1864 April 1st

April 1 1864 Friday

Red River Campaign

Arkansas Campaign

Forrest’s Second West Tennessee Raid

Tierra del Fuego. The US Navy Department expressed concern that Confederate raiders would enter the Pacific Ocean to strike at the California trade. Intelligence had been received that the CSS Florida and CSS Georgia would try to intercept shipping in the straits of Le Maire, between Tierra del Fuego and Staten Island. The vast majority of California-bound ships passed this way in plain sight of the shore and it was believed that Confederate steamers could lie concealed in comparatively smooth water, ready to pounce on their victims.

Arkansas. Reconnaissance to Bellefonte ended.

Arkansas. Skirmish near Arkadelphia.

Arkansas. Skirmish at Hollywood.

Arkansas. Skirmish at Fitzhugh’s Woods ,six miles above Augusta on the White River, with Union soldiers being assisted by the gunboat USS Covington.

Arkansas. After waiting for two days at Arkadelphia with no word received from the reinforcing column of Brigadier-General John Milton Thayer, Union Major-General Frederick Steele moved southwest from Arkadelphia toward Washington, the temporary capital of Confederate Arkansas. Washington was thirty miles away, five miles beyond the obstacle of the Little Missouri River, and Steele’s supplies were depleting rapidly.

Confederate Major-General Sterling Price had few forces with which to oppose Steele’s advance because his infantry had been sent south to defend Shreveport, Louisiana, and the Red River. Price had kept five small cavalry brigades with a total of 5,000 men but they were scattered across Arkansas. Brigadier-General James Fleming Fagan commanded the largest group (a division of two brigades) east of the Saline River, threatening Pine Bluff. Two more brigades were at Camden on the lower Ouachita, and the fifth was on the upper Red River west of Washington. The Camden and Washington brigades were in the division of Major-General John Sappington Marmaduke and included the veteran cavalry brigade of Brigadier-General Joseph Orville Shelby. Price was promised two brigades of reinforcements that had been released from service in the Indian Territory after Thayer’s Union column left Fort Smith. These troops were led by Brigadier-General Samuel Bell Maxey but their time of arrival was unpredictable, if not improbable.

Price’s orders from General Edmund Kirby Smith were to delay and harass Steele’s advance but not to risk a major engagement. Fagan was left in position to protect Camden while Marmaduke was given the task of harassing Steele’s column. Marmaduke kept two brigades to oppose Steele’s line of march while Shelby was given a free hand to attack the rear of the Union column and to cut its communications with Arkadelphia and Little Rock. Shelby acted immediately and, for the first time since the occupation of Little Rock, the Union troops had to contend with numerous cavalry raiders around Arkadelphia, Augusta, and Fitzhugh’s Woods. There was also a sizeable encounter at Hollywood.

ORDER OF BATTLE: UNION DEPARTMENT OF ARKANSAS

Union Department of Arkansas: Major-General Frederick Steele
Army of Arkansas: Major-General Frederick Steele
VII Corps (Arkansas): Brigadier-General Nathan Kimball
3rd Division, VII Corps (Arkansas): Brigadier-General Frederick Salomon
1st Brigade, 3rd Division, VII Corps (Arkansas): Brigadier-General Samuel Allen Rice
2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, VII Corps (Arkansas): Colonel William E McLean
3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, VII Corps (Arkansas): Colonel Adolph Engelmann
Frontier Division, VII Corps (Arkansas): Brigadier-General John Milton Thayer
1st Brigade, Frontier Division, VII Corps (Arkansas): Colonel John M Edwards
2nd Brigade, Frontier Division, VII Corps (Arkansas): Colonel Charles W Adams3rd Cavalry Brigade: Lieutenant-Colonel Owen A Bassett
Cavalry Division, VII Corps (Arkansas): Brigadier-General Eugene Asa Carr
3rd Cavalry Brigade. Cavalry Division, VII Corps (Arkansas): Colonel Daniel Anderson

