry
John Joseph Abercrombie
Lawrence Pike Graham
Eleazar Arthur Paine
Willis Arnold Gorman
Horatio Gouverneur Wright
William Thomas Ward
John Gross Barnard
Innis Newton Palmer
Seth Williams
George Wright
John Milton Brannan
John Porter Hatch
Albin Francisco Schoepf
Thomas John Wood
Richard W Johnson
Adolph Wilhelm August Friedrich Von Steinwehr
George Washington Cullum
Thomas Jefferson McKean
Zealous Bates Tower
Jefferson Columbus Davis
James Henry Lane
Lewis Golding Arnold
William Scott Ketchum
John Wynn Davidson
Henry Morris Naglee
Andrew Johnson
James Gallant Spears
Eugene Asa Carr
Thomas Alfred Davies
Daniel Tyler
William Hemsley Emory
Andrew Jackson Smith
Marsena Rudolph Patrick
Orris Sanford Ferry
Daniel Phineas Woodbury
Henry Moses Judah
John Cook
John McArthur
Jacob Gartner Lauman
Horatio Phillips Van Cleve
Speed Smith Fry
Alexander Asboth
James Craig
Mahlon Dickerson Manson
Edward Richard Sprigg Canby
Grenville Mellen Dodge
Robert Byington Mitchell
Cuvier Grover
Rufus Saxton
Benjamin Alvord
Napoleon Bonaparte Buford
William Sooy Smith
Nathan Kimball
Charles Devens
Samuel Wylie Crawford
Henry Walton Wessells
Milo Smith Hascall
John White Geary
Alfred Howe Terry
James Henry Carleton
Absalom Baird
John Cleveland Robinson
Truman Seymour
Henry Prince
Maximilian Weber
Jeremiah Cutler Sullivan
Alvin Peterson Hovey
James Clifford Veatch
William Plummer Benton
John Curtis Caldwell
Neal Dow
George Sears Greene
Samuel Powhatan Carter
John Gibbon
Erastus Barnard Tyler
Charles Griffin
George Henry Gordon
James Madison Tuttle
Julius White
Peter Joseph Osterhaus
Stephen Gano Burbridge
Washington Lafayette Elliott
Albion Parris Howe
Benjamin Stone Roberts
Jacob Ammen
Fitz-Henry Warren
Morgan Lewis Smith
Charles Cruft
Frederick Salomon
John Basil Turchin
Henry Shaw Briggs
James Dada Morgan
Johann August Ernst Willich
Henry Dwight Terry
James Blair Steedman
George Foster Shepley
John Reese Kenly
John Potts Slough
Godfrey Weitzel
George Crook
Gershom Mott
Henry Jackson Hunt
Francis Channing Barlow
Mason Brayman
Nathaniel James Jackson
George Washington Getty
Alfred Sully
William Woods Averell
Alexander Hays
Francis Barretto Spinola
John Henry Hobart Ward
Solomon Meredith
James Bowen
Eliakim Parker Scammon
Robert Seaman Granger
Joseph Rodman West
Alfred Washington Ellet
George Leonard Andrews
Clinton Bowen Fisk
William Hays
Israel Vogdes
David Allen Russell
Lewis Cass Hunt
Frank Wheaton
John Sanford Mason
David McMurtrie Gregg
Robert Ogden Tyler
Alfred Thomas Archimedes Torbert
Gilman Marston
William Dwight
Sullivan Amory Meredith
Nathaniel Collins McLean
William Vandever
Alexander Schimmelfennig
Charles Kinnaird Graham
John Eugene Smith
Joseph Tarr Copeland
Charles Adam Heckman
Edward Elmer Potter
Thomas Algeo Rowley
Henry Beebee Carrington
John Haskell King
Adam Jacoby Slemmer
Thomas Hewson Neill
Thomas Gamble Pitcher
Thomas William Sweeny
William Passmore Carlin
Romeyn Beck Ayres
William Babcock Hazen
Joseph Anthony Mower
Richard Arnold
Edward Winslow Hinks
Michael Kelly Lawler
George Day Wagner
Lysander Cutler
Joseph Farmer Knipe
John Dunlap Stevenson
James Barnes
Theophilus Toulmin Garrard
Edward Harland
Samuel Beatty
Isaac Jones Wistar
Franklin Stillman Nickerson
Edward Henry Hobson
Ralph Pomeroy Buckland
Joseph Dana Webster
William Ward Orme
William Harrow
William Hopkins Morris
Thomas Howard Ruger
Thomas Edward Greenfield Ransom
Elias Smith Dennis
Thomas Church Haskell Smith
Mortimer Dormer Leggett
Davis Tillson
Hector Tyndale
Albert Lindley Lee
Charles Leopold Matthies
Marcellus Monroe Crocker
Egbert Benson Brown
John McNeil
George Francis McGinnis
Hugh Boyle Ewing
James Winning McMillan
Daniel Ullmann
George Jerrison Stannard
Henry Baxter
John Milton Thayer
Charles Thomas Campbell
Halbert Eleazer Paine
Hugh Thompson Reid
Robert Brown Potter
Thomas Ewing
Joseph Andrew Jackson Lightburn
Thomas Greely Stevenson
Henry Hastings Sibley
Joseph Bradford Carr
Joseph Jackson Bartlett
Joshua Thomas Owen
Patrick Edward Connor
John Parker Hawkins
Gabriel René Paul
Edward Augustus Wild
Edward Ferrero
Adelbert Ames
William Birney
Daniel Henry Rucker
Robert Allen
Rufus Ingalls
Gustavus Adolphus De Russy
Alexander Shaler
Benjamin Henry Grierson
Robert Sanford Foster
Hugh Judson Kilpatrick
Alexander Stewart Webb
Alfred Napoleon Alexander Duffié
Walter Chiles Whitaker
Wesley Merritt
George Armstrong Custer
William Denison Whipple
John Converse Starkweather
Kenner Garrard
Charles Robert Woods
John Benjamin Sanborn
Giles Alexander Smith
Samuel Allen Rice
Jasper Adalmorn Maltby
Thomas Kilby Smith
Walter Quintin Gresham
Manning Ferguson Force
Robert Alexander Cameron
John Murray Corse
John Aaron Rawlins
Alexander Chambers
Alvan Cullem Gillem
James Clay Rice
John Wesley Turner
Henry Lawrence Eustis
Henry Eugene Davies
Andrew Jackson Hamilton
Henry Warner Birge
Charles Garrison Harker
James Hewitt Ledlie
James Harrison Wilson
Adin Ballou Underwood
Augustus Louis Chetlain
Thomas Francis Meagher
William Anderson Pile
John Wallace Fuller
John Franklin Miller
Philippe Régis Dénis de Keredern De Trobriand
Cyrus Bussey
Christopher Columbus Andrews

