1863 January 4th

January 4 1863 Sunday

Carter’s Upper Tennessee Valley Raid

Stones River Campaign

Marmaduke’s Missouri Raid

Arkansas River Expedition

Morgan’s Second Kentucky Raid

Grant’s Central Mississippi Campaign

Arkansas. Union reconnaissance from Ozark, Missouri, to Dubuque began.

Arkansas. Expedition to Arkansas Post began. A Union expedition under Rear Admiral David Dixon Porter and Major-General William Tecumseh Sherman prepared to steam for the White River, aiming at the capture of Fort Hindman at Arkansas Post. With only a limited coal supply available, Porter had the gunboats towed upriver by Army transports to conserve his fuel as much as possible. The gunboats included USS Baron de Kalb, USS Louisville, USS Cincinnati, USS Signal, USS Marmora, USS Lexington, USS New Era, USS Romeo, USS Rattler, USS Glide, and the flagship USS Black Hawk. Porter ordered the ram USS Monarch to join the force at the mouth of the Arkansas River while the army transports were awaited from Milliken’s Bend, Louisiana.

Indiana. Fourteen Union steamers departed Evansville, heading for Nashville with essential supplies. They required convoy protection from Smithland, Kentucky, onwards. Two gunboats were held at Smithland for this purpose.

Louisiana. Union Major-General John Alexander McClernand assumed command of Major-General William Tecumseh Sherman’s expeditionary force that had been withdrawn from the mouth of the Yazoo River to Milliken’s Bend. Designating the force unofficially as the Army of the Mississippi, McClernand divided the four divisions into two Corps of two divisions each led by Sherman and by Brigadier-General George Washington Morgan. Morgan took temporary command of McClernand’s own XIII Corps (temporarily I Corps of the so-called Army of the Mississippi) while Sherman commanded XV Corps (temporarily II Corps of the so-called Army of the Mississippi. Sherman suggested an operation up the Arkansas River with two divisions of XIII Corps (Brigadier-General Andrew Jackson Smith and Brigadier-General Peter Joseph Osterhaus) to capture Fort Hindman in order to end the depredations of Confederate guerrillas in the region. McClernand and Sherman discussed the plans with Rear Admiral David Dixon Porter and Porter was persuaded to convey the expedition and to support it with his gunboats. McClernand decided to take the entire army and not just Sherman’s Corps. Within three days he had commenced the unauthorised campaign.

Missouri. Union reconnaissance from Ozark to Dubuque, Arkansas, began.

New Mexico Territory. Operations began against Indians in the Territory.

South Carolina. USS Quaker City, Commander James M Frailey, captured the sloop Mercury off Charleston with important Confederate dispatches. Rear Admiral Samuel Francis Du Pont described “the most important” Confederate letter as one demanding greater urgency for the building of ironclads in England.

Tennessee. Skirmish at Monterey.

Tennessee. Skirmish at Murfreesboro.

Tennessee. Skirmish on the Manchester Pike.

Tennessee. Union Major-General Ulysses Simpson Grant telegraphed Commander Alexander Mosely Pennock at Cairo, Illinois, asking for gunboat support as Confederate troops renewed their attempts to regain positions in Tennessee. Pennock had foreseen the Confederate threat and ordered all available gunboats to ascend the Tennessee River with the rising waters.

Tennessee. Confederate General Braxton Bragg left his Army of Tennessee and went on ahead to plan a new line of defence along the Elk River at Winchester, fifty miles to the southeast. The army retreated in two columns. Lieutenant-General Leonidas Polk’s Corps headed for Shelbyville, twenty-five miles from Murfreesboro, and Lieutenant-General William Joseph Hardee’s Corps marched towards Tullahoma, thirty-five miles from Murfreesboro.

Union Major-General William Starke Rosecrans did not pursue but, as the Confederates had retired from the field, he claimed the victory. Once it was realised that the Union army had not begun a pursuit from Stones River, Bragg ordered Hardee to concentrate instead at Wartrace, in line with Polk’s positions, rather than Tullahoma. Bragg set up his army headquarters at Tullahoma and organised a new defensive position along the defensible along the Duck River and behind the ridge known as the Highland Rim, which encircles the Nashville Basin. Small groups of pickets protected the passes through the Highland Rim and cavalry protected each flank, screening a front of almost 70 miles. Bragg was concerned that Rosecrans would advance to take the vital rail junction and the gateway to northern Georgia at Chattanooga. Bragg assumed that any attack would be made against his left flank through the easily passable Guy’s Gap in the direction of Shelbyville.

