1863 July 4th

July 4 1863 Saturday

Battle of Helena, AR (CWSAC Major Battle Union Victory)

Columbia, KY

Surrender of Vicksburg, MS (CWSAC Decisive Battle Union Victory)

Vicksburg Campaign – Siege of Vicksburg

Gettysburg Campaign

Siege of Port Hudson

Morgan’s Ohio Raid

Taylor’s Expedition to the Mississippi

USA. Ulysses Simpson Grant was promoted to Major-General in the US Regular Army to date from his victory at Vicksburg. He became the fourth-ranking General in the US Army behind General-in-Chief Henry Wager Halleck, the commander of the Department of the East Major-General John Ellis Wool, and Major-General George Brinton McClellan, who was inactive and without a command. Major-General George Gordon Meade and Major-General William Tecumseh Sherman would be recognised for their successes at Gettysburg and at Vicksburg respectively, by promotion to Brigadier-General in the US Army. David Dixon Porter was promoted to Rear Admiral USN for his conspicuous part in the Vicksburg campaign.

Arkansas. Confederate expedition to Helena ended.

Helena, Arkansas. Helena was a Mississippi port town at the terminus of Crowley’s Ridge, ringed by steep hills cut by heavily thicketed ravines. It was held by Union Major-General Benjamin Mayberry Prentiss with 4,129 men in Brigadier-General Frederick Sigel Salomon’s detached division of XIII Corps. This was the last remaining division of four commanded by Major-General Frederick Steele that had been sent to reinforce the campaign against Vicksburg.

Prentiss had prepared four fortified positions on the bluffs north and west of town, Batteries A and B to the north taking advantage of Rightor Hill, Battery C west of the city on Graveyard Hill, and Battery D near the home of Confederate Major-General Thomas Carmichael Hindman on Hindman Hill southwest of the town and commanding the Upper Little Rock Road. The batteries were protected by breastworks and rifle pits in a semicircle around the town. These were new works built by Prentiss to supplement a single existing earthwork bastion called Fort Curtis, at the city’s western edge. They were well-placed about half a mile from Fort Curtis which sat at the centre of the spokes of the defence. In addition, the timber-clad gunboat USS Tyler under Lieutenant-Commander James M Prichett was assigned to support the garrison with its 8-inch guns but its presence was unknown to the assailants.

Confederate Lieutenant-General Theophilus Hunter Holmes had been ordered to send reinforcements to Vicksburg, but he disregarded these instructions and decided instead to make a diversionary attack on Helena with his 6,500 men. He planned a coordinated attack from three sides on the fortifications surrounding Helena. The Confederate expedition from Little Rock included two infantry brigades under Major-General Sterling Price, another under Brigadier-General James Fleming Fagan and 2,500 cavalrymen in two brigades under Brigadier-General John Sappington Marmaduke and a third cavalry brigade under Brigadier-General Lucius March Walker. Price and Marmaduke moved from Jacksonport to the vicinity of Helena and met Fagan’s infantry coming from Little Rock. Holmes and the Arkansas governor Harris Flanagin travelled to Helena to take personal command of the attack.

Prentiss had received warning that an attack was imminent and slowed the Confederate advance by felling trees across the roads. Helena itself was overcrowded with Union troops, many of them sick, and was suffering from a shortage of tents and poor sanitation facilities. However, Prentiss kept his men on the alert and they took post before dawn to avoid a surprise attack. They had been doing this for days and were not caught by surprise. Two hours before dawn at 2.30 am Clayton’s troopers were ready on the far right guarding the river road north of the town. McLean’s and Rice’s infantry and gunners manned the chain of batteries and entrenchments along the hilltops.

Holmes planned a dawn attack for Marmaduke’s 1,700 dismounted cavalry to attack the fortified Rightor Hill northwest of the town in order to capture the artillery battery stationed there. Fagan’s 1,300 men were assigned to capture Hindman’s Hill southwest of the city. Walker was assigned the task of guarding Marmaduke’s flank and preventing Union reinforcements from reaching Rightor Hill. The main attack would take place with Price’s 3,100 men seizing Graveyard Hill and the battery protecting it in the centre. The southwest and centre elements of the Confederate attack suffered from failed communications and misinterpreted orders. Fagan and Price failed to coordinate their attacks due to Holmes’ vague order to “attack at daylight.” Price interpreted this order to mean an attack at sunrise and Fagan interpreted it to mean an attack at first light and Fagan went forward a full hour before Price.

Firing broke out along the picket line at 3 am. Fagan was surprised to find his attack on Hindman Hill (Battery D) was opposed by artillery fire from Graveyard Hill (Battery C) where he had expected Price to be engaged already with the battery. Fagan’s artillery had not been able to reach the battlefield because of felled trees blocking the road and he had no choice but to try to take the hill under unopposed artillery fire. Fagan’s men reached the summit of the hill and managed to seize three lines of outer fortifications but were pinned down just short of the summit of Hindman’s Hill by the two Union batteries. They were halted so effectively that they could neither advance nor retreat.

Price’s assault on the centre of the Union lines did not commence for almost an hour after Fagan’s attack began. Price’s men had wandered across the broken country before they stormed up Graveyard Hill. Price’s two brigades charged the Union defences but were repulsed by concentrated artillery fire from the two neighbouring batteries and from Fort Curtis further east. Price’s Confederates made two more desperate charges before successfully capturing the guns of Battery C on Graveyard Hill. Price attempted to turn the captured guns on the remaining Union forces but found that the guns had been disabled before capture. Fagan now held some of the fortifications to the southwest and Price held the high ground in the centre of the Union lines, but neither was strong enough to make further progress unaided.

Holmes arrived on Graveyard Hill but appeared unable to decide whether to support Marmaduke on his left flank, or Fagan on his right flank, or to press Price’s advantage in the centre. He issued a series of confusing orders that led to partial measures which failed to turn the tide in any of the three positions. One of Price’s brigades tried to support Fagan’s attack on Battery D but the Union line held, backed by the increasingly effective guns of the gunboat. Further north Marmaduke’s assault on Rightor Hill ran into trouble almost immediately and he began taking artillery and small arms fire from troops behind the levee on his left flank under Colonel Powell Clayton. Colonel Joseph Orville Shelby’s attack was repulsed. Walker was supposed to intervene for Marmaduke but failed to come to his aid out of concern for his own exposed position. Walker’s failure led to recriminations between Marmaduke and Walker that eventually ended in a bloody duel.

The exposed Confederates were targeted by every remaining gun on the battlefield as well as the heavy naval guns of the USS Tyler. Acting Ensign George L Smith reported firing 413 rounds, mostly heavy 8” and 10” shells. The 2nd Arkansas Infantry (African Descent) held the extreme left of the Union line. Although not directly attacked and suffering only five men wounded, the role they played in the battle received wide notice in the Northern abolitionist press.

By 10:30 am, Holmes realised that he could make no further headway. He also realised that even if he succeeded in his attack, his troops would be exposed not only to the USS Tyler but also to whatever Union warships came to its support. The town was clearly untenable even if captured and he ordered a general retreat. By midday, the costly attack on the Union base had been abandoned with the loss of a fifth of the Confederate force. Large groups of Confederates trapped in ravines surrendered, including Colonel Samuel Bell, Lieutenant-Colonel Jeptha C Johnson and more than 100 men of the 37th Arkansas Infantry. The Confederates retreated unmolested.

This was the Confederates’ last major offensive operation in Arkansas (apart from cavalry raids and the repulse of the Camden Expedition) and the last attempt to seize a chokepoint on the Mississippi. Union casualties were reported as 206 or 239 and Confederate as between 1,500 to 1,636 and likely about 1,614 (about 1,200 of them captured). (CWSAC Major Battle Union Victory)

ORDER OF BATTLE: HELENA, AR

Union Department of the Tennessee: Major-General Ulysses Simpson Grant
District of Eastern Arkansas: Major-General Benjamin Mayberry Prentiss
Cavalry Brigade (Eastern Arkansas): Colonel Powell Clayton
1st Division, XIII Corps, (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Frederick Sigel Salomon
1st Brigade, 1st Division, XIII Corps, (Tennessee): Colonel William E McLean
2nd Brigade, 1st Division, XIII Corps, (Tennessee): Colonel Samuel A Rice
Cavalry Brigade, 1st Division, XIII Corps, (Tennessee): Colonel P Clayton

Confederate Trans-Mississippi Department: Lieutenant-General Edmund Kirby Smith
District of Arkansas: Lieutenant-General Theophilus Hunter Holmes
Price’s Division, District of Arkansas (Trans-Mississippi): Major-General Sterling Price
1st Brigade, Price’s Division, District of Arkansas (Trans-Mississippi): Brigadier-General Dandridge McRae
2nd Brigade, Price’s Division, District of Arkansas (Trans-Mississippi): Brigadier-General James Fleming Fagan
3rd Brigade, Price’s Division, District of Arkansas (Trans-Mississippi): Brigadier-General Lucius March Walker
4th Brigade, Price’s Division, District of Arkansas (Trans-Mississippi): Brigadier-General Mosby Monroe Parsons
Marmaduke’s Division, District of Arkansas (Trans-Mississippi): Brigadier-General John Sappington Marmaduke
1st Brigade, Marmaduke’s Division, District of Arkansas (Trans-Mississippi): Brigadier-General Joseph Orville Shelby
2nd Brigade, Marmaduke’s Division, District of Arkansas (Trans-Mississippi): Colonel Colton Greene

Kentucky. Incident at Rocky Hill Station.

Columbia, Kentucky, also known as Green River Bridge, or Tebb’s Bend. After crossing the Cumberland River at Burkesville, Confederate Brigadier-General John Hunt Morgan’s column advanced to the Green River. Morgan demanded the surrender of five companies of Union Colonel O H Moore’s 25th Michigan Infantry that were barring a crossing of the Green River near Columbia. Moore refused the request and Morgan attacked with 600 of his men. The Confederates were repelled with a loss of 80 casualties while no more than Union men were lost. Having failed to force a crossing of the Green River at Columbia, Morgan moved on to find an alternative crossing, passing through Campbellsville to camp in the vicinity of Lebanon. He then surprised and captured the garrison at Lebanon before riding onwards via Springfield, Bardstown, and Garnettsville.

