1863 October 14th

October 14 1863 Wednesday

Battle of Bristoe Station, VA (CWSAC Major Battle Union Victory)

Second Battle of Auburn, VA (CWSAC Limited Battle – Inconclusive)

Siege of Chattanooga

Bristoe Campaign

Shelby’s Raid in Arkansas and Missouri

Second Bayou Teche Expedition

Arkansas. Demonstration at Fayetteville ended.

Indian Territory. Skirmish at the Creek Agency.

Louisiana. Skirmish at Carrion Crow Bayou involving Union Major-General William Buel Franklin.

Louisiana. Union expedition from Natchez and Fort Adams in Mississippi to the Red River began.

Mississippi. Union expedition from Messenger’s Ferry on the Big Black River to Canton began. ,

Mississippi. Union expedition from Natchez and Fort Adams to the Red River, Louisiana, began.

Mississippi. USS Queen City, Acting Lieutenant G W Brown, had departed from Helena, Arkansas, on 13 October and now landed soldiers to surround the town of Friar’s Point. The warehouses were searched and more than 200 bales of cotton and several prisoners were seized.

Missouri. Incidents at Jonesboro, Syracuse.

Missouri. Skirmish with Confederate Joseph Orville Shelby at Scott’s Ford.

Missouri. Skirmish at Man’s Creek in Shannon County.

Missouri. Confederate Brigadier-General Joseph Orville Shelby’s raiders passed overnight through Waverly, protecting his lengthy captured supply train. Reaching Hawkins Mill he decided to jettison the encumbrance and sank the wagons and surplus supplies in the Missouri River. He then headed southwards and headed for three days through Harrisonville and Butler towards Carthage.

Tennessee. Expedition to Carthage and Gallatin ended.

Tennessee. Skirmish at Loudon.

Tennessee. Incident at Fayetteville,

Tennessee. Skirmish at Blountsville

Tennessee. Skirmishes near Brentsville and Centreville.

Virginia. Expedition to Gainesville ended.

Virginia. Incidents at Auburn Mill, Auburn Ford, and Coffee Hill.

Virginia. Skirmishes at St Stephen’s Church, Gainesville, Grove Church, and Catlett’s Station

Second Auburn, Virginia, also known as Auburn or Auburn Mill, or Auburn Ford or Coffee Hill or Catlett’s Station. As the Union Army of the Potomac withdrew towards Manassas Junction, Brigadier-General Joshua Thomas Owen’s brigade (3/3/II) and the 12th New Jersey Infantry from Colonel Thomas Alfred Smyth’s (2/3/II) Union brigades fought a rearguard action against Major-General James Ewell Brown Stuart’s cavalry.

The ground at the crossing of Cedar Run just south of Auburn was deeply muddied by the passing of the Union II Corps during the night. The wagon trains had difficulty traversing the mud and the slopes of the creek so Major-General Gouverneur Kemble Warren ordered Brigadier-General John Curtis Caldwell and Brigadier-General Alexander Hays to deploy their divisions as protection. Caldwell moved to secure the high ground north of the creek and guarded the rear of the column and the wagon train as it continued to Catlett’s Station. Caldwell’s men set up camp on a prominent hill and began to make breakfast. The hill was later dubbed Coffee Hill. Caldwell formed a skirmish line facing northeast towards Warrenton with the 10th New York Infantry in advance as vedettes.

At 6:15 am, the advance guard of a Confederate brigade from Major-General Robert Emmett Rodes’ division approached the 10th New York and skirmishing broke out. The sound of gunfire carried to the ravine where Confederate Major-General James Ewell Brown Stuart was hiding and he dispatched scouts to reconnoitre the situation. Upon discovering the Union camp on Coffee Hill, Stuart ordered Major Robert F Beckham’s Horse Artillery into action on a rise to the east of Coffee Hill. The Confederates opened a barrage on the Union men, catching them by surprise. Caldwell turned his batteries on Coffee Hill to face Beckham’s guns and moved his line to the western slope of the hill to protect them against the artillery fire. Warren then dispatched Hays’ division, led by the 125th New York Infantry, to dislodge Beckham’s artillery. To protect Beckham as he limbered his guns for a withdrawal, Stuart sent Brigadier-General James Byron Gordon’s cavalry brigade to counter the Union advance with a charge. The charge temporarily stopped the Union advance and intense skirmishing ensued. Stuart ordered Gordon to charge again to provide cover for his cavalry to escape to the southeast. Gordon fell wounded but Stuart made his escape and looped around the Union position, joining Major-General Jubal Anderson Early and Major-General Fitzhugh Lee, who were posted to the southwest of Auburn.

