1863 November 25th

November 25 1863 Wednesday

Third Battle of Chattanooga – Battle of Missionary Ridge, TN (CWSAC Decisive Battle Union Victory)

Chattanooga Campaign – Battles at Chattanooga

Knoxville Campaign

Mine Run Campaign

Second Bayou Teche Campaign

Arkansas. Skirmish in Crawford County.

Louisiana. Skirmish near Vermillion Bayou.

Louisiana. Skirmish at Camp Piatt (Pratt).

Mississippi. USS Fort Hindman, Acting Lieutenant John Pearce, captured the steamer Volunteer off Natchez Island.

Missouri. Expedition to Wright County began.

Missouri. Skirmish on the Big Piney River.

Missouri. Skirmish at Farmington.

Missouri. Skirmish near Waynesville.

North Carolina. Skirmish near Greenville. Union troops attacked a Confederate camp, taking over 50 men as prisoners

Tennessee. Skirmish at Yankeetown.

Missionary Ridge, Tennessee, also known as Third Chattanooga, Tunnel Hill, or Chattanooga. Early in the morning, the Union 8th Kentucky Infantry scaled the pinnacle of Lookout Mountain and planted the Stars and Stripes where it was dramatically visible to the cheering Union forces in the valley below.

Union Major-General Ulysses Simpson Grant was encouraged by the capture of Lookout Mountain and now launched his plan for a double envelopment of the Confederates on Missionary Ridge. Major-General William Tecumseh Sherman would continue to press the main attack from the north, Major-General Joseph Hooker would demonstrate from the southwest towards Rossville and then to the southern end of Missionary Ridge, while Major-General George Henry Thomas demonstrated in the centre to pin down the defenders of Missionary Ridge. Thomas was alerted to join the advance if the other wings made significant progress and the Confederates appeared to be in retreat.

At dawn, Sherman sent Brigadier-General Hugh Boyle Ewing’s division to attack southwards from Tunnel Hill with Brigadier-General John Murray Corse’s reinforced brigade spearheading the attack. Three brigades under Colonel John Randolph Cockerill, Colonel Alexander, and Brigadier-Joseph Andrew Jackson Lightburn were to hold the hill behind them. At the same time, Brigadier-General Morgan Lewis Smith’s division advanced along the eastern slope on Corse’s left. On the western slope, two brigades of Brigadier-General John Eugene Smith’s division (2nd/XVII) supported the advance of Colonel Cyrus O Loomis’ brigade. Much of XVII Corps had been left in Mississippi, but Smith’s 2nd Division of XVII Corps had brought two brigades (Colonel Green Berry Raum’s 2/2/XVII and Brigadier-General Karl Leopold Matthies’ 3/2/XVII) to Chattanooga.

Corse moved to within 80 yards of the Confederate line and endured heavy fire as he launched repeated but unsuccessful assaults for an hour. The forces to his left and right also made several attacks and gained modest ground without achieving a decisive lodgement. The terrain was densely wooded, and fighting occurred at close quarters, meaning that two supporting artillery batteries could not render effective help to the Union attack. Forty Union guns were emplaced on Goat Hill but could add little to the impact of the advance. When a counter-attack routed the brigades of Smith’s division (2/XVII), Corse and Loomis counter-attacked in turn and pressed the Confederates back to their original positions. Corse was severely wounded at 10 am.

At 10 am, Grant released the two divisions of XI Corps under Major-General Oliver Otis Howard from general reserve to strengthen Sherman’s attack on the left. They moved up from Chattanooga and made some ground in their initial attack. At noon, Grant sent still more reinforcements in the form of Brigadier-General Absalom Baird’s division, which moved from the right of Indian Hill to Sherman’s rear. Not being required there, Sherman sent Baird back and he redeployed between Sherman’s right and the left of Thomas’ line alongside Major-General Thomas Joseph Wood’s division at 2.30 pm. The flanks of Sherman’s advance made little headway before they petered out completely at about 3 pm. Despite suffering more than 1,500 casualties, Sherman had failed entirely to deliver the decisive attack that Grant anticipated. Sherman complained that he was outnumbered even though he actually faced only the five brigades of Cleburne’s division supported by fourteen guns. Cleburne lost only 222 men in the fighting. Shortly before 4 pm, Cleburne received his only reinforcements in the form of Brigadier-General Joseph Horace Lewis’ “Orphan Brigade” from Brigadier-General William Brimage Bate’s division. They were not needed when they arrived as the eight hours of fighting had brought Sherman’s veterans to a standstill.