Louisiana. Union Brigadier-General William Hemsley Emory raised his estimate of the Confederate force threatening New Orleans to 13,000 men. He warned that a further 10,000 citizens of the city were rumoured to be arming themselves for an insurrection. He demanded that reinforcements be sent by Major-General Nathaniel Prentiss Banks from Port Hudson. Banks declined, trusting that the naval flotilla could recapture the city at will once Port Hudson had fallen.

Banks accelerated his siege operations at Port Hudson by instigating a round-the-clock artillery bombardment. By day the fire was adjusted by an observer perched on the yardarm of USS Richmond, assisted by wig-wag flag signallers. This was one of the earliest examples of indirect artillery fire. Despite the success of Confederate Major-General Richard Taylor’s operations north and west of New Orleans, he failed in his main objective of forcing the abandonment of the siege of Port Hudson.

Maryland. Skirmish near Emmitsburg.

Mississippi. Siege of Vicksburg ended.

Mississippi. Skirmish on the Big Black River at Messenger’s (or Messinger’s) Ferry.

Vicksburg, Mississippi. Confederate Lieutenant-General John Clifford Pemberton accepted the terms of Major-General Ulysses Simpson Grant and surrendered Vicksburg and its garrison of about 20,000 Confederate troops. Grant had initially demanded an unconditional surrender but then reconsidered, not wanting to feed up to 30,000 hungry Confederate soldiers and civilians. He offered to parole the prisoners instead. He expected their destitute, dejected and starving condition to take home the stigma of defeat that would demoralise the Confederacy. He also wanted to avoid the waste of transport vessels and guards needed to evacuate such a huge number of prisoners.

The Confederates raised white flags at 10 am and Union Major-General John Alexander Logan’s division marched in to take possession of the town, having earned the honour through distinguished service and severe casualties throughout the campaign and siege. With the surrender, a third Union mine scheduled to explode in support of an attack planned for 6th July was rendered unnecessary and disarmed.

Apart from the last remaining Confederate outpost at Port Hudson, Grant had successfully opened the entire Mississippi River to Union control. The Union naval flotilla made a decisive contribution to the victory; 13 naval guns were stationed ashore, firing 4,500 rounds, the mortar boats fired 7,000 shells and the gunboats 4,500 more. The capture of Vicksburg allowed Union army and naval forces the freedom to move and act all along the Mississippi River and into its tributaries.

With the loss of Pemberton’s army and this vital stronghold on the Mississippi, the Confederacy was effectively split in two. The surrender of the Confederate garrison at Vicksburg resulted in the loss of substantial forces. A large proportion subsequently returned through exchanges, but it was a fatal blow for Confederate operations in the Western theatre. Union President Abraham Lincoln wrote: ”The Father of Waters again goes unvexed to the sea.”

Union casualties for the siege of Vicksburg were 4,835 or 4,910. Confederate losses were 2,872 killed, wounded and missing and a further 29,396 (or 29,495) surrendered. Alternative reports state 4,550 Union and 31,275 Confederate casualties. The Confederates also surrendered 172 guns and 60,000 small arms. (CWSAC Decisive Battle Union Victory)

ORDER OF BATTLE: UNION DEPARTMENT OF THE TENNESSEE

Union Department of the Tennessee: Major-General Ulysses Simpson Grant
Army of the Tennessee: Major-General Ulysses Simpson Grant Acting Inspector General: Brigadier-General Jeremiah Cutler Sullivan
IX Corps (Tennessee): Major-General John Grubb Parke
1st Division, IX Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Thomas Welsh
1st Brigade, 1st Division, IX Corps (Tennessee): Colonel Henry Bowman
3rd Brigade, 1st Division, IX Corps (Tennessee): Colonel Daniel Leasure
2nd Division, IX Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Robert Brown Potter
1st Brigade, 2nd Division, IX Corps (Tennessee): Colonel Simon Goodell Griffin
2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, IX Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Edward Ferrero
3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, IX Corps (Tennessee): Colonel Benjamin C Christ
XIII Corps (Tennessee): Major-General Edward Otho Cresap Ord
9th Division, XIII Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Peter Joseph Osterhaus
1st Brigade, 9th Division, XIII Corps (Tennessee): Colonel James Keigwin
2nd Brigade, 9th Division, XIII Corps (Tennessee): Colonel Daniel W Lindsey
10th Division, XIII Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Andrew Jackson Smith
1st Brigade, 10th Division, XIII Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Stephen Gano Burbridge
2nd Brigade, 10th Division, XIII Corps (Tennessee): Colonel William J Landram
12th Division, XIII Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Alvin Peterson Hovey
1st Brigade, 12th Division, XIII Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General George Francis McGinnis
2nd Brigade, 12th Division, XIII Corps (Tennessee): Colonel James R Slack
14th Division, XIII Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Eugene Asa Carr
1st Brigade, 14th Division, XIII Corps (Tennessee): Colonel David Shunk
2nd Brigade, 14th Division, XIII Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Michael Kelly Lawler
XV Corps (Tennessee): Major-General William Tecumseh Sherman
1st Division, XV Corps (Tennessee): Major-General Frederick Steele
1st Brigade, 1st Division, XV Corps (Tennessee): Colonel Bernard G Farrar
2nd Brigade, 1st Division, XV Corps (Tennessee): Colonel Charles R Woods
3rd Brigade, 1st Division, XV Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General John Milton Thayer
2nd Division, XV Corps (Tennessee): Major-General Francis Preston Blair
1st Brigade, 2nd Division, XV Corps (Tennessee): Colonel Giles A Smith
2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, XV Corps (Tennessee): Colonel Thomas Kilby Smith
3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, XV Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Hugh Boyle Ewing
3rd Division, XV Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General James Madison Tuttle
1st Brigade, 3rd Division, XV Corps (Tennessee): Colonel William L McMillen
2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, XV Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Joseph Anthony Mower
3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, XV Corps (Tennessee): Colonel Joseph J Woods
XVI Corps (Tennessee): Major-General Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
Left Wing XVI Corps (Tennessee): Major-General Cadwallader Colden Washburn
1st Division, XVI Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General William Sooy Smith
1st Brigade, 1st Division, XVI Corps (Tennessee): Colonel Sanford J Stoughton
2nd Brigade, 1st Division, XVI Corps (Tennessee): Colonel Stephen G Hicks
3rd Brigade, 1st Division, XVI Corps (Tennessee): Colonel Joseph R Cockerill
4th Brigade, 1st Division, XVI Corps (Tennessee): Colonel William W Sanford
4th Division, XVI Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Jacob Gartner Lauman
1st Brigade, 4th Division, XVI Corps (Tennessee): Colonel Isaac C Pugh
2nd Brigade, 4th Division, XVI Corps (Tennessee): Colonel Cyrus Hall
3rd Brigade, 4th Division, XVI Corps (Tennessee): Colonel Amory K Johnson
Provisional Division, XVI Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Nathan Kimball
Engelmann’s Brigade, Provisional Division, XVI Corps (Tennessee): Colonel Adolph Engelmann
Richmond’s Brigade, Provisional Division, XVI Corps (Tennessee): Colonel Jonathan Richmond
Montgomery’s Brigade, Provisional Division, XVI Corps (Tennessee): Colonel Milton Montgomery
XVII Corps (Tennessee): Major-General James Birdseye McPherson
3rd Division, XVII Corps (Tennessee): Major-General John Alexander Logan
1st Brigade, 3rd Division, XVII Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Mortimer Dormer Leggett
2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, XVII Corps (Tennessee): Colonel Manning F Force
3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, XVII Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General John Dunlap Stevenson
6th Division, XVII Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General John McArthur
1st Brigade, 6th Division, XVII Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Hugh Thompson Reid
2nd Brigade, 6th Division, XVII Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Thomas Edward Greenfield Ransom
3rd Brigade, 6th Division, XVII Corps (Tennessee): Colonel Alexander Chambers
7th Division, XVII Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Isaac Ferdinand Quinby
1st Brigade, 7th Division, XVII Corps (Tennessee): Colonel John B Sanborn
2nd Brigade, 7th Division, XVII Corps (Tennessee): Colonel Green B Raum
3rd Brigade, 7th Division, XVII Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Charles Leopold Matthies
Herron’s Division XVII Corps (Tennessee) (attached from Army of the Frontier): Major-General Francis Jay Herron
1st Brigade, Herron’s Division XVII Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General William Vandever
2nd Brigade, Herron’s Division XVII Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General William Ward Orme
Cavalry Brigade, Herron’s Division XVII Corps (Tennessee): Colonel Cyrus Bussey
District of Northeast Louisiana (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Elias Smith Dennis
1st Brigade, District of Northeast Louisiana (Tennessee): Colonel George W Neeley
African Brigade, District of Northeast Louisiana (Tennessee): Colonel Isaac F Shepard

Mississippi. Having secured Vicksburg, Union Major-General Ulysses Simpson Grant conferred with Rear Admiral David Dixon Porter about the next steps in the campaign. Porter agreed to send two tinclad gunboats and an ironclad to escort transports conveying 5,000 infantrymen upstream to the Yazoo River in order to remove any remaining Confederate outposts.

