1862 March 14th

March 14 1862 Friday

Battle of New Bern, NC (CWSAC Major Battle Union Victory)

New Madrid, MO

New Bern Campaign

Sibley’s Operations in New Mexico

Kernstown Campaign

USA.  Brigadier-General USA Irvin McDowell was promoted to the grade of Major-General in the US Volunteers. He was the first Union officer in the Civil War to hold a General Officer’s commission in both the US Regular Army and the US Volunteers. He was concurrently a Brigadier-General in the US Regular Army.

CSA. Confederate President Jefferson Finis Davis again resisted the efforts of Congress to create the post of Commanding General of the Army. He argued that such an officer might command an army or armies contrary to the will of the President, and in contravention of the President’s prerogative as Commander in Chief of the armed forces.

Kentucky. Expedition to Paducah ended. Expedition to Pound Gap began.

Mississippi. A Union expedition began from Savannah, Tennessee, to Yellow Creek.

Missouri. Union Brigadier-General John Pope prepared for the assault on New Madrid that he had deferred the previous day. Unexpectedly, a flag of truce appeared over Fort Thompson, raised by Confederate pickets who had been left behind by accident. Pope’s forces occupied the defences and set to work fortifying the position for Union purposes. The large guns abandoned in the forts by the Confederates were put into service and three new batteries were constructed on the Missouri side of the river; two between Point Pleasant and New Madrid, and another a few more miles south at Riddle’s Point, opposite Tiptonville. The new batteries completely cut Island No 10 from receiving re-supply by river and leaving the Confederates with only one overland route from Tiptonville.

Pope nxt prepared to capture Island No 10 from the south and began digging a canal through the swamps at Madrid Bend so that boats could bypass the channel by Island No 10. The canal was nine miles long and 50 feet wide, connecting the Mississippi between Wilson’s Bayou to the south and the moorings of the gunboat fleet to the north, bypassing the fortifications at Island No 10. A division was eventually carried through by river transports, raising his strength to 23,000 men, but the canal was too shallow for the warships to pass. Part of the Confederate garrison withdrew to Fort Pillow and McCown was replaced in command at Island No 10 by Brigadier-General William Whann Mackall.

New Bern, North Carolina. The Union expedition to New Bern ended. Union Brigadier-General Ambrose Everett Burnside sent his three brigades under Brigadier-General John Gray Foster, Brigadier-General Jesse Lee Reno, and Brigadier-General John Grubb Parke to attack New Bern, following the general direction of the railroad. The field was covered by a dense fog when Burnside ordered his forces to form and advance on the Confederate works around Fort Thompson. The Union had little information concerning their opponents’ disposition. As far as they knew, the Confederate line extended only from the river to the brickyard. In keeping with this belief, Burnside ordered his 1st Brigade to engage the enemy left, while the 2nd Brigade would try to turn their right at the brickyard. His eight howitzers were deployed across the county road. The 3rd Brigade was held as a reserve. There was only weak support from the companying gunboats which shelled the enemy positions that were hidden by forests. This gunfire disturbed the defenders but it was so inaccurate that Burnside eventually asked the navy to change their aim.

Meanwhile, Confederate Brigadier-General Lawrence O’Bryan Branch put his regiments into line. From his left at Fort Thompson to the brickyard on his right, were the 27th North Carolina Infantry, 37th North Carolina Infantry, 7th North Carolina Infantry, and 35th North Carolina Infantry. His reserve was the 33rd North Carolina Infantry. The right flank of the 35th was anchored in a brickyard kiln that was loop-holed for artillery. The entire line beyond the railroad was occupied by a single regiment, the 26th North Carolina Infantry, and a few companies of cavalry. The gap in the centre of his line created by the dogleg at the railroad was covered only by his weakest unit, an untrained militia battalion armed with shotguns and hunting rifles. To give them additional support, he ordered up a two-gun battery of 24-pounders to the kiln but they were not mounted when they came under attack.

The Union 1st Brigade opposed the defenders from the river to the railroad; standing from right to left were the 25th Massachusetts Infantry, 24th Massachusetts Infantry, 27th Massachusetts Infantry, 23rd Massachusetts Infantry, and 10th Connecticut Infantry. The Beaufort Road bisected the centre of this line, and Brigadier-General John Gray Foster placed the howitzers there. On the left flank, Union Brigadier-General Jesse Lee Reno, still unaware of the extension of the enemy lines beyond the railroad, ordered a part of the 21st Massachusetts Infantry to charge the brick kiln, while the 9th New Jersey Infantry and the 51st New York Infantry engaged the enemy in support of them. The 51st Pennsylvania Infantry was held in reserve. Reno’s charge was successful at first, but the attackers found themselves under fire from the whole enemy  line and were forced to pull back.

Burnside ordered his reserve, Parke’s 3rd Brigade, into the line to support Reno. The 4th Rhode Island Infantry replaced the 21st Massachusetts, which was out of ammunition. During the relief attempt, Colonel Isaac Peace Rodman of the 4th Rhode Island was told by Lieutenant-Colonel William S Clark of the 21st Massachusetts that he thought that another attack on the brick kiln would be successful. Rodman sent a courier to General Parke informing him that he was taking responsibility, then formed his regiment and ordered them to charge. Armed with better knowledge of the enemy, this charge was successful. The 4th Rhode Island captured nine brass field pieces and found themselves penetrating into the rear of the Confederate entrenchments. At this point, the Confederate line broke. The rupture started when the militiamen fled and exposed the units on both of their flanks.

Branch ordered his reserves to plug the gap but they did not arrive in time. As the Confederate line was rolled up on both wings, each regimental commander in succession pulled his unit back to escape being overrun. Branch ordered a retreat that quickly degenerated into a rout. The fleeing North Carolinians dashed across the bridge over the Trent River into New Bern, and then burned the bridge so precipitately that some of their compatriots were left behind and were captured. They also burned a fire raft in the river, which drifted against the railroad bridge and destroyed it.

While the battle was in progress, Commander Stephen Clegg Rowan’s Union gunboats moved up the river to assist. They received only minor damage in passing the lower barrier and then positioned themselves to shell Fort Thompson. When the fort was abandoned, they immediately passed the second barrier and moved on to New Bern. Branch’s order to retreat included the crews of the Confederate river batteries, so their guns were spiked and abandoned. The Union force occupied Fort Dixie, Fort Ellis, Fort Thompson, and Fort Lane, and troops were transported across the Trent River to occupy the city itself. The Navy captured two steamers, stores, munitions, and cotton, and put a how­itzer battery ashore under Lieutenant Roderick S McCook USN.

After reaching the city, the fleet shelled the retreating Confederate troops, denying them any opportunity to regroup. The retreating units did not reform until they had fled all the way to Kinston. With both bridges destroyed, Burnside’s soldiers had to be ferried across the river by the gunboats to occupy the town. The town was described by its captors as “an immense depot of army fixtures and manufactures, of shot and shell”.

New Bern remained permanently in Union hands and became a major supply depot. Burnside next turned his attention to the port at Beaufort, which was defended by Fort Macon. The Confederates did not attempt to defend Morehead City, which was occupied immediately, nor the town of Beaufort. However, as long as Fort Macon remained in Confederate hands, Beaufort and Morehead City remained unusable as ports for the Union fleet.

