1862 March 29th

March 29 1862 Saturday

Burnside’s Expedition to North Carolina
Peninsula Campaign
Island No 10 Campaign
Shiloh Campaign
Sibley’s Operations in New Mexico

Go to March 30 1862

Cuba. USS R R Cuyler, Lieutenant F Winslow, captured the blockade-running schooner Grace E Baker off the coast.

Mississippi. Confederate General Albert Sidney Johnson had assembled all available Confederate forces in the western theatre at Corinth, achieving a total combined strength of about 40,000 troops. He left a small force at Fort Pillow under Brigadier-General John Bordenave Villepigue and the depleted brigade of Brigadier-General John Buchanan Floyd, which was exchanged after surrendering at Fort Donelson, was detached to garrison Chattanooga.
Johnston now planned to attack with every available man the Union army of Major-General Ulysses Simpson Grant on the Tennessee River at Pittsburg Landing, twenty-two miles to the north. Johnston needed to strike before Grant could be reinforced from Nashville by Major-General Don Carlos Buell’s Army of the Ohio.
The Confederate Army of Mississippi was reorganised by consolidating the discontinued Army of Central Kentucky with the two Grand Divisions of the Army of Mississippi of General Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard, and the unofficial Army of Louisiana. The combined Army of Mississippi was formed into four unofficial corps (two of them actually the size of divisions).
The I Corps was commanded by Major-General Leonidas Polk and comprised the troops of Polk’s former First Grand Division (Mississippi) with two divisions under Brigadier-General Charles Clark (brigades of Colonel Robert M Russell, Brigadier-General Alexander Peter Stewart) and Major-General Benjamin Franklin Cheatham (brigades of Brigadier-General Bushrod Rust Johnson, and Colonel William H Stephens), totalling 9,136 men.
The II Corps was under Major-General Braxton Bragg with two divisions taken from the former Second Grand Division of the Army of Mississippi and the Army of Louisiana. These divisions were under Brigadier-General Daniel Ruggles (brigades of Colonel Randall Lee Gibson, Brigadier-General James Patton Anderson, Colonel Preston Pond) and Brigadier-General Jones Mitchell Withers (including the former Army of Mobile with brigades of Brigadier-General Adley Hogan Gladden, Brigadier-General James Ronald Chalmers, Brigadier-General John King Jackson), adding to 13,589 men.
Major-General William Joseph Hardee had brought his own force from Arkansas to join the discontinued Army of Central Kentucky and this was the basis of the new III Corps with its three brigades (Brigadier-General Thomas Carmichael Hindman, Brigadier-General Patrick Ronayne Cleburne, and Brigadier-General Sterling Alexander Martin Wood) counting 6,789 men.
Major-General George Bibb Crittenden assumed command of the Reserve Corps with the three brigades of Colonel Robert P Trabue, Brigadier-General John Stevens Bowen, and Colonel Winfield Scott Statham, and counting 6,349 men.
The arrival of Major-General Sterling Price with 15,000 men from Arkansas was eagerly awaited in early April and a putative fifth corps was proposed under Price’s command. Price preferred to retain the name of Army of the West for his troops who were arriving from Van Buren Arkansas, via Des Arc, and crossing the Mississippi at Memphis, Tennessee.
Johnston took command of the army and Beauregard remained as his second-in-command. Beauregard had similarly been second-in-command of the Army of the Potomac to General Joseph Eggleston Johnston after the battle of First Bull Run in July 1861. Whereas in Virginia he continued to command a major part of the army, he now served effectively as Johnson’s chief of staff.

Missouri. Skirmish at Blackwater Creek and Warrensburg.

Missouri. Union Major-General Henry Wager Halleck wrote to Captain Andrew Hull Foote requiring him to give all possible assistance to the siege of Island No 10. Foote called a second council of war with his gunboat commanders and, this time, Commander Henry Walke of USS Carondelet volunteered to run the dangerous batteries on Island No 10. Foote reluctantly gave the necessary orders and USS Carondelet was prepared for the run.

