1863 January 11th

January 11 1863 Sunday

Fort Hindman, AR
Battle of Hartville, MO (CWSAC Limited Battle – Confederate Victory)

Marmaduke’s Missouri Raid
Arkansas River Expedition

Go to January 12 1863

Virgin Islands. The brig J P Ellicott was recaptured by her own crew from its Confederate prize crew and sailed to St Thomas Island where she was turned over safely to USS Alabama, Commander Edward T Nichols.

Arkansas. Reconnaissance to Ozark ended.

Fort Hindman, Arkansas, also known as Arkansas Post. By 11 am, the Union land and naval forces under Major-General John Alexander McClernand surrounding Fort Hindman were in position to attack. The attack of the previous day was forgotten and a concerted plan of attack was ready to overwhelm the defenders.
Union artillery fired on the fort from positions across the Arkansas River, attempting to silence the Confederate guns in the fort, while the infantry moved into a nearer closer position for an attack. Rear Admiral David Dixon Porter, aboard the tug Ivy, renewed the long-range naval bombardment at Fort Hindman in the morning. USS Baron De Kalb, USS Louisville, USS Cincinnati, USS Lexington, USS Rattler, and USS Black Hawk, then advanced at 1.30 pm and bombarded the fort for about two and a half hours until every gun was dismounted or disabled and the fortifications were broken down and breached. The ram USS Monarch and USS Rattler and USS Glide headed upriver, under Lieutenant-Commander Watson Smith, to cut off any attempted escape upriver.
Union Major-General William Tecumseh Sherman deployed his own corps on the right flank and Brigadier-General George Washington Morgan’s corps was on the left flank, formed across the rear of the fort and extending for one mile from the river to an impassable swamp. As the infantry rushed toward the parapets under heavy fire, they found white flags appearing. The loss of his artillery and the envelopment from behind forced Confederate Colonel John Donnington to surrender the fort at mid-afternoon. Confederate Brigadier-General Thomas James Churchill did not want to surrender but the sight of the overwhelming Union force soon persuaded him to give in. Porter left USS Black Hawk and entered the fort to take the surrender because the Confederates wanted to be seen to concede the fort to naval bombardment rather than to a land assault.
The victory eliminated an impediment to Union shipping on the Mississippi and cost the Confederacy a quarter of its present force in Arkansas. This was the largest Confederate surrender to occur west of the Mississippi River before 1865. Union losses were high (31 naval men and 1,032 or 1,047 the army with 134 or 140 killed and 923 wounded. The Confederates lost 109 casualties but gave up 4,791 prisoners, including an unlucky regiment that had arrived as reinforcements from Pine Bluff just as the surrender was being concluded.


Union “Army of the Mississippi”: Major-General John Alexander McClernand
I Corps (“XIII Corps”) (Mississippi): Major-General George Washington Morgan
1st Division, I Corps (“XIII Corps”) (Mississippi): Brigadier-General Andrew Jackson Smith
1st Brigade, 1st Division, I Corps (“XIII Corps”) (Mississippi): Brigadier-General Stephen Gano Burbridge
2nd Brigade, 1st Division, I Corps (“XIII Corps”) (Mississippi): Colonel William J Landram
2nd Division, I Corps (“XIII Corps”) (Mississippi): Brigadier-General Peter Joseph Osterhaus
1st Brigade, 2nd Division, I Corps (“XIII Corps”) (Mississippi): Colonel Lionel A Sheldon
2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, I Corps (“XIII Corps”) (Mississippi): Colonel Daniel W Lindsey
3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, I Corps (“XIII Corps”) (Mississippi): Colonel John F De Courcy 
II Corps (“XV Corps”) (Mississippi): Major-General William Tecumseh Sherman
4th Division, II Corps (“XV Corps”) (Mississippi): Brigadier-General Frederick Steele
1st Brigade, 4th Division, II Corps (“XV Corps”) (Mississippi): Brigadier-General Francis Preston Blair
2nd Brigade, 4th Division, II Corps (“XV Corps”) (Mississippi): Brigadier-General Charles Edward Hovey
3rd Brigade, 4th Division, II Corps (“XV Corps”) (Mississippi): Brigadier-General John Milton Thayer
2nd Division, II Corps (“XV Corps”) (Mississippi): Brigadier-General David Stuart
1st Brigade, 2nd Division, II Corps (“XV Corps”) (Mississippi): Colonel Giles Alexander Smith
2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, II Corps (“XV Corps”) (Mississippi): Colonel Thomas Kilby Smith
Mississippi River Squadron: Rear Admiral David Dixon Porter USN
USS Baron DeKalb, USS Cincinnati, USS Louisville, USS Glide, USS Rattler, USS Black Hawk, USS Lexington, USS Monarch, USS New Era