The Confederates lost 64 killed, 101 wounded, and 413 captured or missing, compared to the Union’s 90 killed, 380 wounded, and a single man captured. (CWSAC Major Battle Union Victory)

ORDER OF BATTLE: NEW BERN, NC

Union Department of North Carolina: Brigadier-General Ambrose Everett Burnside
Coast Division (North Carolina): Brigadier-General Ambrose Everett Burnside
1st Brigade, Coast Division (North Carolina): Brigadier-General John Gray Foster
2nd Brigade, Coast Division (North Carolina): Brigadier-General Jesse Lee Reno
3rd Brigade, Coast Division (North Carolina): Brigadier-General John Grubb Parke
Army Gunboat: Picket
Naval Forces Pamlico Sound: Commander Stephen Clegg Rowan USN
USS Philadelphia, USS Stars and Stripes, USS Louisiana, USS Hetzel, USS Underwriter, USS Delaware, USS Commodore Perry, USS Valley City, USS Commodore Barney, USS Hunchback, USS Southfield, USS Morse, USS John L Lockwood, USS Henry Brinker

Confederate Department of North Carolina: Brigadier-General Richard Caswell Gatlin
District of Pamlico: Brigadier-General Lawrence O’Bryan Branch

Tennessee. Operation at Crump’s Landing ended. Expedition to Purdy ended. Expedition to Pittsburg Landing and Savannah began.

Tennessee. Skirmishes at Big Creek Gap and Jacksboro involving Confederate Major-General Edmund Kirby Smith.

Tennessee. At midnight, the Union division of Brigadier-General William Tecumseh Sherman disembarked from transports on the Tennessee River in an attempt to destroy the Big Bear Creek Bridge. They marched through torrential rain and across swollen creeks where bridges were being washed away. In danger of being cut off, they were forced to return to their transports and to abandon the expedition.

Virginia. Reconnaissance to Warrenton began. Union reconnaissance to Cedar Run began under Brigadier-General George Stoneman.

Union Organisation

USA: Irvin McDowell promoted Major-General USV 16 March 1862 to rank from 14 March 1862.

McDowell, Irvin / Ohio / Born 15 October 1818 Columbus, Ohio / Died 4 May 1885
USMA 1 July 1838 23/45 Artillery / Cadet USMA 1 July 1834 / 1st US Artillery 1 July 1838 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 7 July 1838 / 1st Lieutenant USA 7 October 1842 / Assistant Adjutant-General 13 May 1847 / Brigadier-General USA 14 May 1861 / Major-General USV 16 March 1862 to rank from 14 March 1862 / Mustered Out USV 1 September 1866 / Major-General USA 25 November 1872 / Retired USA 15 October 1882 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1838 Brevet Captain USA 23 February 1847 Brevet Major USA 31 March 1856 Brevet Major-General USA 13 March 1865
Department of Northeastern Virginia 27 May 1861-17 August 1861 / Army of Northeastern Virginia 8 July 1861-15 August 1861 / Army of the Potomac 15 August 1861-19 August 1861 / McDowell’s Division Army of the Potomac 3 October 1861-13 March 1862 / I Corps Potomac 13 March 1862-4 April 1862 / Department of the Rappahannock 4 April 1862-26 June 1862 / III Corps Virginia 26 June 1862-5 September 1862 / Department of the Pacific 21 May 1864-27 June 1865 / Department of California 27 June 1865-31 March 1868 / Fourth Military District 4 June 1868-4 July 1868 / Department of the West 16 July 1868-16 December 1872

Commander in Chief: President Abraham Lincoln

Vice-President: Hannibal Hamlin

Secretary of War: Edwin McMasters Stanton

Secretary of the Navy: Gideon Welles

  • North Atlantic Blockading Squadron USN: Flag Officer Louis Malesherbes Goldsborough USN
  • South Atlantic Blockading Squadron USN: Flag Officer Samuel Francis Du Pont USN
  • West Gulf Blockading Squadron USN: Rear Admiral David Glasgow Farragut USN
  • East Gulf Blockading Squadron USN: Flag Officer William McKean USN
  • Pacific Squadron USN: Rear Admiral Charles H Bell USN
  • Western Gunboat Flotilla USN: Flag Officer Andrew Hull Foote USN
  • Potomac Flotilla USN: Lieutenant Robert Harris Wyman USN

Chairman of the War Board: Ethan Allen Hitchcock

  • Department (Military Division) of the Mississippi : Henry Wager Halleck
    • District of West Tennessee: Charles Ferguson Smith
      • Army of West Tennessee: Ulysses Simpson Grant
    • District of the Mississippi: John Pope
      • Army of the Mississippi: John Pope
    • Army of the Ohio: Don Carlos Buell
    • Department of the Missouri: Henry Wager Halleck
      • District of St Louis: John McAllister Schofield
      • District of Central Missouri: James Totten
      • District of Southeast Missouri: Frederick Steele
      • District of Northeast Missouri: John Montgomery Glover
      • District of Northwest Missouri: Benjamin Franklin Loan
      • District of Southwest Missouri: Samuel Ryan Curtis
        • Army of the Southwest: Samuel Ryan Curtis
    • Department of Kansas: David Hunter
  • Department of Florida: Lewis Golding Arnold
  • Department of the Gulf: Benjamin Franklin Butler awaited
    • Army of the Gulf: Benjamin Franklin Butler
  • Department of Key West: John Milton Brannan
  • Mountain Department: William Starke Rosecrans interim John Charles Frémont awaited
    • Cheat Mountain District: Robert Huston Milroy
    • Railroad District: Benjamin Franklin Kelley
    • District of the Kanawha: Jacob Dolson Cox
    • District of the Cumberland: Robert Cumming Schenck
    • District of the Gap: Samuel Powhatan Carter
    • District of the Valley of the Big Sandy River: James Abram Garfield
  • Department of New Mexico: Edward Richard Sprigg Canby
    • Southern District of New Mexico: Benjamin Stone Roberts
  • Department of New York: Edward Denison Morgan
  • Department of North Carolina: Ambrose Everett Burnside
  • Department of the Pacific: George Wright
    • District of the Humboldt: Francis James Lippitt
    • District of Oregon: Albemarle Cady
    • District of Southern California: James Henry Carleton
  • Department of the Potomac: George Brinton McClellan
    • Army of the Potomac: George Brinton McClellan
      • I Corps Potomac: Irvin McDowell
      • II Corps Potomac: Edwin Vose Sumner
      • III Corps Potomac: Samuel Peter Heintzelman
      • IV Corps Potomac: Erasmus Darwin Keyes
      • V Corps Potomac: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
  • Department of Texas: Vacant
  • Department of Virginia: John Ellis Wool
  • Military District of Washington: James Samuel Wadsworth

Confederate Organisation

CSA: The Department of South Carolina, Georgia, and East Florida was discontinued.

CSA: The District of Middle and East Florida was discontinued and reorganised as the Department of Middle and Eastern Florida.

CSA: The Department of Middle and Eastern Florida was re-established, comprising the former District of Middle and East Florida.

CSA: Brigadier-General James Hayward Trapier assumed command of the Department of Middle and Eastern Florida.

Trapier, James Heyward / South Carolina / Born 24 November 1815 Georgetown, South Carolina / Died Georgetown, South Carolina 21 December 1865
USMA 1 July 1838 3/45 Artillery-Engineers / Cadet USMA 1 July 1834 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 1st US Artillery 1 July 1838 / Engineers 7 July 1838 / 1st Lieutenant USA 1 July 1839 / Resigned USA 28 February 1848 / Colonel South Carolina Militia 1851-1853 / Captain ACSA Engineers January 1861 / ADC (F W Pickens) January 1861 / Major PACS Assistant Quartermaster 19 June 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 21 October 1861 / No Record of Parole
Chief Engineer Department of South Carolina April 1861-November 1861 / Department of Middle and Eastern Florida 22 October 1861-5 November 1861 / District of Middle and East Florida 5 November 1861-13 November 1861 / Department of Middle and Eastern Florida 14 March 1862-31 March 1862 / 4th Brigade 2nd Division II Corps Army of Mississippi March 1862-14 April 1862 / 1st Division I Corps Army of Mississippi 14 April 1862 / Fourth Sub-District of South Carolina 6 November 1862-19 July 1864 / Second Sub-District of South Carolina 14 March 1863-16 October 1863 / First Sub-District of South Carolina 17 October 1864-10 May 1865

CSA: The Department of South Carolina and Georgia was established, comprising parts of the former Department of South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida.

