1862 December 13th

December 13 1862 Saturday

Battle of Fredericksburg, VA (CWSAC Decisive Battle – Confederate Victory)

Grant’s Central Mississippi Campaign
Fredericksburg Campaign
Hampton’s Dumfries Raid
Forrest’s First West Tennessee Raid

Go to December 14 1862

Arkansas. With the discontinuation of the Confederate Army of the Southwest, its commands were dispersed across the territory of the Trans-Mississippi Department.


Union Department of the Missouri: Major-General Samuel Ryan Curtis
District of Eastern Arkansas: Brigadier-General Willis Arnold Gorman
1st Division (Eastern Arkansas): Brigadier-General Frederick Steele
1st Brigade, 1st Division (Eastern Arkansas): Brigadier-General Peter Joseph Osterhaus
2nd Brigade, 1st Division (Eastern Arkansas): Brigadier General John Milton Thayer
3rd Brigade, 1st Division (Eastern Arkansas): 
2nd Division, (Eastern Arkansas): Brigadier General Alvin Peterson Hovey
1st Brigade, (Eastern Arkansas): Brigadier General Alvin Peterson Hovey
2nd Brigade, (Eastern Arkansas): 
3rd Brigade, (Eastern Arkansas): 
Cavalry Division (Eastern Arkansas): Brigadier-General Cadwallader Colden Washburn
1st Brigade, Cavalry Division (Eastern Arkansas):
2nd Brigade, Cavalry Division (Eastern Arkansas):


Confederate Trans-Mississippi Department: Lieutenant-General Theophilus Hunter Holmes
District of Indian Territory: Colonel Douglas Hancock Cooper
District of Arkansas: Major-General Thomas Carmichael Hindman
Roane’s Division (Arkansas): Brigadier-General John Selden Roane
Cooper’s Brigade, Roane’s Division (Arkansas): Colonel Douglas Hancock Cooper
Bradfute’s Brigade, Roane’s Division (Trans-Mississippi): Colonel William R Bradfute
Shoup’s Division (Arkansas): Brigadier-General Francis Asbury Shoup
Fagan’s Brigade, Shoup’s Division (Arkansas): Brigadier-General James Fleming Fagan
McRae’s Brigade, Shoup’s Division (Arkansas): Colonel Dandridge McRae
Parsons’ Division (Arkansas): Brigadier-General Mosby Munroe Parsons
Steen’s Brigade, Parsons’ Division (Arkansas): Colonel A E Steen
Shaver’s Brigade, Parsons’ Division (Arkansas): Colonel Robert Glenn Shaver
Marmaduke’s Cavalry Division (Arkansas): Brigadier-General John Sappington Marmaduke
Carroll’s Cavalry Brigade, Marmaduke’s Division (Arkansas): Colonel C A Carroll
Shelby’s Cavalry Brigade, Marmaduke’s Division (Trans-Mississippi): Colonel Joseph Orville Shelby
District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: Major-General John Bankhead Magruder
Eastern Sub-District of Texas: Colonel Xavier Blanchard Debray
Western Sub-District of Texas: Brigadier-General Henry Eustace McCullough
McCullough’s Division (Texas): Brigadier-General Henry Eustace McCullough
Young’s Brigade, McCulloch’s Division (Texas): Colonel O Young
Randal’s Brigade, McCulloch’s Division (Texas): Colonel Horace Randal
Flournoy’s Brigade: Colonel G Flournoy
Churchill’s Division (Texas): Brigadier-General Thomas James Churchill
Garland’s Brigade, Churchill’s Division (Texas): Colonel Robert R Garland
Deshler’s Brigade, Churchill’s Division (Texas): Colonel James Deshler
Dunninton’s Brigade, Churchill’s Division (Texas): Colonel J W Dunnington
Hawes’ Brigade, Churchill’s Division (Texas): Brigadier-General James Morrison Hawes~
White’s Brigade, Churchill’s Division (Texas): Colonel M J White
Sub-District of Houston: Colonel Xavier Blanchard Debray
Sub-District of the Rio Grande: Brigadier-General Hamilton Prioleau Bee
District of West Louisiana: Major-General Richard Taylor
Defences of Pass Cavallo: Colonel John W Glenn

Mississippi. Union raid along the Mobile & Ohio Railroad from Corinth to Tupelo began.