Confederate Trans-Mississippi Department: Lieutenant-General Theophilus Hunter Holmes
District of Arkansas: Major-General Thomas Carmichael Hindman
Garrison, Fort Hindman: Brigadier-General Thomas James Churchill
1st Brigade, Churchill’s Division (Arkansas): Colonel Robert R Garland
2nd Brigade, Churchill’s Division (Arkansas): Colonel James Deshler
3rd Brigade, Churchill’s Division (Arkansas): Colonel John W Dunnington

Hartville, Missouri, also known as Wood’s Fork, or Wood Creek. Confederate Brigadier-General John Sappington Marmaduke received reports of Union troops approaching to surround him and prepared for a confrontation near Hartville. Colonel Samuel Merrill (21st Iowa Infantry), commanding the Union relief column of about 700 men reached Hartville only to discover that the garrison had already surrendered. He probed to discover the location of the Confederate forces.
Early in the morning, the Confederates made contact with Merrill’s scouts at Hartsville and skirmishing commenced. Marmaduke believed he was being pressed by forces from several directions, so he diverted Colonel Joseph C Porter and Colonel Joseph Orville Shelby’s columns along another road to Hartville. Meanwhile, observing this movement, Merrill moved his force directly to Hartville where it took a strong defensive position on covered, high ground west of the courthouse. Shelby and Porter’s brigades attempted to dislodge Merrill’s force but it was too strongly positioned. Over a four-hour period, several Confederate assaults were made, but each was repulsed in turn. Eventually, Merrill withdrew most of his force, although a third of the men under Lieutenant-Colonel Dunlap never received the order and remained on the field until nightfall. Elements of both sides observed the other withdrawing from the field as night approached and each claimed victory as a result. Marmaduke had reunited his force and secured his line of withdrawal but he was compelled to retreat into Arkansas with an arduous trek to winter camp.
Confederate brigade commanders Colonel Joseph C Porter and Colonel Emmett MacDonald were killed. The Confederates sustained 329 casualties and the Union lost 78 casualties. (CWSAC Limited Battle – Confederate Victory)


Union Department of the Missouri: Major-General Samuel Ryan Curtis
Army of the Frontier: Brigadier-General James Gilpatrick Blunt

Confederate Trans-Mississippi Department: Lieutenant-General Theophilus Hunter Holmes
District of Arkansas: Major-General Thomas Carmichael Hindman
Hindman’s Division (Arkansas): Major-General Thomas Carmichael Hindman
Frost’s Brigade, Hindman’s Division (Arkansas): Brigadier-General Daniel Marsh Frost
McRae’s Brigade, Hindman’s Division (Arkansas): Brigadier-General Dandridge McRae
Shaver’s Brigade, Hindman’s Division (Arkansas): Colonel R G Shaver
Fagan’s Brigade, Hindman’s Division (Arkansas): Brigadier-General James Fleming Fagan
Parsons’ Brigade, Hindman’s Division (Arkansas): Brigadier-General Mosby Munroe Parsons
Cavalry Division (Arkansas): Brigadier-General John Sappington Marmaduke
1st Cavalry Brigade, Cavalry Division (Arkansas): Colonel James C Monroe
2nd Cavalry Brigade, Cavalry Division (Arkansas): Colonel Joseph Orville Shelby
3rd Cavalry Brigade, Cavalry Division (Arkansas): Colonel Emmett MacDonald

South Carolina. USS Matthew Vassar, Acting Master Hugh H Savage, captured the schooner Florida off Little River Inlet, with a cargo of salt.

Tennessee. Skirmish at Lowry’s Ferry.

Tennessee. Confederate raiders captured the steamboat Grampus No 2 and its large cargo of coal near Memphis. The captured ship was burned later at Mound City, Arkansas.

