1863 April 26th

April 26 1863 Sunday

Battle of Cape Girardeau, MO (CWSAC Limited Battle Union Victory)

Virginia Southside and North Carolina Operations – Siege of Suffolk

Chancellorsville Campaign

Marmaduke’s Second Missouri Raid

Grierson’s Mississippi Raid

Streight’s Alabama Raid

Jones’ and Imboden’s West Virginia Raid

Brazil. CSS Alabama, Captain Raphael Semmes, captured and burned the ship Dorcas Prince with a cargo of coal, east of Natal.

Gulf of Mexico. USS De Soto, Captain W M Walker, seized the British schooner Clarita in the Gulf of Mexico, bound from Havana to Matamoras.

Alabama. Union Colonel Abel Delos Streight’s men left Tuscumbia at 11 pm and marched south-eastwards. Streight’s force was reduced to 1,500 men by the discharge of men unfit for a rigorous campaign. Meanwhile, Confederate Brigadier-General Nathan Bedford Forrest’s pursuing cavalry brigade reached Brown’s Ferry. Forrest left one regiment here to guard against the operations of Union Brigadier-General Grenville Mellen Dodge’s command near Eastport and ferried his others across the river. As Forrest’s cavalry moved west through Courtland, they contested a crossing of Town Creek with the Union force.

Arkansas. Incidents at Elm Springs, White River and Jackson.

Florida. USS Sagamore, Lieutenant-Commander Earl English, captured the schooner New Year off the Tortugas with a cargo of turpentine and cotton.

Kentucky. Expedition to Monticello began.

Kentucky. Expedition to Celina began.

Kentucky. Operations in south-eastern Kentucky began.

Louisiana. Expedition to Barre Landing ended.

Louisiana. Expedition from Opelousas to Niblett’s Bluff began. Incident at Phelps Bayou.

Maryland. Confederate Brigadier-General William Edmondson Jones and his raiders were moving northwest and divided into three columns. Two departed to attack Oakland and Altamont, while Jones led an assault on Rowlesburg, Virginia. Confederate Colonel John H McNeill’s Rangers were attached to Colonel Asher Harman’s 12th Virginia Cavalry and given the mission of destroying the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad bridge at Oakland. When Harman attacked the Union position at Oakland, the garrison was taken by surprise and all 57 men were captured. Harman and McNeill then rejoined the main Confederate force at Rowlesburg.

Maryland. Skirmishes at Oakland, and Cranberry Summit involving Confederate Brigadier-General William Edmondson Jones.

Mississippi. Confederate Brigadier-General Abraham Buford’s brigade halted at Meridian in its movement to reinforce the army at Vicksburg. Another cavalry brigade left Jackson and moved eastwards along the Southern Railroad towards the wrecked line at Newton Station. Forces at Panola and Canton under Brigadier-General James Ronald Chalmers and Brigadier-General Lloyd Tilghman were moved to Okolona and Carthage, in an attempt to block the northward escape route of the cavalry raiders of Union Colonel Benjamin Henry Grierson. More than a division of Confederate troops had been diverted from the defence of Vicksburg by Grierson’s raiders and confusion and disruption was rife around Jackson.

Suspecting that Grierson’s objective might now be Grand Gulf, Confederate Lieutenant-General John Clifford Pemberton sent orders for Brigadier-General John Stevens Bowen to move Colonel Wirt Adams with seven cavalry companies from Port Gibson to locate and to defeat Grierson on the way there. Adams set up an ambush near Union Church but the “butternut guerrillas”, a scouting party of nine men from Grierson’s command, detected it and Grierson circled safely eastwards to Brookhaven. Grierson had decided to attempt an escape towards Union forces believed to be at, or about to land at, Grand Gulf or Natchez.

