1862 September 15th

September 15 1862 Monday

Surrender of Harper’s Ferry, VA (CWSAC Major Battle – Confederate Victory)

Smith’s Invasion of Kentucky

Bragg’s Invasion of Kentucky – Siege of Munfordville

Maryland Campaign

Harper’s Ferry Campaign – Siege of Harper’s Ferry

Kanawha Campaign

Second Corinth Campaign

Kentucky. Confederate Brigadier-General James Ronald Chalmers reported to General Braxton Bragg about his unauthorised attack and failure to capture Munfordville. Angered by the undesirable confrontation, Bragg resolved to march with his entire four divisions to begin siege operations against Munfordville. Major-General William Joseph Hardee’s corps marched during the evening on a direct route via Cave City while Major-General Leonidas Polk’s corps crossed the river a few miles above the town to occupy bluffs overlooking the town on the opposite bank.

Louisiana. Expedition to Pass Manchac and Ponchatoula ended.

Maryland. Skirmishes at Boonsboro, Conrad’s Ferry, and White’s Ford

Maryland. Skirmish at Antietam Creek near Keedysville.

Maryland. Union Major-General George Brinton McClellan’s Army of the Potomac remained fairly passive after his capture of the passes at South Mountain. The head of McClellan’s army began to arrive along the eastern bank of Antietam Creek, east of Sharpsburg. The first two divisions of the Union Army of the Potomac arrived during the afternoon and most of the remainder of the army later that evening. Although this gave McClellan an overwhelming advantage in numbers, his mistaken belief that Lee had over 100,000 men caused him to delay any attack.

At this point, Confederate General Robert Edward Lee had barely 18,000 men present, and no more than 40,000 would be present even when all his dispersed divisions had arrived. The Confederates used the time to prepare defensive positions and allowed most of Major-General James Longstreet’s command enough time to arrive from Hagerstown.

This slow advance Lee some time to unite his dangerously scattered divisions at Sharpsburg. Lee’s plan to invade Pennsylvania, to destroy the Susquehanna Bridge at Harrisburg, and to threaten Baltimore or Philadelphia or Washington was abandoned. Lee deployed his immediately available forces (no more than 18,000 men at this point) near Sharpsburg. They deployed along a low ridge parallel to and west of Antietam Creek. It was a reasonable defensive position but it was not an impregnable one. The terrain provided some good cover for infantrymen, with rail and stone fences, outcroppings of limestone, and little hollows and swales. The creek to the front was only a minor barrier, ranging from 60 to 100 feet in width; it was fordable at many places and was crossed by three stone bridges each a mile apart. It was also a precarious position because the Confederate rear was blocked by the Potomac River with only a single crossing point (Boteler’s Ford at Shepherdstown) available for retreat. The next ford was at Williamsport, ten miles northwest of Sharpsburg, but the disposition of Union forces soon made it impractical to consider a retreat in that direction.

Confederate Major-General Lafayette McLaws’ division was the most vulnerable to being cut off and Lee ordered him to evacuate his exposed position on Maryland Heights, to cross the Potomac below Shepherdstown, and to rejoin the army at Sharpsburg. He was further from Sharpsburg than the Union force at Crampton’s Gap and he was urged to hurry the march to avoid being trapped. The forces of Longstreet and Major-General Daniel Harvey Hill also left their positions on South Mountain and marched for Sharpsburg immediately.

Maryland. Lieutenant-Commander Samuel Magaw, commanding USS Thomas Freeborn, reported the seizure and burning of the schooner Arctic in Great Wicomico River.

Missouri. Incident at Shelbourne.

Missouri. Union scouting expedition in Rails County began.

South Carolina. Confederate General Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard arrived in Charleston to take up the command of the Department of South Carolina and Georgia. He was given a tumultuous hero’s welcome by the people of Charleston.

Virginia. Incident at Aquia Creek.

Virginia. Union Major-General Joseph King Fenno Mansfield was finally given field command of a Union Corps, after pleading for such an opportunity. He had a distinguished career as Inspector-General of the US Army since 28 May 1853 until 27 April 1861 when he took over the Department of Washington at a critical time. His organisational skills served him well and he then led 1st Brigade of 1st Division of the Department of Virginia in early 1862. He then took over the Division of VII Corps at Suffolk, on 22 July 1862. Mansfield felt that his seniority and experience merited command of a Corps and he was given XII Corps in the Army of the Potomac, supersding acting corps commander Brigadier-General Alpheus Starkey Williams.

Harper’s Ferry, Virginia. By morning, Confederate Major-General Thomas Jonathan Jackson had placed nearly 50 guns on Maryland Heights and at the base of Loudoun Heights, in position to enfilade the rear of the Union line on Bolivar Heights. Jackson began a fierce artillery barrage from all sides and ordered an infantry assault for 8 am. Union Colonel Dixon S Miles realized that the situation was hopeless and had no expectation that relief would arrive. His artillery ammunition was in short supply. At a council of war with his brigade commanders, he agreed to offer surrender. Miles was mortally wounded by a shell soon afterwards and died the next day. It was the largest surrender of Union forces during the war.

