1863 October 27th

October 27 1863 Tuesday

Cracker Line Operations, TN

Bristoe Campaign

Chattanooga Campaign – Cracker Line Operations

Second Bayou Teche Expedition

USA. In recognition of his performance at Chattanooga and the retention of control of Chattanooga, Union Major-General George Henry Thomas was promoted to Brigadier-General in the US Regular Army. The vacancy was opened by the retirement of Robert Anderson. Thomas now ranked fourteenth among substantive officers in the Regular Army.

Alabama. Skirmishes at Bear Creek and Little Bear Creek on the Memphis & Charleston Railroad.

Arkansas. Skirmish at Tulip.

Louisiana. The Union expedition to capture Brazos Santiago and the mouth of the Rio Grande River passed out of the mouth of the Mississippi River. The transports were convoyed by USS Monongahela, Commander James Hooker Strong, USS Owasco, Lieutenant-Commander Edmund W Henry, and USS Virginia, Acting Lieutenant C H Brown. This was an attempt to draw Texas out of Confederate control and also to deter the movement of French troops in Mexico into Texas.

Missouri. Union expedition from Cape Girardeau to Clarkson began.

North Carolina. Skirmish in Cherokee County. Confederate troops under Brigadier-General Alfred Jefferson Vaughan, supported by pro-Confederate Southern Indians, overtook Goldman Bryson and his band of mounted robbers, killing two and capturing seventeen men, along with 30 horses. The following day, Vaughan found and killed Bryson and another man carrying orders from Union Major-General Ambrose Everett Burnside.

Tennessee. Skirmish at Sweetwater.

Tennessee. Skirmish Pulaski.

Tennessee. Skirmish at Brown’s Ferry.

Tennessee. Union reconnaissance from Columbia toward Pulaski.

Tennessee. Skirmish at Clinch Mountain.

Tennessee. To secure the routes from Chattanooga into eastern Tennessee, Union Major-General Ambrose Everett Burnside concentrated his IX Corps on the railroad near Loudon at the junction of the Tennessee and Little Tennessee rivers. The XXIII Corps guarded the river between Loudon and Kinston, while a cavalry division guarded the Little Tennessee River between the railroad and the mountains. Burnside was reinforced by the attachment of an additional division to IX Corps. This force was stationed at Jonesboro to guard against Confederate movements from middle Tennessee. The Rogersville road was covered by two small cavalry brigades.

Tennessee. Union Major-General William Tecumseh Sherman was marching with 20,000 men along the 330 miles of railroad from Memphis to reinforce the relieving forces at Chattanooga. He had been ordered originally by Major-General Henry Wager Halleck to repair the railroads as he marched but the resulting delays caused Major-General Ulysses Simpson Grant to order Sherman to abandon the railroad repairs in order to move more quickly.

Cracker Line, Tennessee Union Major-General William Farrar Smith was assigned two brigades under Brigadier-General William Babcock Hazen and Brigadier-General John Basil Turchin, aided by the Engineer Brigade under Colonel Timothy Robbins Stanley, to capture Brown’s Ferry in a surprise attack. Turchin’s men and a battalion of engineers, about 3,500 men in all, marched overnight across a bend in the Tennessee River known as Moccasin Point to hold the east bank opposite Brown’s Ferry. Hazen’s men had the most hazardous and intrepid task. Organised into a picked force in fifty squads each of twenty-four soldiers and one officer, Hazen’s men were ferried down the river in improvised pontoon boats manned by Stanley’s men. A third column under Major-General Joseph Hooker was advancing from Bridgeport, Alabama, and along Lookout Valley to come to the relief of Hazen’s men if necessary. Hooker’s column of three divisions marched rapidly from Bridgeport along the railroad via Shellmound and the Running Water Creek gorge towards the key point.

At 3 am, Hazen’s men boarded the pontoons and quietly rode around Moccasin Point past the Lookout Mountain pickets. They exploited the river’s current for swift movement while an early morning fog helped cover their movements along six-miles of open river. Patrolling the area were the Confederate troops of Brigadier-General Evander McIver Law’s brigade. Confederate General Braxton Bragg was concerned by the approach of Hooker’s command and had ordered additional forces to be moved into Lookout Valley but this order was not carried out. Law’s men had gradually been dispersed along the west bank of the Tennessee River during the preceding days but they received no reinforcement and only five companies were available to guard the ferry.