ORDER OF BATTLE: CONFEDERATE TRANS-MISSISSIPPI DEPARTMENT

Confederate Trans-Mississippi Department: General Edmund Kirby Smith
Trans-Mississippi Army: General Edmund Kirby Smith
District of Arkansas: Major-General Sterling Price
Fagan’s Cavalry Division (Arkansas): Brigadier-General James Fleming Fagan
Cabell’s Brigade, Fagan’s Cavalry Division (Arkansas): Brigadier-General William Lewis Cabell
Crawford’s Brigade, Fagan’s Cavalry Division (Arkansas): Colonel William A Crawford
Dockery’s Brigade, Fagan’s Cavalry Division (Arkansas): Brigadier-General Thomas Pleasant Dockery
Marmaduke’s Cavalry Division (Arkansas): Brigadier-General John Sappington Marmaduke
Greene’s Brigade, Marmaduke’s Cavalry Division (Arkansas): Colonel Colton Greene
Shelby’s Brigade, Marmaduke’s Cavalry Division (Arkansas): Brigadier-General Joseph Orville Shelby
Maxey’s Division, Marmaduke’s Cavalry Division (Arkansas): Brigadier-General Samuel Bell Maxey
Gano’s Brigade, Marmaduke’s Cavalry Division (Arkansas): Colonel Charles De Morse
Indian Cavalry Brigade (Arkansas): Colonel Tandy Walker
Churchill’s Division (Arkansas): Brigadier-General Thomas James Camp Tappan
Tappan’s Brigade, Churchill’s Division (Arkansas): Colonel Hiram L Grinstead
Gause’s Brigade, Churchill’s Division (Arkansas): Colonel Lucien C Gause
Parsons’ Division (Trans-Mississippi): Brigadier-General Mosby Munroe Parsons
Clark’s Brigade, Parsons’ Division (Arkansas): Brigadier-General John Bullock Clark
Burns’ Brigade, Parsons’ Division (Arkansas): Colonel Simon P Burns
Walker’s Division (Trans-Mississippi): Major-General John George Walker
Waul’s Brigade, Walker’s Division (Trans-Mississippi): Brigadier-General Thomas Neville Waul
Randal’s Brigade, Walker’s Division (Trans-Mississippi): Brigadier-General Horace Randal
Scurry’s Brigade, Walker’s Division (Trans-Mississippi): Brigadier-General William Read Scurry

Florida. Union expeditions from Palatka to Fort aboard the Harriet A Weed.

Florida. The Army transport Maple Leaf, returning from carrying troops to Palatka, was destroyed by a Confederate torpedo in the St John’s River. The waterway had been mined by the Confederates on 30 March with twelve floating torpedoes, each containing 70 pounds of powder.

Georgia. Reconnaissance to McLemore’s Cove ended.

Georgia. The main force of Union cavalry intended to operate in northern Georgia was assigned to the Army of the Cumberland, with smaller forces attached to the Army of the Tennessee and to the Army of the Ohio. The cavalry of the Army of the Cumberland was reorganised into Brigadier-General Washington Lafayette Elliott’s Cavalry Corps with its three divisions commanded by Colonel Edward Moody McCook (1st Division with two brigades), Brigadier-General Kenner Garrard (2nd Division with three brigades), and Colonel William Warren Lowe (3rd Division with three brigades).

Kentucky. Operation in Eastern Kentucky ended.

Louisiana. Union forces entered the town of Natchitoches by a column marching overland from Alexandria. Another force was transported along the Red River and occupied Grand Ecore, four miles away. A brief skirmish occurred with the small Confederate garrison at Grand Ecore.

Louisiana. A Union expedition aboard the steamer Lizzie Davis scouted the Pearl River during a ten-day expedition.

Missouri. Reconnaissance to Lebanon ended.

Missouri. Three Confederate guerrillas were captured while robbing a pro-Union man’s house at Bloomfield.

North Carolina. Skirmish near Plymouth.

North Carolina. Incident at Snow Hill.

Virginia. Incident at Fremont’s Ford in the Shenandoah Valley.

Virginia. Incident at the Rappahannock River.

Virginia. Union Lieutenant-General Ulysses Simpson Grant met Major-General Benjamin Franklin Butler at Fortress Monroe to explain his plan of campaign in Virginia. He and Butler were in accord that Butler’s Army of the James should make an amphibious advance up the James River to a landing point at or near City Point. This port was only eight miles northeast of Petersburg, the hub for railroad connections between Virginia and the Confederates’ main sources of supply in Georgia and South Carolina. A march of only twenty miles would bring Butler to the outskirts of the Confederate capital at Richmond. Grant gave detailed instructions, supported by written orders, indicating that Butler’s primary objective would be the city of Richmond by way of the James River.

Union Organisation

USA: Brigadier-General Edward Henry Hobson assumed command of the District of Kentucky, succeeding Brigadier-General Stephen Gano Burbridge.

Hobson, Edward Henry / Kentucky / Born 11 July 1825 Greensburg, Kentucky / Died Cleveland, Ohio 14 September 1901
2nd Lieutenant USV 2nd Kentucky Infantry 9 June 1846 / 1st Lieutenant USV 2 October 1846 / Mustered Out USV 9 June 1847 / Colonel USV 13th Kentucky Infantry 1 January 1862 / Brigadier-General USV 15 April 1863 to rank from 29 November 1862 / Mustered Out USV 24 August 1865 / Brevet Major-General USA 13 March 1865 / WIA & CIA Cynthiana 11 June 1864 Exchanged
2nd Brigade 2nd Division XXIII Corps Army of the Ohio 24 June 1863-6 August 1863 / 2nd Brigade 4th Division XXIII Corps Army of the Ohio 6 August 1863-21 August 1863 / Sub-District of Southern Central Kentucky 6 November 1863-30 November 1863 / District of Kentucky 1 April 1864-10 April 1864 / 1st Division XXIII Corps Army of the Ohio 10 April 1864-11 June 1864 / 1st Brigade 1st Division XXIII Corps Army of the Ohio 6 July 1864-15 October 1864 / 1st Division XXIII Corps Army of the Ohio 24 December 1864-17 January 1865 / 1st Division Department of Kentucky February 1865-21 June 1865 / Department of Kentucky 21 June 1865-27 June 1865 / 1st Division Department of Kentucky 27 June 1865-24 August 1865

