1864 April 10th

April 10 1864 Sunday

Battle of Prairie D’Ane, AR

Red River Campaign
Arkansas Campaign
Forrest’s Second West Tennessee Raid

Go to April 11 1864

Mexico. Archduke Maximilian of Austria was crowned as the Emperor of Mexico, in contravention of the foreign policy known as the Monroe Doctrine espoused by the USA. Supported by French troops, the United States saw this as a direct challenge and sought continually to consolidate their control of Texas and to deter French expansionism.

Arkansas. Union expedition up the Pearl River ended.

Prairie D’Ane, Arkansas, also known as Gum Grove, or Moscow. Union Major-General Frederick Steele’s Army of Arkansas and Brigadier-General John Milton Thayer’s Frontier Division, marched south from the Little Missouri River to Cornelius Farm, on the way to Spring Hill. They soon encountered a Confederate line of battle under Major-General Sterling Price in well-prepared defensive positions at Prairie D’Ane, a circular plain about 20 to 25 miles square surrounded by forests. It was a well-known landmark about a hundred miles from Little Rock and it offered perfect ground for cavalry operations. The prairie was a strategic crossroads; to the west lay Washington (the temporary Confederate capital of Arkansas), and to the east lay the heavily fortified city of Camden, a Confederate headquarters and depot. Steele attacked, mainly with long-range artillery fire, driving the Confederates back about a mile before his advance was checked. Casualties are not known.


Union Department of Arkansas: Major-General Frederick Steele
Army of Arkansas: Major-General Frederick Steele
VII Corps (Arkansas): Brigadier-General Nathan Kimball
3rd Division, VII Corps (Arkansas): Brigadier-General Frederick Salomon
1st Brigade, 3rd Division, VII Corps (Arkansas): Brigadier-General Samuel Allen Rice
2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, VII Corps (Arkansas): Colonel William E McLean
3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, VII Corps (Arkansas): Colonel Adolph Engelmann
Frontier Division, VII Corps (Arkansas): Brigadier-General John Milton Thayer
1st Brigade, Frontier Division, VII Corps (Arkansas): Colonel John M Edwards
2nd Brigade, Frontier Division, VII Corps (Arkansas): Colonel Charles W Adams
3rd Cavalry Brigade, Frontier Division, VII Corps (Arkansas): Lieutenant-Colonel Owen A Bassett
Cavalry Division (Arkansas): Brigadier-General Eugene Asa Carr
3rd Cavalry Brigade, Cavalry Division (Arkansas): Colonel Daniel Anderson

Confederate Trans-Mississippi Department: General Edmund Kirby Smith
Trans-Mississippi Army: General Edmund Kirby Smith
District of Arkansas (Trans-Mississippi): Major-General Sterling Price
Fagan’s Cavalry Division, Arkansas (Trans-Mississippi): Brigadier-General James Fleming Fagan
Cabell’s Cavalry Brigade, Fagan’s Cavalry Division, Arkansas (Trans-Mississippi): Brigadier-General William Lewis Cabell
Crawford’s Cavalry Brigade, Fagan’s Cavalry Division, Arkansas (Trans-Mississippi): Colonel William A Crawford
Dockery’s Cavalry Brigade, Fagan’s Cavalry Division, Arkansas (Trans-Mississippi): Brigadier-General Thomas Pleasant Dockery
Marmaduke’s Cavalry Division, Arkansas (Trans-Mississippi): Brigadier-General John Sappington Marmaduke
Greene’s Cavalry Brigade, Marmaduke’s Cavalry Division, Arkansas (Trans-Mississippi): Colonel Colton Greene
Shelby’s Cavalry Brigade, Marmaduke’s Cavalry Division, Arkansas (Trans-Mississippi): Brigadier-General Joseph Orville Shelby
Maxey’s Cavalry Division, (Trans-Mississippi): Brigadier-General Samuel Bell Maxey
Gano’s Cavalry Brigade, Maxey’s Cavalry Division, (Trans-Mississippi): Colonel Charles De Morse
2nd Indian Brigade, Maxey’s Cavalry Division, (Trans-Mississippi): Colonel Tandy Walker

Georgia. Union scout to Dedmon’s Trace.

Kentucky. Union Brigadier-General Alvin Peterson Hovey’s division (4/XVI) was transferred from XVI Corps to XXIII Corps (Ohio) and was designated its 1st Division. The 2nd Division of XXIII Corps was under Brigadier-General Henry Moses Judah, and its 3rd division was commanded by Major-General Jacob Dolson Cox. The 4th Division of XXIII Corps remained with Brigadier-General Jacob Ammen on garrison duty in Kentucky and Tennessee. The 5th Division of XXIII Corps operated independently as the field force of the District of Kentucky under Brigadier-General Stephen Gano Burbridge. This made XXIII Corps one of the largest in the Union Army but only part was in a position to support the impending campaign in northern Georgia. This element was known as the Army of the Ohio, under Major-General John McAllister Schofield.