Polk’s Corps built strong entrenchments at Shelbyville. Eight miles to his right, Hardee’s Corps fortified a position at Wartrace, protecting the main road to Chattanooga and positioned to reinforce the other three passes through the Highland Rim, namely from west to east, Bell Buckle Gap, Liberty Gap, and Hoover’s Gap. The four-mile-long Hoover’s Gap was a pass between the 1100-foot ridges separating the Stones and Duck Rivers and was left almost undefended. The pass was extremely narrow and was commanded by the surrounding ridges. While strong entrenchments were constructed, they were occupied by a single cavalry regiment. Hardee warned Bragg that the position was too long and at risk of both frontal and flanking attacks.

The Confederate Army of Tennessee would occupy the Tullahoma line for more than six months with Polk’s Corps remaining at Shelbyville, Hardee’s Corps at Wartrace, and cavalry screening the positions as far as Columbia in the west and McMinnville to the east. Breastworks and abattis were constructed to strengthen the position. Bragg’s Army now occupied the Barrens, an area of poor farmland that yielded little subsistence. Discipline was strengthened and strength rose to about 50,000 men, including more than 15,000 cavalry.

On the Union side, Rosecrans occupied Murfreesboro for almost six months, training, resupplying, and building a logistical base (defended by Fortress Rosecrans). He was reluctant to advance on the muddy winter roads and held firm despite numerous entreaties from the President to resume the campaign. The government was concerned that if Rosecrans remained passive, the Confederates might send troops from Bragg’s army to relieve the pressure on Vicksburg, Mississippi. Rosecrans argued that if he moved against Bragg, Bragg might relocate his entire army to Mississippi and contended somewhat illogically that not attacking Bragg helped Union Major-General Ulysses Simpson Grant at Vicksburg.

Union Organisation

USA: The “Army of the Mississippi” was established unofficially with an authority imagined by its commander to act autonomously from the Department of the Tennessee.

USA: Major-General John Alexander McClernand assumed command of the unofficial “Army of the Mississippi”.

McClernand, John Alexander / Kentucky-Illinois / Born 30 May 1812 Breckinridge, Kentucky / Died Springfield, Illinois 20 September 1890
Private USV Illinois Infantry June 1832 / Mustered Out USV August 1832 / Brigadier-General USV 6 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861 / Major-General USV 22 March 1862 to rank from 21 March 1862 / Resigned USV 30 November 1864 / WIA Belmont 7 November 1861
1st Brigade District of Southeast Missouri 14 October 1861-23 December 1861 / 1st Brigade District of Cairo 23 December 1861-1 February 1862 / 1st Division District of Cairo 1 February 1862-17 February 1862 / 1st Division District of West Tennessee 17 February 1862-11 March 1862 / 1st Division Army of the Tennessee 11 March 1862-2 May 1862 / Reserve Department of the Mississippi 2 May 1862-24 June 1862 / Sub-District of Jackson 24 June 1862-25 August 1862 / 1st Division District of Jackson 24 June 1862-12 September 1862 / XIII Corps Tennessee 21 December 1862-4 January 1863 / Army of the Mississippi 4 January 1863-12 January 1862 / XIII Corps Tennessee 31 January 1863-19 June 1863 / XIII Corps Gulf 20 February 1864-15 March 1864 / Detachment XIII Corps Department of the Gulf 27 April 1864-1 May 1864

USA: XIII Corps (Tennessee) was temporarily discontinued and renamed unofficially as “I Corps (Mississippi)”.

USA: The unofficial “I Corps (Mississippi)” was established in the “Army of the Mississippi” from the forces of XIII Corps (Tennessee).

USA: Brigadier-General George Washington Morgan assumed command of “I Corps (Mississippi)”.

Morgan, George Washington / Pennsylvania / Born 20 September 1820 Washington, Pennsylvania / Died Fort Monroe, Virginia 26 July 1893
USMA 1841-1843 / Captain Army of Republic of Texas 1836 / Cadet USMA 1 July 1841 / Resigned USMA 27 June 1843 / Colonel USV 2nd Ohio Infantry 23 June 1846 / Resigned USV 3 March 1847 / Colonel USA 3 March 1847 / 15th US Infantry 9 April 1847 / Discharged USA 7 August 1848 / Brigadier-General USV 21 November 1861 to rank from 12 November 1861 / Resigned USV 8 June 1863 / Brevet Brigadier-General USA 20 August 1847 / WIA Churubusco 20 August 1847
7th Brigade Army of the Ohio 16 March 1862-10 October 1862 / Cumberland Division Department of the Ohio 10 October 1862-November 1862 / 9th Division XIII Corps Army of the Tennessee November 1862-13 December 1862 / 2nd Division Right Wing XIII Corps Army of the Tennessee 13 December 1862-4 January 1863 / I Corps Mississippi 4 January 1863-12 January 1863 / XIII Corps Tennessee 12 January 1863-31 January 1863

USA: XV Corps (Tennessee) was temporarily discontinued and renamed unofficially as “II Corps (Mississippi)”.