After two hours, the boats were in position to start the first landings began before dawn. The boats were concealed by fog and an absence of moonlight and remained undetected by Confederate scouts on Lookout Mountain. Some Union soldiers had broken the silence when they came under fire early on and one soldier fell overboard. He was left to drown for fear of delay or making excessive noise. Finally, Hazen shouted for the boats to land at their objective. The Union troops splashed ashore and drove off the Confederate pickets. Some of the storming parties slightly missed their objectives but most of the landing points at the ferry and at a gorge further downriver were gained by 4.40 am. Commanding one of the two Confederate regiments posted to Brown’s Ferry was Colonel William C Oates of the 15th Alabama. Sensing an attack, Oates had requested reinforcements the night before and a third regiment was sent. As soon as he received news of the landings, Oates prepared a counterattack but when he reached the site the Union troops had already begun to entrench and were too strong to dislodge. Oates was soon wounded and out of action. By the time Law arrived with three more regiments from reserve, it was too late to attack the more numerous and entrenched defenders.

At this point, Stanley’s oarsmen began to ferry Turchin’s men across the river from the eastern bank on Moccasin point to reinforce Hazen. Their combined force now outnumbered the Confederates in the area, and they retreated southwards in the direction of Wauhatchie, abandoning Cummings Gap and Raccoon Mountain.

Confederate Lieutenant-General James Longstreet underestimated reports of the landing, dismissing it as a feint and did not order a stronger counter-attack to repel the bridgehead. The Union troops entrenched and consolidated their positions and a pontoon bridge was constructed across the river by mid-afternoon. The “Cracker Line” had been opened.

Texas. Union expedition from New Orleans, Louisiana, to Brazos Santiago and the Rio Grande began.

Texas. Confederate Colonel L Smith, commanding the Marine Department of Texas, reported the status of the small flotilla in the area. The gunboats CSS Clifton, CSS Sachem, and CSS Jacob A Bell were at Sabine Pass; CSS Bayou City, CSS Diana and CSS Harriet Lane were at Galveston Bay; CSS Mary Hill was at Velasco and CSS John F Carr was at Saluria. CSS Bayou City and CSS Harriet Lane were without guns and the remainder mounted a total of 15 guns. A Union naval and army expedition had departed New Orleans, Louisiana, and it was on its way to capture Brazos Santiago and the mouth of the Rio Grande River.

Texas. USS Granite City, Acting Master C W Lamson, captured the schooner Anita off Pass Cavallo with a cargo of cotton.

Virginia. Skirmish at Bealeton Station.

Virginia. Skirmish at Rappahannock Station.

West Virginia. Incidents at the Sandy River near Elizabeth.

Union Organisation

USA: George Henry Thomas promoted Brigadier-General USA 27 October 1863. He held the grade of Major-General USV concurrently.

Thomas, George Henry / Virginia / Born 31 July 1816 Newsom’s Depot, Virginia / Died San Francisco, California 28 March 1870
USMA 1 July 1840 12/42 Artillery / Cadet USMA 1 July 1836 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 3rd US Artillery 1 July 1840 / 1st Lieutenant 30 April 1844 / Captain USA 24 December 1853 / Major USA 2nd US Cavalry 12 May 1855 / Lieutenant-Colonel USA 25 April 1861 / Colonel USA 3 May 1861 / 5th US Cavalry 3 August 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 17 August 1861 to rank from 3 August 1861 / Major-General USV 26 April 1862 to rank from 25 April 1862 / Brigadier-General USA 27 October 1863 / Mustered Out USV 27 October 1863 / Major-General USA 16 January 1865 to rank from 15 December 1864 / Brevet 1st Lieutenant USA 6 November 1841 Brevet Captain USA 23 September 1846 Brevet Major USA 23 February 1847 Brevet Brigadier-General USA 19 January 1862 Unconfirmed Brevet Lieutenant-General USA 21 February 1868 Withdrawn Brevet Brigadier-General USA 21 February 1868 Withdrawn / WIA Clear Fork, Texas 26 August 1860
1st Brigade 1st Division Department of Pennsylvania 10 June 1861-19 July 1861 / 1st Brigade Department of the Shenandoah 19 July 1861-17 August 1861 / 1st Brigade Banks’ Division Army of the Potomac 17 August 1861-28 August 1861 / 2nd Division Department of the Cumberland November 1861-2 December 1861 / 1st Division Army of the Ohio 2 December 1861-29 September 1862 / Chief of Staff Army of the Ohio 29 September 1862-24 October 1862 / Centre XIV Corps Army of the Cumberland 24 October 1862-9 January 1863 / XIV Corps Cumberland 9 January 1863-28 October 1863 / Department of the Cumberland 17 October 1863-27 June 1865 / Army of the Cumberland 19 October 1863-1 August 1865 / Military Division of the Tennessee 27 June 1865-6 August 1865 / Department of the Tennessee 6 August 1866-11 March 1867

