1862 May 9th

May 9 1862 Friday

Farmington, MS

Newport News, VA

Peninsula Campaign

First Corinth Campaign

Jackson‘s Shenandoah Valley Campaign

Great Britain. Confederate Secretary of the Navy Stephen Mallory issued orders to Commander James Dunwoody Bulloch CSN, instructing him to proceed to Great Britain to act as the Confederacy’s agent in securing six new vessels, armaments, and supplies for the nascent Confederate Navy. These orders granted Bulloch discretion in the selection of ships but specified that these ships must be suitable for the commerce raiding. The orders specified that at least one Armstrong breech-loading rifled gun be acquired for each vessel.

USA. Union Major-General David Hunter, commanding the Department of the South, ordered the emancipation of all slaves along the south Atlantic coast, in Florida, Georgia, and South Carolina, and also authorised the arming of all able-bodied black men in those states. This unauthorised action was adopted by the eager Abolitionist without gaining the prior approval of US President Abraham Lincoln.

Alabama. Incident at Elkton Station.

Arkansas. During the first part of May, Union Major-General Samuel Ryan Curtis and Brigadier-General Frederick Steele had encountered logistical difficulties in their march from Missouri to Arkansas. Poor weather, difficult terrain, and inconsistent supplies slowed their progress. Curtis’ large but ill-supplied force emerged from the Ozark foothills onto the flat ground at Searcy. It was poised to strike deep into central Arkansas and seize the capital of Little Rock as soon as sufficient supplies could be obtained. While encamped at Searcy, Curtis corresponded with Major-General Henry Wager Halleck about the coming campaign and future administration of Little Rock and Arkansas.

Confederate Major-General Thomas Carmichael Hindman and Brigadier-General John Selden Roane set to work to scrape together a defence to oppose the approaching Union Army. A large proportion of the forces raised west of the Mississippi had already been sent across the river under major-General Earl Van Dorn and major-General Sterling Price to aid in the defence of Tennessee and northern Mississippi. Hindman halted elements of the 12th Texas Cavalry that were bound for the eastern theatre and ordered some troops who had made it only as far as Memphis, Tennessee, to turn around. Attempts were made to recruit local volunteers but met with little success in the sparsely populated region.

Florida. The evacuation of the port of Pensacola was commenced by Confederate troops under Colonel Thomas Marshall Jones. Union troops under Brigadier-General Lewis Golding Arnold moved out of Fort Pickens to occupy the port.

Louisiana. Union Commander James Shedden Palmer USN, commanding the gunboat USS Iroquois, landed at the wharf at Baton Rouge and the crew took possession of the Pentagon Barracks and the arsenal without resistance.

Mississippi. Skirmish near Corinth.

Farmington, Mississippi. Confederate General Braxton Bragg engaged the advancing Union armies six miles east of Corinth. The Union advanced guard included the 14th Michigan Infantry, 22nd Illinois Infantry, 26th Illinois Infantry, 27th Illinois Infantry, 42nd Illinois Infantry, 47th Illinois Infantry, 51st Illinois Infantry, 11th Missouri Infantry, 8th Wisconsin Infantry, a detachment of the 4th US Cavalry, 2nd Iowa Cavalry, 2nd Battery Iowa Light Artillery, and Battery G 1st Missouri Light Artillery. The 8th Wisconsin was ordered to draw the Confederates out in order to count the enemy numbers before withdrawing to a swamp north of town.

A Confederate force of up to 15,000 men was drawn from the division of Brigadier-General Daniel Ruggles to oppose them. Confederate Brigadier-General Lucius March’s brigade attacked and drove the Union troops from their entrenchments. Overall the Union force reported 5 killed and 33 wounded among 16 killed and 148 wounded. The Confederates lost 9 casualties.

Tennessee. Expedition to Dresden, Trenton, and Paris ended. Skirmish on the Elk River near Bethel.

Tennessee. Union Captain Andrew Hull Foote USN relinquished command of the Western Gunboat Flotilla, having failed to recover from the wound he had received at Fort Donelson. He was succeeded by Commodore Charles Henry Davis USN.

Virginia. Incidents at New Kent Court House, Slatersville, and Slater’s Mill.