In contrast to his hopes for Sherman’s advance, Grant had no particular expectation for Hooker’s advance other than to divert Bragg’s attention by continued demonstrations from Lookout Mountain. Hooker’s command descended the eastern flanks of Lookout Mountain at about 10 am and headed eastwards, but they soon encountered a significant obstacle. The bridge across Chattanooga Creek about a mile from Rossville Gap had been burned by the Confederates as they withdrew the night before. The creek was running high and could not be forded. Brigadier-General Peter Joseph Osterhaus assigned a 70-man pioneer unit to start rebuilding the bridge while men of the 27th Missouri Infantry improvised a rickety footbridge. They began crossing one by one. Hooker decided to leave his guns and wagons behind so that all of his infantry could cross first. Thomas called for support on his flank and requested Hooker to cross the valley and to demonstrate more actively against Bragg’s left flank, from the direction of Rossville Gap. By the time Hooker moved forward again in the late afternoon, the Confederate forces in his front (the divisions of Major-General Benjamin Franklin Cheatham and Major-General Carter Littlepage Stevenson) had been sent away by Bragg to reinforce his threatened right flank.

Confederate Major-General John Cabell Breckinridge was now worried about his weakened left flank on Missionary Ridge, so he rode to the end of his line in the early afternoon. At 3:30 pm, Breckinridge was visiting Major-General Alexander Peter Stewart’s left flank brigade under Colonel James Thadeus Holtzclaw. Holtzclaw pointed to the southwest where Hooker’s men were busily bridging Chattanooga Creek. Concerned about Rossville Gap, which lay undefended beyond his left flank, Breckinridge ordered Holtzclaw to send a couple of regiments to hold that position. It was too late; by the time the Confederate reached the gap, Osterhaus’ division had already marched through. Although Hooker’s advance was delayed for about four hours at the creek, his first men reached the Rossville Gap at about 3.30 pm. Deploying the 27th Missouri Infantry (from 1/1/XV) as skirmishers, Osterhaus forced his way through Rossville Gap. The remainder of Brigadier-General Charles Robert Woods’ brigade (1/1/XV) headed for the high ground to the right of the gap and Colonel James Alexander Williamson’s brigade (1/2/XV) for the left side. The outnumbered Confederates withdrew from Rossville Gap, abandoning substantial quantities of supplies.

After a bridge had been completed over Chattanooga Creek, Hooker rapidly reinforced this advance party with Brigadier-General Charles Cruft’s division, which began to climb up the western end of Missionary Ridge itself. Brigadier-General John White Geary’s division also headed to march along the western face. Meanwhile, Osterhaus’ division marched from Rossville Gap along a trail east of the ridge. Another assault was spearheaded by 9th Indiana Infantry and 36th Indiana Infantry (from 3/1/IV) and the Confederate left flank began to crumble. As Holtzclaw’s brigade retreated before Hooker’s advance, they encountered Colonel Anson G McCook’s 2nd Ohio Infantry of Brigadier-General William Passmore Carlin’s brigade, which had now arrived astride the ridge. Surrounded by superior forces on four sides, approximately 700 of Holtzclaw’s men surrendered. Hearing a tremendous racket to the north, Breckinridge rode off from the fight at the southern end of the ridge to find out what was wrong. He found the Confederate line beginning to crumble along the centre of Missionary Ridge.

Despite the failure of Sherman’s advance, which had been intended to be decisive, Grant decided to make one final effort before dark. His intention was more to prevent the Confederates from reinforcing the fight on either flank rather than to achieve much forward progress. At about 3.40 pm, the first of six cannon shots signalled an advance by Thomas’ four divisions towards the centre of Missionary Ridge. The advance was led on the left by Baird’s division from XIV Corps, while Major-General Thomas Joseph Wood’s 2nd Division and Brigadier-General Philip Henry Sheridan’s 3rd Divisions IV Corps were in the centre. Brigadier-General Richard William Johnson’s division of XIV Corps was on the right. Grant instructed the line to halt after taking the first line of Confederate rifle pits and defences at the foot of the Ridge.

The Confederate defence of Missionary Ridge was soon revealed to be fatally flawed. Bragg had split his force and issued complex orders. Those at the foot of the ridge in the first line were given secret orders to remain concealed and to hold fire for their first volley at a range of 200 yards before withdrawing up the slope. Not all the troops had received this complex order, so some remained to defend the first line when the others pulled back. At the top of the ridge, the entrenchments had been drawn along the highest point of the crest rather than at the “military crest”, where an effective line of fire and sight could be retained. This left some dead ground into and through which attackers could advance for some distance unmolested.

A mass of 112 Confederate guns opened fire, as did the second line of riflemen halfway up the slope on the Union troops who had occupied the Confederate rifle pits at the foot of the Ridge. The Union troops found that the enemy fire was becoming so destructive that it seemed safer to continue to move up the hill rather than to linger helplessly at the base or to retreat across open ground. They were also motivated by a desire to prove themselves after rumours abounded after Chickamauga that the Army of the Cumberland was only good for defending entrenchments and would never attack. This rumour seemed to have been compounded by the selection of the new arrivals from Virginia and Mississippi to spearhead the main attacks on the flanks while they merely demonstrated in the centre. Forced to choose between an exposed retreat, a dangerous immobility, or continuing the advance, men began to move forward spontaneously as individuals, then by squads and companies, and then by entire regiments. Union commanders sought to hold back the unauthorised advance up the ridge. Brigadier-General John Basil Turchin’s brigade (1/3/XIV) complied, as did Brigadier-General George Day Wagner’s brigade (2/2/IV), and they both pulled back from their advanced position. Nevertheless, the forward momentum was irresistible, and finally the officers were forced to follow the lead of their men. The Union advance surged forward and flowed up the ridge along six different lines of approach. 