USA: James Hewitt Ledlie confirmed Brigadier-General USV 7 October 1863 to rank from 27 October 1863.

Ledlie, James Hewitt / New York / Born 14 April 1832 Utica, New York / Died New Brighton, Staten Island, New York 15 August 1882
Major USV 19th New York 22 May 1861 / Lieutenant-Colonel USV 28 September 1861 / Lieutenant-Colonel USV 3rd New York Artillery 11 December 1861 / Colonel USV 23 December 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 24 December 1862 Expired 4 March 1863 / Reappointed Brigadier-General USV 7 October 1863 to rank from 27 October 1863 / Resigned USV 23 January 1865
Artillery Brigade Department of North Carolina 4 December 1862-28 December 1862 / District of Currituck 11 December 1863-16 February 1864 / 1st Brigade 1st Division IX Corps Army of the Potomac 13 May 1864-9 June 1864 / 1st Division IX Corps Army of the Potomac 9 June 1864-5 August 1864

USA: Isaac Fitzgerald Shepard promoted Brigadier-General USV 27 October 1863 unconfirmed.

Shepard, Isaac Fitzgerald / Massachusetts / Born 7 July 1816 Natick, Massachusetts / Died Bellingham, Massachusetts 25 August 1889
Major Assistant Adjutant-Genera; Missouri Militia 18 June 1861 / ADC (N Lyon) August 1861 / Lieutenant-Colonel USV 19th Missouri Infantry 30 August 1861 / Colonel USV 3rd Missouri 18 January 1862 / Colonel USV 51st US Colored Infantry 9 May 1863 / Brigadier-General USV 17 November 1863 to rank from 27 October 1863 Expired Unconfirmed 4 July 1864 / Resigned USV 4 July 1864 / Adjutant-General Missouri Militia / WIA Wilson’s Creek 10 August 1861
African Brigade XVII Corps Army of the Tennessee May 1863-July 1863 / District of Northeast Louisiana 28 July 1863-18 August 1863 / 1st Brigade Division USCT District of Vicksburg March 1864-July 1864

USA: Robert Anderson retired as Brigadier-General in the US Regular Army because of injuries and illness. He continued to serve as a supernumerary on the staff of the Department of the East.

Anderson, Robert / Kentucky / Born 14 June 1805 Louisville, Kentucky / Died Nice, France 26 October 1871
USMA 1 July 1825 15/37 Artillery / Cadet USMA 1 July 1821 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 3rd US Artillery 1 July 1825 / Colonel USV Illinois Infantry 1832 / Mustered Out USV 1832 / 1st Lieutenant USA 3rd US Artillery 30 June 1833 / Assistant Adjutant-General7 July 1838-30 Nov 1841 / Captain USA 3rd US Artillery 23 October 1841 / Major USA 1st US Artillery 5 October 1857 / Brigadier-General USA 17 June 1861 to rank from 15 May 1861 / Retired USA 27 October 1863 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1825 Brevet Captain USA 2 April 1838 Brevet Major USA 8 September 1847 Brevet Major-General USA 3 February 1865 / WIA Molino del Rey 8 September 1847 CIA Fort Sumter 14 April 1861 Released 1861
Department of Kentucky 28 May 1861-14 August 1861 / Department of the Cumberland 15 August 1861-6 October 1861

