1862 March 11th

March 11 1862 Tuesday

New Bern Campaign

Sibley’s Operations in New Mexico

New Madrid Campaign

Kernstown Campaign

USA. US President Abraham Lincoln issued General War Order No 3, suspending Major-General George Brinton McClellan temporarily from his position as General-in-Chief. McClellan retained his command of the Department of the Potomac and Army of the Potomac on the understanding that the change was made to enable him to prioritise his attention in the Virginia theatre. The orders were promulgated on 11 March 1862 and came into practical effect on 17 March 1862.

The long-retired Major-General Ethan Allen Hitchcock, who had been summoned earlier to Washington, DC, was offered command of the Army of the Potomac, or the position of Military Adviser to the President. He declined both appointments, claiming infirmity as his reason. He was assigned instead to chair the War Board, thereby serving effectively as the senior military adviser to the President and the Secretary of War but without the title. McClellan was reassured that this arrangement meant that his position as General-in-Chief was not terminated, only suspended, but McClellan never regained the status of General-in-Chief.

Another fateful change in Virginia for McClellan was the establishment of the Mountain Department to take charge of western Virginia. Combined with the imminent creation of the Department of the Rappahannock to oversee Northern Virginia and the creation of the Department of the Shenandoah, this action reduced McClellan’s authority over the regions south and west of Washington, DC. This curtailed his capacity to control and shift troops around a theatre which he had been commanding in its entirety for over seven months. With his authority now restricted to the operations of the Army of the Potomac, McClellan felt that his freedom to manoeuvre and direct all forces to a unified object had been severely compromised. From his perspective, it implied a want of trust and betrayal by the Government, and in particular the President. From the perspective of President Lincoln, the changes forced McClellan to focus on the capture on Richmond with the nation’s largest army while others managed peripheral forces and other responsibilities, including the defence of Washington, DC. This separation of command would lead to paralysis, misunderstanding, rivalry, recrimination, and diverging priorities across the Union commands in Virginia; factors which would be decisively exploited by the Confederates. The later creation of the Army of Virginia in the summer of 1862 to coordinate the new peripheral commands was a sensible correction, but it was both untimely and poorly executed.

USA. The Union War Order No 3 also appointed Major-General Henry Wager Halleck to take supreme command in the western theatre. This was done by establishing the Department of the Mississippi (effectively a Military Division in later usage) to bring unified command over the extensive Department of the Missouri, the Department of the Ohio, and the Department of Kansas. The new territorial command of the Department of the Mississippi might normally have been designated a Military Division but as the senior officer of the Army, Major-General George Brinton McClellan, was only commanding the Department of the Potomac, it was felt inappropriate to name the command of the second most senior officer, Major-General Henry Wager Halleck, as commander of a Military Division, which was a higher level of territorial command.

CSA. Following his inexplicable abandonment of Fort Donelson in February 1862, Confederate Brigadier-General John Buchanan Floyd was relieved of his command by President Jefferson Finis Davis, without a court of inquiry. He resumed his commission as Major-General of Virginia Militia but did not resume active field service. Brigadier-General Gideon Johnson Pillow was similarly relieved for his failure to break out from the besieged fort but he was later reinstated.

Florida. A landing party from USS Wabash, Commander Christopher Raymond Perry Rodgers, occupied St Augustine after it was evacuated by the Confederates.

Florida. Two Confederate gunboats under construction at the head of Pensacola Bay were burned by the Confederates to prevent their falling into Union hands in the event of an anticipated move against Pensacola by Union naval forces.

Georgia. Expedition to Elba Island and Savannah River began.

Missouri. Reconnaissance to Douglass County, Laclede County, and Wright County ended. Incident at New Madrid.

North Carolina. Expedition to New Bern began. Union Brigadier-General Ambrose Everett Burnside’s command embarked at Roanoke Island on transports and sailed to rendezvous with Union gunboats at Hatteras Inlet for an expedition against New Bern. New Bern lies on the right (southwest) bank of the Neuse River, about 37 miles above its exit into Pamlico Sound. The river is broad in this vicinity and is deep enough that vessels that can navigate the sound can also ply the river. New Bern was a significant military objective as the Atlantic & North Carolina Railroad connected the coast with the interior through the city. A short distance further up at Goldsborough the line crossed the Wilmington & Weldon Railroad. If New Bern were to fall into Union hands, an important link in the supply chain of the Confederate army in Virginia would be broken. The surrounding land was low and rather flat and marshy. The solid areas of land were mostly covered with open pine forest, although in places it was broken into low hills with deciduous forests, separated by ravines. It is crossed by many creeks that sometimes rise to the status of small rivers. One of these, the Trent River, separates New Bern from the land to its south. Another smaller watercourse is Slocum’s Creek, 16 miles farther down the Neuse was to the landing site for invading Union forces. The railroad ran on a system of raised banks and occasional cuts about a mile inland from the river. It entered the city on a bridge over the Trent River. A county road passed over the same land, also connecting New Bern with Morehead City and Beaufort.

Although more than a month passed after the loss of Roanoke Island, the local Confederate command had received no reinforcements to protect New Bern. Confederate Brigadier-General Lawrence O’Bryan Branch had about 4,000 men, much depleted by sickness, of whom many were poorly-armed militiamen. Branch was forced to shorten his lines, abandoning some of the stronger breastworks and basing his principal defence on Fort Thompson. Fort Thompson had been built by Brigadier-General Daniel Harvey Hill but it extended only from the river to the railroad. The fort held 13 guns, only three of which bore on landward approaches. Hill had also ordered the building of a series of batteries along the river to defend against attack by naval forces. The river was blocked by two barriers. The first, a mile and a half below Fort Thompson, consisted of a double row of piles cut off below the water, capped with iron, and backed by a row of 30 torpedoes each containing about 200 pounds of powder. The second was opposite Fort Thompson and consisted of a row of hulks and chevaux de frise that would force ships to pass under the guns of the fort. The landward defences ended on the right in a brickyard. The land farther to the right was fairly firm and would allow his position to be flanked, so Branch decided to extend the line beyond the railroad and end it in a swamp. This doubled the length of the defensive line but, in his haste to complete the extension and hampered by a shortage of labour, he decided to use a small creek as a natural defence for part of the line. This creek intersected the railroad at a point some 150 yards from the brickyard. The line of breastworks, therefore, had a vulnerable dogleg at its centre.

Tennessee. Skirmish at Paris involving troops from Union Major-General Ulysses Simpson Grant’s Army of West Tennessee.

Tennessee. Having been given overall command and direction of military operations in the western theatre, Union Major-General Henry Wager Halleck devised a new strategic plan. His offensive campaign would advance up the Tennessee River, destroying the railroad hubs at Jackson, Humboldt, and Corinth, and wrecking the key railroad bridge at Big Bear Creek east of Iuka. Halleck’s base of operations was moved to Savannah on the Tennessee River, which had been occupied since 5 March 1862.

Tennessee. Confederate forces numbering 10,000 men under Major-General Leonidas Polk reached Humboldt where General Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard was collecting the Army of Mississippi for the defence of western Tennessee. This was the crossing point of the Mobile & Ohio Railroad and the Memphis & Louisville Railroad. The railroad offered some mobility for Beauregard to defend the extended line from Memphis to Corinth, Mississippi, by using trains to shift his troops.

Virginia. Skirmish at Stephenson’s Depot.

Virginia. As the Union army of Major-General Nathaniel Prentiss Banks approached Winchester from Harper’s Ferry, Confederate Major-General Thomas Jonathan Jackson evacuated the town and retreated to Mount Jackson. Jackson’s retreat away from superior numbers continued for ten days through Kernstown and Strasburg and then past the Massanutten mountains.

Virginia. The Union Army of the Potomac withdrew northwards across Bull Run and made camp around Fairfax.

Virginia. Union Brigadier-General Jacob Dolson Cox began new operations in western Virginia. He advanced with four brigades from Charleston and Gauley. One of these brigades was to head east through Lewisburg under Colonel George Crook while Cox took the two brigades of Colonel Eliakim Parker Scammon and Colonel Augustus Moor to cut the railroad near Newbern. The fourth was available as a reserve and as a guard for the lines of communications. The Confederates had two brigades in the area under Brigadier-General Henry Heth and Brigadier-General Humphrey Marshall, located near Lewisburg and Tazewell respectively.

Union Organisation

USA: The Department (Military Division) of the Mississippi was established, bringing unified command over the Department of the Missouri and the Department of Kansas. Headquarters were established at St Louis, Missouri. Its area of authority covered Kansas, Nebraska Territory, Colorado Territory (except Fort Garland), Dakota Territory and the Indian Territory from the Department of Kansas; Wisconsin, Missouri, Illinois, western Kentucky, western Tennessee, Arkansas, Minnesota, and Iowa from the Department of the Missouri; and western Michigan, Indiana and western Ohio from the Department of Ohio.

USA: Major-General Henry Wager Halleck assumed command of the Department (Military Division) of the Mississippi, arriving on 13th March 1862.

USA: The Department of the Missouri was subordinated to the Department (Military Division) of the Mississippi.

USA: Major-General Henry Wager Halleck retained command of the Department of the Missouri.