While Stuart’s command was escaping encirclement, the battle intensified. Rodes’ division advanced on Coffee Hill and Caldwell repositioned his artillery back to the west to check the Confederate advance. Rodes pressed the attack from 8 am to 9 am with Early’s and Fitzhugh Lee’s divisions joining the action from the southwest. By 10 am, the fight had stalled and an hour-long artillery duel ensued.

The fighting ended after the Union column had passed safely to Catlett’s Station. Caldwell withdrew to the east, pressed for a short time by Rodes. By 1 pm, all fighting had ceased and the Confederates withdrew. The Confederates had successfully extricated Stuart’s command from the risk of capture while the Union had managed to protect their vulnerable wagon trains. Caldwell continued his march towards Bristoe Station. Estimated casualties were 113 in total, of which 24 were Union. The Union claimed 24 prisoners. (CWSAC Limited Battle – Inconclusive)

Confederate Colonel Thomas Ruffin’s 1st North Carolina Cavalry attacked the Union troops of II Corps as they were crossing Cedar Run. Union skirmishers deployed and repelled the attack, mortally wounding Ruffin. Determined to press the rear of the Union retrograde, General Robert Edward Lee ordered Lieutenant-General Ambrose Powell Hill to pursue the Union army eastwards along the railroad. Meanwhile, the Union II Corps pushed on to Catlett’s Station on the Orange & Alexandria Railroad.

Bristoe Station, Virginia. At 3 am, Union Major-General Gouverneur Kemble Warren’s II Corps broke camp at Three Mile Station and headed for Catlett’s Station. Attempting to cut off the withdrawal of the Army of the Potomac from Warrenton Junction, Confederate Lieutenant-General Ambrose Powell Hill’s III Corps left Warrenton at dawn and, after a fifteen-mile march, reached Greenwich where it encountered the tail of the retreating Union army at Bristoe Station. It appeared that half of a Union Corps was bunched on the southern bank waiting to cross and therefore offered a temptingly vulnerable target. This was part of the Union III Corps. Hill decided to attack the rearguard of the Union II Corps before it crossed Broad Run. At noon, Union Major-General Gouverneur Kemble Warren saw Major-General Heth’s Confederate division deploying to advance against him, and he rapidly deployed his II Corps behind an embankment of the Orange & Alexandria Railroad near Bristoe Station. Hill was impetuous to seize the opportunity and sent Heth into the attack without proper reconnaissance of what he thought were isolated troops partially across Broad Run. He sent for Major-General Richard Heron Anderson to hurry up in support with his division. Brigadier-General John Rogers Cooke’s and Brigadier-General William Whedbee Kirkland’s brigades of Heth’s division deployed immediately, while the other two were still marching towards the field. Cooke’s and Kirkland’s brigades advanced eastwards to cut off the crossing of Broad Run, capturing a battery of artillery on the way.

Hill was unaware of the presence of Caldwell’s division, which had recently arrived from its action at Auburn. Caldwell had taken up a strong concealed position behind the embankment of the Orange & Alexandria Railroad embankment. Heth’s men were surprised by devastating fire from these three divisions and the artillery of II Corps to the southeast. Instead of turning north across the stream to escape this fire, the two brigades of Confederates wheeled south and charged the Union positions. Hill reinforced his line but could make little headway against the determined and more numerous defenders, which had the support artillery firing over the heads of the infantry. Despite this fire, Heth’s men briefly secured a foothold in the lines of Colonel James E Mallon’s brigade of Brigadier-General Alexander Stewart Webb’s 2nd Division, II Corps. The Confederates were soon driven back and five guns of a Confederate battery were captured in the Union counterattack. Warren, seeing Confederate Lieutenant-General Ewell’s II Corps coming up quickly on his left, decided to withdraw. The Union retreat was undisturbed to Centreville where they deployed again to stand their ground. The attack at Bristoe Station was a serious defeat for the Confederates and halted their northward march.

Mallon was killed in the fighting. Kirkland and Cooke were both seriously wounded, and Brigadier-General Carnot Posey was mortally wounded. Total Confederates losses were about 1,950 to 1,980 men, including about 450 prisoners. Union losses were about 300 men, including no more than fifty men killed. (CWSAC Major Battle Union Victory)

ORDER OF BATTLE: BRISTOE STATION, VA

Union Department of the Potomac: Major-General George Gordon Meade
Army of the Potomac: Major-General George Gordon Meade
II Corps: Major-General Gouverneur Kemble Warren
1st Division, II Corps: Brigadier-General John Curtis Caldwell
1st Brigade, 1st Division, II Corps: Colonel Nelson Appleton Miles
2nd Brigade, 1st Division, II Corps: Colonel Patrick Kelly
3rd Brigade, 1st Division, II Corps: Colonel Paul Frank
4th Brigade, 1st Division, II Corps: Colonel John Rutter Brooke
2nd Division, II Corps: Brigadier-General Alexander Stewart Webb
1st Brigade, 2nd Division, II Corps: Colonel Francis E Heath
2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, II Corps: Colonel De Witt C Baxter
3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, II Corps: Colonel James E Mallon
3rd Division, II Corps: Brigadier-General Alexander Hays
1st Brigade, 3rd Division, II Corps: Colonel Samuel Sprigg Carroll
2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, II Corps: Colonel Thomas Alfred Smyth
3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, II Corps: Brigadier-General Joshua Thomas Owen