Commander in Chief: President Abraham Lincoln

Vice-President: Hannibal Hamlin

Secretary of War: Edwin McMasters Stanton

Secretary of the Navy: Gideon Welles

North Atlantic Blockading Squadron: Samuel Phillips Lee
South Atlantic Blockading Squadron: John Adolphus Bernard Dahlgren
West Gulf Blockading Squadron: David Glasgow Farragut
East Gulf Blockading Squadron: Theodorus Bailey
Pacific Squadron: John Berrien Montgomery
Mississippi River Squadron: David Dixon Porter
Potomac Flotilla: Andrew Allen Harwood

General–in-Chief: Henry Wager Halleck

Military Division of the Mississippi: Ulysses Simpson Grant

  • Department of the Cumberland: George Henry Thomas
    • Army of the Cumberland: George Henry Thomas
      • IV Corps Cumberland: Gordon Granger
      • XIV Corps Cumberland: George Henry Thomas
      • Cavalry Corps Cumberland: Robert Byington Mitchell temporary
      • Hooker’s Command Cumberland: Joseph Hooker
        • XI Corps Cumberland: Oliver Otis Howard
        • XII Corps Cumberland: Henry Warner Slocum
  • Department of the Ohio: Ambrose Everett Burnside
    • District of Kentucky: Jeremiah Tilford Boyle
    • District of Eastern Kentucky: George W Gallup
    • District of Western Kentucky: Jeremiah Tilford Boyle
    • District of Illinois: Jacob Ammen
    • District of Indiana: John Smith Simonson
    • District of Ohio: Jacob Dolson Cox
    • Army of the Ohio: Ambrose Everett Burnside
      • IX Corps Ohio: Ambrose Everett Burnside
      • XXIII Corps Ohio: Mahlon Dickerson Manson
  • Department of the Tennessee: William Tecumseh Sherman
    • District of West Tennessee: Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
      • Sub-District of Memphis: James Clifford Veatch
    • District of Eastern Arkansas: Napoleon Bonaparte Buford
    • District of Northeast Louisiana: John Parker Hawkins
    • Army of the Tennessee: William Tecumseh Sherman
      • XV Corps Tennessee: William Tecumseh Sherman
      • XVI Corps Tennessee: Napoleon Jackson Tecumseh Dana
        • Left Wing XVI Corps Tennessee: Grenville Mellen Dodge
      • XVII Corps Tennessee: James Birdseye McPherson

Department of the East: John Adams Dix

Department of the Gulf: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks

  • District of Baton Rouge: Philip St George Cooke
  • District of Port Hudson: George Leonard Andrews
  • District of Pensacola: William Cune Holbrook
  • District of La Fourche: Henry Warner Birge
  • District of Key West and Tortugas: Daniel Phineas Woodbury
  • Defences of New Orleans: Edward Griffin Beckwith
  • Army of the Gulf: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
    • XIII Corps Gulf: Cadwallader Colden Washburn temporary
    • XIX Corps Gulf: William Buel Franklin

Middle Department: Robert Cumming Schenck

  • District of Delaware: Daniel Tyler
  • District of the Eastern Shore of Maryland: Henry Hayes Lockwood
  • VIII Corps Middle: Robert Cumming Schenck

Department of the Missouri: John McAllister Schofield

  • District of St Louis: William Kerley Strong
  • District of Southeast Missouri: Clinton Bowen Fisk
  • District of Southwest Missouri: John Benjamin Sanborn
  • District of Northeast Missouri: Thomas Jefferson McKean
  • District of North Missouri: Odon Guitar
  • District of Central Missouri: Egbert Benson Brown
  • District of Rolla: Thomas Alfred Davies
  • District of Nebraska Territory: Thomas Jefferson McKean
  • District of the Frontier: James Gilpatrick Blunt
  • District of the Border: Thomas Ewing
  • Army of Arkansas: Frederick Steele

Department of the Monongahela: William Thomas Harbaugh Brooks

Department of New Mexico: James Henry Carleton

  • District of Arizona: Joseph Rodman West

Department of the Northwest: John Pope

  • District of Minnesota: Henry Hastings Sibley
  • District of Wisconsin: Thomas Church Haskell Smith
  • District of Iowa: Benjamin Stone Roberts
  • District of Dakota: Alfred Sully

