1863 July 4th

July 4 1863 Saturday

Battle of Helena, AR (CWSAC Major Battle Union Victory)
Columbia, KY
Surrender of Vicksburg, MS (CWSAC Decisive Battle Union Victory)

Vicksburg Campaign – Siege of Vicksburg
Gettysburg Campaign
Siege of Port Hudson
Morgan’s Ohio Raid
Taylor’s Expedition to the Mississippi

Go to July 5 1863

USA. Ulysses Simpson Grant was promoted on 7 July 1863 to Major-General in the US Regular Army to date from his victory at Vicksburg. He became the fourth-ranking General in the US Army behind General-in-Chief Henry Wager Halleck, the long-serving commander of the Department of the East Major-General John Ellis Wool, and Major-General George Brinton McClellan, who was inactive and without a command. Major-General George Gordon Meade and Major-General William Tecumseh Sherman would later be recognised for their successes at Gettysburg and at Vicksburg respectively, by promotion to Brigadier-General in the US Army. David Dixon Porter was promoted to Rear Admiral in the US Navy for his conspicuous part in the Vicksburg campaign.

Arkansas. Confederate expedition to Helena ended.

Helena, Arkansas. Helena was a Mississippi port town at the terminus of Crowley’s Ridge, ringed by steep hills cut by heavily thicketed ravines. It was held by Union Major-General Benjamin Mayberry Prentiss with 4,129 men in Brigadier-General Frederick Sigel Salomon’s detached division of XIII Corps. This was the last remaining division of four commanded by Major-General Frederick Steele that had been sent to reinforce the campaign against Vicksburg.
Prentiss had prepared four fortified positions on the bluffs north and west of town, Batteries A and B to the north taking advantage of Rightor Hill, Battery C west of the city on Graveyard Hill, and Battery D near the home of Confederate Major-General Thomas Carmichael Hindman on Hindman Hill southwest of the town and commanding the Upper Little Rock Road. The batteries were protected by breastworks and rifle pits in a semicircle around the town. These were new works built by Prentiss to supplement a single existing earthwork bastion called Fort Curtis, at the city’s western edge. They were well-placed about half a mile from Fort Curtis which sat at the centre of the spokes of the defence. In addition, the timber-clad gunboat USS Tyler under Lieutenant-Commander James M Prichett was assigned to support the garrison with its 8-inch guns but its presence was unknown to the assailants.
Confederate Lieutenant-General Theophilus Hunter Holmes had been ordered to send reinforcements to Vicksburg, but he disregarded these instructions and decided instead to make a diversionary attack on Helena with his 6,500 men. He planned a coordinated attack from three sides on the fortifications surrounding Helena. The Confederate expedition from Little Rock included two infantry brigades under Major-General Sterling Price, another under Brigadier-General James Fleming Fagan and 2,500 cavalrymen in two brigades under Brigadier-General John Sappington Marmaduke and a third cavalry brigade under Brigadier-General Lucius March Walker. Price and Marmaduke moved from Jacksonport to the vicinity of Helena and met Fagan’s infantry coming from Little Rock. Holmes and the Arkansas governor Harris Flanagin travelled to Helena to take personal command of the attack.
Prentiss had received warning that an attack was imminent and slowed the Confederate advance by felling trees across the roads. Helena itself was overcrowded with Union troops, many of them sick, and was suffering from a shortage of tents and poor sanitation facilities. However, Prentiss kept his men on the alert and they took post before dawn to avoid a surprise attack. They had been doing this for days and were not caught by surprise. Two hours before dawn at 2.30 am Clayton’s troopers were ready on the far right guarding the river road north of the town. McLean’s and Rice’s infantry and gunners manned the chain of batteries and entrenchments along the hilltops.
Holmes planned a dawn attack for Marmaduke’s 1,700 dismounted cavalrymen to attack the fortified Rightor Hill northwest of the town in order to capture the artillery battery stationed there. Fagan’s 1,300 men were assigned to capture Hindman’s Hill southwest of the city. Walker was assigned the task of guarding Marmaduke’s flank and preventing Union reinforcements from reaching Rightor Hill. The main attack would take place with Price’s 3,100 men seizing Graveyard Hill and the battery protecting it in the centre. The southwest and centre elements of the Confederate attack suffered from failed communications and misinterpreted orders. Fagan and Price failed to coordinate their attacks due to Holmes’ vague order to “attack at daylight.” Price interpreted this order to mean an attack at sunrise and Fagan interpreted it to mean an attack at first light and Fagan went forward a full hour before Price.
Firing broke out along the picket line at 3 am. Fagan was surprised to find his attack on Hindman Hill (Battery D) was opposed by artillery fire from Graveyard Hill (Battery C) where he had expected Price to be engaged already with the battery. Fagan’s artillery had not been able to reach the battlefield because of felled trees blocking the road and he had no choice but to try to take the hill under unopposed artillery fire. Fagan’s men reached the summit of the hill and managed to seize three lines of outer fortifications but were pinned down just short of the summit of Hindman’s Hill by the two Union batteries. They were halted so effectively that they could neither advance nor retreat.
Price’s assault on the centre of the Union lines did not commence for almost an hour after Fagan’s attack began. Price’s men had wandered across the broken country before they stormed up Graveyard Hill. Price’s two brigades charged the Union defences but were repulsed by concentrated artillery fire from the two neighbouring batteries and from Fort Curtis further east. Price’s Confederates made two more desperate charges before successfully capturing the guns of Battery C on Graveyard Hill. Price attempted to turn the captured guns on the remaining Union forces but found that the guns had been disabled before capture. Fagan now held some of the fortifications to the southwest and Price held the high ground in the centre of the Union lines, but neither was strong enough to make further progress unaided.
Holmes arrived on Graveyard Hill but appeared unable to decide whether to support Marmaduke on his left flank, or Fagan on his right flank, or to press Price’s advantage in the centre. He issued a series of confusing orders that led to partial measures which failed to turn the tide in any of the three positions. One of Price’s brigades tried to support Fagan’s attack on Battery D but the Union line held, backed by the increasingly effective guns of the gunboat. Further north Marmaduke’s assault on Rightor Hill ran into trouble almost immediately and he began taking artillery and small arms fire from troops behind the levee on his left flank under Colonel Powell Clayton. Colonel Joseph Orville Shelby’s attack was repulsed. Walker was supposed to intervene for Marmaduke but failed to come to his aid out of concern for his own exposed position. Walker’s failure led to recriminations between Marmaduke and Walker that eventually ended in a bloody duel.
The exposed Confederates were targeted by every remaining gun on the battlefield as well as the heavy naval guns of the USS Tyler. Acting Ensign George L Smith reported firing 413 rounds, mostly heavy 8” and 10” shells. The 2nd Arkansas Infantry (African Descent) held the extreme left of the Union line. Although not directly attacked and suffering only five men were wounded, the role they played in the battle received wide notice in the Northern abolitionist press.
By 10:30 am, Holmes realised that he could make no further headway. He also realised that even if he succeeded in his attack, his troops would be exposed not only to the USS Tyler but also to whatever Union warships came to its support. The town was clearly untenable even if captured and he ordered a general retreat. By midday, the costly attack on the Union base had been abandoned with the loss of a fifth of the Confederate force. Large groups of Confederates trapped in ravines surrendered, including Colonel Samuel Bell, Lieutenant-Colonel Jeptha C Johnson, and more than 100 men of the 37th Arkansas Infantry. The Confederates retreated unmolested.
This was the Confederates’ last major offensive operation in Arkansas (apart from cavalry raids and the repulse of the Camden Expedition) and the last attempt to seize a chokepoint on the Mississippi. Union casualties were reported as 206 or 239 and Confederate as between 1,500 to 1,636 and likely about 1,614 (about 1,200 of them captured). (CWSAC Major Battle Union Victory)


