1863 November 27th

November 27 1863 Friday

Battle of Ringgold Gap, GA (CWSAC Major Battle – Confederate Victory)

Battle of Mine Run, VA

Knoxville Campaign

Mine Run Campaign

Second Bayou Teche Campaign

Florida. USS Two Sisters, Acting Master Charles H Rockwell, seized the blockade-running schooner Maria Alberta near Bayport.

Georgia. Raid to the East Tennessee & Georgia Railroad ended.

Ringgold Gap, Georgia, also known as Taylor’s Ridge. Confederate Major-General Patrick Ronayne Cleburne’s division had withdrawn across Chickamauga Creek as the rearguard of the retreat from Chattanooga. Allowing the division to rest, Cleburne scouted ahead during the night. By daybreak, his division had reached Ringgold and moved into positions guarding the narrow gorge at Ringgold Gap, where the Western & Atlantic Railroad passed through Taylor’s Ridge. Cleburne posted his two guns and awaited the arrival of the Union army while the main body of the Confederate army continued towards Dalton, relying on Cleburne to earn time and a chance for the wagon train and artillery to escape destruction.

Following the victory at Missionary Ridge, the Union army began a more earnest pursuit. Union Major-General Joseph Hooker sent his forces forward to seize Ringgold Gap. Hooker’s force was taken by surprise by Cleburne’s rearguard, but he tried to use his superior numbers to regain the initiative. Hooker first attempted to outflank the Confederates on the right, but Cleburne shifted a force to oppose it. Hooker then feinted at the centre, and then tried an uphill attack to the left of the gap. The advance stalled and Hooker sent for artillery to drive out the defenders from their rocky positions. Cleburne’s 4,100 men held out against Hooker’s 12,000 for five hours, allowing Hooker to gain little ground. Cleburne’s men stayed until about noon and then retreated unmolested, having successfully allowed the wagons and artillery of the army to pass through the gap unharmed.

Union Major-General Ulysses Simpson Grant called off the remaining pursuit because his army was still low on rations, and he decided to stay close to his supply line before making his next advance. Furthermore, Washington was clamouring for the relief of Major-General Ambrose Everett Burnside in Knoxville and Grant was told that the Union troops there had rations to last only until 3rd December. Union casualties in the pursuit to Ringgold Gap were reported as 432 or 442 (including a hundred prisoners) and Confederate as 221. (CWSAC Major Battle – Confederate Victory)

Kentucky. Skirmish at Lafayette. Confederate raiders stole a herd of Union horses and crossed the Cumberland River to safety aboard the steam-boat Duke.

Kentucky. Confederate raiders captured the town of Monticello with its Union garrison of 153 men.

Mississippi. Incident at Ripley.

Missouri. Reconnaissance to Houston ended.

Ohio. Confederate Brigadier-General John Hunt Morgan escaped from the Ohio State Penitentiary in Columbus with six of his captains. They tunnelled their way out of their cell, scaled the prison wall and headed for the Confederate lines.

Tennessee. Incidents at Sparta, La Vergne, Cleveland and Gillespie’s.

Tennessee. Union Major-General Gordon Granger was ordered to take the 2nd Division and 3rd Division of IV Corps (Cumberland) from Chattanooga to assist in the relief of Knoxville.

Tennessee. Two Confederate cavalry brigades (one from the Shenandoah Valley commanded by Brigadier-General William Edmondson Jones, and one from the Department of Southwestern Virginia under Colonel Henry L Giltner) joined Lieutenant-General James Longstreet’s expedition in Eastern Tennessee. They were assigned to the Cavalry Corps of Major-General Joseph Wheeler and supplemented the two infantry brigades under Brigadier-General Bushrod Rust Johnson which had already arrived from Chattanooga to strengthen Longstreet’s force.

Texas. Skirmish near Fort Esperanza.

Texas. Union Brigadier-General Thomas Edward Greenfield Ransom continued his march of 22 miles from Corpus Christi to Pass Cavallo at the entrance to Matagorda Bay. When Major-General Cadwallader Colden General Washburn arrived, he ordered Ransom’s brigade up the centre of the island while Colonel Henry D Washburn’s brigade moved on a parallel route along the coast. Washburn’s brigade reached Fort Esperanza first. The Union advanced guard encountered pickets from the 8th Texas Infantry, who retreated within the fortification after a brief skirmish. Ransom awaited support from USS Monongahela to attack the small three-gun fort defending Pass Cavallo.

Virginia. Skirmish at Robertson’s Tavern (Locust Grove).

Virginia. Skirmish at Raccoon Ford.

Virginia. Confederate forces captured a Union supply train at Wilderness Church.

Virginia. Skirmish at Catlett’s Station.

Mine Run, Virginia, also known as Payne’s Farm, or New Hope Church. Union Major-General George Gordon Meade had attempted to steal a march through the Wilderness and to strike the right flank of the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia south of the Rapidan River. After hearing from his cavalry scouts that the Union army was crossing the Rapidan at Germanna Ford and Ely’s Ford, Confederate General Robert Edward Lee sent Major-General Jubal Anderson Early, in temporary command of II Corps, eastwards along the Orange Turnpike towards Locust Grove to either oppose or deflect the Union advance. Lee sent for Lieutenant-General Ambrose Powell Hill to bring his corps from beyond Clark’s Mountain and to make the thirty-mile march to join Early. Lee moved his own headquarters from Orange to Verdiersville, twelve miles nearer tp the anticipated action.

