1862 February 12th

February 12 1862 Wednesday

Forts Henry & Donelson Campaign

Burnside’s Expedition to North Carolina

Missouri. The Union Army of the Southwest under Brigadier-General Samuel Ryan Curtis skirmished with a Confederate rear-guard at McPherson’s Creek near Marshfield near Springfield.

North Carolina. Expedition to Batchelder’s Creek began.

North Carolina. Edenton was taken without opposition by four gunboats from the flotilla of Union Commander Stephen Clegg Rowan USN. Two schooners were captured and another destroyed, and eight guns were seized. This ended the Confederate naval presence on Albemarle Sound. Norfolk, Virginia, could not be attacked from this direction but it was now isolated.

Tennessee. Union Brigadier-General Ulysses Simpson Grant marched with two divisions twelve miles from Fort Henry to reach Fort Donelson and arrived soon after midday. The weather was fine for the first time in nine days. They were delayed most of the day by a Confederate cavalry screen commanded by Colonel Nathan Bedford Forrest. On arrival, Grant’s 1st Division under Brigadier-General John Alexander McClernand took the left flank while Brigadier-General Charles Ferguson Smith’s 2nd Division took the right flank and they began to invest the fort. Grant established his headquarters near the left side of the front of the line at the Widow Crisp’s house. His force now numbered 15,000 men at Fort Donelson, with 2,500 more were holding Fort Henry, and a further 10,000 reinforcements approaching on river transports. USS Carondelet was the first gunboat to arrive near Fort Donelson and she fired numerous shells into the fort to test the defences before retiring.


Department of the Missouri: Major-General Henry Wager Halleck
District of Cairo: Brigadier-General Ulysses Simpson Grant
1st Division Cairo (Missouri): Brigadier-General John Alexander McClernand
1st Brigade, 1st Division Cairo (Missouri): Colonel Richard James Oglesby
2nd Brigade, 1st Division Cairo (Missouri): Colonel William Harvey Lamb Wallace
2nd Division Cairo (Missouri): Brigadier-General Charles Ferguson Smith
1st Brigade, 2nd Division Cairo (Missouri): Colonel John McArthur
3rd Brigade, 2nd Division Cairo (Missouri): Colonel John Cook
4th Brigade, 2nd Division Cairo (Missouri): Colonel Jacob Gartner Lauman
5th Brigade, 2nd Division Cairo (Missouri): Colonel Morgan Lewis Smith
3rd Division Cairo (Missouri): Brigadier-General Lewis Wallace
1st Brigade, 3rd Division Cairo (Missouri): Colonel Charles Cruft
2nd Brigade, 3rd Division Cairo (Missouri): attached to 3rd Brigade
3rd Brigade, 3rd Division Cairo (Missouri): Colonel John Milton Thayer

Virginia. Skirmishes at Moorefield and Charles Town.

Union Organisation

USA: The Army of Western Missouri was discontinued.

USA: Brigadier-General of Missouri Militia James Totten assumed command of the District of Central Missouri, succeeding Brigadier-General John Pope.

Totten, James / Pennsylvania-Virginia / Born 11 September 1818 Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania / Died Sedalia, Missouri 1 October 1871
USMA 1 July 1841 25/52 Artillery / Cadet USMA 1 July 1837 / 2nd US Artillery 1 July 1841 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 17 August 1842 / 1st Lieutenant USA 3 March 1847 / Captain USA 20 October 1855 / Major USV 1st Missouri Artillery 19 August 1861 / Lieutenant-Colonel USV 1 September 1861 / Major USA Assistant Inspector-General 12 November 1861 / Brigadier-General Missouri Militia 20 February 1862 / Mustered Out USV 15 June 1865 / Lieutenant-Colonel USA Assistant Inspector-General 13 June 1867 / Dismissed USA 22 July 1870 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1841 Brevet Major USA 17 June 1861 Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel USA 10 August 1861 Brevet Colonel USA 13 March 1865 Brevet Brigadier-General USA 13 March 1865
Chief of Artillery Western Department June 1861-2 November 1861 / Chief of Artillery Department of the Missouri 2 November 1861-12 February 1862 / District of Central Missouri 12 February 1862-1 June 1862 / 2nd Division Army of the Frontier 12 October 1862-21 March 1863 / Assistant Inspector-General Department of the Missouri 20 May 1863-6 August 1864 / Chief of Artillery and Ordnance Military Division of West Mississippi 6 August 1864-17 May 1865 / Assistant Inspector-General Department of the South 1867-1870

USA: Henry Morris Naglee confirmed Brigadier-General USV 12 February 1862 to rank from 4 February 1862.

