1863 May 18th

May 18 1863 Monday

Siege of Vicksburg Began, MS

Vicksburg Campaign

Jones’ and Imboden’s West Virginia Raid

Gulf of Mexico. USS Kanawha, Lieutenant-Commander William K Mayo, took the schooner Ripple bound from Mobile to Havana with a cargo of cotton.

Bahamas. USS Octorara, Commander Napoleon Collins, captured the British blockade runner Eagle near the Bahamas.

Haiti. USS Shepherd Knapp, Acting Lieutenant Henry Eytinge, ran aground on a reef at Cap-Haitien but could not be recovered. It was stripped of all usable stores, provisions, and instruments, before being abandoned.

Alabama. A boat crew under Acting Master’s Mate N Mayo Dyer from USS R R Cuyler boarded, captured, and burned the schooner Isabel near Fort Morgan in Mobile Bay.

Louisiana. Operation at Amite River and Jackson Railroad ended.

Louisiana. Skirmishes on the Bayou Sara Road and at Merritt’s Plantation with Confederate cavalry.

Louisiana. Skirmish at Cheyneyville with Confederate cavalry.

Louisiana. Incident at Norwood’s Plantation.

Mississippi. Union Rear Admiral David Dixon Porter returned from observing operations on the Yazoo River. He left two ironclads at the Red River, one at Grand Gulf, one at Carthage, three at Warrenton, and two in the Yazoo River. This allowed a small force of gunboats to assist the army’s operations against Vicksburg. The Confederates had been cut off from Vicksburg at Snyder’s Bluff, so Porter ordered USS Baron Dc Kalb, USS Choctaw, USS Linden, USS Romeo, USS Petrel, and USS Forest Rose to proceed up the Yazoo to assist in the defeat. After Union troops occupied Snyder’s Bluff, Porter sent provisions for the garrison. USS Baron De Kalb, Lieutenant-Commander John G Walker, pushed on to Haynes’ Bluff which the Confederates were evacuating and captured guns and military stores. The gunboats then returned to join operations at Vicksburg.

Island No 82, Mississippi. USS Linden, Acting Lieutenant T E Smith, escorted five transport ships down the Mississippi. The leading transport Crescent City was fired on by a Confederate battery at Island No 82 about fifteen miles from Greenville, and some soldiers were wounded. USS Linden replied and drove the gunners from their battery. The troops were landed and the buildings in the area were destroyed in retaliation.

Mississippi. Confederate Major-General William Wing Loring’s division joined the forces of General Joseph Eggleston Johnston at Canton, twenty-five miles north of Jackson, after a long and gruelling march from Champion Hill. Loring had been part of Lieutenant-General John Clifford Pemberton’s army at Vicksburg but had been cut off after the defeat at Champion Hill and could not find a way to rejoin Pemberton.

Mississippi. Siege of Vicksburg began.

Mississippi. Capture of Haines’ (Haynes’) Bluff.

Mississippi. Incidents at Greenville and Island No 82.

Vicksburg, Mississippi. Union Major-General Ulysses Simpson Grant’s army repaired the bridges and began to cross the Big Black River, pursuing the Confederate retreat towards Vicksburg. Grant already had over 35,000 Union troops around Vicksburg with more on the way. His Army of the Tennessee comprised three corps: XIII Corps under Major-General John Alexander McClernand; XV Corps under Major-General William Tecumseh Sherman, and XVII Corps under Major-General James Birdseye McPherson.

The disorganised Confederate army withdrew from the Big Black River and began to occupy the defences surrounding the city. Confederate General Joseph Eggleston Johnston thought that both Vicksburg and Port Hudson were now militarily worthless. He sent direct instructions from Brownsville for Lieutenant-General John Clifford Pemberton to evacuate Vicksburg immediately and to avoid being besieged. Even though Johnston eventually managed to collect about 30,000 men for a relief attempt, many were untrained recruits or inexperienced and all were inadequately equipped and supplied. No veteran troops could be spared from Virginia or Tennessee and Johnston doubted his capacity to attack Grant’s army or to raise a siege. Pemberton prevaricated. He did not wish to displease President Jefferson Finis Davis, who had given explicit instructions that Vicksburg and Port Hudson must be held, in contradiction to Johnston, his immediate military superior, who ordered their abandonment. He held a council of war with his senior officers and elected to defend the bastion in compliance with the President.