Southwest Creek, North Carolina. The Union expedition of Brigadier-General John Gray Foster reached Southwest Creek, a small tributary of the Neuse River near Kinston. Two regiments forced a crossing of the creek, driving back the Confederate regiment holding the position. When Confederate Brigadier-General Nathan George Evans arrived, he withdrew his forces to a new defensive line two miles from the bridge across the Neuse at Kinston and held this strong natural position overnight.

Tennessee. Confederate Brigadier-General Nathan Bedford Forrest began to cross the Tennessee River at Clifton to raid the Mobile & Ohio Railroad.

Tennessee. Confederate President Jefferson Finis Davis carried out an inspection of the Army of Tennessee at Murfreesboro.

Virginia. Skirmish at Leesburg.

Virginia. Confederate Brigadier-General Wade Hampton returned from his cavalry raid to Dumfries, bringing in a captured wagon train and 50 prisoners for the loss of no casualties.

Fredericksburg, Virginia. Union Major-General Ambrose Everett Burnside’s Army of the Potomac mounted a series of attacks on entrenched Confederate positions at Fredericksburg. After Confederate Lieutenants-General Thomas Jonathan Jackson’s troops arrived overnight, the Confederates were deployed as follows. Four of the five divisions of Lieutenant-General James Longstreet’s I Corps under Major-General Richard Heron Anderson, Major-General Lafayette McLaws, Major-General George Edward Pickett, and Major-General John Bell Hood held the heights west of Fredericksburg for a distance of five miles. The fifth division under Brigadier-General Robert Ransom was in reserve. Jackson had four divisions. The front of the two-mile line was held by Major-General Ambrose Powell Hill’s large division with a second line held by the divisions of Brigadier-General William Booth Taliaferro and Brigadier-General Jubal Anderson Early. The division of Major-General Daniel Harvey Hill was the last to arrive from Port Riyal and was held in reserve. Major-General James Ewell Brown’s cavalry held the right flank from Hamilton’s Crossing to Massaponax Creek.
The battle opened south of the city at 8:30 am when Union Major-General William Buel Franklin sent two divisions from his Left Grand Division towards Jackson’s defences on the Confederate right flank. By 10 am, a thick fog began to lift, and the initially sluggish movements picked up speed. Major-General George Gordon Meade’s division formed the main attack, supported by the divisions of Brigadier-General Abner Doubleday and Brigadier-General John Gibbon. The attack was stalled by the Confederate horse artillery under Major John Pelham as an artillery duel between Pelham and the Union artillery batteries lasted for about an hour. Pelham started with two guns but continued with only a single 12-pounder Napoleon gun after his rifled Blakely gun was disabled by counter-battery fire. The horse artillery changed location continually and disrupted the Union advance by this threat to its exposed left flank.
As the Union lines reformed, the Union artillery began to pound the Confederate defences. The bulk of the Confederate artillery withheld its fire until the infantry attack came within 800 yards. Doubleday’s division had to face south to protect the flank against the threat of further harassment from the Confederate cavalry. To Meade’s right, Gibbon’s attack made progress against the brigades of Brigadier-General William Dorsey Pender and Brigadier-General Edward Lloyd Thomas. Gibbon’s division stalled at point-blank range when they approached a well-defended railroad embankment. Gibbon was wounded and by 1:30 pm a heavy Confederate counterattack had pushed them back. The division had to be recalled from a potential trap. Meade continued to lead the way towards a previously unseen gap in the Confederate line. At about 11.30 am, Meade’s attack penetrated an unoccupied boggy area about five hundred yards wide and attacked Brigadier-General Maxcy Gregg’s brigade in the flank, scattering it. Gregg was mortally wounded and died two days later. Early’s Confederate division counter-attacked and drove Meade’s Pennsylvanians out of the boggy gap and pursued them across the open fields beyond. The Union troops lost very heavily until they came back under the protection of their own guns. The Union men were driven back aggressively by the Confederate infantry, raising concerns that they might be trapped against the river. Eventually, the Union divisions of Brigadier-General Daniel Edgar Sickles and Brigadier-General David Bell Birney were brought up to strengthen the defence and Jackson’s counterattack ground to a halt. The Confederates hurried back to their original line to escape the increasingly heavy artillery fire.
