1862 May 23rd

May 23 1862 Friday

Battle of Front Royal, VA (CWSAC Formative Battle – Confederate Victory)

Lewisburg, VA

Peninsula Campaign

First Corinth Campaign

Jackson‘s Shenandoah Valley Campaign

Mississippi. Reconnaissance to Burnsville and Iuka ended. Incident at Bridge Creek.

Mississippi. Advancing cautiously towards Corinth, Mississippi, Union Major-General Henry Wager Halleck assessed the strength of the enemy facing him. Scouts, rumours, deserters and his own calculations suggested that General Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard had been heavily reinforced to as many as 146,000 or even 200,000 men. Therefore, Halleck’s advance was slow and exceptionally cautious. He did not want to risk any accusations of being surprised. That accusation had dogged Major-General Ulysses Simpson Grant after Shiloh. The combined Union armies marched less than half a mile per day on average and fortified their camps strongly every night. In actual fact, even with the 17,000 or 18,000 reinforcements arriving from Arkansas under Major-General Earl Van Dorn, Beauregard could not field more than 69,000 men, of whom a high proportion were sick.

New Mexico Territory. Skirmish at Fort Craig.

Tennessee. Expedition to Fort Pillow ended.

Virginia. Operation at Bottom’s Bridge and New Bridge ended. Union reconnaissance from Bottom’s Bridge and Turkey Island Creek Bridge towards Richmond ended.

Virginia. Skirmishes at Mechanicsville, New Bridge, Hogan’s near New Bridge, Antioch Church, Ellison’s Mill near Mechanicsville

Virginia. Skirmish at Buckton Depot (Buckton Station).

Front Royal, Virginia. Confederate Major-General Thomas Jonathan Jackson’s leading brigade, under Brigadier-General Richard Taylor, deployed on Prospect Hill and along the ridge to the east of Front Royal. The Union garrison of 1,000 men at Front Royal was led by Colonel John Reese Kenly.

The Confederate 1st Maryland Infantry and Major Roberdeau Cheatham Wheat’s Battalion (Louisiana “Tigers”) advanced, entered the town and cleared it of Union skirmishers. Kenly withdrew his force to Camp Hill (Richards’ Hill), supported by a section of artillery. The Union line now extended in an arc from the South Fork to Happy Creek, defending the South Fork bridge. Kenly’s artillery opened fire and slowed the Confederate advance. The Confederate infantry advanced through the town, deploying into line of battle under accurate artillery fire. A Confederate flanking column moved to the east, crossing Happy Creek in an attempt to force Union withdrawal without a frontal assault.

After a long delay because of the muddy roads, a Confederate battery of rifled artillery was deployed on or near Prospect Hill to counter the Union guns on Camp Hill. In the meantime, after crossing the South Fork at McCoy’s Ford, Colonel Turner Ashby’s 7th Virginia Cavalry and Lieutenant-Colonel Thomas Flournoy’s 6th Virginia Cavalry rode via Bell’s Mill and Waterlick Station to reach the Union outpost at Buckton Depot. Ashby made a mounted assault and forced the Union defenders to surrender. Ashby cut the telegraph lines, severing communication between the main Union army at Strasburg and the detached force at Front Royal. He then divided the cavalry, sending Flournoy’s regiment east toward Riverton to threaten Kenly’s rear. Ashby remained at Buckton Depot astride the railroad to prevent reinforcements from being sent to Front Royal.

On discovering Confederate cavalry approaching from the west, Kenly abandoned his position on Camp Hill, retreated across the South and North Fork bridges, and attempted to burn them. Kenly positioned part of his command at Guard Hill, while the Confederates ran forward to douse the flames, saving the bridges. While Confederate infantry repaired the bridges for a crossing, Flournoy’s cavalry arrived at Riverton and forded the river, pressing Kenly’s forces closely. As soon as the Confederate infantry crossed, the Union position could be flanked by a column moving along the river. Kenly chose to resume his withdrawal, with his outmatched cavalry fighting a rearguard action against Flournoy’s Cavalry.

Kenly withdrew along the Winchester turnpike beyond Cedarville with Flournoy’s cavalry in close pursuit. At 2 pm the Confederate 1st Battalion Maryland Cavalry led an attack on the Union garrison. They broke through the picket line and attacked the main body north of the town. The Union troops were hemmed in by two forks of the Shenandoah River, crossable at three bridges. They retreated across the North Fork Bridge and defended it with two guns while the bridge was set on fire. Confederate skirmishers doused the flames and 250 cavalrymen pursued the escaping garrison.

