1863 September 7th

September 7 1863 Monday

Fort Wagner, SC

Second Battle of Fort Sumter, SC

Chickamauga Campaign

Burnside’s East Tennessee Campaign

Gillmore’s Operations in Charleston Harbour – Siege of Fort Wagner

Alabama. Skirmish at Stevenson.

Arkansas. Union expedition to Big Lake in Mississippi County began.

Arkansas. Union expedition from Springfield, Missouri, to Arkansas and the Indian Territory began.

Arkansas. Skirmish at Ashley’s Mills (Ashley’s Ferry Landing).

Georgia. Incident at Summerville.

Georgia. The Confederate II Corps (Tennessee) of Lieutenant-General Daniel Harvey Hill arrived in Lafayette after its withdrawal from Chattanooga.

Indian Territory. Union expedition from Springfield, Missouri, to Arkansas and the Indian Territory began.

Louisiana. Expedition to St Charles Court House began.

Louisiana. Expedition to Harrisonburg ended.

Louisiana. Skirmish at Morgan’s Ferry on the Atchafalaya River.

Mississippi. Skirmish at  Jacinto (Glendale).

Mississippi. Skirmish at Holly Springs.

Missouri. Reconnaissance to Pleasant Hill, Big Creek, and Coldwater Grove ended.

Missouri. Expeditions to Cass County, Henry County, Johnson County, and Lafayette County ended.

Mississippi. Union expedition from Springfield to Arkansas and the Indian Territory began.

Missouri. Incident at Bear Skin Lake.

South Carolina. Union operations ended at Fort Wagner, Fort Gregg, and Morris Island.

South Carolina. Confederates under Brigadier-General William Booth Taliaferro attacked Union pickets on Battery Island, destroying the landing and the bridge to Horse Island.

Fort Wagner, South Carolina, also known as Fort Gregg. The Union 42-hour bombardment of Fort Wagner ended before dawn. It was then discovered that the Confederate garrison had just completed a night-time secret evacuation by rowboats of the garrisons of Fort Wagner and Battery Gregg from Morris Island to James Island. Union Major-General Quincy Adams Gillmore’s troops occupied the two forts and all the defences on Morris Island. The 58-day siege had cost 2,318 Union casualties for the loss of 641 Confederates

Second Fort Sumter, South Carolina, also known as Fort Sumter. The occupation of Fort Wagner and Fort Gregg on Cumming’s Point gave the Union attackers a full and clear view of the city of Charleston across the harbour. Union Major-General Quincy Adams Gillmore advised Rear Admiral John Adolphus Bernard Dahlgren that he would now move his siege guns to Cummings Point to add their fire to the battering of Fort Sumter. Once the fort was fully reduced, he suggested that the Union fleet could sail into Charleston harbour and its capture would be assured.

Dahlgren renewed the bombardment of Fort Sumter by USS Weehawken, Commander Edmund R Colhoun, from the channel between Cumming’s Point and Fort Sumter, but the warship grounded in the narrow channel and could not be recovered until the next day. Dahlgren demanded the surrender of the severely damaged Fort Sumter, but this was refused. Dahlgren decided to make a surprise landing. Seeing that the fort’s masonry walls had been smashed and crumbled down to the water’s edge, providing a rugged incline by which a landing could be made to seize the fort, Dahlgren called for 500 volunteers to form a storming party that would land in small boats the following day.


Union Department of the South: Brigadier-General Quincy Adams Gillmore
X Corps: Brigadier-General Quincy Adams Gillmore
Morris Island, X Corps: Brigadier-General Alfred Howe Terry
1st Brigade, Morris Island, X Corps: Colonel Henry R Guss
2nd Brigade, Morris Island, X Corps: Colonel Joshua B Howell
3rd Brigade, Morris Island, X Corps: Brigadier-General Thomas Greely Stevenson
4th Brigade, Morris Island, X Corps: Colonel James Montgomery
5th Brigade, Morris Island, X Corps: Colonel William W H Davis
North End of Folly Island, X Corps: Brigadier-General Israel Vogdes
1st Brigade, North End of Folly Island, X Corps: Brigadier-General Robert Sanford Foster
2nd Brigade, North End of Folly Island, X Corps: Colonel Samuel M Alford
3rd (African) Brigade, North End of Folly Island, X Corps: Brigadier-General Edward Augustus Wild
South End of Folly Island, X Corps: Brigadier-General George Henry Gordon
1st Brigade, South End of Folly Island, X Corps: Brigadier-General Alexander Schimmelfennig
2nd Brigade, South End of Folly Island, X Corps: Brigadier-General Adelbert Ames
US Navy South Atlantic Blockading Squadron: Rear Admiral John Adolphus Dahlgren
USS Montauk, USS Nahant, USS Catskill, USS Passaic, USS Patapsco, USS New Ironsides, USS Canandaigua, USS Mahaska, USS Ottawa, USS Wissahickon, USS Dai Ching, USS Lodona, USS Seneca