Naglee, Henry Morris / Pennsylvania / Born 15 January 1815 Philadelphia, Pennsylvania / Died San Francisco, California 5 March 1886
USMA 1 July 1835 23/56 Infantry / Cadet USMA 1 July 1831 / 5th US Infantry 1 July 1835 / Resigned USA 31 December 1835 / Captain USV 1st New York Infantry 15 August 1846 / Mustered Out USV 26 October 1848 / California Militia / Lieutenant-Colonel USA 16th US Infantry 14 May 1861 / Resigned USA 10 January 1862 / Brigadier-General USV 12 February 1862 to rank from 4 February 1862 / Mustered Out USV 4 April 1864 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1835 / WIA Fair Oaks 31 May 1862
1st Brigade Hooker’s Division Army of the Potomac 11 October 1861-January 1862 / 1st Brigade Casey’s Division Army of the Potomac January 1862-13 March 1862 / 1st Brigade 2nd Division III Corps Army of the Potomac 13 March 1862-27 April 1862 / 1st Brigade 3rd Division IV Corps Army of the Potomac 27 April 1862-7 June 1862 / 1st Brigade 2nd Division IV Corps Army of the Potomac 7 June 1862-6 July 1862 / 1st Brigade 2nd Division IV Corps Army of the Potomac 10 August 1862-26 September 1862 / Naglee’s Brigade Department of North Carolina December 1862-2 January 1863 / 2nd Division XVIII Corps Department of North Carolina 2 January 1863-10 February 1863 / Detachment XVIII Corps 10 February 1863-5 March 1863 / District of the Neuse 23 April 1863-27 April 1863 / District of Beaufort North Carolina 27 April 1863-29 May 1863 / VII Corps Virginia and North Carolina 16 July 1863-19 July 1863 / VII Corps Virginia and North Carolina 25 July 1863-1 August 1863 / District of Virginia 21 August 1863-23 September 1863

Commander in Chief: President Abraham Lincoln

Vice-President: Hannibal Hamlin

Secretary of War: Edwin McMasters Stanton

Secretary of the Navy: Gideon Welles

North Atlantic Blockading Squadron: Louis Malesherbes Goldsborough
South Atlantic Blockading Squadron: Samuel Francis Du Pont
West Gulf Blockading Squadron: David Glasgow Farragut
East Gulf Blockading Squadron: William McKean
Pacific Squadron: Charles H Bell
Western Gunboat Flotilla: Andrew Hull Foote
Potomac Flotilla: Robert Harris Wyman

General–in-Chief: George Brinton McClellan

Department of Florida: Lewis Golding Arnold

Department of Kansas: David Hunter

Department of Key West: John Milton Brannan awaited

Department of the Missouri: Henry Wager Halleck

  • District of Cairo: Ulysses Simpson Grant
  • District of St Louis: John McAllister Schofield
  • District of Central Missouri: James Totten
  • District of North Missouri: John McAllister Schofield
  • District of Southeast Missouri: Ulysses Simpson Grant
  • District of Southwest Missouri: Samuel Ryan Curtis
    • Army of the Southwest: Samuel Ryan Curtis

Department of New England: Benjamin Franklin Butler

Department of New Mexico: Edward Richard Sprigg Canby

  • Southern District of New Mexico: Benjamin Stone Roberts

Department of New York: Edward Denison Morgan

Department of North Carolina: Ambrose Everett Burnside

Department of the Ohio: Don Carlos Buell

  • Army of the Ohio: Don Carlos Buell

Department of the Pacific: George Wright

  • District of the Humboldt: Francis James Lippitt
  • District of Oregon: Albemarle Cady
  • District of Southern California: James Henry Carleton

Department of the Potomac: George Brinton McClellan

  • District of Harper’s Ferry and Cumberland: Frederick West Lander
  • Army of the Potomac: George Brinton McClellan

Department of Texas: Vacant

Department of Virginia: John Ellis Wool

Department of Western Virginia: William Starke Rosecrans

  • District of the Kanawha: Jacob Dolson Cox
  • Cheat Mountain District: Robert Huston Milroy
  • Railroad District: Benjamin Franklin Kelley

Confederate Organisation

CSA: Howell Cobb promoted Brigadier-General PACS 12 February 1862.