North Carolina. The investment of Fort Macon was fully accomplished when a company from Union Brigadier-General John Grubb Parke’s brigade crossed the sound and landed unopposed on Bogue Banks. The defending Confederate 26th North Carolina Infantry had retreated to Fort Macon after the fall of New Bern. For over two weeks, Union siege artillery had been dragged forward and mounted. Parke eventually set up four batteries to bear on the fort: four 8-inch mortars, four 10-inch mortars, three 30-pounder rifled Parrott guns, and a 12-pounder boat howitzer. The batteries were moved up at night and remained hidden behind sand dunes until they were ready to open fire. The defenders were aware of these activities, but could not waste ammunition by firing at unseen targets. Patrols sent out from the fort to harass the Union soldiers were driven back, usually without loss.

South Carolina. Skirmish at Edisto Island.

South Carolina. A boat under command of Acting Master’s Mate Henry Eason from USS Restless, captured the schooner Lydia and Mary with a large cargo of rice for Charleston, and destroyed an unnamed schooner in the Santee River.

Virginia. Operation at Middleburg and White Plains ended. Incidents at Warrenton Junction, Rappahannock Station, and Rappahannock River.

Virginia. Having arrived to succeed Major-General William Starke Rosecrans in command of the Mountain Department, Union Major-General John Charles Frémont immediately devised an ambitious operation to invade eastern Tennessee with 25,000 men. As a preliminary step, he needed to secure his eastern flank and he ordered Brigadier-General Robert Huston Milroy’s Division to march to Staunton in the Shenandoah Valley. Milroy’s command was significantly stronger than the Confederate force of 3,000 men facing him under Brigadier-General Edward Johnson. Frémont set up headquarters at Wheeling to direct his far-flung operations and awaited the opportunity to unleash his grandiose invasion.

Union Organisation

USA: Major-General John Charles Frémont arrived to command the Mountain Department, succeeding interim commander Major-General William Starke Rosecrans.

Commander in Chief: President Abraham Lincoln
Vice-President: Hannibal Hamlin
Secretary of War: Edwin McMasters Stanton
Secretary of the Navy: Gideon Welles

North Atlantic Blockading Squadron: Louis Malesherbes Goldsborough
South Atlantic Blockading Squadron: Samuel Francis Du Pont
West Gulf Blockading Squadron: David Glasgow Farragut
East Gulf Blockading Squadron: William McKean
Pacific Squadron: Charles H Bell
Western Gunboat Flotilla: Andrew Hull Foote
Potomac Flotilla: Robert Harris Wyman

Chairman of the War Board: Ethan Allen Hitchcock

Department of the Mississippi: Henry Wager Halleck

  • District of West Tennessee: Ulysses Simpson Grant
    • Army of West Tennessee: Ulysses Simpson Grant
  • District of the Mississippi: John Pope
    • Army of the Mississippi: John Pope
  • District of the Ohio: Don Carlos Buell
    • Army of the Ohio: Don Carlos Buell
  • District of Cairo: William Kerley Strong

Department of the Missouri: Henry Wager Halleck

  • District of St Louis: John McAllister Schofield
  • District of Central Missouri: James Totten
  • District of Southeast Missouri: Frederick Steele
  • District of Southwest Missouri: Samuel Ryan Curtis
    • Army of the Southwest: Samuel Ryan Curtis
  • District of Northeast Missouri: John Montgomery Glover
  • District of Northwest Missouri: Benjamin Franklin Loan
  • District of Kansas: James William Denver awaited

Department of the Gulf: Benjamin Franklin Butler

  • Army of the Gulf: Benjamin Franklin Butler

Middle Department: John Adams Dix

  • District of the Eastern Shore of Maryland: Henry Hayes Lockwood

Mountain Department: John Charles Frémont

  • Cheat Mountain District: Robert Huston Milroy
  • Railroad District: Benjamin Franklin Kelley
  • District of the Kanawha: Jacob Dolson Cox
  • District of the Cumberland: Robert Cumming Schenck
  • District of the Gap: Samuel Powhatan Carter
  • District of the Valley of the Big Sandy River: James Abram Garfield

Department of New Mexico: Edward Richard Sprigg Canby

  • Southern District of New Mexico: Benjamin Stone Roberts

Department of New York: Edward Denison Morgan

Department of North Carolina: Ambrose Everett Burnside

Department of the Pacific: George Wright

  • District of the Humboldt: Francis James Lippitt
  • District of Oregon: Albemarle Cady
  • District of Southern California: James Henry Carleton

Department of the Potomac: George Brinton McClellan

  • Army of the Potomac: George Brinton McClellan
    • I Corps Potomac: Irvin McDowell
    • II Corps Potomac: Edwin Vose Sumner
    • III Corps Potomac: Samuel Peter Heintzelman
    • IV Corps Potomac: Erasmus Darwin Keyes
    • V Corps Potomac: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks

Department of the South: Thomas West Sherman temporary David Hunter awaited

  • Western District of the South: Lewis Golding Arnold

Department of Texas: Vacant

Department of Virginia: John Ellis Wool

Military District of Washington: James Samuel Wadsworth

Confederate Organisation

CSA: The Army of Central Kentucky was discontinued and incorporated into the Army of Mississippi.
CSA: General Albert Sidney Johnston assumed command of the Army of Mississippi, succeeding General Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard. Beauregard was retained as second in command.