Department of the Pacific: George Wright

  • District of the Humboldt: Stephen Girard Whipple
  • District of Oregon: Benjamin Alvord
  • District of Southern California: James Freeman Curtis
  • District of Utah: Patrick Edward Connor

Department of the Potomac: George Gordon Meade

  • Army of the Potomac: George Gordon Meade
    • I Corps Potomac: John Newton
    • II Corps Potomac: Gouverneur Kemble Warren
    • III Corps Potomac: William Henry French
    • V Corps Potomac: George Sykes
    • VI Corps Potomac: John Sedgwick
    • Cavalry Corps Potomac: Alfred Pleasonton

Department of the South: Quincy Adams Gillmore

  • X Corps South: Quincy Adams Gillmore

Department of the Susquehanna: Darius Nash Couch

  • Lehigh District: Franz Sigel

Department of Virginia and North Carolina: Benjamin Franklin Butler

  • District of North Carolina: John James Peck
    • Sub-District of Albemarle: Henry Walton Wessells
    • Sub-District of the Pamlico: Joseph Miller McChesney temporary
    • Sub-District of Beaufort NC: James Jourdan
    • Defences of New Bern: Thomas Jonathan Coffin Amory
  • District of Yorktown: Isaac Jones Wistar
  • Army of North Carolina: John James Peck
    • XVIII Corps North Carolina: John Gray Foster

Department of Washington: Christopher Columbus Augur

  • District of Alexandria: John Potts Slough
  • District of Washington: John Henry Martindale
  • XXII Corps Washington: Christopher Columbus Augur

Department of Western Virginia: Benjamin Franklin Kelley

  • Army of the Kanawha: George Crook

District of St Mary’s: Gilman Marston

Confederate Organisation

Commander in Chief: President Jefferson Finis Davis

Vice-President: Alexander Hamilton Stephens

Secretary of War: James Alexander Seddon

Secretary of the Navy: Stephen Russell Mallory

Military Adviser to the President: Vacant

Military Division of the West: Joseph Eggleston Johnston

  • Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana: William Joseph Hardee
    • Gulf District: Dabney Herndon Maury
    • Army of Mississippi: Leonidas Polk

Department of Henrico: John Henry Winder

Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia: George Edward Pickett

  • District of the Cape Fear River and the Defences of Wilmington: William Henry Chase Whiting

Department of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee

  • Army of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee
    • II Corps Northern Virginia: Richard Stoddert Ewell
    • III Corps Northern Virginia: Ambrose Powell Hill
    • Cavalry Corps Northern Virginia: James Ewell Brown Stuart
  • Valley District: John Daniel Imboden

Department of Richmond: Arnold Elzey

Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard

  • District of Georgia: Hugh Weedon Mercer
  • District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
    • 1st Sub-District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
    • 2nd Sub-District of South Carolina: Beverley Holcombe Robertson
    • 3rd Sub-District of South Carolina: William Stephen Walker
    • 4th Sub-District of South Carolina: James Heyward Trapier
    • 5th Sub-District of South Carolina: Alfred Moore Rhett
    • 6th Sub-District of South Carolina: Henry Alexander Wise
    • 7th Sub-District of South Carolina: William Booth Taliaferro
  • District of East Florida: Joseph Finegan
  • District of Middle Florida: Joseph Finegan interim William Montgomery Gardner awaited
  • District of West Florida: John Horace Forney
  • Defences of Savannah: Jeremy Francis Gilmer

Department of Tennessee: Braxton Bragg

  • District of East Tennessee: Samuel Jones temporary
    • District of Abingdon: William Preston
  • District of Western North Carolina: Robert Brank Vance
  • Army of Tennessee: Braxton Bragg
    • I Corps Northern Virginia: Lafayette McLaws temporary
      • Reserve Corps Tennessee: William Henry Talbot Walker
    • I Corps Tennessee: William Joseph Hardee
    • II Corps Tennessee: John Cabell Breckinridge temporary
    • III Corps Tennessee: Simon Bolivar Buckner
    • Cavalry Corps Tennessee: Joseph Wheeler

