1862 March 5th

March 5 1862 Wednesday

Burnside’s Expedition to North Carolina

Sibley’s Operations in New Mexico

New Madrid Campaign

Arkansas. The Union Army of the Southwest was extended for about seventy miles from Maysville to Huntsville, with its main positions along Sugar Creek. The Confederates were thought to have retired to Cove Creek in the Boston Mountains between Fayetteville and the Arkansas River. However, Confederate Major-General Earl Van Dorn had actually concentrated the commands of Brigadier-General Benjamin McCulloch, State Major-General Sterling Price, and Brigadier-General Albert Pike, and was now advancing in force towards the two Union divisions of Brigadier-General Franz Sigel at Sugar Creek. When the Confederate approach was detected, Union Brigadier-General Samuel Ryan Curtis decided to concentrate his own forces against them. at Sigel’s position.

Florida. Union Brigadier-General Horatio Gouverneur Wright’s Brigade (3rd/SC Expedition) relieved the US Marines who had captured Fernandina the previous day and established a garrison.

Florida. USS Water Witch, Lieutenant Hughes, captured the schooner William Mallory off St Andrew’s Bay.

Kentucky. Union Captain Andrew Hull Foote USN reported that the gunboat fleet could not immediately attack the Confederate defences at Island No 10, downriver from Columbus. The gunboats required repairs and maintenance after their engagements at Fort Henry and Fort Donelson.

Missouri. Incident at New Madrid.

New Mexico Territory. The Confederate Army of New Mexico under Brigadier-General Henry Hopkins Sibley occupied Santa Fe. Sibley’s expectation that he would be joined by largel numbers of sympathisers and recruits was badly disappointed. Nevertheless, apart from the Union garrison isolated at Fort Craig and the main Union force at Fort Union, the New Mexico Territory was in Confederate hands.

Fort Union was the rallying point for Union troops in the territory. Sibley sent 600 men to scout the route from Santa Fe towards Fort Union, beginning with Apache Canyon about twenty miles to the southeast, beyond which lay Las Vegas and Fort Union. The advance guard was to hold the mouth of the canyon against any Union advance from Fort Union while the main force prepared to advance from Santa Fe to join them.

South Carolina. Expedition to Hilton Head ended.

Tennessee. Union Brigadier-General Charles Ferguson Smith’s division started landing at Savannah. This was the advance guard of Major-General Ulysses Simpson Grant’s Army of West Tennessee. Savannah was chosen as the base of operations for the further advance of the army up the Tennessee River. Smith commanded the army’s 2nd Division. Within two weeks he would be joined by the 1st Division of Brigadier-General John Alexander McClernand, the 3rd Division of Brigadier-General Lewis Wallace, the 4th Division of Brigadier-General Stephen Augustus Hurlbut, and the 5th Division of Brigadier-General William Tecumseh Sherman. Field command of the force was to be exercised from 17 March 1862 by Grant, under the direction of Department commander Major-General Henry Wager Halleck.

Tennessee. The Confederate Army of Mississippi was established, as part of the plan to concentrate dispersed forces and reinforcements to oppose the Union incursion along the Tennessee River. The Army was built around troops in the Western Department (Department No 2) and was divided unofficially into two corps, named Grand Divisions. Major-General Leonidas Polk’s former Confederate First Geographical Division was renamed (temporarily) the First Grand Division and Major-General Braxton Bragg’s force was renamed (temporarily) the Second Grand Division. Bragg had about 10,000 men who had arrived from Pensacola and Mobile. A further 5,000 men in the three brigades of the unofficial Army of Louisiana were on their way from New Orleans under Brigadier-General Daniel Ruggles to join Bragg. Polk brought the remainder of his 22,000 men who had been holding the Mississippi River defences at Columbus, Kentucky, at Memphis, and further south along the Tennessee and Cumberland Rivers. Defeats had reduced Polk’s numbers from a peak of about 25,000 men to about 17,000.

The withdrawal of Bragg and Ruggles exposed the Gulf coastline to Union naval landings but the risk to the primary line of defence at the Tennessee section of the Mobile & Ohio Railroad compelled this risk to be taken. The concentration of these forces raised the Army of Mississippi to be commanded by General Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard to a strength of 25,000 men, when he arrived on 17 March 1862.

Tennessee. General Albert Sidney Johnston had crossed the Tennessee River and marched westward with the Army of Central Kentucky through Decatur, Alabama, in order to combine with the Army of Mississippi. The brigade of Brigadier-General John Buchanan Floyd was detached to garrison the important junction at Chattanooga while the cavalry of Colonel Nathan Bedford Forrest rejoined the force after their rearguard operations around Nashville. Field command of this part of Johnston’s army was exercised by Major-General William Joseph Hardee, while Johnston supervised the theatre as Department commander.

Virginia. Skirmishes at Occoquan and Pohick Church involving Union Colonel Alexander Hays (63rd Pennsylvania Infantry).

Virginia. Skirmish at Bunker Hill involving Union Brigadier-General Alpheus Starkey Williams.