In the early afternoon, Jackson received an urgent message from General Robert Edward Lee to move to Sharpsburg as quickly as possible. Jackson left Major-General Ambrose Powell Hill at Harper’s Ferry to manage the parole of prisoners and began the march to rejoin the army with his other five divisions.

The Confederate Army sustained 286 casualties (39 killed, 247 wounded), mostly from the fighting on Maryland Heights, while the Union Army sustained 217 (44 killed, 173 wounded). The Union garrison surrendered 12,419 to 12,520 men, 200 wagons, and 73 artillery pieces. (CWSAC Major Battle – Confederate Victory)

Union Organisation

USA: Major-General Joseph King Fenno Mansfield assumed command of XII Corps (Potomac), succeeding Brigadier-General Alpheus Starkey Williams.

Mansfield, Joseph King Fenno / Connecticut / Born 22 December 1803 New Haven, Connecticut / DOW Sharpsburg, Maryland 18 September 1862
USMA 1 July 1822 2/40 Engineers / Cadet USMA 1 July 1818 / 2nd Lieutenant USA Engineers 1 July 1822 / 1st Lieutenant USA 5 March 1832 / Captain USA 7 July 1838 / Colonel USA Inspector-General 28 May 1853 / Brigadier-General USA 17 May 1861 to rank from 14 May 1861 / Major-General USV 11 March 1863 to rank from 18 July 1862 posthumously / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1822 Brevet Major 9 May 1846 Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel USA 23 September 1846 Brevet Colonel USA 23 February 1847 Brevet Brigadier-General USA 6 May 1861 / WIA Monterey 7 July 1846 MWIA Antietam 17 September 1862
Inspector-General USA 28 May 1853-27 April 1861 / Department of Washington 27 April 1861-17 August 1861 / 1st Brigade 1st Division Department of Virginia 3 March 1862-22 June 1862 / Suffolk Division VII Corps Department of Virginia 22 July 1862-8 September 1862 / XII Corps Potomac 15 September 1862-17 September 1862

USA: Henry Jackson Hunt promoted Brigadier-General USV 15 September 1862.

Hunt, Henry Jackson / Michigan / Born 14 September 1819 Detroit, Michigan / Died Washington, District of Columbia 11 February 1889
USMA 1 July 1839 19/31 Artillery / Cadet USMA 1 September 1835 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 2nd US Artillery 1 July 1839 / 1st Lieutenant USA 18 June 1846 / Captain USA 28 September 1852 / Major USA 5th US Artillery 14 May 1861 / Colonel USA ADC (G B McClellan) 28 September 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 28 September 1862 to rank from 15 September 1862 / Lieutenant-Colonel USA 3rd US Artillery 1 August 1863 / Mustered Out USV 30 April 1866 / Colonel USA 5th US Artillery 4 April 1869 / Retired USA 14 September 1883 / Brevet Captain USA 20 August 1847 Brevet Major USA 13 September 1847 / Brevet Colonel USA 3 July 1863 Brevet Major-General USV 6 July 1864 Brevet Brigadier-General USA 13 March 1865 Brevet Major-General USA 13 March 1865 / WIA Molino del Rey 8 September 1847
Chief of Artillery Department of Northeastern Virginia 23 July 1861-7 August 1861 / Reserve Artillery Army of the Potomac 17 August 1861-3 September 1862 / Chief of Artillery Army of the Potomac 5 September 1862-22 January 1865 / Chief of Artillery Army of the Potomac February 1865-May 1865

USA: Brigadier-General Julius White was captured at Harper’s Ferry.

White, Julius / Born 23 September 1816 Cazenovia, New York / Died Evanston, Illinois 12 May 1890
Colonel USV 37th Illinois Infantry 18 July 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 9 June 1862 / Resigned USV 19 November 1864 / Brevet Major-General USV 13 March 1865 / WIA Pea Ridge 7 March 1862 CIA Harper’s Ferry 15 September 1862 Exchanged January 1863
2nd Brigade 3rd Division Army of Southwest Missouri 9 February 1862-9 May 1862 / Railroad Brigade VIII Corps Middle Department August 1862-15 September 1862 / District of Eastern Kentucky 5 February 1863-6 August 1863 / 4th Division XXIII Corps Department of the Ohio 6 August 1863-21 August 1863 / 2nd Division XXIII Corps Department of the Ohio 21 August 1863-21 December 1863 / 4th Division IX Corps Army of the Potomac 21 July 1864-29 July 1864 / Chief of Staff IX Corps Army of the Potomac 29 July 1864-6 August 1864 / 1st Division IX Corps Army of the Potomac 6 August 1864-28 August 1864

Commander in Chief: President Abraham Lincoln

Vice-President: Hannibal Hamlin

Secretary of War: Edwin McMasters Stanton

Secretary of the Navy: Gideon Welles

  • North Atlantic Blockading Squadron USN: Acting Rear Admiral Samuel Phillips Lee USN
  • South Atlantic Blockading Squadron USN: Flag Officer Samuel Francis Du Pont USN
  • West Gulf Blockading Squadron USN: Rear Admiral David Glasgow Farragut USN
  • East Gulf Blockading Squadron USN: Flag Officer James L Lardner USN
  • Pacific Squadron USN: Rear Admiral Charles H Bell USN
  • Western Gunboat Flotilla USN: Flag Officer Charles Henry Davis USN
  • Potomac Flotilla USN: Commodore Andrew Allen Harwood USN