At the Thomas McKay House, one mile north of Cedarville, Kenly turned to make a stand, deploying on the heights on both sides of the pike. Flournoy’s cavalry swept around the Union flanks, causing panic. The Union line was charged twice and scattered; when Kenly fell wounded the Union defence collapsed and the majority of the survivors rounded up.

The battle is notable in that the 1st Maryland Infantry of the Confederate army fought against their fellow Marylanders of the Union 1st Maryland Infantry, the only time in United States’ military history that two regiments of the same numerical designation and from the same state have engaged each other in battle. Captain William Goldsborough of the Confederate 1st Maryland captured and took prisoner his brother Charles Goldsborough of the Union 1st Maryland.

The Union lost 904 killed or captured from their force of 1,063 men. The Confederates lost 50 casualties. More than 700 Union soldiers threw down their weapons and surrendered. Alternative reports state that Union casualties were 773, of whom 691 were captured and Confederate losses were 36 killed and wounded. (CWSAC Formative Battle – Confederate Victory)

Virginia. In Strasburg, Union Major-General Nathaniel Prentiss Banks demanded reinforcements to help him hold the Shenandoah Valley. He believed that the Confederates were in his immediate front. In fact,  the fall of Front Royal had already exposed his rear as the Confederates drove on for Middletown, about six miles north of Strasburg. Union Colonel George Henry Gordon warned Banks of this risk to his line of communications but Banks refused to retreat. Nevertheless, Gordon prudently prepared his column and transport for a rapid departure and sent away his wagon train, while he awaited the inevitable issue of the order to retreat.

Lewisburg, Virginia. Union Brigadier-General George Crook was attacked at Lewisburg by Confederate Brigadier-General Henry Heth. Crook held his position successfully. Heth’s command of the 22nd Virginia Infantry and 45th Virginia Infantry, with attached cavalry and artillery, withdrew, having successfully diverted Union forces from operations in the Shenandoah Valley.

Union Organisation

Commander in Chief: President Abraham Lincoln

Vice-President: Hannibal Hamlin

Secretary of War: Edwin McMasters Stanton

Secretary of the Navy: Gideon Welles

North Atlantic Blockading Squadron: Louis Malesherbes Goldsborough
South Atlantic Blockading Squadron: Samuel Francis Du Pont
West Gulf Blockading Squadron: David Glasgow Farragut
East Gulf Blockading Squadron: William McKean
Pacific Squadron: Charles H Bell
Western Gunboat Flotilla: Charles Henry Davis
Potomac Flotilla: Robert Harris Wyman

Chairman of the War Board: Ethan Allen Hitchcock

Department of the Mississippi: Henry Wager Halleck

  • District of West Tennessee: Ulysses Simpson Grant
    • Army of West Tennessee: Ulysses Simpson Grant
  • District of the Mississippi: Isaac Ferdinand Quinby
    • Army of the Mississippi: John Pope
  • District of the Ohio: Don Carlos Buell
    • Army of the Ohio: Don Carlos Buell
  • District of Cairo: William Kerley Strong
    • Sub-District of Columbus: Isaac Ferdinand Quinby

Department of the Missouri: Henry Wager Halleck

  • District of St Louis: Lewis Merrill
  • District of Central Missouri: James Totten
  • District of Southwest Missouri: Samuel Ryan Curtis
    • Army of the Southwest: Samuel Ryan Curtis
  • District of Northeast Missouri: John Montgomery Glover
  • District of Northwest Missouri: Benjamin Franklin Loan

Department of the Gulf: Benjamin Franklin Butler

  • Army of the Gulf: Benjamin Franklin Butler

Department of Kansas: James Gilpatrick Blunt

Middle Department: John Adams Dix

  • District of the Eastern Shore of Maryland: Henry Hayes Lockwood

Mountain Department: John Charles Frémont

  • Cheat Mountain District: Thomas Maley Harris
  • Railroad District: Benjamin Franklin Kelley
  • District of the Kanawha: Jacob Dolson Cox
  • District of the Gap: Samuel Powhatan Carter
  • District of the Valley of the Big Sandy River: James Abram Garfield

