1862 February 14th

February 14 1862 Friday

Dover, TN 

Burnside’s Expedition to North Carolina

Siege of Fort Donelson

Sibley’s Operations in New Mexico

Arkansas. Confederate Major-General Earl Van Dorn sent instructions from Pocahontas to Missouri State Guard Major-General Sterling Price to prepare for an offensive movement from Arkansas into Missouri.

Connecticut. The experimental seagoing ironclad USS Galena was launched at Mystic.

Kentucky. Skirmish at Flat Lick Ford.

Kentucky. Union forces under Brigadier-General Ormsby McKnight Mitchel occupied Bowling Green.

Kentucky. Union Brigadier-General George Washington Morgan ordered a reconnaissance in force by a detachment of the 1st Kentucky Cavalry against the Confederate garrison at Cumberland Gap. Union Lieutenant-Colonel Mundy led an attack on Cumberland Gap but the garrison of the 11th Tennessee Infantry, commanded by Colonel James Edwards Rains, withstood the assault and Mundy was forced to withdraw.

Missouri. Skirmish at Crane Creek involving Union Brigadier-General Samuel Ryan Curtis.

North Carolina. Confederate ships sank obstructions in the Cape Fear River near Fort Caswell in an effort to block the channel.

South Carolina. Armed boat from USS Restless, Acting Lieutenant Edward Conroy, captured and destroyed the sloop Edisto and the schooners Wandoo, Elisabeth, and Theodore Stony off Bull’s Bay. All the ships were carrying heavy cargoes of rice for Charleston.

Tennessee. As Union Brigadier-General Ulysses Simpson Grant pressed his campaign to capture Fort Donelson and to dominate the Cumberland and Tennessee Rivers, the Union command structure was reorganised to reflect the new situation. Major-General Henry Wager Halleck remained in St Louis, Missouri, with overall command of the theatre as head of the Department of the Missouri. Grant was mow assigned to a new District of West Tennessee, and Grant’s previous command of the District of Cairo was passed on to Brigadier-General William Tecumseh Sherman, who was gathering more recruits and reinforcements.

Dover, Tennessee. The Union Western Gunboat Flotilla escorted another 10,000 Union reinforcements from Cairo on twelve transport ships and they began disembarking near Fort Donelson. The overnight snowstorm deposited three inches of snow by morning. Guns and wagons were frozen to the earth. Because of the proximity of the enemy lines and the active sharpshooters, the soldiers could not light campfires for warmth or cooking and both sides had a miserable night, many being without blankets or overcoats.

At 1 am, Confederate Brigadier-General John Buchanan Floyd held a council of war in his headquarters at the Dover Hotel and there was general agreement that Fort Donelson was probably untenable. Brigadier-General Gideon Johnson Pillow’s division was designated to lead a breakout attempt. Troops were moved behind the lines and an assault made ready but, at the last minute, a Union sharpshooter killed one of Pillow’s aides. Pillow, reputed to be normally quite aggressive in battle, was unnerved and announced that since their movement had been detected the breakout had to be postponed. Floyd was furious at this change of plans but by that time the Union gunboats were already attacking from the river and it was too late in the day to resume the attack.

Union Brigadier-General Lewis Wallace’s division arrived from Fort Henry around noon. Wallace had assembled his troops from Fort Henry into a new 3rd Division with two brigades, under Colonel John Milton Thayer and Colonel Charles Cruft (whose brigade was on loan from Major-General Don Carlos Buell). They occupied the centre of the line facing the Confederate trenches. The troops arriving by river transport provided sufficient troops to extend McClernand’s right flank to be anchored on Lick Creek, by moving Colonel John McArthur’s brigade of Smith’s division from the reserve to a position from which they intended to plug the 400-yard gap at first light the next morning.  By now eleven Union brigades with 17,500 men were investing seven Confederate brigades, also counting about 17,500 men. Despite the near equality in numbers, the Confederates remained passive and indecisive.