General–in-Chief: Henry Wager Halleck

  • Department (Military Division) of the Mississippi : Henry Wager Halleck
    • Department of the Missouri: Henry Wager Halleck
      • District of Missouri: John McAllister Schofield
      • District of Southwest Missouri: Egbert Benson Brown
        • Army of the Southwest: Frederick Steele
      • District of Northwest Missouri: Willard Preble Hall
    • District of Corinth: William Starke Rosecrans
    • District of West Tennessee: Ulysses Simpson Grant
      • Sub-District of Jackson: John Alexander Logan
      • Army of the Mississippi: William Starke Rosecrans
      • Army of West Tennessee: Ulysses Simpson Grant
  • Department of the Gulf: Benjamin Franklin Butler
    • District of Pensacola: Lewis Golding Arnold
    • Army of the Gulf: Benjamin Franklin Butler
  • Department of Kansas: James Gilpatrick Blunt
    • Army of Kansas: James Gilpatrick Blunt
  • Middle Department: John Ellis Wool
    • District of the Eastern Shore of Maryland: Henry Hayes Lockwood
    • VIII Corps Middle: John Ellis Wool
  • Department of New Mexico: Edward Richard Sprigg Canby interim James Henry Carleton awaited
    • District of Arizona: Joseph Rodman West
  • Department of New York: Edward Denison Morgan
  • Department of North Carolina: John Gray Foster
  • Department of the Northwest: John Pope awaited
    • District of Wisconsin: Washington Lafayette Elliott
  • Department of the Ohio: Horatio Gouverneur Wright
    • District of Louisville: Jeremiah Tilford Boyle
    • Army of the Ohio: Don Carlos Buell
  • Department of the Pacific: George Wright
    • District of the Humboldt: Francis James Lippitt
    • District of Oregon: Benjamin Alvord
    • District of Southern California: George Washington Bowie
    • District of Utah: Patrick Edward Connor
  • Department of the Potomac: George Brinton McClellan
    • Army of the Potomac: George Brinton McClellan
      • I Corps Potomac: Joseph Hooker
      • II Corps Potomac: Edwin Vose Sumner
      • III Corps Potomac: Samuel Peter Heintzelman
      • V Corps Potomac: Fitz John Porter
      • VI Corps Potomac: William Buel Franklin
      • IX Corps Potomac: Jacob Dolson Cox temporary
      • XI Corps Potomac: Franz Sigel
      • XII Corps Potomac: Joseph King Fenno Mansfield
  • Department of the South: John Milton Brannan temporary
    • X Corps South: John Milton Brannan
  • Department of Texas: Vacant
  • Department of Virginia: John Adams Dix
    • IV Corps Virginia: Erasmus Darwin Keyes
    • VII Corps Virginia: John Adams Dix
  • District of the Ohio: Don Carlos Buell
  • Military District of Washington: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks

Confederate Organisation

CSA: Matthew Duncan Ector confirmed Brigadier-General PACS 15 September 1862 to rank from 23 August 1862.

Ector, Matthew Duncan / Texas / Born 28 February 1822 Putnam, Georgia / Died Tyler, Texas 29 October 1879
Private USV 1847-1848 / Private PACS 3rd Texas Cavalry 1861 / Lieutenant-Colonel PACS May 1861 / Chief of Staff May 1862 / Colonel PACS 14th Texas Cavalry July 1862 / Brigadier-General PACS 15 September 1862 to rank from 23 August 1862 / Paroled Meridian, Mississippi 10 May 1865 / WIA Chickamauga 20 September 1863 WIA New Hope Church 2 June 1864 WIA Atlanta 27 July 1864
2nd Brigade 3rd Division Department of East Tennessee June 1862-October 1862 / 2nd Brigade 2nd Division Department of East Tennessee 31 October 1862-December 1862 / 1st Brigade McCown’s Division II Corps Army of Tennessee December 1862-January 1863 / 1st Brigade McCown’s Division Smith’s Corps Army of Tennessee January 1863-March 1863 / 1st Brigade McCown’s Division Polk’s Corps Army of Tennessee March 1863-May 1863 / Ector’s Brigade W H T Walker’s Division Army of Mississippi 19 May 1863-July 1863 / Ector’s Brigade W H T Walker’s Division Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana July 1863-25 August 1863 / Ector’s Brigade W H T Walker’s Division D H Hill’s Corps Army of Tennessee 25 August 1863-September 1863 / Ector’s Brigade W H T Walker’s Division Polk’s Corps Army of Tennessee September 1863-22 September 1863 / Ector’s Brigade French’s Division Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana 22 September 1863-28 January 1864 / Ector’s Brigade French’s Division District of Northern Alabama 28 January 1864-4 May 1864 / Ector’s Brigade French’s Division III Corps Army of Tennessee 4 May 1864-27 July 1864

CSA: Edward Aylesworth Perry confirmed Brigadier-General PACS 15 September 1862 to rank from 28 August 1862.