Commander in Chief: President Abraham Lincoln

Vice-President: Hannibal Hamlin

Secretary of War: Edwin McMasters Stanton

Secretary of the Navy: Gideon Welles

  • North Atlantic Blockading Squadron USN: Acting Rear Admiral Samuel Phillips Lee USN
  • South Atlantic Blockading Squadron USN: Rear Admiral John Adolphus Dahlgren USN
  • West Gulf Blockading Squadron USN: Rear Admiral David Glasgow Farragut USN
  • East Gulf Blockading Squadron USN: Acting Rear Admiral Theodorus Bailey USN
  • Pacific Squadron USN: Captain John B Montgomery USN
  • Mississippi River Squadron USN: Rear Admiral David Dixon Porter USN
  • Potomac Flotilla USN: Commodore Andrew Allen Harwood USN

General–in-Chief: Ulysses Simpson Grant

  • Military Division of the Mississippi: William Tecumseh Sherman
    • Department of the Cumberland: George Henry Thomas
      • District of Nashville: Lovell Harrison Rousseau
      • District of Western Kentucky: Horatio Gouverneur Wright
      • Army of the Cumberland: George Henry Thomas
        • IV Corps Cumberland: Gordon Granger
        • XIV Corps Cumberland: John McAuley Palmer
        • Cavalry Corps Cumberland: Washington Lafayette Elliott
        • Hooker’s Command Cumberland: Joseph Hooker
          • XI Corps Cumberland: Oliver Otis Howard
          • XII Corps Cumberland: Henry Warner Slocum
    • Department of the Ohio: John McAllister Schofield
      • District of Kentucky: Edward Henry Hobson
      • District of the Clinch: Theophilus Toulmin Garrard
      • Army of the Ohio: John McAllister Schofield
        • IX Corps Ohio: John Grubb Parke
        • XXIII Corps Ohio: George Stoneman
        • Cavalry Corps Ohio: Samuel Davis Sturgis
    • Department of the Tennessee: James Birdseye McPherson
      • District of West Tennessee: Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
        • Sub-District of Memphis: Ralph Pomeroy Buckland
      • District of Cairo: Mason Brayman
      • Army of the Tennessee: James Birdseye McPherson
        • XV Corps Tennessee: John Alexander Logan
        • XVI Corps Tennessee: Napoleon Jackson Tecumseh Dana
          • Right Wing XVI Corps Tennessee: Andrew Jackson Smith
          • Left Wing XVI Corps Tennessee: Grenville Mellen Dodge
        • XVII Corps Tennessee: James Birdseye McPherson
  • Department of Arkansas: Nathan Kimball temporary
    • District of Eastern Arkansas: Napoleon Bonaparte Buford
    • District of Northern Arkansas: Robert Ramsey Livingston
    • District of the Frontier: James Gilpatrick Blunt
    • Army of Arkansas: Frederick Steele
      • VII Corps Arkansas: Nathan Kimball temporary
  • Department of the East: John Adams Dix
  • Department of the Gulf: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
    • District of Baton Rouge: Philip St George Cooke
    • District of Port Hudson: Daniel Ullmann
    • District of La Fourche: Nicholas Wyckoff Day
    • District of Key West and Tortugas: Daniel Phineas Woodbury
    • Defences of New Orleans: Joseph Jones Reynolds
    • Army of the Gulf: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
      • XIII Corps Gulf: Thomas Edward Greenfield Ransom
      • XIX Corps Gulf: William Buel Franklin
  • Department of Kansas: Samuel Ryan Curtis
    • District of Nebraska Territory: Robert Byington Mitchell
    • District of North Kansas: Thomas Alfred Davies
    • District of South Kansas: Thomas Jefferson McKean
    • District of the Border: William Russell Judson
    • District of Colorado Territory: John Milton Chivington
  • Middle Department: Lewis Wallace
    • District of Delaware: Henry Bethel Judd
    • District of the Eastern Shore of Maryland: Henry Hayes Lockwood
    • VIII Corps Middle: Lewis Wallace
  • Department of the Missouri: William Starke Rosecrans
    • District of St Louis: vacant
    • District of Southwest Missouri: John Benjamin Sanborn
    • District of North Missouri: Odon Guitar
    • District of Central Missouri: Egbert Benson Brown
    • District of Rolla: Odon Guitar
  • Department of the Monongahela: William Thomas Harbaugh Brooks
  • Department of New Mexico: James Henry Carleton
    • District of Arizona: George Washington Bowie
  • Northern Department: Samuel Peter Heintzelman
    • District of Indiana: John Smith Simonson
  • Department of the Northwest: John Pope
    • District of Minnesota: Henry Hastings Sibley
    • District of Wisconsin: Thomas Church Haskell Smith
    • District of Iowa: Alfred Sully
  • Department of the Pacific: George Wright
    • District of the Humboldt: Henry M Black
    • District of Oregon: Benjamin Alvord
    • District of Southern California: James Freeman Curtis
    • District of Utah: Patrick Edward Connor
  • Department of the Potomac: George Gordon Meade
    • Army of the Potomac: George Gordon Meade
      • II Corps Potomac: Winfield Scott Hancock
      • V Corps Potomac: Gouverneur Kemble Warren
      • VI Corps Potomac: John Sedgwick
      • Cavalry Corps Potomac: David McMurtrie Gregg temporary
  • Department of the South: Quincy Adams Gillmore
    • Northern District (South): Alfred Howe Terry
    • District of Hilton Head: Joshua Blackwood Howell
    • District of Florida: John Porter Hatch
    • District of West Florida: Alexander Asboth
    • X Corps South: Quincy Adams Gillmore
  • Department of the Susquehanna: Darius Nash Couch
    • Lehigh District: Franz Sigel
  • Department of Virginia and North Carolina: Benjamin Franklin Butler
    • District of St Mary’s: Gilman Marston
    • District of Currituck: Samuel Henry Roberts
    • District of North Carolina: John James Peck
      • Sub-District of Albemarle: Henry Walton Wessells
      • Sub-District of the Pamlico: Edward Harland
      • Sub-District of Beaufort NC: James Jourdan
      • Sub-District of New Bern: Innis Newton Palmer
    • District of Yorktown: Isaac Jones Wistar
    • Army of North Carolina: John James Peck
      • XVIII Corps North Carolina: Benjamin Franklin Butler
  • Department of Washington: Christopher Columbus Augur
    • District of Alexandria: John Potts Slough
    • District of Washington: John Henry Martindale
    • XXII Corps Washington: Christopher Columbus Augur
  • Department of Western Virginia: Franz Sigel
    • Army of the Kanawha: George Crook