Union Department of the Tennessee: Major-General Ulysses Simpson Grant
District of Eastern Arkansas: Major-General Benjamin Mayberry Prentiss
Cavalry Brigade (Eastern Arkansas): Colonel Powell Clayton
1st Division, XIII Corps, (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Frederick Sigel Salomon
1st Brigade, 1st Division, XIII Corps, (Tennessee): Colonel William E McLean
2nd Brigade, 1st Division, XIII Corps, (Tennessee): Colonel Samuel A Rice
Cavalry Brigade, 1st Division, XIII Corps, (Tennessee): Colonel P Clayton

Confederate Trans-Mississippi Department: Lieutenant-General Edmund Kirby Smith
District of Arkansas: Lieutenant-General Theophilus Hunter Holmes
Price’s Division, District of Arkansas (Trans-Mississippi): Major-General Sterling Price
1st Brigade, Price’s Division, District of Arkansas (Trans-Mississippi): Brigadier-General Dandridge McRae
2nd Brigade, Price’s Division, District of Arkansas (Trans-Mississippi): Brigadier-General James Fleming Fagan
3rd Brigade, Price’s Division, District of Arkansas (Trans-Mississippi): Brigadier-General Lucius March Walker
4th Brigade, Price’s Division, District of Arkansas (Trans-Mississippi): Brigadier-General Mosby Monroe Parsons
Marmaduke’s Division, District of Arkansas (Trans-Mississippi): Brigadier-General John Sappington Marmaduke
1st Brigade, Marmaduke’s Division, District of Arkansas (Trans-Mississippi): Brigadier-General Joseph Orville Shelby
2nd Brigade, Marmaduke’s Division, District of Arkansas (Trans-Mississippi): Colonel Colton Greene

Kentucky. Incident at Rocky Hill Station.

Columbia, Kentucky, also known as Green River Bridge, or Tebb’s Bend. After crossing the Cumberland River at Burkesville, Confederate Brigadier-General John Hunt Morgan’s column advanced to the Green River. Morgan demanded the surrender of five companies of Union Colonel O H Moore’s 25th Michigan Infantry that were barring a crossing of the Green River near Columbia. Moore refused the request and Morgan attacked with 600 of his men. The Confederates were repelled with a loss of 80 casualties while no more than Union men were lost. Having failed to force a crossing of the Green River at Columbia, Morgan moved on to find an alternative crossing, passing through Campbellsville to camp in the vicinity of Lebanon. He then surprised and captured the garrison at Lebanon before riding onwards via Springfield, Bardstown, and Garnettsville.

Louisiana. Union Brigadier-General William Hemsley Emory raised his estimate of the Confederate force threatening New Orleans to 13,000 men. He warned that a further 10,000 citizens of the city were rumoured to be arming themselves for an insurrection. He demanded that reinforcements be sent by Major-General Nathaniel Prentiss Banks from Port Hudson. Banks declined, trusting that the naval flotilla could recapture the city at will once Port Hudson had fallen.
Banks accelerated his siege operations at Port Hudson by instigating a round-the-clock artillery bombardment. By day the fire was adjusted by an observer perched on the yardarm of USS Richmond, assisted by wig-wag flag signallers. This was one of the earliest examples of indirect artillery fire. Despite the success of Confederate Major-General Richard Taylor’s operations north and west of New Orleans, he failed in his main objective of forcing the abandonment of the siege of Port Hudson.

Maryland. Skirmish near Emmitsburg.

Mississippi. Skirmish on the Big Black River at Messenger’s (or Messinger’s) Ferry.

Vicksburg, Mississippi. The Siege of Vicksburg ended. Confederate Lieutenant-General John Clifford Pemberton accepted the terms of Major-General Ulysses Simpson Grant and surrendered Vicksburg and its garrison of about 20,000 Confederate troops. Grant had initially demanded an unconditional surrender but then reconsidered, not wanting to feed up to 30,000 hungry Confederate soldiers and civilians. He offered to parole the prisoners instead. He expected their destitute, dejected and starving condition to take home the stigma of defeat that would demoralise the Confederacy. He also wanted to avoid the waste of transport vessels and guards needed to evacuate such a huge number of prisoners.
The Confederates raised white flags at 10 am and Union Major-General John Alexander Logan’s division marched in to take possession of the town, having earned the honour through distinguished service and severe casualties throughout the campaign and siege. With the surrender, a third Union mine scheduled to explode in support of an attack planned for 6th July was rendered unnecessary and disarmed.
Apart from the last remaining Confederate outpost at Port Hudson, Grant had successfully opened the entire Mississippi River to Union control. The Union naval flotilla made a decisive contribution to the victory; 13 naval guns were stationed ashore, firing 4,500 rounds, the mortar boats fired 7,000 bombs, and the gunboats 4,500 more rounds. The capture of Vicksburg allowed the Union army and naval forces the freedom to move and act all along the Mississippi River and into its tributaries.
With the loss of Pemberton’s army and this vital stronghold on the Mississippi, the Confederacy was effectively split in two. The surrender of the Confederate garrison at Vicksburg resulted in the loss of substantial forces. A large proportion subsequently returned through exchanges, but it was a fatal blow for Confederate operations in the Western theatre. Union President Abraham Lincoln wrote: ‘‘The Father of Waters again goes unvexed to the sea.”
Union casualties for the siege of Vicksburg were 4,835 or 4,910 men in total. Confederate losses were 2,872 men killed, wounded, and missing and a further 29,396 (or 29,495) surrendered. Alternative reports state 4,550 Union and 31,275 Confederate casualties. The Confederates also surrendered 172 guns and 60,000 small arms. (CWSAC Decisive Battle Union Victory)