Virginia. In an attempt to restrict President Jefferson Finis Davis’ authority, Congress called for the appointment of a commanding General-in-Chief. This was also an effort to oust Judah Philip Benjamin as Secretary of War. Davis repudiated this proposal as a violation of his powers as President. In response, he reappointed General Robert Edward Lee as Military Adviser to President Jefferson Finis Davis. Lee was given the conduct of military operations, but only “under the direction” of the President.

Virginia. The Union armies threatening Virginia had increased to a total of about 175,000 men, opposing about 70,000 Confederates. On the Confederate side, Major-General John Bankhead Magruder had 12,000 men entrenched on the Yorktown peninsula near Fortress Monroe and its garrison of similar strength. Major-General Benjamin Huger had 13,000 men at Norfolk faced by similar Union numbers landed North Carolina under Brigadier-General Ambrose Everett Burnside. General Joseph Eggleston Johnston had the main force in the Army of the Potomac, with 37,000 men around Manassas.

On the Union side, Major-General George Brinton McClellan was preparing for offensive operations and for the secure defence of Washington, DC. The majority of his men were in the Army of the Potomac with the detachments mentioned above at Fortress Monroe.

In the Shenandoah Valley, Confederate Major-General Thomas Jonathan Jackson had 5,000 men to delay Major-General Nathaniel Prentiss Banks with his 10,000 men around Harper’s Ferry. Confederate Brigadier-General Edward Johnson led 2,800 men beyond Staunton, opposed by 12,500 men in western Virginia under Major-General John Charles Frémont. Frémont was shortly due to double his strength by the transfer of troops from McClellan’s command (Brigadier-General Louis Blenker’s Division nominally assigned to II Corps but detached for this purpose).

Virginia. Reports received by Confederate General Joseph Eggleston Johnston of Union activity in Maryland across the Potomac from Dumfries suggested that the Union offensive was approaching its launch day. He ordered the evacuation of the lines at Manassas and Centreville towards a new position on the Rappahannock River. Discouraged by the continual and rapid spread of rumours from the capital, he did not notify the President of his decision, in order to maintain secrecy about his withdrawal.

Virginia. The Confederates completed the reconstruction and equipping of the ironclad ram CSS Virginia on the keel of the scuttled USS Merrimack, in the Gosport Navy Yard at Norfolk.

Union Organisation

USA: James Gallant Spears promoted Brigadier-General USV 5 March 1862.

Spears, James Gallant / Tennessee / Born 29 March 1816 Bledsoe, Tennessee / Died Braden’s Knob, 22 July 1869
Lieutenant-Colonel USV 1st Tennessee Infantry 1 September 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 5 March 1862 / Dismissed USV 30 August 1864
25th Brigade 7th Division Army of the Ohio 26 March 1862-10 October 1862 / 1st Brigade Cumberland Division Department of the Ohio 10 October 1862-12 November 1862 / 1st Brigade 2nd Division Centre XIV Corps Army of the Cumberland 12 November 1862-9 January 1863 / 1st Brigade 2nd Division XIV Corps Army of the Cumberland 9 January 1863 / 17 April 1863 / 1st Brigade East Tennessee Division Department of the Ohio 17 April 1863-30 August 1863 / 3rd Brigade 3rd Division Reserve Corps Army of the Cumberland 30 August 1863-9 October 1863 / 1st Brigade Cumberland Division Department of the Ohio 9 October 1863-30 November 1863 / 1st Brigade East Tennessee Division Department of the Ohio 30 November 1863-9 December 1863 / 1st Brigade 2nd Division XXIII Corps Army of the Ohio 9 December 1863-2 January 1864 / 3rd Brigade 3rd Division XII Corps Army of the Cumberland 2 January 1864-4 February 1864

Commander in Chief: President Abraham Lincoln

Vice-President: Hannibal Hamlin

Secretary of War: Edwin McMasters Stanton

Secretary of the Navy: Gideon Welles

  • North Atlantic Blockading Squadron USN: Flag Officer Louis Malesherbes Goldsborough USN
  • South Atlantic Blockading Squadron USN: Flag Officer Samuel Francis Du Pont USN
  • West Gulf Blockading Squadron USN: Rear Admiral David Glasgow Farragut USN
  • East Gulf Blockading Squadron USN: Flag Officer William McKean USN
  • Pacific Squadron USN: Rear Admiral Charles H Bell USN
  • Western Gunboat Flotilla USN: Flag Officer Andrew Hull Foote USN
  • Potomac Flotilla USN: Lieutenant Robert Harris Wyman USN