USA: The unofficial “II Corps (Mississippi)” was established in the “Army of the Mississippi”.

USA: Major-General William Tecumseh Sherman assumed command of “II Corps (Mississippi)”.

Sherman, William Tecumseh / Ohio / Born 8 February 1820 Lancaster, Ohio / Died New York, New York 14 February 1891
USMA 1 July 1840 6/42 Artillery / Cadet USMA 1 July 1836 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 3rd US Artillery 1 July 1840 / 1st Lieutenant USA 30 November 1841 / Captain USA Assistant Commissary of Subsistence 27 September 1850 / Resigned USA 6 September 1853 / Major-General California Militia 1856-1857 / Colonel USA 13th US Infantry 14 May 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 3 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861 / Major-General USV 3 May 1862 to rank from 1 May 1862 / Brigadier-General USA 4 August 1863 to rank from 4 July 1863 / Mustered Out USV 12 August 1864 / Major-General USA 12 August 1864 / Lieutenant-General USA 25 July 1866 / General USA 4 March 1869 / General-in-Chief of the US Army 4 March 1869-1 November 1883 / Retired USA 8 February 1884 / Brevet Captain USA 30 May 1848 Brevet General USA 13 February 1868 Withdrawn / WIA First Bull Run 21 July 1861 WIA Shiloh 6 April 1862
3rd Brigade 1st Division Department of Northeastern Virginia 30 June 1861-17 August 1861 / Sherman’s Brigade Army of the Potomac 17 August 1861-28 August 1861 / Department of the Cumberland 6 October 1861-9 November 1861 / District of Cairo 14 February 1862-11 March 1862 / 5th Division Army of the Tennessee 1 March 1862-11 July 1862 / 5th Division District of Memphis 21 July 1862-26 October 1862 / District of Memphis 26 October 1862-25 November 1862 / Right Wing XIII Corps Tennessee 27 November 1862-22 December 1862 / XV Corps Tennessee 22 December 1862-4 January 1863 / II Corps Mississippi 4 January 1863-12 January 1863 / XV Corps Tennessee 12 January 1863-29 October 1863 / Department of the Tennessee 17 October 1863-12 March 1864 / Army of the Tennessee 24 October 1863-26 March 1864 / Military Division of the Mississippi 18 March 1864-6 August 1866 / Military Division of the Missouri 6 August 1866-16 March 1869 / Military Division of the Atlantic 12 February 1868-12 February 1868 / General-in-Chief 4 March 1869-1 November 1883

USA: Major-General John Fulton Reynolds resumed command of I Corps (Potomac), succeeding Brigadier-General James Samuel Wadsworth.

Reynolds, John Fulton / Pennsylvania / Born 20 September 1820 Lancaster, Pennsylvania / KIA Gettysburg, Pennsylvania 1 July 1863
1837 / USMA 1 July 1841 26/52 Artillery / Cadet USMA 1 July 1837 / 3rd US Artillery 1 July 1841 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 23 October 1841 / 1st Lieutenant USA 18 June 1846 / Regt Quartermaster 25 October 1850-1 March 1852 / Captain US 3 March 1855 / Commandant of Cadets USMA 8 September 1860-25 June 1861 / Lieutenant-Colonel USA 14th US Infantry 14 May 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 26 August 1861 to rank from 20 August 1861 / Major-General USV 29 November 1862 / Colonel USA 5th US Infantry 1 June 1863 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1841 Brevet Captain USA 23 September 1846 Brevet Major USA 23 February 1847 Brevet Brigadier-General USA 27 June 1862 Unconfirmed / CIA Boatswain’s Swamp 28 June 1862 Exchanged 15 August 1862
1st Brigade McCall’s Division Army of the Potomac 3 October 1861-13 March 1862 / Division I Corps Army of the Potomac 13 March 1862-4 April 1862 / 1st Brigade McCall’s Division Department of the Rappahannock 4 April 1862-12 June 1862 / 1st Brigade 3rd Division V Corps Army of the Potomac 18 June 1862-28 June 1862 / 3rd Division III Corps Army of the Potomac 26 August 1862-12 September 1862 / I Corps Potomac 29 September 1862-2 January 1863 / I Corps Potomac 4 January 1863-1 March 1863 / I Corps Potomac 9 March 1863-1 July 1863

Commander in Chief: President Abraham Lincoln

Vice-President: Hannibal Hamlin

Secretary of War: Edwin McMasters Stanton

Secretary of the Navy: Gideon Welles

  • North Atlantic Blockading Squadron USN: Acting Rear Admiral Samuel Phillips Lee USN
  • South Atlantic Blockading Squadron USN: Flag Officer Samuel Francis Du Pont USN
  • West Gulf Blockading Squadron USN: Rear Admiral David Glasgow Farragut USN
  • East Gulf Blockading Squadron USN: Acting Rear Admiral Theodorus Bailey USN
  • Pacific Squadron USN: Rear Admiral Charles H Bell USN
  • Mississippi River Squadron USN: Rear Admiral David Dixon Porter USN
  • Potomac Flotilla USN: Commodore Andrew Allen Harwood USN

