July 16 1862 Wednesday
Morgan’s First Kentucky Raid
Forrest’s First Tennessee Raid
Bahamas. USS Huntsville, Acting Lieutenant William C Rogers, seized the British blockade-running schooner Agnes off Abaco with a cargo of cotton and rosin.
USA. David Glasgow Farragut was promoted to Rear Admiral USN, the first officer to hold that rank in the history of the US Navy. The measure passed by Congress to create the rank of Rear Admiral also reorganised the existing structure to include the grades of Commodore and Lieutenant-Commander and established the permissible number of Rear Admirals at 9; Commodores, 18; Captains, 36; Commanders, 72; and the remaining grades through Ensign at 144 each. Rear Admirals were deemed to rank as the equivalents of Major-Generals in the Army. The new grade of Commodore was deemed equivalent to Brigadier-General and Navy Captain to Army Colonel.
The Rear Admirals promoted to rank from this date in the US Navy were David Glasgow Farragut, Samuel Francis Du Pont, Andrew Hull Foote, and Louis Malesherbes Goldsborough. Silas Horton Stringham retired as Rear Admiral USN (Retired).
The Commodores promoted to rank from this date in the US Navy were Theodorus Bailey, Henry Haywood Bell, George Smith Blake, Thomas Tingey Craven, Charles Henry Davis, Henry Eagle, Andrew Allen Harwood, Robert B Hitchcock, Henry Kuhn Hoff, James Lawrence Lardner, John William Livingston, John S Missroon, Henry W Morris, David Dixon Porter, William David Porter, Cadwalader Ringgold, Stephen Clegg Rowan, Thomas Oliver Selfridge, William Smith, Henry Knox Thatcher, and Gershom Jacques Van Brunt.
The following were Retired as Commodore USN (Retired): William Wister McKean, John Berrien Montgomery, George Frederick Pearson, Garrett J Pendergrast, Joshua Ratoon Sands, Cornelius Kinchiloe Stribling, and Charles Wilkes.
USA. The US Congress authorised the transfer of the gunboat flotilla being operated currently by the Army on western rivers to the jurisdiction of the Navy Department. The decision was enacted on 1 October 1862.
Alabama. Reconnaissance to Decatur ended.
Arizona Territory. Apaches contested the passage of Apache Pass in the Arizona Territory against the vanguard of the California Column but they retreated when shelled by howitzers. Union Colonel James Henry Carleton established a post (later named Fort Bowie) to prevent further depredations by the native warriors.
Mississippi. Union Rear Admiral David Glasgow Farragut reunited his ocean-going and river-based fleets south of Vicksburg after running past the batteries at Vicksburg.
Tennessee. Union Major-General Henry Wager Halleck remained the de facto administrator of the Department of the Mississippi until its dissolution. Major-General Ulysses Simpson Grant took up operational command of its field forces as the commander of the District of West Tennessee. The District of West Tennessee was extended to cover the operational areas of western Tennessee, northern Mississippi, and northern Alabama occupied by his own Army of West Tennessee, the Army of the Mississippi, and elements of the Army of the Ohio. Grant moved his headquarters first to Corinth and later to Jackson. In due course, the new Department of the Tennessee would be formed to direct Grant’s command.
Virginia. Union reconnaissance along the Richmond Road to Westover and St Mary’s Church.
USA: The District of the Ohio was transferred interim from the Department (Military Division) of the Mississippi to the direct control of the War Department.
USA: Major-General Don Carlos Buell retained command of the District of the Ohio.
USA. The Army of the Ohio was transferred from the District of the Ohio to the District of West Tennessee.
USA: Major-General Don Carlos Buell retained command of the Army of the Ohio.
USA: Edwin Vose Sumner confirmed Major-General USV 16 July 1862 to rank from 4 July 1862 adjusted to rank from 5 May 1862. He concurrently held the grade of Brigadier-General in the US Regular Army.
USA: Erasmus Darwin Keyes confirmed 16 July 1862 to rank from July 4 1862, adjusted March 10 1863 to rank from May 5 1862.
USA: Fitz-John Porter confirmed Major-General USV 16 July 1862 to rank from July 4 1862.
USA: Benjamin Stone Roberts promoted Brigadier-General USV 19 July 1862 to rank from 16 July 1862.
USA: Alfred Pleasonton promoted Brigadier-General USV 16 July 1862.
USA: Jacob Ammen promoted Brigadier-General USV 19 July 1862 to rank from 16 July 1862.