Department of New Mexico: Edward Richard Sprigg Canby

  • Central and Northern District of New Mexico: Benjamin Stone Roberts

Department of New York: Edward Denison Morgan

Department of North Carolina: Ambrose Everett Burnside

Department of the Pacific: George Wright

  • District of the Humboldt: Francis James Lippitt
  • District of Oregon: Justis Steinburger
  • District of Southern California: George Washington Bowie

Department of the Potomac: George Brinton McClellan

  • Army of the Potomac: George Brinton McClellan
    • II Corps Potomac: Edwin Vose Sumner
    • III Corps Potomac: Samuel Peter Heintzelman
    • IV Corps Potomac: Erasmus Darwin Keyes
    • V Corps Potomac: Fitz John Porter
    • VI Corps Potomac: William Buel Franklin

Department of the Rappahannock: Irvin McDowell

  • Military District of Washington: James Samuel Wadsworth

Department of the Shenandoah: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks

Department of the South: David Hunter

  • Northern District of the South: Henry Washington Benham
  • Southern District of the South: John Milton Brannan
  • Western District of the South: Lewis Golding Arnold

Department of Texas: Vacant

Department of Virginia: John Ellis Wool

Confederate Organisation

CSA: Lafayette McLaws promoted Major-General PACS 23 May 1862.

McLaws, Lafayette / Georgia / Born 15 January 1821 Augusta, Georgia / Died Savannah, Georgia 24 July 1897
USMA 1 July 1842 48/56 Infantry / Cadet USMA 1 July 1838 / 6th US Infantry 1 July 1842 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 7th US Infantry 16 March 1844 / 1st Lieutenant USA 16 February 1847 / Captain USA 24 August 1851 / Resigned USA 23 May 1861 / Major ACSA Infantry 16 March 1861 / Assistant Quartermaster 18 April 1861-June 1861 / Colonel PACS 10th Georgia Infantry 17 June 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 25 September 1861 / Major-General PACS 23 May 1862 / No Record of Parole / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1842 / WIA Texas 1845
1st Brigade Army of the Peninsula 3 October 1861-10 November 1861 / 2nd Division Army of the Peninsula 10 November 1861-10 April 1862 / McLaws’ Division Magruder’s Command Army of Northern Virginia 12 April 1862-May 1862 / 2nd Division Right Wing I Corps Army of Northern Virginia May 1862-July 1862 / McLaws’ Division defences of Richmond July 1862-26 August 1862 / McLaws’ Division I Corps Army of Northern Virginia 26 August 1862-20 September 1863 / I Corps Northern Virginia 20 September 1863-17 December 1863 / Defences of Savannah 18 May 1864-17 December 1864 / Third Sub-District of South Carolina 1 August 1864-17 October 1864 / Fifth Sub-District of South Carolina 17 October 1864-22 January 1865 / McLaws’ Division Army of Tennessee January 1865-26 May 1865 / Fifth Sub-District of South Carolina 10 April 1865-10 May 1865

CSA: Wade Hampton promoted Brigadier-General PACS 23 May 1862.

Hampton, Wade (III) / South Carolina / Born 28 March 1818 Charleston, South Carolina / Died Columbia, South Carolina 11 April 1902
Colonel PACS Hampton Legion 12 July 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 23 May 1862 / Major-General PACS 3 September 1863 to rank from 3 August 1863 / Lieutenant-General PACS 15 February 1865 to rank from 14 February 1865 / No Record of Parole / WIA First Bull Run 21 July 1861 WIA Fair Oaks 31 May 1862 WIA Brandy Station 9 June 1863 WIA Gettysburg 2 July 1863 WIA Gettysburg 3 July 1863
Hampton’s Legion Army of the Potomac 12 July 1861-21 July 1861 / 2nd Brigade X Division Army of the Potomac 22 October 186113 April 1862 / 3rd Brigade 5th Division Army of Northern Virginia 13 April 1862-May 1862 / 3rd Brigade 1st Division Left Wing Army of Northern Virginia May 1862-31 May 1862 / 3rd Brigade 2nd Division Left Wing Army of Northern Virginia 28 June 1862-26 July 1862 / 1st Brigade Cavalry Division Army of Northern Virginia 26 July 1863-3 July 1863 / Hampton’s Cavalry Division Army of Northern Virginia 3 November 1863-11 August 1864 / Cavalry Army of Northern Virginia 11 August 1864-19 January 1865 / Cavalry District of South Carolina 19 January 1864-9 April 1865 / Cavalry Corps Army of the Tennessee 9 April 1865-26 April 1865

CSA: Samuel Garland promoted Brigadier-General PACS 23 September 1862 to rank from 23 May 1862 posthumously.

