1864 February 20th

February 20 1864 Friday

Battle of Olustee, FL (CWSAC Major Battle – Confederate Victory)

Jacksonville, FL

Upperville, VA

Meridian Campaign

Sooy Smith’s Mississippi Raid

Olustee Campaign

USA. The so-called “Pomeroy Circular” was published by US President Abraham Lincoln after being known about but not openly divulged for several weeks. This letter was distributed by Kansas Senator S C Pomeroy, calling for the nomination for the Presidency of US Secretary of the Treasury Salmon Portland Chase in place of Lincoln. This document exposed Chase’s covert efforts to achieve his Presidential ambitions. Chase made an evasive apology. Lincoln responded equally inconclusively and waited six days to give a final response, which all expected to require Chase’s resignation or dismissal.

Alabama.

ORDER OF BATTLE: CONFEDERATE DEPARTMENT OF MISSISSIPPI AND EAST LOUISIANA

Confederate Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana “Department of the Southwest”: Lieutenant-General Leonidas Polk
Gulf District: Major-General Dabney Herndon Maury
Cantey’s Brigade (Gulf): Brigadier-General James Cantey
Baldwin’s Brigade (Gulf): vacant
Mackall’s Brigade (Gulf): Brigadier-General William Whann Mackall
Quarles’ Brigade (Gulf): 
McNair’s Brigade (Gulf): Brigadier-General Evander McNair
Higgins’ Brigade (Gulf): Brigadier-General Edward Higgins
III Corps (Tennessee) “Army of Mississippi”: Lieutenant-General Leonidas Polk
Loring’s Division, III Corps (Tennessee) “Army of Mississippi”: Major-General William Wing Loring
Adams’ Brigade, Loring’s Division, III Corps (Tennessee) “Army of Mississippi”: Brigadier-General John Adams
Buford’s Brigade, Loring’s Division, III Corps (Tennessee) “Army of Mississippi”: Brigadier-General Abraham Buford
Featherston’s Brigade, Loring’s Division, III Corps (Tennessee) “Army of Mississippi”: Brigadier-General Winfield Scott Featherston
French’s Division, III Corps (Tennessee) “Army of Mississippi”: Major-General Samuel Gibbs French
Ector’s Brigade, French’s Division, III Corps (Tennessee) “Army of Mississippi”: Brigadier-General Matthew Duncan Ector
Cockrell’s Brigade, French’s Division, III Corps (Tennessee) “Army of Mississippi”: Brigadier-General Francis Marion Cockrell
Cavalry (Mississippi): Major-General Stephen Dill Lee
Jackson’s Cavalry Division, Cavalry (Mississippi): Brigadier-General William Hicks Jackson
Cosby’s Brigade, Jackson’s Cavalry Division, Cavalry (Mississippi): Colonel P B Starke
Ross’ Brigade, Jackson’s Cavalry Division, Cavalry (Mississippi): Colonel Lawrence Sullivan Ross
Adams’ Brigade, Jackson’s Cavalry Division, Cavalry (Mississippi): Brigadier-General William Wirt Adams
Ferguson’s Brigade, Jackson’s Cavalry Division, Cavalry (Mississippi): Brigadier-General Samuel Wragg Ferguson
Chalmers’ Cavalry Division, Cavalry (Mississippi): Brigadier-General James Ronald Chalmers
Slemons’ Brigade, Chalmers’ Cavalry Division, Cavalry (Mississippi): Colonel William Ferguson Slemons
McCulloch’s Brigade, Chalmers’ Cavalry Division, Cavalry (Mississippi): Colonel Robert McCulloch
Ruggles’ Command (Mississippi): Brigadier-General Daniel Ruggles (Demopolis)

Arkansas. Expedition to Batesville ended.

Arkansas. Union expedition from Helena up the White River began.

Florida. Skirmish at Pease Creek.

Jacksonville, Florida. A strong Confederate counterattack compelled the Union garrison at Jacksonville to withdraw under the protection of the gunboats standing by to defend the city. USS Ottawa, USS Norwich, USS Dai Ching, USS Mahaska, and USS Water Witch provided gunfire support for the garrison. Two naval howitzers were put ashore and manned by seamen

Olustee, Florida also known as Ocean Pond. The Union expeditionary force under Brigadier-General Truman Seymour set out from Barber’s at dawn in three infantry columns supported by sixteen guns to make a forced march to Lake City. They marched behind a cavalry screen through Sanderson and approached Olustee without having taken any rest breaks. Seymour was determined to reach Lake City quickly and to surprise the Confederate militia. The Union cavalry brigade of Colonel Guy Vernor Henry contacted the Confederate outposts at about 3 pm near Ocean Pond, just west of Olustee, and drove them back into their entrenchments for the loss of 25 men.

The Confederates under Brigadier-General Joseph Finegan numbered about 5,200 inexperienced men with four guns. However, they had been building breastworks for two days and only needed to stand their ground against equal numbers advancing along the narrow funnel of dry land that led towards them. The road and the railroad passed south of the swamps known as Ocean Pond leaving only a narrow neck of firm ground with bogs and thin swampy pine woods to either side. Finegan sent out skirmishers to meet the head of Seymour’s three columns and to lure them on to the Confederate entrenchments. Seymour mistakenly assumed that he was facing only militia and committed his troops to an immediate advance. Within five minutes his forces were drawn into a fierce battle.

