1862 September 19th

September 19 1862 Friday

Battle of Iuka, MS

Battle of Shepherdstown, MD

Smith’s Invasion of Kentucky

Bragg’s Invasion of Kentucky

Second Corinth Campaign

USA. A major reorganisation occurred in the high command of the Union western theatre. Following the departure of Major-General Henry Wager Halleck to Washington, DC, to become the General-in-Chief of the US Army, his command structure was belatedly dismantled.

The Department  of the Mississippi was discontinued and with it, its jurisdiction over the Department of Kansas. The Department of Kansas was also discontinued and Kansas and Indian Territory were transferred to the Department of the Missouri. The Colorado Territory was transferred to a newly-established and autonomous District of Colorado. This provided much clearer and focused direction for the territorial commands west of the Mississippi. The Department of the Missouri now comprised Missouri, Arkansas, the parts of Kentucky and Tennessee west of the Tennessee River, and the Indian Territory. 

Even more significantly, the District of West Tennessee continued to exist after the discontinuation of the Department of the Mississippi as an autonomous territorial command reporting directly to the War Department. To all intents and purposes, it was a Department in scope and size, comprising the area around Fort Henry and Fort Donelson in Tennessee, southwards to Corinth, Mississippi. It represented in effect the operational area of the Army of West Tennessee and the Army of the Mississippi. However, the rationalisation of this command would not come until October.

Arkansas. A skirmish occurred between Union pickets and a detachment of the Texas Rangers near Helena.

Indian Territory. Operations began in the Indian Territory.

Kentucky. Skirmishes at Owensburg, Horse Cave, and Bear Wallow.

Kentucky. Skirmish at Southerland’s Farm.

Kentucky. Union Major-General Don Carlos Buell had moved his army to Cave City. Confederate General Braxton Bragg left Major-General Leonidas Polk’s Corps north of the Green River at Munfordville and attempted to lure Buell to attack his entrenchments by marching Major-General Simon Bolivar Buckner’s division brazenly across the enemy’s front. The ruse did not succeed so Bragg crossed Major-General William Joseph Hardee’s Corps over the river and the army’s northward march was resumed.

Maryland. Skirmish at Williamsport.

Shepherdstown, Maryland, also known as Blackford’s Ford, Boteler’s Ford or Shepherdstown Ford. Confederate General Robert Edward Lee had withdrawn the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia across to the south bank of the Potomac River. Lee left a rearguard of two infantry brigades and 44 guns under his chief of artillery Brigadier-General William Nelson Pendleton to hold Boteler’s Ford over the Potomac. Pendleton positioned 33 guns but their infantry supports were very weak.

At about 8 am, elements of Union Major-General Fitz-John Porter’s V Corps appeared across the Potomac at Boteler’s Ford. Seventy Union guns went into action and these were joined by sharpshooters who advanced to the banks of the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal. The most advanced of the Confederate guns became increasingly difficult to serve as the fire intensified and Pendleton committed his infantry to successfully repel the sharpshooters.

During the afternoon, the Union force resumed its attack. By sunset, the Confederates were hard-pressed and Pendleton gave permission for any guns that could withdraw unseen to do so. Shortly before dusk, Union Brigadier-General Charles Griffin (2/1/V) sent 2,000 infantrymen and sharpshooters across the ford and broke through the 200 or so infantrymen opposing them. Colonel James Barnes’ brigade (1/1/V) crossed next to support Griffin’s advance. They overrun Pendleton’s rearguard and captured four artillery pieces before being recalled because of the darkness. Pendleton reported in a panic to Lee that strong Union forces were now on the Virginia side of the river, and that he had lost most of the reserve artillery.

Minnesota. Under instructions from Governor Ramsey, Union Colonel Henry Hastings Sibley set out with 1,500 volunteers from Fort Ridgely to put down the Santee Sioux uprising.

Mississippi. Skirmish at Bolivar.

Mississippi. Skirmish at Prentiss.

Mississippi. Cavalry skirmish at Peyton’s Mill.

Mississippi. The ram USS Queen of the West, Cadet Charles R Ellet, escorting two troop transports, was engaged with Confederate infantry and artillery above Bolivar.

Iuka, Mississippi. Union Major-General William Starke Rosecrans had set out early for the attack on Iuka but instead of using two roads as directed, he used only the Jacinto (Bay Springs) Road. The advance suffered from delays caused by muddy roads and congestion. After estimating the amount of time that Rosecrans would require to reach Iuka, Union Major-General Ulysses Simpson Grant determined that Rosecrans probably would now arrive on the 19 September. He ordered Major-General Edward Otho Cresap Ord to await the sound of fighting between Rosecrans and Confederate Major-General Sterling Price before advancing to engage the Confederates himself. Ord pushed forward tentatively but heard no sounds of battle from the south and halted until darkness fell, having lost only one man wounded all day. Ord sent Price a message stating that the Confederate army had met with disaster in Maryland and demanded Price’s surrender at Iuka to avoid useless bloodshed. Price refused and in the interim received dispatches from Major-General Earl Van Dorn suggesting that their two armies might rendezvous at Rienzi for a counter-attack on the Union forces concentrating in that area rather than at Iuka. Price informed Van Dorn that the situation had changed and that he could not evacuate Iuka immediately. He nevertheless issued orders for his men to prepare for a march the next day to join Van Dorn.

Price had deployed his line against Ord’s threat but, at about 2 pm, he learned that more Union troops (Rosecrans) were advancing from the south. He sent one brigade, then a second, to block Rosecrans’ approach. Finally, as Ord’s passivity became apparent, a third brigade was sent to oppose Rosecrans. Rosecrans continued to advance and fought actions with increasing numbers of  Confederate troops at various points along the way. At about 4 pm, just after ascending a hill, the Union column halted because the Confederates were seen to be well-placed in a ravine blocked with timber and underbrush. At about 4.30 pm, two Confederate brigades under Brigadier-General Henry Little launched attacks up the hill, hitting the leading Union brigade (Colonel John Benjamin Sanborn’s 1/3/Mississippi). They attacked along the Mill Road near the forks of the Jacinto Road and the crossroads leading to Fulton. In response, Union Brigadier-General Charles Smith Hamilton deployed his division to the best advantage, with artillery posted on the only ground available for the purpose. Colonel Mizner with a battalion of the 3rd Michigan Cavalry was sent out on the right and the 10th Iowa Infantry and a section of the 11th Ohio Artillery formed the left flank.

Confederate Brigadier-General Louis Hébert’s brigade (five infantry regiments, supported by cavalry) moved forward on the Ohio battery at around 5:15 pm. Although met by a volley from the entire Union line at 100 yards, they succeeded in reaching the battery before being repulsed twice. On the third attempt, the Confederates drove off the gunners and compelled the 48th Indiana Infantry to fall back upon the 4th Minnesota. Although the Confederates had captured all six guns of the battery they were unable to take advantage of them because all the battery horses had been killed in the fighting.

On the Union right, the 11th Missouri Infantry was placed to the right and rear of the 5th Iowa Infantry, and they repulsed a last desperate attack by two Mississippi brigades. Fighting continued until after dark. Three Union brigades halted Little’s advance and camped for the night behind the ridge. While Price had redeployed troops from Ord’s front in order to attack Rosecrans, Ord did nothing to participate in the battle, claiming that he never heard the sound of fighting and therefore never engaged the enemy. Grant was with Ord and remarked that he also had heard no sounds of battle, an example of the phenomenon of an “acoustic shadow”.