General–in-Chief: Henry Wager Halleck

  • Department of the Cumberland: William Starke Rosecrans
    • Army of the Cumberland: William Starke Rosecrans
      • XIV Corps Cumberland: William Starke Rosecrans
        • Right Wing XIV Corps Cumberland: Alexander McDowell McCook
        • Left Wing XIV Corps Cumberland: Thomas Leonidas Crittenden
        • Centre XIV Corps Cumberland: George Henry Thomas
      • Cavalry Corps Cumberland: David Sloane Stanley
  • Department of the East: John Ellis Wool awaited
  • Department of the Gulf: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
    • District of Pensacola: Neal S Dow
    • District of La Fourche: Godfrey Weitzel
    • Defences of New Orleans: Thomas W Cahill
    • Army of the Gulf: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
      • XIX Corps Gulf: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
  • Department of the Missouri: Samuel Ryan Curtis
    • District of St Louis: vacant
    • District of Southwest Missouri: Egbert Benson Brown
    • District of Northeast Missouri: Lewis Merrill
    • District of Northwest Missouri: Willard Preble Hall
    • District of Central Missouri: Benjamin Franklin Loan
    • District of Rolla: John Montgomery Glover
    • District of Eastern Arkansas: Willis Arnold Gorman
    • District of Nebraska Territory: James Craig
    • Army of the Frontier: John McAllister Schofield
    • Army of Southeastern Missouri: John Wynn Davidson
  • Middle Department: Robert Cumming Schenck
    • District of the Eastern Shore of Maryland: Henry Hayes Lockwood
    • VIII Corps Middle: Robert Cumming Schenck
  • Department of New Mexico: James Henry Carleton
    • District of Arizona: Joseph Rodman West
  • Department of North Carolina: John Gray Foster
    • XVIII Corps North Carolina: John Gray Foster
  • Department of the Northwest: Washington Lafayette Elliott temporary
    • 1st District Northwest: John Cook
    • District of Minnesota: Henry Hastings Sibley
    • District of Wisconsin: Washington Lafayette Elliott
  • Department of the Ohio: Horatio Gouverneur Wright
    • District of Central Kentucky: Gordon Granger
    • District of Eastern Kentucky: Jonathan Cranor
    • District of Western Kentucky: Jeremiah Tilford Boyle
    • District of Western Virginia: Jacob Dolson Cox
      • Sub-District of the Kanawha: Eliakim Parker Scammon
    • Army of Kentucky: Gordon Granger
  • Department of the Pacific: George Wright
    • District of the Humboldt: Francis James Lippitt
    • District of Oregon: Benjamin Alvord
    • District of Southern California: George Washington Bowie
    • District of Utah: Patrick Edward Connor
  • Department of the Potomac: Ambrose Everett Burnside
    • Army of the Potomac: Ambrose Everett Burnside
      • Right Grand Division: Edwin Vose Sumner
        • II Corps Potomac: John Sedgwick
        • IX Corps Potomac: Orlando Bolivar Willcox temporary
      • Left Grand Division Potomac: William Buel Franklin
        • I Corps Potomac: John Fulton Reynolds
        • VI Corps Potomac: William Farrar Smith
      • Centre Grand Division Potomac: Joseph Hooker
        • III Corps Potomac: George Stoneman
        • V Corps Potomac: George Gordon Meade
      • Reserve Grand Division Potomac: Franz Sigel
        • XI Corps Potomac: Franz Sigel
        • XII Corps Potomac: Henry Warner Slocum
  • Department of the South: John Milton Brannan temporary
    • X Corps South: John Milton Brannan
  • Department of the Tennessee: Ulysses Simpson Grant
    • District of Memphis: Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
    • District of Corinth: Charles Smith Hamilton
    • District of Jackson: Jeremiah Cutler Sullivan
    • District of Columbus: Thomas Alfred Davies
    • Army of the Tennessee: Ulysses Simpson Grant
      • XVI Corps Tennessee: Stephen August Hurlbut
        • Left Wing XVI Corps Tennessee: Charles Smith Hamilton
      • XVII Corps Tennessee: James Birdseye McPherson
  • Department of Virginia: John Adams Dix
    • IV Corps Virginia: Erasmus Darwin Keyes
    • VII Corps Virginia: John Adams Dix
  • Military District of Washington: Samuel Peter Heintzelman
  • Army of the Mississippi: John Alexander McClernand
    • I Corps Mississippi: George Washington Morgan
    • II Corps Mississippi: William Tecumseh Sherman

Confederate Organisation

CSA: Brigadier-General Roger Weightman Hanson died of wounds received at Stones River.