Confederate Organisation

CSA: Major-General Samuel Jones assumed command of the Defences of Savannah, succeeding Brigadier-General Jeremy Francis Gilmer.

Jones, Samuel / Virginia / Born 17 December 1819 Woodfield, Virginia / Died Bedford Springs, Virginia 31 July 1887
USMA 1 July 1841 19/52 Artillery / Cadet USMA 1 July 1837 / 1st US Artillery 1 July 1841 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 28 September 1841 / 1st Lieutenant USA 3 March 1847 / Captain USA 24 December 1853 / Resigned USA 27 April 1861 / Captain ACSA Artillery 16 March 1861 / Major ACSA April 1861 / Lieutenant-Colonel Provisional Army of Virginia 9 May 1861 / Lieutenant-Colonel PACS June 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 21 July 1861 / Major-General PACS 11 March 1862 to rank from 10 March 1862 / Paroled 12 May 1865 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1841
Chief of Ordnance Army of the Potomac June 1861 / Chief of Artillery Army of the Potomac 8 July 1861 / 3rd Brigade 3rd Division Army of the Potomac 14 November 1861-18 December 1861 / 1st Brigade 2nd Division Army of the Potomac 18 December 1861-10 January 1862 / Army of Pensacola 27 January 1862-8 March 1862 / Army of Mobile 27 February 1862-12 March 1862 / Department of Alabama and West Florida 3 March 1862-4 March 1862 / Department of Alabama and West Florida 2 April 1862-28 April 1862 / 1st Division Army of the West May 1862-June 1862 / 2nd Division II Corps Army of Mississippi June 1862-17 August 1862 / II Corps Mississippi 2 June 1862-18 September 1862 / Reserve Army of Mississippi 17 August 1862-18 September 1862 / Department of East Tennessee 19 September 1862-27 September 1862 / District of Middle Tennessee 27 September 1862-25 July 1863 / Trans-Allegheny Department 25 November 1862-25 February 1864 / District of East Tennessee 3 September 1863-5 December 1863 / Defences of Savannah 1 April 1864-18 May 1864 / Department of South Carolina Georgia and Florida 20 April 1864-5 October 1864 / District of South Carolina 12 October 1864-10 May 1865 / District of Florida 31 December 1864-10 May 1865

CSA: Robert Hall Chilton resigned his commission as Brigadier-General PACS and was assigned to staff duties with the Adjutant-General’s and Inspector-General’s department, following disputes with the War Department and field commanders.

Chilton, Robert Hall / Virginia / Born 25 February 1815 Loudoun, Virginia / Died Columbus, Georgia 18 February 1879
USMA 1 July 1837 48/50 Dragoons-Quartermaster’s Department / Cadet USMA 1 July 1833 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 1st US Dragoons 1 July 1837 / 1st Lieutenant USA 21 February 1842 / Captain USA Assistant Quartermaster 11 May 1846-6 December 1846 / Captain USA 6 December 1846 / Major USA Paymaster 25 July 1854 / Resigned USA 29 April 1861 / Lieutenant-Colonel ACSA Assistant Adjutant-General 16 March 1861 / Colonel Cavalry Virginia Provisional Army 9 May 1861 / Colonel PACS Assistant Adjutant-General 13 October 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS (Special) 16 February 1864 to rank from 20 October 1862 Rejected 11 April 1863 / Brigadier-General PACS (Special) 22 December 1863 to rank from 21 December 1863 / Resigned Brigadier-General PACS 1 April 1864 / Lieutenant-Colonel PACS Assistant Adjutant-General and Assistant Inspector-General 1 April 1864 / Colonel PACS Assistant Adjutant-General and Assistant Inspector-General 20 February 1865 / Paroled Greensboro, North Carolina 1 May 1865 / Brevet Major USA 23 February 1847
Assistant Adjutant-General Army of Northern Virginia May 1862 / Chief of Staff and Assistant Adjutant-General Army of Northern Virginia 4 June 1862-1 April 1864