ORDER OF BATTLE: IUKA, MS

Union Department of the Missouri: Major-General Henry Wager Halleck
Army of the Mississippi: Major-General William Starke Rosecrans
2nd Division (Mississippi): Brigadier-General David Sloane Stanley
1st Brigade, 2nd Division (Mississippi): Colonel John W Fuller
2nd Brigade, 2nd Division (Mississippi): Colonel Joseph A Mower
3rd Division (Mississippi): Brigadier-General Charles Smith Hamilton
1st Brigade, 3rd Division (Mississippi): Colonel John B Sanborn
2nd Brigade, 3rd Division (Mississippi): Brigadier-General Jeremiah Cutler Sullivan
Cavalry Division (Mississippi): Colonel John K Mizner

Confederate Western Department: General Braxton Bragg
Army of the West: Major-General Sterling Price
Little’s Division (West): Brigadier-General Henry Little
Gates’ Brigade, Little’s Division (West): Colonel Elijah Gates
Hébert’s Brigade, Little’s Division (West): Brigadier-General Louis Hébert
Green’s Brigade, Little’s Division (West): Brigadier-General Martin Edwin Green
Martin’s Brigade, Little’s Division (West): Colonel John D Martin
Cavalry Brigade (West) Brigadier-General Frank Crawford Armstrong

Missouri. Skirmish at Hickory Grove.

Missouri. Skirmish at Mount Vernon.

Tennessee. Skirmish at Brentwood.

Tennessee.  The District of West Tennessee continued to direct active operations under the command of Major-General Ulysses Simpson Grant around Fort Henry and Fort Donelson, and southwards between the Mississippi and Tennessee Rivers to Corinth, Mississippi. The territorial commands of Jackson and Corinth provided the field forces for the 3rd Division of the Army of West Tennessee, Memphis provided the 2nd Division, and the District of the Mississippi provided the 4th Division.

Virginia. Reconnaissance to Leesburg and Upton’s Hill ended. Incidents at Blackford’s Ford, Shepherdstown Ford, and Boteler’s Ford.

Union Organisation

USA: The Department (Military Division) of the Mississippi was discontinued.

USA: The Department of Kansas was discontinued. Kansas and the Indian Territory were transferred to the Department of the Missouri. The Colorado Territory was transferred to a newly-established and autonomous District of Colorado.

USA: The Army of Kansas was discontinued.

USA: The Department of the Missouri was re-organised, comprising Missouri and Arkansas, Kentucky and Tennessee west of the Tennessee River transferred from the Department (Military Division) of the Mississippi; Kansas, and the Indian Territory transferred from the Department of Kansas; Alton, Illinois, from the Department of the Ohio.

USA: Alton, Illinois, was transferred from the Department of the Ohio to the Department of the Missouri.

USA: Major-General Henry Wager Halleck retained command of the Department of the Missouri.

Halleck, Henry Wager / New York / Born 16 January 1815 Westernville, New York / Died Louisville, Kentucky 9 January 1872
USMA 1 July 1839 3/31 Engineers /Cadet USMA 1 July 1835 / 2nd Lieutenant USA Engineers 1 July 1839 / 1st #Lieutenant USA 1 January 1845 / Captain USA 1 July 1853 / Resigned USA 1 August 1854 / Major-General USA 19 August 1861 / Major-General Missouri Militia 25 November 1861 / Resigned Missouri Militia 11 July 1862 / General-in-Chief of the US Army 23 July 1862 / Relieved as General-in-Chief 12 March 1864 / Chief of Staff US Army 12 March 1864 / Brevet Captain USA 1 May 1847
Department of the Missouri 9 November 1861-11 March 1862 / Department (Military Division) of the Mississippi 11 March 1862-19 September 1862 (absent 23 July 1862-19 September 1862 / General-in-Chief 25 1 July 1862-9 March 1864 / Chief of Staff US Army 12 March 1864-19 April 1865 / Military Division of the James 19 April 1865-27 June 1865 / Military Division of the Pacific 27 June 1865-1 June 1869 / Department of California 31 March 1868-24 April 1868

USA: The District of Northwest Missouri transferred from the Department (Military Division) of the Mississippi to the Department of the Missouri.

USA: Brigadier-General of Missouri Militia Willard Preble Hall retained command of the District of Northwest Missouri.

Hall, Willard Preble / Born 9 May 1820 Harper’s Ferry, (West) Virginia / Died St Joseph Missouri 2 November 1882
Private USV 1st Missouri Cavalry 1846 / Lieutenant USV / Mustered Out USV 1847 / Brigadier-General Missouri Militia July 1861 / Discharged 31 January 1864
District of Northwest Missouri 23 August 1862-10 April 1863 / District of Northwest Missouri 23 June 1863-6 July 1863

USA: The District of Missouri transferred from the Department (Military Division) of the Mississippi to the Department of the Missouri.

USA: Major-General John McAllister Schofield retained command of the District of Northwest Missouri.

Schofield, John McAllister / New York-Illinois / Born 29 September 1831 Gerry, New York / Died St Augustine, Florida 4 March 1906
USMA 1 July 1853 7/52 Artillery / Cadet USMA 1 July 1849 / 2nd US Artillery 1 July 1843 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 1st US Artillery 31 August 1853 / 1st Lieutenant 3 March 1855 / ADC ( N Lyon) 1861 / Major USV 1st Missouri Infantry 26 April 1861 / Captain USA 14 May 1861 / Major USV 1st Missouri Artillery 26 June 1861 / Assistant Adjutant-General 26 June 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 21 November 1861 / Brigadier-General Missouri Militia 26 November 1861 / Major-General Missouri Militia 8 October 1862 / Major-General USV 29 November 1862 Expired 4 March 1863 / Reappointed Major-General USV 12 May 1863 to rank from 29 November 1862 / Brigadier-General USA 11 May 1865 to rank from 30 November 1864 / Mustered Out USV 1 September 1866 / Major-General USA 4 March 1869 / Superintendent of USMA 1 September 1876-21 June 1881 / General-in-Chief of the US Army 14 August 1888 / Lieutenant-General USA 5 February 1895 / Retired USA 29 September 1895 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1843 Brevet Major-General USA 13 March 1865 Medal of Honor 10 August 1861
Chief of Staff and Assistant Adjutant-General Army of the West 2 July 1861-10 August 1861 / District of St Louis 21 November 1861-10 April 1862 / District of Northern Missouri 26 December 1861-11 March 1862 / District of Missouri 1 June 1862-26 September 1862 / District of Southwest Missouri 24 September 1862-10 November 1862 / Army of Southwestern Missouri 1 October 1862-12 October 1862 / Army of the Frontier 12 October 1862-20 November 1862 / Army of the Frontier 29 December 1862-30 March 1863 / Department of the Missouri 13 May 1863-22 January 1864 / 3rd Division XIV Corps Army of the Cumberland 17 April 1863-10 May 1863 / District of Southwest Missouri 30 March 1863-24 May 1863 / Department of the Ohio 28 January 1864-8 November 1864 / Army of the Ohio 9 February 1864-25 May 1864 / XXIII Corps Ohio 9 April 1864-26 May 1864 / Army of the Ohio 28 May 1864-1 August 1865 / XXIII Corps Ohio 27 May 1864-14 September 1864 / XXIII Corps Ohio 22 October 1864-2 February 1865 / Department of North Carolina 30 January 1865-20 June 1865 / XXIII Corps North Carolina 9 February 1865-31 March 1865 / Department of the Potomac 6 August 1866-25 September 1866 / Department of the Potomac 26 October 1866-11 March 1867 / First Military District 11 March 1867-1 June 1868 / General-in-Chief USA 14 August 1888-29 September 1895

USA: The District of Southwest Missouri transferred from the Department (Military Division) of the Mississippi to the Department of the Missouri. It comprised the counties of Vernon, Barton, Jasper, Newton, McDonald, Cedar, Dade, Lawrence, Barry, Polk, Green, Christian, Stone, Taney, Ozark, Douglas, Webster, Wright, La Clede and parts of Hickory and St Clair in Missouri.

USA: State Brigadier-General Egbert Benson Brown retained command of the District of Southwest Missouri.

Brown, Egbert Benson / New York / Born 4 October 1816 Brownsville, New York / Died West Plains, Missouri 11 February 1902
Lieutenant-Colonel USV 7th Missouri Infantry 21 August 1861 / Resigned USV 1 May 1862 / Brigadier-General Missouri Militia 10 May 1862 / Brigadier-General USV 4 April 1863 to rank from 29 November 1862 / Resigned USV 10 November 1865 / WIA Springfield 8 January 1863
District of Southwest Missouri 5 June 1862-24 September 1862 / District of Southwest Missouri 10 November 1862-30 / 3rd Brigade 2nd Division Army of the Frontier November 1862 / 3rd Brigade 2nd Division Army of the Frontier November 1862 / District of Central Missouri 9 June 1863-24 July 1863 / District of Central Missouri 3 September 1864-20 October 1864 / 1st Brigade Provisional Cavalry Division Department of the Missouri 20 )ct0ber 1864-22 October 1864 / District of Central Missouri 22 October 1864-3 November 1864 / District of Rolla 5 January 1865-8 March 1865

USA: The District of St Louis was re-established in the Department of the Missouri.

