1863 November 23rd

November 23 1863 Monday

Third Battle of Chattanooga – Battle of Orchard Knob, TN

Chattanooga Campaign – Battles at Chattanooga

Knoxville Campaign

Second Bayou Teche Campaign

Louisiana. Skirmish at Bayou Portage on Grand Lake.

Mississippi. Expedition to Vicksburg and Yazoo City began.

Missouri. Union reconnaissance from Houston began.

Missouri. Union expedition from Springfield to Howell County, Wright County, and Morgan County began.

South Carolina. USS Marblehead, Lieutenant-Commander Richard W Meade, landed Union troops by the Stono River above Legareville, in order to remove obstructions in the river.

Tennessee. Skirmish at Tunnel Hill.

Tennessee. Skirmish at La Vergne.

Tennessee. Skirmish at Kingston.

Tennessee. Skirmish at Bushy Knob.

Tennessee. Confederate troops under Lieutenant-General James Longstreet seized Cherokee Heights, a tall bluff south of the Holston River from Knoxville, and only about 2,400 yards from the key Union position of Fort Sanders. Longstreet’s original intent was to use his artillery to bombard Fort Sanders in preparation for a frontal assault. However, at the last minute, he changed his plan to a surprise infantry assault at dawn, hoping that the benefit of surprise would outweigh those of a cannonade. Longstreet received word from General Braxton Bragg that 11,000 reinforcements in two divisions were on their way from Chattanooga; Bragg urged Longstreet to attack if he could but otherwise to await their arrival.

Tennessee. Delayed by poor roads from Bridgeport, Alabama, three of Union Major-General William Tecumseh Sherman’s four divisions reached the hills north of Chattanooga, albeit three days later than originally intended. They prepared to launch a decisive attack against the Confederate right flank after crossing the Tennessee River northeast of the town. They had moved by concealed routes from Bridgeport and Confederate General Braxton Bragg had assumed that they had crossed over Walden’s Ridge with the intention of reinforcing Knoxville. That misconception had led him to detach two divisions to join the Confederate army attacking Knoxville. Delays in reaching their intended positions meant that Sherman’s attack originally proposed for 20 November was deferred until 23 November.

Orchard Knob, Tennessee, also known as Chattanooga, or Third Chattanooga, or Indian Hill. Union Major-General Ulysses Simpson Grant learned from deserters that the Confederate lines on Missionary Ridge had been weakened and he feared an imminent retreat by his opponent would deny him a victory. The Confederate divisions of Lieutenant-General Simon Bolivar Buckner and Major-General Patrick Ronayne Cleburne had been observed withdrawing to reinforce Lieutenant-General James Longstreet at Knoxville and this movement was now confirmed.

The Union Army of the Cumberland of Major-General George Henry Thomas was ordered to commence a reconnaissance at 11 am to determine whether an even larger withdrawal had occurred or was underway. Thomas ordered the division of Brigadier-General Thomas Joseph Wood (3/IV) to make a reconnaissance in force, instructing Wood to avoid a heavy engagement with the enemy and to return to his fortifications when the strength of the Confederate line was discovered. Wood’s men assembled outside their entrenchments and observed their objective approximately 2,000 yards to the east. This was a small knoll 100 feet high called Orchard Knob (also known as Indian Hill). Major-General Philip Henry Sheridan’s division deployed to protect Wood’s right flank, and Major-General Oliver Otis Howard’s XI Corps and Brigadier-General Absalom Baird’s division of XIV Corps extended the line to the left, presenting over 20,000 to 25,000 soldiers in almost parade-ground alignment to the clear observation of the Confederates on Missionary Ridge. All impressions were given that this was only a grand review but, at 1.30 pm, the designated 14,000 Union soldiers moved forward at the double quick, sweeping across the plain and stunning the 600 Confederate defenders on Orchard Knob, who were able to fire only a single volley before they were captured. The sudden attack overran the Confederate outposts on both Orchard Knob and Bushy Knob nearby. At 2 pm, Grant and Thomas decided to order the men to hold their position and entrench, rather than implementing the original orders to withdraw. The Union troops quickly reversed the captured earthworks and established a strong position. Orchard Knob soon became Grant’s and Thomas’ advanced headquarters. Union casualties were about 1,100 killed and wounded and Confederate casualties were estimated at over 1,000 men, including prisoners.

Tennessee. In response to the Union seizure of Orchard Knob, Confederate General Braxton Bragg halted the two divisions of reinforcements he had detached to join Lieutenant-General James Longstreet at Knoxville. Major-General Bushrod Rust Johnson had already departed with two brigades from the absent Brigadier-General William Preston’s division. Trains took Johnson’s men to Loudon on the Holston River and then turned back to pick up Major-General Patrick Ronayne Cleburne’s division. Under urgent orders from Bragg, Cleburne stopped his men from boarding the trains to Knoxville and started them on a return march from Chickamauga Station after dark.