USA: Joshua Woodrow Sill promoted Brigadier-General 19 July 1862 to rank from 16 July 1862.
USA: Catharinus Putnam Buckingham promoted Brigadier-General USV 19 July 1862 to rank from 16 July 1862.
USA: Fitz-Henry Warren promoted Brigadier-General USV July 18 1862 to rank from 16 July 1862.
USA: Morgan Lewis Smith promoted Brigadier-General USV 19 July 1862 to rank from 16 July 1862.
USA: Charles Cruft promoted Brigadier-General USV 18 July 1862 to rank from 16 July 1862.
USA: Frederick Salomon promoted Brigadier-General USV 18 July 1862 to rank from 16 July 1862.
USA: James Streshly Jackson promoted Brigadier-General USV 19 July 1862 to rank from 16 July 1862.
USA: Cadwallader Colden Washburn promoted Brigadier-General USV 18 July 1862 to rank from 16 July 1862.
USA: Francis Jay Herron promoted Brigadier-General 16 July 1862 to rank from July 18 1862.
USA: David Glasgow Farragut promoted Rear Admiral USN.
USA: Samuel Francis Du Pont promoted Rear Admiral USN
USA: Andrew Hull Foote promoted Rear Admiral USN.
USA: Louis Malesherbes Goldsborough promoted Rear Admiral USN.
USA: Silas Horton Stringham retired as Rear Admiral USN (Retired).
USA: Theodorus Bailey promoted Commodore USN.
USA: Henry Haywood Bell promoted Commodore USN.
USA: George Smith Blake promoted Commodore USN.
USA: Thomas Tingey Craven promoted Commodore USN.
USA: Charles Henry Davis promoted Commodore USN.
USA: Henry Eagle promoted Commodore USN.
USA: Andrew Allen Harwood promoted Commodore USN.
USA: Robert B Hitchcock promoted Commodore USN.
USA: Henry Kuhn Hoff promoted Commodore USN.
USA: James Lawrence Lardner promoted Commodore USN.
USA: John William Livingston promoted Commodore USN.
USA: John S Missroon promoted Commodore USN.
USA: Henry W Morris promoted Commodore USN.
USA: David Dixon Porter promoted Commodore USN.
USA: William David Porter promoted Commodore USN.
USA: Cadwalader Ringgold promoted Commodore USN.
USA: Stephen Clegg Rowan promoted Commodore USN.
USA: Thomas Oliver Selfridge promoted Commodore USN.
USA: William Smith promoted Commodore USN.
USA: Henry Knox Thatcher promoted Commodore USN.
USA: Gershom Jacques Van Brunt promoted Commodore USN.
USA: William Wister McKean promoted Commodore USN (Retired).
USA: John Berrien Montgomery promoted Commodore USN (Retired).
USA: George Frederick Pearson promoted Commodore USN (Retired).
USA: Garrett J Pendergrast promoted Commodore USN (Retired).
USA: Joshua Ratoon Sands promoted Commodore USN (Retired).
USA: Cornelius Kinchiloe Stribling promoted Commodore USN (Retired).
USA: Charles Wilkes promoted Commodore USN (Retired).