Pemberton advised Johnston of his division and that the fall of the Big Black River crossings meant that Haines’ Bluff would now need to be abandoned. Its garrison was pulled out of the Yazoo River lines, leaving only two companies to remove stores and to make a pretence that the garrison was still present, but they were soon ejected. Union Rear Admiral David Dixon Porter ordered the USS Baron Dc Kalb, USS Choctaw, USS Linden, USS Romeo, USS Petrel and USS Forest Rose up the Yazoo to assist the army’s operations and to help establish a new line of supply to Grant’s army. Union troops cut off the Confederates at Snyder’s Bluff. USS De KaIb pushed on further to Haines’ Bluff, which the Confederates were evacuating, and captured some abandoned supplies. They were soon contacted by Union soldiers ashore and a supply line by river was quickly established.

Pemberton could put only 18,500 troops into his defensive lines. They manned 102 guns, including the heavy artillery facing the river. Pemberton’s four divisions were led by Major-General Carter Littlepage Stevenson, Major-General John Horace Forney, Major-General Martin Luther Smith, and Major-General John Stevens Bowen. Bowen and Stevenson had been defeated repeatedly between Vicksburg and Jackson while Smith and Forney had remained as garrisons in the fortifications. Troops of every command were ordered to bring in food, cattle, and provisions of all kinds from the surrounding countryside to fill the depot at Vicksburg. Pemberton said that he would withstand a siege until Johnston could mount a relief expedition from Jackson.

Pemberton had the advantage of terrain and fortifications that made his defences nearly impregnable to assault. The defensive line around Vicksburg ran for approximately six and a half miles, planted on terrain of varying elevations that included hills and exposed knobs with steep angles for an attacker to ascend under fire. The perimeter included many gun pits, forts, trenches, redoubts, and lunettes. The major fortifications of the line included Fort Hill, on a high bluff north of the city; the Stockade Redan, dominating the approach to the city on Graveyard Road from the northeast; the 3rd Louisiana Redan; the Great Redoubt; the Railroad Redoubt, protecting the gap for the railroad line entering the city; the Square Fort (Fort Garrott); a salient along the Hall’s Ferry Road; and the South Fort.

Grant advanced in three columns from the Big Black River towards Vicksburg. Sherman was building pontoon bridges at Bridgeport and the first of his divisions crossed overnight. All three of his divisions were on the western bank by dawn and they headed northwest to cut off Confederate communications between Vicksburg and the fortifications on the Yazoo River. By 10 am, Sherman’s scouts had arrived and reported that Haines’ Bluff was abandoned with its guns spiked. They signalled the Union gunboats downriver to anchor at the Yazoo forts and to open up a new line of supply back to the Mississippi. After securing an essential supply base on the Yazoo, Sherman continued with his main force towards Vicksburg on the Benton road.

McPherson’s Corps crossed the Big Black River and advanced due west along the railroad and Jackson turnpike, and McClernand’s corps approached Vicksburg from the southeast on the Baldwin’s Ferry road. By nightfall, all three Union corps had aligned themselves outside the Confederate defences and began to skirmish with the outposts. Grant proposed to capture Vicksburg off the march with his seemingly invincible troops. The army had marched 180 miles in the twenty days since crossing the Mississippi, fought five successful battles at Port Gibson, Raymond, Jackson, Champion Hill, and Big Black River, captured the state capital and inflicted over 7,000 casualties for a loss of fewer than 4,500. They captured 50 pieces of field artillery and 24 heavier guns at the various fortifications they had outflanked.