Union Department of the Tennessee: Major-General Ulysses Simpson Grant
Army of the Tennessee: Major-General Ulysses Simpson Grant Acting Inspector General: Brigadier-General Jeremiah Cutler Sullivan
IX Corps (Tennessee): Major-General John Grubb Parke
1st Division, IX Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Thomas Welsh
1st Brigade, 1st Division, IX Corps (Tennessee): Colonel Henry Bowman
3rd Brigade, 1st Division, IX Corps (Tennessee): Colonel Daniel Leasure
2nd Division, IX Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Robert Brown Potter
1st Brigade, 2nd Division, IX Corps (Tennessee): Colonel Simon Goodell Griffin
2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, IX Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Edward Ferrero
3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, IX Corps (Tennessee): Colonel Benjamin C Christ
XIII Corps (Tennessee): Major-General Edward Otho Cresap Ord
9th Division, XIII Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Peter Joseph Osterhaus
1st Brigade, 9th Division, XIII Corps (Tennessee): Colonel James Keigwin
2nd Brigade, 9th Division, XIII Corps (Tennessee): Colonel Daniel W Lindsey
10th Division, XIII Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Andrew Jackson Smith
1st Brigade, 10th Division, XIII Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Stephen Gano Burbridge
2nd Brigade, 10th Division, XIII Corps (Tennessee): Colonel William J Landram
12th Division, XIII Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Alvin Peterson Hovey
1st Brigade, 12th Division, XIII Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General George Francis McGinnis
2nd Brigade, 12th Division, XIII Corps (Tennessee): Colonel James R Slack
14th Division, XIII Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Eugene Asa Carr
1st Brigade, 14th Division, XIII Corps (Tennessee): Colonel David Shunk
2nd Brigade, 14th Division, XIII Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Michael Kelly Lawler
XV Corps (Tennessee): Major-General William Tecumseh Sherman
1st Division, XV Corps (Tennessee): Major-General Frederick Steele
1st Brigade, 1st Division, XV Corps (Tennessee): Colonel Bernard G Farrar
2nd Brigade, 1st Division, XV Corps (Tennessee): Colonel Charles R Woods
3rd Brigade, 1st Division, XV Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General John Milton Thayer
2nd Division, XV Corps (Tennessee): Major-General Francis Preston Blair
1st Brigade, 2nd Division, XV Corps (Tennessee): Colonel Giles A Smith
2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, XV Corps (Tennessee): Colonel Thomas Kilby Smith
3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, XV Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Hugh Boyle Ewing
3rd Division, XV Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General James Madison Tuttle
1st Brigade, 3rd Division, XV Corps (Tennessee): Colonel William L McMillen
2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, XV Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Joseph Anthony Mower
3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, XV Corps (Tennessee): Colonel Joseph J Woods
XVI Corps (Tennessee): Major-General Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
Left Wing XVI Corps (Tennessee): Major-General Cadwallader Colden Washburn
1st Division, XVI Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General William Sooy Smith
1st Brigade, 1st Division, XVI Corps (Tennessee): Colonel Sanford J Stoughton
2nd Brigade, 1st Division, XVI Corps (Tennessee): Colonel Stephen G Hicks
3rd Brigade, 1st Division, XVI Corps (Tennessee): Colonel Joseph R Cockerill
4th Brigade, 1st Division, XVI Corps (Tennessee): Colonel William W Sanford
4th Division, XVI Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Jacob Gartner Lauman
1st Brigade, 4th Division, XVI Corps (Tennessee): Colonel Isaac C Pugh
2nd Brigade, 4th Division, XVI Corps (Tennessee): Colonel Cyrus Hall
3rd Brigade, 4th Division, XVI Corps (Tennessee): Colonel Amory K Johnson
Provisional Division, XVI Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Nathan Kimball
Engelmann’s Brigade, Provisional Division, XVI Corps (Tennessee): Colonel Adolph Engelmann
Richmond’s Brigade, Provisional Division, XVI Corps (Tennessee): Colonel Jonathan Richmond
Montgomery’s Brigade, Provisional Division, XVI Corps (Tennessee): Colonel Milton Montgomery
XVII Corps (Tennessee): Major-General James Birdseye McPherson
3rd Division, XVII Corps (Tennessee): Major-General John Alexander Logan
1st Brigade, 3rd Division, XVII Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Mortimer Dormer Leggett
2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, XVII Corps (Tennessee): Colonel Manning F Force
3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, XVII Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General John Dunlap Stevenson
6th Division, XVII Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General John McArthur
1st Brigade, 6th Division, XVII Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Hugh Thompson Reid
2nd Brigade, 6th Division, XVII Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Thomas Edward Greenfield Ransom
3rd Brigade, 6th Division, XVII Corps (Tennessee): Colonel Alexander Chambers
7th Division, XVII Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Isaac Ferdinand Quinby
1st Brigade, 7th Division, XVII Corps (Tennessee): Colonel John B Sanborn
2nd Brigade, 7th Division, XVII Corps (Tennessee): Colonel Green B Raum
3rd Brigade, 7th Division, XVII Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Charles Leopold Matthies
Herron’s Division XVII Corps (Tennessee) (attached from Army of the Frontier): Major-General Francis Jay Herron
1st Brigade, Herron’s Division XVII Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General William Vandever
2nd Brigade, Herron’s Division XVII Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General William Ward Orme
Cavalry Brigade, Herron’s Division XVII Corps (Tennessee): Colonel Cyrus Bussey
District of Northeast Louisiana (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Elias Smith Dennis
1st Brigade, District of Northeast Louisiana (Tennessee): Colonel George W Neeley
African Brigade, District of Northeast Louisiana (Tennessee): Colonel Isaac F Shepard

Mississippi. Having secured Vicksburg, Union Major-General Ulysses Simpson Grant conferred with Rear Admiral David Dixon Porter about the next steps in the campaign. Porter agreed to send two tinclad gunboats and an ironclad to escort transports conveying 5,000 infantrymen upstream to the Yazoo River in order to remove any remaining Confederate outposts.