Trans-Allegheny Department: Samuel Jones

Trans-Mississippi Department: Edmund Kirby Smith

  • District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: John Bankhead Magruder
    • Western Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: Hamilton Prioleau Bee
      • Sub-District of the Rio Grande: Hamilton Prioleau Bee
    • Eastern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: Philip Noland Luckett temporary
    • Sub-District of Houston: Xavier Blanchard Debray
    • Northern Sub-District Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: Henry Eustace McCullough
  • District of Arkansas: Theophilus Hunter Holmes
  • District of West Louisiana: Richard Taylor
  • District of Indian Territory: William Steele
  • Defences of Pass Cavallo: John W Glenn
  • Trans-Mississippi Army: Edmund Kirby Smith

Union Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

Major-General USA

George Brinton McClellan
John Charles Frémont
Henry Wager Halleck
Ulysses Simpson Grant

Major-General USV

Asterisk indicates concurrently Brigadier-General USA

John Adams Dix
Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
Benjamin Franklin Butler
David Hunter
Ethan Allen Hitchcock
Irvin McDowell*
Ambrose Everett Burnside
William Starke Rosecrans*
Don Carlos Buell
John Pope*
Samuel Ryan Curtis
Franz Sigel
John Alexander McClernand
Lewis Wallace
George Henry Thomas*
George Cadwalader
William Tecumseh Sherman*
Edward Otho Cresap Ord
Samuel Peter Heintzelman
Erasmus Darwin Keyes
Joseph Hooker*
Silas Casey
William Buel Franklin
Darius Nash Couch
Henry Warner Slocum
John James Peck
John Sedgwick
Alexander McDowell McCook
Thomas Leonidas Crittenden
John Gray Foster
John Grubb Parke
Christopher Columbus Augur
Robert Cumming Schenck
Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
Gordon Granger
Lovell Harrison Rousseau
James Birdseye McPherson*
Benjamin Mayberry Prentiss
George Stoneman
George Gordon Meade*
Oliver Otis Howard
Daniel Edgar Sickles
Robert Huston Milroy
Daniel Butterfield
Winfield Scott Hancock
George Sykes
William Henry French
David Sloane Stanley
James Scott Negley
John McAllister Schofield
John McAuley Palmer
Frederick Steele
Abner Doubleday
Napoleon Jackson Tecumseh Dana
Richard James Oglesby
John Alexander Logan
James Gilpatrick Blunt
George Lucas Hartsuff
Cadwallader Colden Washburn
Francis Jay Herron
Francis Preston Blair
Joseph Jones Reynolds
Philip Henry Sheridan
Julius Stahel
Carl Schurz
John Newton
Gouverneur Kemble Warren
David Bell Birney
William Thomas Harbaugh Brooks
Alfred Pleasonton
John Buford
Andrew Atkinson Humphreys
Quincy Adams Gillmore

Brigadier-General USA

Brackets indicates concurrently Major-General USV

(Irvin McDowell)
Robert Anderson RET
(William Starke Rosecrans)
Philip St George Cooke
(John Pope)
(Joseph Hooker)
(George Gordon Meade)
(William Tecumseh Sherman)
(James Birdseye McPherson)
(George Henry Thomas)