Union Major-General William French’s III Corps started out at dawn but took a wrong turning after leaving the vicinity of Jacob’s Ford. It was not until the afternoon that he found his properly intended route, but he soon encountered Confederate skirmishers near Payne’s Farm. He deployed his leading division and found himself unexpectedly facing a strong enemy force from Early’s II Corps. Brigadier-General Joseph Bradford Carr’s Union division attacked twice but without success. Major-General Edward Johnson’s Confederate division counterattacked but was scattered by heavy fire and broken terrain. Each side lost about 500 men in the encounter and then broke off the fighting. After dark, Lee withdrew to a prepared line of field fortifications west of Mine Run, which flowed northwards into the Rapidan.

ORDER OF BATTLE: MINE RUN, VA

Union Department of the Potomac: Major-General George Gordon Meade
Army of the Potomac: Major-General George Gordon Meade Chief of Staff Major-General Andrew Atkinson Humphreys, Chief of Artillery Brigadier-General Henry Jackson Hunt, Assistant Adjutant General Brigadier-General Seth Williams Chief Quartermaster Brigadier-General Rufus Ingalls
Provost Guard: Brigadier-General Marsena Rudolph Patrick
Engineer Brigade: Brigadier-General Henry Washington Benham
I Corps: Major-General John Newton
1st Division, I Corps: Brigadier-General Lysander Cutler
1st Brigade 1st Division, I Corps: Colonel William W Robinson
2nd Brigade, 1st Division, I Corps: Brigadier-General James Clay Rice
2nd Division, I Corps: Brigadier-General John Cleveland Robinson
1st Brigade, 2nd Division, I Corps: Colonel Samuel H Leonard
2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, I Corps: Brigadier-General Henry Baxter
3rd Division, I Corps: Brigadier-General John Reese Kenly
 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, I Corps: Colonel Chapman Biddle
2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, I Corps: Colonel Langhorne Wister
3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, I Corps: Colonel Nathan T Dushane
II Corps: Major-General Gouverneur Kemble Warren
1st Division: Brigadier-General John Curtis Caldwell
1st Brigade, 1st Division, II Corps: Colonel Nelson Appleton Miles
2nd Brigade, 1st Division, II Corps: Colonel Patrick Kelly
3rd Brigade, 1st Division, II Corps: Colonel James A Beaver
4th Brigade, 1st Division, II Corps: Colonel John R Brooke
2nd Division, II Corps: Brigadier-General Alexander Stewart Webb
1st Brigade, 2nd Division, II Corps: Colonel De Witt C Baxter
2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, II Corps: Colonel Arthur F Devereux
3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, II Corps: Colonel Turner G Morehead
3rd Division, II Corps: Brigadier-General Alexander Hays
1st Brigade, 3rd Division, II Corps: Colonel Samuel S Carroll
2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, II Corps: Colonel Thomas A Smyth
3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, II Corps: Brigadier-General Joshua Thomas Owen
III Corps: Major-General William Henry French
1st Division, III Corps: Major-General David Bell Birney
1st Brigade, 1st Division, III Corps: Colonel Charles H T Collis
2nd Brigade, 1st Division, III Corps: Brigadier-General John Henry Hobart Ward
3rd Brigade, 1st Division, III Corps: Colonel Philippe Régis Dénis de Keredern De Trobriand
2nd Division, III Corps: Brigadier-General Henry Prince
1st Brigade, 2nd Division, III Corps: Colonel William E Blaisdell
2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, III Corps: Colonel William R Brewster
3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, III Corps: Brigadier-General Gershom Mott
3rd Division, III Corps: Brigadier-General Joseph Bradford Carr
1st Brigade, 3rd Division, III Corps: Brigadier-General William Hopkins Morris
2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, III Corps: Colonel Joseph W Keifer
3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, III Corps: Colonel Benjamin F Smith
V Corps: Major-General George Sykes
1st Division, V Corps: Brigadier-General Joseph Jackson Bartlett
1st Brigade, 1st Division, V Corps: Colonel William S Tilton
2nd Brigade, 1st Division, V Corps: Colonel Jacob B Sweitzer
3rd Brigade, 1st Division, V Corps: Colonel Joseph Hayes
2nd Division, V Corps: Brigadier-General Romeyn Beck Ayres
1st Brigade, 2nd Division, V Corps: Colonel Sidney Burbank
3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, V Corps: Brigadier-General Kenner Garrard
3rd Division, V Corps: Brigadier-General Samuel Wylie Crawford
1st Brigade, 3rd Division, V Corps: Colonel William McCandless
3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, V Corps: Colonel Martin D Hardin
VI Corps: Major-General John Sedgwick
1st Division, VI Corps: Brigadier-General Horatio Gouverneur Wright
1st Brigade, 1st Division, VI Corps: Brigadier-General Alfred Thomas Archimedes Torbert
2nd Brigade, 1st Division, VI Corps: Colonel Emory Upton
3rd Brigade, 1st Division, VI Corps: Colonel Peter C Ellmaker
2nd Division, VI Corps: Brigadier-General Albion Parris Howe
2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, VI Corps: Colonel Lewis A Grant
3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, VI Corps: Brigadier-General Thomas Hewson Neill
3rd Division, VI Corps: Brigadier-General Henry Dwight Terry
1st Brigade, 3rd Division, VI Corps: Brigadier-General Alexander Shaler
2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, VI Corps: Brigadier-General Henry Lawrence Eustis
3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, VI Corps: Brigadier-General Frank Wheaton
Cavalry Corps: Major-General Alfred Pleasonton
1st Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps: Brigadier-General John Buford
1st Cavalry Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps: Colonel George H Chapman
2nd Cavalry Brigade, Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps: Colonel Thomas C Devin
Reserve Cavalry Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps: Brigadier-General Wesley Merritt
2nd Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps: Brigadier-General David McMurtrie Gregg
1st Cavalry Brigade, 2nd Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps: Colonel John P Taylor
2nd Cavalry Brigade, 2nd Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps: Colonel John Irvin Gregg
3rd Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps: Brigadier-General George Armstrong Custer
1st Cavalry Brigade, 3rd Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps: Brigadier-General Henry Eugene Davies
2nd Cavalry Brigade, 3rd Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps: Colonel Charles H Town
Artillery Reserve: Brigadier-General Robert Ogden Tyler