Virginia. Skirmish near McDowell as Confederate Major-General Thomas Jonathan Jackson attempted to pursue the retreating forces of Brigadier-General Robert Cumming Schenck.

Virginia. Union Major-General George Brinton McClellan’s Army of the Potomac resumed its advance towards Richmond and their progress finally forced the Confederates to either abandon Norfolk or be cut off and surrounded.

Virginia. Confederate Major-General Benjamin Huger evacuated Norfolk and moved his forces to Petersburg to aid in the defence of Richmond. Brigadier-General William Mahone’s brigade was moved from Norfolk to take command at Drewry’s Bluff.

Virginia. USS Monitor, USS Dacotah, USS Naugatuck, USS Seminole, and USS Susquehanna, observed by President Abraham Lincoln in person, shelled the Confederate batteries at Sewell’s Point. The bombardment uncovered considerable strength still at Sewell’s Point. The operation also sought to ascertain the practicality of landing troops there for a move to Norfolk. Rumours about Confederate intentions to abandon Norfolk were confirmed and news came that the CSS Virginia, with accompanying gunboats, was expected to proceed up the James or York River. The Union naval commanders planned to retire out of range of the CSS Virginia, leaving USS Monitor in the rear to lure the powerful but under-powered warship into deep water where she might be rammed by high-speed steamers. The CSS Virginia came out of port briefly but not far enough to be rammed.

As the Union blockade could not be raised, the port of Norfolk was of now of little strategic use to the Confederacy and preliminary plans were made to move the ironclad CSS Virginia from Norfolk up the James River to the vicinity of Richmond. However, before adequate preparations could be made, the Confederate Army abandoned the port without consulting the Navy. CSS Virginia‘s draft was too great to permit her to pass up the river. Desperate efforts were made to lighten the ship but it was impossible to reduce her draught sufficiently even to reach City Point or Harrison’s Landing. The work to remove armour and weight also rendered the ship incapable of either movement or fighting and rather than allow her capture or destruction, Confederate Captain  Josiah Tattnall CSN decided to destroy the ship to avoid its capture.

Virginia. Union scouts reconnoitred to the east of Sewell’s Point and found a suitable landing site for troops near Willoughby Point. Union troops embarked aboard transports during the night.

Union Organisation

USA: George William Taylor promoted Brigadier-General USV 12 May 1862 to rank from 9 May 1862.

Taylor, George William / New Jersey / Born 22 November 1808 Hunterdon, New Jersey / DOW Alexandria, Virginia 31 August 1862
Midshipman USN 1 November 1827 / Resigned USN 19 December 1831 / 1st Lieutenant USA 8 March 1847 / 10th US Infantry 9 April 1847 / Captain USA 13 September 1847 / Discharged USA 23 August 1848 / Colonel USV 3rd New Jersey Infantry 4 June 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 12 May 1862 to rank from 9 May 1862 / MWIA Cub Run 27 August 1862
1st Brigade 1st Division VI Corps Army of the Potomac 18 May 1862-27 August 1862

USA: Captain Charles Henry Davis USN assumed command of the Western Gunboat Flotilla, succeeding Captain Andrew Hull Foote USN.

Davis, Charles Henry / Born 16 January 1807 Boston, Massachusetts / Died Washington, District of Columbia 18 February 1877
Midshipman USN 12 August 1823 / Passed Midshipman USN 23 March 1829 / Lieutenant USN 3 March 1831 / Commander USN 12 June 1854 / Captain USN 15 November 1861 / Commodore USN 16 July 1862 / Rear Admiral USN 7 February 1863
Superintendent National Almanac Office 23 November 1859-18 September 1862 / Chief of Bureau of Details April 1861-17 July 1862 / Blockade Strategy Board June 1861-September 1861 / Board of ironclad Vessels 3 August 1861 / Chief of Staff and Captain of the Fleet South Atlantic Blockading Squadron November 1861-1862 / USS Vixen November 1861 / USS Benton May 1862 / Western Gunboat Flotilla 9 May 1862-1 October 1862 / Chief of Bureau of Navigation 17 July 1862-27 April 1865 / USS Eastport August 1862 / Mississippi River Squadron 10 October 1862-15 October 1862 / Superintendent US Naval Observatory 28 April 1865-18 February 1877 / South Atlantic Squadron 27 July 1867-21 October 1869 / USS Lancaster June 1869