General–in-Chief: George Brinton McClellan

  • Department of Florida: Lewis Golding Arnold
  • Department of the Gulf: Benjamin Franklin Butler awaited
    • Army of the Gulf: Benjamin Franklin Butler
  • Department of Kansas: David Hunter
  • Department of Key West: John Milton Brannan
  • Department of the Missouri: Henry Wager Halleck
    • District of West Tennessee: Ulysses Simpson Grant
      • Army of West Tennessee: Ulysses Simpson Grant
    • District of Cairo: William Tecumseh Sherman
    • District of the Mississippi: John Pope
      • Army of the Mississippi: John Pope
    • District of St Louis: John McAllister Schofield
    • District of Central Missouri: James Totten
    • District of North Missouri: John McAllister Schofield
    • District of Southeast Missouri: Frederick Steele
    • District of Southwest Missouri: Samuel Ryan Curtis
      • Army of the Southwest: Samuel Ryan Curtis
  • Department of New Mexico: Edward Richard Sprigg Canby
    • Southern District of New Mexico: Benjamin Stone Roberts
  • Department of New York: Edward Denison Morgan
  • Department of North Carolina: Ambrose Everett Burnside
  • Department of the Ohio: Don Carlos Buell
    • Army of the Ohio: Don Carlos Buell
  • Department of the Pacific: George Wright
    • District of the Humboldt: Francis James Lippitt
    • District of Oregon: Albemarle Cady
    • District of Southern California: James Henry Carleton
  • Department of the Potomac: George Brinton McClellan
    • District of Harper’s Ferry and Cumberland: James Shields
    • Army of the Potomac: George Brinton McClellan
      • I Corps Potomac: Irvin McDowell
      • II Corps Potomac: Edwin Vose Sumner
      • III Corps Potomac: Samuel Peter Heintzelman
      • IV Corps Potomac: Erasmus Darwin Keyes
      • V Corps Potomac: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
  • Department of Texas: Vacant
  • Department of Virginia: John Ellis Wool
  • Department of Western Virginia: William Starke Rosecrans
    • District of the Kanawha: Jacob Dolson Cox
    • Cheat Mountain District: Robert Huston Milroy
    • Railroad District: Benjamin Franklin Kelley

Confederate Organisation

CSA: General Robert Edward Lee was reappointed Military Adviser to the President.

Lee, Robert Edward / Virginia / Born 19 January 1807 Stratford, Westmoreland, Virginia / Died Lexington, Virginia 12 October 1870
USMA 1 July 1829 2/46 Engineers / Cadet USMA 1 July 1825 / 2nd Lieutenant USA Engineers 1 July 1829 / 1st Lieutenant USA 21 September 1836 / Captain USA 7 July 1838 / Superintendent USMA 1 September 1852-31 March 1855 / Lieutenant-Colonel USA 2nd US Cavalry 3 March 1855 / Colonel USA 1st US Cavalry 16 March 1861 / Resigned USA 25 April 1861 / Major-General Commander-in-Chief Provisional Army of Virginia 22 April 1861-8 June 1861 / Brigadier-General ACSA 14 June 1861 to rank from 14 May 1861 / General ACSA 14 June 1861 / General-in-Chief 31 January 1865 / Paroled Appomattox, Virginia 9 April 1865 / WIA Chapultepec 1847 13 September 1847 CIA Appomattox 1865 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1829 Brevet Major USA 18 April 1847 Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel USA 20 August 1847 Brevet Colonel USA 13 September 1847
Military Adviser to the President 8 June 1861-4 November 1861 / Army of the Kanawha 21 September 1861-5 November 1861 / Department of South Carolina Georgia and East Florida 5 November 1861-14 March 1862 / Military Adviser to the President 13 March 1862-31 May 1862 / Department of Northern Virginia 1 June 1862-9 April 1865 / Army of Northern Virginia 1 June 1862-9 April 1865 / General-in-Chief 31 January 1865-9 April 1865

CSA: The Army of Mississippi was established in the Western Department.

CSA: General Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard was appointed to command the Army of Mississippi, arriving on 17 March 1862.

Beauregard, Pierre Gustave Toutant / Louisiana / Born 28 May 1818 St Bernard, Louisiana / Died New Orleans, Louisiana 20 February 1893
USMA 1 July 1838 2/45 Artillery-Engineers / Cadet USMA 1 July 1834 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 1st US Artillery 1 July 1838 / Engineers 7 July 1838 / 1st Lieutenant USA 16 June 1839 / Chief Engineer US Army in Mexico 1847 / Captain USA Engineers 3 March 1853 / Superintendent USMA 23 January 1861-28 January 1861 / Resigned USA 20 February 1861 / Brigadier-General ACSA 1 March 1861 / General ACSA 31 August 1861 to rank from 21 July 1861 / Paroled Greensboro, North Carolina 2 May 1865 / Brevet Captain USA 20 August 1847 / WIA Chapultepec 13 September 1847 Brevet Major USA 13 September 1847
Department of South Carolina 3 March 1861-27 May 1861 / Forces in Charleston (Defences of Charleston) 3 March 1861-27 May 1861 / Department of the Potomac 31 May 1861-2 June 1861 / Alexandria Line 2 June 1861-20 June 1861 / Army of the Potomac 20 June 1862-19 July 1861 / I Corps Potomac 21 July 1861-14 March 1862 / District of the Potomac 22 October 1861-29 January 1862 / Army of Mississippi 5 March 1862-29 March 1862 / Western Department 6 April 1862-26 June 1862 / Army of Mississippi 6 April 1862-6 May 1862 / Department of South Carolina and Georgia 29 August 1862-7 October 1862 / Department of South Carolina Georgia and Florida 7 October 1862-18 April 1864 / Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia 18 April 1864-14 May 1864 / Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia 20 May 1864-27 September 1864 / Defences of Drewry’s Bluff 14 May 1864-20 May 1864 / Defences of Petersburg 27 September 1864-1 October 1864 / Military Division of the West 3 October 1864-April 1865 / 16 December 1864 / Chief of Staff Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia 27 February 1865-26 April 1865 / Chief of Staff Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida 27 February 1865-26 April 1865 / Chief of Staff Department of Tennessee 27 February 1865-26 April 1865 / Army of Tennessee 14 January 1865-22 January 1865