Confederate Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida: General Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
1st Sub-District: Brigadier-General Roswell Sabine Ripley, Brigadier-General William Booth Taliaferro
Olmstread’s Command, South Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia & Florida: Colonel Charles H Olmstead
Anderson’s Brigade, South Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia & Florida: Brigadier-General George Thomas Anderson (from September 9 1863)
Hagood’s Brigade, South Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia & Florida: Brigadier-General Johnson Hagood

2nd Sub-District: Brigadier-General Johnson Hagood, Brigadier-General Thomas Lanier Clingman
Clingman’s Brigade, South Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia & Florida: Brigadier-General Thomas Lanier Clingman
Evans’ Brigade, South Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia & Florida: Brigadier-General Nathan George Evans
Charleston Command, South Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia & Florida: Colonel William G De Saussure

Tennessee. Union operation at Cumberland Gap began.

Tennessee. Union reconnaissance to Chattanooga and Lookout Mountain began.

Tennessee. Incidents at Lookout Valley and Pine Mountain Gap.

Tennessee. Union Major-General Ambrose Everett Burnside detached a Union brigade under Colonel John F De Courcy to march from Kentucky threaten to Confederate Brigadier-General John Wesley Frazer’s 2,300-man garrison at Cumberland Gap. The rest of Burnside’s force bypassed the Gap to the south across forty miles of rugged mountainous terrain. De Courcy had previously led a brigade in the 1862 operations against the Cumberland Gap under Brigadier-General George Washington Morgan and was well acquainted with the terrain.

By contrast, Frazer and his garrison had little combat experience, but they held a natural defensive position, strengthened by trenches. Confederate Major-General Simon Bolivar Buckner had given Frazer orders to hold the gap at all cost, but when the bulk of Buckner’s troops were redeployed towards Chattanooga, no plans had been left for the evacuation of Cumberland Gap and Frazer continued to hold the position according to orders. Confederate Major-General Samuel Jones assumed local command after Buckner moved to Chattanooga, and he also left the two brigades at Cumberland Gap. After Burnside’s advance to Knoxville on 2 September, the garrison at Cumberland Gap was dangerously isolated.

De Courcy’s brigade threatened the Confederates from the north but his brigade alone was too weak to capture the position. When a second Union brigade arrived under Brigadier-General James Murrell Shackelford, Shackelford approached from the south and demanded Frazer’s surrender. There were still too few Union troops to convince Frazer to surrender. Burnside personally left Knoxville with a further brigade under Colonel Samuel A Gilbert and made a forced march of 60 miles in just over a day to force the issue.

Texas. The Union army transports for the expedition to Sabine Pass gathered offshore of their destination. Union Major-General William Buel Franklin led a reinforced division from New Orleans with the intention of landing at Sabine Pass and then marching inland to sever the Texas & New Orleans Railroad linking Houston, Beaumont, and Orange. Further reinforcement by the rest of his XIX Corps, arriving in a return journey by the unloaded transports, would then enable further progress towards the Rio Grande and western Texas. The naval gunboat escort had arrived the previous evening under Lieutenant Frederick Crocker USN and was soon assembled for action. The attack was meant to come as a surprise but the Confederates had been given two nights’ warning that a fleet was off the harbour and they had a full view to assesses the attacking force.

Virginia. A conference on future military strategy in Richmond by Jefferson Finis Davis was concluded. The aim had been to find a response to the threat to Chattanooga. After the conference, Confederate General Robert Edward Lee returned to the Army of Northern Virginia at Orange Court House.

West Virginia. Skirmish at Bath.

Union Organisation

USA: John Wesley Turner promoted Brigadier-General USV 21 September 1863 to rank from 7 September 1863.