Confederate Department of Northern Virginia: General Robert Edward Lee
Army of Northern Virginia: General Robert Edward Lee
II Corps: Major-General Jubal Anderson Early
Early’s Division, II Corps: Brigadier-General Harry Thompson Hays
Pegram’s Brigade, Early’s Division, II Corps: Brigadier-General John Pegram
Gordon’s Brigade, Early’s Division, II Corps: Brigadier-General John Brown Gordon
Hays’ Brigade, Early’s Division, II Corps: Colonel William Monaghan
Hoke’s Brigade, Early’s Division, II Corps: Lieutenant-Colonel Samuel M Tate
Johnson’s Division, II Corps: Major-General Edward Johnson
Stonewall Brigade, Johnson’s Division, II Corps: Brigadier-General James Alexander
Walker
Steuart’s Brigade, Johnson’s Division, II Corps: Brigadier-General George Hume Steuart
Jones’ Brigade, Johnson’s Division, II Corps: Brigadier-General John Marshall Jones
Stafford’s Brigade, Johnson’s Division, II Corps: Brigadier-General Leroy Augustus Stafford
Rodes’ Division, II Corps: Major-General Robert Emmett Rodes
Daniel’s Brigade, Rodes’ Division, II Corps: Brigadier-General Junius Daniel

Ramseur’s Brigade, Rodes’ Division, II Corps: Brigadier-General Stephen Dodson Ramseur
Doles’ Brigade, Rodes’ Division, II Corps: Brigadier-General George Pierce Doles
Battle’s Brigade, Rodes’ Division, II Corps: Colonel Edward A O’Neal
Johnston’s Brigade, Rodes’ Division, II Corps: Brigadier-General Robert Daniel Johnston
II Corps Artillery: Brigadier-General Armistead L Long
III Corps: Lieutenant-General Ambrose Powell Hill
Anderson’s Division, III Corps: Major-General Richard Heron Anderson
Wilcox’s Brigade, Anderson’s Division, III Corps: Colonel John C C Sanders
Posey’s Brigade, Anderson’s Division, III Corps: Colonel Nathaniel H Harris
Mahone’s Brigade, Anderson’s Division, III Corps: Brigadier-General William Mahone
Wright’s Brigade, Anderson’s Division, III Corps: Brigadier-General Ambrose Ransom Wright
Perry’s Brigade, Anderson’s Division, III Corps: Brigadier-General Edward Aylesworth Perry
Heth’s Division, III Corps: Major-General Henry Heth
Davis’ Brigade, Heth’s Division, III Corps: Brigadier-General Joseph Robert Davis
Archer’s & Walker’s Brigade, Heth’s Division, III Corps: Brigadier-General Henry Harrison Walker
Kirkland’s Brigade, Heth’s Division, III Corps: Colonel Thomas C Singletary
Cooke’s Brigade, Heth’s Division, III Corps: Colonel Edward D Hall
Wilcox’s Division: Major-General Cadmus Marcellus Wilcox
Lane’s Brigade, Wilcox’s Division, III Corps: Brigadier-General James Henry Lane
Perrin’s Brigade, Wilcox’s Division, III Corps: Brigadier-General Abner Monroe Perrin
Thomas’ Brigade, Wilcox’s Division, III Corps: Brigadier-General Edward Lloyd Thomas
Scales’ Brigade, Wilcox’s Division, III Corps: Brigadier-General Alfred Moore Scales
III Corps Artillery: Colonel R Lindsay Walker
Cavalry Corps: Major-General James Ewell Brown Stuart
Hampton’s Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps: Major-General Wade Hampton
Gordon’s Cavalry Brigade, Hampton’s Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps: Brigadier-General
James Byron Gordon
Young’s Cavalry Brigade, Hampton’s Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps: Brigadier-General Pierce Manning Butler Young
Rosser’s Cavalry Brigade, Hampton’s Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps: Brigadier-General Thomas Lafayette Rosser
Fitzhugh Lee’s Cavalry Division: Major-General Fitzhugh Lee
WH F Lee’s Cavalry Brigade, Fitzhugh Lee’s Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps: Colonel John R Chambliss
Lomax’s Cavalry Brigade, Fitzhugh Lee’s Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps: Brigadier-General Lunsford Lindsay Lomax
Wickham’s Cavalry Brigade, Fitzhugh Lee’s Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps: Brigadier-General Williams Carter Wickham
Artillery Reserve (Northern Virginia): Brigadier-General William Nelson Pendleton