USA: Brigadier-General John Wynn Davidson assumed command of the District of St Louis.

Davidson, John Wynn / Virginia-USA / Born 18 August 1845 Fairfax, Virginia / Died St Paul, Minnesota 26 June 1881
USMA 1 July 1845 Dragoons-Cavalry / Cadet USMA 1 July 1841 / 1st US Dragoons / 2nd Lieutenant USA 21 April 1846 / 1st Lieutenant USA 8 January 1848 / Regt Quartermaster 1 December 1850-1 January 1851 / Regt Adjutant 1 January 1851-30 September 1851 / Captain USA 20 January 1855 / 1st US Cavalry 3 August 1861 / Major USA 2nd US Cavalry 14 November 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 6 February 1862 to rank from 3 February 1862 / Mustered Out USV 15 January 1866 / Lieutenant-Colonel USA 10th US Cavalry 1 December 1866 / Colonel USA 2nd US Cavalry 20 March 1879 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1845 Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel USA 27 June 1862 Brevet Brigadier-General USA 13 March 1865 Brevet Major-General USA 13 March 1865 / WIA Cieneguilla, New Mexico Territory 1854
2nd Brigade W F Smith’s Division Army of the Potomac 26 October 1861-January 1862 / 3rd Brigade W F Smith’s Division Army of the Potomac January 1862-13 March 1862 / 3rd Brigade 2nd Division IV Corps Army of the Potomac 13 March 1862-18 May 1862 / 3rd Brigade 2nd Division VI Corps Army of the Potomac 18 May 1862-July 1862 / District of St Louis 6 August 1862-3 December 1862 / Army of Southeastern Missouri 3 December 1862-26 March 1863 / District of St Louis 23 February 1863-16 June 1863 / 1st Brigade Cavalry Division District of Southeast Missouri 6 June 1863-10 August 1863 / 1st Division Army of Arkansas 10 August 1863-3 November 1863 / District of Southeast Missouri 16 June 1863-20 July 1863 / 1st Brigade Cavalry Division District of Southeast Missouri December 1863-6 January 1864 / 1st Brigade Cavalry Division VII Corps Department of Arkansas 6 January 1864-13 February 1864 / Cavalry Division Department of the Gulf 11 November 1864-25 November 1864 / District of Natchez 3 January 1865-3 June 1865 / District of Mississippi 3 June 1865-13 June 1865 / Sub-District of Southwest Mississippi 13 June 1865-27 June 1865 / Southern District of Mississippi 27 June 1865-6 August 1866

USA: The District of West Tennessee continued in existence after the discontinuation of the Department (Military Division) of the Mississippi. The District of West Tennessee now reported directly to the War Department, comprising the area around Fort Henry and Fort Donelson in Tennessee, southwards to Corinth, Mississippi and represented the operational area of the “Army of the Tennessee”.

USA: Major-General Ulysses Simpson Grant retained command of the District of West Tennessee.

USA: The Army of West Tennessee transferred from the Department (Military Division) of the Mississippi with the District of West Tennessee.

USA: Major-General Ulysses Simpson Grant retained command of the Army of West Tennessee.

Grant, Ulysses Simpson (Hiram Ulysses) / Ohio / Born 27 April 1822 Point Pleasant, Ohio / Died Mount McGregor, New York 23 July 1885
USMA 1 July 1843 21/39 Infantry / Cadet USMA 1 July 1839 / 4th US Infantry 1 July 1843 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 7th US Infantry 30 September 1845 / 4th US Infantry 15 November 1845 / Regt Quartermaster 1 April 1847-23 July 1848 / 1st Lieutenant USA 16 September 1847 / Regt Quartermaster 17 November 1848-5 August 1853 / Captain USA 5 August 1853 / Resigned USA 31 July 1854 / Brigadier-General USV 9 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861 / Colonel USV 21st Illinois Infantry 15 June 1861 / Major-General USV 16 February 1862 / Major-General USA 7 July 1863 to rank from 4 July 1863 / Lieutenant-General USA 4 March 1864 to rank from 2 March 1864 / General-in-Chief of the US Army 12 March 1864 / General USA 25 July 1866 / Resigned USA 4 March 1869 / General USA Retired 4 March 1877 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1843 Brevet 1 Lt USA 8 September 1847 Brevet Captain USA 13 September 1847
District of Ironton 8 August 1861-15 August 1861 / District of Southeast Missouri 1 September 1861-23 December 1861 / District of Cairo 23 December 1861-14 February 1862 / District of West Tennessee 14 February 1862-12 September 1862 / Army of West Tennessee 21 February 1862-24 October 1863 / Chief of Staff Department of the Mississippi 29 April 1862-10 June 1862 / Department of the Tennessee 16 October 1862-17 October 1863 / XIII Corps Tennessee 24 October 1862-22 December 1862 / Military Division of the Mississippi 16 October 1863-18 March 1864 / General-in-Chief 12 March 1864-4 March 1869

USA: The Sub-District of Jackson remained under the authority of the autonomous District of West Tennessee.

USA: Brigadier-General John Alexander Logan retained command of the Sub-District of Jackson.

Logan, John Alexander / Illinois / Born 9 February 1826 Jackson, Illinois / Died Washington, District of Columbia 26 December 1886
2nd Lieutenant USV 1st Illinois Infantry 10 May 1847 / Mustered Out 18 October 1848 / Private USV Michigan Infantry July 1861 / Colonel USV 31st Illinois Infantry 18 September 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 22 March 1862 to rank from 21 March 1862 / Major-General USV 13 March 1863 to rank from 29 November 1862 / Resigned USV 17 August 1865 / WIA Fort Donelson 15 February 1862 WIA Shiloh 6 April 1862 WIA Vicksburg June 1863 WIA Georgia 20 May 1864 WIA Dallas 30 May 1864
1st Brigade 1st Division Army of the Tennessee 19 April 1862-2 May 1862 / 1st Division Army of the Tennessee 2 May 1862-4 May 1862 / 1st Brigade 1st Division Army of the Tennessee 4 May 1862-24 June 1862 / 1st Division Reserve Army of the Tennessee 21 June 1862-5 July 1862 / 1st Brigade 1st Division District of Jackson 5 July 1862-25 August 1862 / Sub-District of Jackson 25 August 1862-24 September 1862 / 3rd Division XIII Corps District of Jackson 1 November 1862-22 December 1862 / 3rd Division XVII Corps Army of the Tennessee 22 December 1862-22 July 1863 / 3rd Division XVII Corps Army of the Tennessee September 1863-17 November 1863 / XV Corps Army of the Tennessee 11 December 1863-22 July 1864 / Department of the Tennessee 22 July 1864-27 July 1864 / Army of the Tennessee 22 July 1864-27 July 1864 / XV Corps Tennessee 27 July 1864-23 September 1864 / XV Corps Tennessee 8 January 1865-23 May 1865 / Army of the Tennessee 19 May 1865-1 August 1865

USA: The District of Corinth was transferred to the District of West Tennessee after the discontinuation of the Department (Military Division) of the Mississippi.

USA: Major-General William Starke Rosecrans retained command of the District of Corinth.

USA: The Army of the Mississippi transferred from the Department (Military Division) of the Mississippi with the District of West Tennessee.

USA: Major-General William Starke Rosecrans retained command of the Army of the Mississippi.