Brigadier-General USA (Staff)

Montgomery Cunningham Meigs (Quartermaster-General)
Lorenzo Thomas
William Alexander Hammond (Surgeon-General)
Joseph Pannell Taylor (Commissary-General of Subsistence
Joseph Gilbert Totten (Engineers)
George Douglas Ramsay (Ordnance)

Confederate Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

General ACSA/PACS

Samuel Cooper
Robert Edward Lee
Joseph Eggleston Johnston
Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
Braxton Bragg

Lieutenant-General PACS

James Longstreet
Edmund Kirby Smith
Leonidas Polk
Theophilus Hunter Holmes
William Joseph Hardee
John Clifford Pemberton
Richard Stoddert Ewell
Ambrose Powell Hill
John Bell Hood

Major-General PACS

Benjamin Huger
John Bankhead Magruder
Mansfield Lovell
William Wing Loring
Sterling Price
Benjamin Franklin Cheatham
Samuel Jones
John Porter McCown
Daniel Harvey Hill
Thomas Carmichael Hindman
John Cabell Breckinridge
Lafayette McLaws
Richard Heron Anderson
James Ewell Brown Stuart
Richard Taylor
Simon Bolivar Buckner
Samuel Gibbs French
George Edward Pickett
Carter Littlepage Stevenson
John Horace Forney
Dabney Herndon Maury
Martin Luther Smith
John George Walker
Arnold Elzey
Patrick Ronayne Cleburne
Franklin Gardner
Isaac Ridgeway Trimble
Jubal Anderson Early
Joseph Wheeler
Edward Johnson
William Henry Chase Whiting
Robert Emmett Rodes
William Henry Talbot Walker
Henry Heth
Robert Ransom
Alexander Peter Stewart
Jones Mitchell Withers
Stephen Dill Lee
Cadmus Marcellus Wilcox
Wade Hampton
Fitzhugh Lee
Howell Cobb
John Austin Wharton
William Thompson Martin
Nathan Bedford Forrest