Not counting Johnson and Cleburne, Bragg now had only six divisions to hold his six-mile line at Chattanooga. Lieutenant-General William Joseph Hardee took responsibility for the left flank and Major-General John Cabell Breckinridge took the centre and right. Brigadier-General States Rights Gist (commanding Major-General William Henry Talbot Walker’s division which had been consolidated into one division with that of Brigadier-General St John Liddell) was on the far left in the valley at the western base of Lookout Mountain. Bragg ordered Gist to march behind Missionary Ridge from the left flank to the far right flank near Tunnel Hill. Major-General Carter Littlepage Stevenson’s division was left alone in charge of the left flank on Lookout Mountain and eastwards from there to Chattanooga Creek. Major-General Benjamin Franklin Chatham’s division continued the line onto the southern end of Missionary Ridge. In the centre, Major-General Alexander Peter Stewart ordered his division to begin fortifying the crest of Missionary Ridge, a task that Bragg had neglected for weeks. Unable to decide whether to defend the base or the crest of the Ridge, Breckinridge posted the divisions of Brigadier-General William Brimage Bate and Brigadier-General James Patton Anderson towards the northern end of Missionary Ridge, with half of their men on the crest and the remainder in the rifle pits along the base. Beyond these divisions, only a thin line of outposts could be spared to cover the rugged ground as far as the confluence of Chickamauga Creek and the Tennessee River. The line was extremely thinly held in parts.

ORDER OF BATTLE: CHATTANOOGA, TN

Union Military Division of the Mississippi: Major-General Ulysses Simpson Grant Chief-Of-Staff Brigadier-General John Aaron Rawlins
Department of the Cumberland: Major-General George Henry Thomas
Army of the Cumberland: Major-General George Henry Thomas Chief-Of-Staff Major-General Joseph Jones Reynolds
IV Corps: Major-General Gordon Granger
1st Division, IV Corps: Brigadier-General Charles Cruft (Attached To Hooker’s Command)
2nd Brigade, 1st Division, IV Corps: Brigadier-General Walter Chiles Whitaker
3rd Brigade, 1st Division, IV Corps: Colonel William Grose
2nd Division, IV Corps: Major-General Philip H Sheridan
1st Brigade, 2nd Division, IV Corps: Colonel Francis T Sherman
2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, IV Corps: Brigadier-General George Day Wagner
3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, IV Corps: Colonel Charles Garrison Harker
3rd Division, IV Corps: Major-General Thomas John Wood
1st Brigade, 3rd Division, IV Corps: Brigadier-General Johann August Ernst von Willich
2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, IV Corps: Brigadier-General William Babcock Hazen
3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, IV Corps: Brigadier-General Samuel Beatty
XIV Corps: Major-General John McAuley Palmer
1st Division, XIV Corps: Brigadier-General Richard William Johnson
1st Brigade, 1st Division, XIV Corps: Brigadier-General William Passmore Carlin
2nd Brigade, 1st Division, XIV Corps: Colonel Marshall F Moore Colonel William L Stoughton
3rd Brigade, 1st Division, XIV Corps: Brigadier-General John Converse Starkweather
2nd Division, XIV Corps: Brigadier-General Jefferson C Davis (Attached Sherman’s Command)
1st Brigade, 2nd Division, XIV Corps: Brigadier-General James Dada Morgan
2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, XIV Corps: Brigadier-General John Beatty
3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, XIV Corps: Colonel Daniel McCook
3rd Division, XIV Corps: Brigadier-General Absalom Baird
1st Brigade, 3rd Division, XIV Corps: Brigadier-General John Basil Turchin
2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, XIV Corps: Colonel Ferdinand Van Derveer
3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, XIV Corps: Colonel Edward H Phelps, Colonel William H Hays
Artillery Reserve: Brigadier-General John Milton Brannan
Cavalry Corps: Brigadier-General David Sloan Stanley
2nd Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps: Brigadier-General George Crook
2nd Cavalry Brigade, 2nd Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps: Colonel Eli Long
Engineers: Brigadier-General William Farrar Smith
Engineer Brigade: Colonel Timothy R Stanley
Pioneer Brigade: Colonel George P Buell
Chattanooga Garrison: Brigadier-General James Blair Steedman
Hooker’s Command (Army of the Cumberland): Major-General Joseph Hooker
XI Corps: Major-General Oliver Otis Howard
2nd Division, XI Corps: Brigadier-General Adolph Wilhelm August Freidrich von Steinwehr
1st Brigade, 2nd Division, XI Corps: Colonel Adolphus Buschbeck
2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, XI Corps: Colonel Orland Smith
3rd Division, XI Corps: Major-General Carl Schurz
1st Brigade, 3rd Division, XI Corps: Brigadier-General Hector Tyndale
2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, XI Corps: Colonel Wladimir Bonaventura Krzyzanowski
3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, XI Corps: Colonel Frederick Hecker
XII Corps: Major-General Henry Warner Slocum
2nd Division, XXI Corps: Brigadier-General John White Geary
1st Brigade, 2nd Division, XII Corps: Colonel Charles Candy
2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, XII Corps: Colonel George A Cobham
3rd Brigade, Division, XII Corps: Colonel David Ireland
Department of the Tennessee: Major-General William Tecumseh Sherman
Army of the Tennessee: Major-General William Tecumseh Sherman
XV Corps: Major-General Francis Preston Blair
1st Division, XV Corps: Brigadier-General Peter Joseph Osterhaus (Attached To Hooker’s Command)
1st Brigade, 1st Division, XV Corps: Brigadier-General Charles Robert Woods
2nd Brigade, 1st Division, XV Corps: Colonel James A Williamson
2nd Division, XV Corps: Brigadier-General Morgan Lewis Smith
1st Brigade, 2nd Division, XV Corps: Brigadier-General Giles Alexander Smith Colonel Nathan W Tupper
2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, XV Corps: Brigadier-General Joseph Andrew Jackson Lightburn
4th Division, XV Corps: Brigadier-General Hugh Boyle Ewing
1st Brigade, 4th Division, XV Corps: Colonel John M Loomis
2nd Brigade, 4th Division, XV Corps: Brigadier-General John Murray Corse Colonel
Charles C Walcutt
3rd Brigade, 4th Division, XV Corps: Colonel Joseph R Cockerill
XVII Corps: Major-General James Birdseye McPherson
2nd Division, XVII Corps: Brigadier-General John Eugene Smith
1st Brigade, 2nd Division, XVII Corps: Colonel Jesse I Alexander
2nd Brigade, 2ndc Division, XVII Corps: Brigadier-General Green Berry Raum Colonel Francis Deimling Colonel Clark R Wever
3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, XVII Corps: Brigadier-General Karl Leopold Matthies Colonel Benjamin D Dean Colonel Jabez Banbury