Fort Donelson, Tenessee. The Union Western Gunboat Flotilla under Captain Andrew Hull Foote USN concentrated at a bend near Fort Donelson before midnight. The flotilla consisted of four ironclad gunboats, the flagship USS St Louis from Fort Henry and USS Carondelet, which had arrived two days earlier, along with two newly arrived ships USS Louisville, and USS Pittsburg. There were also three timber-clad gunboats (USS Conestoga, USS Tyler, and USS Lexington). The USS Essex and USS Cincinnati had been damaged at Fort Henry and were still undergoing repairs. The USS Cincinnati had remained at Fort Henry to protect its small garrison. As soon as Foote arrived, Grant urged him to attack the fort’s river batteries immediately. Despite his reluctance to proceed before an adequate reconnaissance, Foote moved his gunboats forward, aiming to pass the fort and to block the enemy’s escape route across the river from a position near Dover and to reduce the rifle pits and batteries along the riverside. After adding chains, lumber, and sacks of sand and coal to protect the decks, the ships steamed in close to the shore and by 3 pm they opened fire. The four ironclads were in front with the more vulnerable USS Tyler and USS Conestoga behind them. The USS Carondelet was in action despite the damage it sustained the day before. Waiting until the gunboats were within 400 yards the Confederate gunners returned fire and pounded the fleet. The powerful Confederate 128-pound gun on the crest of the bluff was spiked temporarily by its own priming wire. Foote was wounded when the wheel on his flagship, USS St Louis was shot away and its pilot killed. The ship lost steerage and floated helplessly downriver. USS Louisville was also hit hard and when its steering gear was wrecked it also drifted downstream. USS Carondelet became waterlogged as water poured in through holes in its hull and it was forced to retire. USS Pittsburg was hit and began to take on water and the gunboat attack was abandoned in a cloud of gun smoke created more for concealment than from any expectation of damaging the Confederate guns behind their earthworks.

From 500 shots fired by the Confederate gunners, USS St Louis was hit 59 times, USS Carondelet 54, USS Louisville 36, and USS Pittsburg 20 times. Although the Union fleet had been damaged, it still controlled the Cumberland River. Unlike the earlier success at the much weaker Fort Henry, Grant and Foote failed to take the fort by naval power alone and Grant resolved to establish a siege. Eleven Union sailors were killed and 43 wounded while the Confederates lost no men and no guns in the naval attack.

Virginia. Incident at Bloomery Gap.

Union Organisation

USA: Fort Garland in the Colorado territory was transferred from the Department of Kansas to the Department of New Mexico.

USA: The District of West Tennessee was established in the Department of the Missouri, comprising the area around Fort Donelson, Tennessee, and locations occupied by the Army of West Tennessee.

USA: Brigadier-General Ulysses Simpson Grant was appointed to command the District of West Tennessee, arriving on 17 February 1862.

Grant, Ulysses Simpson (Hiram Ulysses) / Ohio / Born 27 April 1822 Point Pleasant, Ohio / Died Mount McGregor, New York 23 July 1885
USMA 1 July 1843 21/39 Infantry / Cadet USMA 1 July 1839 / 4th US Infantry 1 July 1843 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 7th US Infantry 30 September 1845 / 4th US Infantry 15 November 1845 / Regt Quartermaster 1 April 1847-23 July 1848 / 1st Lieutenant USA 16 September 1847 / Regt Quartermaster 17 November 1848-5 August 1853 / Captain USA 5 August 1853 / Resigned USA 31 July 1854 / Brigadier-General USV 9 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861 / Colonel USV 21st Illinois Infantry 15 June 1861 / Major-General USV 16 February 1862 / Major-General USA 7 July 1863 to rank from 4 July 1863 / Lieutenant-General USA 4 March 1864 to rank from 2 March 1864 / General-in-Chief of the US Army 12 March 1864 / General USA 25 July 1866 / Resigned USA 4 March 1869 / General USA Retired 4 March 1877 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1843 Brevet 1 Lt USA 8 September 1847 Brevet Captain USA 13 September 1847
District of Ironton 8 August 1861-15 August 1861 / District of Southeast Missouri 1 September 1861-23 December 1861 / District of Cairo 23 December 1861-14 February 1862 / District of West Tennessee 14 February 1862-12 September 1862 / Army of West Tennessee 21 February 1862-24 October 1863 / Chief of Staff Department of the Mississippi 29 April 1862-10 June 1862 / Department of the Tennessee 16 October 1862-17 October 1863 / XIII Corps Tennessee 24 October 1862-22 December 1862 / Military Division of the Mississippi 16 October 1863-18 March 1864 / General-in-Chief 12 March 1864-4 March 1869