ORDER OF BATTLE: CONFEDERATE DEPARTMENT OF MISSISSIPPI AND EAST LOUISIANA

Confederate Military Division of the West: General Joseph Eggleston Johnston
Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana: General Joseph Eggleston Johnston
Defences of Vicksburg: Major-Genera; Martin Luther Smith
River Batteries (Vicksburg): Colonel E Higgins
Army of Mississippi: Lieutenant-General John Clifford Pemberton
Stevenson’s Division (Mississippi): Major-General Carter Littlepage Stevenson
Barton’s Brigade, Stevenson’s Division (Mississippi): Brigadier-General Seth Maxwell Barton
Cumming’s Brigade, Stevenson’s Division (Mississippi): Brigadier-General Alfred Cumming
Lee’s Brigade, Stevenson’s Division (Mississippi): Brigadier-General Stephen Dill Lee (not at Vicksburg)
Reynolds’ Brigade, Stevenson’s Division (Mississippi): Colonel Alexander Welch Reynolds (not at Vicksburg)
Waul’s Texas Legion, Stevenson’s Division (Mississippi): Colonel Thomas Neville Waul (not at Vicksburg)
Forney’s Division (Mississippi): Major-General John Horace Forney

Hébert’s Brigade, Forney’s Division (Mississippi): Brigadier-General Louis Hébert
Moore’s Brigade, Forney’s Division (Mississippi): Brigadier-General John Creed Moore
Baldwin’s Brigade, Forney’s Division (Mississippi): Brigadier-General William Edwin Baldwin
Vaughn’s Brigade, Forney’s Division (Mississippi): Brigadier-General John Crawford Vaughn
Shoup’s Brigade, Forney’s Division (Mississippi): Brigadier-General Francis Asbury Shoup
Mississippi State Troops: State Brigadier-General Jephtha Vining Harris
Bowen’s Division (Mississippi): Major-General John Stevens Bowen
Cockrell’s Brigade, Bowen’s Division (Mississippi): Colonel Francis Marion Cockrell
Dockery’s Brigade, Bowen’s Division (Mississippi): Colonel Thomas Pleasant Dockery

Missouri. Skirmish at Cassville.

Missouri. Skirmish in the Black Fork Hills.

New Mexico Territory. Skirmish with Indians near Fort Craig.

North Carolina. Expedition to Trenton began.

Pennsylvania. Skirmish at Fairfield Gap.

Pennsylvania. Skirmish at Monterey Gap.

Pennsylvania. Confederate General Robert Edward Lee reformed his lines into a defensive position on Seminary Ridge during the night and evacuated the town of Gettysburg. The army rested in defensive positions all day before beginning a withdrawal towards Williamsport on the Potomac River. Lee needed time to extricate his wagon train and thousands of wounded men. A proposal by Lee for a prisoner exchange was rejected by Union Major-General George Gordon Meade. A Union brigade deployed towards the Peach Orchard but did not attempt to engage the Confederates. Other troops also reoccupied the evacuated town of Gettysburg. The Union Army of the Potomac remained in position at Gettysburg after a council of war produced a vote of five corps commanders to two to await confirmation of a Confederate retreat.

Rain fell in the afternoon and became a deluge during the evening, discouraging the exhausted Union army from making a counter-attack. Late in the evening, Lee started his Army of Northern Virginia in motion towards Fairfield and Chambersburg. Lieutenant-General Ambrose Powell Hill’s III Corps led the retreat, followed by Lieutenant-General James Longstreet’ s I Corps, and then by Lieutenant-General Richard Stoddert Ewell’s II Corps at about 2 am. Cavalry under Brigadier-General John Daniel Imboden was entrusted to escort the fourteen miles-long wagon train of supplies and wounded men, following a route through Cashtown and Chambersburg, Greencastle and Hagerstown to cross the Potomac at Williamsport, Maryland. The infantry would take s shorter route through Fairfield to Hagerstown. The rest of the Confederate cavalry screened the march along the Emmitsburg Road. The available 800 men of Major-General George Edward Pickett’s division guarded around 4,000 Union prisoners at the head of the infantry column.

Tennessee. Incidents at Cowan.

Tennessee. Skirmish at University Depot.

Tennessee. The retreating Confederate Army of the Tennessee passed over the Sewanee Mountain. General Braxton Bragg went on ahead to Bridgeport, where he caught the train to Chattanooga. The Confederates descended from the Cumberland Plateau and followed the Sequatchie Valley before turning south along the right bank of the Tennessee River in order to cross downstream at Bridgeport, Alabama. Union cavalry forced the mountain pass at Cowan and drove the Confederate rearguard southwards. A cavalry pursuit by Union Brigadier-General Philip Henry Sheridan failed to trap Bragg’s rearguard before they crossed the river.

Virginia. Skirmish at the South Anna Bridge on the Richmond & Fredericksburg Railroad.

Virginia. Confederate Vice-President Alexander Hamilton Stephens was kept waiting off Newport News for two days aboard CSS Torpedo while he awaited permission to meet US President Abraham Lincoln.

Virginia. Union Brigadier-General George Washington Getty’s troops were engaged in diversionary actions on the South Anna River.

West Virginia. North Mountain Depot captured.

West Virginia. Skirmish at Fayetteville.

West Virginia. Skirmish at Huttonsville involving Confederate Brigadier-General William Lowther Jackson.

Union Organisation

USA: The District of Central Kentucky was discontinued.

USA: Major-General Henry Warner Slocum resumed command of XII Corps (Potomac), succeeding Brigadier-General Alpheus Starkey Williams.

Slocum, Henry Warner / New York / Born 24 September 1827 Delphi, New York / Died Brooklyn, New York 14 April 1894
USMA 1 July 1852 7/43 Artillery / Cadet USMA 1 July 1848 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 1st US Artillery 1 July 1852 / 1st Lieutenant USA 3 March 1855 / Resigned USA 31 October 1856 / Colonel New York Militia / Colonel USV 27th New York Infantry 21 May 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 9 August 1861 / Major-General USV 25 July 1862 to rank from 4 July 1862 / Resigned USV 28 September 1865 / WIA First Bull Run 21 July 1861
Slocum’s Brigade Department of Northeastern Virginia 4 September 1861-30 October 1861 / 2nd Brigade Franklin’s Division Army of the Potomac 3 October 1861-13 March 1862 / 2nd Brigade 1st Division I Corps Army of the Potomac 13 March 1862-4 April 1862 / 2nd Brigade 1st Division Department of the Rappahannock 4 April 1862-18 May 1862 / 1st Division VI Corps Army of the Potomac 18 May 1862-15 October 1862 / XII Corps Potomac 20 October 1862-1 July 1863 / XII Corps Potomac 4 July 1863-31 August 1863 / XII Corps Potomac 13 September 1863-25 September 1863 / XII Corps Cumberland 25 September 1863-18 April 1864 / District of Vicksburg 20 April 1864-19 August 1864 / XX Corps Cumberland 27 August 1864-11 November 1864 / Army of Georgia 7 November 1864-17 June 1865 / XX Corps Georgia 7 November 1864-10 November 1864 / Department of Mississippi 27 June 1865-16 September 1865

USA: Ulysses Simpson Grant promoted Major-General USA 7 July 1863 to rank from 4 July 1863. His concurrent grade of Major-General in the US Volunteers was effectively terminated.

Grant, Ulysses Simpson (Hiram Ulysses) / Ohio / Born 27 April 1822 Point Pleasant, Ohio / Died Mount McGregor, New York 23 July 1885
USMA 1 July 1843 21/39 Infantry / Cadet USMA 1 July 1839 / 4th US Infantry 1 July 1843 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 7th US Infantry 30 September 1845 / 4th US Infantry 15 November 1845 / Regt Quartermaster 1 April 1847-23 July 1848 / 1st Lieutenant USA 16 September 1847 / Regt Quartermaster 17 November 1848-5 August 1853 / Captain USA 5 August 1853 / Resigned USA 31 July 1854 / Brigadier-General USV 9 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861 / Colonel USV 21st Illinois Infantry 15 June 1861 / Major-General USV 16 February 1862 / Major-General USA 7 July 1863 to rank from 4 July 1863 / Lieutenant-General USA 4 March 1864 to rank from 2 March 1864 / General-in-Chief of the US Army 12 March 1864 / General USA 25 July 1866 / Resigned USA 4 March 1869 / General USA Retired 4 March 1877 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1843 Brevet 1 Lt USA 8 September 1847 Brevet Captain USA 13 September 1847
District of Ironton 8 August 1861-15 August 1861 / District of Southeast Missouri 1 September 1861-23 December 1861 / District of Cairo 23 December 1861-14 February 1862 / District of West Tennessee 14 February 1862-12 September 1862 / Army of West Tennessee 21 February 1862-24 October 1863 / Chief of Staff Department of the Mississippi 29 April 1862-10 June 1862 / Department of the Tennessee 16 October 1862-17 October 1863 / XIII Corps Tennessee 24 October 1862-22 December 1862 / Military Division of the Mississippi 16 October 1863-18 March 1864 / General-in-Chief 12 March 1864-4 March 1869

USA: William Tecumseh Sherman promoted Brigadier-General USA 4 August 1863 to rank from 4 July 1863.

Sherman, William Tecumseh / Ohio / Born 8 February 1820 Lancaster, Ohio / Died New York, New York 14 February 1891
USMA 1 July 1840 6/42 Artillery / Cadet USMA 1 July 1836 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 3rd US Artillery 1 July 1840 / 1st Lieutenant USA 30 November 1841 / Captain USA Assistant Commissary of Subsistence 27 September 1850 / Resigned USA 6 September 1853 / Major-General California Militia 1856-1857 / Colonel USA 13th US Infantry 14 May 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 3 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861 / Major-General USV 3 May 1862 to rank from 1 May 1862 / Brigadier-General USA 4 August 1863 to rank from 4 July 1863 / Mustered Out USV 12 August 1864 / Major-General USA 12 August 1864 / Lieutenant-General USA 25 July 1866 / General USA 4 March 1869 / General-in-Chief of the US Army 4 March 1869-1 November 1883 / Retired USA 8 February 1884 / Brevet Captain USA 30 May 1848 Brevet General USA 13 February 1868 Withdrawn / WIA First Bull Run 21 July 1861 WIA Shiloh 6 April 1862
3rd Brigade 1st Division Department of Northeastern Virginia 30 June 1861-17 August 1861 / Sherman’s Brigade Army of the Potomac 17 August 1861-28 August 1861 / Department of the Cumberland 6 October 1861-9 November 1861 / District of Cairo 14 February 1862-11 March 1862 / 5th Division Army of the Tennessee 1 March 1862-11 July 1862 / 5th Division District of Memphis 21 July 1862-26 October 1862 / District of Memphis 26 October 1862-25 November 1862 / Right Wing XIII Corps Tennessee 27 November 1862-22 December 1862 / XV Corps Tennessee 22 December 1862-4 January 1863 / II Corps Mississippi 4 January 1863-12 January 1863 / XV Corps Tennessee 12 January 1863-29 October 1863 / Department of the Tennessee 17 October 1863-12 March 1864 / Army of the Tennessee 24 October 1863-26 March 1864 / Military Division of the Mississippi 18 March 1864-6 August 1866 / Military Division of the Missouri 6 August 1866-16 March 1869 / Military Division of the Atlantic 12 February 1868-12 February 1868 / General-in-Chief 4 March 1869-1 November 1883

USA: David Dixon Porter promoted Rear Admiral USN 4 July 1863.