Confederate Department of Tennessee: General Braxton Bragg
Army of Tennessee General Braxton Bragg

I Corps: Lieutenant-General William Joseph Hardee
Cheatham’s Division, I Corps: Brigadier-General John King Jackson
Jackson’s Brigade, Cheatham’s Division, I Corps: Colonel C J Wilkinson
Walthall’s Brigade, Cheatham’s Division, I Corps: Brigadier-General Edward Cary
Walthall
Moore’s Brigade, Cheatham’s Division, I Corps: Brigadier-General John Creed Moore
Wright’s Brigade, Cheatham’s Division, I Corps: Brigadier-General Marcus Joseph Wright Colonel John H Anderson
Stevenson’s Division, I Corps: Major-General Carter Littlepage Stevenson Brigadier-General John Calvin Brown
Brown’s Brigade, Stevenson’s Division, I Corps: Brigadier-General John Calvin Brown
Pettus’ Brigade, Stevenson’s Division, I Corps: Brigadier-General Edmund Winston Pettus
Cumming’s Brigade, Stevenson’s Division, I Corps: Brigadier-General Alfred Cumming
Reynolds’ Brigade, Stevenson’s Division, I Corps: Brigadier-General Alexander Welch Reynolds
Cleburne’s Division, I Corps: Major-General Patrick Ronayne Cleburne
Lowrey’s Brigade, Cleburne’s Division, I Corps: Brigadier-General Mark Perrin Lowrey
Polk’s Brigade, Cleburne’s Division, I Corps: Brigadier-General Lucius Eugene Polk
Liddell’s Brigade, Cleburne’s Division, I Corps: Colonel Daniel Chevilette Govan
Deshler’s Brigade, Cleburne’s Division, I Corps: Colonel Hiram A Granbury
Walker’s Division, I Corps: Brigadier-General States Rights Gist
Gist’s Brigade, Walker’s Division, I Corps: Brigadier-General States Rights Gist
Wilson’s Brigade, Walker’s Division, I Corps: Brigadier-General Claudius Charles Wilson
Maney’s Brigade, Walker’s Division, I Corps: Brigadier-General George Earl Maney
II Corps: Major-General John Cabell Breckinridge
Hindman’s Division, II Corps: Brigadier-General James Patton Anderson
Anderson’s Brigade, Hindman’s Division, II Corps: Colonel William Feimster Tucker
Manigault’s Brigade, Hindman’s Division, II Corps: Brigadier-General Arthur Middleton Manigault
Deas’ Brigade, Hindman’s Division, II Corps: Brigadier-General Zachariah Cantey Deas
Vaughan’s Brigade, Hindman’s Division, II Corps: Brigadier-General Alfred Jefferson Vaughan
Breckinridge’s Division, II Corps: Brigadier-General William Brimage Bate
Bate’s Brigade, Breckinridge’s Division, II Corps: Colonel R C Tyler Colonel A F Rudler Lieutenant Colonel James J Turner
Lewis’ Brigade, Breckinridge’s Division, II Corps: Brigadier-General Joseph Horace Lewis
Finley’s Brigade, Breckinridge’s Division, II Corps: Brigadier-General Jesse Johnson Finley
Stewart’s Division, II Corps: Major-General Alexander Peter Stewart
Stovall’s Brigade, Stewart’s Division, II Corps: Brigadier-General Marcellus Augustus Stovall
Strahl’s Brigade, Stewart’s Division, II Corps: Brigadier-General Otho French Strahl
Clayton’s Brigade, Stewart’s Division, II Corps: Colonel James Thadeus Holtzclaw
Cavalry Corps: Major-General Joseph Wheeler
Scott’s Cavalry Brigade: Colonel John S Scott

Texas. Union expedition to Rio Grande City began.

Texas. Skirmish at Cedar Bayou.

Texas. Union troops from Brigadier-General Thomas Edward Greenfield Ransom’s brigade crossed Cedar Bayou on Matagorda Island with difficulty against enemy skirmishers, and in bad weather. Once across, they encamped and waited for the brigade of Colonel Henry D Washburn to cross in support of their advance towards Fort Esperanza.

Virginia. Reconnaissance to Blue Ridge Mountains and Vienna ended.