Further north, dense fog prevented the Union artillery from beginning to silence the Confederate guns until it cleared at around 10 am, and then at 10.30 a persistent bombardment began. The Confederate gunners made some attempt to reply but mainly prepared to oppose an infantry assault. The first Union assaults west of Fredericksburg began at 11 am as Brigadier-General William Henry French’s division started to move west along the Plank Road, facing a steep-banked drainage ditch and an open plain 400 yards wide, dominated by Confederate infantry and artillery behind a sunken road and stone wall. Union artillery fired overhead as the Union men filed in columns over three small bridges whose planks had been removed, forcing the troops to cross in single file along the stringers. The jam of troops at the drainage ditch offered a massed target. Attempts to shift the attack farther to the right failed because of swampy ground. Burnside had anticipated that this attack on the right would be merely supportive of his main effort on the left, but Franklin had stalled and he resisted entreaties to continue, so Burnside shifted his emphasis to the sector west of the town. The northern or tight flank advance concentrated towards a road flanked by stone walls that ran along the base of Marye’s Heights. This was manned by the Confederate brigade of Brigadier-General Thomas Reed Rootes Cobb. Although it was exposed ahead of the main line, Cobb insisted that this near-fortress could be held against any number of attackers, if given help by the artillery on the ridge behind. French’s division was repulsed with heavy losses and did not come near to the stone wall. Burnside then sent in the divisions of Brigadier-General Winfield Scott Hancock and Brigadier-General Oliver Otis Howard, which met with a similar fate as French.
By this time, Confederate Major-General George Edward Pickett’s division and one of Major-General John Bell Hood’s brigades, had marched north to reinforce Marye’s Heights, evacuating their own sectors which were not under threat. Burnside’s men continued to attack the Confederate strong point with persistence, courage, and futility. Only the relentless artillery fire from Stafford heights was causing any anxiety to the Confederate defenders. After a brief lull, Union Brigadier-General Charles Griffin’s division renewed the attack at 3:30 pm. Their effort to outflank the wall from the right was blocked by a previously unseen marsh. They were followed by Brigadier-General Andrew Atkinson Humphreys’ division at 4 pm in the twilight. Humphreys ordered his men to advance without firing, relying on speed to cross the deadly ground. The attack was timed to exploit the removal of a Confederate artillery battalion as it departed to replenish its ammunition. It was not retreating, however, but was being replaced by a battalion from the reserve. Union batteries accompanied the advance to within 300 yards of the stone wall but they were brought under such heavy fire that they could not produce a good rate of fire.
Cobb’s brigade was reinforced from the reserve by Ransom’s Confederate division to add even greater density to the ranks of rifles along the stone wall. The Union infantry got no closer than in any other of the attacks but Cobb himself was mortally wounded. At dusk, Brigadier-General George Washington Getty’s division assaulted from the east and was also repulsed. The futile efforts ended at 6 pm.
Six Union divisions had attacked, in most cases with one brigade at a time, making a total of sixteen individual charges, all of which failed with a cost of 6,000 to 8,000 casualties. The Irish Brigade alone lost 545 of its 1,300 men when it advanced further up the heights than any other brigade. Confederate losses at Marye’s Heights amounted to around 1,200. Late in the day, Jackson prepared a counter-attack to the south but as his artillery moved forward it was lashed from the Union guns on Stafford heights. The weight of fire was so great that Jackson immediately cancelled the advance. The falling of darkness and the pleas of Burnside’s subordinates were enough to put an end to the attacks. Franklin continued to refuse advance again, seeing Jackson’s abortive attack as proof of a threat to his own force.
The Union army suffered 12,653 casualties (1,284 killed, 9,600 wounded, 1,769 captured or missing). Union Brigadier-General George Dashiell Bayard and Brigadier-General Conrad Feger Jackson were mortally wounded. The Confederate army lost 5,309 to 5,377 (608 killed, 4,116 wounded, 653 captured or missing). However, Confederate losses were adjusted later to 4,201 after a number of absent men returned to the ranks. (CWSAC Decisive Battle – Confederate Victory)

Union Organisation

USA: Thomas Turner promoted Commodore USN 13 December 1862.