CSA: First Grand Division (Mississippi) was discontinued and renamed I Corps (Mississippi).
CSA: I Corps (Mississippi) was established in the Army of Mississippi.
CSA: Major-General Leonidas Polk assumed command of I Corps (Mississippi).

CSA: Second Grand Division (Mississippi) was discontinued and renamed II Corps (Mississippi).
CSA: II Corps (Mississippi) was established in the Army of Mississippi.
CSA: Major-General Braxton Bragg assumed command of II Corps (Mississippi).

CSA: III Corps (Mississippi) was established in the Army of Mississippi.
CSA: Major-General William Joseph Hardee assumed command of III Corps (Mississippi).

CSA: Major-General George Bibb Crittenden retained command of Reserve Corps (Mississippi).

CSA: Captain Josiah Tattnall CSN assumed command of the James River Naval Squadron.

Commander in Chief: President Jefferson Finis Davis
Vice-President: Alexander Hamilton Stephens
Secretary of War: George Wythe Randolph
Secretary of the Navy: Stephen Russell Mallory

Military Adviser to the President: Robert Edward Lee

Department No 1: Mansfield Lovell

Department of Alabama and West Florida: Braxton Bragg

  • Army of Mobile: William L Powell

Department of Middle and Eastern Florida: James Heyward Trapier interim William Scott Dilworth temporary awaited

Department of East Tennessee: Edmund Kirby Smith

  • Army of East Tennessee: Edmund Kirby Smith

Department of Henrico: John Henry Winder

Department of the Indian Territory: Douglas Hancock Cooper

Department of Norfolk: Benjamin Huger

Department of North Carolina: Theophilus Hunter Holmes

  • District of Cape Fear: Samuel Gibbs French
  • District of Pamlico: Robert Ransom temporary
  • District of Roanoke Island: Henry Marchmore Shaw

Department of Northern Virginia: Joseph Eggleston Johnston

  • District of Aquia: Gustavus Woodson Smith
  • Army of Northern Virginia: Joseph Eggleston Johnston
    • Right Wing Northern Virginia: James Longstreet
    • Left Wing Northern Virginia: Gustavus Woodson Smith
    • Centre Wing Northern Virginia: Daniel Harvey Hill
  • Valley District: Thomas Jonathan Jackson
    • Army of the Valley: Thomas Jonathan Jackson

Department of the Peninsula: John Bankhead Magruder

  • Army of the Peninsula: John Bankhead Magruder

Department of South Carolina and Georgia: John Clifford Pemberton

  • District of Georgia: Alexander Robert Lawton
  • District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
    • 1st Sub-District of South Carolina: Arthur Middleton Manigault.
    • 2nd Sub-District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
    • 3rd Sub-District of South Carolina: Nathan George Evans
    • 4th Sub-District of South Carolina: Maxcy Gregg
    • 5th Sub-District of South Carolina: Daniel Smith Donelson
    • 6th Sub-District of South Carolina: Thomas Fenwick Drayton

Department of Southwestern Virginia: William Wing Loring

  • District of Lewisburg: Henry Heth

Department of Texas: Paul Octave Hébert

  • Eastern District of Texas: Paul Octave Hébert
  • Western District of Texas: Henry Eustace McCullough
  • Sub-District of Houston: John C Bowen
  • Sub-District of Galveston: Ebenezer B Nichols
  • Sub-District of the Rio Grande: Hamilton Prioleau Bee awaited
  • Defences of Pass Cavallo: John W Glenn