Union Organisation

Commander in Chief: President Abraham Lincoln

Vice-President: Hannibal Hamlin

Secretary of War: Edwin McMasters Stanton

Secretary of the Navy: Gideon Welles

North Atlantic Blockading Squadron: Samuel Phillips Lee
South Atlantic Blockading Squadron: John Adolphus Bernard Dahlgren
West Gulf Blockading Squadron: David Glasgow Farragut
East Gulf Blockading Squadron: Theodorus Bailey
Pacific Squadron: John Berrien Montgomery
Mississippi River Squadron: David Dixon Porter
Potomac Flotilla: Andrew Allen Harwood

General–in-Chief: Henry Wager Halleck

Military Division of the Mississippi: Ulysses Simpson Grant

  • Department of the Cumberland: George Henry Thomas
    • District of Nashville: Lovell Harrison Rousseau
    • Army of the Cumberland: George Henry Thomas
      • IV Corps Cumberland: Gordon Granger
      • XIV Corps Cumberland: John McAuley Palmer
      • Cavalry Corps Cumberland: Washington Lafayette Elliott
      • Hooker’s Command Cumberland: Joseph Hooker
        • XI Corps Cumberland: Oliver Otis Howard
        • XII Corps Cumberland: Henry Warner Slocum
  • Department of the Ohio: Ambrose Everett Burnside
    • District of Kentucky: Jeremiah Tilford Boyle
      • Sub-District of Eastern Kentucky: George W Gallup
      • Sub-District of North Central Kentucky: Speed Smith Fr
      • Sub-District of South Central Kentucky: Edward Henry Hobson
      • Sub-District of Somerset: Theophilus Toulmin Garrard
    • District of Western Kentucky: Jeremiah Tilford Boyle
    • District of the Clinch: Orlando Bolivar Willcox
    • Army of the Ohio: Ambrose Everett Burnside
      • IX Corps Ohio: Ambrose Everett Burnside
      • XXIII Corps Ohio: Mahlon Dickerson Manson
  • Department of the Tennessee: William Tecumseh Sherman
    • District of West Tennessee: Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
      • Sub-District of Memphis: James Clifford Veatch
    • District of Eastern Arkansas: Napoleon Bonaparte Buford
    • District of Northeast Louisiana: John Parker Hawkins
    • Army of the Tennessee: William Tecumseh Sherman
      • XV Corps Tennessee: Francis Preston Blair
      • XVI Corps Tennessee: Napoleon Jackson Tecumseh Dana
        • Left Wing XVI Corps Tennessee: Grenville Mellen Dodge
      • XVII Corps Tennessee: James Birdseye McPherson

Department of the East: John Adams Dix

Department of the Gulf: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks

  • District of Baton Rouge: Philip St George Cooke
  • District of Port Hudson: George Leonard Andrews
  • District of Pensacola: Alexander Asboth
  • District of La Fourche: Henry Warner Birge
  • District of Key West and Tortugas: Daniel Phineas Woodbury
  • Defences of New Orleans: Edward Griffin Beckwith
  • Army of the Gulf: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
    • XIII Corps Gulf: Cadwallader Colden Washburn temporary
    • XIX Corps Gulf: William Buel Franklin

Middle Department: Robert Cumming Schenck interim Henry Hayes Lockwood awaited

  • District of Delaware: Daniel Tyler
  • District of the Eastern Shore of Maryland: Henry Hayes Lockwood
  • VIII Corps Middle: Robert Cumming Schenck

Department of the Missouri: John McAllister Schofield

  • District of St Louis: William Kerley Strong
  • District of Southeast Missouri: Clinton Bowen Fisk
  • District of Southwest Missouri: John Benjamin Sanborn
  • District of Northeast Missouri: Thomas Jefferson McKean
  • District of North Missouri: Odon Guitar
  • District of Central Missouri: Egbert Benson Brown
  • District of Rolla: Thomas Alfred Davies
  • District of Nebraska Territory: Thomas Jefferson McKean
  • District of the Frontier: James Gilpatrick Blunt
  • District of the Border: Thomas Ewing
  • Army of Arkansas: Frederick Steele

Department of the Monongahela: William Thomas Harbaugh Brooks

Department of New Mexico: James Henry Carleton

  • District of Arizona: Joseph Rodman West

Department of the Northwest: John Pope

  • District of Minnesota: Henry Hastings Sibley
  • District of Wisconsin: Thomas Church Haskell Smith
  • District of Iowa: Benjamin Stone Roberts
  • District of Dakota: Alfred Sully

Department of the Pacific: George Wright

  • District of the Humboldt: Stephen Girard Whipple
  • District of Oregon: Benjamin Alvord
  • District of Southern California: James Freeman Curtis
  • District of Utah: Patrick Edward Connor

Department of the Potomac: George Gordon Meade

  • Army of the Potomac: George Gordon Meade
    • I Corps Potomac: John Newton
    • II Corps Potomac: Gouverneur Kemble Warren
    • III Corps Potomac: William Henry French
    • V Corps Potomac: George Sykes
    • VI Corps Potomac: John Sedgwick
    • Cavalry Corps Potomac: Alfred Pleasonton

Department of the South: Quincy Adams Gillmore

  • X Corps South: Quincy Adams Gillmore

Department of the Susquehanna: Darius Nash Couch

  • Lehigh District: Franz Sigel

Department of Virginia and North Carolina: Benjamin Franklin Butler

  • District of North Carolina: John James Peck
    • Sub-District of Albemarle: Henry Walton Wessells
    • Sub-District of the Pamlico: Joseph Miller McChesney temporary
    • Sub-District of Beaufort NC: James Jourdan
    • Defences of New Bern: Innis Newton Palmer
  • District of Yorktown: Isaac Jones Wistar
  • Army of North Carolina: John James Peck
    • XVIII Corps North Carolina: Benjamin Franklin Butler