Porter, David Dixon / Born 8 June 1813 Chester, Pennsylvania / Died Harrisburg, Pennsylvania 13 February 1891
Cadet Mexican Navy 1826 / Midshipman USN 2 February 1829 / Passed Midshipman USN 5 July 1835 / Lieutenant USN 27 February 1841 / Commander USN 22 April 1861 / Captain USN 7 February 1863 / Commodore USN 16 July 1862 / WIA Grand Gulf 20 April 1863 / Rear Admiral USN 4 July 1863 / Superintendent US Naval Academy 9 September 1865-1 December 1869 / Vice-Admiral USN 25 July 1866 / Admiral USN 15 August 1870
USS Powhatan April 1861 / USS Harriet Lane March 1862 / Mortar Boat Flotilla March 1862 / USS Octorara May 1862 / USS Essex August 1862 / Mississippi River Squadron 9 October 1862-31 July 1864 / USS Black Hawk December 1862 / USS Cincinnati 1863 / USS Benton May 1863 / USS Malvern October 1864 / North Atlantic Blockading Squadron 12 October 1864-28 April 1865 / Chief of Bureau of Navigation 4 August 1865-24 August 1865

Commander in Chief: President Abraham Lincoln

Vice-President: Hannibal Hamlin

Secretary of War: Edwin McMasters Stanton

Secretary of the Navy: Gideon Welles

  • North Atlantic Blockading Squadron USN: Acting Rear Admiral Samuel Phillips Lee USN
  • South Atlantic Blockading Squadron USN: Flag Officer Samuel Francis Du Pont USN
  • West Gulf Blockading Squadron USN: Rear Admiral David Glasgow Farragut USN
  • East Gulf Blockading Squadron USN: Acting Rear Admiral Theodorus Bailey USN
  • Pacific Squadron USN: Rear Admiral Charles H Bell USN
  • Mississippi River Squadron USN: Rear Admiral David Dixon Porter USN
  • Potomac Flotilla USN: Commodore Andrew Allen Harwood USN

General–in-Chief: Henry Wager Halleck

  • Department of the Cumberland: William Starke Rosecrans
    • Army of the Cumberland: William Starke Rosecrans
      • XIV Corps Cumberland: George Henry Thomas
      • XX Corps Cumberland: Alexander McDowell McCook
      • XXI Corps Cumberland: Thomas Leonidas Crittenden
      • Reserve Corps Cumberland: Gordon Granger
      • Cavalry Corps Cumberland: David Sloane Stanley
  • Department of the East: John Ellis Wool
  • Department of the Gulf: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
    • District of Pensacola: William Cune Holbrook
    • District of La Fourche: Henry Warner Birge
    • District of Key West and Tortugas: Daniel Phineas Woodbury
    • Defences of New Orleans: Thomas West Sherman
    • Army of the Gulf: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
      • XIX Corps Gulf: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
  • Middle Department: Robert Cumming Schenck
    • District of Delaware: Daniel Tyler
    • District of the Eastern Shore of Maryland: Henry Hayes Lockwood
    • VIII Corps Middle: Robert Cumming Schenck
  • Department of the Missouri: John McAllister Schofield
    • District of St Louis: William Kerley Strong
    • District of Southeast Missouri: John Wynn Davidson
    • District of Southwest Missouri: John McNeil
    • District of Northeast Missouri: Thomas Jefferson McKean
    • District of Northwest Missouri: Willard Preble Hall
    • District of Central Missouri: Egbert Benson Brown
    • District of Rolla: Thomas Alfred Davies
    • District of Nebraska Territory: Thomas Jefferson McKean
    • District of the Frontier: James Gilpatrick Blunt
    • District of the Border: Thomas Ewing
    • Army of the Frontier: Francis Jay Herron
  • Department of the Monongahela: William Thomas Harbaugh Brooks
  • Department of New Mexico: James Henry Carleton
    • District of Arizona: Joseph Rodman West
  • Department of North Carolina: John Gray Foster
    • District of Albemarle: Henry Walton Wessells
    • District of Beaufort NC: Charles Adam Heckman
    • District of the Pamlico: Henry Prince
    • XVIII Corps North Carolina: John Gray Foster
  • Department of the Northwest: John Pope
    • District of Minnesota: Henry Hastings Sibley
    • District of Wisconsin: Thomas Church Haskell Smith
    • District of Iowa: Benjamin Stone Roberts
    • District of Dakota: Alfred Sully
  • Department of the Ohio: Ambrose Everett Burnside
    • District of Kentucky: Jeremiah Tilford Boyle
    • District of Eastern Kentucky: Julius White
    • District of Western Kentucky: Jeremiah Tilford Boyle
    • District of Illinois: Jacob Ammen
    • District of Indiana and Michigan: Orlando Bolivar Willcox
    • District of Ohio: Jacob Dolson Cox
    • Army of the Ohio: Ambrose Everett Burnside
      • XXIII Corps Ohio: George Lucas Hartsuff
  • Department of the Pacific: George Wright
    • District of the Humboldt: Francis James Lippitt
    • District of Oregon: Benjamin Alvord
    • District of Southern California: Ferris Foreman temporary
    • District of Utah: Patrick Edward Connor
  • Department of the Potomac: George Gordon Meade
    • Army of the Potomac: George Gordon Meade
      • I Corps Potomac: John Newton
      • II Corps Potomac: William Hays temporary
      • III Corps Potomac: David Bell Birney temporary
      • V Corps Potomac: George Sykes
      • VI Corps Potomac: John Sedgwick
      • XI Corps Potomac: Oliver Otis Howard
      • XII Corps Potomac: Henry Warner Slocum
      • Cavalry Corps Potomac: Alfred Pleasonton
  • Department of the South: Quincy Adams Gillmore
    • X Corps South: Quincy Adams Gillmore
  • Department of the Susquehanna: Darius Nash Couch
  • Department of the Tennessee: Ulysses Simpson Grant
    • District of West Tennessee: Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
      • Sub-District of Memphis: James Clifford Veatch
    • District of Eastern Arkansas: Benjamin Mayberry Prentiss
    • District of Northeast Louisiana: Elias Smith Dennis
    • Army of the Tennessee: Ulysses Simpson Grant
      • IX Corps Tennessee: John Grubb Parke
      • XIII Corps Tennessee: Edward Otho Cresap Ord
      • XV Corps Tennessee: William Tecumseh Sherman
      • XVI Corps Tennessee: Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
        • Left Wing XVI Corps Tennessee: vacant
      • XVII Corps Tennessee: James Birdseye McPherson
  • Department of Virginia: Erasmus Darwin Keyes
    • IV Corps Virginia: Erasmus Darwin Keyes
    • VII Corps Virginia: John Adams Dix
  • Department of Washington: Samuel Peter Heintzelman
    • District of Alexandria: John Potts Slough
    • District of Washington: John Henry Martindale
    • XXII Corps Washington: Samuel Peter Heintzelman
  • Department of Western Virginia: Benjamin Franklin Kelley
    • Army of the Kanawha: George Crook

Confederate Organisation

CSA: The Defences of Vicksburg was discontinued.

CSA: The Army of Mississippi surrendered at Vicksburg, Mississippi, and was discontinued.

CSA: General Joseph Eggleston Johnston assumed temporary command of the Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana, succeeding Lieutenant-General John Clifford Pemberton.

Johnston, Joseph Eggleston / Virginia / Born 3 February 1807 Farmville, Virginia / Died 21 March 1891
USMA 1 July 1829 13/46 Artillery / Cadet USMA 1 July 1825 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 4th US Artillery 1 July 1829 / 1st Lieutenant USA 31 July 1836 / Resigned USA 31 May 1837 / 1st Lieutenant USA Topographical Engineers 7 July 1838 / Captain USA 21 September 1846 / Lieutenant-Colonel USA Voltigeurs and Rifles 9 April 1847-28 August 1848 / Lieutenant-Colonel 1st US Cavalry 1 March 1855 / Brigadier-General USA Quartermaster-General 28 June 1860 / Resigned USA 22 April 1861 / Brigadier-General Virginia Militia 17 April 1861 Declined / Major-General Virginia Militia 23 April 1861-27 April 1861 / Major-General Provisional Army of Virginia 27 April 1861-4 May 1861 / Brigadier-General Provisional Army of Virginia 4 May 1861-14 May 1861 / Brigadier-General ACSA 15 May 1861 to rank from 14 May 1861 / General ACSA 31 August 1861 to rank from 4 July 1861 / Paroled Greensboro, North Carolina 2 May 1865 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1829 Brevet Captain USA 7 July 1838 Brevet Major USA 12 April 1847 Brevet Colonel USA 17 April 1847 Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel USA 13 September 1847 / WIA Jupiter Inlet 1838 WIA Cerro Gordo 12 April 1847 WIA Chapultepec 13 September 1847 WIA Fair Oaks 31 May 1862
Quartermaster-General USA 28 June 1860- 21 April 1861 / Forces in Richmond 24 April 1861-8 May 1861 / Forces in Harper’s Ferry 15 May 1861-4 July 1861 / District of Harper’s Ferry 4 July 1861-20 July 1861 / Army of the Shenandoah 4 July 1861-20 July 1861 / Department of the Potomac 21 July 1861-22 October 1861 / Army of the Potomac 21 July 1861-14 March 1862 / Department of Northern Virginia 22 October 1861-31 May 1862 / Army of Northern Virginia 14 March 1862-31 May 1862 / Military Division of the West 4 November 1862-16 December 1863 / Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana 4 July 1863-23 August 1863 / Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana 2 December 1863-22 December 1863 / Department of Tennessee 16 December 1863-18 July 1864 / Army of Tennessee 27 December 1863-18 July 1864 / Department of South Carolina Georgia and Florida 22 February 1865-26 April 1865 / Department of Tennessee and Georgia 22 February 1865-26 April 1865 / Army of Tennessee 25 February 1865-15 March 1865 / Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia 6 March 1865-26 April 1865 / Army of the South 22 February 1865-9 April 1865 / Army of Tennessee 9 April 1865-26 April 1865

CSA: Lieutenant-General John Clifford Pemberton was captured at Vicksburg, Mississippi.