Confederate Department of Northern Virginia: General Robert Edward Lee
Army of Northern Virginia: General Robert Edward Lee
III Corps: Lieutenant-General Ambrose Powell Hill
Anderson’s Division, III Corps: Major-General Richard Heron Anderson
Wilcox’s Brigade, Anderson’s Division, III Corps: Colonel John C C Sanders
Mahone’s Brigade, Anderson’s Division, III Corps: Brigadier-General William Mahone
Posey’s Brigade, Anderson’s Division, III Corps: Brigadier-General Carnot Posey
Wright’s Brigade, Anderson’s Division, III Corps: Brigadier-General Ambrose Ransom Wright
Perry’s Brigade, Anderson’s Division, III Corps: Brigadier-General Edward Aylesworth Perry
Heth’s Division, III Corps: Major-General Henry Heth
Davis’s Brigade, Heth’s Division, III Corps: Brigadier-General Joseph Robert Davis
Walker’s Brigade, Heth’s Division, III Corps: Brigadier-General Henry Harrison Walker
Kirkland’s Brigade, Heth’s Division, III Corps: Brigadier-General William Whedbee Kirkland
Cooke’s Brigade, Heth’s Division, III Corps: Brigadier-General John Rogers Cooke
Cavalry Corps: Major-General James Ewell Brown Stuart
Hampton’s Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps:
Jones’ Cavalry Brigade, Hampton’s Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps: Colonel Oliver R Funsten
Baker’s Brigade, Hampton’s Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps: Brigadier-General James Byron Gordon

West Virginia. Skirmish at Salt Lick Bridge during a pursuit by Union Brigadier-General William Woods Averell’s cavalry towards Addison in Webster County.

Union Organisation

Commander in Chief: President Abraham Lincoln

Vice-President: Hannibal Hamlin

Secretary of War: Edwin McMasters Stanton

Secretary of the Navy: Gideon Welles

North Atlantic Blockading Squadron: Samuel Phillips Lee
South Atlantic Blockading Squadron: John Adolphus Bernard Dahlgren
West Gulf Blockading Squadron: David Glasgow Farragut
East Gulf Blockading Squadron: Theodorus Bailey
Pacific Squadron: John Berrien Montgomery
Mississippi River Squadron: David Dixon Porter
Potomac Flotilla: Andrew Allen Harwood

General–in-Chief: Henry Wager Halleck

Department of the Cumberland: William Starke Rosecrans

  • Army of the Cumberland: William Starke Rosecrans
    • IV Corps Cumberland: Gordon Granger
    • XIV Corps Cumberland: George Henry Thomas
    • Cavalry Corps Cumberland: Robert Byington Mitchell temporary
    • Hooker’s Command Cumberland: Joseph Hooker
      • XI Corps Cumberland: Oliver Otis Howard
      • XII Corps Cumberland: Henry Warner Slocum

Department of the East: John Adams Dix

Department of the Gulf: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks

  • District of Baton Rouge: Philip St George Cooke
  • District of Port Hudson: George Leonard Andrews
  • District of Pensacola: William Cune Holbrook
  • District of La Fourche: Henry Warner Birge
  • District of Key West and Tortugas: Charles Hamilton
  • Defences of New Orleans: Edward Griffin Beckwith
  • Army of the Gulf: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
    • XIII Corps Gulf: Edward Otho Cresap Ord
    • XIX Corps Gulf: William Buel Franklin

Middle Department: Robert Cumming Schenck

  • District of Delaware: Daniel Tyler
  • District of the Eastern Shore of Maryland: Henry Hayes Lockwood
  • VIII Corps Middle: Robert Cumming Schenck

Department of the Missouri: John McAllister Schofield

  • District of St Louis: William Kerley Strong
  • District of Southeast Missouri: Clinton Bowen Fisk
  • District of Southwest Missouri: John McNeil
  • District of Northeast Missouri: Thomas Jefferson McKean
  • District of North Missouri: Odon Guitar
  • District of Central Missouri: Egbert Benson Brown
  • District of Rolla: Thomas Alfred Davies
  • District of Nebraska Territory: Thomas Jefferson McKean
  • District of the Frontier: James Gilpatrick Blunt
  • District of the Border: Thomas Ewing
  • Army of Arkansas: Frederick Steele