Commander in Chief: President Abraham Lincoln

Vice-President: Hannibal Hamlin

Secretary of War: Edwin McMasters Stanton

Secretary of the Navy: Gideon Welles

  • North Atlantic Blockading Squadron USN: Flag Officer Louis Malesherbes Goldsborough USN
  • South Atlantic Blockading Squadron USN: Flag Officer Samuel Francis Du Pont USN
  • West Gulf Blockading Squadron USN: Rear Admiral David Glasgow Farragut USN
  • East Gulf Blockading Squadron USN: Flag Officer William McKean USN
  • Pacific Squadron USN: Rear Admiral Charles H Bell USN
  • Western Gunboat Flotilla USN: Flag Officer Charles Henry Davis USN
  • Potomac Flotilla USN: Lieutenant Robert Harris Wyman USN

Chairman of the War Board: Ethan Allen Hitchcock

  • Department (Military Division) of the Mississippi : Henry Wager Halleck
    • District of West Tennessee: Ulysses Simpson Grant
      • Army of West Tennessee: Ulysses Simpson Grant
    • District of the Mississippi: Isaac Ferdinand Quinby
      • Army of the Mississippi: John Pope
    • District of the Ohio: Don Carlos Buell
      • Army of the Ohio: Don Carlos Buell
    • District of Cairo: William Kerley Strong
      • Sub-District of Columbus: Isaac Ferdinand Quinby
    • Department of the Missouri: Henry Wager Halleck
      • District of St Louis: Lewis Merrill
      • District of Central Missouri: James Totten
      • District of Southwest Missouri: Samuel Ryan Curtis
        • Army of the Southwest: Samuel Ryan Curtis
      • District of Southeast Missouri: Frederick Steele
      • District of Northeast Missouri: John Montgomery Glover
      • District of Northwest Missouri: Benjamin Franklin Loan
  • Department of the Gulf: Benjamin Franklin Butler
    • Army of the Gulf: Benjamin Franklin Butler
  • Department of Kansas: James Gilpatrick Blunt
  • Middle Department: John Adams Dix
    • District of the Eastern Shore of Maryland: Henry Hayes Lockwood
  • Mountain Department: John Charles Frémont
    • Cheat Mountain District: Thomas Maley Harris
    • Railroad District: Benjamin Franklin Kelley
    • District of the Kanawha: Jacob Dolson Cox
    • District of the Gap: Samuel Powhatan Carter
    • District of the Valley of the Big Sandy River: James Abram Garfield
  • Department of New Mexico: Edward Richard Sprigg Canby
    • Central and Northern District of New Mexico: Benjamin Stone Roberts
  • Department of New York: Edward Denison Morgan
  • Department of North Carolina: Ambrose Everett Burnside
  • Department of the Pacific: George Wright
    • District of the Humboldt: Francis James Lippitt
    • District of Oregon: Justis Steinburger
    • District of Southern California: James Henry Carleton
  • Department of the Potomac: George Brinton McClellan
    • Army of the Potomac: George Brinton McClellan
      • II Corps Potomac: Edwin Vose Sumner
      • III Corps Potomac: Samuel Peter Heintzelman
      • IV Corps Potomac: Erasmus Darwin Keyes
  • Department of the Rappahannock: Irvin McDowell
    • Military District of Washington: James Samuel Wadsworth
  • Department of the Shenandoah: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
  • Department of the South: David Hunter
    • Northern District of the South: Henry Washington Benham
    • Southern District of the South: John Milton Brannan
    • Western District of the South: Lewis Golding Arnold
  • Department of Texas: Vacant
  • Department of Virginia: John Ellis Wool