UNION ORDER OF BATTLE: VICKSBURG, MS

Union Department of the Tennessee: Major-General Ulysses Simpson Grant
District of Eastern Arkansas: Major-General Benjamin Mayberry Prentiss
District of Jackson: Brigadier-General Nathan Kimball
District of Northeast Louisiana: Brigadier-General Elias Smith Dennis
Detached Brigade, Northeast Louisiana (Tennessee): Colonel G W Neeley
African Brigade, Northeast Louisiana (Tennessee): Colonel I F Shepard
District of West Tennessee: Major-General Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
Sub-District of Memphis: Brigadier-General James Clifford Veatch
Army of the Tennessee: Major-General Ulysses Simpson Grant
XIII Corps (Tennessee): Major-General John Alexander McClernand
9th Division, XIII Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Peter Joseph Osterhaus
1st Brigade, 9th Division, XIII Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Albert Lindley Lee
2nd Brigade, 9th Division, XIII Corps (Tennessee): Colonel D W Lindsey
10th Division, XIII Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Andrew Jackson Smith
1st Brigade, 10th Division, XIII Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Stephen Gano Burbridge
2nd Brigade, 10th Division, XIII Corps (Tennessee): Colonel William J Landram
12th Division, XIII Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Alvin Peterson Hovey
1st Brigade, 12th Division, XIII Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General George Francis McGinnis
2nd Brigade, 12th Division, XIII Corps (Tennessee): Colonel James Richard Slack
14th Division, XIII Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Eugene Asa Carr
1st Brigade, 14th Division, XIII Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General William Plummer Benton
2nd Brigade, 14th Division, XIII Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Michael Kelly Lawler
XV Corps (Tennessee): Major-General William Tecumseh Sherman
1st Division, XV Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Frederick Steele
1st Brigade, 1st Division, XV Corps (Tennessee): Colonel F H Manter
2nd Brigade, 1st Division, XV Corps (Tennessee): Colonel Charles Robert Woods
3rd Brigade, 1st Division, XV Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General John Milton Thayer
2nd Division, XV Corps (Tennessee): Major-General Francis Preston Blair
1st Brigade, 2nd Division, XV Corps (Tennessee): Colonel Giles Alexander Smith
2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, XV Corps (Tennessee): Colonel Thomas Kilby Smith
3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, XV Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Hugh Boyle Ewing
3rd Division, XV Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General James Madison Tuttle
1st Brigade, 3rd Division, XV Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Ralph Pomeroy Buckland
2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, XV Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General John Antony Mower
3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, XV Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Charles Leopold Matthies
XVI Corps (Tennessee): Major-General Stephen Augustus Hurlbut~1st Division, XVI Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General William Sooy Smith
1st Brigade, 1st Division, XVI Corps (Tennessee): Colonel J M Loomis
2nd Brigade, 1st Division, XVI Corps (Tennessee): Colonel S G Hicks
3rd Brigade, 1st Division, XVI Corps (Tennessee): Colonel J R Cockerill
4th Brigade, 1st Division, XVI Corps (Tennessee): Colonel W W Sanford
4th Division, XVI Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Jacob Gartner Lauman
1st Brigade, 4th Division, XVI Corps (Tennessee): Colonel I C Pugh
2nd Brigade, 4th Division, XVI Corps (Tennessee): Colonel C Hall
3rd Brigade, 4th Division, XVI Corps (Tennessee): Colonel G E Bryant
Provisional Division, XVI Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Nathan Kimball
1st Brigade, Provisional Division, XVI Corps (Tennessee): Colonel A Englemann
2nd Brigade, Provisional Division, XVI Corps (Tennessee): Colonel M Montgomery
3rd Brigade Provisional Division, XVI Corps (Tennessee): Colonel J Richmond
Left Wing XVI Corps (Tennessee): Major-General Charles Smith Hamilton
XVII Corps (Tennessee): Major-General James Birdseye McPherson
3rd Division, XVII Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General John Alexander Logan
1st Brigade, 3rd Division, XVII Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General John Eugene Smith
2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, XVII Corps (Tennessee): Colonel Mortimer Dormer Leggett
3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, XVII Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General John Dunlap Stevenson
6th Division, XVII Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General John McArthur
1st Brigade, 6th Division, XVII Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Hugh Thompson Reid
2nd Brigade, 6th Division, XVII Corps (Tennessee): Colonel Thomas Edward Greenfield Ransom
3rd Brigade, 6th Division, XVII Corps (Tennessee): Colonel W Hall
7th Division, XVII Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Isaac Ferdinand Quinby
1st Brigade, 7th Division, XVII Corps (Tennessee): Colonel John Benjamin Sanborn
2nd Brigade, 7th Division, XVII Corps (Tennessee): Colonel S A Holmes
3rd Brigade, 7th Division, XVII Corps (Tennessee): Colonel G B Boomer

Missouri. Reconnaissance from Newtonia to Centre Creekand French Point ended.

Missouri. A skirmish at Hog Island drove Confederate guerrillas into Henry County.

Missouri. Incident at Sherwood.

South Carolina. Operations at Skull Creek began. The Confederates began operations to conceal underwater torpedoes and obstacles in Skull Creek (or Skull River) near Charleston, a major thoroughfare for Union supply ships. Torpedoes were also prepared for the waters by Pope’s Island.

Tennessee. Incident at Marrow Bone Creek.

Tennessee. Skirmish at Horn Lake Creek, about four miles from Nonconnah.

Virginia. Incident at Carrsville.

Virginia. Confederate General Robert Edward Lee returned from Richmond to resume command of the Army of Northern Virginia and commenced a reorganisation in response to the irreplaceable loss of his former II Corps commander, Lieutenant-General Thomas Jonathan Jackson.

Virginia. Skirmishes around Fayetteville.