Turner, John Wesley / New York-Illinois / Born 19 July 1833 Saratoga, New York / Died St Louis, Missouri 8 April 1889
USMA 1 July 1855 14/34 Artillery / Cadet USMA 1 July 1851 / 3rd US Artillery 1 July 1855 /2nd Lieutenant USA 1st US Artillery 18 November 1855 / 1st Lieutenant USA 21 April 1861 / Captain USA Assistant Commissary of Subsistence 3 August 1861 / Colonel USV ADC (J C Frémont) 3 May 1862 / ADC (B F Butler) 1862 / ADC (Q A Gillmore) 1863 / Brigadier-General USV 21 September 1863 to rank from 7 September 1863 / Mustered Out USV 1 September 1866 / Resigned USA 4 September 1871 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1855 Brevet Major USA 6 September 1863 Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel USA 30 July 1864 Brevet Major-General USV 1 October 1864 Brevet Colonel USA 13 March 1865 Brevet Major-General USA 13 March 1865
Assistant Commissary of Subsistence Army of Southwest Missouri October 1861-20 November 1861 / Assistant Commissary of Subsistence Department of Kansas 20 November 1861-11 March 1862 / Assistant Commissary of Subsistence Department of the South 16 March 1862-23 December 1862 / Assistant Commissary of Subsistence Department of the Gulf 22 May 1862-23 December 1862 / Chief of Staff Department of the South 13 June 1863-1 May 1864 / 2nd Division X Corps Army of the James 22 June 1864-23 August 1864 / Chief of Staff Army of the James 20 November 1864-20 March 1865 / Turner’s Division XXIV Corps Army of the James 25 March 1865-27 April 1865 / XXIV Corps James 27 April 1865-17 May 1865 / District of Henrico 9 June 1865-6 August 1865 / XXIV Corps James 8 July 1865-1 August 1865

Commander in Chief: President Abraham Lincoln

Vice-President: Hannibal Hamlin

Secretary of War: Edwin McMasters Stanton

Secretary of the Navy: Gideon Welles

North Atlantic Blockading Squadron: Samuel Phillips Lee
South Atlantic Blockading Squadron: John Adolphus Bernard Dahlgren
West Gulf Blockading Squadron: David Glasgow Farragut
East Gulf Blockading Squadron: Theodorus Bailey
Pacific Squadron: John Berrien Montgomery
Mississippi River Squadron: David Dixon Porter
Potomac Flotilla: Andrew Allen Harwood

General–in-Chief: Henry Wager Halleck

Department of the Cumberland: William Starke Rosecrans

  • Army of the Cumberland: William Starke Rosecrans
    • XIV Corps Cumberland: George Henry Thomas
    • XX Corps Cumberland: Alexander McDowell McCook
    • XXI Corps Cumberland: Thomas Leonidas Crittenden
    • Reserve Corps Cumberland: Gordon Granger
    • Cavalry Corps Cumberland: David Sloane Stanley

Department of the East: John Adams Dix

Department of the Gulf: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks

  • District of Port Hudson: George Leonard Andrews
  • District of Pensacola: William Cune Holbrook
  • District of La Fourche: Henry Warner Birge
  • District of Key West and Tortugas: Daniel Phineas Woodbury
  • Defences of New Orleans: Edward Griffin Beckwith
  • Army of the Gulf: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
    • XIII Corps Gulf: Cadwallader Colden Washburn
    • XIX Corps Gulf: William Buel Franklin

Middle Department: Robert Cumming Schenck

  • District of Delaware: Daniel Tyler
  • District of the Eastern Shore of Maryland: Henry Hayes Lockwood
  • VIII Corps Middle: Robert Cumming Schenck

Department of the Missouri: John McAllister Schofield

  • District of St Louis: William Kerley Strong
  • District of Southeast Missouri: Clinton Bowen Fisk
  • District of Southwest Missouri: John McNeil
  • District of Northeast Missouri: Thomas Jefferson McKean
  • District of North Missouri: Odon Guitar
  • District of Central Missouri: Egbert Benson Brown
  • District of Rolla: Thomas Alfred Davies
  • District of Nebraska Territory: Thomas Jefferson McKean
  • District of the Frontier: James Gilpatrick Blunt
  • District of the Border: Thomas Ewing
  • Army of Arkansas: Frederick Steele

Department of the Monongahela: William Thomas Harbaugh Brooks

Department of New Mexico: James Henry Carleton

  • District of Arizona: Joseph Rodman West

Department of the Northwest: John Pope

  • District of Minnesota: Henry Hastings Sibley
  • District of Wisconsin: Thomas Church Haskell Smith
  • District of Iowa: Benjamin Stone Roberts
  • District of Dakota: Alfred Sully