Confederate Organisation

Commander in Chief: President Jefferson Finis Davis

Vice-President: Alexander Hamilton Stephens

Secretary of War: George Wythe Randolph

Secretary of the Navy: Stephen Russell Mallory

Military Adviser to the President: Robert Edward Lee

  • Department No 1: Mansfield Lovell
  • Department of Alabama and West Florida: John Horace Forney temporary
    • Army of Mobile: William L Powell
  • Department of Middle and Eastern Florida: Joseph Finegan
  • Department of East Tennessee: Edmund Kirby Smith
    • Army of East Tennessee: Edmund Kirby Smith
  • Department of Henrico: John Henry Winder
  • Department of the Indian Territory: Douglas Hancock Cooper
  • Department of North Carolina: Theophilus Hunter Holmes
    • District of Cape Fear: Samuel Gibbs French
    • District of Pamlico: Robert Ransom temporary
    • District of Roanoke Island: Henry Marchmore Shaw
  • Department of Northern Virginia: Joseph Eggleston Johnston
    • District of Aquia: Gustavus Woodson Smith
    • Army of Northern Virginia: Joseph Eggleston Johnston
      • Right Wing Northern Virginia: James Longstreet
      • Left Wing Northern Virginia: Gustavus Woodson Smith
      • Reserve Northern Virginia: John Bankhead Magruder
    • Valley District: Thomas Jonathan Jackson
      • Army of the Valley: Thomas Jonathan Jackson
  • Department of South Carolina and Georgia: John Clifford Pemberton
    • District of Georgia: Alexander Robert Lawton
    • District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
      • 1st Sub-District of South Carolina: Arthur Middleton Manigault.
      • 2nd Sub-District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
      • 3rd Sub-District of South Carolina: Nathan George Evans
      • 4th Sub-District of South Carolina: William Stephen Walker
      • 6th Sub-District of South Carolina: Thomas Fenwick Drayton
  • Department of Southwestern Virginia: William Wing Loring
    • District of Abingdon: Humphrey Marshall
  • Department of Texas: Paul Octave Hébert
    • Eastern District of Texas: Paul Octave Hébert
    • Western District of Texas: Henry Eustace McCulloch
    • Sub-District of Houston: John C Bowen
    • Sub-District of Galveston: Ebenezer B Nichols
    • Sub-District of the Rio Grande: Hamilton Prioleau Bee
    • Defences of Pass Cavallo: John W Glenn
  • Western Department: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
    • Trans-Mississippi District: Earl Van Dorn
    • District of North Alabama: Daniel Ruggles
    • Army of Mississippi: Braxton Bragg
      • I Corps Mississippi: Leonidas Polk
      • II Corps Mississippi: Thomas Carmichael Hindman
      • III Corps Mississippi: William Joseph Hardee
      • Reserve Corps Mississippi: John Cabell Breckinridge
    • Army of the West: Earl Van Dorn
  • District of Arizona: Henry Hopkins Sibley
    • Army of New Mexico: Henry Hopkins Sibley
  • Forces in Richmond: Charles Dimmock

Union Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

Major-General USA

George Brinton McClellan
John Charles Frémont
Henry Wager Halleck

Major-General USV

Asterisk indicates concurrently Brigadier-General USA

John Adams Dix
Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
Benjamin Franklin Butler
David Hunter
Edwin Denison Morgan
Ethan Allen Hitchcock
Ulysses Simpson Grant
Irvin McDowell*
Ambrose Everett Burnside
William Starke Rosecrans*
Don Carlos Buell
John Pope
Samuel Ryan Curtis
Franz Sigel
John Alexander McClernand
Charles Ferguson Smith
Lewis Wallace
Ormsby McKnight Mitchel
Cassius Marcellus Clay
George Henry Thomas
George Cadwalader
William Tecumseh Sherman
Edward Otho Cresap Ord
Edwin Vose Sumner*
Samuel Peter Heintzelman
Erasmus Darwin Keyes
Joseph Hooker

Brigadier-General USA

Brackets indicates concurrently Major-General USV

John Ellis Wool
William Selby Harney
(Edwin Vose Sumner)
Joseph King Fenno Mansfield
(Irvin McDowell)
Robert Anderson
(William Starke Rosecrans)
Philip St George Cooke