Garland, Samuel (Jr) / Virginia / Born 16 December 1830 Lynchburg, Virginia / KIA Fox’s Gap, Maryland 14 September 1862
Captain Virginia Militia 1859 / Captain PACS 11th Virginia Infantry 24 April 1861 / Colonel Provisional Army of Virginia 15 June 1861 / Colonel PACS 11th Virginia Infantry July 1861 / 1st Lieutenant PACS Assistant Adjutant-General 16 November 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 23 September 1862 to rank from 23 May 1862 posthumously / WIA Williamsburg 5 May 1862
1st Brigade 4th Division Centre Army of Northern Virginia 24 May 1862-June 1862 / 3rd Brigade D H Hill’s Division Left Wing Army of Northern Virginia June 1862-14 September 1862

CSA: Daniel Weisiger Adams promoted Brigadier-General PACS 23 May 1862.

Adams, Daniel Weisiger / Kentucky / Born 31 May 1821 Frankfort, Kentucky / Died New Orleans, Louisiana 13 June 1872
2nd Lieutenant Mississippi Militia / Lieutenant-Colonel PACS 1st Louisiana Infantry 13 March 1861 / Colonel PACS 30 October 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 23 May 1862 / Paroled Meridian, Mississippi 9 May 1865 / WIA Shiloh 6 April 1862 WIA Perryville 8 October 1862 WIA Stones River 31 December 1862 WIA & CIA Chickamauga 20 September 1863
1st Brigade 1st Division II Corps Army of Tennessee January 1862 / 2nd Brigade 2nd Division II Corps Army of Mississippi 9 March 1862-29 March 1862 / 1st Brigade 2nd Division II Corps Army of Mississippi 6 April 1862 / 2nd Brigade 2nd Division Left Wing Army of Mississippi 13 August 1862-20 November 1862 / 2nd Brigade 2nd Division II Corps Army of Tennessee 20 November 1862-12 May 1863 / Adams’ Brigade Breckinridge’s Division Army of Mississippi May 1863-July 1863 / Adams’ Brigade Breckinridge’s Division Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana July 1863-August 1863 / Adams’ Brigade Breckinridge’s Division D H Hill’s Corps Army of Tennessee 28 August 1863-20 September 1863 / District of Northern Alabama 27 July 1864-24 September 1864 / District of Central Alabama 24 September 1864-11 March 1865 / District of Alabama 11 March 1865-4 May 1865 / District of Southern Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana 3 February 1865-13 March 1865 / District of Alabama 11 March 1865-4 May 1865

CSA: Robert Hopkins Hatton promoted Brigadier-General PACS 23 May 1862 unconfirmed.

Hatton, Robert Hopkins / Ohio-Tennessee / Born 2 November 1826 Steubenville, Ohio / KIA Fair Oaks, Virginia 31 May 1862
Captain PACS 7th Tennessee Infantry 7 May 1861 / Colonel PACS 26 May 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 23 May 1862 Unconfirmed
4th Brigade 5th Division Army of Northern Virginia 10 May 1862-May 1862 / 4th Brigade 1st Division Left Wing Army of Northern Virginia May 1862-31 May 1862

CSA: Turner Ashby promoted Brigadier-General PACS 23 May 1862 unconfirmed.