Commander in Chief: President Abraham Lincoln
Vice-President: Hannibal Hamlin
Secretary of War: Edwin McMasters Stanton
Secretary of the Navy: Gideon Welles
North Atlantic Blockading Squadron: Louis Malesherbes Goldsborough
South Atlantic Blockading Squadron: Samuel Francis Du Pont
West Gulf Blockading Squadron: David Glasgow Farragut
East Gulf Blockading Squadron: James Lawrence Lardner
Pacific Squadron: Charles H Bell
Western Gunboat Flotilla: Charles Henry Davis
Potomac Flotilla: Samuel Magaw
General–in-Chief: Henry Wager Halleck awaited
Chairman of the War Board: Ethan Allen Hitchcock
Department of the Mississippi: Henry Wager Halleck
- District of West Tennessee: Ulysses Simpson Grant
- Sub-District of Jackson: John Alexander McClernand
- Army of West Tennessee: Ulysses Simpson Grant
- Army of the Mississippi: William Starke Rosecrans
- District of Cairo: William Kerley Strong
- District of Corinth: William Starke Rosecrans
Department of the Missouri: Henry Wager Halleck
- District of Missouri: John McAllister Schofield
- District of Southwest Missouri: Egbert Benson Brown
- Army of the Southwest: Samuel Ryan Curtis
- District of Northwest Missouri: vacant
Department of the Gulf: Benjamin Franklin Butler
- Army of the Gulf: Benjamin Franklin Butler
Department of Kansas: James Gilpatrick Blunt
Middle Department: John Ellis Wool
- District of the Eastern Shore of Maryland: Henry Hayes Lockwood
- VIII Corps Middle: John Ellis Wool
Department of New Mexico: Edward Richard Sprigg Canby
Department of New York: Edward Denison Morgan
Department of North Carolina: John Gray Foster
Department of the Pacific: George Wright
- District of the Humboldt: Francis James Lippitt
- District of Oregon: Benjamin Alvord
- District of Southern California: George Washington Bowie
Department of the Potomac: George Brinton McClellan
- Army of the Potomac: George Brinton McClellan
- II Corps Potomac: Edwin Vose Sumner
- III Corps Potomac: Samuel Peter Heintzelman
- IV Corps Potomac: Erasmus Darwin Keyes
- V Corps Potomac: Fitz John Porter
- VI Corps Potomac: William Buel Franklin
Department of the South: David Hunter
Department of Texas: Vacant
Department of Virginia: John Adams Dix
District of the Ohio: Don Carlos Buell interim
- Army of the Ohio: Don Carlos Buell
Military District of Washington: James Samuel Wadsworth
Army of Virginia: John Pope
- I Corps Virginia: Franz Sigel
- II Corps Virginia: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
- III Corps Virginia: Irvin McDowell
CSA: Major-General Theophilus Hunter Holmes was appointed to command the Trans-Mississippi Department, arriving on 30 July 1862.
Commander in Chief: President Jefferson Finis Davis
Vice-President: Alexander Hamilton Stephens
Secretary of War: George Wythe Randolph
Secretary of the Navy: Stephen Russell Mallory
Military Adviser to the President: Vacant
Department of Middle and Eastern Florida: Joseph Finegan
Department of East Tennessee: Edmund Kirby Smith
- Army of East Tennessee: Edmund Kirby Smith
Department of Henrico: John Henry Winder
Department of North Carolina: James Green Martin
- District of Cape Fear: Samuel Gibbs French
- District of Pamlico: Robert Ransom temporary
- District of Roanoke Island: Henry Marchmore Shaw
Department of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee
- District of Aquia: Gustavus Woodson Smith
- Army of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee
- Longstreet’s Right Wing Northern Virginia: James Longstreet
- Jackson’s Left Wing Northern Virginia: Thomas Jonathan Jackson
- Valley District: Thomas Jonathan Jackson
Department of South Carolina and Georgia: John Clifford Pemberton
- District of Georgia: Alexander Robert Lawton
- District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
- 1st Sub-District of South Carolina: Arthur Middleton Manigault.
- 2nd Sub-District of South Carolina: Hugh Weedon Mercer
- 3rd Sub-District of South Carolina: William Stephen Walker
- 4th Sub-District of South Carolina: Thomas Fenwick Drayton
Department of Southwestern Virginia: William Wing Loring
- District of Abingdon: Humphrey Marshall
Trans-Mississippi Department: Paul Octave Hébert temporary Theophilus Hunter Holmes awaited