CSA: The First Geographical Division was discontinued.

CSA: The First Grand Division was established in the Army of Mississippi.

CSA: Major-General Leonidas Polk assumed command of the First Grand Division (Mississippi).

Polk, Leonidas / North Carolina / Born 10 April 1806 Raleigh, North Carolina / KIA Pine Mountain, Georgia 14 June 1864
USMA 1 July 1827 8/38 Artillery / Cadet USMA 1 July 1823 / US Artillery 1 July 1827 / Resigned USA 1 December 1827 / Major-General PACS 25 June 1861 / Resigned PACS 6 November 1861 Refused 12 November 1861 / Lieutenant-General PACS 10 October 1862 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1827 / WIA Columbus, Kentucky 11 November 1861
Western Department 25 June 1861-10 September 1861 / First Geographical Division 2 September 1861-5 March 1862 / Western Department 24 October 1861-3 November 1861 / First Grand Division Mississippi 5 March 1862-28 March 1862 / I Corps Mississippi 29 March 1862-14 August 1862 / Right Wing Mississippi 15 August 1862-6 November 1862 / Army of Mississippi 29 September 1862-7 November 1862 / Western Department 24 October 1862-2 November 1862 / I Corps Mississippi 7 November 1862-20 November 1862 / I Corps Tennessee 20 November 1862-29 September 1863 / Left Wing Tennessee 19 September 1863-20 September 1863 / Army of Mississippi 23 October 1863-14 June 1864 / Department of Tennessee 22 December 1863-26 December 1863 / Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana 23 December 1863-28 January 1864 / Army of Tennessee 22 December 1863-26 December 1863 / Department of Alabama and East Mississippi 28 January 1864-4 May 1864 / III Corps Tennessee 28 January 1864-14 June 1864

CSA: The Second Grand Division was established in the Army of Mississippi.

CSA: Major-General Braxton Bragg assumed command of the Second Grand Division (Mississippi).

Bragg, Braxton / North Carolina / Born 22 March 1817 Warrenton, North Carolina / Died Galveston, Texas 27 September 1876
USMA 1 July 1837 5/50 Artillery / Cadet USMA 1 July 1833 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 3rd US Artillery 1 July 1837 / Regt Adjutant 19 November 1837-8 March 1838 / 1st Lieutenant USA 7 July 1838 / Captain USA 18 June 1846 / Resigned USA 3 January 1856 / Colonel Louisiana Militia / ADC (T O Moore) / Major-General Louisiana Militia 20 February 1861 / Brigadier-General ACSA 7 March 1861 / Major-General PACS 12 September 1861 / General ACSA 12 April 1862 to rank from 6 April 1862 / Paroled Monticello, Georgia 9 May 1865 / Brevet Captain USA 9 May 1846 Brevet Major USA 23 September 1846 Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel USA 23 February 1847
Department of Louisiana 22 February 1861-21 March 1861 / Forces in New Orleans 22 February 1861-16 April 1861 / Department of West Florida 7 March 1861-14 October 1861 / Forces in Pensacola 7 March 1861-3 October 1861 / Department of Alabama and West Florida 7 October 1861-28 February 1861 / Department of Alabama and West Florida 4 March 1862-2 April 1862 / Army of Pensacola 22 October 1861-26 January 1862 / II Corps (Second Grand Division) Army of Mississippi 5 March 1862-28 March 1862 / II Corps Mississippi 29 March 1862-6 May 1862 / Chief of Staff Army of Mississippi 30 March 1862-7 April 1862 / Army of Mississippi 6 May 1862-5 July 1862 / Western Department 17 June 1862-24 October 1862 / Army of Mississippi 15 August 1862-28 September 1862 / Western Department 3 November 1862-25 July 1863 / Army of Mississippi 7 November 1862-20 November 1862 / Army of Tennessee 20 November 1862-2 December 1863 / Department of Tennessee 25 July 1863-21 December 1863 / Military Adviser to the President 24 February 1864-31 January 1865 / Defences of Wilmington 24 October 1864-11 November 1864 / Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia 11 November 1864-6 March 1865 /Defences of Augusta 22 November 1864-2 December 1864 / Defences of Savannah 2 December 1864 / Defences of Charleston December 1864 / Defences of Wilmington January 1865 / II Corps Tennessee 22 February 1865-8 April 1865

CSA: Reserve Corps (Mississippi) was established in the Army of Mississippi.