Tennessee. Major-General Ulysses Simpson Grant sent a despatch from Memphis to Major-General John Alexander McClernand disapproving of his unauthorised withdrawal from the operations against Vicksburg, towards which Major-General Nathaniel Prentiss Banks was expected to be advancing from the south. He instructed McClernand to return down the Mississippi and to re-establish the advanced base at Milliken’s Bend, Louisiana. Grant also reported the conduct of the unexpected and unauthorised operation to General-in-Chief Major-General Henry Wager Halleck.

Tennessee. In an attempt to clear himself of criticism after the retreat from Murfreesboro, Confederate General Braxton Bragg wrote to his subordinate division and corps commanders requesting them to defend his reputation. Lieutenant-General William Joseph Hardee and his division commanders, Major-General Patrick Ronayne Cleburne and Major-General John Cabell Breckinridge, took this as an opportunity to express their honest views and revealed their lack of confidence in Bragg. Lieutenant-General Leonidas Polk was absent on leave and could not comment, and his two division commanders, Major-General Benjamin Franklin Cheatham and Major-General Jones Mitchell Withers were more circumspect but nevertheless united in their criticisms.

Texas. The commerce raider CSS Alabama under Captain Raphael Semmes CSN arrived off Galveston. Semmes had previously fitted out the CSS Sumter as a cruiser in New Orleans and took eighteen prizes over a six month period. He had abandoned that ship at Gibraltar and took over the CSS Alabama in England in September 1862. Semmes had learned of the Union plans to land troops at Galveston and intended to attack the vulnerable transports.
The 10-gun side-wheel steamer USS Hatteras under Lieutenant Commander Homer C Blake USN was sent to intercept Semmes’ vessel as it approached the Union blockading fleet. They met in a close night engagement some thirty miles off Galveston. Before the Union ship could send a boarding party the CSS Alabama opened fire and inflicted heavy damage with a surprise broadside. The engine was damaged and the magazine flooded so that USS Hatteras was forced out of action almost immediately. Only thirteen minutes after the first shot, the Union warship hoisted a light, and fired an off-gun, as a signal of defeat.  After the crew of 118 men was taken prisoner, Semmes sank the schooner, making it the thirty-fifth victim of the CSS Alabama. More ships from the Union blockading fleet led by USS Brooklyn arrived after nightfall. They discovered the wreckage of the USS Hatteras at dawn, by which time the Confederate ship was already a hundred miles away and heading for Jamaica. Other Union ships in the Galveston area steamed out in a futile chase of the raider.

Virginia. USS Currituck, Acting Master Linnekin, destroyed the salt works at Dividing Creek, which had been supplying Richmond.

Union Organisation

USA: Brigadier-General Alexander Asboth assumed command of the District of Columbus, succeeding Brigadier-General Thomas Alfred Davies.

Commander in Chief: President Abraham Lincoln
Vice-President: Hannibal Hamlin
Secretary of War: Edwin McMasters Stanton
Secretary of the Navy: Gideon Welles

North Atlantic Blockading Squadron: Samuel Phillips Lee
South Atlantic Blockading Squadron: Samuel Francis Du Pont
West Gulf Blockading Squadron: David Glasgow Farragut
East Gulf Blockading Squadron: Theodorus Bailey
Pacific Squadron: Charles H Bell
Mississippi River Squadron: David Dixon Porter
Potomac Flotilla: Andrew Allen Harwood

General–in-Chief: Henry Wager Halleck

Department of the Cumberland: William Starke Rosecrans

  • Army of the Cumberland: William Starke Rosecrans
    • XIV Corps Cumberland: George Henry Thomas
    • XX Corps Cumberland: Alexander McDowell McCook
    • XXI Corps Cumberland: Thomas Leonidas Crittenden
    • Cavalry Corps Cumberland: David Sloane Stanley

Department of the East: John Ellis Wool awaited

Department of the Gulf: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks

  • District of Pensacola: Neal S Dow
  • District of La Fourche: Godfrey Weitzel
  • Defences of New Orleans: Thomas West Sherman
  • Army of the Gulf: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
    • XIX Corps Gulf: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks

Department of the Missouri: Samuel Ryan Curtis

  • District of St Louis: vacant
  • District of Southwest Missouri: Egbert Benson Brown
  • District of Northeast Missouri: Lewis Merrill
  • District of Northwest Missouri: Willard Preble Hall
  • District of Central Missouri: Benjamin Franklin Loan
  • District of Rolla: John Montgomery Glover
  • District of Eastern Arkansas: Willis Arnold Gorman
  • District of Nebraska Territory: James Craig
  • Army of the Frontier: John McAllister Schofield
  • Army of Southeastern Missouri: John Wynn Davidson

Middle Department: Robert Cumming Schenck

  • District of the Eastern Shore of Maryland: Henry Hayes Lockwood
  • VIII Corps Middle: Robert Cumming Schenck

Department of New Mexico: James Henry Carleton

  • District of Arizona: Joseph Rodman West

Department of North Carolina: John Gray Foster

  • XVIII Corps North Carolina: John Gray Foster

Department of the Northwest: Washington Lafayette Elliott temporary

  • 1st District Northwest: John Cook
  • District of Minnesota: Henry Hastings Sibley
  • District of Wisconsin: Washington Lafayette Elliott

Department of the Ohio: Horatio Gouverneur Wright

  • District of Central Kentucky: Gordon Granger
  • District of Eastern Kentucky: Jonathan Cranor
  • District of Western Kentucky: Jeremiah Tilford Boyle
  • District of Western Virginia: Jacob Dolson Cox
    • Sub-District of the Kanawha: Eliakim Parker Scammon
  • Army of Kentucky: Gordon Granger

Department of the Pacific: George Wright

  • District of the Humboldt: Francis James Lippitt
  • District of Oregon: Benjamin Alvord
  • District of Southern California: George Washington Bowie
  • District of Utah: Patrick Edward Connor

Department of the Potomac: Ambrose Everett Burnside

  • Army of the Potomac: Ambrose Everett Burnside
    • Right Grand Division: Edwin Vose Sumner
      • II Corps Potomac: John Sedgwick
      • IX Corps Potomac: Orlando Bolivar Willcox temporary
    • Left Grand Division Potomac: William Buel Franklin
      • I Corps Potomac: John Fulton Reynolds
      • VI Corps Potomac: William Farrar Smith
    • Centre Grand Division Potomac: Joseph Hooker
      • III Corps Potomac: George Stoneman
      • V Corps Potomac: George Gordon Meade
    • Reserve Grand Division Potomac: Franz Sigel
      • XI Corps Potomac: Julius Stahel temporary
      • XII Corps Potomac: Henry Warner Slocum

Department of the South: John Milton Brannan temporary

  • X Corps South: John Milton Brannan

Department of the Tennessee: Ulysses Simpson Grant

  • District of Memphis: James Clifford Veatch
  • District of Corinth: Charles Smith Hamilton
  • District of Jackson: Jeremiah Cutler Sullivan
  • District of Columbus: Alexander Asboth
  • Army of the Tennessee: Ulysses Simpson Grant
    • XVI Corps Tennessee: Charles Smith Hamilton
      • Left Wing XVI Corps Tennessee: Charles Smith Hamilton
    • XVII Corps Tennessee: James Birdseye McPherson

Department of Virginia: John Adams Dix

  • IV Corps Virginia: Erasmus Darwin Keyes
  • VII Corps Virginia: John Adams Dix

Military District of Washington: Samuel Peter Heintzelman

Army of the Mississippi: John Alexander McClernand

  • I Corps Mississippi: George Washington Morgan
  • II Corps Mississippi: William Tecumseh Sherman

Confederate Organisation

Commander in Chief: President Jefferson Finis Davis
Vice-President: Alexander Hamilton Stephens
Secretary of War: James Alexander Seddon
Secretary of the Navy: Stephen Russell Mallory

Military Adviser to the President: Vacant

Military Division of the West: Joseph Eggleston Johnston

  • Department of East Tennessee: Edmund Kirby Smith
    • District of Abingdon: Humphrey Marshall
  • Western Department: Braxton Bragg
    • District of the Tennessee: John Porter McCown
    • Gulf District: Simon Bolivar Buckner
    • Army of Tennessee:  Braxton Bragg
      • I Corps Tennessee: Leonidas Polk
      • II Corps Tennessee: William Joseph Hardee
  • Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana: John Clifford Pemberton
    • District One of Mississippi and East Louisiana: Daniel Ruggles
    • District Two of Mississippi and East Louisiana: Carter Littlepage Stevenson
    • District Three of Mississippi and East Louisiana: Franklin Gardner
    • Defences of Vicksburg: Martin Luther Smith
    • Army of Mississippi: John Clifford Pemberton
      • I Corps Mississippi: William Wing Loring temporary
      • II Corps Mississippi: Sterling Price