Department of Washington: Christopher Columbus Augur

  • District of Alexandria: John Potts Slough
  • District of Washington: John Henry Martindale
  • XXII Corps Washington: Christopher Columbus Augur

Department of Western Virginia: Benjamin Franklin Kelley

  • Army of the Kanawha: George Crook

District of St Mary’s: Gilman Marston

Confederate Organisation

CSA: Brigadier-General James Edwin Slaughter assumed command of the Eastern Sub-District of the District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona, succeeding Colonel Phillip Noland Luckett.

Slaughter, James Edwin / Virginia / Born June 1827 Cedar Mountain, Virginia / Died 1 January 1901
2nd Lieutenant USA US Infantry 5 March 1847 / US Voltigeurs 9 April 1847 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 1st US Artillery 27 February 1848 / 1st Lieutenant USA 3 August 1852 / Dismissed USA 14 May 1861 / 1st Lieutenant ACSA Artillery 16 March 1861 / Captain ACSA Assistant Inspector-General July 1861 / Major PACS Assistant Adjutant-General 6 November 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 11 March 1862 to rank from 8 March 1862 / No Record of Parole
Assistant Inspector-General Army of Pensacola 14 October 1861-15 November 1861 / Assistant Adjutant-General Army of Pensacola 16 November 1861-13 March 1862 / Assistant Inspector-General Army of Mississippi 18 March 1862 / Assistant Inspector-General Western Department 17 July 1862 / Slaughter’s Brigade District of the Gulf 1862 / Eastern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona 23 November 1863-18 March 1864 / Slaughter’s Division District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona 15 December 1863-January 1864 / Slaughter’s Brigade 3rd Cavalry Division District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona September 1864-26 March 1865 / Western Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona 25 October 1864-26 May 1865

Commander in Chief: President Jefferson Finis Davis

Vice-President: Alexander Hamilton Stephens

Secretary of War: James Alexander Seddon

Secretary of the Navy: Stephen Russell Mallory

Military Adviser to the President: Vacant

Military Division of the West: Joseph Eggleston Johnston

  • Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana: William Joseph Hardee
    • Gulf District: Dabney Herndon Maury
    • District of West Tennessee: Nathan Bedford Forrest
    • Army of Mississippi: Leonidas Polk

Department of Henrico: John Henry Winder

Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia: George Edward Pickett

  • District of the Cape Fear River and the Defences of Wilmington: William Henry Chase Whiting

Department of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee

  • Army of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee
    • II Corps Northern Virginia: Jubal Anderson Early temporary
    • III Corps Northern Virginia: Ambrose Powell Hill
    • Cavalry Corps Northern Virginia: James Ewell Brown Stuart
  • Valley District: John Daniel Imboden

Department of Richmond: Arnold Elzey

Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard

  • District of Georgia: Hugh Weedon Mercer interim Henry Rootes Jackson awaited
  • District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
    • 1st Sub-District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
    • 2nd Sub-District of South Carolina: Beverley Holcombe Robertson
    • 3rd Sub-District of South Carolina: William Stephen Walker
    • 4th Sub-District of South Carolina: James Heyward Trapier
    • 5th Sub-District of South Carolina: Alfred Moore Rhett
    • 6th Sub-District of South Carolina: Henry Alexander Wise
    • 7th Sub-District of South Carolina: William Booth Taliaferro
  • District of East Florida: Joseph Finegan
  • District of Middle Florida: William Montgomery Gardner
  • District of West Florida: John Horace Forney
  • Defences of Savannah: Jeremy Francis Gilmer

Department of Tennessee: Braxton Bragg

  • District of East Tennessee: Samuel Jones temporary
    • District of Abingdon: William Preston
  • District of Western North Carolina: Joseph Benjamin Palmer
  • Army of Tennessee: Braxton Bragg
    • I Corps Northern Virginia: Lafayette McLaws temporary
    • I Corps Tennessee: William Joseph Hardee
    • II Corps Tennessee: John Cabell Breckinridge
    • Cavalry Corps Tennessee: Joseph Wheeler

Trans-Allegheny Department: Samuel Jones

Trans-Mississippi Department: Edmund Kirby Smith

  • District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: John Bankhead Magruder
    • Western Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: Hamilton Prioleau Bee
      • Sub-District of the Rio Grande: Hamilton Prioleau Bee
    • Eastern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: James Edwin Slaughter
    • Sub-District of Houston: Xavier Blanchard Debray
    • Northern Sub-District Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: Henry Eustace McCullough
  • District of Arkansas: Theophilus Hunter Holmes
  • District of West Louisiana: Richard Taylor
  • District of Indian Territory: William Steele
  • Defences of Pass Cavallo: John W Glenn
  • Trans-Mississippi Army: Edmund Kirby Smith

Union Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

Major-General USA

George Brinton McClellan
John Charles Frémont
Henry Wager Halleck
Ulysses Simpson Grant