- District of Arkansas: Thomas Carmichael Hindman
- District of Eastern Texas and Western Louisiana: Paul Octave Hébert
- Sub-District of Houston: Xavier Blanchard Debray
- Western District of Texas: Henry Eustace McCullough
- Eastern Sub-District of Western Texas: Xavier Blanchard Debray
- Sub-District of the Rio Grande: Hamilton Prioleau Bee
- Trans-Mississippi District: Vacant
- District of Arizona: Henry Hopkins Sibley
- District of Indian Territory: Douglas Hancock Cooper
- Defences of Pass Cavallo: John W Glenn
Western Department: Braxton Bragg
- District of the Mississippi: Earl Van Dorn
- District of Southern Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana: Earl Van Dorn
- 1st Sub-District of Southern Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana: Daniel Ruggles
- 2nd Sub-District of Southern Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana: William Nelson Rector Beall
- 3rd Sub-District of Southern Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana: Martin Luther Smith
- Gulf District: John Horace Forney
- Army of Mississippi: William Joseph Hardee temporary
- I Corps Mississippi: Leonidas Polk
- II Corps Mississippi: Samuel Jones
- III Corps Mississippi: William Joseph Hardee
- Reserve Corps Mississippi: John Cabell Breckinridge
- Army of the West: Sterling Price
Forces in Richmond: Gustavus Woodson Smith
Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission
George Brinton McClellan
John Charles Frémont
Henry Wager Halleck
John Ellis Wool
Asterisk indicates concurrently Brigadier-General USA
John Adams Dix
Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
Benjamin Franklin Butler
Edwin Denison Morgan
Ethan Allen Hitchcock
Ulysses Simpson Grant
Ambrose Everett Burnside
William Starke Rosecrans*
Don Carlos Buell
Samuel Ryan Curtis
John Alexander McClernand
Ormsby McKnight Mitchel
Cassius Marcellus Clay
George Henry Thomas
William Tecumseh Sherman
Edward Otho Cresap Ord
Edwin Vose Sumner*
Samuel Peter Heintzelman
Erasmus Darwin Keyes
Fitz John Porter
William Buel Franklin
Darius Nash Couch
Isaac Ingalls Stevens
Israel Bush Richardson
Henry Warner Slocum
John James Peck
William Farrar Smith
Brackets indicates concurrently Major-General USV
William Selby Harney
(Edwin Vose Sumner)
Joseph King Fenno Mansfield
(William Starke Rosecrans)
Philip St George Cooke
Charles Pomeroy Stone
Thomas West Sherman
George Archibald McCall
William Reading Montgomery
John Wolcott Phelps
Charles Smith Hamilton
Jacob Dolson Cox
Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
Robert Cumming Schenck
Benjamin Mayberry Prentiss
Benjamin Franklin Kelley
Alpheus Starkey Williams
James Brewerton Ricketts
Orlando Bolivar Willcox
Henry Hayes Lockwood
James Samuel Wadsworth
George Webb Morell
John Henry Martindale
Samuel Davis Sturgis
Henry Washington Benham
James William Denver
Egbert Ludovicus Vielé
John Fulton Reynolds
William Farquhar Barry
John Joseph Abercrombie
Lawrence Pike Graham
George Gordon Meade
Alexander McDowell McCook
Oliver Otis Howard
Eleazar Arthur Paine
Daniel Edgar Sickles
Charles Davis Jameson
Robert Huston Milroy
Willis Arnold Gorman
Horatio Gouverneur Wright
William Thomas Ward
John Gross Barnard
Innis Newton Palmer
Winfield Scott Hancock
Thomas Leonidas Crittenden
William Henry French
William Thomas Harbaugh Brooks
John Milton Brannan
William Wallace Burns
John Porter Hatch
David Sloane Stanley
William Kerley Strong
Albin Francisco Schoepf
Lovell Harrison Rousseau
James Scott Negley
Thomas John Wood
Richard W Johnson
Adolph Wilhelm August Friedrich Von Steinwehr
Joseph Bennett Plummer
John Gray Foster
George Washington Cullum
Jeremiah Tilford Boyle
Christopher Columbus Augur
Jesse Lee Reno
George Washington Morgan
John McAllister Schofield
Thomas Jefferson McKean
John Grubb Parke
Zealous Bates Tower
Jefferson Columbus Davis
James Henry Lane
John McAuley Palmer
James Abram Garfield
Lewis Golding Arnold
William Scott Ketchum
John Wynn Davidson
Napoleon Jackson Tecumseh Dana
David Bell Birney
Thomas Francis Meagher
Henry Morris Naglee
James Gallant Spears
Eugene Asa Carr
Thomas Alfred Davies
William Hemsley Emory