Union Organisation

Commander in Chief: President Abraham Lincoln

Vice-President: Hannibal Hamlin

Secretary of War: Edwin McMasters Stanton

Secretary of the Navy: Gideon Welles

North Atlantic Blockading Squadron: Samuel Phillips Lee
South Atlantic Blockading Squadron: John Adolphus Bernard Dahlgren
West Gulf Blockading Squadron: David Glasgow Farragut
East Gulf Blockading Squadron: Theodorus Bailey
Pacific Squadron: John Berrien Montgomery
Mississippi River Squadron: David Dixon Porter
Potomac Flotilla: Andrew Allen Harwood

General–in-Chief: Henry Wager Halleck

Military Division of the Mississippi: Ulysses Simpson Grant

  • Department of the Cumberland: George Henry Thomas
    • District of Nashville: Lovell Harrison Rousseau
    • Army of the Cumberland: George Henry Thomas
      • IV Corps Cumberland: Gordon Granger
      • XIV Corps Cumberland: John McAuley Palmer
      • Cavalry Corps Cumberland: Washington Lafayette Elliott
      • Hooker’s Command Cumberland: Joseph Hooker
        • XI Corps Cumberland: Oliver Otis Howard
        • XII Corps Cumberland: Henry Warner Slocum
  • Department of the Ohio: Ambrose Everett Burnside
    • District of Kentucky: Jeremiah Tilford Boyle
      • Sub-District of Eastern Kentucky: George W Gallup
      • Sub-District of North Central Kentucky: Speed Smith Fr
      • Sub-District of South Central Kentucky: Edward Henry Hobson
      • Sub-District of Somerset: Theophilus Toulmin Garrard
    • District of Western Kentucky: Jeremiah Tilford Boyle
    • District of the Clinch: Orlando Bolivar Willcox
    • Army of the Ohio: Ambrose Everett Burnside
      • IX Corps Ohio: Ambrose Everett Burnside
      • XXIII Corps Ohio: Mahlon Dickerson Manson
  • Department of the Tennessee: William Tecumseh Sherman
    • District of West Tennessee: Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
      • Sub-District of Memphis: James Clifford Veatch
    • District of Eastern Arkansas: Napoleon Bonaparte Buford
    • District of Northeast Louisiana: John Parker Hawkins
    • Army of the Tennessee: William Tecumseh Sherman
      • XV Corps Tennessee: Francis Preston Blair
      • XVI Corps Tennessee: Napoleon Jackson Tecumseh Dana
        • Left Wing XVI Corps Tennessee: Grenville Mellen Dodge
      • XVII Corps Tennessee: James Birdseye McPherson

Department of the East: John Adams Dix

Department of the Gulf: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks

  • District of Baton Rouge: Philip St George Cooke
  • District of Port Hudson: George Leonard Andrews
  • District of Pensacola: Alexander Asboth
  • District of La Fourche: Henry Warner Birge
  • District of Key West and Tortugas: Daniel Phineas Woodbury
  • Defences of New Orleans: Edward Griffin Beckwith
  • Army of the Gulf: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
    • XIII Corps Gulf: Cadwallader Colden Washburn temporary
    • XIX Corps Gulf: William Buel Franklin

Middle Department: Robert Cumming Schenck interim Henry Hayes Lockwood awaited

  • District of Delaware: Daniel Tyler
  • District of the Eastern Shore of Maryland: Henry Hayes Lockwood
  • VIII Corps Middle: Robert Cumming Schenck

Department of the Missouri: John McAllister Schofield

  • District of St Louis: William Kerley Strong
  • District of Southeast Missouri: Clinton Bowen Fisk
  • District of Southwest Missouri: John Benjamin Sanborn
  • District of Northeast Missouri: Thomas Jefferson McKean
  • District of North Missouri: Odon Guitar
  • District of Central Missouri: Egbert Benson Brown
  • District of Rolla: Thomas Alfred Davies
  • District of Nebraska Territory: Thomas Jefferson McKean
  • District of the Frontier: James Gilpatrick Blunt
  • District of the Border: Thomas Ewing
  • Army of Arkansas: Frederick Steele

Department of the Monongahela: William Thomas Harbaugh Brooks

Department of New Mexico: James Henry Carleton

  • District of Arizona: Joseph Rodman West

Department of the Northwest: John Pope

  • District of Minnesota: Henry Hastings Sibley
  • District of Wisconsin: Thomas Church Haskell Smith
  • District of Iowa: Benjamin Stone Roberts
  • District of Dakota: Alfred Sully

Department of the Pacific: George Wright

  • District of the Humboldt: Stephen Girard Whipple
  • District of Oregon: Benjamin Alvord
  • District of Southern California: James Freeman Curtis
  • District of Utah: Patrick Edward Connor

Department of the Potomac: George Gordon Meade

  • Army of the Potomac: George Gordon Meade
    • I Corps Potomac: John Newton
    • II Corps Potomac: Gouverneur Kemble Warren
    • III Corps Potomac: William Henry French
    • V Corps Potomac: George Sykes
    • VI Corps Potomac: John Sedgwick
    • Cavalry Corps Potomac: Alfred Pleasonton