Union Organisation

Commander in Chief: President Abraham Lincoln

Vice-President: Hannibal Hamlin

Secretary of War: Edwin McMasters Stanton

Secretary of the Navy: Gideon Welles

  • North Atlantic Blockading Squadron USN: Acting Rear Admiral Samuel Phillips Lee USN
  • South Atlantic Blockading Squadron USN: Flag Officer Samuel Francis Du Pont USN
  • West Gulf Blockading Squadron USN: Rear Admiral David Glasgow Farragut USN
  • East Gulf Blockading Squadron USN: Acting Rear Admiral Theodorus Bailey USN
  • Pacific Squadron USN: Rear Admiral Charles H Bell USN
  • Mississippi River Squadron USN: Rear Admiral David Dixon Porter USN
  • Potomac Flotilla USN: Commodore Andrew Allen Harwood USN

General–in-Chief: Henry Wager Halleck

  • Department of the Cumberland: William Starke Rosecrans
    • Army of the Cumberland: William Starke Rosecrans
      • XIV Corps Cumberland: George Henry Thomas
      • XX Corps Cumberland: Alexander McDowell McCook
      • XXI Corps Cumberland: Thomas Leonidas Crittenden
      • Cavalry Corps Cumberland: David Sloane Stanley
  • Department of the East: John Ellis Wool
  • Department of the Gulf: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
    • District of Pensacola: William Cune Holbrook
    • District of La Fourche: Henry Warner Birge
    • District of Key West and Tortugas: Daniel Phineas Woodbury
    • Defences of New Orleans: Thomas West Sherman
    • Army of the Gulf: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
      • XIX Corps Gulf: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
  • Middle Department: Robert Cumming Schenck
    • District of the Eastern Shore of Maryland: Henry Hayes Lockwood
    • VIII Corps Middle: Robert Cumming Schenck
  • Department of the Missouri: John McAllister Schofield
    • District of St Louis: John Wynn Davidson
    • District of Southwest Missouri: John McAllister Schofield
    • District of Northeast Missouri: Thomas Jefferson McKean
    • District of Northwest Missouri: Chester Harding
    • District of Central Missouri: Benjamin Franklin Loan
    • District of Rolla: Thomas Alfred Davies
    • District of Nebraska Territory: William Fletcher Sapp
    • Army of the Frontier: Francis Jay Herron
  • Department of New Mexico: James Henry Carleton
    • District of Arizona: Joseph Rodman West
  • Department of North Carolina: John Gray Foster
    • District of Albemarle: Henry Walton Wessells
    • District of Beaufort NC: Henry Morris Naglee
    • District of the Pamlico: Henry Prince
    • XVIII Corps North Carolina: John Gray Foster
  • Department of the Northwest: John Pope
    • 1st District Northwest: John Cook
    • District of Minnesota: Henry Hastings Sibley
    • District of Wisconsin: Thomas Church Haskell Smith
  • Department of the Ohio: Ambrose Everett Burnside
    • District of Central Kentucky: Orlando Bolivar Willcox
    • District of Eastern Kentucky: Julius White
    • District of Western Kentucky: Jeremiah Tilford Boyle
    • District of Illinois: Jacob Ammen
    • District of Indiana: Milo Smith Hascall
    • District of Ohio: Jacob Dolson Cox
    • Army of the Ohio: Ambrose Everett Burnside
      • IX Corps Ohio: Orlando Bolívar Willcox
  • Department of the Pacific: George Wright
    • District of the Humboldt: Francis James Lippitt
    • District of Oregon: Benjamin Alvord
    • District of Southern California: Ferris Foreman temporary
    • District of Utah: Patrick Edward Connor
  • Department of the Potomac: Joseph Hooker
    • Army of the Potomac: Joseph Hooker
      • I Corps Potomac: John Fulton Reynolds
      • II Corps Potomac: Darius Nash Couch
      • III Corps Potomac: Daniel Edgar Sickles
      • V Corps Potomac: George Gordon Meade
      • VI Corps Potomac: John Sedgwick
      • XI Corps Potomac: Oliver Otis Howard
      • XII Corps Potomac: Henry Warner Slocum
      • Cavalry Corps Potomac: George Stoneman
  • Department of the South: David Hunter
    • X Corps South: David Hunter
  • Department of the Tennessee: Ulysses Simpson Grant
    • District of West Tennessee: Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
      • Sub-District of Memphis: James Clifford Veatch
    • District of Jackson: Nathan Kimball
    • District of Eastern Arkansas: Benjamin Mayberry Prentiss
    • District of Northeast Louisiana: Elias Smith Dennis
    • Army of the Tennessee: Ulysses Simpson Grant
      • XIII Corps Tennessee: John Alexander McClernand
      • XV Corps Tennessee: William Tecumseh Sherman
      • XVI Corps Tennessee: Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
        • Left Wing XVI Corps Tennessee: vacant
      • XVII Corps Tennessee: James Birdseye McPherson
  • Department of Virginia: Erasmus Darwin Keyes
    • IV Corps Virginia: Erasmus Darwin Keyes
    • VII Corps Virginia: John Adams Dix
  • Department of Washington: Samuel Peter Heintzelman
    • District of Alexandria: John Potts Slough
    • District of Washington: John Henry Martindale
    • XXII Corps Washington: Samuel Peter Heintzelman