Andrew Jackson Smith
Marsena Rudolph Patrick
Isaac Ferdinand Quinby
Hiram Gregory Berry
Orris Sanford Ferry
Daniel Phineas Woodbury
Henry Moses Judah
Richard James Oglesby
Robert Latimer McCook
Jacob Gartner Lauman
Horatio Phillips Van Cleve
John Alexander Logan
Speed Smith Fry
Mahlon Dickerson Manson
Edward Richard Sprigg Canby
Grenville Mellen Dodge
Robert Byington Mitchell
James Gilpatrick Blunt
Francis Engle Patterson
Quincy Adams Gillmore
Amiel Weeks Whipple
George Lucas Hartsuff
Napoleon Bonaparte Buford
William Sooy Smith
James Henry Van Alen
Samuel Wylie Crawford
Henry Walton Wessells
Milo Smith Hascall
Leonard Fulton Ross
John White Geary
Alfred Howe Terry
Andrew Atkinson Humphreys
James Henry Carleton
John Cleveland Robinson
George Dashiell Bayard
Abram Sanders Piatt
Thomas Turpin Crittenden
Pleasant Adam Hackleman
Jeremiah Cutler Sullivan
Alvin Peterson Hovey
James Clifford Veatch
William Plummer Benton
John Curtis Caldwell
Isaac Peace Rodman
Neal S Dow
George Sears Greene
Samuel Powhatan Carter
George William Taylor
Erastus Barnard Tyler
James Birdseye McPherson
George Henry Gordon
James Madison Tuttle
Peter Joseph Osterhaus
Stephen Gano Burbridge
Washington Lafayette Elliott
Albion Parris Howe
Green Clay Smith
William Bowen Campbell
Philip Henry Sheridan
Benjamin Stone Roberts
Joshua Woodrow Sill
Catharinus Putnam Buckingham
Morgan Lewis Smith
James Streshly Jackson
Cadwallader Colden Washburn
Francis Jay Herron
Brigadier-General USA (Staff)
Montgomery Cunningham Meigs (Quartermaster-General)
Henry Knox Craig
Lorenzo Thomas (Adjutant-General)
James Wolfe Ripley (Ordnance)
William Alexander Hammond (Surgeon-General)
Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission
Robert Edward Lee
Joseph Eggleston Johnston
Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
Earl Van Dorn
Gustavus Woodson Smith
Theophilus Hunter Holmes
William Joseph Hardee
John Bankhead Magruder
Thomas Jonathan Jackson
Edmund Kirby Smith
George Bibb Crittenden
John Clifford Pemberton
Richard Stoddert Ewell
William Wing Loring
Benjamin Franklin Cheatham
John Porter McCown
Daniel Harvey Hill
Jones Mitchell Withers
Thomas Carmichael Hindman
John Cabell Breckinridge
Ambrose Powell Hill
Richard Heron Anderson
Alexander Robert Lawton
John Buchanan Floyd
Henry Alexander Wise
David Rumph Jones
Henry Hopkins Sibley
John Henry Winder
Richard Caswell Gatlin
Daniel Smith Donelson
Robert Augustus Toombs
William Henry Chase Whiting
Jubal Anderson Early
Isaac Ridgeway Trimble
Roswell Sabine Ripley
Paul Octave Hébert
Joseph Reid Anderson
Simon Bolivar Buckner
Albert Gallatin Blanchard
Gabriel James Rains
James Ewell Brown Stuart
Thomas Fenwick Drayton
Nathan George Evans
Cadmus Marcellus Wilcox
Robert Emmett Rodes
James Heyward Trapier
Samuel Gibbs French
William Henry Carroll
Hugh Weedon Mercer
Alexander Peter Stewart
William Montgomery Gardner
Richard Brooke Garnett
Lawrence O’Bryan Branch
Raleigh Edward Colston
Johnson Kelly Duncan
Sterling Alexander Martin Wood
John George Walker
John King Jackson
George Edward Pickett
Bushrod Rust Johnson
James Patton Anderson
George Wythe Randolph
Joseph Brevard Kershaw
James Ronald Chalmers
James Johnston Pettigrew
Carter Littlepage Stevenson
William Whann Mackall
Charles Sidney Winder
John Bell Hood
Daniel Marsh Frost
Winfield Scott Featherston
Thomas James Churchill
William Booth Taliaferro
Patrick Ronayne Cleburne
Samuel Bell Maxey
Hamilton Prioleau Bee
James Morrison Hawes
George Hume Steuart
William Duncan Smith
James Edwin Slaughter
Charles William Field
John Horace Forney
Paul Jones Semmes
Lucius Marshall Walker
Seth Maxwell Barton
Dabney Herndon Maury
John Bordenave Villepigue
Henry Eustace McCullough
John Stevens Bowen
Benjamin Hardin Helm
John Selden Roane
States Rights Gist
William Nelson Pendleton
Lewis Addison Armistead
Martin Luther Smith
William Nelson Rector Beall
Roger Atkinson Pryor
George Earl Maney
Jean Jacques Alfred Alexandre Mouton
John Stuart Williams
James Green Martin
Thomas Lanier Clingman
Daniel Weisiger Adams
John Creed Moore
Ambrose Ransom Wright
James Lawson Kemper
James Jay Archer
George Burgwyn Anderson
Beverley Holcombe Robertson
St John Richardson Liddell