Department of the Ohio: Ambrose Everett Burnside

  • District of Kentucky: Jeremiah Tilford Boyle
  • District of Eastern Kentucky: George W Gallup
  • District of Western Kentucky: Jeremiah Tilford Boyle
  • District of Illinois: Jacob Ammen
  • District of Indiana and Michigan: Orlando Bolivar Willcox
  • District of Ohio: Jacob Dolson Cox
  • Army of the Ohio: Ambrose Everett Burnside
    • IX Corps Ohio: Robert Brown Potter
    • XXIII Corps Ohio: George Lucas Hartsuff

Department of the Pacific: George Wright

  • District of the Humboldt: Stephen Girard Whipple
  • District of Oregon: Benjamin Alvord
  • District of Southern California: James Freeman Curtis
  • District of Utah: Patrick Edward Connor

Department of the Potomac: George Gordon Meade

  • Army of the Potomac: George Gordon Meade
    • I Corps Potomac: John Newton
    • II Corps Potomac: Gouverneur Kemble Warren
    • III Corps Potomac: William Henry French
    • V Corps Potomac: George Sykes
    • VI Corps Potomac: John Sedgwick
    • XI Corps Potomac: Oliver Otis Howard
    • XII Corps Potomac: Alpheus Starkey Williams temporary
    • Cavalry Corps Potomac: Alfred Pleasonton

Department of the South: Quincy Adams Gillmore

  • X Corps South: Quincy Adams Gillmore

Department of the Susquehanna: Darius Nash Couch

  • Lehigh District: Franz Sigel

Department of the Tennessee: Ulysses Simpson Grant

  • District of West Tennessee: Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
    • Sub-District of Memphis: James Clifford Veatch
  • District of Eastern Arkansas: Frederick Salomon
  • District of Northeast Louisiana: John Parker Hawkins
  • Army of the Tennessee: Ulysses Simpson Grant
    • XV Corps Tennessee: William Tecumseh Sherman
    • XVI Corps Tennessee: Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
      • Left Wing XVI Corps Tennessee: Eugene Asa Carr
    • XVII Corps Tennessee: James Birdseye McPherson

Department of Virginia and North Carolina: Benjamin Franklin Butler

  • District of North Carolina: John James Peck
    • Sub-District of Albemarle: Henry Walton Wessells
    • Sub-District of the Pamlico: Orson E Moulton
    • Sub-District of Beaufort NC: Charles Adam Heckman
    • Defences of New Bern: Innis Newton Palmer
  • District of Virginia: Henry Morris Naglee
    • Sub-District of Yorktown: Isaac Jones Wistar
  • Army of North Carolina: John James Peck
    • XVIII Corps North Carolina: John Gray Foster

Department of Washington: Samuel Peter Heintzelman

  • District of Alexandria: John Potts Slough
  • District of Washington: John Henry Martindale
  • XXII Corps Washington: Samuel Peter Heintzelman

Department of Western Virginia: Benjamin Franklin Kelley

  • Army of the Kanawha: George Crook

District of St Mary’s: Gilman Marston

Confederate Organisation

CSA: Brigadier-General Lucius Marshall Walker died in Little Rock, Arkansas, from injuries sustained in a duel on September 6 1863.

Walker, Lucius Marshall / Tennessee / Born 18 October 1829 Columbia, Tennessee / Died Little Rock Arkansas 7 September 1863
USMA 1 July 1850 15/44 Dragoons / Cadet USMA 1 July 1846 / 2nd US Dragoons 1 July 1850 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 8 August 1851 / Resigned USA 31 March 1852 / Lieutenant-Colonel PACS 40th Tennessee Infantry October 1861 / Colonel PACS 11 November 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 11 March 1862 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1850
Walker’s Brigade McCown’s Division Western Department 21 March 1862-April 1862 / 3rd Brigade 1st Division II Corps A pf Mississippi April 1862-June 1862 / 3rd Brigade 2nd Division II Corps Army of Mississippi June 1862-2 July 1862 / Walker’s Brigade S Jones’ Division Army of Mississippi 2 July 1862-17 August 1862 / Walker’s Brigade J P Anderson’s Division Left Wing Army of Mississippi 17 August 1862-October 1862 / Cavalry Division District of Arkansas March 1863-6 September 1863

Commander in Chief: President Jefferson Finis Davis

Vice-President: Alexander Hamilton Stephens

Secretary of War: James Alexander Seddon

Secretary of the Navy: Stephen Russell Mallory

Military Adviser to the President: Vacant

Military Division of the West: Joseph Eggleston Johnston

  • Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana: William Joseph Hardee
    • Gulf District: Dabney Herndon Maury
    • Army of Mississippi: William Joseph Hardee

Department of Henrico: John Henry Winder

Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia: William Henry Chase Whiting