Perry, Edward Aylesworth / Massachusetts-Florida / Born 15 March 1831 Richmond, Massachusetts / Died 15 October 1889
Captain PACS 2nd Florida Infantry May 1861 / Colonel PACS 10 May 1862 / Brigadier-General PACS 15 September 1862 to rank from 28 August 1862 / Paroled Montgomery, Alabama 6 June 1865 / WIA Frayser’s Farm 30 June 1862 WIA Wilderness 6 May 1864
Perry’s Brigade R H Anderson’s Division I Corps Army of Northern Virginia 10 November 1863-30 May 1863 / Perry’s Brigade R H Anderson’s Division III Corps Army of Northern Virginia August 1863-6 May 1864 / Reserve Forces of Alabama 28 September 1864-31 May 1865

CSA: John Gregg confirmed Brigadier-General PACS 15 September 1862 to rank from 29 August 1862.

Gregg, John / Alabama / Born 28 September 1828 Lawrence, Alabama / KIA Charles City Road, Virginia 7 October 1864
Colonel PACS 7th Texas Infantry September 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 15 September 1862 to rank from 29 August 1862 / CIA Fort Donelson 16 February 1862 Exchanged 15 August 1862 WIA Chickamauga 20 September 1863 WIA Wilderness 6 May 1864
Gregg’s Brigade 1st Division Army of Mississippi 24 October 1862-March 1863 / Gregg’s Brigade Third District of Mississippi and East Louisiana March 1863-May 1863 / Gregg’s Brigade W H T Walker’s Division Military Division of the West 10 May 1863-September 1863 / Gregg’s Brigade Reserve Corps Army of Tennessee September 1863-19 September 1863 / Gregg’s Brigade B R Johnson’s Division III Corps Army of Tennessee 19 September 1863-20 September 1863 / Gregg’s Brigade Field’s Division Department of East Tennessee 11 January 1864-12 April 1864 / Gregg’s Brigade Field’s Division I Corps Army of Northern Virginia 12 April 1864-7 October 1864

CSA: John Calvin Brown confirmed Brigadier-General PACS 15 September 1862 to rank from 30 August 1862.

Brown, John Calvin / Tennessee / Born 6 January 1827 Giles, Tennessee / Died Red Boling Springs, Tennessee 17 August 1869
Private Tennessee Militia 1 May 1861 / Assistant Inspector-General Provisional Army of Tennessee 9 May 1861 / Colonel PACS 3rd Tennessee Infantry 16 May 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 15 September 1862 to rank from 30 August 1862 / Major-General PACS 4 August 1864 / Paroled Greensboro, North Carolina 1 May 1865 / CIA Fort Donelson 16 February 1862 Exchanged 15 August 1862 WIA Perryville 8 October 1862 WIA Chickamauga 20 September 1863 WIA Ezra Church 28 July 1864 WIA Franklin 30 November 1864
3rd Brigade 2nd Division Army of Central Kentucky 28 October 1861-16 February 1862 / 1st Brigade 2nd Army of Mississippi September 1862-8 October 1862 / Brown’s Brigade Breckinridge’s Division Hardee’s Corps Army of Tennessee December 1862 / Brown’s Brigade Breckinridge’s Division Hardee’s Corps Army of Tennessee 16 January 1863-22 January 1863 / Brown’s Brigade Breckinridge’s Division Hardee’s Corps Army of Tennessee2 February 1863-6 June 1863 / Brown’s Brigade Stewart’s Division Breckinridge’s Corps Army of Tennessee 6 June 1863-August 1863 / Brown’s Brigade Stewart’s Division Breckinridge’s Corps Army of Tennessee 1 October 1863-12 November 1863 / Stewart’s Division D H Hill’s Corps Army of Tennessee August 1863 / Brown’s Brigade Stewart’s Division III Corps Army of Tennessee September 1863 / Brown’s Brigade Stevenson’s Division I Corps Army of Tennessee 12 November 1863-23 November 1863 / Stevenson’s Division I Corps Army of Tennessee 23 November 1863-24 November 1863 / Brown’s Brigade Stevenson’s Division I Corps Army of Tennessee 29 November 1863-20 February 1864 / Brown’s Brigade Stevenson’s Division II Corps Army of Tennessee 20 February 1864-27 June 1864 / Brown’s Division I Corps Army of Tennessee 27 June 1864-7 July 1864 / Hindman’s Division Hood’s Corps Army of Tennessee July 1864 / Stewart’s Division II Corps Army of Tennessee 7 July 1864-August 1864 / Bate’s Division Cheatham’s Corps Army of Tennessee August 1864-30 November 1864 / Stewart’s Division II Corps Army of Tennessee 30 November 1864-2 April 1865 / Brown’s Division I Corps Army of Tennessee 2 Aril 1865-9 April 1865 / Brown’s Division Hardee’s Corps Army of Tennessee 9 April 1865-26 April 1865

CSA: Alfred Holt Colquitt confirmed Brigadier-General PACS 15 September 1862 to rank from 1 September 1862.