Major-General USV

Asterisk indicates concurrently Brigadier-General USA

John Adams Dix
Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
Benjamin Franklin Butler
David Hunter
Ethan Allen Hitchcock
Irvin McDowell*
Ambrose Everett Burnside
William Starke Rosecrans*
Don Carlos Buell
John Pope*
Samuel Ryan Curtis
Franz Sigel
John Alexander McClernand
Lewis Wallace
George Henry Thomas*
George Cadwalader
William Tecumseh Sherman*
Edward Otho Cresap Ord
Samuel Peter Heintzelman
Erasmus Darwin Keyes
Joseph Hooker*
Silas Casey
William Buel Franklin
Darius Nash Couch
Henry Warner Slocum
John James Peck
John Sedgwick
Alexander McDowell McCook
Thomas Leonidas Crittenden
John Gray Foster
John Grubb Parke
Christopher Columbus Augur
Robert Cumming Schenck
Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
Gordon Granger
Lovell Harrison Rousseau
James Birdseye McPherson*
George Stoneman
George Gordon Meade*
Oliver Otis Howard
Daniel Edgar Sickles
Robert Huston Milroy
Daniel Butterfield
Winfield Scott Hancock
George Sykes
William Henry French
David Sloane Stanley
James Scott Negley
John McAllister Schofield
John McAuley Palmer
Frederick Steele
Abner Doubleday
Napoleon Jackson Tecumseh Dana
Richard James Oglesby
John Alexander Logan
James Gilpatrick Blunt
George Lucas Hartsuff
Cadwallader Colden Washburn
Francis Jay Herron
Francis Preston Blair
Joseph Jones Reynolds
Philip Henry Sheridan
Julius Stahel
Carl Schurz
John Newton
Gouverneur Kemble Warren
David Bell Birney
William Thomas Harbaugh Brooks
Alfred Pleasonton
John Buford
Andrew Atkinson Humphreys
Quincy Adams Gillmore

Brigadier-General USA

Brackets indicates concurrently Major-General USV

(Irvin McDowell)
(William Starke Rosecrans)
Philip St George Cooke
(John Pope)
(Joseph Hooker)
(George Gordon Meade)
(William Tecumseh Sherman)
(James Birdseye McPherson)
(George Henry Thomas)