USA: Brigadier-General Conrad Feger Jackson was killed at Fredericksburg.

USA: Brigadier-General George Dashiell Bayard was mortally wounded at Fredericksburg.

Commander in Chief: President Abraham Lincoln
Vice-President: Hannibal Hamlin
Secretary of War: Edwin McMasters Stanton
Secretary of the Navy: Gideon Welles

North Atlantic Blockading Squadron: Samuel Phillips Lee
South Atlantic Blockading Squadron: Samuel Francis Du Pont
West Gulf Blockading Squadron: David Glasgow Farragut
East Gulf Blockading Squadron: Theodorus Bailey
Pacific Squadron: Charles H Bell
Mississippi River Squadron: David Dixon Porter
Potomac Flotilla: Andrew Allen Harwood

General–in-Chief: Henry Wager Halleck

Department of the Cumberland: William Starke Rosecrans

  • Army of the Cumberland: William Starke Rosecrans
    • XIV Corps Cumberland: William Starke Rosecrans
      • Right Wing XIV Corps Cumberland: Alexander McDowell McCook
      • Left Wing XIV Corps Cumberland: Thomas Leonidas Crittenden
      • Centre XIV Corps Cumberland: George Henry Thomas
    • Cavalry Corps Cumberland: David Sloane Stanley

Department of the Gulf: Benjamin Franklin Butler interim Nathaniel Prentiss Banks awaited

  • District of Pensacola: Neal S Dow
  • District of La Fourche: Godfrey Weitzel
  • Army of the Gulf: Benjamin Franklin Butler

Department of the Missouri: Samuel Ryan Curtis

  • District of St Louis: vacant
  • District of Southwest Missouri: Egbert Benson Brown
  • District of Northeast Missouri: Lewis Merrill
  • District of Northwest Missouri: Willard Preble Hall
  • District of Central Missouri: Benjamin Franklin Loan
  • District of Rolla: John Montgomery Glover
  • District of Eastern Arkansas: Willis Arnold Gorman
  • District of Nebraska Territory: James Craig
  • District of Colorado Territory: John Milton Chivington
  • Army of the Frontier: James Gilpatrick Blunt
  • Army of Southeastern Missouri: John Wynn Davidson

Middle Department: John Ellis Wool

  • District of the Eastern Shore of Maryland: Henry Hayes Lockwood
  • VIII Corps Middle: John Ellis Wool

Department of New Mexico: James Henry Carleton

  • District of Arizona: Joseph Rodman West

Department of New York: Edward Denison Morgan

Department of North Carolina: John Gray Foster

Department of the Northwest: Washington Lafayette Elliott temporary

  • 1st District Northwest: John Cook
  • District of Minnesota: Henry Hastings Sibley
  • District of Wisconsin: Washington Lafayette Elliott

Department of the Ohio: Horatio Gouverneur Wright

  • District of Central Kentucky: Gordon Granger
  • District of Eastern Kentucky: Jonathan Cranor
  • District of Western Kentucky: Jeremiah Tilford Boyle
  • District of Western Virginia: Jacob Dolson Cox
    • Sub-District of the Kanawha: Eliakim Parker Scammon
  • Army of Kentucky: Gordon Granger

Department of the Pacific: George Wright

  • District of the Humboldt: Francis James Lippitt
  • District of Oregon: Benjamin Alvord
  • District of Southern California: George Washington Bowie
  • District of Utah: Patrick Edward Connor

Department of the Potomac: Ambrose Everett Burnside

  • Army of the Potomac: Ambrose Everett Burnside
    • Right Grand Division: Edwin Vose Sumner
      • II Corps Potomac: Darius Nash Couch
      • IX Corps Potomac: Orlando Bolivar Willcox temporary
    • Left Grand Division Potomac: William Buel Franklin
      • I Corps Potomac: John Fulton Reynolds
      • VI Corps Potomac: William Farrar Smith
    • Centre Grand Division Potomac: Joseph Hooker
      • III Corps Potomac: George Stoneman
      • V Corps Potomac: Daniel Butterfield
    • Reserve Grand Division Potomac: Franz Sigel
      • XI Corps Potomac: Franz Sigel
      • XII Corps Potomac: Henry Warner Slocum