Hanson, Roger Weightman / Kentucky / Born 27 August 1827 Clark, Kentucky / DOW Murfreesboro, Tennessee 4 January 1863
1st Lieutenant USV 4th Kentucky Infantry 1846-1848 / Colonel Kentucky Militia 19 August 1861 / Colonel PACS 2nd Kentucky 2 September 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 20 December 1862 to rank from 13 December 1862 / CIA Fort Donelson 16 February 1862 Exchanged 15 August 1862 MWIA Stones River 2 January 1863
1st Brigade 2nd Division Army of Central Kentucky 28 October 1861-15 November 1861 / 1st Brigade Army of Middle Tennessee September 1862-20 November 1862 / 1st Brigade 3rd Division I Corps Army of Tennessee 20 November 1862-12 December 1862 / 4th Brigade 1st Division II Corps Army of Tennessee 12 December 1862-2 January 1863

Commander in Chief: President Jefferson Finis Davis

Vice-President: Alexander Hamilton Stephens

Secretary of War: James Alexander Seddon

Secretary of the Navy: Stephen Russell Mallory

Military Adviser to the President: Vacant

  • Military Division of the West: Joseph Eggleston Johnston
    • Department of East Tennessee: Edmund Kirby Smith
      • District of Abingdon: Humphrey Marshall
    • Western Department: Braxton Bragg
      • District of the Tennessee: John Porter McCown
      • Gulf District: Simon Bolivar Buckner
      • Army of Tennessee:  Braxton Bragg
        • I Corps Tennessee: Leonidas Polk
        • II Corps Tennessee: William Joseph Hardee
    • Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana: John Clifford Pemberton
      • District One of Mississippi and East Louisiana: Daniel Ruggles
      • District Two of Mississippi and East Louisiana: Carter Littlepage Stevenson
      • District Three of Mississippi and East Louisiana: Franklin Gardner
      • Defences of Vicksburg: Martin Luther Smith
      • Army of Mississippi: John Clifford Pemberton
        • I Corps Mississippi: William Wing Loring temporary
        • II Corps Mississippi: Sterling Price
  • Department of Henrico: John Henry Winder
  • Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia: Gustavus Woodson Smith
      • Sub-District of Cape Fear: William Henry Chase Whiting
  • Department of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee
    • Army of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee
      • I Corps Northern Virginia: James Longstreet
      • II Corps Northern Virginia: Thomas Jonathan Jackson
    • Valley District: William Edmondson Jones
  • Department of Richmond: Arnold Elzey
  • Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
    • District of Georgia: Hugh Weedon Mercer
    • District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
      • 1st Sub-District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
      • 2nd Sub-District of South Carolina: Johnson Hagood
      • 3rd Sub-District of South Carolina: William Stephen Walker
      • 4th Sub-District of South Carolina: James Heyward Trapier
    • District of East Florida: Joseph Finegan
    • District of Middle Florida: Thomas Howell Cobb
    • District of West Florida: John Horace Forney
  • Trans-Allegheny Department: Samuel Jones
    • District of Abingdon: Humphrey Marshall
  • Trans-Mississippi Department: Theophilus Hunter Holmes
    • District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona:  John Bankhead Magruder
      • Western Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: Henry Eustace McCullough
        • Sub-District of the Rio Grande: Hamilton Prioleau Bee
      • Sub-District of Houston: Xavier Blanchard Debray
      • Eastern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: Xavier Blanchard Debray
      • Southwest Army: Thomas Carmichael Hindman
    • District of Arkansas: Thomas Carmichael Hindman
    • District of West Louisiana: Richard Taylor
    • District of Indian Territory: Douglas Hancock Cooper
    • Defences of Pass Cavallo: John W Glenn
    • I Corps Trans-Mississippi: vacant

Union Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

Major-General USA

George Brinton McClellan
John Charles Frémont
Henry Wager Halleck
John Ellis Wool