Brigadier-General USV

Andrew Porter
Charles Pomeroy Stone
Thomas West Sherman
William Reading Montgomery
Benjamin Franklin Kelley
Jacob Dolson Cox
Alpheus Starkey Williams
James Brewerton Ricketts
Orlando Bolivar Willcox
Michael Corcoran
Henry Hayes Lockwood
James Samuel Wadsworth
George Webb Morell
John Henry Martindale
Samuel Davis Sturgis
Henry Washington Benham
William Farrar Smith
William Farquhar Barry
John Joseph Abercrombie
Lawrence Pike Graham
Eleazar Arthur Paine
Willis Arnold Gorman
Horatio Gouverneur Wright
William Thomas Ward
John Gross Barnard
Innis Newton Palmer
Seth Williams
George Wright
John Milton Brannan
John Porter Hatch
Albin Francisco Schoepf
Thomas John Wood
Richard W Johnson
Adolph Wilhelm August Friedrich Von Steinwehr
George Washington Cullum
Jeremiah Tilford Boyle
Thomas Jefferson McKean
Zealous Bates Tower
Jefferson Columbus Davis
James Henry Lane
James Abram Garfield
Lewis Golding Arnold
William Scott Ketchum
John Wynn Davidson
Henry Morris Naglee
Andrew Johnson
James Gallant Spears
Eugene Asa Carr
Thomas Alfred Davies
Daniel Tyler
William Hemsley Emory
Andrew Jackson Smith
Marsena Rudolph Patrick
Isaac Ferdinand Quinby
Orris Sanford Ferry
Daniel Phineas Woodbury
Henry Moses Judah
John Cook
John McArthur
Jacob Gartner Lauman
Horatio Phillips Van Cleve
Speed Smith Fry
Alexander Asboth
James Craig
Mahlon Dickerson Manson
Edward Richard Sprigg Canby
Grenville Mellen Dodge
Robert Byington Mitchell
Cuvier Grover
Rufus Saxton
Benjamin Alvord
Napoleon Bonaparte Buford
William Sooy Smith
Nathan Kimball
Charles Devens
Samuel Wylie Crawford
Henry Walton Wessells
Milo Smith Hascall
John White Geary
Alfred Howe Terry
James Henry Carleton
Absalom Baird
John Cleveland Robinson
Truman Seymour
Henry Prince
Maximilian Weber
Jeremiah Cutler Sullivan
Alvin Peterson Hovey
James Clifford Veatch
William Plummer Benton
John Curtis Caldwell
Neal Dow
George Sears Greene
Samuel Powhatan Carter
John Gibbon
Erastus Barnard Tyler
Charles Griffin
George Henry Gordon
James Madison Tuttle
Julius White
Peter Joseph Osterhaus
Stephen Gano Burbridge
Washington Lafayette Elliott
Albion Parris Howe
Green Clay Smith
Benjamin Stone Roberts
Jacob Ammen
Fitz-Henry Warren
Morgan Lewis Smith
Charles Cruft
Frederick Salomon
John Basil Turchin
Henry Shaw Briggs
James Dada Morgan
Johann August Ernst Willich
Henry Dwight Terry
James Blair Steedman
George Foster Shepley
John Reese Kenly
John Potts Slough
Godfrey Weitzel
George Crook
Gershom Mott
Henry Jackson Hunt
Francis Channing Barlow
Mason Brayman
Nathaniel James Jackson
George Washington Getty
Alfred Sully
William Woods Averell
Alexander Hays
Francis Barretto Spinola
John Henry Hobart Ward
Solomon Meredith
James Bowen
Eliakim Parker Scammon
Robert Seaman Granger
Joseph Rodman West
Alfred Washington Ellet
George Leonard Andrews
Clinton Bowen Fisk
William Hays
Israel Vogdes
David Allen Russell
Lewis Cass Hunt
Frank Wheaton
John Sanford Mason
David McMurtrie Gregg
Robert Ogden Tyler
Alfred Thomas Archimedes Torbert
Gilman Marston
William Dwight
Sullivan Amory Meredith
Nathaniel Collins McLean
William Vandever
Alexander Schimmelfennig
Charles Kinnaird Graham
John Eugene Smith
Joseph Tarr Copeland
Charles Adam Heckman
Edward Elmer Potter
Thomas Algeo Rowley
Henry Beebee Carrington
John Haskell King
Adam Jacoby Slemmer
Thomas Hewson Neill
Thomas Gamble Pitcher
Thomas William Sweeny
William Passmore Carlin
Romeyn Beck Ayres
William Babcock Hazen
Joseph Anthony Mower
Richard Arnold
Edward Winslow Hinks
Michael Kelly Lawler
George Day Wagner
Lysander Cutler
Joseph Farmer Knipe
John Dunlap Stevenson
James Barnes
Theophilus Toulmin Garrard
Edward Harland
Samuel Beatty
Isaac Jones Wistar
Franklin Stillman Nickerson
Edward Henry Hobson
Ralph Pomeroy Buckland
Joseph Dana Webster
William Ward Orme
William Harrow
William Hopkins Morris
John Beatty
Thomas Howard Ruger
Thomas Edward Greenfield Ransom
Elias Smith Dennis
Thomas Church Haskell Smith
Mortimer Dormer Leggett
Davis Tillson
Hector Tyndale
Albert Lindley Lee
Charles Leopold Matthies
Marcellus Monroe Crocker
Egbert Benson Brown
John McNeil
George Francis McGinnis
Hugh Boyle Ewing
James Winning McMillan
James Murrell Shackelford
Daniel Ullmann
George Jerrison Stannard
Henry Baxter
John Milton Thayer
Charles Thomas Campbell
Halbert Eleazer Paine
Hugh Thompson Reid
Robert Brown Potter
Thomas Ewing
Joseph Andrew Jackson Lightburn
Thomas Greely Stevenson
Henry Hastings Sibley
Joseph Bradford Carr
Joseph Jackson Bartlett
Joshua Thomas Owen
Patrick Edward Connor
John Parker Hawkins
Gabriel René Paul
Edward Augustus Wild
Edward Ferrero
Adelbert Ames
William Birney
Daniel Henry Rucker
Robert Allen
Rufus Ingalls
Gustavus Adolphus De Russy
Alexander Shaler
Benjamin Henry Grierson
Robert Sanford Foster
Hugh Judson Kilpatrick
Alexander Stewart Webb
Alfred Napoleon Alexander Duffié
Walter Chiles Whitaker
Wesley Merritt
George Armstrong Custer
William Denison Whipple
John Converse Starkweather
Kenner Garrard
Charles Robert Woods
John Benjamin Sanborn
Giles Alexander Smith
Samuel Allen Rice
Jasper Adalmorn Maltby
Thomas Kilby Smith
Walter Quintin Gresham
Manning Ferguson Force
Robert Alexander Cameron
John Murray Corse
John Aaron Rawlins
Alexander Chambers
Alvan Cullem Gillem
James Clay Rice
John Wesley Turner
Henry Lawrence Eustis
Henry Eugene Davies
Andrew Jackson Hamilton
Henry Warner Birge
Charles Garrison Harker
James Hewitt Ledlie
James Harrison Wilson
Adin Ballou Underwood

Brigadier-General USA (Staff)

Montgomery Cunningham Meigs (Quartermaster-General)
Lorenzo Thomas
William Alexander Hammond (Surgeon-General)
Joseph Pannell Taylor (Commissary-General of Subsistence
Joseph Gilbert Totten (Engineers)
George Douglas Ramsay (Ordnance)

Confederate Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

General ACSA/PACS

Samuel Cooper
Robert Edward Lee
Joseph Eggleston Johnston
Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
Braxton Bragg

Lieutenant-General PACS

James Longstreet
Edmund Kirby Smith
Leonidas Polk
Theophilus Hunter Holmes
William Joseph Hardee
John Clifford Pemberton
Richard Stoddert Ewell
Ambrose Powell Hill
John Bell Hood

Major-General PACS

Benjamin Huger
John Bankhead Magruder
Mansfield Lovell
William Wing Loring
Sterling Price
Benjamin Franklin Cheatham
Samuel Jones
John Porter McCown
Daniel Harvey Hill
Thomas Carmichael Hindman
John Cabell Breckinridge
Lafayette McLaws
Richard Heron Anderson
James Ewell Brown Stuart
Richard Taylor
Simon Bolivar Buckner
Samuel Gibbs French
George Edward Pickett
Carter Littlepage Stevenson
John Horace Forney
Dabney Herndon Maury
Martin Luther Smith
John George Walker
Arnold Elzey
Patrick Ronayne Cleburne
Franklin Gardner
Isaac Ridgeway Trimble
Jubal Anderson Early
Joseph Wheeler
Edward Johnson
William Henry Chase Whiting
Robert Emmett Rodes
William Henry Talbot Walker
Henry Heth
Robert Ransom
Alexander Peter Stewart
Jones Mitchell Withers
Stephen Dill Lee
Cadmus Marcellus Wilcox
Wade Hampton
Fitzhugh Lee
William Smith
Howell Cobb
John Austin Wharton
William Thompson Martin