Confederate Military Division of the West: General Joseph Eggleston Johnston
Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana: General Joseph Eggleston Johnston
Defences of Vicksburg: Major-Genera; Martin Luther Smith
River Batteries (Vicksburg): Colonel E Higgins
Army of Mississippi: Lieutenant-General John Clifford Pemberton
Stevenson’s Division (Mississippi): Major-General Carter Littlepage Stevenson
Barton’s Brigade, Stevenson’s Division (Mississippi): Brigadier-General Seth Maxwell Barton
Cumming’s Brigade, Stevenson’s Division (Mississippi): Brigadier-General Alfred Cumming
Lee’s Brigade, Stevenson’s Division (Mississippi): Brigadier-General Stephen Dill Lee (not at Vicksburg)
Reynolds’ Brigade, Stevenson’s Division (Mississippi): Colonel Alexander Welch Reynolds (not at Vicksburg)
Waul’s Texas Legion, Stevenson’s Division (Mississippi): Colonel Thomas Neville Waul (not at Vicksburg)
Forney’s Division (Mississippi): Major-General John Horace Forney

Hébert’s Brigade, Forney’s Division (Mississippi): Brigadier-General Louis Hébert
Moore’s Brigade, Forney’s Division (Mississippi): Brigadier-General John Creed Moore
Baldwin’s Brigade, Forney’s Division (Mississippi): Brigadier-General William Edwin Baldwin
Vaughn’s Brigade, Forney’s Division (Mississippi): Brigadier-General John Crawford Vaughn
Shoup’s Brigade, Forney’s Division (Mississippi): Brigadier-General Francis Asbury Shoup
Mississippi State Troops: State Brigadier-General Jephtha Vining Harris
Bowen’s Division (Mississippi): Major-General John Stevens Bowen
Cockrell’s Brigade, Bowen’s Division (Mississippi): Colonel Francis Marion Cockrell
Dockery’s Brigade, Bowen’s Division (Mississippi): Colonel Thomas Pleasant Dockery

Missouri. Skirmish at Cassville.

Missouri. Skirmish in the Black Fork Hills.

New Mexico Territory. Skirmish with Indians near Fort Craig.

North Carolina. Expedition to Trenton began.

Pennsylvania. Skirmish at Fairfield Gap.

Pennsylvania. Skirmish at Monterey Gap.

Pennsylvania. Confederate General Robert Edward Lee reformed his lines into a defensive position on Seminary Ridge during the night and evacuated the town of Gettysburg. The army rested in defensive positions all day before beginning a withdrawal towards Williamsport on the Potomac River. Lee needed time to extricate his wagon train and thousands of wounded men. A proposal by Lee for a prisoner exchange was rejected by Union Major-General George Gordon Meade. A Union brigade deployed towards the Peach Orchard but did not attempt to engage the Confederates. Other troops also reoccupied the evacuated town of Gettysburg. The Union Army of the Potomac remained in position at Gettysburg after a council of war produced a vote of five corps commanders to two to await confirmation of a Confederate retreat.
Rain fell in the afternoon and became a deluge during the evening, discouraging the exhausted Union army from making a counter-attack. Late in the evening, Lee started his Army of Northern Virginia in motion towards Fairfield and Chambersburg. Lieutenant-General Ambrose Powell Hill’s III Corps led the retreat, followed by Lieutenant-General James Longstreet’s I Corps, and then by Lieutenant-General Richard Stoddert Ewell’s II Corps at about 2 am. Cavalry under Brigadier-General John Daniel Imboden was entrusted to escort the fourteen miles-long wagon train of supplies and wounded men, following a route through Cashtown and Chambersburg, Greencastle, and Hagerstown to cross the Potomac at Williamsport, Maryland. The infantry would take a shorter route through Fairfield to Hagerstown. The rest of the Confederate cavalry screened the march along the Emmitsburg Road. The available 800 men of Major-General George Edward Pickett’s division guarded around 4,000 Union prisoners at the head of the infantry column.

Tennessee. Incidents at Cowan.

Tennessee. Skirmish at University Depot.

Tennessee. The retreating Confederate Army of the Tennessee passed over the Sewanee Mountain. General Braxton Bragg went on ahead to Bridgeport, where he caught the train to Chattanooga. The Confederates descended from the Cumberland Plateau and followed the Sequatchie Valley before turning south along the right bank of the Tennessee River in order to cross downstream at Bridgeport, Alabama. Union cavalry forced the mountain pass at Cowan and drove the Confederate rearguard southwards. A cavalry pursuit by Union Brigadier-General Philip Henry Sheridan failed to trap Bragg’s rearguard before they crossed the river.

Virginia. Skirmish at the South Anna Bridge on the Richmond & Fredericksburg Railroad.

Virginia. Confederate Vice-President Alexander Hamilton Stephens was kept waiting off Newport News for two days aboard CSS Torpedo while he awaited permission to meet US President Abraham Lincoln.

Virginia. Union Brigadier-General George Washington Getty’s troops were engaged in diversionary actions on the South Anna River.

West Virginia. North Mountain Depot captured.

West Virginia. Skirmish at Fayetteville.

West Virginia. Skirmish at Huttonsville involving Confederate Brigadier-General William Lowther Jackson.

Union Organisation

USA: The District of Central Kentucky was discontinued.

USA: Major-General Henry Warner Slocum resumed command of XII Corps (Potomac), succeeding Brigadier-General Alpheus Starkey Williams.

USA: Ulysses Simpson Grant promoted Major-General USA 7 July 1863 to rank from 4 July 1863. His concurrent grade of Major-General in the US Volunteers was effectively terminated.

USA: William Tecumseh Sherman promoted Brigadier-General USA 4 August 1863 to rank from 4 July 1863.