CSA: Major-General John Clifford Pemberton was appointed to command the Department of South Carolina and Georgia, arriving on 19th March 1862.

CSA: The 4th Sub-District of South Carolina transferred with the District of South Carolina from the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida to the Department of South Carolina and Georgia.

CSA: Major-General John Clifford Pemberton retained command of the 4th Sub-District of South Carolina.

Pemberton, John Clifford / Pennsylvania / Born 10 August 1814 Philadelphia, Pennsylvania / Died Penllyn, Pennsylvania 13 July 1881
USMA 1 July 1837 27/50 Artillery / Cadet USMA 1 July 1833 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 4th US Artillery 1 July 1837 / 1st Lieutenant USA 19 March 1842 / Captain USA 16 September 1850 / Resigned USA 29 April 1861 / Lieutenant-Colonel ACSA 28 March 1861 / Assistant Adjutant-General 29 April 1861 / Colonel PACS 8 May 1861 / Lieutenant-Colonel Provisional Army of Virginia 9 May 1861 / Major PACS Artillery 15 June 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 17 June 1861 / Major-General PACS 10 January 1862 to rank from 14 January 1862 / Lieutenant-General PACS 13 October 1862 to rank from 10 October 1862 / Resigned as General PACS 9 May 1864 / Lieutenant-Colonel PACS Artillery 12 May 1864 / Inspector-General 7 January 1865 / No Record of Parole / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1837 Brevet Captain USA 23 September 1846 Brevet Major USA 8 September 1847 / WIA Mexico City 8 September 1847 CIA Vicksburg 4 July 1863 Exchanged 13 October 1863
Pemberton’s Brigade Department of Norfolk June 1861-November 1861 / Fourth Sub-District of South Carolina 10 December 1861-18 March 1862 / Department of South Carolina and Georgia 14 March 1862-23 September 1862 / Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana 1 October 1862-11 October 1862 / Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana 14 October 1862-4 July 1862 / Army of Mississippi 7 December 1862-9 December 1862 / Army of Mississippi 17 December 1862-4 July 1863 / Chief of Artillery Department of Richmond 12 May 1864-9 January 1865

CSA: The District of South Carolina transferred with the District of South Carolina from the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida to the Department of South Carolina and Georgia.

CSA: Brigadier-General Roswell Sabine Ripley retained command of the District of South Carolina.

CSA: The 2nd Sub-District of South Carolina transferred with the District of South Carolina from the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida to the Department of South Carolina and Georgia.

CSA: Brigadier-General Roswell Sabine Ripley retained command of the 2nd Sub-District of South Carolina.

Ripley, Roswell Sabine / Ohio-New York / Born 14 March 1823 Franklin, Ohio / Died New York, New York 29 March 1887
USMA 1 July 1843 7/39 Artillery / Cadet USMA 1 July 1839 / 3rd US Artillery 1 July 1843 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 2nd US Artillery 26 March 1846 / 1st Lieutenant USA 3 March 1847 / Resigned USA 2 March 1853 / Major Ordnance South Carolina Militia 1860 / Lieutenant-Colonel 1st Battalion South Carolina Artillery 28 January 1861 / South Carolina Regular Artillery May 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 13 August 1861 to rank from 15 August 1861 / Paroled Greensboro, North Carolina 1 May 1865 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1843 Brevet Captain USA 13 September 1847 / WIA Antietam 1862
Department of South Carolina 21 August 1861-5 November 1861 / District of South Carolina 5 November 1861-11 October 1864 / Second Sub-District of South Carolina 10 December 1861-26 May 1862 / Third Sub-District of South Carolina 10 December 1861-17 December 1861 / 5th Brigade D H Hill’s Division Left Wing Army of Northern Virginia June 1862-23 July 1862 / 5th Brigade D H Hill’s Division Army of Northern Virginia 23 July 1862-10 August 1862 / 5th Brigade G W Smith’s Division Defences of Richmond 10 August 1862-2 September 1862 / Ripley’s Brigade D H Hill’s Division II Corps Army of Northern Virginia 2 September 1862-17 September 1862 / First Sub-District of South Carolina 16 October 1862-21 March 1864 / Fourth Sub-District of South Carolina 19 July 1864-17 October 1864 / Ripley’s Brigade Department of South Carolina Georgia and Florida November 1864-December 1864 / Ripley’s Division I Corps Army of Tennessee 14 February 1865-9 April 1865

CSA: The 1st Sub-District of South Carolina transferred with the District of South Carolina from the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida to the Department of South Carolina and Georgia.

CSA: Colonel Arthur Middleton Manigault (10th South Carolina Infantry)  retained command of the 1st Sub-District of South Carolina.

Manigault, Arthur Middleton / South Carolina / Born 26 October 1824 Charleston, South Carolina / Died 17 August 1886
Sergeant-Major South Carolina Militia / 2nd Lieutenant USV Palmetto South Carolina Infantry 1846 / 1st Lieutenant USV 1847 / Mustered Out USV 1848 / Captain South Carolina Militia December 1860 / ADC (F W Pickens) April 1860 / Lieutenant-Colonel PACS Assistant Adjutant-General and Inspector-General 10 April 1861 / ADC (P G T Beauregard) 10 April 1861 / Colonel PACS 10th South Carolina Infantry 31 May 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 27 April 1863 to rank from 26 April 1863 / No Record of Parole / WIA Churubusco 28 August 1847 WIA Resaca 14 May 1864 WIA Franklin 30 November 1864
First Sub-District of South Carolina 10 December 1861-6 October 1862 / 4th Brigade Reserve Corps Army of Mississippi June 1862-2 July 1862 / 4th Brigade Withers’ Division Army of Mississippi 2 July 1862-15 August 1862 / 4th Brigade Withers’ Division Right Wing Army of Mississippi 15 August 1862-20 November 1862 / 4th Brigade 2nd Division Polk’s Corps Army of Tennessee 20 November 1862-April 1863 / 2nd Brigade 2nd Division I Corps Army of Tennessee April 1863-September 1863 / Manigault’s Brigade Hindman’s Division Longstreet’s Corps Army of Tennessee September 1863-October 1863 / Manigault’s Brigade Hindman’s Division I Corps Army of Tennessee October 1863-November 1863 / Manigault’s Brigade J P Anderson’s Division I Corps Army of Tennessee November 1863-December 1863 / Manigault’s Brigade J P Anderson’s Division II Corps Army of Tennessee December 1863-April 1864 / Manigault’s Brigade Hindman’s Division II Corps Army of Tennessee April 1864-September 1864 / Manigault’s Brigade E Johnson’s Division II Corps Army of Tennessee September 1864-30 November 1864

CSA: The 3rd Sub-District of South Carolina transferred with the District of South Carolina from the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida to the Department of South Carolina and Georgia.

CSA: Brigadier-General Nathan George Evans retained command of the 3rd Sub-District of South Carolina.