Pemberton, John Clifford / Pennsylvania / Born 10 August 1814 Philadelphia, Pennsylvania / Died Penllyn, Pennsylvania 13 July 1881
USMA 1 July 1837 27/50 Artillery / Cadet USMA 1 July 1833 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 4th US Artillery 1 July 1837 / 1st Lieutenant USA 19 March 1842 / Captain USA 16 September 1850 / Resigned USA 29 April 1861 / Lieutenant-Colonel ACSA 28 March 1861 / Assistant Adjutant-General 29 April 1861 / Colonel PACS 8 May 1861 / Lieutenant-Colonel Provisional Army of Virginia 9 May 1861 / Major PACS Artillery 15 June 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 17 June 1861 / Major-General PACS 10 January 1862 to rank from 14 January 1862 / Lieutenant-General PACS 13 October 1862 to rank from 10 October 1862 / Resigned as General PACS 9 May 1864 / Lieutenant-Colonel PACS Artillery 12 May 1864 / Inspector-General 7 January 1865 / No Record of Parole / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1837 Brevet Captain USA 23 September 1846 Brevet Major USA 8 September 1847 / WIA Mexico City 8 September 1847 CIA Vicksburg 4 July 1863 Exchanged 13 October 1863
Pemberton’s Brigade Department of Norfolk June 1861-November 1861 / Fourth Sub-District of South Carolina 10 December 1861-18 March 1862 / Department of South Carolina and Georgia 14 March 1862-23 September 1862 / Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana 1 October 1862-11 October 1862 / Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana 14 October 1862-4 July 1862 / Army of Mississippi 7 December 1862-9 December 1862 / Army of Mississippi 17 December 1862-4 July 1863 / Chief of Artillery Department of Richmond 12 May 1864-9 January 1865

CSA: Major-General Carter Littlepage Stevenson was captured at Vicksburg, Mississippi.

Stevenson, Carter Littlepage / Virginia / Born 21 September 1817 Fredericksburg, Virginia / Died Caroline, Virginia 15 August 1888
USMA 1 July 1838 42/45 Infantry / Cadet USMA 1 July 1834 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 5th US Infantry 1 July 1838 / 1st Lieutenant USA 22 September 1840 / Captain USA 30 June 1847 / Resigned USA 6 June 1861 Dismissed USA 25 June 1861 / Major ACSA Infantry 16 March 1861 / Colonel PACS 53rd Virginia Infantry July 1861 / Assistant Adjutant-General 21 July 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 6 March 1862 to rank from 27 February 1862 / Major-General PACS 13 October 1862 to rank from 10 October 1862 / Paroled Greensboro, North Carolina 1 May 1865 / CIA Vicksburg 4 July 1863 Exchanged 16 October 1863
Assistant Adjutant-General Army of the Northwest 21 July 1861-27 March 1862 / 1st Division Army of East Tennessee March 1862 / 2nd Brigade Department of East Tennessee 30 June 1863-3 July 1862 / 1st Division Department of East Tennessee 3 July 1862-18 December 1862 / 1st Division Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana 18 December 1862-December 1862 / District Two of Mississippi and East Louisiana 1 December 1862-4 July 1863 / Stevenson’s Division I Corps Army of Tennessee 17 October 1863-20 February 1864 / Stevenson’s Division II Corps Army of Tennessee 27 July 1864-17 December 1864 / II Corps Tennessee 18 July 1864-19 July 1864 / II Corps Tennessee 17 December 1864-21 February 1865 / Stevenson’s Division II Corps Army of Tennessee April 1865-26 April 1865

CSA: Major-General John Stevens Bowen was captured at Vicksburg, Mississippi.

Bowen, John Stevens / Georgia / Born 30 October 1830 Savannah, Georgia / Died Edwards, Mississippi 13 July 1863
USMA 1 July 1853 13/51 Mounted Rifles / Cadet USMA 1 July 1848 / Suspended USMA 1851-1852 / US Mounted Rifles 1 July 1853 / 2nd Lieutenant USA US Mounted Rifles 20 July 1854 / Resigned USA 1 May 1856 / Lieutenant-Colonel Georgia Militia / Captain Missouri State Guard / Major Missouri State Guard / Lieutenant-Colonel Missouri State Guard / Colonel PACS 1st Missouri Infantry 11 June 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 14 March 1862 / Major-General PACS 25 May 1863 Unconfirmed / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1853 / CIA Camp Jackson 10 May 1861 Exchanged 1 November 1861 WIA Shiloh 6 April 1862 CIA Vicksburg 4 July 1863 Exchanged 13 July 1863
4th Brigade Western Department No 2 24 October 1861 / Bowen’s Brigade Central Army Western Department 2 January 1862 / 2nd Brigade 3rd Division Army of Central Kentucky 23 February 1862-29 March 1862 / 2nd Brigade Breckinridge’s Division Reserve Corps Army of Mississippi 29 March 1862-6 April 1862 / Bowen’s Brigade District of Mississippi and East Louisiana May 1862 / 3rd Brigade 1st Division District of Mississippi July 1862 / 1st Division Army of the West 19 September 1862 / 3rd Brigade 1st Division Army of West Tennessee 24 September 1862 / 1st Brigade 2nd Division Army of the West 21 January 1863 / Green’s Brigade Maury’s Division Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana 22 January 1863-17 April 1863 / Bowen’s Division Army of Mississippi 17 April 1863-4 July 1863

CSA: Major-General John Horace Forney was captured at Vicksburg, Mississippi.

Forney, John Horace / North Carolina-Alabama / Born 12 August 1829 Lincolnton, North Carolina / Died Jacksonville, Alabama 13 September 1902
USMA 1 July 1852 22 /48 Infantry / Cadet USMA 1 July 1848 / 7th US Infantry 1 July 1852 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 24 October 1853 / 10th US Infantry 3 March 1855 / 1st Lieutenant USA 25 August 1855 / Resigned USA 23 January 1861 / Colonel Artillery Alabama Militia 1861 / ADC (A Moore) 1861 / Captain ACSA Artillery 16 March 1861 / Colonel PACS Assistant Inspector-General 7 March 1861 / Colonel PACS 10th Alabama Infantry 4 June 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 11 March 1862 to rank from 10 March 1862 / Major-General PACS 27 October 1862 / Paroled Galveston, Texas 20 June 1865 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1852 / WIA Dranesville 20 December 1861 CIA Vicksburg 4 July 1863 Paroled 24 July 1863 Exchanged 13 October 1863
5th Brigade Army of the Shenandoah 21 June 1861-October 1861 / Department of Alabama and West Florida 28 April 1862-29 June 1862 / Gulf District 2 July 1862-8 December 1862 / District of West Florida 7 October 1862-January 1863 / Forney’s Division Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana January 1863-17 April 1863 / Forney’s Division Army of Mississippi 17 April 1863-4 July 1863 / Forney’s Division Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana October 1863-28 January 1864 / Forney’s Department Dept of Alabama Mississippi and East Louisiana 28 January 1864-May 1864 / 1st Division I Corps Trans-Mississippi Army September 1864-March 1865 / 1st Division District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona 27 March 1865-12 May 1865

CSA: Major-General Martin Luther Smith was captured at Vicksburg, Mississippi.

Smith, Martin Luther / New York-Florida / Born 9 September 1819 Danby, New York / Died Savannah, Georgia 29 July 1866
USMA 1 July 1842 16/56 Topographical Engineers / Cadet USMA 1 July 1838 / Topographical Engineers 1 July 1842 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 November 1843 / 1st Lieutenant USA 3 March 1853 / Captain USA 1 July 1856 / Resigned USA 1 April 1861 / Major ACSA Engineers 16 March 1861 / Colonel PACS 21st Louisiana Infantry 30 January 1862 / Brigadier-General PACS 19 March 1862 to rank from 11 April 1862 / Major-General PACS 4 November 1862 / Chief of Engineer Bureau 9 March 1864-2 April 1864 / Paroled Athens, Georgia 8 May 1865 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1842 Brevet 1st Lieutenant USA 30 May 1848 / CIA Vicksburg 4 July 1863 Exchanged February 1864
Smith’s Brigade District of Mississippi and East Louisiana May 1862-26 June 1862 / Third Sub-District of Southern Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana 26 June 1862-1 October 1862 / District Two of Mississippi and East Louisiana 21 October 1862-1 December 1862 / 2nd Division Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana December 1862-April 1863 / 4th Division Army of Mississippi April 1863-4 July 1863 / Defences of Vicksburg 28 December 1862-4 July 1863 / Chief of Engineer Bureau CSA 9 March 1864-2 April 1864 / Chief Engineer Army of Northern Virginia 5 April 1864-20 July 1864 / Chief Engineer Army of Tennessee 20 July 1864-17 October 1864 / Chief Engineer Military Division of the West 17 October 1864-23 November 1864 / Chief Engineer District of the Gulf 23 November 1864-21 December 1864 / Chief Engineer Army of Tennessee 4 December 1864-26 April 1865

CSA: Brigadier-General William Edwin Baldwin was captured at Vicksburg, Mississippi.