Department of the South: Quincy Adams Gillmore

  • X Corps South: Quincy Adams Gillmore

Department of the Susquehanna: Darius Nash Couch

  • Lehigh District: Franz Sigel

Department of Virginia and North Carolina: Benjamin Franklin Butler

  • District of North Carolina: John James Peck
    • Sub-District of Albemarle: Henry Walton Wessells
    • Sub-District of the Pamlico: Joseph Miller McChesney temporary
    • Sub-District of Beaufort NC: James Jourdan
    • Defences of New Bern: Innis Newton Palmer
  • District of Yorktown: Isaac Jones Wistar
  • Army of North Carolina: John James Peck
    • XVIII Corps North Carolina: Benjamin Franklin Butler

Department of Washington: Christopher Columbus Augur

  • District of Alexandria: John Potts Slough
  • District of Washington: John Henry Martindale
  • XXII Corps Washington: Christopher Columbus Augur

Department of Western Virginia: Benjamin Franklin Kelley

  • Army of the Kanawha: George Crook

District of St Mary’s: Gilman Marston

Confederate Organisation

CSA: The Defences of Pass Cavallo was discontinued.

CSA: Brigadier-General Claudius Charles Wilson died of typhus at Ringgold, Georgia, prior to the delivery of confirmation of his promotion to Brigadier-General. The confirmation was made posthumously on 17 February 1864.

Wilson, Claudius Charles / Georgia / Born 1 October 1831 Effingham, Georgia / Died Ringgold, Georgia 27 November 1863
Captain PACS 25th Georgia Infantry 9 August 1861 / Colonel PACS 2 September 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 18 November 1863 to rank from 16 November 1863 posthumously 17 February 1864
Wilson’s Brigade W H T Walker’s Division Military Division of the West June1863-July 1863 / Wilson’s Brigade W H T Walker’s Division Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana July 1863-23 August 1863 / Wilson’s Brigade W H T Walker’s Division Hill’s Corps Army of Tennessee 25 August 1863-September 1863 / Wilson’s Brigade W H T Walker’s Division Reserve Corps Army of Tennessee September 1863 / Wilson’s Brigade W H T Walker’s Division Longstreet’s Corps Army of Tennessee 26 September 1863-12 November 1863 / Wilson’s Brigade W H T Walker’s Division Hardee’s Corps Army of Tennessee 12 November 1863-27 November 1863

Commander in Chief: President Jefferson Finis Davis

Vice-President: Alexander Hamilton Stephens

Secretary of War: James Alexander Seddon

Secretary of the Navy: Stephen Russell Mallory

Military Adviser to the President: Vacant

Military Division of the West: Joseph Eggleston Johnston

  • Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana: William Joseph Hardee
    • Gulf District: Dabney Herndon Maury
    • District of West Tennessee: Nathan Bedford Forrest
    • Army of Mississippi: Leonidas Polk

Department of Henrico: John Henry Winder

Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia: George Edward Pickett

  • District of the Cape Fear River and the Defences of Wilmington: William Henry Chase Whiting

Department of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee

  • Army of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee
    • II Corps Northern Virginia: Jubal Anderson Early temporary
    • III Corps Northern Virginia: Ambrose Powell Hill
    • Cavalry Corps Northern Virginia: James Ewell Brown Stuart
  • Valley District: John Daniel Imboden

Department of Richmond: Arnold Elzey

Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard

  • District of Georgia: Hugh Weedon Mercer interim Henry Rootes Jackson awaited
  • District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
    • 1st Sub-District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
    • 2nd Sub-District of South Carolina: Beverley Holcombe Robertson
    • 3rd Sub-District of South Carolina: William Stephen Walker
    • 4th Sub-District of South Carolina: James Heyward Trapier
    • 5th Sub-District of South Carolina: Alfred Moore Rhett
    • 6th Sub-District of South Carolina: Henry Alexander Wise
    • 7th Sub-District of South Carolina: William Booth Taliaferro
  • District of East Florida: Joseph Finegan
  • District of Middle Florida: William Montgomery Gardner
  • District of West Florida: John Horace Forney
  • Defences of Savannah: Jeremy Francis Gilmer

Department of Tennessee: Braxton Bragg

  • District of East Tennessee: Samuel Jones temporary
    • District of Abingdon: William Preston
  • District of Western North Carolina: Joseph Benjamin Palmer
  • Army of Tennessee: Braxton Bragg
    • I Corps Northern Virginia: Lafayette McLaws temporary
    • I Corps Tennessee: William Joseph Hardee
    • II Corps Tennessee: John Cabell Breckinridge
    • Cavalry Corps Tennessee: William Thompson Martin temporary

Trans-Allegheny Department: Samuel Jones

Trans-Mississippi Department: Edmund Kirby Smith

  • District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: John Bankhead Magruder
    • Western Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: Hamilton Prioleau Bee
      • Sub-District of the Rio Grande: Hamilton Prioleau Bee
    • Eastern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: James Edwin Slaughter
    • Sub-District of Houston: Xavier Blanchard Debray
    • Northern Sub-District Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: Henry Eustace McCullough
  • District of Arkansas: Theophilus Hunter Holmes
  • District of West Louisiana: Richard Taylor
  • District of Indian Territory: William Steele
  • Trans-Mississippi Army: Edmund Kirby Smith

Union Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

Major-General USA

George Brinton McClellan
John Charles Frémont
Henry Wager Halleck
Ulysses Simpson Grant