Finegan and Seymour reinforced their troops from noon onwards and the battle spread into adjacent pine woods. However, the main Union advance was largely restricted to the narrow approach road. The Union forces attacked and were repulsed repeatedly throughout the afternoon. When Finegan committed the last of his reserves the Union line broke and began to retreat. The Union 7th New Hampshire Infantry was routed and the neighbouring 8th US Colored Infantry also broke after its colonel was killed. Six guns were lost in the disorderly retreat. The black troops of the 54th Massachusetts Infantry took over the rear-guard and held out with the 35th US Coloured Infantry until darkness fell. Finegan did not pursue aggressively, allowing most of the fleeing Union forces to straggle back towards Jacksonville. By moonrise, the disorganised Union mob had reached Sanderson, ten miles from the battlefield and reached Barber’s before daybreak.

Estimated casualties were 1,861 (203 killed, 1,152 wounded and 506 missing) plus six guns captured for the Union out of 5,115 engaged; and 946 killed and wounded for the Confederates. (CWSAC Major Battle – Confederate Victory)

ORDER OF BATTLE: OLUSTEE, FL

Union Department of the South: Major-General Quincy Adams Gillmore
X Corps: Major-General Quincy Adams Gillmore
District of Florida: Brigadier-General Truman Seymour
1st Brigade, East Florida, X Corps: Colonel William B Barton
2nd Brigade, East Florida, X Corps: Colonel Joseph Russell Hawley
3rd Brigade, East Florida, X Corps: Colonel James Montgomery
Cavalry Brigade, East Florida, X Corps: Colonel Guy Vernor Henry

Confederate Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida: General Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
District of East Florida: Brigadier-General Joseph Finegan
Colquitt’s Brigade, East Florida: Brigadier-General Alfred Holt Colquitt
Harrison’s Brigade, East Florida: Colonel George P Harrison
Smith’s Cavalry Brigade, East Florida: Colonel Caraway Smith

Georgia. Confederate Lieutenant-General William Joseph Hardee’s Corps began to board trains at Dalton for transportation to Demopolis, Alabama. His three divisions were commanded by Major-General Benjamin Franklin Cheatham, Major-General Patrick Ronayne Cleburne, and Major-General William Henry Talbot Walker. Their departure left only four divisions with General Joseph Eggleston Johnston to defend northern Georgia.

Mississippi. Incident at New Albany.

Mississippi. Union Major-General William Tecumseh Sherman, frustrated by the failure of Brigadier-General William Sooy Smith to arrive with his cavalry expedition, left Meridian and headed west towards Vicksburg by way of Canton. He marched by a route twelve miles further north of his approach route, partly to avoid the desolate wasteland he had left on his outward journey and partly to widen the band of scorched earth to fifty miles by inflicting the same depredations going back. He did not learn that Smith’s expedition had failed and turned back until he arrived back at Vicksburg. Sherman’s troops destroyed 115 miles of railroad, 61 bridges, 6,075 feet of bridge trestles, 20 locomotives, 28 steam cars, and 3 steam-driven sawmills. After the troops departed, the inhabitants of Meridian were left without food for some days and the city had ceased to operate as a military base. On the other hand, Sherman had to abandon his aspirations for a further advance into Alabama.

Mississippi. Union Brigadier-General William Sooy Smith cavalry neared West Point, ninety miles north of Meridian, and fought with Confederate cavalry units at West Point, Prairie Station and Aberdeen. Smith was concerned about the fate of the thousands of former slaves that encumbered his column. He decided to concentrate at Prairie Station and set out shortly after dawn for West Point. He was opposed by a small cavalry brigade commanded by Confederate Colonel Jeffrey Forrest. Smith was unaware that three other Confederate brigades lurked in hiding to the south under Major-General Nathan Bedford Forrest.

Colonel Jeffrey Forrest’s cavalry brigade engaged Smith with Faulkner’s Tennessee Cavalry regiment and Forrest’s escort battalion Forrest. Withdrawing in stages, Forrest drew Smith towards a swamp west of the Tombigbee River where the main Confederate force was concealed. Smith soon decided that the Confederates were a rear-guard distracting him with a feint and suspected that he was greatly outnumbered. He prudently ordered a retreat, leaving his own rear-guard to protect his rear from the anticipated trap. The Union rear-guard held off the Confederates for about two hours before withdrawing in good order. When Nathan Bedford Forrest arrived in person, he ordered a pursuit by his entire force of four brigades and planned to spring a new trap.

Mississippi. Skirmish near West Point.

Tennessee. Skirmish on the Seviersville Road near Knoxville.

Tennessee. Skirmish at Strawberry Plains.

Tennessee. Skirmish at the Holston River.

Tennessee. Skirmish at Flat Creek.