USA: David Dixon Porter promoted Rear Admiral USN 4 July 1863.

Commander in Chief: President Abraham Lincoln
Vice-President: Hannibal Hamlin
Secretary of War: Edwin McMasters Stanton
Secretary of the Navy: Gideon Welles

North Atlantic Blockading Squadron: Samuel Phillips Lee
South Atlantic Blockading Squadron: Samuel Francis Du Pont
West Gulf Blockading Squadron: David Glasgow Farragut
East Gulf Blockading Squadron: Theodorus Bailey
Pacific Squadron: Charles H Bell
Mississippi River Squadron: David Dixon Porter
Potomac Flotilla: Andrew Allen Harwood

General–in-Chief: Henry Wager Halleck

Department of the Cumberland: William Starke Rosecrans

  • Army of the Cumberland: William Starke Rosecrans
    • XIV Corps Cumberland: George Henry Thomas
    • XX Corps Cumberland: Alexander McDowell McCook
    • XXI Corps Cumberland: Thomas Leonidas Crittenden
    • Reserve Corps Cumberland: Gordon Granger
    • Cavalry Corps Cumberland: David Sloane Stanley

Department of the East: John Ellis Wool

Department of the Gulf: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks

  • District of Pensacola: William Cune Holbrook
  • District of La Fourche: Henry Warner Birge
  • District of Key West and Tortugas: Daniel Phineas Woodbury
  • Defences of New Orleans: Thomas West Sherman
  • Army of the Gulf: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
    • XIX Corps Gulf: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks

Middle Department: Robert Cumming Schenck

  • District of Delaware: Daniel Tyler
  • District of the Eastern Shore of Maryland: Henry Hayes Lockwood
  • VIII Corps Middle: Robert Cumming Schenck

Department of the Missouri: John McAllister Schofield

  • District of St Louis: William Kerley Strong
  • District of Southeast Missouri: John Wynn Davidson
  • District of Southwest Missouri: John McNeil
  • District of Northeast Missouri: Thomas Jefferson McKean
  • District of Northwest Missouri: Willard Preble Hall
  • District of Central Missouri: Egbert Benson Brown
  • District of Rolla: Thomas Alfred Davies
  • District of Nebraska Territory: Thomas Jefferson McKean
  • District of the Frontier: James Gilpatrick Blunt
  • District of the Border: Thomas Ewing
  • Army of the Frontier: Francis Jay Herron

Department of the Monongahela: William Thomas Harbaugh Brooks

Department of New Mexico: James Henry Carleton

  • District of Arizona: Joseph Rodman West

Department of North Carolina: John Gray Foster

  • District of Albemarle: Henry Walton Wessells
  • District of Beaufort NC: Charles Adam Heckman
  • District of the Pamlico: Henry Prince
  • XVIII Corps North Carolina: John Gray Foster

Department of the Northwest: John Pope

  • District of Minnesota: Henry Hastings Sibley
  • District of Wisconsin: Thomas Church Haskell Smith
  • District of Iowa: Benjamin Stone Roberts
  • District of Dakota: Alfred Sully

Department of the Ohio: Ambrose Everett Burnside

  • District of Kentucky: Jeremiah Tilford Boyle
  • District of Eastern Kentucky: Julius White
  • District of Western Kentucky: Jeremiah Tilford Boyle
  • District of Illinois: Jacob Ammen
  • District of Indiana and Michigan: Orlando Bolivar Willcox
  • District of Ohio: Jacob Dolson Cox
  • Army of the Ohio: Ambrose Everett Burnside
    • XXIII Corps Ohio: George Lucas Hartsuff

Department of the Pacific: George Wright

  • District of the Humboldt: Francis James Lippitt
  • District of Oregon: Benjamin Alvord
  • District of Southern California: Ferris Foreman temporary
  • District of Utah: Patrick Edward Connor

Department of the Potomac: George Gordon Meade

  • Army of the Potomac: George Gordon Meade
    • I Corps Potomac: John Newton
    • II Corps Potomac: William Hays temporary
    • III Corps Potomac: David Bell Birney temporary
    • V Corps Potomac: George Sykes
    • VI Corps Potomac: John Sedgwick
    • XI Corps Potomac: Oliver Otis Howard
    • XII Corps Potomac: Henry Warner Slocum
    • Cavalry Corps Potomac: Alfred Pleasonton

Department of the South: Quincy Adams Gillmore

  • X Corps South: Quincy Adams Gillmore

Department of the Susquehanna: Darius Nash Couch

Department of the Tennessee: Ulysses Simpson Grant

  • District of West Tennessee: Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
    • Sub-District of Memphis: James Clifford Veatch
  • District of Eastern Arkansas: Benjamin Mayberry Prentiss
  • District of Northeast Louisiana: Elias Smith Dennis
  • Army of the Tennessee: Ulysses Simpson Grant
    • IX Corps Tennessee: John Grubb Parke
    • XIII Corps Tennessee: Edward Otho Cresap Ord
    • XV Corps Tennessee: William Tecumseh Sherman
    • XVI Corps Tennessee: Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
      • Left Wing XVI Corps Tennessee: vacant
    • XVII Corps Tennessee: James Birdseye McPherson

Department of Virginia: Erasmus Darwin Keyes

  • IV Corps Virginia: Erasmus Darwin Keyes
  • VII Corps Virginia: John Adams Dix

Department of Washington: Samuel Peter Heintzelman

  • District of Alexandria: John Potts Slough
  • District of Washington: John Henry Martindale
  • XXII Corps Washington: Samuel Peter Heintzelman

Department of Western Virginia: Benjamin Franklin Kelley

  • Army of the Kanawha: George Crook

Confederate Organisation

CSA: The Defences of Vicksburg was discontinued.

CSA: The Army of Mississippi surrendered at Vicksburg, Mississippi and was discontinued.

CSA: General Joseph Eggleston Johnston assumed temporary command of the Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana, succeeding Lieutenant-General John Clifford Pemberton.

CSA: Lieutenant-General John Clifford Pemberton was captured at Vicksburg, Mississippi.

CSA: Major-General Carter Littlepage Stevenson was captured at Vicksburg, Mississippi.

CSA: Major-General John Stevens Bowen was captured at Vicksburg, Mississippi.

CSA: Major-General John Horace Forney was captured at Vicksburg, Mississippi.