Major-General USV

Asterisk indicates concurrently Brigadier-General USA

John Adams Dix
Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
Benjamin Franklin Butler
David Hunter
Ethan Allen Hitchcock
Irvin McDowell*
Ambrose Everett Burnside
William Starke Rosecrans*
Don Carlos Buell
John Pope*
Samuel Ryan Curtis
Franz Sigel
John Alexander McClernand
Lewis Wallace
George Henry Thomas*
George Cadwalader
William Tecumseh Sherman*
Edward Otho Cresap Ord
Samuel Peter Heintzelman
Erasmus Darwin Keyes
Joseph Hooker*
Silas Casey
William Buel Franklin
Darius Nash Couch
Henry Warner Slocum
John James Peck
John Sedgwick
Alexander McDowell McCook
Thomas Leonidas Crittenden
John Gray Foster
John Grubb Parke
Christopher Columbus Augur
Robert Cumming Schenck
Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
Gordon Granger
Lovell Harrison Rousseau
James Birdseye McPherson*
George Stoneman
George Gordon Meade*
Oliver Otis Howard
Daniel Edgar Sickles
Robert Huston Milroy
Daniel Butterfield
Winfield Scott Hancock
George Sykes
William Henry French
David Sloane Stanley
James Scott Negley
John McAllister Schofield
John McAuley Palmer
Frederick Steele
Abner Doubleday
Napoleon Jackson Tecumseh Dana
Richard James Oglesby
John Alexander Logan
James Gilpatrick Blunt
George Lucas Hartsuff
Cadwallader Colden Washburn
Francis Jay Herron
Francis Preston Blair
Joseph Jones Reynolds
Philip Henry Sheridan
Julius Stahel
Carl Schurz
John Newton
Gouverneur Kemble Warren
David Bell Birney
William Thomas Harbaugh Brooks
Alfred Pleasonton
John Buford
Andrew Atkinson Humphreys
Quincy Adams Gillmore

Brigadier-General USA

Brackets indicates concurrently Major-General USV

(Irvin McDowell)
(William Starke Rosecrans)
Philip St George Cooke
(John Pope)
(Joseph Hooker)
(George Gordon Meade)
(William Tecumseh Sherman)
(James Birdseye McPherson)
(George Henry Thomas)