Cape Girardeau, Missouri. During the night of 25 April, in anticipation of an attack by Confederate raiders under Brigadier-General John Sappington Marmaduke, Union Brigadier-General John McNeil ordered the evacuation of women and children via steamboat to a safe location upriver. Also during the night two gunboats and a steamer arrived with additional troops to support McNeil’s forces. With the gunboats in place, McNeil did not foresee any threat from the Mississippi River side of the city, so he had guns moved from Forts A and D along the river to Forts B and C on the western side of the city. In all, McNeil counted about 4,000 men, although some of these arrived after the action had ended. Confederate Colonel Joseph Orville Shelby’s column arrived at Cape Girardeau early in the day. With Marmaduke’s full division located on the western edge of the city, he adopted a formation that consisted of Colonel John Q Burbridge’s brigade in the centre, Shelby’s on the left, and Colonel George W Carter’s on the right. Their line extended from just east of St Mary’s Cemetery on the north to Gordonville Road on the south. Its centre was on the Jackson Road.

Those Union forces not already in fortifications retreated into them. Marmaduke ordered Shelby to make a demonstration to ascertain the strength of the garrison, and this escalated into an attack around 10 am. Unsuccessful charges were made by cavalry units from both sides. The Union troops were driven back by Shelby’s superior cavalry and the Confederates were hit by heavy fire from field artillery and the guns in the Union fortifications. The fighting lasted for four or five hours, ceasing sometime after 2 pm when Marmaduke ordered his forces to withdraw. Following the action, Marmaduke retreated to Jackson and then onwards to Arkansas, bringing an end to his second Missouri raid. Marmaduke was pursued by Union forces but no further contact was made before Marmaduke crossed the Arkansas border. The number of confirmed dead was no more than ten on either side, although some reports claim that the total number killed was close to a hundred and over three hundred wounded. One report stated that Union casualties were 120 and Confederate between 161 and 325. (CWSAC Limited Battle Union Victory)

ORDER OF BATTLE: CAPE GIRARDEAU, MO

Union Department of the Missouri: Brigadier-General John McAllister Schofield
Garrison Cape Girardeau: Brigadier-General John McNeil

Confederate Trans-Mississippi Department: Lieutenant-General Edmund Kirby Smith
Trans-Mississippi Army: Lieutenant-General Edmund Kirby Smith
Marmaduke’s Cavalry Division (Trans-Mississippi): Brigadier-General John Sappington Marmaduke
Shelby’s Brigade, Marmaduke’s Cavalry Division (Trans-Mississippi): Colonel Joseph O Shelby
Burbridge’s brigade, Marmaduke’s Cavalry Division (Trans-Mississippi): Colonel John Q Burbridge
Carter’s Brigade, Marmaduke’s Cavalry Division (Trans-Mississippi): Colonel George W Carter

Missouri. Skirmish at Jackson, involving Confederate Brigadier-General John Sappington Marmaduke.

Missouri. Skirmish at Independence.

Tennessee. Skirmish at College Grove

Tennessee. Skirmish at Little Rock Landing and Duck River Island.

Tennessee. Incident at Fort Pillow.

Tennessee. USS Lexington, Lieutenant-Commander Le Roy Fitch, joined the ram fleet under Brigadier-General Alfred Washington Ellet to assist in the dispersal of Confederate cavalry concentrating on Duck River Island at the mouth of the Duck River.

Tennessee. Union Colonel Edward Hatch returned to La Grange with his decoys from the raiding force of Colonel Benjamin Henry Grierson.

Virginia. Incident at Fisher’s Hill.

Virginia. Skirmish at Oak Grove in Westmoreland County.

Virginia. Union Major-General Joseph Hooker had devised an excellent plan to achieve a wide strategic envelopment of the Confederate army at Fredericksburg by way of Kelly’s Ford, fifteen miles above the junction of the Rapidan and Rappahannock Rivers. This advance would be made by one-third of his army’s total of 134,000 men. Hooker had originally planned to cross at US Ford a mile short of the junction of the river junction but this crossing was flooded and was no longer accessible to a coup de main. The switch to US Ford added a longer approach march and a second river crossing to Hooker’s planned flanking manoeuvre but its greater distance from Fredericksburg also increased the chance of an undetected crossing. It also offered a covered approach through the dense countryside towards the Confederate rear. As the army marched eastwards it would open both US Ford and Banks’ Ford to restore communications between the two parts of the army. Hooker also changed the objectives of Major-General George Stoneman’s Cavalry Corps, which had experienced two weeks of delays in crossing the Rapidan, Hooker ordered it to advance in two columns, one under Brigadier-General William Woods Averell towards Gordonsville, and the other under Brigadier-General John Buford to break up the Richmond & Fredericksburg Railroad.