Louisiana. Rear Admiral David Dixon Porter’s river fleet was stopped by obstructions in the Red River. Union Brigadier-General Thomas Kilby Smith’s division was aboard its transports and was similarly held up. The Confederates had placed the huge steamer New Falls City across the Red River, one mile above Loggy Bayou, with a gap of only 15 feet to the shore on each side. The boat was broken in the middle and a sand bar developed below her. Before this obstruction could be removed, news arrived of the Union defeat at Mansfield (Sabine Crossroads) and the retreat toward Pleasant Hill. The transports and Smith’s troops were ordered to return to the main force to reinforce Major-General Nathaniel Prentiss Banks’ broken army. With falling water levels and increasing Confederate harassment from the shore, the gunboat fleet faced a desperate struggle to avoid being trapped above the Alexandria rapids.

Pleasant Hill, Louisiana. Bolstered by Brigadier-General Andrew Jackson Smith’s veterans at Pleasant Hill, Major-General Nathaniel Prentiss Banks’ men recovered their nerve and by noon it appeared that the Confederates were not going to follow up their success at Mansfield. Banks began to plan a resumption of his advance towards Shreveport as soon as his fleet had passed the obstructions at Loggy Bayou to bring Brigadier-General Thomas Kilby Smith’s division forward aboard its transports. Meanwhile, the Union supply trains had made slow progress and were only a few miles distant when fighting broke out at Pleasant Hill.
Early in the day, Confederate Major-General Richard Taylor’s reinforced forces marched toward Pleasant Hill, an elevation in a clearing in the woods slightly above the surrounding country, and a mile or so in extent. Although outnumbered, Taylor felt that the Union army would be timid after their defeat at Mansfield and that another audacious, well-coordinated attack would be successful. He aimed to finish the destruction of the Union force.
The Confederates closed up, rested for a few hours, and then, after skirmishing from 1 pm or 2 pm onwards, they launched their attack at 5 pm. Taylor sent Brigadier-General Thomas James Churchill’s division, supported by the brigades of Brigadier-General Mosby Monroe Parsons and Brigadier-General James Camp Tappan, to assail the Union left flank, while Major-General John George Walker’s division held the centre, and the cavalry of Brigadier-General Thomas Green rode around the right flank to cut off the enemy’s escape route to Grand Ecore. Brigadier-General Camille Armand Jules Marie de Polignac’s division had lost heavy casualties at Mansfield and was held in reserve.
The attack on the Union left flank hit the divisions of Brigadier-General William Hemsley Emory and Brigadier-General Joseph Anthony Mower. They drove back and crushed the left flank brigade of Colonel Lewis Benedict (3/1/XIX), and its commander was killed. On the Union right flank, Brigadier-General William Dwight’s brigade (1/1/XIX) resisted attacks by Walker and by Brigadier-General Hamilton Prioleau Bee, which had begun as soon as progress was observed against the left. The Union centre held firm but was soon threatened by the annihilation of the left flank.
As the Confederates approached the Union reserve and rear positions, Brigadier-General James Winning McMillan’s brigade (2/1/XIX) counter-attacked and enveloped Parsons’ right. Parsons’ men were driven back and then broke. Mower then led forward the remainder of the Union centre to exploit the success. Seeing Parsons’ fate, Taylor’s exposed army began to fall back, first in fragments and then in larger groups. Pleasant Hill was recaptured by Smith’s veterans, who pressed on determinedly and gradually turned the disorganised retreat into a rout. De Polignac’s reserve was brought up to stem the Union counter-attack but was too late and it became instead the rear-guard of a retreat. Green’s cavalry was distant on their foray towards the Union rear and Walker had been wounded. Taylor reluctantly ordered a general withdrawal.  The Confederate army lost two miles of ground in the fighting and fell back a further three miles behind de Polignac’s protection until it could find a water source. Banks congratulated A J Smith for saving the army. Efforts to get Brigadier-General Robert Alexander Cameron’s troops to return and join the fight were unsuccessful. Cameron stated that these orders never reached him.
Confederate General Edmund Kirby Smith was at Shreveport when he heard of the victory at Mansfield at about 4 am. Riding 45 miles to join Taylor’s army at nightfall, he arrived after the fighting at Pleasant Hill had abated. Around midnight, he found Taylor’s command exhausted and demoralised at Carroll’s Mill. Anxious that Taylor might continue with his aggressive operations and expend what remained of his army while the river-borne Union expedition still remained at Loggy Bayou to threaten Shreveport, Smith ordered a retreat to Mansfield and then on to Shreveport. Taylor argued that a continuation of the offensive would trap the Union fleet on the lowering waters of the Red River, but Smith was insistent on the more cautious plan.
After the victory at Pleasant Hill, Banks resolved to resume his advance to Shreveport. He conferred with Major-General William Buel Franklin, Emory, and Dwight. All disapproved of continuing the advance. Franklin and Emory recommended a retreat eastward across Bayou Pierre to Blair’s Landing on the Red River where the protection of the fleet would be gained. Dwight favoured a similar plan but the rendezvous with the fleet would occur at Grand Ecore rather than at Blair’s Landing. Although Banks had held his ground at Pleasant Hill and crushed his opponent on the field, he followed the prudent advice of his subordinates, and orders were given to resume the retreat to Grand Ecore near Natchitoches.
Banks was strongly persuaded of the need to extricate his army from western Louisiana before thirst and a greater calamity befell it. He was also mindful of the need to resume operations in Alabama as required by the grand strategic plan of Lieutenant-General Ulysses Simpson Grant. A J Smith protested vehemently at this lack of determination, but Banks insisted that the army’s losses, shortage of supplies, and the advice of his most familiar subordinates were convincing reasons to retreat. Denied even the time to bury his dead or collect his wounded, Smith went to Franklin and demanded that he put Banks under arrest and take command. Franklin warned Smith that this constituted an incitement to mutiny and Smith relented. By midnight, the Union army was back on the road towards Grand Ecore. The Red River Expeditionary force left Pleasant Hill and marched overnight before entrenching at Grand Ecore. This effectively ended Banks’ campaign. He prepared to return A J Smith’s Detachment, Army of the Tennessee, to rejoin its parent army in Georgia.
Union casualties at Pleasant Hill were estimated at 1,369 men out of 12,247 engaged and the Confederates lost 1,626 casualties (alternates reports 1,500 to 2,000) out of 12,500 engaged, as well as three guns.