CSA: Major-General George Bibb Crittenden assumed command of the Reserve Corps (Mississippi).

Crittenden, George Bibb / Kentucky / Born 20 March 1812 Russellville, Kentucky / Died Danville, Kentucky 27 November 1880
USMA 1 July 1832 26/45 Infantry / Cadet USMA 1 July 1828 / 4th US Infantry 1 July 1842 / Resigned USA 30 April 1833 / Republic of Texas Army USA 1842-1843 / Captain USA US Mounted Rifles 27 May 1846 / Major USA 15 March 1848 / Cashiered USA 19 August 1848 / Reinstated 15 March 1849 / Lieutenant-Colonel USA 30 December 1856 / Resigned USA 10 June 1861 / Colonel ACSA Infantry 16 March 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 13 August 1861 to rank from 15 August 1861 / Major-General PACS 9 November 1861 / Resigned PACS 23 October 1862 / Reverted to Colonel PACS / No Record of Parole / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1832 Brevet Major USA 20 August 1847 / CIA Mexico 1843 Exchanged
2nd Brigade 4th Division Army of the Potomac 21 August 1861-24 October 1861 / 1st Brigade 2nd Division Army of the Potomac 24 October 1861-12 November 1861 / District of East Tennessee 11 November 1861-25 February 1862 / 2nd Division Army of Central Kentucky 31 February 1862-31 March 1862 / Reserve Corps Mississippi 5 March 1862-5 April 1862 / Trans-Allegheny Department 31 May 1864-22 June 1864 / Cavalry Trans-Allegheny Department 30 July 1864

CSA: Winfield Scott Featherston confirmed Brigadier-General PACS 5 March 1862 to rank from 4 March 1862.

Featherston, Winfield Scott / Mississippi / Born 8 August 1820 Murfreesboro, Tennessee / Died 28 May 1891
USV 1837 / Captain PACS Infantry 21 May 1861 / Colonel PACS 17th Mississippi Infantry 4 June 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 5 March 1862 to rank from 4 March 1862 / Paroled Greensboro, North Carolina 1 May 1865 / WIA Frayser’s Farm 30 June 1862
2nd Brigade D H Hill’s Division Army of Northern Virginia 6 April 1862-May 1862 / 2nd Brigade G J Rains’ Division Centre Army of Northern Virginia May 1862-June 1862 / 6th Brigade 1st Division Centre Army of Northern Virginia June 1862-August 1862 / Featherston’s Brigade Wilcox’s Division I Corps Army of Northern Virginia August 1862-September 1862 / Featherston’s Brigade R H Anderson’s Division I Corps Army of Northern Virginia September 1862-19 January 1863 / 2nd Brigade 1st Division Army of Mississippi 5 February 1863-28 January 1864 / Featherston’s Brigade Loring’s Division Department of Alabama Mississippi and East Louisiana 28 January 1864-4 May 1864 / Featherston’s Brigade Loring’s Division Army of Mississippi 4 May 1864-14 June 1864 / Featherston’s Brigade Loring’s Division Army of Mississippi 7 July 1864-26 July 1864 / Featherston’s Brigade Loring’s Division III Corps Army of Tennessee 26 July 1864-28 July 1864 / Loring’s Division III Corps Army of Tennessee 28 July 1864-September 1864 / Featherston’s Brigade Loring’s Division III Corps Army of Tennessee September 1864-December 1864 / Featherston’s Brigade Loring’s Division III Corps Army of Tennessee April 1865-26 April 1865

CSA: Thomas James Churchill confirmed Brigadier-General PACS 5 March 1862 to rank from 4 March 1862.

Churchill, Thomas James / Kentucky-Arkansas / Born 10 March 1824 Louisville, Kentucky / Died Little Rock, Arkansas 14 May 1905
1st Lieutenant USV Kentucky Rifles 1846 / Discharged USV 1848 / Colonel PACS 1st Arkansas Mounted Rifles 9 June 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 5 March 1862 to rank from 4 March 1862 / Major-General PACS 18 March 1865 to rank from 17 March 1865 / Paroled Shreveport, Louisiana 7 June 1865 / CIA La Encarnacion 23 January 1847 Exchanged 1847 CIA Arkansas Post 11 January 1863 Exchanged April 1863
Churchill’s Brigade Cavalry Western Department <March 1862-April 1862 / 2nd Brigade 2nd Division Army of the West 15 April 1862-May 1862 / 2nd Brigade 3rd Division Army of the West May 1862-27 June 1862 / 2nd Brigade 3rd Division Department of East Tennessee 27 June 1862-August 1862 / 3rd Division Army of Kentucky August 1862-September 1862 / 2nd Brigade 2nd Division Trans-Mississippi Army December 1862 / Churchill’s Division District of Arkansas December 1862-11 January 1863 / Churchill’s Brigade Cleburne’s Division D H Hill’s Corps Army of Tennessee July 1863-November 1863 / Churchill’s Brigade Price’s Division District of Arkansas January 1864-24 March 1864 / 1st Division District of Arkansas 24 March 1864-1 April 1864 / Churchill’s Brigade District of West Louisiana 1 April 1864-May 1864 / 1st Division District of Arkansas May 1864-1 August 1864 / District of Arkansas 1 August 1864-4 August 1864 / Churchill’s Division II Corps Trans-Mississippi Department 4 August 1864-September 1864 / Churchill’s Division District of Arkansas September 1864-16 May 1865