Hooker gave orders for the second third of the army, comprising V Corps, IX Corps, and XII Corps of the Army of the Potomac to march at dawn and to cross the Rappahannock and Rapidan Rivers above Fredericksburg at Kelly’s Ford. They were to reach the ford by sunrise the next day and to head south for the Rapidan by 4 pm the following day. They would cross the Rapidan at Ely’s Ford and Germanna Ford and then take local roads to join the Orange Turnpike, which would bring them to the key crossroads of Chancellorsville, eight miles west of the Confederate army.

Two divisions of II Corps would march at dawn on 29 April to Banks’ Ford where they would prepare to lay a pontoon bridge after XII Corps had outflanked the defenders on the high ground covering the southern bank of the Rappahannock.

Another third of the army under Major-General John Sedgwick (VI Corps and one division of II Corps) remained to make a diversionary attack at Fredericksburg, pinning the Confederates in their entrenchments by laying bridges at Franklin’s Crossing on 29 April. The remainding two corps, I Corps and III Corps, were held in reserve to support either wing.

Virginia. Skirmishes at Burlington, Portland, Rowlesburg, and Philippi.

Union Organisation

Commander in Chief: President Abraham Lincoln

Vice-President: Hannibal Hamlin

Secretary of War: Edwin McMasters Stanton

Secretary of the Navy: Gideon Welles

  • North Atlantic Blockading Squadron USN: Acting Rear Admiral Samuel Phillips Lee USN
  • South Atlantic Blockading Squadron USN: Flag Officer Samuel Francis Du Pont USN
  • West Gulf Blockading Squadron USN: Rear Admiral David Glasgow Farragut USN
  • East Gulf Blockading Squadron USN: Acting Rear Admiral Theodorus Bailey USN
  • Pacific Squadron USN: Rear Admiral Charles H Bell USN
  • Mississippi River Squadron USN: Rear Admiral David Dixon Porter USN
  • Potomac Flotilla USN: Commodore Andrew Allen Harwood USN