Texas. Union Major-General Nathaniel Prentiss Banks had used the XIII Corps to conduct his campaign against the coast of Texas during the fall of 1863, and captured Brownsville. The XIII Corps headquarters was relocated to Texas after Major-General John Alexander McClernand took command. The 1st Division and 2nd Division of XIII Corps remained on occupation duty in Texas while Banks planned to lead the 3rd Division and 4th Divisions of XIII Corps up the Red River. The Red River segment of the Corps was under Brigadier-General Thomas Edward Greenfield Ransom, with the 3rd Division under Brigadier-General Robert Alexander Cameron, and the 4th Division under Colonel William Jennings Landram.

Virginia. Skirmish at Front Royal.

Upperville, Virginia. Union Major Henry A Cole and a small force arrived at Blakely’s School Grove, about three miles northeast of Upperville. He set up in a defensive position behind a stone wall to oppose the pursuing partisan raiders of Confederate Lieutenant-Colonel John Singleton Mosby. The Confederates arrived at the grove, formed a line of battle across the fields, and exchanged gunfire. The Union troops went forward in a charge and were beaten back. Cole ordered two more charges and both times was beaten back. Mosby split his force and outflanked the Union position. Cole ordered a withdrawal behind a succession of walls and halted Mosby’s pursuit. The Confederates reported three men wounded and eleven missing or captured.

West Virginia. Incident at Truce Fork of Mud River.

West Virginia. Skirmish with Union scouts at Hurricane Bridge.

Union Organisation

USA: Major-General John Alexander McClernand assumed command of XIII Corps (Gulf), succeeding Major-General Edward Otho Cresap Ord.

McClernand, John Alexander / Kentucky-Illinois / Born 30 May 1812 Breckinridge, Kentucky / Died Springfield, Illinois 20 September 1890
Private USV Illinois Infantry June 1832 / Mustered Out USV August 1832 / Brigadier-General USV 6 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861 / Major-General USV 22 March 1862 to rank from 21 March 1862 / Resigned USV 30 November 1864 / WIA Belmont 7 November 1861
1st Brigade District of Southeast Missouri 14 October 1861-23 December 1861 / 1st Brigade District of Cairo 23 December 1861-1 February 1862 / 1st Division District of Cairo 1 February 1862-17 February 1862 / 1st Division District of West Tennessee 17 February 1862-11 March 1862 / 1st Division Army of the Tennessee 11 March 1862-2 May 1862 / Reserve Department of the Mississippi 2 May 1862-24 June 1862 / Sub-District of Jackson 24 June 1862-25 August 1862 / 1st Division District of Jackson 24 June 1862-12 September 1862 / XIII Corps Tennessee 21 December 1862-4 January 1863 / Army of the Mississippi 4 January 1863-12 January 1862 / XIII Corps Tennessee 31 January 1863-19 June 1863 / XIII Corps Gulf 20 February 1864-15 March 1864 / Detachment XIII Corps Department of the Gulf 27 April 1864-1 May 1864

Commander in Chief: President Abraham Lincoln

Vice-President: Hannibal Hamlin

Secretary of War: Edwin McMasters Stanton

Secretary of the Navy: Gideon Welles

  • North Atlantic Blockading Squadron USN: Acting Rear Admiral Samuel Phillips Lee USN
  • South Atlantic Blockading Squadron USN: Rear Admiral John Adolphus Dahlgren USN
  • West Gulf Blockading Squadron USN: Rear Admiral David Glasgow Farragut USN
  • East Gulf Blockading Squadron USN: Acting Rear Admiral Theodorus Bailey USN
  • Pacific Squadron USN: Captain John B Montgomery USN
  • Mississippi River Squadron USN: Rear Admiral David Dixon Porter USN
  • Potomac Flotilla USN: Commodore Andrew Allen Harwood USN