Rosecrans, William Starke / Ohio / Born 6 September 1819 Little Taylor Run, Ohio / Died Redondo Beach, California 11 March 1898
USMA 1 July 1842 5/56 Engineers / Cadet USMA 1 July 1838 / Engineers 1 July 1842 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 3 April 1843 / 1st Lieutenant USA 3 March 1853 / Resigned USA 1 April 1854 / ADC (G B McClellan) 23 April 1861-June 1861 / Colonel Chief Engineer Ohio Militia 23 April 1861 / Colonel USV 23rd Ohio Infantry 12 June 1861 / Mustered Out USV 17 June 1861 / Brigadier-General USA 16 June 1861 to rank from 16 May 1861 / Major-General USV 17 September 1862 to rank from 25 October 1862 adjusted to rank from 21 March 1862 / Mustered Out USV 15 January 1866 / Resigned USA 28 March 1867 / Brigadier-General USA 27 February 1889 / Retired USA 1 March 1889 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1842 Brevet Major-General USA 13 March 1865
Rosecrans’ Brigade Army of Occupation May 1861-23 July 1861 / Department of the Ohio 23 July 1861-19 September 1861 / Army of Occupation 23 July 1861-19 September 1861 / Department of Western Virginia 19 September 1861-11 March 1862 / Mountain Department 11 March 1862-29 March 1862 / Right Wing Army of the Mississippi May 1862-26 June 1862 / Army of the Mississippi 26 June 1862-24 October 1862 / District of Corinth 1 July 1862-20 October 1862 / 3rd Division Army of the Tennessee 24 September 1862-20 October 1862 / Department of the Cumberland 24 October 1862-17 October 1863 / Army of the Cumberland 24 October 1862-19 October 1863 / XIV Corps Cumberland 24 October 1862-8 January 1863 / Department of the Missouri 22 January 1864-2 December 1864

USA: The District of Colorado was established as an independent command reporting to the War Department, comprising the area of the Colorado Territory taken from the discontinued Department of Kansas.

USA: Colonel John Milton Chivington (1st Colorado Infantry) assumed command of the District of Colorado.

Chivington, John Milton / Colorado / Born 27 June 1821 Lebanon, Ohio / Died Denver, Colorado 4 October 1894
Major USV 1st Colorado Infantry 26 August 1861 / Colonel USV April 1862 / Brigadier-General USV 28 November 1862 Withdrawn 12 February 1863 / Resigned USV 4 January 1865
District of Colorado 19 September 1862-1 November 1862 / District of Colorado Territory 2 November 1862-1 January 1863 / District of Colorado Territory 28 February 1864-4 January 1865 / District of Colorado Territory 30 January 1865-28 March 1865

USA: Western Virginia was transferred from the Department of the Potomac to the Department of the Ohio.

USA: The Sub-District of the Kanawha was established in the Department of the Ohio.

USA: Colonel Joseph Andrew Jackson Lightburn (4th West Virginia Infantry) assumed command of the Sub-District of the Kanawha.

Lightburn, Joseph Andrew Jackson / Pennsylvania / Born 21 September 1824 Webster, Pennsylvania / Died Broad Run, Virginia 17 May 1901
Private USA 5 December 1846 / Corporal USA / Sergeant USA / Discharged 5 December 1851 / Colonel USV 4th (West) Virginia Infantry 14 August 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 16 March 1863 to rank from 14 March 1863 / Resigned USV 22 June 1865 / WIA Atlanta 19 August 1864
4th Brigade District of the Kanawha 11 March 1862-17 August 1862 / 4th Brigade Kanawha Division I Corps Army of Virginia 17 August 1862-19 September 1862 / Sub-District of the Kanawha 19 September 1862-14 October 1862 / 2nd Brigade 2nd Division XV Corps Army of the Tennessee 23 May 1863-26 July 1863 / 3rd Division XV Corps Army of the Tennessee 26 July 1863-10 September 1863 / 2nd Brigade 2nd Division XV Corps Army of the Tennessee 19 October 1863-12 January 1864 / 2nd Brigade 2nd Division XV Corps Army of the Tennessee 12 February 1864-22 July 1864 / 3rd Division XV Corps Army of the Tennessee 2 July 1864-27 July 1864 / 2nd Brigade 2nd Division XV Corps Army of the Tennessee 27 July 1864-5 August 1864 / 3rd Division XV Corps Army of the Tennessee 5 August 1864-17 August 1864 / 2nd Brigade 2nd Division XV Corps Army of the Tennessee 17 August 1864-24 August 1864 / 2nd Brigade 2nd Division Department of West Virginia 10 January 1865-21 February 1865 / 2nd Division Department of West Virginia 21 February 1865-March 1865

USA: The Army of the Southwest transferred from the District of Southwest Missouri to the Department of the Missouri.

USA: Brigadier-General Frederick Steele retained command of the Army of the Southwest.

Steele, Frederick / New York / Born 14 January 1819 Delhi, New York / Died San Mateo, California 12 January 1868
USMA 1 July 1843 30/39 Infantry / Cadet USMA 1 July 1839 / 2nd US Infantry 1 July 1843 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 15 March 1846 / 1st Lieutenant USA 6 June 1848 / Regt Adjutant 6 September 1849-5 February 1855 / Captain USA 5 February 1855 / Major USA 11th US Infantry 14 May 1861 / Colonel USV 8th Iowa Infantry 23 September 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 30 January 1862 to rank from 29 January 1862 / Major-General USV 17 March 1863 to rank from 29 November 1862 / Lieutenant-Colonel USA 3rd US Infantry 26 August 1864 / Colonel USA 20th US Infantry 28 July 1866 / Mustered USV 1 January 1867 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1839 Brevet 1st Lieutenant USA 20 August 1847 Brevet Captain USA 13 September 1847 Brevet Colonel USA 4 July 1863 Brevet Brigadier-General USA 13 March 1865 Brevet Major-General USA 13 March 1865
2nd Brigade Army of the West 24 July 1861 / Steele’s Brigade 5th Division Western Army September 1861 / District of Southeast Missouri 1 March 1862-10 May 1862 / 1st Division Army of the Southwest 9 May 1862-29 August 1862 / Army of the Southwest 29 August 1862-7 October 1862 / 1st Division District of Eastern Arkansas 2 November 1862-December 1862 / 11th Division XIII Corps Army of the Tennessee December 1862-13 December 1862 / 4th Division Right Wing XIII Corps Army of the Tennessee 13 December 1862-4 January 1863 / 1st Division II Corps Army of the Mississippi 4 January 1863-12 January 1863 / 1st Division XV Corps Army of the Tennessee 12 January 1863-27 July 1863 / Army of Arkansas 27 July 1863-22 December 1864 / Department of Arkansas 6 January 1864-21 March 1864 / VII Corps Arkansas 6 January 1864-21 March 1864 / Department of Arkansas 22 May 1864-22 December 1864 / VII Corps Arkansas 22 May 1864-22 December 1864 / 1st Division Reserve Corps Military Division of West Mississippi 3 February 1865-8 February 1865 / Pensacola Column Army of West Mississippi 18 February 1865-17 May 1865 / Western District of Texas 27 June 1865-20 July 1865 / Department of the Columbia 7 October 1866-29 April 1867

USA: Charles Smith Hamilton promoted Major-General USV 19 September 1862.

Hamilton, Charles Smith / New York / Born 16 November 1822 Westernville, New York / Died Milwaukee, Wisconsin 17 April 1891
USMA 26/39 1843 Infantry / Cadet USMA 1 July 1839 / 2nd US Infantry 1 July 1843 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 5th US Infantry 17 November 1845 / 1st Lieutenant USA 30 June 1847 / Regt Quartermaster 1 March 1848-18 September 1848 / Resigned USA 30 April 1853 / Colonel USV 3rd Wisconsin Infantry 11 May 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 7 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861 / Major-General USV 19 September 1862 / Resigned USV 13 April 1863 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1843 Brevet Captain USA 20 August 1847 / WIA Molino del Rey 8 September 1847
3rd Brigade Department of the Shenandoah 8 August 1861-17 August 1861 / 3rd Brigade Banks’ Division Army of the Potomac 8 October 1861-13 March 1862 / 3rd Division III Corps Army of the Potomac 13 March 1862-3 May 1862 / 3rd Division Army of the Mississippi 18 June 1862-20 October 1862 / District of Corinth 20 October 1862-15 January 1863 / Left Wing XIII Corps Tennessee 1 November 1862-22 December 1862 / Left Wing XVI Corps Tennessee 22 December 1862-1 April 1863 / XVI Corps Tennessee 10 January 1863-5 February 1863 / District of West Tennessee 15 January 1863-11 February 1863 / District of Corinth 20 January 1863—23 March 1863

USA: Francis Laurens Vinton promoted Brigadier-General USV 19 September 1862.