Department of Henrico: John Henry Winder

Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia: Gustavus Woodson Smith

  • Sub-District of Cape Fear: William Henry Chase Whiting

Department of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee

  • Army of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee
    • I Corps Northern Virginia: James Longstreet
    • II Corps Northern Virginia: Thomas Jonathan Jackson
  • Valley District: William Edmondson Jones

Department of Richmond: Arnold Elzey

Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard

  • District of Georgia: Hugh Weedon Mercer
  • District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
    • 1st Sub-District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
    • 2nd Sub-District of South Carolina: Johnson Hagood
    • 3rd Sub-District of South Carolina: William Stephen Walker
    • 4th Sub-District of South Carolina: James Heyward Trapier
  • District of East Florida: Joseph Finegan
  • District of Middle Florida: Thomas Howell Cobb
  • District of West Florida: John Horace Forney

Trans-Allegheny Department: Samuel Jones

  • District of Abingdon: Humphrey Marshall

Trans-Mississippi Department: Theophilus Hunter Holmes

  • District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona:  John Bankhead Magruder
    • Western Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: Henry Eustace McCullough
      • Sub-District of the Rio Grande: Hamilton Prioleau Bee
    • Sub-District of Houston: Xavier Blanchard Debray
    • Eastern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: Xavier Blanchard Debray
    • Southwest Army: Thomas Carmichael Hindman
  • District of Arkansas: Thomas Carmichael Hindman
  • District of West Louisiana: Richard Taylor
  • District of Indian Territory: Douglas Hancock Cooper interim William Steele awaited
  • Defences of Pass Cavallo: John W Glenn
  • I Corps Trans-Mississippi: vacant

Union Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

Major-General USA

George Brinton McClellan
John Charles Frémont
Henry Wager Halleck
John Ellis Wool

Major-General USV

Asterisk indicates concurrently Brigadier-General USA

John Adams Dix
Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
Benjamin Franklin Butler
David Hunter
Ethan Allen Hitchcock
Ulysses Simpson Grant
Irvin McDowell*
Ambrose Everett Burnside
William Starke Rosecrans*
Don Carlos Buell
John Pope*
Samuel Ryan Curtis
Franz Sigel
John Alexander McClernand
Lewis Wallace
Cassius Marcellus Clay
George Henry Thomas
George Cadwalader
William Tecumseh Sherman
Edward Otho Cresap Ord
Edwin Vose Sumner*
Samuel Peter Heintzelman
Erasmus Darwin Keyes
Joseph Hooker*
Silas Casey
Fitz John Porter
William Buel Franklin
Darius Nash Couch
Henry Warner Slocum
John James Peck
John Sedgwick
William Farrar Smith
Alexander McDowell McCook
Thomas Leonidas Crittenden
John Gray Foster
John Grubb Parke
Christopher Columbus Augur
Robert Cumming Schenck
Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
Gordon Granger
Charles Smith Hamilton
Jacob Dolson Cox
Lovell Harrison Rousseau
James Birdseye McPherson
Benjamin Mayberry Prentiss
George Stoneman
John Fulton Reynolds
George Gordon Meade
Oliver Otis Howard
Daniel Edgar Sickles
Robert Huston Milroy
Daniel Butterfield
Winfield Scott Hancock
George Sykes
William Henry French
David Sloane Stanley
James Scott Negley
John McAllister Schofield
John McAuley Palmer
Frederick Steele
Abner Doubleday
Napoleon Jackson Tecumseh Dana
Hiram Gregory Berry
Richard James Oglesby
John Alexander Logan
James Gilpatrick Blunt
George Lucas Hartsuff
William Wallace Burns
Napoleon Bonaparte Buford
Cadwallader Colden Washburn
Francis Jay Herron
Francis Preston Blair
Joseph Jones Reynolds
Philip Henry Sheridan