Baldwin, William Edwin / South Carolina / Born 28 July 1827 Stateburg, South Carolina / Died Dog River Factory, Alabama 19 February 1864
Lieutenant Mississippi Militia 1849-1861 / Captain ACSA Infantry 16 March 1861 / Captain PACS 14th Mississippi Infantry 2 May 1861 / Colonel PACS May 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 26 September 1862 to rank from 19 September 1862 / CIA Fort Donelson 16 February 1862 Exchanged 15 August 1862 WUA Vicksburg 22 May 1863 CIA Vicksburg 4 July 1863 Exchanged 13 October 1863
2nd Brigade 2nd Division Army of central Kentucky 20 October 1861-16 February 1862 / 1st Brigade M L Smith’s Division Army of Mississippi April 1863-4 July 1863 / Baldwin’s Brigade J H Forney’s Division Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana November 1863-January 1864 / Baldwin’s Brigade District of the Gulf January 1864-19 February 1864

CSA: Brigadier-General Seth Maxwell Barton was captured at Vicksburg, Mississippi.

Barton, Seth Maxwell / Virginia / Born 8 September 1829 Fredericksburg, Virginia / Died Washington, District of Columbia 11 April 1900
USMA 1 July 1849 28 /43 Infantry / Cadet USMA 1 July 1845 / 3rd US Infantry 1 July 1849 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 1st US Infantry 19 April 1850 / 1st Lieutenant USA 1 June 1853 / Regt Adjutant 1 May 1855-31 October 1857 / Captain USA 31 October 1857 / Resigned USA 11 June 1861 / Captain ACSA Infantry 16 March 1861 / Lieutenant-Colonel PACS 3rd Arkansas Infantry 8 July 1861 / Engineers 21 October 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 14 March 1862 to rank from 11 March 1862 / Paroled Fort Warren, Massachusetts 24 July 1865 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1849 / CIA Vicksburg 4 July 1863 Exchanged 13 July 1863 CIA Sayler’s Creek 6 April 1865
Barton’s Brigade District of East Tennessee March 1862-30 June 1862 / 4th Brigade Stevenson’s Division Department of East Tennessee 30 June 1862-3 July 1862 / 3rd Brigade 1st Division Army of East Tennessee 3 July 1862-31 October 1862 / 1st Brigade 1st Division Army of East Tennessee 31 October 1862-20 November 1862 / 1st Brigade 1st Division Army of Mississippi 18 December 1862-April 1863 / 1st Brigade Stevenson’s Division Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana April 1863-May 1863 / 1st Brigade 2nd Division Army of Mississippi April 1863-4 July 1863 / Armistead’s Brigade Department of North Carolina 19 September 1863-February 1864 / Barton’s Brigade Pickett’s Division Department of North Carolina 18 April 1864-11 May 1864 / Barton’s Brigade Pickett’s Division I Corps Army of Northern Virginia 19 May 1864-11 August 1864 / Barton’s Brigade G W C Lee’s Division Army of Northern Virginia September 1864-December 1864 / Barton’s Brigade G W C Lee’s Division Army of Northern Virginia January 1865-6 April 1865

CSA: Brigadier-General Alfred Cumming was captured at Vicksburg, Mississippi.

Cumming, Alfred (II) / Georgia / Born 30 January 1829 Augusta, Georgia / Died 5 December 1910
USMA 1 July 1849 35/43 Infantry / Cadet USMA 1 July 1845 / 8th US Infantry 1 July 1849 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 7th US Infantry 16 July 1850 / 1st Lieutenant USA 10th US Infantry 3 March 1855 / Captain USA 20 July 1856 / Resigned USA 19 January 1861 / Major ACSA Infantry 16 March 1861 / Lieutenant-Colonel Georgia Militia / Major PACS 1st Georgia Infantry May 1861 / Lieutenant-Colonel PACS 17 June 1861 / Colonel PACS 25 September 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 29 October 1862 / No Record of Parole / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1849 / WIA Malvern Hill 1 July 1862 WIA Antietam 17 September 1862 CIA Vicksburg 4 July 1863 Exchanged 13 October 1863 WIA Jonesboro 31 August 1864
Wilcox’s Brigade Anderson’s Division I Corps Army of Northern Virginia 14 September 1862-17 September 1862 / 3rd Brigade Stevenson’s Division Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana 15 April 1863-4 July 1863 / Cumming’s Brigade Stevenson’s Division D H Hill’s Corps Army of Tennessee 17 October 1863-23 November 1863/ Cumming’s Brigade Stevenson’s Division Hardee’s Corps Army of Tennessee 23 November 1863-20 February 1864 / Cumming’s Brigade Stevenson’s Division Hood’s Corps Army of Tennessee 20 February 1864-31 August 1864

CSA: Brigadier-General Louis Hébert was captured at Vicksburg, Mississippi.

Hébert, Louis / Louisiana / Born 13 March 1820 Iberville, Louisiana / Died 7 January 1901
USMA 1 July 1845 3 /41 Engineers / Cadet USMA 1 July 1841 / Engineers 1 July 1845 / Resigned USA 15 February 1846 / Major Louisiana Militia 1847 / Colonel Louisiana Militia 1853 / Colonel 5th Heavy Artillery Louisiana Militia / Colonel PACS 3rd Louisiana Infantry 11 May 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 26 May 1862 / Paroled Greensboro, North Carolina 1 May 1865 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1845 / WIA & CIA Pea Ridge 7 March 1862 Exchanged 20 March 1862 CIA Vicksburg 4 July 1863 Exchanged 13 October 1863
2nd Brigade Arkansas Division Western Department 1 January 1862-7March 1862 / 2nd Brigade 1st Division Army of the West 20 March 1862-July 1862 / 1st Division Army of the West July 1862-4 October 1862 / 1st Brigade Forney’s Division Army of Mississippi April 1863-4 July 1863 / District of Cape Fear 19 May 1864-15 January 1865 Chief of Engineers Department of North Carolina 28 January 1865-26 April 1865

CSA: Brigadier-General Stephen Dill Lee was captured at Vicksburg, Mississippi.

Lee, Stephen Dill / South Carolina / Born 22 September 1833 Charleston, South Carolina / Died Vicksburg, Mississippi 28 May 1908
USMA 1 July 1854 17/46 Artillery / Cadet USMA 1 July 1850 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 4th US Artillery 1 July 1854 / 1st Lieutenant USA 31 October 1856 / Regt Quartermaster 18 September 1857-8 February 1861 / Resigned USA 20 February 1861 / Captain Assistant Adjutant-General and Assistant Inspector-General South Carolina Militia 6 March 1861 / Captain ACSA Artillery 16 March 1861 / ADC (P G T Beauregard) 11 April 1861-June 1861 / Captain Artillery South Carolina Militia June 1861 / Major PACS Artillery November 1861 / Lieutenant-Colonel PACS March 1862 / 4th Virginia Cavalry July 1862 / Colonel PACS Artillery 9 July 1862 / Brigadier-General PACS 6 November 1862 / Major-General PACS 3 August 1863 / Lieutenant-General PACS (Special) 23 June 1864 expired 23 February 1865 Reverted to Major-General PACS 23 February 1865 to rank from 3 August 1863 / Reappointed Lieutenant-General PACS 11 March 1865 to rank from 23 June 1864 Expired 23 February 1865  / Paroled Greensboro, North Carolina 1 May 1865 / WIA Baker’s Creek 16 May 1863 CIA Vicksburg 4 July 1863 Exchanged 13 October 1863 WIA Spring Hill 17 December 1864
Assistant Adjutant-General and Assistant Inspector-General Forces in Charleston 6 March 1861-11 April 1861 / Lee’s Division Second District of Mississippi and East Louisiana December 1862-January 1863 / Lee’s Brigade M L Smith’s Division Second District of Mississippi and East Louisiana January 1863-April 1863 / Chief of Artillery Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana May 1863-4 July 1863 / Cavalry Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana 16 August 1863-19 May 1864 / Department of Alabama and East Mississippi 4 May 1864-26 July 1864 / II Corps Tennessee 26 July 1864-17 December 1864 / II Corps Tennessee 9 April 1865-26 April 1865

CSA: Brigadier-General John Creed Moore was captured at Vicksburg, Mississippi.

Moore, John Creed / Tennessee / Born 28 February 1824 Hawkins, Tennessee / Died Osage, Texas 31 December 1910
USMA 1 July 1849 17/43 Artillery / Cadet USMA 1 July 1845 / 4th US Artillery 1 July 1849 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 2nd US Artillery 10 October 1850 / 1st Lieutenant USA 18 October 1853 / Resigned USA 28 February 1855 / Captain ACSA Artillery 16 March 1861 / Captain PACS Louisiana Artillery March 1861 / Colonel PACS 2nd Texas Infantry September 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 19 September 1862 to rank from 26 May 1862 / Resigned PACS 3 February 1864 / CIA Vicksburg 4 July 1863 Exchanged 16 October 1863 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1849
Defences of Galveston 25 June 1861-2 October 1861 / District of Galveston 2 October 1861-9 December 1861 / District of Houston 3 January 1862-25 February 1862 / 4th Brigade 1st Division II Corps Army of Mississippi May 1862-3 June 1862 / 2nd Brigade 3rd Division Army of the West 10 June 1862-16 October 1862 / 2nd Brigade 3rd Division Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana 21 October 1862-April 1863 / 2nd Brigade Forney’s Division Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana April 1863-4 July 1863 / Moore’s Brigade Cheatham’s Division Hardee’s Corps Army of Tennessee November 1863-December 1863 / Eastern Division and Western Division District of the Gulf 1-0 December 1863-28 January 1864

CSA: Brigadier-General Francis Asbury Shoup was captured at Vicksburg, Mississippi.

Shoup, Francis Asbury / Indiana-Florida / Born 22 March 1834 Laurel, Indiana / Died Columbia, Tennessee 4 September 1896
USMA 1 July 1855 15/34 Artillery/ Cadet USMA 1 July 1831 / 1st US Artillery 1 July 1855 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 6 December 1855 / Resigned USA 10 January 1860 / Captain Indiana Militia 1860 / 1st Lieutenant ACSA Artillery 16 March 1861 / Major PACS Artillery 7 November 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 26 September 1862 to rank from 12 September 1862 / Assistant Adjutant-General December 1862 / Paroled Greensboro, North Carolina 2 May 1865 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1855 / CIA Vicksburg 4 July 1863 Exchanged 13 October 1863
Chief of Artillery Western Department 10 April 1862 / Chief of Artillery Trans-Mississippi Department 1 August 1862 / Assistant Adjutant-General Trans-Mississippi Army December 1862 / 2nd Division I Corps Trans-Mississippi Army December 1862 / 3rd Brigade M L Smith’s Division Army of Mississippi May 1863-4 July 1863 / 3rd Brigade District of the Gulf September 1863-28 January 1864 / 3rd Brigade District of the Gulf 28 January 1864-19 March 1864 / Chief of Artillery Army of Tennessee 19 March 1864-23 July 1864 / Chief of Staff Army of Tennessee 24 July 1864-December 1864 / Chief of Staff Department of South Carolina Georgia and Florida 21 February 1865

CSA: Brigadier-General John Crawford Vaughn was captured at Vicksburg, Mississippi.