Halleck, Henry Wager / New York / Born 16 January 1815 Westernville, New York / Died Louisville, Kentucky 9 January 1872
USMA 1 July 1839 3/31 Engineers /Cadet USMA 1 July 1835 / 2nd Lieutenant USA Engineers 1 July 1839 / 1st #Lieutenant USA 1 January 1845 / Captain USA 1 July 1853 / Resigned USA 1 August 1854 / Major-General USA 19 August 1861 / Major-General Missouri Militia 25 November 1861 / Resigned Missouri Militia 11 July 1862 / General-in-Chief of the US Army 23 July 1862 / Relieved as General-in-Chief 12 March 1864 / Chief of Staff US Army 12 March 1864 / Brevet Captain USA 1 May 1847
Department of the Missouri 9 November 1861-11 March 1862 / Department (Military Division) of the Mississippi 11 March 1862-19 September 1862 (absent 23 July 1862-19 September 1862 / General-in-Chief 25 1 July 1862-9 March 1864 / Chief of Staff US Army 12 March 1864-19 April 1865 / Military Division of the James 19 April 1865-27 June 1865 / Military Division of the Pacific 27 June 1865-1 June 1869 / Department of California 31 March 1868-24 April 1868

USA: The Department of the Ohio was discontinued although the field army continued to be called the Army of the Ohio until 24th October 1862, operating under the authority of the Department (Military Division) of the Mississippi.

USA: The Army of the Ohio was transferred from the Department of the Ohio to the Department (Military Division) of the Mississippi.

USA: Major-General Don Carlos Buell retained command of the Army of the Ohio.

Buell, Don Carlos / Ohio-Indiana / Born 23 March 1818 Lowell, Massachusetts / Died Airdrie, Kentucky 19 November 1898
USMA 1 July 1841 32/52 Infantry / Cadet USMA 1 July 1837 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 3rd US Infantry 1 July 1841 / 1st Lieutenant 18 June 1846 / Regt Adjutant 15 February 1847-25 January 1848 / Brevet Captain USA Assistant Adjutant-General 25 January 1848 / Brevet Major USA Assistant Adjutant-General 25 February 1861 / Lieutenant-Colonel USA Assistant Adjutant-General 11 May 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 7 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861 / Major-General USV 21 March 1862 / Colonel USA Assistant Adjutant-General 17 July 1862 / Mustered Out USV 23 May 1864 / Resigned USA 1 June 1864 / Brevet Captain USA 23 September 1846 Brevet Major USA 20 August 1847 / WIA Churubusco 20 August 1847
Buell’s Division Army of the Potomac 3 October 1861-9 November 1861 / Department of the Ohio 9 November 1861-11 March 1862 / Army of the Ohio 9 November 1861-24 October 1862 / District of the Ohio 19 March 1862-24 October 1862

USA: The Department of Kansas was subordinated to the Department (Military Division) of the Mississippi.

USA: Major-General David Hunter retained command of the Department of Kansas.

Hunter, David / District of Columbia-Illinois / Born 21 July 1802 Washington, District of Columbia / Died Washington, District of Columbia 2 February 1886
USMA 1 July 1822 25/40 Infantry-Dragoons / Cadet USMA 14 September 1818 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 5th US Infantry 1 July 1822 / 1st Lieutenant USA 5th US Infantry 30 June 1828 / Captain USA 1st US Dragoons 4 March 1833 / Resigned USA 4 July 1836 / Paymaster USA 13 November 1841 / Major USA Paymaster 14 March 1842 / Colonel USA 3rd US Cavalry 14 May 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 7 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861 / 6th US Cavalry 3 August 1861 / Major-General USV 13 August 1861 / Assistant Inspector-General 17 April 1864 / Mustered Out USV 15 January 1866 / Retired USA 31 July 1866 / Brevet Brigadier-General USA 13 March 1865 Brevet Major-General USA 13 March 1865 / WIA First Bull Run 21 July 1861
Hunter’s Brigade Department of Washington 28 May 1861-30 June 1861 / 2nd Division Department of Northeastern Virginia 30 June 1861-21 July 1861 / Hunter’s Brigade Army of the Potomac 4 August 1861-22 August 1861 / 1st Division Western Army 24 September 1861-2 November 1861 / Western Department 2 November 1861-9 November 1861 / Department of Kansas 20 November 1861-11 March 1862 / Department of the South 31 March 1862-5 September 1862 / Department of the South 20 December 1862-3 June 1863 / X Corps South 20 January 1863-12 June 1863 / Assistant Inspector-General 17 April 1864-May 1864 / Department of West Virginia 21 May 1864-8 August 1864 / Army of the Shenandoah 21 May 1864-3 July 1864

USA: The District of Cairo was discontinued.

USA: The District of North Missouri was discontinued.

USA: The District of the Mississippi was transferred with the Department of the Missouri to the Department (Military Division) of the Mississippi.

USA: Major-General John Pope retained command of the District of the Mississippi.

USA: The Army of the Mississippi was transferred from the Department of the Missouri to the Department (Military Division) of the Mississippi.

USA: Major-General John Pope retained command of the Army of the Mississippi.

Pope, John / Kentucky-Illinois / Born 16 March 1822 Louisville, Kentucky / Died Sandusky, Ohio 23 September 1892
USMA 1 July 1842 17/56 Topographical Engineers / Cadet USMA 1 July 1838 / Topographical Engineers 1 July 1842 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 9 May 1846 / 1st Lieutenant USA 3 March 1855 / Captain USA Topographical Engineers 1 July 1856 / Brigadier-General USV 14 June 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861 / Major-General USV 22 March 1862 to rank from 21 March 1862 / Brigadier-General USA 17 July 1862 from 14 July 1862 / Mustered Out USV 1 September 1866 / Major-General USA 26 October 1886 / Retired USA 16 March 1886 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant 1 July 1842 Brevet 1st Lieutenant USA 23 September 1846 Brevet Captain USA 23 February 1847 Brevet Major-General USA 13 March 1865
District of North Missouri 29 July 1861-9 November 1861 / 2nd Division Western Army 29 September 1861-3 December 1861 / District of Central Missouri 3 December 1861-12 February 1862 / Army of Western Missouri 3 December 1861-12 February 1862 / District of North Missouri 26 December 1861-10 March 1862 / Army of the Mississippi 23 February 1862-26 June 1862 / District of the Mississippi 27 February 1862-21 April 1862 / Army of Virginia 26 June 1862-12 September 1862 / Department of the Northwest 6 September 1862-28 November 1862 / Department of the Northwest 13 February 1863-30 January 1865 / Military Division of the Missouri 30 January 1865-27 June 1865 / Department of the Missouri 27 June 1865-6 August 1866 / Third Military District 11 March 1867-26 December 1867 / Department of the Lakes 1 February 1868-6 May 1870

USA: The District of Southeast Missouri was transferred with the Department of the Missouri to the Department (Military Division) of the Mississippi.

USA: Brigadier-General Frederick Steele retained command of the District of Southeast Missouri.

Steele, Frederick / New York / Born 14 January 1819 Delhi, New York / Died San Mateo, California 12 January 1868
USMA 1 July 1843 30/39 Infantry / Cadet USMA 1 July 1839 / 2nd US Infantry 1 July 1843 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 15 March 1846 / 1st Lieutenant USA 6 June 1848 / Regt Adjutant 6 September 1849-5 February 1855 / Captain USA 5 February 1855 / Major USA 11th US Infantry 14 May 1861 / Colonel USV 8th Iowa Infantry 23 September 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 30 January 1862 to rank from 29 January 1862 / Major-General USV 17 March 1863 to rank from 29 November 1862 / Lieutenant-Colonel USA 3rd US Infantry 26 August 1864 / Colonel USA 20th US Infantry 28 July 1866 / Mustered USV 1 January 1867 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1839 Brevet 1st Lieutenant USA 20 August 1847 Brevet Captain USA 13 September 1847 Brevet Colonel USA 4 July 1863 Brevet Brigadier-General USA 13 March 1865 Brevet Major-General USA 13 March 1865
2nd Brigade Army of the West 24 July 1861 / Steele’s Brigade 5th Division Western Army September 1861 / District of Southeast Missouri 1 March 1862-10 May 1862 / 1st Division Army of the Southwest 9 May 1862-29 August 1862 / Army of the Southwest 29 August 1862-7 October 1862 / 1st Division District of Eastern Arkansas 2 November 1862-December 1862 / 11th Division XIII Corps Army of the Tennessee December 1862-13 December 1862 / 4th Division Right Wing XIII Corps Army of the Tennessee 13 December 1862-4 January 1863 / 1st Division II Corps Army of the Mississippi 4 January 1863-12 January 1863 / 1st Division XV Corps Army of the Tennessee 12 January 1863-27 July 1863 / Army of Arkansas 27 July 1863-22 December 1864 / Department of Arkansas 6 January 1864-21 March 1864 / VII Corps Arkansas 6 January 1864-21 March 1864 / Department of Arkansas 22 May 1864-22 December 1864 / VII Corps Arkansas 22 May 1864-22 December 1864 / 1st Division Reserve Corps Military Division of West Mississippi 3 February 1865-8 February 1865 / Pensacola Column Army of West Mississippi 18 February 1865-17 May 1865 / Western District of Texas 27 June 1865-20 July 1865 / Department of the Columbia 7 October 1866-29 April 1867

USA: The District of West Tennessee was transferred with the Department of the Missouri to the Department (Military Division) of the Mississippi.

USA: Brigadier-General Charles Ferguson Smith assumed command of the District of West Tennessee, succeeding Major-General Ulysses Simpson Grant.