Department of the Monongahela: William Thomas Harbaugh Brooks

Department of New Mexico: James Henry Carleton

  • District of Arizona: Joseph Rodman West

Department of the Northwest: John Pope

  • District of Minnesota: Henry Hastings Sibley
  • District of Wisconsin: Thomas Church Haskell Smith
  • District of Iowa: Benjamin Stone Roberts
  • District of Dakota: Alfred Sully

Department of the Ohio: Ambrose Everett Burnside

  • District of Kentucky: Jeremiah Tilford Boyle
  • District of Eastern Kentucky: George W Gallup
  • District of Western Kentucky: Jeremiah Tilford Boyle
  • District of Illinois: Jacob Ammen
  • District of Indiana: John Smith Simonson
  • District of Ohio: Jacob Dolson Cox
  • Army of the Ohio: Ambrose Everett Burnside
    • IX Corps Ohio: Ambrose Everett Burnside
    • XXIII Corps Ohio: Mahlon Dickerson Manson

Department of the Pacific: George Wright

  • District of the Humboldt: Stephen Girard Whipple
  • District of Oregon: Benjamin Alvord
  • District of Southern California: James Freeman Curtis
  • District of Utah: Patrick Edward Connor

Department of the Potomac: George Gordon Meade

  • Army of the Potomac: George Gordon Meade
    • I Corps Potomac: John Newton
    • II Corps Potomac: Gouverneur Kemble Warren
    • III Corps Potomac: William Henry French
    • V Corps Potomac: Samuel Wylie Crawford temporary
    • VI Corps Potomac: John Sedgwick
    • Cavalry Corps Potomac: Alfred Pleasonton

Department of the South: Quincy Adams Gillmore

  • X Corps South: Quincy Adams Gillmore

Department of the Susquehanna: Darius Nash Couch

  • Lehigh District: Franz Sigel

Department of the Tennessee: Ulysses Simpson Grant

  • District of West Tennessee: Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
    • Sub-District of Memphis: James Clifford Veatch
  • District of Eastern Arkansas: Napoleon Bonaparte Buford
  • District of Northeast Louisiana: John Parker Hawkins
  • Army of the Tennessee: Ulysses Simpson Grant
    • XV Corps Tennessee: William Tecumseh Sherman
    • XVI Corps Tennessee: Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
      • Left Wing XVI Corps Tennessee: Grenville Mellen Dodge
    • XVII Corps Tennessee: James Birdseye McPherson

Department of Virginia and North Carolina: Benjamin Franklin Butler

  • District of North Carolina: John James Peck
    • Sub-District of Albemarle: Henry Walton Wessells
    • Sub-District of the Pamlico: Josiah Pickett
    • Sub-District of Beaufort NC: James Jourdan
    • Defences of New Bern: Thomas Jonathan Coffin Amory
  • District of Yorktown: Isaac Jones Wistar
  • Army of North Carolina: John James Peck
    • XVIII Corps North Carolina: John Gray Foster

Department of Washington: Christopher Columbus Augur

  • District of Alexandria: John Potts Slough
  • District of Washington: John Henry Martindale
  • XXII Corps Washington: Christopher Columbus Augur

Department of Western Virginia: Benjamin Franklin Kelley

  • Army of the Kanawha: George Crook

District of St Mary’s: Gilman Marston

Confederate Organisation

CSA: Brigadier-General Carnot Posey was mortally wounded at Bristoe Station.

Posey, Carnot / Mississippi / Born 5 August 1818 Woodville, Mississippi / DOW Charlottesville, Virginia 13 November 1863
1st Lieutenant USV 1st Mississippi Rifles 1846/ Mustered Out USV 1848 / Captain PACS Mississippi Infantry 21 May 1861 / Colonel PACS 16th Mississippi Infantry 4 June 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS (Special) 5 March 1863 to rank from 1 November 1862 / WIA Buena Vista 23 February 1847 WIA Cross Keys 8 June 1862 MWIA Bristoe Station 14 October 1863
Featherston’s Brigade Wilcox’s Division I Corps Army of Northern Virginia 30 August 1862-November 1862 / Posey’s Brigade R H Anderson’s Division I Corps Army of Northern Virginia 19 January 1863-30 May 1863 / Posey’s Brigade R H Anderson’s Division III Corps Army of Northern Virginia 30 May 1863-14 October 1863

Commander in Chief: President Jefferson Finis Davis

Vice-President: Alexander Hamilton Stephens

Secretary of War: James Alexander Seddon

Secretary of the Navy: Stephen Russell Mallory

Military Adviser to the President: Vacant

Military Division of the West: Joseph Eggleston Johnston

  • Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana: William Joseph Hardee
    • Gulf District: Dabney Herndon Maury
    • Army of Mississippi: William Joseph Hardee