Major-General USV

Asterisk indicates concurrently Brigadier-General USA

John Adams Dix
Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
Benjamin Franklin Butler
David Hunter
Ethan Allen Hitchcock
Ulysses Simpson Grant
Irvin McDowell*
Ambrose Everett Burnside
William Starke Rosecrans*
Don Carlos Buell
John Pope*
Samuel Ryan Curtis
Franz Sigel
John Alexander McClernand
Lewis Wallace
Cassius Marcellus Clay
George Henry Thomas
George Cadwalader
William Tecumseh Sherman
Edward Otho Cresap Ord
Edwin Vose Sumner*
Samuel Peter Heintzelman
Erasmus Darwin Keyes
Joseph Hooker*
Silas Casey
Fitz John Porter
William Buel Franklin
Darius Nash Couch
Henry Warner Slocum
John James Peck
John Sedgwick
William Farrar Smith
Alexander McDowell McCook
Thomas Leonidas Crittenden
John Gray Foster
John Grubb Parke
Christopher Columbus Augur
Robert Cumming Schenck
Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
Gordon Granger
Charles Smith Hamilton
Jacob Dolson Cox
Lovell Harrison Rousseau
James Birdseye McPherson
Benjamin Mayberry Prentiss
George Stoneman
John Fulton Reynolds
George Gordon Meade
Oliver Otis Howard
Daniel Edgar Sickles
Robert Huston Milroy
Daniel Butterfield
Winfield Scott Hancock
George Sykes
William Henry French
David Sloane Stanley
James Scott Negley
John McAllister Schofield
John McAuley Palmer
Frederick Steele
Abner Doubleday
Napoleon Jackson Tecumseh Dana
Hiram Gregory Berry
Richard James Oglesby
John Alexander Logan
James Gilpatrick Blunt
George Lucas Hartsuff
William Wallace Burns
Napoleon Bonaparte Buford
Cadwallader Colden Washburn
Francis Jay Herron
Francis Preston Blair
Joseph Jones Reynolds
Philip Henry Sheridan

Brigadier-General USA

Brackets indicates concurrently Major-General USV

William Selby Harney
(Edwin Vose Sumner)
(Irvin McDowell)
Robert Anderson
(William Starke Rosecrans)
Philip St George Cooke
(John Pope)
(Joseph Hooker)

Brigadier-General USV

Andrew Porter
Charles Pomeroy Stone
Thomas West Sherman
George Archibald McCall
William Reading Montgomery
Rufus King
Benjamin Franklin Kelley
Alpheus Starkey Williams
James Cooper
James Brewerton Ricketts
Orlando Bolivar Willcox
Michael Corcoran
Henry Hayes Lockwood
Louis Blenker
James Samuel Wadsworth
George Webb Morell
John Henry Martindale
Samuel Davis Sturgis
James William Denver
Egbert Ludovicus Vielé
James Shields
William Farquhar Barry
John Joseph Abercrombie
Lawrence Pike Graham
Abram Duryée
Eleazar Arthur Paine
Ebenezer Dumont
Willis Arnold Gorman
Horatio Gouverneur Wright
William Thomas Ward
John Gross Barnard
Innis Newton Palmer
Seth Williams
John Newton
George Wright
William Thomas Harbaugh Brooks
John Milton Brannan
John Porter Hatch
William Kerley Strong
Albin Francisco Schoepf
Thomas John Wood
Richard W Johnson
Adolph Wilhelm August Friedrich Von Steinwehr
George Washington Cullum
Jeremiah Tilford Boyle
Schuyler Hamilton
George Washington Morgan
Julius Stahel
Thomas Jefferson McKean
Zealous Bates Tower
Jefferson Columbus Davis
James Henry Lane
James Abram Garfield
Lewis Golding Arnold
William Scott Ketchum
John Wynn Davidson
David Bell Birney
Thomas Francis Meagher
Henry Morris Naglee
Andrew Johnson
James Gallant Spears
Eugene Asa Carr
Thomas Alfred Davies
Daniel Tyler
William Hemsley Emory
Andrew Jackson Smith
Marsena Rudolph Patrick
Isaac Ferdinand Quinby
Orris Sanford Ferry
Daniel Phineas Woodbury
Henry Moses Judah
John Cook
John McArthur
Jacob Gartner Lauman
Horatio Phillips Van Cleve
Speed Smith Fry
Alexander Asboth
James Craig
Mahlon Dickerson Manson
Edward Richard Sprigg Canby
Grenville Mellen Dodge
Robert Byington Mitchell
Quincy Adams Gillmore
Amiel Weeks Whipple
Cuvier Grover
Rufus Saxton
Benjamin Alvord
William Sooy Smith
Nathan Kimball
Charles Devens
James Henry Van Alen
Carl Schurz
Samuel Wylie Crawford
Henry Walton Wessells
Milo Smith Hascall
Leonard Fulton Ross
John White Geary
Alfred Howe Terry
Andrew Atkinson Humphreys
James Henry Carleton
Absalom Baird
John Cleveland Robinson
Truman Seymour
Henry Prince
Abram Sanders Piatt
Thomas Turpin Crittenden
Maximilian Weber
Jeremiah Cutler Sullivan
Alvin Peterson Hovey
James Clifford Veatch
William Plummer Benton
John Curtis Caldwell
Neal Dow
George Sears Greene
Samuel Powhatan Carter
John Gibbon
Erastus Barnard Tyler
Charles Griffin
George Henry Gordon
James Madison Tuttle
Julius White
Peter Joseph Osterhaus
Stephen Gano Burbridge
Washington Lafayette Elliott
Albion Parris Howe
Green Clay Smith
William Bowen Campbell
Benjamin Stone Roberts
Alfred Pleasonton
Jacob Ammen
Catharinus Putnam Buckingham
Fitz-Henry Warren
Morgan Lewis Smith
Charles Cruft
Frederick Salomon
John Cochrane
John Basil Turchin
Henry Shaw Briggs
James Dada Morgan
Johann August Ernst Willich
Henry Dwight Terry
James Blair Steedman
George Foster Shepley
John Buford
John Reese Kenly
John Potts Slough
Godfrey Weitzel
Gabriel René Paul
George Crook
Thomas Leiper Kane
Gershom Mott
Edward Ferrero
Francis Laurens Vinton
Henry Jackson Hunt
Francis Channing Barlow
Mason Brayman
Nathaniel James Jackson
George Washington Getty
Alfred Sully
Gouverneur Kemble Warren
William Woods Averell
Alexander Hays
Henry Hastings Sibley
Calvin Edward Pratt
Francis Barretto Spinola
John Henry Hobart Ward
John Milton Thayer
Solomon Meredith
James Bowen
Eliakim Parker Scammon
Robert Seaman Granger
Joseph Rodman West
Joseph Warren Revere
Alfred Washington Ellet
George Leonard Andrews
Clinton Bowen Fisk
William Hays
Israel Vogdes
David Allen Russell
Lewis Cass Hunt
Frank Wheaton
John Sanford Mason
David McMurtrie Gregg
Robert Ogden Tyler
Alfred Thomas Archimedes Torbert
William Haines Lytle
Gilman Marston
William Dwight
Sullivan Amory Meredith
Edward Needles Kirk
Nathaniel Collins McLean
William Vandever
Alexander Schimmelfennig
Charles Thomas Campbell
Charles Kinnaird Graham
John Eugene Smith
Joseph Tarr Copeland
Charles Adam Heckman
Stephen Gardner Champlin
Edward Elmer Potter
Thomas Algeo Rowley
Henry Beebee Carrington
John Haskell King
Adam Jacoby Slemmer
Thomas Hewson Neill
Thomas Gamble Pitcher
Thomas William Sweeny
William Passmore Carlin
Romeyn Beck Ayres
William Babcock Hazen
James St Clair Morton
Joseph Anthony Mower
Richard Arnold
Edward Winslow Hinks
George Crockett Strong
Michael Kelly Lawler
George Day Wagner
Lysander Cutler
Joseph Farmer Knipe
John Dunlap Stevenson