Brigadier-General USV

Andrew Porter
Charles Pomeroy Stone
Thomas West Sherman
William Reading Montgomery
Benjamin Franklin Kelley
Jacob Dolson Cox
Alpheus Starkey Williams
James Brewerton Ricketts
Orlando Bolivar Willcox
Michael Corcoran
Henry Hayes Lockwood
James Samuel Wadsworth
George Webb Morell
John Henry Martindale
Samuel Davis Sturgis
Henry Washington Benham
William Farrar Smith
William Farquhar Barry
John Joseph Abercrombie
Lawrence Pike Graham
Eleazar Arthur Paine
Willis Arnold Gorman
Horatio Gouverneur Wright
William Thomas Ward
John Gross Barnard
Innis Newton Palmer
Seth Williams
George Wright
John Milton Brannan
John Porter Hatch
Albin Francisco Schoepf
Thomas John Wood
Richard W Johnson
Adolph Wilhelm August Friedrich Von Steinwehr
George Washington Cullum
Jeremiah Tilford Boyle
Thomas Jefferson McKean
Zealous Bates Tower
Jefferson Columbus Davis
James Henry Lane
James Abram Garfield
Lewis Golding Arnold
William Scott Ketchum
John Wynn Davidson
Henry Morris Naglee
Andrew Johnson
James Gallant Spears
Eugene Asa Carr
Thomas Alfred Davies
Daniel Tyler
William Hemsley Emory
Andrew Jackson Smith
Marsena Rudolph Patrick
Isaac Ferdinand Quinby
Orris Sanford Ferry
Daniel Phineas Woodbury
Henry Moses Judah
John Cook
John McArthur
Jacob Gartner Lauman
Horatio Phillips Van Cleve
Speed Smith Fry
Alexander Asboth
James Craig
Mahlon Dickerson Manson
Edward Richard Sprigg Canby
Grenville Mellen Dodge
Robert Byington Mitchell
Cuvier Grover
Rufus Saxton
Benjamin Alvord
Napoleon Bonaparte Buford
William Sooy Smith
Nathan Kimball
Charles Devens
Samuel Wylie Crawford
Henry Walton Wessells
Milo Smith Hascall
John White Geary
Alfred Howe Terry
James Henry Carleton
Absalom Baird
John Cleveland Robinson
Truman Seymour
Henry Prince
Maximilian Weber
Jeremiah Cutler Sullivan
Alvin Peterson Hovey
James Clifford Veatch
William Plummer Benton
John Curtis Caldwell
Neal Dow
George Sears Greene
Samuel Powhatan Carter
John Gibbon
Erastus Barnard Tyler
Charles Griffin
George Henry Gordon
James Madison Tuttle
Julius White
Peter Joseph Osterhaus
Stephen Gano Burbridge
Washington Lafayette Elliott
Albion Parris Howe
Green Clay Smith
Benjamin Stone Roberts
Jacob Ammen
Fitz-Henry Warren
Morgan Lewis Smith
Charles Cruft
Frederick Salomon
John Basil Turchin
Henry Shaw Briggs
James Dada Morgan
Johann August Ernst Willich
Henry Dwight Terry
James Blair Steedman
George Foster Shepley
John Reese Kenly
John Potts Slough
Godfrey Weitzel
George Crook
Thomas Leiper Kane
Gershom Mott
Henry Jackson Hunt
Francis Channing Barlow
Mason Brayman
Nathaniel James Jackson
George Washington Getty
Alfred Sully
William Woods Averell
Alexander Hays
Francis Barretto Spinola
John Henry Hobart Ward
Solomon Meredith
James Bowen
Eliakim Parker Scammon
Robert Seaman Granger
Joseph Rodman West
Alfred Washington Ellet
George Leonard Andrews
Clinton Bowen Fisk
William Hays
Israel Vogdes
David Allen Russell
Lewis Cass Hunt
Frank Wheaton
John Sanford Mason
David McMurtrie Gregg
Robert Ogden Tyler
Alfred Thomas Archimedes Torbert
Gilman Marston
William Dwight
Sullivan Amory Meredith
Nathaniel Collins McLean
William Vandever
Alexander Schimmelfennig
Charles Kinnaird Graham
John Eugene Smith
Joseph Tarr Copeland
Charles Adam Heckman
Stephen Gardner Champlin
Edward Elmer Potter
Thomas Algeo Rowley
Henry Beebee Carrington
John Haskell King
Adam Jacoby Slemmer
Thomas Hewson Neill
Thomas Gamble Pitcher
Thomas William Sweeny
William Passmore Carlin
Romeyn Beck Ayres
William Babcock Hazen
James St Clair Morton
Joseph Anthony Mower
Richard Arnold
Edward Winslow Hinks
Michael Kelly Lawler
George Day Wagner
Lysander Cutler
Joseph Farmer Knipe
John Dunlap Stevenson
James Barnes
Theophilus Toulmin Garrard
Edward Harland
Samuel Beatty
Isaac Jones Wistar
Franklin Stillman Nickerson
Edward Henry Hobson
Ralph Pomeroy Buckland
Joseph Dana Webster
William Ward Orme
William Harrow
William Hopkins Morris
John Beatty
Thomas Howard Ruger
Thomas Edward Greenfield Ransom
Elias Smith Dennis
Thomas Church Haskell Smith
Mortimer Dormer Leggett
Davis Tillson
Hector Tyndale
Albert Lindley Lee
Charles Leopold Matthies
Marcellus Monroe Crocker
Egbert Benson Brown
John McNeil
George Francis McGinnis
Hugh Boyle Ewing
James Winning McMillan
James Murrell Shackelford
Daniel Ullmann
George Jerrison Stannard
Henry Baxter
John Milton Thayer
Charles Thomas Campbell
Halbert Eleazer Paine
Hugh Thompson Reid
Robert Brown Potter
Thomas Ewing
Joseph Andrew Jackson Lightburn
Thomas Greely Stevenson
Henry Hastings Sibley
Joseph Bradford Carr
Joseph Jackson Bartlett
Joshua Thomas Owen
Patrick Edward Connor
John Parker Hawkins
Gabriel René Paul
Edward Augustus Wild
Edward Ferrero
Adelbert Ames
William Birney
Daniel Henry Rucker
Robert Allen
Rufus Ingalls
Gustavus Adolphus De Russy
Alexander Shaler
Benjamin Henry Grierson
Robert Sanford Foster
Hugh Judson Kilpatrick
Alexander Stewart Webb
Alfred Napoleon Alexander Duffié
Walter Chiles Whitaker
Wesley Merritt
George Armstrong Custer
William Denison Whipple
John Converse Starkweather
Kenner Garrard
Charles Robert Woods
John Benjamin Sanborn
Giles Alexander Smith
Samuel Allen Rice
Jasper Adalmorn Maltby
Thomas Kilby Smith
Walter Quintin Gresham
Manning Ferguson Force
Robert Alexander Cameron
John Murray Corse
John Aaron Rawlins
Alexander Chambers
Alvan Cullem Gillem
James Clay Rice
John Wesley Turner
Henry Lawrence Eustis
Henry Eugene Davies
Andrew Jackson Hamilton
Henry Warner Birge
Charles Garrison Harker
James Hewitt Ledlie