Confederate Organisation

Commander in Chief: President Jefferson Finis Davis

Vice-President: Alexander Hamilton Stephens

Secretary of War: James Alexander Seddon

Secretary of the Navy: Stephen Russell Mallory

Military Adviser to the President: Vacant

  • Military Division of the West: Joseph Eggleston Johnston
    • Department of East Tennessee: Simon Bolivar Buckner
      • District of Abingdon: William Preston
    • Western Department: Braxton Bragg
      • District of the Tennessee: John King Jackson
      • Gulf District: Dabney Herndon Maury
      • Army of Tennessee:  Braxton Bragg
        • I Corps Tennessee: Leonidas Polk
        • II Corps Tennessee: William Joseph Hardee
        • Cavalry Corps Tennessee: William Hicks Jackson
    • Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana: John Clifford Pemberton
      • District One of Mississippi and East Louisiana: Daniel Ruggles
      • District Two of Mississippi and East Louisiana: Carter Littlepage Stevenson
      • District Three of Mississippi and East Louisiana: Franklin Gardner
      • District Four of Mississippi and East Louisiana: John Adams
      • District Five of Mississippi and East Louisiana: James Ronald Chalmers
      • Defences of Vicksburg: Martin Luther Smith
      • Army of Mississippi: John Clifford Pemberton
        • I Corps Mississippi: William Wing Loring temporary
  • Department of Henrico: John Henry Winder
  • Department of North Carolina: James Longstreet
      • Sub-District of Cape Fear: William Henry Chase Whiting
  • Department of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee
    • Army of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee
      • I Corps Northern Virginia: James Longstreet
      • II Corps Northern Virginia: Jubal Anderson Early temporary Richard Stoddert Ewell awaited
    • Valley District: Isaac Ridgeway Trimble
  • Department of Southern Virginia: Samuel Gibbs French
  • Department of Richmond: Arnold Elzey
  • Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
    • District of Georgia: Hugh Weedon Mercer
    • District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
      • 1st Sub-District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
      • 2nd Sub-District of South Carolina: James Heyward Trapier
      • 3rd Sub-District of South Carolina: William Stephen Walker
      • 4th Sub-District of South Carolina: James Heyward Trapier
    • District of East Florida: Joseph Finegan
    • District of Middle Florida: Thomas Howell Cobb
    • District of West Florida: John Horace Forney
  • Trans-Allegheny Department: Samuel Jones
  • Trans-Mississippi Department: Edmund Kirby Smith
    • District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona:  John Bankhead Magruder
      • Western Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: Henry Eustace McCulloch
        • Sub-District of the Rio Grande: Hamilton Prioleau Bee
      • Sub-District of Houston: Xavier Blanchard Debray
      • Eastern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: William Read Scurry
    • District of Arkansas: Theophilus Hunter Holmes
    • District of West Louisiana: Richard Taylor
    • District of Indian Territory: Douglas Hancock Cooper interim William Steele awaited
    • Defences of Pass Cavallo: John W Glenn
    • Trans-Mississippi Army: Edmund Kirby Smith

Union Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

Major-General USA

George Brinton McClellan
John Charles Frémont
Henry Wager Halleck
John Ellis Wool

Major-General USV

Asterisk indicates concurrently Brigadier-General USA

John Adams Dix
Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
Benjamin Franklin Butler
David Hunter
Ethan Allen Hitchcock
Ulysses Simpson Grant
Irvin McDowell*
Ambrose Everett Burnside
William Starke Rosecrans*
Don Carlos Buell
John Pope*
Samuel Ryan Curtis
Franz Sigel
John Alexander McClernand
Charles Ferguson Smith
Lewis Wallace
George Henry Thomas
George Cadwalader
William Tecumseh Sherman
Edward Otho Cresap Ord
Edwin Vose Sumner*
Samuel Peter Heintzelman
Erasmus Darwin Keyes
Joseph Hooker*
Silas Casey
William Buel Franklin
Darius Nash Couch
Henry Warner Slocum
John James Peck
John Sedgwick
Alexander McDowell McCook
Thomas Leonidas Crittenden
John Gray Foster
John Grubb Parke
Christopher Columbus Augur
Robert Cumming Schenck
Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
Gordon Granger
Lovell Harrison Rousseau
James Birdseye McPherson
Benjamin Mayberry Prentiss
George Stoneman
John Fulton Reynolds
George Gordon Meade
Oliver Otis Howard
Daniel Edgar Sickles
Robert Huston Milroy
Daniel Butterfield
Winfield Scott Hancock
George Sykes
William Henry French
David Sloane Stanley
James Scott Negley
John McAllister Schofield
John McAuley Palmer
Frederick Steele
Abner Doubleday
Napoleon Jackson Tecumseh Dana
Richard James Oglesby
John Alexander Logan
James Gilpatrick Blunt
George Lucas Hartsuff
Cadwallader Colden Washburn
Francis Jay Herron
Francis Preston Blair
Joseph Jones Reynolds
Philip Henry Sheridan
Julius Stahel
Carl Schurz
John Newton
Gouverneur Kemble Warren