Brigadier-General USV

Andrew Porter
Fitz-John Porter
William Buel Franklin
Charles Pomeroy Stone
Thomas West Sherman
George Archibald McCall
William Reading Montgomery
Philip Kearny
John Wolcott Phelps
Charles Smith Hamilton
Darius Nash Couch
Rufus King
Jacob Dolson Cox
Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
Robert Cumming Schenck
Benjamin Mayberry Prentiss
Benjamin Franklin Kelley
Alpheus Starkey Williams
Israel Bush Richardson
James Cooper
James Brewerton Ricketts
Orlando Bolivar Willcox
Michael Corcoran
Henry Hayes Lockwood
Louis Blenker
Henry Warner Slocum
James Samuel Wadsworth
John James Peck
George Webb Morell
John Henry Martindale
Samuel Davis Sturgis
George Stoneman
Henry Washington Benham
William Farrar Smith
James William Denver
Egbert Ludovicus Vielé
James Shields
John Fulton Reynolds
William Farquhar Barry
John Joseph Abercrombie
John Sedgwick
Silas Casey
Lawrence Pike Graham
George Gordon Meade
Abram Duryée
Alexander McDowell McCook
Oliver Otis Howard
Eleazar Arthur Paine
Charles Davis Jameson
Ebenezer Dumont
Robert Huston Milroy
Willis Arnold Gorman
Daniel Butterfield
Horatio Gouverneur Wright
William Nelson
William Thomas Ward
John Gross Barnard
Innis Newton Palmer
Seth Williams
John Newton
Winfield Scott Hancock
Thomas Leonidas Crittenden
George Wright
Isaac Ingalls Stevens
Thomas Williams
George Sykes
William Henry French
William Thomas Harbaugh Brooks
John Milton Brannan
William Wallace Burns
John Porter Hatch
David Sloane Stanley
William Kerley Strong
Albin Francisco Schoepf
Lovell Harrison Rousseau
James Scott Negley
Thomas John Wood
Richard W Johnson
Adolph Wilhelm August Friedrich Von Steinwehr
Joseph Bennett Plummer
John Gray Foster
George Washington Cullum
Jeremiah Tilford Boyle
Christopher Columbus Augur
Schuyler Hamilton
Jesse Lee Reno
George Washington Morgan
Julius Stahel
John McAllister Schofield
Thomas Jefferson McKean
John Grubb Parke
Zealous Bates Tower
Jefferson Columbus Davis
James Henry Lane
John McAuley Palmer
William High Keim
James Abram Garfield
Lewis Golding Arnold
Frederick Steele
William Scott Ketchum
Abner Doubleday
John Wynn Davidson
Napoleon Jackson Tecumseh Dana
David Bell Birney
Thomas Francis Meagher
Henry Morris Naglee
Andrew Johnson
James Gallant Spears
Eugene Asa Carr
Thomas Alfred Davies
Daniel Tyler
William Hemsley Emory
Andrew Jackson Smith
Marsena Rudolph Patrick
Isaac Ferdinand Quinby
Hiram Gregory Berry
Orris Sanford Ferry
Daniel Phineas Woodbury
Henry Moses Judah
Richard James Oglesby
John Cook
John McArthur
Robert Latimer McCook
Jacob Gartner Lauman
Horatio Phillips Van Cleve
John Alexander Logan
Speed Smith Fry
Alexander Asboth
James Craig
Mahlon Dickerson Manson
Gordon Granger
Edward Richard Sprigg Canby
Grenville Mellen Dodge
Robert Byington Mitchell
James Gilpatrick Blunt
Francis Engle Patterson
Quincy Adams Gillmore
Amiel Weeks Whipple
Cuvier Grover
George Lucas Hartsuff
Rufus Saxton
Benjamin Alvord
Napoleon Bonaparte Buford
William Sooy Smith
Nathan Kimball
Charles Devens
James Henry Van Alen
Carl Schurz
Samuel Wylie Crawford
Henry Walton Wessells
Milo Smith Hascall
Leonard Fulton Ross
John White Geary
Alfred Howe Terry
Andrew Atkinson Humphreys
James Henry Carleton
Absalom Baird
John Cleveland Robinson
Truman Seymour
George Dashiell Bayard
Henry Prince
Abram Sanders Piatt
Thomas Turpin Crittenden
Maximilian Weber
Pleasant Adam Hackleman
Jeremiah Cutler Sullivan
Alvin Peterson Hovey
James Clifford Veatch
William Plummer Benton
Henry Bohlen
John Curtis Caldwell
Isaac Peace Rodman
Neal S Dow
George Sears Greene
Samuel Powhatan Carter
John Gibbon
George William Taylor