Department of Henrico: John Henry Winder

Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia: George Edward Pickett

  • District of the Cape Fear River and the Defences of Wilmington: William Henry Chase Whiting

Department of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee

  • Army of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee
    • II Corps Northern Virginia: Richard Stoddert Ewell
    • III Corps Northern Virginia: Ambrose Powell Hill
    • Cavalry Corps Northern Virginia: James Ewell Brown Stuart
  • Valley District: John Daniel Imboden

Department of Richmond: Arnold Elzey

Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard

  • District of Georgia: Hugh Weedon Mercer
  • District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
    • 1st Sub-District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
    • 2nd Sub-District of South Carolina: James Heyward Trapier
    • 3rd Sub-District of South Carolina: William Stephen Walker
    • 4th Sub-District of South Carolina: James Heyward Trapier
  • District of East Florida: Joseph Finegan
  • District of Middle Florida: Joseph Finegan interim William Montgomery Gardner awaited
  • District of West Florida: John Horace Forney
  • Defences of Savannah: Jeremy Francis Gilmer

Department of Tennessee: Braxton Bragg

  • District of East Tennessee: Samuel Jones temporary
    • District of Abingdon: William Preston
  • District of Western North Carolina: Robert Brank Vance
  • Army of Tennessee: Braxton Bragg
    • I Corps Northern Virginia: Lafayette McLaws temporary
      • Reserve Corps Tennessee: William Henry Talbot Walker
    • I Corps Tennessee: Benjamin Franklin Cheatham temporary
    • II Corps Tennessee: Daniel Harvey Hill
    • III Corps Tennessee: Simon Bolivar Buckner
    • Cavalry Corps Tennessee: Joseph Wheeler

Trans-Allegheny Department: Samuel Jones

Trans-Mississippi Department: Edmund Kirby Smith

  • District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: John Bankhead Magruder
    • Western Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: Hamilton Prioleau Bee
      • Sub-District of the Rio Grande: Hamilton Prioleau Bee
    • Eastern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: Philip Noland Luckett temporary
    • Sub-District of Houston: Xavier Blanchard Debray
    • Northern Sub-District Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: Henry Eustace McCullough
  • District of Arkansas: Theophilus Hunter Holmes
  • District of West Louisiana: Richard Taylor
  • District of Indian Territory: William Steele
  • Defences of Pass Cavallo: John W Glenn
  • Trans-Mississippi Army: Edmund Kirby Smith

Union Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

Major-General USA

George Brinton McClellan
John Charles Frémont
Henry Wager Halleck
Ulysses Simpson Grant

Major-General USV

Asterisk indicates concurrently Brigadier-General USA

John Adams Dix
Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
Benjamin Franklin Butler
David Hunter
Ethan Allen Hitchcock
Irvin McDowell*
Ambrose Everett Burnside
William Starke Rosecrans*
Don Carlos Buell
John Pope*
Samuel Ryan Curtis
Franz Sigel
John Alexander McClernand
Lewis Wallace
George Henry Thomas
George Cadwalader
William Tecumseh Sherman*
Edward Otho Cresap Ord
Samuel Peter Heintzelman
Erasmus Darwin Keyes
Joseph Hooker*
Silas Casey
William Buel Franklin
Darius Nash Couch
Henry Warner Slocum
John James Peck
John Sedgwick
Alexander McDowell McCook
Thomas Leonidas Crittenden
John Gray Foster
John Grubb Parke
Christopher Columbus Augur
Robert Cumming Schenck
Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
Gordon Granger
Lovell Harrison Rousseau
James Birdseye McPherson*
Benjamin Mayberry Prentiss
George Stoneman
George Gordon Meade*
Oliver Otis Howard
Daniel Edgar Sickles
Robert Huston Milroy
Daniel Butterfield
Winfield Scott Hancock
George Sykes
William Henry French
David Sloane Stanley
James Scott Negley
John McAllister Schofield
John McAuley Palmer
Frederick Steele
Abner Doubleday
Napoleon Jackson Tecumseh Dana
Richard James Oglesby
John Alexander Logan
James Gilpatrick Blunt
George Lucas Hartsuff
Cadwallader Colden Washburn
Francis Jay Herron
Francis Preston Blair
Joseph Jones Reynolds
Philip Henry Sheridan
Julius Stahel
Carl Schurz
John Newton
Gouverneur Kemble Warren
David Bell Birney
William Thomas Harbaugh Brooks
Alfred Pleasonton
John Buford
Andrew Atkinson Humphreys
Quincy Adams Gillmore