Brigadier-General USA

Brackets indicates concurrently Major-General USV

William Selby Harney
(Edwin Vose Sumner)
(Irvin McDowell)
Robert Anderson
(William Starke Rosecrans)
Philip St George Cooke
(John Pope)
(Joseph Hooker)

Brigadier-General USV

Andrew Porter
Charles Pomeroy Stone
Thomas West Sherman
William Reading Montgomery
Benjamin Franklin Kelley
Jacob Dolson Cox
Alpheus Starkey Williams
James Brewerton Ricketts
Orlando Bolivar Willcox
Michael Corcoran
Henry Hayes Lockwood
James Samuel Wadsworth
George Webb Morell
John Henry Martindale
Samuel Davis Sturgis
Henry Washington Benham
William Farrar Smith
Egbert Ludovicus Vielé
James Shields
William Farquhar Barry
John Joseph Abercrombie
Lawrence Pike Graham
Eleazar Arthur Paine
Willis Arnold Gorman
Horatio Gouverneur Wright
William Thomas Ward
John Gross Barnard
Innis Newton Palmer
Seth Williams
George Wright
William Thomas Harbaugh Brooks
John Milton Brannan
John Porter Hatch
William Kerley Strong
Albin Francisco Schoepf
Thomas John Wood
Richard W Johnson
Adolph Wilhelm August Friedrich Von Steinwehr
George Washington Cullum
Jeremiah Tilford Boyle
George Washington Morgan
Thomas Jefferson McKean
Zealous Bates Tower
Jefferson Columbus Davis
James Henry Lane
James Abram Garfield
Lewis Golding Arnold
William Scott Ketchum
John Wynn Davidson
David Bell Birney
Henry Morris Naglee
Andrew Johnson
James Gallant Spears
Eugene Asa Carr
Thomas Alfred Davies
Daniel Tyler
William Hemsley Emory
Andrew Jackson Smith
Marsena Rudolph Patrick
Isaac Ferdinand Quinby
Orris Sanford Ferry
Daniel Phineas Woodbury
Henry Moses Judah
John Cook
John McArthur
Jacob Gartner Lauman
Horatio Phillips Van Cleve
Speed Smith Fry
Alexander Asboth
James Craig
Mahlon Dickerson Manson
Edward Richard Sprigg Canby
Grenville Mellen Dodge
Robert Byington Mitchell
Quincy Adams Gillmore
Cuvier Grover
Rufus Saxton
Benjamin Alvord
Napoleon Bonaparte Buford
William Sooy Smith
Nathan Kimball
Charles Devens
James Henry Van Alen
Samuel Wylie Crawford
Henry Walton Wessells
Milo Smith Hascall
Leonard Fulton Ross
John White Geary
Alfred Howe Terry
Andrew Atkinson Humphreys
James Henry Carleton
Absalom Baird
John Cleveland Robinson
Truman Seymour
Henry Prince
Maximilian Weber
Jeremiah Cutler Sullivan
Alvin Peterson Hovey
James Clifford Veatch
William Plummer Benton
John Curtis Caldwell
Neal Dow
George Sears Greene
Samuel Powhatan Carter
John Gibbon
Erastus Barnard Tyler
Charles Griffin
George Henry Gordon
James Madison Tuttle
Julius White
Peter Joseph Osterhaus
Stephen Gano Burbridge
Washington Lafayette Elliott
Albion Parris Howe
Green Clay Smith
Benjamin Stone Roberts
Alfred Pleasonton
Jacob Ammen
Fitz-Henry Warren
Morgan Lewis Smith
Charles Cruft
Frederick Salomon
John Basil Turchin
Henry Shaw Briggs
James Dada Morgan
Johann August Ernst Willich
Henry Dwight Terry
James Blair Steedman
George Foster Shepley
John Buford
John Reese Kenly
John Potts Slough
Godfrey Weitzel
George Crook
Thomas Leiper Kane
Gershom Mott
Henry Jackson Hunt
Francis Channing Barlow
Mason Brayman
Nathaniel James Jackson
George Washington Getty
Alfred Sully
William Woods Averell
Alexander Hays
Francis Barretto Spinola
John Henry Hobart Ward
Solomon Meredith
James Bowen
Eliakim Parker Scammon
Robert Seaman Granger
Joseph Rodman West
Joseph Warren Revere
Alfred Washington Ellet
George Leonard Andrews
Clinton Bowen Fisk
William Hays
Israel Vogdes
David Allen Russell
Lewis Cass Hunt
Frank Wheaton
John Sanford Mason
David McMurtrie Gregg
Robert Ogden Tyler
Alfred Thomas Archimedes Torbert
William Haines Lytle
Gilman Marston
William Dwight
Sullivan Amory Meredith
Edward Needles Kirk
Nathaniel Collins McLean
William Vandever
Alexander Schimmelfennig
Charles Kinnaird Graham
John Eugene Smith
Joseph Tarr Copeland
Charles Adam Heckman
Stephen Gardner Champlin
Edward Elmer Potter
Thomas Algeo Rowley
Henry Beebee Carrington
John Haskell King
Adam Jacoby Slemmer
Thomas Hewson Neill
Thomas Gamble Pitcher
Thomas William Sweeny
William Passmore Carlin
Romeyn Beck Ayres
William Babcock Hazen
James St Clair Morton
Joseph Anthony Mower
Richard Arnold
Edward Winslow Hinks
George Crockett Strong
Michael Kelly Lawler
George Day Wagner
Lysander Cutler
Joseph Farmer Knipe
John Dunlap Stevenson
James Barnes
Theophilus Toulmin Garrard
Edward Harland
Samuel Kosciuszko Zook
Samuel Beatty
Isaac Jones Wistar
Franklin Stillman Nickerson
Edward Henry Hobson
Ralph Pomeroy Buckland
Joseph Dana Webster
William Ward Orme
William Harrow
William Hopkins Morris
John Beatty
Thomas Howard Ruger
Thomas Edward Greenfield Ransom
Elias Smith Dennis
Thomas Church Haskell Smith
Mortimer Dormer Leggett
Davis Tillson
Hector Tyndale
Charles Cleveland Dodge
Albert Lindley Lee
Charles Leopold Matthies
Marcellus Monroe Crocker
Egbert Benson Brown
John McNeil
George Francis McGinnis
George Washington Deitzler
Hugh Boyle Ewing
James Winning McMillan
John Blair Smith Todd
James Murrell Shackelford
Daniel Ullmann
George Jerrison Stannard
Henry Baxter
James Nagle
John Milton Thayer
Charles Thomas Campbell
Thomas Welsh
Halbert Eleazer Paine
Hugh Thompson Reid
Abner Clark Harding
Robert Brown Potter
Thomas Ewing
Joseph Andrew Jackson Lightburn
Thomas Greely Stevenson
Henry Hastings Sibley