General–in-Chief: Henry Wager Halleck

  • Department of the Cumberland: William Starke Rosecrans
    • Army of the Cumberland: William Starke Rosecrans
      • XIV Corps Cumberland: George Henry Thomas
      • XX Corps Cumberland: Alexander McDowell McCook
      • XXI Corps Cumberland: Thomas Leonidas Crittenden
      • Cavalry Corps Cumberland: David Sloane Stanley
  • Department of the East: John Ellis Wool
  • Department of the Gulf: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
    • District of Pensacola: William Cune Holbrook
    • District of La Fourche: Godfrey Weitzel
    • District of Key West and Tortugas: Daniel Phineas Woodbury
    • Defences of New Orleans: Thomas West Sherman
    • Army of the Gulf: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
      • XIX Corps Gulf: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
  • Middle Department: Robert Cumming Schenck
    • District of the Eastern Shore of Maryland: Henry Hayes Lockwood
    • VIII Corps Middle: Robert Cumming Schenck
  • Department of the Missouri: John McAllister Schofield
    • District of St Louis: John Wynn Davidson
    • District of Southwest Missouri: John McAllister Schofield
    • District of Northeast Missouri: Thomas Jefferson McKean
    • District of Northwest Missouri: Chester Harding
    • District of Central Missouri: Benjamin Franklin Loan
    • District of Rolla: Thomas Alfred Davies
    • District of Nebraska Territory: James Craig
    • Army of the Frontier: Francis Jay Herron
  • Department of New Mexico: James Henry Carleton
    • District of Arizona: Joseph Rodman West
  • Department of North Carolina: John Gray Foster
    • District of Albemarle: Henry Walton Wessells
    • District of the Neuse: Henry Morris Naglee
    • District of the Pamlico: Henry Prince
    • XVIII Corps North Carolina: John Gray Foster
  • Department of the Northwest: John Pope
    • 1st District Northwest: John Cook
    • District of Minnesota: Henry Hastings Sibley
    • District of Wisconsin: Thomas Church Haskell Smith
  • Department of the Ohio: Ambrose Everett Burnside
    • District of Central Kentucky: Orlando Bolivar Willcox
    • District of Eastern Kentucky: Julius White
    • District of Western Kentucky: Jeremiah Tilford Boyle
    • District of Illinois: Jacob Ammen
    • District of Indiana: Milo Smith Hascall
    • District of Ohio: Jacob Dolson Cox
    • Army of the Ohio: Ambrose Everett Burnside
      • IX Corps Ohio: Orlando Bolívar Willcox
  • Department of the Pacific: George Wright
    • District of the Humboldt: Francis James Lippitt
    • District of Oregon: Benjamin Alvord
    • District of Southern California: Ferris Foreman temporary
    • District of Utah: Patrick Edward Connor
  • Department of the Potomac: Joseph Hooker
    • Army of the Potomac: Joseph Hooker
      • I Corps Potomac: John Fulton Reynolds
      • II Corps Potomac: Darius Nash Couch
      • III Corps Potomac: Daniel Edgar Sickles
      • V Corps Potomac: George Gordon Meade
      • VI Corps Potomac: John Sedgwick
      • XI Corps Potomac: Oliver Otis Howard
      • XII Corps Potomac: Henry Warner Slocum
      • Cavalry Corps Potomac: George Stoneman
  • Department of the South: David Hunter
    • X Corps South: David Hunter
  • Department of the Tennessee: Ulysses Simpson Grant
    • District of West Tennessee: Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
      • Sub-District of Memphis: James Clifford Veatch
    • District of Jackson: Nathan Kimball
    • District of Eastern Arkansas: Benjamin Mayberry Prentiss
    • Army of the Tennessee: Ulysses Simpson Grant
      • XIII Corps Tennessee: John Alexander McClernand
      • XV Corps Tennessee: William Tecumseh Sherman
      • XVI Corps Tennessee: Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
        • Left Wing XVI Corps Tennessee: vacant
      • XVII Corps Tennessee: James Birdseye McPherson
  • Department of Virginia: Erasmus Darwin Keyes
    • IV Corps Virginia: Erasmus Darwin Keyes
    • VII Corps Virginia: John Adams Dix
  • Department of Washington: Samuel Peter Heintzelman
    • District of Alexandria: John Potts Slough
    • District of Washington: John Henry Martindale
    • XXII Corps Washington: Samuel Peter Heintzelman

Confederate Organisation

CSA: Major-General Isaac Ridgeway Trimble assumed command of the Valley District, succeeding Brigadier-General William Edmondson Jones.

Trimble, Isaac Ridgeway / Pennsylvania-Kentucky / Born 15 May 1802 Culpeper, Virginia / Died Baltimore, Maryland 2 January 1888
USMA 1 July 1822 17/40 Artillery / Cadet USMA 3 November 1818 / 3rd US Artillery 1 July 1822 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 1st US Artillery 1 July 1822 / Resigned USA 31 May 1832 / Colonel Engineers Provisional Army of Virginia May 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 6 August 1861 to rank from 9 August 1861 / Major-General PACS 17 January 1863 / Paroled Lynchburg, Virginia 16 April 1865 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1822 / WIA Second Bull Run 29 August 1862 WIA & CIA Gettysburg 3 July 1863
2nd Brigade 4th Division Army of the Potomac 16 November 1861-5 February 1862 / 2nd Brigade 3rd Division Army of the Potomac 5 February 1862-26 June 1862 / 7th Brigade 3rd Division Left Wing Army of Northern Virginia 26 June 1862-9 August 1862 / Valley District 26 April 1863-15 June 1863 / ADC (R S Ewell) 15 June 1863-3 July 1863 / Pender’s Division III Corps Army of Northern Virginia 3 July 1862-3 July 1863

CSA: Arthur Middleton Manigault promoted Brigadier-General PACS 27 April 1863 to rank from 26 April 1863.