Brigadier-General USV

Andrew Porter
Charles Pomeroy Stone
Thomas West Sherman
William Reading Montgomery
Benjamin Franklin Kelley
Jacob Dolson Cox
Alpheus Starkey Williams
James Brewerton Ricketts
Orlando Bolivar Willcox
Michael Corcoran
Henry Hayes Lockwood
James Samuel Wadsworth
George Webb Morell
John Henry Martindale
Samuel Davis Sturgis
Henry Washington Benham
William Farrar Smith
William Farquhar Barry
John Joseph Abercrombie
Lawrence Pike Graham
Eleazar Arthur Paine
Willis Arnold Gorman
Horatio Gouverneur Wright
William Thomas Ward
John Gross Barnard
Innis Newton Palmer
Seth Williams
George Wright
John Milton Brannan
John Porter Hatch
Albin Francisco Schoepf
Thomas John Wood
Richard W Johnson
Adolph Wilhelm August Friedrich Von Steinwehr
George Washington Cullum
Jeremiah Tilford Boyle
Thomas Jefferson McKean
Zealous Bates Tower
Jefferson Columbus Davis
James Henry Lane
James Abram Garfield
Lewis Golding Arnold
William Scott Ketchum
John Wynn Davidson
Henry Morris Naglee
Andrew Johnson
James Gallant Spears
Eugene Asa Carr
Thomas Alfred Davies
Daniel Tyler
William Hemsley Emory
Andrew Jackson Smith
Marsena Rudolph Patrick
Isaac Ferdinand Quinby
Orris Sanford Ferry
Daniel Phineas Woodbury
Henry Moses Judah
John Cook
John McArthur
Jacob Gartner Lauman
Horatio Phillips Van Cleve
Speed Smith Fry
Alexander Asboth
James Craig
Mahlon Dickerson Manson
Edward Richard Sprigg Canby
Grenville Mellen Dodge
Robert Byington Mitchell
Cuvier Grover
Rufus Saxton
Benjamin Alvord
Napoleon Bonaparte Buford
William Sooy Smith
Nathan Kimball
Charles Devens
Samuel Wylie Crawford
Henry Walton Wessells
Milo Smith Hascall
John White Geary
Alfred Howe Terry
James Henry Carleton
Absalom Baird
John Cleveland Robinson
Truman Seymour
Henry Prince
Maximilian Weber
Jeremiah Cutler Sullivan
Alvin Peterson Hovey
James Clifford Veatch
William Plummer Benton
John Curtis Caldwell
Neal Dow
George Sears Greene
Samuel Powhatan Carter
John Gibbon
Erastus Barnard Tyler
Charles Griffin
George Henry Gordon
James Madison Tuttle
Julius White
Peter Joseph Osterhaus
Stephen Gano Burbridge
Washington Lafayette Elliott
Albion Parris Howe
Green Clay Smith
Benjamin Stone Roberts
Jacob Ammen
Fitz-Henry Warren
Morgan Lewis Smith
Charles Cruft
Frederick Salomon
John Basil Turchin
Henry Shaw Briggs
James Dada Morgan
Johann August Ernst Willich
Henry Dwight Terry
James Blair Steedman
George Foster Shepley
John Reese Kenly
John Potts Slough
Godfrey Weitzel
George Crook
Gershom Mott
Henry Jackson Hunt
Francis Channing Barlow
Mason Brayman
Nathaniel James Jackson
George Washington Getty
Alfred Sully
William Woods Averell
Alexander Hays
Francis Barretto Spinola
John Henry Hobart Ward
Solomon Meredith
James Bowen
Eliakim Parker Scammon
Robert Seaman Granger
Joseph Rodman West
Alfred Washington Ellet
George Leonard Andrews
Clinton Bowen Fisk
William Hays
Israel Vogdes
David Allen Russell
Lewis Cass Hunt
Frank Wheaton
John Sanford Mason
David McMurtrie Gregg
Robert Ogden Tyler
Alfred Thomas Archimedes Torbert
Gilman Marston
William Dwight
Sullivan Amory Meredith
Nathaniel Collins McLean
William Vandever
Alexander Schimmelfennig
Charles Kinnaird Graham
John Eugene Smith
Joseph Tarr Copeland
Charles Adam Heckman
Edward Elmer Potter
Thomas Algeo Rowley
Henry Beebee Carrington
John Haskell King
Adam Jacoby Slemmer
Thomas Hewson Neill
Thomas Gamble Pitcher
Thomas William Sweeny
William Passmore Carlin
Romeyn Beck Ayres
William Babcock Hazen
Joseph Anthony Mower
Richard Arnold
Edward Winslow Hinks
Michael Kelly Lawler
George Day Wagner
Lysander Cutler
Joseph Farmer Knipe
John Dunlap Stevenson
James Barnes
Theophilus Toulmin Garrard
Edward Harland
Samuel Beatty
Isaac Jones Wistar
Franklin Stillman Nickerson
Edward Henry Hobson
Ralph Pomeroy Buckland
Joseph Dana Webster
William Ward Orme
William Harrow
William Hopkins Morris
John Beatty
Thomas Howard Ruger
Thomas Edward Greenfield Ransom
Elias Smith Dennis
Thomas Church Haskell Smith
Mortimer Dormer Leggett
Davis Tillson
Hector Tyndale
Albert Lindley Lee
Charles Leopold Matthies
Marcellus Monroe Crocker
Egbert Benson Brown
John McNeil
George Francis McGinnis
Hugh Boyle Ewing
James Winning McMillan
James Murrell Shackelford
Daniel Ullmann
George Jerrison Stannard
Henry Baxter
John Milton Thayer
Charles Thomas Campbell
Halbert Eleazer Paine
Hugh Thompson Reid
Robert Brown Potter
Thomas Ewing
Joseph Andrew Jackson Lightburn
Thomas Greely Stevenson
Henry Hastings Sibley
Joseph Bradford Carr
Joseph Jackson Bartlett
Joshua Thomas Owen
Patrick Edward Connor
John Parker Hawkins
Gabriel René Paul
Edward Augustus Wild
Edward Ferrero
Adelbert Ames
William Birney
Daniel Henry Rucker
Robert Allen
Rufus Ingalls
Gustavus Adolphus De Russy
Alexander Shaler
Benjamin Henry Grierson
Robert Sanford Foster
Hugh Judson Kilpatrick
Alexander Stewart Webb
Alfred Napoleon Alexander Duffié
Walter Chiles Whitaker
Wesley Merritt
George Armstrong Custer
William Denison Whipple
John Converse Starkweather
Kenner Garrard
Charles Robert Woods
John Benjamin Sanborn
Giles Alexander Smith
Samuel Allen Rice
Jasper Adalmorn Maltby
Thomas Kilby Smith
Walter Quintin Gresham
Manning Ferguson Force
Robert Alexander Cameron
John Murray Corse
John Aaron Rawlins
Alexander Chambers
Alvan Cullem Gillem
James Clay Rice
John Wesley Turner
Henry Lawrence Eustis
Henry Eugene Davies
Andrew Jackson Hamilton
Henry Warner Birge
Charles Garrison Harker
James Hewitt Ledlie
James Harrison Wilson
Adin Ballou Underwood

Brigadier-General USA (Staff)

Montgomery Cunningham Meigs (Quartermaster-General)
Lorenzo Thomas
William Alexander Hammond (Surgeon-General)
Joseph Pannell Taylor (Commissary-General of Subsistence
Joseph Gilbert Totten (Engineers)
George Douglas Ramsay (Ordnance)

Confederate Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

General ACSA/PACS

Samuel Cooper
Robert Edward Lee
Joseph Eggleston Johnston
Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
Braxton Bragg

Lieutenant-General PACS

James Longstreet
Edmund Kirby Smith
Leonidas Polk
Theophilus Hunter Holmes
William Joseph Hardee
John Clifford Pemberton
Richard Stoddert Ewell
Ambrose Powell Hill
John Bell Hood

Major-General PACS

Benjamin Huger
John Bankhead Magruder
Mansfield Lovell
William Wing Loring
Sterling Price
Benjamin Franklin Cheatham
Samuel Jones
John Porter McCown
Daniel Harvey Hill
Thomas Carmichael Hindman
John Cabell Breckinridge
Lafayette McLaws
Richard Heron Anderson
James Ewell Brown Stuart
Richard Taylor
Simon Bolivar Buckner
Samuel Gibbs French
George Edward Pickett
Carter Littlepage Stevenson
John Horace Forney
Dabney Herndon Maury
Martin Luther Smith
John George Walker
Arnold Elzey
Patrick Ronayne Cleburne
Franklin Gardner
Isaac Ridgeway Trimble
Jubal Anderson Early
Joseph Wheeler
Edward Johnson
William Henry Chase Whiting
Robert Emmett Rodes
William Henry Talbot Walker
Henry Heth
Robert Ransom
Alexander Peter Stewart
Jones Mitchell Withers
Stephen Dill Lee
Cadmus Marcellus Wilcox
Wade Hampton
Fitzhugh Lee
William Smith
Howell Cobb
John Austin Wharton
William Thompson Martin