Smith, Charles Ferguson / Pennsylvania / Born 24 April 1807 Philadelphia, Pennsylvania / Died Savannah, Tennessee 25 April 1862
USMA 1 July 1825 19/37 Artillery / Cadet USMA 1 July 1820 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 2nd US Artillery 1 July 1825 / 1st Lieutenant USA 30 May 1832 / Commandant of Cadets USMA 1 April 1838-1 September 1843 / Captain USA 7 July 1838 / Major USA 1st US Artillery 25 November 1854 / Lieutenant-Colonel USA 10th US Infantry 3 March 1855 / Brigadier-General USV 31 August 1861 / Colonel USA 3rd US Infantry 9 September 1861 / Major-General USV 22 March 1862 to rank from 21 March 1862 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1825 Brevet Major USA 9 May 1846 Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 23 September 1846 Brevet Colonel USA 20 August 1847
Department of Washington 9 April 1861-19 April 1861 / District of Western Kentucky 8 September 1861-31 January 1862 / 2nd Division District of Cairo 1 February 1862-17 February 1862 / 2nd Division District of West Tennessee 17 February 1862-11 March 1862 / District of West Tennessee 11 March 1862-17 March 1862 / 2nd Division Army of the Tennessee 17 March 1862-5 April 1862

USA: The District of St Louis was transferred with the Department of the Missouri to the Department (Military Division) of the Mississippi.

USA: Brigadier-General John McAllister Schofield retained command of the District of St Louis.

Schofield, John McAllister / New York-Illinois / Born 29 September 1831 Gerry, New York / Died St Augustine, Florida 4 March 1906
USMA 1 July 1853 7/52 Artillery / Cadet USMA 1 July 1849 / 2nd US Artillery 1 July 1843 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 1st US Artillery 31 August 1853 / 1st Lieutenant 3 March 1855 / ADC ( N Lyon) 1861 / Major USV 1st Missouri Infantry 26 April 1861 / Captain USA 14 May 1861 / Major USV 1st Missouri Artillery 26 June 1861 / Assistant Adjutant-General 26 June 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 21 November 1861 / Brigadier-General Missouri Militia 26 November 1861 / Major-General Missouri Militia 8 October 1862 / Major-General USV 29 November 1862 Expired 4 March 1863 / Reappointed Major-General USV 12 May 1863 to rank from 29 November 1862 / Brigadier-General USA 11 May 1865 to rank from 30 November 1864 / Mustered Out USV 1 September 1866 / Major-General USA 4 March 1869 / Superintendent of USMA 1 September 1876-21 June 1881 / General-in-Chief of the US Army 14 August 1888 / Lieutenant-General USA 5 February 1895 / Retired USA 29 September 1895 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1843 Brevet Major-General USA 13 March 1865 Medal of Honor 10 August 1861
Chief of Staff and Assistant Adjutant-General Army of the West 2 July 1861-10 August 1861 / District of St Louis 21 November 1861-10 April 1862 / District of Northern Missouri 26 December 1861-11 March 1862 / District of Missouri 1 June 1862-26 September 1862 / District of Southwest Missouri 24 September 1862-10 November 1862 / Army of Southwestern Missouri 1 October 1862-12 October 1862 / Army of the Frontier 12 October 1862-20 November 1862 / Army of the Frontier 29 December 1862-30 March 1863 / Department of the Missouri 13 May 1863-22 January 1864 / 3rd Division XIV Corps Army of the Cumberland 17 April 1863-10 May 1863 / District of Southwest Missouri 30 March 1863-24 May 1863 / Department of the Ohio 28 January 1864-8 November 1864 / Army of the Ohio 9 February 1864-25 May 1864 / XXIII Corps Ohio 9 April 1864-26 May 1864 / Army of the Ohio 28 May 1864-1 August 1865 / XXIII Corps Ohio 27 May 1864-14 September 1864 / XXIII Corps Ohio 22 October 1864-2 February 1865 / Department of North Carolina 30 January 1865-20 June 1865 / XXIII Corps North Carolina 9 February 1865-31 March 1865 / Department of the Potomac 6 August 1866-25 September 1866 / Department of the Potomac 26 October 1866-11 March 1867 / First Military District 11 March 1867-1 June 1868 / General-in-Chief USA 14 August 1888-29 September 1895

USA: The District of Southwest Missouri was transferred with the Department of the Missouri to the Department (Military Division) of the Mississippi.

USA: Brigadier-General Samuel Ryan Curtis retained command of the District of Southwest Missouri.

Curtis, Samuel Ryan / New York-Ohio / Born 3 February 1805 Champlain (Clinton City), New York / Died Council Bluffs, Iowa 26 December 1866
USMA 1 July 1831 27/33 Infantry / Cadet USMA 1 July 1827 / 7th US Infantry 1 July 1831 / Resigned USA 30 June 1832 / Colonel Ohio Militia 1843 / Adjutant-General Ohio Militia 1846 / Colonel USV 3rd Ohio Infantry 23 June 1846 / Mustered Out USV 24 June 1847 / Colonel USV 2nd Iowa Infantry 1 June 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 7 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861 / Major-General USV 21 March 1862 / Mustered Out USV 30 April 1866 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1831
District of Southwest Missouri 25 December 1861-4 June 1862 / Army of the Southwest 25 December 1861-29 August 1862 / District of the Missouri 15 June 1862-29 August 1862 / Department of the Missouri 19 September 1862-13 May 1863 / Department of Kansas 1 January 1864-30 January 1865 / Army of the Border 14 October 1864-8 November 1864 / Department of the Northwest 30 January 1865-27 June 1865

USA: The District of Central Missouri was transferred with the Department of the Missouri to the Department (Military Division) of the Mississippi.

USA: State Brigadier-General James Totten retained command of the District of Central Missouri.

Totten, James / Pennsylvania-Virginia / Born 11 September 1818 Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania / Died Sedalia, Missouri 1 October 1871
USMA 1 July 1841 25/52 Artillery / Cadet USMA 1 July 1837 / 2nd US Artillery 1 July 1841 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 17 August 1842 / 1st Lieutenant USA 3 March 1847 / Captain USA 20 October 1855 / Major USV 1st Missouri Artillery 19 August 1861 / Lieutenant-Colonel USV 1 September 1861 / Major USA Assistant Inspector-General 12 November 1861 / Brigadier-General Missouri Militia 20 February 1862 / Mustered Out USV 15 June 1865 / Lieutenant-Colonel USA Assistant Inspector-General 13 June 1867 / Dismissed USA 22 July 1870 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1841 Brevet Major USA 17 June 1861 Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel USA 10 August 1861 Brevet Colonel USA 13 March 1865 Brevet Brigadier-General USA 13 March 1865
Chief of Artillery Western Department June 1861-2 November 1861 / Chief of Artillery Department of the Missouri 2 November 1861-12 February 1862 / District of Central Missouri 12 February 1862-1 June 1862 / 2nd Division Army of the Frontier 12 October 1862-21 March 1863 / Assistant Inspector-General Department of the Missouri 20 May 1863-6 August 1864 / Chief of Artillery and Ordnance Military Division of West Mississippi 6 August 1864-17 May 1865 / Assistant Inspector-General Department of the South 1867-1870

USA: The Army of West Tennessee transferred from the District of West Tennessee to the Department (Military Division) of the Mississippi. The Army of West Tennessee was renamed unofficially the “Army of the Tennessee”.

USA: Major-General Ulysses Simpson Grant retained command of the Army of West Tennessee, or “Army of the Tennessee”.

Grant, Ulysses Simpson (Hiram Ulysses) / Ohio / Born 27 April 1822 Point Pleasant, Ohio / Died Mount McGregor, New York 23 July 1885
USMA 1 July 1843 21/39 Infantry / Cadet USMA 1 July 1839 / 4th US Infantry 1 July 1843 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 7th US Infantry 30 September 1845 / 4th US Infantry 15 November 1845 / Regt Quartermaster 1 April 1847-23 July 1848 / 1st Lieutenant USA 16 September 1847 / Regt Quartermaster 17 November 1848-5 August 1853 / Captain USA 5 August 1853 / Resigned USA 31 July 1854 / Brigadier-General USV 9 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861 / Colonel USV 21st Illinois Infantry 15 June 1861 / Major-General USV 16 February 1862 / Major-General USA 7 July 1863 to rank from 4 July 1863 / Lieutenant-General USA 4 March 1864 to rank from 2 March 1864 / General-in-Chief of the US Army 12 March 1864 / General USA 25 July 1866 / Resigned USA 4 March 1869 / General USA Retired 4 March 1877 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1843 Brevet 1 Lt USA 8 September 1847 Brevet Captain USA 13 September 1847
District of Ironton 8 August 1861-15 August 1861 / District of Southeast Missouri 1 September 1861-23 December 1861 / District of Cairo 23 December 1861-14 February 1862 / District of West Tennessee 14 February 1862-12 September 1862 / Army of West Tennessee 21 February 1862-24 October 1863 / Chief of Staff Department of the Mississippi 29 April 1862-10 June 1862 / Department of the Tennessee 16 October 1862-17 October 1863 / XIII Corps Tennessee 24 October 1862-22 December 1862 / Military Division of the Mississippi 16 October 1863-18 March 1864 / General-in-Chief 12 March 1864-4 March 1869

USA: The Department of Western Virginia was discontinued. Its area was transferred to the Mountain Department.

USA: The Mountain Department was established. Its area included the parts of Michigan, Ohio, Kentucky, and Tennessee west of a line running north-south through Knoxville, Tennessee; all of Maryland and Virginia west of the line from Flintstone Creek, Maryland, to South Branch Mountain, Town Hill Mountain, Branch Mountain (Big Ridge), North Shenandoah Mountain, Purgatory Mountain, Blue Ridge Mountain and Allegheny Mountain to the border of North Carolina. This area was taken from the Department of the Ohio and the Department of Western Virginia.