Vaughn, John Crawford / Virginia / Born 24 February 1824 Roane, Tennessee / Died 10 September 1875
Captain USV 5th Tennessee Infantry 1847 / Mustered out USV July 1847 / Colonel PACS 3rd Tennessee Infantry 3 May 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 26 September 1862 to rank from 22 September 1862 / Paroled Washington, Georgia 9 May 1865 / CIA Vicksburg 4 July 1863 Exchanged 13 October 1863 WIA Martinsburg 18 September 1864
2nd Brigade 1st Division Second District of Mississippi and East Louisiana 17 December 1862-January 1863 / 2nd Brigade 2nd Division Second District of Mississippi and East Louisiana January 1863-April 1863 / 2nd Brigade 4th Division Army of Mississippi April 1863-4 July 1863 / Vaughn’s Brigade Stevenson’s Division II Corps Army of Tennessee October 1863-November 1863 / Vaughn’s Brigade Buckner’s Division Department of East Tennessee November 1863-January 1864 / Vaughn’s Cavalry Brigade Department of East Tennessee January 1864-March 1864 / Vaughn’s Cavalry Brigade Department of East Tennessee April 1864-June 1864 / Vaughn’s Cavalry Brigade Ransom’s Division II Corps Army of Northern Virginia June 1864-August 1864 / Vaughn’s Brigade Breckinridge’s Division II Corps Army of Northern Virginia August 1864-6 October 1864 / Vaughn’s Cavalry Brigade Department of East Tennessee 6 October 1864-February 1865

Commander in Chief: President Jefferson Finis Davis

Vice-President: Alexander Hamilton Stephens

Secretary of War: James Alexander Seddon

Secretary of the Navy: Stephen Russell Mallory

Military Adviser to the President: Vacant

  • Military Division of the West: Joseph Eggleston Johnston
    • Department of East Tennessee: William Preston temporary
      • District of Abingdon: William Preston
    • Western Department: Braxton Bragg
      • District of the Tennessee: John King Jackson
      • Gulf District: Dabney Herndon Maury
      • Army of Tennessee: Braxton Bragg
        • I Corps Tennessee: Leonidas Polk
        • II Corps Tennessee: William Joseph Hardee
        • Cavalry Corps Tennessee: William Hicks Jackson
    • Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana: Joseph Eggleston Johnston temporary
      • District One of Mississippi and East Louisiana: Daniel Ruggles
      • District Two of Mississippi and East Louisiana: vacant
      • District Three of Mississippi and East Louisiana: Franklin Gardner
      • District Four of Mississippi and East Louisiana: John Adams
      • District Five of Mississippi and East Louisiana: James Ronald Chalmers
  • Department of Henrico: John Henry Winder
  • Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia: Samuel Gibbs French temporary
      • Sub-District of Cape Fear: William Henry Chase Whiting
  • Department of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee
    • Army of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee
      • I Corps Northern Virginia: James Longstreet
      • II Corps Northern Virginia: Richard Stoddert Ewell
      • III Corps Northern Virginia: Ambrose Powell Hill
      • Cavalry Corps Northern Virginia: James Ewell Brown Stuart
    • Valley District: Jubal Anderson Early
  • Department of Richmond: Daniel Harvey Hill temporary
  • Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
    • District of Georgia: Hugh Weedon Mercer
    • District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
      • 1st Sub-District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
      • 2nd Sub-District of South Carolina: James Heyward Trapier
      • 3rd Sub-District of South Carolina: William Stephen Walker
      • 4th Sub-District of South Carolina: James Heyward Trapier
    • District of East Florida: Joseph Finegan
    • District of Middle Florida: Thomas Howell Cobb
    • District of West Florida: John Horace Forney
  • Trans-Allegheny Department: Samuel Jones
  • Trans-Mississippi Department: Edmund Kirby Smith
    • District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: John Bankhead Magruder
      • Western Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: Hamilton Prioleau Bee
        • Sub-District of the Rio Grande: Hamilton Prioleau Bee
      • Eastern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: Philip Noland Luckett temporary
      • Sub-District of Houston: Xavier Blanchard Debray
      • Northern Sub-District Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: Smith Pyne Bankhead
    • District of Arkansas: Theophilus Hunter Holmes
    • District of West Louisiana: Richard Taylor
    • District of Indian Territory: Douglas Hancock Cooper interim William Steele awaited
    • Defences of Pass Cavallo: John W Glenn
    • Trans-Mississippi Army: Edmund Kirby Smith

Union Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

Major-General USA

George Brinton McClellan
John Charles Frémont
Henry Wager Halleck
John Ellis Wool
Ulysses Simpson Grant

Major-General USVAsterisk indicates concurrently Brigadier-General USA

John Adams Dix
Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
Benjamin Franklin Butler
David Hunter
Ethan Allen Hitchcock
Irvin McDowell*
Ambrose Everett Burnside
William Starke Rosecrans*
Don Carlos Buell
John Pope*
Samuel Ryan Curtis
Franz Sigel
John Alexander McClernand
Lewis Wallace
George Henry Thomas
George Cadwalader
William Tecumseh Sherman*
Edward Otho Cresap Ord
Samuel Peter Heintzelman
Erasmus Darwin Keyes
Joseph Hooker*
Silas Casey
William Buel Franklin
Darius Nash Couch
Henry Warner Slocum
John James Peck
John Sedgwick
Alexander McDowell McCook
Thomas Leonidas Crittenden
John Gray Foster
John Grubb Parke
Christopher Columbus Augur
Robert Cumming Schenck
Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
Gordon Granger
Lovell Harrison Rousseau
James Birdseye McPherson
Benjamin Mayberry Prentiss
George Stoneman
George Gordon Meade*
Oliver Otis Howard
Daniel Edgar Sickles
Robert Huston Milroy
Daniel Butterfield
Winfield Scott Hancock
George Sykes
William Henry French
David Sloane Stanley
James Scott Negley
John McAllister Schofield
John McAuley Palmer
Frederick Steele
Abner Doubleday
Napoleon Jackson Tecumseh Dana
Richard James Oglesby
John Alexander Logan
James Gilpatrick Blunt
George Lucas Hartsuff
Cadwallader Colden Washburn
Francis Jay Herron
Francis Preston Blair
Joseph Jones Reynolds
Philip Henry Sheridan
Julius Stahel
Carl Schurz
John Newton
Gouverneur Kemble Warren
David Bell Birney
William Thomas Harbaugh Brooks
Alfred Pleasonton
John Buford

Brigadier-General USA

Brackets indicates concurrently Major-General USV

William Selby Harney
(Irvin McDowell)
Robert Anderson
(William Starke Rosecrans)
Philip St George Cooke
(John Pope)
(Joseph Hooker)
(George Gordon Meade)
(William Tecumseh Sherman)