Brigadier-General PACS

Alexander Robert Lawton
Henry Alexander Wise
Henry Hopkins Sibley
John Henry Winder
Gideon Johnson Pillow
Daniel Ruggles
Roswell Sabine Ripley
Paul Octave Hébert
Albert Gallatin Blanchard
Gabriel James Rains
Thomas Fenwick Drayton
Nathan George Evans
James Heyward Trapier
Hugh Weedon Mercer
William Montgomery Gardner
William Mahone
Raleigh Edward Colston
John King Jackson
Bushrod Rust Johnson
James Patton Anderson
George Wythe Randolph
Joseph Brevard Kershaw
James Ronald Chalmers
Daniel Leadbetter
William Whann Mackall
Winfield Scott Featherston
Thomas James Churchill
William Booth Taliaferro
Albert Rust
Samuel Bell Maxey
Hamilton Prioleau Bee
James Morrison Hawes
George Hume Steuart
James Edwin Slaughter
Charles William Field
Seth Maxwell Barton
Henry Eustace McCullough
John Selden Roane
States Rights Gist
William Nelson Pendleton
Joseph Finegan
William Nelson Rector Beall
Thomas Jordan
William Preston
John Echols
George Earl Maney
Jean Jacques Alfred Alexandre Mouton
John Stuart Williams
James Green Martin
Thomas Lanier Clingman
Daniel Weisiger Adams
Louis Hébert
John Creed Moore RES
Ambrose Ransom Wright
James Lawson Kemper
James Jay Archer
Beverley Holcombe Robertson
St John Richardson Liddell
Johnson Hagood
Micah Jenkins
Harry Thompson Hays
Albert Gallatin Jenkins
Matthew Duncan Ector
Edward Aylesworth Perry
John Gregg
John Calvin Brown
Alfred Holt Colquitt
Junius Daniel
Abraham Buford
William Steele
James Fleming Fagan
William Read Scurry
Francis Asbury Shoup
Joseph Robert Davis
William Henry Fitzhugh Lee
William Edmondson Jones
William Edwin Baldwin
John Crawford Vaughn
Evander McIvor Law
William Brimage Bate
Elkanah Brackin Greer
Francis Redding Tillou Nicholls
Alfred Cumming
William Stephen Walker
George Pierce Doles
Montgomery Dent Corse
George Thomas Anderson
Alfred Iverson
James Henry Lane
Edward Lloyd Thomas
Stephen Dodson Ramseur
John Rogers Cooke
Jerome Bonaparte Robertson
Evander McNair
Archibald Gracie
William Robertson Boggs
James Camp Tappan
Dandridge McRae
Mosby Monroe Parsons
John Pegram
John Sappington Marmaduke
John Hunt Morgan
Marcus Joseph Wright
Zachariah Cantey Deas
Lucius Eugene Polk
Edward Cary Walthall
John Adams
William Hicks Jackson
James Cantey
Camille Armand Jules Marie de Polignac
Robert Frederick Hoke
Henry Lewis Benning
William Tatum Wofford
Samuel McGowan
Marcellus Augustus Stovall
George Blake Cosby
Francis Crawford Armstrong
William Lewis Cabell
John Daniel Imboden
Alfred Eugene Jackson
Robert Brank Vance
Henry Delamar Clayton
Arthur Middleton Manigault
Douglas Hancock Cooper
John Brown Gordon
John Wilkins Whitfield
James Alexander Walker
John Marshall Jones
Thomas Green
Matthew Whitaker Ransom
Alfred Moore Scales
George Washington Custis Lee
Henry Harrison Walker
Gabriel Colvin Wharton
Francis Marion Cockrell
James Patrick Major
Samuel Wragg Ferguson
Lunsford Lindsay Lomax
Laurence Simmons Baker
Otho French Strahl
Philip Dale Roddey
Eppa Hunton
Thomas Pleasant Dockery
Benjamin Grubb Humphreys
Henry Brevard Davidson
Cullen Andrews Battle
William Andrew Quarles
William Whedbee Kirkland
Goode Bryan
Matthew Calbraith Butler
Williams Carter Wickham
Robert Daniel Johnston
Abner Monroe Perrin
Alexander Welch Reynolds
Thomas Neville Waul
Edmund Winston Pettus
Armistead Lindsay Long
Henry Rootes Jackson
William Wirt Adams
Thomas Lafayette Rosser
Pierce Manning Butler Young
James Byron Gordon
James Argyle Smith
Joseph Horace Lewis
Mark Perrin Lowrey
Leroy Augustus Stafford
Edward Higgins
John Tyler Morgan
John Herbert Kelly
William Young Conn Humes
Jesse Johnson Finley
James Holt Clanton
Alfred Jefferson Vaughan
Joseph Orville Shelby
John Randolph Chambliss
Robert Hall Chilton
Lawrence Sullivan Ross
Daniel Chevilette Govan
Randall Lee Gibson
Clement Hoffman Stevens
Nathaniel Harrison Harris

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