USA: Major-General John Charles Frémont was appointed to command the Mountain Department, arriving on 29 March 1862.

USA: Brigadier-General William Starke Rosecrans retained interim command of the Mountain Department pending the arrival of Major-General John Charles Frémont.

Frémont, John Charles / Georgia / Born 21 January 1813 Savannah, Georgia / Died New York, New York 13 July 1890
Instructor US Navy 1833-1835 / Professor US Navy 1835 / 2nd Lieutenant USA Topographical Engineers 7 July 1838 / Captain USA Topographical Engineers 29 January 1845 / Lieutenant-Colonel USA US Mounted Rifles 27 May 1846 / Major USV California Volunteers 23 July 1846 / Resigned USA 27 October 1846 / Dismissed USA 31 January 1847 Revoked / Resigned USV 15 March 1848 / Major-General USA 3 July 1861 to rank from 14 May 1861 / Relieved 28 June 1862 / Resigned USA 4 June 1864 / Major-General USA Retired 28 April 1890 / Brevet Captain USA 31 July 1844
Western Department 3 July 1861-2 November 1861 /Western Army 24 September 1861-23 October 1861 / Mountain Department 29 March 1862-26 June 1862 / I Corps Virginia 26 June 1862-28 June 1862

Rosecrans, William Starke / Ohio / Born 6 September 1819 Little Taylor Run, Ohio / Died Redondo Beach, California 11 March 1898
USMA 1 July 1842 5/56 Engineers / Cadet USMA 1 July 1838 / Engineers 1 July 1842 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 3 April 1843 / 1st Lieutenant USA 3 March 1853 / Resigned USA 1 April 1854 / ADC (G B McClellan) 23 April 1861-June 1861 / Colonel Chief Engineer Ohio Militia 23 April 1861 / Colonel USV 23rd Ohio Infantry 12 June 1861 / Mustered Out USV 17 June 1861 / Brigadier-General USA 16 June 1861 to rank from 16 May 1861 / Major-General USV 17 September 1862 to rank from 25 October 1862 adjusted to rank from 21 March 1862 / Mustered Out USV 15 January 1866 / Resigned USA 28 March 1867 / Brigadier-General USA 27 February 1889 / Retired USA 1 March 1889 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1842 Brevet Major-General USA 13 March 1865
Rosecrans’ Brigade Army of Occupation May 1861-23 July 1861 / Department of the Ohio 23 July 1861-19 September 1861 / Army of Occupation 23 July 1861-19 September 1861 / Department of Western Virginia 19 September 1861-11 March 1862 / Mountain Department 11 March 1862-29 March 1862 / Right Wing Army of the Mississippi May 1862-26 June 1862 / Army of the Mississippi 26 June 1862-24 October 1862 / District of Corinth 1 July 1862-20 October 1862 / 3rd Division Army of the Tennessee 24 September 1862-20 October 1862 / Department of the Cumberland 24 October 1862-17 October 1863 / Army of the Cumberland 24 October 1862-19 October 1863 / XIV Corps Cumberland 24 October 1862-8 January 1863 / Department of the Missouri 22 January 1864-2 December 1864

USA: The Railroad District was transferred from the Department of Western Virginia to the Mountain Department, comprising the lines of the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad in Virginia west of the Allegheny Mountains and was extended to include the vicinity of Grafton, Clarksburg, Parkersburg, and Wheeling, in western Virginia.

USA: Brigadier-General Benjamin Franklin Kelley retained command of the Railroad District.

Kelley, Benjamin Franklin / New Hampshire / Born 10 April 1807 New Hampton, New Hampshire / Died Oakland, Maryland 16 June 1891
Colonel USV 1st (West) Virginia Infantry (4th Virginia Militia) 22 May 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 6 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861 / Resigned USV 1 June 1865 / Brevet Major-General USV 5 August 1864 / WIA Philippi 3 June 1861 CIA Cumberland 21 February 1865 Exchanged 20 March 1865
Kelley’s Brigade Army of Occupation 17 May 1861-3 June 1861 / District of Grafton 3 August 1861-20 December 1861 / District of Harper’s Ferry and Cumberland 22 October 1861-20 December 1861 / Railroad District 20 December 1861-26 June 1862 / Railroad Division VIII Corps Middle Department 27 June 1862-20 September 1862 / Railroad Division District of West Virginia 20 December 1862-16 March 1863 / 3rd Division VIII Corps Middle Department 16 March 1863-27 March 1863 / 1st Division VIII Corps Middle Department 27 March 1863-26 June 1863 / Department of West Virginia 28 June 1863-10 March 1864 / Forces West of Sleepy Creek Department of West Virginia April 1864-21 February 1865

USA: The Cheat Mountain District was transferred from the Department of Western Virginia to the Mountain Department, comprising all the territory west of the Allegheny Mountains south of the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, east of the Summerville-Weston Road and north of the Gauley River.

USA: Brigadier-General Robert Huston Milroy retained command of the Cheat Mountain District.

Milroy, Robert Huston / Indiana / Born 11 June 1816 Salem, Indiana / Died Olympia, Washington 29 March 1890
Captain USV 1st Indiana Infantry 20 June 1846 / Mustered Out USV 16 June 1847 / Captain 9th Indiana Militia 23 April 1861 / Colonel USV 9th Indiana Infantry 27 April 1861 / Mustered Out USV 29 July 1861 / Colonel USV 9th Indiana Infantry 27 August 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 3 September 1861 / Major-General USV 10 March 1863 to rank from 29 November 1862 / Resigned USV 26 July 1865
Cheat Mountain District 20 December 1861-12 April 1862 / Milroy’s Brigade Mountain Department 19 April 1862-26 June 1862 / Milroy’s Brigade I Corps Army of Virginia 26 June 1862-12 September 1862 / Cheat Mountain District 24 September 1862-13 November 1862 / Milroy’s Division VIII Corps Middle Department January 1863-February 1863 / 2nd Division VIII Corps Middle Department February 1863-26 June 1863 / 1st Sub-District District of Middle Tennessee March 1865-26 June 1865

USA: The District of the Kanawha was transferred from the Department of Western Virginia to the Mountain Department, comprising the valleys of the Kanawha, New, and Guyandotte Rivers and the mouth of the Big Sandy River.

USA: Brigadier-General Jacob Dolson Cox retained command of the District of the Kanawha.

Cox, Jacob Dolson / Canada-Ohio / Born 27 October 1828 Montreal, Canada / Died Gloucester, Massachusetts 4 August 1900
Brigadier-General Ohio Militia 23 April 1861-30 July 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 17 May 1861 / Major-General USV 6 October 1862 Expired 3 March 1863 Reverted to Brigadier-General USV / Reappointed Major-General USV 7 December 1864 / Resigned USV 1 January 1866
Kanawha Brigade Department of the Ohio July 1861-25 July 1861 / Kanawha Brigade Army of Occupation 25 July 1861-11 October 1861 / District of the Kanawha 11 October 1861-26 July 1862 / Defences of Washington 30 August 1862-7 September 1862 / Kanawha Division IX Corps Army of the Potomac 7 September 1862-14 September 1862 / IX Corps Potomac 14 September 1862-8 October 1862 / District of Western Virginia 13 October 1862-December 1862 / District of Ohio 14 April 1863-16 November 1863 / District of Michigan 2 June 1863-5 June 1863 / XXIII Corps Ohio 21 December 1863-10 February 1864 / Chief of Staff Army of the Ohio 3 March 1864-31 March 1864 / XXIII Corps Ohio 4 April 1864-9 April 1864 / 3rd Division XXIII Corps Army of the Ohio 9 April 1864-26 May 1864 / Army of the Ohio 25 May 1864-27 May 1864 / XXIII Corps Ohio 26 May 1864-27 May 1864 / 3rd Division XXIII Corps Army of the Ohio 27 May 1864-14 September 1864 / XXIII Corps Ohio 14 September 1864-22 October 1864 / 3rd Division XXIII Corps Army of the Ohio 22 October 1864-30 November 1864 / XXIII Corps Ohio 30 November 1864-1 December 1864 /3rd Division XXIII Corps Army of the Ohio 1 December 1864-13 January 1865 / 3rd Division XXIII Corps Army of the Ohio 17 January 1865-9 February 1865 /3rd Division XXIII Corps Department of North Carolina 9 February 1865-15 February 1865 / Cox’s Provisional Corps Department of North Carolina 25 February 1865-31 March 1865 / District of Beaufort North Carolina 25 February 1865-18 March 1865 / XXIII Corps Department of North Carolina 31 March 1865-19 June 1865 / Department of North Carolina 31 March 1865-16 June 1865 / Department of North Carolina 19 June 1865-27 June 1865

USA: The District of the Cumberland was established in the Mountain Department, comprising the territory east of the Allegheny Mountains controlled by the Mountain Department.

USA: Brigadier-General Robert Cumming Schenck assumed command of the District of the Cumberland.