Commander in Chief: President Jefferson Finis Davis

Vice-President: Alexander Hamilton Stephens

Secretary of War: James Alexander Seddon

Secretary of the Navy: Stephen Russell Mallory

Military Adviser to the President: Braxton Bragg

  • Department of Alabama and East Mississippi: Leonidas Polk
    • District of Mississippi and East Louisiana: Thomas Hart Taylor
    • Gulf District: Dabney Herndon Maury
    • District of Northern Alabama: Jones Mitchell Withers
    • District of West Tennessee: Nathan Bedford Forrest
    • Army of Mississippi: Leonidas Polk
  • Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia: George Edward Pickett
    • District of the Cape Fear River and the Defences of Wilmington: William Henry Chase Whiting
  • Department of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee
    • Army of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee
      • II Corps Northern Virginia: Richard Stoddert Ewell
      • III Corps Northern Virginia: Ambrose Powell Hill
      • Cavalry Corps Northern Virginia: James Ewell Brown Stuart
    • Valley District: Jubal Anderson Early
  • Department of Richmond: James Longstreet
  • Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
    • District of Georgia: Hugh Weedon Mercer interim Henry Rootes Jackson awaited
    • District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
      • 1st Sub-District of South Carolina: Nathan George Evans
      • 2nd Sub-District of South Carolina: Johnson Hagood
      • 3rd Sub-District of South Carolina: William Stephen Walker
      • 4th Sub-District of South Carolina: James Heyward Trapier
      • 5th Sub-District of South Carolina: Alfred Moore Rhett
      • 6th Sub-District of South Carolina: Henry Alexander Wise
      • 7th Sub-District of South Carolina: Johnson Hagood
    • District of Florida: James Patton Anderson
    • Defences of Savannah: Samuel Jones
  • Department of Tennessee: Joseph Eggleston Johnston
    • District of East Tennessee: James Longstreet
      • I Corps Northern Virginia: Lafayette McLaws temporary
    • District of Western North Carolina: James Green Martin
    • Army of Tennessee: Joseph Eggleston Johnston
      • I Corps Tennessee: William Joseph Hardee
      • II Corps Tennessee: John Bell Hood
      • Cavalry Corps Tennessee: Joseph Wheeler
  • Trans-Allegheny Department: John Cabell Breckinridge
  • Trans-Mississippi Department: Edmund Kirby Smith
    • District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: John Bankhead Magruder
      • Western Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: Hamilton Prioleau Bee
        • Sub-District of the Rio Grande: Hamilton Prioleau Bee
      • Eastern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: William Steele
      • Sub-District of Houston: Xavier Blanchard Debray
      • Northern Sub-District Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: Henry Eustace McCullough
    • District of Arkansas: Sterling Price
    • District of West Louisiana: Richard Taylor
    • District of Indian Territory: Douglas Hancock Cooper temporary
    • Trans-Mississippi Army: Edmund Kirby Smith
  • Reserve Forces of Georgia: Thomas Howell Cobb

Union Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

Lieutenant-General USA

Ulysses Simpson Grant

Major-General USA

George Brinton McClellan
John Charles Frémont
Henry Wager Halleck

Major-General USV

Asterisk indicates concurrently Brigadier-General USA

John Adams Dix
Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
Benjamin Franklin Butler
David Hunter
Ethan Allen Hitchcock
Irvin McDowell*
Ambrose Everett Burnside
William Starke Rosecrans*
Don Carlos Buell
John Pope*
Samuel Ryan Curtis
Franz Sigel
John Alexander McClernand
Lewis Wallace
George Henry Thomas*
George Cadwalader
William Tecumseh Sherman*
Edward Otho Cresap Ord
Samuel Peter Heintzelman
Erasmus Darwin Keyes
Joseph Hooker*
Silas Casey
William Buel Franklin
Darius Nash Couch
Henry Warner Slocum
John James Peck
John Sedgwick
Alexander McDowell McCook
Thomas Leonidas Crittenden
John Gray Foster
John Grubb Parke
Christopher Columbus Augur
Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
Gordon Granger
Lovell Harrison Rousseau
James Birdseye McPherson*
George Stoneman
George Gordon Meade*
Oliver Otis Howard
Daniel Edgar Sickles
Robert Huston Milroy
Daniel Butterfield
Winfield Scott Hancock
George Sykes
William Henry French
David Sloane Stanley
James Scott Negley
John McAllister Schofield
John McAuley Palmer
Frederick Steele
Abner Doubleday
Napoleon Jackson Tecumseh Dana
Richard James Oglesby
John Alexander Logan
James Gilpatrick Blunt
George Lucas Hartsuff
Cadwallader Colden Washburn
Francis Jay Herron
Francis Preston Blair
Joseph Jones Reynolds
Philip Henry Sheridan
Julius Stahel
Carl Schurz
Gouverneur Kemble Warren
David Bell Birney
William Thomas Harbaugh Brooks
Alfred Pleasonton
Andrew Atkinson Humphreys
Quincy Adams Gillmore
William Farrar Smith