Vinton, Francis Laurens / Maine / Born 1 June 1835 Fort Preble, Maine / Died Leadville, Colorado 6 October 1879
USMA 1 July 1856 10/49 Cavalry-Infantry / Cadet USMA 1 July 1851 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 1st US Cavalry 1 July 1856 / Resigned USA 30 September 1856 / Captain USA 16th US Infantry 5 August 1861 / Colonel USV 43rd New York Infantry 31 October 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 19 September 1862 Expired 4 March 1863 / Reappointed Brigadier-General USV 13 March 1863 / Resigned USV 5 May 1863 / Resigned USA 5 May 1863 / WIA Fredericksburg 13 December 1862
3rd Brigade 2nd Division VI Corps Army of the Potomac 25 September 1862-13 December 1862

USA: Francis Channing Barlow promoted Brigadier-General USV 19 September 1862.

Barlow, Francis Channing / New York / Born 19 October 1834 Brooklyn, New York / Died New York, New York 11 January 1896
Private 12th New York Militia 19 April 1861 / 1st Lieutenant USV 1 May 1861 / Mustered Out 1 August 1861 / Lieutenant-Colonel USV 61st New York 9 November 1861 / Colonel USV 61st New York 14 April 1862 / Brigadier-General USV19 September 1862 / Major-General USV 26 May 1865 to rank from 25 May 1865 / Resigned USV 16 November 1865 / Brevet Major-General USV 1 August 1864 / WIA Antietam 17 September 1862 WIA Gettysburg 1 July 1863
1st Brigade 1st Division II Corps Army of the Potomac 1 June 1862-17 September 1862 / 2nd Brigade 2nd Division XI Corps Army of the Potomac 17 April 1863-24 May 1863 / 1st Division XI Corps Army of the Potomac 24 May 1863-1 July 1863 / 1st Division II Corps Army of the Potomac 25 March 1864-29 July 1864 / 1st Division II Corps Army of the Potomac 13 August 1864-17 August 1864 / 1st Division II Corps Army of the Potomac 23 August 1864 / II Corps Potomac 6 April 1865-5 May 1865 / 2nd Division II Corps Army of the Potomac 6 April 1865-28 May 1865

USA: Gustavus Adolphus Smith promoted Brigadier-General USV 19 September 1862 unconfirmed.

Smith, Gustavus Adolphus / Pennsylvania / Born 26 December 1820 Philadelphia, Pennsylvania / Died Santa Fe, New Mexico Territory 11 December 1885
Colonel USV 35th Illinois Infantry 1 September 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 19 September 1862 Expired Unconfirmed 4 March 1863 / Dismissed 22 September 1863 / Colonel USV 155th Illinois Infantry 28 February 1865 / Mustered Out USV 14 December 1865 / Brevet Brigadier-General USV 13 March 1865 / WIA Pea Ridge 7 March 1862

Commander in Chief: President Abraham Lincoln

Vice-President: Hannibal Hamlin

Secretary of War: Edwin McMasters Stanton

Secretary of the Navy: Gideon Welles

  • North Atlantic Blockading Squadron USN: Acting Rear Admiral Samuel Phillips Lee USN
  • South Atlantic Blockading Squadron USN: Flag Officer Samuel Francis Du Pont USN
  • West Gulf Blockading Squadron USN: Rear Admiral David Glasgow Farragut USN
  • East Gulf Blockading Squadron USN: Flag Officer James L Lardner USN
  • Pacific Squadron USN: Rear Admiral Charles H Bell USN
  • Western Gunboat Flotilla USN: Flag Officer Charles Henry Davis USN
  • Potomac Flotilla USN: Commodore Andrew Allen Harwood USN

General–in-Chief: Henry Wager Halleck

  • Department of the Missouri: Henry Wager Halleck
    • District of Missouri: John McAllister Schofield
    • District of St Louis: John Wynn Davidson
    • District of Southwest Missouri: Egbert Benson Brown
      • Army of the Southwest: Frederick Steele
    • District of Northwest Missouri: Willard Preble Hall
  • Department of the Gulf: Benjamin Franklin Butler
    • District of Pensacola: Lewis Golding Arnold
    • Army of the Gulf: Benjamin Franklin Butler
  • Middle Department: John Ellis Wool
    • District of the Eastern Shore of Maryland: Henry Hayes Lockwood
    • VIII Corps Middle: John Ellis Wool
  • Department of New Mexico: James Henry Carleton
    • District of Arizona: Joseph Rodman West
  • Department of New York: Edward Denison Morgan
  • Department of North Carolina: John Gray Foster
  • Department of the Northwest: John Pope
    • District of Wisconsin: Washington Lafayette Elliott
  • Department of the Ohio: Horatio Gouverneur Wright
    • District of Louisville: Jeremiah Tilford Boyle
    • Sub-District of the Kanawha: Joseph Andrew Jackson Lightburn
    • Army of the Ohio: Don Carlos Buell
  • Department of the Pacific: George Wright
    • District of the Humboldt: Francis James Lippitt
    • District of Oregon: Benjamin Alvord
    • District of Southern California: George Washington Bowie
    • District of Utah: Patrick Edward Connor
  • Department of the Potomac: George Brinton McClellan
    • Army of the Potomac: George Brinton McClellan
      • I Corps Potomac: George Gordon Meade temporary
      • II Corps Potomac: Edwin Vose Sumner
      • III Corps Potomac: Samuel Peter Heintzelman
      • V Corps Potomac: Fitz John Porter
      • VI Corps Potomac: William Buel Franklin
      • IX Corps Potomac: Jacob Dolson Cox temporary
      • XI Corps Potomac: Franz Sigel
      • XII Corps Potomac: Alpheus Starkey Williams  temporary
  • Department of the South: Ormsby McKnight Mitchel
    • X Corps South: Ormsby McKnight Mitchel
  • Department of Texas: Vacant
  • Department of Virginia: John Adams Dix
    • IV Corps Virginia: Erasmus Darwin Keyes
    • VII Corps Virginia: John Adams Dix
  • District of the Ohio: Don Carlos Buell
  • District of West Tennessee: Ulysses Simpson Grant
    • District of Corinth: William Starke Rosecrans
    • Sub-District of Jackson: John Alexander Logan
    • Army of the Mississippi: William Starke Rosecrans
    • Army of West Tennessee: Ulysses Simpson Grant
  • District of Colorado: John Milton Chivington
  • Military District of Washington: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks

Confederate Organisation

CSA: The Department of North Carolina was discontinued and incorporated into the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia.

CSA: The District of North Carolina was discontinued and incorporated into the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia.

CSA: The Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia was established, comprising the areas formerly in the Department of North Carolina and adjacent operational area of the Army of Northern Virginia.

CSA: Major-General Gustavus Woodson Smith assumed command of the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia.

Smith, Gustavus Woodson / Kentucky / Born 1 January 1822 Georgetown, Kentucky / Died New York, New York 24 June 1896
USMA 1 July 1842 856 Engineers / Cadet USMA 1 July 1838 / Engineers 1 July 1842 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 January 1845 / 1st Lieutenant USA 3 March 1855 / Resigned USA 18 December 1854 / Major-General PACS 19 September 1861 / Resigned as Major-General PACS 17 February 1863 / ADC (P G T Beauregard 1863 / Major-General Georgia Militia 1 June 1864-26 April 1865 / Paroled 26 April 1865 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1842 Brevet 1st Lieutenant USA 18 April 1847 Brevet Captain USA 20 August 1847 / CIA Macon 20 April 1865
2nd Division Army of the Potomac 25 September 1861-5 February 1862 / II Corps Potomac 25 September 1861-14 March 1862 / 1st Division Army of the Potomac 5 February 1862-14 March 1862 / 2nd Division Army of Northern Virginia 14 March 1862-23 March 1862 / Left Wing Northern Virginia 14 March 1862 -25 June 1862 / 5th Division Army of Northern Virginia 5 May 1862-May 1862 / District of Aquia 22 March 1862-6 September 1862 / Department of Northern Virginia 31 May 1862-1 June 1862 / Army of Northern Virginia 31 May 1862-1 June 1862 / Defences of Richmond 2 July 1862-30 August 1862 / Department of Richmond 30 August 1862-12 December 1862 / Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia 19 September 1862-14 January 1863

CSA: Major-General Samuel Jones was appointed to command the Department of East Tennessee, arriving on 23 September 1862.

