1862 January 9th

January 9 1862 Thursday

East Kentucky Operations
Jackson’s Baltimore & Ohio Railroad Raid

Go to January 10 1862

Kentucky. Confederate Brigadier-General Humphrey Marshall had led a force into southeast Kentucky for recruiting activity. From his headquarters in Paintsville on the Big Sandy River northwest of Prestonsburg, Marshall recruited many Kentuckian volunteers to his command. He had raised a force of more than 2,000 men by early January but could only partially arm and equip them.
Union Brigadier-General Don Carlos Buell directed Colonel James Abram Garfield to force Marshall to retreat back into western Virginia. Leaving Louisa, Garfield took command of the 18th Brigade (Ohio) and began his march south on Paintsville. He compelled the Confederates to abandon Paintsville and retreat to the vicinity of Prestonsburg. Garfield slowly headed south but swamps and numerous streams slowed his movements until he arrived in the vicinity of Marshall’s camps.

Louisiana. Union Captain David Glasgow Farragut USN was given responsibility for the proposed expedition to capture New Orleans. The bounds of his Western Gulf Blockading Squadron command extended from West Florida to the Rio Grande, but a second purpose beyond the blockade lay in his instructions to capture New Orleans, the South’s richest and most populous city.

Maryland. Union Brigadier-General Ambrose Everett Burnside’s expedition to the North Carolina coasts began to get underway from Annapolis, with orders to rendezvous at Fort Monroe, Virginia.

Missouri. Skirmish at Columbus.

Missouri. The Union Army of the Southwest advanced from Rolla to Lebanon. The Army was led by Brigadier-General Samuel Ryan Curtis and was organised into four divisions each of two brigades, commanded by Brigadier-General Franz Sigel (1st), Colonel Alexander Asboth (2nd), Brigadier-Genera Jefferson Columbus Davis (3rd), and Colonel Eugene Asa Carr (4th).

Virginia. Skirmish at Pohick Run.

Union Organisation

USA: Captain David Glasgow Farragut USN was appointed to command the Western Gulf Blockading Squadron, arriving on 20 January 1862.
Farragut, David Glasgow / Born 5 July 1801 Campbell’s Station, Tennessee / Died Portsmouth, New Hampshire 14 August 1870
Midshipman USN 17 December 1810 / Passed Midshipman USN 1821 / Lieutenant USN 13 January 1825 / Commander USN 8 September 1841 / Captain USN 14 September 1855 / Commander-in-Chief US Navy 21 December 1861-14 August 1870 / Rear Admiral USN 16 July 1862 / Vice Admiral USN 21 December 1864 / Admiral USN 25 July 1866 / WIA and CIA Valparaiso Bay, Chile 28 March 1814 Exchanged April 1815 WIA Vicksburg 23 June 1862
USS Brooklyn December 1860 / Commander-in-Chief US Navy 21 December 1861-14 August 1870 / USS Hartford January 1862 / West Gulf Blockading Squadron 20 January 1862-2 August 1863 / USS Monongahela May 1863 / USS Pensacola May 1863 / USS Tennessee July 1863 / USS Hartford September 1863 / West Gulf Blockading Squadron 23 January 1864-30 November 1864 / USS Franklin June 1867 / European Squadron 14 July 1867-10 November 1868

Commander in Chief: President Abraham Lincoln
Vice-President: Hannibal Hamlin
Secretary of War: Simon Cameron
Secretary of the Navy: Gideon Welles

North Atlantic Blockading Squadron: Louis Malesherbes Goldsborough
South Atlantic Blockading Squadron: Samuel Francis Du Pont
Gulf Blockading Squadron: William McKean
Pacific Squadron: Charles H Bell
Western Gunboat Flotilla: Andrew Hull Foote
Potomac Flotilla: Robert Harris Wyman

General–in-Chief: George Brinton McClellan

Department of Florida: Harvey Brown

Department of Kansas: David Hunter

Department of the Missouri: Henry Wager Halleck

  • District of Cairo: Ulysses Simpson Grant
  • District of St Louis: John McAllister Schofield
  • District of Central Missouri: John Pope
    • Army of Western Missouri: John Pope
  • District of North Missouri: John McAllister Schofield
  • District of Southeast Missouri: Ulysses Simpson Grant
  • District of Southwest Missouri: Samuel Ryan Curtis
    • Army of the Southwest: Samuel Ryan Curtis
  • District of Western Kentucky: Horatio Gouverneur Wright