Joseph Bradford Carr
Joseph Jackson Bartlett
Joshua Thomas Owen
Patrick Edward Connor
John Parker Hawkins
Gabriel René Paul
Edward Augustus Wild
Edward Ferrero

Brigadier-General USA (Staff)

Montgomery Cunningham Meigs (Quartermaster-General)
Henry Knox Craig
Lorenzo Thomas
James Wolfe Ripley (Ordnance)
William Alexander Hammond (Surgeon-General)
Joseph Pannell Taylor (Commissary-General of Subsistence
Joseph Gilbert Totten (Engineers)

Confederate Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

General ACSA/PACS

Samuel Cooper
Robert Edward Lee
Joseph Eggleston Johnston
Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
Braxton Bragg

Lieutenant-General PACS

James Longstreet
Edmund Kirby Smith
Leonidas Polk
Theophilus Hunter Holmes
William Joseph Hardee
John Clifford Pemberton

Major-General PACS

Benjamin Huger
John Bankhead Magruder
Mansfield Lovell
Richard Stoddert Ewell
William Wing Loring
Sterling Price
Benjamin Franklin Cheatham
Samuel Jones
John Porter McCown
Daniel Harvey Hill
Jones Mitchell Withers
Thomas Carmichael Hindman
John Cabell Breckinridge
Lafayette McLaws
Ambrose Powell Hill
Richard Heron Anderson
James Ewell Brown Stuart
Richard Taylor
Simon Bolivar Buckner
Samuel Gibbs French
George Edward Pickett
Carter Littlepage Stevenson
John Bell Hood
John Horace Forney
Dabney Herndon Maury
Martin Luther Smith
John George Walker
Arnold Elzey
Patrick Ronayne Cleburne
Franklin Gardner
Isaac Ridgeway Trimble
Jubal Anderson Early
Joseph Wheeler
Edward Johnson
William Henry Chase Whiting
Robert Emmett Rodes