Jones, Samuel / Virginia / Born 17 December 1819 Woodfield, Virginia / Died Bedford Springs, Virginia 31 July 1887
USMA 1 July 1841 19/52 Artillery / Cadet USMA 1 July 1837 / 1st US Artillery 1 July 1841 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 28 September 1841 / 1st Lieutenant USA 3 March 1847 / Captain USA 24 December 1853 / Resigned USA 27 April 1861 / Captain ACSA Artillery 16 March 1861 / Major ACSA April 1861 / Lieutenant-Colonel Provisional Army of Virginia 9 May 1861 / Lieutenant-Colonel PACS June 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 21 July 1861 / Major-General PACS 11 March 1862 to rank from 10 March 1862 / Paroled 12 May 1865 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1841
Chief of Ordnance Army of the Potomac June 1861 / Chief of Artillery Army of the Potomac 8 July 1861 / 3rd Brigade 3rd Division Army of the Potomac 14 November 1861-18 December 1861 / 1st Brigade 2nd Division Army of the Potomac 18 December 1861-10 January 1862 / Army of Pensacola 27 January 1862-8 March 1862 / Army of Mobile 27 February 1862-12 March 1862 / Department of Alabama and West Florida 3 March 1862-4 March 1862 / Department of Alabama and West Florida 2 April 1862-28 April 1862 / 1st Division Army of the West May 1862-June 1862 / 2nd Division II Corps Army of Mississippi June 1862-17 August 1862 / II Corps Mississippi 2 June 1862-18 September 1862 / Reserve Army of Mississippi 17 August 1862-18 September 1862 / Department of East Tennessee 19 September 1862-27 September 1862 / District of Middle Tennessee 27 September 1862-25 July 1863 / Trans-Allegheny Department 25 November 1862-25 February 1864 / District of East Tennessee 3 September 1863-5 December 1863 / Defences of Savannah 1 April 1864-18 May 1864 / Department of South Carolina Georgia and Florida 20 April 1864-5 October 1864 / District of South Carolina 12 October 1864-10 May 1865 / District of Florida 31 December 1864-10 May 1865

CSA: The Sub-District of Cape Fear was subordinated to the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia.

CSA: Major-General Samuel Gibbs French assumed command of the Sub-District of Cape Fear, succeeding Brigadier-General William Henry Chase Whiting.

French, Samuel Gibbs / New Jersey / Born 22 November 1818 Gloucester, New Jersey / Died Florala, Florida 20 April 1910
USMA 1 July 1843 14 /39 Artillery / Cadet USMA 1 July 1839 / 3rd US Artillery 1 July 1843 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 18 June 1846 / 1st Lieutenant USA 3 March 1847 / Captain USA Assistant Quartermaster 12 January 1848 / Resigned USA 31 May 1856 / Colonel Ordnance Mississippi Militia 12 February 1861 / Major ACSA Artillery 16 March 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 23 October 1861 / Major-General PACS 31 August 1862 / Paroled Mobile, Alabama 26 April 1865 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1843 Brevet 1st Lieutenant USA 23 September 1846 Brevet Captain USA 23 February 1847 / WIA Buena Vista 23 February 1847
1st Brigade District of Aquia 7 November 1861-15 March 1862 / District of Cape Fear 15 March 1862-17 March 1862 / District of Cape Fear 20 March 1862-17 July 1862 / District of Pamlico 17 March 1862-20 March 1862 / Sub-District of Cape Fear 19 September 1862-16 November 1862 / Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia 17 February 1863-26 February 1863 / Department of Southern Virginia 1 April 1863-28 May 1863 / French’s Division Army of Mississippi June 1863-July 1863 / Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia 1 July 1863-14 July 1863 / French’s Division Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana July 1863-28 January 1864 / French’s Division Department of Alabama Mississippi and East Louisiana 28 January 1864-04 May 1864 / French’s Division III Corps Army of Tennessee 4 May 1864-14 December 1864 / French’s Division District of the Gulf January 1865-April 1865

CSA: John Creed Moore confirmed Brigadier-General PACS 19 September 1862 to rank from 26 May 1862.

Moore, John Creed / Tennessee / Born 28 February 1824 Hawkins, Tennessee / Died Osage, Texas 31 December 1910
USMA 1 July 1849 17/43 Artillery / Cadet USMA 1 July 1845 / 4th US Artillery 1 July 1849 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 2nd US Artillery 10 October 1850 / 1st Lieutenant USA 18 October 1853 / Resigned USA 28 February 1855 / Captain ACSA Artillery 16 March 1861 / Captain PACS Louisiana Artillery March 1861 / Colonel PACS 2nd Texas September 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 19 September 1862 to rank from 26 May 1862 / Resigned PACS 3 February 1864 / CIA Vicksburg 4 July 1863 Exchanged 16 October 1863 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1849
Defences of Galveston 25 June 1861-2 October 1861 / District of Galveston 2 October 1861-9 December 1861 / District of Houston 3 January 1862-25 February 1862 / 4th Brigade 1st Division II Corps Army of Mississippi May 1862-3 June 1862 / 2nd Brigade 3rd Division Army of the West 10 June 1862-16 October 1862 / 2nd Brigade 3rd Division Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana 21 October 1862-April 1863 / 2nd Brigade Forney’s Division Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana April 1863-4 July 1863 / Moore’s Brigade Cheatham’s Division Hardee’s Corps Army of Tennessee November 1863-December 1863 / Eastern Division and Western Division District of the Gulf 1-0 December 1863-28 January 1864

CSA: William Edmondson Jones promoted Brigadier-General PACS 26 September 1862 to rank from 19 September 1862.

Jones, William Edmondson / Virginia / Born 9 May 1824 Washington, Virginia / KIA Piedmont, Virginia 5 June 1864
USMA 1 July 1848 10 /38 Mounted Rifles / Cadet USMA 1 July 1844 / US Mounted Rifles 1 July 1848 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 30 November 1850 / 1st Lieutenant USA 31 October 1854 / Resigned USA 26 January 1857 / Captain PACS 1st Virginia Cavalry May 1861 / Major Infantry Provisional Army of Virginia 9 May 1861 / Major PACS May 1861 / Colonel PACS August 1861 / 7th Virginia Cavalry September 1861 / Colonel Provisional Army of Virginia 6 December 1861 / 11th Virginia Cavalry 16 September 1862 / Brigadier-General PACS 26 September 1862 to rank from 19 September 1862 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1848 / WIA Orange Court House 2 August 1862
Cavalry Valley District March 1862 / 4th Brigade Cavalry Division Army of Northern Virginia 8 November 1862-9 September 1863 / Valley District 29 December 1862-28 May 1863 / Jones’ Brigade Hampton’s Division Cavalry Army of Northern Virginia 9 September 1863-9 October 1863 / Jones’ Brigade Ransom’s Division Trans-Allegheny Department October 1863-February 1864 / Jones’ Brigade Cavalry Division District of East Tennessee February 1864-May 1864 / Jones’ Brigade Cavalry Division Trans-Allegheny Department May 1864-5 June 1864 / Trans-Allegheny Department 23 May 1864-31 May 1864

CSA: William Edwin Baldwin promoted Brigadier-General PACS 26 September 1862 to rank from 19 September 1862.