USA: Brigadier-General William Tecumseh Sherman assumed command of the District of Cairo, succeeding Brigadier-General Ulysses Simpson Grant.

Sherman, William Tecumseh / Ohio / Born 8 February 1820 Lancaster, Ohio / Died New York, New York 14 February 1891
USMA 1 July 1840 6/42 Artillery / Cadet USMA 1 July 1836 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 3rd US Artillery 1 July 1840 / 1st Lieutenant USA 30 November 1841 / Captain USA Assistant Commissary of Subsistence 27 September 1850 / Resigned USA 6 September 1853 / Major-General California Militia 1856-1857 / Colonel USA 13th US Infantry 14 May 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 3 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861 / Major-General USV 3 May 1862 to rank from 1 May 1862 / Brigadier-General USA 4 August 1863 to rank from 4 July 1863 / Mustered Out USV 12 August 1864 / Major-General USA 12 August 1864 / Lieutenant-General USA 25 July 1866 / General USA 4 March 1869 / General-in-Chief of the US Army 4 March 1869-1 November 1883 / Retired USA 8 February 1884 / Brevet Captain USA 30 May 1848 Brevet General USA 13 February 1868 Withdrawn / WIA First Bull Run 21 July 1861 WIA Shiloh 6 April 1862
3rd Brigade 1st Division Department of Northeastern Virginia 30 June 1861-17 August 1861 / Sherman’s Brigade Army of the Potomac 17 August 1861-28 August 1861 / Department of the Cumberland 6 October 1861-9 November 1861 / District of Cairo 14 February 1862-11 March 1862 / 5th Division Army of the Tennessee 1 March 1862-11 July 1862 / 5th Division District of Memphis 21 July 1862-26 October 1862 / District of Memphis 26 October 1862-25 November 1862 / Right Wing XIII Corps Tennessee 27 November 1862-22 December 1862 / XV Corps Tennessee 22 December 1862-4 January 1863 / II Corps Mississippi 4 January 1863-12 January 1863 / XV Corps Tennessee 12 January 1863-29 October 1863 / Department of the Tennessee 17 October 1863-12 March 1864 / Army of the Tennessee 24 October 1863-26 March 1864 / Military Division of the Mississippi 18 March 1864-6 August 1866 / Military Division of the Missouri 6 August 1866-16 March 1869 / Military Division of the Atlantic 12 February 1868-12 February 1868 / General-in-Chief 4 March 1869-1 November 1883

Commander in Chief: President Abraham Lincoln

Vice-President: Hannibal Hamlin

Secretary of War: Edwin McMasters Stanton

Secretary of the Navy: Gideon Welles

  • North Atlantic Blockading Squadron USN: Flag Officer Louis Malesherbes Goldsborough USN
  • South Atlantic Blockading Squadron USN: Flag Officer Samuel Francis Du Pont USN
  • West Gulf Blockading Squadron USN: Rear Admiral David Glasgow Farragut USN
  • East Gulf Blockading Squadron USN: Flag Officer William McKean USN
  • Pacific Squadron USN: Rear Admiral Charles H Bell USN
  • Western Gunboat Flotilla USN: Flag Officer Andrew Hull Foote USN
  • Potomac Flotilla USN: Lieutenant Robert Harris Wyman USN