Evans, Nathan George / South Carolina / Born 3 February 1824 Marion, South Carolina / Died 23 November 1868
USMA 1 July 1848 36 /38 Dragoons / Cadet USMA 1 July 1844 / 1st US Dragoons 1 July 1848 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 2nd US Dragoons 30 September 1849 / 1st Lieutenant USA 2nd US Cavalry 3 March 1855 / Captain USA 1 May 1856 / Resigned USA 27 February 1861 / Major Assistant Adjutant-General South Carolina Militia January 1861 / Captain ACSA Cavalry 16 March 1861 / Major PACS Assistant Adjutant-General 16 March 1861 / Colonel PACS 4th South Carolina Infantry July 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 21 October 1861 / No Record of Parole / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1848
7th Brigade Army of the Potomac 20 July 1861-12 October 1861 / 4th Brigade 4th Division Army of the Potomac 22 October 1861-24 October 1861 / Evans’ Brigade X Division Army of the Potomac 24 October 1861-12 November 1861 / 1st Brigade 2nd Division Army of the Potomac 12 November 1861-12 December 1861 / Third Sub-District of South Carolina 18 December 1861-28 May 1862 / Second Sub-District of South Carolina 28 May 1862-19 June 1862 / Evans’ Brigade First Sub-District of South Carolina 19 June 1862-8 July 1862 / 3rd Brigade D R Jones’ Division I Corps Army of Northern Virginia 8 July 1862-9 August 1862 / Evans’ Brigade Hood’s Division I Corps Army of Northern Virginia 9 August 1862-6 November 1862 / Evans’ Brigade District of North Carolina 6 November 1862-3 March 1863 / Evans’ Brigade Loring’s Division Army of Mississippi 25 May 1863-June 1863 / Evans’ Brigade Breckinridge’s Division Army of Tennessee June 1863-21 June 1863 / Evans’ Brigade French’s Division Army of Tennessee 21 June 1863-3 August 1863 / Evans’ Brigade Second Sub-District of South Carolina 3 August 1863-15 September 1863 / Evans’ Brigade First Sub-District of South Carolina 11 March 1864-21 March 1864 / First Sub-District of South Carolina 21 March 1864-17 October 1864 / Second Sub-District of South Carolina 17 October 1864-21 November 1864

CSA: The 5th Sub-District of South Carolina transferred with the District of South Carolina from the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida to the Department of South Carolina and Georgia.

CSA: Brigadier General Thomas Fenwick Drayton retained command of the 5th Sub-District of South Carolina.

Drayton, Thomas Fenwick / South Carolina / Born 24 August 1808 Charleston, South Carolina / Died Florence, South Carolina 18 February 1891
USMA 1 July 1828 28/33 Infantry / Cadet USMA 1 July 1823 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 6th US Infantry 1 July 1828 / Resigned USA 15 August 1836 / Captain South Carolina Militia / Brigadier-General PACS 25 September 1861 / No Record of Parole
Fifth Sub-District of South Carolina 10 December 1861-18 March 1862 / Sixth Sub-District of South Carolina 19 March 1862-28 May 1862 / Fourth Sub-District of South Carolina 28 May 1862-19 July 1862 / Drayton’s Brigade D R Jones’ Division I Corps Army of Northern Virginia July 1862-September 1862 / Drayton’s Brigade McLaws’ Division I Corps Army of Northern Virginia September 1862-26 November 1862 / Drayton’s Brigade Price’s Brigade District of Arkansas 26 August 1863-11 January 1864 / Price’s Division District of Arkansas 11 January 1864-March 1864 / Drayton’s Brigade Price’s Brigade District of Arkansas March 1864-16 March 1864 / Price’s Division District of Arkansas 16 March 1864-April 1864 / Western Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona 26 June 1864-25 October 1864 / 3rd Texas Cavalry Division III Corps Army of Trans-Mississippi September 1864-8 March 1865 / Central Sub-District of Texas 25 October 1864-8 March 1865

CSA: The District of Georgia transferred from the Department of South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida to the Department of South Carolina and Georgia.

CSA: Brigadier-General Alexander Robert Lawton retained command of the District of Georgia.

Lawton, Alexander Robert / South Carolina / Born 4 November 1818 Beaufort, South Carolina / Died Clifton Springs, New York 2 July 1896
USMA 1 July 1839 13/31 Artillery / Cadet USMA 1 July 1835 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 1st US Artillery 1 July 1839 / Resigned USA 31 December 1840 / Georgia Militia 1849 / Colonel 1st Georgia Militia January 1861 / Colonel PACS 1st Georgia 27 May 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 28 August 1861 to rank from 13 April 1861 / Quartermaster-General PACS 10 August 1863 / Paroled Washington, Georgia 9 May 1865 / WIA Antietam 17 September 1862
Defences of Savannah 13 March 1861-26 October 1861 / Department of Georgia 26 October 1861-5 November 1861 / District of Georgia 5 November 1861-14 March 1862 / 4th Brigade 2nd Division Left Wing Army of Northern Virginia June 1862-26 June 1862 / Lawton’s Brigade 3rd Division Jackson’s Corps Army of Northern Virginia 26 June 1862-28 August 1862 / 3rd Division II Corps Army of Northern Virginia 28 August 1862-17 September 1862 / District of Georgia 7 October 1862-28 December 1862 / Quartermaster-General 7 August 1863-9 May 1865

CSA: The Army of the Potomac was discontinued and renamed the Army of Northern Virginia.

CSA: The Army of Northern Virginia was established in the Department of Northern Virginia, comprising the former Army of the Potomac.

CSA: General Joseph Eggleston Johnston assumed command of the Army of Northern Virginia.

Johnston, Joseph Eggleston / Virginia / Born 3 February 1807 Farmville, Virginia / Died 21 March 1891
USMA 1 July 1829 13/46 Artillery / Cadet USMA 1 July 1825 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 4th US Artillery 1 July 1829 / 1st Lieutenant USA 31 July 1836 / Resigned USA 31 May 1837 / 1st Lieutenant USA Topographical Engineers 7 July 1838 / Captain USA 21 September 1846 / Lieutenant-Colonel USA Voltigeurs and Rifles 9 April 1847-28 August 1848 / Lieutenant-Colonel 1st US Cavalry 1 March 1855 / Brigadier-General USA Quartermaster-General 28 June 1860 / Resigned USA 22 April 1861 / Brigadier-General Virginia Militia 17 April 1861 Declined / Major-General Virginia Militia 23 April 1861-27 April 1861 / Major-General Provisional Army of Virginia 27 April 1861-4 May 1861 / Brigadier-General Provisional Army of Virginia 4 May 1861-14 May 1861 / Brigadier-General ACSA 15 May 1861 to rank from 14 May 1861 / General ACSA 31 August 1861 to rank from 4 July 1861 / Paroled Greensboro, North Carolina 2 May 1865 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1829 Brevet Captain USA 7 July 1838 Brevet Major USA 12 April 1847 Brevet Colonel USA 17 April 1847 Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel USA 13 September 1847 / WIA Jupiter Inlet 1838 WIA Cerro Gordo 12 April 1847 WIA Chapultepec 13 September 1847 WIA Fair Oaks 31 May 1862
Quartermaster-General USA 28 June 1860- 21 April 1861 / Forces in Richmond 24 April 1861-8 May 1861 / Forces in Harper’s Ferry 15 May 1861-4 July 1861 / District of Harper’s Ferry 4 July 1861-20 July 1861 / Army of the Shenandoah 4 July 1861-20 July 1861 / Department of the Potomac 21 July 1861-22 October 1861 / Army of the Potomac 21 July 1861-14 March 1862 / Department of Northern Virginia 22 October 1861-31 May 1862 / Army of Northern Virginia 14 March 1862-31 May 1862 / Military Division of the West 4 November 1862-16 December 1863 / Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana 4 July 1863-23 August 1863 / Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana 2 December 1863-22 December 1863 / Department of Tennessee 16 December 1863-18 July 1864 / Army of Tennessee 27 December 1863-18 July 1864 / Department of South Carolina Georgia and Florida 22 February 1865-26 April 1865 / Department of Tennessee and Georgia 22 February 1865-26 April 1865 / Army of Tennessee 25 February 1865-15 March 1865 / Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia 6 March 1865-26 April 1865 / Army of the South 22 February 1865-9 April 1865 / Army of Tennessee 9 April 1865-26 April 1865

CSA: Centre Wing (Northern Virginia) was established in the Army of Northern Virginia.