Grant was exasperated that the order to wait at the rifle-pits had been ignored and Thomas was also anxious that he would be blamed for the impending disaster. Nobody accepted blame for the disastrous advance that was unfolding on the slopes of Missionary Ridge. However, to the surprise of all, the unplanned charge succeeded beyond all expectation. The Confederate line halfway up the ridge was overrun with barely a fight and the tide swept on towards the crest. The Confederate line was poorly placed so that the attackers were concealed by dead ground for much of the time. Union troops came into sight of the defences at close range and broke through without enduring serious resistance. Footholds were quickly established at various points in the Confederate line on the crest. While some of the Confederate strongpoints held out, these were soon outflanked and enfiladed by the relentless Union surges to either side. Large numbers of defenders surrendered without putting up a serious fight. The final assault tallied 37 guns and 2,000 prisoners within just one hour. The Union attack had not been without cost: Sheridan’s division lost 1,346 casualties, Wood took 1,035 casualties, and Baird and Johnson suffered 789 casualties between them.

Whereas Cleburne’s lone division had held off six Union divisions all morning, the five divisions on Missionary Ridge, right in front of Bragg’s headquarters, had failed to resist the irresistible tide launched by four Union divisions. The seemingly impregnable Confederate position on Missionary Ridge fragmented and the Confederate army began to flee the field. By 4:30 pm, the centre of Bragg’s line had broken completely and fled in panic, forcing the abandonment of the rest of Missionary Ridge. A headlong retreat began towards South Chickamauga Creek. The exceptions to the widespread panic were Cleburne’s command on the right, which now formed a steady rear-guard for Bragg’s army as it retreated eastwards, and Stewart’s division which blocked Hooker’s advance north of Rossville.

Despite the success of the Union advance, it proved impossible to pursue quickly or aggressively across the difficult terrain, and only Sherman’s force retained the cohesion to capture a large number of guns and prisoners. This respite allowed Hardee to rally enough fugitives to form a line on the near side of Chickamauga Creek and, by 9 pm, the majority of the Confederate army was across the river. Senior Confederate commanders such as Bragg, Breckinridge, and several others only evaded capture by a whisker. Bragg withdrew his army overnight along two routes towards Chickamauga Station on the Western & Atlantic Railroad, heading generally in the direction of Dalton, Georgia. Hardee’s Corps provided a stronger rearguard and Cleburne’s division continued to hold off Sherman’s pursuit.

Chattanooga, the “Gateway to the Lower South,” was now held securely by the Union and it became the supply and logistics base for future advances into Georgia. A vital lateral line of communications had been taken from the Confederates. Casualties for the Union Army over the three days at Chattanooga amounted to 5,824 (753 killed, 4,722 wounded, and 349 missing) out of about 56,000 engaged. Confederate casualties were reported as 6,667 (361 killed, 2,160 wounded, and 4,146 missing, mostly prisoners) out of about 44,000 men. Confederate losses may have been even higher than stated as the Union claimed a total of 6,142 prisoners. (CWSAC Decisive Battle Union Victory)

Texas. Incident at Fort Esperanza.

Virginia. Skirmish between Sangster’s Station and Devereux Station. Confederates guerrillas captured 23 Union teamsters and woodcutters, with 50 mules.

Virginia. The Union Army of the Potomac, under command of Major-General George Gordon Meade, was given orders to cross the Rapidan River to probe the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia’s defences along Mine Run, west of Chancellorsville.

Union Organisation

Commander in Chief: President Abraham Lincoln

Vice-President: Hannibal Hamlin

Secretary of War: Edwin McMasters Stanton

Secretary of the Navy: Gideon Welles

North Atlantic Blockading Squadron: Samuel Phillips Lee
South Atlantic Blockading Squadron: John Adolphus Bernard Dahlgren
West Gulf Blockading Squadron: David Glasgow Farragut
East Gulf Blockading Squadron: Theodorus Bailey
Pacific Squadron: John Berrien Montgomery
Mississippi River Squadron: David Dixon Porter
Potomac Flotilla: Andrew Allen Harwood