Tennessee. Skirmish at Cypress Swamp.

Tennessee. Confederate Brigadier-General James Ronald Chalmers’ cavalry division with 1,500 men was ordered by Major-General Nathan Bedford Forrest to leave Jackson and to seize the supplies and horses at Fort Pillow. At the same time, Confederate Brigadier-General Abraham Buford’s cavalry division would ride to Paducah, Kentucky, to gather horses reported to be hidden at a rolling mill that had evaded capture in a recent raid. Buford was also ordered to create a diversion for Chalmers’ march to Fort Pillow. Fort Pillow was on a bluff on the Mississippi forty miles from Memphis. It was garrisoned by 550 Union troops. Most of the garrison were freed black slaves with little military experience.

Virginia. Incident at Arundel’s Farm.

West Virginia. Incident at Little Cacapon River.

Union Organisation

USA: The District of East Tennessee was established in the Department of the Ohio, comprising the area around Knoxville, Tennessee.
USA: Brigadier-General Jacob Ammen assumed command of the District of East Tennessee.

USA: Brigadier-General Stephen Gano Burbridge assumed command of the District of Kentucky, succeeding Brigadier-General Edward Henry Hobson.

USA: Cavalry Corps (Ohio) was discontinued.

USA: Major-General Oliver Otis Howard assumed command of IV Corps (Cumberland), succeeding Major-General Gordon Granger.

USA: Charles Garrison Harker confirmed Brigadier-General USV 10 April 1864 to rank from 20 September 1863.

USA: John Wallace Fuller confirmed Brigadier-General USV 10 April 1864 to rank from 5 January 1864.

USA: John Franklin Miller confirmed Brigadier-General USV 10 April 1864 to rank from 5 January 1864.

USA: Philip Régis Dénis de Keredern De Trobriand confirmed Brigadier-General USV 10 April 1864 to rank from 5 January 1864.

USA: Cyrus Bussey confirmed Brigadier-General USV 10 April 1864 to rank from 5 January 1864.

USA: Christopher Columbus Andrews confirmed Brigadier-General USV 10 April 1864 to rank from 5 January 1864.

Commander in Chief: President Abraham Lincoln
Vice-President: Hannibal Hamlin
Secretary of War: Edwin McMasters Stanton
Secretary of the Navy: Gideon Welles

North Atlantic Blockading Squadron: Samuel Phillips Lee
South Atlantic Blockading Squadron: John Adolphus Bernard Dahlgren
West Gulf Blockading Squadron: David Glasgow Farragut
East Gulf Blockading Squadron: Theodorus Bailey
Pacific Squadron: John Berrien Montgomery
Mississippi River Squadron: David Dixon Porter
Potomac Flotilla: Andrew Allen Harwood