Ashby, Turner (Jr) / Virginia / Born 23 October 1828 Fauquier, Virginia / KIA Harrisonburg, Virginia 6 June 1862
Captain Cavalry Virginia Militia April 1861 / Captain PACS Cavalry 18 April 1861 / Lieutenant-Colonel PACS 25 June 1861 / 7th Virginia Cavalry 17 July 1861 / Colonel PACS 12 March 1862 / Resigned PACS 29 April 1862 Refused / Brigadier-General PACS 23 May 1862 Unconfirmed / WIA Kelly’s Island 26 June 1861
Cavalry Jackson’s Division Valley District May 1862-6 June 1862

Commander in Chief: President Jefferson Finis Davis

Vice-President: Alexander Hamilton Stephens

Secretary of War: George Wythe Randolph

Secretary of the Navy: Stephen Russell Mallory

Military Adviser to the President: Robert Edward Lee

Department No 1: Mansfield Lovell

Department of Alabama and West Florida: John Horace Forney temporary

  • Army of Mobile: William L Powell

Department of Middle and Eastern Florida: Joseph Finegan

Department of East Tennessee: Edmund Kirby Smith

  • Army of East Tennessee: Edmund Kirby Smith

Department of Henrico: John Henry Winder

Department of the Indian Territory: Douglas Hancock Cooper

Department of North Carolina: Theophilus Hunter Holmes

  • District of Cape Fear: Samuel Gibbs French
  • District of Pamlico: Robert Ransom temporary
  • District of Roanoke Island: Henry Marchmore Shaw

Department of Northern Virginia: Joseph Eggleston Johnston

  • District of Aquia: Gustavus Woodson Smith
  • Army of Northern Virginia: Joseph Eggleston Johnston
    • Right Wing Northern Virginia: James Longstreet
    • Left Wing Northern Virginia: Gustavus Woodson Smith
    • Reserve Northern Virginia: John Bankhead Magruder
  • Valley District: Thomas Jonathan Jackson
    • Army of the Valley: Thomas Jonathan Jackson

Department of South Carolina and Georgia: John Clifford Pemberton

  • District of Georgia: Alexander Robert Lawton
  • District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
    • 1st Sub-District of South Carolina: Arthur Middleton Manigault.
    • 2nd Sub-District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
    • 3rd Sub-District of South Carolina: Nathan George Evans
    • 4th Sub-District of South Carolina: William Stephen Walker
    • 6th Sub-District of South Carolina: Thomas Fenwick Drayton

Department of Southwestern Virginia: William Wing Loring

  • District of Abingdon: Humphrey Marshall

Department of Texas: Paul Octave Hébert

  • Eastern District of Texas: Paul Octave Hébert
  • Western District of Texas: Henry Eustace McCullough
  • Sub-District of Houston: John C Bowen
  • Sub-District of Galveston: Ebenezer B Nichols
  • Sub-District of the Rio Grande: Hamilton Prioleau Bee
  • Defences of Pass Cavallo: John W Glenn

Western Department: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard

  • Trans-Mississippi District: Earl Van Dorn
    • Forces in Arkansas: John Selden Roane
  • District of North Alabama: Daniel Ruggles
  • Army of Mississippi: Braxton Bragg
    • I Corps Mississippi: Leonidas Polk
    • II Corps Mississippi: Thomas Carmichael Hindman
    • III Corps Mississippi: William Joseph Hardee
    • Reserve Corps Mississippi: John Cabell Breckinridge
  • Army of the West: Earl Van Dorn

District of Arizona: Henry Hopkins Sibley

  • Army of New Mexico: Henry Hopkins Sibley

Forces in Richmond: Charles Dimmock

Union Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

Major-General USA

George Brinton McClellan
John Charles Frémont
Henry Wager Halleck
John Ellis Wool

Major-General USV

Asterisk indicates concurrently Brigadier-General USA

John Adams Dix
Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
Benjamin Franklin Butler
David Hunter
Edwin Denison Morgan
Ethan Allen Hitchcock
Ulysses Simpson Grant
Irvin McDowell*
Ambrose Everett Burnside
William Starke Rosecrans*
Don Carlos Buell
John Pope
Samuel Ryan Curtis
Franz Sigel
John Alexander McClernand
Charles Ferguson Smith
Lewis Wallace
Ormsby McKnight Mitchel
Cassius Marcellus Clay
George Henry Thomas
George Cadwalader
William Tecumseh Sherman
Edward Otho Cresap Ord
Edwin Vose Sumner*
Samuel Peter Heintzelman
Erasmus Darwin Keyes
Joseph Hooker

Brigadier-General USA

Brackets indicates concurrently Major-General USV

William Selby Harney
(Edwin Vose Sumner)
Joseph King Fenno Mansfield
(Irvin McDowell)
Robert Anderson
(William Starke Rosecrans)
Philip St George Cooke