Department of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee

  • Army of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee
    • I Corps Northern Virginia: James Longstreet
    • II Corps Northern Virginia: Richard Stoddert Ewell
    • III Corps Northern Virginia: Ambrose Powell Hill
    • Cavalry Corps Northern Virginia: James Ewell Brown Stuart
  • Valley District: John Daniel Imboden

Department of Richmond: Robert Ransom temporary

Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard

  • District of Georgia: Hugh Weedon Mercer
  • District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
    • 1st Sub-District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
    • 2nd Sub-District of South Carolina: James Heyward Trapier
    • 3rd Sub-District of South Carolina: William Stephen Walker
    • 4th Sub-District of South Carolina: James Heyward Trapier
  • District of East Florida: Joseph Finegan
  • District of Middle Florida: Joseph Finegan
  • District of West Florida: John Horace Forney
  • Defences of Savannah: Jeremy Francis Gilmer

Department of Tennessee: Braxton Bragg

  • District of East Tennessee: Samuel Jones temporary
    • District of Abingdon: William Preston
  • Army of Tennessee: Braxton Bragg
    • I Corps Tennessee: Leonidas Polk
    • II Corps Tennessee: Daniel Harvey Hill
    • III Corps Tennessee: Simon Bolivar Buckner
    • Reserve Corps Tennessee: William Henry Talbot Walker
    • Cavalry Corps Tennessee: Joseph Wheeler

Trans-Allegheny Department: Samuel Jones

Trans-Mississippi Department: Edmund Kirby Smith

  • District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: John Bankhead Magruder
    • Western Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: Hamilton Prioleau Bee
      • Sub-District of the Rio Grande: Hamilton Prioleau Bee
    • Eastern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: Philip Noland Luckett temporary
    • Sub-District of Houston: Xavier Blanchard Debray
    • Northern Sub-District Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: Henry Eustace McCullough
  • District of Arkansas: Sterling Price temporary
  • District of West Louisiana: Richard Taylor
  • District of Indian Territory: Douglas Hancock Cooper interim William Steele awaited
  • Defences of Pass Cavallo: John W Glenn
  • Trans-Mississippi Army: Edmund Kirby Smith

Union Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

Major-General USA

George Brinton McClellan
John Charles Frémont
Henry Wager Halleck
Ulysses Simpson Grant

Major-General USV

Asterisk indicates concurrently Brigadier-General USA

John Adams Dix
Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
Benjamin Franklin Butler
David Hunter
Ethan Allen Hitchcock
Irvin McDowell*
Ambrose Everett Burnside
William Starke Rosecrans*
Don Carlos Buell
John Pope*
Samuel Ryan Curtis
Franz Sigel
John Alexander McClernand
Lewis Wallace
George Henry Thomas
George Cadwalader
William Tecumseh Sherman*
Edward Otho Cresap Ord
Samuel Peter Heintzelman
Erasmus Darwin Keyes
Joseph Hooker*
Silas Casey
William Buel Franklin
Darius Nash Couch
Henry Warner Slocum
John James Peck
John Sedgwick
Alexander McDowell McCook
Thomas Leonidas Crittenden
John Gray Foster
John Grubb Parke
Christopher Columbus Augur
Robert Cumming Schenck
Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
Gordon Granger
Lovell Harrison Rousseau
James Birdseye McPherson*
Benjamin Mayberry Prentiss
George Stoneman
George Gordon Meade*
Oliver Otis Howard
Daniel Edgar Sickles
Robert Huston Milroy
Daniel Butterfield
Winfield Scott Hancock
George Sykes
William Henry French
David Sloane Stanley
James Scott Negley
John McAllister Schofield
John McAuley Palmer
Frederick Steele
Abner Doubleday
Napoleon Jackson Tecumseh Dana
Richard James Oglesby
John Alexander Logan
James Gilpatrick Blunt
George Lucas Hartsuff
Cadwallader Colden Washburn
Francis Jay Herron
Francis Preston Blair
Joseph Jones Reynolds
Philip Henry Sheridan
Julius Stahel
Carl Schurz
John Newton
Gouverneur Kemble Warren
David Bell Birney
William Thomas Harbaugh Brooks
Alfred Pleasonton
John Buford
Andrew Atkinson Humphreys
Quincy Adams Gillmore

Brigadier-General USA

Brackets indicates concurrently Major-General USV

(Irvin McDowell)
Robert Anderson
(William Starke Rosecrans)
Philip St George Cooke
(John Pope)
(Joseph Hooker)
(George Gordon Meade)
(William Tecumseh Sherman)
(James Birdseye McPherson)