Baldwin, William Edwin / South Carolina / Born 28 July 1827 Stateburg, South Carolina / Died Dog River Factory, Alabama 19 February 1864
Lieutenant Mississippi Militia 1849-1861 / Captain ACSA Infantry 16 March 1861 / Captain PACS 14th Mississippi Infantry 2 May 1861 / Colonel PACS May 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 26 September 1862 to rank from 19 September 1862 / CIA Fort Donelson 16 February 1862 Exchanged 15 August 1862 WUA Vicksburg 22 May 1863 CIA Vicksburg 4 July 1863 Exchanged 13 October 1863
2nd Brigade 2nd Division Army of central Kentucky 20 October 1861-16 February 1862 / 1st Brigade M L Smith’s Division Army of Mississippi April 1863-4 July 1863 / Baldwin’s Brigade J H Forney’s Division Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana November 1863-January 1864 / Baldwin’s Brigade District of the Gulf January 1864-19 February 1864

CSA: Brigadier-General Lewis Henry Little was killed at Iuka.

Little, (Lewis) Henry / Maryland-Missouri / Born 19 March 1817 Baltimore, Maryland / KIA Iuka, Mississippi 19 September 1862
2nd Lieutenant USA 5th US Infantry 1 July 1839 / 7th US Infantry 6 May 1843 / 1st Lieutenant USA 18 April 1845 / Regt Quartermaster 31 March 1847-20 August 1847 / Captain USA 20 August 1847 / Resigned USA 7 May 1861 / Captain ACSA Infantry 16 March 1861 / Major ACS Artillery May 1861 / Colonel Assistant Adjutant-General Missouri State Guard 18 May 1861-23 January 1862 / Colonel PACS Assistant Adjutant-General August 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 5 April 1862 to rank from 16 April 1862 / Brevet Captain USA 23 September 1846
1st Brigade Missouri State Guard 23 January 1862-6 March 1862 / 1st Division Missouri State Guard Army of the West 6 March 1862-17 March 1862 / 1st Brigade 1st Division Army of the West 17 March 1862-12 June 1862 / 1st Division Army of the West 12 June 1862-September 1862 / 1st Division Price’s Corps Army of the West September 1862-19 September 1862

Commander in Chief: President Jefferson Finis Davis

Vice-President: Alexander Hamilton Stephens

Secretary of War: George Wythe Randolph

Secretary of the Navy: Stephen Russell Mallory

Military Adviser to the President: Vacant

  • Department of Middle and Eastern Florida: Joseph Finegan
  • Department of East Tennessee: John Porter McCown interim Samuel Jones awaited
    • Army of Kentucky: Edmund Kirby Smith
  • Department of Henrico: John Henry Winder
  • Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia: Gustavus Woodson Smith
    • Sub-District of Cape Fear: Samuel Gibbs French
  • Department of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee
    • Army of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee
      • Longstreet’s Command Northern Virginia: James Longstreet
      • Jackson’s Command Northern Virginia: Thomas Jonathan Jackson
    • Valley District: Daniel Harvey Hill temporary
  • Department of Richmond: Gustavus Woodson Smith
  • Department of South Carolina and Georgia: John Clifford Pemberton interim Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard awaited
    • District of Georgia: Alexander Robert Lawton
    • District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
      • 1st Sub-District of South Carolina: Arthur Middleton Manigault.
      • 2nd Sub-District of South Carolina: Johnson Hagood
      • 3rd Sub-District of South Carolina: William Stephen Walker
      • 4th Sub-District of South Carolina: William Stephen Walker
  • Department of Southwestern Virginia: William Wing Loring
    • District of Abingdon: Humphrey Marshall
  • Trans-Mississippi Department: Theophilus Hunter Holmes
    • District of Missouri: Sterling Price
    • District of Arkansas: Thomas Carmichael Hindman
    • District of West Louisiana: Richard Taylor
    • District of Texas: Paul Octave Hébert
      • Sub-District of Houston: Xavier Blanchard Debray
    • Western District of Texas: Henry Eustace McCulloch
      • Eastern Sub-District of Western Texas: Xavier Blanchard Debray
      • Sub-District of the Rio Grande: Hamilton Prioleau Bee
    • District of Arizona: Henry Hopkins Sibley
    • District of Indian Territory: Douglas Hancock Cooper
    • Defences of Pass Cavallo: John W Glenn
  • Western Department: Braxton Bragg
    • District of the Mississippi: Daniel Ruggles temporary
    • District of Southern Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana: vacant
      • 1st Sub-District of Southern Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana: vacant
      • 2nd Sub-District of Southern Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana: William Nelson Rector Beall
      • 3rd Sub-District of Southern Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana: Martin Luther Smith
    • District of the Tennessee: Sterling Price
    • Gulf District: John Horace Forney
    • Army of Mississippi: Braxton Bragg
      • Right Wing Mississippi: Leonidas Polk
      • Left Wing Mississippi: William Joseph Hardee
      • Reserve Corps Mississippi: Jones Mitchell Withers
    • Army of the West: Sterling Price

Union Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

Major-General USA

George Brinton McClellan
John Charles Frémont
Henry Wager Halleck
John Ellis Wool

Major-General USV

Asterisk indicates concurrently Brigadier-General USA

John Adams Dix
Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
Benjamin Franklin Butler
David Hunter
Edwin Denison Morgan
Ethan Allen Hitchcock
Ulysses Simpson Grant
Irvin McDowell*
Ambrose Everett Burnside
William Starke Rosecrans*
Don Carlos Buell
John Pope*
Samuel Ryan Curtis
Franz Sigel
John Alexander McClernand
Charles Ferguson Smith
Lewis Wallace
Ormsby McKnight Mitchel
Cassius Marcellus Clay
George Henry Thomas
George Cadwalader
William Tecumseh Sherman
Edward Otho Cresap Ord
Edwin Vose Sumner*
Samuel Peter Heintzelman
Erasmus Darwin Keyes
Joseph Hooker
Silas Casey
Fitz John Porter
William Buel Franklin
Darius Nash Couch
Israel Bush Richardson
Henry Warner Slocum
John James Peck
John Sedgwick
William Farrar Smith
Alexander McDowell McCook
William Nelson
Thomas Leonidas Crittenden
John Gray Foster
John Grubb Parke
Christopher Columbus Augur
Robert Cumming Schenck
Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
Gordon Granger
Charles Smith Hamilton

Brigadier-General USA

Brackets indicates concurrently Major-General USV

William Selby Harney
(Edwin Vose Sumner)
(Irvin McDowell)
Robert Anderson
(William Starke Rosecrans)
Philip St George Cooke
(John Pope)