Brigadier-General USV

Andrew Porter
Fitz-John Porter
William Buel Franklin
Charles Pomeroy Stone
Thomas West Sherman
George Archibald McCall
William Reading Montgomery
Philip Kearny
John Wolcott Phelps
Charles Smith Hamilton
Darius Nash Couch
Rufus King
Jacob Dolson Cox
Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
Robert Cumming Schenck
Benjamin Mayberry Prentiss
Benjamin Franklin Kelley
Alpheus Starkey Williams
Israel Bush Richardson
James Cooper
James Brewerton Ricketts
Orlando Bolivar Willcox
Michael Corcoran
Henry Hayes Lockwood
Louis Blenker
Henry Warner Slocum
James Samuel Wadsworth
John James Peck
George Webb Morell
John Henry Martindale
Samuel Davis Sturgis
George Stoneman
Henry Washington Benham
William Farrar Smith
James William Denver
Egbert Ludovicus Vielé
James Shields
John Fulton Reynolds
William Farquhar Barry
John Joseph Abercrombie
John Sedgwick
Silas Casey
Lawrence Pike Graham
George Gordon Meade
Abram Duryée
Alexander McDowell McCook
Oliver Otis Howard
Eleazar Arthur Paine
Charles Davis Jameson
Ebenezer Dumont
Robert Huston Milroy
Willis Arnold Gorman
Daniel Butterfield
Horatio Gouverneur Wright
William Nelson
William Thomas Ward
John Gross Barnard
Innis Newton Palmer
Seth Williams
John Newton
Winfield Scott Hancock
Thomas Leonidas Crittenden
George Wright
Isaac Ingalls Stevens
Thomas Williams
George Sykes
William Henry French
William Thomas Harbaugh Brooks
John Milton Brannan
William Wallace Burns
John Porter Hatch
David Sloane Stanley
William Kerley Strong
Albin Francisco Schoepf
Lovell Harrison Rousseau
James Scott Negley
Thomas John Wood
Richard W Johnson
Adolph Wilhelm August Friedrich Von Steinwehr
Joseph Bennett Plummer
John Gray Foster
George Washington Cullum
Jeremiah Tilford Boyle
Christopher Columbus Augur
Schuyler Hamilton
Jesse Lee Reno
George Washington Morgan
Julius Stahel
John McAllister Schofield
Thomas Jefferson McKean
John Grubb Parke
Zealous Bates Tower
Jefferson Columbus Davis
James Henry Lane
John McAuley Palmer
James Abram Garfield
Lewis Golding Arnold
Frederick Steele
William Scott Ketchum
Abner Doubleday
John Wynn Davidson
Napoleon Jackson Tecumseh Dana
David Bell Birney
Thomas Francis Meagher
Henry Morris Naglee
Andrew Johnson
James Gallant Spears
Eugene Asa Carr
Thomas Alfred Davies
Daniel Tyler
William Hemsley Emory
Andrew Jackson Smith
Marsena Rudolph Patrick
Isaac Ferdinand Quinby
Hiram Gregory Berry
Orris Sanford Ferry
Daniel Phineas Woodbury
Henry Moses Judah
Richard James Oglesby
John Cook
John McArthur
Robert Latimer McCook
Jacob Gartner Lauman
Horatio Phillips Van Cleve
John Alexander Logan
Speed Smith Fry
Alexander Asboth
James Craig
Mahlon Dickerson Manson
Gordon Granger
Edward Richard Sprigg Canby
Grenville Mellen Dodge
Robert Byington Mitchell
James Gilpatrick Blunt
Francis Engle Patterson
Quincy Adams Gillmore
Amiel Weeks Whipple
Cuvier Grover
George Lucas Hartsuff
Rufus Saxton
Benjamin Alvord
Napoleon Bonaparte Buford
William Sooy Smith
Nathan Kimball
Charles Devens
James Henry Van Alen
Carl Schurz
Samuel Wylie Crawford
Henry Walton Wessells
Milo Smith Hascall
Leonard Fulton Ross
John White Geary
Alfred Howe Terry
Andrew Atkinson Humphreys
James Henry Carleton
Absalom Baird
John Cleveland Robinson
Truman Seymour
George Dashiell Bayard
Henry Prince
Abram Sanders Piatt
Thomas Turpin Crittenden
Maximilian Weber
Pleasant Adam Hackleman
Jeremiah Cutler Sullivan
Alvin Peterson Hovey
James Clifford Veatch
William Plummer Benton
Henry Bohlen
John Curtis Caldwell
Isaac Peace Rodman
Neal S Dow
George Sears Greene
Samuel Powhatan Carter
John Gibbon
George William Taylor
Erastus Barnard Tyler
James Birdseye McPherson