Department of the South: John Milton Brannan temporary

  • X Corps South: John Milton Brannan

Department of the Tennessee: Ulysses Simpson Grant

  • District of Memphis: Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
  • District of Corinth: Charles Smith Hamilton
  • District of Jackson: Jeremiah Cutler Sullivan
  • District of Columbus: Thomas Alfred Davies
  • Army of the Tennessee: Ulysses Simpson Grant
    • XIII Corps Tennessee: Ulysses Simpson Grant
      • Right Wing XIII Corps Tennessee: William Tecumseh Sherman
      • Left Wing XIII Corps Tennessee: Charles Smith Hamilton
      • Centre XIII Corps: James Birdseye McPherson

Department of Virginia: John Adams Dix

  • IV Corps Virginia: Erasmus Darwin Keyes
  • VII Corps Virginia: John Adams Dix

Military District of Washington: Samuel Peter Heintzelman

Confederate Organisation

CSA: Patrick Ronayne Cleburne promoted Major-General PACS 20 December 1862 to rank from 13 December 1862.

CSA: Franklin Gardner promoted Major-General PACS 20 December 1862 to rank from 13 December 1862.

CSA: Marcus Joseph Wright promoted Brigadier-General PACS 20 December 1862 to rank from 13 December 1862.

CSA: Zachariah Cantey Deas promoted Brigadier-General PACS 20 December 1862 to rank from 13 December 1862.

CSA: Lucius Eugene Polk promoted Brigadier-General PACS 20 December 1862 to rank from 13 December 1862.

CSA: Edward Cary Walthall promoted Brigadier-General PACS 23 December 1862 to rank from 13 December 1862.

CSA: Roger Weightman Hanson promoted Brigadier-General PACS 20 December 1862 to rank from 13 December 1862.

CSA: Colonel (Brigadier-General unconfirmed) Thomas Reade Rootes Cobb was killed at Fredericksburg.

CSA: Brigadier-General Maxcy Gregg was mortally wounded at Fredericksburg.

Commander in Chief: President Jefferson Finis Davis
Vice-President: Alexander Hamilton Stephens
Secretary of War: James Alexander Seddon
Secretary of the Navy: Stephen Russell Mallory

Military Adviser to the President: Vacant

Military Division of the West: Joseph Eggleston Johnston

  • Western Department: Braxton Bragg
    • Department of East Tennessee: Henry Heth
    • District of the Tennessee: John Porter McCown
    • Gulf District: William Whann Mackall
    • Army of Tennessee: Braxton Bragg
      • I Corps Tennessee: Leonidas Polk
      • II Corps Tennessee: William Joseph Hardee
      • Smith’s Corps Tennessee: Edmund Kirby Smith
  • Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana: John Clifford Pemberton
    • District One of Mississippi and East Louisiana: Daniel Ruggles
    • District Two of Mississippi and East Louisiana: Carter Littlepage Stevenson
    • District Three of Mississippi and East Louisiana: William Nelson Rector Beall
    • Army of Mississippi: Earl Van Dorn temporary
      • I Corps Mississippi: Earl Van Dorn
      • II Corps Mississippi: Sterling Price

Department of Henrico: John Henry Winder

Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia: Gustavus Woodson Smith

  • Sub-District of Cape Fear: William Henry Chase Whiting

Department of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee

  • Army of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee
    • I Corps Northern Virginia: James Longstreet
    • II Corps Northern Virginia: Thomas Jonathan Jackson
  • Valley District: Daniel Harvey Hill temporary

Department of Richmond: Arnold Elzey

Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard

  • District of Georgia: Alexander Robert Lawton
  • District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
    • 1st Sub-District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
    • 2nd Sub-District of South Carolina: Johnson Hagood
    • 3rd Sub-District of South Carolina: William Stephen Walker
    • 4th Sub-District of South Carolina: James Heyward Trapier
  • District of East Florida: Joseph Finegan
  • District of Middle Florida: Thomas Howell Cobb
  • District of West Florida: John Horace Forney