General–in-Chief: Henry Wager Halleck

  • Military Division of the Mississippi: Ulysses Simpson Grant
    • Department of the Cumberland: George Henry Thomas
      • District of Nashville: Lovell Harrison Rousseau
      • Army of the Cumberland: George Henry Thomas
        • IV Corps Cumberland: Gordon Granger
        • XIV Corps Cumberland: John McAuley Palmer
        • Cavalry Corps Cumberland: Washington Lafayette Elliott
        • Hooker’s Command Cumberland: Joseph Hooker
          • XI Corps Cumberland: Carl Schurz temporary
          • XII Corps Cumberland: Henry Warner Slocum
    • Department of the Ohio: John McAllister Schofield
      • District of Kentucky: Stephen Gano Burbridge
      • District of Western Kentucky: vacant
      • District of the Clinch: Theophilus Toulmin Garrard
      • Army of the Ohio: John McAllister Schofield
        • IX Corps Ohio: John Grubb Parke
        • XXIII Corps Ohio: George Stoneman
        • Cavalry Corps Ohio: Samuel Davis Sturgis
    • Department of the Tennessee: William Tecumseh Sherman
      • District of West Tennessee: Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
        • Sub-District of Memphis: Ralph Pomeroy Buckland
      • District of Cairo: Hugh Thompson Reid
      • Army of the Tennessee: William Tecumseh Sherman
        • XV Corps Tennessee: John Alexander Logan
        • XVI Corps Tennessee: Napoleon Jackson Tecumseh Dana
          • Left Wing XVI Corps Tennessee: Grenville Mellen Dodge
        • XVII Corps Tennessee: James Birdseye McPherson
  • Department of Arkansas: Frederick Steele
    • District of Eastern Arkansas: Napoleon Bonaparte Buford
    • District of Northern Arkansas: Robert Ramsey Livingston
    • District of the Frontier (Arkansas): James Gilpatrick Blunt
    • Army of Arkansas: Frederick Steele
      • VII Corps Arkansas: Frederick Steele
  • Department of the East: John Adams Dix
  • Department of the Gulf: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
    • District of Baton Rouge: Philip St George Cooke
    • District of Port Hudson: Daniel Ullmann
    • District of La Fourche: Nicholas Wyckoff Day
    • District of Key West and Tortugas: Daniel Phineas Woodbury
    • Defences of New Orleans: Joseph Jones Reynolds
    • Army of the Gulf: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
      • XIII Corps Gulf: John Alexander McClernand
      • XIX Corps Gulf: William Buel Franklin
  • Department of Kansas: Samuel Ryan Curtis
    • District of Nebraska Territory: Thomas Jefferson McKean
    • District of the Frontier (Kansas): John Milton Thayer
    • District of the Border: William Russell Judson
  • Middle Department: Henry Hayes Lockwood
    • District of Delaware: Henry Bethel Judd
    • District of the Eastern Shore of Maryland: Henry Hayes Lockwood
    • VIII Corps Middle: Henry Hayes Lockwood
  • Department of the Missouri: William Starke Rosecrans
    • District of St Louis: vacant
    • District of Southwest Missouri: John Benjamin Sanborn
    • District of North Missouri: Odon Guitar
    • District of Central Missouri: Egbert Benson Brown
    • District of Rolla: Thomas Alfred Davies
  • Department of the Monongahela: William Thomas Harbaugh Brooks
  • Department of New Mexico: James Henry Carleton
    • District of Arizona: George Washington Bowie
  • Northern Department: Samuel Peter Heintzelman
    • District of Indiana: John Smith Simonson
  • Department of the Northwest: John Pope
    • District of Minnesota: Henry Hastings Sibley
    • District of Wisconsin: Thomas Church Haskell Smith
    • District of Iowa: Alfred Sully
  • Department of the Pacific: George Wright
    • District of the Humboldt: Henry M Black
    • District of Oregon: Benjamin Alvord
    • District of Southern California: James Freeman Curtis
    • District of Utah: Patrick Edward Connor
  • Department of the Potomac: George Gordon Meade
    • Army of the Potomac: George Gordon Meade
      • I Corps Potomac: John Newton
      • II Corps Potomac: Gouverneur Kemble Warren
      • III Corps Potomac: William Henry French
      • V Corps Potomac: George Sykes
      • VI Corps Potomac: John Sedgwick
      • Cavalry Corps Potomac: Alfred Pleasonton
  • Department of the South: Quincy Adams Gillmore
    • Northern District (South): Alfred Howe Terry
    • District of Hilton Head: Joshua Blackwood Howell
    • District of Florida: Truman Seymour
    • District of West Florida: Alexander Asboth
    • X Corps South: Quincy Adams Gillmore
  • Department of the Susquehanna: Darius Nash Couch
    • Lehigh District: Franz Sigel
  • Department of Virginia and North Carolina: Benjamin Franklin Butler
    • District of St Mary’s: Gilman Marston
    • District of Currituck: Samuel Henry Roberts
    • District of North Carolina: John James Peck
      • Sub-District of Albemarle: Henry Walton Wessells
      • Sub-District of the Pamlico: Joseph Miller McChesney temporary
      • Sub-District of Beaufort NC: James Jourdan
      • Defences of New Bern: Innis Newton Palmer
    • District of Yorktown: Robert Mayhew West temporary
    • Army of North Carolina: John James Peck
      • XVIII Corps North Carolina: Benjamin Franklin Butler
  • Department of Washington: Christopher Columbus Augur
    • District of Alexandria: John Potts Slough
    • District of Washington: John Henry Martindale
    • XXII Corps Washington: Christopher Columbus Augur
  • Department of Western Virginia: Benjamin Franklin Kelley
    • Army of the Kanawha: George Crook

Confederate Organisation

CSA: Brigadier-General Johnson Hagood assumed command of the Seventh Sub-District of South Carolina, succeeding Brigadier-General William Booth Taliaferro.