Brigadier-General USA (Staff)

Montgomery Cunningham Meigs (Quartermaster-General)
Henry Knox Craig
Lorenzo Thomas (Adjutant-General)
James Wolfe Ripley (Ordnance)
William Alexander Hammond (Surgeon-General)

Confederate Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission


Samuel Cooper
Robert Edward Lee
Joseph Eggleston Johnston
Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
Braxton Bragg

Major-General PACS

Leonidas Polk
Earl Van Dorn
Gustavus Woodson Smith
Theophilus Hunter Holmes
William Joseph Hardee
Benjamin Huger
James Longstreet
John Bankhead Magruder
Mansfield Lovell
Thomas Jonathan Jackson
Edmund Kirby Smith
George Bibb Crittenden
John Clifford Pemberton
Richard Stoddert Ewell
William Wing Loring
Sterling Price
Benjamin Franklin Cheatham
Samuel Jones
John Porter McCown
Daniel Harvey Hill
Jones  Mitchell Withers
Thomas Carmichael Hindman
John Cabell Breckinridge
Lafayette McLaws

Brigadier-General PACS

Alexander Robert Lawton
Charles Clark
John Buchanan Floyd
Henry Alexander Wise
David Rumph Jones
Henry Hopkins Sibley
John Henry Winder
Richard Caswell Gatlin
Daniel Smith Donelson
Richard Heron Anderson
Robert Augustus Toombs
Arnold Elzey
William Henry Chase Whiting
Jubal Anderson Early
Isaac Ridgeway Trimble
Daniel Ruggles
Roswell Sabine Ripley
Albert Pike
Paul Octave Hébert
Joseph Reid Anderson
Simon Bolivar Buckner
Albert Gallatin Blanchard
Gabriel James Rains
James Ewell Brown Stuart
Thomas Fenwick Drayton
Lloyd Tilghman
Nathan George Evans
Cadmus Marcellus Wilcox
Robert Emmett Rodes
Richard Taylor
James Heyward Trapier
Samuel Gibbs French
William Henry Carroll
Hugh Weedon Mercer
Humphrey Marshall
Richard Griffith
Alexander Peter Stewart
William Montgomery Gardner
Richard Brooke Garnett
William Mahone
Lawrence O’Bryan Branch
Edward Johnson
Maxcy Gregg
Raleigh Edward Colston
Henry Heth
Johnson Kelly Duncan
Sterling Alexander Martin Wood
John George Walker
John King Jackson
George Edward Pickett
Bushrod Rust Johnson
James Patton Anderson
Howell Cobb
George Wythe Randolph
Joseph Brevard Kershaw
James Ronald Chalmers
Ambrose Powell Hill
James Johnston Pettigrew
Carter Littlepage Stevenson
Daniel Leadbetter
William Whann Mackall
Charles Sidney Winder
Robert Ransom
John Bell Hood
Daniel Marsh Frost
Winfield Scott Featherston
Thomas James Churchill
William Booth Taliaferro
Albert Rust
Patrick Ronayne Cleburne
Samuel Bell Maxey
Hamilton Prioleau Bee
James Morrison Hawes
George Hume Steuart
William Duncan Smith
James Edwin Slaughter
Charles William Field
John Horace Forney
Paul Jones Semmes
Lucius Marshall Walker
Seth Maxwell Barton
Dabney Herndon Maury
John Bordenave Villepigue
Henry Eustace McCullough
John Stevens Bowen
Benjamin Hardin Helm
John Selden Roane
States Rights Gist
William Nelson Pendleton
Lewis Addison Armistead
Joseph Finegan
Martin Luther Smith
Franklin Gardner
William Nelson Rector Beall
Thomas Jordan
William Preston
Roger Atkinson Pryor
Henry Little
John Echols
George Earl Maney
Jean Jacques Alfred Alexandre Mouton
John Stuart Williams
James Green Martin
Thomas Lanier Clingman
Wade Hampton
Daniel Weisiger Adams
Samuel Garland

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