Department of New England: Benjamin Franklin Butler

Department of New Mexico: Edward Richard Sprigg Canby

  • Southern District of New Mexico: Benjamin Stone Roberts

Department of New York: Edward Denison Morgan

Department of North Carolina: Ambrose Everett Burnside awaited

Department of the Ohio: Don Carlos Buell

  • Army of the Ohio: Don Carlos Buell

Department of the Pacific: George Wright

  • District of the Humboldt: Francis James Lippitt
  • District of Oregon: Albemarle Cady
  • District of Southern California: James Henry Carleton

Department of the Potomac: George Brinton McClellan

  • District of Harper’s Ferry and Cumberland: Frederick West Lander
  • Army of the Potomac: George Brinton McClellan

Department of Texas: Vacant

Department of Virginia: John Ellis Wool

Department of Western Virginia: William Starke Rosecrans

  • District of the Kanawha: Jacob Dolson Cox
  • Cheat Mountain District: Robert Huston Milroy
  • Railroad District: Benjamin Franklin Kelley

Confederate Organisation

CSA: Henry Heth confirmed Brigadier-General PACS 9 January 1862 to rank from 6 January 1862.
Heth, Henry / Virginia / Born 16 December 1825 Chesterfield, Virginia / Died Washington, District of Columbia 27 September 1899
USMA 1 July 1847 38 /38 Infantry / Cadet USMA 1 July 1843 / 1st US Infantry 1 July 1847 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 6th US Infantry 22 September 1847 / 1st Lieutenant USA 9 June 1853 / Regt Quartermaster 24 November 1854-3 March 1855 / Captain USA 10th US Infantry 3 March 1855 / Resigned USA 25 April 1861 / Captain ACSA Infantry 16 March 1861 / Lieutenant-Colonel Quartermaster-General Provisional Army of Virginia 29 April 1861 / Lieutenant-Colonel Provisional Army of Virginia 9 May 1861 / Lieutenant-Colonel PACS 5th Virginia Infantry 31 May 1861 / 45th Virginia Infantry 17 June 1861 / Assistant Inspector-General 11 August 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 9 January 1862 to rank from 6 January 1862 / Major-General PACS 10 October 1862 unconfirmed / Major-General PACS 17 February 1864 to rank from 24 May 1863 / Paroled Appomattox, Virginia 9 April 1865 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1847 / WIA Chancellorsville 3 May 1863 WIA Gettysburg 1 July 1863
Assistant Inspector-General Forces in the Kanawha 11 August 1861 / Heth’s Brigade Army of the Northwest December 1861-28 January 1862 / District of Lewisburg 28 January 1862-8 May 1862 / 2nd Division Department of East Tennessee 25 June 1862-31 October 1862 / 3rd Division Department of East Tennessee 31 October 1862-11 November 1862 / Department of East Tennessee 11 November 1862-17 January 1863 / Field’s Brigade A P Hill’s Division II Corps Army of Northern Virginia 5 March 1863-May 1863 / Heth’s Brigade A P Hill’s Division II Corps Army of Northern Virginia May 1863-3 May 1863 / A P Hill’s Division II Corps Army of Northern Virginia 3 May 1863-30 May 1863 / Heth’s Division III Corps Army of Northern Virginia 1 June 1863-9 April 1865

CSA: Johnson Kelly Duncan confirmed Brigadier-General PACS 9 January 1862 to rank from 7 January 1862.
Duncan, Johnson Kelly / Pennsylvania / Born 19 March 1827 York, Pennsylvania / Died Knoxville, Tennessee 18 December 1862
USMA 1 July 1849 5/43 Artillery / Cadet USMA 1 July 1845 / 2nd US Artillery 1 July 1849 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 3rd US Artillery 31 October 1849 / 1st Lieutenant USA 24 December 1853 / Resigned USA 31 January 1855 / Captain ACSA Artillery 16 March 1861 / Major PACS 1st Louisiana Heavy Artillery 1861 / Colonel PACS 1861 / Colonel PACS 1st Louisiana Artillery April 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 9 January 1862 to rank from 7 January 1862 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1849 / CIA Fort Jackson 28 April 1862 Exchanged 15 August 1862
Defences of Louisiana 25 March 1861-28 April 1862 / 4th Brigade Reserve Division Army of Mississippi 21 August 1862-12 October 1862 / Reserve Division Army of Mississippi 12 October 1862-10 November 1862 / Chief of Staff Army of Tennessee 20 November 1862-18 December 1862