Manigault, Arthur Middleton / South Carolina / Born 26 October 1824 Charleston, South Carolina / Died 17 August 1886
Sergeant-Major South Carolina Militia / 2nd Lieutenant USV Palmetto South Carolina Infantry 1846 / 1st Lieutenant USV 1847 / Mustered Out USV 1848 / Captain South Carolina Militia December 1860 / ADC (F W Pickens) April 1860 / Lieutenant-Colonel PACS Assistant Adjutant-General and Inspector-General 10 April 1861 / ADC (P G T Beauregard) 10 April 1861 / Colonel PACS 10th South Carolina Infantry 31 May 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 27 April 1863 to rank from 26 April 1863 / No Record of Parole / WIA Churubusco 28 August 1847 WIA Resaca 14 May 1864 WIA Franklin 30 November 1864
First Sub-District of South Carolina 10 December 1861-6 October 1862 / 4th Brigade Reserve Corps Army of Mississippi June 1862-2 July 1862 / 4th Brigade Withers’ Division Army of Mississippi 2 July 1862-15 August 1862 / 4th Brigade Withers’ Division Right Wing Army of Mississippi 15 August 1862-20 November 1862 / 4th Brigade 2nd Division Polk’s Corps Army of Tennessee 20 November 1862-April 1863 / 2nd Brigade 2nd Division I Corps Army of Tennessee April 1863-September 1863 / Manigault’s Brigade Hindman’s Division Longstreet’s Corps Army of Tennessee September 1863-October 1863 / Manigault’s Brigade Hindman’s Division I Corps Army of Tennessee October 1863-November 1863 / Manigault’s Brigade J P Anderson’s Division I Corps Army of Tennessee November 1863-December 1863 / Manigault’s Brigade J P Anderson’s Division II Corps Army of Tennessee December 1863-April 1864 / Manigault’s Brigade Hindman’s Division II Corps Army of Tennessee April 1864-September 1864 / Manigault’s Brigade E Johnson’s Division II Corps Army of Tennessee September 1864-30 November 1864

Commander in Chief: President Jefferson Finis Davis

Vice-President: Alexander Hamilton Stephens

Secretary of War: James Alexander Seddon

Secretary of the Navy: Stephen Russell Mallory

Military Adviser to the President: Vacant

  • Military Division of the West: Joseph Eggleston Johnston
    • Department of East Tennessee: Dabney Herndon Maury
      • District of Abingdon: Humphrey Marshall
    • Western Department: Braxton Bragg
      • District of the Tennessee: John King Jackson
      • Gulf District: Simon Bolivar Buckner
      • Army of Tennessee: Braxton Bragg
        • I Corps Tennessee: Leonidas Polk
        • II Corps Tennessee: William Joseph Hardee
        • Cavalry Corps Tennessee: Earl Van Dorn
    • Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana: John Clifford Pemberton
      • District One of Mississippi and East Louisiana: Daniel Ruggles
      • District Two of Mississippi and East Louisiana: Carter Littlepage Stevenson
      • District Three of Mississippi and East Louisiana: Franklin Gardner
      • District Four of Mississippi and East Louisiana: John Adams
      • District Five of Mississippi and East Louisiana: James Ronald Chalmers
      • Defences of Vicksburg: Martin Luther Smith
      • Army of Mississippi: John Clifford Pemberton
        • I Corps Mississippi: William Wing Loring temporary
  • Department of Henrico: John Henry Winder
  • Department of North Carolina: James Longstreet
      • Sub-District of Cape Fear: William Henry Chase Whiting
  • Department of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee
    • Army of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee
      • I Corps Northern Virginia: James Longstreet
      • II Corps Northern Virginia: Thomas Jonathan Jackson
    • Valley District: Isaac Ridgeway Trimble
  • Department of Southern Virginia: Samuel Gibbs French
  • Department of Richmond: Arnold Elzey
  • Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
    • District of Georgia: Hugh Weedon Mercer
    • District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
      • 1st Sub-District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
      • 2nd Sub-District of South Carolina: James Heyward Trapier
      • 3rd Sub-District of South Carolina: William Stephen Walker
      • 4th Sub-District of South Carolina: James Heyward Trapier
    • District of East Florida: Joseph Finegan
    • District of Middle Florida: Thomas Howell Cobb
    • District of West Florida: John Horace Forney
  • Trans-Allegheny Department: Samuel Jones
  • Trans-Mississippi Department: Edmund Kirby Smith
    • District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: John Bankhead Magruder
      • Western Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: Henry Eustace McCullough
        • Sub-District of the Rio Grande: Hamilton Prioleau Bee
      • Sub-District of Houston: Xavier Blanchard Debray
      • Eastern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: William Read Scurry
    • District of Arkansas: Theophilus Hunter Holmes
    • District of West Louisiana: Richard Taylor
    • District of Indian Territory: Douglas Hancock Cooper interim William Steele awaited
    • Defences of Pass Cavallo: John W Glenn
    • Trans-Mississippi Army: Edmund Kirby Smith