General–in-Chief: Ulysses Simpson Grant

Military Division of the Mississippi: William Tecumseh Sherman

  • Department of the Cumberland: George Henry Thomas
    • District of Nashville: Lovell Harrison Rousseau
    • District of Western Kentucky: Eleazer Arthur Paine
    • Army of the Cumberland: George Henry Thomas
      • IV Corps Cumberland: Oliver Otis Howard
      • XIV Corps Cumberland: John McAuley Palmer
      • Cavalry Corps Cumberland: Washington Lafayette Elliott
      • Hooker’s Command Cumberland: Joseph Hooker
        • XI Corps Cumberland: Oliver Otis Howard
        • XII Corps Cumberland: Henry Warner Slocum
  • Department of the Ohio: John McAllister Schofield
    • District of East Tennessee: Jacob Ammen
    • District of Kentucky: Stephen Gano Burbridge
    • Army of the Ohio: John McAllister Schofield
      • IX Corps Ohio: John Grubb Parke
      • XXIII Corps Ohio: John McAllister Schofield
  • Department of the Tennessee: James Birdseye McPherson
    • District of West Tennessee: Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
      • Sub-District of Memphis: Ralph Pomeroy Buckland
    • District of Cairo: Mason Brayman
    • Army of the Tennessee: James Birdseye McPherson
      • XV Corps Tennessee: John Alexander Logan
      • XVI Corps Tennessee: Napoleon Jackson Tecumseh Dana
        • Right Wing XVI Corps Tennessee: Andrew Jackson Smith
        • Left Wing XVI Corps Tennessee: Grenville Mellen Dodge
      • XVII Corps Tennessee: James Birdseye McPherson

Department of Arkansas: Nathan Kimball temporary

  • District of Eastern Arkansas: Napoleon Bonaparte Buford
  • District of Northern Arkansas: Robert Ramsey Livingston
  • District of the Frontier: James Gilpatrick Blunt
  • Army of Arkansas: Frederick Steele
    • VII Corps Arkansas: Nathan Kimball temporary

Department of the East: John Adams Dix

Department of the Gulf: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks

  • District of Baton Rouge: Philip St George Cooke
  • District of Port Hudson: Daniel Ullmann
  • District of La Fourche: Nicholas Wyckoff Day
  • District of Key West and Tortugas: Daniel Phineas Woodbury
  • Defences of New Orleans: Joseph Jones Reynolds
  • Army of the Gulf: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
    • XIII Corps Gulf: Robert Alexander Cameron
    • XIX Corps Gulf: William Buel Franklin

Department of Kansas: Samuel Ryan Curtis

  • District of Nebraska Territory: Robert Byington Mitchell
  • District of North Kansas: Thomas Alfred Davies
  • District of South Kansas: Thomas Jefferson McKean
  • District of the Border: William Russell Judson
  • District of Colorado Territory: John Milton Chivington

Middle Department: Lewis Wallace

  • District of Delaware: John Reese Kenly
  • District of the Eastern Shore of Maryland: Henry Hayes Lockwood
  • VIII Corps Middle: Lewis Wallace

Department of the Missouri: William Starke Rosecrans

  • District of St Louis: vacant
  • District of Southwest Missouri: John Benjamin Sanborn
  • District of North Missouri: Clinton Bowen Fisk
  • District of Central Missouri: Egbert Benson Brown
  • District of Rolla: Odon Guitar

Department of New Mexico: James Henry Carleton

  • District of Arizona: George Washington Bowie

Northern Department: Samuel Peter Heintzelman

  • District of Indiana: John Smith Simonson

Department of the Northwest: John Pope

  • District of Minnesota: Henry Hastings Sibley
  • District of Wisconsin: Thomas Church Haskell Smith
  • District of Iowa: Alfred Sully

Department of the Pacific: George Wright

  • District of the Humboldt: Henry M Black
  • District of Oregon: Benjamin Alvord
  • District of Southern California: James Freeman Curtis
  • District of Utah: Patrick Edward Connor

Department of the Potomac: George Gordon Meade

  • Army of the Potomac: George Gordon Meade
    • II Corps Potomac: Winfield Scott Hancock
    • V Corps Potomac: Gouverneur Kemble Warren
    • VI Corps Potomac: James Brewerton Ricketts temporary
    • Cavalry Corps Potomac: Philip Henry Sheridan

Department of the South: Quincy Adams Gillmore

  • Northern District (South): Alfred Howe Terry
  • District of Hilton Head: Joshua Blackwood Howell
  • District of Florida: John Porter Hatch
  • District of West Florida: Alexander Asboth
  • X Corps South: Quincy Adams Gillmore

Department of the Susquehanna: Darius Nash Couch

  • Lehigh District: Franz Sigel

Department of Virginia and North Carolina: Benjamin Franklin Butler

  • District of St Mary’s: Edward Winslow Hinks
  • District of Currituck: Samuel Henry Roberts
  • District of North Carolina: John James Peck
    • Sub-District of Albemarle: Henry Walton Wessells
    • Sub-District of the Pamlico: Edward Harland
    • Sub-District of Beaufort NC: James Jourdan
    • Sub-District of New Bern: Innis Newton Palmer
  • District of Yorktown: Isaac Jones Wistar
  • Army of North Carolina: John James Peck
    • XVIII Corps North Carolina: Benjamin Franklin Butler

Department of Washington: Christopher Columbus Augur

  • District of Alexandria: John Potts Slough
  • District of Washington: John Henry Martindale
  • XXII Corps Washington: Christopher Columbus Augur