CSA: Sterling Alexander Martin Wood confirmed Brigadier-General PACS 9 January 1862 to rank from 7 January 1862.
Wood, Sterling Alexander Martin / Alabama / Born 17 March 1823 Florence, Alabama / Died Tuscaloosa, Alabama 26 January 1891
Captain Alabama Militia 3 April 1861 / Colonel PACS 7th Alabama Infantry 18 May 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 9 January 1862 to rank from 7 January 1862 / Resigned PACS 17 October 1863 / WIA Shiloh 6 April 1862 WIA Perryville 8 October 1862
3rd Brigade 1st Division Army of Central Kentucky October 1861-23 February 1862 / 1st Brigade 3rd Division Army of Central Kentucky 23 February 1862-29 March 1862 / 3rd Division III Corps Army of Mississippi 29 March 1862-6 April 1862 / 3rd Division Army of Mississippi 7 July 1862-September 1862 / 4th Brigade 3rd Division Army of Mississippi September 1862-8 October 1862 / 4th Brigade 1st Division II Corps Army of Tennessee 20 November 1862-December 1862 / 4th Brigade 2nd Division II Corps Army of Tennessee December 1862-April 1863 / 1st Brigade 2nd Division II Corps Army of Tennessee April 1863-September 1863 / Wood’s Brigade Cleburne’s Division D H Hill’s Corps Army of Tennessee September 1863-17 October 1863

CSA: John George Walker promoted Brigadier-General PACS 9 January 1862.
Walker, John George / Missouri / Born 22 July 1821 Cole, Missouri / Died 20 July 1893
1st Lieutenant USA US Mounted Rifles 27 May 1846 / Captain USA 30 June 1851 / Resigned USA 31 July 1861 / Major ACSA Cavalry 16 March 1861 / Lieutenant-Colonel PACS 8th Texas Cavalry August 1861 / Colonel PACS September 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 9 January 1862 / Major-General PACS 8 November 1862 / No Record of Parole / Brevet Captain USA 1 August 1847 / WIA Molino del Rey 8 September 1847 WIA Malvern Hill 1 July 1862 WIA Antietam 17 September 1862
Walker’s Brigade Aquia District 13 September 1861-19 April 1862 / 4th Brigade Department of North Carolina 19 April 1862-1 July 1862 / 4th Brigade D H Hill’s Division Defences of Richmond July 1862-August 1862 / Walker’s Division I Corps Army of Northern Virginia August 1862-17 September 1862 / 1st Division District of West Louisiana 1863-9 April 1864 / District of West Louisiana 10 June 1864-4 August 1864 / District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona 4 August 1864-3 April 1865 / 2nd Division III Corps Trans-Mississippi Army September 1864-31 March 1865 / III Corps Trans-Mississippi 4 August 1864-31 March 1865 / District of West Louisiana 30 March 1865-19 April 1865 / Cavalry Division District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona 6 April 1865-13 May 1865 / 1st Division District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona 13 May 1865-26 May 1865

Commander in Chief: President Jefferson Finis Davis
Vice-President: Alexander Hamilton Stephens
Secretary of War: Judah Philip Benjamin
Secretary of the Navy: Stephen Russell Mallory

Military Adviser to the President: Vacant

Department No 1: Mansfield Lovell

Department of Alabama and West Florida: Braxton Bragg

  • District of Alabama: Jones Mitchell Withers
  • Army of Pensacola Braxton Bragg