Brigadier-General USA

Brackets indicates concurrently Major-General USV

(Irvin McDowell)
(William Starke Rosecrans)
Philip St George Cooke
(John Pope)
(Joseph Hooker)
(George Gordon Meade)
(William Tecumseh Sherman)
(James Birdseye McPherson)
(George Henry Thomas)

Brigadier-General USV

Andrew Porter
Charles Pomeroy Stone
Thomas West Sherman
William Reading Montgomery
Benjamin Franklin Kelley
Jacob Dolson Cox
Alpheus Starkey Williams
James Brewerton Ricketts
Orlando Bolivar Willcox
Henry Hayes Lockwood
James Samuel Wadsworth
George Webb Morell
John Henry Martindale
Samuel Davis Sturgis
Henry Washington Benham
William Farquhar Barry
John Joseph Abercrombie
Lawrence Pike Graham
Eleazar Arthur Paine
Willis Arnold Gorman
Horatio Gouverneur Wright
William Thomas Ward
John Gross Barnard
Innis Newton Palmer
Seth Williams
John Newton
George Wright
John Milton Brannan
John Porter Hatch
Albin Francisco Schoepf
Thomas John Wood
Richard W Johnson
Adolph Wilhelm August Friedrich Von Steinwehr
George Washington Cullum
Thomas Jefferson McKean
Zealous Bates Tower
Jefferson Columbus Davis
James Henry Lane
William Scott Ketchum
John Wynn Davidson
Henry Morris Naglee
James Gallant Spears
Eugene Asa Carr
Thomas Alfred Davies
Daniel Tyler
William Hemsley Emory
Andrew Jackson Smith
Marsena Rudolph Patrick
Orris Sanford Ferry
Daniel Phineas Woodbury
Henry Moses Judah
John Cook
John McArthur
Jacob Gartner Lauman
Horatio Phillips Van Cleve
Speed Smith Fry
Alexander Asboth
James Craig
Mahlon Dickerson Manson
Edward Richard Sprigg Canby
Grenville Mellen Dodge
Robert Byington Mitchell
Cuvier Grover
Rufus Saxton
Benjamin Alvord
Napoleon Bonaparte Buford
William Sooy Smith
Nathan Kimball
Charles Devens
Samuel Wylie Crawford
Henry Walton Wessells
Milo Smith Hascall
John White Geary
Alfred Howe Terry
James Henry Carleton
Absalom Baird
John Cleveland Robinson
Truman Seymour
Henry Prince
Maximilian Weber
Jeremiah Cutler Sullivan
Alvin Peterson Hovey
James Clifford Veatch
William Plummer Benton
John Curtis Caldwell
Neal Dow
George Sears Greene
Samuel Powhatan Carter
John Gibbon
Erastus Barnard Tyler
Charles Griffin
George Henry Gordon
James Madison Tuttle
Julius White
Peter Joseph Osterhaus
Stephen Gano Burbridge
Washington Lafayette Elliott
Albion Parris Howe
Benjamin Stone Roberts
Jacob Ammen
Fitz-Henry Warren
Morgan Lewis Smith
Charles Cruft
Frederick Salomon
John Basil Turchin
Henry Shaw Briggs
James Dada Morgan
Johann August Ernst Willich
Henry Dwight Terry
James Blair Steedman
George Foster Shepley
John Reese Kenly
John Potts Slough
Godfrey Weitzel
George Crook
Gershom Mott
Henry Jackson Hunt
Francis Channing Barlow
Mason Brayman
Nathaniel James Jackson
George Washington Getty
Alfred Sully
William Woods Averell
Alexander Hays
Francis Barretto Spinola
John Henry Hobart Ward
Solomon Meredith
James Bowen
Eliakim Parker Scammon
Robert Seaman Granger
Joseph Rodman West
Alfred Washington Ellet
George Leonard Andrews
Clinton Bowen Fisk
William Hays
Israel Vogdes
David Allen Russell
Lewis Cass Hunt
Frank Wheaton
John Sanford Mason
David McMurtrie Gregg
Robert Ogden Tyler
Alfred Thomas Archimedes Torbert
Gilman Marston
William Dwight
Sullivan Amory Meredith
Nathaniel Collins McLean
William Vandever
Alexander Schimmelfennig
Charles Kinnaird Graham
John Eugene Smith
Joseph Tarr Copeland
Charles Adam Heckman
Edward Elmer Potter
Thomas Algeo Rowley
Henry Beebee Carrington
John Haskell King
Adam Jacoby Slemmer
Thomas Hewson Neill
Thomas Gamble Pitcher
Thomas William Sweeny
William Passmore Carlin
Romeyn Beck Ayres
William Babcock Hazen
Joseph Anthony Mower
Richard Arnold
Edward Winslow Hinks
Michael Kelly Lawler
George Day Wagner
Lysander Cutler
Joseph Farmer Knipe
John Dunlap Stevenson
James Barnes
Theophilus Toulmin Garrard
Edward Harland
Samuel Beatty
Isaac Jones Wistar
Franklin Stillman Nickerson
Edward Henry Hobson
Ralph Pomeroy Buckland
Joseph Dana Webster
William Ward Orme
William Harrow
William Hopkins Morris
Thomas Howard Ruger
Thomas Edward Greenfield Ransom
Elias Smith Dennis
Thomas Church Haskell Smith
Mortimer Dormer Leggett
Davis Tillson
Hector Tyndale
Albert Lindley Lee
Charles Leopold Matthies
Marcellus Monroe Crocker
Egbert Benson Brown
John McNeil
George Francis McGinnis
Hugh Boyle Ewing
James Winning McMillan
John Blair Smith Todd
Daniel Ullmann
George Jerrison Stannard
Henry Baxter
John Milton Thayer
Charles Thomas Campbell
Halbert Eleazer Paine
Hugh Thompson Reid
Robert Brown Potter
Thomas Ewing
Joseph Andrew Jackson Lightburn
Thomas Greely Stevenson
Henry Hastings Sibley
Joseph Bradford Carr
Joseph Jackson Bartlett
Joshua Thomas Owen
Patrick Edward Connor
John Parker Hawkins
Gabriel René Paul
Edward Augustus Wild
Edward Ferrero
Adelbert Ames
William Birney
Daniel Henry Rucker
Robert Allen
Rufus Ingalls
Gustavus Adolphus De Russy
Alexander Shaler
Benjamin Henry Grierson
Robert Sanford Foster
Hugh Judson Kilpatrick
Alexander Stewart Webb
Alfred Napoleon Alexander Duffié
Walter Chiles Whitaker
Wesley Merritt
George Armstrong Custer
William Denison Whipple
John Converse Starkweather
Kenner Garrard
Charles Robert Woods
John Benjamin Sanborn
Giles Alexander Smtih
Samuel Allen Rice
Jasper Adalmorn Maltby
Thomas Kilby Smith
Walter Quintin Gresham
Manning Ferguson Force
Robert Alexander Cameron
John Murray Corse
John Aaron Rawlins
Alexander Chambers
Alvan Cullem Gillem
James Clay Rice
John Wesley Turner
Henry Lawrence Eustis
Henry Eugene Davies
Andrew Jackson Hamilton
Henry Warner Birge
Charles Garrison Harker
James Hewitt Ledlie
James Harrison Wilson
Adin Ballou Underwood
Augustus Louis Chetlain
Thomas Francis Meagher
William Anderson Pile
John Wallace Fuller
John Franklin Miller
Philippe Régis Dénis de Keredern De Trobriand
Cyrus Bussey
Christopher Columbus Andrews