Schenck, Robert Cumming / Ohio / Born 4 October 1809 Franklin, Ohio / Died Washington, District of Columbia 23 March 1890
Brigadier-General Ohio Militia April 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 5 June 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861 / Major-General USV 17 September 1862 to rank from 30 August 1862 / Resigned USV 5 December 1863 / WIA Second Bull Run 30 August 1862
2nd Brigade 1st Division Army of Northeastern Virginia 12 June 1861-25 July 1861 / Schenck’s Brigade Department of Washington 25 July 1861-17 August 1861 / Schenck’s Brigade Army of Occupation September 1861-11 October 1861 / 1st Brigade District of the Kanawha 11 October 1861-11 March 1862 / District of the Cumberland 11 March 1862-7 April 1862 / Schenck’s Brigade Mountain Department 7 April 1862-26 June 1862 / 1st Division I Corps Army of Virginia 26 June 1862-30 August 1862 / I Corps Virginia 28 June 1862-30 June 1862 / I Corps Virginia 7 July 1862-12 July 1862 / Middle Department 17 December 1862-12 March 1863 / VIII Corps Middle 22 December 1862-12 March 1863 / Middle Department 20 March 1863-10 August 1863 / VIII Corps Middle 22 March 1863-10 August 1863 / Middle Department 31 August 1863-22 September 1863 / VIII Corps Middle 31 August 1863-22 September 1863 / Middle Department 10 October 1863-21 November 1863 / VIII Corps Middle 10 October 1863-5 December 1863

USA: The District of the Gap was established in the Mountain Department. It consisted of the area west of the valley of the Big Sandy River within the Mountain Department. It was controlled operationally by the Army of the Ohio.

USA: Lieutenant USN Samuel Powhatan Carter assumed command of the District of the Gap.

Carter, Samuel Powhatan (Perry) / Tennessee / Born 6 August 1819 Elizabethton, Tennessee / Died Washington, District of Columbia 26 May 1891
USNA 1846 / Midshipman USN 14 February 1840 / Passed Midshipman USN 11 July 1846 / Master USN 9 December 1854 / Lieutenant USN 18 April 1855 / Colonel USV Tennessee Infantry July 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 2 May 1862 to rank from 1 May 1862 / Lieutenant-Commander USN 16 July 1862/ Commander USN 25 June 1865 / Mustered Out USV 15 January 1866 / Commandant USNA 1869-1872 / Captain USN 28 October 1870 / Commodore USN 13 November 1878 / Retired USN 6 August 1881 / Rear Admiral USN Retired 16 May 1882 / Brevet Major-General USV 13 March 1865
12th Brigade Department of the Ohio 30 November 1861-2 December 1861 / 12th Brigade 1st Division Department of the Ohio 2 December 1861-5 December 1861 /District of the Gap 11 March 1862-26 June 1862 / 24th Brigade 7th Division Department of the Ohio 26 March 1862-10 October 1862 / 3rd Brigade District of the Cumberland November 1862-December 1862 / 4th Brigade East Tennessee Division IX Corps Department of the Ohio 18 March 1863-3 June 1863 / 1st Division XXIII Corps Army of the Ohio 3 June 1863-15 June 1863 / 1st Brigade 1st Division XIII Corps Department of the Ohio 24 June 1863-10 July 1863 / 1st Division XXIII Corps Army of the Ohio 19 July 1863-6 August 1863 / District of Eastern Kentucky 6 August 1863-15 August 1863 / 4th Division Cavalry XXIII Corps Army of the Ohio 6 August 1863-4 September 1863 / Provost Marshal-General Army of the Ohio October 1863-20 January 1865 / 2nd Division District of Beaufort NC 1 March 1865-18 March 1865 / Carter’s Division District of Beaufort NC 16 March 1865-2 April 1865 / 3rd Division XXIII Corps Department of North Carolina 7 April 1865-26 June 1865 / XXIII Corps Department of North Carolina 27 June 1865-12 July 1865 / Department of North Carolina 27 June 1865 -27 June 1865 / District of Greensboro 6 July 1865-15 January 1866 / 1st Division XXIII Corps Department of North Carolina 12 July 1865

USA: The District of the Valley of the Big Sandy River was established in the Mountain Department.

USA: Brigadier-General James Abram Garfield assumed command of the District of the Valley of the Big Sandy River.

Garfield, James Abram / Ohio / Born 19 November 1831 Orange, Ohio / Died Elberon, New Jersey 19 September 1881
Lieutenant-Colonel USV 42nd Ohio Infantry 21 August 1861 / Colonel USV 27 November 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 20 February 1862 to rank from 11 January 1862 / Major-General USV 19 September 1863 Declined / Resigned USV 6 December 1863
18th Brigade Army of the Ohio 16 December 1862-26 March 1862 / District of the Valley of the Big Sandy River 11 March 1862-8 June 1862 / 20th Brigade 6th Division Army of the Ohio 5 April 1862-7 July 1862 / Chief of Staff Army of the Cumberland 14 January 1863-October 1863

USA: Joseph Bennett Plummer confirmed Brigadier-General USV 11 March 1862 to rank from 22 October 1861.

Plummer, Joseph Bennett / Massachusetts / Born 15 November 1816 Barre, Massachusetts / Died Corinth, Mississippi 9 August 1862
USMA 1 July 1841 22/52 Infantry / Cadet USMA 1 July 1837 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 1st US Infantry 1 July 1841 / Regt Quartermaster 1 January 1848-1 March 1852 / 1st Lieutenant USA 15 March 1848 / Captain USA 1 May 1852 / Colonel USV 11th Missouri Infantry 25 September 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 11 March 1862 to rank from 22 October 1861 / Major USA 8th US Infantry 25 April 1862 / WIA Wilson’s Creek 10 August 1861
5th Brigade District of Southeast Missouri September 1861 / 5th Brigade District of Cairo 9 November 1861-1 February 1862 / 2nd Brigade 1st Division Army of the Mississippi25 February 1862-4 March 1862 / 5th Division Army of the Mississippi 4 March 1862-24 April 1862 / 1st Brigade 3rd Division Army of the Mississippi 24 April 1862-26 April 1862 / 2nd Brigade 2nd Division Army of the Mississippi 26 April 1862-29 May 1862 / 3rd Division Army of the Mississippi 29 May 1862-18 June 1862 / 2nd Brigade 2nd Division Army of the Mississippi 18 June 1862-9 August 1862

USA: Thomas Alfred Davies promoted Brigadier-General USV 11 March 1862 to rank from 7 March 1862.

Davies, Thomas Alfred / New York / Born 3 December 1809 Black Lake, New York / Died Ogdensburg, New York 19 August 1899
USMA 1 July 1829 25/46 Infantry / Cadet USMA 1 July 1825 / 1st US Infantry 1 July 1829 / Resigned USA 31 October 1831 / Colonel USV 16th New York Infantry 15 May 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 11 March 1862 to rank from 7 March 1862 / Mustered Out USV 24 August 1865 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1829 Brevet Major-General USV 11 July 1865
2nd Brigade 5th Division Army of Northeastern Virginia 8 July 1861-25 July 1861 / Davies’ Brigade Defences of Washington July 1861-7 March 1862 / 2nd Division Army of the Tennessee 14 April 1862-2 June 1862 / 1st Division Army of the Tennessee 2 June 1862-10 June 1862 / 2nd Division District of Corinth Army of the Tennessee 13 August 1862-24 September 1862 / 3rd Division Army of the Tennessee 24 September 1862-5 October 1862 / 4th Division Army of the Tennessee 5 October 1862-30 October 1862 / District of Columbus 30 October 1862-11 January 1863 / District of Rolla 13 March 1863-25 March 1864 / District of North Kansas 28 February 1864-11 April 1865 / District of South Kansas 31 October 1864-22 November 1864 / District of Wisconsin 17 April 1865-27 June 1865

Commander in Chief: President Abraham Lincoln

Vice-President: Hannibal Hamlin

Secretary of War: Edwin McMasters Stanton

Secretary of the Navy: Gideon Welles

  • North Atlantic Blockading Squadron USN: Flag Officer Louis Malesherbes Goldsborough USN
  • South Atlantic Blockading Squadron USN: Flag Officer Samuel Francis Du Pont USN
  • West Gulf Blockading Squadron USN: Rear Admiral David Glasgow Farragut USN
  • East Gulf Blockading Squadron USN: Flag Officer William McKean USN
  • Pacific Squadron USN: Rear Admiral Charles H Bell USN
  • Western Gunboat Flotilla USN: Flag Officer Andrew Hull Foote USN
  • Potomac Flotilla USN: Lieutenant Robert Harris Wyman USN

Chairman of the War Board: Ethan Allen Hitchcock

  • Department (Military Division) of the Mississippi : Henry Wager Halleck awaited
    • District of West Tennessee: Charles Ferguson Smith
      • Army of West Tennessee: Ulysses Simpson Grant
    • District of the Mississippi: John Pope
      • Army of the Mississippi: John Pope
    • Army of the Ohio: Don Carlos Buell
    • Department of the Missouri: Henry Wager Halleck
      • District of St Louis: John McAllister Schofield
      • District of Central Missouri: James Totten
      • District of Southeast Missouri: Frederick Steele
      • District of Southwest Missouri: Samuel Ryan Curtis
        • Army of the Southwest: Samuel Ryan Curtis
    • Department of Kansas: David Hunter
  • Department of Florida: Lewis Golding Arnold
  • Department of the Gulf: Benjamin Franklin Butler awaited
    • Army of the Gulf: Benjamin Franklin Butler
  • Department of Key West: John Milton Brannan
  • Mountain Department: William Starke Rosecrans interim John Charles Frémont awaited
    • Cheat Mountain District: Robert Huston Milroy
    • Railroad District: Benjamin Franklin Kelley
    • District of the Kanawha: Jacob Dolson Cox
    • District of the Cumberland: Robert Cumming Schenck
    • District of the Gap: Samuel Powhatan Carter
    • District of the Valley of the Big Sandy River: James Abram Garfield
  • Department of New Mexico: Edward Richard Sprigg Canby
    • Southern District of New Mexico: Benjamin Stone Roberts
  • Department of New York: Edward Denison Morgan
  • Department of North Carolina: Ambrose Everett Burnside
  • Department of the Pacific: George Wright
    • District of the Humboldt: Francis James Lippitt
    • District of Oregon: Albemarle Cady
    • District of Southern California: James Henry Carleton
  • Department of the Potomac: George Brinton McClellan
    • District of Harper’s Ferry and Cumberland: James Shields
    • Army of the Potomac: George Brinton McClellan
      • I Corps Potomac: Irvin McDowell
      • II Corps Potomac: Edwin Vose Sumner
      • III Corps Potomac: Samuel Peter Heintzelman
      • IV Corps Potomac: Erasmus Darwin Keyes
      • V Corps Potomac: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
  • Department of Texas: Vacant
  • Department of Virginia: John Ellis Wool

Confederate Organisation

CSA: Benjamin Franklin Cheatham confirmed Major-General PACS 11 March 1862 to rank from 10 March 1862.