Brigadier-General USV

Andrew Porter
Charles Pomeroy Stone
Thomas West Sherman
William Reading Montgomery
Rufus King
Benjamin Franklin Kelley
Jacob Dolson Cox
Alpheus Starkey Williams
James Brewerton Ricketts
Orlando Bolivar Willcox
Michael Corcoran
Henry Hayes Lockwood
James Samuel Wadsworth
George Webb Morell
John Henry Martindale
Samuel Davis Sturgis
Henry Washington Benham
William Farrar Smith
Egbert Ludovicus Vielé
William Farquhar Barry
John Joseph Abercrombie
Lawrence Pike Graham
Eleazar Arthur Paine
Willis Arnold Gorman
Horatio Gouverneur Wright
William Thomas Ward
John Gross Barnard
Innis Newton Palmer
Seth Williams
George Wright
John Milton Brannan
John Porter Hatch
William Kerley Strong
Albin Francisco Schoepf
Thomas John Wood
Richard W Johnson
Adolph Wilhelm August Friedrich Von Steinwehr
George Washington Cullum
Jeremiah Tilford Boyle
Thomas Jefferson McKean
Zealous Bates Tower
Jefferson Columbus Davis
James Henry Lane
James Abram Garfield
Lewis Golding Arnold
William Scott Ketchum
John Wynn Davidson
Henry Morris Naglee
Andrew Johnson
James Gallant Spears
Eugene Asa Carr
Thomas Alfred Davies
Daniel Tyler
William Hemsley Emory
Andrew Jackson Smith
Marsena Rudolph Patrick
Isaac Ferdinand Quinby
Orris Sanford Ferry
Daniel Phineas Woodbury
Henry Moses Judah
John Cook
John McArthur
Jacob Gartner Lauman
Horatio Phillips Van Cleve
Speed Smith Fry
Alexander Asboth
James Craig
Mahlon Dickerson Manson
Edward Richard Sprigg Canby
Grenville Mellen Dodge
Robert Byington Mitchell
Cuvier Grover
Rufus Saxton
Benjamin Alvord
Napoleon Bonaparte Buford
William Sooy Smith
Nathan Kimball
Charles Devens
Samuel Wylie Crawford
Henry Walton Wessells
Milo Smith Hascall
John White Geary
Alfred Howe Terry
James Henry Carleton
Absalom Baird
John Cleveland Robinson
Truman Seymour
Henry Prince
Maximilian Weber
Jeremiah Cutler Sullivan
Alvin Peterson Hovey
James Clifford Veatch
William Plummer Benton
John Curtis Caldwell
Neal Dow
George Sears Greene
Samuel Powhatan Carter
John Gibbon
Erastus Barnard Tyler
Charles Griffin
George Henry Gordon
James Madison Tuttle
Julius White
Peter Joseph Osterhaus
Stephen Gano Burbridge
Washington Lafayette Elliott
Albion Parris Howe
Green Clay Smith
Benjamin Stone Roberts
Jacob Ammen
Fitz-Henry Warren
Morgan Lewis Smith
Charles Cruft
Frederick Salomon
John Basil Turchin
Henry Shaw Briggs
James Dada Morgan
Johann August Ernst Willich
Henry Dwight Terry
James Blair Steedman
George Foster Shepley
John Reese Kenly
John Potts Slough
Godfrey Weitzel
George Crook
Thomas Leiper Kane
Gershom Mott
Henry Jackson Hunt
Francis Channing Barlow
Mason Brayman
Nathaniel James Jackson
George Washington Getty
Alfred Sully
William Woods Averell
Alexander Hays
Francis Barretto Spinola
John Henry Hobart Ward
Solomon Meredith
James Bowen
Eliakim Parker Scammon
Robert Seaman Granger
Joseph Rodman West
Alfred Washington Ellet
George Leonard Andrews
Clinton Bowen Fisk
William Hays
Israel Vogdes
David Allen Russell
Lewis Cass Hunt
Frank Wheaton
John Sanford Mason
David McMurtrie Gregg
Robert Ogden Tyler
Alfred Thomas Archimedes Torbert
William Haines Lytle
Gilman Marston
William Dwight
Sullivan Amory Meredith
Nathaniel Collins McLean
William Vandever
Alexander Schimmelfennig
Charles Kinnaird Graham
John Eugene Smith
Joseph Tarr Copeland
Charles Adam Heckman
Stephen Gardner Champlin
Edward Elmer Potter
Thomas Algeo Rowley
Henry Beebee Carrington
John Haskell King
Adam Jacoby Slemmer
Thomas Hewson Neill
Thomas Gamble Pitcher
Thomas William Sweeny
William Passmore Carlin
Romeyn Beck Ayres
William Babcock Hazen
James St Clair Morton
Joseph Anthony Mower
Richard Arnold
Edward Winslow Hinks
Michael Kelly Lawler
George Day Wagner
Lysander Cutler
Joseph Farmer Knipe
John Dunlap Stevenson
James Barnes
Theophilus Toulmin Garrard
Edward Harland
Samuel Beatty
Isaac Jones Wistar
Franklin Stillman Nickerson
Edward Henry Hobson
Ralph Pomeroy Buckland
Joseph Dana Webster
William Ward Orme
William Hopkins Morris
John Beatty
Thomas Howard Ruger
Thomas Edward Greenfield Ransom
Elias Smith Dennis
Thomas Church Haskell Smith
Mortimer Dormer Leggett
Davis Tillson
Hector Tyndale
Albert Lindley Lee
Charles Leopold Matthies
Marcellus Monroe Crocker
Egbert Benson Brown
John McNeil
George Francis McGinnis
Hugh Boyle Ewing
James Winning McMillan
James Murrell Shackelford
Daniel Ullmann
George Jerrison Stannard
Henry Baxter
John Milton Thayer
Charles Thomas Campbell
Halbert Eleazer Paine
Hugh Thompson Reid
Robert Brown Potter
Thomas Ewing
Joseph Andrew Jackson Lightburn
Thomas Greely Stevenson
Henry Hastings Sibley
Joseph Bradford Carr
Joseph Jackson Bartlett
Joshua Thomas Owen
Patrick Edward Connor
John Parker Hawkins
Gabriel René Paul
Edward Augustus Wild
Edward Ferrero
Adelbert Ames
William Birney
Daniel Henry Rucker
Robert Allen
Rufus Ingalls
Gustavus Adolphus De Russy
Alexander Shaler
Benjamin Henry Grierson
Robert Sanford Foster
Hugh Judson Kilpatrick
Alexander Stewart Webb
Alfred Napoleon Alexander Duffié
Walter Chiles Whitaker
Wesley Merritt
George Armstrong Custer
William Denison Whipple
John Converse Starkweather
Kenner Garrard
Charles Robert Woods
John Benjamin Sanborn
Giles Alexander Smith
Samuel Allen Rice
Jasper Adalmorn Maltby
Thomas Kilby Smith
Walter Quintin Gresham
Manning Ferguson Force
Robert Alexander Cameron
John Murray Corse
John Aaron Rawlins
Alexander Chambers
Alvan Cullem Gillem
James Clay Rice
John Wesley Turner