Western Department: Albert Sidney Johnston

  • Trans-Mississippi District: Earl Van Dorn
  • District of North Alabama: Daniel Ruggles
  • Army of Mississippi: Albert Sidney Johnston
    • I Corps (Mississippi): Leonidas Polk
    • II Corps (Mississippi): Braxton Bragg
    • III Corps (Mississippi): William Joseph Hardee
    • Reserve Corps (Mississippi): George Bibb Crittenden
  • Army of the West: Earl Van Dorn

District of Arizona: Henry Hopkins Sibley

  • Army of New Mexico: Henry Hopkins Sibley

Forces in Richmond: Charles Dimmock

Union Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

Major-General USA

George Brinton McClellan
John Charles Frémont
Henry Wager Halleck

Major-General USV

Asterisk indicates concurrently Brigadier-General USA

John Adams Dix
Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
Benjamin Franklin Butler
David Hunter
Edwin Denison Morgan
Ethan Allen Hitchcock
Ulysses Simpson Grant
Irvin McDowell*
Ambrose Everett Burnside
William Starke Rosecrans*
Don Carlos Buell
John Pope
Samuel Ryan Curtis
Franz Sigel
John Alexander McClernand
Charles Ferguson Smith
Lewis Wallace

Brigadier-General USA

Brackets indicates concurrently Major-General USV

John Ellis Wool
William Selby Harney
Edwin Vose Sumner
Joseph King Fenno Mansfield
(Irvin McDowell)
Robert Anderson
(William Starke Rosecrans)
Philip St George Cooke

Brigadier-General USV

Samuel Peter Heintzelman
Erasmus Darwin Keyes
Andrew Porter
Fitz-John Porter
William Buel Franklin
William Tecumseh Sherman
Charles Pomeroy Stone
Thomas West Sherman
George Archibald McCall
William Reading Montgomery
Philip Kearny
Joseph Hooker
John Wolcott Phelps
Charles Smith Hamilton
Darius Nash Couch
Rufus King
Jacob Dolson Cox
Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
Robert Cumming Schenck
Benjamin Mayberry Prentiss
Benjamin Franklin Kelley
Alpheus Starkey Williams
Israel Bush Richardson
James Cooper
James Brewerton Ricketts
Orlando Bolivar Willcox
Michael Corcoran
George Henry Thomas
Henry Hayes Lockwood
Louis Blenker
Henry Warner Slocum
James Samuel Wadsworth
John James Peck
Ormsby McKnight Mitchel
George Webb Morell
John Henry Martindale
Samuel Davis Sturgis
George Stoneman
Henry Washington Benham
William Farrar Smith
James William Denver
Egbert Ludovicus Vielé
James Shields
John Fulton Reynolds
William Farquhar Barry
John Joseph Abercrombie
John Sedgwick
Silas Casey
Lawrence Pike Graham
George Gordon Meade
Abram Duryée
Alexander McDowell McCook
Oliver Otis Howard
Eleazar Arthur Paine
Charles Davis Jameson
Ebenezer Dumont
Robert Huston Milroy
Willis Arnold Gorman
Daniel Butterfield
Horatio Gouverneur Wright
Edward Otho Cresap Ord
William Nelson
William Thomas Ward
John Gross Barnard
Innis Newton Palmer
Seth Williams
John Newton
Winfield Scott Hancock
Thomas Leonidas Crittenden
George Wright
Isaac Ingalls Stevens
Thomas Williams
George Sykes
William Henry French
William Thomas Harbaugh Brooks
John Milton Brannan
William Wallace Burns
John Porter Hatch
David Sloane Stanley
William Kerley Strong
Albin Francisco Schoepf
Lovell Harrison Rousseau
James Scott Negley
Thomas John Wood
Richard W Johnson
Adolph Wilhelm August Friedrich Von Steinwehr
Joseph Bennett Plummer
John Gray Foster
George Washington Cullum
Jeremiah Tilford Boyle
Christopher Columbus Augur
Schuyler Hamilton
Jesse Lee Reno
George Washington Morgan
Julius Stahel
John McAllister Schofield
Thomas Jefferson McKean
John Grubb Parke
Zealous Bates Tower
Jefferson Columbus Davis