Trans-Allegheny Department: Samuel Jones

  • District of Abingdon: Humphrey Marshall

Trans-Mississippi Department: Theophilus Hunter Holmes

  • District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: John Bankhead Magruder
    • Western Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: Henry Eustace McCullough
      • Sub-District of the Rio Grande: Hamilton Prioleau Bee
    • Sub-District of Houston: Xavier Blanchard Debray
    • Eastern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: Xavier Blanchard Debray
    • Southwest Army: Thomas Carmichael Hindman
  • District of Arkansas: Thomas Carmichael Hindman
  • District of West Louisiana: Richard Taylor
  • District of Indian Territory: Douglas Hancock Cooper
  • Defences of Pass Cavallo: John W Glenn
  • I Corps Trans-Mississippi: vacant

Union Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

Major-General USA

George Brinton McClellan
John Charles Frémont
Henry Wager Halleck
John Ellis Wool

Major-General USV

Asterisk indicates concurrently Brigadier-General USA

John Adams Dix
Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
Benjamin Franklin Butler
David Hunter
Edwin Denison Morgan
Ethan Allen Hitchcock
Ulysses Simpson Grant
Irvin McDowell*
Ambrose Everett Burnside
William Starke Rosecrans*
Don Carlos Buell
John Pope*
Samuel Ryan Curtis
Franz Sigel
John Alexander McClernand
Lewis Wallace
Cassius Marcellus Clay
George Henry Thomas
George Cadwalader
William Tecumseh Sherman
Edward Otho Cresap Ord
Edwin Vose Sumner*
Samuel Peter Heintzelman
Erasmus Darwin Keyes
Joseph Hooker*
Silas Casey
Fitz John Porter
William Buel Franklin
Darius Nash Couch
Henry Warner Slocum
John James Peck
John Sedgwick
William Farrar Smith
Alexander McDowell McCook
Thomas Leonidas Crittenden
John Gray Foster
John Grubb Parke
Christopher Columbus Augur
Robert Cumming Schenck
Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
Gordon Granger
Charles Smith Hamilton
Jacob Dolson Cox
Lovell Harrison Rousseau
James Birdseye McPherson
Benjamin Mayberry Prentiss
George Stoneman
John Fulton Reynolds
George Gordon Meade
Oliver Otis Howard
Daniel Edgar Sickles
Robert Huston Milroy
Daniel Butterfield
Winfield Scott Hancock
George Sykes
William Henry French
David Sloane Stanley
James Scott Negley
John McAllister Schofield
John McAuley Palmer
Frederick Steele
Abner Doubleday
Napoleon Jackson Tecumseh Dana
Hiram Gregory Berry
Richard James Oglesby
John Alexander Logan
James Gilpatrick Blunt
George Lucas Hartsuff
William Wallace Burns
Napoleon Bonaparte Buford
Cadwallader Colden Washburn
Francis Jay Herron
Francis Preston Blair
Joseph Jones Reynolds

Brigadier-General USA

Brackets indicates concurrently Major-General USV

William Selby Harney
(Edwin Vose Sumner)
(Irvin McDowell)
Robert Anderson
(William Starke Rosecrans)
Philip St George Cooke
(John Pope)
(Joseph Hooker)