Brigadier-General USA (Staff)

Montgomery Cunningham Meigs (Quartermaster-General)
Lorenzo Thomas
James Wolfe Ripley (Ordnance)
William Alexander Hammond (Surgeon-General)
Joseph Pannell Taylor (Commissary-General of Subsistence
Joseph Gilbert Totten (Engineers)

Confederate Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission


Samuel Cooper
Robert Edward Lee
Joseph Eggleston Johnston
Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
Braxton Bragg

Lieutenant-General PACS

James Longstreet
Edmund Kirby Smith
Leonidas Polk
Theophilus Hunter Holmes
William Joseph Hardee
John Clifford Pemberton
Richard Stoddert Ewell
Ambrose Powell Hill
Daniel Harvey Hill

Major-General PACS

Benjamin Huger
John Bankhead Magruder
Mansfield Lovell
William Wing Loring
Sterling Price
Benjamin Franklin Cheatham
Samuel Jones
John Porter McCown
Thomas Carmichael Hindman
John Cabell Breckinridge
Lafayette McLaws
Richard Heron Anderson
James Ewell Brown Stuart
Richard Taylor
Simon Bolivar Buckner
Samuel Gibbs French
George Edward Pickett
Carter Littlepage Stevenson
John Bell Hood
John Horace Forney
Dabney Herndon Maury
Martin Luther Smith
John George Walker
Arnold Elzey
Patrick Ronayne Cleburne
Franklin Gardner
Isaac Ridgeway Trimble
Jubal Anderson Early
Joseph Wheeler
Edward Johnson
William Henry Chase Whiting
Robert Emmett Rodes
William Henry Talbot Walker
Henry Heth
Robert Ransom
Alexander Peter Stewart
Jones Mitchell Withers
Stephen Dill Lee
Cadmus Marcellus Wilcox
Wade Hampton
Fitzhugh Lee
William Smith