CSA: Patrick Ronayne Cleburne confirmed Brigadier-General PACS 5 March 1862 to rank from 4 March 1862.

Cleburne, Patrick Ronayne / Ireland-Arkansas / Born 17 March 1828 Desertmore, Co Cork, Ireland / KIA Franklin, Tennessee 30 November 1864
Private 41st Regiment of Foot British Army 27 February 1846 / Corporal British Army 1 July 1849 / Discharged British Army 22 September 1849 / Private Arkansas Militia 1860 / Captain Arkansas Militia January 1861 / Colonel 1st Arkansas Militia 14 May 1861 / Colonel PACS 1st Arkansas Infantry 23 July 1861 / 15th Arkansas Infantry 15 October 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 5 March 1862 to rank from 4 March 1862 / Major-General PACS 20 December 1862 to rank from 13 December 1862 / WIA Richmond 30 August 1862 WIA Perryville 8 October 1862
2nd Brigade 1st Division Army of Central Kentucky 28 October 1861-29 March 1862 / 2nd Brigade III Corps Army of Mississippi 29 March 1862-15 August 1862 / 2nd Brigade 3rd Division Left Wing Army of Mississippi 15 August 1862-August 1862 / 2nd Brigade 3rd Division Left Wing Army of Mississippi September 1862-8 October 1862 / 2nd Brigade 1st Division II Corps Army of Tennessee 20 November 1862-14 December 1862 / 1st Division II Corps Army of Tennessee 14 December 1862-30 December 1862 / 2nd Division II Corps Army of Tennessee 30 December 1862-10 August 1863 / 1st Division II Corps Right Wing Army of Tennessee 10 August 1863-September 1863 / I Corps Tennessee1 October 1863-23 October 1863 / 1st Division I Corps Army of the Tennessee 23 October 1863-2 December 1863 / I Corps Tennessee 2 December 1863-27 December 1863 / 1st Division I Corps Army of the Tennessee 27 December 1863-31 August 1864 / I Corps Tennessee 31 August 1864-2 September 1864 / 1st Division I Corps Army of the Tennessee 2 September 1864-30 November 1864

CSA: James Morrison Hawes promoted Brigadier-General PACS 14 March 1862 to rank from 5 March 1862.

Hawes, James Morrison / Kentucky / Born 7 January 1824 / Lexington, Kentucky / Died Covington, Kentucky 22 November 1889
USMA 1 July 1845 29 /41 Dragoons / Cadet USMA 1 July 1841 / 2nd US Dragoons 1 July 1845 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 25 April 1846 / 1st Lieutenant USA 13 January 1850 / Captain USA 13 December 1855 / Resigned USA 9 May 1861 / Captain ACSA Cavalry 16 March 1861 / Major ACSA Cavalry 16 June 1861 / Colonel 2nd Kentucky Militia Cavalry 26 June 1861 / Assistant Inspector-General 18 September 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 14 March 1862 to rank from 5 March 1862 / Paroled San Antonio, Texas 24 August 1865 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1845 Brevet 1st Lieutenant USA 1 August 1847
Assistant Inspector-General Army of Central Kentucky 18 September 1861-23 February 1862 / Cavalry Army of Central Kentucky 23 February 1862-March 1862 / Cavalry Reserve Army of Mississippi March 1862-April 1862 / 1st Brigade Reserve Corps Army of Mississippi 26 April 1862-June 1862 / 4th Brigade 2nd Division II Corps District of Arkansas October 1862-November 1863 / Hawes’ Brigade Walker’s Division District of West Louisiana November 1863 / Hawes’ Brigade Green’s Cavalry Division District of West Louisiana March 1864 / First Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona April 1864-September 1864 / 5th Brigade 2nd Division District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona September 1864-December 1864 / Defences of Galveston December 1864-April 1865