Brigadier-General USV

Andrew Porter
Charles Pomeroy Stone
Thomas West Sherman
George Archibald McCall
William Reading Montgomery
Rufus King
Jacob Dolson Cox
Benjamin Mayberry Prentiss
Benjamin Franklin Kelley
Alpheus Starkey Williams
James Cooper
James Brewerton Ricketts
Orlando Bolivar Willcox
Michael Corcoran
Henry Hayes Lockwood
Louis Blenker
James Samuel Wadsworth
George Webb Morell
John Henry Martindale
Samuel Davis Sturgis
George Stoneman
James William Denver
Egbert Ludovicus Vielé
James Shields
John Fulton Reynolds
William Farquhar Barry
John Joseph Abercrombie
Lawrence Pike Graham
George Gordon Meade
Abram Duryée
Oliver Otis Howard
Eleazar Arthur Paine
Daniel Edgar Sickles
Charles Davis Jameson
Ebenezer Dumont
Robert Huston Milroy
Willis Arnold Gorman
Daniel Butterfield
Horatio Gouverneur Wright
William Thomas Ward
John Gross Barnard
Innis Newton Palmer
Seth Williams
John Newton
Winfield Scott Hancock
George Wright
George Sykes
William Henry French
William Thomas Harbaugh Brooks
John Milton Brannan
William Wallace Burns
John Porter Hatch
David Sloane Stanley
William Kerley Strong
Albin Francisco Schoepf
Lovell Harrison Rousseau
James Scott Negley
Thomas John Wood
Richard W Johnson
Adolph Wilhelm August Friedrich Von Steinwehr
George Washington Cullum
Jeremiah Tilford Boyle
Schuyler Hamilton
George Washington Morgan
Julius Stahel
John McAllister Schofield
Thomas Jefferson McKean
Zealous Bates Tower
Jefferson Columbus Davis
James Henry Lane
John McAuley Palmer
James Abram Garfield
Lewis Golding Arnold
Frederick Steele
William Scott Ketchum
Abner Doubleday
John Wynn Davidson
Napoleon Jackson Tecumseh Dana
David Bell Birney
Thomas Francis Meagher
Henry Morris Naglee
Andrew Johnson
James Gallant Spears
Eugene Asa Carr
Thomas Alfred Davies
Daniel Tyler
William Hemsley Emory
Andrew Jackson Smith
Marsena Rudolph Patrick
Isaac Ferdinand Quinby
Hiram Gregory Berry
Orris Sanford Ferry
Daniel Phineas Woodbury
Henry Moses Judah
Richard James Oglesby
John Cook
John McArthur
Jacob Gartner Lauman
Horatio Phillips Van Cleve
John Alexander Logan
Speed Smith Fry
Alexander Asboth
James Craig
Mahlon Dickerson Manson
Edward Richard Sprigg Canby
Grenville Mellen Dodge
Robert Byington Mitchell
James Gilpatrick Blunt
Francis Engle Patterson
Quincy Adams Gillmore
Amiel Weeks Whipple
Cuvier Grover
George Lucas Hartsuff
Rufus Saxton
Benjamin Alvord
Napoleon Bonaparte Buford
William Sooy Smith
Nathan Kimball
Charles Devens
James Henry Van Alen
Carl Schurz
Samuel Wylie Crawford
Henry Walton Wessells
Milo Smith Hascall
Leonard Fulton Ross
John White Geary
Alfred Howe Terry
Andrew Atkinson Humphreys
James Henry Carleton
Absalom Baird
John Cleveland Robinson
Truman Seymour
George Dashiell Bayard
Henry Prince
Abram Sanders Piatt
Thomas Turpin Crittenden
Maximilian Weber
Pleasant Adam Hackleman
Jeremiah Cutler Sullivan
Alvin Peterson Hovey
James Clifford Veatch
William Plummer Benton
John Curtis Caldwell
Isaac Peace Rodman
Neal S Dow
George Sears Greene
Samuel Powhatan Carter
John Gibbon
Erastus Barnard Tyler
James Birdseye McPherson
Charles Griffin
George Henry Gordon
James Madison Tuttle
Julius White
Peter Joseph Osterhaus
Stephen Gano Burbridge
Washington Lafayette Elliott
Albion Parris Howe
Green Clay Smith
William Bowen Campbell
Philip Henry Sheridan
Benjamin Stone Roberts
Alfred Pleasonton
Jacob Ammen
Joshua Woodrow Sill
Catharinus Putnam Buckingham
Fitz-Henry Warren
Morgan Lewis Smith
Charles Cruft
Frederick Saloman
James Streshly Jackson
Cadwallader Colden Washburn
Francis Jay Herron
John Cochrane
John Basil Turchin
Henry Shaw Briggs
Conrad Feger Jackson
James Dada Morgan
Johann August Ernst Willich
Henry Dwight Terry
James Blair Steedman
George Foster Shepley
John Buford
Francis Preston Blair
John Reese Kenly
John Potts Slough
Godfrey Weitzel
Gabriel René Paul
George Crook
Thomas Leiper Kane
Gershom Mott
William Rufus Terrill
Edward Ferrero
Francis Laurens Vinton
Henry Jackson Hunt
Joseph Jones Reynolds
Francis Channing Barlow
Calvin Edward Pratt

Brigadier-General USA (Staff)

Montgomery Cunningham Meigs (Quartermaster-General)
Henry Knox Craig
Lorenzo Thomas (Adjutant-General)
James Wolfe Ripley (Ordnance)
Joseph Pannell Taylor (Commissary-General of Subsistence)
William Alexander Hammond (Surgeon-General)

Confederate Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

General ACSA/PACS

Samuel Cooper
Robert Edward Lee
Joseph Eggleston Johnston
Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
Braxton Bragg

Major-General PACS

Leonidas Polk
Earl Van Dorn
Gustavus Woodson Smith
Theophilus Hunter Holmes
William Joseph Hardee
Benjamin Huger
James Longstreet
John Bankhead Magruder
Mansfield Lovell
Thomas Jonathan Jackson
Edmund Kirby Smith
George Bibb Crittenden
John Clifford Pemberton
Richard Stoddert Ewell
William Wing Loring
Sterling Price
Benjamin Franklin Cheatham
Samuel Jones
John Porter McCown
Daniel Harvey Hill
Jones  Mitchell Withers
Thomas Carmichael Hindman
John Cabell Breckinridge
Lafayette McLaws
Ambrose Powell Hill
Richard Heron Anderson
James Ewell Brown Stuart
Richard Taylor
Simon Bolivar Buckner
Samuel Gibbs French

Brigadier-General PACS

Alexander Robert Lawton
Charles Clark
John Buchanan Floyd
Henry Alexander Wise
David Rumph Jones
Henry Hopkins Sibley
John Henry Winder
Daniel Smith Donelson
Robert Augustus Toombs
Arnold Elzey
William Henry Chase Whiting
Jubal Anderson Early
Isaac Ridgeway Trimble
Daniel Ruggles
Roswell Sabine Ripley
Paul Octave Hébert
Albert Gallatin Blanchard
Gabriel James Rains
Thomas Fenwick Drayton
Lloyd Tilghman
Nathan George Evans
Cadmus Marcellus Wilcox
Robert Emmett Rodes
James Heyward Trapier
William Henry Carroll
Hugh Weedon Mercer
Alexander Peter Stewart
William Montgomery Gardner
Richard Brooke Garnett
William Mahone
Edward Johnson
Maxcy Gregg
Raleigh Edward Colston
Henry Heth
Johnson Kelly Duncan
Sterling Alexander Martin Wood
John George Walker
John King Jackson
George Edward Pickett
Bushrod Rust Johnson
James Patton Anderson
Howell Cobb
George Wythe Randolph
Joseph Brevard Kershaw
James Ronald Chalmers
James Johnston Pettigrew
Carter Littlepage Stevenson
Daniel Leadbetter
William Whann Mackall
Robert Ransom
John Bell Hood
Daniel Marsh Frost
Winfield Scott Featherston
Thomas James Churchill
William Booth Taliaferro
Albert Rust
Patrick Ronayne Cleburne
Samuel Bell Maxey
Hamilton Prioleau Bee
James Morrison Hawes
George Hume Steuart
William Duncan Smith
James Edwin Slaughter
Charles William Field
John Horace Forney
Paul Jones Semmes
Lucius Marshall Walker
Seth Maxwell Barton
Dabney Herndon Maury
John Bordenave Villepigue
Henry Eustace McCullough
John Stevens Bowen
Benjamin Hardin Helm
John Selden Roane
States Rights Gist
William Nelson Pendleton
Lewis Addison Armistead
Joseph Finegan
Martin Luther Smith
Franklin Gardner
William Nelson Rector Beall
Thomas Jordan
William Preston
Roger Atkinson Pryor
Henry Little KIA
John Echols
George Earl Maney
Jean Jacques Alfred Alexandre Mouton
John Stuart Williams
James Green Martin
Thomas Lanier Clingman
Wade Hampton
Daniel Weisiger Adams
Louis Hébert
John Creed Moore
Ambrose Ransom Wright
James Lawson Kemper
James Jay Archer
George Burgwyn Anderson
Beverley Holcombe Robertson
St John Richardson Liddell
Nathan Bedford Forrest
Johnson Hagood
William Dorsey Pender
Micah Jenkins
Martin Edwin Green
Fitzhugh Lee
Harry Thompson Hays
Albert Gallatin Jenkins
William Barksdale
Edward Dorr Tracy
Matthew Duncan Ector
Edward Aylesworth Perry
John Gregg
John Calvin Brown
Alfred Holt Colquitt
Junius Daniel
Abraham Buford
William Steele
James Fleming Fagan
William Read Scurry
Allison Nelson
Francis Asbury Shoup
Joseph Robert Davis
William Henry Fitzhugh Lee
William Edmondson Jones
William Edwin Baldwin

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