Brigadier-General USA

Brackets indicates concurrently Major-General USV

(Irvin McDowell)
Robert Anderson
(William Starke Rosecrans)
Philip St George Cooke
(John Pope)
(Joseph Hooker)
(George Gordon Meade)
(William Tecumseh Sherman)
(James Birdseye McPherson)

Brigadier-General USV

Andrew Porter
Charles Pomeroy Stone
Thomas West Sherman
William Reading Montgomery
Rufus King
Benjamin Franklin Kelley
Jacob Dolson Cox
Alpheus Starkey Williams
James Brewerton Ricketts
Orlando Bolivar Willcox
Michael Corcoran
Henry Hayes Lockwood
James Samuel Wadsworth
George Webb Morell
John Henry Martindale
Samuel Davis Sturgis
Henry Washington Benham
William Farrar Smith
Egbert Ludovicus Vielé
William Farquhar Barry
John Joseph Abercrombie
Lawrence Pike Graham
Eleazar Arthur Paine
Willis Arnold Gorman
Horatio Gouverneur Wright
William Thomas Ward
John Gross Barnard
Innis Newton Palmer
Seth Williams
George Wright
John Milton Brannan
John Porter Hatch
William Kerley Strong
Albin Francisco Schoepf
Thomas John Wood
Richard W Johnson
Adolph Wilhelm August Friedrich Von Steinwehr
George Washington Cullum
Jeremiah Tilford Boyle
Thomas Jefferson McKean
Zealous Bates Tower
Jefferson Columbus Davis
James Henry Lane
James Abram Garfield
Lewis Golding Arnold
William Scott Ketchum
John Wynn Davidson
Henry Morris Naglee
Andrew Johnson
James Gallant Spears
Eugene Asa Carr
Thomas Alfred Davies
Daniel Tyler
William Hemsley Emory
Andrew Jackson Smith
Marsena Rudolph Patrick
Isaac Ferdinand Quinby
Orris Sanford Ferry
Daniel Phineas Woodbury
Henry Moses Judah
John Cook
John McArthur
Jacob Gartner Lauman
Horatio Phillips Van Cleve
Speed Smith Fry
Alexander Asboth
James Craig
Mahlon Dickerson Manson
Edward Richard Sprigg Canby
Grenville Mellen Dodge
Robert Byington Mitchell
Cuvier Grover
Rufus Saxton
Benjamin Alvord
Napoleon Bonaparte Buford
William Sooy Smith
Nathan Kimball
Charles Devens
Samuel Wylie Crawford
Henry Walton Wessells
Milo Smith Hascall
John White Geary
Alfred Howe Terry
James Henry Carleton
Absalom Baird
John Cleveland Robinson
Truman Seymour
Henry Prince
Maximilian Weber
Jeremiah Cutler Sullivan
Alvin Peterson Hovey
James Clifford Veatch
William Plummer Benton
John Curtis Caldwell
Neal Dow
George Sears Greene
Samuel Powhatan Carter
John Gibbon
Erastus Barnard Tyler
Charles Griffin
George Henry Gordon
James Madison Tuttle
Julius White
Peter Joseph Osterhaus
Stephen Gano Burbridge
Washington Lafayette Elliott
Albion Parris Howe
Green Clay Smith
Benjamin Stone Roberts
Jacob Ammen
Fitz-Henry Warren
Morgan Lewis Smith
Charles Cruft
Frederick Salomon
John Basil Turchin
Henry Shaw Briggs
James Dada Morgan
Johann August Ernst Willich
Henry Dwight Terry
James Blair Steedman
George Foster Shepley
John Reese Kenly
John Potts Slough
Godfrey Weitzel
George Crook
Thomas Leiper Kane
Gershom Mott
Henry Jackson Hunt
Francis Channing Barlow
Mason Brayman
Nathaniel James Jackson
George Washington Getty
Alfred Sully
William Woods Averell
Alexander Hays
Francis Barretto Spinola
John Henry Hobart Ward
Solomon Meredith
James Bowen
Eliakim Parker Scammon
Robert Seaman Granger
Joseph Rodman West
Alfred Washington Ellet
George Leonard Andrews
Clinton Bowen Fisk
William Hays
Israel Vogdes
David Allen Russell
Lewis Cass Hunt
Frank Wheaton
John Sanford Mason
David McMurtrie Gregg
Robert Ogden Tyler
Alfred Thomas Archimedes Torbert
Gilman Marston
William Dwight
Sullivan Amory Meredith
Nathaniel Collins McLean
William Vandever
Alexander Schimmelfennig
Charles Kinnaird Graham
John Eugene Smith
Joseph Tarr Copeland
Charles Adam Heckman
Stephen Gardner Champlin
Edward Elmer Potter
Thomas Algeo Rowley
Henry Beebee Carrington
John Haskell King
Adam Jacoby Slemmer
Thomas Hewson Neill
Thomas Gamble Pitcher
Thomas William Sweeny
William Passmore Carlin
Romeyn Beck Ayres
William Babcock Hazen
James St Clair Morton
Joseph Anthony Mower
Richard Arnold
Edward Winslow Hinks
Michael Kelly Lawler
George Day Wagner
Lysander Cutler
Joseph Farmer Knipe
John Dunlap Stevenson
James Barnes
Theophilus Toulmin Garrard
Edward Harland
Samuel Beatty
Isaac Jones Wistar
Franklin Stillman Nickerson
Edward Henry Hobson
Ralph Pomeroy Buckland
Joseph Dana Webster
William Ward Orme
William Harrow
William Hopkins Morris
John Beatty
Thomas Howard Ruger
Thomas Edward Greenfield Ransom
Elias Smith Dennis
Thomas Church Haskell Smith
Mortimer Dormer Leggett
Davis Tillson
Hector Tyndale
Albert Lindley Lee
Charles Leopold Matthies
Marcellus Monroe Crocker
Egbert Benson Brown
John McNeil
George Francis McGinnis
Hugh Boyle Ewing
James Winning McMillan
James Murrell Shackelford
Daniel Ullmann
George Jerrison Stannard
Henry Baxter
John Milton Thayer
Charles Thomas Campbell
Halbert Eleazer Paine
Hugh Thompson Reid
Robert Brown Potter
Thomas Ewing
Joseph Andrew Jackson Lightburn
Thomas Greely Stevenson
Henry Hastings Sibley
Joseph Bradford Carr
Joseph Jackson Bartlett
Joshua Thomas Owen
Patrick Edward Connor
John Parker Hawkins
Gabriel René Paul
Edward Augustus Wild
Edward Ferrero
Adelbert Ames
William Birney
Daniel Henry Rucker
Robert Allen
Rufus Ingalls
Gustavus Adolphus De Russy
Alexander Shaler
Benjamin Henry Grierson
Robert Sanford Foster
Hugh Judson Kilpatrick
Alexander Stewart Webb
Alfred Napoleon Alexander Duffié
Walter Chiles Whitaker
Wesley Merritt
George Armstrong Custer
William Denison Whipple
John Converse Starkweather
Kenner Garrard
Charles Robert Woods
John Benjamin Sanborn
Giles Alexander Smith
Samuel Allen Rice
Jasper Adalmorn Maltby
Thomas Kilby Smith
Walter Quintin Gresham
Manning Ferguson Force
Robert Alexander Cameron
John Murray Corse
John Aaron Rawlins
Alexander Chambers
Alvan Cullem Gillem
James Clay Rice
John Wesley Turner
Henry Lawrence Eustis
Henry Eugene Davies
Andrew Jackson Hamilton
Henry Warner Birge
Charles Garrison Harker
James Hewitt Ledlie