Department of Western Virginia: Franz Sigel

  • Army of the Kanawha: George Crook

Confederate Organisation

Commander in Chief: President Jefferson Finis Davis
Vice-President: Alexander Hamilton Stephens
Secretary of War: James Alexander Seddon
Secretary of the Navy: Stephen Russell Mallory

Military Adviser to the President: Braxton Bragg

Department of Alabama and East Mississippi: Leonidas Polk

  • District of Mississippi and East Louisiana: John S Scott
  • Gulf District: Dabney Herndon Maury
  • District of Northern Alabama: Jones Mitchell Withers
  • District of West Tennessee: Nathan Bedford Forrest
  • Army of Mississippi: Leonidas Polk

Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia: George Edward Pickett

  • District of the Cape Fear River and the Defences of Wilmington: William Henry Chase Whiting

Department of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee

  • Army of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee
    • I Corps Northern Virginia: James Longstreet
    • II Corps Northern Virginia: Richard Stoddert Ewell
    • III Corps Northern Virginia: Ambrose Powell Hill
    • Cavalry Corps Northern Virginia: James Ewell Brown Stuart
  • Valley District: Jubal Anderson Early

Department of Richmond: James Longstreet

Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard

  • District of Georgia: Hugh Weedon Mercer interim Henry Rootes Jackson awaited
  • District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
    • 1st Sub-District of South Carolina: Nathan George Evans
    • 2nd Sub-District of South Carolina: Johnson Hagood
    • 3rd Sub-District of South Carolina: William Stephen Walker
    • 4th Sub-District of South Carolina: James Heyward Trapier
    • 5th Sub-District of South Carolina: Alfred Moore Rhett
    • 6th Sub-District of South Carolina: Henry Alexander Wise
    • 7th Sub-District of South Carolina: Johnson Hagood
  • District of Florida: James Patton Anderson
  • Defences of Savannah: Samuel Jones

Department of Tennessee: Joseph Eggleston Johnston

  • District of East Tennessee: James Longstreet interim Simon Bolivar Buckner awaited
  • District of Western North Carolina: James Green Martin
  • Army of Tennessee: Joseph Eggleston Johnston
    • I Corps Tennessee: William Joseph Hardee
    • II Corps Tennessee: John Bell Hood
    • Cavalry Corps Tennessee: Joseph Wheeler

Trans-Allegheny Department: John Cabell Breckinridge

Trans-Mississippi Department: Edmund Kirby Smith

  • District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: John Bankhead Magruder
    • Western Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: Hamilton Prioleau Bee
      • Sub-District of the Rio Grande: Hamilton Prioleau Bee
    • Eastern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: William Steele
    • Sub-District of Houston: Xavier Blanchard Debray
    • Northern Sub-District Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: Henry Eustace McCullough
  • District of Arkansas: Sterling Price
  • District of West Louisiana: Richard Taylor
  • District of Indian Territory: Douglas Hancock Cooper temporary
  • Trans-Mississippi Army: Edmund Kirby Smith

Reserve Forces of Georgia: Thomas Howell Cobb

Union Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

Lieutenant-General USA

Ulysses Simpson Grant

Major-General USA

George Brinton McClellan
John Charles Frémont
Henry Wager Halleck

Major-General USV

Asterisk indicates concurrently Brigadier-General USA

John Adams Dix
Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
Benjamin Franklin Butler
David Hunter
Ethan Allen Hitchcock
Irvin McDowell*
Ambrose Everett Burnside
William Starke Rosecrans*
Don Carlos Buell
John Pope*
Samuel Ryan Curtis
Franz Sigel
John Alexander McClernand
Lewis Wallace
George Henry Thomas*
George Cadwalader
William Tecumseh Sherman*
Edward Otho Cresap Ord
Samuel Peter Heintzelman
Erasmus Darwin Keyes
Joseph Hooker*
Silas Casey
William Buel Franklin
Darius Nash Couch
Henry Warner Slocum
John James Peck
John Sedgwick
Alexander McDowell McCook
Thomas Leonidas Crittenden
John Gray Foster
John Grubb Parke
Christopher Columbus Augur
Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
Gordon Granger
Lovell Harrison Rousseau
James Birdseye McPherson*
George Stoneman
George Gordon Meade*
Oliver Otis Howard
Daniel Edgar Sickles
Robert Huston Milroy
Daniel Butterfield
Winfield Scott Hancock
George Sykes
William Henry French
David Sloane Stanley
James Scott Negley
John McAllister Schofield
John McAuley Palmer
Frederick Steele
Abner Doubleday
Napoleon Jackson Tecumseh Dana
Richard James Oglesby
John Alexander Logan
James Gilpatrick Blunt
George Lucas Hartsuff
Cadwallader Colden Washburn
Francis Jay Herron
Francis Preston Blair
Joseph Jones Reynolds
Philip Henry Sheridan
Julius Stahel
Carl Schurz
Gouverneur Kemble Warren
David Bell Birney
Alfred Pleasonton
Andrew Atkinson Humphreys
Quincy Adams Gillmore
William Farrar Smith