Brigadier-General PACS

Alexander Robert Lawton
Charles Clark
John Buchanan Floyd
Henry Alexander Wise
Henry Hopkins Sibley
John Henry Winder
Gideon Johnson Pillow
Daniel Ruggles
Roswell Sabine Ripley
Paul Octave Hébert
Albert Gallatin Blanchard
Gabriel James Rains
Thomas Fenwick Drayton
Nathan George Evans
Cadmus Marcellus Wilcox
James Heyward Trapier
Hugh Weedon Mercer
Alexander Peter Stewart
William Montgomery Gardner
Richard Brooke Garnett
William Mahone
Raleigh Edward Colston
Henry Heth
Sterling Alexander Martin Wood
John King Jackson
Bushrod Rust Johnson
James Patton Anderson
Howell Cobb
George Wythe Randolph
Joseph Brevard Kershaw
James Ronald Chalmers
James Johnston Pettigrew
Daniel Leadbetter
William Whann Mackall
Robert Ransom
Daniel Marsh Frost
Winfield Scott Featherston
Thomas James Churchill
William Booth Taliaferro
Albert Rust
Samuel Bell Maxey
Hamilton Prioleau Bee
James Morrison Hawes
George Hume Steuart
James Edwin Slaughter
Charles William Field
Paul Jones Semmes
Lucius Marshall Walker
Seth Maxwell Barton
Henry Eustace McCullough
John Stevens Bowen
Benjamin Hardin Helm
John Selden Roane
States Rights Gist
William Nelson Pendleton
Lewis Addison Armistead
Joseph Finegan
William Nelson Rector Beall
Thomas Jordan
William Preston
Roger Atkinson Pryor
John Echols
George Earl Maney
Jean Jacques Alfred Alexandre Mouton
John Stuart Williams
James Green Martin
Thomas Lanier Clingman
Wade Hampton
Daniel Weisiger Adams
Louis Hébert
John Creed Moore
Ambrose Ransom Wright
James Lawson Kemper
James Jay Archer
Beverley Holcombe Robertson
St John Richardson Liddell
Nathan Bedford Forrest
Johnson Hagood
William Dorsey Pender
Micah Jenkins
Martin Edwin Green
Fitzhugh Lee
Harry Thompson Hays
Albert Gallatin Jenkins
William Barksdale
Matthew Duncan Ector
Edward Aylesworth Perry
John Gregg
John Calvin Brown
Alfred Holt Colquitt
Junius Daniel
Abraham Buford
William Steele
James Fleming Fagan
William Read Scurry
Francis Asbury Shoup
Joseph Robert Davis
William Henry Fitzhugh Lee
William Edmondson Jones
William Edwin Baldwin
John Crawford Vaughn
Evander McIvor Law
William Brimage Bate
Elkanah Brackin Greer
Francis Redding Tillou Nicholls
Preston Smith
Alfred Cumming
William Stephen Walker
George Pierce Doles
Carnot Posey
Montgomery Dent Corse
George Thomas Anderson
Alfred Iverson
James Henry Lane
Edward Lloyd Thomas
Stephen Dodson Ramseur
John Rogers Cooke
Jerome Bonaparte Robertson
Evander McNair
Archibald Gracie
William Robertson Boggs
James Camp Tappan
Dandridge McRae
Mosby Monroe Parsons
Stephen Dill Lee
John Pegram
John Sappington Marmaduke
John Austin Wharton
William Thompson Martin
John Hunt Morgan
Marcus Joseph Wright
Zachariah Cantey Deas
Lucius Eugene Polk
Edward Cary Walthall
John Adams
William Hicks Jackson
James Cantey
Camille Armand Jules Marie de Polignac
Robert Frederick Hoke
Henry Lewis Benning
William Tatum Wofford
Samuel McGowan
Marcellus Augustus Stovall
George Blake Cosby
Francis Crawford Armstrong
William Lewis Cabell
John Daniel Imboden
William Smith
William Henry Talbot Walker
Alfred Eugene Jackson
Robert Brank Vance
Henry Delamar Clayton
Arthur Middleton Manigault
Douglas Hancock Cooper
John Brown Gordon
John Wilkins Whitfield
James Alexander Walker
John Marshall Jones

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