Brigadier-General USA

Brackets indicates concurrently Major-General USV

William Selby Harney
(Edwin Vose Sumner)
(Irvin McDowell)
Robert Anderson
(William Starke Rosecrans)
Philip St George Cooke
(John Pope)
(Joseph Hooker)

Brigadier-General USV

Andrew Porter
Charles Pomeroy Stone
Thomas West Sherman
George Archibald McCall
William Reading Montgomery
Rufus King
Benjamin Franklin Kelley
Alpheus Starkey Williams
James Cooper
James Brewerton Ricketts
Orlando Bolivar Willcox
Michael Corcoran
Henry Hayes Lockwood
Louis Blenker
James Samuel Wadsworth
George Webb Morell
John Henry Martindale
Samuel Davis Sturgis
James William Denver
Egbert Ludovicus Vielé
James Shields
William Farquhar Barry
John Joseph Abercrombie
Lawrence Pike Graham
Eleazar Arthur Paine
Ebenezer Dumont
Willis Arnold Gorman
Horatio Gouverneur Wright
William Thomas Ward
John Gross Barnard
Innis Newton Palmer
Seth Williams
John Newton
George Wright
William Thomas Harbaugh Brooks
John Milton Brannan
John Porter Hatch
William Kerley Strong
Albin Francisco Schoepf
Thomas John Wood
Richard W Johnson
Adolph Wilhelm August Friedrich Von Steinwehr
George Washington Cullum
Jeremiah Tilford Boyle
Schuyler Hamilton
George Washington Morgan
Julius Stahel
Thomas Jefferson McKean
Zealous Bates Tower
Jefferson Columbus Davis
James Henry Lane
James Abram Garfield
Lewis Golding Arnold
William Scott Ketchum
John Wynn Davidson
David Bell Birney
Thomas Francis Meagher
Henry Morris Naglee
Andrew Johnson
James Gallant Spears
Eugene Asa Carr
Thomas Alfred Davies
Daniel Tyler
William Hemsley Emory
Andrew Jackson Smith
Marsena Rudolph Patrick
Isaac Ferdinand Quinby
Orris Sanford Ferry
Daniel Phineas Woodbury
Henry Moses Judah
John Cook
John McArthur
Jacob Gartner Lauman
Horatio Phillips Van Cleve
Speed Smith Fry
Alexander Asboth
James Craig
Mahlon Dickerson Manson
Edward Richard Sprigg Canby
Grenville Mellen Dodge
Robert Byington Mitchell
Quincy Adams Gillmore
Amiel Weeks Whipple
Cuvier Grover
Rufus Saxton
Benjamin Alvord
William Sooy Smith
Nathan Kimball
Charles Devens
James Henry Van Alen
Carl Schurz
Samuel Wylie Crawford
Henry Walton Wessells
Milo Smith Hascall
Leonard Fulton Ross
John White Geary
Alfred Howe Terry
Andrew Atkinson Humphreys
James Henry Carleton
Absalom Baird
John Cleveland Robinson
Truman Seymour
Henry Prince
Abram Sanders Piatt
Thomas Turpin Crittenden
Maximilian Weber
Jeremiah Cutler Sullivan
Alvin Peterson Hovey
James Clifford Veatch
William Plummer Benton
John Curtis Caldwell
Neal Dow
George Sears Greene
Samuel Powhatan Carter
John Gibbon
Erastus Barnard Tyler
Charles Griffin
George Henry Gordon
James Madison Tuttle
Julius White
Peter Joseph Osterhaus
Stephen Gano Burbridge
Washington Lafayette Elliott
Albion Parris Howe
Green Clay Smith
William Bowen Campbell
Benjamin Stone Roberts
Alfred Pleasonton
Jacob Ammen
Catharinus Putnam Buckingham
Fitz-Henry Warren
Morgan Lewis Smith
Charles Cruft
Frederick Salomon
John Cochrane
John Basil Turchin
Henry Shaw Briggs
James Dada Morgan
Johann August Ernst Willich
Henry Dwight Terry
James Blair Steedman
George Foster Shepley
John Buford
John Reese Kenly
John Potts Slough
Godfrey Weitzel
Gabriel René Paul
George Crook
Thomas Leiper Kane
Gershom Mott
Edward Ferrero
Francis Laurens Vinton
Henry Jackson Hunt
Francis Channing Barlow
Mason Brayman
Nathaniel James Jackson
George Washington Getty
Alfred Sully
Gouverneur Kemble Warren
William Woods Averell
Alexander Hays
Henry Hastings Sibley
Calvin Edward Pratt
Francis Barretto Spinola
John Henry Hobart Ward
John Milton Thayer
Solomon Meredith
James Bowen
Eliakim Parker Scammon
Robert Seaman Granger
Joseph Rodman West
Joseph Warren Revere
Alfred Washington Ellet
George Leonard Andrews
Clinton Bowen Fisk
William Hays
Israel Vogdes
David Allen Russell
Lewis Cass Hunt
Frank Wheaton
John Sanford Mason
David McMurtrie Gregg
Robert Ogden Tyler
Alfred Thomas Archimedes Torbert
William Haines Lytle
Gilman Marston
William Dwight
Sullivan Amory Meredith
Edward Needles Kirk
Nathaniel Collins McLean
William Vandever
Alexander Schimmelfennig
Charles Thomas Campbell
Charles Kinnaird Graham
John Eugene Smith
Joseph Tarr Copeland
Charles Adam Heckman
Stephen Gardner Champlin
Edward Elmer Potter
Thomas Algeo Rowley
Henry Beebee Carrington
John Haskell King
Adam Jacoby Slemmer
Thomas Hewson Neill
Thomas Gamble Pitcher
Thomas William Sweeny
William Passmore Carlin
Romeyn Beck Ayres
William Babcock Hazen
James St Clair Morton
Joseph Anthony Mower
Richard Arnold
Edward Winslow Hinks
George Crockett Strong
Michael Kelly Lawler
George Day Wagner
Lysander Cutler
Joseph Farmer Knipe
John Dunlap Stevenson