Cheatham, Benjamin Franklin / Tennessee / Born 20 October 1820 Nashville, Tennessee / Died 4 September 1886
Captain USV 1st Tennessee Infantry 1847 / Colonel USV 3rd Tennessee Infantry 1848 / Mustered Out USV 1848 / Brigadier-General Tennessee Militia 9 May 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 9 July 1861 / Major-General PACS 11 March 1862 to rank from 10 March 1862 / Paroled Greensboro, North Carolina 1 May 1865 / WIA Shiloh 6 April 1862 WIA Ezra Church 28 July 1864
1st Brigade Western District Western Department 7 September 1861-24 October 1861 / 2nd Division Western District Western Department 24 October 1861-9 March 1862 / 2nd Division I Corps Army of Mississippi 12 March 1862-2 July 1862 / 1st Division I Corps Army of Mississippi 2 July 1862-15 August 1862 / 1st Division Right Wing Army of Mississippi 15 August 1862-19 September 1862 / Right Wing Army of Mississippi 19 September-7 November 1862 / 1862 / 1st Division Right Wing Army of Mississippi 7 November 1862-20 November 1862 / 1st Division I Corps Army of Tennessee 20 November 1862-29 September 1863 / I Corps Tennessee 29 September 1863-23 October 1863 / 1st Division I Corps Army of Tennessee 24 November 1862-2 December 1863 / I Corps Tennessee 2 December 1863-31 December 1863 / I Corps Tennessee January 1864-18 July 1864 / II Corps Tennessee 19 July 1864-28 July 1864 / III Corps Tennessee 29 July 1864-15 August 1864 / I Corps Tennessee 15 August 1864-9 April 1865 / Cheatham’s Division I Corps Army of Tennessee 9 April 1865-26 April 1865

CSA: Samuel Jones confirmed Major-General PACS 11 March 1862 to rank from 10 March 1862.

Jones, Samuel / Virginia / Born 17 December 1819 Woodfield, Virginia / Died Bedford Springs, Virginia 31 July 1887
USMA 1 July 1841 19/52 Artillery / Cadet USMA 1 July 1837 / 1st US Artillery 1 July 1841 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 28 September 1841 / 1st Lieutenant USA 3 March 1847 / Captain USA 24 December 1853 / Resigned USA 27 April 1861 / Captain ACSA Artillery 16 March 1861 / Major ACSA April 1861 / Lieutenant-Colonel Provisional Army of Virginia 9 May 1861 / Lieutenant-Colonel PACS June 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 21 July 1861 / Major-General PACS 11 March 1862 to rank from 10 March 1862 / Paroled 12 May 1865 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1841
Chief of Ordnance Army of the Potomac June 1861 / Chief of Artillery Army of the Potomac 8 July 1861 / 3rd Brigade 3rd Division Army of the Potomac 14 November 1861-18 December 1861 / 1st Brigade 2nd Division Army of the Potomac 18 December 1861-10 January 1862 / Army of Pensacola 27 January 1862-8 March 1862 / Army of Mobile 27 February 1862-12 March 1862 / Department of Alabama and West Florida 3 March 1862-4 March 1862 / Department of Alabama and West Florida 2 April 1862-28 April 1862 / 1st Division Army of the West May 1862-June 1862 / 2nd Division II Corps Army of Mississippi June 1862-17 August 1862 / II Corps Mississippi 2 June 1862-18 September 1862 / Reserve Army of Mississippi 17 August 1862-18 September 1862 / Department of East Tennessee 19 September 1862-27 September 1862 / District of Middle Tennessee 27 September 1862-25 July 1863 / Trans-Allegheny Department 25 November 1862-25 February 1864 / District of East Tennessee 3 September 1863-5 December 1863 / Defences of Savannah 1 April 1864-18 May 1864 / Department of South Carolina Georgia and Florida 20 April 1864-5 October 1864 / District of South Carolina 12 October 1864-10 May 1865 / District of Florida 31 December 1864-10 May 1865

CSA: John Porter McCown confirmed Major-General PACS 11 March 1862 to rank from 10 March 1862.

McCown, John Porter / Tennessee / Born 19 August 1815 Sevierville, Tennessee / Died Little Rock, Arkansas 22 January 1879
USMA 1 July 1840 10/42 Artillery / Cadet USMA 1 September 1835 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 4th US Artillery 1 July 1840 / 1st Lieutenant USA 30 September 1843 / Regt Quartermaster 29 March 1847-12 January 1849 / Captain USA 9 January 1851 / Resigned USA 17 May 1861 / Captain ACSA Artillery 16 March 1861 / Lieutenant-Colonel ACSA Artillery 9 May 1861 / Colonel PACS Tennessee Artillery 17 May 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 12 October 1861 / Major-General PACS 11 March 1862 to rank from 10 March 1862 / Paroled Salisbury, North Carolina 12 May 1865 / Brevet Captain USA 18 April 1847
2nd Brigade Western District 7 September 1861-24 October 1861 / Army of the West 20 June 1862-25 June 1862 / 3rd Division Western District 24 October 1861-28 February 1862 / McCown’s Command Western District 28 February 1862-April 1862 / 2nd Division Army of the West April 1862-27 June 1862 / McCown’s Division II Corps Army of Mississippi 27 June 1862-3 July 1862 / McCown’s Division Department of East Tennessee 3 July 1862-November 1862 / Department of East Tennessee 24 August 1862-22 September 1862 / Department of East Tennessee 27 September 1862-20 October 1862 / District of the Tennessee 27 September 1862-22 February 1863 / 3rd Division Hardee’s Corps Army of Tennessee November 1862-February 1863

CSA: George Hume Steuart confirmed Brigadier-General PACS 11 March 1862 to rank from 6 March 1862.

Steuart, George Hume / Maryland / Born 24 August 1828 Baltimore, Maryland / Died 22 November 1903
USMA 1 July 1848 37/38 Dragoons / Cadet USMA 1 July 1844 / 2nd US Dragoons 1 July 1848 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 11 November 1849 / 1st Lieutenant USA 1st US Cavalry 3 March 1855 / Captain USA 20 December 1855 / Resigned USA 22 April 1861 / Major-General Maryland Militia 1861 / Captain ACSA Cavalry 16 March 1861 / Lieutenant-Colonel PACS 1st Maryland Infantry 17 June 1861 / Colonel PACS 21 July 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 11 March 1862 to rank from 6 March 1862 / Paroled Appomattox, Virginia 9 April 1865 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1848 / WIA First Bull Run 21 July 1861 Rescued 21 July 1861 WIA Cross Keys 8 June 1862 CIA Spotsylvania 12 May 1864 Exchanged 3 August 1864
Maryland Line Ewell’s Division Valley District April 1862-May 1862 / 2nd Brigade 3rd Division II Corps Army of Northern Virginia 4 June 1862-8 June 1862 / Steuart’s Brigade E Johnson’s Division II Corps Army of Northern Virginia 28 May 1863-12 May 1864 / Steuart’s Brigade Pickett’s Division I Corps Army of Northern Virginia 11 August 1864-9 April 1865

CSA: William Duncan Smith confirmed Brigadier-General PACS 11 March 1862 to rank from 7 March 1862.

Smith, William Duncan / Georgia / Born 28 July 1826 Augusta, Georgia / Died Charleston, South Carolina 4 October 1862
USMA 1 July 1846 35/59 Dragoons / Cadet USMA 1 July 1842 / 2nd US Dragoons 1 July 1846 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 18 August 1847 / 1st Lieutenant USA 18 August 1851 / Captain USA 4 June 1858 / Resigned USA 28 January 1861 / Captain ACSA Cavalry 16 March 1861 / Major ACSA Infantry 16 March 1861 / Major PACS 1st Georgia Regular Infantry April 1861 / Assistant Adjutant-General 25 June 1861 / Colonel PACS 20th Georgia Infantry 14 July 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 11 March 1862 to rank from 7 March 1862 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1846 / WIA Molino del Rey 8 September 1847
1st Brigade District of Georgia 30 April 1862-8 July 1862 / First Sub-District of South Carolina 8 July 1862-4 October 1862

CSA: James Edwin Slaughter confirmed Brigadier-General PACS 11 March 1862 to rank from 8 March 1862.