Colquitt, Alfred Holt / Georgia / Born 20 April 1824 Monroe, Georgia / Died Richmond, Virginia 26 March 1894
Major USV Paymaster 24 June 1846 / Resigned USV 31 January 1848 / Captain ACSA Infantry 16 March 1861 / Colonel PACS 6th Georgia Infantry 27 May 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 15 September 1862 to rank from 1 September 1862 / Paroled Greensboro, North Carolina 1 May 1865
4th Brigade Army of the Peninsula 3 October 1861 / 4th Brigade D H Hill’s Division Left Wing Army of Northern Virginia 29 June 1862-27 July 1862 / 2nd Brigade G W Smith’s Division Defences of Richmond 17 July 1862-August 1862 / Colquitt’s Brigade D H Hill’s Division II Corps Army of Northern Virginia December 1862-20 May 1863 / Colquitt’s Brigade D H Hill’s Division Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia 20 May 1863-June 1863 / Colquitt’s Brigade District of Cape Fear July 1863 / 3rd Sub-District of South Carolina 14 July 1863-August 1863 / 2nd Sub-District of South Carolina 22 October 1863-January 1864 / Colquitt’s Brigade 7th Sub-District of South Carolina January 1864-February 1864 Colquitt’s Brigade District of East Florida February 1864-23 February 1864 / Colquitt’s Brigade District of Florida 23 Februaery-3 May 1864 / Colquitt’s Brigade Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia 3 May 1864-14 May 1864 / Colquitt’s Brigade Defences of Richmond 14 May 1864-17 May 1864 / Colquitt’s Brigade Hoke’s Division Defences of Richmond 17 May 1864-31 May 1864 / Colquitt’s Brigade Hoke’s Division II Corps Army of Northern Virginia 31 May 1864-19 October 1864 / Colquitt’s Brigade Hoke’s Division IV Corps Army of Northern Virginia 19 October 1864-20 December 1864 / Colquitt’s Brigade Hoke’s Division Department of North Carolina December 1864-March 1865 / Colquitt’s Brigade Hoke’s Division Hardee’s Corps Army of Tennessee March 1865-9 April 1865 / Colquitt’s Brigade Hoke’s Division I Corps Army of Tennessee 9 April 1865-26 April 1865

CSA: Junius Daniel confirmed Brigadier-General PACS 15 September 1862 to rank from 1 September 1862.

Daniel, Junius / North Carolina / Born 27 June 1828 Halifax, North Carolina / DOW Spotsylvania, Virginia 13 May 1864
USMA 1 July 1851 33/42 Infantry / Cadet USMA 1 July 1846 /3rd US Infantry 1 July 1851 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 10 November 1851 / 1st Lieutenant USA 31 May 1857 / Resigned USA 14 January 1858 / Colonel PACS 14th North Carolina Infantry 3 June 1861 / 45th North Carolina Infantry 14 April 1862 / Brigadier-General PACS 15 September 1862 to rank from 1 September 1862 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USMA 1 July 1851 / WIA Malvern Hill 30 June 1862 MWIA Spotsylvania 12 May 1864
3rd Brigade Holmes’ Division Army of Northern Virginia May 1862-July 1862 / 3rd Brigade D H Hill’s Division Defences of Richmond July 1862-11 August 1862 / Daniel’s Brigade French’s Division Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia 30 August 1862-4 May 1863 / Daniel’s Brigade Rodes’ Division II Corps Army of Northern Virginia 20 May 1863-12 May 1864

CSA: Joseph Robert Davis promoted Brigadier-General PACS 26 September 1862 to rank from 15 September 1862.

Davis, Joseph Robert / Mississippi / Born 12 January 1825 Woodville, Mississippi / Died 15 September 1896
Captain Mississippi Militia April 1861 / Lieutenant-Colonel PACS 10th Mississippi Infantry 12 April 1861 / Colonel PACS ADC (J F Davis) 31 August 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 26 September 1862 to rank from 15 September 1862 / Paroled Appomattox, Virginia 9 April 1865 / WIA Gettysburg 3 July 1863
Davis’ Brigade Department of Virginia and North Carolina November 1862-1 April 1863 / Davis’ Brigade Department of Southwestern Virginia 1 April 1863-May 1863 / 4th Brigade Heth’s Division III Corps Army of Northern Virginia May 1863-3 July 1863 / 4th Brigade Heth’s Division III Corps Army of Northern Virginia August 1863-9 April 1865

CSA: William Henry Fitzhugh Lee promoted Brigadier-General PACS 26 September 1862 to rank from 15 September 1862.