Brigadier-General PACS

Alexander Robert Lawton
Henry Alexander Wise
Henry Hopkins Sibley
John Henry Winder
Gideon Johnson Pillow
Daniel Ruggles
Roswell Sabine Ripley
Paul Octave Hébert
Albert Gallatin Blanchard
Gabriel James Rains
Thomas Fenwick Drayton
Nathan George Evans
James Heyward Trapier
Hugh Weedon Mercer
William Montgomery Gardner
William Mahone
Raleigh Edward Colston
John King Jackson
Bushrod Rust Johnson
James Patton Anderson
George Wythe Randolph
Joseph Brevard Kershaw
James Ronald Chalmers
Daniel Leadbetter
William Whann Mackall
Daniel Marsh Frost
Winfield Scott Featherston
Thomas James Churchill
William Booth Taliaferro
Albert Rust
Samuel Bell Maxey
Hamilton Prioleau Bee
James Morrison Hawes
George Hume Steuart
James Edwin Slaughter
Charles William Field
Seth Maxwell Barton
Henry Eustace McCullough
John Selden Roane
States Rights Gist
William Nelson Pendleton
Joseph Finegan
William Nelson Rector Beall
Thomas Jordan
William Preston
John Echols
George Earl Maney
Jean Jacques Alfred Alexandre Mouton
John Stuart Williams
James Green Martin
Thomas Lanier Clingman
Daniel Weisiger Adams
Louis Hébert
John Creed Moore
Ambrose Ransom Wright
James Lawson Kemper
James Jay Archer
Beverley Holcombe Robertson
St John Richardson Liddell
Nathan Bedford Forrest
Johnson Hagood
Micah Jenkins
Harry Thompson Hays
Albert Gallatin Jenkins
Matthew Duncan Ector
Edward Aylesworth Perry
John Gregg
John Calvin Brown
Alfred Holt Colquitt
Junius Daniel
Abraham Buford
William Steele
James Fleming Fagan
William Read Scurry
Francis Asbury Shoup
Joseph Robert Davis
William Henry Fitzhugh Lee
William Edmondson Jones
William Edwin Baldwin
John Crawford Vaughn
Evander McIvor Law
William Brimage Bate
Elkanah Brackin Greer
Francis Redding Tillou Nicholls
Alfred Cumming
William Stephen Walker
George Pierce Doles
Montgomery Dent Corse
George Thomas Anderson
Alfred Iverson
James Henry Lane
Edward Lloyd Thomas
Stephen Dodson Ramseur
John Rogers Cooke
Jerome Bonaparte Robertson
Evander McNair
Archibald Gracie
William Robertson Boggs
James Camp Tappan
Dandridge McRae
Mosby Monroe Parsons
John Pegram
John Sappington Marmaduke
John Hunt Morgan
Marcus Joseph Wright
Zachariah Cantey Deas
Lucius Eugene Polk
Edward Cary Walthall
John Adams
William Hicks Jackson
James Cantey
Camille Armand Jules Marie de Polignac
Robert Frederick Hoke
Henry Lewis Benning
William Tatum Wofford
Samuel McGowan
Marcellus Augustus Stovall
George Blake Cosby
Francis Crawford Armstrong
William Lewis Cabell
John Daniel Imboden
Alfred Eugene Jackson
Robert Brank Vance
Henry Delamar Clayton
Arthur Middleton Manigault
Douglas Hancock Cooper
John Brown Gordon
John Wilkins Whitfield
James Alexander Walker
John Marshall Jones
Thomas Green
Matthew Whitaker Ransom
Alfred Moore Scales
George Washington Custis Lee
Henry Harrison Walker
Gabriel Colvin Wharton
Francis Marion Cockrell
James Patrick Major
Samuel Wragg Ferguson
Lunsford Lindsay Lomax
Laurence Simmons Baker
Otho French Strahl
Philip Dale Roddey
Eppa Hunton
Thomas Pleasant Dockery
Benjamin Grubb Humphreys
Henry Brevard Davidson
Henry Watkins Allen
Cullen Andrews Battle
William Andrew Quarles
William Whedbee Kirkland
Goode Bryan
Matthew Calbraith Butler
Williams Carter Wickham
Robert Daniel Johnston
Abner Monroe Perrin
Alexander Welch Reynolds
Thomas Neville Waul
Edmund Winston Pettus
Armistead Lindsay Long
Henry Rootes Jackson
William Wirt Adams
Thomas Lafayette Rosser
Pierce Manning Butler Young
James Byron Gordon
James Argyle Smith
Joseph Horace Lewis
Mark Perrin Lowrey
Leroy Augustus Stafford
Edward Higgins
John Tyler Morgan
John Herbert Kelly
William Young Conn Humes
Jesse Johnson Finley
James Holt Clanton
Claudius Charles Wilson DEC
Alfred Jefferson Vaughan

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