Hagood, Johnson / South Carolina / Born 21 February 1829 Barnwell, South Carolina / Died 4 January 1898
Brigadier-General Assistant Adjutant-General South Carolina Militia 1861 / Colonel 1st South Carolina Infantry 27 January 1861 / 2nd Lieutenant ACSA Infantry 16 March 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 21 July 1862 / No Record of Parole
Second Sub-District of South Carolina 19 July 1862-14 March 1863 / Hagood’s Brigade First Sub-District of South Carolina 14 March 1863-22 October 1863 / Hagood’s Brigade Seventh Sub-District of South Carolina Second 22 October 1863-20 February 1864 / Sub-District of South Carolina 28 December 1863-6 May 1864 / Seventh Sub-District of South Carolina 20 February 1864-6 May 1864 / Hagood’s Brigade Hoke’s Division Department of Richmond 6 May 1864-31 May 1864 / Hagood’s Brigade Hoke’s Division II Corps Army of Northern Virginia 31 May 1864-19 October 1864 / Hagood’s Brigade Hoke’s Division IV Corps Army of Northern Virginia 19 October 1864-20 December 1864 / Hagood’s Brigade Hoke’s Division Department of North Carolina 20 December 1864-9 April 1865 / Hagood’s Brigade Hoke’s Division I Corps Army of Tennessee 9 April 1865-26 May 1865

Commander in Chief: President Jefferson Finis Davis

Vice-President: Alexander Hamilton Stephens

Secretary of War: James Alexander Seddon

Secretary of the Navy: Stephen Russell Mallory

Military Adviser to the President: Vacant

  • Department of Alabama and East Mississippi: Leonidas Polk
    • Gulf District: Dabney Herndon Maury
    • District of Northern Alabama: Jones Mitchell Withers
    • District of West Tennessee: Nathan Bedford Forrest
    • Army of Mississippi: Leonidas Polk
  • Department of Henrico: John Henry Winder
  • Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia: George Edward Pickett
    • District of the Cape Fear River and the Defences of Wilmington: William Henry Chase Whiting
  • Department of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee
    • Army of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee
      • II Corps Northern Virginia: Richard Stoddert Ewell
      • III Corps Northern Virginia: Ambrose Powell Hill
      • Cavalry Corps Northern Virginia: James Ewell Brown Stuart
    • Valley District: Jubal Anderson Early
  • Department of Richmond: Arnold Elzey
  • Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
    • District of Georgia: Hugh Weedon Mercer interim Henry Rootes Jackson awaited
    • District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
      • 1st Sub-District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
      • 2nd Sub-District of South Carolina: Johnson Hagood
      • 3rd Sub-District of South Carolina: William Stephen Walker
      • 4th Sub-District of South Carolina: James Heyward Trapier
      • 5th Sub-District of South Carolina: Alfred Moore Rhett
      • 6th Sub-District of South Carolina: Henry Alexander Wise
      • 7th Sub-District of South Carolina: Johnson Hagood
    • District of East Florida: Joseph Finegan
    • District of Middle Florida: William Montgomery Gardner
    • District of West Florida: John Horace Forney
    • Defences of Savannah: Jeremy Francis Gilmer
  • Department of Tennessee: Joseph Eggleston Johnston
    • District of East Tennessee: James Longstreet
      • I Corps Northern Virginia: Lafayette McLaws temporary
    • District of Western North Carolina: James Green Martin
    • Army of Tennessee: Joseph Eggleston Johnston
      • I Corps Tennessee: William Joseph Hardee
      • II Corps Tennessee: Thomas Carmichael Hindman interim John Bell Hood awaited
      • Cavalry Corps Tennessee: Joseph Wheeler
  • Trans-Allegheny Department: Samuel Jones
  • Trans-Mississippi Department: Edmund Kirby Smith
    • District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: John Bankhead Magruder
      • Western Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: Hamilton Prioleau Bee
        • Sub-District of the Rio Grande: Hamilton Prioleau Bee
      • Eastern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: James Edwin Slaughter
      • Sub-District of Houston: Xavier Blanchard Debray
      • Northern Sub-District Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: Henry Eustace McCullough
    • District of Arkansas: Theophilus Hunter Holmes
    • District of West Louisiana: Richard Taylor
    • District of Indian Territory: Douglas Hancock Cooper temporary
    • Trans-Mississippi Army: Edmund Kirby Smith

Union Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

Major-General USA

George Brinton McClellan
John Charles Frémont
Henry Wager Halleck
Ulysses Simpson Grant

Major-General USV

Asterisk indicates concurrently Brigadier-General USA

John Adams Dix
Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
Benjamin Franklin Butler
David Hunter
Ethan Allen Hitchcock
Irvin McDowell*
Ambrose Everett Burnside
William Starke Rosecrans*
Don Carlos Buell
John Pope*
Samuel Ryan Curtis
Franz Sigel
John Alexander McClernand
Lewis Wallace
George Henry Thomas*
George Cadwalader
William Tecumseh Sherman*
Edward Otho Cresap Ord
Samuel Peter Heintzelman
Erasmus Darwin Keyes
Joseph Hooker*
Silas Casey
William Buel Franklin
Darius Nash Couch
Henry Warner Slocum
John James Peck
John Sedgwick
Alexander McDowell McCook
Thomas Leonidas Crittenden
John Gray Foster
John Grubb Parke
Christopher Columbus Augur
Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
Gordon Granger
Lovell Harrison Rousseau
James Birdseye McPherson*
George Stoneman
George Gordon Meade*
Oliver Otis Howard
Daniel Edgar Sickles
Robert Huston Milroy
Daniel Butterfield
Winfield Scott Hancock
George Sykes
William Henry French
David Sloane Stanley
James Scott Negley
John McAllister Schofield
John McAuley Palmer
Frederick Steele
Abner Doubleday
Napoleon Jackson Tecumseh Dana
Richard James Oglesby
John Alexander Logan
James Gilpatrick Blunt
George Lucas Hartsuff
Cadwallader Colden Washburn
Francis Jay Herron
Francis Preston Blair
Joseph Jones Reynolds
Philip Henry Sheridan
Julius Stahel
Carl Schurz
John Newton
Gouverneur Kemble Warren
David Bell Birney
William Thomas Harbaugh Brooks
Alfred Pleasonton
Andrew Atkinson Humphreys
Quincy Adams Gillmore