CSA: Major-General Martin Luther Smith was captured at Vicksburg, Mississippi.

CSA: Brigadier-General William Edwin Baldwin was captured at Vicksburg, Mississippi.

CSA: Brigadier-General Seth Maxwell Barton was captured at Vicksburg, Mississippi.

CSA: Brigadier-General Alfred Cumming was captured at Vicksburg, Mississippi.

CSA: Brigadier-General Louis Hébert was captured at Vicksburg, Mississippi.

CSA: Brigadier-General Stephen Dill Lee was captured at Vicksburg, Mississippi.

CSA: Brigadier-General John Creed Moore was captured at Vicksburg, Mississippi.

CSA: Brigadier-General Francis Asbury Shoup was captured at Vicksburg, Mississippi.

CSA: Brigadier-General John Crawford Vaughn was captured at Vicksburg, Mississippi.

Commander in Chief: President Jefferson Finis Davis
Vice-President: Alexander Hamilton Stephens
Secretary of War: James Alexander Seddon
Secretary of the Navy: Stephen Russell Mallory

Military Adviser to the President: Vacant

Military Division of the West: Joseph Eggleston Johnston

  • Department of East Tennessee: William Preston temporary
    • District of Abingdon: William Preston
  • Western Department: Braxton Bragg
    • District of the Tennessee: John King Jackson
    • Gulf District: Dabney Herndon Maury
    • Army of Tennessee: Braxton Bragg
      • I Corps Tennessee: Leonidas Polk
      • II Corps Tennessee: William Joseph Hardee
      • Cavalry Corps Tennessee: William Hicks Jackson
  • Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana: Joseph Eggleston Johnston temporary
    • District One of Mississippi and East Louisiana: Daniel Ruggles
    • District Two of Mississippi and East Louisiana: vacant
    • District Three of Mississippi and East Louisiana: Franklin Gardner
    • District Four of Mississippi and East Louisiana: John Adams
    • District Five of Mississippi and East Louisiana: James Ronald Chalmers

Department of Henrico: John Henry Winder

Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia: Samuel Gibbs French temporary

  • Sub-District of Cape Fear: William Henry Chase Whiting

Department of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee

  • Army of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee
    • I Corps Northern Virginia: James Longstreet
    • II Corps Northern Virginia: Richard Stoddert Ewell
    • III Corps Northern Virginia: Ambrose Powell Hill
    • Cavalry Corps Northern Virginia: James Ewell Brown Stuart
  • Valley District: Jubal Anderson Early

Department of Richmond: Daniel Harvey Hill temporary

Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard

  • District of Georgia: Hugh Weedon Mercer
  • District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
    • 1st Sub-District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
    • 2nd Sub-District of South Carolina: James Heyward Trapier
    • 3rd Sub-District of South Carolina: William Stephen Walker
    • 4th Sub-District of South Carolina: James Heyward Trapier
  • District of East Florida: Joseph Finegan
  • District of Middle Florida: Thomas Howell Cobb
  • District of West Florida: John Horace Forney

Trans-Allegheny Department: Samuel Jones

Trans-Mississippi Department: Edmund Kirby Smith

  • District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: John Bankhead Magruder
    • Western Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: Hamilton Prioleau Bee
      • Sub-District of the Rio Grande: Hamilton Prioleau Bee
    • Eastern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: Philip Noland Luckett temporary
    • Sub-District of Houston: Xavier Blanchard Debray
    • Northern Sub-District Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: Smith Pyne Bankhead
  • District of Arkansas: Theophilus Hunter Holmes
  • District of West Louisiana: Richard Taylor
  • District of Indian Territory: Douglas Hancock Cooper interim William Steele awaited
  • Defences of Pass Cavallo: John W Glenn
  • Trans-Mississippi Army: Edmund Kirby Smith

Union Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

Major-General USA

George Brinton McClellan
John Charles Frémont
Henry Wager Halleck
John Ellis Wool
Ulysses Simpson Grant

Major-General USVAsterisk indicates concurrently Brigadier-General USA

John Adams Dix
Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
Benjamin Franklin Butler
David Hunter
Ethan Allen Hitchcock
Irvin McDowell*
Ambrose Everett Burnside
William Starke Rosecrans*
Don Carlos Buell
John Pope*
Samuel Ryan Curtis
Franz Sigel
John Alexander McClernand
Lewis Wallace
George Henry Thomas
George Cadwalader
William Tecumseh Sherman*
Edward Otho Cresap Ord
Samuel Peter Heintzelman
Erasmus Darwin Keyes
Joseph Hooker*
Silas Casey
William Buel Franklin
Darius Nash Couch
Henry Warner Slocum
John James Peck
John Sedgwick
Alexander McDowell McCook
Thomas Leonidas Crittenden
John Gray Foster
John Grubb Parke
Christopher Columbus Augur
Robert Cumming Schenck
Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
Gordon Granger
Lovell Harrison Rousseau
James Birdseye McPherson
Benjamin Mayberry Prentiss
George Stoneman
George Gordon Meade*
Oliver Otis Howard
Daniel Edgar Sickles
Robert Huston Milroy
Daniel Butterfield
Winfield Scott Hancock
George Sykes
William Henry French
David Sloane Stanley
James Scott Negley
John McAllister Schofield
John McAuley Palmer
Frederick Steele
Abner Doubleday
Napoleon Jackson Tecumseh Dana
Richard James Oglesby
John Alexander Logan
James Gilpatrick Blunt
George Lucas Hartsuff
Cadwallader Colden Washburn
Francis Jay Herron
Francis Preston Blair
Joseph Jones Reynolds
Philip Henry Sheridan
Julius Stahel
Carl Schurz
John Newton
Gouverneur Kemble Warren
David Bell Birney
William Thomas Harbaugh Brooks
Alfred Pleasonton
John Buford

Brigadier-General USA

Brackets indicates concurrently Major-General USV

William Selby Harney
(Irvin McDowell)
Robert Anderson
(William Starke Rosecrans)
Philip St George Cooke
(John Pope)
(Joseph Hooker)
(George Gordon Meade)
(William Tecumseh Sherman)