Brigadier-General USA (Staff)

Montgomery Cunningham Meigs (Quartermaster-General)
Lorenzo Thomas
William Alexander Hammond (Surgeon-General)
Joseph Pannell Taylor (Commissary-General of Subsistence
Joseph Gilbert Totten (Engineers)
George Douglas Ramsay (Ordnance)

Confederate Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

General ACSA/PACS

Samuel Cooper
Robert Edward Lee
Joseph Eggleston Johnston
Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
Braxton Bragg
Edmund Kirby Smith

Lieutenant-General PACS

James Longstreet
Leonidas Polk
Theophilus Hunter Holmes
William Joseph Hardee
John Clifford Pemberton
Richard Stoddert Ewell
Ambrose Powell Hill
John Bell Hood

Major-General PACS

Benjamin Huger
John Bankhead Magruder
Mansfield Lovell
William Wing Loring
Sterling Price
Benjamin Franklin Cheatham
Samuel Jones
John Porter McCown
Daniel Harvey Hill
Thomas Carmichael Hindman
John Cabell Breckinridge
Lafayette McLaws
Richard Heron Anderson
James Ewell Brown Stuart
Richard Taylor
Simon Bolivar Buckner
Samuel Gibbs French
George Edward Pickett
Carter Littlepage Stevenson
John Horace Forney
Dabney Herndon Maury
Martin Luther Smith
John George Walker
Arnold Elzey
Patrick Ronayne Cleburne
Franklin Gardner
Isaac Ridgeway Trimble
Jubal Anderson Early
Joseph Wheeler
Edward Johnson
William Henry Chase Whiting
Robert Emmett Rodes
William Henry Talbot Walker
Henry Heth
Robert Ransom
Alexander Peter Stewart
Jones Mitchell Withers
Stephen Dill Lee
Cadmus Marcellus Wilcox
Wade Hampton
Fitzhugh Lee
Howell Cobb
John Austin Wharton
William Thompson Martin
Nathan Bedford Forrest
Charles William Field
James Patton Anderson
William Brimage Bate