Brigadier-General USA

Brackets indicates concurrently Major-General USV

(Irvin McDowell)
(William Starke Rosecrans)
Philip St George Cooke
(John Pope)
(Joseph Hooker)
(George Gordon Meade)
(William Tecumseh Sherman)
(James Birdseye McPherson)
(George Henry Thomas)

Brigadier-General USV

Thomas West Sherman
Benjamin Franklin Kelley
Jacob Dolson Cox
Alpheus Starkey Williams
James Brewerton Ricketts
Orlando Bolivar Willcox
Henry Hayes Lockwood
James Samuel Wadsworth
George Webb Morell
John Henry Martindale
Samuel Davis Sturgis
Henry Washington Benham
William Farquhar Barry
John Joseph Abercrombie
Lawrence Pike Graham
Eleazar Arthur Paine
Willis Arnold Gorman
Horatio Gouverneur Wright
William Thomas Ward
John Gross Barnard
Innis Newton Palmer
Seth Williams
John Newton
George Wright
William Thomas Harbaugh Brooks
John Milton Brannan
John Porter Hatch
Albin Francisco Schoepf
Thomas John Wood
Richard W Johnson
Adolph Wilhelm August Friedrich Von Steinwehr
George Washington Cullum
Thomas Jefferson McKean
Zealous Bates Tower
Jefferson Columbus Davis
James Henry Lane
William Scott Ketchum
John Wynn Davidson
James Gallant Spears
Eugene Asa Carr
Thomas Alfred Davies
William Hemsley Emory
Andrew Jackson Smith
Marsena Rudolph Patrick
Orris Sanford Ferry
Daniel Phineas Woodbury
Henry Moses Judah
John Cook
John McArthur
Jacob Gartner Lauman
Horatio Phillips Van Cleve
Speed Smith Fry
Alexander Asboth
James Craig
Mahlon Dickerson Manson
Edward Richard Sprigg Canby
Grenville Mellen Dodge
Robert Byington Mitchell
Cuvier Grover
Rufus Saxton
Benjamin Alvord
Napoleon Bonaparte Buford
William Sooy Smith
Nathan Kimball
Charles Devens
Samuel Wylie Crawford
Henry Walton Wessells
Milo Smith Hascall
John White Geary
Alfred Howe Terry
James Henry Carleton
Absalom Baird
John Cleveland Robinson
Truman Seymour
Henry Prince
Maximilian Weber
Jeremiah Cutler Sullivan
Alvin Peterson Hovey
James Clifford Veatch
William Plummer Benton
John Curtis Caldwell
Neal Dow
George Sears Greene
Samuel Powhatan Carter
John Gibbon
Erastus Barnard Tyler
Charles Griffin
George Henry Gordon
James Madison Tuttle
Julius White
Peter Joseph Osterhaus
Stephen Gano Burbridge
Washington Lafayette Elliott
Albion Parris Howe
Benjamin Stone Roberts
Jacob Ammen
Fitz-Henry Warren
Morgan Lewis Smith
Charles Cruft
Frederick Salomon
John Basil Turchin
Henry Shaw Briggs
James Dada Morgan
Johann August Ernst Willich
Henry Dwight Terry
James Blair Steedman
George Foster Shepley
John Reese Kenly
John Potts Slough
Godfrey Weitzel
George Crook
Gershom Mott
Henry Jackson Hunt
Francis Channing Barlow
Mason Brayman
Nathaniel James Jackson
George Washington Getty
Alfred Sully
William Woods Averell
Alexander Hays
Francis Barretto Spinola
John Henry Hobart Ward
Solomon Meredith
James Bowen
Eliakim Parker Scammon
Robert Seaman Granger
Joseph Rodman West
Alfred Washington Ellet
George Leonard Andrews
Clinton Bowen Fisk
William Hays
Israel Vogdes
David Allen Russell
Lewis Cass Hunt
Frank Wheaton
John Sanford Mason
David McMurtrie Gregg
Robert Ogden Tyler
Alfred Thomas Archimedes Torbert
Gilman Marston
William Dwight
Sullivan Amory Meredith
Nathaniel Collins McLean
William Vandever
Alexander Schimmelfennig
Charles Kinnaird Graham
John Eugene Smith
Joseph Tarr Copeland
Charles Adam Heckman
Edward Elmer Potter
Thomas Algeo Rowley
Henry Beebee Carrington
John Haskell King
Adam Jacoby Slemmer
Thomas Hewson Neill
Thomas Gamble Pitcher
Thomas William Sweeny
William Passmore Carlin
Romeyn Beck Ayres
William Babcock Hazen
Joseph Anthony Mower
Richard Arnold
Edward Winslow Hinks
Michael Kelly Lawler
George Day Wagner
Lysander Cutler
Joseph Farmer Knipe
John Dunlap Stevenson
James Barnes
Edward Harland
Samuel Beatty
Isaac Jones Wistar
Franklin Stillman Nickerson
Edward Henry Hobson
Ralph Pomeroy Buckland
Joseph Dana Webster
William Ward Orme
William Harrow
William Hopkins Morris
Thomas Howard Ruger
Thomas Edward Greenfield Ransom
Elias Smith Dennis
Thomas Church Haskell Smith
Mortimer Dormer Leggett
Davis Tillson
Hector Tyndale
Albert Lindley Lee
Charles Leopold Matthies
Marcellus Monroe Crocker
Egbert Benson Brown
John McNeil
George Francis McGinnis
Hugh Boyle Ewing
James Winning McMillan
Daniel Ullmann
George Jerrison Stannard
Henry Baxter
John Milton Thayer
Charles Thomas Campbell
Halbert Eleazer Paine
Robert Brown Potter
Thomas Ewing
Joseph Andrew Jackson Lightburn
Thomas Greely Stevenson
Henry Hastings Sibley
Joseph Bradford Carr
Joseph Jackson Bartlett
Joshua Thomas Owen
Patrick Edward Connor
John Parker Hawkins
Gabriel René Paul
Edward Augustus Wild
Edward Ferrero
Adelbert Ames
William Birney
Daniel Henry Rucker
Robert Allen
Rufus Ingalls
Gustavus Adolphus De Russy
Alexander Shaler
Benjamin Henry Grierson
Robert Sanford Foster
Hugh Judson Kilpatrick
Alexander Stewart Webb
Alfred Napoleon Alexander Duffié
Walter Chiles Whitaker
Wesley Merritt
George Armstrong Custer
William Denison Whipple
John Converse Starkweather
Kenner Garrard
Charles Robert Woods
John Benjamin Sanborn
Giles Alexander Smith
Samuel Allen Rice
Jasper Adalmorn Maltby
Thomas Kilby Smith
Walter Quintin Gresham
Manning Ferguson Force
Robert Alexander Cameron
John Murray Corse
John Aaron Rawlins
Alvan Cullem Gillem
James Clay Rice
John Wesley Turner
Henry Lawrence Eustis
Henry Eugene Davies
Andrew Jackson Hamilton
Henry Warner Birge
Charles Garrison Harker
James Hewitt Ledlie
James Harrison Wilson
Adin Ballou Underwood
Augustus Louis Chetlain
Thomas Francis Meagher
William Anderson Pile
John Wallace Fuller
John Franklin Miller
Philippe Régis Dénis de Keredern De Trobriand
Cyrus Bussey
Christopher Columbus Andrews