Brigadier-General USV

Andrew Porter
Charles Pomeroy Stone
Thomas West Sherman
William Reading Montgomery
Rufus King
Benjamin Franklin Kelley
Jacob Dolson Cox
Alpheus Starkey Williams
James Brewerton Ricketts
Orlando Bolivar Willcox
Michael Corcoran
Henry Hayes Lockwood
James Samuel Wadsworth
George Webb Morell
John Henry Martindale
Samuel Davis Sturgis
Henry Washington Benham
William Farrar Smith
Egbert Ludovicus Vielé
William Farquhar Barry
John Joseph Abercrombie
Lawrence Pike Graham
Eleazar Arthur Paine
Willis Arnold Gorman
Horatio Gouverneur Wright
William Thomas Ward
John Gross Barnard
Innis Newton Palmer
Seth Williams
George Wright
John Milton Brannan
John Porter Hatch
William Kerley Strong
Albin Francisco Schoepf
Thomas John Wood
Richard W Johnson
Adolph Wilhelm August Friedrich Von Steinwehr
George Washington Cullum
Jeremiah Tilford Boyle
Thomas Jefferson McKean
Zealous Bates Tower
Jefferson Columbus Davis
James Henry Lane
James Abram Garfield
Lewis Golding Arnold
William Scott Ketchum
John Wynn Davidson
Henry Morris Naglee
Andrew Johnson
James Gallant Spears
Eugene Asa Carr
Thomas Alfred Davies
Daniel Tyler
William Hemsley Emory
Andrew Jackson Smith
Marsena Rudolph Patrick
Isaac Ferdinand Quinby
Orris Sanford Ferry
Daniel Phineas Woodbury
Henry Moses Judah
John Cook
John McArthur
Jacob Gartner Lauman
Horatio Phillips Van Cleve
Speed Smith Fry
Alexander Asboth
James Craig
Mahlon Dickerson Manson
Edward Richard Sprigg Canby
Grenville Mellen Dodge
Robert Byington Mitchell
Quincy Adams Gillmore
Cuvier Grover
Rufus Saxton
Benjamin Alvord
Napoleon Bonaparte Buford
William Sooy Smith
Nathan Kimball
Charles Devens
James Henry Van Alen
Samuel Wylie Crawford
Henry Walton Wessells
Milo Smith Hascall
Leonard Fulton Ross
John White Geary
Alfred Howe Terry
Andrew Atkinson Humphreys
James Henry Carleton
Absalom Baird
John Cleveland Robinson
Truman Seymour
Henry Prince
Maximilian Weber
Jeremiah Cutler Sullivan
Alvin Peterson Hovey
James Clifford Veatch
William Plummer Benton
John Curtis Caldwell
Neal Dow
George Sears Greene
Samuel Powhatan Carter
John Gibbon
Erastus Barnard Tyler
Charles Griffin
George Henry Gordon
James Madison Tuttle
Julius White
Peter Joseph Osterhaus
Stephen Gano Burbridge
Washington Lafayette Elliott
Albion Parris Howe
Green Clay Smith
Benjamin Stone Roberts
Jacob Ammen
Fitz-Henry Warren
Morgan Lewis Smith
Charles Cruft
Frederick Salomon
John Basil Turchin
Henry Shaw Briggs
James Dada Morgan
Johann August Ernst Willich
Henry Dwight Terry
James Blair Steedman
George Foster Shepley
John Reese Kenly
John Potts Slough
Godfrey Weitzel
George Crook
Thomas Leiper Kane
Gershom Mott
Henry Jackson Hunt
Francis Channing Barlow
Mason Brayman
Nathaniel James Jackson
George Washington Getty
Alfred Sully
William Woods Averell
Alexander Hays
Francis Barretto Spinola
John Henry Hobart Ward
Solomon Meredith
James Bowen
Eliakim Parker Scammon
Robert Seaman Granger
Joseph Rodman West
Joseph Warren Revere
Alfred Washington Ellet
George Leonard Andrews
Clinton Bowen Fisk
William Hays
Israel Vogdes
David Allen Russell
Lewis Cass Hunt
Frank Wheaton
John Sanford Mason
David McMurtrie Gregg
Robert Ogden Tyler
Alfred Thomas Archimedes Torbert
William Haines Lytle
Gilman Marston
William Dwight
Sullivan Amory Meredith
Edward Needles Kirk
Nathaniel Collins McLean
William Vandever
Alexander Schimmelfennig
Charles Kinnaird Graham
John Eugene Smith
Joseph Tarr Copeland
Charles Adam Heckman
Stephen Gardner Champlin
Edward Elmer Potter
Thomas Algeo Rowley
Henry Beebee Carrington
John Haskell King
Adam Jacoby Slemmer
Thomas Hewson Neill
Thomas Gamble Pitcher
Thomas William Sweeny
William Passmore Carlin
Romeyn Beck Ayres
William Babcock Hazen
James St Clair Morton
Joseph Anthony Mower
Richard Arnold
Edward Winslow Hinks
George Crockett Strong
Michael Kelly Lawler
George Day Wagner
Lysander Cutler
Joseph Farmer Knipe
John Dunlap Stevenson
James Barnes
Theophilus Toulmin Garrard
Edward Harland
Samuel Beatty
Isaac Jones Wistar
Franklin Stillman Nickerson
Edward Henry Hobson
Ralph Pomeroy Buckland
Joseph Dana Webster
William Ward Orme
William Harrow
William Hopkins Morris
John Beatty
Thomas Howard Ruger
Thomas Edward Greenfield Ransom
Elias Smith Dennis
Thomas Church Haskell Smith
Mortimer Dormer Leggett
Davis Tillson
Hector Tyndale
Albert Lindley Lee
Charles Leopold Matthies
Marcellus Monroe Crocker
Egbert Benson Brown
John McNeil
George Francis McGinnis
George Washington Deitzler
Hugh Boyle Ewing
James Winning McMillan
James Murrell Shackelford
Daniel Ullmann
George Jerrison Stannard
Henry Baxter
John Milton Thayer
Charles Thomas Campbell
Thomas Welsh
Halbert Eleazer Paine
Hugh Thompson Reid
Robert Brown Potter
Thomas Ewing
Joseph Andrew Jackson Lightburn
Thomas Greely Stevenson
Henry Hastings Sibley
Joseph Bradford Carr
Joseph Jackson Bartlett
Joshua Thomas Owen
Patrick Edward Connor
John Parker Hawkins
Gabriel René Paul
Edward Augustus Wild
Edward Ferrero
Adelbert Ames
William Birney
Daniel Henry Rucker
Robert Allen
Rufus Ingalls
Gustavus Adolphus De Russy
Alexander Shaler
Benjamin Henry Grierson
Robert Sanford Foster
Hugh Judson Kilpatrick
Alexander Stewart Webb
Alfred Napoleon Alexander Duffié
Walter Chiles Whitaker
Wesley Merritt
George Armstrong Custer