Slaughter, James Edwin / Virginia / Born June 1827 Cedar Mountain, Virginia / Died 1 January 1901
2nd Lieutenant USA US Infantry 5 March 1847 / US Voltigeurs 9 April 1847 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 1st US Artillery 27 February 1848 / 1st Lieutenant USA 3 August 1852 / Dismissed USA 14 May 1861 / 1st Lieutenant ACSA Artillery 16 March 1861 / Captain ACSA Assistant Inspector-General July 1861 / Major PACS Assistant Adjutant-General 6 November 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 11 March 1862 to rank from 8 March 1862 / No Record of Parole
Assistant Inspector-General Army of Pensacola 14 October 1861-15 November 1861 / Assistant Adjutant-General Army of Pensacola 16 November 1861-13 March 1862 / Assistant Inspector-General Army of Mississippi 18 March 1862 / Assistant Inspector-General Western Department 17 July 1862 / Slaughter’s Brigade District of the Gulf 1862 / Eastern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona 23 November 1863-18 March 1864 / Slaughter’s Division District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona 15 December 1863-January 1864 / Slaughter’s Brigade 3rd Cavalry Division District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona September 1864-26 March 1865 / Western Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona 25 October 1864-26 May 1865

CSA: Charles William Field confirmed Brigadier-General PACS 11 March 1862 to rank from 9 March 1862.

Field, Charles William / Kentucky / Born 6 April 1828 Woodford, Kentucky / Died 9 April 1892
USMA 1 July 1849 27 /43 Dragoons / Cadet USMA 1 July 1845 / 2nd US Dragoons 1 July 1849 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 30 June 1851 / Regt Quartermaster 9 September 1853-3 March 1855 / 1st Lieutenant USA 2nd US Cavalry 3 March 1855 / Captain USA 31 January 1861 / Resigned USA 30 May 1861 / Captain ACSA Cavalry 16 March 1861 / Major PACS 6th Virginia Cavalry June 1861 / Lieutenant-Colonel PACS July 1861 / Colonel PACS August 1861 / Colonel Provisional Army of Virginia 6 December 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 11 March 1862 to rank from 9 March 1862 / Chief of Bureau of Conscription 25 May 1863-23 June 1863 / Major-General PACS 6 February 1864 to rank from 12 February 1864 / Paroled Appomattox, Virginia 9 April 1865 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1849 / WIA Second Bull Run 29 August 1862 WIA Wilderness 6 May 1864
Field’s Brigade District of Aquia 27 March 1862-27 May 1862 / Field’s Brigade A P Hill’s Division Jackson’s Corps Army of Northern Virginia 27 May 1862-29 June 1862 / Field’s Brigade A P Hill’s Division I Corps Army of Northern Virginia 29 June 1862-29 August 1862 / Bureau of Conscription 25 May 1863-23 June 1863 / Field’s Division I Corps Army of Northern Virginia 7 April 1864-6 May 1864 / I Corps Northern Virginia 6 May 1864-7 May 1864 / Field’s Division I Corps Army of Northern Virginia 7 May 1864-9 April 1865

CSA: John Horace Forney confirmed Brigadier-General PACS 11 March 1862 to rank from 10 March 1862.

Forney, John Horace / North Carolina-Alabama / Born 12 August 1829 Lincolnton, North Carolina / Died Jacksonville, Alabama 13 September 1902
USMA 1 July 1852 22 /48 Infantry / Cadet USMA 1 July 1848 / 7th US Infantry 1 July 1852 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 24 October 1853 / 10th US Infantry 3 March 1855 / 1st Lieutenant USA 25 August 1855 / Resigned USA 23 January 1861 / Colonel Artillery Alabama Militia 1861 / ADC (A Moore) 1861 / Captain ACSA Artillery 16 March 1861 / Colonel PACS Assistant Inspector-General 7 March 1861 / Colonel PACS 10th Alabama Infantry 4 June 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 11 March 1862 to rank from 10 March 1862 / Major-General PACS 27 October 1862 / Paroled Galveston, Texas 20 June 1865 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1852 / WIA Dranesville 20 December 1861 CIA Vicksburg 4 July 1863 Paroled 24 July 1863 Exchanged 13 October 1863
5th Brigade Army of the Shenandoah 21 June 1861-October 1861 / Department of Alabama and West Florida 28 April 1862-29 June 1862 / Gulf District 2 July 1862-8 December 1862 / District of West Florida 7 October 1862-January 1863 / Forney’s Division Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana January 1863-17 April 1863 / Forney’s Division Army of Mississippi 17 April 1863-4 July 1863 / Forney’s Division Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana October 1863-28 January 1864 / Forney’s Department Dept of Alabama Mississippi and East Louisiana 28 January 1864-May 1864 / 1st Division I Corps Trans-Mississippi Army September 1864-March 1865 / 1st Division District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona 27 March 1865-12 May 1865

CSA: Paul Jones Semmes promoted Brigadier-General PACS 11 March 1862.

Semmes, Paul Jones / Georgia / Born 4 June 1815 Wilkes, Georgia / DOW Martinsburg, West Virginia 10 July 1863
Captain Georgia Militia 1846 / Colonel Georgia Militia / Quartermaster-General Georgia Militia / Brigadier0General Georgia Militia 25 April 1861 / Colonel PACS 2nd Georgia Infantry 7 May 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 11 March 1862 / MWIA Gettysburg 2 July 1863
Semmes’ Brigade D R Jones’ Division Army of Northern Virginia March 1862-Arpil 1862 / 1st Brigade 2nd Division Right Wing Army of Northern Virginia 28 April 1862-June 1862 / 1st Brigade 2nd Division Magruder’s Command Defences of Richmond June 1862-July 1862 / 1st Brigade 2nd Division Defences of Richmond July 1862-23 July 1862 / 1st Brigade 2nd Division I Corps Army of Northern Virginia 23 July 1862-2 July 1863

CSA: Lucius Marshall Walker promoted Brigadier-General PACS 11 March 1862.

Walker, Lucius Marshall / Tennessee / Born 18 October 1829 Columbia, Tennessee / Died Little Rock Arkansas 7 September 1863
USMA 1 July 1850 15/44 Dragoons / Cadet USMA 1 July 1846 / 2nd US Dragoons 1 July 1850 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 8 August 1851 / Resigned USA 31 March 1852 / Lieutenant-Colonel PACS 40th Tennessee Infantry October 1861 / Colonel PACS 11 November 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 11 March 1862 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1850
Walker’s Brigade McCown’s Division Western Department 21 March 1862-April 1862 / 3rd Brigade 1st Division II Corps A pf Mississippi April 1862-June 1862 / 3rd Brigade 2nd Division II Corps Army of Mississippi June 1862-2 July 1862 / Walker’s Brigade S Jones’ Division Army of Mississippi 2 July 1862-17 August 1862 / Walker’s Brigade J P Anderson’s Division Left Wing Army of Mississippi 17 August 1862-October 1862 / Cavalry Division District of Arkansas March 1863- 6 September 1863

CSA: Seth Maxwell Barton promoted Brigadier-General PACS 14 March 1862 to rank from 11 March 1862.

Barton, Seth Maxwell / Virginia / Born 8 September 1829 Fredericksburg, Virginia / Died Washington, District of Columbia 11 April 1900
USMA 1 July 1849 28 /43 Infantry / Cadet USMA 1 July 1845 / 3rd US Infantry 1 July 1849 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 1st US Infantry 19 April 1850 / 1st Lieutenant USA 1 June 1853 / Regt Adjutant 1 May 1855-31 October 1857 / Captain USA 31 October 1857 / Resigned USA 11 June 1861 / Captain ACSA Infantry 16 March 1861 / Lieutenant-Colonel PACS 3rd Arkansas Infantry 8 July 1861 / Engineers 21 October 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 14 March 1862 to rank from 11 March 1862 / Paroled Fort Warren, Massachusetts 24 July 1865 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1849 / CIA Vicksburg 4 July 1863 Exchanged 13 July 1863 CIA Sayler’s Creek 6 April 1865
Barton’s Brigade District of East Tennessee March 1862-30 June 1862 / 4th Brigade Stevenson’s Division Department of East Tennessee 30 June 1862-3 July 1862 / 3rd Brigade 1st Division Army of East Tennessee 3 July 1862-31 October 1862 / 1st Brigade 1st Division Army of East Tennessee 31 October 1862-20 November 1862 / 1st Brigade 1st Division Army of Mississippi 18 December 1862-April 1863 / 1st Brigade Stevenson’s Division Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana April 1863-May 1863 / 1st Brigade 2nd Division Army of Mississippi April 1863-4 July 1863 / Armistead’s Brigade Department of North Carolina 19 September 1863-February 1864 / Barton’s Brigade Pickett’s Division Department of North Carolina 18 April 1864-11 May 1864 / Barton’s Brigade Pickett’s Division I Corps Army of Northern Virginia 19 May 1864-11 August 1864 / Barton’s Brigade G W C Lee’s Division Army of Northern Virginia September 1864-December 1864 / Barton’s Brigade G W C Lee’s Division Army of Northern Virginia January 1865-6 April 1865