Brigadier-General USA

Brackets indicates concurrently Major-General USV

(Irvin McDowell)
(William Starke Rosecrans)
Philip St George Cooke
(John Pope)
(Joseph Hooker)
(George Gordon Meade)
(William Tecumseh Sherman)
(James Birdseye McPherson)
(George Henry Thomas)

Brigadier-General USV

Andrew Porter
Charles Pomeroy Stone
Thomas West Sherman
William Reading Montgomery
Benjamin Franklin Kelley
Jacob Dolson Cox
Alpheus Starkey Williams
James Brewerton Ricketts
Orlando Bolivar Willcox
Henry Hayes Lockwood
James Samuel Wadsworth
George Webb Morell
John Henry Martindale
Samuel Davis Sturgis
Henry Washington Benham
William Farrar Smith
William Farquhar Barry
John Joseph Abercrombie
Lawrence Pike Graham
Eleazar Arthur Paine
Willis Arnold Gorman
Horatio Gouverneur Wright
William Thomas Ward
John Gross Barnard
Innis Newton Palmer
Seth Williams
George Wright
John Milton Brannan
John Porter Hatch
Albin Francisco Schoepf
Thomas John Wood
Richard W Johnson
Adolph Wilhelm August Friedrich Von Steinwehr
George Washington Cullum
Thomas Jefferson McKean
Zealous Bates Tower
Jefferson Columbus Davis
James Henry Lane
William Scott Ketchum
John Wynn Davidson
Henry Morris Naglee
Andrew Johnson
James Gallant Spears
Eugene Asa Carr
Thomas Alfred Davies
Daniel Tyler
William Hemsley Emory
Andrew Jackson Smith
Marsena Rudolph Patrick
Orris Sanford Ferry
Daniel Phineas Woodbury
Henry Moses Judah
John Cook
John McArthur
Jacob Gartner Lauman
Horatio Phillips Van Cleve
Speed Smith Fry
Alexander Asboth
James Craig
Mahlon Dickerson Manson
Edward Richard Sprigg Canby
Grenville Mellen Dodge
Robert Byington Mitchell
Cuvier Grover
Rufus Saxton
Benjamin Alvord
Napoleon Bonaparte Buford
William Sooy Smith
Nathan Kimball
Charles Devens
Samuel Wylie Crawford
Henry Walton Wessells
Milo Smith Hascall
John White Geary
Alfred Howe Terry
James Henry Carleton
Absalom Baird
John Cleveland Robinson
Truman Seymour
Henry Prince
Maximilian Weber
Jeremiah Cutler Sullivan
Alvin Peterson Hovey
James Clifford Veatch
William Plummer Benton
John Curtis Caldwell
Neal Dow
George Sears Greene
Samuel Powhatan Carter
John Gibbon
Erastus Barnard Tyler
Charles Griffin
George Henry Gordon
James Madison Tuttle
Julius White
Peter Joseph Osterhaus
Stephen Gano Burbridge
Washington Lafayette Elliott
Albion Parris Howe
Benjamin Stone Roberts
Jacob Ammen
Fitz-Henry Warren
Morgan Lewis Smith
Charles Cruft
Frederick Salomon
John Basil Turchin
Henry Shaw Briggs
James Dada Morgan
Johann August Ernst Willich
Henry Dwight Terry
James Blair Steedman
George Foster Shepley
John Reese Kenly
John Potts Slough
Godfrey Weitzel
George Crook
Gershom Mott
Henry Jackson Hunt
Francis Channing Barlow
Mason Brayman
Nathaniel James Jackson
George Washington Getty
Alfred Sully
William Woods Averell
Alexander Hays
Francis Barretto Spinola
John Henry Hobart Ward
Solomon Meredith
James Bowen
Eliakim Parker Scammon
Robert Seaman Granger
Joseph Rodman West
Alfred Washington Ellet
George Leonard Andrews
Clinton Bowen Fisk
William Hays
Israel Vogdes
David Allen Russell
Lewis Cass Hunt
Frank Wheaton
John Sanford Mason
David McMurtrie Gregg
Robert Ogden Tyler
Alfred Thomas Archimedes Torbert
Gilman Marston
William Dwight
Sullivan Amory Meredith
Nathaniel Collins McLean
William Vandever
Alexander Schimmelfennig
Charles Kinnaird Graham
John Eugene Smith
Joseph Tarr Copeland
Charles Adam Heckman
Edward Elmer Potter
Thomas Algeo Rowley
Henry Beebee Carrington
John Haskell King
Adam Jacoby Slemmer
Thomas Hewson Neill
Thomas Gamble Pitcher
Thomas William Sweeny
William Passmore Carlin
Romeyn Beck Ayres
William Babcock Hazen
Joseph Anthony Mower
Richard Arnold
Edward Winslow Hinks
Michael Kelly Lawler
George Day Wagner
Lysander Cutler
Joseph Farmer Knipe
John Dunlap Stevenson
James Barnes
Theophilus Toulmin Garrard
Edward Harland
Samuel Beatty
Isaac Jones Wistar
Franklin Stillman Nickerson
Edward Henry Hobson
Ralph Pomeroy Buckland
Joseph Dana Webster
William Ward Orme
William Harrow
William Hopkins Morris
Thomas Howard Ruger
Thomas Edward Greenfield Ransom
Elias Smith Dennis
Thomas Church Haskell Smith
Mortimer Dormer Leggett
Davis Tillson
Hector Tyndale
Albert Lindley Lee
Charles Leopold Matthies
Marcellus Monroe Crocker
Egbert Benson Brown
John McNeil
George Francis McGinnis
Hugh Boyle Ewing
James Winning McMillan
John Blair Smith Todd
Daniel Ullmann
George Jerrison Stannard
Henry Baxter
John Milton Thayer
Charles Thomas Campbell
Halbert Eleazer Paine
Hugh Thompson Reid
Robert Brown Potter
Thomas Ewing
Joseph Andrew Jackson Lightburn
Thomas Greely Stevenson
Henry Hastings Sibley
Joseph Bradford Carr
Joseph Jackson Bartlett
Joshua Thomas Owen
Patrick Edward Connor
John Parker Hawkins
Gabriel René Paul
Edward Augustus Wild
Edward Ferrero
Adelbert Ames
William Birney
Daniel Henry Rucker
Robert Allen
Rufus Ingalls
Gustavus Adolphus De Russy
Alexander Shaler
Benjamin Henry Grierson
Robert Sanford Foster
Hugh Judson Kilpatrick
Alexander Stewart Webb
Alfred Napoleon Alexander Duffié
Walter Chiles Whitaker
Wesley Merritt
George Armstrong Custer
William Denison Whipple
John Converse Starkweather
Kenner Garrard
Charles Robert Woods
John Benjamin Sanborn
Giles Alexander Smith
Samuel Allen Rice
Jasper Adalmorn Maltby
Thomas Kilby Smith
Walter Quintin Gresham
Manning Ferguson Force
Robert Alexander Cameron
John Murray Corse
John Aaron Rawlins
Alexander Chambers
Alvan Cullem Gillem
James Clay Rice
John Wesley Turner
Henry Lawrence Eustis
Henry Eugene Davies
Andrew Jackson Hamilton
Henry Warner Birge
Charles Garrison Harker
James Hewitt Ledlie
James Harrison Wilson
Adin Ballou Underwood
Augustus Louis Chetlain
Thomas Francis Meagher
William Anderson Pile
John Wallace Fuller
John Franklin Miller
Philippe Régis Dénis de Keredern De Trobriand
Cyrus Bussey
Christopher Columbus Andrews