General–in-Chief: Henry Wager Halleck

Military Division of the Mississippi: Ulysses Simpson Grant

  • Department of the Cumberland: George Henry Thomas
    • District of Nashville: Lovell Harrison Rousseau
    • Army of the Cumberland: George Henry Thomas
      • IV Corps Cumberland: Gordon Granger
      • XIV Corps Cumberland: John McAuley Palmer
      • Cavalry Corps Cumberland: Washington Lafayette Elliott
      • Hooker’s Command Cumberland: Joseph Hooker
        • XI Corps Cumberland: Oliver Otis Howard
        • XII Corps Cumberland: Henry Warner Slocum
  • Department of the Ohio: Ambrose Everett Burnside
    • District of Kentucky: Jeremiah Tilford Boyle
      • Sub-District of Eastern Kentucky: George W Gallup
      • Sub-District of North Central Kentucky: Speed Smith Fr
      • Sub-District of South Central Kentucky: Edward Henry Hobson
      • Sub-District of Somerset: Theophilus Toulmin Garrard
    • District of Western Kentucky: Jeremiah Tilford Boyle
    • District of the Clinch: Orlando Bolivar Willcox
    • Army of the Ohio: Ambrose Everett Burnside
      • IX Corps Ohio: Ambrose Everett Burnside
      • XXIII Corps Ohio: Mahlon Dickerson Manson
  • Department of the Tennessee: William Tecumseh Sherman
    • District of West Tennessee: Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
      • Sub-District of Memphis: James Clifford Veatch
    • District of Eastern Arkansas: Napoleon Bonaparte Buford
    • District of Northeast Louisiana: John Parker Hawkins
    • Army of the Tennessee: William Tecumseh Sherman
      • XV Corps Tennessee: Francis Preston Blair
      • XVI Corps Tennessee: Napoleon Jackson Tecumseh Dana
        • Left Wing XVI Corps Tennessee: Grenville Mellen Dodge
      • XVII Corps Tennessee: James Birdseye McPherson

Department of the East: John Adams Dix

Department of the Gulf: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks

  • District of Baton Rouge: Philip St George Cooke
  • District of Port Hudson: George Leonard Andrews
  • District of Pensacola: Alexander Asboth
  • District of La Fourche: Henry Warner Birge
  • District of Key West and Tortugas: Daniel Phineas Woodbury
  • Defences of New Orleans: Edward Griffin Beckwith
  • Army of the Gulf: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
    • XIII Corps Gulf: Cadwallader Colden Washburn temporary
    • XIX Corps Gulf: William Buel Franklin

Middle Department: Robert Cumming Schenck interim Henry Hayes Lockwood awaited

  • District of Delaware: Daniel Tyler
  • District of the Eastern Shore of Maryland: Henry Hayes Lockwood
  • VIII Corps Middle: Robert Cumming Schenck

Department of the Missouri: John McAllister Schofield

  • District of St Louis: William Kerley Strong
  • District of Southeast Missouri: Clinton Bowen Fisk
  • District of Southwest Missouri: John Benjamin Sanborn
  • District of Northeast Missouri: Thomas Jefferson McKean
  • District of North Missouri: Odon Guitar
  • District of Central Missouri: Egbert Benson Brown
  • District of Rolla: Thomas Alfred Davies
  • District of Nebraska Territory: Thomas Jefferson McKean
  • District of the Frontier: James Gilpatrick Blunt
  • District of the Border: Thomas Ewing
  • Army of Arkansas: Frederick Steele

Department of the Monongahela: William Thomas Harbaugh Brooks

Department of New Mexico: James Henry Carleton

  • District of Arizona: Joseph Rodman West

Department of the Northwest: John Pope

  • District of Minnesota: Henry Hastings Sibley
  • District of Wisconsin: Thomas Church Haskell Smith
  • District of Iowa: Benjamin Stone Roberts
  • District of Dakota: Alfred Sully

Department of the Pacific: George Wright

  • District of the Humboldt: Stephen Girard Whipple
  • District of Oregon: Benjamin Alvord
  • District of Southern California: James Freeman Curtis
  • District of Utah: Patrick Edward Connor

Department of the Potomac: George Gordon Meade

  • Army of the Potomac: George Gordon Meade
    • I Corps Potomac: John Newton
    • II Corps Potomac: Gouverneur Kemble Warren
    • III Corps Potomac: William Henry French
    • V Corps Potomac: George Sykes
    • VI Corps Potomac: John Sedgwick
    • Cavalry Corps Potomac: Alfred Pleasonton

Department of the South: Quincy Adams Gillmore

  • X Corps South: Quincy Adams Gillmore

Department of the Susquehanna: Darius Nash Couch

  • Lehigh District: Franz Sigel

Department of Virginia and North Carolina: Benjamin Franklin Butler

  • District of North Carolina: John James Peck
    • Sub-District of Albemarle: Henry Walton Wessells
    • Sub-District of the Pamlico: Joseph Miller McChesney temporary
    • Sub-District of Beaufort NC: James Jourdan
    • Defences of New Bern: Innis Newton Palmer
  • District of Yorktown: Isaac Jones Wistar
  • Army of North Carolina: John James Peck
    • XVIII Corps North Carolina: Benjamin Franklin Butler