Union Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

Major-General USA

George Brinton McClellan
John Charles Frémont
Henry Wager Halleck
John Ellis Wool

Major-General USV

Asterisk indicates concurrently Brigadier-General USA

John Adams Dix
Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
Benjamin Franklin Butler
David Hunter
Ethan Allen Hitchcock
Ulysses Simpson Grant
Irvin McDowell*
Ambrose Everett Burnside
William Starke Rosecrans*
Don Carlos Buell
John Pope*
Samuel Ryan Curtis
Franz Sigel
John Alexander McClernand
Lewis Wallace
George Henry Thomas
George Cadwalader
William Tecumseh Sherman
Edward Otho Cresap Ord
Samuel Peter Heintzelman
Erasmus Darwin Keyes
Joseph Hooker*
Silas Casey
William Buel Franklin
Darius Nash Couch
Henry Warner Slocum
John James Peck
John Sedgwick
Alexander McDowell McCook
Thomas Leonidas Crittenden
John Gray Foster
John Grubb Parke
Christopher Columbus Augur
Robert Cumming Schenck
Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
Gordon Granger
Lovell Harrison Rousseau
James Birdseye McPherson
Benjamin Mayberry Prentiss
George Stoneman
John Fulton Reynolds
George Gordon Meade
Oliver Otis Howard
Daniel Edgar Sickles
Robert Huston Milroy
Daniel Butterfield
Winfield Scott Hancock
George Sykes
William Henry French
David Sloane Stanley
James Scott Negley
John McAuley Palmer
Frederick Steele
Abner Doubleday
Napoleon Jackson Tecumseh Dana
Hiram Gregory Berry
Richard James Oglesby
John Alexander Logan
James Gilpatrick Blunt
George Lucas Hartsuff
Cadwallader Colden Washburn
Francis Jay Herron
Francis Preston Blair
Joseph Jones Reynolds
Philip Henry Sheridan
Julius Stahel
Carl Schurz
John Newton

Brigadier-General USA

Brackets indicates concurrently Major-General USV

William Selby Harney
(Irvin McDowell)
Robert Anderson
(William Starke Rosecrans)
Philip St George Cooke
(John Pope)
(Joseph Hooker)