CSA: Brigadier-General Daniel Harvey Hill assumed command of Centre Wing Northern Virginia.

Hill, Daniel Harvey / South Carolina / Born 12 July 1821 York, South Carolina / Died Charlotte, North Carolina 24 September 1889
USMA 1 July 1842 28 /56 Artillery-Infantry / Cadet USMA 1 July 1838 / 1st US Artillery 1 July 1842 / 3rd US Artillery 20 October 1843 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 4th US Artillery 13 October 1845 / 1st Lieutenant USA 3 March 1847 / Resigned USA 28 February 1849 / Colonel PACS 1st North Carolina Infantry 10 May 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 10 July 1861 / Major-General PACS 25 March 1862 to rank from 26 March 1862 / Resigned PACS 1 January 1863 Refused / Lieutenant-General PACS (Special) 11 July 1863 Unconfirmed Expired 11 October 1863 / Reverted Major-General PACS 15 October 1863 / ADC (P G T Beauregard) 5 May 1864-17 May 1864 / ADC (P G T Beauregard) 21 May 1864-13 June 1864 / Assistant Inspector-General 10 July 1864 / Paroled Greensboro, North Carolina 1 May 1865 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1842 Brevet Captain USA 20 August 1847 Brevet Major USA 13 September 1847 / WIA Big Bethel 10 June 1861
Department of South Carolina 27 May 1861-20 August 1861 / Department of the Peninsula 31 May 1861-17 June 1861 / Army of the Peninsula 31 May 1861-17 June 1861 / Department of Fredericksburg 17 July 1861-22 October 1861 / District of Pamlico 29 September 1861-16 November 1861 / Hill’s Division Army of the Peninsula November 1861 / 1st Brigade 3rd Division Department of Northern Virginia 16 November 1861-January 1862 / Hill’s Division District of the Potomac January 1862-March 1862 / 4th Division Army of Northern Virginia 14 March 1862-31 May 1862 / Centre Wing Northern Virginia 14 March 1862-1 June 1862 / Hill’s Division Left Wing Army of Northern Virginia 1 June 1862-10 July 1862 / Department of North Carolina 17 July 1862-19 September 1862 / Valley District 6 September 1862-29 December 1862 / Hill’s Division Defences of Richmond 14 January 1863-26 February 1863 / Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia 14 January 1863-16 February 1863 / Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia 23 February 1863-26 February 1863 / Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia 28 May 1863-1 July 1863 / Department of Richmond 1 July 1863-13 July 1863 / II Corps Tennessee 24 July 1863-14 October 1863 / Hill’s Division Department of Richmond 17 May 1864-21 May 1864 / Assistant Inspector-General Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia 10 July 1864 / District of Georgia 21 January 1865-10 April 1865 / Army of Tennessee 22 February 1865-16 March 1865 / I Corps Tennessee 16 March 1865-8 April 1865 / Hill’s Division II Corps Army of Tennessee 9 April 1865-26 April 1865

CSA: I Corps (Potomac) was discontinued and renamed Right Wing (Northern Virginia).

CSA: Right Wing (Northern Virginia) was established in the Army of Northern Virginia.

CSA: Major-General James Longstreet assumed command of Right Wing Northern Virginia.

Longstreet, James / South Carolina / Born 8 January 1821 Edgefield, South Carolina / Died Gainesville, Georgia 2 January 1904
USMA 1 July 1842 54/56 Infantry / Cadet USMA 1 July 1838 / 4th US Infantry 1 July 1842 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 8th US Infantry 4 March 1845 / 1st Lieutenant USA 23 February 1847 / Regt Adjutant 8 June 1847-1 July 1849 / Captain USA 7 December 1847 / Major USA Paymaster 19 July 1858 / Resigned USA 1 June 1861 / Lieutenant-Colonel ACSA 16 March 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 17 June 1861 / Major-General PACS 7 October 1861 / Lieutenant-General PACS 10 October 1862 to rank from 9 October 1862 / Paroled Appomattox, Virginia 9 April 1865 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1842 Brevet Captain USA 20 August 1847 Brevet Major USA 8 September 1847 / WIA Chapultepec 13 September 1847 WIA Wilderness 6 May 1864
4th Brigade Army of the Potomac 2 July 1861-14 October 1861 / 3rd Division Army of the Potomac 14 October 1861-5 February 1862 / 2nd Division Army of the Potomac 5 February 1862-14 March 1862 / 2nd Division Army of Northern Virginia 14 March 1862 / I Corps Potomac 10 January 1862-14 March 1862 / Right Wing Northern Virginia 14 March 1862-25 June 1862 / Longstreet’s Command Northern Virginia 25 June 1862-13 July 1862 / Right Wing Northern Virginia 14 July 1862-3 September 1862 / Longstreet’s Command Northern Virginia 4 September 1862-5 November 1862 / I Corps Northern Virginia 6 November 1862-20 September 1863 / Department of North Carolina 26 February 1863-28 May 1863 / Department of Southern Virginia 26 February 1863-1 April 1863 / Department of Richmond 26 February 1863-1 April 1863 / Right Wing Tennessee 19 September 1863-20 September 1863 / District of East Tennessee 3 December 1863-8 March 1864 / District of East Tennessee 18 March 1864-11 April 1864 / I Corps Northern Virginia 7 April 1864-6 May 1864 / I Corps Northern Virginia 17 October 1864-9 April 1865

CSA: II Corps (Potomac) was discontinued and renamed Left Wing (Northern Virginia).

CSA: Left Wing (Northern Virginia) was established in the Army of Northern Virginia.

CSA: Major-General Gustavus Woodson Smith assumed command of Left Wing Northern Virginia.

Smith, Gustavus Woodson / Kentucky / Born 1 January 1822 Georgetown, Kentucky / Died New York, New York 24 June 1896
USMA 1 July 1842 856 Engineers / Cadet USMA 1 July 1838 / Engineers 1 July 1842 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 January 1845 / 1st Lieutenant USA 3 March 1855 / Resigned USA 18 December 1854 / Major-General PACS 19 September 1861 / Resigned as Major-General PACS 17 February 1863 / ADC (P G T Beauregard 1863 / Major-General Georgia Militia 1 June 1864-26 April 1865 / Paroled 26 April 1865 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1842 Brevet 1st Lieutenant USA 18 April 1847 Brevet Captain USA 20 August 1847 / CIA Macon 20 April 1865
2nd Division Army of the Potomac 25 September 1861-5 February 1862 / II Corps Potomac 25 September 1861-14 March 1862 / 1st Division Army of the Potomac 5 February 1862-14 March 1862 / 2nd Division Army of Northern Virginia 14 March 1862-23 March 1862 / Left Wing Northern Virginia 14 March 1862 -25 June 1862 / 5th Division Army of Northern Virginia 5 May 1862-May 1862 / District of Aquia 22 March 1862-6 September 1862 / Department of Northern Virginia 31 May 1862-1 June 1862 / Army of Northern Virginia 31 May 1862-1 June 1862 / Defences of Richmond 2 July 1862-30 August 1862 / Department of Richmond 30 August 1862-12 December 1862 / Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia 19 September 1862-14 January 1863

CSA: James Morrison Hawes confirmed Brigadier-General PACS 14 March 1862 to rank from 5 March 1862.