Department of Washington: Christopher Columbus Augur

  • District of Alexandria: John Potts Slough
  • District of Washington: John Henry Martindale
  • XXII Corps Washington: Christopher Columbus Augur

Department of Western Virginia: Benjamin Franklin Kelley

  • Army of the Kanawha: George Crook

District of St Mary’s: Gilman Marston

Confederate Organisation

Commander in Chief: President Jefferson Finis Davis

Vice-President: Alexander Hamilton Stephens

Secretary of War: James Alexander Seddon

Secretary of the Navy: Stephen Russell Mallory

Military Adviser to the President: Vacant

Military Division of the West: Joseph Eggleston Johnston

  • Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana: William Joseph Hardee
    • Gulf District: Dabney Herndon Maury
    • District of West Tennessee: Nathan Bedford Forrest
    • Army of Mississippi: Leonidas Polk

Department of Henrico: John Henry Winder

Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia: George Edward Pickett

  • District of the Cape Fear River and the Defences of Wilmington: William Henry Chase Whiting

Department of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee

  • Army of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee
    • II Corps Northern Virginia: Jubal Anderson Early temporary
    • III Corps Northern Virginia: Ambrose Powell Hill
    • Cavalry Corps Northern Virginia: James Ewell Brown Stuart
  • Valley District: John Daniel Imboden

Department of Richmond: Arnold Elzey

Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard

  • District of Georgia: Hugh Weedon Mercer interim Henry Rootes Jackson awaited
  • District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
    • 1st Sub-District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
    • 2nd Sub-District of South Carolina: Beverley Holcombe Robertson
    • 3rd Sub-District of South Carolina: William Stephen Walker
    • 4th Sub-District of South Carolina: James Heyward Trapier
    • 5th Sub-District of South Carolina: Alfred Moore Rhett
    • 6th Sub-District of South Carolina: Henry Alexander Wise
    • 7th Sub-District of South Carolina: William Booth Taliaferro
  • District of East Florida: Joseph Finegan
  • District of Middle Florida: William Montgomery Gardner
  • District of West Florida: John Horace Forney
  • Defences of Savannah: Jeremy Francis Gilmer

Department of Tennessee: Braxton Bragg

  • District of East Tennessee: Samuel Jones temporary
    • District of Abingdon: William Preston
  • District of Western North Carolina: Joseph Benjamin Palmer
  • Army of Tennessee: Braxton Bragg
    • I Corps Northern Virginia: Lafayette McLaws temporary
    • I Corps Tennessee: William Joseph Hardee
    • II Corps Tennessee: John Cabell Breckinridge
    • Cavalry Corps Tennessee: William Thompson Martin temporary

Trans-Allegheny Department: Samuel Jones

Trans-Mississippi Department: Edmund Kirby Smith

  • District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: John Bankhead Magruder
    • Western Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: Hamilton Prioleau Bee
      • Sub-District of the Rio Grande: Hamilton Prioleau Bee
    • Eastern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: James Edwin Slaughter
    • Sub-District of Houston: Xavier Blanchard Debray
    • Northern Sub-District Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: Henry Eustace McCullough
  • District of Arkansas: Theophilus Hunter Holmes
  • District of West Louisiana: Richard Taylor
  • District of Indian Territory: William Steele
  • Defences of Pass Cavallo: John W Glenn
  • Trans-Mississippi Army: Edmund Kirby Smith

Union Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

Major-General USA

George Brinton McClellan
John Charles Frémont
Henry Wager Halleck
Ulysses Simpson Grant

Major-General USV

Asterisk indicates concurrently Brigadier-General USA

John Adams Dix
Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
Benjamin Franklin Butler
David Hunter
Ethan Allen Hitchcock
Irvin McDowell*
Ambrose Everett Burnside
William Starke Rosecrans*
Don Carlos Buell
John Pope*
Samuel Ryan Curtis
Franz Sigel
John Alexander McClernand
Lewis Wallace
George Henry Thomas*
George Cadwalader
William Tecumseh Sherman*
Edward Otho Cresap Ord
Samuel Peter Heintzelman
Erasmus Darwin Keyes
Joseph Hooker*
Silas Casey
William Buel Franklin
Darius Nash Couch
Henry Warner Slocum
John James Peck
John Sedgwick
Alexander McDowell McCook
Thomas Leonidas Crittenden
John Gray Foster
John Grubb Parke
Christopher Columbus Augur
Robert Cumming Schenck
Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
Gordon Granger
Lovell Harrison Rousseau
James Birdseye McPherson*
George Stoneman
George Gordon Meade*
Oliver Otis Howard
Daniel Edgar Sickles
Robert Huston Milroy
Daniel Butterfield
Winfield Scott Hancock
George Sykes
William Henry French
David Sloane Stanley
James Scott Negley
John McAllister Schofield
John McAuley Palmer
Frederick Steele
Abner Doubleday
Napoleon Jackson Tecumseh Dana
Richard James Oglesby
John Alexander Logan
James Gilpatrick Blunt
George Lucas Hartsuff
Cadwallader Colden Washburn
Francis Jay Herron
Francis Preston Blair
Joseph Jones Reynolds
Philip Henry Sheridan
Julius Stahel
Carl Schurz
John Newton
Gouverneur Kemble Warren
David Bell Birney
William Thomas Harbaugh Brooks
Alfred Pleasonton
John Buford
Andrew Atkinson Humphreys
Quincy Adams Gillmore