Brigadier-General USA (Staff)

Montgomery Cunningham Meigs (Quartermaster-General)
Lorenzo Thomas
William Alexander Hammond (Surgeon-General)
Joseph Pannell Taylor (Commissary-General of Subsistence
Joseph Gilbert Totten (Engineers)
George Douglas Ramsay (Ordnance)

Confederate Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

General ACSA/PACS

Samuel Cooper
Robert Edward Lee
Joseph Eggleston Johnston
Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
Braxton Bragg
Edmund Kirby Smith

Lieutenant-General PACS

James Longstreet
Leonidas Polk
Theophilus Hunter Holmes
William Joseph Hardee
John Clifford Pemberton
Richard Stoddert Ewell
Ambrose Powell Hill
John Bell Hood

Major-General PACS

Benjamin Huger
John Bankhead Magruder
Mansfield Lovell
William Wing Loring
Sterling Price
Benjamin Franklin Cheatham
Samuel Jones
John Porter McCown
Daniel Harvey Hill
Thomas Carmichael Hindman
John Cabell Breckinridge
Lafayette McLaws
Richard Heron Anderson
James Ewell Brown Stuart
Richard Taylor
Simon Bolivar Buckner
Samuel Gibbs French
George Edward Pickett
Carter Littlepage Stevenson
John Horace Forney
Dabney Herndon Maury
Martin Luther Smith
John George Walker
Arnold Elzey
Patrick Ronayne Cleburne
Franklin Gardner
Isaac Ridgeway Trimble
Jubal Anderson Early
Joseph Wheeler
Edward Johnson
William Henry Chase Whiting
Robert Emmett Rodes
William Henry Talbot Walker
Henry Heth
Robert Ransom
Alexander Peter Stewart
Jones Mitchell Withers
Stephen Dill Lee
Cadmus Marcellus Wilcox
Wade Hampton
Fitzhugh Lee
Howell Cobb
John Austin Wharton
William Thompson Martin
Nathan Bedford Forrest
Charles William Field
James Patton Anderson