Cobb, Howell (Thomas Howell) (II) / Georgia / Born 7 September 1815 Cherry Hill, Georgia / Died 9 October 1868
Colonel PACS 16th Georgia Infantry 15 July 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 12 February 1862 / Major-General PACS 13 September 1863 to rank from 9 September 1863 / Paroled Macon, Georgia 18 May 1865
2nd Brigade McLaws’ Division Department of the Peninsula 8 March 1862-12 April 1862 / Cobb’s Brigade McLaws’ Division Department of Northern Virginia 12 April 1862-May 1862 / Cobb’s Brigade Magruder’s Division Army of Northern Virginia May 1862-July 1862 / Magruder’s Division Army of Northern Virginia July 1862-August 1862 / Cobb’s Brigade McLaws’ Division Department of Richmond August 1862-October 1862 / District of Middle Florida 4 November 1862-8 September 1863 / Reserve Forces of Georgia December 1863-28 September 1863 / Reserve Forces of Georgia 30 March 1864-26 April 1865 / District of Georgia 28 September 1864-21 January 1865-10 April 1865 / Department of Tennessee and Georgia 27 March 1865-20 April 1865

CSA: George Wythe Randolph promoted Brigadier-General PACS 12 February 1862.

Randolph, George Wythe / Virginia / Born 10 March 1818 Charlottesville, Virginia / Died Chancellorsville, Virginia 3 April 1867
Midshipman USN 31 March 1831 / Passed Midshipman 15 June 1837 / Resigned USN 22 July 1839 / Captain Virginia Militia Artillery 1859 / Major ACSA Artillery May 1861 / Colonel PACS June 1861 / Colonel PACS 1st Virginia Artillery September 1861 / Colonel Provisional Army of Virginia 6 December 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 12 February 1862 / Secretary of War 18 March 1862-17 November 1862 / Resigned PACS 18 December 1864 / No Record of Parole
Chief of Artillery Army of the Peninsula 3 October 1861-12 February 1862 / Chief of Artillery Department of Norfolk February 1862

CSA: Joseph Lewis Hogg promoted Brigadier-General PACS 12 February 1862 to rank from 14 February 1862.

Hogg, Joseph Lewis / Texas / Born 13 September 1806 Morgan, Georgia / Died Corinth, Mississippi 16 May 1862
Alabama Militia / Private USV Texas Infantry 1846 / Mustered Out USV 1847 / Major-General Texas Militia 1861 / Colonel Texas Infantry 1 February 1861 / Captain PACS 3rd Texas Cavalry 13 June 1861 / Colonel PACS May 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 12 February 1862 to rank from 14 February 1862
1st Brigade 3rd Division Army of the West May 1862-16 May 1862

Commander in Chief: President Jefferson Finis Davis

Vice-President: Alexander Hamilton Stephens

Secretary of War: Judah Philip Benjamin

Secretary of the Navy: Stephen Russell Mallory

Military Adviser to the President: Vacant

Department No 1: Mansfield Lovell

Department of Alabama and West Florida: Braxton Bragg

  • Army of Pensacola: Samuel Jones
  • Army of Mobile: John Bordenave Villepigue

Department of Henrico: John Henry Winder

Department of the Indian Territory: Douglas Hancock Cooper

Department of Norfolk: Benjamin Huger

  • District of Albemarle: Henry Alexander Wise awaited

Department of North Carolina: Richard Caswell Gatlin

  • District of Cape Fear: Joseph Reid Anderson
  • District of Pamlico: Lawrence O’Bryan Branch
  • District of Roanoke Island: Henry Marchmore Shaw