Brigadier-General USA (Staff)

Montgomery Cunningham Meigs (Quartermaster-General)
Lorenzo Thomas
William Alexander Hammond (Surgeon-General)
Joseph Pannell Taylor (Commissary-General of Subsistence
Joseph Gilbert Totten (Engineers)
George Douglas Ramsay (Ordnance)

Confederate Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

General ACSA/PACS

Samuel Cooper
Robert Edward Lee
Joseph Eggleston Johnston
Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
Braxton Bragg

Lieutenant-General PACS

James Longstreet
Edmund Kirby Smith
Leonidas Polk
Theophilus Hunter Holmes
William Joseph Hardee
John Clifford Pemberton
Richard Stoddert Ewell
Ambrose Powell Hill
John Bell Hood

Major-General PACS

Benjamin Huger
John Bankhead Magruder
Mansfield Lovell
William Wing Loring
Sterling Price
Benjamin Franklin Cheatham
Samuel Jones
John Porter McCown
Daniel Harvey Hill
Thomas Carmichael Hindman
John Cabell Breckinridge
Lafayette McLaws
Richard Heron Anderson
James Ewell Brown Stuart
Richard Taylor
Simon Bolivar Buckner
Samuel Gibbs French
George Edward Pickett
Carter Littlepage Stevenson
John Horace Forney
Dabney Herndon Maury
Martin Luther Smith
John George Walker
Arnold Elzey
Patrick Ronayne Cleburne
Franklin Gardner
Isaac Ridgeway Trimble
Jubal Anderson Early
Joseph Wheeler
Edward Johnson
William Henry Chase Whiting
Robert Emmett Rodes
William Henry Talbot Walker
Henry Heth
Robert Ransom
Alexander Peter Stewart
Jones Mitchell Withers
Stephen Dill Lee
Cadmus Marcellus Wilcox
Wade Hampton
Fitzhugh Lee
William Smith
Howell Cobb