Brigadier-General PACS

Alexander Robert Lawton
Henry Alexander Wise
Henry Hopkins Sibley
John Henry Winder
Gideon Johnson Pillow
Daniel Ruggles
Roswell Sabine Ripley
Paul Octave Hébert
Albert Gallatin Blanchard
Gabriel James Rains
Thomas Fenwick Drayton
Nathan George Evans
James Heyward Trapier
Hugh Weedon Mercer
William Montgomery Gardner
William Mahone
Raleigh Edward Colston
John King Jackson
Bushrod Rust Johnson
George Wythe Randolph
Joseph Brevard Kershaw
James Ronald Chalmers
Daniel Leadbetter
William Whann Mackall
Winfield Scott Featherston
Thomas James Churchill
William Booth Taliaferro
Albert Rust
Samuel Bell Maxey
Hamilton Prioleau Bee
James Morrison Hawes
George Hume Steuart
James Edwin Slaughter
Seth Maxwell Barton
Henry Eustace McCullough
John Selden Roane
States Rights Gist
William Nelson Pendleton
Joseph Finegan
William Nelson Rector Beall
Thomas Jordan
William Preston
John Echols
George Earl Maney
Jean Jacques Alfred Alexandre Mouton
John Stuart Williams
James Green Martin
Thomas Lanier Clingman
Daniel Weisiger Adams
Louis Hébert
Ambrose Ransom Wright
James Lawson Kemper
James Jay Archer
Beverley Holcombe Robertson
St John Richardson Liddell
Johnson Hagood
Micah Jenkins
Harry Thompson Hays
Albert Gallatin Jenkins
Matthew Duncan Ector
Edward Aylesworth Perry
John Gregg
John Calvin Brown
Alfred Holt Colquitt
Junius Daniel
Abraham Buford
William Steele
James Fleming Fagan
William Read Scurry
Francis Asbury Shoup
Joseph Robert Davis
William Henry Fitzhugh Lee
William Edmondson Jones
John Crawford Vaughn
Evander McIvor Law
William Brimage Bate
Elkanah Brackin Greer
Francis Redding Tillou Nicholls
Alfred Cumming
William Stephen Walker
George Pierce Doles
Montgomery Dent Corse
George Thomas Anderson
Alfred Iverson
James Henry Lane
Edward Lloyd Thomas
Stephen Dodson Ramseur
John Rogers Cooke
Jerome Bonaparte Robertson
Evander McNair
Archibald Gracie
William Robertson Boggs
James Camp Tappan
Dandridge McRae
Mosby Monroe Parsons
John Pegram
John Sappington Marmaduke
John Hunt Morgan
Marcus Joseph Wright
Zachariah Cantey Deas
Lucius Eugene Polk
Edward Cary Walthall
John Adams
William Hicks Jackson
James Cantey
Camille Armand Jules Marie de Polignac
Robert Frederick Hoke
Henry Lewis Benning
William Tatum Wofford
Samuel McGowan
Marcellus Augustus Stovall
George Blake Cosby
Francis Crawford Armstrong
William Lewis Cabell
John Daniel Imboden
Alfred Eugene Jackson
Robert Brank Vance
Henry Delamar Clayton
Arthur Middleton Manigault
Douglas Hancock Cooper
John Brown Gordon
John Wilkins Whitfield
James Alexander Walker
John Marshall Jones
Thomas Green
Matthew Whitaker Ransom
Alfred Moore Scales
George Washington Custis Lee
Henry Harrison Walker
Gabriel Colvin Wharton
Francis Marion Cockrell
James Patrick Major
Samuel Wragg Ferguson
Lunsford Lindsay Lomax
Laurence Simmons Baker
Otho French Strahl
Philip Dale Roddey
Eppa Hunton
Thomas Pleasant Dockery
Benjamin Grubb Humphreys
Henry Brevard Davidson
Cullen Andrews Battle
William Andrew Quarles
William Whedbee Kirkland
Goode Bryan
Matthew Calbraith Butler
Williams Carter Wickham
Robert Daniel Johnston
Abner Monroe Perrin
Alexander Welch Reynolds
Thomas Neville Waul
Edmund Winston Pettus
Armistead Lindsay Long
Henry Rootes Jackson
William Wirt Adams
Thomas Lafayette Rosser
Pierce Manning Butler Young
James Byron Gordon
James Argyle Smith
Joseph Horace Lewis
Mark Perrin Lowrey
Leroy Augustus Stafford
Edward Higgins
John Tyler Morgan
John Herbert Kelly
William Young Conn Humes
Jesse Johnson Finley
James Holt Clanton
Alfred Jefferson Vaughan
Joseph Orville Shelby
John Randolph Chambliss
Robert Hall Chilton
Lawrence Sullivan Ross
Daniel Chevilette Govan
Randall Lee Gibson
Clement Hoffman Stevens
Nathaniel Harrison Harris
Allen Thomas
Alexander Travis Hawthorn

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