Department of Northern Virginia: Joseph Eggleston Johnston

  • District of Aquia: Robert Augustus Toombs
  • Army of the Potomac: Joseph Eggleston Johnston
    • I Corps Potomac: James Longstreet
    • II Corps Potomac: Gustavus Woodson Smith
  • Valley District: Thomas Jonathan Jackson
    • Army of the Valley: Thomas Jonathan Jackson

Department of the Peninsula: John Bankhead Magruder

  • Army of the Peninsula: John Bankhead Magruder

Department of South Carolina, Georgia and East Florida: Robert Edward Lee

  •  District of Middle and East Florida: William Montgomery Gardner
  • District of Georgia: Alexander Robert Lawton
  • District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
    • 1st Sub-District of South Carolina: Arthur Middleton Manigault.
    • 2nd Sub-District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
    • 3rd Sub-District of South Carolina: Nathan George Evans
    • 4th Sub-District of South Carolina: John Clifford Pemberton
    • 5th Sub-District of South Carolina: Thomas Fenwick Drayton

Department of Southwestern Virginia: William Wing Loring

  • District of Lewisburg: Henry Heth

Department of Texas: Paul Octave Hébert

  • Eastern District of Texas: Paul Octave Hébert
  • Western District of Texas: Henry Eustace McCullough
  • District of Galveston: Ebenezer B Nichols
  • District of Houston: John Creed Moore
  • Defences of Pass Cavallo: John W Glenn

Western Department: Albert Sidney Johnston

  • First Geographical Division: Leonidas Polk
  • Trans-Mississippi District: Earl Van Dorn
  • District of East Tennessee: George Bibb Crittenden
  • Army of Central Kentucky: William Joseph Hardee
  • Army of Eastern Kentucky: Humphrey Marshall
  • Army of the West: Benjamin McCulloch interim Earl Van Dorn awaited

District of Arizona: Henry Hopkins Sibley

  • Army of New Mexico: Henry Hopkins Sibley

Forces in Richmond: Charles Dimmock

Union Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

Major-General USA

George Brinton McClellan
John Charles Frémont
Henry Wager Halleck

Major-General USV

John Adams Dix
Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
Benjamin Franklin Butler
David Hunter
Edwin Denison Morgan
Ethan Allen Hitchcock

Brigadier-General USA

John Ellis Wool
William Selby Harney
Edwin Vose Sumner
Joseph King Fenno Mansfield
Irvin McDowell
Robert Anderson
William Starke Rosecrans
Philip St George Cooke

Brigadier-General USV

Samuel Peter Heintzelman
Erasmus Darwin Keyes
Andrew Porter
Fitz-John Porter
William Buel Franklin
William Tecumseh Sherman
Charles Pomeroy Stone
Don Carlos Buell
Thomas West Sherman
John Pope
George Archibald McCall
William Reading Montgomery
Philip Kearny
Joseph Hooker
John Wolcott Phelps
Ulysses Simpson Grant
Samuel Ryan Curtis
Charles Smith Hamilton
Darius Nash Couch
Rufus King
Jacob Dolson Cox
Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
Franz Sigel
Robert Cumming Schenck
Benjamin Mayberry Prentiss
Frederick West Lander
Benjamin Franklin Kelley
John Alexander McClernand
Alpheus Starkey Williams
Israel Bush Richardson
James Cooper
James Brewerton Ricketts
Orlando Bolivar Willcox
Michael Corcoran
George Henry Thomas
Ambrose Everett Burnside
Henry Hayes Lockwood
Louis Blenker
Henry Warner Slocum
James Samuel Wadsworth
John James Peck
Ormsby McKnight Mitchel
George Webb Morell
John Henry Martindale
Samuel Davis Sturgis
George Stoneman
Henry Washington Benham
William Farrar Smith
James William Denver
Egbert Ludovicus Vielé
James Shields
John Fulton Reynolds
William Farquhar Barry
John Joseph Abercrombie
John Sedgwick
Charles Ferguson Smith
Silas Casey
Lawrence Pike Graham
George Gordon Meade
Abram Duryée
Alexander McDowell McCook
Oliver Otis Howard
Eleazar Arthur Paine
Daniel Edgar Sickles
Charles Davis Jameson
Ebenezer Dumont
Robert Huston Milroy
Lewis Wallace
Willis Arnold Gorman
Daniel Butterfield
Horatio Gouverneur Wright
Edward Otho Cresap Ord
William Nelson
William Thomas Ward
John Gross Barnard
Innis Newton Palmer
Seth Williams
John Newton
Winfield Scott Hancock
Thomas Leonidas Crittenden
George Wright
Isaac Ingalls Stevens
Thomas Williams
George Sykes
William Henry French
William Thomas Harbaugh Brooks
John Milton Brannan
William Wallace Burns
John Porter Hatch
David Sloane Stanley
William Kerley Strong
Albin Francisco Schoepf
Lovell Harrison Rousseau
James Scott Negley
Thomas John Wood
Richard W Johnson
Adolph Wilhelm August Friedrich Von Steinwehr
Joseph Bennett Plummer
John Gray Foster
George Washington Cullum
Jeremiah Tilford Boyle
Christopher Columbus Augur
Schuyler Hamilton
Jesse Lee Reno
George Washington Morgan
Julius Stahel
John McAllister Schofield
Thomas Jefferson McKean
John Grubb Parke
Zealous Bates Tower
Jefferson Columbus Davis
James Henry Lane
John McAuley Palmer
William High Keim
James Abram Garfield
Lewis Golding Arnold
Frederick Steele
William Scott Ketchum
Abner Doubleday
John Wynn Davidson
Napoleon Jackson Tecumseh Dana
David Bell Birney
Thomas Francis Meagher
Henry Morris Naglee