Brigadier-General USA (Staff)

Montgomery Cunningham Meigs (Quartermaster-General)
Henry Knox Craig
Lorenzo Thomas (Adjutant-General)
James Wolfe Ripley (Ordnance)
Joseph Pannell Taylor (Commissary-General of Subsistence)
William Alexander Hammond (Surgeon-General)

Confederate Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

General ACSA/PACS

Samuel Cooper
Robert Edward Lee
Joseph Eggleston Johnston
Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
Braxton Bragg

Major-General PACS

Leonidas Polk
Earl Van Dorn
Gustavus Woodson Smith
Theophilus Hunter Holmes
William Joseph Hardee
Benjamin Huger
James Longstreet
John Bankhead Magruder
Mansfield Lovell
Thomas Jonathan Jackson
Edmund Kirby Smith
George Bibb Crittenden
John Clifford Pemberton
Richard Stoddert Ewell
William Wing Loring
Sterling Price
Benjamin Franklin Cheatham
Samuel Jones
John Porter McCown
Daniel Harvey Hill
Jones  Mitchell Withers
Thomas Carmichael Hindman
John Cabell Breckinridge

Brigadier-General PACS

Alexander Robert Lawton
Charles Clark
John Buchanan Floyd
Henry Alexander Wise
David Rumph Jones
Henry Hopkins Sibley
John Henry Winder
Richard Caswell Gatlin
Daniel Smith Donelson
Samuel Read Anderson
Richard Heron Anderson
Robert Augustus Toombs
Arnold Elzey
William Henry Chase Whiting
Jubal Anderson Early
Isaac Ridgeway Trimble
Daniel Ruggles
Roswell Sabine Ripley
Albert Pike
Paul Octave Hébert
Joseph Reid Anderson
Simon Bolivar Buckner
Albert Gallatin Blanchard
Gabriel James Rains
James Ewell Brown Stuart
Lafayette McLaws
Thomas Fenwick Drayton
Lloyd Tilghman
Nathan George Evans
Cadmus Marcellus Wilcox
Robert Emmett Rodes
Richard Taylor
James Heyward Trapier
Samuel Gibbs French
William Henry Carroll
Hugh Weedon Mercer
Humphrey Marshall
Richard Griffith
Alexander Peter Stewart
William Montgomery Gardner
Richard Brooke Garnett
William Mahone
Lawrence O’Bryan Branch
Edward Johnson
Maxcy Gregg
Raleigh Edward Colston
Henry Heth
Johnson Kelly Duncan
Sterling Alexander Martin Wood
John George Walker
John King Jackson
George Edward Pickett
Bushrod Rust Johnson
James Patton Anderson
Howell Cobb
George Wythe Randolph
Joseph Brevard Kershaw
James Ronald Chalmers
Joseph Lewis Hogg
Ambrose Powell Hill
James Johnston Pettigrew
Carter Littlepage Stevenson
Daniel Leadbetter
William Whann Mackall
Charles Sidney Winder
Robert Ransom
John Bell Hood
Daniel Marsh Frost
Winfield Scott Featherston
Thomas James Churchill
William Booth Taliaferro
Albert Rust
Patrick Ronayne Cleburne
Samuel Bell Maxey
Hamilton Prioleau Bee
James Morrison Hawes
George Hume Steuart
William Duncan Smith
James Edwin Slaughter
Charles William Field
John Horace Forney
Paul Jones Semmes
Lucius Marshall Walker
Seth Maxwell Barton
Dabney Herndon Maury
John Bordenave Villepigue
Henry Eustace McCullough
John Stevens Bowen
Benjamin Hardin Helm
John Selden Roane
States Rights Gist
William Nelson Pendleton
Lewis Addison Armistead
Joseph Finegan
Martin Luther Smith
Franklin Gardner
William Nelson Rector Beall
Thomas Jordan
William Preston
Roger Atkinson Pryor
Henry Little
John Echols
George Earl Maney
Jean Jacques Alfred Alexandre Mouton
John Stuart Williams

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