General–in-Chief: George Brinton McClellan

  • Department of Florida: Lewis Golding Arnold
  • Department of Kansas: David Hunter
  • Department of Key West: John Milton Brannan awaited
  • Department of the Missouri: Henry Wager Halleck
    • District of West Tennessee: Ulysses Simpson Grant awaited
    • District of Cairo: William Tecumseh Sherman
    • District of St Louis: John McAllister Schofield
    • District of Central Missouri: James Totten
    • District of North Missouri: John McAllister Schofield
    • District of Southeast Missouri: Ulysses Simpson Grant
    • District of Southwest Missouri: Samuel Ryan Curtis
      • Army of the Southwest: Samuel Ryan Curtis
  • Department of New England: Benjamin Franklin Butler
  • Department of New Mexico: Edward Richard Sprigg Canby
    • Southern District of New Mexico: Benjamin Stone Roberts
  • Department of New York: Edward Denison Morgan
  • Department of North Carolina: Ambrose Everett Burnside
  • Department of the Ohio: Don Carlos Buell
    • Army of the Ohio: Don Carlos Buell
  • Department of the Pacific: George Wright
    • District of the Humboldt: Francis James Lippitt
    • District of Oregon: Albemarle Cady
    • District of Southern California: James Henry Carleton
  • Department of the Potomac: George Brinton McClellan
    • District of Harper’s Ferry and Cumberland: Frederick West Lander
    • Army of the Potomac: George Brinton McClellan
  • Department of Texas: Vacant
  • Department of Virginia: John Ellis Wool
  • Department of Western Virginia: William Starke Rosecrans
    • District of the Kanawha: Jacob Dolson Cox
    • Cheat Mountain District: Robert Huston Milroy
    • Railroad District: Benjamin Franklin Kelley

Confederate Organisation

CSA: Joseph Lewis Hogg promoted Brigadier-General PACS 12 February 1862 to rank from 14 February 1862.

Hogg, Joseph Lewis / Texas / Born 13 September 1806 Morgan, Georgia / Died Corinth, Mississippi 16 May 1862
Alabama Militia / Private USV Texas Infantry 1846 / Mustered Out USV 1847 / Major-General Texas Militia 1861 / Colonel Texas Infantry 1 February 1861 / Captain PACS 3rd Texas Cavalry 13 June 1861 / Colonel PACS May 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 12 February 1862 to rank from 14 February 1862
1st Brigade 3rd Division Army of the West May 1862-16 May 1862

Commander in Chief: President Jefferson Finis Davis

Vice-President: Alexander Hamilton Stephens

Secretary of War: Judah Philip Benjamin

Secretary of the Navy: Stephen Russell Mallory

Military Adviser to the President: Vacant

  • Department No 1: Mansfield Lovell
  • Department of Alabama and West Florida: Braxton Bragg
    • Army of Pensacola: Samuel Jones
    • Army of Mobile: John Bordenave Villepigue
  • Department of Henrico: John Henry Winder
  • Department of the Indian Territory: Douglas Hancock Cooper
  • Department of Norfolk: Benjamin Huger
    • District of Albemarle: Henry Alexander Wise awaited
  • Department of North Carolina: Richard Caswell Gatlin
    • District of Cape Fear: Joseph Reid Anderson
    • District of Pamlico: Lawrence O’Bryan Branch
    • District of Roanoke Island: Henry Marchmore Shaw
  • Department of Northern Virginia: Joseph Eggleston Johnston
    • District of Aquia: Robert Augustus Toombs
    • Army of the Potomac: Joseph Eggleston Johnston
      • I Corps Potomac: James Longstreet
      • II Corps Potomac: Gustavus Woodson Smith
    • Valley District: Thomas Jonathan Jackson
      • Army of the Valley: Thomas Jonathan Jackson
  • Department of the Peninsula: John Bankhead Magruder
    • Army of the Peninsula: John Bankhead Magruder
  • Department of South Carolina, Georgia and East Florida: Robert Edward Lee
    •  District of Middle and East Florida: William Montgomery Gardner
    • District of Georgia: Alexander Robert Lawton
    • District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
      • 1st Sub-District of South Carolina: Arthur Middleton Manigault.
      • 2nd Sub-District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
      • 3rd Sub-District of South Carolina: Nathan George Evans
      • 4th Sub-District of South Carolina: John Clifford Pemberton
      • 5th Sub-District of South Carolina: Thomas Fenwick Drayton
  • Department of Southwestern Virginia: William Wing Loring
    • District of Lewisburg: Henry Heth
  • Department of Texas: Paul Octave Hébert
    • Eastern District of Texas: Paul Octave Hébert
    • Western District of Texas: Henry Eustace McCulloch
    • District of Galveston: Ebenezer B Nichols
    • District of Houston: John Creed Moore
    • Defences of Pass Cavallo: John W Glenn
  • Western Department: Albert Sidney Johnston
    • First Geographical Division: Leonidas Polk
    • Trans-Mississippi District: Earl Van Dorn
    • District of East Tennessee: George Bibb Crittenden
    • Army of Central Kentucky: William Joseph Hardee
    • Army of Eastern Kentucky: Humphrey Marshall
    • Army of the West: Benjamin McCulloch interim Earl Van Dorn awaited
  • District of Arizona: Henry Hopkins Sibley
    • Army of New Mexico: Henry Hopkins Sibley
  • Forces in Richmond: Charles Dimmock