Brigadier-General PACS

Alexander Robert Lawton
Charles Clark
Henry Alexander Wise
Henry Hopkins Sibley
John Henry Winder
Gideon Johnson Pillow
Daniel Ruggles
Roswell Sabine Ripley
Paul Octave Hébert
Albert Gallatin Blanchard
Gabriel James Rains
Thomas Fenwick Drayton
Nathan George Evans
James Heyward Trapier
Hugh Weedon Mercer
William Montgomery Gardner
William Mahone
Raleigh Edward Colston
Sterling Alexander Martin Wood
John King Jackson
Bushrod Rust Johnson
James Patton Anderson
Howell Cobb
George Wythe Randolph
Joseph Brevard Kershaw
James Ronald Chalmers
Daniel Leadbetter
William Whann Mackall
Daniel Marsh Frost
Winfield Scott Featherston
Thomas James Churchill
William Booth Taliaferro
Albert Rust
Samuel Bell Maxey
Hamilton Prioleau Bee
James Morrison Hawes
George Hume Steuart
James Edwin Slaughter
Charles William Field
Lucius Marshall Walker DEC
Seth Maxwell Barton
Henry Eustace McCullough
Benjamin Hardin Helm
John Selden Roane
States Rights Gist
William Nelson Pendleton
Joseph Finegan
William Nelson Rector Beall
Thomas Jordan
William Preston
John Echols
George Earl Maney
Jean Jacques Alfred Alexandre Mouton
John Stuart Williams
James Green Martin
Thomas Lanier Clingman
Daniel Weisiger Adams
Louis Hébert
John Creed Moore
Ambrose Ransom Wright
James Lawson Kemper
James Jay Archer
Beverley Holcombe Robertson
St John Richardson Liddell
Nathan Bedford Forrest
Johnson Hagood
Micah Jenkins
Harry Thompson Hays
Albert Gallatin Jenkins
Matthew Duncan Ector
Edward Aylesworth Perry
John Gregg
John Calvin Brown
Alfred Holt Colquitt
Junius Daniel
Abraham Buford
William Steele
James Fleming Fagan
William Read Scurry
Francis Asbury Shoup
Joseph Robert Davis
William Henry Fitzhugh Lee
William Edmondson Jones
William Edwin Baldwin
John Crawford Vaughn
Evander McIvor Law
William Brimage Bate
Elkanah Brackin Greer
Francis Redding Tillou Nicholls
Preston Smith
Alfred Cumming
William Stephen Walker
George Pierce Doles
Carnot Posey
Montgomery Dent Corse
George Thomas Anderson
Alfred Iverson
James Henry Lane
Edward Lloyd Thomas
Stephen Dodson Ramseur
John Rogers Cooke
Jerome Bonaparte Robertson
Evander McNair
Archibald Gracie
William Robertson Boggs
James Camp Tappan
Dandridge McRae
Mosby Monroe Parsons
John Pegram
John Sappington Marmaduke
John Austin Wharton
William Thompson Martin
John Hunt Morgan
Marcus Joseph Wright
Zachariah Cantey Deas
Lucius Eugene Polk
Edward Cary Walthall
John Adams
William Hicks Jackson
James Cantey
Camille Armand Jules Marie de Polignac
Robert Frederick Hoke
Henry Lewis Benning
William Tatum Wofford
Samuel McGowan
Marcellus Augustus Stovall
George Blake Cosby
Francis Crawford Armstrong
William Lewis Cabell
John Daniel Imboden
Alfred Eugene Jackson
Robert Brank Vance
Henry Delamar Clayton
Arthur Middleton Manigault
Douglas Hancock Cooper
John Brown Gordon
John Wilkins Whitfield
James Alexander Walker
John Marshall Jones
Thomas Green
Matthew Whitaker Ransom
Alfred Moore Scales
George Washington Custis Lee
Henry Harrison Walker
Gabriel Colvin Wharton
Francis Marion Cockrell
James Patrick Major
Samuel Wragg Ferguson
Lunsford Lindsay Lomax
Laurence Simmons Baker
Otho French Strahl
Philip Dale Roddey
Eppa Hunton
Thomas Pleasant Dockery
Benjamin Grubb Humphreys
Henry Brevard Davidson
Henry Watkins Allen
Cullen Andrews Battle
William Andrew Quarles
William Whedbee Kirkland
Goode Bryan
Matthew Calbraith Butler
Williams Carter Wickham
Robert Daniel Johnston

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