Brigadier-General USA (Staff)

Montgomery Cunningham Meigs (Quartermaster-General)
Lorenzo Thomas
William Alexander Hammond (Surgeon-General)
Joseph Pannell Taylor (Commissary-General of Subsistence
Joseph Gilbert Totten (Engineers)
George Douglas Ramsay (Ordnance)

Confederate Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

General ACSA/PACS

Samuel Cooper
Robert Edward Lee
Joseph Eggleston Johnston
Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
Braxton Bragg

Lieutenant-General PACS

James Longstreet
Edmund Kirby Smith
Leonidas Polk
Theophilus Hunter Holmes
William Joseph Hardee
John Clifford Pemberton
Richard Stoddert Ewell
Ambrose Powell Hill
John Bell Hood

Major-General PACS

Benjamin Huger
John Bankhead Magruder
Mansfield Lovell
William Wing Loring
Sterling Price
Benjamin Franklin Cheatham
Samuel Jones
John Porter McCown
Daniel Harvey Hill
Thomas Carmichael Hindman
John Cabell Breckinridge
Lafayette McLaws
Richard Heron Anderson
James Ewell Brown Stuart
Richard Taylor
Simon Bolivar Buckner
Samuel Gibbs French
George Edward Pickett
Carter Littlepage Stevenson
John Horace Forney
Dabney Herndon Maury
Martin Luther Smith
John George Walker
Arnold Elzey
Patrick Ronayne Cleburne
Franklin Gardner
Isaac Ridgeway Trimble
Jubal Anderson Early
Joseph Wheeler
Edward Johnson
William Henry Chase Whiting
Robert Emmett Rodes
William Henry Talbot Walker
Henry Heth
Robert Ransom
Alexander Peter Stewart
Jones Mitchell Withers
Stephen Dill Lee
Cadmus Marcellus Wilcox
Wade Hampton
Fitzhugh Lee
William Smith
Howell Cobb

Brigadier-General PACS

Alexander Robert Lawton
Charles Clark
Henry Alexander Wise
Henry Hopkins Sibley
John Henry Winder
Gideon Johnson Pillow
Daniel Ruggles
Roswell Sabine Ripley
Paul Octave Hébert
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