Joshua Thomas Owen
James Barnes

Theophilus Toulmin Garrard
Edward Harland
Samuel Kosciuszko Zook
Samuel Beatty
Isaac Jones Wistar
Franklin Stillman Nickerson
Edward Henry Hobson
Ralph Pomeroy Buckland
Joseph Dana Webster
William Ward Orme
William Harrow
William Hopkins Morris

John Beatty
Thomas Howard Ruger
Thomas Edward Greenfield Ransom
Elias Smith Dennis
Thomas Church Haskell Smith
Mortimer Dormer Leggett
Davis Tillson

Hector Tyndale
Charles Cleveland Dodge
Albert Lindley Lee
Charles Leopold Matthies
Marcellus Monroe Crocker
Egbert Benson Brown
John McNeil
George Francis McGinnis
George Washington Deitzler
Hugh Boyle Ewing
James Winning McMillan
Robert Christie Buchanan
James Hewitt Ledlie
Wladimir Bonawentura Krzyzanowski
James Allen Hardie
Isham Nicolas Haynie
Frederick Shearer Stumbaugh
David Stuart
John Blair Smith Todd
Orlando Metcalfe Poe
Thomas Greely Stevenson
James Murrell Shackelford

Brigadier-General USA (Staff)

Montgomery Cunningham Meigs (Quartermaster-General)
Henry Knox Craig
Lorenzo Thomas (Adjutant-General)
James Wolfe Ripley (Ordnance)
William Alexander Hammond (Surgeon-General)

Confederate Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

General ACSA/PACS

Samuel Cooper
Robert Edward Lee
Joseph Eggleston Johnston
Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
Braxton Bragg

Lieutenant-General PACS

James Longstreet
Edmund Kirby Smith
Leonidas Polk
Theophilus Hunter Holmes
William Joseph Hardee
Thomas Jonathan Jackson
John Clifford Pemberton