Union Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

Major-General USA

George Brinton McClellan
John Charles Frémont
Henry Wager Halleck

Major-General USV

John Adams Dix
Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
Benjamin Franklin Butler
David Hunter
Edwin Denison Morgan
Ethan Allen Hitchcock

Brigadier-General USA

John Ellis Wool
William Selby Harney
Edwin Vose Sumner
Joseph King Fenno Mansfield
Irvin McDowell
Robert Anderson
William Starke Rosecrans
Philip St George Cooke

Brigadier-General USV

Samuel Peter Heintzelman
Erasmus Darwin Keyes
Andrew Porter
Fitz-John Porter
William Buel Franklin
William Tecumseh Sherman
Charles Pomeroy Stone
Don Carlos Buell
Thomas West Sherman
John Pope
George Archibald McCall
William Reading Montgomery
Philip Kearny
Joseph Hooker
John Wolcott Phelps
Ulysses Simpson Grant
Samuel Ryan Curtis
Charles Smith Hamilton
Darius Nash Couch
Rufus King
Jacob Dolson Cox
Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
Franz Sigel
Robert Cumming Schenck
Benjamin Mayberry Prentiss
Frederick West Lander
Benjamin Franklin Kelley
John Alexander McClernand
Alpheus Starkey Williams
Israel Bush Richardson
James Cooper
James Brewerton Ricketts
Orlando Bolivar Willcox
Michael Corcoran
George Henry Thomas
Ambrose Everett Burnside
Henry Hayes Lockwood
Louis Blenker
Henry Warner Slocum
James Samuel Wadsworth
John James Peck
Ormsby McKnight Mitchel
George Webb Morell
John Henry Martindale
Samuel Davis Sturgis
George Stoneman
Henry Washington Benham
William Farrar Smith
James William Denver
Egbert Ludovicus Vielé
James Shields
John Fulton Reynolds
William Farquhar Barry
John Joseph Abercrombie
John Sedgwick
Charles Ferguson Smith
Silas Casey
Lawrence Pike Graham
George Gordon Meade
Abram Duryée
Alexander McDowell McCook
Oliver Otis Howard
Eleazar Arthur Paine
Daniel Edgar Sickles
Charles Davis Jameson
Ebenezer Dumont
Robert Huston Milroy
Lewis Wallace
Willis Arnold Gorman
Daniel Butterfield
Horatio Gouverneur Wright
Edward Otho Cresap Ord
William Nelson
William Thomas Ward
John Gross Barnard
Innis Newton Palmer
Seth Williams
John Newton
Winfield Scott Hancock
Thomas Leonidas Crittenden
George Wright
Isaac Ingalls Stevens
Thomas Williams
George Sykes
William Henry French
William Thomas Harbaugh Brooks
John Milton Brannan
William Wallace Burns
John Porter Hatch
David Sloane Stanley
William Kerley Strong
Albin Francisco Schoepf
Lovell Harrison Rousseau
James Scott Negley
Thomas John Wood
Richard W Johnson
Adolph Wilhelm August Friedrich Von Steinwehr
Joseph Bennett Plummer
John Gray Foster
George Washington Cullum
Jeremiah Tilford Boyle
Christopher Columbus Augur
Schuyler Hamilton
Jesse Lee Reno
George Washington Morgan
Julius Stahel
John McAllister Schofield
Thomas Jefferson McKean
John Grubb Parke
Zealous Bates Tower
Jefferson Columbus Davis
James Henry Lane
John McAuley Palmer
William High Keim
James Abram Garfield
Lewis Golding Arnold
Frederick Steele
William Scott Ketchum
Abner Doubleday
John Wynn Davidson
Napoleon Jackson Tecumseh Dana
David Bell Birney
Thomas Francis Meagher
Henry Morris Naglee