Hawes, James Morrison / Kentucky / Born 7 January 1824 / Lexington, Kentucky / Died Covington, Kentucky 22 November 1889
USMA 1 July 1845 29 /41 Dragoons / Cadet USMA 1 July 1841 / 2nd US Dragoons 1 July 1845 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 25 April 1846 / 1st Lieutenant USA 13 January 1850 / Captain USA 13 December 1855 / Resigned USA 9 May 1861 / Captain ACSA Cavalry 16 March 1861 / Major ACSA Cavalry 16 June 1861 / Colonel 2nd Kentucky Militia Cavalry 26 June 1861 / Assistant Inspector-General 18 September 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 14 March 1862 to rank from 5 March 1862 / Paroled San Antonio, Texas 24 August 1865 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1845 Brevet 1st Lieutenant USA 1 August 1847
Assistant Inspector-General Army of Central Kentucky 18 September 1861-23 February 1862 / Cavalry Army of Central Kentucky 23 February 1862-March 1862 / Cavalry Reserve Army of Mississippi March 1862-April 1862 / 1st Brigade Reserve Corps Army of Mississippi 26 April 1862-June 1862 / 4th Brigade 2nd Division II Corps District of Arkansas October 1862-November 1863 / Hawes’ Brigade Walker’s Division District of West Louisiana November 1863 / Hawes’ Brigade Green’s Cavalry Division District of West Louisiana March 1864 / First Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona April 1864-September 1864 / 5th Brigade 2nd Division District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona September 1864-December 1864 / Defences of Galveston December 1864-April 1865

CSA: Seth Maxwell Barton confirmed Brigadier-General PACS 14 March 1862 to rank from 11 March 1862.

Barton, Seth Maxwell / Virginia / Born 8 September 1829 Fredericksburg, Virginia / Died Washington, District of Columbia 11 April 1900
USMA 1 July 1849 28 /43 Infantry / Cadet USMA 1 July 1845 / 3rd US Infantry 1 July 1849 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 1st US Infantry 19 April 1850 / 1st Lieutenant USA 1 June 1853 / Regt Adjutant 1 May 1855-31 October 1857 / Captain USA 31 October 1857 / Resigned USA 11 June 1861 / Captain ACSA Infantry 16 March 1861 / Lieutenant-Colonel PACS 3rd Arkansas Infantry 8 July 1861 / Engineers 21 October 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 14 March 1862 to rank from 11 March 1862 / Paroled Fort Warren, Massachusetts 24 July 1865 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1849 / CIA Vicksburg 4 July 1863 Exchanged 13 July 1863 CIA Sayler’s Creek 6 April 1865
Barton’s Brigade District of East Tennessee March 1862-30 June 1862 / 4th Brigade Stevenson’s Division Department of East Tennessee 30 June 1862-3 July 1862 / 3rd Brigade 1st Division Army of East Tennessee 3 July 1862-31 October 1862 / 1st Brigade 1st Division Army of East Tennessee 31 October 1862-20 November 1862 / 1st Brigade 1st Division Army of Mississippi 18 December 1862-April 1863 / 1st Brigade Stevenson’s Division Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana April 1863-May 1863 / 1st Brigade 2nd Division Army of Mississippi April 1863-4 July 1863 / Armistead’s Brigade Department of North Carolina 19 September 1863-February 1864 / Barton’s Brigade Pickett’s Division Department of North Carolina 18 April 1864-11 May 1864 / Barton’s Brigade Pickett’s Division I Corps Army of Northern Virginia 19 May 1864-11 August 1864 / Barton’s Brigade G W C Lee’s Division Army of Northern Virginia September 1864-December 1864 / Barton’s Brigade G W C Lee’s Division Army of Northern Virginia January 1865-6 April 1865

CSA: Dabney Herndon Maury confirmed Brigadier-General PACS 14 March 1862 to rank from 12 March 1862.

Maury, Dabney Herndon / Virginia / Born 21 May 1822 Fredericksburg, Virginia / Died Peoria, Illinois 11 January 1900
USMA 1 July 1846 37/42 Mounted Rifles / Cadet USMA 1 July 1842 / US Mounted Rifles 1 July 1846 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 3rd US Artillery 1 July 1847 / US Mounted Rifles 19 February 1848 / 1st Lieutenant USA 27 January 1853 / Regt Adjutant 15 September 1858-10 April 1860 / Assistant Adjutant-General 17 April 1860 / Dismissed USA 25 June 1861 / Captain ACSA Cavalry 16 March 1861 / Lieutenant-Colonel PACS 21st Mississippi Infantry 28 August 1861 / Colonel PACS Assistant Adjutant-General October 1861 / Colonel Provisional Army of Virginia 6 December 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 14 March 1862 to rank from 12 March 1862 / Major-General PACS 4 November 1862 / Paroled Meridian, Mississippi 11 May 1865 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1846 Brevet 1st Lieutenant USA 18 April 1847 Brevet Captain 17 April 1860 / WIA Camargo 1846 WIA Cerro Gordo 17 April 1847
Assistant Adjutant-General Department of Alabama and West Florida January 1862-March 1862 / Chief of Staff and Assistant Adjutant-General Army of the West March 1862-April 1862 / 2nd Brigade 1st Division Army of the West April 1862-May 1862 / 3rd Division Army of the West May 1862-27 June 1862 / Army of the West 26 June 1862-5 July 1862 / 3rd Division Army of the West 3 July 1862-October 1862 / 3rd Division Army of West Tennessee October 1862-December 1862 / 3rd Division Army of Mississippi 30 December 1862-15 April 1863 / Gulf District 4 November 1862-7 December 1862 / Department of East Tennessee 15 February 1863-11 May 1863 / Gulf District 1 April 1863-25 July 1864 / Department of Alabama and East Mississippi 26 July 1864-15 August 1864 / / Gulf District 15 August 1864-21 November 1864 / Department of Alabama Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana 22 November 1864-12 December 1864 / Gulf District 12 December 1864-4 May 1865

CSA: John Bordenave Villepigue confirmed Brigadier-General PACS 14 March 1862 to rank from 13 March 1862.

Villepigue, John Bordenave / South Carolina / Born 2 July 1830 Camden, South Carolina / Died Port Hudson, Louisiana 9 November 1862
USMA 1 July 1854 22/46 Dragoons / Cadet USMA 1 July 1850 / 2nd US Dragoons 1 July 1854 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 3 March 1855 / 1st Lieutenant USA 27 May 1857 / Resigned USA 31 March 1861 / Captain ACSA Artillery 16 March 1861 / Major PACS 1st Battalion Georgia Infantry 16 April 1861 / Lieutenant-Colonel PACS September 1861 / Colonel PACS 36th Georgia Infantry 29 October 1861 / 1st CS Regular Infantry 27 January 1862 / Brigadier-General PACS 14 March 1862 to rank from 13 March 1862 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1854 / WIA Pensacola 22 November 1861
Chief Engineer and Chief of Artillery Department of Alabama and West Florida 27 January 1862-5 February 1862 / Army of Mobile 5 February 1862-11 March 1862 / Villepigue’s Brigade Western Department 4 June 1862-July 1862 / 2nd Brigade 1st District of Mississippi July 1862-September 1862 / 2nd Brigade 1st Division Army of West Tennessee 8 September 1862-9 November 1862

CSA: Henry Eustace McCullough promoted Brigadier-General PACS 14 March 1862.