Brigadier-General USA (Staff)

Montgomery Cunningham Meigs (Quartermaster-General)
Lorenzo Thomas
James Wolfe Ripley (Ordnance)
William Alexander Hammond (Surgeon-General)
Joseph Pannell Taylor (Commissary-General of Subsistence
Joseph Gilbert Totten (Engineers)

Confederate Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission


Samuel Cooper
Robert Edward Lee
Joseph Eggleston Johnston
Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
Braxton Bragg

Lieutenant-General PACS

James Longstreet
Edmund Kirby Smith
Leonidas Polk
Theophilus Hunter Holmes
William Joseph Hardee
John Clifford Pemberton
Richard Stoddert Ewell
Ambrose Powell Hill

Major-General PACS

Benjamin Huger
John Bankhead Magruder
Mansfield Lovell
William Wing Loring
Sterling Price
Benjamin Franklin Cheatham
Samuel Jones
John Porter McCown
Daniel Harvey Hill
Jones Mitchell Withers
Thomas Carmichael Hindman
John Cabell Breckinridge
Lafayette McLaws
Richard Heron Anderson
James Ewell Brown Stuart
Richard Taylor
Simon Bolivar Buckner
Samuel Gibbs French
George Edward Pickett
Carter Littlepage Stevenson
John Bell Hood
John Horace Forney
Dabney Herndon Maury
Martin Luther Smith
John George Walker
Arnold Elzey
Patrick Ronayne Cleburne
Franklin Gardner
Isaac Ridgeway Trimble
Jubal Anderson Early
Joseph Wheeler
Edward Johnson
William Henry Chase Whiting
Robert Emmett Rodes
William Henry Talbot Walker
Henry Heth
Robert Ransom
William Dorsey Pender
Alexander Peter Stewart

Brigadier-General PACS

Alexander Robert Lawton
Charles Clark
John Buchanan Floyd
Henry Alexander Wise
Henry Hopkins Sibley
John Henry Winder
Gideon Johnson Pillow
Daniel Ruggles
Roswell Sabine Ripley
Paul Octave Hébert
Albert Gallatin Blanchard
Gabriel James Rains
Thomas Fenwick Drayton
Nathan George Evans
Cadmus Marcellus Wilcox
James Heyward Trapier
Hugh Weedon Mercer
William Montgomery Gardner
William Mahone
Raleigh Edward Colston
Sterling Alexander Martin Wood
John King Jackson
Bushrod Rust Johnson
James Patton Anderson
Howell Cobb
George Wythe Randolph
Joseph Brevard Kershaw
James Ronald Chalmers
James Johnston Pettigrew
Daniel Leadbetter
William Whann Mackall
Daniel Marsh Frost
Winfield Scott Featherston
Thomas James Churchill
William Booth Taliaferro
Albert Rust
Samuel Bell Maxey
Hamilton Prioleau Bee
James Morrison Hawes
George Hume Steuart
James Edwin Slaughter
Charles William Field
Paul Jones Semmes
Lucius Marshall Walker
Seth Maxwell Barton
Henry Eustace McCullough
John Stevens Bowen
Benjamin Hardin Helm
John Selden Roane
States Rights Gist
William Nelson Pendleton
Lewis Addison Armistead
Joseph Finegan
William Nelson Rector Beall
Thomas Jordan
William Preston
Roger Atkinson Pryor
John Echols
George Earl Maney
Jean Jacques Alfred Alexandre Mouton
John Stuart Williams
James Green Martin
Thomas Lanier Clingman
Wade Hampton
Daniel Weisiger Adams
Louis Hébert
John Creed Moore
Ambrose Ransom Wright
James Lawson Kemper
James Jay Archer
Beverley Holcombe Robertson
St John Richardson Liddell
Nathan Bedford Forrest
Johnson Hagood
Micah Jenkins
Fitzhugh Lee
Harry Thompson Hays
Albert Gallatin Jenkins
Matthew Duncan Ector
Edward Aylesworth Perry
John Gregg
John Calvin Brown
Alfred Holt Colquitt
Junius Daniel
Abraham Buford
William Steele
James Fleming Fagan
William Read Scurry
Francis Asbury Shoup
Joseph Robert Davis
William Henry Fitzhugh Lee
William Edmondson Jones
William Edwin Baldwin
John Crawford Vaughn
Evander McIvor Law
William Brimage Bate
Elkanah Brackin Greer
Francis Redding Tillou Nicholls
Preston Smith
Alfred Cumming
William Stephen Walker
George Pierce Doles
Carnot Posey
Montgomery Dent Corse
George Thomas Anderson
Alfred Iverson
James Henry Lane
Edward Lloyd Thomas
Stephen Dodson Ramseur
John Rogers Cooke
Jerome Bonaparte Robertson
Evander McNair
Archibald Gracie
William Robertson Boggs
James Camp Tappan
Dandridge McRae
Mosby Monroe Parsons
Stephen Dill Lee
John Pegram
John Sappington Marmaduke
John Austin Wharton
William Thompson Martin
John Hunt Morgan
Marcus Joseph Wright
Zachariah Cantey Deas
Lucius Eugene Polk
Edward Cary Walthall
John Adams
William Hicks Jackson
James Cantey
Camille Armand Jules Marie de Polignac
Robert Frederick Hoke
Henry Lewis Benning
William Tatum Wofford
Samuel McGowan
Marcellus Augustus Stovall
George Blake Cosby
Francis Crawford Armstrong
William Lewis Cabell
John Daniel Imboden
William Smith
Alfred Eugene Jackson
Robert Brank Vance
Henry Delamar Clayton
Arthur Middleton Manigault
Douglas Hancock Cooper
John Brown Gordon
John Wilkins Whitfield
James Alexander Walker
John Marshall Jones
Thomas Green
Matthew Whitaker Ransom
Alfred Moore Scales
George Washington Custis Lee
Henry Harrison Walker

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