Brigadier-General USA (Staff)

Montgomery Cunningham Meigs (Quartermaster-General)
Henry Knox Craig
Lorenzo Thomas (Adjutant-General)
James Wolfe Ripley (Ordnance)
Joseph Pannell Taylor (Commissary-General of Subsistence)

Confederate Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

General ACSA

Samuel Cooper
Albert Sidney Johnston
Robert Edward Lee
Joseph Eggleston Johnston
Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard

Major-General PACS

Leonidas Polk
Braxton Bragg
Earl Van Dorn
Gustavus Woodson Smith
Theophilus Hunter Holmes
William Joseph Hardee
Benjamin Huger
James Longstreet
John Bankhead Magruder
Mansfield Lovell
Thomas Jonathan Jackson
Edmund Kirby Smith
George Bibb Crittenden
John Clifford Pemberton
Richard Stoddert Ewell

Brigadier-General PACS

Alexander Robert Lawton
Benjamin McCulloch
William Wing Loring
Charles Clark
John Buchanan Floyd
Henry Alexander Wise
David Rumph Jones
Henry Hopkins Sibley
John Henry Winder
Richard Caswell Gatlin
Daniel Smith Donelson
Samuel Read Anderson
Benjamin Franklin Cheatham
Daniel Harvey Hill
Jones Mitchell Withers
Richard Heron Anderson
Robert Augustus Toombs
Samuel Jones
Arnold Elzey
William Henry Chase Whiting
Jubal Anderson Early
Isaac Ridgway Trimble
Daniel Ruggles
Roswell Sabine Ripley
Albert Pike
Paul Octave Hébert
Joseph Reid Anderson
Simon Bolivar Buckner
Leroy Pope Walker
Albert Gallatin Blanchard
Gabriel James Rains
James Ewell Brown Stuart
Lafayette McLaws
Thomas Fenwick Drayton
Thomas Carmichael Hindman
Adley Hogan Gladden
John Porter McCown
Lloyd Tilghman
Nathan George Evans
Cadmus Marcellus Wilcox
Robert Emmett Rodes
Richard Taylor
Louis Trezevant Wigfall
James Heyward Trapier
Samuel Gibbs French
William Henry Carroll
Hugh Weedon Mercer
Humphrey Marshall
John Cabell Breckinridge
Richard Griffith
Alexander Peter Stewart
William Montgomery Gardner
Richard Brooke Garnett
William Mahone
Lawrence O’Bryan Branch
Edward Johnson
Maxcy Gregg
Raleigh Edward Colston
Henry Heth
Johnson Kelly Duncan
Sterling Alexander Martin Wood
John George Walker
John King Jackson
George Edward Pickett
James McQueen McIntosh
Bushrod Rust Johnson
James Patton Anderson
Howell Cobb
George Wythe Randolph
Joseph Brevard Kershaw
James Ronald Chalmers
Joseph Lewis Hogg
Daniel Marsh Frost

%d bloggers like this:
search previous next tag category expand menu location phone mail time cart zoom edit close