Lee, William Henry Fitzhugh / Virginia / Born 31 May 1837 Arlington, Virginia / Died Alexandria, Virginia 15 October 1891
2nd Lieutenant USA 6th US Infantry 31 May 1857 / Resigned USA 31 May 1859 / Captain ACSA Cavalry 16 March 1861 / Captain Provisional Army of Virginia 10 May 1861 / Major PACS Cavalry May 1861 / Lieutenant-Colonel PACS 9th Virginia Cavalry 18 January 1862 / Colonel PACS 28 April 1862 / Brigadier-General PACS 26 September 1862 to rank from 15 September 1862 / Major-General PACS 23 April 1864 / Paroled Appomattox, Virginia 9 April 1865 / WIA Brandy Station 9 June 1863 CIA Hickory Hill 26 June 1863 Exchanged 25 February 1864
3rd Brigade Cavalry Division Army of Northern Virginia 10 November 1862-9 June 1863 / W H F Lee’s Division Cavalry Army of Northern Virginia 23 April 1864-9 April 1865

Commander in Chief: President Jefferson Finis Davis

Vice-President: Alexander Hamilton Stephens

Secretary of War: George Wythe Randolph

Secretary of the Navy: Stephen Russell Mallory

Military Adviser to the President: Vacant

  • Department of Middle and Eastern Florida: Joseph Finegan
  • Department of East Tennessee: John Porter McCown
    • Army of Kentucky: Edmund Kirby Smith
  • Department of Henrico: John Henry Winder
  • Department of North Carolina: Daniel Harvey Hill
    • District of North Carolina: James Green Martin
      • Sub-District of Cape Fear: William Henry Chase Whiting
  • Department of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee
    • Army of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee
      • Longstreet’s Command Northern Virginia: James Longstreet
      • Jackson’s Command Northern Virginia: Thomas Jonathan Jackson
    • Valley District: Daniel Harvey Hill temporary
  • Department of Richmond: Gustavus Woodson Smith
  • Department of South Carolina and Georgia: John Clifford Pemberton interim Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard awaited
    • District of Georgia: Alexander Robert Lawton
    • District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
      • 1st Sub-District of South Carolina: Arthur Middleton Manigault.
      • 2nd Sub-District of South Carolina: Johnson Hagood
      • 3rd Sub-District of South Carolina: William Stephen Walker
      • 4th Sub-District of South Carolina: William Stephen Walker
  • Department of Southwestern Virginia: William Wing Loring
    • District of Abingdon: Humphrey Marshall
  • Trans-Mississippi Department: Theophilus Hunter Holmes
    • District of Missouri: Sterling Price
    • District of Arkansas: Thomas Carmichael Hindman
    • District of West Louisiana: Richard Taylor
    • District of Texas: Paul Octave Hébert
      • Sub-District of Houston: Xavier Blanchard Debray
    • Western District of Texas: Henry Eustace McCulloch
      • Eastern Sub-District of Western Texas: Xavier Blanchard Debray
      • Sub-District of the Rio Grande: Hamilton Prioleau Bee
    • District of Arizona: Henry Hopkins Sibley
    • District of Indian Territory: Douglas Hancock Cooper
    • Defences of Pass Cavallo: John W Glenn
  • Western Department: Braxton Bragg
    • District of the Mississippi: Daniel Ruggles temporary
    • District of Southern Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana: vacant
      • 1st Sub-District of Southern Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana: vacant
      • 2nd Sub-District of Southern Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana: William Nelson Rector Beall
      • 3rd Sub-District of Southern Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana: Martin Luther Smith
    • District of the Tennessee: Sterling Price
    • Gulf District: John Horace Forney
    • Army of Mississippi: Braxton Bragg
      • Right Wing Mississippi: Leonidas Polk
      • Left Wing Mississippi: William Joseph Hardee
      • Reserve Corps Mississippi: Jones Mitchell Withers
    • Army of the West: Sterling Price

Union Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

Major-General USA

George Brinton McClellan
John Charles Frémont
Henry Wager Halleck
John Ellis Wool

Major-General USV

Asterisk indicates concurrently Brigadier-General USA

John Adams Dix
Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
Benjamin Franklin Butler
David Hunter
Edwin Denison Morgan
Ethan Allen Hitchcock
Ulysses Simpson Grant
Irvin McDowell*
Ambrose Everett Burnside
William Starke Rosecrans*
Don Carlos Buell
John Pope*
Samuel Ryan Curtis
Franz Sigel
John Alexander McClernand
Charles Ferguson Smith
Lewis Wallace
Ormsby McKnight Mitchel
Cassius Marcellus Clay
George Henry Thomas
George Cadwalader
William Tecumseh Sherman
Edward Otho Cresap Ord
Edwin Vose Sumner*
Samuel Peter Heintzelman
Erasmus Darwin Keyes
Joseph Hooker
Silas Casey
Fitz John Porter
William Buel Franklin
Darius Nash Couch
Israel Bush Richardson
Henry Warner Slocum
John James Peck
John Sedgwick
William Farrar Smith
Alexander McDowell McCook
William Nelson
Thomas Leonidas Crittenden
Joseph King Fenno Mansfield*
John Gray Foster
John Grubb Parke
Christopher Columbus Augur
Robert Cumming Schenck