Brigadier-General USA (Staff)

Montgomery Cunningham Meigs (Quartermaster-General)
Henry Knox Craig
Lorenzo Thomas (Adjutant-General)
James Wolfe Ripley (Ordnance)

Confederate Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

General ACSA

Samuel Cooper
Albert Sidney Johnston
Robert Edward Lee
Joseph Eggleston Johnston
Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard

Major-General PACS

Leonidas Polk
Braxton Bragg
Earl Van Dorn
Gustavus Woodson Smith
Theophilus Hunter Holmes
William Joseph Hardee
Benjamin Huger
James Longstreet
John Bankhead Magruder
Mansfield Lovell
Thomas Jonathan Jackson
Edmund Kirby Smith
George Bibb Crittenden
John Clifford Pemberton
Richard Stoddert Ewell

Brigadier-General PACS

Alexander Robert Lawton
Benjamin McCulloch
William Wing Loring
Charles Clark
John Buchanan Floyd
Henry Alexander Wise
David Rumph Jones
Henry Hopkins Sibley
John Henry Winder
Richard Caswell Gatlin
Daniel Smith Donelson
Samuel Read Anderson
Benjamin Franklin Cheatham
Daniel Harvey Hill
Jones Mitchell Withers
Richard Heron Anderson
Robert Augustus Toombs
Samuel Jones
Arnold Elzey
William Henry Chase Whiting
Jubal Anderson Early
Isaac Ridgway Trimble
Daniel Ruggles
Roswell Sabine Ripley
Albert Pike
Paul Octave Hébert
Joseph Reid Anderson
Simon Bolivar Buckner
Leroy Pope Walker
Albert Gallatin Blanchard
Gabriel James Rains
James Ewell Brown Stuart
Lafayette McLaws
Thomas Fenwick Drayton
Thomas Carmichael Hindman
Adley Hogan Gladden
John Porter McCown
Lloyd Tilghman
Nathan George Evans
Cadmus Marcellus Wilcox
Robert Emmett Rodes
Richard Taylor
Louis Trezevant Wigfall
James Heyward Trapier
Samuel Gibbs French
William Henry Carroll
Hugh Weedon Mercer
Humphrey Marshall
John Cabell Breckinridge
Richard Griffith
Alexander Peter Stewart
William Montgomery Gardner
Richard Brooke Garnett
William Mahone
Lawrence O’Bryan Branch
Edward Johnson
Maxcy Gregg
Raleigh Edward Colston
Henry Heth
Johnson Kelly Duncan
Sterling Alexander Martin Wood
John George Walker
John King Jackson
George Edward Pickett
James McQueen McIntosh
Bushrod Rust Johnson
James Patton Anderson
Howell Cobb
George Wythe Randolph
Joseph Brevard Kershaw
James Ronald Chalmers
Joseph Lewis Hogg
Daniel Marsh Frost

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