Commander in Chief: President Jefferson Finis Davis

Vice-President: Alexander Hamilton Stephens

Secretary of War: Judah Philip Benjamin

Secretary of the Navy: Stephen Russell Mallory

Military Adviser to the President: Robert Edward Lee

  • Department No 1: Mansfield Lovell
  • Department of Alabama and West Florida: Braxton Bragg
    • Army of Pensacola: Thomas Marshall Jones
    • Army of Mobile: John Bordenave Villepigue
  • Department of East Tennessee: Edmund Kirby Smith
    • Army of East Tennessee: Edmund Kirby Smith
  • Department of Henrico: John Henry Winder
  • Department of the Indian Territory: Douglas Hancock Cooper
  • Department of Norfolk: Benjamin Huger
  • Department of North Carolina: Richard Caswell Gatlin
    • District of Cape Fear: Joseph Reid Anderson
    • District of Pamlico: Lawrence O’Bryan Branch
    • District of Roanoke Island: Henry Marchmore Shaw
  • Department of Northern Virginia: Joseph Eggleston Johnston
    • District of Aquia: Robert Augustus Toombs
    • Army of the Potomac: Joseph Eggleston Johnston
      • I Corps Potomac: James Longstreet
      • II Corps Potomac: Gustavus Woodson Smith
    • Valley District: Thomas Jonathan Jackson
      • Army of the Valley: Thomas Jonathan Jackson
  • Department of the Peninsula: John Bankhead Magruder
    • Army of the Peninsula: John Bankhead Magruder
  • Department of South Carolina, Georgia and East Florida: Robert Edward Lee
    • District of Middle and East Florida: William Montgomery Gardner
    • District of Georgia: Alexander Robert Lawton
    • District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
      • 1st Sub-District of South Carolina: Arthur Middleton Manigault.
      • 2nd Sub-District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
      • 3rd Sub-District of South Carolina: Nathan George Evans
      • 4th Sub-District of South Carolina: John Clifford Pemberton
      • 5th Sub-District of South Carolina: Thomas Fenwick Drayton
  • Department of Southwestern Virginia: William Wing Loring
    • District of Lewisburg: Henry Heth
  • Department of Texas: Paul Octave Hébert
    • Eastern District of Texas: Paul Octave Hébert
    • Western District of Texas: Henry Eustace McCulloch
    • Sub-District of Houston: John C Bowen
    • Sub-District of Galveston: Ebenezer B Nichols
    • Sub-District of the Rio Grande: Hamilton Prioleau Bee awaited
    • Defences of Pass Cavallo: John W Glenn
  • Western Department: Albert Sidney Johnston
    • Trans-Mississippi District: Earl Van Dorn
    • District of North Alabama: Daniel Ruggles
    • Army of Mississippi: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard awaited
      • First Grand Division (Mississippi): Leonidas Polk
      • Second Grand Division (Mississippi): Braxton Bragg
      • Reserve Corps (Mississippi): George Bibb Crittenden
    • Army of Central Kentucky: Albert Sidney Johnston
    • Army of the West: Earl Van Dorn
  • District of Arizona: Henry Hopkins Sibley
    • Army of New Mexico: Henry Hopkins Sibley
  • Forces in Richmond: Charles Dimmock

Union Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

Major-General USA

George Brinton McClellan
John Charles Frémont
Henry Wager Halleck

Major-General USV

John Adams Dix
Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
Benjamin Franklin Butler
David Hunter
Edwin Denison Morgan
Ethan Allen Hitchcock
Ulysses Simpson Grant

Brigadier-General USA

John Ellis Wool
William Selby Harney
Edwin Vose Sumner
Joseph King Fenno Mansfield
Irvin McDowell
Robert Anderson
William Starke Rosecrans
Philip St George Cooke

Brigadier-General USV

Samuel Peter Heintzelman
Erasmus Darwin Keyes
Andrew Porter
Fitz-John Porter
William Buel Franklin
William Tecumseh Sherman
Charles Pomeroy Stone
Don Carlos Buell
Thomas West Sherman
John Pope
George Archibald McCall
William Reading Montgomery
Philip Kearny
Joseph Hooker
John Wolcott Phelps
Samuel Ryan Curtis
Charles Smith Hamilton
Darius Nash Couch
Rufus King
Jacob Dolson Cox
Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
Franz Sigel
Robert Cumming Schenck
Benjamin Mayberry Prentiss
Benjamin Franklin Kelley
John Alexander McClernand
Alpheus Starkey Williams
Israel Bush Richardson
James Cooper
James Brewerton Ricketts
Orlando Bolivar Willcox
Michael Corcoran
George Henry Thomas
Ambrose Everett Burnside
Henry Hayes Lockwood
Louis Blenker
Henry Warner Slocum
James Samuel Wadsworth
John James Peck
Ormsby McKnight Mitchel
George Webb Morell
John Henry Martindale
Samuel Davis Sturgis
George Stoneman
Henry Washington Benham
William Farrar Smith
James William Denver
Egbert Ludovicus Vielé
James Shields
John Fulton Reynolds
William Farquhar Barry
John Joseph Abercrombie
John Sedgwick
Charles Ferguson Smith
Silas Casey
Lawrence Pike Graham
George Gordon Meade
Abram Duryée
Alexander McDowell McCook
Oliver Otis Howard
Eleazar Arthur Paine
Daniel Edgar Sickles
Charles Davis Jameson
Ebenezer Dumont
Robert Huston Milroy
Lewis Wallace
Willis Arnold Gorman
Daniel Butterfield
Horatio Gouverneur Wright
Edward Otho Cresap Ord
William Nelson
William Thomas Ward
John Gross Barnard
Innis Newton Palmer
Seth Williams
John Newton
Winfield Scott Hancock
Thomas Leonidas Crittenden
George Wright
Isaac Ingalls Stevens
Thomas Williams
George Sykes
William Henry French
William Thomas Harbaugh Brooks
John Milton Brannan
William Wallace Burns
John Porter Hatch
David Sloane Stanley
William Kerley Strong
Albin Francisco Schoepf
Lovell Harrison Rousseau
James Scott Negley
Thomas John Wood
Richard W Johnson
Adolph Wilhelm August Friedrich Von Steinwehr
Joseph Bennett Plummer
John Gray Foster
George Washington Cullum
Jeremiah Tilford Boyle
Christopher Columbus Augur
Schuyler Hamilton
Jesse Lee Reno
George Washington Morgan
Julius Stahel
John McAllister Schofield
Thomas Jefferson McKean
John Grubb Parke
Zealous Bates Tower
Jefferson Columbus Davis
James Henry Lane
John McAuley Palmer
William High Keim
James Abram Garfield
Lewis Golding Arnold
Frederick Steele
William Scott Ketchum
Abner Doubleday
John Wynn Davidson
Napoleon Jackson Tecumseh Dana
David Bell Birney
Thomas Francis Meagher
Henry Morris Naglee
Andrew Johnson
James Gallant Spears
Eugene Asa Carr
Thomas Alfred Davies

Brigadier-General USA (Staff)

Montgomery Cunningham Meigs (Quartermaster-General)
Henry Knox Craig
Lorenzo Thomas (Adjutant-General)
James Wolfe Ripley (Ordnance)
Joseph Pannell Taylor (Commissary-General of Subsistence)

Confederate Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

General ACSA

Samuel Cooper
Albert Sidney Johnston
Robert Edward Lee
Joseph Eggleston Johnston
Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard

Major-General PACS

Leonidas Polk
Braxton Bragg
Earl Van Dorn
Gustavus Woodson Smith
Theophilus Hunter Holmes
William Joseph Hardee
Benjamin Huger
James Longstreet
John Bankhead Magruder
Mansfield Lovell
Thomas Jonathan Jackson
Edmund Kirby Smith
George Bibb Crittenden
John Clifford Pemberton
Richard Stoddert Ewell
William Wing Loring
Sterling Price
Benjamin Franklin Cheatham
Samuel Jones
John Porter McCown

Brigadier-General PACS

Alexander Robert Lawton
Charles Clark
John Buchanan Floyd
Henry Alexander Wise
David Rumph Jones
Henry Hopkins Sibley
John Henry Winder
Richard Caswell Gatlin
Daniel Smith Donelson
Samuel Read Anderson
Daniel Harvey Hill
Jones Mitchell Withers
Richard Heron Anderson
Robert Augustus Toombs
Arnold Elzey
William Henry Chase Whiting
Jubal Anderson Early
Isaac Ridgway Trimble
Daniel Ruggles
Roswell Sabine Ripley
Albert Pike
Paul Octave Hébert
Joseph Reid Anderson
Simon Bolivar Buckner
Leroy Pope Walker
Albert Gallatin Blanchard
Gabriel James Rains
James Ewell Brown Stuart
Lafayette McLaws
Thomas Fenwick Drayton
Thomas Carmichael Hindman
Adley Hogan Gladden
Lloyd Tilghman
Nathan George Evans
Cadmus Marcellus Wilcox
Robert Emmett Rodes
Richard Taylor
James Heyward Trapier
Samuel Gibbs French
William Henry Carroll
Hugh Weedon Mercer
Humphrey Marshall
John Cabell Breckinridge
Richard Griffith
Alexander Peter Stewart
William Montgomery Gardner
Richard Brooke Garnett
William Mahone
Lawrence O’Bryan Branch
Edward Johnson
Maxcy Gregg
Raleigh Edward Colston
Henry Heth
Johnson Kelly Duncan
Sterling Alexander Martin Wood
John George Walker
John King Jackson
George Edward Pickett
Bushrod Rust Johnson
James Patton Anderson
Howell Cobb
George Wythe Randolph
Joseph Brevard Kershaw
James Ronald Chalmers
Joseph Lewis Hogg
Ambrose Powell Hill
James Johnston Pettigrew
Carter Littlepage Stevenson
Daniel Leadbetter
William Whann Mackall
Charles Sidney Winder
Robert Ransom
John Bell Hood
Daniel Marsh Frost
Winfield Scott Featherston
Thomas James Churchill
William Booth Taliaferro
Albert Rust
Patrick Ronayne Cleburne
Samuel Bell Maxey
Hamilton Prioleau Bee
James Morrison Hawes
George Hume Steuart
William Duncan Smith
James Edwin Slaughter
Charles William Field
John Horace Forney
Paul Jones Semmes
Lucius Marshall Walker
Seth Maxwell Barton

 

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