Brigadier-General PACS

Alexander Robert Lawton
Henry Alexander Wise
Henry Hopkins Sibley
John Henry Winder
Gideon Johnson Pillow
Daniel Ruggles
Roswell Sabine Ripley
Paul Octave Hébert
Albert Gallatin Blanchard
Gabriel James Rains
Thomas Fenwick Drayton
Nathan George Evans
James Heyward Trapier
Hugh Weedon Mercer
William Montgomery Gardner
William Mahone
Raleigh Edward Colston
John King Jackson
Bushrod Rust Johnson
George Wythe Randolph
Joseph Brevard Kershaw
James Ronald Chalmers
Daniel Leadbetter
William Whann Mackall
Winfield Scott Featherston
Thomas James Churchill
William Booth Taliaferro
Albert Rust
Samuel Bell Maxey
Hamilton Prioleau Bee
James Morrison Hawes
George Hume Steuart
James Edwin Slaughter
Seth Maxwell Barton
Henry Eustace McCullough
John Selden Roane
States Rights Gist
William Nelson Pendleton
Joseph Finegan
William Nelson Rector Beall
Thomas Jordan
William Preston
John Echols
George Earl Maney
Jean Jacques Alfred Alexandre Mouton
John Stuart Williams
James Green Martin
Thomas Lanier Clingman
Daniel Weisiger Adams
Louis Hébert
Ambrose Ransom Wright
James Lawson Kemper
James Jay Archer
Beverley Holcombe Robertson
St John Richardson Liddell
Johnson Hagood
Micah Jenkins
Harry Thompson Hays
Albert Gallatin Jenkins
Matthew Duncan Ector
Edward Aylesworth Perry
John Gregg
John Calvin Brown
Alfred Holt Colquitt
Junius Daniel
Abraham Buford
William Steele
James Fleming Fagan
William Read Scurry
Francis Asbury Shoup
Joseph Robert Davis
William Henry Fitzhugh Lee
William Edmondson Jones
John Crawford Vaughn
Evander McIvor Law
Elkanah Brackin Greer
Francis Redding Tillou Nicholls
Alfred Cumming
William Stephen Walker
George Pierce Doles
Montgomery Dent Corse
George Thomas Anderson
Alfred Iverson
James Henry Lane
Edward Lloyd Thomas
Stephen Dodson Ramseur
John Rogers Cooke
Jerome Bonaparte Robertson
Evander McNair
Archibald Gracie
William Robertson Boggs
James Camp Tappan
Dandridge McRae
Mosby Monroe Parsons
John Pegram
John Sappington Marmaduke
John Hunt Morgan
Marcus Joseph Wright
Zachariah Cantey Deas
Lucius Eugene Polk
Edward Cary Walthall
John Adams
William Hicks Jackson
James Cantey
Camille Armand Jules Marie de Polignac
Robert Frederick Hoke
Henry Lewis Benning
William Tatum Wofford
Samuel McGowan
Marcellus Augustus Stovall
George Blake Cosby
Francis Crawford Armstrong
William Lewis Cabell
John Daniel Imboden
Alfred Eugene Jackson
Robert Brank Vance
Henry Delamar Clayton
Arthur Middleton Manigault
Douglas Hancock Cooper
John Brown Gordon
John Wilkins Whitfield
James Alexander Walker
John Marshall Jones
Thomas Green
Matthew Whitaker Ransom
Alfred Moore Scales
George Washington Custis Lee
Henry Harrison Walker
Gabriel Colvin Wharton
Francis Marion Cockrell
James Patrick Major
Samuel Wragg Ferguson
Lunsford Lindsay Lomax
Laurence Simmons Baker
Otho French Strahl
Philip Dale Roddey
Eppa Hunton
Thomas Pleasant Dockery
Benjamin Grubb Humphreys
Henry Brevard Davidson
Cullen Andrews Battle
William Andrew Quarles
William Whedbee Kirkland
Goode Bryan
Matthew Calbraith Butler
Williams Carter Wickham
Robert Daniel Johnston
Abner Monroe Perrin
Alexander Welch Reynolds
Thomas Neville Waul
Edmund Winston Pettus
Armistead Lindsay Long
Henry Rootes Jackson
William Wirt Adams
Thomas Lafayette Rosser
Pierce Manning Butler Young
James Byron Gordon
James Argyle Smith
Joseph Horace Lewis
Mark Perrin Lowrey
Leroy Augustus Stafford
Edward Higgins
John Tyler Morgan
John Herbert Kelly
William Young Conn Humes
Jesse Johnson Finley
James Holt Clanton
Alfred Jefferson Vaughan
Joseph Orville Shelby
John Randolph Chambliss
Robert Hall Chilton RES
Lawrence Sullivan Ross
Daniel Chevilette Govan
Randall Lee Gibson
Clement Hoffman Stevens
Nathaniel Harrison Harris
Allen Thomas
Alexander Travis Hawthorn
Robert Charles Tyler
Edward Porter Alexander
William Wirt Allen
Hiram Bronson Granbury
Claudius Wistar Sears
William Feimster Tucker
Richard Lucian Page
Alpheus Baker
Daniel Harris Reynolds

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