Major-General PACS

Earl Van Dorn
Gustavus Woodson Smith
Benjamin Huger
John Bankhead Magruder
Mansfield Lovell
Richard Stoddert Ewell
William Wing Loring
Sterling Price
Benjamin Franklin Cheatham
Samuel Jones
John Porter McCown
Daniel Harvey Hill
Jones Mitchell Withers
Thomas Carmichael Hindman
John Cabell Breckinridge
Lafayette McLaws
Ambrose Powell Hill
Richard Heron Anderson
James Ewell Brown Stuart
Richard Taylor
Simon Bolivar Buckner
Samuel Gibbs French
David Rumph Jones
George Edward Pickett
Carter Littlepage Stevenson
John Bell Hood
John Horace Forney
Dabney Herndon Maury
Martin Luther Smith
John George Walker
Arnold Elzey
Patrick Ronayne Cleburne
Franklin Gardner

Brigadier-General PACS

Alexander Robert Lawton
Charles Clark
John Buchanan Floyd
Henry Alexander Wise
Henry Hopkins Sibley
John Henry Winder
Daniel Smith Donelson
Gideon Johnson Pillow
Robert Augustus Toombs
William Henry Chase Whiting
Jubal Anderson Early
Isaac Ridgeway Trimble
Daniel Ruggles
Roswell Sabine Ripley
Paul Octave Hébert
Albert Gallatin Blanchard
Gabriel James Rains
Thomas Fenwick Drayton
Lloyd Tilghman
Nathan George Evans
Cadmus Marcellus Wilcox
Robert Emmett Rodes
James Heyward Trapier
William Henry Carroll
Hugh Weedon Mercer
Alexander Peter Stewart
William Montgomery Gardner
Richard Brooke Garnett
William Mahone
Edward Johnson
Raleigh Edward Colston
Henry Heth
Sterling Alexander Martin Wood
John King Jackson
Bushrod Rust Johnson
James Patton Anderson
Howell Cobb
George Wythe Randolph
Joseph Brevard Kershaw
James Ronald Chalmers
James Johnston Pettigrew
Daniel Leadbetter
William Whann Mackall
Robert Ransom
Daniel Marsh Frost
Winfield Scott Featherston
Thomas James Churchill
William Booth Taliaferro
Albert Rust
Samuel Bell Maxey
Hamilton Prioleau Bee
James Morrison Hawes
George Hume Steuart
James Edwin Slaughter
Charles William Field
Paul Jones Semmes
Lucius Marshall Walker
Seth Maxwell Barton
Henry Eustace McCullough
John Stevens Bowen
Benjamin Hardin Helm
John Selden Roane
States Rights Gist
William Nelson Pendleton
Lewis Addison Armistead
Joseph Finegan
William Nelson Rector Beall
Thomas Jordan
William Preston
Roger Atkinson Pryor
John Echols
George Earl Maney
Jean Jacques Alfred Alexandre Mouton
John Stuart Williams
James Green Martin
Thomas Lanier Clingman
Wade Hampton
Daniel Weisiger Adams
Louis Hébert
John Creed Moore
Ambrose Ransom Wright
James Lawson Kemper
James Jay Archer
Beverley Holcombe Robertson
St John Richardson Liddell
Nathan Bedford Forrest
Johnson Hagood
William Dorsey Pender
Micah Jenkins
Martin Edwin Green
Fitzhugh Lee
Harry Thompson Hays
Albert Gallatin Jenkins
William Barksdale
Edward Dorr Tracy
Matthew Duncan Ector
Edward Aylesworth Perry
John Gregg
John Calvin Brown
Alfred Holt Colquitt
Junius Daniel
Abraham Buford
William Steele
James Fleming Fagan
William Read Scurry
Francis Asbury Shoup
Joseph Robert Davis
William Henry Fitzhugh Lee
William Edmondson Jones
William Edwin Baldwin
John Crawford Vaughn
Evander McIvor Law
William Brimage Bate
Elkanah Brackin Greer
Francis Redding Tillou Nicholls
Preston Smith
Alfred Cumming
William Stephen Walker
Joseph Wheeler
George Pierce Doles
Carnot Posey
Montgomery Dent Corse
George Thomas Anderson
Alfred Iverson
James Henry Lane
Edward Lloyd Thomas
Stephen Dodson Ramseur
John Rogers Cooke
Jerome Bonaparte Robertson
Elisha Franklin Paxton
Evander McNair
William George Mackey Davis
Archibald Gracie
William Robertson Boggs
James Camp Tappan
Dandridge McRae
Mosby Monroe Parsons
Stephen Dill Lee
John Pegram
John Sappington Marmaduke
John Austin Wharton
William Thompson Martin
John Hunt Morgan
Marcus Joseph Wright
Zachariah Cantey Deas
Lucius Eugene Polk
Edward Cary Walthall
Roger Weightman Hanson DOW
John Adams
William Hicks Jackson

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