McCullough, Henry Eustace (McCulloch) / Tennessee / Born 6 December 1816 Rutherford, Tennessee / Died Rockport, Texas 12 March 1895
1st Lieutenant Army of Texas 1838-1843 / Captain USV Texas Rangers 1846 / Mustered Out USV 1851 / Colonel Texas Militia 5 February 1861 / Colonel PACS 1st Texas Mounted Rifles 15 April 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 14 March 1862 / Paroled San Antonio, Texas 19 August 1865 / CIA Ciudad Mier 1842
Department of Texas 4 September 1861-26 May 1862 / Western District of Texas 3 December 1861-29 November 1862 / Sub-District of the Rio Grande 24 April 1862-28 May 1862 / Western Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona 29 November 1862-23 July 1863 / Northern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona 9 July 1863-26 May 1865 / Eastern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona 15 August 1863-29 August 1863 / 3rd Brigade 2rd Division III Corps Trans-Mississippi Army September 1864-26 May 1865

CSA: John Stevens Bowen promoted Brigadier-General PACS 14 March 1862.

Bowen, John Stevens / Georgia / Born 30 October 1830 Savannah, Georgia / Died Edwards, Mississippi 13 July 1863
USMA 1 July 1853 13/51 Mounted Rifles / Cadet USMA 1 July 1848 / Suspended USMA 1851-1852 / US Mounted Rifles 1 July 1853 / 2nd Lieutenant USA US Mounted Rifles 20 July 1854 / Resigned USA 1 May 1856 / Lieutenant-Colonel Georgia Militia / Captain Missouri State Guard / Major Missouri State Guard / Lieutenant-Colonel Missouri State Guard / Colonel PACS 1st Missouri Infantry 11 June 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 14 March 1862 / Major-General PACS 25 May 1863 Unconfirmed / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1853 / CIA Camp Jackson 10 May 1861 Exchanged 1 November 1861 WIA Shiloh 6 April 1862 CIA Vicksburg 4 July 1863 Exchanged 13 July 1863
4th Brigade Western Department No 2 24 October 1861 / Bowen’s Brigade Central Army Western Department 2 January 1862 / 2nd Brigade 3rd Division Army of Central Kentucky 23 February 1862-29 March 1862 / 2nd Brigade Breckinridge’s Division Reserve Corps Army of Mississippi 29 March 1862-6 April 1862 / Bowen’s Brigade District of Mississippi and East Louisiana May 1862 / 3rd Brigade 1st Division District of Mississippi July 1862 / 1st Division Army of the West 19 September 1862 / 3rd Brigade 1st Division Army of West Tennessee 24 September 1862 / 1st Brigade 2nd Division Army of the West 21 January 1863 / Green’s Brigade Maury’s Division Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana 22 January 1863-17 April 1863 / Bowen’s Division Army of Mississippi 17 April 1863-4 July 1863

CSA: Benjamin Hardin Helm promoted Brigadier-General PACS 14 March 1862.

Helm, Benjamin Hardin / Kentucky / Born 2 June 1831 Bardstown, Kentucky / DOW Chickamauga, Georgia 21 September 1863
USMA 1 July 1851 9 42 Dragoons / Cadet USMA 1 July 1847 / 2nd US Dragoons 1 July 1851 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 31 March 1852 / Resigned USA 9 October 1852 / Major USA Paymaster USA 27 April 1861 Declined / Assistant Inspector-General Kentucky Militia 1861 / Colonel PACS 1st Kentucky Cavalry 5 October 1861 / 1st Lieutenant USA Cavalry 19 October 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 14 March 1862 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1851 /MWIA Chickamauga 20 September 1863
Cavalry Army of Kentucky October 1861 / 3rd Brigade Reserve Corps Army of Mississippi April 1862-June 1862 / 2nd Brigade 1st Division Army of the West July 1862-5 August 1862 / 4th Brigade 1st Division II Corps Army of Tennessee 30 January 1863-May 1863 / Helm’s Brigade Breckinridge’s Division Hardee’s Corps Army of Tennessee May 1863-August 1863 / Helm’s Brigade Breckinridge’s Division D H Hill’s Corps Army of Tennessee August 1863-20 September 1863

Commander in Chief: President Jefferson Finis Davis

Vice-President: Alexander Hamilton Stephens

Secretary of War: Judah Philip Benjamin

Secretary of the Navy: Stephen Russell Mallory

Military Adviser to the President: Robert Edward Lee

  • Department No 1: Mansfield Lovell
  • Department of Alabama and West Florida: Braxton Bragg
    • Army of Mobile: William L Powell
  • Department of Middle and Eastern Florida: James Heyward Trapier
  • Department of East Tennessee: Edmund Kirby Smith
    • Army of East Tennessee: Edmund Kirby Smith
  • Department of Henrico: John Henry Winder
  • Department of the Indian Territory: Douglas Hancock Cooper
  • Department of Norfolk: Benjamin Huger
  • Department of North Carolina: Richard Caswell Gatlin
    • District of Cape Fear: Joseph Reid Anderson
    • District of Pamlico: Lawrence O’Bryan Branch
    • District of Roanoke Island: Henry Marchmore Shaw
  • Department of Northern Virginia: Joseph Eggleston Johnston
    • District of Aquia: Robert Augustus Toombs
    • Army of Northern Virginia: Joseph Eggleston Johnston
      • Right Wing Northern Virginia: James Longstreet
      • Left Wing Northern Virginia: Gustavus Woodson Smith
      • Centre Wing Northern Virginia: Daniel Harvey Hill
    • Valley District: Thomas Jonathan Jackson
      • Army of the Valley: Thomas Jonathan Jackson
  • Department of the Peninsula: John Bankhead Magruder
    • Army of the Peninsula: John Bankhead Magruder
  • Department of South Carolina and Georgia: John Clifford Pemberton awaited
    • District of Georgia: Alexander Robert Lawton
    • District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
      • 1st Sub-District of South Carolina: Arthur Middleton Manigault.
      • 2nd Sub-District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
      • 3rd Sub-District of South Carolina: Nathan George Evans
      • 4th Sub-District of South Carolina: John Clifford Pemberton
      • 5th Sub-District of South Carolina: Thomas Fenwick Drayton
  • Department of Southwestern Virginia: William Wing Loring
    • District of Lewisburg: Henry Heth
  • Department of Texas: Paul Octave Hébert
    • Eastern District of Texas: Paul Octave Hébert
    • Western District of Texas: Henry Eustace McCulloch
    • Sub-District of Houston: John C Bowen
    • Sub-District of Galveston: Ebenezer B Nichols
    • Sub-District of the Rio Grande: Hamilton Prioleau Bee awaited
    • Defences of Pass Cavallo: John W Glenn
  • Western Department: Albert Sidney Johnston
    • Trans-Mississippi District: Earl Van Dorn
    • District of North Alabama: Daniel Ruggles
    • Army of Mississippi: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard awaited
      • First Grand Division (Mississippi): Leonidas Polk
      • Second Grand Division (Mississippi): Braxton Bragg
      • Reserve Corps (Mississippi): George Bibb Crittenden
    • Army of Central Kentucky: Albert Sidney Johnston
    • Army of the West: Earl Van Dorn
  • District of Arizona: Henry Hopkins Sibley
    • Army of New Mexico: Henry Hopkins Sibley
  • Forces in Richmond: Charles Dimmock