Brigadier-General USV

Andrew Porter
Charles Pomeroy Stone
Thomas West Sherman
George Archibald McCall
William Reading Montgomery
Rufus King
Benjamin Franklin Kelley
Alpheus Starkey Williams
James Cooper
James Brewerton Ricketts
Orlando Bolivar Willcox
Michael Corcoran
Henry Hayes Lockwood
Louis Blenker
James Samuel Wadsworth
George Webb Morell
John Henry Martindale
Samuel Davis Sturgis
James William Denver
Egbert Ludovicus Vielé
James Shields
William Farquhar Barry
John Joseph Abercrombie
Lawrence Pike Graham
Abram Duryée
Eleazar Arthur Paine
Ebenezer Dumont
Willis Arnold Gorman
Horatio Gouverneur Wright
William Thomas Ward
John Gross Barnard
Innis Newton Palmer
Seth Williams
John Newton
George Wright
William Thomas Harbaugh Brooks
John Milton Brannan
John Porter Hatch
William Kerley Strong
Albin Francisco Schoepf
Thomas John Wood
Richard W Johnson
Adolph Wilhelm August Friedrich Von Steinwehr
George Washington Cullum
Jeremiah Tilford Boyle
Schuyler Hamilton
George Washington Morgan
Julius Stahel
Thomas Jefferson McKean
Zealous Bates Tower
Jefferson Columbus Davis
James Henry Lane
James Abram Garfield
Lewis Golding Arnold
William Scott Ketchum
John Wynn Davidson
David Bell Birney
Thomas Francis Meagher
Henry Morris Naglee
Andrew Johnson
James Gallant Spears
Eugene Asa Carr
Thomas Alfred Davies
Daniel Tyler
William Hemsley Emory
Andrew Jackson Smith
Marsena Rudolph Patrick
Isaac Ferdinand Quinby
Orris Sanford Ferry
Daniel Phineas Woodbury
Henry Moses Judah
John Cook
John McArthur
Jacob Gartner Lauman
Horatio Phillips Van Cleve
Speed Smith Fry
Alexander Asboth
James Craig
Mahlon Dickerson Manson
Edward Richard Sprigg Canby
Grenville Mellen Dodge
Robert Byington Mitchell
Quincy Adams Gillmore
Amiel Weeks Whipple
Cuvier Grover
Rufus Saxton
Benjamin Alvord
William Sooy Smith
Nathan Kimball
Charles Devens
James Henry Van Alen
Carl Schurz
Samuel Wylie Crawford
Henry Walton Wessells
Milo Smith Hascall
Leonard Fulton Ross
John White Geary
Alfred Howe Terry
Andrew Atkinson Humphreys
James Henry Carleton
Absalom Baird
John Cleveland Robinson
Truman Seymour
George Dashiell Bayard
Henry Prince
Abram Sanders Piatt
Thomas Turpin Crittenden
Maximilian Weber
Jeremiah Cutler Sullivan
Alvin Peterson Hovey
James Clifford Veatch
William Plummer Benton
John Curtis Caldwell
Neal Dow
George Sears Greene
Samuel Powhatan Carter
John Gibbon
Erastus Barnard Tyler
Charles Griffin
George Henry Gordon
James Madison Tuttle
Julius White
Peter Joseph Osterhaus
Stephen Gano Burbridge
Washington Lafayette Elliott
Albion Parris Howe
Green Clay Smith
William Bowen Campbell
Philip Henry Sheridan
Benjamin Stone Roberts
Alfred Pleasonton
Jacob Ammen
Joshua Woodrow Sill
Catharinus Putnam Buckingham
Fitz-Henry Warren
Morgan Lewis Smith
Charles Cruft
Frederick Salomon
John Cochrane
John Basil Turchin
Henry Shaw Briggs
Conrad Feger Jackson KIA
James Dada Morgan
Johann August Ernst Willich
Henry Dwight Terry
James Blair Steedman
George Foster Shepley
John Buford
John Reese Kenly
John Potts Slough
Godfrey Weitzel
Gabriel René Paul
George Crook
Thomas Leiper Kane
Gershom Mott
Edward Ferrero
Francis Laurens Vinton
Henry Jackson Hunt
Francis Channing Barlow
Mason Brayman
Nathaniel James Jackson
George Washington Getty
Alfred Sully
Gouverneur Kemble Warren
William Woods Averell
Alexander Hays
Henry Hastings Sibley
Calvin Edward Pratt
Francis Barretto Spinola
John Henry Hobart Ward
John Milton Thayer
Solomon Meredith
James Bowen
Eliakim Parker Scammon
Robert Seaman Granger
Joseph Rodman West
Joseph Warren Revere
Alfred Washington Ellet
George Leonard Andrews
Clinton Bowen Fisk
William Hays
Israel Vogdes
David Allen Russell
Lewis Cass Hunt
Frank Wheaton
John Sanford Mason
David McMurtrie Gregg
Robert Ogden Tyler
Alfred Thomas Archimedes Torbert
William Haines Lytle
Gilman Marston
William Dwight
Sullivan Amory Meredith
Edward Needles Kirk
Nathaniel Collins McLean
William Vandever
Alexander Schimmelfennig
Charles Thomas Campbell
Charles Kinnaird Graham
John Eugene Smith
Joseph Tarr Copeland
Charles Adam Heckman
Stephen Gardner Champlin
Edward Elmer Potter
Thomas Algeo Rowley
Henry Beebee Carrington
John Haskell King
Adam Jacoby Slemmer
Thomas Hewson Neill
Thomas Gamble Pitcher
Thomas William Sweeny
William Passmore Carlin
Romeyn Beck Ayres
William Babcock Hazen
James St Clair Morton
Joseph Anthony Mower
Richard Arnold
Edward Winslow Hinks
George Crockett Strong
Michael Kelly Lawler
George Day Wagner
Lysander Cutler
Joseph Farmer Knipe
John Dunlap Stevenson