Brigadier-General PACS

Alexander Robert Lawton
Henry Alexander Wise
Henry Hopkins Sibley
John Henry Winder
Gideon Johnson Pillow
Daniel Ruggles
Roswell Sabine Ripley
Paul Octave Hébert
Albert Gallatin Blanchard
Gabriel James Rains
Thomas Fenwick Drayton
Nathan George Evans
James Heyward Trapier
Hugh Weedon Mercer
William Montgomery Gardner
William Mahone
Raleigh Edward Colston
John King Jackson
Bushrod Rust Johnson
James Patton Anderson
George Wythe Randolph
Joseph Brevard Kershaw
James Ronald Chalmers
Daniel Leadbetter
William Whann Mackall
Daniel Marsh Frost
Winfield Scott Featherston
Thomas James Churchill
William Booth Taliaferro
Albert Rust
Samuel Bell Maxey
Hamilton Prioleau Bee
James Morrison Hawes
George Hume Steuart
James Edwin Slaughter
Charles William Field
Seth Maxwell Barton
Henry Eustace McCullough
John Selden Roane
States Rights Gist
William Nelson Pendleton
Joseph Finegan
William Nelson Rector Beall
Thomas Jordan
William Preston
John Echols
George Earl Maney
Jean Jacques Alfred Alexandre Mouton
John Stuart Williams
James Green Martin
Thomas Lanier Clingman
Daniel Weisiger Adams
Louis Hébert
John Creed Moore
Ambrose Ransom Wright
James Lawson Kemper
James Jay Archer
Beverley Holcombe Robertson
St John Richardson Liddell
Nathan Bedford Forrest
Johnson Hagood
Micah Jenkins
Harry Thompson Hays
Albert Gallatin Jenkins
Matthew Duncan Ector
Edward Aylesworth Perry
John Gregg
John Calvin Brown
Alfred Holt Colquitt
Junius Daniel
Abraham Buford
William Steele
James Fleming Fagan
William Read Scurry
Francis Asbury Shoup
Joseph Robert Davis
William Henry Fitzhugh Lee
William Edmondson Jones
William Edwin Baldwin
John Crawford Vaughn
Evander McIvor Law
William Brimage Bate
Elkanah Brackin Greer
Francis Redding Tillou Nicholls
Alfred Cumming
William Stephen Walker
George Pierce Doles
Montgomery Dent Corse
George Thomas Anderson
Alfred Iverson
James Henry Lane
Edward Lloyd Thomas
Stephen Dodson Ramseur
John Rogers Cooke
Jerome Bonaparte Robertson
Evander McNair
Archibald Gracie
William Robertson Boggs
James Camp Tappan
Dandridge McRae
Mosby Monroe Parsons
John Pegram
John Sappington Marmaduke
John Hunt Morgan
Marcus Joseph Wright
Zachariah Cantey Deas
Lucius Eugene Polk
Edward Cary Walthall
John Adams
William Hicks Jackson
James Cantey
Camille Armand Jules Marie de Polignac
Robert Frederick Hoke
Henry Lewis Benning
William Tatum Wofford
Samuel McGowan
Marcellus Augustus Stovall
George Blake Cosby
Francis Crawford Armstrong
William Lewis Cabell
John Daniel Imboden
Alfred Eugene Jackson
Robert Brank Vance
Henry Delamar Clayton
Arthur Middleton Manigault
Douglas Hancock Cooper
John Brown Gordon
John Wilkins Whitfield
James Alexander Walker
John Marshall Jones
Thomas Green
Matthew Whitaker Ransom
Alfred Moore Scales
George Washington Custis Lee
Henry Harrison Walker
Gabriel Colvin Wharton
Francis Marion Cockrell
James Patrick Major
Samuel Wragg Ferguson
Lunsford Lindsay Lomax
Laurence Simmons Baker
Otho French Strahl
Philip Dale Roddey
Eppa Hunton
Thomas Pleasant Dockery
Benjamin Grubb Humphreys
Henry Brevard Davidson
Henry Watkins Allen
Cullen Andrews Battle
William Andrew Quarles
William Whedbee Kirkland
Goode Bryan
Matthew Calbraith Butler
Williams Carter Wickham
Robert Daniel Johnston
Abner Monroe Perrin
Alexander Welch Reynolds
Thomas Neville Waul
Edmund Winston Pettus
Armistead Lindsay Long
Henry Rootes Jackson
William Wirt Adams
Thomas Lafayette Rosser
Pierce Manning Butler Young
James Byron Gordon
James Argyle Smith
Joseph Horace Lewis
Mark Perrin Lowrey
Leroy Augustus Stafford
Edward Higgins
John Tyler Morgan
John Herbert Kelly
William Young Conn Humes
Jesse Johnson Finley
James Holt Clanton
Claudius Charles Wilson
Alfred Jefferson Vaughan

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