Brigadier-General USA (Staff)

Montgomery Cunningham Meigs (Quartermaster-General)
Lorenzo Thomas
William Alexander Hammond (Surgeon-General)
Joseph Pannell Taylor (Commissary-General of Subsistence
Joseph Gilbert Totten (Engineers)
George Douglas Ramsay (Ordnance)

Confederate Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission


Samuel Cooper
Robert Edward Lee
Joseph Eggleston Johnston
Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
Braxton Bragg
Edmund Kirby Smith

Lieutenant-General PACS

James Longstreet
Leonidas Polk
Theophilus Hunter Holmes
William Joseph Hardee
John Clifford Pemberton
Richard Stoddert Ewell
Ambrose Powell Hill
John Bell Hood
Richard Taylor

Major-General PACS

Benjamin Huger
John Bankhead Magruder
Mansfield Lovell
William Wing Loring
Sterling Price
Benjamin Franklin Cheatham
Samuel Jones
John Porter McCown
Daniel Harvey Hill
Thomas Carmichael Hindman
John Cabell Breckinridge
Lafayette McLaws
Richard Heron Anderson
James Ewell Brown Stuart
Simon Bolivar Buckner
Samuel Gibbs French
George Edward Pickett
Carter Littlepage Stevenson
John Horace Forney
Dabney Herndon Maury
Martin Luther Smith
John George Walker
Arnold Elzey
Patrick Ronayne Cleburne
Franklin Gardner
Isaac Ridgeway Trimble
Jubal Anderson Early
Joseph Wheeler
Edward Johnson
William Henry Chase Whiting
Robert Emmett Rodes
William Henry Talbot Walker
Henry Heth
Robert Ransom
Alexander Peter Stewart
Jones Mitchell Withers
Stephen Dill Lee
Cadmus Marcellus Wilcox
Wade Hampton
Fitzhugh Lee
Howell Cobb
John Austin Wharton
William Thompson Martin
Nathan Bedford Forrest
Charles William Field
James Patton Anderson
William Brimage Bate
Camille Armand Jules Marie de Polignac