John McAuley Palmer
William High Keim
James Abram Garfield
Lewis Golding Arnold
Frederick Steele
William Scott Ketchum
Abner Doubleday
John Wynn Davidson
Napoleon Jackson Tecumseh Dana
David Bell Birney
Thomas Francis Meagher
Henry Morris Naglee
Andrew Johnson
James Gallant Spears
Eugene Asa Carr
Thomas Alfred Davies
Daniel Tyler
William Hemsley Emory
Andrew Jackson Smith
Marsena Rudolph Patrick
Isaac Ferdinand Quinby
Hiram Gregory Berry
Orris Sanford Ferry
Daniel Phineas Woodbury
Henry Moses Judah
Richard James Oglesby
John Cook
William Hervey Lamm Wallace
John McArthur
Robert Latimer McCook
Jacob Gartner Lauman
Horatio Phillips Van Cleve
John Alexander Logan
Speed Smith Fry
Alexander Asboth
James Craig
Mahlon Dickerson Manson
Gordon Granger
Grenville Mellen Dodge

Brigadier-General USA (Staff)

Montgomery Cunningham Meigs (Quartermaster-General)
Henry Knox Craig
Lorenzo Thomas (Adjutant-General)
James Wolfe Ripley (Ordnance)

Confederate Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

General ACSA

Samuel Cooper
Albert Sidney Johnston
Robert Edward Lee
Joseph Eggleston Johnston
Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard

Major-General PACS

Leonidas Polk
Braxton Bragg
Earl Van Dorn
Gustavus Woodson Smith
Theophilus Hunter Holmes
William Joseph Hardee
Benjamin Huger
James Longstreet
John Bankhead Magruder
Mansfield Lovell
Thomas Jonathan Jackson
Edmund Kirby Smith
George Bibb Crittenden
John Clifford Pemberton
Richard Stoddert Ewell
William Wing Loring
Sterling Price
Benjamin Franklin Cheatham
Samuel Jones
John Porter McCown
Daniel Harvey Hill

Brigadier-General PACS

Alexander Robert Lawton
Charles Clark
John Buchanan Floyd
Henry Alexander Wise
David Rumph Jones
Henry Hopkins Sibley
John Henry Winder
Richard Caswell Gatlin
Daniel Smith Donelson
Samuel Read Anderson
Jones Mitchell Withers
Richard Heron Anderson
Robert Augustus Toombs
Arnold Elzey
William Henry Chase Whiting
Jubal Anderson Early
Isaac Ridgway Trimble
Daniel Ruggles
Roswell Sabine Ripley
Albert Pike
Paul Octave Hébert
Joseph Reid Anderson
Simon Bolivar Buckner
Leroy Pope Walker
Albert Gallatin Blanchard
Gabriel James Rains
James Ewell Brown Stuart
Lafayette McLaws
Thomas Fenwick Drayton
Thomas Carmichael Hindman
Adley Hogan Gladden
Lloyd Tilghman
Nathan George Evans
Cadmus Marcellus Wilcox
Robert Emmett Rodes
Richard Taylor
James Heyward Trapier
Samuel Gibbs French
William Henry Carroll
Hugh Weedon Mercer
Humphrey Marshall
John Cabell Breckinridge
Richard Griffith
Alexander Peter Stewart
William Montgomery Gardner
Richard Brooke Garnett
William Mahone
Lawrence O’Bryan Branch
Edward Johnson
Maxcy Gregg
Raleigh Edward Colston
Henry Heth
Johnson Kelly Duncan
Sterling Alexander Martin Wood
John George Walker
John King Jackson
George Edward Pickett
Bushrod Rust Johnson
James Patton Anderson
Howell Cobb
George Wythe Randolph
Joseph Brevard Kershaw
James Ronald Chalmers
Joseph Lewis Hogg
Ambrose Powell Hill
James Johnston Pettigrew
Carter Littlepage Stevenson
Daniel Leadbetter
William Whann Mackall
Charles Sidney Winder
Robert Ransom
John Bell Hood
Daniel Marsh Frost
Winfield Scott Featherston
Thomas James Churchill
William Booth Taliaferro
Albert Rust
Patrick Ronayne Cleburne
Samuel Bell Maxey
Hamilton Prioleau Bee
James Morrison Hawes
George Hume Steuart
William Duncan Smith
James Edwin Slaughter
Charles William Field
John Horace Forney
Paul Jones Semmes
Lucius Marshall Walker
Seth Maxwell Barton
Dabney Herndon Maury
John Bordenave Villepigue
Henry Eustace McCullough
John Stevens Bowen
Benjamin Hardin Helm
John Selden Roane
States Rights Gist
William Nelson Pendleton
Martin Luther Smith

%d bloggers like this:
search previous next tag category expand menu location phone mail time cart zoom edit close