Department of Henrico: John Henry Winder

Department of the Indian Territory: Albert Pike

Department of Norfolk: Benjamin Huger

  • District of Albemarle: Henry Alexander Wise awaited

Department of North Carolina: Richard Caswell Gatlin

  • District of Cape Fear: Joseph Reid Anderson
  • District of Pamlico: Lawrence O’Bryan Branch

Department of Northern Virginia: Joseph Eggleston Johnston

  • District of Aquia: Robert Augustus Toombs
  • District of the Potomac: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
  • Army of the Potomac: Joseph Eggleston Johnston
    • I Corps Potomac: Earl Van Dorn
    • II Corps Potomac: Gustavus Woodson Smith
  • Valley District: Thomas Jonathan Jackson
    • Army of the Valley: Thomas Jonathan Jackson
  • Army of the Northwest: William Wing Loring

Department of the Peninsula: John Bankhead Magruder

  • Army of the Peninsula: John Bankhead Magruder

Department of South Carolina, Georgia and East Florida: Robert Edward Lee

  •  District of Middle and East Florida: William Montgomery Gardner
  • District of Georgia: Alexander Robert Lawton
  • District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
    • 1st Sub-District of South Carolina: Arthur Middleton Manigault.
    • 2nd Sub-District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
    • 3rd Sub-District of South Carolina: Nathan George Evans
    • 4th Sub-District of South Carolina: John Clifford Pemberton
    • 5th Sub-District of South Carolina: Thomas Fenwick Drayton

Department of Southwestern Virginia: William Wing Loring

Department of Texas: Paul Octave Hébert

  • Western District of Texas: Henry Eustace McCullough
  • District of Galveston: Ebenezer B Nichols
  • District of Houston: John Creed Moore
  • Defences of Pass Cavallo: John W Glenn

Western Department: Albert Sidney Johnston

  • First Geographical Division: Leonidas Polk
  • District of Upper Arkansas: William Joseph Hardee
  • District of East Tennessee: George Bibb Crittenden
  • Army of Central Kentucky: William Joseph Hardee
  • Army of Eastern Kentucky: Humphrey Marshall
  • Western Army: Benjamin McCulloch

District of Arizona: Henry Hopkins Sibley

  • Army of New Mexico: Henry Hopkins Sibley

Forces in Richmond: Charles Dimmock

Union Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

Major-General USA

George Brinton McClellan
John Charles Frémont
Henry Wager Halleck

Major-General USV

John Adams Dix
Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
Benjamin Franklin Butler
David Hunter
Edwin Denison Morgan

Brigadier-General USA

John Ellis Wool
William Selby Harney
Edwin Vose Sumner
Joseph King Fenno Mansfield
Irvin McDowell
Robert Anderson
William Starke Rosecrans
Philip St George Cooke