Commander in Chief: President Jefferson Finis Davis

Vice-President: Alexander Hamilton Stephens

Secretary of War: Judah Philip Benjamin

Secretary of the Navy: Stephen Russell Mallory

Military Adviser to the President: Robert Edward Lee

  • Department No 1: Mansfield Lovell
  • Department of Alabama and West Florida: Braxton Bragg
    • Army of Pensacola: Samuel Jones
    • Army of Mobile: John Bordenave Villepigue
  • Department of East Tennessee: Edmund Kirby Smith awaited
  • Department of Henrico: John Henry Winder
  • Department of the Indian Territory: Douglas Hancock Cooper
  • Department of Norfolk: Benjamin Huger
  • Department of North Carolina: Richard Caswell Gatlin
    • District of Cape Fear: Joseph Reid Anderson
    • District of Pamlico: Lawrence O’Bryan Branch
    • District of Roanoke Island: Henry Marchmore Shaw
  • Department of Northern Virginia: Joseph Eggleston Johnston
    • District of Aquia: Robert Augustus Toombs
    • Army of the Potomac: Joseph Eggleston Johnston
      • I Corps Potomac: James Longstreet
      • II Corps Potomac: Gustavus Woodson Smith
    • Valley District: Thomas Jonathan Jackson
      • Army of the Valley: Thomas Jonathan Jackson
  • Department of the Peninsula: John Bankhead Magruder
    • Army of the Peninsula: John Bankhead Magruder
  • Department of South Carolina, Georgia and East Florida: Robert Edward Lee
    • District of Middle and East Florida: William Montgomery Gardner
    • District of Georgia: Alexander Robert Lawton
    • District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
      • 1st Sub-District of South Carolina: Arthur Middleton Manigault.
      • 2nd Sub-District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
      • 3rd Sub-District of South Carolina: Nathan George Evans
      • 4th Sub-District of South Carolina: John Clifford Pemberton
      • 5th Sub-District of South Carolina: Thomas Fenwick Drayton
  • Department of Southwestern Virginia: William Wing Loring
    • District of Lewisburg: Henry Heth
  • Department of Texas: Paul Octave Hébert
    • Eastern District of Texas: Paul Octave Hébert
    • Western District of Texas: Henry Eustace McCulloch
    • Sub-District of Houston: John C Bowen
    • Sub-District of Galveston: Ebenezer B Nichols
    • Sub-District of the Rio Grande: Hamilton Prioleau Bee awaited
    • Defences of Pass Cavallo: John W Glenn
  • Western Department: Albert Sidney Johnston
    • Trans-Mississippi District: Earl Van Dorn
    • District of North Alabama: Daniel Ruggles
    • Army of Mississippi: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard awaited
      • First Grand Division (Mississippi): Leonidas Polk
      • Second Grand Division (Mississippi): Braxton Bragg
      • Reserve Corps (Mississippi): George Bibb Crittenden
    • Army of Central Kentucky: Albert Sidney Johnston
    • Army of Eastern Kentucky: Humphrey Marshall
    • Army of the West: Earl Van Dorn
  • District of Arizona: Henry Hopkins Sibley
    • Army of New Mexico: Henry Hopkins Sibley
  • Forces in Richmond: Charles Dimmock

Union Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

Major-General USA

George Brinton McClellan
John Charles Frémont
Henry Wager Halleck

Major-General USV

John Adams Dix
Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
Benjamin Franklin Butler
David Hunter
Edwin Denison Morgan
Ethan Allen Hitchcock
Ulysses Simpson Grant

Brigadier-General USA

John Ellis Wool
William Selby Harney
Edwin Vose Sumner
Joseph King Fenno Mansfield
Irvin McDowell
Robert Anderson
William Starke Rosecrans
Philip St George Cooke