Joshua Thomas Owen
James Barnes

Theophilus Toulmin Garrard
Edward Harland
Samuel Kosciuszko Zook
Samuel Beatty
Isaac Jones Wistar
Franklin Stillman Nickerson
Edward Henry Hobson
Ralph Pomeroy Buckland
Joseph Dana Webster
William Ward Orme
William Harrow
William Hopkins Morris

John Beatty
Thomas Howard Ruger
Thomas Edward Greenfield Ransom
Elias Smith Dennis
Thomas Church Haskell Smith
Mortimer Dormer Leggett
Davis Tillson

Hector Tyndale
Charles Cleveland Dodge
Albert Lindley Lee
Charles Leopold Matthies
Marcellus Monroe Crocker
Egbert Benson Brown
John McNeil
George Francis McGinnis
George Washington Deitzler
Hugh Boyle Ewing
James Winning McMillan
Robert Christie Buchanan
James Hewitt Ledlie
Wladimir Bonawentura Krzyzanowski
James Allen Hardie
Isham Nicolas Haynie
Frederick Shearer Stumbaugh
David Stuart
John Blair Smith Todd
Orlando Metcalfe Poe
Thomas Greely Stevenson
James Murrell Shackelford

Brigadier-General USA (Staff)

Montgomery Cunningham Meigs (Quartermaster-General)
Henry Knox Craig
Lorenzo Thomas (Adjutant-General)
James Wolfe Ripley (Ordnance)
William Alexander Hammond (Surgeon-General)

Confederate Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission


Samuel Cooper
Robert Edward Lee
Joseph Eggleston Johnston
Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
Braxton Bragg

Lieutenant-General PACS

James Longstreet
Edmund Kirby Smith
Leonidas Polk
Theophilus Hunter Holmes
William Joseph Hardee
Thomas Jonathan Jackson
John Clifford Pemberton

Major-General PACS

Earl Van Dorn
Gustavus Woodson Smith
Benjamin Huger
John Bankhead Magruder
Mansfield Lovell
Richard Stoddert Ewell
William Wing Loring
Sterling Price
Benjamin Franklin Cheatham
Samuel Jones
John Porter McCown
Daniel Harvey Hill
Jones Mitchell Withers
Thomas Carmichael Hindman
John Cabell Breckinridge
Lafayette McLaws
Ambrose Powell Hill
Richard Heron Anderson
James Ewell Brown Stuart
Richard Taylor
Simon Bolivar Buckner
Samuel Gibbs French
David Rumph Jones
George Edward Pickett
Carter Littlepage Stevenson
John Bell Hood
John Horace Forney
Dabney Herndon Maury
Martin Luther Smith
John George Walker
Arnold Elzey
Patrick Ronayne Cleburne
Franklin Gardner