Brigadier-General USV

Samuel Peter Heintzelman
Erasmus Darwin Keyes
Andrew Porter
Fitz-John Porter
William Buel Franklin
William Tecumseh Sherman
Charles Pomeroy Stone
Don Carlos Buell
Thomas West Sherman
John Pope
George Archibald McCall
William Reading Montgomery
Philip Kearny
Joseph Hooker
John Wolcott Phelps
Ulysses Simpson Grant
Joseph Jones Reynolds
Samuel Ryan Curtis
Charles Smith Hamilton
Darius Nash Couch
Rufus King
Jacob Dolson Cox
Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
Franz Sigel
Robert Cumming Schenck
Benjamin Mayberry Prentiss
Frederick West Lander
Benjamin Franklin Kelley
John Alexander McClernand
Alpheus Starkey Williams
Israel Bush Richardson
James Cooper
James Brewerton Ricketts
Orlando Bolivar Willcox
Michael Corcoran
George Henry Thomas
Ambrose Everett Burnside
Henry Hayes Lockwood
Louis Blenker
Henry Warner Slocum
James Samuel Wadsworth
John James Peck
Ormsby McKnight Mitchel
George Webb Morell
John Henry Martindale
Samuel Davis Sturgis
George Stoneman
Henry Washington Benham
William Farrar Smith
James William Denver
Egbert Ludovicus Vielé
James Shields
John Fulton Reynolds
William Farquhar Barry
John Joseph Abercrombie
John Sedgwick
Charles Ferguson Smith
Silas Casey
Lawrence Pike Graham
George Gordon Meade
Abram Duryée
Alexander McDowell McCook
Oliver Otis Howard
Eleazar Arthur Paine
Daniel Edgar Sickles
Charles Davis Jameson
Ebenezer Dumont
Robert Huston Milroy
Lewis Wallace
Willis Arnold Gorman
Daniel Butterfield
Horatio Gouverneur Wright
Edward Otho Cresap Ord
William Nelson
William Thomas Ward
John Gross Barnard
Innis Newton Palmer
Seth Williams
John Newton
Winfield Scott Hancock
Thomas Leonidas Crittenden
George Wright
Isaac Ingalls Stevens
Thomas Williams
George Sykes
William Henry French
William Thomas Harbaugh Brooks
John Milton Brannan
William Wallace Burns
John Porter Hatch
David Sloane Stanley
William Kerley Strong
Albin Francisco Schoepf
Lovell Harrison Rousseau
James Scott Negley
Thomas John Wood
Richard W Johnson
Adolph Wilhelm August Friedrich Von Steinwehr
Joseph Bennett Plummer
John Gray Foster
George Washington Cullum
Jeremiah Tilford Boyle
Christopher Columbus Augur
Schuyler Hamilton
Jesse Lee Reno
George Washington Morgan
Julius Stahel
John McAllister Schofield
Thomas Jefferson McKean
John Grubb Parke
Zealous Bates Tower
Jefferson Columbus Davis
James Henry Lane
John McAuley Palmer
William High Keim

Brigadier-General USA (Staff)

Montgomery Cunningham Meigs (Quartermaster-General)
Henry Knox Craig
Lorenzo Thomas (Adjutant-General)
James Wolfe Ripley (Ordnance)

Confederate Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

General ACSA

Samuel Cooper
Albert Sidney Johnston
Robert Edward Lee
Joseph Eggleston Johnston
Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard

Major-General PACS

Leonidas Polk
Braxton Bragg
Earl Van Dorn
Gustavus Woodson Smith
Theophilus Hunter Holmes
William Joseph Hardee
Benjamin Huger
James Longstreet
John Bankhead Magruder
Mansfield Lovell
Thomas Jonathan Jackson
Edmund Kirby Smith
George Bibb Crittenden

Brigadier-General PACS

Alexander Robert Lawton
Milledge Lake Bonham
Benjamin McCulloch
William Wing Loring
Charles Clark
John Buchanan Floyd
Henry Alexander Wise
Richard Stoddert Ewell
David Rumph Jones
John Clifford Pemberton
Henry Hopkins Sibley
John Henry Winder
Richard Caswell Gatlin
Daniel Smith Donelson
Samuel Read Anderson
Benjamin Franklin Cheatham
Felix Kirk Zollicoffer
Daniel Harvey Hill
Jones Mitchell Withers
Richard Heron Anderson
Robert Augustus Toombs
Samuel Jones
Arnold Elzey
William Henry Chase Whiting
Jubal Anderson Early
Isaac Ridgway Trimble
Daniel Ruggles
Roswell Sabine Ripley
Albert Pike
Paul Octave Hébert
Joseph Reid Anderson
Simon Bolivar Buckner
Leroy Pope Walker
Albert Gallatin Blanchard
Gabriel James Rains
James Ewell Brown Stuart
Lafayette McLaws
Thomas Fenwick Drayton
Thomas Carmichael Hindman
Adley Hogan Gladden
John Porter McCown
Lloyd Tilghman
Nathan George Evans
Cadmus Marcellus Wilcox
Robert Emmett Rodes
Richard Taylor
Louis Trezevant Wigfall
James Heyward Trapier
Samuel Gibbs French
William Henry Carroll
Hugh Weedon Mercer
Humphrey Marshall
John Cabell Breckinridge
Richard Griffith
Alexander Peter Stewart
William Montgomery Gardner
Richard Brooke Garnett
William Mahone
Lawrence O’Bryan Branch
Edward Johnson
Maxcy Gregg
Raleigh Edward Colston
Henry Heth
Johnson Kelly Duncan
Sterling Alexander Martin Wood
John George Walker
Daniel Marsh Frost

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