Brigadier-General USV

Andrew Porter
Charles Pomeroy Stone
Thomas West Sherman
William Reading Montgomery
Rufus King
Benjamin Franklin Kelley
Jacob Dolson Cox
Alpheus Starkey Williams
James Brewerton Ricketts
Orlando Bolivar Willcox
Michael Corcoran
Henry Hayes Lockwood
James Samuel Wadsworth
George Webb Morell
John Henry Martindale
Samuel Davis Sturgis
Henry Washington Benham
William Farrar Smith
Egbert Ludovicus Vielé
William Farquhar Barry
John Joseph Abercrombie
Lawrence Pike Graham
Eleazar Arthur Paine
Willis Arnold Gorman
Horatio Gouverneur Wright
William Thomas Ward
John Gross Barnard
Innis Newton Palmer
Seth Williams
George Wright
John Milton Brannan
John Porter Hatch
William Kerley Strong
Albin Francisco Schoepf
Thomas John Wood
Richard W Johnson
Adolph Wilhelm August Friedrich Von Steinwehr
George Washington Cullum
Jeremiah Tilford Boyle
Thomas Jefferson McKean
Zealous Bates Tower
Jefferson Columbus Davis
James Henry Lane
James Abram Garfield
Lewis Golding Arnold
William Scott Ketchum
John Wynn Davidson
Henry Morris Naglee
Andrew Johnson
James Gallant Spears
Eugene Asa Carr
Thomas Alfred Davies
Daniel Tyler
William Hemsley Emory
Andrew Jackson Smith
Marsena Rudolph Patrick
Isaac Ferdinand Quinby
Orris Sanford Ferry
Daniel Phineas Woodbury
Henry Moses Judah
John Cook
John McArthur
Jacob Gartner Lauman
Horatio Phillips Van Cleve
Speed Smith Fry
Alexander Asboth
James Craig
Mahlon Dickerson Manson
Edward Richard Sprigg Canby
Grenville Mellen Dodge
Robert Byington Mitchell
Quincy Adams Gillmore
Cuvier Grover
Rufus Saxton
Benjamin Alvord
Napoleon Bonaparte Buford
William Sooy Smith
Nathan Kimball
Charles Devens
James Henry Van Alen
Samuel Wylie Crawford
Henry Walton Wessells
Milo Smith Hascall
Leonard Fulton Ross
John White Geary
Alfred Howe Terry
Andrew Atkinson Humphreys
James Henry Carleton
Absalom Baird
John Cleveland Robinson
Truman Seymour
Henry Prince
Maximilian Weber
Jeremiah Cutler Sullivan
Alvin Peterson Hovey
James Clifford Veatch
William Plummer Benton
John Curtis Caldwell
Neal Dow
George Sears Greene
Samuel Powhatan Carter
John Gibbon
Erastus Barnard Tyler
Charles Griffin
George Henry Gordon
James Madison Tuttle
Julius White
Peter Joseph Osterhaus
Stephen Gano Burbridge
Washington Lafayette Elliott
Albion Parris Howe
Green Clay Smith
Benjamin Stone Roberts
Jacob Ammen
Fitz-Henry Warren
Morgan Lewis Smith
Charles Cruft
Frederick Salomon
John Basil Turchin
Henry Shaw Briggs
James Dada Morgan
Johann August Ernst Willich
Henry Dwight Terry
James Blair Steedman
George Foster Shepley
John Reese Kenly
John Potts Slough
Godfrey Weitzel
George Crook
Thomas Leiper Kane
Gershom Mott
Henry Jackson Hunt
Francis Channing Barlow
Mason Brayman
Nathaniel James Jackson
George Washington Getty
Alfred Sully
William Woods Averell
Alexander Hays
Francis Barretto Spinola
John Henry Hobart Ward
Solomon Meredith
James Bowen
Eliakim Parker Scammon
Robert Seaman Granger
Joseph Rodman West
Joseph Warren Revere
Alfred Washington Ellet
George Leonard Andrews
Clinton Bowen Fisk
William Hays
Israel Vogdes
David Allen Russell
Lewis Cass Hunt
Frank Wheaton
John Sanford Mason
David McMurtrie Gregg
Robert Ogden Tyler
Alfred Thomas Archimedes Torbert
William Haines Lytle
Gilman Marston
William Dwight
Sullivan Amory Meredith
Edward Needles Kirk
Nathaniel Collins McLean
William Vandever
Alexander Schimmelfennig
Charles Kinnaird Graham
John Eugene Smith
Joseph Tarr Copeland
Charles Adam Heckman
Stephen Gardner Champlin
Edward Elmer Potter
Thomas Algeo Rowley
Henry Beebee Carrington
John Haskell King
Adam Jacoby Slemmer
Thomas Hewson Neill
Thomas Gamble Pitcher
Thomas William Sweeny
William Passmore Carlin
Romeyn Beck Ayres
William Babcock Hazen
James St Clair Morton
Joseph Anthony Mower
Richard Arnold
Edward Winslow Hinks
George Crockett Strong
Michael Kelly Lawler
George Day Wagner
Lysander Cutler
Joseph Farmer Knipe
John Dunlap Stevenson
James Barnes
Theophilus Toulmin Garrard
Edward Harland
Samuel Beatty
Isaac Jones Wistar
Franklin Stillman Nickerson
Edward Henry Hobson
Ralph Pomeroy Buckland
Joseph Dana Webster
William Ward Orme
William Harrow
William Hopkins Morris
John Beatty
Thomas Howard Ruger
Thomas Edward Greenfield Ransom
Elias Smith Dennis
Thomas Church Haskell Smith
Mortimer Dormer Leggett
Davis Tillson
Hector Tyndale
Albert Lindley Lee
Charles Leopold Matthies
Marcellus Monroe Crocker
Egbert Benson Brown
John McNeil
George Francis McGinnis
George Washington Deitzler
Hugh Boyle Ewing
James Winning McMillan
John Blair Smith Todd
James Murrell Shackelford
Daniel Ullmann
George Jerrison Stannard
Henry Baxter
John Milton Thayer
Charles Thomas Campbell
Thomas Welsh
Halbert Eleazer Paine
Hugh Thompson Reid
Robert Brown Potter
Thomas Ewing
Joseph Andrew Jackson Lightburn
Thomas Greely Stevenson
Henry Hastings Sibley
Joseph Bradford Carr
Joseph Jackson Bartlett
Joshua Thomas Owen
Patrick Edward Connor
John Parker Hawkins
Gabriel René Paul
Edward Augustus Wild
Edward Ferrero
Adelbert Ames
William Birney
Daniel Henry Rucker
Robert Allen
Rufus Ingalls
Gustavus Adolphus De Russy
Alexander Shaler
Benjamin Henry Grierson
Robert Sanford Foster
Hugh Judson Kilpatrick
Alexander Stewart Webb
Alfred Napoleon Alexander Duffié
Walter Chiles Whitaker
Wesley Merritt
George Armstrong Custer

Brigadier-General USA (Staff)

Montgomery Cunningham Meigs (Quartermaster-General)
Lorenzo Thomas
James Wolfe Ripley (Ordnance)
William Alexander Hammond (Surgeon-General)
Joseph Pannell Taylor (Commissary-General of Subsistence
Joseph Gilbert Totten (Engineers)

Confederate Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

General ACSA/PACS

Samuel Cooper
Robert Edward Lee
Joseph Eggleston Johnston
Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
Braxton Bragg

Lieutenant-General PACS

James Longstreet
Edmund Kirby Smith
Leonidas Polk
Theophilus Hunter Holmes
William Joseph Hardee
John Clifford Pemberton
Richard Stoddert Ewell
Ambrose Powell Hill

Major-General PACS

Benjamin Huger
John Bankhead Magruder
Mansfield Lovell
William Wing Loring
Sterling Price
Benjamin Franklin Cheatham
Samuel Jones
John Porter McCown
Daniel Harvey Hill
Jones Mitchell Withers
Thomas Carmichael Hindman
John Cabell Breckinridge
Lafayette McLaws
Richard Heron Anderson
James Ewell Brown Stuart
Richard Taylor
Simon Bolivar Buckner
Samuel Gibbs French
George Edward Pickett
Carter Littlepage Stevenson
John Bell Hood
John Horace Forney
Dabney Herndon Maury
Martin Luther Smith
John George Walker
Arnold Elzey
Patrick Ronayne Cleburne
Franklin Gardner
Isaac Ridgeway Trimble
Jubal Anderson Early
Joseph Wheeler
Edward Johnson
William Henry Chase Whiting
Robert Emmett Rodes
William Henry Talbot Walker
Henry Heth
Robert Ransom
William Dorsey Pender
Alexander Peter Stewart

Brigadier-General PACS

Alexander Robert Lawton
Charles Clark
John Buchanan Floyd
Henry Alexander Wise
Henry Hopkins Sibley
John Henry Winder
Gideon Johnson Pillow
Daniel Ruggles
Roswell Sabine Ripley
Paul Octave Hébert
Albert Gallatin Blanchard
Gabriel James Rains
Thomas Fenwick Drayton
Nathan George Evans
Cadmus Marcellus Wilcox
James Heyward Trapier
Hugh Weedon Mercer
William Montgomery Gardner
William Mahone
Raleigh Edward Colston
Sterling Alexander Martin Wood
John King Jackson
Bushrod Rust Johnson
James Patton Anderson
Howell Cobb
George Wythe Randolph
Joseph Brevard Kershaw
James Ronald Chalmers
James Johnston Pettigrew
Daniel Leadbetter
William Whann Mackall
Daniel Marsh Frost
Winfield Scott Featherston
Thomas James Churchill
William Booth Taliaferro
Albert Rust
Samuel Bell Maxey
Hamilton Prioleau Bee
James Morrison Hawes
George Hume Steuart
James Edwin Slaughter
Charles William Field
Paul Jones Semmes
Lucius Marshall Walker
Seth Maxwell Barton
Henry Eustace McCullough
John Stevens Bowen
Benjamin Hardin Helm
John Selden Roane
States Rights Gist
William Nelson Pendleton
Lewis Addison Armistead
Joseph Finegan
William Nelson Rector Beall
Thomas Jordan
William Preston
Roger Atkinson Pryor
John Echols
George Earl Maney
Jean Jacques Alfred Alexandre Mouton
John Stuart Williams
James Green Martin
Thomas Lanier Clingman
Wade Hampton
Daniel Weisiger Adams
Louis Hébert
John Creed Moore
Ambrose Ransom Wright
James Lawson Kemper
James Jay Archer
Beverley Holcombe Robertson
St John Richardson Liddell
Nathan Bedford Forrest
Johnson Hagood
Micah Jenkins
Fitzhugh Lee
Harry Thompson Hays
Albert Gallatin Jenkins
Matthew Duncan Ector
Edward Aylesworth Perry
John Gregg
John Calvin Brown
Alfred Holt Colquitt
Junius Daniel
Abraham Buford
William Steele
James Fleming Fagan
William Read Scurry
Francis Asbury Shoup
Joseph Robert Davis
William Henry Fitzhugh Lee
William Edmondson Jones
William Edwin Baldwin
John Crawford Vaughn
Evander McIvor Law
William Brimage Bate
Elkanah Brackin Greer
Francis Redding Tillou Nicholls
Preston Smith
Alfred Cumming
William Stephen Walker
George Pierce Doles
Carnot Posey
Montgomery Dent Corse
George Thomas Anderson
Alfred Iverson
James Henry Lane
Edward Lloyd Thomas
Stephen Dodson Ramseur
John Rogers Cooke
Jerome Bonaparte Robertson
Evander McNair
Archibald Gracie
William Robertson Boggs
James Camp Tappan
Dandridge McRae
Mosby Monroe Parsons
Stephen Dill Lee
John Pegram
John Sappington Marmaduke
John Austin Wharton
William Thompson Martin
John Hunt Morgan
Marcus Joseph Wright
Zachariah Cantey Deas
Lucius Eugene Polk
Edward Cary Walthall
John Adams
William Hicks Jackson
James Cantey
Camille Armand Jules Marie de Polignac
Robert Frederick Hoke
Henry Lewis Benning
William Tatum Wofford
Samuel McGowan
Marcellus Augustus Stovall
George Blake Cosby
Francis Crawford Armstrong
William Lewis Cabell
John Daniel Imboden
William Smith
Alfred Eugene Jackson
Robert Brank Vance
Henry Delamar Clayton
Arthur Middleton Manigault
Douglas Hancock Cooper
John Brown Gordon
John Wilkins Whitfield
James Alexander Walker
John Marshall Jones
Thomas Green
Matthew Whitaker Ransom
Alfred Moore Scales
George Washington Custis Lee
Henry Harrison Walker

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