Brigadier-General PACS

Alexander Robert Lawton
Henry Alexander Wise
Henry Hopkins Sibley
John Henry Winder
Gideon Johnson Pillow
Daniel Ruggles
Roswell Sabine Ripley
Paul Octave Hébert
Albert Gallatin Blanchard
Gabriel James Rains
Thomas Fenwick Drayton
Nathan George Evans
James Heyward Trapier
Hugh Weedon Mercer
William Montgomery Gardner
William Mahone
Raleigh Edward Colston
John King Jackson
Bushrod Rust Johnson
George Wythe Randolph
Joseph Brevard Kershaw
James Ronald Chalmers
Daniel Leadbetter
William Whann Mackall
Winfield Scott Featherston
Thomas James Churchill
William Booth Taliaferro
Albert Rust
Samuel Bell Maxey
Hamilton Prioleau Bee
James Morrison Hawes
George Hume Steuart
James Edwin Slaughter
Seth Maxwell Barton
Henry Eustace McCullough
John Selden Roane
States Rights Gist
William Nelson Pendleton
Joseph Finegan
William Nelson Rector Beall
Thomas Jordan
William Preston
John Echols
George Earl Maney
John Stuart Williams
James Green Martin
Thomas Lanier Clingman
Daniel Weisiger Adams
Louis Hébert
Ambrose Ransom Wright
James Lawson Kemper
James Jay Archer
Beverley Holcombe Robertson
St John Richardson Liddell
Johnson Hagood
Micah Jenkins
Harry Thompson Hays
Albert Gallatin Jenkins
Matthew Duncan Ector
Edward Aylesworth Perry
John Gregg
John Calvin Brown
Alfred Holt Colquitt
Junius Daniel
Abraham Buford
William Steele
James Fleming Fagan
William Read Scurry
Francis Asbury Shoup
Joseph Robert Davis
William Henry Fitzhugh Lee
William Edmondson Jones
John Crawford Vaughn
Evander McIvor Law
Elkanah Brackin Greer
Francis Redding Tillou Nicholls
Alfred Cumming
William Stephen Walker
George Pierce Doles
Montgomery Dent Corse
George Thomas Anderson
Alfred Iverson
James Henry Lane
Edward Lloyd Thomas
Stephen Dodson Ramseur
John Rogers Cooke
Jerome Bonaparte Robertson
Evander McNair
Archibald Gracie
William Robertson Boggs
James Camp Tappan
Dandridge McRae
Mosby Monroe Parsons
John Pegram
John Sappington Marmaduke
John Hunt Morgan
Marcus Joseph Wright
Zachariah Cantey Deas
Lucius Eugene Polk
Edward Cary Walthall
John Adams
William Hicks Jackson
James Cantey
Robert Frederick Hoke
Henry Lewis Benning
William Tatum Wofford
Samuel McGowan
Marcellus Augustus Stovall
George Blake Cosby
Francis Crawford Armstrong
William Lewis Cabell
John Daniel Imboden
Alfred Eugene Jackson
Robert Brank Vance
Henry Delamar Clayton
Arthur Middleton Manigault
Douglas Hancock Cooper
John Brown Gordon
John Wilkins Whitfield
James Alexander Walker
John Marshall Jones
Thomas Green
Matthew Whitaker Ransom
Alfred Moore Scales
George Washington Custis Lee
Henry Harrison Walker
Gabriel Colvin Wharton
Francis Marion Cockrell
James Patrick Major
Samuel Wragg Ferguson
Lunsford Lindsay Lomax
Laurence Simmons Baker
Otho French Strahl
Philip Dale Roddey
Eppa Hunton
Thomas Pleasant Dockery
Benjamin Grubb Humphreys
Henry Brevard Davidson
Cullen Andrews Battle
William Andrew Quarles
William Whedbee Kirkland
Goode Bryan
Matthew Calbraith Butler
Williams Carter Wickham
Robert Daniel Johnston
Abner Monroe Perrin
Alexander Welch Reynolds
Thomas Neville Waul
Edmund Winston Pettus
Armistead Lindsay Long
Henry Rootes Jackson
William Wirt Adams
Thomas Lafayette Rosser
Pierce Manning Butler Young
James Byron Gordon
James Argyle Smith
Joseph Horace Lewis
Mark Perrin Lowrey
Leroy Augustus Stafford
Edward Higgins
John Tyler Morgan
John Herbert Kelly
William Young Conn Humes
Jesse Johnson Finley
James Holt Clanton
Alfred Jefferson Vaughan
Joseph Orville Shelby
John Randolph Chambliss
Lawrence Sullivan Ross
Daniel Chevilette Govan
Randall Lee Gibson
Clement Hoffman Stevens
Nathaniel Harrison Harris
Allen Thomas
Alexander Travis Hawthorn
Robert Charles Tyler
Edward Porter Alexander
William Wirt Allen
Hiram Bronson Granbury
Claudius Wistar Sears
William Feimster Tucker
Richard Lucian Page
Alpheus Baker
Daniel Harris Reynolds

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