Brigadier-General USA

Brackets indicates concurrently Major-General USV

(Irvin McDowell)
(William Starke Rosecrans)
Philip St George Cooke
(John Pope)
(Joseph Hooker)
(George Gordon Meade)
(William Tecumseh Sherman)
(James Birdseye McPherson)
(George Henry Thomas)

Brigadier-General USV

Andrew Porter
Charles Pomeroy Stone
Thomas West Sherman
William Reading Montgomery
Benjamin Franklin Kelley
Jacob Dolson Cox
Alpheus Starkey Williams
James Brewerton Ricketts
Orlando Bolivar Willcox
Michael Corcoran
Henry Hayes Lockwood
James Samuel Wadsworth
George Webb Morell
John Henry Martindale
Samuel Davis Sturgis
Henry Washington Benham
William Farrar Smith
William Farquhar Barry
John Joseph Abercrombie
Lawrence Pike Graham
Eleazar Arthur Paine
Willis Arnold Gorman
Horatio Gouverneur Wright
William Thomas Ward
John Gross Barnard
Innis Newton Palmer
Seth Williams
George Wright
John Milton Brannan
John Porter Hatch
Albin Francisco Schoepf
Thomas John Wood
Richard W Johnson
Adolph Wilhelm August Friedrich Von Steinwehr
George Washington Cullum
Jeremiah Tilford Boyle
Thomas Jefferson McKean
Zealous Bates Tower
Jefferson Columbus Davis
James Henry Lane
James Abram Garfield
Lewis Golding Arnold
William Scott Ketchum
John Wynn Davidson
Henry Morris Naglee
Andrew Johnson
James Gallant Spears
Eugene Asa Carr
Thomas Alfred Davies
Daniel Tyler
William Hemsley Emory
Andrew Jackson Smith
Marsena Rudolph Patrick
Isaac Ferdinand Quinby
Orris Sanford Ferry
Daniel Phineas Woodbury
Henry Moses Judah
John Cook
John McArthur
Jacob Gartner Lauman
Horatio Phillips Van Cleve
Speed Smith Fry
Alexander Asboth
James Craig
Mahlon Dickerson Manson
Edward Richard Sprigg Canby
Grenville Mellen Dodge
Robert Byington Mitchell
Cuvier Grover
Rufus Saxton
Benjamin Alvord
Napoleon Bonaparte Buford
William Sooy Smith
Nathan Kimball
Charles Devens
Samuel Wylie Crawford
Henry Walton Wessells
Milo Smith Hascall
John White Geary
Alfred Howe Terry
James Henry Carleton
Absalom Baird
John Cleveland Robinson
Truman Seymour
Henry Prince
Maximilian Weber
Jeremiah Cutler Sullivan
Alvin Peterson Hovey
James Clifford Veatch
William Plummer Benton
John Curtis Caldwell
Neal Dow
George Sears Greene
Samuel Powhatan Carter
John Gibbon
Erastus Barnard Tyler
Charles Griffin
George Henry Gordon
James Madison Tuttle
Julius White
Peter Joseph Osterhaus
Stephen Gano Burbridge
Washington Lafayette Elliott
Albion Parris Howe
Green Clay Smith
Benjamin Stone Roberts
Jacob Ammen
Fitz-Henry Warren
Morgan Lewis Smith
Charles Cruft
Frederick Salomon
John Basil Turchin
Henry Shaw Briggs
James Dada Morgan
Johann August Ernst Willich
Henry Dwight Terry
James Blair Steedman
George Foster Shepley
John Reese Kenly
John Potts Slough
Godfrey Weitzel
George Crook
Gershom Mott
Henry Jackson Hunt
Francis Channing Barlow
Mason Brayman
Nathaniel James Jackson
George Washington Getty
Alfred Sully
William Woods Averell
Alexander Hays
Francis Barretto Spinola
John Henry Hobart Ward
Solomon Meredith
James Bowen
Eliakim Parker Scammon
Robert Seaman Granger
Joseph Rodman West
Alfred Washington Ellet
George Leonard Andrews
Clinton Bowen Fisk
William Hays
Israel Vogdes
David Allen Russell
Lewis Cass Hunt
Frank Wheaton
John Sanford Mason
David McMurtrie Gregg
Robert Ogden Tyler
Alfred Thomas Archimedes Torbert
Gilman Marston
William Dwight
Sullivan Amory Meredith
Nathaniel Collins McLean
William Vandever
Alexander Schimmelfennig
Charles Kinnaird Graham
John Eugene Smith
Joseph Tarr Copeland
Charles Adam Heckman
Edward Elmer Potter
Thomas Algeo Rowley
Henry Beebee Carrington
John Haskell King
Adam Jacoby Slemmer
Thomas Hewson Neill
Thomas Gamble Pitcher
Thomas William Sweeny
William Passmore Carlin
Romeyn Beck Ayres
William Babcock Hazen
Joseph Anthony Mower
Richard Arnold
Edward Winslow Hinks
Michael Kelly Lawler
George Day Wagner
Lysander Cutler
Joseph Farmer Knipe
John Dunlap Stevenson
James Barnes
Theophilus Toulmin Garrard
Edward Harland
Samuel Beatty
Isaac Jones Wistar
Franklin Stillman Nickerson
Edward Henry Hobson
Ralph Pomeroy Buckland
Joseph Dana Webster
William Ward Orme
William Harrow
William Hopkins Morris
John Beatty
Thomas Howard Ruger
Thomas Edward Greenfield Ransom
Elias Smith Dennis
Thomas Church Haskell Smith
Mortimer Dormer Leggett
Davis Tillson
Hector Tyndale
Albert Lindley Lee
Charles Leopold Matthies
Marcellus Monroe Crocker
Egbert Benson Brown
John McNeil
George Francis McGinnis
Hugh Boyle Ewing
James Winning McMillan
James Murrell Shackelford
Daniel Ullmann
George Jerrison Stannard
Henry Baxter
John Milton Thayer
Charles Thomas Campbell
Halbert Eleazer Paine
Hugh Thompson Reid
Robert Brown Potter
Thomas Ewing
Joseph Andrew Jackson Lightburn
Thomas Greely Stevenson
Henry Hastings Sibley
Joseph Bradford Carr
Joseph Jackson Bartlett
Joshua Thomas Owen
Patrick Edward Connor
John Parker Hawkins
Gabriel René Paul
Edward Augustus Wild
Edward Ferrero
Adelbert Ames
William Birney
Daniel Henry Rucker
Robert Allen
Rufus Ingalls
Gustavus Adolphus De Russy
Alexander Shaler
Benjamin Henry Grierson
Robert Sanford Foster
Hugh Judson Kilpatrick
Alexander Stewart Webb
Alfred Napoleon Alexander Duffié
Walter Chiles Whitaker
Wesley Merritt
George Armstrong Custer
William Denison Whipple
John Converse Starkweather
Kenner Garrard
Charles Robert Woods
John Benjamin Sanborn
Giles Alexander Smith
Samuel Allen Rice
Jasper Adalmorn Maltby
Thomas Kilby Smith
Walter Quintin Gresham
Manning Ferguson Force
Robert Alexander Cameron
John Murray Corse
John Aaron Rawlins
Alexander Chambers
Alvan Cullem Gillem
James Clay Rice
John Wesley Turner
Henry Lawrence Eustis
Henry Eugene Davies
Andrew Jackson Hamilton
Henry Warner Birge
Charles Garrison Harker
James Hewitt Ledlie
James Harrison Wilson
Adin Ballou Underwood