Brigadier-General PACS

Alexander Robert Lawton
Charles Clark
Henry Alexander Wise
Henry Hopkins Sibley
John Henry Winder
Gideon Johnson Pillow
Daniel Ruggles
Roswell Sabine Ripley
Paul Octave Hébert
Albert Gallatin Blanchard
Gabriel James Rains
Thomas Fenwick Drayton
Nathan George Evans
James Heyward Trapier
Hugh Weedon Mercer
William Montgomery Gardner
William Mahone
Raleigh Edward Colston
Sterling Alexander Martin Wood
John King Jackson
Bushrod Rust Johnson
James Patton Anderson
George Wythe Randolph
Joseph Brevard Kershaw
James Ronald Chalmers
Daniel Leadbetter
William Whann Mackall
Daniel Marsh Frost
Winfield Scott Featherston
Thomas James Churchill
William Booth Taliaferro
Albert Rust
Samuel Bell Maxey
Hamilton Prioleau Bee
James Morrison Hawes
George Hume Steuart
James Edwin Slaughter
Charles William Field
Seth Maxwell Barton
Henry Eustace McCullough
John Selden Roane
States Rights Gist
William Nelson Pendleton
Joseph Finegan
William Nelson Rector Beall
Thomas Jordan
William Preston
John Echols
George Earl Maney
Jean Jacques Alfred Alexandre Mouton
John Stuart Williams
James Green Martin
Thomas Lanier Clingman
Daniel Weisiger Adams
Louis Hébert
John Creed Moore
Ambrose Ransom Wright
James Lawson Kemper
James Jay Archer
Beverley Holcombe Robertson
St John Richardson Liddell
Nathan Bedford Forrest
Johnson Hagood
Micah Jenkins
Harry Thompson Hays
Albert Gallatin Jenkins
Matthew Duncan Ector
Edward Aylesworth Perry
John Gregg
John Calvin Brown
Alfred Holt Colquitt
Junius Daniel
Abraham Buford
William Steele
James Fleming Fagan
William Read Scurry
Francis Asbury Shoup
Joseph Robert Davis
William Henry Fitzhugh Lee
William Edmondson Jones
William Edwin Baldwin
John Crawford Vaughn
Evander McIvor Law
William Brimage Bate
Elkanah Brackin Greer
Francis Redding Tillou Nicholls
Alfred Cumming
William Stephen Walker
George Pierce Doles
Carnot Posey
Montgomery Dent Corse
George Thomas Anderson
Alfred Iverson
James Henry Lane
Edward Lloyd Thomas
Stephen Dodson Ramseur
John Rogers Cooke
Jerome Bonaparte Robertson
Evander McNair
Archibald Gracie
William Robertson Boggs
James Camp Tappan
Dandridge McRae
Mosby Monroe Parsons
John Pegram
John Sappington Marmaduke
John Austin Wharton
William Thompson Martin
John Hunt Morgan
Marcus Joseph Wright
Zachariah Cantey Deas
Lucius Eugene Polk
Edward Cary Walthall
John Adams
William Hicks Jackson
James Cantey
Camille Armand Jules Marie de Polignac
Robert Frederick Hoke
Henry Lewis Benning
William Tatum Wofford
Samuel McGowan
Marcellus Augustus Stovall
George Blake Cosby
Francis Crawford Armstrong
William Lewis Cabell
John Daniel Imboden
Alfred Eugene Jackson
Robert Brank Vance
Henry Delamar Clayton
Arthur Middleton Manigault
Douglas Hancock Cooper
John Brown Gordon
John Wilkins Whitfield
James Alexander Walker
John Marshall Jones
Thomas Green
Matthew Whitaker Ransom
Alfred Moore Scales
George Washington Custis Lee
Henry Harrison Walker
Gabriel Colvin Wharton
Francis Marion Cockrell
James Patrick Major
Samuel Wragg Ferguson
Lunsford Lindsay Lomax
Laurence Simmons Baker
Otho French Strahl
Philip Dale Roddey
Eppa Hunton
Thomas Pleasant Dockery
Benjamin Grubb Humphreys
Henry Brevard Davidson
Henry Watkins Allen
Cullen Andrews Battle
William Andrew Quarles
William Whedbee Kirkland
Goode Bryan
Matthew Calbraith Butler
Williams Carter Wickham
Robert Daniel Johnston
Abner Monroe Perrin
Alexander Welch Reynolds
Thomas Neville Waul
Edmund Winston Pettus
Armistead Lindsay Long
Henry Rootes Jackson
William Wirt Adams
Thomas Lafayette Rosser
Pierce Manning Butler Young
James Byron Gordon
James Argyle Smith
Joseph Horace Lewis
Mark Perrin Lowrey
Leroy Augustus Stafford

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