Union Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

Major-General USA

George Brinton McClellan
John Charles Frémont
Henry Wager Halleck

Major-General USV

Asterisk indicates concurrently Brigadier-General USA

John Adams Dix
Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
Benjamin Franklin Butler
David Hunter
Edwin Denison Morgan
Ethan Allen Hitchcock
Ulysses Simpson Grant
Irvin McDowell*

Brigadier-General USA

Brackets indicates concurrently Major-General USV

John Ellis Wool
William Selby Harney
Edwin Vose Sumner
Joseph King Fenno Mansfield
(Irvin McDowell)
Robert Anderson
William Starke Rosecrans
Philip St George Cooke

Brigadier-General USV

Samuel Peter Heintzelman
Erasmus Darwin Keyes
Andrew Porter
Fitz-John Porter
William Buel Franklin
William Tecumseh Sherman
Charles Pomeroy Stone
Don Carlos Buell
Thomas West Sherman
John Pope
George Archibald McCall
William Reading Montgomery
Philip Kearny
Joseph Hooker
John Wolcott Phelps
Samuel Ryan Curtis
Charles Smith Hamilton
Darius Nash Couch
Rufus King
Jacob Dolson Cox
Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
Franz Sigel
Robert Cumming Schenck
Benjamin Mayberry Prentiss
Benjamin Franklin Kelley
John Alexander McClernand
Alpheus Starkey Williams
Israel Bush Richardson
James Cooper
James Brewerton Ricketts
Orlando Bolivar Willcox
Michael Corcoran
George Henry Thomas
Ambrose Everett Burnside
Henry Hayes Lockwood
Louis Blenker
Henry Warner Slocum
James Samuel Wadsworth
John James Peck
Ormsby McKnight Mitchel
George Webb Morell
John Henry Martindale
Samuel Davis Sturgis
George Stoneman
Henry Washington Benham
William Farrar Smith
James William Denver
Egbert Ludovicus Vielé
James Shields
John Fulton Reynolds
William Farquhar Barry
John Joseph Abercrombie
John Sedgwick
Charles Ferguson Smith
Silas Casey
Lawrence Pike Graham
George Gordon Meade
Abram Duryée
Alexander McDowell McCook
Oliver Otis Howard
Eleazar Arthur Paine
Charles Davis Jameson
Ebenezer Dumont
Robert Huston Milroy
Lewis Wallace
Willis Arnold Gorman
Daniel Butterfield
Horatio Gouverneur Wright
Edward Otho Cresap Ord
William Nelson
William Thomas Ward
John Gross Barnard
Innis Newton Palmer
Seth Williams
John Newton
Winfield Scott Hancock
Thomas Leonidas Crittenden
George Wright
Isaac Ingalls Stevens
Thomas Williams
George Sykes
William Henry French
William Thomas Harbaugh Brooks
John Milton Brannan
William Wallace Burns
John Porter Hatch
David Sloane Stanley
William Kerley Strong
Albin Francisco Schoepf
Lovell Harrison Rousseau
James Scott Negley
Thomas John Wood
Richard W Johnson
Adolph Wilhelm August Friedrich Von Steinwehr
Joseph Bennett Plummer
John Gray Foster
George Washington Cullum
Jeremiah Tilford Boyle
Christopher Columbus Augur
Schuyler Hamilton
Jesse Lee Reno
George Washington Morgan
Julius Stahel
John McAllister Schofield
Thomas Jefferson McKean
John Grubb Parke
Zealous Bates Tower
Jefferson Columbus Davis
James Henry Lane
John McAuley Palmer
William High Keim
James Abram Garfield
Lewis Golding Arnold
Frederick Steele
William Scott Ketchum
Abner Doubleday
John Wynn Davidson
Napoleon Jackson Tecumseh Dana
David Bell Birney
Thomas Francis Meagher
Henry Morris Naglee
Andrew Johnson
James Gallant Spears
Eugene Asa Carr
Thomas Alfred Davies
Daniel Tyler

Brigadier-General USA (Staff)

Montgomery Cunningham Meigs (Quartermaster-General)
Henry Knox Craig
Lorenzo Thomas (Adjutant-General)
James Wolfe Ripley (Ordnance)
Joseph Pannell Taylor (Commissary-General of Subsistence)

Confederate Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

General ACSA

Samuel Cooper
Albert Sidney Johnston
Robert Edward Lee
Joseph Eggleston Johnston
Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard

Major-General PACS

Leonidas Polk
Braxton Bragg
Earl Van Dorn
Gustavus Woodson Smith
Theophilus Hunter Holmes
William Joseph Hardee
Benjamin Huger
James Longstreet
John Bankhead Magruder
Mansfield Lovell
Thomas Jonathan Jackson
Edmund Kirby Smith
George Bibb Crittenden
John Clifford Pemberton
Richard Stoddert Ewell
William Wing Loring
Sterling Price
Benjamin Franklin Cheatham
Samuel Jones
John Porter McCown

Brigadier-General PACS

Alexander Robert Lawton
Charles Clark
John Buchanan Floyd
Henry Alexander Wise
David Rumph Jones
Henry Hopkins Sibley
John Henry Winder
Richard Caswell Gatlin
Daniel Smith Donelson
Samuel Read Anderson
Daniel Harvey Hill
Jones Mitchell Withers
Richard Heron Anderson
Robert Augustus Toombs
Arnold Elzey
William Henry Chase Whiting
Jubal Anderson Early
Isaac Ridgway Trimble
Daniel Ruggles
Roswell Sabine Ripley
Albert Pike
Paul Octave Hébert
Joseph Reid Anderson
Simon Bolivar Buckner
Leroy Pope Walker
Albert Gallatin Blanchard
Gabriel James Rains
James Ewell Brown Stuart
Lafayette McLaws
Thomas Fenwick Drayton
Thomas Carmichael Hindman
Adley Hogan Gladden
Lloyd Tilghman
Nathan George Evans
Cadmus Marcellus Wilcox
Robert Emmett Rodes
Richard Taylor
James Heyward Trapier
Samuel Gibbs French
William Henry Carroll
Hugh Weedon Mercer
Humphrey Marshall
John Cabell Breckinridge
Richard Griffith
Alexander Peter Stewart
William Montgomery Gardner
Richard Brooke Garnett
William Mahone
Lawrence O’Bryan Branch
Edward Johnson
Maxcy Gregg
Raleigh Edward Colston
Henry Heth
Johnson Kelly Duncan
Sterling Alexander Martin Wood
John George Walker
John King Jackson
George Edward Pickett
Bushrod Rust Johnson
James Patton Anderson
Howell Cobb
George Wythe Randolph
Joseph Brevard Kershaw
James Ronald Chalmers
Joseph Lewis Hogg
Ambrose Powell Hill
James Johnston Pettigrew
Carter Littlepage Stevenson
Daniel Leadbetter
William Whann Mackall
Charles Sidney Winder
Robert Ransom
John Bell Hood
Daniel Marsh Frost
Winfield Scott Featherston
Thomas James Churchill
William Booth Taliaferro
Albert Rust
Patrick Ronayne Cleburne
Samuel Bell Maxey
Hamilton Prioleau Bee
James Morrison Hawes
George Hume Steuart
William Duncan Smith
James Edwin Slaughter
Charles William Field
John Horace Forney
Paul Jones Semmes
Lucius Marshall Walker
Seth Maxwell Barton
Dabney Herndon Maury
John Bordenave Villepigue
Henry Eustace McCullough
John Stevens Bowen
Benjamin Hardin Helm

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