Brigadier-General USA (Staff)

Montgomery Cunningham Meigs (Quartermaster-General)
Lorenzo Thomas
William Alexander Hammond (Surgeon-General)
Joseph Pannell Taylor (Commissary-General of Subsistence
Joseph Gilbert Totten (Engineers)
George Douglas Ramsay (Ordnance)

Confederate Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

General ACSA/PACS

Samuel Cooper
Robert Edward Lee
Joseph Eggleston Johnston
Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
Braxton Bragg

Lieutenant-General PACS

James Longstreet
Edmund Kirby Smith
Leonidas Polk
Theophilus Hunter Holmes
William Joseph Hardee
John Clifford Pemberton
Richard Stoddert Ewell
Ambrose Powell Hill
John Bell Hood

Major-General PACS

Benjamin Huger
John Bankhead Magruder
Mansfield Lovell
William Wing Loring
Sterling Price
Benjamin Franklin Cheatham
Samuel Jones
John Porter McCown
Daniel Harvey Hill
Thomas Carmichael Hindman
John Cabell Breckinridge
Lafayette McLaws
Richard Heron Anderson
James Ewell Brown Stuart
Richard Taylor
Simon Bolivar Buckner
Samuel Gibbs French
George Edward Pickett
Carter Littlepage Stevenson
John Horace Forney
Dabney Herndon Maury
Martin Luther Smith
John George Walker
Arnold Elzey
Patrick Ronayne Cleburne
Franklin Gardner
Isaac Ridgeway Trimble
Jubal Anderson Early
Joseph Wheeler
Edward Johnson
William Henry Chase Whiting
Robert Emmett Rodes
William Henry Talbot Walker
Henry Heth
Robert Ransom
Alexander Peter Stewart
Jones Mitchell Withers
Stephen Dill Lee
Cadmus Marcellus Wilcox
Wade Hampton
Fitzhugh Lee
William Smith
Howell Cobb
John Austin Wharton
William Thompson Martin