Brigadier-General USA

Brackets indicates concurrently Major-General USV

William Selby Harney
(Edwin Vose Sumner)
(Joseph King Fenno Mansfield)
(Irvin McDowell)
Robert Anderson
(William Starke Rosecrans)
Philip St George Cooke
(John Pope)

Brigadier-General USV

Andrew Porter
Charles Pomeroy Stone
Thomas West Sherman
George Archibald McCall
William Reading Montgomery
Charles Smith Hamilton
Rufus King
Jacob Dolson Cox
Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
Benjamin Mayberry Prentiss
Benjamin Franklin Kelley
Alpheus Starkey Williams
James Cooper
James Brewerton Ricketts
Orlando Bolivar Willcox
Michael Corcoran
Henry Hayes Lockwood
Louis Blenker
James Samuel Wadsworth
George Webb Morell
John Henry Martindale
Samuel Davis Sturgis
George Stoneman
James William Denver
Egbert Ludovicus Vielé
James Shields
John Fulton Reynolds
William Farquhar Barry
John Joseph Abercrombie
Lawrence Pike Graham
George Gordon Meade
Abram Duryée
Oliver Otis Howard
Eleazar Arthur Paine
Daniel Edgar Sickles
Charles Davis Jameson
Ebenezer Dumont
Robert Huston Milroy
Willis Arnold Gorman
Daniel Butterfield
Horatio Gouverneur Wright
William Thomas Ward
John Gross Barnard
Innis Newton Palmer
Seth Williams
John Newton
Winfield Scott Hancock
George Wright
George Sykes
William Henry French
William Thomas Harbaugh Brooks
John Milton Brannan
William Wallace Burns
John Porter Hatch
David Sloane Stanley
William Kerley Strong
Albin Francisco Schoepf
Lovell Harrison Rousseau
James Scott Negley
Thomas John Wood
Richard W Johnson
Adolph Wilhelm August Friedrich Von Steinwehr
George Washington Cullum
Jeremiah Tilford Boyle
Schuyler Hamilton
George Washington Morgan
Julius Stahel
John McAllister Schofield
Thomas Jefferson McKean
Zealous Bates Tower
Jefferson Columbus Davis
James Henry Lane
John McAuley Palmer
James Abram Garfield
Lewis Golding Arnold
Frederick Steele
William Scott Ketchum
Abner Doubleday
John Wynn Davidson
Napoleon Jackson Tecumseh Dana
David Bell Birney
Thomas Francis Meagher
Henry Morris Naglee
Andrew Johnson
James Gallant Spears
Eugene Asa Carr
Thomas Alfred Davies
Daniel Tyler
William Hemsley Emory
Andrew Jackson Smith
Marsena Rudolph Patrick
Isaac Ferdinand Quinby
Hiram Gregory Berry
Orris Sanford Ferry
Daniel Phineas Woodbury
Henry Moses Judah
Richard James Oglesby
John Cook
John McArthur
Jacob Gartner Lauman
Horatio Phillips Van Cleve
John Alexander Logan
Speed Smith Fry
Alexander Asboth
James Craig
Mahlon Dickerson Manson
Gordon Granger
Edward Richard Sprigg Canby
Grenville Mellen Dodge
Robert Byington Mitchell
James Gilpatrick Blunt
Francis Engle Patterson
Quincy Adams Gillmore
Amiel Weeks Whipple
Cuvier Grover
George Lucas Hartsuff
Rufus Saxton
Benjamin Alvord
Napoleon Bonaparte Buford
William Sooy Smith
Nathan Kimball
Charles Devens
James Henry Van Alen
Carl Schurz
Samuel Wylie Crawford
Henry Walton Wessells
Milo Smith Hascall
Leonard Fulton Ross
John White Geary
Alfred Howe Terry
Andrew Atkinson Humphreys
James Henry Carleton
Absalom Baird
John Cleveland Robinson
Truman Seymour
George Dashiell Bayard
Henry Prince
Abram Sanders Piatt
Thomas Turpin Crittenden
Maximilian Weber
Pleasant Adam Hackleman
Jeremiah Cutler Sullivan
Alvin Peterson Hovey
James Clifford Veatch
William Plummer Benton
John Curtis Caldwell
Isaac Peace Rodman
Neal S Dow
George Sears Greene
Samuel Powhatan Carter
John Gibbon
Erastus Barnard Tyler
James Birdseye McPherson
Charles Griffin
George Henry Gordon
James Madison Tuttle
Julius White
Peter Joseph Osterhaus
Stephen Gano Burbridge
Washington Lafayette Elliott
Albion Parris Howe
Green Clay Smith
William Bowen Campbell
Philip Henry Sheridan
Benjamin Stone Roberts
Alfred Pleasonton
Jacob Ammen
Joshua Woodrow Sill
Catharinus Putnam Buckingham
Fitz-Henry Warren
Morgan Lewis Smith
Charles Cruft
Frederick Saloman
James Streshly Jackson
Cadwallader Colden Washburn
Francis Jay Herron
John Cochrane
John Basil Turchin
Henry Shaw Briggs
Conrad Feger Jackson
James Dada Morgan
Johann August Ernst Willich
Henry Dwight Terry
James Blair Steedman
George Foster Shepley
John Buford
Francis Preston Blair
John Reese Kenly
John Potts Slough
Godfrey Weitzel
Gabriel René Paul
George Crook
Thomas Leiper Kane
Gershom Mott
William Rufus Terrill
Edward Ferrero
Henry Jackson Hunt
Calvin Edward Pratt