Brigadier-General PACS

Alexander Robert Lawton
Charles Clark
John Buchanan Floyd
Henry Alexander Wise
Henry Hopkins Sibley
John Henry Winder
Daniel Smith Donelson
Gideon Johnson Pillow
Robert Augustus Toombs
William Henry Chase Whiting
Jubal Anderson Early
Isaac Ridgeway Trimble
Daniel Ruggles
Roswell Sabine Ripley
Paul Octave Hébert
Albert Gallatin Blanchard
Gabriel James Rains
Thomas Fenwick Drayton
Lloyd Tilghman
Nathan George Evans
Cadmus Marcellus Wilcox
Robert Emmett Rodes
James Heyward Trapier
William Henry Carroll
Hugh Weedon Mercer
Alexander Peter Stewart
William Montgomery Gardner
Richard Brooke Garnett
William Mahone
Edward Johnson
Raleigh Edward Colston
Henry Heth
Sterling Alexander Martin Wood
John King Jackson
Bushrod Rust Johnson
James Patton Anderson
Howell Cobb
George Wythe Randolph
Joseph Brevard Kershaw
James Ronald Chalmers
James Johnston Pettigrew
Daniel Leadbetter
William Whann Mackall
Robert Ransom
Daniel Marsh Frost
Winfield Scott Featherston
Thomas James Churchill
William Booth Taliaferro
Albert Rust
Samuel Bell Maxey
Hamilton Prioleau Bee
James Morrison Hawes
George Hume Steuart
James Edwin Slaughter
Charles William Field
Paul Jones Semmes
Lucius Marshall Walker
Seth Maxwell Barton
Henry Eustace McCullough
John Stevens Bowen
Benjamin Hardin Helm
John Selden Roane
States Rights Gist
William Nelson Pendleton
Lewis Addison Armistead
Joseph Finegan
William Nelson Rector Beall
Thomas Jordan
William Preston
Roger Atkinson Pryor
John Echols
George Earl Maney
Jean Jacques Alfred Alexandre Mouton
John Stuart Williams
James Green Martin
Thomas Lanier Clingman
Wade Hampton
Daniel Weisiger Adams
Louis Hébert
John Creed Moore
Ambrose Ransom Wright
James Lawson Kemper
James Jay Archer
Beverley Holcombe Robertson
St John Richardson Liddell
Nathan Bedford Forrest
Johnson Hagood
William Dorsey Pender
Micah Jenkins
Martin Edwin Green
Fitzhugh Lee
Harry Thompson Hays
Albert Gallatin Jenkins
William Barksdale
Edward Dorr Tracy
Matthew Duncan Ector
Edward Aylesworth Perry
John Gregg
John Calvin Brown
Alfred Holt Colquitt
Junius Daniel
Abraham Buford
William Steele
James Fleming Fagan
William Read Scurry
Francis Asbury Shoup
Joseph Robert Davis
William Henry Fitzhugh Lee
William Edmondson Jones
William Edwin Baldwin
John Crawford Vaughn
Evander McIvor Law
William Brimage Bate
Elkanah Brackin Greer
Francis Redding Tillou Nicholls
Preston Smith
Alfred Cumming
William Stephen Walker
Joseph Wheeler
George Pierce Doles
Carnot Posey
Montgomery Dent Corse
George Thomas Anderson
Alfred Iverson
James Henry Lane
Edward Lloyd Thomas
Stephen Dodson Ramseur
John Rogers Cooke
Jerome Bonaparte Robertson
Elisha Franklin Paxton
Evander McNair
William George Mackey Davis
Archibald Gracie
William Robertson Boggs
James Camp Tappan
Dandridge McRae
Mosby Monroe Parsons
Stephen Dill Lee
John Pegram
John Sappington Marmaduke
John Austin Wharton
William Thompson Martin
John Hunt Morgan
Marcus Joseph Wright
Zachariah Cantey Deas
Lucius Eugene Polk
Edward Cary Walthall
John Adams
William Hicks Jackson
James Cantey
Camille Armand Jules Marie de Polignac

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