Brigadier-General USV

Andrew Porter
Charles Pomeroy Stone
Thomas West Sherman
William Reading Montgomery
Rufus King
Benjamin Franklin Kelley
Jacob Dolson Cox
Alpheus Starkey Williams
James Brewerton Ricketts
Orlando Bolivar Willcox
Michael Corcoran
Henry Hayes Lockwood
James Samuel Wadsworth
George Webb Morell
John Henry Martindale
Samuel Davis Sturgis
Henry Washington Benham
William Farrar Smith
Egbert Ludovicus Vielé
James Shields
William Farquhar Barry
John Joseph Abercrombie
Lawrence Pike Graham
Eleazar Arthur Paine
Willis Arnold Gorman
Horatio Gouverneur Wright
William Thomas Ward
John Gross Barnard
Innis Newton Palmer
Seth Williams
George Wright
William Thomas Harbaugh Brooks
John Milton Brannan
John Porter Hatch
William Kerley Strong
Albin Francisco Schoepf
Thomas John Wood
Richard W Johnson
Adolph Wilhelm August Friedrich Von Steinwehr
George Washington Cullum
Jeremiah Tilford Boyle
George Washington Morgan
John McAllister Schofield
Thomas Jefferson McKean
Zealous Bates Tower
Jefferson Columbus Davis
James Henry Lane
James Abram Garfield
Lewis Golding Arnold
William Scott Ketchum
John Wynn Davidson
David Bell Birney
Thomas Francis Meagher
Henry Morris Naglee
Andrew Johnson
James Gallant Spears
Eugene Asa Carr
Thomas Alfred Davies
Daniel Tyler
William Hemsley Emory
Andrew Jackson Smith
Marsena Rudolph Patrick
Isaac Ferdinand Quinby
Orris Sanford Ferry
Daniel Phineas Woodbury
Henry Moses Judah
John Cook
John McArthur
Jacob Gartner Lauman
Horatio Phillips Van Cleve
Speed Smith Fry
Alexander Asboth
James Craig
Mahlon Dickerson Manson
Edward Richard Sprigg Canby
Grenville Mellen Dodge
Robert Byington Mitchell
Quincy Adams Gillmore
Amiel Weeks Whipple
Cuvier Grover
Rufus Saxton
Benjamin Alvord
Napoleon Bonaparte Buford
William Sooy Smith
Nathan Kimball
Charles Devens
James Henry Van Alen
Samuel Wylie Crawford
Henry Walton Wessells
Milo Smith Hascall
Leonard Fulton Ross
John White Geary
Alfred Howe Terry
Andrew Atkinson Humphreys
James Henry Carleton
Absalom Baird
John Cleveland Robinson
Truman Seymour
Henry Prince
Thomas Turpin Crittenden
Maximilian Weber
Jeremiah Cutler Sullivan
Alvin Peterson Hovey
James Clifford Veatch
William Plummer Benton
John Curtis Caldwell
Neal Dow
George Sears Greene
Samuel Powhatan Carter
John Gibbon
Erastus Barnard Tyler
Charles Griffin
George Henry Gordon
James Madison Tuttle
Julius White
Peter Joseph Osterhaus
Stephen Gano Burbridge
Washington Lafayette Elliott
Albion Parris Howe
Green Clay Smith
Benjamin Stone Roberts
Alfred Pleasonton
Jacob Ammen
Fitz-Henry Warren
Morgan Lewis Smith
Charles Cruft
Frederick Salomon
John Basil Turchin
Henry Shaw Briggs
James Dada Morgan
Johann August Ernst Willich
Henry Dwight Terry
James Blair Steedman
George Foster Shepley
John Buford
John Reese Kenly
John Potts Slough
Godfrey Weitzel
George Crook
Thomas Leiper Kane
Gershom Mott
Henry Jackson Hunt
Francis Channing Barlow
Mason Brayman
Nathaniel James Jackson
George Washington Getty
Alfred Sully
Gouverneur Kemble Warren
William Woods Averell
Alexander Hays
Francis Barretto Spinola
John Henry Hobart Ward
Solomon Meredith
James Bowen
Eliakim Parker Scammon
Robert Seaman Granger
Joseph Rodman West
Joseph Warren Revere
Alfred Washington Ellet
George Leonard Andrews
Clinton Bowen Fisk
William Hays
Israel Vogdes
David Allen Russell
Lewis Cass Hunt
Frank Wheaton
John Sanford Mason
David McMurtrie Gregg
Robert Ogden Tyler
Alfred Thomas Archimedes Torbert
William Haines Lytle
Gilman Marston
William Dwight
Sullivan Amory Meredith
Edward Needles Kirk
Nathaniel Collins McLean
William Vandever
Alexander Schimmelfennig
Charles Kinnaird Graham
John Eugene Smith
Joseph Tarr Copeland
Charles Adam Heckman
Stephen Gardner Champlin
Edward Elmer Potter
Thomas Algeo Rowley
Henry Beebee Carrington
John Haskell King
Adam Jacoby Slemmer
Thomas Hewson Neill
Thomas Gamble Pitcher
Thomas William Sweeny
William Passmore Carlin
Romeyn Beck Ayres
William Babcock Hazen
James St Clair Morton
Joseph Anthony Mower
Richard Arnold
Edward Winslow Hinks
George Crockett Strong
Michael Kelly Lawler
George Day Wagner
Lysander Cutler
Joseph Farmer Knipe
John Dunlap Stevenson
James Barnes
Theophilus Toulmin Garrard
Edward Harland
Samuel Kosciuszko Zook
Samuel Beatty
Isaac Jones Wistar
Franklin Stillman Nickerson
Edward Henry Hobson
Ralph Pomeroy Buckland
Joseph Dana Webster
William Ward Orme
William Harrow
William Hopkins Morris
John Beatty
Thomas Howard Ruger
Thomas Edward Greenfield Ransom
Elias Smith Dennis
Thomas Church Haskell Smith
Mortimer Dormer Leggett
Davis Tillson
Hector Tyndale
Charles Cleveland Dodge
Albert Lindley Lee
Charles Leopold Matthies
Marcellus Monroe Crocker
Egbert Benson Brown
John McNeil
George Francis McGinnis
George Washington Deitzler
Hugh Boyle Ewing
James Winning McMillan
John Blair Smith Todd
James Murrell Shackelford
Daniel Ullmann
George Jerrison Stannard
Henry Baxter
James Nagle
Francis Laurens Vinton
John Milton Thayer
Charles Thomas Campbell
Thomas Welsh
Halbert Eleazer Paine
Hugh Thompson Reid
Abner Clark Harding
Robert Brown Potter
Thomas Ewing
Joseph Andrew Jackson Lightburn
Thomas Greely Stevenson
Henry Hastings Sibley
Joseph Bradford Carr
Joseph Jackson Bartlett
Joshua Thomas Owen
Patrick Edward Connor
John Parker Hawkins
Gabriel René Paul
Edward Augustus Wild