Joshua Thomas Owen
James Barnes

Theophilus Toulmin Garrard
Edward Harland
Samuel Kosciuszko Zook
Samuel Beatty
Isaac Jones Wistar
Franklin Stillman Nickerson
Edward Henry Hobson
Ralph Pomeroy Buckland
Joseph Dana Webster
William Ward Orme
William Harrow
William Hopkins Morris

John Beatty
Thomas Howard Ruger
Thomas Edward Greenfield Ransom
Elias Smith Dennis
Thomas Church Haskell Smith
Mortimer Dormer Leggett
Davis Tillson

Hector Tyndale
Charles Cleveland Dodge
Albert Lindley Lee
Charles Leopold Matthies
Marcellus Monroe Crocker
Egbert Benson Brown
John McNeil
George Francis McGinnis
George Washington Deitzler
Hugh Boyle Ewing
James Winning McMillan
Robert Christie Buchanan
Wladimir Bonawentura Krzyzanowski
James Allen Hardie
Isham Nicolas Haynie
Frederick Shearer Stumbaugh
David Stuart
John Blair Smith Todd
Orlando Metcalfe Poe

Brigadier-General USA (Staff)

Montgomery Cunningham Meigs (Quartermaster-General)
Henry Knox Craig
Lorenzo Thomas (Adjutant-General)
James Wolfe Ripley (Ordnance)
William Alexander Hammond (Surgeon-General)

Confederate Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission


Samuel Cooper
Robert Edward Lee
Joseph Eggleston Johnston
Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
Braxton Bragg

Lieutenant-General PACS

James Longstreet
Edmund Kirby Smith
Leonidas Polk
Theophilus Hunter Holmes
William Joseph Hardee
Thomas Jonathan Jackson
John Clifford Pemberton

Major-General PACS

Earl Van Dorn
Gustavus Woodson Smith
Benjamin Huger
John Bankhead Magruder
Mansfield Lovell
Richard Stoddert Ewell
William Wing Loring
Sterling Price
Benjamin Franklin Cheatham
Samuel Jones
John Porter McCown
Daniel Harvey Hill
Jones Mitchell Withers
Thomas Carmichael Hindman
John Cabell Breckinridge
Lafayette McLaws
Ambrose Powell Hill
Richard Heron Anderson
James Ewell Brown Stuart
Richard Taylor
Simon Bolivar Buckner
Samuel Gibbs French
David Rumph Jones
George Edward Pickett
Carter Littlepage Stevenson
John Bell Hood
John Horace Forney
Dabney Herndon Maury
Martin Luther Smith
John George Walker
Arnold Elzey
Patrick Ronayne Cleburne
Franklin Gardner

Brigadier-General PACS

Alexander Robert Lawton
Charles Clark
John Buchanan Floyd
Henry Alexander Wise
Henry Hopkins Sibley
John Henry Winder
Daniel Smith Donelson
Gideon Johnson Pillow
Robert Augustus Toombs
William Henry Chase Whiting
Jubal Anderson Early
Isaac Ridgeway Trimble
Daniel Ruggles
Roswell Sabine Ripley
Paul Octave Hébert
Albert Gallatin Blanchard
Gabriel James Rains
Thomas Fenwick Drayton
Lloyd Tilghman
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