Brigadier-General USV

Samuel Peter Heintzelman
Erasmus Darwin Keyes
Andrew Porter
Fitz-John Porter
William Buel Franklin
William Tecumseh Sherman
Charles Pomeroy Stone
Don Carlos Buell
Thomas West Sherman
John Pope
George Archibald McCall
William Reading Montgomery
Philip Kearny
Joseph Hooker
John Wolcott Phelps
Samuel Ryan Curtis
Charles Smith Hamilton
Darius Nash Couch
Rufus King
Jacob Dolson Cox
Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
Franz Sigel
Robert Cumming Schenck
Benjamin Mayberry Prentiss
Benjamin Franklin Kelley
John Alexander McClernand
Alpheus Starkey Williams
Israel Bush Richardson
James Cooper
James Brewerton Ricketts
Orlando Bolivar Willcox
Michael Corcoran
George Henry Thomas
Ambrose Everett Burnside
Henry Hayes Lockwood
Louis Blenker
Henry Warner Slocum
James Samuel Wadsworth
John James Peck
Ormsby McKnight Mitchel
George Webb Morell
John Henry Martindale
Samuel Davis Sturgis
George Stoneman
Henry Washington Benham
William Farrar Smith
James William Denver
Egbert Ludovicus Vielé
James Shields
John Fulton Reynolds
William Farquhar Barry
John Joseph Abercrombie
John Sedgwick
Charles Ferguson Smith
Silas Casey
Lawrence Pike Graham
George Gordon Meade
Abram Duryée
Alexander McDowell McCook
Oliver Otis Howard
Eleazar Arthur Paine
Daniel Edgar Sickles
Charles Davis Jameson
Ebenezer Dumont
Robert Huston Milroy
Lewis Wallace
Willis Arnold Gorman
Daniel Butterfield
Horatio Gouverneur Wright
Edward Otho Cresap Ord
William Nelson
William Thomas Ward
John Gross Barnard
Innis Newton Palmer
Seth Williams
John Newton
Winfield Scott Hancock
Thomas Leonidas Crittenden
George Wright
Isaac Ingalls Stevens
Thomas Williams
George Sykes
William Henry French
William Thomas Harbaugh Brooks
John Milton Brannan
William Wallace Burns
John Porter Hatch
David Sloane Stanley
William Kerley Strong
Albin Francisco Schoepf
Lovell Harrison Rousseau
James Scott Negley
Thomas John Wood
Richard W Johnson
Adolph Wilhelm August Friedrich Von Steinwehr
Joseph Bennett Plummer
John Gray Foster
George Washington Cullum
Jeremiah Tilford Boyle
Christopher Columbus Augur
Schuyler Hamilton
Jesse Lee Reno
George Washington Morgan
Julius Stahel
John McAllister Schofield
Thomas Jefferson McKean
John Grubb Parke
Zealous Bates Tower
Jefferson Columbus Davis
James Henry Lane
John McAuley Palmer
William High Keim
James Abram Garfield
Lewis Golding Arnold
Frederick Steele
William Scott Ketchum
Abner Doubleday
John Wynn Davidson
Napoleon Jackson Tecumseh Dana
David Bell Birney
Thomas Francis Meagher
Henry Morris Naglee
Andrew Johnson
James Gallant Spears

Brigadier-General USA (Staff)

Montgomery Cunningham Meigs (Quartermaster-General)
Henry Knox Craig
Lorenzo Thomas (Adjutant-General)
James Wolfe Ripley (Ordnance)
Joseph Pannell Taylor (Commissary-General of Subsistence)

Confederate Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

General ACSA

Samuel Cooper
Albert Sidney Johnston
Robert Edward Lee
Joseph Eggleston Johnston
Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard

Major-General PACS

Leonidas Polk
Braxton Bragg
Earl Van Dorn
Gustavus Woodson Smith
Theophilus Hunter Holmes
William Joseph Hardee
Benjamin Huger
James Longstreet
John Bankhead Magruder
Mansfield Lovell
Thomas Jonathan Jackson
Edmund Kirby Smith
George Bibb Crittenden
John Clifford Pemberton
Richard Stoddert Ewell
William Wing Loring

Brigadier-General PACS

Alexander Robert Lawton
Benjamin McCulloch
Charles Clark
John Buchanan Floyd
Henry Alexander Wise
David Rumph Jones
Henry Hopkins Sibley
John Henry Winder
Richard Caswell Gatlin
Daniel Smith Donelson
Samuel Read Anderson
Benjamin Franklin Cheatham
Daniel Harvey Hill
Jones Mitchell Withers
Richard Heron Anderson
Robert Augustus Toombs
Samuel Jones
Arnold Elzey
William Henry Chase Whiting
Jubal Anderson Early
Isaac Ridgway Trimble
Daniel Ruggles
Roswell Sabine Ripley
Albert Pike
Paul Octave Hébert
Joseph Reid Anderson
Simon Bolivar Buckner
Leroy Pope Walker
Albert Gallatin Blanchard
Gabriel James Rains
James Ewell Brown Stuart
Lafayette McLaws
Thomas Fenwick Drayton
Thomas Carmichael Hindman
Adley Hogan Gladden
John Porter McCown
Lloyd Tilghman
Nathan George Evans
Cadmus Marcellus Wilcox
Robert Emmett Rodes
Richard Taylor
James Heyward Trapier
Samuel Gibbs French
William Henry Carroll
Hugh Weedon Mercer
Humphrey Marshall
John Cabell Breckinridge
Richard Griffith
Alexander Peter Stewart
William Montgomery Gardner
Richard Brooke Garnett
William Mahone
Lawrence O’Bryan Branch
Edward Johnson
Maxcy Gregg
Raleigh Edward Colston
Henry Heth
Johnson Kelly Duncan
Sterling Alexander Martin Wood
John George Walker
John King Jackson
George Edward Pickett
James McQueen McIntosh
Bushrod Rust Johnson
James Patton Anderson
Howell Cobb
George Wythe Randolph
Joseph Brevard Kershaw
James Ronald Chalmers
Joseph Lewis Hogg
Ambrose Powell Hill
James Johnston Pettigrew
Carter Littlepage Stevenson
Daniel Leadbetter
William Whann Mackall
Charles Sidney Winder
Robert Ransom
John Bell Hood

Daniel Marsh Frost
Winfield Scott Featherston
Thomas James Churchill
William Booth Taliaferro
Albert Rust
Patrick Ronayne Cleburne
Samuel Bell Maxey
Hamilton Prioleau Bee
James Morrison Hawes

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