Brigadier-General USA (Staff)

Montgomery Cunningham Meigs (Quartermaster-General)
Henry Knox Craig
Lorenzo Thomas
James Wolfe Ripley (Ordnance)
William Alexander Hammond (Surgeon-General)
Joseph Pannell Taylor (Commissary-General of Subsistence
Joseph Gilbert Totten (Engineers)

Confederate Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

General ACSA/PACS

Samuel Cooper
Robert Edward Lee
Joseph Eggleston Johnston
Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
Braxton Bragg

Lieutenant-General PACS

James Longstreet
Edmund Kirby Smith
Leonidas Polk
Theophilus Hunter Holmes
William Joseph Hardee
Thomas Jonathan Jackson
John Clifford Pemberton

Major-General PACS

Earl Van Dorn
Benjamin Huger
John Bankhead Magruder
Mansfield Lovell
Richard Stoddert Ewell
William Wing Loring
Sterling Price
Benjamin Franklin Cheatham
Samuel Jones
John Porter McCown
Daniel Harvey Hill
Jones Mitchell Withers
Thomas Carmichael Hindman
John Cabell Breckinridge
Lafayette McLaws
Ambrose Powell Hill
Richard Heron Anderson
James Ewell Brown Stuart
Richard Taylor
Simon Bolivar Buckner
Samuel Gibbs French
George Edward Pickett
Carter Littlepage Stevenson
John Bell Hood
John Horace Forney
Dabney Herndon Maury
Martin Luther Smith
John George Walker
Arnold Elzey
Patrick Ronayne Cleburne
Franklin Gardner
Isaac Ridgeway Trimble
Jubal Anderson Early
Joseph Wheeler
Edward Johnson
William Henry Chase Whiting

Brigadier-General PACS

Alexander Robert Lawton
Charles Clark
John Buchanan Floyd
Henry Alexander Wise
Henry Hopkins Sibley
John Henry Winder
Gideon Johnson Pillow
Daniel Ruggles
Roswell Sabine Ripley
Paul Octave Hébert
Albert Gallatin Blanchard
Gabriel James Rains
Thomas Fenwick Drayton
Lloyd Tilghman
Nathan George Evans
Cadmus Marcellus Wilcox
Robert Emmett Rodes
James Heyward Trapier
Hugh Weedon Mercer
Alexander Peter Stewart
William Montgomery Gardner
Richard Brooke Garnett
William Mahone
Raleigh Edward Colston
Henry Heth
Sterling Alexander Martin Wood
John King Jackson
Bushrod Rust Johnson
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