Brigadier-General USA (Staff)

Montgomery Cunningham Meigs (Quartermaster-General)
Henry Knox Craig
Lorenzo Thomas (Adjutant-General)
James Wolfe Ripley (Ordnance)
Joseph Pannell Taylor (Commissary-General of Subsistence)
William Alexander Hammond (Surgeon-General)

Confederate Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

General ACSA/PACS

Samuel Cooper
Robert Edward Lee
Joseph Eggleston Johnston
Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
Braxton Bragg

Major-General PACS

Leonidas Polk
Earl Van Dorn
Gustavus Woodson Smith
Theophilus Hunter Holmes
William Joseph Hardee
Benjamin Huger
James Longstreet
John Bankhead Magruder
Mansfield Lovell
Thomas Jonathan Jackson
Edmund Kirby Smith
George Bibb Crittenden
John Clifford Pemberton
Richard Stoddert Ewell
William Wing Loring
Sterling Price
Benjamin Franklin Cheatham
Samuel Jones
John Porter McCown
Daniel Harvey Hill
Jones  Mitchell Withers
Thomas Carmichael Hindman
John Cabell Breckinridge
Lafayette McLaws
Ambrose Powell Hill
Richard Heron Anderson
James Ewell Brown Stuart
Richard Taylor
Simon Bolivar Buckner
Samuel Gibbs French

Brigadier-General PACS

Alexander Robert Lawton
Charles Clark
John Buchanan Floyd
Henry Alexander Wise
David Rumph Jones
Henry Hopkins Sibley
John Henry Winder
Daniel Smith Donelson
Robert Augustus Toombs
Arnold Elzey
William Henry Chase Whiting
Jubal Anderson Early
Isaac Ridgeway Trimble
Daniel Ruggles
Roswell Sabine Ripley
Paul Octave Hébert
Albert Gallatin Blanchard
Gabriel James Rains
Thomas Fenwick Drayton
Lloyd Tilghman
Nathan George Evans
Cadmus Marcellus Wilcox
Robert Emmett Rodes
James Heyward Trapier
William Henry Carroll
Hugh Weedon Mercer
Alexander Peter Stewart
William Montgomery Gardner
Richard Brooke Garnett
William Mahone
Lawrence O’Bryan Branch
Edward Johnson
Maxcy Gregg
Raleigh Edward Colston
Henry Heth
Johnson Kelly Duncan
Sterling Alexander Martin Wood
John George Walker
John King Jackson
George Edward Pickett
Bushrod Rust Johnson
James Patton Anderson
Howell Cobb
George Wythe Randolph
Joseph Brevard Kershaw
James Ronald Chalmers
James Johnston Pettigrew
Carter Littlepage Stevenson
Daniel Leadbetter
William Whann Mackall
Robert Ransom
John Bell Hood
Daniel Marsh Frost
Winfield Scott Featherston
Thomas James Churchill
William Booth Taliaferro
Albert Rust
Patrick Ronayne Cleburne
Samuel Bell Maxey
Hamilton Prioleau Bee
James Morrison Hawes
George Hume Steuart
William Duncan Smith
James Edwin Slaughter
Charles William Field
John Horace Forney
Paul Jones Semmes
Lucius Marshall Walker
Seth Maxwell Barton
Dabney Herndon Maury
John Bordenave Villepigue
Henry Eustace McCullough
John Stevens Bowen
Benjamin Hardin Helm
John Selden Roane
States Rights Gist
William Nelson Pendleton
Lewis Addison Armistead
Joseph Finegan
Martin Luther Smith
Franklin Gardner
William Nelson Rector Beall
Thomas Jordan
William Preston
Roger Atkinson Pryor
Henry Little
John Echols
George Earl Maney
Jean Jacques Alfred Alexandre Mouton
John Stuart Williams
James Green Martin
Thomas Lanier Clingman
Wade Hampton
Daniel Weisiger Adams
Louis Hébert
John Creed Moore
Ambrose Ransom Wright
James Lawson Kemper
James Jay Archer
George Burgwyn Anderson
Beverley Holcombe Robertson
St John Richardson Liddell
Nathan Bedford Forrest
Johnson Hagood
William Dorsey Pender
Micah Jenkins
Martin Edwin Green
Fitzhugh Lee
Harry Thompson Hays
Albert Gallatin Jenkins
William Edwin Starke
William Barksdale
Edward Dorr Tracy
Matthew Duncan Ector
Edward Aylesworth Perry
John Gregg
John Calvin Brown
Alfred Holt Colquitt
Junius Daniel
Abraham Buford
William Steele
James Fleming Fagan
William Read Scurry
Allison Nelson
Francis Asbury Shoup
Joseph Robert Davis
William Henry Fitzhugh Lee

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