Brigadier-General PACS

Alexander Robert Lawton
Henry Alexander Wise
Henry Hopkins Sibley
John Henry Winder
Gideon Johnson Pillow
Daniel Ruggles
Roswell Sabine Ripley
Paul Octave Hébert
Albert Gallatin Blanchard
Gabriel James Rains
Thomas Fenwick Drayton
Nathan George Evans
James Heyward Trapier
Hugh Weedon Mercer
William Montgomery Gardner
William Mahone
Raleigh Edward Colston
John King Jackson
Bushrod Rust Johnson
James Patton Anderson
George Wythe Randolph
Joseph Brevard Kershaw
James Ronald Chalmers
Daniel Leadbetter
William Whann Mackall
Daniel Marsh Frost
Winfield Scott Featherston
Thomas James Churchill
William Booth Taliaferro
Albert Rust
Samuel Bell Maxey
Hamilton Prioleau Bee
James Morrison Hawes
George Hume Steuart
James Edwin Slaughter
Charles William Field
Seth Maxwell Barton
Henry Eustace McCullough
John Selden Roane
States Rights Gist
William Nelson Pendleton
Joseph Finegan
William Nelson Rector Beall
Thomas Jordan
William Preston
John Echols
George Earl Maney
Jean Jacques Alfred Alexandre Mouton
John Stuart Williams
James Green Martin
Thomas Lanier Clingman
Daniel Weisiger Adams
Louis Hébert
John Creed Moore
Ambrose Ransom Wright
James Lawson Kemper
James Jay Archer
Beverley Holcombe Robertson
St John Richardson Liddell
Nathan Bedford Forrest
Johnson Hagood
Micah Jenkins
Harry Thompson Hays
Albert Gallatin Jenkins
Matthew Duncan Ector
Edward Aylesworth Perry
John Gregg
John Calvin Brown
Alfred Holt Colquitt
Junius Daniel
Abraham Buford
William Steele
James Fleming Fagan
William Read Scurry
Francis Asbury Shoup
Joseph Robert Davis
William Henry Fitzhugh Lee
William Edmondson Jones
William Edwin Baldwin
John Crawford Vaughn
Evander McIvor Law
William Brimage Bate
Elkanah Brackin Greer
Francis Redding Tillou Nicholls
Alfred Cumming
William Stephen Walker
George Pierce Doles
Montgomery Dent Corse
George Thomas Anderson
Alfred Iverson
James Henry Lane
Edward Lloyd Thomas
Stephen Dodson Ramseur
John Rogers Cooke
Jerome Bonaparte Robertson
Evander McNair
Archibald Gracie
William Robertson Boggs
James Camp Tappan
Dandridge McRae
Mosby Monroe Parsons
John Pegram
John Sappington Marmaduke
John Hunt Morgan
Marcus Joseph Wright
Zachariah Cantey Deas
Lucius Eugene Polk
Edward Cary Walthall
John Adams
William Hicks Jackson
James Cantey
Camille Armand Jules Marie de Polignac
Robert Frederick Hoke
Henry Lewis Benning
William Tatum Wofford
Samuel McGowan
Marcellus Augustus Stovall
George Blake Cosby
Francis Crawford Armstrong
William Lewis Cabell
John Daniel Imboden
Alfred Eugene Jackson
Robert Brank Vance
Henry Delamar Clayton
Arthur Middleton Manigault
Douglas Hancock Cooper
John Brown Gordon
John Wilkins Whitfield
James Alexander Walker
John Marshall Jones
Thomas Green
Matthew Whitaker Ransom
Alfred Moore Scales
George Washington Custis Lee
Henry Harrison Walker
Gabriel Colvin Wharton
Francis Marion Cockrell
James Patrick Major
Samuel Wragg Ferguson
Lunsford Lindsay Lomax
Laurence Simmons Baker
Otho French Strahl
Philip Dale Roddey
Eppa Hunton
Thomas Pleasant Dockery
Benjamin Grubb Humphreys
Henry Brevard Davidson
Henry Watkins Allen
Cullen Andrews Battle
William Andrew Quarles
William Whedbee Kirkland
Goode Bryan
Matthew Calbraith Butler
Williams Carter Wickham
Robert Daniel Johnston
Abner Monroe Perrin
Alexander Welch Reynolds
Thomas Neville Waul
Edmund Winston Pettus
Armistead Lindsay Long
Henry Rootes Jackson
William Wirt Adams
Thomas Lafayette Rosser
Pierce Manning Butler Young
James Byron Gordon
James Argyle Smith
Joseph Horace Lewis
Mark Perrin Lowrey
Leroy Augustus Stafford
Edward Higgins
John Tyler Morgan
John Herbert Kelly
William Young Conn Humes
Jesse Johnson Finley
James Holt Clanton
Claudius Charles Wilson
Alfred Jefferson Vaughan

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